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American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30418515/erratum-dairy-matrix-effects-response-to-consumption-of-dairy-fat-differs-when-eaten-within-the-cheese-matrix-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 12, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30418514/-the-physiologic-and-phenotypic-significance-of-variation-in-human-amylase-gene-copy-number
#2
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 12, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30418506/erratum-differential-effects-of-medium-and-long-chain-saturated-fatty-acids-on-blood-lipid-profile-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 12, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30418505/erratum-validation-of-rapid-4-component-body-composition-assessment-with-the-use-of-dual-energy-x-ray-absorptiometry-and-bioelectrical-impedance-analysis
#4
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 12, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30418504/erratum-infant-breastfeeding-and-childhood-general-visceral-liver-and-pericardial-fat-measures-assessed-by-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#5
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 12, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30418502/erratum-vitamin-d-and-skeletal-health-during-growth-the-functional-muscle-bone-unit
#6
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 12, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30383188/nutrition-transition-in-2-lowland-bolivian-subsistence-populations
#7
Thomas S Kraft, Jonathan Stieglitz, Benjamin C Trumble, Melanie Martin, Hillard Kaplan, Michael Gurven
Background: Traditional diets are often credited for the robust cardiometabolic health of subsistence populations. Yet, rural subsistence populations are undergoing nutrition transitions that have been linked to the increase in chronic noncommunicable diseases. Few studies have presented detailed dietary estimates in transitioning populations. Objectives: We aimed to 1) characterize and compare dietary profiles of 2 neighboring subsistence populations in Bolivia who vary in market integration and 2) identify dietary factors contributing to low cardiovascular disease risk...
October 31, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30379994/reply-to-om-shannon-et-al
#8
Lauren C Blekkenhorst, Joshua R Lewis, Richard L Prince, Amanda Devine, Nicola P Bondonno, Catherine P Bondonno, Lisa G Wood, Ian B Puddey, Natalie C Ward, Kevin D Croft, Richard J Woodman, Lawrence J Beilin, Jonathan M Hodgson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 31, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30379993/no-effect-of-4-wk-of-nitrate-rich-vegetable-consumption-on-blood-pressure-reflections-for-future-research
#9
Oliver M Shannon, Abrar Babateen, Giorgia Grisotto, John C Mathers, Mario Siervo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 31, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30376039/serum-paraoxonase-1-activity-is-associated-with-light-to-moderate-alcohol-consumption-the-prevend-cohort-study
#10
Eke G Gruppen, Stephan J L Bakker, Richard W James, Robin P F Dullaart
Background: Paraoxonase-1 (PON-1) is a high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-associated enzyme with antioxidative properties, which may protect against the development of cardiovascular disease. Alcohol consumption increases HDL cholesterol, but the extent to which alcohol consumption gives rise to higher serum PON-1 activity is uncertain. Objective: In a population-based study, we determined the relation of serum PON-1 activity with alcohol consumption when taking account of HDL cholesterol and apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I), its major apolipoprotein...
October 29, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30358831/assessing-the-respective-contributions-of-dietary-flavanol-monomers-and-procyanidins-in-mediating-cardiovascular-effects-in-humans-randomized-controlled-double-masked-intervention-trial
#11
Ana Rodriguez-Mateos, Timon Weber, Simon S Skene, Javier I Ottaviani, Alan Crozier, Malte Kelm, Hagen Schroeter, Christian Heiss
Background: Flavanols are an important class of food bioactives that can improve vascular function even in healthy subjects. Cocoa flavanols (CFs) are composed principally of the monomer (-)-epicatechin (∼20%), with a degree of polymerisation (DP) of 1 (DP1), and oligomeric procyanidins (∼80%, DP2-10). Objective: Our objective was to investigate the relative contribution of procyanidins and (-)-epicatechin to CF intake-related improvements in vascular function in healthy volunteers...
October 24, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30358799/alterations-in-branched-chain-amino-acid-kinetics-in-nonobese-but-insulin-resistant-asian-men
#12
Hong Chang Tan, Jean W Hsu, Chin Meng Khoo, E Shyong Tai, Sidney Yu, Shaji Chacko, Oi Fah Lai, Farook Jahoor
Background: Branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs) are elevated in the insulin-resistant (IR) state. The reasons for this increase remain unclear, but it may be related to abnormalities in BCAA metabolism and free fatty acid (FFA) metabolism. Objective: In this study, we quantified BCAA and FFA kinetics of IR and insulin-sensitive (IS) nonobese Asian men with the use of stable-isotope tracers. We hypothesized that in addition to greater substrate flux, the BCAA oxidative pathway is also impaired to account for the higher plasma BCAA concentration in the IR state...
October 24, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30351388/a-mediterranean-diet-supplemented-with-dairy-foods-improves-markers-of-cardiovascular-risk-results-from-the-meddairy-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Alexandra T Wade, Courtney R Davis, Kathryn A Dyer, Jonathan M Hodgson, Richard J Woodman, Karen J Murphy
Background: The Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) offers benefits to cardiovascular health but may not meet Western recommendations for calcium and dairy intake, which could impede long-term adoption. Objective: The current study aimed to determine the effect of a MedDiet supplemented with dairy foods on cardiovascular risk factors. Design: A randomized, controlled, crossover design compared a MedDiet with 3-4 daily servings of dairy (MedDairy) and a low-fat (LF) control diet...
