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Journal of Social Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692345/emotional-intelligence-and-ocb-the-moderating-role-of-work-locus-of-control
#1
David L Turnipseed
This study sought to identify linkages between Mayer, Salovey, and Caruso's (2008) four dimensions of emotional intelligence (EI) and organizational citizenship behavior, and the moderating influence of locus of control. Using a sample of 290 employed students, the present study examines the effects of the dimensions of EI on OCB directed at individuals (OCB-I) and OCB directed at the organization (OCB-O). Emotionally intelligent individuals were hypothesized to engage in more organizational citizenship behavior (OCB) than individuals with lower EI...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657478/promoting-beliefs-in-the-inalienability-of-human-rights-by-attributing-uniquely-human-emotions-through-multiple-categorization
#2
Flavia Albarello, Richard Crisp, Monica Rubini
The combination of multiple categorization (i.e., the use of multiple criteria to define others) and human identity-the superordinate group of human beings-has recently been highlighted as a method to reduce implicit (i.e., attribution of secondary emotions) and explicit (i.e., attribution of human rights) dehumanization towards Blacks. In two studies aimed to replicate such evidence the mediating role of secondary emotions in explaining the impact of multiple and human categorization in reducing dehumanization was assessed...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636527/evaluating-performance-over-time-is-improving-better-than-being-consistently-good
#3
Monica Soliman, Roger Buehler
In many decision contexts, people evaluate others based on intertemporal performance records, and commonly face a choice between two distinct profiles: performance that is consistently high versus performance that improves over time to that high level. We proposed that these two profiles could be appealing for different reasons, and thus evaluators' preferences will differ across decision contexts. In three studies, participants were presented with candidates (e.g., students, employees) displaying the two profiles, and evaluated each candidate in terms of performance, future expectations, and deservingness...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614000/prototypes-and-same-gender-bias-in-perceptions-of-hiring-discrimination
#4
Rickard Carlsson, Samantha Sinclair
The present study investigated the relative importance of two explanations behind perceptions of gender discrimination in hiring: prototypes and same-gender bias. According to the prototype explanation, people perceive an event as discrimination to the extent that it fits their preconceptions of typical discrimination. In contrast, the same-gender bias explanation asserts that people more readily detect discrimination towards members of their own gender. In four experiments (n = 797), women and men made considerably stronger discrimination attributions, and were moderately more discouraged from seeking work, when the victim was female rather than male...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613995/fear-of-self-annihilation-and-existential-uncertainty-as-predictors-of-worldview-defense-comparing-terror-management-and-uncertainty-theories
#5
Mark Rubin
Terror management theory (TMT) proposes that thoughts of death trigger a concern about self-annihilation that motivates the defense of cultural worldviews. In contrast, uncertainty theorists propose that thoughts of death trigger feelings of uncertainty that motivate worldview defense. University students (N = 414) completed measures of the chronic fear of self-annihilation and existential uncertainty as well as the need for closure. They then evaluated either a meaning threat stimulus or a control stimulus...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521625/power-and-provocativeness-the-effects-of-subtle-changes-in-clothing-on-perceptions-of-working-women
#6
Regan A R Gurung, Elizabeth Punke, Michaella Brickner, Vincenzio Badalamenti
The current study investigates the effects of subtle changes in professional women's dress on women's perceptions of power and competence. We replicate and extend Howlett, Pine, Cahill, Orakcioglu, and Fletcher's (2015) research showing women in provocative clothing are rated as less competent. We used a larger sample, tested a second independent variable, and fine-tuned the design for higher face validity. Participants (N = 198, 170 women and 29 men) from a Midwestern university in the USA rated four photographs of professionally dressed women whose blouses varied in the number of buttons left undone and whether they wore a camisole...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521599/religious-involvement-and-happiness-assessing-the-mediating-role-of-compassion-and-helping-others
#7
Neal Krause, Gail Ironson, Peter Hill
Research reveals that a number of different aspects of religious involvement are associated with happiness. However, researchers have yet to provide an overarching theoretical explanation for how multiple dimensions of religion might be associated with happiness. The purpose of this study is to develop and test a conceptual model that includes the following core hypotheses: (1) people who attend worship services more often tend to be more committed to their faith; (2) people who are more committed to their faith are more likely to be compassionate; (3) compassionate individuals are more likely to provide emotional support to significant others; and (4) people who provide support to others tend to be happier...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481739/the-effects-of-monitoring-environment-on-problem-solving-performance
