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Journal of School Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382673/association-of-school-characteristics-and-implementation-in-the-x-it-study-a-school-randomized-smoking-prevention-program
#1
Lotus S Bast, Pernille Due, Annette K Ersbøll, Mogens T Damsgaard, Anette Andersen
BACKGROUND: Assessment of implementation is essential for the evaluation of school-based preventive activities. Interventions are more easily implemented in schools if detailed instructional manuals, lesson plans, and materials are provided; however, implementation may also be affected by other factors than the intervention itself-for example, school-level characteristics, such as principal support and organizational capacity. We examined school-level characteristics of schools in groups of high, medium, and low implementation of a smoking prevention intervention...
May 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382672/a-multidisciplinary-research-framework-on-green-schools-infrastructure-social-environment-occupant-health-and-performance
#2
Sheryl Magzamen, Adam P Mayer, Stephanie Barr, Lenora Bohren, Brian Dunbar, Dale Manning, Stephen J Reynolds, Joshua W Schaeffer, Jordan Suter, Jennifer E Cross
BACKGROUND: Sustainable school buildings hold much promise to reducing operating costs, improve occupant well-being and, ultimately, teacher and student performance. However, there is a scarcity of evidence on the effects of sustainable school buildings on health and performance indicators. We sought to create a framework for a multidisciplinary research agenda that links school facilities, health, and educational outcomes. METHODS: We conducted a nonsystematic review of peer review publications, government documents, organizational documents, and school climate measurement instruments...
May 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382671/relationships-among-student-staff-and-administrative-measures-of-school-climate-and-student-health-and-academic-outcomes
#3
Lauren N Gase, Louis M Gomez, Tony Kuo, Beth A Glenn, Moira Inkelas, Ninez A Ponce
BACKGROUND: School climate is an integral part of a comprehensive approach to improving the well-being of students; however, little is known about the relationships between its different domains and measures. We examined the relationships between student, staff, and administrative measures of school climate to understand the extent to which they were related to each other and student outcomes. METHODS: The sample included 33,572 secondary school students from 121 schools in Los Angeles County during the 2014-2015 academic year...
May 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382670/marijuana-and-alcohol-use-as-predictors-of-academic-achievement-a-longitudinal-analysis-among-youth-in-the-compass-study
#4
Karen A Patte, Wei Qian, Scott T Leatherdale
BACKGROUND: We tested the effect of initiating marijuana and alcohol use at varying frequencies on academic indices. METHODS: In a sample of 26,475 grade 9-12 students with at least 2 years of linked longitudinal data from year 1 (Y1: 2012-2013), year 2 (Y2: 2013-2014), and year 3 (Y3: 2014-2015) of the COMPASS study, separate multinomial generalized estimating equations models tested the likelihood of responses to measures of academic goals, engagement, preparedness, and performance when shifting from never using alcohol or marijuana at baseline to using them at varying frequencies at follow -up...
May 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382669/effectiveness-of-a-playground-intervention-for-antisocial-prosocial-and-physical-activity-behaviors
#5
Carlene A Mayfield, Stephanie Child, Robert G Weaver, Nicole Zarrett, Michael W Beets, Justin B Moore
BACKGROUND: We examined the effectiveness of Peaceful Playgrounds™ (P2) to decrease antisocial behaviors (ASB) while increasing physical activity (PA) and prosocial behaviors (PSB) in elementary school children. METHODS: A longitudinal, cluster-randomized design was employed in 4 elementary school playgrounds where students (third to fifth) from 2 intervention and 2 control schools were observed during recess periods. The intervention included environmental changes (eg, marked surfaces) and student education...
May 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382668/the-association-of-physical-activity-and-academic-behavior-a-systematic-review
#6
Rachel A Sullivan, AnnMarie H Kuzel, Michael E Vaandering, Weiyun Chen
BACKGROUND: In this systematic review, we assessed the existing research describing the effects of physical activity (PA) on academic behavior, with a special focus on the effectiveness of the treatments applied, study designs, outcome measures, and results. METHODS: We obtained data from various journal search engines and 218 journal articles were downloaded that were relevant to PA and academic performance topics. The abstracts of all the articles were independently peer reviewed to assess whether they met the inclusion criteria for further analysis...
