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Journal of School Health

Anna E Greer, Stacey Davis, Cristina Sandolo, Nicole Gaudet, Brianna Castrogivanni
BACKGROUND: Using Social Cognitive Theory as a framework, we examined opportunities for promoting local produce consumption among high school students in a lower-income, ethnically diverse, urban community. METHODS: Six focus groups (N = 53) were conducted with students. Using Atlas.ti qualitative software, data were coded and reviewed to identify code categories which could be taken to represent themes. RESULTS: Students (56.8% girls, 86...
June 2018: Journal of School Health
Harris H-S Kim, JongSerl Chun
BACKGROUND: This study investigates the extent to which friendship network, family relations, and school context are related to adolescent cigarette smoking. Friendship network is measured in terms of delinquent peers; family relations in terms of parental supervision; and school environment in terms of objective (eg, antismoking policy) and subjective (eg, school attachment) characteristics. METHODS: Findings are based on the secondary analysis of the health behavior in school-aged children, 2009-2010...
June 2018: Journal of School Health
David Gregg, Cheryl L Somers, Francesca Maria Pernice, Stephen B Hillman, Poco Kernsmith
BACKGROUND: Risks associated with teen sexting draw increasing concern from teachers and communities as developments in communication software and devices make sharing private content faster and simpler each year. We examined rates, recipients, and predictors of teen sexting to better plan education and preventative policies and strategies. A comprehensive literature review was conducted to determine the most likely predictors of teen sexting using prior survey studies and theoretical conceptions...
June 2018: Journal of School Health
Meg Bruening, Marc A Adams, Punam Ohri-Vachaspati, Jane Hurley
BACKGROUND: Salad bars are placed in schools to promote fruit and vegetable consumption among students. This study assessed differences in school nutrition practices and perceptions in schools with and without salad bars. METHODS: Cross-sectional surveys were completed by school nutrition managers (N = 648) in Arizona schools participating in the National School Lunch Program during 2013-2014. Mixed general estimating equation binomial regressions assessed factors related to having a salad bar after mutually adjusting for clustering within districts, school level, free/reduced rate, and respondents' time in current position...
June 2018: Journal of School Health
Karma Pearce, Rebecca Golley, Lucy Lewis, Leah Cassidy, Timothy Olds, Carol Maher
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine whether there was an association between dietary patterns and children's academic performance. METHODS: This cross-sectional study involved 315 children aged 9-11 years from 26 schools in Australia. Academic performance was measured in 4 domains (reading, writing, numeracy, and language-subdomains: spelling, grammarm and punctuation) using the National Assessment Program in Literacy and Numeracy (NAPLAN). A self-reported child questionnaire collected dietary intake data...
June 2018: Journal of School Health
Jonathan G Tubman, Alan Meca, Seth J Schwartz, Andrew W Egbert
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Journal of School Health
Fiona M Asigbee, Stephen D Whitney, Catherine E Peterson
BACKGROUND: Research demonstrates a link between decreased cognitive function in overweight school-aged children and improved cognitive function among students with high fitness levels and children engaging in regular physical activity (PA). The purpose of this study was to examine whether regular PA and proper nutrition together had a significant effect on academic achievement. METHODS: Using the seventh wave of the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class 1998-99 (ECLS-K) dataset, linear regression analysis with a Jackknife resampling correction was conducted to analyze the relationship among nutrition, PA, and academic achievement, while controlling for socioeconomic status, age, and sex...
June 2018: Journal of School Health
Kayla N Fair, Kayce D Solari Williams, Judith Warren, E Lisako Jones McKyer, Marcia G Ory
BACKGROUND: Although the influence of organizational culture has been examined on a variety of student outcomes, few studies consider the influence that culture may have on school-based obesity prevention interventions. We present a systematic review of the literature to examine how elements of organizational culture may affect the adoption, implementation, and sustainability of school-based obesity prevention interventions. METHODS: Fourteen studies examining the impact of organizational-level characteristics on school-based obesity prevention interventions were identified through the online databases EBSCO (CINAHL, ERIC, Agricola), Web of Science, Medline (PubMed), and Scopus...
June 2018: Journal of School Health
Susan P Harvey, Deborah Markenson, Cheryl A Gibson
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a complex health problem affecting more than one-third of school-aged youth. The increasing obesity rates in Kansas and Missouri has been particularly concerning, with efforts being made to improve student health through the implementation of school wellness policies (SWPs). The primary purpose of this study was to conduct a rigorous assessment of SWPs in the bi-state region. METHODS: SWPs were collected from 46 school districts. The Wellness School Assessment Tool (WellSAT) was used to assess comprehensiveness and strength...
