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Journal of School Health

Valéria de Cássia Sparapani, Raphael D R Liberatore, Elaine B C Damião, Isa R de Oliveira Dantas, Rosangela A A de Camargo, Lucila C Nascimento
BACKGROUND: Children with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) need to perform self-management activities at school and in other environments. Learning about their experiences at school is crucial to assist them in this challenging task. METHODS: Qualitative interviews were conducted with children with T1DM, aged between 7 and 12. A scenario was created and puppets were used during the interviews to help the participating children to communicate about school, daily routines, and experiences in diabetes management...
August 2017: Journal of School Health
Julie A Cederbaum, Aubrey J Rodriguez, Kathrine Sullivan, Kandice Gray
BACKGROUND: Risky sexual behaviors put adolescents at increased risk of adverse outcomes. Parents, school-based adults, and peers play important roles in influencing these sex intentions. METHODS: This work explored the influence of parent-child sex communication on adolescent attitudes, perceived norms, and intentions to have sex, including the moderating role of social support from school-based adults, in a sample of 21,731 adolescents in California. RESULTS: Although increased parent-child sex communication was associated with intentions to have sex, it also exhibited protective effects, increasing abstinence attitudes among youth that led to decreased intention directly and via support from school-based adults...
August 2017: Journal of School Health
Emily Thompson, David C Johnson, Amy Leite-Bennett, Yingmei Ding, Komal Mehrotra
BACKGROUND: Hennepin County partnered with schools to implement lunchroom strategies to encourage fruit and vegetable consumption. An in-depth evaluation measured changes in consumption following implementation of encouragement strategies including slicing apples and attractive labels. METHODS: A pre-post prospective evaluation measured changes in average fruit and vegetable consumption at 2 elementary schools. The plate waste method was used to weigh individual waste...
August 2017: Journal of School Health
Lisa Townsend, Rashelle Musci, Elizabeth Stuart, Anne Ruble, Mary B Beaudry, Barbara Schweizer, Megan Owen, Carly Goode, Sarah L Johnson, Catherine Bradshaw, Holly Wilcox, Karen Swartz
BACKGROUND: Although school climate is linked with youth educational, socioemotional, behavioral, and health outcomes, there has been limited research on the association between school climate and mental health education efforts. We explored whether school climate was associated with students' depression literacy and mental health stigma beliefs. METHODS: Data were combined from 2 studies: the Maryland Safe Supportive Schools Project and a randomized controlled trial of the Adolescent Depression Awareness Program...
August 2017: Journal of School Health
Yuka Asada, Margaret Ziemann, Lara Zatz, Jamie Chriqui
BACKGROUND: The Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010 (HHFKA) directed the US Department of Agriculture (USDA) to revise school meal standards to increase healthy food offerings. A critical stakeholder in the implementation of standards is Food Service Directors (FSDs). We sought to examine FSDs' perspectives on revised school meal standards to gain insight into successful implementation strategies. METHODS: Semistructured interviews were conducted with FSDs (N = 9) from high schools that had achieved HealthierUS Schools Challenge: Smarter Lunchrooms (HUSSC: SL) status...
August 2017: Journal of School Health
Kerli Mooses, Maret Pihu, Eva-Maria Riso, Aave Hannus, Priit Kaasik, Merike Kull
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) is important to mental and physical health. Physical education (PE) lessons have the potential to increase daily moderate to vigorous PA (MVPA) and reduce sedentary time (SED). We measured MVPA and SED in primary school PE, determined the contribution of PE to daily MVPA and SED, and compared PA on days with and without PE. METHODS: PA was measured in 504 first (ages 7-9) and second (ages 10-12) school level children for 1 school week, with inclusion criteria of at least 10 hours of valid data...
August 2017: Journal of School Health
Ranbir M Bains, Regina Cusson, Jesse White-Frese, Stephen Walsh
BACKGROUND: We summarize utilization patterns for mental health services in school-based health centers. METHODS: Administrative data on school-based health center visits in New Haven, Connecticut were examined for the 2007-2009 school years. Relative frequencies of mental health visits by age were calculated as a percentage of all visits and were stratified by sex, ethnicity/race, and insurance status. RESULTS: Mental health visits accounted for the highest proportion of visits (31...
August 2017: Journal of School Health
Bevan A Craig, Darren P Morton, Lillian M Kent, Terry L Butler, Paul M Rankin, Kevin R Price
BACKGROUND: We examined the body mass index (BMI) of students attending Seventh-day Adventist (Adventist) schools in Australia in 2001 and 2012. METHODS: A total of 3069 students attending Adventist schools in Australia responded to a health and lifestyle survey in 2001 (N = 1335) and 2012 (N = 1734). The survey captured self-reported height and weight, demographics (age, sex, year level, religion), and select health behaviors. RESULTS: Compared with national norms, lower rates of overweight and obesity were observed in the study cohort, but higher rates of underweight...
August 2017: Journal of School Health
Lisa K Mundy, Louise Canterford, Dawn Tucker, Jordana Bayer, Helena Romaniuk, Susan Sawyer, Petra Lietz, Gerry Redmond, Jenny Proimos, Nicholas Allen, George Patton
BACKGROUND: Many emotional and behavioral problems first emerge in primary school and are the forerunners of mental health problems occurring in adolescence. However, the extent that these problems may be associated with academic failure has been explored less. We aimed to quantify the association between emotional and behavioral problems with academic performance. METHODS: A stratified random sample of 8- to 9-year-olds (N = 1239) were recruited from schools in Australia...
