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Journal of Psychosomatic Research

Jillian M R Clark, Jacob M Marszalek, Kymberley K Bennett, Kadie M Harry, Alisha D Howarter, Kalon R Eways, Karla S Reed
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Angelika Weigel, Paul Hüsing, Sebastian Kohlmann, Marco Lehmann, Meike Shedden-Mora, Anne Toussaint, Bernd Löwe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 7, 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Lisa M McAndrew, L Alison Phillips, Drew A Helmer, Kieran Maestro, Charles C Engel, Lauren M Greenberg, Nicole Anastasides, Karen S Quigley
OBJECTIVE: Patients with medically unexplained syndromes (MUS) often do not receive appropriate healthcare. A critical time for effective healthcare is the inception of MUS. The current study examined data from a prospective longitudinal study of Operation Enduring Freedom/Operation Iraqi Freedom (OEF/OIF) soldiers to understand the relationship of increasing physical symptom burden to healthcare utilization. METHODS: Data was examined from a prospective study of OEF/OIF soldiers assessed before and one year after deployment (n=336)...
July 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Lauren Robinson, Victoria Aldridge, Emma M Clark, Madhusmita Misra, Nadia Micali
OBJECTIVE: Although there are several evidence-based treatments available to increase Bone Mineral Density (BMD) and reduce fracture risk in aging men and women, there are still uncertainties regarding which treatments are efficacious in reducing lifetime fracture risk in women with Anorexia Nervosa (AN). METHODS: Medline, PsychInfo, Embase and the Cochrane Database were searched for English Language Studies. Inclusion criteria were studies of females of any age with AN who received pharmacological treatment with the primary aim to increase BMD or reduce fracture risk...
July 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Annette Burns, Judith D Strawbridge, Luke Clancy, Frank Doyle
OBJECTIVE: Smoking is the leading preventable cause of death among individuals with mental health difficulties (MHD). The aim of the current study was to determine the impact of smoking on the physical health of older adults with MHD in Ireland and to explore the extent to which smoking mediated or moderated associations between MHD and smoking-related diseases. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis of a nationally representative sample of 8175 community-dwelling adults aged 50 and over from The Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing (TILDA) was undertaken...
July 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
D G Bove, J Midtgaard, G Kaldan, D Overgaard, K Lomborg
OBJECTIVE: To explore the patients' experiences of a minimal home-based psychoeducative intervention aimed at reducing symptoms of anxiety. BACKGROUND: In a randomised controlled trial (RCT) we have shown that a minimal home-based and nurse-led psychoeducative intervention has a significant effect in reducing symptoms of anxiety and increasing mastery of dyspnoea in patients with advanced chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, we do not know if the intervention is perceived as meaningful and applicable in the everyday life of patients with advanced COPD...
July 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Masataka Umeda, Cierra Griffin, Austin Cross, Carla Heredia, Akiko Okifuji
OBJECTIVE: Research shows that African American (AA) adults experience more severe and frequent pain compared to non-Hispanic White (NHW) adults. Additionally, experimental studies demonstrate that AA adults exhibit less efficient central pain inhibition compared to NHW adults, which may partially explain the racial/ethnic disparities in pain. Evidence suggests that regular physical activity (PA) may help improve central pain inhibition, but research shows that AA adults engage in less PA, and are less likely to meet PA guidelines for health promotion compared to NHW adults...
July 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Yuan Yang, Yunhong Wen, Carolyn Bedi, Gerry Humphris
OBJECTIVE: The study aim was to provide an overview of the current evidence available on the link between chemotherapy (CTX) and fear of cancer recurrence (FoR). METHODS: PubMED, Medline, Embase, PsycINFO and Web of Science databases were searched to identify relevant studies. Two authors independently selected and assessed the studies regarding eligibility criteria. Meta-analysis of suitable studies was conducted, and quality rated. RESULTS: Forty eligible studies were included in the systematic review and twenty-nine of them were included in further meta-analysis...
July 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Maaike Van Den Houte, Koen Luyckx, Lukas Van Oudenhove, Katleen Bogaerts, Ilse Van Diest, Jozef De Bie, Omer Van den Bergh
OBJECTIVE: Treatments including multiple nonpharmacological components have beneficial effects on the key symptoms of fibromyalgia, although effects are limited and often do not persist. In this study, we examined different patterns of clinical progress and the dynamic interplay between predictors and outcomes over time. METHODS: Fibromyalgia patients (N=153; 135 women) followed a multidisciplinary group program spanning 12weeks, aimed at "regaining control over daily functioning"...
July 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
M Worm-Smeitink, M Gielissen, L Bloot, H W M van Laarhoven, B G M van Engelen, P van Riel, G Bleijenberg, S Nikolaus, H Knoop
OBJECTIVE: The Checklist Individual Strength (CIS) measures four dimensions of fatigue: Fatigue severity, concentration problems, reduced motivation and activity. On the fatigue severity subscale, a cut-off score of 35 is used. This study 1) investigated the psychometric qualities of the CIS; 2) validated the cut-off score for severe fatigue and 3) provided norms. METHODS: Representatives of the Dutch general population (n=2288) completed the CIS. The factor structure was investigated using an exploratory factor analysis...
July 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Audur S Thorisdottir, Anna Villadsen, Daniel M LeBouthillier, Charlotte Ulrikka Rask, Kristi D Wright, John R Walker, Steven Feldgaier, Gordon J G Asmundson
OBJECTIVE: The Childhood Illness Attitude Scales (CIAS) were created as a developmentally appropriate measure for symptoms of health anxiety (HA) in school-aged children. Despite overall sound psychometric properties reported in previous studies, more comprehensive examination of the latent structure and potential response bias in the CIAS is needed. The purpose of the present study was to cross-validate the latent structure of the CIAS across genders and to examine gender-specific variations in CIAS scores...
