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Journal of Psychosomatic Research

C Rometsch-Ogioun El Sount, P Windthorst, J Denkinger, K Ziser, C Nikendei, D Kindermann, J Ringwald, V Renner, S Zipfel, F Junne
OBJECTIVE: Chronic pain in patients with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a frequent symptom and a complicating factor in the treatment of patients. The study' purpose is to systematically review the scientific literature on patients' characteristics and the effects of specific interventions implemented for the treatment of chronic pain in traumatized refugees. METHOD: A systematic search of the current literature was conducted in PubMed and Web of Science, from 1996 to 2017...
July 30, 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Hans-Christian Deter, Cora Weber, Christoph Herrmann-Lingen, Christian Albus, Jana Juenger, Karl-Heinz Ladwig, Wolfgang Soellner, Martina de Zwaan, Martin Hellmich, Anna-Sophia Grün, Joram Ronel, Kristina Orth-Gomér
INTRODUCTION: The biological and psychosocial risk profile differs between women and men with coronary artery disease (CAD). Depressive symptoms and Vital Exhaustion (VE) predict an unfavourable course of CAD. The secondary analysis of the SPIRR-CAD trial offered the possibility to examine gender as exposure variable of the clinical and psychological situation at baseline and in a variety of psychosocial measures as outcomes. METHODS: In this trial, 450 men (78...
October 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Anna Chapman, Ellen Poliakoff, Carolyn A Chew-Graham, Richard J Brown
OBJECTIVE: High symptom reporting (HSR) and medically unexplained symptoms (MUS) are associated with considerable distress, disability, healthcare utilization and costs, but are poorly understood, and current treatments are of limited benefit. Most models of HSR and MUS implicate cognitive-perceptual factors, such as increased body-focused attention, reduced perceptual thresholds and a tendency to experience somatic misperception, but little is known about the causal role of these variables...
October 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Hamid Mohsenabadi, Zahra Zanjani, Mohammad Javad Shabani, Abbas Arj
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this randomized controlled trial was to evaluate the efficacy of Unified Protocol (UP) for transdiagnostic treatment of psychological problems, such as anxiety, depression, and stress, and treating the intensity of gastrointestinal symptoms in individuals with Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS). Another aim of the study was to test whether emotion regulation mediates the effect of UP. METHODS: Among 91 patients diagnosed with IBS (using ROME III criteria), 64 patients were eligible to participate in the study based on the inclusion/exclusion criteria...
October 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Paul Hüsing, Bernd Löwe, Anne Toussaint
OBJECTIVE: The reconceptualization of somatic symptom and related disorders in DSM-5 led to numerous consequences in terms of prevalence and affected patient populations. The present study aimed to investigate frequencies of ICD-10 somatoform disorders and DSM-5 somatic symptom disorders, and how the respective diagnostic groups differ in terms of sociodemographic and psychopathological characteristics. It discusses the usefulness and reliability of the new diagnostic criteria. METHOD: Patients from a German psychosomatic outpatient clinic (n = 438) completed self-report questionnaires on depression (PHQ-9), anxiety (GAD-7), symptom burden (PHQ-15), psychological distress (SSD-12), and quality of life (SF-12)...
October 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Catherine Heidi Seage
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Hanqing Luo, Yuanyuan Sun, Yue Li, Hong Lv, Li Sheng, Li Wang, Jiaming Qian
OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of perceived stress and coping behaviors on quality of life and clinical outcomes in patients with ulcerative colitis. METHODS: This is a prospective cohort study in a tertiary inflammatory bowel disease center in China. A total of 263 ulcerative colitis patients were enrolled consecutively between June 2013 and February 2015. The Perceived Stress Scale, the Medical Coping Modes Questionnaire, and the Inflammatory Bowel Disease Questionnaire were used to assess perceived stress, medical coping and quality of life at baseline...
October 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Laura J Dietz, Steven Pham, Nadine Melhem, Giovanna Porta, David A Brent
OBJECTIVE: To examine differences in blood pressure response and recovery in a sample of bereaved and non-bereaved youths during an acute stress task conducted 5 years after time of parental death. METHODS: One-hundred and ninety-two (n = 192) bereaved and non-bereaved offspring (ages 11-29) participated in an adaptation of the Trier Social Stress Task (TSST) 5-years after the time of parental death. Blood pressure measurements were collected before, during, and after the laboratory stress protocol...
October 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Ashley W-T Wang, Laura C Bouchard, Lisa M Gudenkauf, Devika R Jutagir, Hannah M Fisher, Jamie M Jacobs, Bonnie B Blomberg, Suzanne C Lechner, Charles S Carver, Michael H Antoni
OBJECTIVE: Cognitive-behavioral stress management (CBSM) improves adaptation to primary treatment for breast cancer (BCa), evidenced as reductions in distress and increases in positive affect. Because not all BCa patients may need psychosocial intervention, identifying those most likely to benefit is important. A secondary analysis of a previous randomized trial tested whether baseline level of cancer-specific distress moderated CBSM effects on adaptation over 12 months. We hypothesized that patients experiencing the greatest cancer-specific distress in the weeks after surgery would show the greatest CBSM-related effects on distress and affect...
October 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Melissa G Hunt, Connie Wong, Syed Aajmain, Ifeoluwa Dawodu
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a common functional gastrointestinal (GI) disorder characterized by recurrent abdominal pain and altered bowel habits. IBS is a risk factor for fecal incontinence (FI), the unintentional passage of solid or liquid stool. FI can substantially interfere with health related quality of life (HRQL), leading to heightened anxiety and avoidance behavior. Nevertheless, relatively little research has been conducted on the prevalence of FI in IBS patients. This study evaluated the prevalence of FI in people with self-reported IBS and the relationship between FI and HRQL...
