Read by QxMD icon Read

Nursing Research

(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Nursing Research
Rachel L Difazio, Tania D Strout, Judith A Vessey, Amanda Lulloff
BACKGROUND: Healthcare providers do not uniformly screen young patients for exposure to bullying, and no screening instruments have been developed for widespread use in clinical settings. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to (a) generate scale items by identifying and eliciting concepts relevant to youths with potential exposure to bullying as well as to professionals who work with bullied youths and (b) assess the content validity of the new Child-Adolescent Bullying Scale (CABS) instrument...
July 2018: Nursing Research
Hsiang-Chu Pai, Mei-Yu Lai, An-Chih Chen, Pei-Shan Lin
BACKGROUND: Early prediction of future functional capability is crucial for stroke survivors' care management. OBJECTIVES: The purposes of this study were to test the trajectory of change across time in activities of daily living (ADLs) and to determine whether the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score within 24 hours poststroke, gender, and age predict ADLs at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months poststroke. METHODS: A prospective cohort design was used...
July 2018: Nursing Research
Kelly Pretorius, Adem Cengiz, Lisa Geshell, Dong Eun Jang, Tammy Prater, Yanyan Wang, Maegen MacKenzie, Atami Sagna
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Nursing Research
Rita H Pickler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Nursing Research
Kathleen L Bobay, Marianne E Weiss, Debra Oswald, Olga Yakusheva
BACKGROUND: Statistical models for predicting readmissions have been published for high-risk patient populations but typically focus on patient characteristics; nurse judgment is rarely considered in a formalized way to supplement prediction models. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine psychometric properties of long and short forms of the Registered Nurse Readiness for Hospital Discharge Scale (RN-RHDS), including reliability, factor structure, and predictive validity...
July 2018: Nursing Research
Lisiane Pruinelli, Gy├Ârgy J Simon, Karen A Monsen, Timothy Pruett, Cynthia R Gross, David M Radosevich, Bonnie L Westra
BACKGROUND: Liver transplants account for a high number of procedures with major investments from all stakeholders involved; however, limited studies address liver transplant population heterogeneity pretransplant predictive of posttransplant survival. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to identify novel and meaningful patient clusters predictive of mortality that explains the heterogeneity of liver transplant population, taking a holistic approach. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of 344 adult patients who underwent liver transplantation between 2008 through 2014...
July 2018: Nursing Research
Jennifer J Buechel, Cynthia D Connelly
BACKGROUND: Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most common sexually transmitted infection, with at least half of sexually active people contracting the virus-a leading etiology for genital warts and anal, cervical, laryngeal, penile, vaginal, and vulvar cancers. Research suggests HPV is higher among U.S. military personnel than in U.S. civilian populations and can result in significant morbidity or complications and limit U.S. military's duties or deployable status. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to identify determinants of HPV vaccination among U...
July 2018: Nursing Research
Daniel T Linnen, Patricia Kipnis, June Rondinelli, John D Greene, Vincent Liu, Gabriel J Escobar
BACKGROUND: Research investigating risk factors for hospital-acquired pressure injury (HAPI) has primarily focused on the characteristics of patients and nursing staff. Limited data are available on the association of hospital characteristics with HAPI. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to quantify the association of hospital characteristics with HAPI and their effect on residual hospital variation in HAPI risk. METHODS: We employed a retrospective cohort study design with split validation using hierarchical survival analysis...
July 2018: Nursing Research
Kelly Buettner-Schmidt, Blake Boursaw, Marie L Lobo
BACKGROUND: Rural populations have been identified as having tobacco use disparities, with contributing factors including less demand for policy change than in urban areas, resulting in higher age-adjusted death rates related to tobacco use. In 2012, the rural state of North Dakota enacted a statewide comprehensive law requiring all bars and restaurants to be smoke-free. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this longitudinal study, performed in three phases, was to assess the continued effects of a statewide comprehensive smoke-free law in a primarily rural state, using a stratified random sample...
July 2018: Nursing Research
Shannon M Christy, Alyssa Schmidt, Hsiao-Lan Wang, Steven K Sutton, Stacy N Davis, Enmanuel Chavarria, Rania Abdulla, Gwendolyn P Quinn, Susan T Vadaparampil, Ida Schultz, Richard Roetzheim, David Shibata, Cathy D Meade, Clement K Gwede
BACKGROUND: To reduce colorectal cancer (CRC) screening disparities, it is important to understand correlates of different types of cancer worry among ethnically diverse individuals. OBJECTIVES: The current study examined the prevalence of three types of cancer worry (i.e., general cancer worry, CRC-specific worry, and worry about CRC test results) as well as sociodemographic and health-related predictors for each type of cancer worry. METHODS: Participants were aged 50-75, at average CRC risk, nonadherent to CRC screening guidelines, and enrolled in a randomized controlled trial to increase CRC screening...
