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International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601280/enhancing-implicit-learning-with-posthypnotic-suggestion-an-erp-study
#1
Jerome Daltrozzo, Gerardo E Valdez
Can posthypnotic suggestion (PHS) enhance cognitive abilities? The authors tested behaviorally and with event-related potentials (ERP) if sequential learning (SL), the ability to learn statistical regularities, can be enhanced with PHS. Thirty adults were assessed with the Stanford Hypnotic Susceptibility Scale (Form C) and an auditory SL task. Before this task, half the sample received a PHS to enhance SL, and the other half received the same suggestion under normal waking state. Response times and ERPs indicated a strong effect of PHS...
April 2018: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601279/in-memoriam-e-thomas-dowd-ph-d-abpp-1938-2018
#2
Gary Elkins
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601278/the-effect-of-hypnosis-on-adherence-to-antituberculosis-drugs-using-the-health-belief-model
#3
Hanung Prasetya, Bhisma Murti, Sapja Anantanyu, Muchammad Syamsulhadi
An RCT on the efficacy of hypnosis in improving adherence to antituberculosis treatment using the Health Belief Model (HBM). Sixty study subjects were sampled at random from tuberculosis patients who visited the Center for Pulmonary Community Health in Solo, Indonesia. Hypnotherapy with posthypnotic suggestions was delivered once a week over 6 months. The data on pretested 7 HBM constructs were analyzed using t test and path analysis. Hypnotherapy had a positive effect on perceived susceptibility, seriousness, threat, benefit, and self-efficacy...
April 2018: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601277/in-memoriam-assen-alladin-1948-2017
#4
Donald Moss, Eric Willmarth
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601276/the-effect-of-a-hypnotic-based-animated-video-on-stress-and-pain-reduction-in-pediatric-surgery
#5
Zahi Arnon, Hosari Hanan, Jorge Mogilner
Presurgical stress and its negative influences on postsurgical recovery and pain are well documented in the medical literature. Hence, the reduction of stress is advisable. The present study aimed to reduce stress using a hypnotic-based animated video. Thirty children aged 3 to 16 years hospitalized for ambulatory surgery for undescended testes or umbilical/inguinal hernia were recruited for the study. They watched the video 1 time prior to surgery in the presence of their parents and reported their anxiety and pain pre- and postvideo watching on a visual analogue scale...
April 2018: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601275/effects-of-conversational-hypnosis-on-relative-parasympathetic-tone-and-patient-comfort-during-axillary-brachial-plexus-blocks-for-ambulatory-upper-limb-surgery-a-quasiexperimental-pilot-study
#6
Emmanuel Boselli, Hervé Musellec, Franck Bernard, Nicolas Guillou, Pierre Hugot, Caroline Augris-Mathieu, Nathalie Diot-Junique, Lionel Bouvet, Bernard Allaouchiche
This two-center quasiexperimental pilot study was to determine the effect of conversational hypnosis on patient comfort and parasympathetic tone, which may represent a quantitative measure of hypnotic depth, during regional anesthesia. The patients received conversational hypnosis in one center and oral premedication in the other. The patients' subjective comfort (0-10 rating scale) and objective parasympathetic tone, as assessed by the Analgesia/Nociception Index (ANI), were measured before and after regional anesthesia...
April 2018: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601274/revisiting-the-safe-place-method-and-regulatory-aspects-in-psychotherapy-when-easing-allostatic-overload-in-traumatized-patients
#7
Anna Gerge
Safe-place inductions are considered important altered states of consciousness (ASC) to be (re)installed during trauma-informed psychotherapy. Coregulation aimed at changing implicit relational knowing and increasing integration and coherence through relational work and hypnotic techniques is crucial, as clients' abilities to self-soothe and regulate have become seriously impaired. Thus, resource-oriented metaphors as inner strength imagery is advocated. Also, methods such as creative-arts therapy and neurofeedback will induce ASCs, as most methods used with complex traumatized clients, due to their high hypnotizability...