October 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Konstadina Griva, Kevin F Y Lam, Mooppil Nandakumar, Jo-An H Ng, Hayley McBain, Stanton P Newman
OBJECTIVE: Depression is often comorbid with End-Stage Renal Disease, and associated with poor adherence and clinical outcomes but course of symptoms is variable. This study sought to describe the long-term trajectories of anxiety and depression in hemodialysis patients, to identify predictors of these trajectories over 12 months and to evaluate the effectiveness of the HEmoDialysis Self-Management Randomized Trial (HED SMART) against usual care on symptoms of anxiety and depression...
October 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Lydia Poole, Andrew Steptoe
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between depressive symptoms and incident chronic illness burden in prospective longitudinal analyses. METHODS: We analysed data from 2472 participants (62.88 ± 8.49 years old; 50.8% female) from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA). Depressive symptoms were measured using the Centre for Epidemiological Studies Depression (CES-D) scale at baseline in 2004, and participants were followed up for 10 years. Participants with prevalent illness at baseline (coronary heart disease [CHD], other cardiac illness, stroke, cancer, diabetes/high blood glucose, arthritis, lung disease, osteoporosis and Parkinson's disease) were excluded from models predicting illness burden (the sum of illnesses reported) over follow-up...
October 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Wanjie Tang, Yi Lu, Yanchun Yang, Jiuping Xu
BACKGROUND: This study investigated the prevalence of sleep problems and their associated risk factors in child and adolescent survivors three years after the 2013 Ya'an earthquake. METHODS: A total of 6132 adolescent survivors aged 9-18 years were invited to complete the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, Children's Revised Impact of Event Scale-13, Short Mood and Feelings Questionnaire, and Screen for Child Anxiety-Related Emotional Disorders. Logistic analysis was used to identify possible relationships of sleep disturbance scores with earthquake exposures, mental health and demographic characteristics...
October 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Nina Rottmann, Ole Skov, Christina Maar Andersen, Dominic A M J Theuns, Susanne S Pedersen
OBJECTIVES: Adjustment to life with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) may be challenging for some patients and their partners, with disease and individual characteristics likely influencing the process. We examined whether perceived social support and clinical patient characteristics are associated with change in couples' symptoms of anxiety and depression in the first year after ICD implantation, and explored whether the associations differ between patients and partners...
October 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Toby B Cumming, Ai Beng Yeo, Jodie Marquez, Leonid Churilov, Jean-Marie Annoni, Umaru Badaru, Nastaran Ghotbi, Joe Harbison, Gert Kwakkel, Anners Lerdal, Roger Mills, Halvor Naess, Harald Nyland, Arlene Schmid, Wai Kwong Tang, Benjamin Tseng, Ingrid van de Port, Gillian Mead, Coralie English
OBJECTIVE: The prevalence of post-stroke fatigue differs widely across studies, and reasons for such divergence are unclear. We aimed to collate individual data on post-stroke fatigue from multiple studies to facilitate high-powered meta-analysis, thus increasing our understanding of this complex phenomenon. METHODS: We conducted an Individual Participant Data (IPD) meta-analysis on post-stroke fatigue and its associated factors. The starting point was our 2016 systematic review and meta-analysis of post-stroke fatigue prevalence, which included 24 studies that used the Fatigue Severity Scale (FSS)...
October 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Fawn A Walter, David Ede, Misty A W Hawkins, Mary A Dolansky, John Gunstad, Richard Josephson, Shirley M Moore, Joel W Hughes
BACKGROUND: Individuals with heart failure (HF) exhibit comorbid impairments in both sleep and cognitive performance. Sleep quality has been associated with impaired cognitive performance in HF patients, but reports are inconsistent. In this study, we examined associations between sleep quality, daytime sleepiness, and cognitive function in HF. METHODS AND RESULTS: Participants were 267 (age = 69.1 ± 9.3) mostly Caucasian (74.9%), male (59.6%) stable HF patients recruited from outpatient settings...
October 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Eva Biringer, Ute Kessler, Louise M Howard, Dharmintra Pasupathy, Arnstein Mykletun
OBJECTIVE: The 'psychogenic' hypothesis has a long history in the field of infertility. The present study investigated whether anxiety or depressive symptoms are associated with probability of subsequent live birth in a cohort of infertile women from the general population. METHODS: Using linked data from 12,987 women in the North-Trøndelag Health Study 1995-97 (HUNT 2) and the Medical Birth Registry of Norway (MBRN) a cohort of 467 women with self-reported infertility was followed prospectively in the MBRN for 11 years with regard to live birth...
October 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Jess G Fiedorowicz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Christoph Dybowski, Bernd Löwe, Christian Brünahl
OBJECTIVE: Chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CPPS) can affect both men and women and often causes substantial impairment to quality of life. Although cross-sectional studies have suggested that psychosocial aspects may constitute important factors in the etiology and maintenance of CPPS, longitudinal studies are rare. Therefore, the present study examines psychosocial factors as prospective predictors of pain intensity, urinary symptoms and impediments to quality of life in men and women with CPPS...
September 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
A Craig, D Rodrigues, Y Tran, R Guest, J Middleton
OBJECTIVE: To determine the extent of daytime sleepiness in adults with spinal cord injury (SCI) and investigate the contribution of fatigue and autonomic function to sleepiness status. METHODS: Participants included 45 adults with SCI attending outpatient services or living in the community and 44 able-bodied controls. The Oxford Sleep Resistance Test (OSLER) was used to assess daytime sleepiness, while eye blink rate duration (electrooculography) and the Iowa Fatigue Scale assessed fatigue...
September 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
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