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Journal of School Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147461/investigating-how-to-align-schools-marketing-environments-with-federal-standards-for-competitive-foods
#1
Michele Polacsek, Liam M O'Brien, Elizabeth Pratt, Janet Whatley-Blum, Sabrina Adler
BACKGROUND: Limiting food and beverage marketing to children is a promising approach to influence children's nutrition behavior. School-based marketing influences nutrition behavior and studies have consistently found marketing for nonnutritious foods and beverages in schools. No studies have examined the resources necessary to align school marketing environments with federal school nutrition standards. The purpose of this study was to determine how to improve school marketing environments so that they align with new federal competitive food nutrition standards...
March 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147460/social-and-economic-impacts-of-school-influenza-outbreaks-in-england-survey-of-caregivers
#2
Dominic Thorrington, Sooria Balasegaram, Paul Cleary, Catherine Hay, Ken Eames
BACKGROUND: Influenza is a cause of considerable morbidity in England, particularly among children. A total of 39% of all influenza-attributable general practitioner consultations and 37% of all influenza-attributable hospital admissions occur in those aged under 15 years. Few studies have quantified the impact of influenza outbreaks on families. We assessed this impact during 2 influenza seasons. METHODS: We used questionnaires to obtain data in primary schools that reported an outbreak of an influenza-like-illness (ILI)...
March 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147459/a-multilevel-statewide-investigation-of-school-district-anti-bullying-policy-quality-and-student-bullying-involvement
#3
Amy L Gower, Molly Cousin, Iris W Borowsky
BACKGROUND: Although nearly all states in the United States require school districts to adopt anti-bullying policies, little research examines the effect of these policies on student bullying and health. Using a statewide sample, we investigated associations between the quality of school district anti-bullying policies and student bullying involvement and adjustment. METHODS: School district anti-bullying policies (N = 208) were coded for their quality based on established criteria...
March 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147458/age-of-sexual-debut-and-physical-dating-violence-victimization-sex-differences-among-us-high-school-students
#4
Timothy O Ihongbe, Susan Cha, Saba W Masho
BACKGROUND: Research has shown that early age of sexual debut is associated with physical dating violence (PDV), but sex-specific associations are sparse. We estimated the prevalence of PDV victimization in high school students who have initiated sexual intercourse and examined sex-specific association between age of sexual debut and PDV victimization. METHODS: Data on 8637 students in grades 9 through 12 who had initiated sex was obtained from the 2009-2011 national Youth Risk Behavior Survey...
March 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147457/combined-patterns-of-risk-for-problem-and%C3%A2-obesogenic-behaviors-in-adolescents-a%C3%A2-latent-class-analysis-approach
#5
Sasha A Fleary
BACKGROUND: Several studies have used latent class analyses to explore obesogenic behaviors and substance use in adolescents independently. We explored a variety of health risks jointly to identify distinct patterns of risk behaviors among adolescents. METHODS: Latent class models were estimated using Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS) 2011 data. Behaviors in the models included substance use, physical fights, physical activity (PA), sedentary activity, sleep, fruit and vegetables (F&V) consumption, and weight-related variables...
March 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147456/frequency-of-guns-in-the-households-of-high-school-seniors
#6
Ann L Coker, Heather M Bush, Diane R Follingstad, Candace J Brancato
BACKGROUND: In 2013, President Obama lifted the federal ban on gun violence research. The current study provides one of the first reports to estimate household gun ownership as reported by youth. METHODS: In this cohort study of 3006 high school seniors from 24 schools, we examined the frequency of household guns ownership. RESULTS: About 65% reported having at least 1 gun in their household. White males were more likely to have a gun and to have more guns than other demographically characterized groups...
March 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147455/preschool-daily-patterns-of-physical-activity-driven-by-location-and-social-context
#7
Chelsey R Schlechter, Richard R Rosenkranz, Bronwyn S Fees, David A Dzewaltowski
BACKGROUND: Preschool children are recommended to spend at least 15 minutes/hour (25% time) in light-to-vigorous physical activity (total physical activity, TPA). Preschool provider practices, such as whether children are put in small group or whole-group activities, are likely to affect children's TPA levels during preschool. The current study characterized the pattern of physical activity across the preschool day, and examined the relationship of location and social arrangement to TPA...
