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Journal of Psychosomatic Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185646/a-prospective-cohort-study-on-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-liver-transplantation-recipients-before-and-after-transplantation-prevalence-symptom-occurrence-and-intrusive-memories
#1
Coby Annema, Gerda Drent, Petrie F Roodbol, Herold J Metselaar, Bart Van Hoek, Robert J Porte, Maya J Schroevers, Adelita V Ranchor
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed at increasing the understanding of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in liver transplant patients by describing the course of PTSD, symptom occurrence, psychological co-morbidity, and the nature of re-experiencing symptoms. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was performed among 95 liver transplant recipients from before transplantation up until one year post-transplantation. Respondents filled out a questionnaire regarding psychological functioning (PTSD, anxiety, and depression) before, and at 3, 6, and 12months post-transplantation...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183407/depression-increases-the-risk-of-mortality-in-patients-with-heart-failure-a-meta-analysis
#2
Emily C Gathright, Carly M Goldstein, Richard A Josephson, Joel W Hughes
BACKGROUND: Depression is a risk factor for mortality in cardiovascular diseases. Prior studies confirm that depression predicts adverse outcomes in patients with heart failure (HF). However, data were inconclusive regarding the effect of depression on mortality. This meta-analysis examines the relationship between depression and mortality in HF. METHODS: Prospective studies of depression and mortality in HF published between 1999 and April 2016 were located using PubMed, PsychINFO, and MEDLINE...
March 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183406/long-term-economic-evaluation-of-cognitive-behavioural-group-treatment-versus-enhanced-usual-care-for-functional-somatic-syndromes
#3
Andreas Schröder, Eva Ørnbøl, Jens S Jensen, Michael Sharpe, Per Fink
OBJECTIVE: Patients with functional somatic syndromes (FSS) such as fibromyalgia and chronic fatigue syndrome have a poor outcome and can incur high healthcare and societal costs. We aimed to compare the medium-term (16months) cost-effectiveness and the long-term (40months) economic outcomes of a bespoke cognitive-behavioural group treatment (STreSS) with that of enhanced usual care (EUC). METHODS: We obtained complete data on healthcare and indirect costs (i.e...
March 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183405/prevalence-and-determinants-of-anxiety-and-depression-in-end-stage-renal-disease-esrd-a-comparison-between-esrd-patients-with-and-without-coexisting-diabetes-mellitus
#4
Russell Kl Yoong, Nandakumar Mooppil, Eric Yh Khoo, Stanton P Newman, Vanessa Yw Lee, Augustine Wc Kang, Konstadina Griva
OBJECTIVE: To compare anxiety and/or depressive symptoms between patients with end-stage renal disease with and without comorbid diabetes and identify factors associated with symptoms of distress in this population. METHODS: Data from two studies (conducted between 2010 and 2014) were pooled. A total of 526 patients on hemodialysis (68.8% with diabetes) completed the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). Elevated symptoms were defined as HADS-Anxiety or HADS-Depression≥8...
March 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183404/student-eri-psychometric-properties-of-a-new-brief-measure-of-effort-reward-imbalance-among-university-students
#5
Natalia Wege, Jian Li, Thomas Muth, Peter Angerer, Johannes Siegrist
BACKGROUND: Psychosocial stress among university students, particularly medical students, is considered a widely prevalent problem. There is a need for valid measurement of an adverse psychosocial stress environment in university settings. The aim of this study was to examine the psychometric properties of a newly developed short student version of the effort-reward imbalance (ERI) questionnaire in a sample of medical students. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey with a self-administrated questionnaire containing three scales was conducted among 406 medical students...
March 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183403/chronic-exposure-to-adverse-psychosocial-work-factors-and-high-psychological-distress-among-white-collar-workers-a-5-year-prospective-study
#6
Ruth Ndjaboue, Chantal Brisson, Denis Talbot, Michel Vézina
OBJECTIVES: Prospective studies which evaluated whether the effects of chronic exposure to psychosocial work factors on mental health persisted over time are scarce. For the first time, this study evaluated: 1) the effect of chronic exposure to effort-reward imbalance over 5years on the prevalence of high psychological distress among men and women, and 2) the persistence of this effect over time. METHODS: Overall, 1747 white-collar workers from three public organizations participated in a prospective study...
March 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183402/the-effects-of-acute-inflammation-on-cognitive-functioning-and-emotional-processing-in-humans-a-systematic-review-of-experimental-studies
#7
REVIEW
Jessica Bollen, Leanne Trick, David Llewellyn, Chris Dickens
OBJECTIVE: The cognitive neuropsychological model of depression proposes that negative biases in the processing of emotionally salient information have a central role in the development and maintenance of depression. We have conducted a systematic review to determine whether acute experimental inflammation is associated with changes to cognitive and emotional processing that are thought to cause and maintain depression. METHODS: We identified experimental studies in which healthy individuals were administered an acute inflammatory challenge (bacterial endotoxin/vaccination) and standardised tests of cognitive function were performed...
