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Journal of School Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224224/healthy-and-ready-to-learn-effects-of-a-school-based-public-health-insurance-outreach-program-for-kindergarten-aged-children
#1
Jade Marcus Jenkins
BACKGROUND: Rates of child insurance coverage have increased due to expansions in public programs, but many eligible children remain uninsured. Uninsured children are less likely to receive preventative care, which leads to poorer health and achievement in the long term. This study is an evaluation of a school-based health insurance outreach initiative, "Healthy and Ready to Learn," aiming to identify and enroll uninsured kindergarteners in areas of high economic need in 16 counties in North Carolina...
January 2018: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224223/altering-the-school-breakfast-environment-reduces-barriers-to-school-breakfast-participation-among-diverse-rural-youth
#2
Mary O Hearst, Amy Shanafelt, Qi Wang, Robert Leduc, Marilyn S Nanney
BACKGROUND: The purpose is to determine if altering school breakfast policies and the school breakfast environment will positively impact adolescent beliefs of the barriers and benefits of eating breakfast. METHODS: There were 904 adolescents from 16 rural high schools, Minnesota, in the BreakFAST Study who reported eating breakfast fewer than 4 times per week at baseline. Schools were randomized to intervention (N = 8 schools) or delayed intervention (N = 8) condition...
January 2018: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224222/chronic-pain-in-the-school-setting-the-teachers-point-of-view
#3
Ester Solé, Elena Castarlenas, Elisabet Sánchez-Rodríguez, Santiago Galán, Rocío de la Vega, Mark P Jensen, Jordi Miró
BACKGROUND: The aims of this study were to (1) examine the reactions of teachers and student teachers to children experiencing pain, (2) identify the most common challenges and potential resources that are associated to dealing with them, and (3) examine whether their responses differed as a function of their experience or sex. METHODS: Forty teachers and 318 student teachers completed a survey which included descriptive information, a questionnaire that assesses different responses of participants to children who experience pain, and provides a list of problems and resources that participants might encounter and implement, respectively, when dealing with these children...
January 2018: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224221/exploring-the-associations-among-nutrition-science-and-mathematics-knowledge-for-an-integrative-food-based-curriculum
#4
Virginia C Stage, Kathryn M Kolasa, Sebastián R Díaz, Melani W Duffrin
BACKGROUND: Explore associations between nutrition, science, and mathematics knowledge to provide evidence that integrating food/nutrition education in the fourth-grade curriculum may support gains in academic knowledge. METHODS: Secondary analysis of a quasi-experimental study. Sample included 438 students in 34 fourth-grade classrooms across North Carolina and Ohio; mean age 10 years old; gender (I = 53.2% female; C = 51.6% female). Dependent variable = post-test-nutrition knowledge; independent variables = baseline-nutrition knowledge, and post-test science and mathematics knowledge...
January 2018: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224220/why-and-how-schools-make-nutrition-education-programs-work
#5
Kathleen J Porter, Pamela A Koch, Isobel R Contento
BACKGROUND: There are many potential health benefits to having nutrition education programs offered by expert outside sources in schools. However, little is known about why and how schools initiate, implement, and institutionalize them. Gaining this understanding may allow the impact and reach of nutrition and other health education programs in schools to be extended. METHODS: A total of 22 school community members from 21 purposefully selected New York City public elementary schools were interviewed using a semistructured interview protocol about their schools' experiences initiating, implementing, and institutionalizing nutrition education programs...
January 2018: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224219/measuring-school-functioning-in-students-with-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-a-systematic-review
#6
Michelle Tollit, Jennifer Politis, Sarah Knight
BACKGROUND: It is often surmised that school functioning is significantly impacted in chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS); however, how this phenomenon manifests itself has rarely been characterized. METHODS: This systematic review synthesized and critically appraised methods, constructs, and instruments used to assess school functioning in students with CFS. Searches were conducted in electronic databases (CINAHL, MEDLINE, PubMed, ERIC, and PsycINFO) to locate empirical studies that measured school functioning in children and adolescents with CFS...
