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Journal of Social Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334020/gender-atypical-personality-or-sexual-behavior-what-is-disgusting-about-male-homosexuality
#1
T Andrew Caswell, Kyrsten Sackett-Fox
Research consistently finds that homosexuality elicits strong feelings of disgust, but the reasons remain unclear. In the current research, we investigate responses to gay men who violate social norms governing the expression of gender and sexuality. Two hundred forty-three college undergraduates read a vignette about a gay male college student whose personality traits (masculine, feminine, or neutral) and sexual behavior (active vs. passive) varied, and reported their affective responses to and cognitive appraisals of the target...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308995/workplace-ostracism-self-regulation-and-job-performance-moderating-role-of-intrinsic-work-motivation
#2
Robert Steinbauer, Robert Renn, Shawna H Chen, Nicholas Rhew
Drawing from a self-regulation perspective, we examine how intrinsic work motivation changes the relation between workplace ostracism and employee job performance via self-leadership. We test a moderated mediated model with data collected from 101 employees at two points in time. Results provide support for the hypothesis that ostracized employees who are more intrinsically motivated use self-leadership strategies to a greater degree to improve their job performance than their counterparts who are not intrinsically motivated...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297763/communication-accommodation-in-text-messages-exploring-liking-power-and-sex-as-predictors-of-textisms
#3
Aubrie Adams, Jai Miles, Norah E Dunbar, Howard Giles
This mixed-methods study applies Communication Accommodation Theory to explore how liking, power, and sex predict one's likelihood for using textisms in digital interpersonal interactions. Textisms are digital cues that convey nonverbal meaning and emotion in text communication. The main experiment used a hypothetical texting scenario to manipulate textism amounts (none/many) and participant's perceived power levels (low/equal/high) during texting interactions to examine the number of textisms participants used in subsequent responses in comparison to the number of textisms they viewed...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29257930/the-impact-of-face-skin-tone-on-perceived-facial-attractiveness-a-study-realized-with-an-innovative-methodology
#4
Germano Vera Cruz
This study aimed at assessing the impact of target faces' skin tone and perceivers' skin tone on the participants' attractiveness judgment regarding a symmetrical representative range of target faces as stimuli. Presented with a set of facial features, 240 Mozambican adults rated their attractiveness along a continuous scale. ANOVA and Chi-square were used to analyze the data. The results revealed that the skin tone of the target faces had an impact on the participants' attractiveness judgment. Overall, participants preferred light-skinned faces over dark-skinned ones...
December 19, 2017: Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227737/another-step-towards-scientific-transparency-requiring-research-materials-for-publication
#5
Jon Grahe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 11, 2017: Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206623/group-identity-and-positive-deviance-in-work-groups
#6
Moon Joung Kim, Jin Nam Choi
This study examines why and how identity cognitions, including group identification and individual differentiation, influence the positive deviance of employees. We identify the risk-taking intention of employees as a critical psychological mechanism to overcome stigma-induced identity threat of positive deviance. The analysis of data collected from 293 members comprising 66 work teams reveals that the relationship between individual differentiation and positive deviance is partially mediated by risk-taking intention...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206609/empathy-and-humanitarianism-predict-preferential-moral-responsiveness-to-in-groups-and-out-groups
#7
Liz Redford, Kate A Ratliff
The current research tests whether empathy-sharing others' emotions-and humanitarianism-recognizing the moral worth of all people-each predict moral responsiveness toward others, but in ways that favor in-groups and out-groups, respectively. In Studies 1 and 2, empathy and humanitarianism differentially predicted preferential moral concern for in-groups and out-groups. In Study 3, humanitarianism predicted lower in-group-targeted prosociality, and greater out-group prosociality. In Study 4, empathy and humanitarianism predicted perceived moral obligation to in-groups and out-groups respectively...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206575/gun-attitudes-on-campus-united-and-divided-by-safety-needs
#8
James A Shepperd, Gabrielle Pogge, Joy E Losee, Nikolette P Lipsey, Liz Redford
All people share a need for safety. Yet, people's pursuit of safety can conflict when it comes to guns, where some people perceive guns as a means to safety and others perceive guns as a threat to safety. We examined this conflict on a United States college campus that prohibits guns. We distinguished between people (N = 11,390) who (a) own a gun for protection, (b) own a gun exclusively for reasons other than protection (e.g., collecting, sports), and (c) do not own a gun. Protection owners felt less safe on campus, supported allowing guns on campus, and reported that they and others would feel safer and that gun violence would decrease if they carried a gun on campus...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182453/women-outperform-men-in-distinguishing-between-authentic-and-nonauthentic-smiles
#9