March 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183401/stigma-and-psychological-distress-in-suicide-survivors
#8
Paolo Scocco, Antonio Preti, Stefano Totaro, Alessandro Ferrari, Elena Toffol
BACKGROUND: Suicide bereavement is frequently related to clinically significant psychological distress and affected by stigma. This study was designed to evaluate the relationship between psychological distress by psychopathological domains and stigma, in a sample of individuals bereaved by suicide (suicide survivors). METHODS: The data were collected between January 2012 and December 2014 and included information on sociodemographic variables (gender, age, marital status and education level) and responses to the Stigma of Suicide Survivor scale (STOSSS) and the Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI)...
March 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183400/toward-a-better-understanding-of-social-anxiety-and-depression-in-psoriasis-patients-the-role-of-determinants-mediators-and-moderators
#9
Patryk Łakuta, Hanna Przybyła-Basista
OBJECTIVE: To determine how and under which conditions psoriasis is related to the psychological impairments, in particular, to social anxiety and depression, the current study tested the interplay of selected factors such as gender, age of onset of psoriasis, cognitive and affective elements of body image, experiences of stigmatization, and patients' subjective perceptions of severity of the disease. METHODS: Adult psoriasis patients (N=193) completed the Appearance Schemas Inventory-Revised, the Stigmatization Scale, the Body Emotions Scale, the Beck Depression Inventory, and the Social Anxiety Questionnaire...
March 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183399/efficacy-of-a-randomized-controlled-self-regulation-based-physical-activity-intervention-for-chronic-fatigue-mediation-effects-of-physical-activity-progress-and-self-regulation-skills
#10
M M Marques, V de Gucht, I Leal, S Maes
OBJECTIVE: Examine the medium-term effects of a brief physical activity (PA) self-regulation (SR) based intervention (4-STEPS program) for chronic fatigue, and explore the mediating effects of PA related variables and SR skills. METHODS: A two-arm randomized controlled trial (Usual Care vs 4-STEPS) was carried out. The 4-STEPS program consisted of Motivational Interviewing and SR-skills training. Fatigue severity (primary outcome) and impact, PA, health-related quality of life (HrQoL), and somatic and psychological distress were assessed at baseline, post-treatment (12weeks) and 12months follow-up...
March 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183398/depression-is-linked-to-hyperglycaemia-via-suboptimal-diabetes-self-management-a-cross-sectional-mediation-analysis
#11
Andreas Schmitt, André Reimer, Norbert Hermanns, Bernhard Kulzer, Dominic Ehrmann, Michael Krichbaum, Jorg Huber, Thomas Haak
OBJECTIVE: To analyse if the association between depressive symptoms and hyperglycaemia is mediated by diabetes self-management. METHODS: 430 people with diabetes (57.7% type 1, 42.3% type 2) were cross-sectionally assessed using validated self-report scales for depressive symptoms (Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D)) and diabetes self-management (Diabetes Self-Management Questionnaire (DSMQ)); HbA1c was analysed simultaneously in a central laboratory...
March 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183397/impact-of-anxiety-and-or-depressive-disorders-and-chronic-somatic-diseases-on-disability-and-work-impairment
#12
Wicher A Bokma, Neeltje M Batelaan, Anton J L M van Balkom, Brenda W J H Penninx
OBJECTIVE: Anxiety and/or Depressive Disorders (ADDs) and Chronic Somatic Diseases (CSDs) are associated with substantial levels of health-related disability and work impairment. However, it is unclear whether comorbid ADDs and CSDs additively affect functional outcomes. This paper examines the impact of ADDs, CSDs, and their comorbidity on disability, work absenteeism and presenteeism. METHODS: Baseline data from the Netherlands Study of Depression and Anxiety (n=2371) were used...
March 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183396/denheart-differences-in-physical-and-mental-health-across-cardiac-diagnoses-at-hospital-discharge
#13
Selina Kikkenborg Berg, Trine Bernholdt Rasmussen, Lars Thrysoee, Astrid Lauberg, Britt Borregaard, Anne Vinggaard Christensen, Ola Ekholm, Knud Juel, Jette Rolf Svanholm
OBJECTIVE: To describe: (i) differences in patient reported physical and mental health outcomes at hospital discharge between a) cardiac diagnostic groups and b) cardiac patients and a national representative reference population and to describe (ii) in-hospital predicting factors for patient reported outcomes. METHODS: A national cross-sectional survey combined with national register data. From April 2013 to April 2014 all patients (n=34,564) discharged or transferred from one of five Danish Heart Centres were invited to participate...