May 2018: Journal of School Health
Hsiang-Ru Lai, Der-Min Wu, Pi-Hsia Lee, Yu-Siang Jhang
BACKGROUND: Health education (HE) courses in schools are vital paths for improving teenagers' health literacy. HE and physical education (PE) teachers lead HE courses, and their teaching intentions and competency influence the effectiveness of the courses and the ability to promote students' health literacy. This study attempted to understand HE and PE teachers' health literacy teaching intentions and professional competency and to investigate their relationships. METHODS: This study adopted a cross-sectional design...
May 2018: Journal of School Health
Deborah A Temkin, Daniel Princiotta, Renee Ryberg, Daniel S Lewin
BACKGROUND: Although adolescents generally get less than the recommended 9 hours of sleep per night, research and effort to delay school start times have generally focused on high schools. This study assesses the relation between school start times and sleep in middle school students while accounting for potentially confounding demographic variables. METHODS: Seventh and eighth grade students attending 8 late starting schools (∼8:00 am, n = 630) and 3 early starting schools (∼7:23 am, n = 343) from a diverse suburban school district completed online surveys about their sleep behaviors...
May 2018: Journal of School Health
Denise Hughes, Kristin Maiden
BACKGROUND: Currently, no intervention concerning transition of health care responsibilities from parents to teens exists for adolescents in the general population. The purpose of this intervention was to evaluate teacher satisfaction and student knowledge gain of a health unit developed for adolescents on becoming their own health care advocates. METHODS: Throughout the 2014-2015 school year, 13 health and career technical education teachers in 11 Delaware high schools taught the unit to 948 students in 2 90-minute classes in 35 classrooms...
May 2018: Journal of School Health
Justine W Welsh, Valeria Tretyak, Nancy Rappaport
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Journal of School Health
Susan L Hogue, Rafael Muniz, Christopher Herrem, Suyapa Silvia, Martha V White
BACKGROUND: Anaphylaxis is a serious and growing concern in the school setting as the prevalence of food allergies and food-induced severe allergic reactions continues to increase. METHODS: A cross-sectional, web-based survey was conducted regarding anaphylactic events that occurred during the 2014-2015 school year. Eligible schools were enrolled in the EPIPEN4SCHOOLS® program (Mylan Specialty L.P., Canonsburg, PA), which provides free epinephrine auto-injectors to qualifying US schools...
May 2018: Journal of School Health
Jessica Fishman, Rinad Beidas, Erica Reisinger, David S Mandell
BACKGROUND: School-based interventions can result in profound social, behavioral, and academic improvement for students with autism, but teachers rarely implement them. It is important to understand why this occurs and use this information to increase the use of evidence-based practices. Toward this goal, 2 proof-of-construct studies demonstrate the theoretical and methodological advantages of measuring behavioral intentions to use specific practices. METHODS: Two observational studies enrolled public school teachers who work with students with autism...
May 2018: Journal of School Health
Michael J Mann, Alfgeir L Kristjansson, Megan L Smith, Shay M Daily, Sabena Thomas, Sharon Murray
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Journal of School Health
Lindsey Turner, Hannah G Calvert, Frank J Chaloupka
BACKGROUND: School policies and practices, such as the sharing of school facilities with the surrounding community, support physical activity among students and community members, but are often underutilized. This study examined variations in shared use practices, and associations with perceived barriers. METHODS: Surveys were completed by a nationally representative sample of 640 public elementary schools across the United States. Administrators reported on their school's practices related to the shared use of indoor and outdoor facilities, and perceived barriers to sharing...
May 2018: Journal of School Health
Ryan R Kapa, Jeremy Luke, Dorothy Moulthrop, Belinda Gimbert
BACKGROUND: Victimization in schools is not limited to students. Teachers increasingly face threats and attacks from their students. An authoritative school environment, characterized by high structure and support, has been associated with lower rates of victimization. The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between authoritative school environments and teacher victimization rates. METHODS: Researchers examined public school teacher responses (N = 37,497) from the Schools and Staffing Survey regarding rules and issues facing the school community...
April 2018: Journal of School Health
Amanda Terry
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of the coverage of state legislation and the expansiveness ratings of state model policies on the state-level prevalence of bullying in schools. METHODS: The state-level prevalence of bullying in schools was based on cross-sectional data from the 2013 High School Youth Risk Behavior Survey. Multiple regression was conducted to determine whether the coverage of state legislation and the expansiveness rating of a state model policy affected the state-level prevalence of bullying in schools...
April 2018: Journal of School Health
Zhenzhou Bao, Chuansheng Chen, Wei Zhang, Yanping Jiang, Jianjun Zhu, Xuefen Lai
BACKGROUND: Although previous research indicates an association between school connectedness and adolescents' sleep quality, its causal direction has not been determined. This study used a 2-wave cross-lagged panel analysis to explore the likely causal direction between these 2 constructs. METHODS: Participants were 888 Chinese adolescents (43.80% boys; Mage = 15.55) who provided self-report data on school connectedness and sleep quality as well as demographic variables at the beginning and the end of a school year...
April 2018: Journal of School Health
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