Miss Maren Spies, Alexander Timur Sevincer
Women tend to be more accurate in decoding facial expressions than men. We hypothesized that women's better performance in decoding facial expressions extends to distinguishing between authentic and nonauthentic smiles. We showed participants portrait photos of persons who smiled because either they saw a pleasant picture (authentic smile) or were instructed to smile by the experimenter (nonauthentic smile) and asked them to identify the smiles. Participants judged single photos of persons depicting either an authentic or a nonauthentic smile and they judged adjacent photos of the same person, depicting an authentic smile and a nonauthentic smile...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173126/racial-bias-in-sport-medical-staff-s-perceptions-of-others-pain
#10
James N Druckman, Sophie Trawalter, Ivonne Montes, Alexandria Fredendall, Noah Kanter, Allison Paige Rubenstein
Unequal treatment based on race is well documented in higher education and healthcare settings. In the present work, we examine racial bias at the intersection of these domains: racial bias in pain-related perceptions among National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division 1 sport medical staff. Using experimental vignettes about a student-athlete who injured his/her anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), we find, like prior work, that respondents perceived Black (vs. White) targets as having higher initial pain tolerance...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166219/to-be-kind-or-not-to-be-kind-the-moderating-role-of-self-compassion-in-the-relationship-between-general-resourcefulness-and-academic-self-regulation
#11
Rebecca D Martin, Deborah J Kennett
We investigated whether the relationship between students' general resourcefulness and academic self-regulation changes as a function of self-compassion. A predominantly female sample of 196 undergraduates completed inventories assessing these and other measures. The significant moderating effect of self-compassion revealed that the positive relationship between general resourcefulness and academic self-regulation was stronger for participants scoring low in self-compassion than high in self-compassion. For those low in self-compassion, scoring low in general resourcefulness was associated with the lowest academic self-regulation, whereas scoring high in general resourcefulness was associated with the greatest academic self-regulation...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166218/the-effect-of-stereotype-content-on-intergroup-uncertainty-and-interactions
#12
David Rast, Amber Gaffney, Fenglu Yang
Drawing on intergroup threat theory and the stereotype content model, we examine intergroup relations in an organizational context. We surveyed 108 Asian immigrants working at a large international organization located in the UK. We found that perceptions of warmth and competence interact to predict minority group members' willingness to interact with an outgroup majority. Extending previous research, we demonstrate that warmth and competence differentially affect intergroup uncertainty, which mediates the relationship between stereotype content and willingness to interact with the outgroup...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144851/the-prejudice-against-asylum-seekers-scale-presenting-the-psychometric-properties-of-a-new-measure-of-classical-and-conditional-attitudes
#13
Joel R Anderson
This paper reports the initial psychometric properties for the recently developed prejudice against asylum seekers scale (PAAS) - a new measure of the classical and conditional components of negative attitudes towards asylum seekers. Across three studies the initial psychometric evidence is presented: An exploratory factor analysis suggested that the 16 items of the PAAS accurately factor onto the two hypothesized subscales (Study 1), which was ratified using a confirmatory factor analysis (Study 2). The presented reliability estimates (internal consistency: Studies 1-3; test-retest reliability: Study 3) verified the stability of the measure...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099670/mutual-friends-social-support-and-self-disclosure-in-face-to-face-and-instant-messenger-communication
#14
Sabine Trepte, Philipp K Masur, Michael Scharkow
In the present study, we investigated long-term effects of self-disclosure on social support in face-to-face and instant messenger (IM) communication between mutual friends. Using a representative sample of 583 German IM users, we explored whether self-disclosure and positive experiences with regard to social support would dynamically interact in the form of a reinforcing spiral across three measurement occasions. If mutual friends self-disclose today, will they receive more social support 6 months later? In turn, will this affect their willingness to self-disclose another 6 months later? We further analyzed spill-over effects from face-to-face to IM communication and vice versa...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083276/women-s-hair-as-a-cue-to-desired-relationship-and-parenting-characteristics
#15
David C Matz, Verlin B Hinsz
We investigated how women's hair color (blond, brown, black) and length (short, medium, long) influences males' judgments about the women's age, health, physical attractiveness, relationship potential and parenting capability. Results, which are generally consistent with evolutionary psychology approaches, indicate that hair color and to a lesser extent length can affect perceptions of personal characteristics. More specifically, we found that lighter hair (blond and brown) compared to darker hair (black) is generally associated with perceptions of youth, health and attractiveness, and generally leads to more positive perceptions of relationship and parenting potential...
