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Journal of Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075708/conflict-resolution-in-chinese-adolescents-friendship-links-with-regulatory-focus-and-friendship-satisfaction
#1
Qin Gao, Ran Bian, Ru-de Liu, Yili He, Tian-Po Oei
It is generally acknowledged that people adopt different resolution strategies when facing conflicts with others. However, the mechanisms of conflict resolution are still unclear and under researched, in particular within the context of Chinese adolescents' same-sex friendship relations. Thus, the present study investigated the mediator role of conflict resolution strategies in the relationship between regulatory foci and friendship satisfaction for the first time. 653 Chinese adolescents completed the regulatory foci, conflict resolution style, and friendship satisfaction measures...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072377/core-self-evaluations-and-job-and-life-satisfaction-the-mediating-and-moderated-mediating-role-of-job-insecurity
#2
Hui-Hsien Hsieh, Jie-Tsuen Huang
This study examined the mediating role of job insecurity in the relationship between core self-evaluations (CSE) and job satisfaction, while also investigating the moderating role of job insecurity in the mediated relationship between CSE and life satisfaction via job satisfaction. Survey data were collected from a sample of 346 full-time employees in Taiwan. We found that job insecurity partially mediated the CSE-job satisfaction relationship. Moreover, we found that job insecurity moderated not only the relationship between CSE and job satisfaction but also the mediated relationship between CSE and life satisfaction via job satisfaction...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071983/what-does-leaders-character-add-to-transformational-leadership
#3
Patrick Liborius
The influence of leaders' character (e.g., integrity, humility/forgiveness) has rarely been examined in leadership research. The current investigation focused on the impact of integrity and humility/forgiveness on both followers' perceptions of leaders' worthiness of being followed (WBF) and stress. Results from a scenario experiment (n = 347) and a field study (n = 110) indicated that these aspects incrementally predict WBF above and beyond the impact of transformational leadership. Similar results were found concerning followers' stress with the exception of leader integrity in the field study...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982750/impact-of-evidence-type-and-judicial-warning-on-juror-perceptions-of-global-and-specific-witness-evidence
#4
Jacqueline M Wheatcroft, Hannah Keogan
The Court of Appeal in England and Wales held (R. v. Sardar, 2012) there had been no exceptional circumstances that justified a jury retiring with a transcript of the complainant's interview. This paper reports an investigation into the impact multiple evidence forms and use of a judicial warning has on juror evaluations of a witness. The warning focuses juror attention on placing disproportionate weight on the evidence as opposed to their general impression of it. Sixty jury-eligible participants were presented with witness evidence in transcript, video, or transcript plus video format...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982740/identifying-the-career-interest-profiles-of-junior-high-school-students-through-latent-profile-analysis
#5
Yao-Ting Sung, Yu-Wen Cheng, Jen-Hu Hsueh
Exploring the career-interest profiles of students has both practical and theoretical significance; however, a minimal amount of research has been conducted to address this issue. The present study combined latent profile analysis and differentiation values to investigate the career-interest profiles of 13,853 junior-high-school students. The results indicate that while the students' interests could be stratified into 25 profiles, 44.6% of students could be classified the as having low-differentiation profiles (such as like or dislike all types of vocational activities) and 24...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874322/the-relations-between-patterning-executive-function-and-mathematics
#6
Katrina Schmerold, Allison Bock, Matthew Peterson, Britney Leaf, Katherine Vennergrund, Robert Pasnak
Patterning, or the ability to understand patterns, is a skill commonly taught to young children as part of school mathematics curricula. It seems likely that some aspects of executive function, such as cognitive flexibility, inhibition, and working memory, may be expressed in the patterning abilities of children. The primary objective of the present study was to examine the relationship between patterning and executive functioning for first grade children. In addition, the relations between patterning, executive functioning, mathematics, and reading were examined...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874319/grandiose-and-vulnerable-narcissism-materialism-money-attitudes-and-consumption-preferences
