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Journal of Psychosomatic Research

Ruth Ann Marrie, John R Walker, Lesley A Graff, Lisa M Lix, James M Bolton, Zoann Nugent, Laura E Targownik, Charles N Bernstein
OBJECTIVES: Comorbid depression and anxiety are common in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), but few population-based estimates of the burden of depression and anxiety exist. Methods to support population-based studies are needed. We aimed to test the performance of administrative case definitions for depression and anxiety in IBD and to understand what the prevalence estimated using such definitions reflects. METHODS: We linked administrative (health claims) data from the province of Manitoba, Canada with clinical data for 266 persons in the Manitoba IBD Cohort Study...
October 2016: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Laura McWhirter, Lea Ludwig, Alan Carson, Robert D McIntosh, Jon Stone
OBJECTIVE: There has been a recent resurgence of interest in physical treatments for functional motor disorders (FMD) including Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS). This pilot study aimed to test the effectiveness of a single session of motor cortex TMS as a treatment for functional upper limb weakness. METHODS: Ten subjects with a diagnosis of functional upper limb weakness were randomised to immediate (n=7) or delayed (3months) (n=3) TMS treatment. Median age was 35 (range 23-52) and median symptom duration was 2...
October 2016: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Jianzhang Chen, Kuolin Xin, Junjie Wei, Kangli Zhang, Huajun Xiao
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the association between maternal serum vitamin D status in first trimester and risk of ASD at age 3-7years in the offspring. METHODS: Using a case-control design, 68 children diagnosed with ASD and 68 sex and age matched typically-developing children were included. Archived maternal blood samples from the first trimester of pregnancy (11-13weeks gestational age) were identified for those participants. Maternal serum levels of 25 hydroxyvitamin D3 [25(OH) D], unmetabolized folic acid (FA), vitamin B12, homocysteine (HCY) and High Sensitivity C Reactive protein (CRP) were measured from those samples...
October 2016: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Jillian M R Clark, Jacob M Marszalek, Kymberley K Bennett, Kadie M Harry, Alisha D Howarter, Kalon R Eways, Karla S Reed
OBJECTIVE: Individuals with cardiovascular disease (CVD) experience greater rates of distress symptoms, such as anxiety and depressive symptoms, than the general population. These psychological outcomes have been linked to greater risk for negative outcomes following a cardiac event; however, research examining the relationship between specific components of anxiety and outcomes in CVD is limited. Further, prior research has not investigated the structure of anxiety symptoms in CVD. This study sought to compare previously established one, two, and four-factor models of the Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI) in individuals enrolled in cardiac rehabilitation (CR)...
October 2016: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Sonya S Deschênes, Rachel J Burns, Eva Graham, Norbert Schmitz
OBJECTIVE: To examine the potential synergistic associations between prediabetes, depressive and anxiety symptoms, and the risk of incident type 2 diabetes. METHODS: Data were from the Emotional Well-Being, Metabolic Factors and Health Status (EMHS) study and included 2486 adults between 40 and 69years without diabetes at baseline. Hemoglobin A1c levels and measures of depressive and anxiety symptoms were collected at baseline and mutually exclusive groups were formed based on the presence/absence of prediabetes and high/low depressive and anxiety symptoms...
October 2016: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Ramony Chan, Blake F Dear, Nick Titov, Josephine Chow, Michael Suranyi
OBJECTIVE: Treating depression among patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) is imperative because of its high prevalence and health-related costs. However, many patients with CKD experience significant barriers to effective face-to-face psychological treatments. Internet-delivered cognitive behaviour therapy (iCBT) may help overcome the treatment barriers. The aim of the present study was to explore the acceptability and preliminary efficacy of iCBT for depression and anxiety among patients with CKD on haemodialysis...
October 2016: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Giesje Nefs, François Pouwer, Richard I G Holt, Søren Skovlund, Norbert Hermanns, Antonio Nicolucci, Mark Peyrot
OBJECTIVE: We examined (a) the demographic and clinical correlates of worries about hypoglycemia in adult family members of adults with diabetes, and (b) the association of these worries with measures of diabetes support. METHODS: The second multinational Diabetes Attitudes, Wishes and Needs (DAWN2) study cross-sectionally surveyed 2057 family members from 17 countries. Participants completed questions about demographics, diabetes, and psychosocial functioning, including worry about overall and nocturnal hypoglycemia...
October 2016: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Yael Lahav, Jacob Y Stein, Zahava Solomon
OBJECTIVE: War captivity may affect spouses of former-prisoners-of-war (ex-POWs) in many ways, including posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) and somatic difficulties manifested in negative perceived health. This is generally known as secondary traumatization. Theory suggests that development of secondary traumatization occurs through the relationship with the primary trauma survivor Figley (1986) , thus implying that the ability to keep balanced emotional distance in the relationship may play a pivotal role...
October 2016: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
L Rayner, A Simpson, F Matcham, S Shetty, O Lahoti, G Groom, M Hotopf
OBJECTIVE: This cross-sectional survey aimed to assess the prevalence of depression, anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and drug and alcohol dependence in a limb reconstruction population and examine associations with demographic and functional variables. METHODS: As part of routine clinical care, data were collected from 566 patients attending a tertiary referral centre for limb reconstruction between April 2012 and February 2016. Depression, anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and alcohol and drug dependence were measured using standardised self-report screening tools...
