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Journal of School Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766322/concussion-knowledge-and-reporting-behavior-differences-between-high-school-athletes-at-urban-and-suburban-high-schools
#1
Jessica Wallace, Tracey Covassin, Sally Nogle, Daniel Gould, Jeffrey Kovan
BACKGROUND: We determined differences in knowledge of concussion and reporting behaviors of high school athletes attending urban and suburban high schools, and whether a relationship exists between underreporting and access to an athletic trainer in urban schools. METHODS: High school athletes (N = 715) from 14 high schools completed a validated knowledge of concussion survey consisting of 83 questions. The independent variable was school type (urban/suburban). We examined the proportion of athletes who correctly identified signs and symptoms of concussion, knowledge of concussion and reasons why high school athletes would not disclose a potential concussive injury across school classification...
September 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766321/flavored-milk-consumers-drank-more-milk-and-had-a-higher-prevalence-of-meeting-calcium-recommendation-than-nonconsumers
#2
Theresa A Nicklas, Carol O'Neil, Victor Fulgoni
BACKGROUND: Some schools are removing flavored milk because of the perception that it negatively impacts children's overall diet. This study assessed the contribution of flavored milk to their diets. METHODS: Individual usual intakes (IUI) were calculated from 24-hour dietary recalls of children 2-18 years (N = 20,329) participating in National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2001-2012. IUI of >0.25 cup equivalent of flavored dairy milk defined consumers (N = 3564; 56% boys)...
September 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766320/nutrition-education-and-body-mass-index-in-grades-k-12-a-systematic-review
#3
Cayla Price, Deborah Cohen, Peter Pribis, Jean Cerami
BACKGROUND: Overweight and obese body mass index (BMI) status affects an increasing number of children in the United States. The school setting has been identified as a focus area to implement obesity prevention programs. METHODS: A database search of PubMed, Education Search Complete, and Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) was conducted for peer-reviewed articles published between January 2005 and December 2015 pertaining to programs offered in the school setting to grades K-12 in the United States with a nutrition education component and measured BMI percentile or BMI z-score as an outcome...
September 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766319/acceptability-of-school-based-health-centers-for-human-papillomavirus-vaccination-visits-a-mixed-methods-study
#4
Caitlin E Hansen, Edirin Okoloko, Adedotun Ogunbajo, Anna North, Linda M Niccolai
BACKGROUND: Countries with high human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination rates have achieved this success largely through school-based vaccination. Using school-based health centers (SBHCs) in the United States, where HPV vaccine remains underutilized, could improve uptake. In this mixed-methods study, we examined acceptability, facilitators, and barriers of HPV vaccination visits at SBHCs from the perspectives of adolescents and parents. METHODS: We conducted qualitative interviews and structured surveys with adolescents and parents recruited from an urban, hospital-based clinic...
September 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766318/teen-dating-violence-victimization-among-high-school-students-a-multilevel-analysis-of-school-level-risk-factors
#5
Elizabeth M Parker, Sarah Lindstrom Johnson, Katrina J Debnam, Adam J Milam, Catherine P Bradshaw
BACKGROUND: Much etiologic research has focused on individual-level risk factors for teen dating violence (TDV); therefore, less is known about school-level and neighborhood-level risk factors. We examined the association between alcohol outlet density around high schools and TDV victimization and the association between markers of physical disorder around schools and TDV victimization among adolescents. METHODS: Data come from high school students participating in the Maryland Safe and Supportive Schools Initiative...
September 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766317/chronic-childhood-trauma-mental-health-academic-achievement-and-school-based-health-center-mental-health-services
#6
Satu Larson, Susan Chapman, Joanne Spetz, Claire D Brindis
BACKGROUND: Children and adolescents exposed to chronic trauma have a greater risk for mental health disorders and school failure. Children and adolescents of minority racial/ethnic groups and those living in poverty are at greater risk of exposure to trauma and less likely to have access to mental health services. School-based health centers (SBHCs) may be one strategy to decrease health disparities. METHODS: Empirical studies between 2003 and 2013 of US pediatric populations and of US SBHCs were included if research was related to childhood trauma's effects, mental health care disparities, SBHC mental health services, or SBHC impact on academic achievement...
September 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766316/school-based-outcomes-among-youth-with-incarcerated-parents-differences-by-school-setting
#7
Rebecca J Shlafer, Tyler Reedy, Laurel Davis
BACKGROUND: Parental incarceration impacts millions of children in the United States and has important consequences for youths' adjustment and school-based outcomes. METHODS: Using data from a survey of youth behavior in one large Midwestern state, we examined the effect of both present and past parental incarceration on school-based outcomes, across 3 school settings (public schools, alternative learning centers, and juvenile correctional facilities). RESULTS: Parental incarceration was significantly associated with students' poor school-based outcomes; however, these effects varied markedly by school setting...
