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Journal of School Health

Zewditu Demissie, Nancy Brener
BACKGROUND: Mental health conditions among youth are a major concern. Schools can play an important role in supporting students affected by these conditions. This study examined district-level school health policies related to mental health and social services to determine if they varied by district demographic characteristics. METHODS: The School Health Policies and Practices Study (SHPPS) 2012 collected cross-sectional data on school health policies and practices from a nationally representative sample of public school districts (N = 684)...
April 2017: Journal of School Health
Mary Beth Beaudry, Lisa Townsend, Kathryn Heley, Emma Cogan, Nicholas Schweizer, Karen Swartz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Journal of School Health
Eric R Walsh-Buhi, Brandon Dao, Linda Salgin, James Marshall, Rachel Miller, Doug Fisher, Margaret Walsh-Buhi
BACKGROUND: Schools can address critical sexual and reproductive health (SRH) issues among youth. However, little is known about SRH education being implemented in charter schools. Thus, our purpose was to explore implementation of SRH education in charter schools. METHODS: Using purposive sampling, semistructured telephone interviews were conducted with 20 charter school principals in San Diego County, California. Questions were guided by the Kaiser Family Foundation National Survey of Public Secondary School Principals...
April 2017: Journal of School Health
Shreela V Sharma, Joanne Chow, Michael Pomeroy, Margaret Raber, David Salako, Christine Markham
BACKGROUND: Food co-op models have gained popularity as a mechanism for offering affordable, quality produce. We describe the challenges, successes, and lessons learned from implementation of a school-based program using a food co-op model combined with nutrition education to improve access to and intake of fresh fruits and vegetables among low-income children and their families. METHODS: Brighter Bites is a 16-week intervention comprising of fresh produce deliveries, recipe demonstrations, and nutrition education...
April 2017: Journal of School Health
Robert F Valois, Keith J Zullig, Asa A Revels
BACKGROUND: In this cross-sectional study we explored relationships between aggressive and violent behaviors and emotional self-efficacy (ESE) in a statewide sample of public high school adolescents in South Carolina (N = 3836). METHODS: The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Youth Risk Behavior Survey items on aggressive and violent behavior items and an adolescent ESE scale were used. Logistic regression analyses and multivariate models constructed separately, revealed significant race by sex findings...
April 2017: Journal of School Health
Loren H Raun, Laura A Campos, Elizabeth Stevenson, Katherine B Ensor, Gwen Johnson, David Persse
BACKGROUND: Rates of uncontrolled asthma vary by demographics, space, and time. This article uses data on ambulance-treated asthma attacks in children to analyze these variations so that school districts can improve their asthma management interventions. METHODS: Incidence rates of 1826 ambulance-treated asthma attacks for children aged 5-18 years were calculated for school zones for elementary, middle, and high schools in the Houston (Texas) Independent School District (HISD)...
April 2017: Journal of School Health
Lotta Hamari, Olli J Heinonen, Minna Aromaa, Riitta Asanti, Leena Koivusilta, Pasi Koski, Camilla Laaksonen, Jaakko Matomäki, Katja Pahkala, Anni Pakarinen, Sakari Suominen, Sanna Salanterä
BACKGROUND: The basis of self-perceived physical competence is built in childhood and school personnel have an important role in this developmental process. We investigated the association between initial self-perceived physical competence and reported leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) longitudinally in 10-, 12-, and 15-year-old children. METHODS: This longitudinal follow-up study comprises pupils from an elementary school cohort (N = 1346) in the city of Turku, Finland (175,000 inhabitants)...
April 2017: Journal of School Health
Hongmei Wang, Tao Li, Mohammad Siahpush, Li-Wu Chen, Jennifer Huberty
BACKGROUND: Many school-based recess interventions have been shown to be effective in increasing physical activity but their relative efficiency compared to other school-based programs are unknown. This study examined the cost-effectiveness of Ready for Recess, a program designed to increase students' physical activity in 2 elementary schools. METHODS: Standard cost-effectiveness analysis method was used from a program's perspective for this study. Program effectiveness was measured as total metabolic equivalent (MET) hours gained...
April 2017: Journal of School Health
Andrew C Pool, Freda Patterson, Ingrid Y Luna, Bernadette Hohl, Katherine W Bauer
BACKGROUND: Youth violence reduction is a public health priority, yet few studies have examined secular trends in violence among urban youth, who may be particularly vulnerable to numerous forms of violence. This study examines 10-year secular trends in the prevalence of violence-related behaviors among Philadelphia high school students. METHODS: Repeated cross-sectional data were analyzed from 5 waves of the Philadelphia Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) from 2003 to 2013...
April 2017: Journal of School Health
Michele Polacsek, Liam M O'Brien, Elizabeth Pratt, Janet Whatley-Blum, Sabrina Adler
BACKGROUND: Limiting food and beverage marketing to children is a promising approach to influence children's nutrition behavior. School-based marketing influences nutrition behavior and studies have consistently found marketing for nonnutritious foods and beverages in schools. No studies have examined the resources necessary to align school marketing environments with federal school nutrition standards. The purpose of this study was to determine how to improve school marketing environments so that they align with new federal competitive food nutrition standards...
