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Journal of School Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463450/school-based-sleep-education-programs-for-short-sleep-duration-in-adolescents-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Ka-Fai Chung, Man-Sum Chan, Ying-Yin Lam, Cindy Sin-Yee Lai, Wing-Fai Yeung
BACKGROUND: Insufficient sleep among students is a major school health problem. School-based sleep education programs tailored to reach large number of students may be one of the solutions. A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to summarize the programs' effectiveness and current status. METHODS: Electronic databases were searched up until May 2015. Randomized controlled trials of school-based sleep intervention among 10- to 19-year-old students with outcome on total sleep duration were included...
June 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463449/school-and-neighborhood-predictors-of-physical-fitness-in-elementary-school-students
#2
David Kahan, Thomas L McKenzie
BACKGROUND: We assessed the associations of 5 school and 7 neighborhood variables with fifth-grade students achieving Healthy Fitness Zone (HFZ) or Needs Improvement-Health Risk (NI-HR) on aerobic capacity (AC) and body composition (BC) physical fitness components of the state-mandated FITNESSGRAM(®) physical fitness test. METHODS: Data for outcome (physical fitness) and predictor (school and neighborhood) variables were extracted from various databases (eg, Data Quest, Walk Score(®) ) for 160 schools located in San Diego, California...
June 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463448/effect-of-forced-sexual-intercourse-on-associations-between-early-sexual-debut-and-other-health-risk-behaviors-among-us-high-school-students
#3
Richard Lowry, Leah Robin, Laura Kann
BACKGROUND: Previous research on associations between early sexual debut and other health risk behaviors has not examined the effect of forced sexual intercourse on those associations. METHODS: We analyzed data from a nationally representative sample of 19,240 high school students in the United States, age ≥16 years, to describe the effect of forced sexual intercourse on associations between early sexual debut and other health risk behaviors using adjusted prevalence ratios (APR)...
June 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463447/trend-analysis-of-bullying-victimization-prevalence-in-spanish-adolescent-youth-at-school
#4
Inmaculada Sánchez-Queija, Irene García-Moya, Carmen Moreno
BACKGROUND: We analyze trends in bullying victimization prevalence in a representative sample of Spanish adolescent schoolchildren in 2006, 2010, and 2014. METHODS: We distinguish between reported bullying, which is assessed via the global question in the Revised Bully/Victim Questionnaire by Olweus, and observed bullying, which is a measure developed from the answers that the adolescents gave to specific items that refer to different types of bullying that have been codified as physical, verbal, and relational bullying...
June 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463446/a-review-of-implementation-outcome-measures-of-school-based-physical-activity-interventions
#5
Sonam Shah, Kenneth R Allison, Nour Schoueri-Mychasiw, Beata Pach, Heather Manson, Karen Vu-Nguyen
BACKGROUND: Measuring the implementation of school-based physical activity (PA) interventions is an important prerequisite in assessing their impact. Prior to conducting a study to assess the implementation of the daily physical activity (DPA) policy in Ontario, Canada, a literature review was conducted to identify existing survey instruments to measure 5 implementation outcomes: adoption, fidelity, implementation cost, reach, and sustainability. METHODS: A search for survey instruments to assess these implementation outcomes at the teacher and school administrator levels was conducted in 7 bibliographic databases, as well as the gray literature...
June 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463445/strategies-to-address-unmet-needs-and-facilitate-return-to-learn-guideline-adoption-following-concussion
#6
Vivian H Lyons, Megan Moore, Roxanne Guiney, Rajiv C Ayyagari, Leah Thompson, Frederick P Rivara, Robin Fleming, Deborah Crawley, Dawn Harper, Monica S Vavilala
BACKGROUND: Many students do not receive return to learn (RTL) services upon return to academics following a concussion. METHODS: Using a mixed-methods approach, we conducted a survey of RTL practices and experiences in Washington State schools between January 2015 and June 2015. We then held a statewide summit of RTL stakeholders and used a modified Delphi process to develop a consensus-based RTL implementation model and process. RESULTS: Survey participants included 83 educators, 57 school nurses, 14 administrators, and 30 parents, representing 144 schools in rural and urban areas...
June 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463444/response-of-school-districts-to-the-new-york-state-concussion-awareness-and-management-act-review-of-policies-and-procedures
#7
Maria Kajankova, Jennifer M Oswald, Lauren M Terranova, Michael V Kaplen, Anne F Ambrose, Lisa A Spielman, Wayne A Gordon
BACKGROUND: By 2014, all states implemented concussion laws that schools must translate into daily practice; yet, limited knowledge exists regarding implementation of these laws. We examined the extent to which concussion management policies and procedure (P&P) documents of New York State school districts comply with the State's Concussion Awareness and Management Act (the Act). We also aimed to identify barriers to compliance. METHODS: Forty-seven school districts provided P&P documents...
