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Journal of School Health

Carolyn Berger, Jessica Valenzuela, Joanna Tsikis, Cynthia Fletcher
BACKGROUND: Existing research demonstrates that youth with chronic illness often experience challenges including poor academic performance, attendance, and social success. However, past research demonstrates a lack of support for teachers to best educate students with chronic illness. In this study, we aim to describe the needs of local educators when working with students with chronic illness. METHODS: A questionnaire was completed by 383 middle or high school professionals...
August 2018: Journal of School Health
Dana Rotz, Brian Goesling, Jennifer Manlove, Kate Welti, Christopher Trenholm
BACKGROUND: Teen Prevention Education Program (PEP) is a school-wide, peer-led comprehensive sexuality education program currently implemented in more than 50 schools across 2 states. Many teen pregnancy prevention researchers and practitioners view peer-led programs as a promising approach for reducing teen pregnancy and associated sexual risk behaviors. However, prior research on the effectiveness of these programs indicates mixed results. METHODS: We randomly assigned schools to implement Teen PEP immediately (intervention group) or on a delayed schedule (comparison group) and used propensity score matching to improve the comparability of the study groups...
August 2018: Journal of School Health
Vanessa A Shrewsbury, Bridget C Foley, Victoria M Flood, Amy Bonnefin, Louise L Hardy, Rebecca L Venchiarutti, Karen Byth, Smita Shah
BACKGROUND: School-level socioeconomic status (SES) influences on adolescents' lifestyle behaviors is understudied. We examined how school-level SES and sex influence adolescents' health-related lifestyle behaviors and intentions. METHODS: Grade 8 students aged 13-14 years completed an online questionnaire regarding their sociodemographic characteristics, dietary behaviors, physical activity participation and recreational screen-time, and intentions regarding these behaviors...
August 2018: Journal of School Health
Denise Burke Aske, Virginia Rall Chomitz, Xiaodong Liu, Lisa Arsenault, Sarita Bhalotra, Dolores Acevedo-Garcia
OBJECTIVES: We examined the longitudinal relationship between cardiovascular fitness (CRF) and academic performance (AP) among students in a diverse public school district. Furthermore, we determined whether the relationship between CRF and AP varied by student sociodemographic characteristics. METHODS: This study used data from 2005-2006 to 2008-2009. AP was assessed by Massachusetts Comprehensive Assessment System (MCAS) math (N = 1224) and English Language Arts (ELA) (N = 1248) z-scores...
August 2018: Journal of School Health
Carolyn M Porta, Ryan J Watson, Marion Doull, Marla E Eisenberg, Nathan Grumdahl, Elizabeth Saewyc
BACKGROUND: Sexual minority young people have demonstrated higher rates of emotional distress and suicidality in comparison to heterosexual peers. Research to date has not examined trends in these disparities, specifically, whether there have been disparity reductions or increases and how outcomes have differed over time by sex and sexual orientation group. METHODS: Minnesota Student Survey data, collected from 9th and 12th graders in 3 cohorts (1998, 2004, 2010) were used to examine emotional distress and suicidality rates...
August 2018: Journal of School Health
Mallika Sabharwal, Lisa Masinter, Kingsley N Weaver
BACKGROUND: Barriers to health care service utilization contribute to the spread of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among teens. School-based STI screening programs reach adolescents outside of the clinic-based health care model and schools with school-based health centers (SBHCs) may expedite treatment because of their proximity to the population. This study examined whether students who tested positive for STIs in a school-based screening program had differing times to treatment based on treatment location...
August 2018: Journal of School Health
Charlotte Kerner, Leen Haerens, David Kirk
BACKGROUND: Significant proportions of young people experience body dissatisfaction, which has implications for psychological and physical well-being. Lesson content and perceived competence may be important variables for the experience of body dissatisfaction, yet these have been underexplored in physical education. The aim of this cross-sectional study is to identify the relationships between body dissatisfaction and perceptions of competence, and to explore whether body dissatisfaction depends on lesson content...
August 2018: Journal of School Health
Samantha Marsh, Yannan Jiang, Karen Carter, Clare Wall
BACKGROUND: While dietary sources of calcium are important for bone health, the intake of milk and milk products decreases as children get older. A free milk in schools program may mitigate this decrease in milk consumption. We evaluated the Fonterra Milk for schools program (a free milk initiative) by determining changes in children's milk consumption and anthropometric measures over a 2-year period. METHODS: The evaluation was conducted in children aged 7-9 years in a representative sample of primary schools participating in the free milk program, in Auckland, New Zealand...
August 2018: Journal of School Health
Young Ho Yun, Yaeji Kim, Jin A Sim, Soo Hyuk Choi, Cheolil Lim, Joon-Ho Kang
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to develop the School Health Score Card (SHSC) and validate its psychometric properties. METHODS: The development of the SHSC questionnaire included 3 phases: item generation, construction of domains and items, and field testing with validation. To assess the instrument's reliability and validity, we recruited 15 middle schools and 15 high schools in the Republic of Korea. RESULTS: We developed the SHSC questionnaire of 158 items categorized into 5 domains: (1) Governance and Infrastructure, (2) Need Assessment, (3) Planning, (4) Health Prevention and Promotion Program, and (5) Monitoring and Feedback...
August 2018: Journal of School Health
Ashley Chamberlin, Selena Nguyen-Rodriguez, Virginia B Gray, Wendy Reiboldt, Caitlin Peterson, Donna Spruijt-Metz
BACKGROUND: Existing literature indicates a relationship between stress and emotional eating in adults, yet limited research has examined the impact of school-related stress on emotional eating in adolescents. This study investigated the influence of academic factors on emotional eating among minority adolescents. METHODS: A survey was implemented among a sample of minority adolescents (N = 666) to investigate the relationship between emotional eating and 3 academic factors: academic self-esteem, grade point average (GPA), and academic worries...
