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Nursing Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604507/visits-to-registered-nurses-an-opportunity-to-increase-contraceptive-access-in-california
#1
Emese C Parker, Kevin Kong, Leslie A Watts, Eleanor B Schwarz, Philip D Darney, Heike Thiel de Bocanegra
BACKGROUND: In 2013, California passed Assembly Bill (A.B.) 2348, approving registered nurses (RNs) to dispense patient self-administered hormonal contraceptives and administer injections of hormonal contraceptives. The Family Planning, Access, Care and Treatment (Family PACT) program, which came into effect in 1997 to expand low-income, uninsured California resident access to contraceptives at no cost, is one program in which qualified RNs can dispense and administer contraceptives. AIMS: The aims of this study were to (a) describe utilization of RN visits within California's Family PACT program and (b) evaluate the impact of RN visits on client birth control acquisition during the first 18 months after implementation of A...
June 10, 2017: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410271/measuring-the-nursing-work-environment-in-mainland-china-further-development-of-the-chinese-nursing-work-environment-scale
#2
Jing Shao, Leiwen Tang, Zhihong Ye
BACKGROUND: For the stabilization of the nursing profession in mainland China, a valid and reliable nursing work environment instrument, grounded in China's context, should be developed to better provide rigorous evidence for policy makers. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the current research was to further develop a scale that could capture the characteristics of the nursing work environment in mainland China. METHODS: A convenience sample of 542 nurses employed in a tertiary hospital of mainland China completed the 108-item Chinese Nursing Work Environment (C-NWE) Scale (1st ed...
April 13, 2017: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448376/nursing-research-reviewer-list-for-2016
#3
Sherry Handfinger, Judith Adams
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448375/promis-sleep-disturbance-and-sleep-related-impairment-in-adolescents-examining-psychometrics-using-self-report-and-actigraphy
#4
Alyson E Hanish, Deborah C Lin-Dyken, Joan C Han
BACKGROUND: The National Institutes of Health Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) has self-reported health measures available for both pediatric and adult populations, but no pediatric measures are available currently in the sleep domains. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this observational study was to perform preliminary validation studies on age-appropriate, self-reported sleep measures in healthy adolescents. METHODS: This study examined 25 healthy adolescents' self-reported daytime sleepiness, sleep disturbance, sleep-related impairment, and sleep patterns...
May 2017: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448374/characteristics-and-correlates-of-caregivers-perceptions-of-their-family-members-memory-loss
#5
Hairong Yu, Jennifer H Lingler, Susan M Sereika, Judith A Erlen
BACKGROUND: Understanding caregiver's perceptions of their family member's memory loss is a necessary step in planning nursing interventions to detect and address caregiver burden. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to characterize caregivers' perceptions of their family members' memory loss and identify potential correlates within Leventhal's common sense model (CSM). METHODS: This secondary analysis used baseline data from a larger randomized controlled trial...
May 2017: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448373/effects-of-parental-stress-optimism-and-health-promoting-behaviors-on-the-quality-of-life-of-primiparous-and-multiparous-mothers
#6
Jennifer Loh, Craig Harms, Bronwyn Harman
BACKGROUND: Parental stress, optimism, and health-promoting behaviors (HPBs) are important predictors of the quality of life (QoL) of mothers. However, it is unclear how strongly these predictors affect the QoL of mothers. It is also unclear if the impact of these predictors on QoL differs between primiparous and multiparous mothers. In this study, we defined primiparous as "bearing young for the first time" and multiparous as "having experienced one or more previous childbirths." OBJECTIVES: The first objective of this study was to examine the relative effect of parental stress, optimism, and HPBs on the QoL of mothers...
May 2017: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448372/validity-of-the-montreal-cognitive-assessment-screener-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-and-without-congenital-heart-disease
#7
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Nancy A Pike, Marie K Poulsen, Mary A Woo
BACKGROUND: Cognitive deficits are common, long-term sequelae in children and adolescents with congenital heart disease (CHD) who have undergone surgical palliation. However, there is a lack of a validated brief cognitive screening tool appropriate for the outpatient setting for adolescents with CHD. One candidate instrument is the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) questionnaire. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the research was to validate scores from the MoCA against the General Memory Index (GMI) of the Wide Range Assessment of Memory and Learning, 2nd Edition (WRAML2), a widely accepted measure of cognition/memory, in adolescents and young adults with CHD...