May 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382667/substance-use-among-transgender-students-in-california-public-middle-and-high-schools
#7
Kris Tunac De Pedro, Tamika D Gilreath, Christopher Jackson, Monica Christina Esqueda
BACKGROUND: Transgender adolescents face tremendous social stress in families and schools, which often leads to behavioral health disparities. This study assessed whether rates of substance use were higher among transgender adolescents when compared to nontransgender adolescents. METHODS: This study is a secondary data analysis of the 2013-2015 California Healthy Kids Survey (CHKS) that examines whether rates of substance use are higher among transgender youth when compared to nontransgender youth...
May 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382666/improving-school-experiences-for-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes
#8
Saori S Kise, Amanda Hopkins, Sandra Burke
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus (diabetes) is one of the most common metabolic diseases in children worldwide and the incidence of type 1 diabetes (T1D) is growing. T1D is complicated to manage and adolescents with diabetes face unique, age-specific challenges. The purpose of this article is to discuss ways in which schools can create a positive environment and improve the experiences and outcomes for adolescents with T1D. METHODS: The Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) and PubMed databases were searched and yielded a total of 27 articles that were used in this integrative literature review...
May 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382665/reported-motivations-for-and-locations-of-healthy-eating-among-georgia-high-school-students
#9
Gayathri S Kumar, Michael Bryan, Rana Bayakly, Cherie Drenzek, Caitlin Merlo, Geraldine S Perry
BACKGROUND: Understanding how youth perceive eating healthy foods can inform programs and policies that aim to improve healthy eating. We assessed the reasons for and the most common locations of eating healthy foods among Georgia's (GA) high school (HS) students. METHODS: Using the 2013 GA HS Youth Risk Behavior Survey, we examined motivations for and locations of eating healthy foods by sociodemographic characteristics and daily fruit and vegetable intake. Weighted chi-square tests were used to examine differences in responses for each perception...
May 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382664/patterns-in-vegetable-consumption-implications-for-tailored-school-meal-interventions
#10
Marietta Orlowski, Miryoung Lee, William Spears, Roopsi Narayan, Rebecca S Pobocik, Julie Kennel, Erin Krafka, Susan Patton
BACKGROUND: Vegetable consumption is a challenging behavioral target; consumption rates are below recommended levels and when interventions produce improvements, increases in vegetable consumption are typically a fraction of the change in fruit consumption. We describe vegetable consumption within Ohio school meals and examine how fruit selection, the more popular item, impacts vegetable consumption. METHODS: Fruit and vegetable waste was collected on 11,250 trays from 17 elementary and 16 middle/high schools, using the quarter-waste visualization method...
May 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260247/demographic-differences-in-district-level-policies-related-to-school-mental-health-and-social-services-united-states-2012
#11
Zewditu Demissie, Nancy Brener
BACKGROUND: Mental health conditions among youth are a major concern. Schools can play an important role in supporting students affected by these conditions. This study examined district-level school health policies related to mental health and social services to determine if they varied by district demographic characteristics. METHODS: The School Health Policies and Practices Study (SHPPS) 2012 collected cross-sectional data on school health policies and practices from a nationally representative sample of public school districts (N = 684)...
April 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260246/fulfilling-the-common-core-standards-and-meeting-students-needs-for-depression-education-adap
#12
Mary Beth Beaudry, Lisa Townsend, Kathryn Heley, Emma Cogan, Nicholas Schweizer, Karen Swartz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260245/sexuality-and-hiv-education-in-charter-schools-an-exploratory-study-with-principals-in-san-diego-county-california
#13
Eric R Walsh-Buhi, Brandon Dao, Linda Salgin, James Marshall, Rachel Miller, Doug Fisher, Margaret Walsh-Buhi
BACKGROUND: Schools can address critical sexual and reproductive health (SRH) issues among youth. However, little is known about SRH education being implemented in charter schools. Thus, our purpose was to explore implementation of SRH education in charter schools. METHODS: Using purposive sampling, semistructured telephone interviews were conducted with 20 charter school principals in San Diego County, California. Questions were guided by the Kaiser Family Foundation National Survey of Public Secondary School Principals...
April 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260244/lessons-learned-from-the-implementation-of-brighter-bites-a-food-co-op-to-increase-access-to-fruits-and-vegetables-and-nutrition-education-among-low-income-children-and-their-families
#14
Shreela V Sharma, Joanne Chow, Michael Pomeroy, Margaret Raber, David Salako, Christine Markham
BACKGROUND: Food co-op models have gained popularity as a mechanism for offering affordable, quality produce. We describe the challenges, successes, and lessons learned from implementation of a school-based program using a food co-op model combined with nutrition education to improve access to and intake of fresh fruits and vegetables among low-income children and their families. METHODS: Brighter Bites is a 16-week intervention comprising of fresh produce deliveries, recipe demonstrations, and nutrition education...