October 30, 2017: Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083269/providing-compensation-promotes-forgiveness-for-replaceable-but-not-irreplaceable-losses
#16
Asuka Komiya, Yohsuke Ohtsubo, Shigehiro Oishi, Nobuhiro Mifune
The present study aimed to examine how the replaceability of a loss moderates the effectiveness of compensation. In Study 1, we sampled real life experiences of experiential loss, material loss, or loss of materials to which the victims had special attachment, and assayed subsequent feelings toward the transgressor who caused the loss. The results showed that for those who reported losses of an experience or cherished material object, perpetrators' offers of compensation did not facilitate forgiveness. In Study 2, by manipulating replaceability of hypothetical losses in vignettes, we showed that compensation for replaceable losses effectively elicits forgiveness from a victim, but compensation for irreplaceable losses is ineffective...
October 30, 2017: Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053404/positive-body-image-is-positively-associated-with-hedonic-emotional-and-eudaimonic-psychological-and-social-well-being-in-british-adults
#17
Viren Swami, Laura Weis, David Barron, Adrian Furnham
Studies examining associations between positive body image and well-being have used a limited array of measures of each construct. To rectify this, we asked an online sample of 1148 U.K. adults to complete a range of measures of positive body image (body appreciation, body image flexibility, body pride, body acceptance from others) and a multi-dimensional measure of well-being (emotional, psychological, and social). Results showed that, once the effects of age and body mass index (BMI) had been accounted for, body appreciation significantly predicted all dimensions of well-being...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048254/dressing-in-code-clothing-rules-propriety-and-perceptions
#18
Regan A R Gurung, Michaella Brickner, Mary Leet, Elizabeth Punke
Does dressing in line with societal clothing rules make a woman appear more professional and competent? We used a within-subjects design and tested if participants rated women dressed in compliance with school and workplace clothing rules more positively than women not dressed in compliance with rules. Participants (N = 89) at a mid-sized mid-western university rated 10 pictures of women captured from the internet on 11 attributes. Participants rated the five women dressed following clothing rules higher on a composite measure of positive attributes (intelligent, competent, powerful, organized, efficient, and professional), F(1, 86) = 68...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023225/-transformation-tuesday-temporal-context-and-post-valence-influence-the-provision-of-social-support-on-social-media
#19
Erin A Vogel, Jason Rose, Chantal Crane
Social network sites (SNSs) such as Facebook have become integral in the development and maintenance of interpersonal relationships. Users of SNSs seek social support and validation, often using posts that illustrate how they have changed over time. The purpose of the present research is to examine how the valence and temporal context of an SNS post affect the likelihood of other users providing social support. Participants viewed hypothetical SNS posts and reported their intentions to provide social support to the users...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023210/free-to-be-me-the-relationship-between-the-true-self-rejection-sensitivity-and-use-of-online-dating-sites
#20
Margaret A Hance, Ginette Blackhart, Megan Dew
Prior research (Blackhart et al., 2014) found that rejection-sensitive individuals are more likely to use online dating sites. The purpose of the current research was to explain the relationship between rejection sensitivity and online dating site usage. Study 1 examined whether true self mediated the relation between rejection sensitivity and online dating. Study 2 sought to replicate the findings of Study 1 and to examine whether self-disclosure moderated the relationship between true self and online dating in the mediation model...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Social Psychology
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