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International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis

Kathryn James, Peter D Drummond
The effect of rapid-induction analgesia (RIA) hypnosis on capsaicin-induced pain was tested in 60 healthy volunteers allocated randomly to 1 of 3 conditions: listening to an RIA recording several times before and then during the session, only the in-session RIA intervention, or listening to relaxing music (the control condition). Participants who had listened to the RIA recording beforehand were significantly more relaxed than controls when differences between the groups were identified for pain intensity. These findings suggest that relaxation induced by RIA recordings can alleviate the affective component of pain...
October 2018: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
Eitan G Abramowitz, Moshe S Torem
The purpose of this article is to elucidate the origins of ego-state theory and therapy and to discuss the concept of human personality as a structure comprising numerous ego states. The historical roots of ego-state theory and therapy are reviewed. Also, the evolution of ego-state therapy from classic hypnotherapy to modern methods is identified. The article notes that these methods of ego-state therapy have been described by different authors and under different names. It is suggested that core concepts related to ego-state theory and therapy of guided hypnotic dissociation may underlie the core of clinical effectiveness in many contemporary psychotherapeutic methods...
October 2018: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
Eniko Kasos, Krisztian Kasos, Fanni Pusztai, Ágnes Polyák, Krisztina J Kovács, Katalin Varga
It is increasingly clear that oxytocin and cortisol play an intricate role in the regulation of behavior and emotions impacting health, relationships, and well-being. Their long-term, cross-generational effect makes them an important focus of the present study. This exploratory research examined changes in oxytocin and cortisol levels and their correlations with different phenomenological measures in both hypnotist and subject during active-alert hypnosis. The level of oxytocin increased whereas the level of cortisol decreased in the hypnotist...
October 2018: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
Sylvain Laborde, Sebastian Heuer, Emma Mosley
This study investigated the effects of a brief hypnosis including relaxation suggestions on physiological markers of relaxation, cardiac vagal activity, and breathing frequency. Forty participants were tested in a within-subjects design. Participants listened to a recorded hypnosis session and to a nonhypnotic recording. No differences were found regarding cardiac vagal activity. Participants breathed significantly faster during the audio conditions (hypnosis and nonhypnotic recording) in comparison to resting measures...
October 2018: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
Niamh Flynn
Migraine is a complex neurological condition that causes a range of symptoms, the most common of which is a severe headache. The aim of this systematic review of the literature is to determine the efficacy of hypnosis in the treatment of migraine. A systematic search of 4 scientific databases was conducted using the primary search terms migraine, headache, hypnosis, and hypnotherapy. A total of 8 studies were identified that examined hypnotic techniques either alone or in combination with other nonpharmaceutical techniques, such as visual imagery, relaxation, and pain-displacement techniques...
October 2018: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
Kenan Tastan, Ozlem Ozer Disci, Turan Set
This study investigated the effect of acupuncture, hypnotherapy, and pharmacotherapy in migraine treatments among 90 patients. They were divided into 3 groups of 30 persons each. Group 1, Group 2, and Group 3 were treated with acupuncture, hypnotherapy, and pharmacotherapy, respectively. Changes in the visual analog scale (VAS) and Migraine Disability Assessment (MIDAS) scores from baseline were monitored. Reductions in the percentages of the VAS and MIDAS scores at the end of the third month were significantly higher in the acupuncture and hypnotherapy groups than those of the pharmacotherapy group (p < ...
October 2018: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
David R Patterson, Christine Hoffer, Mark P Jensen, Shelley A Wiechman, Sam R Sharar
This pilot study explored the feasibility of using ketamine to increase hypnotizability scores. Ketamine, classified as a dissociative hallucinogen, is used clinically as an anesthetic in high doses and as a treatment for chronic pain and depression in lower doses. Low-dose ketamine can contribute to dissociation and heightened perceptions and feelings of detachment, arguably hypnotic-like states. The authors predicted that a low dose of ketamine in healthy volunteers who scored in the low hypnotizable range on the Stanford Clinical Hypnotizability Scale would (a) cause an increase in subjective ratings of dissociation and (b) lead to an increase in hypnotizability...
