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Journal of School Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876481/measuring-the-implementation-of-a-school-wellness-policy
#1
Anastasia Snelling, Sarah Irvine Belson, Erin Watts, Elizabeth Malloy, Hugo Van Dyke, Stephanie George, Sandra Schlicker, Nancy Brenowitz Katz
BACKGROUND: With the rise in childhood obesity, school policies related to nutrition and physical activity have been written and implemented. In this paper, we present a model to evaluate the degree to which state legislation for school health policies are implemented at the school level. METHODS: Using Washington, DC's Healthy Schools Act (HSA) and a self-report measure of the implementation of the HSA, we illustrate the process of developing a composite score that can be used to measure compliance with the provisions of the law...
October 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876480/types-and-nature-of-parental-support-for-overweight-students-to-cope-with-weight-related-teasing
#2
Qi Zhao, Weidong Li, Paul B Rukavina
BACKGROUND: Parental support can protect adolescents from various forms of bullying. There is a lack of in-depth information about what social support parents provide to overweight adolescents when they are teased at school. In this study, we took an initial step to address this gap in the literature by describing the types and nature of support that parents provided to their overweight child when they were teased. METHODS: A conversational style semistructured interview/prompts and probes were conducted with 28 volunteering parents...
October 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876479/relationship-between-adherence-to-individual-goals-within-the-5-2-1-0-guidelines-for-obesity-prevention-and-number-of-pacer-laps-in-adolescents
#3
Kibum Cho, Emily Jones, Christa Lilly, Sean Bulger, Luciana Braga, Eloise Elliott
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between adolescents' adherence to the 5-2-1-0 goals and the number of completed Progressive Cardiovascular Endurance Run (PACER) laps. METHODS: Participants included 1792 students aged 10 to 16 years who were randomly selected across 9 data collection periods between 2012 and 2014. The Survey of Physical Activity and Nutrition was used to measure time spent in physical activity and sedentary behavior, and dietary intake and the dependent variable was the number of PACER laps achieved...
October 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876478/achieving-consensus-on-principles-of-good-practice-for-school-health-in-independent-schools-a-delphi-study
#4
Miguel G Marshall, John P Allegrante
BACKGROUND: Although the 8 components of the coordinated school health (CSH) framework have been implemented to various degrees in the nation's public schools, principles of good practice (PGPs) to guide health promotion efforts in independent schools do not exist. The purpose of this study was to generate PGPs and rate their feasibility of implementation. METHODS: A modified Delphi process was used to generate PGPs for school health in independent schools and develop consensus regarding their feasibility of implementation...
October 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876477/a-scoping-review-to-address-the-culture-of-concussion-in-youth-and-high-school-sports
#5
Kelly Sarmiento, Zoe Donnell, Rosanne Hoffman
BACKGROUND: In 2013, the National Academy of Sciences emphasized the need to develop, implement, and evaluate effective large-scale educational strategies to improve the culture of concussion in youth and high school sports. In support of this recommendation, in this article we summarize research on factors that contribute to the culture of concussion. METHODS: We conducted the literature search using 7 electronic databases. We used a scoping review method to identify studies that addressed knowledge, attitudes, behaviors, use of educational resources, and interventions related to concussion among young athletes, coaches, and parents...
October 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876476/school-breakfast-program-participation-and-rural-adolescents-purchasing-behaviors-in-food-stores-and-restaurants
#6
Caitlin Eicher Caspi, Qi Wang, Amy Shanafelt, Nicole Larson, Susan Wei, Mary O Hearst, Marilyn S Nanney
BACKGROUND: Little is known about adolescents' food purchasing behaviors in rural areas. This study examined whether purchasing food at stores/restaurants around schools was related to adolescents' participation in school breakfast programs and overall diet in rural Minnesota. METHODS: Breakfast-skippers enrolled in a group-randomized intervention in 2014 to 2015 (N = 404 from 8 schools) completed 24-hour dietary recalls and pre/post surveys assessing food establishment purchase frequency...
October 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876475/a-school-based-dental-program-evaluation-comparison-to-the-massachusetts-statewide-survey
#7
Corinna S Culler, Milton Kotelchuck, Eugene Declercq, Karen Kuhlthau, Kari Jones, Karen M Yoder
BACKGROUND: School-based dental programs target high-risk communities and reduce barriers to obtaining dental services by delivering care to students in their schools. We describe the evaluation of a school-based dental program operating in Chelsea, a city north of Boston, with a low-income and largely minority population, by comparing participants' oral health to a Massachusetts oral health assessment. METHODS: Standardized dental screenings were conducted for students in kindergarten, third, and sixth grades...
