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Journal of School Health

Isaac Estevan, Ana Queralt, Javier Molina-García
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to: (1) describe modes of transport to school, with a specific focus on the use of public bicycle share programs (PBSP); and (2) assess sociodemographic, psychosocial, and environmental correlates of bike and PBSP use to go to school. METHODS: A group of 465 adolescents from the International Physical Activity and the Environment Network (IPEN) Adolescent Study (Valencia, Spain) participated in the research. Mixed regression analyses were conducted on the data obtained...
December 2018: Journal of School Health
Ashley W Kranjac
BACKGROUND: Embedded within children's weight trajectories are complex environmental contexts that influence obesity risk. As such, the normative environment of body mass index (BMI) within schools may influence children's weight trajectories as they age from kindergarten to fifth grade. METHODS: I use 5 waves of the ECLS-K-Kindergarten Class 1998-1999 data and a series of multilevel growth models to examine whether attending schools with higher overall BMI influences children's weight status over time...
December 2018: Journal of School Health
Melissa Holt, Dorothy Espelage, Mark Van Ryzin, Chelsey Bowman
BACKGROUND: Research indicates that victimization exposures are associated with sexual risk-taking behaviors, but there is a relative lack of research on the relation between peer victimization and sexual risk taking among adolescents. This study fills this gap through examining how bullying, cyberbullying, and dating violence victimization at baseline are related to sexual risk-taking behaviors 1 year later. METHODS: Participants were a convenience sample of 220 sexually active high school students who were drawn from a larger sample of 2205 adolescents attending 6 high schools in Illinois...
December 2018: Journal of School Health
Rachel B Acton, Nghia Nguyen, Leia M Minaker
BACKGROUND: Limited evidence exists on effects of school-based nutrition policies. This study explored the influence of mandatory versus voluntary provincial school nutrition policies on student eating behaviors. METHODS: A cross-sectional, school-based survey assessed student eating behaviors using self-report survey measures in a representative sample of Canadian high school students from 7 provinces (N = 12,110). Provincial school nutrition policies were characterized as mandatory or voluntary...
December 2018: Journal of School Health
Keith Brazendale, Michael W Beets, Gabrielle M Turner-McGrievy, Andrew T Kaczynski, Russell R Pate, Robert G Weaver
BACKGROUND: Evidence consistently shows children in the United States gain 3 to 5 times more weight during summer vacation (∼2.5 months) compared to the 9-month school year. The purpose of this study is to examine within-child differences in 4 obesogenic behaviors (physical activity [PA], sedentary/screen-time, diet, and sleep) during school versus summer. METHODS: We used a repeated-measures within-subjects design. Children (N = 30 mean age = 8.2 years; 57% female; 37% overweight/obese; 100% African American) wore accelerometers on the nondominant wrist for 24 hr/d over 9 consecutive days during school and summer of 2016 to capture PA, sedentary time, and sleep...
December 2018: Journal of School Health
Amy Harley, Melissa Lemke, Ruta Brazauskas, Nicole B Carnegie, Lori Bokowy, Lisa Kingery
BACKGROUND: National data confirm that youth are not eating recommended amounts of fruits and vegetables (F/V), legumes, and whole grains (WGs). Establishing plant-based eating patterns early in life may positively impact long-term health through tracking of adolescent eating patterns into adulthood and through potential associations between adolescent dietary intake and adult disease risk. The study aim was to examine the effectiveness of Youth Chef Academy (YCA), a classroom-based experiential culinary and nutrition literacy intervention for sixth and seventh graders (11- to 13-year-olds) designed to impact healthy eating...
December 2018: Journal of School Health
Christina-Paulina Lambrinou, Maartje M van Stralen, Odysseas Androutsos, Luis A Moreno, Violeta Iotova, Piotr Socha, Berthold Koletzko, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Yannis Manios
BACKGROUND: The ToyBox-intervention has increased preschool children's water consumption. This study aimed to examine if family-related determinants mediate the effects of the ToyBox-intervention on preschoolers' water consumption. METHODS: Overall, 6290 preschoolers and their families from 6 European countries participated in the ToyBox-intervention and returned parental questionnaires in May/June 2012 and 2013. This study included the 3725 preschoolers/families who had complete data on water consumption, all mediators, and confounders...
