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Journal of Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652639/does-family-cohesion-predict-children-s-effort-the-mediating-roles-of-sense-of-coherence-hope-and-loneliness
#1
David B Feldman, Michal Einav, Malka Margalit
The degree of cohesion and support within families has often been considered a predictor of students' effort-investment and success in school. The objectives of this study are to examine the roles of personal factors (i.e., sense of coherence and hopeful thinking) as well as interpersonal factors (i.e., loneliness) in mediating the relationship between family cohesion and effort. The sample consists of 1719 elementary school children (781 boys and 938 girls) from the fifth and six grades (mean age = 10.25, SD = 0...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652616/ethical-predispositions-to-violate-or-obey-traffic-rules-and-the-mediating-role-of-driving-styles
#2
Andrei C Holman, Simona A Popusoi
Traffic law violations are the most important determinants of traffic accidents. This study examined the influence of drivers' ethical perspective on their traffic violations and the mediating role of driving styles in these relationships. A sample of 313 drivers participated in the study. Contrary to expectations, high ethical relativism was found to be associated with fewer aggressive traffic violations. This suggests that the informal normative system that parallels the official traffic regulations is the more salient reference against which drivers usually assess the adequacy of their behaviors, highly relativistic drivers being more willing to also take into consideration the official traffic code in these appraisals...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652613/knowledge-and-concern-about-stis-hiv-and-sociodemographic-variables-associated-with-getting-tested-for-hiv-among-the-general-population-in-spain
#3
Inmaculada Teva, Ludgleydson Fernandes de Araújo, María de la Paz Bermúdez
HIV testing is important in terms of prevention and treatment. However, HIV testing rates in the Spanish general population remains low. Therefore, HIV testing promotion constitutes a key issue. A high level of knowledge about HIV/AIDS is associated with having been tested for HIV. The general aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of people who had ever been tested for HIV in Spain. The sample consisted of 1,106 participants from the general population - 60.0% females and 40.0% males - aged between 17 and 55 years old...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29630459/attachment-style-perceived-loneliness-and-psychological-well-being-in-smoking-and-non-smoking-university-students
#4
Mojtaba Habibi, Farhad Hosseini, Mohammad Darharaj, Ali Moghadamzadeh, Farhad Radfar, Yasaman Ghaffari
The growing rate of smoking cigarettes among the youths necessitates examining its contributing factors. Accordingly, we aimed to compare smoking and nonsmoking university students in their attachment styles, perceived loneliness, and psychological well-being. To this end, we recruited 100 current smokers and 100 nonsmoking students by using a convenience sampling method from Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran. All participants completed the Adult Attachment Scale, Loneliness Scale, and General Health Questionnaire...
April 9, 2018: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611782/a-bibliometric-history-of-the-journal-of-psychology-between-1936-and-2015
#5
Ana Tur-Porcar, Alicia Mas-Tur, José M Merigó, Norat Roig-Tierno, John Watt
The Journal of Psychology: Interdisciplinary and Applied is a leading international journal in psychology dating back to 1935. This study examines its publications since its creation utilizing a bibliometric analysis. The primary objective is to provide a complete overview of the key factors affecting the journal. This analysis includes such key issues as the publication and citation structure of the journal, its most cited articles, and the leading authors, institutions, and countries referenced in the journal...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29522382/the-associations-of-greek-and-religious-organization-participation-with-college-students-social-well-being-and-purpose
#6
Gina M Turton, Margaret M Nauta, Eric D Wesselmann, Miranda M McIntyre, William G Graziano
Two online-survey studies examined the associations of Greek (i.e., sorority and fraternity) and religious (i.e., church or campus ministry) organization participation with college students' social well-being and sense of purpose. In study 1 (N = 281), religious organization membership (versus no membership) was associated with connectedness and purpose, but for Greek organizations the associations held only with respect to level of organization involvement. In study 2 (N = 426), Greek and religious organization membership were both associated with most social well-being and purpose indicators, but only Greek membership was linked to lower loneliness...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405873/adolescent-effortful-control-as-moderator-of-father-s-psychological-control-in-externalizing-problems-a-longitudinal-study
#7
Ugo Pace, Giulio D'Urso, Carla Zappulla