#8
Brian K Laird, Charles D Bailey, Kim Hester
While effective and efficient solving of everyday problems is important in business domains, little is known about the effects of workplace monitoring on problem-solving performance. In a laboratory experiment, we explored the monitoring environment's effects on an individual's propensity to 1) establish pattern solutions to problems, 2) recognize when pattern solutions are no longer efficient, and 3) solve complex problems. Under three work monitoring regimes-no monitoring, human monitoring, and electronic monitoring-114 participants solved puzzles for monetary rewards...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481736/is-more-always-better-an-examination-of-the-nonlinear-effects-of-perceived-organizational-support-on-individual-outcomes
#9
Kenneth J Harris, K Michele Kacmar
A wide range of research has accumulated detailing the positive associations of perceived organizational support (POS) with desirable workplace outcomes (e.g., high performance, high commitment, low deviance). In the process, there has been an implicit assumption that these relationships are linear, with ever increasing POS resulting in ever increasing positive outcomes. However, there are theoretical and practical reasons to question whether these relationships may be nonlinear rather than linear. Our results offer support for the notion that the relationships between POS and key individual outcomes rated by the supervisor may best be represented as nonlinear...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481719/kill-or-cure-different-types-of-social-class-identification-amplify-and-buffer-the-relation-between-social-class-and-mental-health
#10
Mark Rubin, Rebecca Stuart
The present research investigated different types of social class identification as moderators of the negative relation between social class and mental health problems. Psychology undergraduates (N = 355) completed an online survey that included measures of social class, mental health and well-being, and three aspects of social class identification: importance of identity, salience of identity, and perceived self-class similarity. Perceived self-class similarity buffered the negative association between social class and depressive symptoms...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481712/respect-the-technique-status-based-respect-increases-minority-group-social-cohesion-with-majority-groups-while-also-increasing-minority-collective-action-tendencies
#11
Demis E Glasford, Brian Johnston
The present work explores the implications of respect for social change. Social change can be achieved via improved attitudes between minority and majority groups (i.e., social cohesion) or via action taken by minority groups (i.e., collective action). Recent work suggests that the social cohesion route to social change, in particular an emphasis on commonality, may be incompatible with the collective action route to social change. We suggest that social-cohesion strategies rooted in status-based respect may allow for social cohesion and collective action...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436745/does-contact-at-work-extend-its-influence-beyond-prejudice-evidence-from-healthcare-settings
#12
Tiziana Mancini, Luca Caricati, Giuseppe Marletta
This article reports on two studies investigating the role of intergroup contact on the reduction of prejudice against migrants and on organizational and health outcomes. Study 1 enrolled 624 native healthcare professionals and showed that frequent and positive contact with non-native co-workers was associated with a decrease in the professionals' prejudice and an increase in the professionals' perception of team functioning. These effects were mediated by reduced in-group threat perception. Study 2 enrolled 201 native patients and showed that frequent and positive contact with non-native healthcare providers was associated with a decrease in patients' prejudice and an increase in patients' satisfaction for the care received...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398173/perceived-threat-to-national-values-in-evaluating-stereotyped-immigrants
#13
Saori Tsukamoto, Susan T Fiske
The present research examined the psychological reasons behind Americans' (un)willingness to accept immigrants. Participants read a scenario depicting immigrant groups allegedly expected to arrive in the U.S. and evaluated how much the immigrants would influence two types of American national values: civic values (e.g., political ideology) and ethnic values (e.g., shared culture and customs). Across three studies, competitive immigrant groups were stereotyped to be untrustworthy, and perceived to threaten American civic values but not ethnic values...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388277/gender-stereotype-consistent-memories-how-system-justification-motivation-distorts-the-recollection-of-information-related-to-the-self
#14
Virginie Bonnot, Silvia Krauth-Gruber
