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American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615265/adequacy-of-nutritional-intake-from-food-and-supplements-in-a-cohort-of-pregnant-women-in-qu%C3%A3-bec-canada-the-3d-cohort-study-design-develop-discover
#1
Lise Dubois, Maikol Diasparra, Brigitte Bédard, Cynthia K Colapinto, Bénédicte Fontaine-Bisson, Anne-Sophie Morisset, Richard E Tremblay, William D Fraser
Background: Assessments of the dietary intakes in various populations suggest that pregnant women have difficulty meeting all their nutritional requirements through diet alone. Few large-scale studies have considered both food sources and supplements in assessing the adequacy of nutritional intakes during pregnancy.Objectives: Our study aimed to assess nutritional intakes during pregnancy by examining dietary sources and supplements. It then compared these findings with Dietary Reference Intakes.Design: We conducted a nutrition study in a large pregnancy cohort using a 3-d food record during the second trimester of pregnancy...
June 14, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615264/is-the-whole-not-greater-than-the-sum-of-its-parts-the-case-of-sarcopenic-obesity
#2
John A Batsis, Summer B Cook
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 14, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615263/factors-associated-with-inflammation-in-preschool-children-and-women-of-reproductive-age-biomarkers-reflecting-inflammation-and-nutritional-determinants-of-anemia-brinda-project
#3
REVIEW
Rebecca D Merrill, Rachel M Burke, Christine A Northrop-Clewes, Pura Rayco-Solon, Rafael Flores-Ayala, Sorrel Ml Namaste, Mary K Serdula, Parminder S Suchdev
Background: In many settings, populations experience recurrent exposure to inflammatory agents that catalyze fluctuations in the concentrations of acute-phase proteins and certain micronutrient biomarkers such as C-reactive protein (CRP), α-1-acid glycoprotein (AGP), ferritin, and retinol. Few data are available on the prevalence and predictors of inflammation in diverse settings.Objective: We aimed to assess the relation between inflammation (CRP concentration >5 mg/L or AGP concentration >1 g/L) and covariates, such as demographics, reported illness, and anthropometric status, in preschool children (PSC) (age range: 6-59 mo) and women of reproductive age (WRA) (age range: 15-49 y)...
June 14, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615262/predictors-of-anemia-in-women-of-reproductive-age-biomarkers-reflecting-inflammation-and-nutritional-determinants-of-anemia-brinda-project
#4
REVIEW
James P Wirth, Bradley A Woodruff, Reina Engle-Stone, Sorrel Ml Namaste, Victor J Temple, Nicolai Petry, Barbara Macdonald, Parminder S Suchdev, Fabian Rohner, Grant J Aaron
Background: Anemia in women of reproductive age (WRA) (age range: 15-49 y) remains a public health problem globally, and reducing anemia in women by 50% by 2025 is a goal of the World Health Assembly.Objective: We assessed the associations between anemia and multiple proximal risk factors (e.g., iron and vitamin A deficiencies, inflammation, malaria, and body mass index) and distal risk factors (e.g., education status, household sanitation and hygiene, and urban or rural residence) in nonpregnant WRA.Design: Cross-sectional, nationally representative data from 10 surveys (n = 27,018) from the Biomarkers Reflecting Inflammation and Nutritional Determinants of Anemia (BRINDA) project were analyzed individually and pooled by the infection burden and risk in the country...
June 14, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615261/increased-vitamin-d-intake-differentiated-according-to-skin-color-is-needed-to-meet-requirements-in-young-swedish-children-during-winter-a-double-blind-randomized-clinical-trial
#5
Inger Öhlund, Torbjörn Lind, Olle Hernell, Sven-Arne Silfverdal, Pia Karlsland Åkeson
Background: Dark skin and low exposure to sunlight increase the risk of vitamin D insufficiency in children.Objective: The aim of the study was to evaluate the amount of vitamin D needed to ascertain that most children >4 y of age attain sufficient serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [S-25(OH)D; i.e., ≥50 nmol/L] during winter regardless of latitude and skin color.Design: In a longitudinal, double-blind, randomized, food-based intervention study, 5- to 7-y-old children from northern (63°N) and southern (55°N) Sweden with fair (n = 108) and dark (n = 98) skin were included...