June 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463443/implementing-a-nutrition-and-physical-activity-curriculum-in-head-start-through-an-academic-community-partnership
#8
Whitney E Zahnd, Tracey Smith, Susan J Ryherd, Melissa Cleer, Valerie Rogers, David E Steward
BACKGROUND: Schools may be an effective avenue for interventions that prevent childhood obesity. I am Moving I am Learning/Choosy Kids(©) (IMIL/CK) is a curriculum recommended by Head Start (HS) for education in nutrition, physical activity, and healthy lifestyle habits. METHODS: We formed an academic-community partnership (ACP), the Springfield Collaborative for Active Child Health, to promote prevention of childhood obesity, in part, to implement the IMIL/CK curriculum in local HS sites...
June 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463442/understanding-perceptions-of-school-administrators-related-to-school-breakfast-in-a-low-school-breakfast-participation-state
#9
Natoshia M Askelson, Elizabeth H Golembiewski, Ann Bobst, Patti J Delger, Carrie A Scheidel
BACKGROUND: The National School Breakfast Program (SBP) is a federally funded program that allows states to offer nutritious breakfast to K-12 students. However, rates of SBP participation are low in some rural states, and the reasons are not well understood. The purpose of the study was to explore administrators' perceptions, attitudes, and beliefs related to the SBP, and factors they identify as barriers or facilitators to increased participation. METHODS: Data were collected from a cross-sectional, online survey of K-12 school administrators (N = 152) in a rural, midsized Midwestern state fielded over an academic year...
June 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382673/association-of-school-characteristics-and-implementation-in-the-x-it-study-a-school-randomized-smoking-prevention-program
#10
Lotus S Bast, Pernille Due, Annette K Ersbøll, Mogens T Damsgaard, Anette Andersen
BACKGROUND: Assessment of implementation is essential for the evaluation of school-based preventive activities. Interventions are more easily implemented in schools if detailed instructional manuals, lesson plans, and materials are provided; however, implementation may also be affected by other factors than the intervention itself-for example, school-level characteristics, such as principal support and organizational capacity. We examined school-level characteristics of schools in groups of high, medium, and low implementation of a smoking prevention intervention...
May 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382672/a-multidisciplinary-research-framework-on-green-schools-infrastructure-social-environment-occupant-health-and-performance
#11
Sheryl Magzamen, Adam P Mayer, Stephanie Barr, Lenora Bohren, Brian Dunbar, Dale Manning, Stephen J Reynolds, Joshua W Schaeffer, Jordan Suter, Jennifer E Cross
BACKGROUND: Sustainable school buildings hold much promise to reducing operating costs, improve occupant well-being and, ultimately, teacher and student performance. However, there is a scarcity of evidence on the effects of sustainable school buildings on health and performance indicators. We sought to create a framework for a multidisciplinary research agenda that links school facilities, health, and educational outcomes. METHODS: We conducted a nonsystematic review of peer review publications, government documents, organizational documents, and school climate measurement instruments...
May 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382671/relationships-among-student-staff-and-administrative-measures-of-school-climate-and-student-health-and-academic-outcomes
#12
Lauren N Gase, Louis M Gomez, Tony Kuo, Beth A Glenn, Moira Inkelas, Ninez A Ponce
BACKGROUND: School climate is an integral part of a comprehensive approach to improving the well-being of students; however, little is known about the relationships between its different domains and measures. We examined the relationships between student, staff, and administrative measures of school climate to understand the extent to which they were related to each other and student outcomes. METHODS: The sample included 33,572 secondary school students from 121 schools in Los Angeles County during the 2014-2015 academic year...
May 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382670/marijuana-and-alcohol-use-as-predictors-of-academic-achievement-a-longitudinal-analysis-among-youth-in-the-compass-study
#13
Karen A Patte, Wei Qian, Scott T Leatherdale
BACKGROUND: We tested the effect of initiating marijuana and alcohol use at varying frequencies on academic indices. METHODS: In a sample of 26,475 grade 9-12 students with at least 2 years of linked longitudinal data from year 1 (Y1: 2012-2013), year 2 (Y2: 2013-2014), and year 3 (Y3: 2014-2015) of the COMPASS study, separate multinomial generalized estimating equations models tested the likelihood of responses to measures of academic goals, engagement, preparedness, and performance when shifting from never using alcohol or marijuana at baseline to using them at varying frequencies at follow -up...
