journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Nutrition Reviews

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346658/potential-for-diet-to-prevent-and-remediate-cognitive-deficits-in-neurological-disorders
#1
Heather M Francis, Richard J Stevenson
The pathophysiology of many neurological disorders involves oxidative stress, neuroinflammation, and mitochondrial dysfunction. There is now substantial evidence that diet can decrease these forms of pathophysiology, and an emerging body of literature relatedly suggests that diet can also prevent or even remediate the cognitive deficits observed in neurological disorders that exhibit such pathology (eg, Alzheimer's disease, multiple sclerosis, age-related cognitive decline, epilepsy). The current review summarizes the emerging evidence in relation to whole diets prominent in the scientific literature-ketogenic, caloric restriction, high polyphenol, and Mediterranean diets-and provides a discussion of the possible underlying neurophysiological mechanisms...
January 15, 2018: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325090/the-5-ws-of-a-gluten-challenge-for-gluten-related-disorders
#2
Karla A Bascuñán, Leda Roncoroni, Federica Branchi, Luisa Doneda, Alice Scricciolo, Francesca Ferretti, Magdalena Araya, Luca Elli
Gluten-related disorders (GRDs) are gradually emerging as epidemiologically relevant diseases, with a global prevalence estimated to be approximately 5% in the population. Conditions related to gluten ingestion include celiac disease (CD), wheat allergy (WA), and nonceliac gluten sensitivity (NCGS). Although mediated by different pathogenic pathways, these 3 conditions share similar clinical manifestations and can present a difficult differential diagnosis. The gluten challenge (GC) is an important diagnostic tool for GRDs, but there is great variability in regards to deciding which patients should be challenged, what amount of gluten should be used, what the GC duration should be, when and where the GC should occur, and, sometimes, why to conduct a GC...
January 9, 2018: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319789/parent-targeted-home-based-interventions-for-increasing-fruit-and-vegetable-intake-in-children-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Lauren M Touyz, Claire E Wakefield, Allison M Grech, Veronica F Quinn, Daniel S J Costa, Fang Fang Zhang, Richard J Cohn, Mona Sajeev, Jennifer Cohen
Context: Parent interventions delivered in the home represent a valuable approach to improving children's diets. Objective: This review aims to examine the effectiveness of parent-targeted in-home interventions in increasing fruit and vegetable intake in children. Data Sources: Five electronic databases were searched: MEDLINE, Embase, PubMed, CINAHL, and PsycINFO. Study Selection: Randomized and nonrandomized trials conducted in children aged 2 to 12 years and published in English from 2000 to 2016 were eligible...
January 8, 2018: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315425/possible-mechanisms-of-postprandial-physiological-alterations-following-flavan-3-ol-ingestion
#4
Naomi Osakabe, Junji Terao
Foods rich in flavan 3-ols are known to prevent cardiovascular diseases by reducing metabolic syndrome risks, such as hypertension, hyperglycemia, and dyslipidemia. However, the mechanisms involved in this reduction are unclear, particularly because of the poor bioavailability of flavan 3-ols. Recent metabolome analyses of feces produced after repeated ingestion of foods rich in flavan 3-ols may provide insight into the chronic physiological changes associated with the intake of flavan 3-ols. Substantial postprandial changes have been reported after flavan 3-ol ingestion, including hemodynamic and metabolic changes as well as autonomic and central nervous alterations...
January 5, 2018: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315408/birth-order-and-number-of-siblings-and-their-association-with-overweight-and-obesity-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Fernanda Oliveira Meller, Christian Loret de Mola, Maria Cecília Formoso Assunção, Antônio Augusto Schäfer, Darren Lawrence Dahly, Fernando Celso Barros
Context: The effect of both birth order and number of siblings on overweight and/or obesity has not been determined. Birth order and sibsize have been mathematically coupled to overweight and/or obesity, but thus far their respective effects have been estimated separately. Objective: The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the effects of both birth order and number of siblings on the risk of overweight/obesity. Data Sources: The electronic databases MEDLINE, Social Science, SocINDEX, PsycINFO, CINAHL Plus, and Academic Search Complete were searched systematically...
January 5, 2018: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301023/effects-of-dietary-rrr-%C3%AE-tocopherol-vs-all-racemic-%C3%AE-tocopherol-on-health-outcomes
#6
Katherine M Ranard, John W Erdman
Of the 8 vitamin E analogues, RRR α-tocopherol likely has the greatest effect on health outcomes. Two sources of α-tocopherol, naturally sourced RRR α-tocopherol and synthetic all-racemic α-tocopherol, are commonly consumed from foods and dietary supplements in the United States. A 2016 US Food and Drug Administration ruling substantially changed the RRR to all-racemic α-tocopherol ratio of biopotency from 1.36:1 to 2:1 for food-labeling purposes, but the correct ratio is still under debate in the literature...
