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Journal of Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388351/sex-differences-in-associations-of-hostile-and-non-hostile-criticism-with-relationship-quality
#1
Sarah B Campbell, Keith D Renshaw, Sarah R Klein
Three studies examine whether the type of criticism (hostile vs. non-hostile) or the sex of the person perceiving criticism affect the association of criticism with relationship satisfaction. Analyses of the samples of undergraduates (Studies 1 and 2) and community couples (Study 3) indicated that hostile criticism was negatively associated with relationship functioning, whereas non-hostile criticism was positively associated with relationship functioning. The former association was stronger for women than for men (Studies 2 and 3), while the latter association was stronger for men than for women (Study 1)...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388342/cognitive-fusion-questionnaire-body-image-psychometric-properties-and-its-incremental-power-in-the-prediction-of-binge-eating-severity
#2
Paola Lucena-Santos, Inês A Trindade, Margareth Oliveira, José Pinto-Gouveia
Given the clinical usefulness of the CFQ-BI (Cognitive Fusion Questionnaire-Body Image; the only existing measure to assess the body-image-related cognitive fusion), the present study aimed to confirm its one-factor structure, to verify its measurement invariance between clinical and non-clinical samples, to analyze its internal consistency and sensitivity to detect differences between samples, as well as to explore the incremental and convergent validities of the CFQ-BI scores in Brazilian samples.  This was a cross-sectional study, which was conducted in clinical (women with overweight or obesity in treatment for weight loss) and non-clinical samples (women from the general population)...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388337/associations-among-psychologically-controlling-parenting-autonomy-relatedness-and-problem-behaviors-during-emerging-adulthood
#3
Francesca Liga, Sonia Ingoglia, Cristiano Inguglia, Alida Lo Coco, Maria Grazia Lo Cricchio, Pasquale Musso, Charissa Cheah, Laura Rose, Mindy R Gutow
The present study aimed to investigate the relations among perceived parental psychological control (PPC), autonomy and relatedness, and negative outcomes during emerging adulthood in two cultural contexts: Italy and the USA. More specifically, we explored the mechanisms through which dependency-oriented PPC (DPPC) and achievement-oriented PPC (APPC) are associated with both internalizing and externalizing difficulties, focusing on the mediating role of autonomy and relatedness. Participants were 418 European-American and 359 Italian college students...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447924/the-effects-of-messages-about-the-causes-of-obesity-on-disciplinary-action-decisions-for-overweight-employees
#4
Meghan I H Lindeman, Amanda K Crandall, Lisa M Finkelstein
We investigated the impact of messages about the causes of obesity (controllable or uncontrollable) on the disciplinary action consequences selected for obese employees in response to a work-related mistake. Participants read about either the controllable or uncontrollable causes of obesity before reviewing an ostensible employee file that included a description of an employee mistake. Depending on condition, the file contained a photo of the employee that either depicted them as obese or average weight. Participants were more willing to withhold a raise or promotion from an obese employee than from an average-weight employee...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447922/are-you-being-served-the-relationship-between-school-climate-for-service-and-teachers-engagement-satisfaction-and-intention-to-leave-a-moderated-mediation-model
#5
Liat Eldor, Anat Shoshani
The notion of service has been receiving increasing attention in organizational psychology literature in recent years, due to the client-oriented managerial movement. Yet, little to no attention has been paid to the service notion in educational psychology despite its high relevance to educational settings, given the pressure to be more service-oriented and possess a client-focused state of mind. The present study explores the notion of service in school domains by examining the joint effects of climate for service and the internal service in schools on teachers' work attitudes: work engagement, job satisfaction, and intention to leave their work...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339353/relationships-between-ambivalent-sexism-and-the-five-moral-foundations-in-domestic-violence-is-it-a-matter-of-fairness-and-authority
#6
Maria L Vecina, Raul Piñuela
Ambivalent sexism has served to justify and maintain patriarchy and traditional gender roles characterized by inequality and male domination in the intimate partner violence (IPV) literature; according to the Moral Foundation Theory (MFT) there are two specific moral foundations related to inequality and domination: fairness and authority. We connect these separate fields arguing that sexist attitudes can be related to specific patterns of endorsement of the five moral foundations. Our hypothesis is that ambivalent sexism in men convicted of violence against the partner may be rooted in at least these two moral foundations, and that at least these two moral foundations may also serve to predict intention to change the violent behavior against the partner...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339352/approaching-environmental-sustainability-perceptions-of-self-efficacy-and-changeability
#7
Nicola S Schutte, Navjot Bhullar