August 2017: Journal of School Health
Carolyn M Porta, Erin Singer, Christopher J Mehus, Amy L Gower, Elizabeth Saewyc, Windy Fredkove, Marla E Eisenberg
BACKGROUND: Gay-Straight Alliances (GSAs) are school-based clubs that can contribute to a healthy school climate for lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and questioning (LGBTQ) youth. While positive associations between health behaviors and GSAs have been documented, less is known about how youth perceive GSAs. METHODS: A total of 58 LGBTQ youth (14-19 years old) mentioned GSAs during go-along interviews in 3 states/provinces in North America. These 446 comments about GSAs were thematically coded and organized using Atlas...
July 2017: Journal of School Health
Courtney Kase, Sharon Hoover, Gina Boyd, Kristina D West, Joel Dubenitz, Pamala A Trivedi, Hilary J Peterson, Bradley D Stein
BACKGROUND: There is an unmet need for behavioral health support and services among children and adolescents, which school behavioral health has the potential to address. Existing reviews and meta-analyses document the behavioral health benefits of school behavioral health programs and frameworks, but few summaries of the academic benefits of such programs exist. We provide exemplars of the academic benefits of school behavioral health programs and frameworks. METHODS: A literature review identified school behavioral health-related articles and reports...
July 2017: Journal of School Health
Claire A Raible, Rebecca Dick, Fern Gilkerson, Cheryl S Mattern, Lisa James, Elizabeth Miller
BACKGROUND: Project Connect is a national program to build partnerships among public health agencies and domestic violence services to improve the health care sector response to partner and sexual violence. Pennsylvania piloted the first school nurse-delivered adolescent relationship abuse intervention in the certified school nurses' office setting. The purpose of this study was to assess the feasibility of implementing this prevention intervention. METHODS: In 5 schools in Pennsylvania, school nurses completed a survey before and 1 year after receiving training on implementing the intervention as well as a phone interview...
July 2017: Journal of School Health
Seul Ki Choi, Edward A Frongillo, Christine E Blake, James F Thrasher
BACKGROUND: To improve school store food environments, the South Korean government implemented 2 policies restricting unhealthy food sales in school stores. A food-based policy enacted in 2007 restricts specific food sales (soft drinks); and a nutrient-based policy enacted in 2009 restricts energy-dense and nutrient-poor (EDNP) food sales. The purpose of the study was to assess how the 2 policies have changed the school store food environment. METHODS: Foods sold in school stores in Seoul, South Korea were observed before (2006, 15 stores) and after (2013, 12 stores) implementation of the school store policies...
July 2017: Journal of School Health
Victoria Tsai, Nomana M Khan, Jianrong Shi, Jeanette Rainey, Hongjiang Gao, Yenlik Zheteyeva
BACKGROUND: School closure is one of the primary measures considered during severe influenza pandemics and other emergencies. However, prolonged school closures may cause unintended adverse consequences to schools, students, and their families. A better understanding of these consequences will inform prepandemic planning, and help public health and education authorities in making informed decisions when considering school closures. METHODS: We conducted a household survey and interviewed school officials following an 8-day long closure of a school district in rural Illinois...
July 2017: Journal of School Health
Joanne Delk, Melissa B Harrell, Tala H I Fakhouri, Katelyn A Muir, Cheryl L Perry
BACKGROUND: Computerized surveys present many advantages over paper surveys. However, school-based adolescent research questionnaires still mainly rely on paper-and-pencil surveys as access to computers in schools is often not practical. Tablet-assisted self-interviews (TASI) present a possible solution, but their use is largely untested. This paper presents a method for and our experiences with implementing a TASI in a school setting. METHODS: A TASI was administered to 3907 middle and high school students from 79 schools...
July 2017: Journal of School Health
Carolyn Layzer, Lauren Rosapep, Sherry Barr
BACKGROUND: This process study is a companion to a randomized evaluation of a school-based, peer-led comprehensive sexual health education program, Teen Prevention Education Program (Teen PEP), in which 11th- and 12th-grade students are trained by school health educators to conduct informative workshops with ninth-grade peers in schools in North Carolina. The process study was designed to understand youth participants' perspectives on the program in order to gain insight into program effectiveness...
July 2017: Journal of School Health
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July 2017: Journal of School Health
Elizabeth A Baker, Michael Elliott, Ellen Barnidge, Amy Estlund, Ross C Brownson, Anne Milne, Freda Kershaw, Derek Hashimoto
BACKGROUND: Schools are an important setting for improving behaviors associated with obesity, including physical activity. However, within schools there is often a tension between spending time on activities promoting academic achievement and those promoting physical activity. METHODS: A community-based intervention provided administrators and teachers with a training on evidence-based public health and then collaborated with them to identify and implement environmental (walking track) and local school policy interventions (brain breaks)...
July 2017: Journal of School Health
Erica Y Lau, Marsha Dowda, Kerry L McIver, Russell R Pate
BACKGROUND: We examined longitudinal changes in children's physical activity during the school day, afterschool, and evening across fifth, sixth, and seventh grades. METHODS: The analytical sample included children who had valid accelerometer data in fifth grade and at least one other time-point, and provided complete sociodemographic information (N = 768, 751, and 612 for the 3 time-periods studied). Accelerometer-derived total physical activity (TPA) and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) were expressed in minutes per hour for the school day (∼7:45 am to 3:30 pm), afterschool (∼2:25 to 6:00 pm), and evening (6:00 to 10:00 pm) periods...
July 2017: Journal of School Health
Ka-Fai Chung, Man-Sum Chan, Ying-Yin Lam, Cindy Sin-Yee Lai, Wing-Fai Yeung
BACKGROUND: Insufficient sleep among students is a major school health problem. School-based sleep education programs tailored to reach large number of students may be one of the solutions. A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to summarize the programs' effectiveness and current status. METHODS: Electronic databases were searched up until May 2015. Randomized controlled trials of school-based sleep intervention among 10- to 19-year-old students with outcome on total sleep duration were included...
June 2017: Journal of School Health
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