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Journal of Urology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916713/prognostic-value-of-ultrasound-grading-systems-in-prenatally-diagnosed-unilateral-urinary-tract-dilatation
#1
Aurélien Scalabre, Delphine Demède, Ségolène Gaillard, Jean-Pierre Pracros, Pierre Mouriquand, Pierre-Yves Mure
PURPOSE: To compare the prognostic values of the antero-posterior intrasinusal diameter (APD) of the renal pelvis, Urinary Tract Dilation (UTD) and Society for Fetal Urology (SFU) grading systems in children with prenatally diagnosed unilateral UTD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All newborns with prenatally diagnosed unilateral UTD, normal bladder and APD ≥10 mm on the first postnatal ultrasonography (US) were prospectively enrolled from January 2011 to February 2015...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916712/prognostic-significance-of-the-proportion-of-ductal-component-in-ductal-adenocarcinoma-of-the-prostate
#2
Won Sik Jang, Su-Jin Shin, Cheol Yong Yoon, Myung Soo Kim, Dong Hyuk Kang, Yong Jin Kang, Won Sik Jeong, Nam Hoon Cho, Young Deuk Choi
PURPOSE: In prostate cancer, ductal adenocarcinoma is mixed with usual acinar adenocarcinoma. However, whether the proportion of ductal component affects oncologic outcomes is currently unknown. Here, we investigated whether the proportion of the ductal component predicts oncologic outcomes in ductal adenocarcinoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed clinical data from 3,038 patients with prostate cancer who underwent radical prostatectomy at our institution between 2005 and 2014...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916711/implementation-of-a-surgeon-level-comparative-quality-performance-review-to-improve-positive-surgical-margin-rates-during-radical-prostatectomy
#3
Richard S Matulewicz, Jeffrey J Tosoian, C J Stimson, Ashley E Ross, Meera Chappidi, Tamara L Lotan, Elizabeth Humphreys, Alan W Partin, Edward M Schaeffer
PURPOSE: Success in the era of value-based payment will depend on the capacity of health systems to improve quality while controlling costs. Comparative quality performance review (CQPR) can be used to drive improvements in surgical outcomes and thereby reduce costs. We sought to determine the efficacy of CQPR to improve a surgeon-level measure of surgical oncologic quality: positive surgical margin (PSM) rate at the time of radical prostatectomy (RP). METHODS: Between 1-1-2015 and 12-31-15, eight surgeons performing consecutive RP at a single high-volume institution were included...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914999/dual-therapy-for-refractory-overactive-bladder-in-children-a-prospective-open-label-study
#4
Fannie Morin, Anne-Sophie Blais, Geneviève Nadeau, Katherine Moore, Lucie Genois, Stéphane Bolduc
PURPOSE: Mirabegron (β3-adrenoreceptor agonist) is a new molecule with a distinct mechanism of action from antimuscarinics. Combination therapy with solifenacin was recently studied in adult population. Our objective was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of mirabegron as add-on therapy, to treat urinary incontinence in children with idiopathic OAB, refractory/intolerant to antimuscarinics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective off-label study using add-on regimens of mirabegron was conducted with pediatric patients presenting no symptom improvement under intensive behavioural and medical therapies and/or significant side effects (S/E) on antimuscarinic dose escalation...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913152/development-and-validation-of-an-objective-scoring-tool-for-robot-assisted-radical-prostatectomy-prostatectomy-assessment-and-competency-evaluation-pace
#5
Ahmed A Hussein, Khurshid R Ghani, James Peabody, Richard Sarle, Ronney Abaza, Daniel Eun, Jim Hu, Michael Fumo, Brian Lane, Jeffrey Montgomery, Nobuyuki Hinata, Deborah Rooney, Bryan Comstock, Hei Kit Chan, Sridhar S Mane, James L Mohler, Gregory Wilding, David Miller, Khurshid A Guru
INTRODUCTION: and Background: Comprehensive training and skill acquisition by urologic surgeons are vital to optimize surgical outcomes and patient safety. We sought to develop and validate an objective and procedure specific tool to assess the quality of robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP)-Prostatectomy Assessment and Competence Evaluation (PACE) METHODS: Development and content validation of PACE was performed by deconstruction of RARP into seven key domains utilizing the Delphi methodology...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912068/editorial-comment
#6
Willemien van den Bos, Phillip Stricker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 29, 2016: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908694/editorial-comment
#7
Joel Teichman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 28, 2016: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908693/editorial-comment
#8
Stacy Loeb
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 28, 2016: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908692/editorial-comment
#9
Christopher P Filson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 28, 2016: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908691/editorial-comment
#10
Steven Christopher Smith
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 28, 2016: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908690/editorial-comment
#11
Peter C Black
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 28, 2016: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889419/validation-and-reliability-of-the-wisconsin-stone-quality-of-life-questionnaire
#12
Kristina L Penniston, Jodi A Antonelli, Davis P Viprakasit, Timothy D Averch, Sri Sivalingam, Roger L Sur, Vernon M Pais, Ben H Chew, Vincent G Bird, Stephen Y Nakada
