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Journal of School Health

Carolyn M Porta, Erin Singer, Christopher J Mehus, Amy L Gower, Elizabeth Saewyc, Windy Fredkove, Marla E Eisenberg
BACKGROUND: Gay-Straight Alliances (GSAs) are school-based clubs that can contribute to a healthy school climate for lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and questioning (LGBTQ) youth. While positive associations between health behaviors and GSAs have been documented, less is known about how youth perceive GSAs. METHODS: A total of 58 LGBTQ youth (14-19 years old) mentioned GSAs during go-along interviews in 3 states/provinces in North America. These 446 comments about GSAs were thematically coded and organized using Atlas...
July 2017: Journal of School Health
Courtney Kase, Sharon Hoover, Gina Boyd, Kristina D West, Joel Dubenitz, Pamala A Trivedi, Hilary J Peterson, Bradley D Stein
BACKGROUND: There is an unmet need for behavioral health support and services among children and adolescents, which school behavioral health has the potential to address. Existing reviews and meta-analyses document the behavioral health benefits of school behavioral health programs and frameworks, but few summaries of the academic benefits of such programs exist. We provide exemplars of the academic benefits of school behavioral health programs and frameworks. METHODS: A literature review identified school behavioral health-related articles and reports...
July 2017: Journal of School Health
Claire A Raible, Rebecca Dick, Fern Gilkerson, Cheryl S Mattern, Lisa James, Elizabeth Miller
BACKGROUND: Project Connect is a national program to build partnerships among public health agencies and domestic violence services to improve the health care sector response to partner and sexual violence. Pennsylvania piloted the first school nurse-delivered adolescent relationship abuse intervention in the certified school nurses' office setting. The purpose of this study was to assess the feasibility of implementing this prevention intervention. METHODS: In 5 schools in Pennsylvania, school nurses completed a survey before and 1 year after receiving training on implementing the intervention as well as a phone interview...
July 2017: Journal of School Health
Seul Ki Choi, Edward A Frongillo, Christine E Blake, James F Thrasher
BACKGROUND: To improve school store food environments, the South Korean government implemented 2 policies restricting unhealthy food sales in school stores. A food-based policy enacted in 2007 restricts specific food sales (soft drinks); and a nutrient-based policy enacted in 2009 restricts energy-dense and nutrient-poor (EDNP) food sales. The purpose of the study was to assess how the 2 policies have changed the school store food environment. METHODS: Foods sold in school stores in Seoul, South Korea were observed before (2006, 15 stores) and after (2013, 12 stores) implementation of the school store policies...
July 2017: Journal of School Health
Victoria Tsai, Nomana M Khan, Jianrong Shi, Jeanette Rainey, Hongjiang Gao, Yenlik Zheteyeva
BACKGROUND: School closure is one of the primary measures considered during severe influenza pandemics and other emergencies. However, prolonged school closures may cause unintended adverse consequences to schools, students, and their families. A better understanding of these consequences will inform prepandemic planning, and help public health and education authorities in making informed decisions when considering school closures. METHODS: We conducted a household survey and interviewed school officials following an 8-day long closure of a school district in rural Illinois...
July 2017: Journal of School Health
Joanne Delk, Melissa B Harrell, Tala H I Fakhouri, Katelyn A Muir, Cheryl L Perry
BACKGROUND: Computerized surveys present many advantages over paper surveys. However, school-based adolescent research questionnaires still mainly rely on paper-and-pencil surveys as access to computers in schools is often not practical. Tablet-assisted self-interviews (TASI) present a possible solution, but their use is largely untested. This paper presents a method for and our experiences with implementing a TASI in a school setting. METHODS: A TASI was administered to 3907 middle and high school students from 79 schools...
July 2017: Journal of School Health
Carolyn Layzer, Lauren Rosapep, Sherry Barr
BACKGROUND: This process study is a companion to a randomized evaluation of a school-based, peer-led comprehensive sexual health education program, Teen Prevention Education Program (Teen PEP), in which 11th- and 12th-grade students are trained by school health educators to conduct informative workshops with ninth-grade peers in schools in North Carolina. The process study was designed to understand youth participants' perspectives on the program in order to gain insight into program effectiveness...
July 2017: Journal of School Health
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July 2017: Journal of School Health
Elizabeth A Baker, Michael Elliott, Ellen Barnidge, Amy Estlund, Ross C Brownson, Anne Milne, Freda Kershaw, Derek Hashimoto
BACKGROUND: Schools are an important setting for improving behaviors associated with obesity, including physical activity. However, within schools there is often a tension between spending time on activities promoting academic achievement and those promoting physical activity. METHODS: A community-based intervention provided administrators and teachers with a training on evidence-based public health and then collaborated with them to identify and implement environmental (walking track) and local school policy interventions (brain breaks)...
July 2017: Journal of School Health
Erica Y Lau, Marsha Dowda, Kerry L McIver, Russell R Pate
BACKGROUND: We examined longitudinal changes in children's physical activity during the school day, afterschool, and evening across fifth, sixth, and seventh grades. METHODS: The analytical sample included children who had valid accelerometer data in fifth grade and at least one other time-point, and provided complete sociodemographic information (N = 768, 751, and 612 for the 3 time-periods studied). Accelerometer-derived total physical activity (TPA) and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) were expressed in minutes per hour for the school day (∼7:45 am to 3:30 pm), afterschool (∼2:25 to 6:00 pm), and evening (6:00 to 10:00 pm) periods...
July 2017: Journal of School Health
Ka-Fai Chung, Man-Sum Chan, Ying-Yin Lam, Cindy Sin-Yee Lai, Wing-Fai Yeung
BACKGROUND: Insufficient sleep among students is a major school health problem. School-based sleep education programs tailored to reach large number of students may be one of the solutions. A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to summarize the programs' effectiveness and current status. METHODS: Electronic databases were searched up until May 2015. Randomized controlled trials of school-based sleep intervention among 10- to 19-year-old students with outcome on total sleep duration were included...