July 2018: Nursing Research
Catherine C McDonald, Marilyn S Sommers, Jamison D Fargo, Thomas Seacrist, Thomas Power
BACKGROUND: Risky driving behaviors contribute to adolescent injury, disability, and death, yet little is known about how mental health factors are associated with adolescent driving behaviors. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the research was to determine the association of risky driving behaviors and mental health symptoms in novice adolescent drivers. METHODS: We recruited a convenience sample (n = 60) of adolescents to complete an assessment of driving performance errors in a high-fidelity simulator (Simulated Driving Assessment [SDA] Error Score) and a self-report measure of risky driving (Behavior of Young Novice Drivers Survey [BYNDS])...
May 2018: Nursing Research
Sherry Handfinger, Judith Adams
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Nursing Research
Kristen R Weaver, Gail D' Eramo Melkus, Jason Fletcher, Wendy A Henderson
BACKGROUND: Sex and subtype differences within patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) complicate the understanding of disorder pathogenesis and hinder the design of efficacious, therapeutic interventions. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to harness the power of shotgun proteomic analysis, identify circulating proteins that differentiate African American female patients with IBS from healthy controls (HC), and gain biological insight on symptomatology...
May 2018: Nursing Research
Wen P Chang, Yu X Peng
BACKGROUND: Peripheral venous catheters (PVCs) are commonly used in clinical practice. However, varying degrees of phlebitis often occur in patients receiving intravenous injections. The relevant literature suggests that phlebitis occurrence is highly associated with the catheter gauge, insertion site, and catheterization duration. Nevertheless, no meta-analysis has been performed on the influence of these three factors on the occurrence of phlebitis. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine whether any significant differences exist in the occurrence of phlebitis between catheters of 20 gauge or smaller and those larger than 20 gauge, between catheters inserted in the antecubital fossa and those inserted in other locations on the upper limbs, or between catheters inserted for more than 96 hours and those inserted for 96 hours or less...
May 2018: Nursing Research
Kathleen Darrah Black, June Andrews Horowitz
BACKGROUND: Preeclampsia (PE), a serious and variable pregnancy complication affecting 5%-10% of the obstetric population, has an undetermined etiology, yet inflammation is concomitant with its development, particularly in relation to endothelial dysfunction. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this systematic review was to examine the published evidence concerning an association between PE and inflammatory markers for their usefulness in the prediction or early identification of women with PE in antepartum clinical settings...
May 2018: Nursing Research
Shawn M Kneipp, Todd A Schwartz, Denise J Drevdahl, Mary K Canales, Sheila Santacroce, Hudson P Santos, Ruth Anderson
BACKGROUND: The theoretical landscape of health disparities research now emphasizes health inequities and the role that social determinants of health (SDOH) play in creating and perpetuating them. Whether National Institutes of Health (NIH) funding patterns reflect this theoretical shift is unknown. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine the National Institute of Nursing Research's (NINR) funding for research focused on health disparities, health inequities, and SDOH, relative to other key NIH institutes...
May 2018: Nursing Research
Maichou Lor, Barbara J Bowers
BACKGROUND: Recruiting racial/ethnic minorities into health research is challenging. Although researchers affiliated with members of the study population (seen as insiders) may increase research participation of racial/ethnic minorities, little is known about who participants see as insiders and how they respond to insider versus outsider researchers. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to examine perceptions of Hmong older adults toward insider versus outsider researchers and the influence of these perceptions on their willingness to participate in research...
May 2018: Nursing Research
Stacy N Davis, Swapamthi Govindaraju, Brittany Jackson, Kimberly R Williams, Shannon M Christy, Susan T Vadaparampil, Gwendolyn P Quinn, David Shibata, Richard Roetzheim, Cathy D Meade, Clement K Gwede
BACKGROUND: Recruiting ethnically diverse Black participants to an innovative, community-based research study to reduce colorectal cancer screening disparities requires multipronged recruitment techniques. OBJECTIVES: This article describes active, passive, and snowball recruitment techniques, and challenges and lessons learned in recruiting a diverse sample of Black participants. METHODS: For each of the three recruitment techniques, data were collected on strategies, enrollment efficiency (participants enrolled/participants evaluated), and reasons for ineligibility...
May 2018: Nursing Research
Denise J Drevdahl, Shawn M Kneipp
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Nursing Research
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"