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Journal of School Health

Kathleen R Case, Maria Cooper, MeLisa Creamer, Dale Mantey, Steven Kelder
BACKGROUND: Being a victim of bullying is associated with greater risk of youth substance use; however, research specifically examining whether tobacco use behaviors differ among adolescents who were bullied at school only, electronically only, or both at school and electronically is limited. METHODS: We examined the associations between being a victim of bullying (at school only, electronically only, or both at school and electronically) and use of tobacco products using data from the 2013 national Youth Risk Behavior Survey...
November 2016: Journal of School Health
Sabrina A Karczewski, Jocelyn S Carter, Draycen D DeCator
BACKGROUND: Rates of obesity have risen disproportionately for ethnic minority youth in the United States. School-based programs may be the most comprehensive and cost-effective way to implement primary prevention in children. In this study we evaluated the effect of a school-based obesity prevention on the outcome of body mass index percentile (BMI%), with baseline weight class and ethnicity examined as moderators. METHODS: Participants (N = 125), ages 7-11 (56% female) from 4 urban, low-income, ethnic minority (58% black, 42% Latino) schools were recruited...
November 2016: Journal of School Health
Rimante Ronto, Lauren Ball, Donna Pendergast, Neil D Harris
BACKGROUND: Food literacy can encourage adolescents to develop healthy dietary patterns. This study examined home economics teachers' (HET) perspectives of the importance, curriculum, self-efficacy, and food environments regarding food literacy in secondary schools in Australia. METHODS: A 20-item cross-sectional survey was completed by 205 HETs. The survey focused on the importance of aspects of food literacy, HETs' self-efficacy, and attitudes toward food literacy and schools' food environments...
November 2016: Journal of School Health
Pascale Morin, Alexandre Lebel, Éric Robitaille, Sherri Bisset
BACKGROUND: School environments providing a wide selection of physical activities and sufficient facilities are both essential and formative to ensure young people adopt active lifestyles. We describe the association between school opportunities for physical activity and socioeconomic factors measured by low-income cutoff index, school size (number of students), and neighborhood population density. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey using a 2-stage stratified sampling method built a representative sample of 143 French-speaking public schools in Quebec, Canada...
November 2016: Journal of School Health
Yang Bai, Pedro F Saint-Maurice, Gregory J Welk, Kelly Allums-Featherston, Norma Candelaria
BACKGROUND: To advance research on youth fitness promotion it is important to understand factors that may explain the disparities in fitness. METHODS: We evaluated data from the FitnessGram NFL PLAY60 Partnership Project to examine school factors influencing aerobic capacity (AC) and body mass index (BMI) in schoolchildren. Individual observations for AC (157,971 students from 675 schools) and BMI (178,274 students from 630 schools) were aggregated to compute the percentage of students achieving the Healthy Fitness Zone (HFZ)...
November 2016: Journal of School Health
Saloshni Naidoo, Benn K Satorius, Hein de Vries, Myra Taylor
BACKGROUND: Bullying behavior in schools can lead to psychosocial problems. School-based interventions are important in raising student awareness, developing their skills and in planning to reduce bullying behavior. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial, using a school-based educational intervention to reduce verbal bullying, was conducted among grade 10 students in 16 urban and rural schools in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa in 2013. Baseline and postintervention questionnaires, developed using the Integrated Model for Behavior Change theoretical model, were used to assess changes in verbal bullying...
November 2016: Journal of School Health
Terri Rebmann, Michael B Elliott, Deborah Artman, Matthew VanNatta, Mary Wakefield
BACKGROUND: A 2011 nationwide school pandemic preparedness study found schools to be deficient. We examined the impact of a school nurse educational intervention aimed at improving K-12 school biological event preparedness. METHODS: Missouri Association of School Nurses (MASN) members were e-mailed a survey link in fall 2013 (ie, preintervention), links to online education modules (ie, intervention) in late fall, and a postintervention survey link in spring, 2014...
November 2016: Journal of School Health
Mia A Papas, Jillian C Trabulsi, Michelle Axe, James H Rimmer
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity is a major public health concern. Children with disabilities have a higher prevalence of obesity. OBJECTIVE: We examined factors associated with obesity within a cross-sectional study of US adolescents with and without disabilities. METHODS: Data were obtained from the 2011 Youth Risk Behavior Survey. Logistic regression models were fitted to assess effects of dietary habits, physical activity, and unhealthy weight control behaviors on obesity...
November 2016: Journal of School Health
Yi-Chun Lin, Alyce D Fly
BACKGROUND: We attempted to determine effects of the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Program (FFVP) on variety and frequency of fruit and vegetable intake by students in schools from different locales. METHODS: Data were derived from the 2011-2012 Indiana FFVP Student Survey completed by 4229 fourth-sixth graders. Effects were studied within 2 groups, 39 city and suburb schools, and 12 town and rural schools. Differences in students' responses over time to 2 items measuring variety and 10 items measuring fruit and vegetable intake frequency were determined with multilevel regression models...
November 2016: Journal of School Health
Joseph Donnelly, Robert R Horn, Michael Young, Andrada E Ivanescu
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the study was to examine the effects of the "Yes You Can!" (YYC) curriculum on sexual knowledge and behavioral intent of program participants. METHODS: Participants included students ages 10-14 from schools in a northeast US urban area. Yes You Can! program lessons were designed to support healthy relationships. The curriculum was taught by trained instructors. The testing instrument was a 30-item questionnaire, which included sexual knowledge and intent items...