March 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147454/school-and-parent-factors-associated-with-steroid-use-among-adolescents
#8
Rebecca L Elkins, Keith King, Laura Nabors, Rebecca Vidourek
BACKGROUND: Steroid use among adolescents is an increasing health concern. Literature examining factors related to steroid use is limited. METHODS: We investigated steroid use among 9th through 12th grade adolescents in the Greater Cincinnati area. A total of 38,414 adolescents completed the PRIDE Questionnaire. Associations between demographics, school factors, parent factors, sport participation, and steroid use were examined. RESULTS: A total of 2...
March 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147453/mediating-effect-of-body-image-distortion-on-weight-loss-efforts-in-normal-weight-and-underweight-korean-adolescent-girls
#9
Jeong-Sil Choi, Ji-Soo Kim
BACKGROUND: We explored the relationship between body mass index-for-age percentile, body image distortion, and unnecessary weight loss efforts in Korean adolescent girls who are underweight and normal weight and examined the mediating effect of body image distortion on weight loss efforts. METHODS: This study used data from the 2013 Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey conducted by the Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The study sample comprised 29,633 Korean adolescent girls who are normal weight and underweight...
March 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076925/the-association-between-electronic-bullying-and-school-absenteeism-among-high-school-students-in-the-united-states
#10
Erin Grinshteyn, Y T Yang
BACKGROUND: We examined the relationship between exposure to electronic bullying and absenteeism as a result of being afraid. METHODS: This multivariate, multinomial regression analysis of the 2013 Youth Risk Behavior Survey data assessed the association between experiencing electronic bullying in the past year and how often students were absent in the last month due to feeling unsafe at/in transit to school. The model controlled for other predictors of school absence including demographics, physical/behavioral health, and risk factors...
February 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076924/healthy-concessions-high-school-students-responses-to-healthy-concession-stand-changes
#11
Helena H Laroche, Christine Hradek, Kate Hansen, Andrew S Hanks, David R Just, Brian Wansink
BACKGROUND: A previous sales data analysis demonstrated success in selling healthier items at a concession stand. Questions remained regarding student satisfaction and whether the intervention reached non-health-conscious students. METHODS: Cross-sectional anonymous samples of students at a large midwestern high school were surveyed before and after an intervention improved the number of healthier items available at the concession stand. RESULTS: The survey was completed by 301 students preintervention and 314 students postintervention...
February 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076923/how-schools-can-promote-healthy-development-for-newly-arrived-immigrant-and-refugee-adolescents-research-priorities
#12
Clea A McNeely, Lyn Morland, S Benjamin Doty, Laurie L Meschke, Summer Awad, Altaf Husain, Ayat Nashwan
BACKGROUND: The US education system must find creative and effective ways to foster the healthy development of the approximately 2 million newly arrived immigrant and refugee adolescents, many of whom contend with language barriers, limited prior education, trauma, and discrimination. We identify research priorities for promoting the school success of these youth. METHODS: The study used the 4-phase priority-setting method of the Child Health and Nutrition Research Initiative...
February 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076922/evaluating-active-parental-consent-procedures-for-school-programming-addressing-the-sensitive-topic-of-suicide-prevention
#13
Christine M Wienke Totura, Krista Kutash, Christa D Labouliere, Marc S Karver
BACKGROUND: Suicide is the second leading cause of death for adolescents. Whereas school-based prevention programs are effective, obtaining active consent for youth participation in public health programming concerning sensitive topics is challenging. We explored several active consent procedures for improving participation rates. METHODS: Five active consent methods (in-person, students taking forms home, mailing, mailing preceded by primers, mailing followed by reminder calls) were compared against passive consent procedures to evaluate recruitment success, as determined by participation (proportion who responded yes) and response (proportion who returned any response) rates...
February 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076921/classroom-nutrition-education-combined-with-fruit-and-vegetable-taste-testing-improves-children-s-dietary-intake
#14
Abby Gold, Mary Larson, Jared Tucker, Michelle Strang
BACKGROUND: We tested the effectiveness of the Go Wild With Fruits and Veggies! (GWWFV) Extension curriculum on increasing fruit and vegetable (FV) intake of third graders. METHODS: An intervention study was used testing self-reported FV intake pre/post GWWFV. Recruited schools were randomized to control (12 schools, N = 369, third grade children) or intervention (14 schools, N = 378, third grade children). Measures included items from a validated FV food frequency survey...