October 22, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30351387/an-intensified-training-schedule-in-recreational-male-runners-is-associated-with-increases-in-erythropoiesis-and-inflammation-and-a-net-reduction-in-plasma-hepcidin
#14
Diego Moretti, Samuel Mettler, Christophe Zeder, Carsten Lundby, Anneke Geurts-Moetspot, Arnaud Monnard, Dorine W Swinkels, Gary M Brittenham, Michael B Zimmermann
Background: Iron status is a determinant of physical performance, but training may induce both low-grade inflammation and erythropoiesis, exerting opposing influences on hepcidin and iron metabolism. To our knowledge, the combined effects on iron absorption and utilization during training have not been examined directly in humans. Objective: We hypothesized that 3 wk of exercise training in recreational male runners would decrease oral iron bioavailability by increasing inflammation and hepcidin concentrations...
October 22, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30351381/anemia-in-infancy-is-associated-with-alterations-in-systemic-metabolism-and-microbial-structure-and-function-in-a-sex-specific-manner-an-observational-study
#15
Shannon McClorry, Nelly Zavaleta, Alejandro Llanos, Martin Casapía, Bo Lönnerdal, Carolyn M Slupsky
Background: Anemia is a term that describes low hemoglobin concentrations and can result from micronutrient deficiencies, infection, or low birth weight. Early-life anemia, particularly iron-deficiency anemia (IDA) is associated with several negative metabolic, developmental, and cognitive outcomes, some of which persist into adulthood. Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate alterations in systemic metabolism and fecal microbial diversity and functionality associated with anemia and IDA in male and female infants from Iquitos, Peru...
October 22, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30351367/diet-quality-and-genetic-association-with-body-mass-index-results-from-3-observational-studies
#16
Ming Ding, Christina Ellervik, Tao Huang, Majken K Jensen, Gary C Curhan, Louis R Pasquale, Jae H Kang, Janey L Wiggs, David J Hunter, Walter C Willett, Eric B Rimm, Peter Kraft, Daniel I Chasman, Lu Qi, Frank B Hu, Qibin Qi
Background: It is unknown whether dietary quality modifies genetic association with body mass index (BMI). Objective: This study examined whether dietary quality modifies genetic association with BMI. Design: We calculated 3 diet quality scores including the Alternative Healthy Eating Index 2010 (AHEI-2010), the Alternative Mediterranean Diet score (AMED), and the Dietary Approach to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet score. We examined the interactions of a genetic risk score (GRS) based on 97 BMI-associated variants with the 3 diet quality scores on BMI in 30,904 participants from 3 large cohorts...
October 22, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30351342/a-randomized-trial-assessing-the-effects-of-health-claims-on-choice-of-foods-in-the-presence-of-front-of-pack-labels
#17
Zenobia Talati, Richard Norman, Bridget Kelly, Helen Dixon, Bruce Neal, Caroline Miller, Simone Pettigrew
Background: As a public health intervention, front-of-pack labels (FoPLs) have the potential to reach large numbers of consumers and promote healthier food choices. Of the different FoPLs, those that summarize a product's overall nutritional profile tend to be most effective in guiding healthier choices. However, information is lacking as to whether FoPLs are as effective when nutrient or health claims also appear on-pack. Objective: The aim of this study was to examine how the choice of foods of varying levels of healthfulness (less healthy, moderately healthy, and healthier) is affected by the appearance of various FoPLs (Daily Intake Guide, Multiple Traffic Lights, Health Star Rating) when shown in combination with different claim conditions (no claim, nutrient claim, general-level health claim, and higher-level health claim)...
October 22, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30339199/associations-of-maternal-caffeine-intake-with-birth-outcomes-results-from-the-lifeways-cross-generation-cohort-study
#18
Ling-Wei Chen, Roisin Fitzgerald, Celine M Murrin, John Mehegan, Cecily C Kelleher, Catherine M Phillips
Background: Maternal caffeine intake is associated with adverse birth outcomes, but in most studies the primary caffeine source is coffee; the influence of tea caffeine remains unclear. Objective: The aim of the study was to examine the association between maternal caffeine intake and birth outcomes in a population with tea as the predominant caffeine source. Design: Data from 941 Irish mother-child pairs of the Lifeways Cross Generation Cohort Study were examined...
October 19, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30339182/effects-of-1-y-of-free-school-fruit-on-intake-of-fruits-vegetables-and-unhealthy-snacks-14-y-later
#19
Tonje Holte Stea, Ingrid Marie Hovdenak, Jannike Rønnestad, Kjersti Rennestraum, Frøydis Nordgård Vik, Knut-Inge Klepp, Elling Bere
Background: There are not many studies evaluating the long-term effects of fruit and vegetable interventions. Objective: We examined the effects of 1 y of free fruit in elementary school on long-term consumption of fruit, vegetables, and unhealthy snacks, according to sex and educational attainment, 14 y after the intervention period. Design: In 2001, the baseline survey of the longitudinal cohort, Fruits and Vegetables Make the Marks (FVMM), included 1950 children (mean age: 11...
October 19, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30339177/the-677c%C3%A2-t-variant-of-mthfr-is-the-major-genetic-modifier-of-biomarkers-of-folate-status-in-a-young-healthy-irish-population
#20
Barry Shane, Faith Pangilinan, James L Mills, Ruzong Fan, Tingting Gong, Cheryl D Cropp, Yoonhee Kim, Per M Ueland, Joan E Bailey-Wilson, Alexander F Wilson, Lawrence C Brody, Anne M Molloy
Background: Genetic polymorphisms can explain some of the population- and individual-based variations in nutritional status biomarkers. Objective: We sought to screen the entire human genome for common genetic polymorphisms that influence folate-status biomarkers in healthy individuals. Design: We carried out candidate gene analyses and genome-wide association scans in 2232 young, healthy Irish subjects to evaluate which common genetic polymorphisms influence red blood cell folate, serum folate, and plasma total homocysteine...
October 19, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
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