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Journal of Psychosomatic Research

Peng Zou, Lei Sun, Qing Chen, Guowei Zhang, Wang Yang, Yingfei Zeng, Niya Zhou, Ying Li, Jinyi Liu, Lin Ao, Jia Cao, Huan Yang
OBJECTIVE: Psychosocial factors have been associated with a decline of the quality of semen. The study was aimed at (i) estimating the association between work stress and semen quality and (ii) exploring the moderating effect of social support in semen parameters among Chinese male workers. METHODS: Data were obtained from 384 adult male workers recruited from April 2014 to December 2015 in Chongqing, China. Participants completed a questionnaire assessing demographic and life-style factors...
October 27, 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Marcin Rzeszutek, Ewa Gruszczyńska
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this systematic review was to analyse, synthesise and review existing results on posttraumatic growth (PTG) among PLWH. In particular, we investigated the relationship of PTG with sociodemographic, HIV-related clinical variables, positive and negative psychological correlates as well as HIV-related social issues among PLWH. METHOD: A literature search was performed on Web of Science, PsyARTICLES, MedLine, Proquest and Scopus databases using appropriate descriptors for positive changes among PLWH...
November 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Fahad D Alosaimi, Ayedh Alghamdi, Raya Alsuhaibani, Ghadah Alhammad, Amjad Albatili, Latifah Albatly, Bandar Althomali, Fadi Aljamaan, José R Maldonado
BACKGROUND: The Stanford Proxy Test for Delirium (S-PTD) is a tool developed to be completed by nurses at the end of their shift. It was designed to use the knowledge acquired during a full shift of nurse-patient interaction. The objective of our study was to validate the S-PTD among a mixed sample of patients in both the intensive care unit (ICU) and non-ICU settings. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in an ICU and three general medical wards in a tertiary care hospital...
November 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Igor Filipčić, Ivona Šimunović Filipčić, Vladimir Grošić, Ivana Bakija, Daniela Šago, Tomislav Benjak, Boran Uglešić, Žarko Bajić, Norman Sartorius
OBJECTIVE: A growing body of evidence has demonstrated the high prevalence and complexity of chronic physical multimorbidity defined as ≥2 chronic physical illness in people with psychiatric disorders. The present study aimed to assess differences in the prevalence and patterns of self-reported chronic physical illness and multimorbidity in the general and psychiatric populations. METHODS: We performed a latent class analysis of 15 self-reported chronic physical illnesses on a sample of 1060 psychiatric patients and 837 participants from the general population...
November 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Rachael A Heckenberg, Pennie Eddy, Stephen Kent, Bradley J Wright
OBJECTIVE: Mindfulness-based interventions (MBI) have been related with improved job satisfaction, wellbeing, health, and reduced workplace stress with employees. However, until now, synthesis of the evidence of the effect of MBIs on physiological indices associated with stress and ill-health has been lacking. Therefore the current systematic review aimed to synthesise the literature from employee samples to provide guidance for future investigations in terms of which physiological indicators and biological systems may be most impacted by MBIs...
November 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Chiara Gasteiger, Rebekah Sherriff, Alan Fraser, Meike C Shedden-Mora, Keith J Petrie, Anna S Serlachius
OBJECTIVE: Failure to effectively reassure patients can lead to patients becoming distressed and seeking further medical care. Whilst existing studies have identified that patients' psychological and demographic characteristics can impact patient reassurance, little research has explored specific predictors of patient reassurance following a colonoscopy. This study investigates demographic and psychological predictors of patient reassurance after receiving normal test results following a colonoscopy...
November 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Mashhood Ahmed Sheikh
Several researchers have raised the concern that the cross-sectional association of retrospectively reported childhood adversity with self-reported onset of asthma and chronic bronchitis in adulthood may be confounded, as well as mediated by an individual's mental health. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of retrospectively reported childhood adversity on self-reported onset of asthma and chronic bronchitis in adulthood, independent of potential confounding and mediating variables (including respondent's mental health)...
November 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Anna Słomian, Patryk Łakuta, Beata Bergler-Czop, Ligia Brzezińska-Wcisło
OBJECTIVE: In psoriasis, taking steps to improve emotional health is important to bring lasting benefits to patients' physical health and overall well-being. We aimed to identify factors that relate to anxiety in psoriasis and are potentially modifiable and that thus qualify as targets for future planned interventions for improving mental health. In this study, the importance of coping strategies and self-esteem as potential targets were tested. METHODS: A total of 102 patients diagnosed with psoriasis, aged 26-65 years (M = 43...
November 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Yolanda Andreu Vaillo, Sergio Murgui Pérez, Paula Martínez López, Rocío Romero Retes
OBJECTIVE: The Mini-Mental Adjustment to Cancer Scale (MiniMAC) is widely used to evaluate cancer patients' psychological responses to diagnosis and treatment. Validation studies of the scale have shown inconsistency in the obtained factor structures. The aim of this study was to explore the factor structure, using Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA), and other psychometric properties of the MiniMAC in Spanish breast cancer patients. METHODS: A sample of 368 women with breast cancer completed the MiniMAC and the 18 items version of the Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI-18)...