December 2018: Journal of School Health
Dale B Fink, Catherine L Ramstetter
BACKGROUND: The withholding of recess for disciplinary purposes has been acknowledged but studied on a limited basis. The perspectives of children have not been heard at all on this subject. METHODS: Our paper draws upon semistructured child interviews, which were one activity within a multifaceted study. A subset of students was interviewed about recess and about the experience of having teachers who withheld recess. RESULTS: Interviewees favored recess and other parts of school that allowed physical activity and social interaction over more sedentary, isolating parts of school...
December 2018: Journal of School Health
Daisuke Nakamura, Masato Ogawa, Teruhiko Nakamura, Kazuhiro P Izawa
BACKGROUND: Low-functional health literacy (HL) of parents influences poor child health outcomes. This study aimed to assess the relationship between comprehensive HL of parents and body mass index (BMI) of their children. METHODS: We enrolled 3- to 6-year-old preschool-aged children and their parents in this multicenter cross-sectional cohort study. We evaluated parents' comprehensive HL with the 14-item HL scale. Children's BMI categories were defined using International Obesity Task Force cutoffs according to age and sex...
December 2018: Journal of School Health
Andrea D Rozema, Jolanda J P Mathijssen, Hans A M van Oers, Maria W J Jansen
BACKGROUND: Although outdoor smoking bans at school are becoming important, it remains unclear whether successful implementation is feasible and what conditions promote it. Therefore, this study evaluates the implementation process by identifying important factors. METHODS: Interviews were held with directors of 24 secondary schools that had decided to implement an outdoor school ground smoking ban, to identify important factors during implementation. Additionally, observations were made before and (about 4 weeks) after implementation to evaluate adherence to guidelines...
November 2018: Journal of School Health
Steven L Brewer, Hannah J Brewer, Keri S Kulik
BACKGROUND: Bullying is more likely to happen in schools than in any other location. The purpose of this study is to use decision tree analyses to predict specific risk factors for bullying to identify areas of interest for school-based bullying prevention. METHODS: We obtained data from the 2013 National Crime Victimization Study (NCVS) School Crime Supplement. We used case-wise deletion to create a sample with completed data based on the measure of bullying (N = 4967)...
November 2018: Journal of School Health
Jeanette Andrade, Jennifer Lotton, Juan Andrade
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity among Hispanic children is a public health concern in the United States and Mexico. Although experiences from school-based intervention programs aimed at influencing obesity-related behaviors have been positive, the understanding of those framework elements that are associated with successful outcomes is limited. The purpose of this study was to examine the frameworks used within school-based intervention programs in the United States and Mexico that showed improvements in obesity-related outcomes among Hispanic children...
November 2018: Journal of School Health
Kaitlin E Romm, Jatin P Ambegaonkar, Amanda M Caswell, Candace Parham, Nelson E Cortes, Zachary Kerr, Donna K Broshek, Shane V Caswell
BACKGROUND: Concussions are a public health concern and concussion management in school requires a team approach. We examined schoolteachers' and administrators' perceptions of concussions, management, and implementation of return-to-learn (RTL) guidelines. METHODS: We audio-recorded and transcribed semistructured interviews with teachers (N = 16) and administrators (N = 6) from a public school system. We analyzed data using an analytic induction and constant comparison approach...
