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Nursing Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095379/using-functional-connectivity-magnetic-resonance-imaging-to-measure-brain-connectivity-in-preterm-infants
#1
Rita Pickler, Stephanie Sealschott, Margo Moore, Stephanie Merhar, Jean Tkach, Andrew P Salzwedel, Weili Lin, Wai Gao
BACKGROUND: The use of functional connectivity magnetic resonance imaging (fcMRI) in research involving preterm infants is relatively new, and its feasibility in this population is not fully established. However, fcMRI images reveal functional neural connections that may be useful in establishing the mechanisms of neuroprotective interventions in preterm infants. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the feasibility of using fcMRI to measure differences in functional neural connections in nursing intervention studies...
November 2017: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095378/physical-activity-among-female-adolescents-in-jeddah-saudi-arabia-a-health-promotion-model-based-path-analysis
#2
Eman Bajamal, Lorraine B Robbins, Jiying Ling, Barbara Smith, Karin A Pfeiffer, Dhruv Sharma
BACKGROUND: In Saudi Arabia, about 14.8% of female children and adolescents of less than 20 years old are obese, compared with only 9.4% of male children and adolescents. One major factor linked to the high prevalence of obesity and related chronic illnesses involves inadequate physical activity (PA). Only 25% of female adolescents in Saudi Arabia meet the recommendation calling for 60 minutes of moderate to vigorous PA per day. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this research was to examine relationships among self-reported PA and cognitive and affective variables, including perceived barriers to PA, PA self-efficacy, enjoyment of PA, social support for PA, and commitment to PA...
November 2017: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095377/automated-pressure-injury-risk-assessment-system-incorporated-into-an-electronic-health-record-system
#3
Yinji Jin, Taixian Jin, Sun-Mi Lee
BACKGROUND: Pressure injury risk assessment is the first step toward preventing pressure injuries, but traditional assessment tools are time-consuming, resulting in work overload and fatigue for nurses. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of the study were to build an automated pressure injury risk assessment system (Auto-PIRAS) that can assess pressure injury risk using data, without requiring nurses to collect or input additional data, and to evaluate the validity of this assessment tool...
November 2017: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095376/circulating-lipids-and-acute-pain-sensitization-an-exploratory-analysis
#4
Angela Starkweather, Thomas Julian, Divya Ramesh, Amy Heineman, Jamie Sturgill, Susan G Dorsey, Debra E Lyon, Dayanjan Shanaka Wijesinghe
BACKGROUND: In individuals with low back pain, higher lipid levels have been documented and were associated with increased risk for chronic low back pain. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this research was to identify plasma lipids that discriminate participants with acute low back pain with or without pain sensitization as measured by quantitative sensory testing. METHODS: This exploratory study was conducted as part of a larger parent randomized controlled trial...
November 2017: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095375/negative-temperature-differential-in-preterm-infants-less-than-29-weeks-gestational-age-associations-with-infection-and-maternal-smoking
#5
Robin B Knobel-Dail, Richard Sloane, Diane Holditch-Davis, David T Tanaka
BACKGROUND: Hypothermia is related to increased morbidity and mortality in very preterm infants; continuous temperature monitoring is necessary. Thermoregulation is limited in preterm infants. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the research was to assess and describe negative temperature differential (NTD) and assess the associations of NTD with infant demographic characteristics, medical history, and clinical events. METHODS: An exploratory, case study design was used...
November 2017: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095374/achieving-drug-and-alcohol-abstinence-among-recently-incarcerated-homeless-women-a-randomized-controlled-trial-comparing-dialectical-behavioral-therapy-case-management-with-a-health-promotion-program
#6
Adeline M Nyamathi, Sanghyuk S Shin, Jolene Smeltzer, Benissa E Salem, Kartik Yadav, Maria L Ekstrand, Susan F Turner, Mark Faucette
BACKGROUND: Homeless female ex-offenders (homeless female offenders) exiting jail and prison are at a critical juncture during reentry and transitioning into the community setting. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study was to compare the effect of a dialectical behavioral therapy-case management (DBT-CM) program with a health promotion (HP) program on achieving drug and alcohol abstinence among female parolees/probationers residing in the community. METHODS: We conducted a multicenter parallel randomized controlled trial with 130 female parolees/probationers (aged 19-64 years) residing in the community randomly assigned to either DBT-CM (n = 65) or HP (n = 65)...