January 2018: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224218/researchers-supporting-schools-to-improve-health-influential-factors-and-outcomes-of-knowledge-brokering-in-the-compass-study
#7
Kristin M Brown, Susan J Elliott, Scott T Leatherdale
BACKGROUND: Although schools are considered opportune settings for youth health interventions, a gap between school health research and practice exists. COMPASS, a longitudinal study of Ontario and Alberta secondary students and schools (2012-2021), used integrated knowledge translation to enhance schools' uptake of research findings. Schools received annual summaries of their students' health behaviors and suggestions for action, and were linked with COMPASS knowledge brokers to support them in making changes to improve student health...
January 2018: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224217/longitudinal-trajectory-of-the-relationship-between-self-esteem-and-substance-use-from-adolescence-to-young-adulthood
#8
Chung Gun Lee, Dong-Chul Seo, Mohammad R Torabi, David K Lohrmann, Tae Min Song
BACKGROUND: We examined the longitudinal trajectory of substance use (binge drinking, marijuana use, and cocaine use) in relation to self-esteem from adolescence to young adulthood. METHODS: Generalized estimating equation models were fit using SAS to investigate changes in the relation between self-esteem and each substance use (binge drinking, marijuana use, and cocaine use) from adolescence to young adulthood. Data were drawn from the 3 waves of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, a nationally representative sample of middle and high school students in the United States (N = 6504)...
January 2018: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224216/association-of-school-based-physical-activity-opportunities-socioeconomic-status-and-third-grade-reading
#9
Ben D Kern, Kim C Graber, Sa Shen, Charles H Hillman, Gabriella McLoughlin
BACKGROUND: Socioeconomic status (SES) is the most accurate predictor of academic performance in US schools. Third-grade reading is highly predictive of high school graduation. Chronic physical activity (PA) is shown to improve cognition and academic performance. We hypothesized that school-based PA opportunities (recess and physical education) would moderate the negative association between SES and third-grade reading. METHODS: Schools serving third-grade students were surveyed (N = 1279) for minutes/week of PA opportunities...
January 2018: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096417/addressing-the-antinomy-between-health-education-and-health-literacy-in-advancing-personal-health-and-public-health-outcomes
#10
Philip A Belcastro, Hardaye Ramsaroop-Hansen
BACKGROUND: Health literacy evolved from a standard of English language proficiency designed to promote patient compliance into an inferential for promoting positive health decision-making and health outcomes. In turn, the United States relegated health literacy as a national strategy to improve personal health and health care outcomes as well as reduce national health care expenditures. METHODS: We reviewed the literature to assess the empirical research about health literacy and health behavior and health status outcomes...
December 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096416/incorporating-trauma-informed-care-into-school-based-programs
#11
Sandra L Martin, Olivia Silber Ashley, LeBretia White, Sarah Axelson, Marc Clark, Barri Burrus
BACKGROUND: This article provides an overview of the rationale and process for incorporating trauma-informed approaches into US school-based programs, using school-based adolescent pregnancy prevention programs as an example. METHODS: Research literature is reviewed on the prevalence and outcomes of childhood trauma, including the links between trauma and pregnancy. Information is then presented concerning the implementation of trauma-informed approaches in school settings, describing activities undertaken, barriers encountered, and outcomes achieved...
December 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096415/associations-of-adolescent-weight-status-and-meeting-national-obesity-related-recommendations
#12
Jessica A Cook, Emily V McCormick, Theresa E Mickiewicz, Arthur J Davidson, Deborah S Main
BACKGROUND: Adolescent overweight and obesity are serious health risks, with prevalence varying by sociodemographic group. Studies link children's weight status and sex/race-ethnic differences with meeting recommendations for physical activity and diet. But, research examining the intersection of sociodemographic characteristics, behavior, and weight status is limited. This paper aims to identify sociodemographic differences in the association between adolescent weight status and meeting 6 national obesity-related recommendations...
December 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096414/developing-the-system-for-observing-behavioral-ecology-for-youth-in-schools-instrument
#13
Kent A Lorenz, Hans van der Mars, Pamela H Kulinna, Barbara E Ainsworth, Melbourne F Hovell
BACKGROUND: Behavioral support may be effective in increasing physical activity (PA) in school settings. However, there are no data collection systems to concurrently record PA and behavioral support. This paper describes the development and validation of the System for Observing Behavioral Ecology for Youth in Schools (SOBEYS)-an instrument used with existing observation systems to record PA within a behavioral ecological context. METHODS: In 2013, experts created a set of behavioral categories to record prompting and reinforcement of PA during a recreational school activity program...
