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Journal of Psychosomatic Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720250/cardiovascular-disease-and-perceived-weight-racial-and-gender-discrimination-in-u-s-adults
#1
Tomoko Udo, Carlos M Grilo
OBJECTIVE: To date, most research on perceived discrimination and cardiovascular disease (CVD) has examined racial discrimination although other forms of discrimination may also impact physical and mental health. The current study investigated the relationship between three forms of discrimination (weight, race, and gender) and 3-year incidence of CVD in a large national sample of U.S. adults. METHODS: 26,992 adults (55.5% women) who participated in the 2001-2002 and 2004-2005 National Epidemiologic Survey of Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC) were included in this study...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473164/corrigendum-to-comparison-of-factor-structure-models-for-the-beck-anxiety-inventory-among-cardiac-rehabilitation-patients-j-psychosom-res-89-october-2016-91-97
#2
Jillian M R Clark, Jacob M Marszalek, Kymberley K Bennett, Kadie M Harry, Alisha D Howarter, Kalon R Eways, Karla S Reed
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712436/association-of-symptoms-of-insomnia-and-sleep-parameters-among-kidney-transplant-recipients
#3
Katalin Z Ronai, Andras Szentkiralyi, Alpar S Lazar, Zsolt I Lazar, Istvan Papp, Ferenc Gombos, Rezso Zoller, Maria E Czira, Anett V Lindner, Istvan Mucsi, Robert Bodizs, Miklos Z Molnar, Marta Novak
OBJECTIVE: Insomnia complaints are frequent among kidney transplant (kTx) recipients and are associated with fatigue, depression, lower quality of life and increased morbidity. However, it is not known if subjective insomnia symptoms are associated with objective parameters of sleep architecture. Thus, we analyze the association between sleep macrostructure and EEG activity versus insomnia symptoms among kTx recipients. METHODS: Participants (n1=100) were selected from prevalent adult transplant recipients (n0=1214) followed at a single institution...
August 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712435/are-modern-health-worries-associated-with-medical-conspiracy-theories
#4
Y Lahrach, A Furnham
This study was concerned with whether Medical Conspiracy Theories (MCTs), along with other variables (demographics, ideology and health perceptions) are associated with Modern Health Worries (MHWs). MCTs were significantly associated with MHWs over and above all other variables. Older individuals, with more religious and right-wing beliefs had higher MHWs. In addition, those who used Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) and individuals who perceived their mental health as worse than their peers were also more likely to display higher MHWs...
August 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712434/does-vital-exhaustion-increase-the-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-a-prospective-study
#5
Sasia Volden, Cathrine Lawaetz Wimmelmann, Trine Flensborg-Madsen
BACKGROUND: There is evidence that both stress and depression have a causal relationship with type 2 diabetes suggesting that vital exhaustion (VE) too could be a risk factor. The association between VE and type 2 diabetes has, however, not been investigated prospectively. AIM: To prospectively investigate whether VE is associated with an increased risk of type 2 diabetes in a Danish population. METHODS: A prospective cohort study based on the Copenhagen City Heart Study (1991-1993)...
August 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712433/two-year-prognosis-after-acute-coronary-syndrome-in-younger-patients-association-with-feeling-depressed-in-the-prior-year-and-bdi-ii-score-and-endothelin-1
#6
Luba Yammine, Lorraine Frazier, Nikhil S Padhye, Jennifer E Sanner, Matthew M Burg
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of depressive symptoms and Endothelin (ET)-1 on 2-year prognosis in younger patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Depression is associated with poor post-ACS prognosis; however, few investigations have focused on younger patients. Importantly, the studies that did emphasize younger patients suggested that the influence of depression on prognosis could be more robust in younger subgroups. The particular links between depression and poor prognosis in younger patients have yet to be definitively determined...
August 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712432/alexithymia-in-eating-disorders-systematic-review-and-meta-analyses-of-studies-using-the-toronto-alexithymia-scale
#7
REVIEW
Heather Westwood, Jess Kerr-Gaffney, Daniel Stahl, Kate Tchanturia
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review was to synthesise the literature on the use of the Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS) in eating disorder populations and Healthy Controls (HCs) and to compare TAS scores in these groups. METHOD: Electronic databases were searched systematically for studies using the TAS and meta-analyses were performed to statistically compare scores on the TAS between individuals with eating disorders and HCs. RESULTS: Forty-eight studies using the TAS with both a clinical eating disorder group and HCs were identified...