September 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766315/physical-activity-and-school-absenteeism-due-to-illness-in-adolescents
#8
Renate de Groot, Martin van Dijk, Hans Savelberg, Frederik van Acker, Paul Kirschner
BACKGROUND: Knowledge about the beneficial role of physical activity (PA) for health and school performance is growing. Studies investigating the link between PA and school absenteeism due to illness are lacking. Therefore, we investigated associations between habitual PA and school absenteeism due to illness in adolescents and explored whether mental health and cardiovascular fitness mediated this association. METHODS: We studied 328 students in grades 7 and 9 (mean age 13...
September 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766314/sex-differences-in-contraception-non-use-among-urban-adolescents-risk-factors-for-unintended-pregnancy
#9
Allison R Casola, Deborah B Nelson, Freda Patterson
BACKGROUND: Contraception non-use among sexually active adolescents is a major cause of unintended pregnancy (UP). METHODS: In this cross-sectional study we sought to identify overall and sex-specific correlates of contraception non-use using the 2015 Philadelphia Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) (N = 9540). Multivariate regression models were used to examine mental health, sexual activity, substance use, and violence indicators on reported contraception non-use among sexually active youth...
September 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691177/children-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-self-management-experiences-in-school
#10
Valéria de Cássia Sparapani, Raphael D R Liberatore, Elaine B C Damião, Isa R de Oliveira Dantas, Rosangela A A de Camargo, Lucila C Nascimento
BACKGROUND: Children with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) need to perform self-management activities at school and in other environments. Learning about their experiences at school is crucial to assist them in this challenging task. METHODS: Qualitative interviews were conducted with children with T1DM, aged between 7 and 12. A scenario was created and puppets were used during the interviews to help the participating children to communicate about school, daily routines, and experiences in diabetes management...
August 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691176/attitudes-norms-and-the-effect-of-social-connectedness-on-adolescent-sexual-risk-intention
#11
Julie A Cederbaum, Aubrey J Rodriguez, Kathrine Sullivan, Kandice Gray
BACKGROUND: Risky sexual behaviors put adolescents at increased risk of adverse outcomes. Parents, school-based adults, and peers play important roles in influencing these sex intentions. METHODS: This work explored the influence of parent-child sex communication on adolescent attitudes, perceived norms, and intentions to have sex, including the moderating role of social support from school-based adults, in a sample of 21,731 adolescents in California. RESULTS: Although increased parent-child sex communication was associated with intentions to have sex, it also exhibited protective effects, increasing abstinence attitudes among youth that led to decreased intention directly and via support from school-based adults...
August 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691175/the-impact-of-multiple-strategies-to-encourage-fruit-and-vegetable-consumption-during-school-lunch
#12
Emily Thompson, David C Johnson, Amy Leite-Bennett, Yingmei Ding, Komal Mehrotra
BACKGROUND: Hennepin County partnered with schools to implement lunchroom strategies to encourage fruit and vegetable consumption. An in-depth evaluation measured changes in consumption following implementation of encouragement strategies including slicing apples and attractive labels. METHODS: A pre-post prospective evaluation measured changes in average fruit and vegetable consumption at 2 elementary schools. The plate waste method was used to weigh individual waste...
August 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691174/the-association-of-school-climate-depression-literacy-and-mental-health-stigma-among-high-school-students
#13
Lisa Townsend, Rashelle Musci, Elizabeth Stuart, Anne Ruble, Mary B Beaudry, Barbara Schweizer, Megan Owen, Carly Goode, Sarah L Johnson, Catherine Bradshaw, Holly Wilcox, Karen Swartz
BACKGROUND: Although school climate is linked with youth educational, socioemotional, behavioral, and health outcomes, there has been limited research on the association between school climate and mental health education efforts. We explored whether school climate was associated with students' depression literacy and mental health stigma beliefs. METHODS: Data were combined from 2 studies: the Maryland Safe Supportive Schools Project and a randomized controlled trial of the Adolescent Depression Awareness Program...
August 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691173/successes-and-challenges-in-school-meal-reform-qualitative-insights-from-food-service-directors
#14
Yuka Asada, Margaret Ziemann, Lara Zatz, Jamie Chriqui
BACKGROUND: The Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010 (HHFKA) directed the US Department of Agriculture (USDA) to revise school meal standards to increase healthy food offerings. A critical stakeholder in the implementation of standards is Food Service Directors (FSDs). We sought to examine FSDs' perspectives on revised school meal standards to gain insight into successful implementation strategies. METHODS: Semistructured interviews were conducted with FSDs (N = 9) from high schools that had achieved HealthierUS Schools Challenge: Smarter Lunchrooms (HUSSC: SL) status...