November 2017: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095373/good-and-bad-days-fluctuations-in-the-burden-of-informal-dementia-caregivers-an-experience-sampling-study
#7
Sandrine Pihet, Christina Moses Passini, Manuela Eicher
BACKGROUND: Informal dementia caregivers (IDCs) are often confronted with important fluctuations in care-related burden, commonly described as "good and bad days." These fluctuations are overlooked by traditional questionnaires focusing on the average experience. The experience sampling method (ESM) is based on the repeated collection of data in everyday life, thereby allowing the description of day-to-day fluctuations in IDC burden, and the identification of their correlates. ESM studies are still scarce among IDCs, with none focusing on day-to-day fluctuations in burden...
November 2017: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095372/research-about-nursing-care-for-persons-with-liver-disease-a-step-in-the-right-direction
#8
Núria Fabrellas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095371/work-health-and-nursing-research
#9
A B de Castro, Linda McCauley, OiSaeng Hong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968285/what-bed-size-does-a-patient-need-the-relationship-between-body-mass-index-and-space-required-to-turn-in-bed
#10
Neal Wiggermann, Kathryn Smith, Dee Kumpar
BACKGROUND: A bed that is too small to allow patients to turn from supine to side lying increases the difficulty of mobilizing patients, which can increase risk of musculoskeletal injury to caregivers, increase risk of pressure injuries to patients, and reduce patient comfort. Currently, no guidance is available for what patient sizes are accommodated by the standard 91cm (36 in.)-wide hospital bed, and no studies have evaluated the relationship between anthropometric attributes and space required to turn in bed...
November 2017: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858150/effort-reward-imbalance-and-burnout-among-icu-nursing-staff-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Cristobal Padilla Fortunatti, Yasna K Palmeiro-Silva
BACKGROUND: Occupational stress is commonly observed among staff in intensive care units (ICUs). Sociodemographic, organizational, and job-related factors may lead to burnout among ICU health workers. In addition, these factors could modify the balance between efforts done and rewards perceived by workers; consequently, this imbalance could increase levels of emotional exhaustion and depersonalization and decrease a sense of personal accomplishment. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship between effort-reward imbalance and burnout dimensions (emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and personal accomplishment) among ICU nursing staff in a university hospital in Santiago, Chile...
September 2017: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858149/conducting-clinically-based-intimate-partner-violence-research-safety-protocol-recommendations
#12
Jocelyn C Anderson, Nancy E Glass, Jacquelyn C Campbell
BACKGROUND: Maintaining safety is of utmost importance during research involving participants who have experienced intimate partner violence (IPV). Limited guidance on safety protocols to protect participants is available, particularly information related to technology-based approaches to informed consent, data collection, and contacting participants during the course of a study. PURPOSE: The purpose of the article is to provide details on the safety protocol developed and utilized with women receiving care at an urban HIV clinic and who were taking part in an observational study of IPV, mental health symptoms, and substance abuse and their relationship to HIV treatment adherence...
September 2017: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858148/alcohol-or-drug-use-and-trauma-recidivism
#13
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Sergio Cordovilla-Guardia, Raquel Vilar-López, Pablo Lardelli-Claret, Francisco Guerrero-López, Enrique Fernández-Mondéjar
BACKGROUND: Alcohol, illicit drugs, and psychotropic medications are well-known causes of traumatic events. However, the association of each type of substance with trauma recidivism remains unclear. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to quantify the strength of associations between the type of substance detected in patients admitted for traumatic injury and trauma recidivism, defined as a documented history of past trauma. METHODS: The presence of alcohol and drugs (cannabis, cocaine, amphetamines, methamphetamines, benzodiazepines, opiates, methadone, barbiturates, and tricyclic antidepressants) was analyzed in 1,156 patients between 16 and 70 years old, hospitalized in a trauma hospital between November 2011 and March 2015...
September 2017: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858147/toward-meaningful-care-plan-clinical-decision-support-feasibility-and-effects-of-a-simulated-pilot-study
#14
Gail M Keenan, Karen Dunn Lopez, Yingwei Yao, Vanessa E C Sousa, Janet Stifter, Alessandro Febretti, Andrew Johnson, Diana J Wilkie
BACKGROUND: Clinical decision support (CDS) tools-with easily understood and actionable information, at the point of care-are needed to help registered nurses (RNs) make evidence-based decisions. Not clear are the optimal formats of CDS tools. Thorough, preclinical testing is desirable to avoid costly errors associated with premature implementation in electronic health records. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to determine feasibility of the protocol designed to compare multiple CDS formats and evaluate effects of numeracy and graph literacy on RN adoption of best practices and care planning time in a simulated environment...
