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Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631826/effects-of-dietary-supplementation-of-red-pepper-schinus-terebinthifolius-raddi-essential-oil-on-performance-small-intestinal-morphology-and-microbial-counts-of-weanling-pigs
#1
Pedro Leon Gomes Cairo, Franz Dias Gois, Maicon Sbardella, Hebert Silveira, Roberto Maciel de Oliveira, Ivan Bezerra Allaman, Vinicius Souza Cantarelli, Leandro Batista Costa
BACKGROUND: Many strategies have been developed to improve intestinal health and performance of newly weaned piglets as the antibiotic growth promoters. Natural products such as essential oils have been scientifically recognized as growth enhancer feed additives for weanling pigs, replacing the antibiotics. Therefore, it has been hypothesized that Brazilian red pepper could replace performance-enhancing antibiotics also in weanling pig diets. However, one experiment was conducted to determine the effects of dietary Brazilian red pepper essential oil or antimicrobial growth promoter on intestinal health and growth performance of weanling pigs...
June 20, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631817/application-of-high-resolution-melting-analysis-for-authenticity-testing-of-valuable-dendrobium-commercial-products
#2
Xiaoman Dong, Chao Jiang, Yuan Yuan, Daiyin Peng, Yuqin Luo, Yuyang Zhao, Luqi Huang
BACKGROUND: The accurate identification of botanical origin in commercial products is important to ensure food authenticity and safety for consumers. The Dendrobium species have long been commercialized as functional food supplements and herbal medicines in Asia. Three valuable Dendrobium species, namely Dendrobium officinale, D. huoshanense and D. moniliforme, are often mutually adulterated in trade products in pursuit of higher profit. RESULTS: In this paper, a rapid and reliable semi-quantitative method for identifying the botanical origin of Dendrobium products in terminal markets was developed using HRM (High-Resolution Melting) analysis with specific primer pairs to target the trnL-F region...
June 20, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631804/mandarin-fruit-quality-a-review
#3
REVIEW
Livnat Goldenberg, Yossi Yaniv, Ron Porat, Nir Carmi
During the last decade, there has been a continuous rise in consumption and global marketing of fresh, easy-to-peel mandarins, with current annual production of nearly 29 million tons. Nevertheless, most of the existing knowledge on quality traits of citrus fruit comes from research conducted on oranges and grapefruit, which are the main products for the citrus juice manufacturing industry; relatively little is yet known regarding the unique fruit quality traits of mandarins, nor about the great diversity in these traits among the various natural sub-groups and varieties of mandarins...
June 20, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631306/cactus-stem-opuntia-ficus-indica-mill-anatomy-physiology-and-chemical-composition-with-emphasis-on-its-biofunctional-properties
#4
REVIEW
R I Ventura-Aguilar, E Bosquez-Molina, S Bautista-Baños, F Rivera-Cabrera
Cactus stem (Opuntia ficus-indica Mill) is native to Mesoamerica and marketed in different forms such as fresh, frozen or pre-cooked. Worldwide, this vegetable is recognized for its pharmaceutical actions, including its antioxidant, diuretic, anti-carcinogenic, anti-inflammatory, antidiabetic, and anti-hypercholesterolemic properties, as well as their anti-viral and antispermatogenic effects. However, not all of these properties have been associated to its chemical composition; therefore, this review aims to present and integrate information available on the physiology and anatomy of cactus stem and its chemical composition, focusing on some of the many factors that determine its biofunctionality...
June 20, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631270/comparison-of-in-vivo-toxicity-antioxidant-and-immunomodulatory-activities-of-coconut-nipah-and-pineapple-juice-vinegars
#5
Nurul Elyani Mohamad, Swee KeongYeap, Boon Keen Beh, Muhammad Firdaus Romli, Hamidah Mohd Yusof, Ye Wen Kristeen-Teo, Shaiful Adzni Sharifuddin, Kamariah Long, Noorjahan Banu Alitheen
BACKGROUND: Vinegar is widely used as a food additive, in food preparation and as a food supplement. This study compared the phenolic acid profiles and in vivo toxicities, and antioxidant and immunomodulatory effects of coconut, nipah and pineapple juice vinegars, which were respectively prepared via a two-step fermentation using Saccharomyces cerevisiae 7013 INRA and Acetobacter aceti vat Europeans. RESULTS: Pineapple juice vinegar, which had the highest total phenolic acid content, also exhibited the greatest in vitro antioxidant capacity compared to coconut juice and nipah juice vinegars...
