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Nursing Research

Rita H Pickler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 12, 2018: Nursing Research
Kyungeh An, Angela Starkweather, Jamie Sturgill, Jeanne Salyer, Richard K Sterling
BACKGROUND: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a chronic liver disease in which patients present with metabolic dysregulation and obesity as well as fat accumulation in the liver. Those with NAFLD frequently have symptoms of fatigue, sleep disturbance, depression, and cognitive dysfunction. C1q/TNF-related protein 13 (CTRP13) regulates glucose metabolism and obesity in mice, yet the role of CTRP13 in human NAFLD has not been elucidated. AIMS: Our aims were to examine whether the plasma levels of CTRP13 are (a) increased in NAFLD patients; (b) associated with metabolic dysregulation, obesity, liver enzymes, and dyslipidemia; and (c) associated with putative symptoms of NAFLD...
September 20, 2018: Nursing Research
Sangchoon Jeon, Dena Schulman-Green, Ruth McCorkle, Jane K Dixon
BACKGROUND: We created the Measurement of Transitions in Cancer Scale to assess patients' perceptions of the extent of change they experience with cancer-related transitions, and how well they feel they are managing these transitions. For some transitions, we found that the more change that was reported, the worse management was reported; however, the benchmark by which patients assess how well they have managed may vary with the extent of change. OBJECTIVES: To identify approaches to combine reports of extent and management of change...
September 20, 2018: Nursing Research
Bevin Cohen, Christopher M Spirito, Jianfang Liu, Kenrick D Cato, Elaine Larson
BACKGROUND: Some nurse-driven interventions have successfully reduced rates of healthcare-associated infections (HAI), though incidence remains unacceptably high. Bacterial contamination in patient rooms may be a source of exposure for patients and, thus, a target for future interventions; however, few studies have investigated the role of the patient room on organism acquisition. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence of concurrent detection of bacterial pathogens among patients sharing a hospital room...
September 7, 2018: Nursing Research
Eliezer Bose, Sasank Maganti, Kathryn H Bowles, Bonnie L Brueshoff, Karen A Monsen
BACKGROUND: Public health nurses (PHNs) engage in home visiting services and documentation of care services for at-risk clients. To increase efficiency and decrease documentation burden, it would be useful for PHNs to identify critical data elements most associated with patient care priorities and outcomes. Machine learning techniques can aid in retrospective identification of critical data elements. OBJECTIVE: We used two different machine learning feature selection techniques of Minimum Redundancy Maximum Relevance (mRMR) and Lasso and Elastic-Net Regularized Generalized Linear Model (glmnet in R)...
August 28, 2018: Nursing Research
Rita H Pickler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2018: Nursing Research
Miyeon Jung, John Jonides, Marc G Berman, Laurel Northouse, Todd M Koelling, Susan J Pressler
BACKGROUND: Patients with heart failure (HF) are at risk of cognitive dysfunction, including decreased directed attention. Directed attention is critical for performing daily activities including HF self-care by facilitating one to follow instructions or train-of-thought when there are interferences in which presented stimuli are in conflict with one another. The Multi-Source Interference Task (MSIT) is a computerized neuropsychological test that examines the function of the dorsal anterior cingulate cortex, the neurological substrate for directed attention...
November 2018: Nursing Research
Liselotte N Dyrbye, Pamela O Johnson, LeAnn M Johnson, Daniel V Satele, Tait D Shanafelt
BACKGROUND: Studies suggest there is a high prevalence of burnout and depression among U.S. nurses. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to gauge the capability of the Well-Being Index (WBI) to stratify nurse distress (e.g., low quality of life [QOL], extreme fatigue, burnout, recent suicidal ideation) and well-being (high QOL) and detect those whose level of distress may negatively affect retention or work performance. METHODS: In 2016, we conducted a cross-sectional survey of 3,147 U...
November 2018: Nursing Research
Nancy M H Pontes, Cynthia G Ayres, Manuel C F Pontes
BACKGROUND: Bullying victimization is common among adolescents and increases the likelihood of depressive symptoms and suicidality. Two previous meta-analyses have shown that these relationships do not significantly vary by gender. OBJECTIVES: This research investigated whether there are significant positive additive interactions between bullying victimization and female gender on depressive symptoms, suicidal ideation, suicide attempts, and suicide attempts that required treatment...
November 2018: Nursing Research
Jian Zhao, Yun Zhao, Vishnu Khanal, Andy H Lee, Colin W Binns
BACKGROUND: Correlated breastfeeding duration data are very common in infant feeding research using cohort designs. Intracluster correlation within the same clustering group is expected and needs to be taken into account in statistical analysis; otherwise, the corresponding statistical inferences may be subject to an increased Type I error. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to illustrate the necessity of adjusting for the intracluster correlation in correlated breastfeeding duration data analysis and to demonstrate different frailty modeling approaches...