October 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876474/bullying-and-hiv-risk-among-high-school-teenagers-the-mediating-role-of-teen-dating-violence
#8
Moses Okumu, Cecilia Mengo, Bernadette Ombayo, Eusebius Small
BACKGROUND: Teen dating violence (TDV), bullying, and HIV risk behaviors are public health concerns that impact adolescents in the United States. National estimates reveal high rates of these risk behaviors among high school students. Based on theoretical and empirical evidence, we hypothesized that experiencing teen dating violence (sexual and physical) would mediate the impact of bullying on HIV risk. METHODS: Data were from the 2013 National Youth Behavior Risk Surveillance Survey (YRBSS) among students who answered questions on bullying, TDV, and HIV risk (N = 13,571)...
October 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876473/sydney-playground-project-a-cluster-randomized-trial-to-increase-physical-activity-play-and-social-skills
#9
Anita Bundy, Lina Engelen, Shirley Wyver, Paul Tranter, Jo Ragen, Adrian Bauman, Louise Baur, Wendy Schiller, Judy M Simpson, Anita N Niehues, Gabrielle Perry, Glenda Jessup, Geraldine Naughton
BACKGROUND: We assessed the effectiveness of a simple intervention for increasing children's physical activity, play, perceived competence/social acceptance, and social skills. METHODS: A cluster-randomized controlled trial was conducted, in which schools were the clusters. Twelve Sydney (Australia) primary schools were randomly allocated to intervention or control conditions, with 226 children (5-7 years old) selected randomly to participate. Data were collected at baseline and after 13 weeks...
October 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766322/concussion-knowledge-and-reporting-behavior-differences-between-high-school-athletes-at-urban-and-suburban-high-schools
#10
Jessica Wallace, Tracey Covassin, Sally Nogle, Daniel Gould, Jeffrey Kovan
BACKGROUND: We determined differences in knowledge of concussion and reporting behaviors of high school athletes attending urban and suburban high schools, and whether a relationship exists between underreporting and access to an athletic trainer in urban schools. METHODS: High school athletes (N = 715) from 14 high schools completed a validated knowledge of concussion survey consisting of 83 questions. The independent variable was school type (urban/suburban). We examined the proportion of athletes who correctly identified signs and symptoms of concussion, knowledge of concussion and reasons why high school athletes would not disclose a potential concussive injury across school classification...
September 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766321/flavored-milk-consumers-drank-more-milk-and-had-a-higher-prevalence-of-meeting-calcium-recommendation-than-nonconsumers
#11
Theresa A Nicklas, Carol O'Neil, Victor Fulgoni
BACKGROUND: Some schools are removing flavored milk because of the perception that it negatively impacts children's overall diet. This study assessed the contribution of flavored milk to their diets. METHODS: Individual usual intakes (IUI) were calculated from 24-hour dietary recalls of children 2-18 years (N = 20,329) participating in National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2001-2012. IUI of >0.25 cup equivalent of flavored dairy milk defined consumers (N = 3564; 56% boys)...
September 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766320/nutrition-education-and-body-mass-index-in-grades-k-12-a-systematic-review
#12
Cayla Price, Deborah Cohen, Peter Pribis, Jean Cerami
BACKGROUND: Overweight and obese body mass index (BMI) status affects an increasing number of children in the United States. The school setting has been identified as a focus area to implement obesity prevention programs. METHODS: A database search of PubMed, Education Search Complete, and Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) was conducted for peer-reviewed articles published between January 2005 and December 2015 pertaining to programs offered in the school setting to grades K-12 in the United States with a nutrition education component and measured BMI percentile or BMI z-score as an outcome...
September 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766319/acceptability-of-school-based-health-centers-for-human-papillomavirus-vaccination-visits-a-mixed-methods-study
#13
Caitlin E Hansen, Edirin Okoloko, Adedotun Ogunbajo, Anna North, Linda M Niccolai
BACKGROUND: Countries with high human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination rates have achieved this success largely through school-based vaccination. Using school-based health centers (SBHCs) in the United States, where HPV vaccine remains underutilized, could improve uptake. In this mixed-methods study, we examined acceptability, facilitators, and barriers of HPV vaccination visits at SBHCs from the perspectives of adolescents and parents. METHODS: We conducted qualitative interviews and structured surveys with adolescents and parents recruited from an urban, hospital-based clinic...