April 2018: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319462/ability-of-hypnosis-to-facilitate-movement-through-stages-of-change-for-smoking-cessation
#8
Samantha O Munson, Arreed F Barabasz, Marianne Barabasz
On the basis of the transtheoretical model of change, we hypothesized that hypnosis would facilitate significantly greater movement through the stages of change toward smoking cessation in contrast to psychoeducation. Thirty participants were pretested for hypnotizability using the Elkins Hypnotizability Scale (EHS). Participants' readiness for change was assessed using the University of Rhode Island Change Assessment scale (URICA). The EHS relaxation induction was used to induce hypnosis. Hypnotic suggestions addressed motivation and ambivalence...
January 2018: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319461/hypnosis-is-more-effective-than-clinical-interviews
#9
Francisco Xavier De Almeida-Marques, José Sánchez-Blanco, Francisco Javier Cano-García
To determine whether hypnosis is more effective than conventional interviewing to find traumatic life events in patients with fibromyalgia, we carried out a within-subject experimental design with complete intragroup counterbalancing. Thirty-two women under care in a public primary care center gave 2 identical interviews, with an interval of 3 months, in which the occurrence of traumatic life events was explored, once in a state of wakefulness and once in a state of hypnosis. The state of consciousness was evaluated using 3 measures: bispectral index, skin conductance level, and pain intensity...
January 2018: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319460/polymorphism-of-opioid-receptors-%C3%AE-1-in-highly-hypnotizable-subjects
#10
Silvano Presciuttini, Michele Curcio, Rosalia Sciarrino, Fabrizio Scatena, Mark P Jensen, Enrica L Santarcangelo
The possible cooperation between hypnotizability-related and placebo mechanisms in pain modulation has not been consistently assessed. Here, we investigate possible genetic bases for such cooperation. The OPRM1 gene, which encodes the μ1 opioid receptor-the primary site of action for endogenous and exogenous opioids-is polymorphic in the general population for the missense mutation Asn40Asp (A118G, rs1799971). The minor allele 118G results in decreased levels of OPRM1 mRNA and protein. As a consequence, G carriers are less responsive to opioids...
January 2018: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319459/confirmatory-factor-analysis-of-the-valencia-scale-of-attitudes-and-beliefs-toward-hypnosis-client-version-in-a-portuguese-sample
#11
Antonio Capafons, Jesús Suárez-Rodríguez, José A Molina-Del-Peral, M Elena Mendoza
Research literature about hypnosis highlights the importance of clients' attitudes and beliefs toward hypnosis because they promote hypnotic responses and may predict the effectiveness of hypnotic interventions as well as minimize iatrogenic effects for clients. This study analyzes the factorial structure and psychometric properties with confirmatory methodology of the Valencia Scale of Attitudes and Beliefs Toward Hypnosis-Client Version, using a Portuguese sample. We expected to replicate the results obtained in previous research conducted with samples from various countries...
January 2018: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319458/efficacy-of-self-hypnosis-on-quality-of-life-for-children-with-chronic-pain-syndrome
#12
Honorine Delivet, Sophie Dugue, Alexis Ferrari, Silvia Postone, Souhayl Dahmani
The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of self-hypnosis in a therapeutic education program (TEP) for the management of chronic pain in 26 children aged 7 to 17 years. Outcomes of the study were a total or a partial (at least 1) achievement of the therapeutic goals (pain, quality of sleeping, schooling, and functional activity). Sixteen patients decreased their pain intensity, 10 reached all of their therapeutic goals, and 9 reached them partially. Self-hypnosis was the only component of the TEP associated with these improvements...
January 2018: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319457/editorial
#13
Gary R Elkins
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319456/comt-genotype-and-sensory-and-sensorimotor-gating-in-high-and-low-hypnotizable-subjects
#14
Zinaida I Storozheva, Anna V Kirenskaya, Mikhail N Gordeev, Maria E Kovaleva, Vladimir Yu Novototsky-Vlasov
We investigated the association between hypnotizability, COMT polymorphism, P50 suppression ratio, and prepulse inhibition of acoustic startle response (ASR) in 21 high (HH) and 19 low (LH) hypnotizable subjects. The frequency of Met/Met carriers of COMT polymorphysm was higher in HH than in LH group (33.3% versus 10.6%, p = .049). Increased ASR amplitude and latency and decreased prepulse inhibition at 120 ms lead interval were found in the HH compared to the LH group. The effect of COMT genotype on prepulse inhibition was observed in LH group only...