Research based on system justification theory has shown that women's self-perceptions may be altered by the motivation to justify the system and its inequalities. Self-perceptions being built on past experiences, the present study aimed to explore how system justification motivation induced through a system dependency manipulation may alter both women's recall of autobiographical memories and their behavior. Women who were led to feel highly dependent on the social system perceived themselves as more competent and recalled memories of higher competence in the verbal domain compared with the negatively stereotyped scientific domain...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375814/when-inclusion-hurts-the-role-of-valence-in-moderating-the-effects-of-being-in-the-loop
#15
Megan K McCarty, Nicole E Iannone, Eric E Jones, Janice R Kelly
We explored conditions under which being in the loop may be an undesirable experience. We tested whether information valence moderates the effects of being in versus out of the loop in four studies. In a pilot study, participants imagined positive and negative events and indicated the degree to which they would like to know this information. In Study 1, participants imagined being in or out of the loop on positive or negative information and indicated how they would feel. In Study 2, participants relived an actual experience when they were in or out of the loop on positive or negative information...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375807/sexual-willingness-with-same-and-other-sex-prospective-partners-experimental-evidence-from-the-bar-scene
#16
Breanne R Helmers, Colin R Harbke, Julie C Herbstrith
Sex is ubiquitous in the media, but only a fraction depicts sexual interactions between same-sex partners. This field study, conducted outside of bars in the Midwestern United States, examined 83 heterosexuals' sexual willingness with a same- or other-sex partner. Participants viewed a randomly assigned video vignette of a same- or other-sex partner. Alcohol intake, partner attractiveness, and sexual willingness were measured. Using moderated regression analysis, we found that alcohol intake predicted sexual willingness with the male target for both men and women, but not with the female target...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296578/self-construal-affective-valence-of-the-encounter-and-quality-of-social-interactions-within-and-cross-culture-examination
#17
Konstantinos Kafetsios, Ursula Hess, John B Nezlek
In two samples, one from Greece and another from Germany, we examined relationships between self-construal, emotional experience, and the quality of social interactions. In Greece, a more collectivistic culture, the negative affect people experienced in social interactions was more weakly related to the quality of social interactions for those higher in interdependent self-construal than it was for those lower in interdependent self-construal. In Germany, a more independent culture, a contrasting pattern was observed such that the positive affect people experienced in social interaction was more strongly related to the quality of social interactions for those higher in independent self-construal than it was for those lower in independent self-construal...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402225/the-role-of-attitudinal-motivations-and-collective-efficacy-on-chinese-consumers-intentions-to-engage-in-personal-behaviors-to-mitigate-climate-change
#18
Xiao Wang
The Chinese government has recently pledged to reduce its CO2 emissions by 2030. Industrial use of energy, however, is just one source of greenhouse gas emissions. Chinese consumers' more affluent lifestyles also lead to increased consumption of energy, which can result in greenhouse gas emissions. Based on a survey of 516 Chinese consumers, the present investigation examined whether their attitudinal motivations and collective efficacy are related to their intentions to engage in personal actions that may help reduce greenhouse gas emissions...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402201/bullying-and-cyberbullying-in-adulthood-and-the-workplace
#19
Robin M Kowalski, Allison Toth, Megan Morgan
Two studies generated profiles of cyberbullying/cyberincivility and traditional bullying/incivility in adults, particularly within the workplace. In Study 1, 20% of 3,699 participants had the majority of cyberbullying victimization and 7.5% had the majority of traditional bullying victimization occur in adulthood, with 30% saying they were bullied at work. Relationships between bullying and negative outcomes were found. Because of the clear evidence of bullying and cyberbullying in the workplace in Study 1, Study 2 addressed the relationship of these constructs to workplace incivility...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375758/gender-role-attitudes-relationship-efficacy-and-self-disclosure-in-intimate-relationships
#20
Rebecca M Horne, Matthew D Johnson
Drawing from the intimacy process model and data from 5,042 individuals who remained partnered across Waves 1 and 2 of the German Panel Analysis of Intimate Relationships and Family Dynamics (pairfam), this study examined the contributions of traditional gender role attitudes and relationship efficacy in predicting levels of self-disclosure within an intimate relationship. Independent samples t-tests demonstrated females scored higher than males on self-disclosure and relationship efficacy measures but lower on traditional gender role attitudes...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Social Psychology
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