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Nursing Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240661/physical-restraint-use-with-elderly-patients-perceptions-of-nurses-and-nursing-assistants-in-spanish-acute-care-hospitals
#1
Emilio Fariña-López, Gabriel J Estévez-Guerra, M Luz Polo-Luque, Alica Hanzeliková Pogrányivá, Eva Penelo
BACKGROUND: Physical restraint is often used during the hospitalization of elderly people. However, this procedure is associated with adverse outcomes; therefore, it is necessary to be aware of the circumstances that promote restraint use, such as the perceptions of professionals who use it. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the research was to determine the situations in which nursing staff considered the use of physical restraint as most important and to evaluate the possible associations with the sociodemographic and professional variables...
January 2018: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240660/healthcare-provider-views-on-transitioning-from-task-shifting-to-advanced-practice-nursing-in-tanzania
#2
Joanes Faustine Mboineki, Weihong Zhang
BACKGROUND: The Tanzanian health sector suffers from shortages of healthcare workers as well as uneven distribution of healthcare workers in urban and rural areas. Task shifting-delegation of tasks from professionals to other healthcare team members with less training, such as medical attendants-is practiced, compromising quality of care. Advanced practice nursing is underutilized. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to explore the views of nurses and physicians on current responses to shortages of healthcare workers and the potential for utilization of advanced practice nurses...
January 2018: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240659/using-a-wireless-electroencephalography-device-to-evaluate-e-health-and-e-learning-interventions
#3
Tanya Mailhot, Patrick Lavoie, Marc-André Maheu-Cadotte, Guillaume Fontaine, Alexis Cournoyer, José Côté, France Dupuis, Thierry Karsenti, Sylvie Cossette
BACKGROUND: Measuring engagement and other reactions of patients and health professionals to e-health and e-learning interventions remains a challenge for researchers. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this pilot study was to assess the feasibility and acceptability of using a wireless electroencephalography (EEG) device to measure affective (anxiety, enjoyment, relaxation) and cognitive (attention, engagement, interest) reactions of patients and healthcare professionals during e-health or e-learning interventions...
January 2018: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240658/nursing-activities-for-patients-with-chronic-disease-in-primary-care-settings-a-practice-analysis
#4
Marie-Eve Poitras, Maud-Christine Chouinard, Frances Gallagher, Martin Fortin
BACKGROUND: Nurses in primary care organizations play a central role for patients with chronic disease. Lack of clarity in role description may be associated with underutilization of nurse competencies that could benefit the growing population of patients with chronic disease. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the research was to describe nursing activities in primary care settings with patients with chronic disease. METHODS: A Web-based survey was sent to nurses practicing in Family Medicine Groups in the Canadian Province of Québec...
January 2018: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240657/inequalities-in-health-services-usage-in-a-national-health-system-scheme-the-case-of-a-southern-social-european-region
#5
Maite Morteruel, Elena Rodriguez-Alvarez, Unai Martin, Amaia Bacigalupe
BACKGROUND: Health services can reduce inequalities caused by other determinants of health or increase them due to the effect of the inverse care law-the principle that the availability of good quality care tends to vary inversely with the need for it in the population served. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the research was to describe inequalities in the use of nursing services, medical services in primary care, specialist care, and services not fully covered by the Basque public health system in Spain...
January 2018: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240656/hospital-acquired-pressure-injury-risk-adjusted-comparisons-in-an-integrated-healthcare-delivery-system
#6
June Rondinelli, Stephen Zuniga, Patricia Kipnis, Lina Najib Kawar, Vincent Liu, Gabriel J Escobar
BACKGROUND: Although healthcare organizations have decreased hospital-acquired pressure injury (HAPI) rates, HAPIs are not eliminated, driving further examination in both nursing and health services research. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to describe HAPI incidence, risk factors, and risk-adjusted hospital variation within a California integrated healthcare system. METHODS: Inpatient episodes were included in this retrospective cohort if patients were hospitalized between January 1, 2013, and June 30, 2015...
January 2018: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240655/evaluation-of-a-person-centered-theory-based-intervention-to-promote-health-behaviors
#7
Chiraporn Worawong, Mary Jo Borden, Karen M Cooper, Oscar A Pérez, Diane Lauver
BACKGROUND: Effective promotion of health behaviors requires strong interventions. Applying person-centered approaches and concepts synthesized from two motivational theories could strengthen the effects of such interventions. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to report the effect sizes, fidelity, and acceptability of a person-centered, health behavior intervention based on self-regulation and self-determination theories. METHODS: Using a pre- and postintervention design, with a 4-week follow-up, advanced practice registered nurses made six weekly contacts with 52 volunteer participants...
January 2018: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240654/peripheral-artery-disease-symptomatology-and-ischemia
#8
Samir Henni, Gaetane Gabory, Pierre Abraham
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240653/theory-use-and-usefulness-in-scientific-advancement
#9
Rita H Pickler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095379/using-functional-connectivity-magnetic-resonance-imaging-to-measure-brain-connectivity-in-preterm-infants
#10
Rita Pickler, Stephanie Sealschott, Margo Moore, Stephanie Merhar, Jean Tkach, Andrew P Salzwedel, Weili Lin, Wai Gao
BACKGROUND: The use of functional connectivity magnetic resonance imaging (fcMRI) in research involving preterm infants is relatively new, and its feasibility in this population is not fully established. However, fcMRI images reveal functional neural connections that may be useful in establishing the mechanisms of neuroprotective interventions in preterm infants. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the feasibility of using fcMRI to measure differences in functional neural connections in nursing intervention studies...
