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Journal of School Health

Michael D Garber, Kaitlyn K Stanhope, Monica P Shah, Patricia Cheung, Julie A Gazmararian
BACKGROUND: Academic achievement is influenced by factors at the student, school, and community levels. We estimated the effect of cardiorespiratory fitness performance on academic performance at the school level in Georgia elementary schools and examined effect modification by sociodemographic factors. METHODS: This study is a repeat cross-sectional analysis of Georgia elementary schools between 2011 and 2014 (approximately 1138 schools per year). Multivariable beta regression estimated the effect of the proportion of 4th and 5th graders meeting cardiorespiratory fitness standards on the proportion of 5th graders passing standardized tests for Reading, English and Language Arts, Mathematics, Science, and Social Studies and considered potential interaction by school-level socioeconomic status (SES), racial composition, and urbanity...
October 2018: Journal of School Health
Madeleine M Toups, Valerie G Press, Anna Volerman
BACKGROUND: Asthma has no known cure, and though manageable, it disrupts the everyday lives of over 6 million US children. Because children spend more than half of their waking hours in school, students must be able to carry and administer their inhaler at school to manage their asthma. METHODS: This policy paper is a comprehensive review of all 50 states and the District of Columbia's laws and policies for the self-carry and administration of quick-relief asthma inhalers among children in prekindergarten through 12th grade...
October 2018: Journal of School Health
Rachel M Flynn, Amanda E Staiano, Robbie Beyl, Rebekah A Richert, Ellen Wartella, Sandra L Calvert
BACKGROUND: Youth in the United States have low levels of cardiorespiratory fitness, a risk factor for childhood obesity. Lower levels of physical fitness for black and Hispanic youth contribute to health disparities. In this feasibility study, we examined active video games (AVGs) as a tool to improve fitness and attitudes toward physical activity during early adolescence. METHOD: A 6-week AVG program took place in a youth development program in a high-poverty neighborhood in New York City...
October 2018: Journal of School Health
Hsi-Ping Nieh, Wen-Chi Wu
BACKGROUND: We examined the effects of the Galaxy Rescuers game, a collaborative board game on schoolchildren's bullying intervention. METHODS: We conducted a group-randomized controlled trial. We recruited 328 fifth graders at an elementary school in northern Taiwan. The study took place in fall 2015 over a 7-week period. We used the generalized estimation equation (GEE) to evaluate the intervention effects on students' scores on the outcome measures. RESULTS: At posttest, the change in bullying knowledge was statistically significant for the game-only group and the game-with-debriefing group...
October 2018: Journal of School Health
Natalie M Golaszewski, Keryn E Pasch, Alejandra Fernandez, Natalie S Poulos, Milena Batanova, Alexandra Loukas
BACKGROUND: Weight discrimination has been associated with poor academic performance and decreased school attendance. Little is known about weight discrimination and students' feelings of belonging to their school. This study examined the association between weight discrimination and school connectedness among adolescents. Teacher support was examined as a protective factor. METHODS: Middle school students (N = 639; 57% white; Mean age = 12.16 years) completed a health behaviors survey...
October 2018: Journal of School Health
Barbara Isensee, Vivien Suchert, Julia Hansen, Burkhard Weisser, Reiner Hanewinkel
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) is one of the most important health behaviors that may be modified by each individual. To foster PA in adolescents, a school-based intervention was evaluated. METHODS: A cluster-randomized controlled trial with preassessment in 2014 and follow-up assessment in 2015 included 29 schools with 1020 students (47.6% girls, mean age = 13.69 years). Intervention students received pedometers and monitored their steps for 12 weeks...
October 2018: Journal of School Health
Ragnheidur Juniusdottir, Agneta Hörnell, Ingibjorg Gunnarsdottir, Hanna Lagstrom, Maria Waling, Cecilia Olsson, Sanna Talvia, Anna S Olafsdottir
BACKGROUND: Nutritious and attractive school meals can improve health equality and public health. Current official guidelines and recommendations on food and nutrient composition of school meals in 3 Nordic countries; Sweden, Finland, and Iceland, are described and compared with actual practice, ie, availability of foods and nutrients in served reference meals in 3 selected areas in each country. METHODS: A country comparison was made between official guidelines, and actual practice was studied in participating schools...
October 2018: Journal of School Health
Mana Mann, Ellen J Silver, Ruth E K Stein
BACKGROUND: We examined factors associated with active commuting to school and the relationships of active commuting and physical activity to child- and teacher-reported internalizing and externalizing behavior problems in a sample of third graders. METHODS: The study sample consisted of 13,166 third graders enrolled in the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study Kindergarten Class of 1998-1999. "Active" commuters were children who walked to school and "passive" commuters were those who took the bus or were driven...
October 2018: Journal of School Health
Lutfiyya N Muhammad, Jeffrey E Korte, Charles M Bowman, Mark L De Santis, Paul J Nietert
BACKGROUND: Positive associations between suicidal behaviors and asthma have been established in previous adolescent studies. Few studies consider social risk factors, such as bullying. This study involved an analysis of suicidal behaviors and asthma, but also includes an assessment of whether these relationships were modified by the co-occurrence of bullying. METHODS: Data included 13,154 participants from the 2013 Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS), collected by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention...