This longitudinal study investigates the moderating role of a temperamental trait, the effortful control, in the relation between father's psychological control and externalizing problems. In Wave 1, the participants included 507 adolescents attending the second classes of two public schools situated in two Italian cities; in Wave 2, 482 adolescents attending the fifth classes of high school participated again in the study. The results demonstrated a positive contribution of paternal achievement-oriented psychological control to externalizing problems and a moderator effect of effortful control in the relationship between the father's psychological control and externalizing problems...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29377779/a-short-measure-of-the-revised-reinforcement-sensitivity-theory-rsq17
#8
Petar Čolović, Snežana Smederevac, Milan Oljača, Željka Nikolašević, Dušanka Mitrović
The need for a research and practical tool, such as a short, reliable, and valid personality assessment test, suggests researchers to create shortened versions of original instruments. Reinforcement sensitivity questionnaire (RSQ) was created in line with some basic premises of revised Reinforcement sensitivity theory, which proposes three motivational and emotional systems: Behavioral inhibition system (BIS), responsible for scanning environment for potential threats, Behavioral activation system (BAS), responsible for aproaching behavior, and the Fight/Flight/Freeze system (FFFS), responsible for behavior in the present threat...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29377775/moderating-effects-of-prevention-focus-on-the-paths-from-two-insecure-attachment-dimensions-to-depression
#9
Dong-Gwi Lee, Jae Joon Park, Byeong Hoon Bae, Hyun-Woo Lim
The present study investigated the moderating effects of prevention-focus on the paths from the dimensions of insecure attachment (attachment avoidance and attachment anxiety) to depression. Two hundred twenty eight Korean college students completed the Experience in Close Relationship - Revised Scale; the Regulatory Focus Strategies Scale; and the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale. Results revealed a significant moderating effect for prevention-focus on the path from attachment avoidance to depression, but not on the path from attachment anxiety to depression...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29360424/making-a-good-impression-at-work-national-differences-in-employee-impression-management-behaviors-in-japan-korea-and-the-united-states
#10
Alexander Krieg, Li Ma, Patricia Robinson
Impression management has important implications for success at work. This study explores differences in impression management in the East and West by examining the use of self-promotion, ingratiation, and exemplification directed towards three targets: supervisors, peers, and subordinates among 945 company employees from Japan, Korea, and the United States. Our results show that Korean employees used all three strategies most frequently, followed by United States, and then Japanese employees. Japanese and Korean employees used impression management strategies differentially across the three targets, and U...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324086/how-robust-is-the-influence-of-causal-explanation-on-clinical-judgments-assessments-in-structured-clinical-interviews
#11
Mason R Jenkins, Nancy S Kim
When causal life-event explanations for disorder symptoms are available, clinicians tend to explain away those symptoms (Ahn, Novick, & Kim, 2003 ; Meehl, 1973 ), eschewing formal diagnostic guidelines such as the DSM-5 (American Psychiatric Association, 2013 ). We asked whether this effect is attenuated in the context of a structured diagnostic clinical interview procedure, which deliberately directs evaluators' attention to symptoms alone, or whether it is robust enough to continue to emerge. Across two experiments, lay evaluators given causal life-event explanations for disordered behaviors gave them lower judgments of abnormality and need for treatment compared to evaluators not given such explanations, regardless of whether they used a structured clinical interview...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261433/forgiveness-and-suicidal-behavior-cynicism-and-psychache-as-serial-mediators
#12
Trever J Dangel, Jon R Webb, Jameson K Hirsch
Research is burgeoning regarding the beneficial association of forgiveness with numerous health-related outcomes; however, its particular relationship to suicidal behavior has received relatively little attention. Both cynicism and psychache, or agonizing psychological pain, have displayed deleterious associations with suicidal behavior, but have rarely been incorporated into more comprehensive models of suicidal behavior. Consistent with the recent development of a theoretical model regarding the forgiveness-suicidal behavior association, the present study utilized an undergraduate sample of college students (N = 312) to test a mediation-based model of the cross-sectional association of forgiveness with suicidal behavior, as serially mediated by cynicism and psychache...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29267153/follower-jealousy-at-work-a-test-of-vecchio-s-model-of-antecedents-and-consequences-of-jealousy
#13
Geir Thompson, Robert Buch, Lars Glasø
The present study tests the validity of Robert P. Vecchio's seminal work on antecedents and consequences of jealousy. Specifically, we examine whether antecedents such as in-group status, supervisory considerateness, and supervisory differentiation of subordinates are associated with jealousy. In addition, we examine whether jealousy is associated with the outcome variable of social loafing. Leaders (n = 73) and their followers (n = 303) working in business organizations in Norway contributed data. Multilevel analyses showed that a high-quality working relationship with one's supervisor was inversely related to reports of jealousy...