April 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260243/aggressive-and-violent-behavior-and-emotional-self-efficacy-is-there-a-relationship-for-adolescents
#15
Robert F Valois, Keith J Zullig, Asa A Revels
BACKGROUND: In this cross-sectional study we explored relationships between aggressive and violent behaviors and emotional self-efficacy (ESE) in a statewide sample of public high school adolescents in South Carolina (N = 3836). METHODS: The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Youth Risk Behavior Survey items on aggressive and violent behavior items and an adolescent ESE scale were used. Logistic regression analyses and multivariate models constructed separately, revealed significant race by sex findings...
April 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260242/analyzing-who-when-and-where-data-for-better-targeting-of-resources-for-school-based-asthma-interventions
#16
Loren H Raun, Laura A Campos, Elizabeth Stevenson, Katherine B Ensor, Gwen Johnson, David Persse
BACKGROUND: Rates of uncontrolled asthma vary by demographics, space, and time. This article uses data on ambulance-treated asthma attacks in children to analyze these variations so that school districts can improve their asthma management interventions. METHODS: Incidence rates of 1826 ambulance-treated asthma attacks for children aged 5-18 years were calculated for school zones for elementary, middle, and high schools in the Houston (Texas) Independent School District (HISD)...
April 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260241/association-of-self-perceived-physical-competence-and-leisure-time-physical-activity-in-childhood-a-follow-up-study
#17
Lotta Hamari, Olli J Heinonen, Minna Aromaa, Riitta Asanti, Leena Koivusilta, Pasi Koski, Camilla Laaksonen, Jaakko Matomäki, Katja Pahkala, Anni Pakarinen, Sakari Suominen, Sanna Salanterä
BACKGROUND: The basis of self-perceived physical competence is built in childhood and school personnel have an important role in this developmental process. We investigated the association between initial self-perceived physical competence and reported leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) longitudinally in 10-, 12-, and 15-year-old children. METHODS: This longitudinal follow-up study comprises pupils from an elementary school cohort (N = 1346) in the city of Turku, Finland (175,000 inhabitants)...
April 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260240/cost-effectiveness-of-ready-for-recess-to-promote-physical-activity-in-children
#18
Hongmei Wang, Tao Li, Mohammad Siahpush, Li-Wu Chen, Jennifer Huberty
BACKGROUND: Many school-based recess interventions have been shown to be effective in increasing physical activity but their relative efficiency compared to other school-based programs are unknown. This study examined the cost-effectiveness of Ready for Recess, a program designed to increase students' physical activity in 2 elementary schools. METHODS: Standard cost-effectiveness analysis method was used from a program's perspective for this study. Program effectiveness was measured as total metabolic equivalent (MET) hours gained...
April 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260239/ten-year-secular-trends-in-youth-violence-results-from-the-philadelphia-youth-risk-behavior-survey-2003-2013
#19
Andrew C Pool, Freda Patterson, Ingrid Y Luna, Bernadette Hohl, Katherine W Bauer
BACKGROUND: Youth violence reduction is a public health priority, yet few studies have examined secular trends in violence among urban youth, who may be particularly vulnerable to numerous forms of violence. This study examines 10-year secular trends in the prevalence of violence-related behaviors among Philadelphia high school students. METHODS: Repeated cross-sectional data were analyzed from 5 waves of the Philadelphia Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) from 2003 to 2013...
April 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147461/investigating-how-to-align-schools-marketing-environments-with-federal-standards-for-competitive-foods
#20
Michele Polacsek, Liam M O'Brien, Elizabeth Pratt, Janet Whatley-Blum, Sabrina Adler
BACKGROUND: Limiting food and beverage marketing to children is a promising approach to influence children's nutrition behavior. School-based marketing influences nutrition behavior and studies have consistently found marketing for nonnutritious foods and beverages in schools. No studies have examined the resources necessary to align school marketing environments with federal school nutrition standards. The purpose of this study was to determine how to improve school marketing environments so that they align with new federal competitive food nutrition standards...
March 2017: Journal of School Health
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