September 2017: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858146/the-relationship-between-peripheral-artery-disease-symptomatology-and-ischemia
#15
Erica N Schorr, Diane Treat-Jacobson, Ruth Lindquist
BACKGROUND: Fewer than half of individuals with peripheral artery disease (PAD) experience classic claudication, and the relationships between PAD typical or atypical symptom intensity, location, and description (classic or atypical) with ischemic changes have not previously been reported. OBJECTIVE: The primary purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between self-reported PAD symptom intensity and calf tissue ischemia measured using the tissue saturation index (TSI) during treadmill exercise...
September 2017: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858145/social-media-use-and-sexual-risk-reduction-behavior-among-minority-youth-seeking-safe-sex-information
#16
Robin Stevens, Stacia Gilliard-Matthews, Jamie Dunaev, Abigail Todhunter-Reid, Bridgette Brawner, Jennifer Stewart
BACKGROUND: Sexual health is an important area of study-particularly for minority youth and youth living in disadvantaged neighborhoods. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the research was to examine the sources of sexual health information associated with youth adopting sexual risk reduction behaviors. METHODS: Data collection took place in a small city in the Northeastern United States using cross-sectional behavioral surveys and modified venue-based sampling...
September 2017: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858144/exploring-an-unknown-territory-sleeping-beauties-in-the-nursing-research-literature
#17
Peter Kokol, Helena Blažun Vošner, Joeri Vermeulen
BACKGROUND: Sleeping Beauties (SBs) are publications that are scarcely cited in the years immediately following publication but then suddenly become highly cited later. Such publications have unique citation patterns and can reveal important developments in the field in which they appear. OBJECTIVES: No holistic analysis of nursing SBs has been done yet. The aim of this study was to identify and analyze the SB phenomenon in the nursing research literature. METHOD: The corpus for the nursing SB identification was harvested from the Web of Science Core Collection (Thomas Reuters) for the period 1934-2015...
September 2017: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858143/facilitated-nurse-medication-related-event-reporting-to-improve-medication-management-quality-and-safety-in-intensive-care-units
#18
Jie Xu, Carrie Reale, Jason M Slagle, Shilo Anders, Matthew S Shotwell, Timothy Dresselhaus, Matthew B Weinger
BACKGROUND: Medication safety presents an ongoing challenge for nurses working in complex, fast-paced, intensive care unit (ICU) environments. Studying ICU nurse's medication management-especially medication-related events (MREs)-provides an approach to analyze and improve medication safety and quality. OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to explore the utility of facilitated MRE reporting in identifying system deficiencies and the relationship between MREs and nurses' work in the ICUs...
September 2017: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661908/associations-between-hormonal-biomarkers-and-cognitive-motor-and-language-developmental-status-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants
#19
COMPARATIVE STUDY
June Cho, Diane Holditch-Davis, Xiaogang Su, Vivien Phillips, Fred Biasini, Waldemar A Carlo
BACKGROUND: Male infants are more prone to health problems and developmental delays than female infants. OBJECTIVES: On the basis of theories of gender differences in brain development and social relationships, we explored associations between testosterone and cortisol levels with infant cognitive, motor, and language development ("infant development") in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants, controlling for mother-infant interactions, characteristics of mothers and infants, and days of saliva collection after birth...
September 2017: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654570/fear-and-risk-of-falling-activities-of-daily-living-and-quality-of-life-assessment-when-older-adults-receive-emergency-department-care
#20
Tuğba Çinarli, Zeliha Koç
BACKGROUND: Falls tend to create fear and concern in older adults who also seek care in emergency departments (EDs) at high rates. AIM: The purposes of this study were to (a) describe risk and fear of falling in older adults seeking care in the ED and (b) explore relationships between risk and fear of falling with activities of daily living and quality of life. METHODS: The study was conducted in the ED of Ondokuz Mayis University Hospital in Samsun, Turkey...
July 2017: Nursing Research
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