This paper describes a model focused on the role of self-efficacy and belief in changeability of behavior in motivating environmentally sustainable behavior. The model was tested in two studies. The first study found that participants who had greater self-efficacy for sustainability behavior and a greater belief in their changeability of sustainability behavior had a higher level of approach motivation toward sustainability behavior and reported more such actual behavior. The second study investigated the effect of brief interventions intended to increase perception of self-efficacy for sustainability-related purchasing and changeability of sustainability-related purchasing...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075708/conflict-resolution-in-chinese-adolescents-friendship-links-with-regulatory-focus-and-friendship-satisfaction
#8
Qin Gao, Ran Bian, Ru-de Liu, Yili He, Tian-Po Oei
It is generally acknowledged that people adopt different resolution strategies when facing conflicts with others. However, the mechanisms of conflict resolution are still unclear and under researched, in particular within the context of Chinese adolescents' same-sex friendship relations. Thus, the present study investigated the mediator role of conflict resolution strategies in the relationship between regulatory foci and friendship satisfaction for the first time. 653 Chinese adolescents completed the regulatory foci, conflict resolution style, and friendship satisfaction measures...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072377/core-self-evaluations-and-job-and-life-satisfaction-the-mediating-and-moderated-mediating-role-of-job-insecurity
#9
Hui-Hsien Hsieh, Jie-Tsuen Huang
This study examined the mediating role of job insecurity in the relationship between core self-evaluations (CSE) and job satisfaction, while also investigating the moderating role of job insecurity in the mediated relationship between CSE and life satisfaction via job satisfaction. Survey data were collected from a sample of 346 full-time employees in Taiwan. We found that job insecurity partially mediated the CSE-job satisfaction relationship. Moreover, we found that job insecurity moderated not only the relationship between CSE and job satisfaction but also the mediated relationship between CSE and life satisfaction via job satisfaction...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071983/what-does-leaders-character-add-to-transformational-leadership
#10
Patrick Liborius
The influence of leaders' character (e.g., integrity, humility/forgiveness) has rarely been examined in leadership research. The current investigation focused on the impact of integrity and humility/forgiveness on both followers' perceptions of leaders' worthiness of being followed (WBF) and stress. Results from a scenario experiment (n = 347) and a field study (n = 110) indicated that these aspects incrementally predict WBF above and beyond the impact of transformational leadership. Similar results were found concerning followers' stress with the exception of leader integrity in the field study...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982750/impact-of-evidence-type-and-judicial-warning-on-juror-perceptions-of-global-and-specific-witness-evidence
#11
Jacqueline M Wheatcroft, Hannah Keogan
The Court of Appeal in England and Wales held (R. v. Sardar, 2012) there had been no exceptional circumstances that justified a jury retiring with a transcript of the complainant's interview. This paper reports an investigation into the impact multiple evidence forms and use of a judicial warning has on juror evaluations of a witness. The warning focuses juror attention on placing disproportionate weight on the evidence as opposed to their general impression of it. Sixty jury-eligible participants were presented with witness evidence in transcript, video, or transcript plus video format...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982740/identifying-the-career-interest-profiles-of-junior-high-school-students-through-latent-profile-analysis
#12
Yao-Ting Sung, Yu-Wen Cheng, Jen-Hu Hsueh
Exploring the career-interest profiles of students has both practical and theoretical significance; however, a minimal amount of research has been conducted to address this issue. The present study combined latent profile analysis and differentiation values to investigate the career-interest profiles of 13,853 junior-high-school students. The results indicate that while the students' interests could be stratified into 25 profiles, 44.6% of students could be classified the as having low-differentiation profiles (such as like or dislike all types of vocational activities) and 24...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874319/grandiose-and-vulnerable-narcissism-materialism-money-attitudes-and-consumption-preferences
#13
Irena Pilch, Małgorzata E Górnik-Durose
Narcissism is increasingly being investigated in the context of consumer attitudes and behavior. Previous research showed that narcissism is reflected in materialistic tendencies and money-related attitudes. However, almost all of these studies concerned the grandiose type of narcissism. We examined relationships of both grandiose and vulnerable narcissism with materialism, money attitudes, and consumption preferences in a nonstudent sample. The results showed that the two types of narcissism are equally associated with materialism and a tendency to conspicuous (public) consumption...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001966/senseless-violence-an-overview
#14
REVIEW
Ami Rokach
In this epilogue I review some of the existing literature on senseless violence, highlighting the phenomenon, examining the factors that cause people to commit such horrific deeds, and the complex thoughts, feelings, and acts that precede such senseless violence. The article ends with some reflections on what we should do as a profession and as a society to help curb this life shattering violence.