February 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076920/effectiveness-of-impact-ability-to-improve-safety-and-self-advocacy-skills-in-students-with-disabilities-follow-up-study
#15
Eileen M Dryden, Jeffrey Desmarais, Lisa Arsenault
BACKGROUND: Research shows that individuals with disabilities are more likely to experience abuse than their peers without disabilities. Yet, few evidenced-based abuse prevention interventions exist. This study examines whether positive outcomes identified previously in an evaluation of IMPACT:Ability were maintained 1 year later. METHODS: A survey measuring safety and self-advocacy knowledge, confidence, and behaviors among special education high-school students was administered 12 months post-training...
February 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076919/use-of-treatment-and-counseling-services-and-mind-body-techniques-by-students-with-emotional-and-behavioral-difficulties
#16
Wasantha Jayawardene, Ryan Erbe, David Lohrmann, Mohammad Torabi
BACKGROUND: School-based treatment and counseling services (TCSs) can integrate mind-body techniques (MBTs) to improve children's health, wellness, and academic performance. We aimed to describe the effect of school-based TCS on MBT-use among students experiencing difficulties with concentration, emotions, behaviors, and getting along (DCEBG). METHODS: National Health Interview Survey data were utilized (N2007  = 1225; N2012  = 1835). Logistic regression examined associations between TCS-type and MBT-use, while propensity score matching controlled for confounders in the prematch sample...
February 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076918/disparities-in-supports-for-student-wellness-promotion-efforts-among-secondary-schools-in-minnesota
#17
Nicole Larson, Michael O'Connell, Cynthia S Davey, Caitlin Caspi, Martha Y Kubik, Marilyn S Nanney
BACKGROUND: We examined whether there are differences in the presence of supports for student wellness promotion (1) between schools in city, suburban and rural locations and, (2) among rural schools, according to distance from a metropolitan center. METHODS: The analysis was conducted in a sample of 309 secondary schools using 2012 Minnesota School Health Profiles surveys and National Center for Educational Statistics Common Core Data. Scores for overall support addressed school health improvement coordination (range: 0-29), collaboration on health education activities (range: 0-5), and teachers' professional preparation (range: 0-7)...
February 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917490/ethnic-disparities-in-school-based-behavioral-health-service-use-for-children-with-psychiatric-disorders
#18
Jill Locke, Christina D Kang-Yi, Melanie Pellecchia, Steven Marcus, Trevor Hadley, David S Mandell
BACKGROUND: We examined racial/ethnic disparities in school-based behavioral health service use for children with psychiatric disorders. METHODS: Medicaid claims data were used to compare the behavioral healthcare service use of 23,601 children aged 5-17 years by psychiatric disorder (autism, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder [ADHD], conduct/oppositional defiant disorder, and "other") and by race/ethnicity (African-American, Hispanic, white, and other). Logistic and generalized linear regression analyses were used...
January 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917489/nutrition-quality-of-us-school-snack-foods-a-first-look-at-2011-2014-bid-records-in-8-school-districts
#19
Y Claire Wang, Amber Hsiao, Peter Chamberlin, McKenzie Largay, Abbie Archibald, Andrew Malone, JoAnn Stevelos
BACKGROUND: As part of the Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act, snacks, and desserts sold in K-12 schools as of the 2014-2015 school year are required to meet the "Smart Snacks" nutritional guidelines. Although studies exist in tracking progress in local and national efforts, the proportion of snack food procured by school districts compliant with the Smart Snacks standard prior to its full implementation is unknown. METHODS: We repurposed a previously untapped database, Interflex, of public bid records to examine the nutritional quality of snacks and desserts procured by school districts...
January 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917488/re-aim-analysis-of-a-school-based-nutrition-education-intervention-in-kindergarteners
#20
Andrew L Larsen, Yue Liao, Janel Alberts, Jimi Huh, Trina Robertson, Genevieve F Dunton
BACKGROUND: Few nutrition interventions in kindergarten classes have been evaluated, and none has been tested for program effectiveness, implementation, and dissemination. Building a Healthy Me (BHM) is a nutrition intervention for kindergarteners that is classroom-based and includes a family component. This study evaluated the public health impact of BHM in California kindergarten classrooms using the RE-AIM (reach, efficacy, adoption, implementation, and maintenance) framework. METHODS: A quasi-experimental design assessed pre-to-post changes in nutrition knowledge, dietary consumption, and parent behaviors of 25 intervention classrooms (414 students, 264 parents); and postintervention differences in nutrition knowledge between the intervention classrooms and 4 control classrooms measured at postintervention only (103 students)...
January 2017: Journal of School Health
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