July 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Raphael M Herr, Jian Li, Adrian Loerbroks, Peter Angerer, Johannes Siegrist, Joachim E Fischer
OBJECTIVE: Ample evidence documented the adverse health effects of work stressors, and recent research has increasingly focused on somatic symptoms which are very common and costly. Prospective evidence is however sparse and yielded mixed findings. Furthermore, there is reason to assume that depression and anxiety might mediate the effects of adverse psychosocial work conditions on somatic symptoms. This study aimed to investigate longitudinal effects of work stressors on somatic symptoms and the potential mediation by anxiety and/or depression...
July 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Christian Brünahl, Christoph Dybowski, Rebecca Albrecht, Björn Riegel, Johanna Höink, Margit Fisch, Bernd Löwe
OBJECTIVE: Chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CPPS) is a debilitating pain condition with prevalence rates between 2.0% and 26.6%. Studies indicate that CPPS is often associated with psychosocial factors, but little is known about the presence of full-blown mental disorders in female and male patients with CPPS. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the frequencies of mental disorders in patients with CPPS. METHODS: Cross-sectional data were collected from patients visiting a specialized outpatient clinic...
July 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Kenley L J Kuoch, Denny Meyer, David W Austin, Simon R Knowles
OBJECTIVE: Paruresis refers to the inability to initiate or sustain urination where individuals are present due to the fear of perceived scrutiny from others. The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate four key questions: (1) What is the prevalence of paruresis and its associated demographic features; (2) What is the prevalence of psychopathology in paruresis cohorts, how does it compare to other chronic-health conditions, and what percentage of paruresis patients also have social anxiety disorder? (3) How does quality of life, and levels of anxiety and depression compare between those with and without paruresis; and (4) do psychological interventions for paruresis patients reduce paruresis symptoms, or, anxiety, or depression, or improve quality of life? METHOD: A review was conducted using PRISMA protocol for search strategy, selection criteria, and data extraction...
July 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
A F Holsting, H F Pedersen, M T Rask, L Frostholm, A Schröder
INTRODUCTION: Concern for negative effects of psychotherapy for functional somatic syndromes (FSS) has been expressed by clinicians and some patient associations, which may prevent patients from seeking treatment. Therefore, we sought to explore the occurrence and characteristics of negative effects from group-based psychotherapy as experienced by patients with severe or multiple FSS. METHODS: An adapted version of the explanatory sequential mixed methods design was applied...
July 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Marco Daniel Gulewitsch, Aiste Jusyte, Nazar Mazurak, Katja Weimer, Michael Schönenberg
OBJECTIVE: Peer victimization (e.g. social exclusion) has been shown to be associated with physical health problems such as functional somatic complaints and especially symptoms of pain. To date, no study has investigated the mechanisms underlying this association in clinical pediatric samples. The aim of this study was to evaluate the parasympathetic activity during a social exclusion experience in adolescents with functional abdominal pain (FAP). METHODS: Twenty adolecents with FAP and 21 matched healthy participants were compared regarding parameters of parasympathetic activation before, during, and after participating in the Cyberball-game, a well-established paradigm to induce social exclusion...
July 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Sadman Chowdhury, Christopher Burton
BACKGROUND: Interventions for somatoform disorders typically address a range of outcomes. We aimed to examine treatment effects across outcome domains and specifically assess the association, at study level, between short and long term treatment effects and between treatment effects in different outcome domains. METHODS: We used data from recent systematic reviews of interventions for somatoform disorders to address three questions: We described outcome domains and measures by compiling forest plots of standardised mean difference...
July 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Mai Stafford, Rebecca Bendayan, Ula Tymoszuk, Diana Kuh
OBJECTIVES: Supportive social relationships have been found to be related to fewer sleep problems and better sleep quality. We examined associations between positive and negative support from the nominated close person across 15years of follow-up with sleep quality in older age. METHODS: MRC National Survey of Health and Development study members reported sleep quality at age 68 (n=2446). Cumulative exposure to and changes in positive and negative support were derived from data at age 53, 60-64 and 68years...
July 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Sandra M A Dijkstra-Kersten, Kate Sitnikova, Berend Terluin, Brenda W J H Penninx, Jos W R Twisk, Harm W J van Marwijk, Henriette E van der Horst, Johannes C van der Wouden
OBJECTIVE: To examine longitudinal associations of multiple physical symptoms with recurrence of depressive and anxiety disorders. METHODS: Follow-up data of 584 participants with remitted depressive or anxiety disorders were used from the Netherlands Study of Depressive and Anxiety disorders. Multiple physical symptoms were measured at baseline (T1) and two-year follow-up (T2) by the Four-Dimensional Symptom Questionnaire (4DSQ) somatization subscale. Recurrence of depressive and anxiety disorders was assessed at two-year (T2) and four-year (T4) follow-up with the Composite International Diagnostic Interview...
June 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Elisa J de Koning, Lotte Verweij, Paul Lips, Aartjan T F Beekman, Hannie C Comijs, Natasja M van Schoor
OBJECTIVE: Low serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels (25(OH)D<50nmol/L) are common in older persons and associated with depressive symptoms. Depression and anxiety are highly interrelated, but only very few studies examined the association between 25(OH)D and anxiety. This study investigated whether 25(OH)D levels are related to anxiety symptoms in older persons, both cross-sectionally and over time. METHODS: Data from two samples of a large population-based cohort study were used (sample 1: N=1259, 64-88years; sample 2: N=892, 60-98years)...
June 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
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