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Nursing Research

Stephen H A Hernandez, Brenda J Morgan, Mark B Parshall
BACKGROUND: Stigma may deter military service members from seeking mental health (MH) services. Previously, substantial proportions of U.S. Air Force (USAF) registered nurses and medical technicians reported concerns about stigma with accessing MH services; in particular, that unit members might lose confidence in them or perceive them as weak, unit leadership might treat them differently, or accessing care might affect career advancement. OBJECTIVE: This study assessed the extent to which stigma and barriers to accessing MH services as perceived by USAF nursing personnel are associated with resilience, stress, previous deployment, or demographic characteristics...
August 15, 2016: Nursing Research
Marion Bakhoya, Jiying Ling, Karin A Pfeiffer, Lorraine B Robbins
BACKGROUND: Ways to optimize boosters to assist girls to attain adequate moderate-to-vigorous physical activity following an intervention are unknown. OBJECTIVE: This study's purpose was to (a) determine whether girls receiving mailed motivational, individually tailored postcard boosters following a 17-week physical activity intervention would have greater moderate-to-vigorous physical activity at 9-month follow-up as compared to girls not receiving them and those in a control group and (b) evaluate girls' perceptions of the booster intervention...
September 2016: Nursing Research
Kristin Ashford, Amanda Wiggins, Karen Butler, Melinda Ickes, Mary Kay Rayens, Ellen Hahn
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of electronic cigarette use grows. Amid increased e-cigarette use nationwide, this paper attempts to identify underlying risk factors for the most vulnerable populations. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study was to assess predictors of e-cigarette use among female current and former tobacco users of childbearing age-specifically to determine whether demographic factors, pregnancy status, conventional cigarette smoking, and perceived e-cigarette harm are associated with e-cigarette use...
September 2016: Nursing Research
Heather M Gilmartin, Karen H Sousa, Catherine Battaglia
BACKGROUND: The central line (CL) bundle interventions are important for preventing central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs), but a modeling method for testing the CL bundle interventions within a health systems framework is lacking. OBJECTIVES: Guided by the Quality Health Outcomes Model (QHOM), this study tested the CL bundle interventions in reflective and composite, latent, variable measurement models to assess the impact of the modeling approaches on an investigation of the relationships between adherence to the CL bundle interventions, organizational context, and CLABSIs...
September 2016: Nursing Research
Mari Hayashi, Ayako Yahiro, Yuri Sakuragi, Kanako Iwamatsu, Hiroko Sakamoto, Yasuo Kaizuka, Takuya Tsuchihashi, Masahiro Kamouchi
BACKGROUND: Dysphagia is a serious health problem in aging populations. Older persons also experience high rates of chronic illness and hospitalization. Accurate identification of dysphagia at the time of hospital admission is important for providing supportive interventions for effective swallowing and preventing complications of dysphagia. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of potential impairment of swallowing function, the association between self-reported and observed swallowing difficulty, and factors associated with swallowing impairment in hospitalized patients...
September 2016: Nursing Research
Hyunjin Oh, Dong-Choon Uhm, Young Joo Yoon
BACKGROUND: Negative work environments influence the ability of nurses to provide optimal patient care in a safe environment. AIM: The purpose of the study was to test a model linking workplace bullying (WPB) and lateral violence (LV) with job stress, intent to leave, and, subsequently, nurse-assessed patient adverse outcomes (safety issues). DESIGN: This descriptive-correlational study examined the relationships between study variables and used a structural equation model to test the validity of the proposed theoretical framework...
September 2016: Nursing Research
Dewi Stalpers, Dimitri van der Linden, Marian J Kaljouw, Marieke J Schuurmans
BACKGROUND: Deliberate screening allows detection of health risks that are otherwise not noticeable and allows expedient intervention to minimize complications and optimize outcomes, especially during critical events like hospitalization. Little research has evaluated the usefulness of screening performance and outcome indicators as measures to differentiate nursing quality, although policymakers are using them to benchmark hospitals. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to examine hospital performance based on nursing-sensitive screening indicators and to assess associations with hospital characteristics and nursing-sensitive outcomes for patients...
September 2016: Nursing Research
Judy Yuen-Man Siu
BACKGROUND: Diseases often carry cultural meanings and metaphors, and these meanings can influence illness experiences and behavioral responses. OBJECTIVES: This research investigated how old cultural stereotypes and new social understandings of overactive bladder (OAB) intertwined to influence sick role adaptation and behavioral responses among those with OAB. METHODS: A qualitative approach using in-depth individual, semistructured interviews was adopted...
September 2016: Nursing Research
Licia M Clowtis, Duck-Hee Kang, Nikhil S Padhye, Cathy Rozmus, Michelle S Barratt
BACKGROUND: Exposure to high levels of maternal stress and ineffective maternal-child engagement (MC-E) may adversely affect child health-related outcomes. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the impact of maternal stress and MC-E on maternal and child biological responses (salivary cortisol and testosterone) and child health outcome in mother-child dyads of preschool children (3-5.9 years) in a low socioeconomic setting. METHODS: Observational and biobehavioral data were collected from 50 mother-child dyads in a preschool setting...