March 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107900/quality-of-sleep-in-renal-transplant-recipients-and-patients-on-hemodialysis
#14
Paraskevi G Liaveri, Dimitris Dikeos, Ioannis Ilias, Eirini P Lygkoni, Ioannis N Boletis, Chryssanthi Skalioti, Thomas Paparrigopoulos
BACKGROUND: Sleep disorders are very common in patients with chronic kidney disease and they may not always subside after kidney transplantation. AIM AND METHODS: The aim of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate the self-reported quality of sleep, insomnia problems in particular, and examine the factors that disturb sleep of kidney transplant recipients (KTx: n=152) in comparison to age- and sex-matched patients on dialysis (HD: n=67) and participants with normal renal function (NOR: n=49), through the administration of the Athens Insomnia Scale (AIS) at least six months after transplantation...
February 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107899/childhood-trauma-perpetrated-by-close-others-psychiatric-dysfunction-and-urological-symptoms-in-patients-with-interstitial-cystitis-bladder-pain-syndrome
#15
Chui-De Chiu, Ming-Huei Lee, Wei-Chih Chen, Hoi Lam Ho, Huei-Ching Wu
BACKGROUND: A psychosocial phenotype of interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome (IC/BPS), a urogenital condition without known organic causes, was proposed. While psychosocial variables, including interpersonal maltreatment and negative affect, were studied in association with IC/BPS, the specificities of the relationships between childhood trauma by close others, psychiatric dysfunctions (negative affect and post-traumatic psychopathology), and urogenital symptoms have not been established...
February 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107898/the-experience-of-pain-severity-and-pain-interference-in-vulvodynia-patients-the-role-of-cognitive-behavioural-factors-psychological-distress-and-fatigue
#16
Claudia Chisari, Joseph Chilcot
OBJECTIVE: Vulvodynia is a chronic pain condition characterised by severe pain affecting the vulva. Biopsychosocial models have revealed the importance of illness perceptions, cognitive-behavioural variables and psychological distress in explaining the experience of pain and disability across several conditions. These factors have never been collectively examined in vulvodynia. We predicted that distress, fatigue, illness perceptions, and cognitive-behavioural factors would be associated with pain severity and interference among women with vulvodynia...
February 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107897/emotionally-triggered-asthma-and-its-relationship-to-panic-disorder-ataques-de-nervios-and-asthma-related-death-of-a-loved-one-in-latino-adults
#17
Karinna Vazquez, Jonathan Sandler, Alejandro Interian, Jonathan M Feldman
OBJECTIVE: Research has demonstrated high comorbidity between asthma and panic disorder (PD). Less is known about the relationship between asthma and the Latino cultural idiom of distress of ataques de nervios, as well as the role that psychosocial stressors play. The current study tested the hypotheses that Latino asthma patients who experience PD, ataques de nervios, and/or asthma-related death of a loved one endorse greater psychological triggers of asthma, greater perceived impact of asthma triggers, and greater difficulty controlling such triggers than do those without these conditions...
February 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107896/cortisol-levels-in-hair-are-altered-in-irritable-bowel-syndrome-a-case-control-study-in-primary-care
#18
A-K Norlin, S Walter, E Theodorsson, V Tegelstrom, E Grodzinsky, M P Jones, Å Faresjö
OBJECTIVE: Stress is an important component in the pathophysiology of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Long term Hypothalamus Pituitary Adrenal (HPA)-axis activity can be studied by measuring hair cortisol concentrations (HCC). Some previous studies have indicated a dysregulated HPA-axis in IBS patients, but cortisol levels in hair have not yet been studied. We investigated whether HCC and self-reported stress differentiate IBS patients from controls. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study within 10 Swedish Primary Health Care Centers we compared patients in working age with active IBS to patients without GI complaints...
February 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107895/psychological-distress-longitudinally-mediates-the-effect-of-vertigo-symptoms-on-vertigo-related-handicap
#19
Thomas Probst, Andreas Dinkel, Gabriele Schmid-Mühlbauer, Katharina Radziej, Karina Limburg, Christoph Pieh, Claas Lahmann
OBJECTIVE: Vertigo symptoms can lead to more or less vertigo-related handicap. This longitudinal study investigated whether depression, anxiety, and/or somatization mediate the relationship between vertigo symptoms and vertigo-related handicap. METHODS: N=111 patients with vertigo/dizziness provided complete data on the following measures: Vertigo symptoms at baseline, depression at 6-month follow-up, anxiety at 6-month follow-up, somatization at 6-month follow-up, and vertigo handicap at 12-month follow-up...
February 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107894/heart-rate-variability-biofeedback-therapy-and-graded-exercise-training-in-management-of-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-an-exploratory-pilot-study
#20
Petra Windthorst, Nazar Mazurak, Marvin Kuske, Arno Hipp, Katrin E Giel, Paul Enck, Andreas Nieß, Stephan Zipfel, Martin Teufel
OBJECTIVE: Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is characterised by persistent fatigue, exhaustion, and several physical complaints. Research has shown cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) and graded exercise training (GET) to be the most effective treatments. In a first step we aimed to assess the efficacy of heart rate variability biofeedback therapy (HRV-BF) as a treatment method comprising cognitive and behavioural strategies and GET in the pilot trial. In a second step we aimed to compare both interventions with regard to specific parameters...
February 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
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