July 2018: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
Ling Chiu, Hing Wah Lee, Wai Keung Lam
This is a prospective randomized, controlled study of patients suffering from anxiety, depression, or mixed anxiety-depressive disorder attending a hypnotherapy clinic for 8 weeks. Participants were assessed with various clinical scales and randomly assigned to either the study or control group. The study group received 5 to 7 sessions of hypnotherapy through the 8-week period, whereas the control group received conventional psychiatric treatment. All patients' clinical conditions were reassessed at the end of the 8th week...
July 2018: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
Maurizio Varanini, Rita Balocchi, Giancarlo Carli, Giulia Paoletti, Enrica L Santarcangelo
The study investigated whether the cardiac activity and cognitive-emotional traits sustained by the behavioral inhibition/activation system (BIS/BAS) may contribute to hypnotizability-related pain modulation. Nociceptive stimulation (cold-pressor test) was administered to healthy participants with high (highs) and low (lows) hypnotizability in the presence and absence of suggestions for analgesia. Results showed that heart rate increased abruptly at the beginning of nociceptive stimulation in all participants...
July 2018: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
Patrick McCarthy
Expectancy has often been declared to be the single most important factor in the success or failure of any hypnotic intervention. Given this truism that expectancy is so crucial, this article shows how a potential patient's expectancy can be influenced and lowered or raised by the words and actions of the therapist. The essence of this innovative, simple, and quick method is that it is an expectancy-enhancement procedure that masquerades as a hypnotizability assessment. What makes this method powerful is the author's emphasis on the theatrical components of therapist performance (it even includes acting instructions)...
July 2018: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
Krisztian Kasos, Zoltan Kekecs, Eniko Kasos, Anna Szekely, Katalin Varga
Shifts in hemispheric dominance were previously proposed to play a role in hypnosis. Participants (N = 32) were exposed to an active-alert hypnosis induction and a music-control condition while electrodermal activity was registered bilaterally, providing information on alterations in hemispheric dominance. The results suggest that highly hypnotizable participants show a shift to right-sided and low hypnotizable participants demonstrated a shift to left-sided electrodermal dominance in response to the induction, whereas no change in laterality is present in the control condition...
July 2018: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
Juliette Bowers, Hyeji Na, Gary Elkins
The concept of "flow" refers to a state of heightened attention and concentration in a current task. Benefits of entering a flow state may include the ability to optimize performance by reducing conscious cognitive processing. Various theories have suggested that flow is a state of consciousness similar to that of hypnosis. The present study addresses the relationship between flow and hypnotizability. In a college sample, a significant correlation was found between flow experience and hypnotizability, suggesting that those high in hypnotizability are more likely to experience flow states during hypnosis...
July 2018: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
Mark P Jensen, Samuel L Battalio, Joy F Chan, Karlyn A Edwards, Melissa A Day, Leslie H Sherlin, Dawn M Ehde
This pilot study evaluated the possibility that 2 interventions hypothesized to increase slower brain oscillations (e.g., theta) may enhance the efficacy of hypnosis treatment, given evidence that hypnotic responding is associated with slower brain oscillations. Thirty-two individuals with multiple sclerosis and chronic pain, fatigue, or both, were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 interventions thought to increase slow wave activity (mindfulness meditation or neurofeedback training) or no enhancing intervention, and then given 5 sessions of self-hypnosis training targeting their presenting symptoms...
July 2018: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
Jerome Daltrozzo, Gerardo E Valdez
Can posthypnotic suggestion (PHS) enhance cognitive abilities? The authors tested behaviorally and with event-related potentials (ERP) if sequential learning (SL), the ability to learn statistical regularities, can be enhanced with PHS. Thirty adults were assessed with the Stanford Hypnotic Susceptibility Scale (Form C) and an auditory SL task. Before this task, half the sample received a PHS to enhance SL, and the other half received the same suggestion under normal waking state. Response times and ERPs indicated a strong effect of PHS...