December 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096413/the-physical-activity-environment-and-academic-achievement-in-massachusetts-schoolchildren
#14
Sarah A Amin, Catherine M Wright, Rebecca Boulos, Virginia R Chomitz, Kenneth Chui, Christina D Economos, Jennifer M Sacheck
BACKGROUND: A supportive school-based physical activity environment (PAE) is integral to children's physical activity behaviors, but less understood is its association with academic achievement. We aimed to assess the association between PAE and academic performance and whether a stronger relationship exists in lower-income schools (LIS) compared to middle-income schools (MIS). METHODS: Schoolchildren (grades 3rd to 5th) were recruited from 17 Massachusetts public schools...
December 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096412/stakeholder-perspectives-on-optimizing-communication-in-a-school-centered-asthma-program
#15
Hylke M Snieder, Sarah Nickels, Melanie Gleason, Arthur McFarlane, Stanley J Szefler, Mandy A Allison
BACKGROUND: School-centered asthma programs (SAPs) can be an effective intervention to improve asthma control for underserved populations but little is known about how key stakeholders communicate within these programs. Therefore, our aim was to identify key components of effective communication in a SAP. METHODS: Primary care providers (PCPs), parents and school nurses associated with a SAP in Denver, Colorado participated in interviews and focus groups about their views on effective communication...
December 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096411/health-as-a-predictor-of-students-academic-achievement-a-3-level-longitudinal-study-of-finnish-adolescents
#16
Jaana Minkkinen, Pirjo Lindfors, Jaana Kinnunen, Eerika Finell, Mari-Pauliina Vainikainen, Sakari Karvonen, Arja Rimpelä
BACKGROUND: Studies have shown a relationship between students' health and their academic achievements, but whether health of classmates and schoolmates impacts individual students' school achievement is less known. We studied these effects on students in lower secondary school in Finland. METHODS: Students (seventh grade, age 12-13 years, N = 7779, 123 schools, 565 classes) participated in a classroom survey measuring health (externalizing and internalizing problems, daily health complaints, and long-term illness) and academic achievement...
December 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096410/review-of-education-focused-health-impact-assessments-conducted-in-the-united-states
#17
Lauren N Gase, Amelia R DeFosset, Maxim Gakh, Celia Harris, Susan R Weisman, Andrew L Dannenberg
BACKGROUND: Health impact assessment (HIA) provides a structured process for examining the potential health impacts of proposed policies, plans, programs, and projects. This study systematically reviewed HIAs conducted in the United States on prekindergarten, primary, and secondary education-focused decisions. METHODS: Relevant HIA reports were identified from web sources in late 2015. Key data elements were abstracted from each report. Four case studies were selected to highlight diversity of topics, methods, and impacts of the assessment process...
December 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096409/corrigendum
#18
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096408/associations-between-health-literacy-and-health-behaviors-among-urban-high-school-students
#19
Aesoon Park, Tanya L Eckert, Michelle J Zaso, Lori A J Scott-Sheldon, Peter A Vanable, Kate B Carey, Craig K Ewart, Michael P Carey
BACKGROUND: Health literacy is crucial to develop health-related knowledge, adopt healthy lifestyles, and benefit from health care services. However, research on the association between health literacy and adolescent health outcomes, particularly on their prospective associations, is rare. We assessed health literacy using 3 validated measures, and examined cross-sectional and prospective associations between health literacy and adolescent health behaviors and outcomes. METHODS: We conducted a short-term prospective study of 250 adolescents (mean age = 14 years; 57% female; 48% African American) who were entering or in the ninth grade in an urban school district...
December 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096407/integrating-health-education-in-core-curriculum-classrooms-successes-challenges-and-implications-for-urban-middle-schools
#20
Sonali Rajan, Katherine J Roberts, Laura Guerra, Moira Pirsch, Ernest Morrell
BACKGROUND: School-based health education efforts can positively affect health behaviors and learning outcomes; however, there is limited available time during the school day for separate health education classes. The purpose of this study was to assess the feasibility and sustainability of implementing a classroom-based health education program that integrates skill development with health learning. METHODS: A wait-list control study design was conducted among 168 6th graders in 2 urban schools...
December 2017: Journal of School Health
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