November 2018: Journal of School Health
Abel Ruiz-Hermosa, Vicente Martínez-Vizcaíno, Celia Alvarez-Bueno, Jorge C García-Prieto, María J Pardo-Guijarro, Mairena Sánchez-López
BACKGROUND: Walking and bicycling (active commuting) to school may be a useful strategy to increase the daily amount of physical activity, and, potentially, improve children's health. However, it is unclear whether active commuting to school (ACS) has the potential to improve physical health and cognitive performance in children. Our aim was to examine the relationship between ACS with adiposity indicators, physical fitness, and cognitive performance in 4- to 7-year-old children. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study with 1159 children from the provinces of Cuenca and Ciudad Real, Spain...
November 2018: Journal of School Health
Yongwen Jiang, Rosemary Reilly-Chammat, Tara Cooper, Samara Viner-Brown
BACKGROUND: Sexual minority students have higher risk for health-related behaviors. We examined 5 domains including 34 health risk behaviors and health conditions among sexual minorities and unsure students in Rhode Island. We also included sexual contact of heterosexually identified students to capture heterosexually identified students who may be considered sexual minorities by their behavior. METHODS: We used the 2007-2015 Rhode Island Youth Risk Behavior Survey data (N = 14,264)...
November 2018: Journal of School Health
Sakari Karvonen, Kari Tokola, Arja Rimpelä
BACKGROUND: We studied school-level differences in academic achievement and well-being from 2002 to 2010 in the Helsinki Metropolitan Area, as well as the connection between academic achievement, well-being, and socioeconomic composition. METHODS: The School Health Promotion Study covered 109 schools and 78% of schoolchildren (N = 100,413; aged 14 to 16 years). Depression was measured with the modified Beck Depression Scale and academic achievement with the grade-point average...
November 2018: Journal of School Health
Abbey Gregg, Li-Wu Chen, Jungyoon Kim
BACKGROUND: The patient-centered medical home (PCMH) is promoted as a way to improve access to care, health care outcomes, and control costs. The organizational, environmental, and patient characteristics associated with school-based health centers (SBHCs) obtaining PCMH recognition is currently unknown. A multitheoretical approach was used to explore the correlates of formal PCMH recognition in SBHCs. METHODS: The 2013-2014 National Census of School-Based Health Centers was used as the primary data source for this analysis...
November 2018: Journal of School Health
Marla M Jones, Michael C Carnes, Thomas Adams, Lance G Bryant, Brian Church, Jimmy L Stillwell
BACKGROUND: Obesity in children and adolescents has become one of the most critical public health problems in the United States. Schools may play an important role in raising awareness and possibly slowing the obesity epidemic. METHODS: The purpose of this study was to gather information on parents' perception and use of body mass index (BMI) report cards provided by public schools through the administration of a questionnaire. The questionnaire was developed with the assistance of physical educators, pediatricians, and exercise scientists...
November 2018: Journal of School Health
Michael D Garber, Kaitlyn K Stanhope, Monica P Shah, Patricia Cheung, Julie A Gazmararian
BACKGROUND: Academic achievement is influenced by factors at the student, school, and community levels. We estimated the effect of cardiorespiratory fitness performance on academic performance at the school level in Georgia elementary schools and examined effect modification by sociodemographic factors. METHODS: This study is a repeat cross-sectional analysis of Georgia elementary schools between 2011 and 2014 (approximately 1138 schools per year). Multivariable beta regression estimated the effect of the proportion of 4th and 5th graders meeting cardiorespiratory fitness standards on the proportion of 5th graders passing standardized tests for Reading, English and Language Arts, Mathematics, Science, and Social Studies and considered potential interaction by school-level socioeconomic status (SES), racial composition, and urbanity...
October 2018: Journal of School Health
Madeleine M Toups, Valerie G Press, Anna Volerman
BACKGROUND: Asthma has no known cure, and though manageable, it disrupts the everyday lives of over 6 million US children. Because children spend more than half of their waking hours in school, students must be able to carry and administer their inhaler at school to manage their asthma. METHODS: This policy paper is a comprehensive review of all 50 states and the District of Columbia's laws and policies for the self-carry and administration of quick-relief asthma inhalers among children in prekindergarten through 12th grade...
October 2018: Journal of School Health
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