October 2016: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Emily R Doherty-Torstrick, Kate E Walton, Arthur J Barsky, Brian A Fallon
UNLABELLED: The DSM-5 diagnosis of illness anxiety disorder adds avoidance as a component of a behavioral response to illness fears - one that was not present in prior DSM criteria of hypochondriasis. However, maladaptive avoidance as a necessary or useful criterion has yet to be empirically supported. METHODS: 195 individuals meeting DSM-IV criteria for hypochondriasis based on structured interview completed a variety of self-report and clinician-administered assessments...
October 2016: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Anne Oberguggenberger, Monika Sztankay, Raphael Johannes Morscher, Barbara Sperner-Unterweger, Ingrid Weber, Michael Hubalek, Georg Kemmler, Johannes Zschocke, Caroline Martini, Daniel Egle, Martina Dünser, Eva Gamper, Verena Meraner
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the psychosocial consequences of genetic counseling and testing (GCT) for hereditary breast and ovarian cancer (HBOC) at follow-up in a "real-life" sample of counselees at an Austrian tertiary care center. METHODS: The study cohort included counselees who had undergone genetic counseling for HBOC and completed a follow-up self-report questionnaire battery on psychosocial outcomes (quality of life, psychological distress, satisfaction with counseling and decisions)...
October 2016: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Dimitry S Davydow, Anette Riisgaard Ribe, Henrik Søndergaard Pedersen, Mogens Vestergaard, Morten Fenger-Grøn
OBJECTIVE: While depression is associated with higher risk of death due to chronic medical conditions, it is unknown if depression increases mortality following serious infections. We sought to determine if pre-existing unipolar depression is associated with increased mortality within 30days after hospitalization for a serious infection. METHODS: We conducted a population-based cohort study of all adults hospitalized for an infection in Denmark between 2005 and 2013...
October 2016: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Nadine P G Paans, Mariska Bot, Deborah Gibson-Smith, Willem Van der Does, Philip Spinhoven, Ingeborg Brouwer, Marjolein Visser, Brenda W J H Penninx
OBJECTIVE: A range of biological, social and psychological factors, including depression and anxiety disorders, is thought to be associated with higher body mass index (BMI). Depression and anxiety disorders are associated with specific psychological vulnerabilities, like personality traits and cognitive reactivity, that may also be associated with BMI. The relationship between those psychological vulnerabilities and BMI is possibly different in people with and without depression and anxiety disorders...
October 2016: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Xin Zhou, Zhaolai Ma, Lingfu Zhang, Shuzhe Zhou, Jilian Wang, Bingyan Wang, Wei Fu
PURPOSE: Although the predictive value of vagal nerve activity, indexed by heart rate variability (HRV), has been confirmed in a variety of diseases, its value in the prediction of survival in cancer patients still remains controversial. The aim of this meta-analysis was to evaluate the predictive value of HRV in cancer patients in an evidence based manner. METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted through a comprehensive search of the PubMed, EMBASE and the Cochrane Central Library databases for all studies regarding HRV, vagal nerve activity and cancer...
October 2016: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Johannes C Ehrenthal, Christian Graetz, Anna Plaumann, Christof E Dörfer, Wolfgang Herzog
OBJECTIVE: Periodontal disease is associated with a wide range of psychosocial risk-factors. Disease-related tooth-loss has been associated with an increase in depressive symptoms in cross-sectional studies. However, while depression is a known risk-factor for the outcome of chronic diseases, it remains unclear if tooth loss can also predict depressive symptoms over the course of treatment. Aim of the current pilot study was to test, to what extend the number of teeth predict depressive symptoms several years later...
October 2016: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
David S Kroll, Annie Chakravartti, Kate Gasparrini, Carol Latham, Paul Davidson, Martha Byron-Burke, David F Gitlin
OBJECTIVE: Missed appointments decrease clinic capacity and negatively affect health outcomes. The objective of this study was to increase the proportion of filled initial psychiatry appointments in an urban, hospital-based primary care practice. METHODS: Patients were identified as having a high or low risk of missing their initial psychiatry appointments based on prior missed medical appointments. High-risk patients were referred to a walk-in clinic instead of a scheduled appointment...
October 2016: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Jian Li, Hui Ding, Wei Han, Lei Jin, Ling-Na Kong, Kang-Na Mao, Hong Wang, Jiang-Ping Wu, Ying Wu, Liu Yang, Yu Zhou, You-Xin Wang, Wei Wang, Adrian Loerbroks, Peter Angerer
OBJECTIVE: It has been suggested that the relationship between work stress and somatic symptoms (e.g., cardiopulmonary, gastrointestinal complaints, general pain, and fatigue) is particularly pronounced in women. As evidence from China is sparse, we used a large sample of Chinese working women to test those potential associations. METHODS: Data were obtained from a cross-sectional study of 6826 working women in five urban areas in China who were free from major clinical disease...
October 2016: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Hong Gong, Chen-Xu Ni, Yun-Zi Liu, Yi Zhang, Wen-Jun Su, Yong-Jie Lian, Wei Peng, Chun-Lei Jiang
BACKGROUND: Insomnia is a widespread and debilitating condition that affects sleep quality and daily productivity. Although mindfulness meditation (MM) has been suggested as a potentially effective supplement to medical treatment for insomnia, no comprehensively quantitative research has been conducted in this field. Therefore, we performed a meta-analysis on the findings of related randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to evaluate the effects of MM on insomnia. METHODS: Related publications in PubMed, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library and PsycINFO were searched up to July 2015...
October 2016: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
N Claassen-van Dessel, J C van der Wouden
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October 2016: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
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