April 2018: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
Hanung Prasetya, Bhisma Murti, Sapja Anantanyu, Muchammad Syamsulhadi
An RCT on the efficacy of hypnosis in improving adherence to antituberculosis treatment using the Health Belief Model (HBM). Sixty study subjects were sampled at random from tuberculosis patients who visited the Center for Pulmonary Community Health in Solo, Indonesia. Hypnotherapy with posthypnotic suggestions was delivered once a week over 6 months. The data on pretested 7 HBM constructs were analyzed using t test and path analysis. Hypnotherapy had a positive effect on perceived susceptibility, seriousness, threat, benefit, and self-efficacy...
April 2018: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
Zahi Arnon, Hosari Hanan, Jorge Mogilner
Presurgical stress and its negative influences on postsurgical recovery and pain are well documented in the medical literature. Hence, the reduction of stress is advisable. The present study aimed to reduce stress using a hypnotic-based animated video. Thirty children aged 3 to 16 years hospitalized for ambulatory surgery for undescended testes or umbilical/inguinal hernia were recruited for the study. They watched the video 1 time prior to surgery in the presence of their parents and reported their anxiety and pain pre- and postvideo watching on a visual analogue scale...
April 2018: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
Emmanuel Boselli, Hervé Musellec, Franck Bernard, Nicolas Guillou, Pierre Hugot, Caroline Augris-Mathieu, Nathalie Diot-Junique, Lionel Bouvet, Bernard Allaouchiche
This two-center quasiexperimental pilot study was to determine the effect of conversational hypnosis on patient comfort and parasympathetic tone, which may represent a quantitative measure of hypnotic depth, during regional anesthesia. The patients received conversational hypnosis in one center and oral premedication in the other. The patients' subjective comfort (0-10 rating scale) and objective parasympathetic tone, as assessed by the Analgesia/Nociception Index (ANI), were measured before and after regional anesthesia...
April 2018: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
Anna Gerge
Safe-place inductions are considered important altered states of consciousness (ASC) to be (re)installed during trauma-informed psychotherapy. Coregulation aimed at changing implicit relational knowing and increasing integration and coherence through relational work and hypnotic techniques is crucial, as clients' abilities to self-soothe and regulate have become seriously impaired. Thus, resource-oriented metaphors as inner strength imagery is advocated. Also, methods such as creative-arts therapy and neurofeedback will induce ASCs, as most methods used with complex traumatized clients, due to their high hypnotizability...
April 2018: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
Samantha O Munson, Arreed F Barabasz, Marianne Barabasz
On the basis of the transtheoretical model of change, we hypothesized that hypnosis would facilitate significantly greater movement through the stages of change toward smoking cessation in contrast to psychoeducation. Thirty participants were pretested for hypnotizability using the Elkins Hypnotizability Scale (EHS). Participants' readiness for change was assessed using the University of Rhode Island Change Assessment scale (URICA). The EHS relaxation induction was used to induce hypnosis. Hypnotic suggestions addressed motivation and ambivalence...
January 2018: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
Francisco Xavier De Almeida-Marques, José Sánchez-Blanco, Francisco Javier Cano-García
To determine whether hypnosis is more effective than conventional interviewing to find traumatic life events in patients with fibromyalgia, we carried out a within-subject experimental design with complete intragroup counterbalancing. Thirty-two women under care in a public primary care center gave 2 identical interviews, with an interval of 3 months, in which the occurrence of traumatic life events was explored, once in a state of wakefulness and once in a state of hypnosis. The state of consciousness was evaluated using 3 measures: bispectral index, skin conductance level, and pain intensity...
January 2018: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
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