September 2016: Nursing Research
Susan J Henly
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Nursing Research
Juan Li, Zhuang He, Yong Luo, Rong Zhang
BACKGROUND: Conflicts arising from cultural diversity among patients and hospital staff in China have become intense. Hospitals have an urgent need to improve transcultural self-efficacy of nurses for providing effective transcultural nursing. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the research was to (a) evaluate the current status of perceived transcultural self-efficacy of nurses in general hospitals in Guangzhou, China; (b) explore associations between demographic characteristics of nurses and their perceived transcultural self-efficacy; and (c) assess the reliability and validity of scores on the Chinese version of the Transcultural Self-Efficacy Tool (TSET)...
September 2016: Nursing Research
Cindy A Crusto, Veronica Barcelona de Mendoza, Christian M Connell, Yan V Sun, Jacquelyn Y Taylor
BACKGROUND: Although studies show that genomics and environmental stressors affect blood pressure, few studies have examined their combined effects, especially in African Americans. OBJECTIVE: We present the recruitment methods and psychological measures of the Intergenerational Impact of Genetic and Psychological Factors on Blood Pressure (InterGEN) study, which seeks to investigate the individual and combined effects of genetic (G) and environmental (E) (psychological) stressors on blood pressure in African American mother-child dyads...
July 2016: Nursing Research
Edwin N Aroke, Jennifer R Dungan
BACKGROUND: Monitoring a patient's response to drug therapy and early identification of an adverse reaction are important responsibilities of nurses. Despite the relative safety of anesthesia practice, 1 in 20 perioperative medication administrations includes a medication error and/or adverse drug reaction. Although several factors contribute to an individual's response to medications, genetic predisposition accounts for over 50% of that response. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this review is to explore the evidence of genetic variability associated with response to volatile and intravenous anesthetics...
July 2016: Nursing Research
Caroline H Vickers, Christopher Lindfelt, Teresa Dodd-Butera
BACKGROUND: Patient history-taking sequences may be repeated across medical speech events with different healthcare providers and subsequently co-constructed differently, which can lead to disparate patient history information with implications for patient care outcomes. Encounters that include language discordance between patients with limited English language proficiency and healthcare workers can also impact patient outcomes. OBJECTIVES: We examined the repetition of patient history-taking sequences in consultations in which healthcare providers used Spanish as a first and second language with monolingual Spanish-speaking patients...
July 2016: Nursing Research
Molly Secor-Turner, Kaitlin Schmitz, Kristen Benson
BACKGROUND: Although menstruation is a universal experience, girls in resource-poor areas face unique challenges related to menstruation management. In Kenya, girls miss nearly 3.5 million learning days per month because of limited access to sanitary products and lack of adequate sanitation. Global priorities to address gender inequality-especially related to education-often do not consider the impact of poverty on gendered experiences, such as menstruation. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to describe the experiences of menstruation from the perspective of adolescent girls living in rural Kenya...
July 2016: Nursing Research
Ann Van Hecke, Aurélie Van Lancker, Bart De Clercq, Céline De Meyere, Sara Dequeker, Jacques Devulder
BACKGROUND: Despite an enhanced interest and evolution in pain management, prevalence remains high. Interventions to optimize pain-related care can only be effective if barriers are identified and accounted for. AIM: To assess pain intensity and examine its association with patient- (including health literacy defined in this study as "requiring help to read health information"), nurse-, and system-related (including social capital defined as "the importance of network and norms at work") barriers/facilitators to pain management...
July 2016: Nursing Research
Suzanne Ameringer, R K Elswick, Victoria Menzies, Jo Lynne Robins, Angela Starkweather, Jeanne Walter, Amanda Elswick Gentry, Nancy Jallo
BACKGROUND: The need for reliable, valid tools to measure patient-reported outcomes (PROs) is critical both for research and for evaluating treatment effects in practice. The Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System Fatigue-Short Form v1.0-Fatigue 7a (PROMIS F-SF) has had limited psychometric evaluation in various populations. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study is to examine psychometric properties of PROMIS F-SF item responses across various populations...
July 2016: Nursing Research
Elizabeth P Knight, Kimberly Shea, Anne G Rosenfeld, Sarah Schmiege, Chiu-Hsieh Hsu, Holli A DeVon
BACKGROUND: Many patients evaluated for acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in emergency departments (EDs) continue to experience troubling symptoms after discharge-regardless of their ultimate medical diagnosis. However, comprehensive understanding of common post-ED symptom trajectories is lacking. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to identify common trajectories of symptom severity in the 6 months after an ED visit for potential ACS. METHODS: This was a secondary analysis of data from a larger observational, prospective study conducted in five U...
July 2016: Nursing Research
Sangchoon Jeon, Nancy S Redeker
BACKGROUND: Sleep disturbance is common among patients with heart failure (HF) who also experience symptom burden and poor functional performance. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the extent to which sleep-related, daytime symptoms (fatigue, excessive daytime sleepiness, and depressive symptoms) mediate the relationship between sleep disturbance and functional performance among patients with stable HF. METHODS: We recruited patients with stable HF for this secondary analysis of data from a cross-sectional, observational study...
July 2016: Nursing Research
Susan J Henly
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Nursing Research
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