October 2018: Journal of School Health
Joseph Donnelly, Michael Young
BACKGROUND: More than half of US states have legalized medical marijuana. Several states have also legalized it for recreational use. In spite of states' actions, marijuana remains illegal under federal law. It remains to be seen, however, if the Trump administration will enforce federal law in states that have legalized marijuana. For now, it appears the move toward state legalization of marijuana will increase. Because of its legal status, research concerning the medical benefits of marijuana has been limited...
September 2018: Journal of School Health
Jillian M Joyce, Richard R Rosenkranz, Sara K Rosenkranz
BACKGROUND: School lunches must meet National School Lunch Program (NSLP) requirements to receive reimbursement. In this study, we sought to determine whether there are significant differences in nutrient content and nutritional quality between 2 menus meeting NSLP requirements. METHODS: A cross-sectional content analysis compared 6 weeks of a typical school lunch menu (TM) from an actual school district to a best practice school lunch menu (BPM) created by a registered dietitian based on Child and Adult Care Food Program (CACFP) best practices and Dietary Guidelines for Americans (DGA) healthy meal pattern recommendations...
September 2018: Journal of School Health
Stephen Hunter, Scott T Leatherdale, Valerie Carson
BACKGROUND: Sedentary behavior is linked to many adverse health outcomes; however, its relationship with academic achievement is less understood. We examined sedentary behavior's impact on academic achievement over 3 years in 4408 adolescents from the COMPASS study. METHODS: Sedentary behavior (screen-based: watching/streaming television shows/movies, video/computer games, surfing the internet; communication-based: texting/messaging/emailing, talking on the phone; and doing homework) and academic achievement (overall math and English marks) were self-reported...
September 2018: Journal of School Health
Roderick T Bartee, Kate A Heelan, Bree L Dority
BACKGROUND: Research is emerging suggesting that fitness not only improves health, but enhances academic achievement in children. Many studies have found the strongest correlation with academic achievement to be aerobic fitness. The purpose of this study is to examine the influence of aerobic fitness and academic ranking on the association between improvements in students' aerobic fitness and their academic achievement. METHODS: Data were collected from 1152 second- through fifth-grade students enrolled in 10 Midwestern schools...
September 2018: Journal of School Health
Katherine Y Grannon, Nicole Larson, Jennifer Pelletier, Michael J O'Connell, Marilyn S Nanney
BACKGROUND: In this study, we describe state agency strategies to support weight-related policy implementation in schools, and examine the association among state support, obesity prevalence, and strength of state policies governing school nutrition and physical education. METHODS: The 2012 School Health Policies and Practices Study describes prevalence of implementation support state agencies provided to schools/districts. Implementation support items were analyzed by weight-related policy area (eg, advertising, wellness policy) and by type of support (eg, technical assistance)...
September 2018: Journal of School Health
Sherry Everett Jones, Sherry Glick
BACKGROUND: Schools are particularly vulnerable to pests, but integrated pest management (IPM) can address pest problems. This study describes IPM policies and practices and the extent to which they are associated with school characteristics. METHODS: We analyzed data from the 2014 School Health Policies and Practices Study, a nationally representative survey of schools in the United States (N = 568, response rate = 69%). Pairwise comparisons assessed differences in pest prevention strategies by school characteristics...
September 2018: Journal of School Health
Michael W Long, Glenn Albright, Jeremiah McMillan, Kristen M Shockley, Olga Acosta Price
BACKGROUND: Despite the critical role of educators as gatekeepers for school mental health services, they receive limited training to support student mental health. We report findings from a trial of an online mental health role-play simulation for elementary school teachers on changes in attitudes and self-reported helping behaviors for students experiencing psychological distress. METHODS: We randomly assigned 18,896 elementary school teachers to wait-list control or intervention conditions in which they received the 45- to 90-minute online role-play simulation...
September 2018: Journal of School Health
Gavin Colquitt, Ashley D Walker, Moya L Alfonso, Maria Olivas, Bethrand Ugwu, Theophile Dipita
BACKGROUND: Youth living with disabilities are at risk of experiencing poor health outcomes. Coordinated school health programs have an opportunity to help youth with disabilities and their families through health education, health services, and community engagement. The World Health Organization developed the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF) as a framework to analyze factors related to health conditions. We used the ICF to examine parental perceptions of health and function among students with disabilities living in rural and urban areas...
September 2018: Journal of School Health
Lauren E Au, Patricia B Crawford, Gail Woodward-Lopez, Klara Gurzo, Janice Kao, Karen L Webb, Lorrene D Ritchie
BACKGROUND: Our objective was to examine the association between school wellness committees and implementation of nutrition wellness policies and children's weight status and obesity-related dietary outcomes. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted of 4790 children aged 4-15 years recruited from 130 communities in the Healthy Communities Study. Multilevel statistical models assessed associations between school wellness policies and anthropometric (body mass index z-score [BMIz]) and nutrition measures, adjusting for child and community-level covariates...
September 2018: Journal of School Health
Mark Minier, Laura Hirshfield, Renad Ramahi, Anne E Glassgow, Kenneth Fox, Molly A Martin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Journal of School Health
Carolyn Berger, Jessica Valenzuela, Joanna Tsikis, Cynthia Fletcher
BACKGROUND: Existing research demonstrates that youth with chronic illness often experience challenges including poor academic performance, attendance, and social success. However, past research demonstrates a lack of support for teachers to best educate students with chronic illness. In this study, we aim to describe the needs of local educators when working with students with chronic illness. METHODS: A questionnaire was completed by 383 middle or high school professionals...
August 2018: Journal of School Health
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