May 2017: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448371/research-societies-and-the-advancement-of-nursing-science
#8
Susan J Henly
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426521/a-history-of-the-western-institute-of-nursing-and-its-communicating-nursing-research-conferences
#9
Paula A McNeil, Carol A Lindeman
BACKGROUND: The Western Institute of Nursing (WIN) celebrated its 60th anniversary and the 50th Annual Communicating Nursing Research Conference in April 2017. PURPOSE: The purpose of this article is to provide a brief history of the origin, development, and accomplishments of WIN and its Communicating Nursing Research conferences. APPROACH: Historical documents and conference proceedings were reviewed. SUMMARY: WIN was created in 1957 as the Western Council on Higher Education for Nursing under the auspices of the Western Interstate Commission for Higher Education...
May 2017: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426520/nursing-practice-research-and-education-in-the-west-the-best-is-yet-to-come
#10
Heather M Young, Susan Bakewell-Sachs, Linda Sarna
PURPOSE: This paper celebrates the 60th anniversary of the Western Institute of Nursing, the nursing organization representing 13 states in the Western United States, and envisions a preferred future for nursing practice, research, and education. BACKGROUND: Three landmark calls to action contribute to transforming nursing and healthcare: the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010; the Institute of Medicine report Future of Nursing: Leading Change, Advancing Health; and the report Advancing Healthcare Transformation: A New Era for Academic Nursing...
May 2017: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252555/capturing-the-social-location-of-african-american-mothers-living-with-hiv-an-inquiry-into-how-social-determinants-of-health-are-framed
#11
Courtney Caiola, Julie Barroso, Sharron L Docherty
BACKGROUND: The disparate health outcomes of African American mothers living with HIV are considerable. Multidimensional approaches are needed to address the complex social and economic conditions of their lives, collectively known as the social determinants of health. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to explore the social determinants of health for African American mothers living with HIV by examining how mothers describe their social location at the intersection of gender, race, and class inequality; HIV-related stigma; and motherhood...
May 2017: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252580/eastern-nursing-research-society-29th-annual-scientific-sessions-abstracts
#12
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252579/genome-sequencing-technologies-and-nursing-what-are-the-roles-of-nurses-and-nurse-scientists
#13
Jacquelyn Y Taylor, Michelle L Wright, Kathleen T Hickey, David E Housman
BACKGROUND: Advances in DNA sequencing technology have resulted in an abundance of personalized data with challenging clinical utility and meaning for clinicians. This wealth of data has potential to dramatically impact the quality of healthcare. Nurses are at the focal point in educating patients regarding relevant healthcare needs; therefore, an understanding of sequencing technology and utilizing these data are critical. AIM: The objective of this study was to explicate the role of nurses and nurse scientists as integral members of healthcare teams in improving understanding of DNA sequencing data and translational genomics for patients...
March 2017: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252578/the-human-microbiome-and-understanding-the-16s-rrna-gene-in-translational-nursing-science
#14
REVIEW
Nancy J Ames, Alexandra Ranucci, Brad Moriyama, Gwenyth R Wallen
BACKGROUND: As more is understood regarding the human microbiome, it is increasingly important for nurse scientists and healthcare practitioners to analyze these microbial communities and their role in health and disease. 16S rRNA sequencing is a key methodology in identifying these bacterial populations that has recently transitioned from use primarily in research to having increased utility in clinical settings. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this review are to (a) describe 16S rRNA sequencing and its role in answering research questions important to nursing science; (b) provide an overview of the oral, lung, and gut microbiomes and relevant research; and (c) identify future implications for microbiome research and 16S sequencing in translational nursing science...