June 14, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615260/predictors-of-anemia-in-preschool-children-biomarkers-reflecting-inflammation-and-nutritional-determinants-of-anemia-brinda-project
#6
REVIEW
Reina Engle-Stone, Grant J Aaron, Jin Huang, James P Wirth, Sorrel Ml Namaste, Anne M Williams, Janet M Peerson, Fabian Rohner, Ravi Varadhan, O Yaw Addo, Victor Temple, Pura Rayco-Solon, Barbara Macdonald, Parminder S Suchdev
Background: A lack of information on the etiology of anemia has hampered the design and monitoring of anemia-control efforts.Objective: We aimed to evaluate predictors of anemia in preschool children (PSC) (age range: 6-59 mo) by country and infection-burden category.Design: Cross-sectional data from 16 surveys (n = 29,293) from the Biomarkers Reflecting Inflammation and Nutritional Determinants of Anemia (BRINDA) project were analyzed separately and pooled by category of infection burden. We assessed relations between anemia (hemoglobin concentration <110 g/L) and severe anemia (hemoglobin concentration <70 g/L) and individual-level (age, anthropometric measures, micronutrient deficiencies, malaria, and inflammation) and household-level predictors; we also examined the proportion of anemia with concomitant iron deficiency (defined as an inflammation-adjusted ferritin concentration <12 μg/L)...
June 14, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615259/adjusting-ferritin-concentrations-for-inflammation-biomarkers-reflecting-inflammation-and-nutritional-determinants-of-anemia-brinda-project
#7
REVIEW
Sorrel Ml Namaste, Fabian Rohner, Jin Huang, Nivedita L Bhushan, Rafael Flores-Ayala, Roland Kupka, Zuguo Mei, Rahul Rawat, Anne M Williams, Daniel J Raiten, Christine A Northrop-Clewes, Parminder S Suchdev
Background: The accurate estimation of iron deficiency is important in planning and implementing interventions. Ferritin is recommended as the primary measure of iron status, but interpretability is challenging in settings with infection and inflammation.Objective: We assessed the relation between ferritin concentrations and inflammation and malaria in preschool children (PSC) (age range: 6-59 mo) and women of reproductive age (WRA) (age range: 15-49 y) and investigated adjustment algorithms to account for these effects...
June 14, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615258/effect-of-a-package-of-health-and-nutrition-services-on-sustained-recovery-in-children-after-moderate-acute-malnutrition-and-factors-related-to-sustaining-recovery-a-cluster-randomized-trial
#8
Heather C Stobaugh, Lucy B Bollinger, Sara E Adams, Audrey H Crocker, Jennifer B Grise, Julie A Kennedy, Chrissie Thakwalakwa, Kenneth M Maleta, Dennis J Dietzen, Mark J Manary, Indi Trehan
Background: Children who recover from moderate acute malnutrition (MAM) have high rates of relapse in the year after nutritional recovery. Interventions to decrease these adverse outcomes are needed to maximize the overall effectiveness of supplemental feeding programs (SFPs).Objectives: We evaluated the effectiveness of a package of health and nutrition interventions on improving the proportion of children who sustained recovery for 1 y after MAM treatment. We further explored factors related to sustained recovery...
June 14, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615257/randomized-controlled-trial-assessing-the-efficacy-of-a-reusable-fish-shaped-iron-ingot-to-increase-hemoglobin-concentration-in-anemic-rural-cambodian-women
#9
Aviva I Rappaport, Kyly C Whitfield, Gwen E Chapman, Rickey Y Yada, Khin Meng Kheang, Jennie Louise, Alastair J Summerlee, Gavin R Armstrong, Timothy J Green
Background: Anemia affects 45% of women of childbearing age in Cambodia. Iron supplementation is recommended in populations in which anemia prevalence is high. However, there are issues of cost, distribution, and adherence. A potential alternative is a reusable fish-shaped iron ingot, which, when added to the cooking pot, leaches iron into the fluid in which it is prepared.Objective: We sought to determine whether there was a difference in hemoglobin concentrations in rural Cambodian anemic women (aged 18-49 y) who cooked with the iron ingot or consumed a daily iron supplement compared with a control after 1 y...