August 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712431/the-mediating-role-of-sleep-related-metacognitive-processes-in-trait-and-pre-sleep-state-hyperarousal-in-insomnia-disorder
#8
Laura Palagini, Jason C Ong, Dieter Riemann
OBJECTIVE: Trait predisposition to hyperarousal and pre-sleep state hyperarousal are considered key factors in insomnia, but research also supports the role of cognitive and metacognitive processes. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between unhelpful sleep-related beliefs, sleep-related metacognition and trait/pre-sleep state arousal in insomnia disorder. METHOD: Sixty-eight subjects with insomnia disorder (DSM-5) and 36 good sleepers were evaluated with a set of questionnaires that included Dysfunctional Beliefs about Sleep scale (DBAS), Metacognitions Questionnaire - Insomnia (MCQI), Arousal Predisposition Scale (APS), and Pre-sleep Arousal Scale (PSAS)...
August 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712430/social-networks-and-patterns-of-health-risk-behaviours-over-two-decades-a-multi-cohort-study
#9
Maarit Kauppi, Marko Elovainio, Sari Stenholm, Marianna Virtanen, Ville Aalto, Markku Koskenvuo, Mika Kivimäki, Jussi Vahtera
OBJECTIVE: To determine the associations between social network size and subsequent long-term health behaviour patterns, as indicated by alcohol use, smoking, and physical activity. METHODS: Repeat data from up to six surveys over a 15- or 20-year follow-up were drawn from the Finnish Public Sector study (Raisio-Turku cohort, n=986; Hospital cohort, n=7307), and the Health and Social Support study (n=20,115). Social network size was determined at baseline, and health risk behaviours were assessed using repeated data from baseline and follow-up...
August 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712429/the-association-between-multiple-chemical-sensitivity-and-mental-illness-evidence-from-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-canadians
#10
Dylan Johnson, Ian Colman
OBJECTIVE: The goal of the present study was to investigate the association between multiple chemical sensitivity (MCS) and major depressive disorder (MDD), generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), MDD and GAD comorbidity (MDD+GAD), severe distress, and positive mental wellbeing. METHODS: This cross-sectional investigation was carried out using the 2012 Canadian Community Health Survey - Mental Health Component. The study population consisted of 21,977 individuals aged 20 and older, from Canada's ten provinces...
August 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712428/association-between-all-cause-mortality-and-severity-of-depressive-symptoms-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-analysis-from-the-japan-diabetes-complications-study-jdcs
#11
Satoshi Matsunaga, Shiro Tanaka, Kazuya Fujihara, Chika Horikawa, Satoshi Iimuro, Masafumi Kitaoka, Asako Sato, Jiro Nakamura, Masakazu Haneda, Hitoshi Shimano, Yasuo Akanuma, Yasuo Ohashi, Hirohito Sone
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study are to confirm whether the excess mortality caused by depressive symptoms is independent of severe hypoglycemia in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and to evaluate the association between all-cause mortality and degrees of severity of depressive symptoms in Japanese patients with T2DM. METHODS: A total of 1160 Japanese patients with T2DM were eligible for this analysis. Participants were followed prospectively for 3years and their depressive states were evaluated at baseline by the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D)...
August 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712427/depression-inflammation-and-epidermal-growth-factor-receptor-egfr-status-in-metastatic-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-a-pilot-study
#12
Jamie M Jacobs, Lara Traeger, Justin Eusebio, Naomi M Simon, Lecia V Sequist, Joseph A Greer, Jennifer S Temel, William F Pirl
OBJECTIVE: Patients with stage IV non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) have high risk for depressive symptoms and major depressive disorder (MDD); however, those with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations may have decreased risk. The biological underpinning of this relationship is unknown. We examined differences in depression severity and MDD in patients with newly diagnosed stage IV NSCLC based on EGFR mutation status, and examined proinflammatory cytokines and growth factors known to play a role in cancer progression and depression...
August 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712426/negative-affect-is-unrelated-to-fluctuations-in-hormone-levels-across-the-menstrual-cycle-evidence-from-a-multisite-observational-study-across-two-successive-cycles
#13
Michael P Hengartner, Tillmann H C Kruger, Kirsten Geraedts, Enrico Tronci, Toni Mancini, Fabian Ille, Marcel Egli, Susanna Röblitz, Rainald Ehrig, Lanja Saleh, Katharina Spanaus, Cordula Schippert, Yuanyuan Zhang, Brigitte Leeners
BACKGROUND: Female sex hormones may play a crucial role in the occurrence of cycle-related mood disorders. However, the literature is inconsistent and methodologically stringent observational studies on the relationship between sex hormones and negative affect are lacking. METHODS: In this longitudinal multisite study from Hannover, Germany, and Zurich, Switzerland, we examined oestrogen, progesterone, luteinizing hormone (LH), follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), and testosterone serum levels in association with negative affect as measured with the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS)...
