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Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773766/impact-of-the-ser326cys-polymorphism-of-the-ogg1-gene-on-the-level-of-oxidative-dna-damage-in-patients-with-colorectal-cancer
#1
Jacek Kabzinski, Anna Walczak, Adam Dziki, Michał Mik, Ireneusz Majsterek
As a result of reactive oxygen species operation, cell damage occurs in both cellular organelles and molecules, including DNA. Oxidative damage within the genetic material can lead to accumulation of mutations and consequently to cancer transformation. OGG1 glycosylase, a component of the Base Excision Repair (BER) system, is one of the enzymes that prevents excessive accumulation of 8-oxoguanine (8-oxG), the most common compound formed by oxidative DNA damage. In case of structural changes of OGG1 resulting from polymorphic variants, we can observe a significant increase in the concentration of 8-oxG...
April 30, 2018: Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773765/a-comprehensive-review-on-primary-gallbladder-tuberculosis
#2
Ashish Gupta, Amit Gupta, Rohik Anjum, Saumya Agrawal, Dhiraj Mallik
Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease that can affect any organ system of the body. Abdominal TB can be gastrointestinal, lymph nodal, visceral or peritoneal. The gallbladder (GB) is rarely involved in abdominal TB as a primary organ. Extensive research literature on gallbladder TB is limited to case reports. There has been no review on this rare abdominal pathology. GB tuberculosis is a difficult diagnosis preoperatively. It is a rare differential among the more common gallbladder pathologies such as cholelithiasis, or a gallbladder malignancy...
April 30, 2018: Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773764/degloving-lower-leg-injury-the-importance-of-additional-treatment-negative-pressure-and-hyperbaric-oxygen-therapy
#3
Piotr Stabryła, Joanna Kulińska, Łukasz Warchoł, Anna Kasielska-Trojan, Wojciech Gaszyński, Bogusław Antoszewski
Degloving injury poses a severe therapeutic challenge concerning both trauma and plastic surgery. The injury involves separation of skin and subcutaneous tissue from fascia and muscles. Treatment is often long-lasting and brings unsatisfying results due to the extent of damage, risk of infection and massive blood loss. In this article, we present the management and therapeutic outcomes of a patient admitted due to the degloving injury of the lower extremity caused by workplace accident. We described the complexity of treatment including surgical intervention as well as additional treatment, which combined brought good esthetic outcome...
April 30, 2018: Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773763/initial-experience-with-endoscopic-sleeve-gastroplasty-in-poland
#4
Aleksander Sowier, Przemysław Pyda, Anna-Maria Borucka, Sebastian Sowier, Jacek Białecki, Joanna Kapturzak, Stanisław Wójtowicz
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is becoming one of the major public health problems. Bariatric procedures are considered the most effective methods of treating this condition but they are costly and entail a high risk of complications. Thus, there is a need to look for better bariatric treatment solutions. One of the newest, highly promising bariatric methods is endoscopic sleeve gastroplasty (ESG), which is comparably effective to other bariatric procedures in terms of weight loss but at the same time it is much less invasive...
April 30, 2018: Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773762/endoscopic-treatment-of-extensive-walled-off-pancreatic-necrosis-with-the-use-of-single-transluminal-gateway-transcystic-multiple-drainage-sgtmd
#5
Mateusz Jagielski, Marian Smoczyński, Krystian Adrych
The paper presents a description of the course of severe acute necrotizing pancreatitis as well as endoscopic treatment of an extensive infected walled-off pancreatic necrosis (WOPN), being the consequence of acute pancreatitis. The basic strategy of interventional treatment was to extend access to necrotic areas with use of single transluminal gateway transcystic multiple drainage (SGTMD). Endoscopic transmural access (transgastric) was applied. Endoscopic necrosectomy under fluoroscopic guidance was repeated nine times during active transluminal drainage...
April 30, 2018: Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773761/surgical-treatment-of-pancreatic-cancer
#6
Wioletta Masiak-Segit, Karol Rawicz-Pruszyński, Magdalena Skórzewska, Wojciech P Polkowski
The only way to cure the patient with adenocarcinoma of the pancreas (RT) is surgical excision of the tumor. The standard surgical treatment of resectable pancreatic carcinoma is considered the classic pancreatoduodenectomy (PD) with the Kausch- Whipple procedure, or the pylorus-preserving PD with the Traverso-Longmire method. The most difficult technically and at the same time the most important PD stage from an oncological point of view is the separation of the head of the pancreas from the superior mesenteric artery...
April 30, 2018: Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773760/a-review-of-methods-for-preventing-pancreatic-fistula-after-distal-pancreatectomy
#7
Katarzyna Mech, Łukasz Wysocki, Tomasz Guzel, Marcin Makiewicz, Paweł Nyckowski, Maciej Słodkowski
Pancreatic fistula is one of the most severe complications after pancreatic surgeries. The risk of pancreatic fistula after distal pancreatectomy is up to 60%. Effective methods to prevent pancreatic fistula are still sought. A unified definition of pancreatic fistula, which was introduced in 2005 by the International Study Group of Pancreatic Surgery (ISGPS), has allowed for an easier diagnosis and determination of fistula severity, as well as for a reliable inter-center comparison of data. Furthermore, a number of publications point out the risk factors of pancreatic fistula, which may be classified into patient-related risk factors, such as MBI, gender, smoking tobacco or pancreatic structure; and surgery-related risk factors, such as blood loss, prolonged surgery and non-underpinning of the major pancreatic duct...