June 14, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615256/adjusting-soluble-transferrin-receptor-concentrations-for-inflammation-biomarkers-reflecting-inflammation-and-nutritional-determinants-of-anemia-brinda-project
#10
REVIEW
Fabian Rohner, Sorrel Ml Namaste, Leila M Larson, O Yaw Addo, Zuguo Mei, Parminder S Suchdev, Anne M Williams, Fayrouz A Sakr Ashour, Rahul Rawat, Daniel J Raiten, Christine A Northrop-Clewes
Background: Iron deficiency is thought to be one of the most prevalent micronutrient deficiencies globally, but an accurate assessment in populations who are frequently exposed to infections is impeded by the inflammatory response, which causes iron-biomarker alterations.Objectives: We assessed the relation between soluble transferrin receptor (sTfR) concentrations and inflammation and malaria in preschool children (PSC) (age range: 6-59 mo) and women of reproductive age (WRA) (age range: 15-49 y) and investigated adjustment algorithms to account for these effects...
June 14, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615255/adjusting-total-body-iron-for-inflammation-biomarkers-reflecting-inflammation-and-nutritional-determinants-of-anemia-brinda-project
#11
REVIEW
Zuguo Mei, Sorrel Ml Namaste, Mary Serdula, Parminder S Suchdev, Fabian Rohner, Rafael Flores-Ayala, O Yaw Addo, Daniel J Raiten
Background: Total body iron (TBI) that is calculated from ferritin and soluble transferrin receptor (sTfR) allows for the evaluation of the full range of iron status from deficiency to excess. However, both ferritin and sTfR are affected by inflammation and malaria, which may require a statistical adjustment. TBI has been used to assess iron status in the United States, but its use worldwide and in settings with inflammation has been limited.Objective: We examine whether inflammation-adjusted ferritin and sTfR concentrations affect TBI values and the prevalence of low TBI (<0 mg/kg) in preschool children (PSC) (age range: 6-59 mo) and women of reproductive age (WRA) (age range: 15-49 y)...
June 14, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615254/methodologic-approach-for-the-biomarkers-reflecting-inflammation-and-nutritional-determinants-of-anemia-brinda-project
#12
REVIEW
Sorrel Ml Namaste, Grant J Aaron, Ravi Varadhan, Janet M Peerson, Parminder S Suchdev
Background: The Biomarkers Reflecting Inflammation and Nutritional Determinants of Anemia (BRINDA) project is a multiagency and multicountry collaboration that was formed to improve micronutrient assessment and to better characterize anemia.Objectives: The aims of the project were to 1) identify factors associated with inflammation, 2) assess the relations between inflammation, malaria infection, and biomarkers of iron and vitamin A status and compare adjustment approaches, and 3) assess risk factors for anemia in preschool children (PSC) and women of reproductive age (WRA)...
June 14, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615253/dietary-calcium-intake-and-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease-stroke-and-fracture-in-a-population-with-low-calcium-intake
#13
Sung Hye Kong, Jung Hee Kim, A Ram Hong, Nam H Cho, Chan Soo Shin
Background: The role of dietary calcium intake in cardiovascular disease (CVD), stroke, and fracture is controversial. Most previous reports have evaluated populations with high calcium intake.Objective: We aimed to evaluate whether high dietary calcium intake was associated with the risk of CVD, stroke, and fracture in a population with low calcium intake.Design: In a prospective cohort study beginning in 2001 in Ansung-Ansan, Korea, 2158 men and 2153 women aged >50 y were evaluated for all-cause mortality, CVD, stroke, and fractures over a median 9-y follow-up...
June 14, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615252/research-policy-and-programmatic-considerations-from-the-biomarkers-reflecting-inflammation-and-nutritional-determinants-of-anemia-brinda-project
#14
REVIEW
Rebecca J Stoltzfus, Rolf Klemm
The Biomarkers Reflecting Inflammation and Nutritional Determinants of Anemia (BRINDA) project sought to inform the interpretation of iron and vitamin A biomarkers (ferritin, serum transferrin receptor, and retinol binding protein) in settings of prevalent inflammation as well as the prevention of and control strategies to address anemia. Our purpose is to comment on the contributions of the BRINDA to advance global knowledge with regard to iron and vitamin A status assessment in women and preschool children and to analyze the findings in terms of their rigor and usefulness for global nutrition research and programs...