August 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712425/telomere-length-is-inversely-correlated-with-urinary-stress-hormone-levels-in-healthy-controls-but-not-in-un-medicated-depressed-individuals-preliminary-findings
#14
Brittany Fair, Synthia H Mellon, Elissa S Epel, Jue Lin, Dóra Révész, Josine E Verhoeven, Brenda W Penninx, Victor I Reus, Rebecca Rosser, Christina M Hough, Laura Mahan, Heather M Burke, Elizabeth H Blackburn, Owen M Wolkowitz
OBJECTIVE: Leukocyte telomere length (LTL) is a biomarker of cellular aging affected by chronic stress. The relationship of LTL to the stress hormones, cortisol and catecholamines, is unclear, as are possible differences between healthy controls (HC) and individuals with Major Depressive Disorder (MDD). This small pilot study is the first to examine the relationship between cortisol, catecholamines and LTL specifically in un-medicated MDD in comparison with HC. METHODS: Participants included 16 un-medicated MDD subjects and 15 HC for assay of LTL, 12-hour overnight urinary free cortisol and catecholamine levels...
August 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712424/determinants-and-incidence-of-depression-in-multiple-sclerosis-a-prospective-cohort-study
#15
S A Berzins, A G Bulloch, J M Burton, K S Dobson, G H Fick, S B Patten
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the incidence and explore potential determinants of incidence of depression in MS. METHODS: A prospective cohort study used a sample of 192 patients from the southern Alberta MS clinic registry. Participants completed baseline risk factor assessment questionnaires using either online, mail or telephone surveys, and completed the Patient Health Questionnaire every 2weeks for 6months to assess depressive symptoms in real time. Risk factors assessed included biopsychosocial variables such as socioeconomic status, illness-related factors, childhood risk factors, psychosocial factors, and health behaviors...
August 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712423/anxiety-and-depression-in-patients-three-months-after-myocardial-infarction-association-with-markers-of-coagulation-and-the-relevance-of-age
#16
Franziska Geiser, Anne Sarah Urbach, Ursula Harbrecht, Rupert Conrad, Bernd Pötzsch, Nele Amann, Katharina Kiesewetter, Alexandra Sieke, Kyra Wolffs, Dirk Skowasch
OBJECTIVE: Anxiety and depression are associated with an activation of coagulation and an impairment of fibrinolysis, which may contribute to the increased cardiovascular risk associated with the two disorders. However, very few studies have examined the impact of psychological distress on coagulation factors in coronary artery disease patients. The aim of this study was to assess the correlation between anxiety/depression and factors of coagulation and fibrinolysis in patients who had suffered an acute MI three months prior...
August 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712422/torturing-personification-of-chronic-pain-among-torture-survivors
#17
Noga Tsur, Golan Shahar, Ruth Defrin, Yael Lahav, Karni Ginzburg
BACKGROUND: Consistent with the human tendency to anthropomorphize objects, events, and situations, individuals might ascribe human characteristics to physical symptoms and illnesses. This manuscript presents an examination of chronic pain personification in torture survivors. Specifically, it was hypothesized that torture survivors personify chronic pain as a torturing sensation. It was further hypothesized that PTSD mediates the effect of past torture on torturing pain personification...
August 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712421/number-of-recent-stressful-life-events-and-incident-cardiovascular-disease-moderation-by-lifetime-depressive-disorder
#18
Jessica Berntson, Jay S Patel, Jesse C Stewart
OBJECTIVE: We investigated whether number of recent stressful life events is associated with incident cardiovascular disease (CVD) and whether this relationship is stronger in adults with a history of clinical depression. METHODS: Prospective data from 28,583 U.S. adults (mean age=45years) initially free of CVD who participated in Waves 1 (2001-2002) and 2 (2004-2005) of the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC) were examined. Number of past-year stressful life events (Wave 1), lifetime depressive disorder (Wave 1), and incident CVD (Wave 2) were determined by structured interviews...
August 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712420/the-role-of-trait-mindfulness-in-quality-of-life-and-asthma-control-among-adolescents-with-asthma
#19
Linda Cillessen, Monique O van de Ven, Johan C Karremans
OBJECTIVE: The current study focused on the role of trait mindfulness in asthma-related quality of life (QoL) and asthma control in adolescent asthma patients. Furthermore, potential underlying mechanisms (general and asthma-specific stress) of this relationship were investigated. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, questionnaire data of 94 adolescents with asthma that were prescribed daily asthma medication were included. Two Structural Equation Models (SEMs), a direct model and an indirect model, were tested...
August 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712419/the-relationship-between-childhood-adversities-and-fibromyalgia-in-the-general-population
#20
Aleksi Varinen, Elise Kosunen, Kari Mattila, Tuomas Koskela, Markku Sumanen
BACKGROUND: Fibromyalgia is a syndrome characterized by widespread pain and a variety of somatic symptoms. The international prevalence of fibromyalgia is 2-5%, but its current prevalence in Finland is unclear. Various adversities are linked to the onset of fibromyalgia. However, there is need for more data regarding the association between childhood physical abuse and fibromyalgia. Further, the association of childhood emotional stressors and fibromyalgia is disputed. The aim of the current study is to produce more information about that relationship using data from the Health and Social Support (HeSSup) Study...
August 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
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