May 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382669/effectiveness-of-a-playground-intervention-for-antisocial-prosocial-and-physical-activity-behaviors
#14
Carlene A Mayfield, Stephanie Child, Robert G Weaver, Nicole Zarrett, Michael W Beets, Justin B Moore
BACKGROUND: We examined the effectiveness of Peaceful Playgrounds™ (P2) to decrease antisocial behaviors (ASB) while increasing physical activity (PA) and prosocial behaviors (PSB) in elementary school children. METHODS: A longitudinal, cluster-randomized design was employed in 4 elementary school playgrounds where students (third to fifth) from 2 intervention and 2 control schools were observed during recess periods. The intervention included environmental changes (eg, marked surfaces) and student education...
May 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382668/the-association-of-physical-activity-and-academic-behavior-a-systematic-review
#15
Rachel A Sullivan, AnnMarie H Kuzel, Michael E Vaandering, Weiyun Chen
BACKGROUND: In this systematic review, we assessed the existing research describing the effects of physical activity (PA) on academic behavior, with a special focus on the effectiveness of the treatments applied, study designs, outcome measures, and results. METHODS: We obtained data from various journal search engines and 218 journal articles were downloaded that were relevant to PA and academic performance topics. The abstracts of all the articles were independently peer reviewed to assess whether they met the inclusion criteria for further analysis...
May 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382667/substance-use-among-transgender-students-in-california-public-middle-and-high-schools
#16
Kris Tunac De Pedro, Tamika D Gilreath, Christopher Jackson, Monica Christina Esqueda
BACKGROUND: Transgender adolescents face tremendous social stress in families and schools, which often leads to behavioral health disparities. This study assessed whether rates of substance use were higher among transgender adolescents when compared to nontransgender adolescents. METHODS: This study is a secondary data analysis of the 2013-2015 California Healthy Kids Survey (CHKS) that examines whether rates of substance use are higher among transgender youth when compared to nontransgender youth...
May 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382666/improving-school-experiences-for-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes
#17
Saori S Kise, Amanda Hopkins, Sandra Burke
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus (diabetes) is one of the most common metabolic diseases in children worldwide and the incidence of type 1 diabetes (T1D) is growing. T1D is complicated to manage and adolescents with diabetes face unique, age-specific challenges. The purpose of this article is to discuss ways in which schools can create a positive environment and improve the experiences and outcomes for adolescents with T1D. METHODS: The Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) and PubMed databases were searched and yielded a total of 27 articles that were used in this integrative literature review...
May 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382665/reported-motivations-for-and-locations-of-healthy-eating-among-georgia-high-school-students
#18
Gayathri S Kumar, Michael Bryan, Rana Bayakly, Cherie Drenzek, Caitlin Merlo, Geraldine S Perry
BACKGROUND: Understanding how youth perceive eating healthy foods can inform programs and policies that aim to improve healthy eating. We assessed the reasons for and the most common locations of eating healthy foods among Georgia's (GA) high school (HS) students. METHODS: Using the 2013 GA HS Youth Risk Behavior Survey, we examined motivations for and locations of eating healthy foods by sociodemographic characteristics and daily fruit and vegetable intake. Weighted chi-square tests were used to examine differences in responses for each perception...
May 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382664/patterns-in-vegetable-consumption-implications-for-tailored-school-meal-interventions
#19
Marietta Orlowski, Miryoung Lee, William Spears, Roopsi Narayan, Rebecca S Pobocik, Julie Kennel, Erin Krafka, Susan Patton
BACKGROUND: Vegetable consumption is a challenging behavioral target; consumption rates are below recommended levels and when interventions produce improvements, increases in vegetable consumption are typically a fraction of the change in fruit consumption. We describe vegetable consumption within Ohio school meals and examine how fruit selection, the more popular item, impacts vegetable consumption. METHODS: Fruit and vegetable waste was collected on 11,250 trays from 17 elementary and 16 middle/high schools, using the quarter-waste visualization method...
May 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260247/demographic-differences-in-district-level-policies-related-to-school-mental-health-and-social-services-united-states-2012
#20
Zewditu Demissie, Nancy Brener
BACKGROUND: Mental health conditions among youth are a major concern. Schools can play an important role in supporting students affected by these conditions. This study examined district-level school health policies related to mental health and social services to determine if they varied by district demographic characteristics. METHODS: The School Health Policies and Practices Study (SHPPS) 2012 collected cross-sectional data on school health policies and practices from a nationally representative sample of public school districts (N = 684)...
April 2017: Journal of School Health
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