June 20, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631264/targeted-use-of-leds-in-improvement-of-production-efficiency-through-phytochemical-enrichment
#6
REVIEW
E Taulavuori, K Taulavuori, J K Holopainen, R Julkunen-Tiitto, C Acar, I Dincer
Based on available literature, ecology and economy of LED (light emitting diode) lights in plant foods production were assessed and compared to HPS (high pressure sodium) and CFL (compact fluorescent light) lamps. The assessment summarises that LEDs are superior compared to other lamp types. LEDs are ideal in luminous efficiency, life span and electricity usage. Mercury, carbon dioxide and heat emissions are also lowest in comparison to HPS and CFL lamps. This indicates that LEDs are indeed economic and eco-friendly lighting devices...
June 20, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621435/reduction-of-acrylamide-content-in-bread-crust-by-starch-coating
#7
Jie Liu, Xiaojie Liu, Yong Man, Yawei Liu
BACKGROUND: A technique of starch coating to reduce acrylamide content in bread crust was put forward. Bread was prepared according to the conventional procedure and corn or potato starch coating was brushed on the surface of the fermented dough prior to baking. RESULTS: Corn starch coating caused a decrease in acrylamide of 66.7% and 77.1% for outer and inner crust, respectively. The according decrease caused by potato starch coating was 68.4% and 77.4%, respectively...
June 16, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620947/effect-of-applying-cinnamaldehyde-incorporated-in-wax-on-green-mold-decay-in-citrus-fruits
#8
Xiaofang Duan, Qiuli OuYang, Nengguo Tao
BACKGROUND: Green mold caused by Penicillium digitatum is the most damaging postharvest diseases of citrus fruit. Cinnamaldehyde (CA) is a food additive that has potential use in controlling postharvest disease of fruits and vegetables. In this study, the effectiveness of wax with CA (WCA) in controlling Ponkan (Citrus reticulata Blanco) green mold was investigated. RESULTS: The mycelial growth of P. digitatum was inhibited by CA in a dose-dependent manner. The minimum inhibitory concentration and minimum fungicidal concentration (MFC) were both 0...
June 16, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620918/development-of-a-h2-o2-sensitive-quantum-dots-based-fluorescent-sandwich-elisa-for-sensitive-detection-of-bovine-%C3%AE-lactoglobulin-by-monoclonal-antibody
#9
Shengfa He, Xin Li, Jinyan Gao, Ping Tong, Hongbing Chen
BACKGROUND: Bovine β-lactoglobulin (BLG) is the major allergen in cows' milk, and specific epitope play a key role in food allergy. Developing a method specifically bind to IgE epitope is necessary for testing BLG and its allergenic residues. RESULTS: The monoclonal antibody (1G9) specific to IgE linear epitope for BLG was identified as high affinity and specificity. Based on 1G9, a sensitive fluorescent sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (sELISA) was successfully developed using catalase-mediated fluorescence quenching of thiolated CdTe quantum dots in the presence of hydrogen peroxide as fluorescent signal output...
June 16, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620907/stability-of-astaxanthin-loaded-nanostructured-lipid-carriers-in-beverage-systems
#10
Fardin Tamjidi, Mohammad Shahedi, Jaleh Varshosaz, Ali Nasirpour
BACKGROUND: Nanostructured lipid carriers (NLCs) offer many potential benefits for incorporating lipophilic molecules into clear to opaque food systems. This study examined the stability of astaxanthin-loaded NLCs (Ax-NLCs) in model (solutions with 0 or 12% sucrose; pH 3, 7), semi-actual (whey) and actual (non-alcoholic beer) beverages during 30-60 days storage at 6 or 20 °C. RESULTS: Ax-NLCs (Z-average size: 94 nm), containing α-tocopherol and EDTA as antioxidants, were stabilized with Tween 80 and lecithin, and mixed with the aforementioned beverages at the volume ratio of 3:97...