January 2, 2018: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29257940/buffers-or-boosters-the-role-of-hrm-practices-in-older-workers-experience-of-stereotype-threat
#14
Eduardo André da Silva Oliveira, Carlos José Cabral-Cardoso
Building on the social identity approach and the HRM literature, this two-wave cross-sectional study examined the effects of negative age-based metastereotypes on the age-based stereotype threat experience of older workers and on organizational disidentification. The moderator role of HRM practices in the relationship between negative age-based metastereotypes and age-based stereotype threat was also investigated. Older workers survey results (n = 469) from 14 manufacturing companies indicated that negative age-based metastereotypes correlate positively with stereotype threat...
January 2, 2018: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220617/corrigendum
#15
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2, 2018: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161208/power-that-builds-others-and-power-that-breaks-effects-of-power-and-humility-on-altruism-and-incivility-in-female-employees
#16
David J Yoon, Steven M Farmer
Building on the approach/inhibition theory of power and the situated focus theory of power, we examine the roles of positional and personal power on altruism and incivility in workplace dyads. Results from a field study in daycare centers showed that legitimate power (a dimension of positional power) was positively associated with incivility. In contrast, personal power-referent power and expert power-was positively associated altruism and was negatively associated with incivility. Referent power was a stronger predictor of both altruism and incivility for individuals with low humility than those with high humility...
January 2, 2018: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236584/shyness-loneliness-avoidance-and-internet-addiction-what-are-the-relationships
#17
Chin-Siang Ang, Nee-Nee Chan, Cheng-Syin Lee
Given that shyness has been consistently linked to Internet addiction in youth, an examination into the mediating effect of a desire to avoid loneliness on the shyness-Internet addiction link could offer potential insights into a possible explanatory mechanism as well as directions for Internet addiction prevention and intervention in young adulthood. Thus, the aim of this study is to investigate the mediating role of loneliness avoidance in the relationship between shyness and Internet addiction among 286 youth Internet users...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166226/the-origins-of-fears-of-compassion-shame-and-lack-of-safeness-memories-fears-of-compassion-and-psychopathology
#18
Marcela Matos, Joana Duarte, José Pinto-Gouveia
Empirical and clinical research suggests that some individuals find self-generating compassion and receiving compassion from others difficult and aversive. However, it is unclear how these fears of compassion are linked to early experiences and to psychopathological symptoms. This study explores the relationship between shame traumatic memories, centrality of shame memories, early memories of warmth and safeness, fears of compassion, and depression, anxiety and paranoid symptoms. Participants were 302 individuals from the general community population, who completed self-report measures of fears of compassion, shame memories, early affiliative memories, and psychopathology...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166225/big-five-personality-factors-and-facets-as-predictors-of-openness-to-diversity
#19
Suejung Han, M Carole Pistole
Openness to diversity is a crucial component of cultural competence needed in the increasingly diversified modern society and a necessary condition for benefitting from diversity contacts and interventions (e.g., diversity training, cultural courses). Responding to the recent call for more research on personality and its relation to diversity outcomes, we examined the associations between Big Five personality (i.e., Openness to Experience, Agreeableness, Extraversion, Neuroticism, and Conscientiousness) higher order factors and lower order facets and universal-diverse orientation (i...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166224/a-reanalysis-of-occupation-and-suicide-negative-perceptions-of-the-workplace-linked-to-suicide-attempts
#20
Matt Howard, Morgan Krannitz
Suicide is the ultimate outcome of poor psychological well-being; however, there is a paucity of research examining the link between occupation and suicide, despite early academic interest and the known importance of work to our everyday lives. We propose that this body of research was abandoned prematurely, and we provide a reanalysis by integrating the Job Characteristics Model and the Conservation of Resources model with extant suicide research. Specifically, we hypothesize that work design characteristics (job autonomy, task variety, physical demands) and threats to personal resources (absence of viewing work-as-career, work-family conflict, family-work conflict, job dissatisfaction) are linked to suicide attempts via depression and suicidal ideation...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Psychology
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