December 29, 2017: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281069/effectiveness-of-behavioral-interventions-to-reduce-the-intake-of-sugar-sweetened-beverages-in-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Abir Abdel Rahman, Lamis Jomaa, Lara A Kahale, Pauline Adair, Cynthia Pine
Context: Consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) among children has been associated with adverse health outcomes. Numerous behavioral interventions aimed at reducing the intake of SSBs among children have been reported, yet evidence of their effectiveness is lacking. Objective: This systematic review explored the effectiveness of educational and behavioral interventions to reduce SSB intake and to influence health outcomes among children aged 4 to 16 years...
December 21, 2017: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244099/the-role-of-vitamin-d-in-adipogenesis
#8
Clare F Dix, Johanna L Barcley, Olivia R L Wright
Vitamin D, a secosteroid predominately obtained by endogenous production, has in recent years been linked to obesity and its comorbidities. The purpose of this review is to draw conclusions from animal and human studies on the effects of vitamin D on adipogenesis to identify the molecular links between vitamin D and obesity. The information presented herein was obtained from 4 databases (PubMed, CINAHL, Cochrane Library, Scopus) using predefined search terms, as well as research literature and other reviews...
December 13, 2017: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240924/effect-of-omega-3-fatty-acids-on-cognition-an-updated-systematic-review-of-randomized-clinical-trials
#9
Oscar D Rangel-Huerta, Angel Gil
Context: The increasing number of studies on the effects of n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFAs) on health, particularly cognition, in the last 5 years reflects the growing interest in this area of research. Objective: The aim for this systematic review was to evaluate the scientific evidence published in the last 5 years (2012-2017) on the effects of n-3 LC-PUFA intake on cognition, cognitive development, and cognitive decline to determine whether n-3 LC-PUFAs support cognitive development and prevent cognitive decline...
December 12, 2017: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228399/effects-of-glucose-and-sucrose-on-mood-a-systematic-review-of-interventional-studies
#10
Ondine van de Rest, Nikita L van der Zwaluw, Lisette C P G M de Groot
Context: Glucose is the main energy source for the brain, and as such, manipulation of glucose supply may affect brain function. It has been suggested that a change in blood glucose may influence mood. Objective: The aim of this review was to investigate the potential effects of glucose and sucrose, compared with placebo, on mood. Data Sources: The electronic databases PubMed and Scopus were searched. Reference lists of selected articles were checked manually...
December 8, 2017: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228348/flaxseed-supplementation-on-glucose-control-and-insulin-sensitivity-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-25-randomized-placebo-controlled-trials
#11
Mohsen Mohammadi-Sartang, Zahra Sohrabi, Reza Barati-Boldaji, Hamidreza Raeisi-Dehkordi, Zohreh Mazloom
Context: The results of human clinical trials investigating the effects of flaxseed on glucose control and insulin sensitivity are inconsistent. Objective: The present study aimed to systematically review and analyze randomized controlled trials assessing the effects of flaxseed consumption on glycemic control. Data Sources: PubMed, Medline via Ovid, SCOPUS, EMBASE, and ISI Web of Sciences databases were searched up to November 2016. Study Selection: Clinical trials in which flaxseed or its products were administered as an intervention were included...
December 8, 2017: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206982/measures-and-metrics-of-sustainable-diets-with-a-focus-on-milk-yogurt-and-dairy-products
#12
Adam Drewnowski
The 4 domains of sustainable diets are nutrition, economics, society, and the environment. To be sustainable, foods and food patterns need to be nutrient-rich, affordable, culturally acceptable, and sparing of natural resources and the environment. Each sustainability domain has its own measures and metrics. Nutrient density of foods has been assessed through nutrient profiling models, such as the Nutrient-Rich Foods family of scores. The Food Affordability Index, applied to different food groups, has measured both calories and nutrients per penny (kcal/$)...
December 1, 2017: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202198/adverse-effects-of-gluten-ingestion-and-advantages-of-gluten-withdrawal-in-nonceliac-autoimmune-disease
#13
Aaron Lerner, Yehuda Shoenfeld, Torsten Matthias
In light of the coincident surge in overall gluten intake and the incidence of autoimmune diseases, the possible biological adverse effects of gluten were explored. PubMed, MEDLINE, and the Cochrane Library databases were screened for reports published between 1964 and 2016 regarding the adverse effects of gluten as well as the effects of a gluten-free diet on autoimmune diseases. In vitro and in vivo studies describing gluten intake in animal models or cell lines and gluten-free diets in human autoimmune diseases were reviewed...