March 2017: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252577/maternal-child-microbiome-specimen-collection-storage-and-implications-for-research-and-practice
#15
Sheila Jordan, Brenda Baker, Alexis Dunn, Sara Edwards, Erin Ferranti, Abby D Mutic, Irene Yang, Jeannie Rodriguez
BACKGROUND: The maternal microbiome is a key contributor to the development and outcomes of pregnancy and the health status of both mother and infant. Significant advances are occurring in the science of the maternal and child microbiome and hold promise in improving outcomes related to pregnancy complications, child development, and chronic health conditions of mother and child. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to review site-specific considerations in the collection and storage of maternal and child microbiome samples and its implications for nursing research and practice...
March 2017: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252576/apoa5-gene-polymorphisms-and-cardiovascular-diseases-metaprediction-in-global-populations
#16
Yen-Chun Lin, Veronica Nunez, Robin Johns, S Pamela K Shiao
BACKGROUND: Apolipoprotein A5 (APOA5) 1131 is one of the most investigated gene polymorphisms in association with cardiovascular diseases (CVD) for its roles in epigenetics pathways. OBJECTIVES: The major objective of this metaprediction study was to comprehensively examine the association of polymorphism risk subtypes of APOA5 1131 gene and potential contributing factors of CVD risks in global populations. METHODS: This study is a meta-analysis to determine APOA5 gene polymorphisms as risk factors for CVDs...
March 2017: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252575/rankl-rank-opg-polymorphisms-and-heel-quantitative-ultrasound-in-young-adults
#17
María Correa-Rodríguez, Jacqueline Schmidt-RioValle, Blanca Rueda-Medina
BACKGROUND: The receptor activator of the nuclear factor-kappa B ligand (RANKL), the receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappa B (RANK), and the osteoprotegerin (OPG) signaling pathway play an important role in the regulation of bone remodeling and osteoclast differentiation. Quantitative ultrasound (QUS) is a relatively recent and noninvasive method providing structural information on microstructure, bone elasticity, and connectivity. However, in contrast to bone mineral density measurements, the possible association of the RANKL/RANK/OPG pathway with heel QUS has not been analyzed...
March 2017: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252574/abcb1-polymorphisms-and-cold-pressor-pain-responses-opioid-dependent-patients-on-methadone-maintenance-therapy
#18
Zalina Zahari, Chee Siong Lee, Muslih Abdulkarim Ibrahim, Nurfadhlina Musa, Mohd Azhar Mohd Yasin, Yeong Yeh Lee, Soo Choon Tan, Nasir Mohamad, Rusli Ismail
BACKGROUND: Methadone is a substrate of the P-glycoprotein efflux transporter, which is encoded by ABCB1 (MDR1), and thus, ABCB1 polymorphisms may influence the transport of methadone at the blood-brain barrier, affecting its adverse effects. OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the association between ABCB1 polymorphisms and cold pressor pain responses among opioid-dependent patients on methadone maintenance therapy (MMT). METHODS: Malay male opioid-dependent patients receiving MMT (n = 148) were recruited...
March 2017: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252573/influence-of-feeding-type-on-gut-microbiome-development-in-hospitalized-preterm-infants
#19
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Xiaomei Cong, Michelle Judge, Wanli Xu, Ana Diallo, Susan Janton, Elizabeth A Brownell, Kendra Maas, Joerg Graf
BACKGROUND: Premature infants have a high risk for dysbiosis of the gut microbiome. Mother's own milk (MOM) has been found to favorably alter gut microbiome composition in infants born at term. Evidence about the influence of feeding type on gut microbial colonization of preterm infants is limited. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to explore the effect of feeding types on gut microbial colonization of preterm infants in the neonatal intensive care unit. METHODS: Thirty-three stable preterm infants were recruited at birth and followed up for the first 30 days of life...
March 2017: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252572/pharmacogenetics-of-ketamine-induced-emergence-phenomena-a-pilot-study
#20
Edwin N Aroke, Sybil L Crawford, Jennifer R Dungan
BACKGROUND: Up to 55% of patients who are administered ketamine experience an emergence phenomena (EP) that closely mimics schizophrenia and increases their risk of injury; however, to date, no studies have investigated genetic association of ketamine-induced EP in healthy patients. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to investigate the feasibility and sample sizes required to explore the relationship between CYP2B6*6 and GRIN2B single-nucleotide polymorphisms and ketamine-induced EP...
March 2017: Nursing Research
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