#7
Irena Pilch, Małgorzata E Górnik-Durose
Narcissism is increasingly being investigated in the context of consumer attitudes and behavior. Previous research showed that narcissism is reflected in materialistic tendencies and money-related attitudes. However, almost all of these studies concerned the grandiose type of narcissism. We examined relationships of both grandiose and vulnerable narcissism with materialism, money attitudes, and consumption preferences in a nonstudent sample. The results showed that the two types of narcissism are equally associated with materialism and a tendency to conspicuous (public) consumption...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858531/faces-of-shame-implications-for-self-esteem-emotion-regulation-aggression-and-well-being
#8
Patrizia Velotti, Carlo Garofalo, Federica Bottazzi, Vincenzo Caretti
There is an increasing interest in psychological research on shame experiences and their associations with other aspects of psychological functioning and well-being, as well as with possible maladaptive outcomes. In an attempt to confirm and extend previous knowledge on this topic, we investigated the nomological network of shame experiences in a large community sample (N = 380; 66.1% females), adopting a multidimensional conceptualization of shame. Females reported higher levels of shame (in particular, bodily and behavioral shame), guilt, psychological distress, emotional reappraisal, and hostility...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858528/personal-accomplishment-mentoring-and-creative-self-efficacy-as-predictors-of-creative-work-involvement-the-moderating-role-of-positive-and-negative-affect
#9
Hyejin Bang, Thomas G Reio
This research explores the relationships among personal accomplish- ment, mentoring, affect, creative self-efficacy, and creative involvement. With a sample of working adults (N = 242), structural equation modeling results revealed that the data fit the theoretical model well in that creative self-efficacy fully mediated the relationships between personal accomplishment and creative work involvement and between mentoring and creative work involvement. Hierarchical regression analyses demonstrated that positive affect moderated the relationship between personal accomplishment and creative self-efficacy but negative affect did not, signifying that positive affect may be a necessary situational factor to optimize the personal accomplishment-creative self-efficacy link...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858527/parental-invalidation-and-the-development-of-narcissism
#10
Elizabeth Huxley, Boris Bizumic
Parenting behaviors and childhood experiences have played a central role in theoretical approaches to the etiology of narcissism. Research has suggested an association between parenting and narcissism; however, it has been limited in its examination of different narcissism subtypes and individual differences in parenting behaviors. This study investigates the influence of perceptions of parental invalidation, an important aspect of parenting behavior theoretically associated with narcissism. Correlational and hierarchical regression analyses were conducted using a sample of 442 Australian participants to examine the relationship between invalidating behavior from mothers and fathers, and grandiose and vulnerable narcissism...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27786598/intentions-to-cheat-ajzen-s-planned-behavior-and-goal-related-personality-facets
#11
Damian Lonsdale
This study sought to test antecedents to college students' intentions to cheat by utilizing Ajzen's ( 1991 ) theory of planned behavior (TPB), and four goal-related personality facets. Those facets were behavioral approach, behavioral inhibition, need for achievement-hope of success, and need for achievement-fear of failure. As hypothesized, perceived friends' and parents' attitudes toward academic dishonesty (two subjective norms) and perceived ease of cheating (perceived behavioral control) all positively predicted overall intentions to cheat...
October 27, 2016: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001966/senseless-violence-an-overview
#12
Ami Rokach
In this epilogue I review some of the existing literature on senseless violence, highlighting the phenomenon, examining the factors that cause people to commit such horrific deeds, and the complex thoughts, feelings, and acts that precede such senseless violence. The article ends with some reflections on what we should do as a profession and as a society to help curb this life shattering violence.
