Read by QxMD icon Read

Journal of School Health

Ryan R Kapa, Jeremy Luke, Dorothy Moulthrop, Belinda Gimbert
BACKGROUND: Victimization in schools is not limited to students. Teachers increasingly face threats and attacks from their students. An authoritative school environment, characterized by high structure and support, has been associated with lower rates of victimization. The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between authoritative school environments and teacher victimization rates. METHODS: Researchers examined public school teacher responses (N = 37,497) from the Schools and Staffing Survey regarding rules and issues facing the school community...
April 2018: Journal of School Health
Amanda Terry
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of the coverage of state legislation and the expansiveness ratings of state model policies on the state-level prevalence of bullying in schools. METHODS: The state-level prevalence of bullying in schools was based on cross-sectional data from the 2013 High School Youth Risk Behavior Survey. Multiple regression was conducted to determine whether the coverage of state legislation and the expansiveness rating of a state model policy affected the state-level prevalence of bullying in schools...
April 2018: Journal of School Health
Zhenzhou Bao, Chuansheng Chen, Wei Zhang, Yanping Jiang, Jianjun Zhu, Xuefen Lai
BACKGROUND: Although previous research indicates an association between school connectedness and adolescents' sleep quality, its causal direction has not been determined. This study used a 2-wave cross-lagged panel analysis to explore the likely causal direction between these 2 constructs. METHODS: Participants were 888 Chinese adolescents (43.80% boys; Mage = 15.55) who provided self-report data on school connectedness and sleep quality as well as demographic variables at the beginning and the end of a school year...
April 2018: Journal of School Health
Katharine L Loeb, Cynthia Radnitz, Kathleen L Keller, Marlene B Schwartz, Nancy Zucker, Sue Marcus, Richard N Pierson, Michael Shannon, Danielle DeLaurentis
BACKGROUND: In this study, we applied behavioral economics to optimize elementary school lunch choices via parent-driven decisions. Specifically, this experiment tested an optimal defaults paradigm, examining whether strategically manipulating the health value of a default menu could be co-opted to improve school-based lunch selections. METHODS: The design was a randomized comparison of optimal versus suboptimal (standard) default lunch menus for all first-graders in a school district for a period of 1 week...
April 2018: Journal of School Health
Kevin J Vagi, Mark R Stevens, Thomas R Simon, Kathleen C Basile, Sherry P Carter, Stanley L Carter
BACKGROUND: This study used a new Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED) assessment tool to test the associations between physical attributes of schools and violence-related behaviors and perceptions of students. METHODS: Data were collected from 4717 students from 50 middle schools. Student perceptions of risk and safety, and violence were assessed. Evaluators used the CPTED School Assessment (CSA) to quantify how well the physical elements of each school correspond to ideal CPTED principles...
April 2018: Journal of School Health
Damali M Wilson, Deborah Gross
BACKGROUND: Parents' involvement in their children's education is integral to academic success. Several education-based organizations have identified recommendations for how parents can best support their children's learning. However, executive functioning (EF), a high-ordered cognitive skill set, contributes to the extent to which parents can follow through with these recommendations. METHOD: This integrative review of the literature describes how executive function can affect parents' ability to facilitate and actively participate in their child's education and provides strategies for all school staff to strengthen parent-school partnerships when parents have limitations in EF...
April 2018: Journal of School Health
Allegra R Gordon, Kerith J Conron, Jerel P Calzo, Matthew T White, Sari L Reisner, S Bryn Austin
BACKGROUND: Young people may experience school-based violence and bullying victimization related to their gender expression, independent of sexual orientation identity. However, the associations between gender expression and bullying and violence have not been examined in racially and ethnically diverse population-based samples of high school students. METHODS: This study includes 5469 students (13-18 years) from the 2013 Youth Risk Behavior Surveys conducted in 4 urban school districts...
April 2018: Journal of School Health
Sarah H Green, Giridhar Mallya, Colleen Brensinger, Ann Tierney, Karen Glanz
BACKGROUND: Schools can reduce student access to competitive foods and influence healthy food choices by improving the school nutrition environment. This study describes changes in competitive nutrition environments in 100 K-8 schools participating in the Philadelphia Campaign for Healthier Schools. METHODS: Interviews with school staff were used to elicit information about policies, practices, and guidelines to restrict/limit competitive foods in schools, before and 1 year into the campaign...
April 2018: Journal of School Health
David A Birch, Hannah Priest Catalano, Meghan E Shewmake
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Journal of School Health
Pamela Orpinas, Katherine Raczynski, Hsien-Lin Hsieh, Lusine Nahapetyan, Arthur M Horne
BACKGROUND: High school completion provides health and economic benefits. The purpose of this study is to describe dropout rates based on longitudinal trajectories of aggression and study skills using teacher ratings. METHODS: The sample consisted of 620 randomly selected sixth graders. Every year from Grade 6 to 12, a teacher completed a nationally normed behavioral rating scale. We used latent class mixture modeling to identify the trajectories. RESULTS: Participants followed 3 trajectories of aggression (Low, Medium Desisting, and High Desisting) and 5 trajectories of study skills (Low, Average-Low, Decreasing, Increasing, and High)...