March 2017: Journal of School Health
Dominic Thorrington, Sooria Balasegaram, Paul Cleary, Catherine Hay, Ken Eames
BACKGROUND: Influenza is a cause of considerable morbidity in England, particularly among children. A total of 39% of all influenza-attributable general practitioner consultations and 37% of all influenza-attributable hospital admissions occur in those aged under 15 years. Few studies have quantified the impact of influenza outbreaks on families. We assessed this impact during 2 influenza seasons. METHODS: We used questionnaires to obtain data in primary schools that reported an outbreak of an influenza-like-illness (ILI)...
March 2017: Journal of School Health
Amy L Gower, Molly Cousin, Iris W Borowsky
BACKGROUND: Although nearly all states in the United States require school districts to adopt anti-bullying policies, little research examines the effect of these policies on student bullying and health. Using a statewide sample, we investigated associations between the quality of school district anti-bullying policies and student bullying involvement and adjustment. METHODS: School district anti-bullying policies (N = 208) were coded for their quality based on established criteria...
March 2017: Journal of School Health
Timothy O Ihongbe, Susan Cha, Saba W Masho
BACKGROUND: Research has shown that early age of sexual debut is associated with physical dating violence (PDV), but sex-specific associations are sparse. We estimated the prevalence of PDV victimization in high school students who have initiated sexual intercourse and examined sex-specific association between age of sexual debut and PDV victimization. METHODS: Data on 8637 students in grades 9 through 12 who had initiated sex was obtained from the 2009-2011 national Youth Risk Behavior Survey...
March 2017: Journal of School Health
Sasha A Fleary
BACKGROUND: Several studies have used latent class analyses to explore obesogenic behaviors and substance use in adolescents independently. We explored a variety of health risks jointly to identify distinct patterns of risk behaviors among adolescents. METHODS: Latent class models were estimated using Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS) 2011 data. Behaviors in the models included substance use, physical fights, physical activity (PA), sedentary activity, sleep, fruit and vegetables (F&V) consumption, and weight-related variables...
March 2017: Journal of School Health
Ann L Coker, Heather M Bush, Diane R Follingstad, Candace J Brancato
BACKGROUND: In 2013, President Obama lifted the federal ban on gun violence research. The current study provides one of the first reports to estimate household gun ownership as reported by youth. METHODS: In this cohort study of 3006 high school seniors from 24 schools, we examined the frequency of household guns ownership. RESULTS: About 65% reported having at least 1 gun in their household. White males were more likely to have a gun and to have more guns than other demographically characterized groups...
March 2017: Journal of School Health
Chelsey R Schlechter, Richard R Rosenkranz, Bronwyn S Fees, David A Dzewaltowski
BACKGROUND: Preschool children are recommended to spend at least 15 minutes/hour (25% time) in light-to-vigorous physical activity (total physical activity, TPA). Preschool provider practices, such as whether children are put in small group or whole-group activities, are likely to affect children's TPA levels during preschool. The current study characterized the pattern of physical activity across the preschool day, and examined the relationship of location and social arrangement to TPA...
March 2017: Journal of School Health
Rebecca L Elkins, Keith King, Laura Nabors, Rebecca Vidourek
BACKGROUND: Steroid use among adolescents is an increasing health concern. Literature examining factors related to steroid use is limited. METHODS: We investigated steroid use among 9th through 12th grade adolescents in the Greater Cincinnati area. A total of 38,414 adolescents completed the PRIDE Questionnaire. Associations between demographics, school factors, parent factors, sport participation, and steroid use were examined. RESULTS: A total of 2...
March 2017: Journal of School Health
Jeong-Sil Choi, Ji-Soo Kim
BACKGROUND: We explored the relationship between body mass index-for-age percentile, body image distortion, and unnecessary weight loss efforts in Korean adolescent girls who are underweight and normal weight and examined the mediating effect of body image distortion on weight loss efforts. METHODS: This study used data from the 2013 Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey conducted by the Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The study sample comprised 29,633 Korean adolescent girls who are normal weight and underweight...
March 2017: Journal of School Health
Erin Grinshteyn, Y T Yang
BACKGROUND: We examined the relationship between exposure to electronic bullying and absenteeism as a result of being afraid. METHODS: This multivariate, multinomial regression analysis of the 2013 Youth Risk Behavior Survey data assessed the association between experiencing electronic bullying in the past year and how often students were absent in the last month due to feeling unsafe at/in transit to school. The model controlled for other predictors of school absence including demographics, physical/behavioral health, and risk factors...
February 2017: Journal of School Health
Helena H Laroche, Christine Hradek, Kate Hansen, Andrew S Hanks, David R Just, Brian Wansink
BACKGROUND: A previous sales data analysis demonstrated success in selling healthier items at a concession stand. Questions remained regarding student satisfaction and whether the intervention reached non-health-conscious students. METHODS: Cross-sectional anonymous samples of students at a large midwestern high school were surveyed before and after an intervention improved the number of healthier items available at the concession stand. RESULTS: The survey was completed by 301 students preintervention and 314 students postintervention...
February 2017: Journal of School Health
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