June 2017: Journal of School Health
David Kahan, Thomas L McKenzie
BACKGROUND: We assessed the associations of 5 school and 7 neighborhood variables with fifth-grade students achieving Healthy Fitness Zone (HFZ) or Needs Improvement-Health Risk (NI-HR) on aerobic capacity (AC) and body composition (BC) physical fitness components of the state-mandated FITNESSGRAM(®) physical fitness test. METHODS: Data for outcome (physical fitness) and predictor (school and neighborhood) variables were extracted from various databases (eg, Data Quest, Walk Score(®) ) for 160 schools located in San Diego, California...
June 2017: Journal of School Health
Richard Lowry, Leah Robin, Laura Kann
BACKGROUND: Previous research on associations between early sexual debut and other health risk behaviors has not examined the effect of forced sexual intercourse on those associations. METHODS: We analyzed data from a nationally representative sample of 19,240 high school students in the United States, age ≥16 years, to describe the effect of forced sexual intercourse on associations between early sexual debut and other health risk behaviors using adjusted prevalence ratios (APR)...
June 2017: Journal of School Health
Inmaculada Sánchez-Queija, Irene García-Moya, Carmen Moreno
BACKGROUND: We analyze trends in bullying victimization prevalence in a representative sample of Spanish adolescent schoolchildren in 2006, 2010, and 2014. METHODS: We distinguish between reported bullying, which is assessed via the global question in the Revised Bully/Victim Questionnaire by Olweus, and observed bullying, which is a measure developed from the answers that the adolescents gave to specific items that refer to different types of bullying that have been codified as physical, verbal, and relational bullying...
June 2017: Journal of School Health
Sonam Shah, Kenneth R Allison, Nour Schoueri-Mychasiw, Beata Pach, Heather Manson, Karen Vu-Nguyen
BACKGROUND: Measuring the implementation of school-based physical activity (PA) interventions is an important prerequisite in assessing their impact. Prior to conducting a study to assess the implementation of the daily physical activity (DPA) policy in Ontario, Canada, a literature review was conducted to identify existing survey instruments to measure 5 implementation outcomes: adoption, fidelity, implementation cost, reach, and sustainability. METHODS: A search for survey instruments to assess these implementation outcomes at the teacher and school administrator levels was conducted in 7 bibliographic databases, as well as the gray literature...
June 2017: Journal of School Health
Vivian H Lyons, Megan Moore, Roxanne Guiney, Rajiv C Ayyagari, Leah Thompson, Frederick P Rivara, Robin Fleming, Deborah Crawley, Dawn Harper, Monica S Vavilala
BACKGROUND: Many students do not receive return to learn (RTL) services upon return to academics following a concussion. METHODS: Using a mixed-methods approach, we conducted a survey of RTL practices and experiences in Washington State schools between January 2015 and June 2015. We then held a statewide summit of RTL stakeholders and used a modified Delphi process to develop a consensus-based RTL implementation model and process. RESULTS: Survey participants included 83 educators, 57 school nurses, 14 administrators, and 30 parents, representing 144 schools in rural and urban areas...
June 2017: Journal of School Health
Maria Kajankova, Jennifer M Oswald, Lauren M Terranova, Michael V Kaplen, Anne F Ambrose, Lisa A Spielman, Wayne A Gordon
BACKGROUND: By 2014, all states implemented concussion laws that schools must translate into daily practice; yet, limited knowledge exists regarding implementation of these laws. We examined the extent to which concussion management policies and procedure (P&P) documents of New York State school districts comply with the State's Concussion Awareness and Management Act (the Act). We also aimed to identify barriers to compliance. METHODS: Forty-seven school districts provided P&P documents...
June 2017: Journal of School Health
Whitney E Zahnd, Tracey Smith, Susan J Ryherd, Melissa Cleer, Valerie Rogers, David E Steward
BACKGROUND: Schools may be an effective avenue for interventions that prevent childhood obesity. I am Moving I am Learning/Choosy Kids(©) (IMIL/CK) is a curriculum recommended by Head Start (HS) for education in nutrition, physical activity, and healthy lifestyle habits. METHODS: We formed an academic-community partnership (ACP), the Springfield Collaborative for Active Child Health, to promote prevention of childhood obesity, in part, to implement the IMIL/CK curriculum in local HS sites...
June 2017: Journal of School Health
Natoshia M Askelson, Elizabeth H Golembiewski, Ann Bobst, Patti J Delger, Carrie A Scheidel
BACKGROUND: The National School Breakfast Program (SBP) is a federally funded program that allows states to offer nutritious breakfast to K-12 students. However, rates of SBP participation are low in some rural states, and the reasons are not well understood. The purpose of the study was to explore administrators' perceptions, attitudes, and beliefs related to the SBP, and factors they identify as barriers or facilitators to increased participation. METHODS: Data were collected from a cross-sectional, online survey of K-12 school administrators (N = 152) in a rural, midsized Midwestern state fielded over an academic year...
June 2017: Journal of School Health
Lotus S Bast, Pernille Due, Annette K Ersbøll, Mogens T Damsgaard, Anette Andersen
BACKGROUND: Assessment of implementation is essential for the evaluation of school-based preventive activities. Interventions are more easily implemented in schools if detailed instructional manuals, lesson plans, and materials are provided; however, implementation may also be affected by other factors than the intervention itself-for example, school-level characteristics, such as principal support and organizational capacity. We examined school-level characteristics of schools in groups of high, medium, and low implementation of a smoking prevention intervention...
May 2017: Journal of School Health
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