January 2018: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836923/hypnotizability-and-the-peripersonal-space
#15
Francesca Diolaiuti, Tommaso Banfi, Enrica L Santarcangelo
High hypnotizability is associated with left-sided cerebral asymmetry, which could influence measurement of the Peripersonal Space (PPS). Right-handed participants with high (highs, n = 20), medium (mediums, n = 9), and low hypnotizability scores (lows, n = 20) performed the line bisection test on a computer screen automatically displaced at distances of 30, 60, and 90 cm from the subjects' eyes. Highs' results showed rightward bias of the bisection (Relative Error, RE) for all presentation distances...
October 2017: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836922/a-neutral-control-condition-for-hypnosis-experiments-wiki-text
#16
Katalin Varga, Zoltán Kekecs, P S Myhre, Emese Józsa
A new control condition called Wiki is introduced. Key themes of each test suggestion of the Stanford Hypnotic Susceptibility Scale, Form C, were matched by a corresponding extract from Wikipedia.org. The authors compared phenomenological reports of participants across 4 conditions: hypnosis split into high and low hypnotizable subgroups, music, and Wiki condition, using the Phenomenology of Consciousness Inventory. High hypnotizables undergoing hypnosis reported higher altered experience and altered states of awareness than individuals in the Wiki condition, supporting the authors' hypothesis that the Wiki condition does not evoke an altered state of consciousness (internal dialogue, volitional control, and self-awareness did not differ)...
October 2017: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836921/the-pioneering-work-of-enrico-morselli-1852-1929-in-light-of-modern-scientific-research-on-hypnosis-and-suggestion
#17
Chiara Bartolucci, Giovanni Pietro Lombardo
This article examines research on hypnosis and suggestion, starting with the nineteenth-century model proposed by Enrico Morselli (1852-1929), an illustrious Italian psychiatrist and psychologist. The authors conducted an original psychophysiological analysis of hypnosis, distancing the work from the neuropathological concept of the time and proposing a model based on a naturalistic approach to investigating mental processes. The issues investigated by Morselli, including the definition of hypnosis and analysis of specific mental processes such as attention and memory, are reviewed in light of modern research...
October 2017: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836920/feasibility-of-music-and-hypnotic-suggestion-to-manage-chronic-pain
#18
Alisa J Johnson, Zoltan Kekecs, R Lynae Roberts, Russell Gavin, Kathleen Brown, Gary R Elkins
The authors investigated the feasibility and possible effects of hypnotic suggestion and music for chronic pain. Ten people completed the 2-week intervention that consisted of daily listening to hypnotic suggestions combined with music. Averaged subjective pain intensity, pain bothersomeness, overall distress, anxiety, and depression decreased from baseline to endpoint. Participants rated pre- and postlistening pain intensity and pain bothersomeness decreased for each session. Information provided during end-of-study interviews indicated all participants were satisfied with treatment and felt they benefited from being in the study...
October 2017: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836919/dopaminergic-and-serotonergic-genotypes-and-the-subjective-experiences-of-hypnosis
#19
E R Katonai, Anna Szekely, A Vereczkei, Maria Sasvari-Szekely, Éva I Bányai, Katalin Varga
Hypnotizability is related to the Val(158)Met polymorphism of the COMT gene. The authors' aim was to find associations between candidate genes and subjective dimensions of hypnosis; 136 subjects participated in hypnosis and noninvasive DNA sampling. The phenomenological dimensions were tapped by the Archaic Involvement Measure (AIM), the Phenomenology of Consciousness Inventory (PCI), and the Dyadic Interactional Harmony Questionnaire (DIH). The main results were that the "Need of dependence" subscale of AIM was associated with the COMT genotypes...
October 2017: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506144/hypnosis-for-symptom-control-in-cancer-patients-at-the-end-of-life-a-systematic-review
#20
Guy H Montgomery, Madalina Sucala, Tessa Baum, Julie B Schnur
Hypnosis has been shown to alleviate symptoms and side effects of cancer and its treatment. However, less is known about the use of hypnosis at the end of life in individuals with cancer. Our goal was to systematically review the literature on the use of hypnosis to manage the most common symptoms of end-of-life cancer patients: fatigue, sleep disturbances, pain, appetite loss, and dyspnea. EMBASE, MEDLINE, COCHRANE, PsychINFO, and SCOPUS databases were searched from inception through November 7, 2016. No studies met the inclusion criteria...
July 2017: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
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