November 30, 2017: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202192/enhancing-nutrition-with-pulses-defining-a-recommended-serving-size-for-adults
#14
Christopher P F Marinangeli, Julianne Curran, Susan I Barr, Joanne Slavin, Seema Puri, Sumathi Swaminathan, Linda Tapsell, Carol Ann Patterson
Pulses, defined as dry-harvested leguminous crops, include several varieties of beans, peas, lentils, and chickpeas. There is no consensus around a recommended serving size of pulses within a balanced diet, which prevents the development of transregional strategies that rely on consistent messaging to drive increases in consumption. The purpose of this review is to define and disseminate an appropriate target for a minimum serving size of pulses on any given day that can be used in international or collaborative strategies to promote the consumption of pulses...
November 30, 2017: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202186/noncalcemic-adverse-effects-and-withdrawals-in-randomized-controlled-trials-of-long-term-vitamin-d2-or-d3-supplementation-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Zarintaj Malihi, Zhenqiang Wu, Carlene Mm Lawes, Robert Scragg
Context: Recent randomized controlled trials (RCTs) provide evidence for a possible beneficial impact of vitamin D supplementation on health outcomes beyond bone health, but there are few reviews of noncalcemic adverse effects from long-term supplementation. Objective: The aims of this systematic review of vitamin D supplementation in RCTs were as follows: to determine whether all adverse effects, when combined, are reported equally between treatment arms; to identify the most common noncalcemic adverse effects reported; and to ascertain whether withdrawal rates, as a marker of clinical adverse effects, differ between treatment arms...
November 30, 2017: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202184/consideration-of-insects-as-a-source-of-dietary-protein-for-human-consumption
#16
Tyler A Churchward-Venne, Philippe J M Pinckaers, Joop J A van Loon, Luc J C van Loon
Consumption of sufficient dietary protein is fundamental to muscle mass maintenance and overall health. Conventional animal-based protein sources such as meat (ie, beef, pork, lamb), poultry, fish, eggs, and dairy are generally considered high-quality sources of dietary protein because they meet all of the indispensable amino-acid requirements for humans and are highly digestible. However, the production of sufficient amounts of conventional animal-based protein to meet future global food demands represents a challenge...
November 30, 2017: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190370/best-practices-for-using-natural-experiments-to-evaluate-retail-food-and-beverage-policies-and-interventions
#17
Lindsey Smith Taillie, Anna H Grummon, Sheila Fleischhacker, Diana S Grigsby-Toussaint, Lucia Leone, Caitlin Eicher Caspi
Policy and programmatic change in the food retail setting, including excise taxes on beverages with added-caloric sweeteners, new supermarkets in food deserts, and voluntary corporate pledges, often require the use of natural experimental evaluation for impact evaluation when randomized controlled trials are not possible. Although natural experimental studies in the food retail setting provide important opportunities to test how nonrandomized interventions affect behavioral and health outcomes, researchers face several key challenges to maintaining strong internal and external validity when conducting these studies...
November 28, 2017: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29087531/review-of-the-health-effects-of-berries-and-their-phytochemicals-on-the-digestive-and-immune-systems
#18
Coen Govers, Muzeyyen Berkel Kasikci, Addie A van der Sluis, Jurriaan J Mes
Berries are generally considered beneficial to health. This health-promoting potential has mainly been ascribed to berries' phytochemical and vitamin content, and little attention has been paid to the potential benefits of berries for the digestive tract, despite this being the first point of contact. In vivo studies that described the health effects of berries on individual parts of the digestive tract (ie, the mouth, esophagus, stomach, small and large intestine, microbiome, and immune system) were reviewed...
October 25, 2017: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190368/interindividual-variability-in-gut-microbiota-and-host-response-to-dietary-interventions
#19
Genelle R Healey, Rinki Murphy, Louise Brough, Christine A Butts, Jane Coad
Dysbiosis is linked to human disease; therefore, gut microbiota modulation strategies provide an attractive means of correcting microbial imbalance to enhance human health. Because diet has a major influence on the composition, diversity, and metabolic capacity of the gut microbiota, numerous dietary intervention studies have been conducted to manipulate the gut microbiota to improve host outcomes and reduce disease risk. Emerging evidence suggests that interindividual variability in gut microbiota and host responsiveness exists, making it difficult to predict gut microbiota and host response to a given dietary intervention...
December 1, 2017: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186623/developmental-origins-of-health-and-disease-current-knowledge-and-potential-mechanisms
#20
Daniel J Hoffman, Rebecca M Reynolds, Daniel B Hardy
Epidemiologic and clinical research has provided a large body of evidence supporting the developmental origins of health and disease (DOHaD), but there has been a relative dearth of mechanistic studies in humans due to the complexity of working with large, longitudinal cohorts. Nonetheless, animal models of undernutrition have provided substantial evidence for the potential epigenetic, metabolic, and endocrine mechanisms behind DOHaD. Furthermore, recent research has explored the interaction between the environment and the gastrointestinal system by investigating how the gut microbial ecology may impact the capacity for nutrient processing and absorption in a manner that may limit growth...
December 1, 2017: Nutrition Reviews
journal
journal
23894
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"