April 30, 2018: Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773759/neutrophil-lymphocyte-ratio-and-creatinine-reduction-ratio-predict-good-early-graft-function-among-adult-cadaveric-donor-renal-transplant-recipients-single-institution-series
#8
Piotr Hogendorf, Anna Suska, Aleksander Skulimowski, Joanna Rut, Monika Grochowska, Aleksandra Wencel, Filip Dziwisz, Michał Nowicki, Dariusz Szymański, Grażyna Poznańska, Adam Durczyński, Janusz Strzelczyk
Background Delayed graft function (DGF) is a common complication following kidney transplantation and is associated with ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI). Lymphocytes contribute to the pathogenesis of IRI and ischemia-reperfusion related delayed graft function Materials and Methods 135 Caucasian patients received a kidney graft from deceased heart-beating organ donors. We divided patients into 2 groups- patients with the eGFR>=30 on the 21st day post-transplantation (n=36) and patients with the eGFR<30 on the 21st day post-transplantation (n=99) to assess kidney graft function...
April 30, 2018: Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773758/absorbable-sutures-in-general-surgery-review-available-materials-and-optimum-choices
#9
Marcin Gierek, Katarzyna Kuśnierz, Paweł Lampe, Gabriela Ochała, Józef Kurek, Bartłomiej Hekner, Katarzyna Merkel, Jakub Majewski
Sutures are the most versatile materials used in surgery. Despite recent technological advances and availability of novel materials such as tissue cements, it appears that surgical sutures will continue to be used for many years to come. The objective of this study was to provide an overview of the most common absorbable sutures used in general surgery. The appropriate suture choice for a particular procedure is of key importance for the success of that procedure.
April 30, 2018: Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29513254/yersiniosis-or-le%C3%A5-niowski-crohn-s-disease
#10
Paula Franczak, Mieczysław Witzling, Wiaczesław Siczewski
Yersiniosis is zoonotic disease caused by infection with Yersinia enterocolictica. The variety of clinical signs and the similarity to other diseases causes major diagnostics and therapeutics difficulties. The authors present a case of Yersinia enterocolitica infection in a 38-year-old patient, mimicking Leśniowski Crohn's disease.
February 28, 2018: Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29513253/a-rare-cause-of-gastrointestinal-obstruction-drug-poisoning-as-a-surgical-disorder
#11
Anna Lubecka, Jacek Szmeja
A patient had intestinal obstruction due to a rare cause. The patient presented unusual signs and symptoms. Although we performed a thorough diagnostic workup (CT, ultrasound, radiography, endoscopy), only laparotomy revealed that a bezoar caused the intestinal obstruction. The bezoar consisted of a herbal preparation, which was mentioned by the patient twice as a possible cause of his symptoms. All in all, the patient was right.
February 28, 2018: Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29513252/overtreatment-in-surgery-does-it-concern-also-the-patients-with-ductal-breast-carcinoma-in-situ
#12
Tomasz Nowikiewicz, Wojciech Zegarski, Iwona Głowacka-Mrotek
Overtreatment means treatment that goes beyond current standards, and patients with any disease can be overtreated. Overtreatment is also given to patients with cancer, including those who need surgery. Overtreatment is closely related to the problem of overdiagnosis. In patients with cancer, unnecessary surgery may cause complications and generates unnecessary costs. The size of the problem of unnecessary surgery in patients with cancer can best be shown among patients with the most common cancers, which dedicated screening programs...
February 28, 2018: Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29513251/the-use-of-rifaximin-in-pre-operative-period-of-patients-with-tumors-of-the-gastrointestinal-tract-a-retrospective-study-2013-2016
#13
Nina Moroz, Robert Sitarz, Andrzej Mruk, Robert Bakalarz, Ewa Maciąg, Jakub Litwiński, Ryszard Wierzbicki
ntroduction: One of the most important goals of preparing a patient for elective gastrointestinal cancer surgery is prevention of postoperative complications. The literature gives many ways to prepare for surgery, but only a few suggests that pre-operative use of rifaximin provides benefits in the form of fewer perioperative complications and reduces the severity of pain during this period. O bjective: The presented project is a retrospective analysis of the effectiveness of rifaximin in the prevention of perioperative complications in patients treated in the Unit of General Surgery with the Orthopedic and Urology in the Hospital of the Ministry of the Interior and Administration in Lublin, and a review of international literature in this subject...