July 2018: Journal of School Health
Kate H Magid, Debra Heard, Comilla Sasson
BACKGROUND: Training middle school students to perform hands-only cardiopulmonary resuscitation (HOCPR) is a potential method to increase overall rates of bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). We aimed to examine the feasibility of teaching this population CPR using teacher-implemented education sessions guided by American Heart Association (AHA) training kits and resources. METHODS: We conducted a national HOCPR training campaign in middle schools during the 2014-2015 school year...
July 2018: Journal of School Health
Santiago Amador-Ruiz, David Gutierrez, Vicente Martínez-Vizcaíno, Roberto Gulías-González, María J Pardo-Guijarro, Mairena Sánchez-López
BACKGROUND: Motor competence (MC) affects numerous aspects of children's daily life. The aims of this study were to: evaluate MC, provide population-based percentile values for MC; and determine the prevalence of developmental coordination disorder (DCD) in Spanish schoolchildren. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 1562 children aged 4 to 6 years from Castilla-La Mancha, Spain. MC was assessed using the Movement Assessment Battery for Children-Second Edition...
July 2018: Journal of School Health
Erin Eggert, Hilary Overby, Lacey McCormack, Jessica Meendering
BACKGROUND: Many state agencies have developed model wellness policies (MWPs) to serve as examples for schools when writing their own school wellness policy (SWP). The purpose of this study was to evaluate if a MWP aids schools in writing stronger, more comprehensive SWPs. METHODS: For this cross-sectional study, 91 school districts submitted their current SWP and completed a survey that classified districts into either districts that utilized the state MWP (N = 56; 61...
July 2018: Journal of School Health
Jennifer L Mansfield, Dennis A Savaiano
BACKGROUND: The Healthy, Huger-Free Kids Act (HHFKA) presents challenges for foodservice directors (FSDs) in sourcing and preparing foods that meet nutrition standards. Concurrently, community health coalition members (CHCs) are engaging schools through community and school nutrition initiatives. We hypothesized significant differences in perceptions between FSDs and CHCs related to implementation of HHFKA such that FSDs would perceive greater foodservice challenges, while CHCs would be more supportive of community nutrition initiatives...
July 2018: Journal of School Health
Amelia Mays Woods, Gabriella M McLoughlin, Ben D Kern, Kim C Graber
BACKGROUND: Public health concerns regarding childhood obesity and sedentary behavior make investigations of children's physical activity (PA) promotion crucial. School recess, a highly discretional time, plays a central role in shaping children's activity preferences. METHODS: Participants included 40 children (30 girls, 10 boys) from fourth and fifth grades, categorized as low active during recess (<26% moderate-to-vigorous PA [MVPA]). PA was measured via accelerometer (Actigraph wGT3X+) and activity choice gauged through a self-report measure over a 3-day period...
July 2018: Journal of School Health
David Kahan, Thomas L McKenzie
BACKGROUND: Although there are over 26,000 private schools in the United States, little is known about the relationship of their characteristics to mandated and recommended time allocations for physical education (PE). METHODS: Private secondary schools (N = 450; grades 6-12) in California completed a 15-item questionnaire related to school characteristics and PE policies and practices. Using correlational analysis and predictive modeling, we assessed the associations and influences of various factors relative to the schools meeting state (California) and national professional time targets for PE...
July 2018: Journal of School Health
Timothy J Grigsby, Myriam Forster, Jennifer Tsai, Louise A Rohrbach, Steve Sussman
BACKGROUND: Alternative (or continuation) high schools are institutions designed for students at risk for not graduating due to behavioral, educational, or medical problems. The present study explored the relationship between negative substance use consequences (eg, having trouble at school or work) and noncondom use in this at-risk population and whether these associations varied by sex. METHODS: Participants (N = 1101; 62.9% Hispanic; Mage = 16.85) were sampled from 24 alternative high schools in California, and data were analyzed using cross-sectional multivariate logistic regression models...
July 2018: Journal of School Health
Anna E Greer, Stacey Davis, Cristina Sandolo, Nicole Gaudet, Brianna Castrogivanni
BACKGROUND: Using Social Cognitive Theory as a framework, we examined opportunities for promoting local produce consumption among high school students in a lower-income, ethnically diverse, urban community. METHODS: Six focus groups (N = 53) were conducted with students. Using Atlas.ti qualitative software, data were coded and reviewed to identify code categories which could be taken to represent themes. RESULTS: Students (56.8% girls, 86...
June 2018: Journal of School Health
Harris H-S Kim, JongSerl Chun
BACKGROUND: This study investigates the extent to which friendship network, family relations, and school context are related to adolescent cigarette smoking. Friendship network is measured in terms of delinquent peers; family relations in terms of parental supervision; and school environment in terms of objective (eg, antismoking policy) and subjective (eg, school attachment) characteristics. METHODS: Findings are based on the secondary analysis of the health behavior in school-aged children, 2009-2010...
June 2018: Journal of School Health
David Gregg, Cheryl L Somers, Francesca Maria Pernice, Stephen B Hillman, Poco Kernsmith
BACKGROUND: Risks associated with teen sexting draw increasing concern from teachers and communities as developments in communication software and devices make sharing private content faster and simpler each year. We examined rates, recipients, and predictors of teen sexting to better plan education and preventative policies and strategies. A comprehensive literature review was conducted to determine the most likely predictors of teen sexting using prior survey studies and theoretical conceptions...
June 2018: Journal of School Health
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