March 2018: Journal of School Health
Meryn Hall, Lynne Fullerton, Courtney FitzGerald, Dan Green
BACKGROUND: Youth suicide is a serious public health problem in the United States. School environments, and the attention of school adults, are promising but minimally studied avenues for promoting mental health among students. METHODS: The 2013 New Mexico Youth Risk and Resiliency Survey data were analyzed to identify ways in which the school environment influences suicide attempts in a sample of Hispanic students. Factors examined were: relationships with school adults, speaking a language other than English at home, being born outside the United States and not having enough to eat...
March 2018: Journal of School Health
Maria N Wilson, Mark Asbridge, Donald B Langille
BACKGROUND: In examining associations of sexual orientation, school connectedness (SC), and depression, no studies have used a continuum of sexual orientation. Additionally, no study has examined whether individuals with higher SC within subgroups of the continuum of sexual orientation are protected from symptoms of depression when compared to others within their own group. Our study aimed to address these deficiencies. METHODS: Data were from a cross-sectional survey of 6643 public high school students...
March 2018: Journal of School Health
Chia-Kuei Lee, Colleen Corte, Karen F Stein
BACKGROUND: Adolescent alcohol use continues to be a critical public health problem with both short- and long-term negative health consequences. Defining oneself in terms of alcohol, a drinking-related identity, has been shown to predict high levels of alcohol use. Because adolescence is the developmental period during which identity development is most salient, preventing the development of the drinker identity and early identification of youth who have a developing drinker identity may be important for prevention and early intervention...
March 2018: Journal of School Health
Anne S Frankel, Sarah Bauerle Bass, Freda Patterson, Ting Dai, Deanna Brown
BACKGROUND: Sexting, the sharing of sexually suggestive photos, may be a gateway behavior to early sexual activity and increase the likelihood of social ostracism. METHODS: Youth Risk Behavior Survey (N = 6021) data from 2015 among Pennsylvania 9th-12th grade students were used to examine associations between consensual and nonconsensual sexting and substance use, mental health, neighborhood safety, and demographic variables. RESULTS: Almost one-third (29%) of students reported consensual sexting, while 3% reported nonconsensual sexting...
March 2018: Journal of School Health
Tianji Cai, Yisu Zhou, Michael D Niño, Nichola Driver
BACKGROUND: Previous research has identified individual and school-level characteristics that are associated with sexual risk-taking, but the impact of school-level mechanisms on sexual risk-taking is not well understood. We examine the aggregated effects that early sex at the school level have on risky sexual behaviors. METHODS: We use 3 waves of data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health. An individual's first sexual intercourse before age 15 was recorded along with various risky sexual behaviors at debut...
March 2018: Journal of School Health
Felicia R Carey, Anna V Wilkinson, Nalini Ranjit, Dorothy Mandell, Deanna M Hoelscher
BACKGROUND: Research suggests that perceived weight poses separate risks from objective weight on adolescents' risks of being bullied. We examined if the prevalence of bullying victimization differed by perceived and objective weight status, and how these associations varied by sex. METHODS: Data were analyzed for 6716 8th and 11th graders from the School Physical Activity and Nutrition project, a Texas statewide survey of public school students. Participants reported demographics, bullying victimization, and weight perceptions...
March 2018: Journal of School Health
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Journal of School Health
David Kahan, Thomas L McKenzie
BACKGROUND: After-school programs (ASPs) have the potential to contribute to student physical activity (PA), but there is limited empirical evidence to guide program development and implementation. METHODS: We used pedometry to assess the overall effectiveness of an elementary school ASP running program relative to national and state PA recommendations and to compare 2 different formats (laps vs games) on PA and energy expenditure. RESULTS: Both running laps and running games contributed substantially to PA accrual and energy expenditure (overall 24...
March 2018: Journal of School Health
Lilja S Stefansson, M Elizabeth Webb, Luciana E Hebert, Lisa Masinter, Melissa L Gilliam
BACKGROUND: Adolescents experience numerous barriers to obtaining sexual and reproductive health care (SRHC). Mobile Health Units (MHUs) can remove some barriers by traveling to the community. This pilot study developed Mobile SRHC through an iterative process on an existing MHU and evaluated it among adolescents and providers. METHODS: Mobile SRHC was developed through a mixed-method, multiphase study. Three key informant interviews with MHU providers, an adolescent needs assessment survey, and a Youth Model Development Session informed model development...
March 2018: Journal of School Health
Ruth P Saunders, Marsha Dowda, Kerry Mciver, Samantha M McDonald, Russell R Pate
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to characterize the temporal, social, and physical contexts for physical activities commonly reported in a diverse cohort of 753 boys and girls from fifth to seventh grade. METHODS: Data were obtained from a multilevel longitudinal study, the Transitions and Activity Changes in Kids. The Physical Activity Choices instrument assessed previous 5-day participation in specific physical activities and their temporal, social, and physical contexts...
February 2018: Journal of School Health
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"