November 2018: Nursing Research
Jiwon Lee, Matthew J Hayat, Regena Spratling, Rose A Sevcik, Patricia C Clark
BACKGROUND: Although empirical evidence shows that mothers of children with developmental disabilities (DDs) are at risk for poor mental and physical health, the relative contribution of maternal and child characteristics, including sleep quality, remain unclear. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to compare select maternal (sleep quality, caregiving stress, and other sociodemographic variables) and child characteristics (sleep and behavior problems) between mothers with worse mental and physical health and those with better mental and physical health and to determine the contribution of selected characteristics on mental and physical health in mothers of school-age children (ages 6-12 years) with DDs...
November 2018: Nursing Research
Cindy-Lee Dennis, Hilary K Brown, Sarah Brennenstuhl
BACKGROUND: Childcare stress has been shown to predict postpartum depression; however, there is little research exploring and validating the dimensions of childcare stress instruments such that preventive interventions can be created. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to develop and psychometrically test an instrument to measure parental perceptions of postpartum childcare stress. METHODS: Using research based on postpartum stress and childcare stress, the Postpartum Childcare Stress Checklist (PCSC) was developed, and content validity was judged by experts...
November 2018: Nursing Research
Horst Rettke, Manuela Pretto, Elisabeth Spichiger, Irena Anna Frei, Rebecca Spirig
BACKGROUND: Reflexivity can be helpful in developing the methodological rigor necessary to attaining trustworthy qualitative study results. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate strategies of critical reflexive thinking during a qualitative enquiry rooted in a mixed-methods study. METHODS: Guided by the questions of Rolfe and colleagues from 2001 ("what," "so what," and "now what"), we applied reflexive thinking to all aspects of the investigation...
November 2018: Nursing Research
Dawn L Denny, Tami L Such
BACKGROUND: Subsyndromal delirium is associated with serious adverse outcomes of longer lengths of stay, increased long-term care admissions, and higher 6-month mortality rates. Postoperative pain is a risk factor for delirium, but the relationship between pain and the severity of subclinical delirium symptoms is unclear. A better understanding will inform nursing interventions to reduce adverse outcomes associated with delirium symptoms. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this correlational study was to determine the relationship between pain and subsyndromal delirium in older adults following joint replacement surgery...
November 2018: Nursing Research
Antonia M Villarruel, Nelson Varas-Díaz, Alexandra Hanlon, Elba Betancourt, Alicia J Lozano, Lucia DiNapoli
BACKGROUND: Despite positive attitudes of Latinos using the Internet and the increased availability of health information resources, few studies have been conducted that examine actual use and barriers to web-based health information. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine whether select sociodemographic factors and technology factors (e.g., computer and Internet access) predicted use of a web-based, parent-adolescent sexual communication program or a physical activity program, entitled Cuídalos, among Puerto Rican parents...
November 2018: Nursing Research
Hui-Chuan Huang, Ming-Yao Chen, Li-Wen Hsieh, Hsiao-Yean Chiu, Nae-Fang Miao, Chia-Shin Wu, Kuan-Chia Lin
BACKGROUND: The assessment of symptoms distress is an important strategy for symptoms management and treatment of patients with liver cirrhosis (LC); however, appropriate instruments are limited. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to validate a symptoms distress scale (SDS) by confirming the appropriateness of each item using item response theory. METHODS: A cross-sectional and convenience sampling was conducted to recruit eligible cirrhotic outpatients from the gastroenterology outpatient department of a single medical university hospital...
September 2018: Nursing Research
Ann Cashion, Rita H Pickler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Nursing Research
Mohamad M Saab, Margaret Landers, Eoghan Cooke, David Murphy, Martin Davoren, Josephine Hegarty
BACKGROUND: The incidence of benign and malignant testicular disorders is on the rise. Three literature reviews and one qualitative study found that men's awareness of testicular disorders was lacking, and their intentions to seek help for symptoms of testicular disease were low. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to enhance men's awareness of testicular disorders, help-seeking intentions for testicular symptoms, and intention and behavior to feel their testes...
September 2018: Nursing Research
Deanna R Befus, Kristen Hassmiller Lich, Shawn M Kneipp, Janet P Bettger, Remy R Coeytaux, Janice C Humphreys
BACKGROUND: A dearth of effective and affordable treatment options has rendered nonpharmacological self-management a crucial part of living with migraine-a debilitating neurobiological condition without cure that disproportionately disables vulnerable women. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to describe the development and use of a systems thinking, problem-structuring data collection approach that was applied to the study of migraine self-management with women in diverse social locations...
September 2018: Nursing Research
Sanghee Kim
BACKGROUND: Patients with cancer experience many concurrent symptoms during treatment; most symptoms are treatment-related side effects. Lipid peroxidation is a treatment side effect that may increase due to generation of reactive oxygen species; this is dangerous for normal cells and tissues in cancer patients. The relationship between lipid peroxidation and symptom clusters has not been determined in patients with brain cancer during treatment. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to identify the changes and relationship between symptom clusters and the level of lipid peroxidation in patients with primary malignant brain cancer during concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT)...
September 2018: Nursing Research
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