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Nursing Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701615/simulated-driving-performance-self-reported-driving-behaviors-and-mental-health-symptoms-in-adolescent-novice-drivers
#1
Catherine C McDonald, Marilyn S Sommers, Jamison D Fargo, Thomas Seacrist, Thomas Power
BACKGROUND: Risky driving behaviors contribute to adolescent injury, disability, and death, yet little is known about how mental health factors are associated with adolescent driving behaviors. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the research was to determine the association of risky driving behaviors and mental health symptoms in novice adolescent drivers. METHODS: We recruited a convenience sample (n = 60) of adolescents to complete an assessment of driving performance errors in a high-fidelity simulator (Simulated Driving Assessment [SDA] Error Score) and a self-report measure of risky driving (Behavior of Young Novice Drivers Survey [BYNDS])...
May 2018: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698333/nursing-research-reviewer-list-for-2017
#2
Sherry Handfinger, Judith Adams
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698332/serum-proteomics-in-african-american-female-patients-with-irritable-bowel-syndrome-an-exploratory-study
#3
Kristen R Weaver, Gail D' Eramo Melkus, Jason Fletcher, Wendy A Henderson
BACKGROUND: Sex and subtype differences within patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) complicate the understanding of disorder pathogenesis and hinder the design of efficacious, therapeutic interventions. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to harness the power of shotgun proteomic analysis, identify circulating proteins that differentiate African American female patients with IBS from healthy controls (HC), and gain biological insight on symptomatology...
May 2018: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698331/occurrence-of-phlebitis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Wen P Chang, Yu X Peng
BACKGROUND: Peripheral venous catheters (PVCs) are commonly used in clinical practice. However, varying degrees of phlebitis often occur in patients receiving intravenous injections. The relevant literature suggests that phlebitis occurrence is highly associated with the catheter gauge, insertion site, and catheterization duration. Nevertheless, no meta-analysis has been performed on the influence of these three factors on the occurrence of phlebitis. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine whether any significant differences exist in the occurrence of phlebitis between catheters of 20 gauge or smaller and those larger than 20 gauge, between catheters inserted in the antecubital fossa and those inserted in other locations on the upper limbs, or between catheters inserted for more than 96 hours and those inserted for 96 hours or less...
May 2018: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698330/inflammatory-markers-and-preeclampsia-a-systematic-review
#5
Kathleen Darrah Black, June Andrews Horowitz
BACKGROUND: Preeclampsia (PE), a serious and variable pregnancy complication affecting 5%-10% of the obstetric population, has an undetermined etiology, yet inflammation is concomitant with its development, particularly in relation to endothelial dysfunction. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this systematic review was to examine the published evidence concerning an association between PE and inflammatory markers for their usefulness in the prediction or early identification of women with PE in antepartum clinical settings...
May 2018: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698329/trends-in-health-disparities-health-inequity-and-social-determinants-of-health-research-a-17-year-analysis-of-ninr-nci-nhlbi-and-nimhd-funding
#6
Shawn M Kneipp, Todd A Schwartz, Denise J Drevdahl, Mary K Canales, Sheila Santacroce, Hudson P Santos, Ruth Anderson
BACKGROUND: The theoretical landscape of health disparities research now emphasizes health inequities and the role that social determinants of health (SDOH) play in creating and perpetuating them. Whether National Institutes of Health (NIH) funding patterns reflect this theoretical shift is unknown. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine the National Institute of Nursing Research's (NINR) funding for research focused on health disparities, health inequities, and SDOH, relative to other key NIH institutes...
May 2018: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698328/hmong-older-adults-perceptions-of-insider-and-outsider-researchers-does-it-matter-for-research-participation
#7
Maichou Lor, Barbara J Bowers
BACKGROUND: Recruiting racial/ethnic minorities into health research is challenging. Although researchers affiliated with members of the study population (seen as insiders) may increase research participation of racial/ethnic minorities, little is known about who participants see as insiders and how they respond to insider versus outsider researchers. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to examine perceptions of Hmong older adults toward insider versus outsider researchers and the influence of these perceptions on their willingness to participate in research...
May 2018: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698327/recruitment-techniques-and-strategies-in-a-community-based-colorectal-cancer-screening-study-of-men-and-women-of-african-ancestry
#8
Stacy N Davis, Swapamthi Govindaraju, Brittany Jackson, Kimberly R Williams, Shannon M Christy, Susan T Vadaparampil, Gwendolyn P Quinn, David Shibata, Richard Roetzheim, Cathy D Meade, Clement K Gwede
BACKGROUND: Recruiting ethnically diverse Black participants to an innovative, community-based research study to reduce colorectal cancer screening disparities requires multipronged recruitment techniques. OBJECTIVES: This article describes active, passive, and snowball recruitment techniques, and challenges and lessons learned in recruiting a diverse sample of Black participants. METHODS: For each of the three recruitment techniques, data were collected on strategies, enrollment efficiency (participants enrolled/participants evaluated), and reasons for ineligibility...