January 2, 2017: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001965/senseless-violence-a-global-problem-with-psychological-ramifications
#13
Ami Rokach, Rida Ahmed, Karishma Patel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2, 2017: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27791498/exploring-the-interconnected-trauma-of-personal-social-and-structural-stressors-making-sense-of-senseless-violence
#14
Mona M Abo-Zena
Although violence is a timeless characteristic of human behavior and history, its prevalence and many forms are proliferated repeatedly through the media. In particular, "senseless" violence against both random and targeted victims puzzles and petrifies onlookers and survivors. Integrating developmental psychology with critical theory, this manuscript begins with a conceptual definition of senseless violence that is coupled with a mapping of the personal, social, and structural etiologies of such violence...
January 2, 2017: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27662539/violent-video-games-exposed-a-blow-by-blow-account-of-senseless-violence-in-games
#15
Andrew Krantz, Vipul Shukla, Michele Knox, Karyssa Schrouder
Violent video game (VVG) use has repeatedly been found to be associated with hostile expectations about others, desensitization to violence, decreased empathy and prosocial behavior, and aggressive thoughts and behaviors. Although these research findings have been widely publicized, VVGs remain the most extensively played games and represent a multi-billion dollar industry. Although VVGs are typically rated "mature," indicating they are not suitable for youths, they are often purchased for youths. This may be in part because there is currently no system available to consumers that thoroughly describes the content of video games, and much of the public is unaware of the types of violence that characterize game play...
January 2, 2017: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27660898/senseless-violence-against-central-american-unaccompanied-minors-historical-background-and-call-for-help
#16
Cheryl B Sawyer, Judith Márquez
The southwestern U.S. border has recently seen a significant increase in the number of unaccompanied children from Honduras, Guatemala, and El Salvador illegally crossing the Mexican border into the United States. Many of these children leave home to flee violence, starvation, impoverished living conditions, or other life-threatening situations. The treatment of acute stress, anxiety, and depression associated with traumatic events is crucial in helping these children address these negative psychological events they have experienced so that they can move forward with their lives...
January 2, 2017: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27585639/making-sense-of-the-brutality-of-the-holocaust-critical-themes-and-new-perspectives
#17
Eric D Miller
This article offers an analytic, integrative review of select themes associated with one of history's greatest atrocities: the Holocaust. Much of this review considers general and Holocaust-specific themes as they pertain to the nature of senseless violence and evil. The importance of having a greater understanding of the sheer brutality of violence perpetuated in the Holocaust is emphasized. As part of this discussion, considerable attention is given to how Internet-based photographs and videos from the Holocaust era can provide greater insight into understanding the evil associated with this genocide...
January 2, 2017: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27537187/a-case-study-of-paternal-filicide-suicide-personality-disorder-motives-and-victim-choice
#18
F Declercq, R Meganck, K Audenaert
Although evidence with respect to its prevalence is mixed, it is clear that fathers perpetrate a serious proportion of filicide. There also seems to be a consensus that paternal filicide has attracted less research attention than its maternal counterpart and is therefore less well understood. National registries are a very rich source of data, but they generally provide limited information about the perpetrator as psychiatric, psychological and behavioral data are often lacking. This paper presents a fully documented case of a paternal filicide...
January 2, 2017: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27185105/violence-is-rare-in-autism-when-it-does-occur-is-it-sometimes-extreme
#19
C S Allely, P Wilson, H Minnis, L Thompson, E Yaksic, C Gillberg
A small body of literature has suggested that, rather than being more likely to engage in offending or violent behavior, individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) may actually have an increased risk of being the victim rather than the perpetrator of violence (Sobsey, Wells, Lucardie, & Mansell, 1995 ). There is no evidence that people with ASD are more violent than those without ASD (Im, 2016). There is nevertheless a small subgroup of individuals with ASD who exhibit violent offending behaviours and our previous work has suggested that other factors, such as adverse childhood experiences, might be important in this subgroup (Allely, Minnis, Thompson, Wilson, & Gillberg, 2014 )...
January 2, 2017: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749198/eov-editorial-board
#20
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 16, 2016: Journal of Psychology
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