November 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Irene Cano-López, Kevin G Hampel, Mercedes Garcés, Vicente Villanueva, Esperanza González-Bono
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relative contribution of factors non-directly related to seizures such as negative affectivity, social support, somatic symptoms and memory performance on quality of life (QOL) in patients with drug-resistant epilepsy. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study. Seventy patients with drug-resistant epilepsy were consecutively recruited from the inpatient Epilepsy Unit, Hospital Universitario y Politécnico La Fe, between April 2015 and October 2017...
November 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Emilie Just-Østergaard, Erik L Mortensen, Janne S Tolstrup, Trine Flensborg-Madsen
OBJECTIVE: Vital exhaustion is an emotional state characterized by fatigue and depressive symptoms. We examined the prospective association between vital exhaustion and risk of alcohol use disorders (AUD). Furthermore, we investigated whether cohabitation status modifies the effect of this potential association. METHODS: Vital exhaustion was assessed by a condensed, 17 item, version of the Maastricht Questionnaire as part of the Copenhagen City Heart Study in 1991-93...
November 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Yuan Yang, Hengwen Sun, Ting Liu, Jingying Zhang, Hongmei Wang, Weijiang Liang, Yu Chen, Bin Zhang
OBJECTIVE: Fear of progression (FoP) is a widespread problem among cancer patients and is considered to be one of the most distressing psychological consequences of cancer. The aim of this study was to investigate the association of sociodemographic, clinical, and psychological variables to FoP in Chinese cancer patients. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, six hundred and thirty-six cancer patients were recruited. All participants were asked to complete a personal information sheet, the Chinese version of Fear of Progression Questionnaire-Short Form (FoP-Q-SF), Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) and General Anxiety Disorder Questionnaire (GAD-7)...
November 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
N Lehnen, P Henningsen, C Ramaioli, S Glasauer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Stephen L Brown, Juliet Bell, Richard J Shaw
OBJECTIVE: Greater time that patients take to present symptoms to health care providers (HCPs) increases the likelihood of later stage cancer, which increases mortality and morbidity in symptomatic cancers. The common-sense model (CSM) is used to understand time to first consultation with a healthcare provider, but inconsistencies exisy between its current use and important empirical findings. METHOD: To resolve inconsistencies, we conducted a qualitative examination to determine how the CSM could be revised to better account for these findings...
November 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Hans-Christian Deter, Cora Weber, Christoph Herrmann-Lingen, Christian Albus, Jana Juenger, Karl-Heinz Ladwig, Wolfgang Soellner, Martina de Zwaan, Martin Hellmich, Anna-Sophia Grün, Joram Ronel, Kristina Orth-Gomér
INTRODUCTION: The biological and psychosocial risk profile differs between women and men with coronary artery disease (CAD). Depressive symptoms and Vital Exhaustion (VE) predict an unfavourable course of CAD. The secondary analysis of the SPIRR-CAD trial offered the possibility to examine gender as exposure variable of the clinical and psychological situation at baseline and in a variety of psychosocial measures as outcomes. METHODS: In this trial, 450 men (78...
October 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Anna Chapman, Ellen Poliakoff, Carolyn A Chew-Graham, Richard J Brown
OBJECTIVE: High symptom reporting (HSR) and medically unexplained symptoms (MUS) are associated with considerable distress, disability, healthcare utilization and costs, but are poorly understood, and current treatments are of limited benefit. Most models of HSR and MUS implicate cognitive-perceptual factors, such as increased body-focused attention, reduced perceptual thresholds and a tendency to experience somatic misperception, but little is known about the causal role of these variables...
October 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Hamid Mohsenabadi, Zahra Zanjani, Mohammad Javad Shabani, Abbas Arj
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this randomized controlled trial was to evaluate the efficacy of Unified Protocol (UP) for transdiagnostic treatment of psychological problems, such as anxiety, depression, and stress, and treating the intensity of gastrointestinal symptoms in individuals with Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS). Another aim of the study was to test whether emotion regulation mediates the effect of UP. METHODS: Among 91 patients diagnosed with IBS (using ROME III criteria), 64 patients were eligible to participate in the study based on the inclusion/exclusion criteria...
October 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Paul Hüsing, Bernd Löwe, Anne Toussaint
OBJECTIVE: The reconceptualization of somatic symptom and related disorders in DSM-5 led to numerous consequences in terms of prevalence and affected patient populations. The present study aimed to investigate frequencies of ICD-10 somatoform disorders and DSM-5 somatic symptom disorders, and how the respective diagnostic groups differ in terms of sociodemographic and psychopathological characteristics. It discusses the usefulness and reliability of the new diagnostic criteria. METHOD: Patients from a German psychosomatic outpatient clinic (n = 438) completed self-report questionnaires on depression (PHQ-9), anxiety (GAD-7), symptom burden (PHQ-15), psychological distress (SSD-12), and quality of life (SF-12)...
October 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Catherine Heidi Seage
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Hanqing Luo, Yuanyuan Sun, Yue Li, Hong Lv, Li Sheng, Li Wang, Jiaming Qian
OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of perceived stress and coping behaviors on quality of life and clinical outcomes in patients with ulcerative colitis. METHODS: This is a prospective cohort study in a tertiary inflammatory bowel disease center in China. A total of 263 ulcerative colitis patients were enrolled consecutively between June 2013 and February 2015. The Perceived Stress Scale, the Medical Coping Modes Questionnaire, and the Inflammatory Bowel Disease Questionnaire were used to assess perceived stress, medical coping and quality of life at baseline...
October 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
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