June 16, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612399/postharvest-gaseous-ozone-treatment-enhances-quality-parameters-and-delays-softening-in-cantaloupe-melon-during-storage-at-6%C3%A2-%C3%A2-c
#11
Mauro Toti, Cristian Carboni, Rinaldo Botondi
BACKGROUND: This trial shows postharvest gaseous ozone treatment to evaluate the quality parameters and cell wall enzymes during the Cantaloupe melon cv Caldeo storage at 6 °C for 13 days. RESULTS: The fruits were kept in cold storage and treated with 0.15 ppm gaseous ozone during the day and 0.3 ppm overnight; the control fruits (CK) are stored in normal atmosphere. The firmness was higher and ethylene concentration was significantly lower on treated fruits compared to CK (untreated)...
June 14, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612391/yield-resource-use-efficiency-and-trace-metal-uptake-of-weeping-lovegrass-grown-on-municipal-sludge-amended-soil
#12
Eyob H Tesfamariam, John G Annandale, Martin J Steyn, Wayne F Truter, Legesse K Debusho, Deribe G Talore
BACKGROUND: There are concerns that fertilization using sludge in semi-arid areas, where water is limiting, will compound the effect of drought, resulting in the decline of yield from potential salt accumulation. We investigated (8 years) impacts of annual sludge application at 0, 4, 8, and 16 Mg ha(-1) on weeping love grass hay yield, crude protein content (CP), rainfall use efficiency (RUE) and nitrogen use efficiency (NUE), and trace metal uptake. RESULTS: Both hay yield and RUE increased by 5-53% as the sludge rate increased...
June 14, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612389/biochar-potential-in-intensive-cultivation-of-capsicum-anuum-l-sweet-pepper-crop-yield-and-plant-protection
#13
Abhay Kumar, Yigal Elad, Ludmila Tsechansky, Vikas Abrol, Beni Lew, Rivka Offenbach, Ellen R Graber
BACKGROUND: The influence of various biochars on crop yield and disease resistance of Capsicum anuum L. (sweet pepper) under modern, high-input, intensive net house cultivation was tested over the course of 2011 to 2014 in the Arava desert region of Israel. A pot experiment with Lactuca sativa L. (lettuce) grown in the absence of fertilizer employed the 3-year old field trial soils to determine if biochar treatments contributed to soil intrinsic fertility. RESULTS: Biochar amendments resulted in a significant increase in number and weight of pepper fruits over three years...
June 14, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612382/vaccinium-meridionale-swartz-extracts-and-their-addition-in-beef-burgers-as-antioxidant-ingredient
#14
Alexis López-Padilla, Diana Martín, David Villanueva Bermejo, Laura Jaime, Alejandro Ruiz-Rodriguez, Claudia Estela Restrepo Flórez, Diana Marsela Rivero Barrios, Tiziana Fornari
BACKGROUND: Vaccinium meridionale Swartz (mortiño) constitute a source of bioactive phytochemicals, but the studies related to its efficient and green production is scarce. Pressurized liquid extraction (PLE) and ultrasound assisted extraction were compared for mortiño extraction. Total phenolic compounds (TPC) and antioxidant capacity (ABTS•+) were determined. Beef burgers with 2% of mortiño (MM) or its PLE extract (ME) were manufactured. Lipid oxidation (TBARS) and instrumental color changes were measured after refrigerated storage...