October 2016: Journal of School Health
Timothy Watts, Kelly L Wilson, Elisa B McNeill, Brittany L Rosen, Nancy Daley Moore, Matthew L Smith
BACKGROUND: We examine personal characteristics, alcohol consumption, normative beliefs, household factors, and extracurricular engagement associated with intentions to have intercourse before marriage among abstinent students. METHODS: Data were analyzed from 245 freshmen enrolled in a school-based abstinence-only-until-marriage program. Two binary logistic regression analyses identified factors associated with intentions to engage in intercourse before marriage and within the next year...
October 2016: Journal of School Health
Erin R Hager, Diana S Rubio, G Stewart Eidel, Erin S Penniston, Megan Lopes, Brit I Saksvig, Renee E Fox, Maureen M Black
BACKGROUND: Written local wellness policies (LWPs) are mandated in school systems to enhance opportunities for healthy eating/activity. LWP effectiveness relies on school-level implementation. We examined factors associated with school-level LWP implementation. Hypothesized associations included system support for school-level implementation and having a school-level wellness team/school health council (SHC), with stronger associations among schools without disparity enrollment (majority African-American/Hispanic or low-income students)...
October 2016: Journal of School Health
Vivien Suchert, Reiner Hanewinkel, Barbara Isensee
BACKGROUND: To examine associations of cardiorespiratory fitness, physical activity (PA) and weight status with academic achievement 1 year later. In addition, the mediating role of psychological variables was tested. METHODS: Longitudinal analyses included 1011 German students (M = 14.1 years, SD = 0.6 years). Cardiorespiratory fitness was determined with the 20 m shuttle run test. Compliance with PA guidelines was assessed through questionnaire. Weight status was based on body mass index percentiles...
October 2016: Journal of School Health
R Glenn Weaver, Anthony Crimarco, Timothy A Brusseau, Collin A Webster, Ryan D Burns, James C Hannon
BACKGROUND: Schools should provide children 30 minutes/day of moderate-to-vigorous-physical-activity (MVPA). Determining school day segments that contribute to children's MVPA can inform school-based activity promotion. The purpose of this paper was to identify the proportion of children accumulating 30 minutes/day of school-based MVPA, and to identify school day segments' contribution to children's MVPA. METHODS: First-third graders (N = 323 [173 girls and 150 boys]) accelerometer-derived sedentary behaviors, light activity, and MVPA were measured for 1 to 5 school days...
October 2016: Journal of School Health
Melinda C Bier, Lara Zwarun, Stephen A Sherblom
BACKGROUND: Susceptibility to future smoking, positive beliefs about smoking, and perceptions of antismoking norms are all factors that are associated with future smoking. In previous research, smoking media literacy (SML) has been associated with these variables, even when controlling for other known risk factors for smoking. However, these studies were performed with older teenagers, often in high school, not younger teens at a crucial developmental point with respect to the decision to begin smoking...
October 2016: Journal of School Health
Hannah L Weisman, Maryam Kia-Keating, Ann Lippincott, Zachary Taylor, Jimmy Zheng
BACKGROUND: Researchers have emphasized the importance of integrating mental health education with academic curriculum. The focus of the current studies was Mental Health Matters (MHM), a mental health curriculum that is integrated with English language arts. It is taught by trained community member volunteers and aims to increase knowledge and decrease stigma toward individuals with mental health disorders. METHODS: In Study 1, 142 sixth graders participated in MHM and completed pre- and postprogram measures of mental health knowledge, stigma, and program acceptability...
October 2016: Journal of School Health
Lori Pbert, Susan Druker, Bruce Barton, Kristin L Schneider, Barbara Olendzki, Mary A Gapinski, Stephen Kurtz, Stavroula Osganian
BACKGROUND: Given the dramatic increase in adolescent overweight and obesity, models are needed for implementing weight management treatment through readily accessible venues. We evaluated the acceptability and efficacy of a school-based intervention consisting of school nurse-delivered counseling and an afterschool exercise program in improving diet, activity, and body mass index (BMI) among overweight and obese adolescents. METHODS: A pair-matched cluster-randomized controlled school-based trial was conducted in which 8 public high schools were randomized to either a 12-session school nurse-delivered cognitive-behavioral counseling intervention plus school-based after school exercise program, or 12-session nurse contact with weight management information (control)...
October 2016: Journal of School Health
Mikkel P Andersen, Rikke N Mortensen, Henrik Vardinghus-Nielsen, Jesper Franch, Christian Torp-Pedersen, Henrik Bøggild
BACKGROUND: Time spent on physical activity in elementary school has been altered to improve core academics. However, little is known about the relationship between physical fitness and academic achievement. We examined the association between physical fitness and academic achievement and investigated the influence of parental socioeconomic status and ethnicity. METHODS: Participants were 542 girls and 577 boys aged 13 to 15 residing in the Danish municipality of Aalborg...
September 2016: Journal of School Health
Javier Benítez-Porres, Iván López-Fernández, Juan Francisco Raya, Sabrina Álvarez Carnero, José Ramón Alvero-Cruz, Elvis Álvarez Carnero
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) assessment by questionnaire is a cornerstone in the field of sport epidemiology studies. The Physical Activity Questionnaire for Children (PAQ-C) has been used widely to assess PA in healthy school populations. The aim of this study was to evaluate the reliability and validity of the PAQ-C questionnaire in Spanish children using triaxial accelerometry as criterion. METHODS: Eighty-three (N = 46 boys, N = 37 girls) healthy children (age 10...
September 2016: Journal of School Health
Abigail Arons, Mara Decker, Jennifer Yarger, Jan Malvin, Claire D Brindis
BACKGROUND: Local implementation of evidence-based curricula, including sex education, has received increasing attention. Although there are expectations that practitioners will implement evidence-based programs with fidelity, little is known regarding the experiences of instructors in meeting such standards. During 2005 to 2009, the California Department of Public Health funded local agencies through its Teen Pregnancy Prevention Programs (TPP) to provide comprehensive sex education...
September 2016: Journal of School Health
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