May 2018: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698326/nursing-and-the-social-determinants-of-health
#9
Denise J Drevdahl, Shawn M Kneipp
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698325/a-tribute-to-susan-henly
#10
Rita Pickler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698324/please-do-not-impact-me
#11
Rita H Pickler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29489639/eastern-nursing-research-society-30th-annual-scientific-sessions-abstracts
#12
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29489638/theory-and-theorizing-in-nursing-science-commentary-from-the-nursing-research-special-issue-editorial-team
#13
Nalini N Jairath, Cynthia J Peden-McAlpine, Mary C Sullivan, Judith A Vessey, Susan J Henly
BACKGROUND: Articles from three landmark symposia on theory for nursing-published in Nursing Research in 1968-1969-served as a key underpinning for the development of nursing as an academic discipline. The current special issue on Theory and Theorizing in Nursing Science celebrates the 50th anniversary of publication of these seminal works in nursing theory. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this commentary is to consider the future of nursing theory development in light of articles published in the anniversary issue...
March 2018: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29489637/the-preconscious-awareness-to-action-framework-an-application-to-promote-testicular-awareness
#14
Mohamad M Saab, Margaret Landers, Josephine Hegarty
BACKGROUND: Health outcomes among men are markedly poorer than women. Testicular disorders can be life-threatening if left untreated. Few studies promoting awareness of testicular disorders have been underpinned by theory. Theory-based interventions are more likely to achieve positive health outcomes than interventions that lack a theoretical foundation. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study is to present a theory-focused analysis of the preconscious awareness to action framework (PAAF), developed to enhance testicular awareness and help-seeking intentions and behaviors among men...
March 2018: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29489636/defining-and-theorizing-about-culture-the-evolution-of-the-cultural-determinants-of-help-seeking-revised
#15
Denise Saint Arnault
BACKGROUND: The recent interest in defining and theorizing about social determinants of health has illuminated the importance of culture as a central phenomenon of interest. However, cultural processes appear in multiple places in social determinants of health models, and their specifics are not delineated or operationalized. OBJECTIVES: This theory development article describes the complexity of defining cultural variables and uses medical anthropology to show how cultural domains, constructs, and variables can be defined...
March 2018: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29489635/culture-shifts-from-cultural-to-structural-theorizing-in-nursing
#16
Denise J Drevdahl
BACKGROUND: As a discipline, nursing emphasizes the importance of culture to care. Cultural competence is seen in nursing practice, education, and research as essential for addressing health disparities-particularly racial and ethnic disparities. There now is broad consensus that the causes for health disparities lie beyond the individual and are found in the structures of society. Current cultural competency theories and conceptual models, however, focus on the individual and do little to address the social/structural determinants of health...
March 2018: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29489634/expanding-regulation-theory-with-oxytocin-a-psychoneurobiological-model-for-infant-development
#17
Ashley M Weber, Tondi M Harrison, Deborah K Steward
BACKGROUND: Oxytocin (OT), an affiliation hormone released during supportive social interactions, provides an exemplar of how social environments are reflected in our neurobiology from the beginning of life. A growing body of OT research has uncovered previously unknown functions of OT, including modulation of parenting behaviors, neuroprotection, affiliation, and bonding. Regulation theory provides a strong framework for describing how the maternal care environment affects infant neurodevelopment through a symphony of molecules that form the neurobiological milieu of the developing infant brain...
March 2018: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29489633/nursing-theory-terminology-and-big-data-data-driven-discovery-of-novel-patterns-in-archival-randomized-clinical-trial-data
#18
Karen A Monsen, Teresa J Kelechi, Marion E McRae, Michelle A Mathiason, Karen S Martin
BACKGROUND: The growth and diversification of nursing theory, nursing terminology, and nursing data enable a convergence of theory- and data-driven discovery in the era of big data research. Existing datasets can be viewed through theoretical and terminology perspectives using visualization techniques in order to reveal new patterns and generate hypotheses. The Omaha System is a standardized terminology and metamodel that makes explicit the theoretical perspective of the nursing discipline and enables terminology-theory testing research...
March 2018: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29489632/temporal-immediacy-a-two-system-theory-of-mind-for-understanding-and-changing-health-behaviors
#19
Paul F Cook, Sarah J Schmiege, Blaine Reeder, Sara Horton-Deutsch, Nancy K Lowe, Paula Meek
BACKGROUND: Health promotion and chronic disease management both require behavior change, but people find it hard to change behavior despite having good intentions. The problem arises because patients' narratives about experiences and intentions are filtered through memory and language. These narratives inaccurately reflect intuitive decision-making or actual behaviors. OBJECTIVES: We propose a principle-temporal immediacy-as a moderator variable that explains which of two mental systems (narrative or intuitive) will be activated in any given situation...
March 2018: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29489631/the-fundamentals-of-care-framework-as-a-point-of-care-nursing-theory
#20
Alison L Kitson
BACKGROUND: Nursing theories have attempted to shape the everyday practice of clinical nurses and patient care. However, many theories-because of their level of abstraction and distance from everyday caring activity-have failed to help nurses undertake the routine practical aspects of nursing care in a theoretically informed way. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the paper is to present a point-of-care theoretical framework, called the fundamentals of care (FOC) framework, which explains, guides, and potentially predicts the quality of care nurses provide to patients, their carers, and family members...
March 2018: Nursing Research
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