September 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766318/teen-dating-violence-victimization-among-high-school-students-a-multilevel-analysis-of-school-level-risk-factors
#14
Elizabeth M Parker, Sarah Lindstrom Johnson, Katrina J Debnam, Adam J Milam, Catherine P Bradshaw
BACKGROUND: Much etiologic research has focused on individual-level risk factors for teen dating violence (TDV); therefore, less is known about school-level and neighborhood-level risk factors. We examined the association between alcohol outlet density around high schools and TDV victimization and the association between markers of physical disorder around schools and TDV victimization among adolescents. METHODS: Data come from high school students participating in the Maryland Safe and Supportive Schools Initiative...
September 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766317/chronic-childhood-trauma-mental-health-academic-achievement-and-school-based-health-center-mental-health-services
#15
Satu Larson, Susan Chapman, Joanne Spetz, Claire D Brindis
BACKGROUND: Children and adolescents exposed to chronic trauma have a greater risk for mental health disorders and school failure. Children and adolescents of minority racial/ethnic groups and those living in poverty are at greater risk of exposure to trauma and less likely to have access to mental health services. School-based health centers (SBHCs) may be one strategy to decrease health disparities. METHODS: Empirical studies between 2003 and 2013 of US pediatric populations and of US SBHCs were included if research was related to childhood trauma's effects, mental health care disparities, SBHC mental health services, or SBHC impact on academic achievement...
September 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766316/school-based-outcomes-among-youth-with-incarcerated-parents-differences-by-school-setting
#16
Rebecca J Shlafer, Tyler Reedy, Laurel Davis
BACKGROUND: Parental incarceration impacts millions of children in the United States and has important consequences for youths' adjustment and school-based outcomes. METHODS: Using data from a survey of youth behavior in one large Midwestern state, we examined the effect of both present and past parental incarceration on school-based outcomes, across 3 school settings (public schools, alternative learning centers, and juvenile correctional facilities). RESULTS: Parental incarceration was significantly associated with students' poor school-based outcomes; however, these effects varied markedly by school setting...
September 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766315/physical-activity-and-school-absenteeism-due-to-illness-in-adolescents
#17
Renate de Groot, Martin van Dijk, Hans Savelberg, Frederik van Acker, Paul Kirschner
BACKGROUND: Knowledge about the beneficial role of physical activity (PA) for health and school performance is growing. Studies investigating the link between PA and school absenteeism due to illness are lacking. Therefore, we investigated associations between habitual PA and school absenteeism due to illness in adolescents and explored whether mental health and cardiovascular fitness mediated this association. METHODS: We studied 328 students in grades 7 and 9 (mean age 13...
September 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766314/sex-differences-in-contraception-non-use-among-urban-adolescents-risk-factors-for-unintended-pregnancy
#18
Allison R Casola, Deborah B Nelson, Freda Patterson
BACKGROUND: Contraception non-use among sexually active adolescents is a major cause of unintended pregnancy (UP). METHODS: In this cross-sectional study we sought to identify overall and sex-specific correlates of contraception non-use using the 2015 Philadelphia Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) (N = 9540). Multivariate regression models were used to examine mental health, sexual activity, substance use, and violence indicators on reported contraception non-use among sexually active youth...
September 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691177/children-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-self-management-experiences-in-school
#19
Valéria de Cássia Sparapani, Raphael D R Liberatore, Elaine B C Damião, Isa R de Oliveira Dantas, Rosangela A A de Camargo, Lucila C Nascimento
BACKGROUND: Children with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) need to perform self-management activities at school and in other environments. Learning about their experiences at school is crucial to assist them in this challenging task. METHODS: Qualitative interviews were conducted with children with T1DM, aged between 7 and 12. A scenario was created and puppets were used during the interviews to help the participating children to communicate about school, daily routines, and experiences in diabetes management...
August 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691176/attitudes-norms-and-the-effect-of-social-connectedness-on-adolescent-sexual-risk-intention
#20
Julie A Cederbaum, Aubrey J Rodriguez, Kathrine Sullivan, Kandice Gray
BACKGROUND: Risky sexual behaviors put adolescents at increased risk of adverse outcomes. Parents, school-based adults, and peers play important roles in influencing these sex intentions. METHODS: This work explored the influence of parent-child sex communication on adolescent attitudes, perceived norms, and intentions to have sex, including the moderating role of social support from school-based adults, in a sample of 21,731 adolescents in California. RESULTS: Although increased parent-child sex communication was associated with intentions to have sex, it also exhibited protective effects, increasing abstinence attitudes among youth that led to decreased intention directly and via support from school-based adults...
August 2017: Journal of School Health
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