INTRODUCTION: The Wisconsin Stone Quality of Life questionnaire (WISQOL) is a disease-specific, health-related quality of life (HRQOL) measure designed for patients who form kidney stones. The purpose of this study was to demonstrate the external and convergent validity of the WISQOL questionnaire and assess its psychometric properties. METHODS: The WISQOL creation site (development sample) and 8 geographically diverse centers in the United States and Canada (consortium sample) recruited patients with a history of kidney stones...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889418/a-state-wide-intervention-improves-appropriate-imaging-in-localized-prostate-cancer
#13
Patrick Hurley, Apoorv Dhir, Yuqing Gao, Brian Drabik, Kenneth Lim, Jon Curry, Paul R Womble, Susan M Linsell, Andrew Brachulis, Donald W Sexton, Khurshid R Ghani, Brian T Denton, David C Miller, James E Montie
PURPOSE: We implemented a statewide intervention to improve imaging utilization for staging of men with newly diagnosed prostate cancer patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Michigan Urological Surgery Improvement Collaborative, a quality improvement collaborative comprised of 42 diverse practices representing approximately 85% of the urologists in Michigan, has developed imaging appropriateness criteria (PSA > 20, Gleason score 7 or higher, clinical stage T3 or higher) that minimize unnecessary imaging with bone scan and computed tomography...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889417/dietary-zinc-and-incident-calcium-kidney-stones-in-adolescence
#14
Gregory E Tasian, Michelle E Ross, Lihai Song, Robert W Grundmeier, James Massey, Michelle R Denburg, Lawrence Copelovitch, Steven Warner, Thomas Chi, David W Killilea, Marshall L Stoller, Susan L Furth
PURPOSE: To determine the association between dietary zinc intake and incident calcium kidney stones and examine the relationship between dietary zinc intake and urinary zinc excretion among adolescents. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study was a nested case-control study conducted within a large pediatric healthcare system. Three 24-hour dietary recalls and spot urine chemistries were obtained for 30 participants aged 12-18 years with a first idiopathic calcium-based kidney stone and 30 healthy controls, matched on age, sex, race, and month of enrollment...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887951/a-multi-institutional-comparison-of-clinicopathologic-characteristics-and-oncologic-outcomes-of-upper-tract-urothelial-carcinoma-in-china-and-the-united-states
#15
Nirmish Singla, Dong Fang, Xiaohong Su, Zhengqing Bao, Zhenpeng Cao, Syed M Jafri, Gengyan Xiong, Lei Zhang, Ryan Hutchinson, Arthur Sagalowsky, Yair Lotan, Xuesong Li, Liqun Zhou, Jay D Raman, Vitaly Margulis
PURPOSE: To evaluate differences in clinicopathologic characteristics and oncologic outcomes between upper-tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) patients in China and the United States (U.S.). METHODS: Clinicopathologic and oncologic outcomes data of UTUC patients treated surgically at tertiary care medical facilities in the U.S. or China from 1998-2015 were retrospectively compiled. Baseline demographics, comorbidities, and pathologic features were evaluated. Oncologic endpoints including intravesical recurrence and cancer-specific survival (CSS) were obtained following exclusion of patients who received systemic chemotherapy...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886779/editorial-comment
#16
Baris Turkbey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 22, 2016: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886778/editorial-comment
#17
Riccardo Schiavina
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 22, 2016: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883882/editorial-comment
#18
Massimo Lazzeri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 21, 2016: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871930/reconstruction-of-penile-shaft-defects-following-the-silicone-injection-by-bipedicled-anterior-scrotal-flap
#19
Richard Fakin, Simon Zimmermann, Sirachai Jindarak, Nicole Lindenblatt, Pietro Giovanoli, Poonpissamai Suwajo
INTRODUCTION: Numerous causalities including attempts of penile augmentation with silicone or paraffin can lead to extensive circular penile shaft defects. Reconstruction is challenging and skin grafting is a suboptimal option, despite its widespread use. This paper presents a surgical technique for penile shaft reconstruction with bipedicled anterior scrotal flap. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective data analysis was performed for patients treated for symptomatic penile siliconomas who underwent subsequent penile reconstruction with bipedicled anterior scrotal flap between 2010 and 2015...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871929/past-present-and-future-of-chemodenervation-with-botulinum-toxin-in-the-treatment-of-oab
#20
Pradeep Tyagi, Mahendra Kashyap, Naoki Yoshimura, Michael Chancellor, Christopher J Chermansky
PURPOSE: We systematically reviewed both pre-clinical and clinical studies on bladder chemodenervation with onabotulinumtoxin A to highlight current limitations and future drug delivery approaches. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We identified peer-reviewed basic and clinical research studies of onabotulinumtoxin A (onaBoNT-A) in the treatment of neurogenic bladder and refractory idiopathic overactive bladder (OAB) published between March 2000 and March 2016. Paired investigators independently screened 125 English language articles to identify controlled studies on onaBoNT-A administration in MEDLINE® database and abstracts presented at annual American Urological Association meetings...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Urology
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