August 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691172/physical-education-increases-daily-moderate-to-vigorous-physical-activity-and-reduces-sedentary-time
#15
Kerli Mooses, Maret Pihu, Eva-Maria Riso, Aave Hannus, Priit Kaasik, Merike Kull
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) is important to mental and physical health. Physical education (PE) lessons have the potential to increase daily moderate to vigorous PA (MVPA) and reduce sedentary time (SED). We measured MVPA and SED in primary school PE, determined the contribution of PE to daily MVPA and SED, and compared PA on days with and without PE. METHODS: PA was measured in 504 first (ages 7-9) and second (ages 10-12) school level children for 1 school week, with inclusion criteria of at least 10 hours of valid data...
August 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691171/utilization-of-mental-health-services-in-school-based-health-centers
#16
Ranbir M Bains, Regina Cusson, Jesse White-Frese, Stephen Walsh
BACKGROUND: We summarize utilization patterns for mental health services in school-based health centers. METHODS: Administrative data on school-based health center visits in New Haven, Connecticut were examined for the 2007-2009 school years. Relative frequencies of mental health visits by age were calculated as a percentage of all visits and were stratified by sex, ethnicity/race, and insurance status. RESULTS: Mental health visits accounted for the highest proportion of visits (31...
August 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691170/the-body-mass-index-of-adolescents-attending-seventh-day-adventist-schools-in-australia-2001-2012
#17
Bevan A Craig, Darren P Morton, Lillian M Kent, Terry L Butler, Paul M Rankin, Kevin R Price
BACKGROUND: We examined the body mass index (BMI) of students attending Seventh-day Adventist (Adventist) schools in Australia in 2001 and 2012. METHODS: A total of 3069 students attending Adventist schools in Australia responded to a health and lifestyle survey in 2001 (N = 1335) and 2012 (N = 1734). The survey captured self-reported height and weight, demographics (age, sex, year level, religion), and select health behaviors. RESULTS: Compared with national norms, lower rates of overweight and obesity were observed in the study cohort, but higher rates of underweight...
August 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691169/academic-performance-in-primary-school-children-with-common-emotional-and-behavioral-problems
#18
Lisa K Mundy, Louise Canterford, Dawn Tucker, Jordana Bayer, Helena Romaniuk, Susan Sawyer, Petra Lietz, Gerry Redmond, Jenny Proimos, Nicholas Allen, George Patton
BACKGROUND: Many emotional and behavioral problems first emerge in primary school and are the forerunners of mental health problems occurring in adolescence. However, the extent that these problems may be associated with academic failure has been explored less. We aimed to quantify the association between emotional and behavioral problems with academic performance. METHODS: A stratified random sample of 8- to 9-year-olds (N = 1239) were recruited from schools in Australia...
August 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580677/lgbtq-youth-s-views-on-gay-straight-alliances-building-community-providing-gateways-and-representing-safety-and-support
#19
Carolyn M Porta, Erin Singer, Christopher J Mehus, Amy L Gower, Elizabeth Saewyc, Windy Fredkove, Marla E Eisenberg
BACKGROUND: Gay-Straight Alliances (GSAs) are school-based clubs that can contribute to a healthy school climate for lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and questioning (LGBTQ) youth. While positive associations between health behaviors and GSAs have been documented, less is known about how youth perceive GSAs. METHODS: A total of 58 LGBTQ youth (14-19 years old) mentioned GSAs during go-along interviews in 3 states/provinces in North America. These 446 comments about GSAs were thematically coded and organized using Atlas...
July 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580676/educational-outcomes-associated-with-school-behavioral-health-interventions-a-review-of-the-literature
#20
Courtney Kase, Sharon Hoover, Gina Boyd, Kristina D West, Joel Dubenitz, Pamala A Trivedi, Hilary J Peterson, Bradley D Stein
BACKGROUND: There is an unmet need for behavioral health support and services among children and adolescents, which school behavioral health has the potential to address. Existing reviews and meta-analyses document the behavioral health benefits of school behavioral health programs and frameworks, but few summaries of the academic benefits of such programs exist. We provide exemplars of the academic benefits of school behavioral health programs and frameworks. METHODS: A literature review identified school behavioral health-related articles and reports...
July 2017: Journal of School Health
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