June 14, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612355/effect-of-particle-size-on-phytochemical-composition-and-antioxidant-properties-of-two-persimmon-flours-from-diospyros-kaki-thunb-vars-rojo-brillante-and-triumph-coproducts
#15
Raquel Lucas-González, Juana Fernández-López, José Ángel Pérez-Álvarez, Manuel Viuda-Martos
BACKGROUND: This contribution studies the influence of the particle size of persimmon flours (from two cultivars, 'Rojo Brillante' and 'Triumph') on their primary (sugars and organic acids) and secondary (polyphenols, flavonoids and carotenoids) metabolite content, and also on their antioxidant activity, to assess whether these flours could find applications in the food industry as a potential functional ingredient. RESULTS: The main sugars were fructose and glucose and the principal organic acid was malic acid...
June 14, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612342/effect-of-glycine-nitrogen-on-lettuce-growth-under-soilless-culture-a-metabolomics-approach-to-identify-the-main-changes-occurred-in-plant-primary-and-secondary-metabolism
#16
Xiao Yang, Lei Feng, Li Zhao, Xiaosong Liu, Danial Hassani, Danfeng Huang
BACKGROUND: Lettuce is a significant source of antioxidants and bioactive compounds. Nitrate is a cardinal fertilizer in horticulture and influences vegetable yield and quality; however, the negative effects of nitrate on the biosynthesis of flavonoids require further study. It is expected that using fertilizers containing organic N could promote the synthesis of health-promoting compounds. RESULTS: Lettuces were hydroponically cultured in media containing 9 mM nitrate or 9 mM glycine for 4 weeks...
June 14, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608484/control-of-abusive-water-addition-to-octopus-vulgaris-with-non-destructive-methods
#17
Rogério Mendes, Ove Schimmer, Helena Vieira, João Pereira, Bárbara Teixeira
BACKGROUND: Abusive water adition to octopus has evidenced the need for quick non-destructive methods for product qualification in the industry and control of fresh commercial products in markets. Electric conductivity (EC)/pH and dielectric property measurements were selected to detect water uptake in octopus. RESULTS: A significant EC decrease was determined after soaking octopus in freshwater for 4 h. EC reflected the water uptake of octopus and the correspondent concentration decrease of available ions in the interstitial fluid...
June 12, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608462/progress-and-challenges-associated-with-halal-authentication-of-consumer-packaged-goods
#18
REVIEW
Premanandh Jagadeesan, Samara Bin Salem
BACKGROUND: Abusive business practices are increasingly evident in consumer packaged goods. Although consumers have the right to protect themselves against such practices, rapid urbanization and industrialization results in greater distance between producers and consumers resulting in serious concerns on the supply chain. The operational complexities surrounding the halal authenticity possess serious challenges on the integrity of the consumer packaged goods. This article attempts to address the progress and challenges associated with halal authentication...
June 12, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600852/extraction-methods-and-food-uses-of-a-natural-red-colorant-from-dye-sorghum
#19
Fug Akogou, App Kayodé, Hmw den Besten, A R Linnemann
BACKGROUND: The interest in stable natural colorants for food applications continues to grow. A red pigment extracted from the leaf sheaths of a sorghum variety (Sorghum bicolor) with a high content of apigeninidin is widely used as a biocolorant in processed foods in West-Africa. This study compared the colour and the anthocyanin composition from traditional extraction methods to determine options for improvement and use of the red biocolorant from dye sorghum in the food sector. RESULTS: Sorghum biocolorant was commonly applied in fermented and heated foods...
June 10, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597472/aroma-volatile-profile-of-black-morel-morchella-importuna-grown-in-israel
#20
Zipora Tietel, Segula Masaphy
BACKGROUND: Headspace solid-phase microextraction (HS-SPME) method with gas-chromatography mass spectrometry (GC-MS) was used to profile the aroma volatiles of mature fruiting bodies of Morchella importuna grown in Israel. RESULTS: We tentatively identified 40 aroma compounds and seven unknown volatiles. The M. importuna aroma profile consisted of 14 aldehydes, 6 alcohols, 10 methyl esters, 4 heterocyclic/sulfur compounds, 10 carbohydrates and 3 other compounds-one acid, one ketone and one butyl ester...
June 9, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
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