January 2, 2017: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001965/senseless-violence-a-global-problem-with-psychological-ramifications
#15
Ami Rokach, Rida Ahmed, Karishma Patel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2, 2017: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27791498/exploring-the-interconnected-trauma-of-personal-social-and-structural-stressors-making-sense-of-senseless-violence
#16
Mona M Abo-Zena
Although violence is a timeless characteristic of human behavior and history, its prevalence and many forms are proliferated repeatedly through the media. In particular, "senseless" violence against both random and targeted victims puzzles and petrifies onlookers and survivors. Integrating developmental psychology with critical theory, this manuscript begins with a conceptual definition of senseless violence that is coupled with a mapping of the personal, social, and structural etiologies of such violence...
January 2, 2017: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27662539/violent-video-games-exposed-a-blow-by-blow-account-of-senseless-violence-in-games
#17
Andrew Krantz, Vipul Shukla, Michele Knox, Karyssa Schrouder
Violent video game (VVG) use has repeatedly been found to be associated with hostile expectations about others, desensitization to violence, decreased empathy and prosocial behavior, and aggressive thoughts and behaviors. Although these research findings have been widely publicized, VVGs remain the most extensively played games and represent a multi-billion dollar industry. Although VVGs are typically rated "mature," indicating they are not suitable for youths, they are often purchased for youths. This may be in part because there is currently no system available to consumers that thoroughly describes the content of video games, and much of the public is unaware of the types of violence that characterize game play...
January 2, 2017: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27660898/senseless-violence-against-central-american-unaccompanied-minors-historical-background-and-call-for-help
#18
Cheryl B Sawyer, Judith Márquez
The southwestern U.S. border has recently seen a significant increase in the number of unaccompanied children from Honduras, Guatemala, and El Salvador illegally crossing the Mexican border into the United States. Many of these children leave home to flee violence, starvation, impoverished living conditions, or other life-threatening situations. The treatment of acute stress, anxiety, and depression associated with traumatic events is crucial in helping these children address these negative psychological events they have experienced so that they can move forward with their lives...
January 2, 2017: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27585639/making-sense-of-the-brutality-of-the-holocaust-critical-themes-and-new-perspectives
#19
Eric D Miller
This article offers an analytic, integrative review of select themes associated with one of history's greatest atrocities: the Holocaust. Much of this review considers general and Holocaust-specific themes as they pertain to the nature of senseless violence and evil. The importance of having a greater understanding of the sheer brutality of violence perpetuated in the Holocaust is emphasized. As part of this discussion, considerable attention is given to how Internet-based photographs and videos from the Holocaust era can provide greater insight into understanding the evil associated with this genocide...
January 2, 2017: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27537187/a-case-study-of-paternal-filicide-suicide-personality-disorder-motives-and-victim-choice
#20
F Declercq, R Meganck, K Audenaert
Although evidence with respect to its prevalence is mixed, it is clear that fathers perpetrate a serious proportion of filicide. There also seems to be a consensus that paternal filicide has attracted less research attention than its maternal counterpart and is therefore less well understood. National registries are a very rich source of data, but they generally provide limited information about the perpetrator as psychiatric, psychological and behavioral data are often lacking. This paper presents a fully documented case of a paternal filicide...
January 2, 2017: Journal of Psychology
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