November 2017: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095378/physical-activity-among-female-adolescents-in-jeddah-saudi-arabia-a-health-promotion-model-based-path-analysis
#11
Eman Bajamal, Lorraine B Robbins, Jiying Ling, Barbara Smith, Karin A Pfeiffer, Dhruv Sharma
BACKGROUND: In Saudi Arabia, about 14.8% of female children and adolescents of less than 20 years old are obese, compared with only 9.4% of male children and adolescents. One major factor linked to the high prevalence of obesity and related chronic illnesses involves inadequate physical activity (PA). Only 25% of female adolescents in Saudi Arabia meet the recommendation calling for 60 minutes of moderate to vigorous PA per day. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this research was to examine relationships among self-reported PA and cognitive and affective variables, including perceived barriers to PA, PA self-efficacy, enjoyment of PA, social support for PA, and commitment to PA...
November 2017: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095377/automated-pressure-injury-risk-assessment-system-incorporated-into-an-electronic-health-record-system
#12
Yinji Jin, Taixian Jin, Sun-Mi Lee
BACKGROUND: Pressure injury risk assessment is the first step toward preventing pressure injuries, but traditional assessment tools are time-consuming, resulting in work overload and fatigue for nurses. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of the study were to build an automated pressure injury risk assessment system (Auto-PIRAS) that can assess pressure injury risk using data, without requiring nurses to collect or input additional data, and to evaluate the validity of this assessment tool...
November 2017: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095376/circulating-lipids-and-acute-pain-sensitization-an-exploratory-analysis
#13
Angela Starkweather, Thomas Julian, Divya Ramesh, Amy Heineman, Jamie Sturgill, Susan G Dorsey, Debra E Lyon, Dayanjan Shanaka Wijesinghe
BACKGROUND: In individuals with low back pain, higher lipid levels have been documented and were associated with increased risk for chronic low back pain. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this research was to identify plasma lipids that discriminate participants with acute low back pain with or without pain sensitization as measured by quantitative sensory testing. METHODS: This exploratory study was conducted as part of a larger parent randomized controlled trial...
November 2017: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095375/negative-temperature-differential-in-preterm-infants-less-than-29-weeks-gestational-age-associations-with-infection-and-maternal-smoking
#14
Robin B Knobel-Dail, Richard Sloane, Diane Holditch-Davis, David T Tanaka
BACKGROUND: Hypothermia is related to increased morbidity and mortality in very preterm infants; continuous temperature monitoring is necessary. Thermoregulation is limited in preterm infants. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the research was to assess and describe negative temperature differential (NTD) and assess the associations of NTD with infant demographic characteristics, medical history, and clinical events. METHODS: An exploratory, case study design was used...
November 2017: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095374/achieving-drug-and-alcohol-abstinence-among-recently-incarcerated-homeless-women-a-randomized-controlled-trial-comparing-dialectical-behavioral-therapy-case-management-with-a-health-promotion-program
#15
Adeline M Nyamathi, Sanghyuk S Shin, Jolene Smeltzer, Benissa E Salem, Kartik Yadav, Maria L Ekstrand, Susan F Turner, Mark Faucette
BACKGROUND: Homeless female ex-offenders (homeless female offenders) exiting jail and prison are at a critical juncture during reentry and transitioning into the community setting. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study was to compare the effect of a dialectical behavioral therapy-case management (DBT-CM) program with a health promotion (HP) program on achieving drug and alcohol abstinence among female parolees/probationers residing in the community. METHODS: We conducted a multicenter parallel randomized controlled trial with 130 female parolees/probationers (aged 19-64 years) residing in the community randomly assigned to either DBT-CM (n = 65) or HP (n = 65)...
November 2017: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095373/good-and-bad-days-fluctuations-in-the-burden-of-informal-dementia-caregivers-an-experience-sampling-study
#16
Sandrine Pihet, Christina Moses Passini, Manuela Eicher
BACKGROUND: Informal dementia caregivers (IDCs) are often confronted with important fluctuations in care-related burden, commonly described as "good and bad days." These fluctuations are overlooked by traditional questionnaires focusing on the average experience. The experience sampling method (ESM) is based on the repeated collection of data in everyday life, thereby allowing the description of day-to-day fluctuations in IDC burden, and the identification of their correlates. ESM studies are still scarce among IDCs, with none focusing on day-to-day fluctuations in burden...
November 2017: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095372/research-about-nursing-care-for-persons-with-liver-disease-a-step-in-the-right-direction
#17
Núria Fabrellas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095371/work-health-and-nursing-research
#18
A B de Castro, Linda McCauley, OiSaeng Hong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968285/what-bed-size-does-a-patient-need-the-relationship-between-body-mass-index-and-space-required-to-turn-in-bed
#19
Neal Wiggermann, Kathryn Smith, Dee Kumpar
BACKGROUND: A bed that is too small to allow patients to turn from supine to side lying increases the difficulty of mobilizing patients, which can increase risk of musculoskeletal injury to caregivers, increase risk of pressure injuries to patients, and reduce patient comfort. Currently, no guidance is available for what patient sizes are accommodated by the standard 91cm (36 in.)-wide hospital bed, and no studies have evaluated the relationship between anthropometric attributes and space required to turn in bed...
November 2017: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858150/effort-reward-imbalance-and-burnout-among-icu-nursing-staff-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Cristobal Padilla Fortunatti, Yasna K Palmeiro-Silva
BACKGROUND: Occupational stress is commonly observed among staff in intensive care units (ICUs). Sociodemographic, organizational, and job-related factors may lead to burnout among ICU health workers. In addition, these factors could modify the balance between efforts done and rewards perceived by workers; consequently, this imbalance could increase levels of emotional exhaustion and depersonalization and decrease a sense of personal accomplishment. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship between effort-reward imbalance and burnout dimensions (emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and personal accomplishment) among ICU nursing staff in a university hospital in Santiago, Chile...
September 2017: Nursing Research
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