February 28, 2018: Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29513250/role-of-crossmatch-testing-when-luminex-sab-is-negative-in-renal-transplantation
#14
Kumar Jayant, Isabella Reccia, Bridson M Julie, Ajay Sharma, Ahmed Halawa
The human leukocyte antigen (HLA) system plays an important role in the acceptance of renal graft. Long and better graft survival has been reported in patients with HLA-identical siblings and a nonreactive cytotoxicity assay (CDC). New methods of HLA-typing and anti-HLA antibody detection techniques such as flow cytometry, solid-phase immunoassays, or antigen bead assays have further improved the outcomes of renal transplant recipients. In the present review, the explicit details of these methodologies are discussed in detail...
February 28, 2018: Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29513249/comparison-of-objective-and-subjective-evaluation-of-breast-symmetrization-results-in-patients-with-poland-syndrome
#15
Anna Kasielska-Trojan, Tomasz Zieliński, Paweł Pisera, Bogusław Antoszewski
INTRODUCTION: There are many methods of analyzing the appearance of the breasts, but most of them are based on the patient's subjective assessment or on the opinion of a specialist panel. Anthropometric measurements enable objective breast evaluation. The aim of the study was to compare the objective and subjective evaluation of aesthetic results of breast symmetrization in patients with Poland syndrome. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The analysis of the results of the treatment was performed in 7 patients treated surgically due to unilateral breast underdevelopment in Poland syndrome...
February 28, 2018: Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29513248/sclerotherapy-of-esophageal-varices-in-hemophilia-patients-with-liver-cirrhosis-a-prospective-controlled-clinical-study
#16
Andrzej B Szczepanik, Konrad Pielaciński, Anna M Oses-Szczepanik, Sławomir Huszcza, Andrzej Misiak, Wojciech P Dąbrowski, Sławomir Gajda
INTRODUCTION: Bleeding from esophageal varices is a serious clinical condition in hemophilia patients due to congenital deficiency or lack of clotting factors VIII (in hemophilia A) and IX (in hemophilia B), decreased clotting factor II, VII, IX, X synthesis in the course of chronic liver disease and hipersplenic thrombocytopenia. The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy and safety of endoscopic sclerotherapy in acute esophageal variceal bleeding and in secondary prophylaxis of hemorrhage...
February 28, 2018: Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29513247/acceptance-of-disease-and-the-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-enteric-stoma
#17
Katarzyna Szpilewska, Jan Juzwiszyn, Zofia Bolanowska, Zofia Bolanowska, Magdalena Milan, Mariusz Chabowski, Dariusz Janczak
INTRODUCTION: The main reason of the emergence of enteric stoma is colorectal cancer. Enteric stoma is a serious health, as well as life problem. In Poland, there are about 6,000 stoma surgeries yearly. It changes the functioning of patients, restricts their daily activity and influences their quality of life significantly. Therefore, in the modern treatment process, all spheres of human life and its surroundings are considered. The evaluation of the quality of life and the level of acceptance of the disease enables us to identify the regions in which patients require attention and help, as well as places to which health promotion among patients with a stoma should be directed...
February 28, 2018: Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29513246/can-the-surgeon-live-his-whole-life-analysis-of-the-risk-of-death-related-to-the-profession
#18
Kryspin Mitura, Sławomir Kozieł, Klaudiusz Komor
More than half of physicians in Poland are over 50 years old. This raises concerns about the risk of lack of continuity of health care services due to the generational gap, particularly marked among interventional specialties. The physical and mental burden of general surgery affects those doctors in particular. The aim of the study is to assess whether the type of the profession pursued influences the average lifetime of a physician in Poland and the impact of the surgeon's occupation on life expectancy compared to the rest of the population according to gender...
February 28, 2018: Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29513245/characteristics-and-results-of-treatment-of-patients-treated-surgically-with-colorectal-cancer-in-old-and-senile-age
#19
Zbigniew Banaszkiewicz, Tomasz Zwoliński, Krzysztof Tojek, Paweł Jarmocik, Arkadiusz Jawień
Colorectal cancer (CC) in Poland is the type of cancer with the highest dynamics of disease growth and is epidemiologically related to age. The analysis involved 353 patients operated on due to CC in senile and old age and compared with younger patients. It was found that people at this age are more often diagnosed with CC They were more often women, the patients did not differ in the stage of cancer, while they were significantly more often qualified for surgery due to urgent indications. In patients with colonic cancer, the resectability and radicality of the procedures in comparison with patients with rectal cancer was significantly higher, while there were more complications and deaths in the 30-day follow-up in this group...
February 28, 2018: Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29513244/clostridium-difficile-infection-in-patients-hospitalized-in-the-gastroenterology-ward-retrospective-analysis
#20
Kinga Podlaszewska, Ewa Małecka-Panas, Anita Gąsiorowska
INTRODUCTION: Clostridium difficile associated colitis became over last years a worldwide medical issue. It involves patients of the Polish hospitals too. The aim of the study was the analysis of CDAD incidence and the course of infection in Gastroenterology Ward of Regional Specialist Hospital of Zgierz, 2012-2015. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective analysis of the medical documentation of 79 patients with CDAD was performed. Demographic and epidemiological data and the clinical course of infection were analyzed...
February 28, 2018: Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny
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