June 14, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615251/adjusting-retinol-binding-protein-concentrations-for-inflammation-biomarkers-reflecting-inflammation-and-nutritional-determinants-of-anemia-brinda-project
#15
REVIEW
Leila M Larson, Sorrel Ml Namaste, Anne M Williams, Reina Engle-Stone, O Yaw Addo, Parminder S Suchdev, James P Wirth, Victor Temple, Mary Serdula, Christine A Northrop-Clewes
Background: The accurate estimation of the prevalence of vitamin A deficiency (VAD) is important in planning and implementing interventions. Retinol-binding protein (RBP) is often used in population surveys to measure vitamin A status, but its interpretation is challenging in settings where inflammation is common because RBP concentrations decrease during the acute-phase response.Objectives: We aimed to assess the relation between RBP concentrations and inflammation and malaria in preschool children (PSC) (age range: 6-59 mo) and women of reproductive age (WRA) (age range: 15-49 y) and to investigate adjustment algorithms to account for these effects...
June 14, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592612/fried-potato-consumption-is-associated-with-elevated-mortality-an-8-y-longitudinal-cohort-study
#16
Nicola Veronese, Brendon Stubbs, Marianna Noale, Marco Solmi, Alberto Vaona, Jacopo Demurtas, Davide Nicetto, Gaetano Crepaldi, Patricia Schofield, Ai Koyanagi, Stefania Maggi, Luigi Fontana
Background: Few studies have assessed the association between potato consumption and mortality.Objective: We investigated whether potato consumption (including fried and unfried potatoes) is associated with increased premature mortality risk in a North American cohort.Design: A longitudinal analysis included 4440 participants aged 45-79 y at baseline with an 8-y follow-up from the Osteoarthritis Initiative cohort study. Potato consumption (including fried and unfried potatoes) was analyzed by using a Block Brief 2000 food-frequency questionnaire and categorized as ≤1 time/mo, 2-3 times/mo, 1 time/wk, 2 times/wk, or ≥3 times/wk...
June 7, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592611/fructose-replacement-of-glucose-or-sucrose-in-food-or-beverages-lowers-postprandial-glucose-and-insulin-without-raising-triglycerides-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Rebecca A Evans, Michael Frese, Julio Romero, Judy H Cunningham, Kerry E Mills
Background: Conflicting evidence exists on the effects of fructose consumption in people with type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus. No systematic review has addressed the effect of isoenergetic fructose replacement of glucose or sucrose on peak postprandial glucose, insulin, and triglyceride concentrations.Objective: The objective of this study was to review the evidence for postprandial glycemic and insulinemic responses after isoenergetic replacement of either glucose or sucrose in foods or beverages with fructose...
June 7, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592610/adult-height-dietary-patterns-and-healthy-aging
#18
Wenjie Ma, Kaitlin A Hagan, Yoriko Heianza, Qi Sun, Eric B Rimm, Lu Qi
Background: Adult height has shown directionally diverse associations with several age-related disorders, including cardiovascular disease, cancer, decline in cognitive function, and mortality.Objectives: We investigated the associations of adult height with healthy aging measured by a full spectrum of health outcomes, including incidence of chronic diseases, memory, physical functioning, and mental health, among populations who have survived to older age, and whether lifestyle factors modified such relations...
June 7, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592609/tracking-of-vitamin-d-status-from-childhood-to-early-adulthood-and-its-association-with-peak-bone-mass
#19
Kun Zhu, Wendy H Oddy, Patrick Holt, Wendy Chan She Ping-Delfos, Jenny Mountain, Stephen Lye, Craig Pennell, Prue H Hart, John P Walsh
Background: To our knowledge, there are few longitudinal studies of vitamin D status from childhood to early adulthood, and it is uncertain whether vitamin D predicts peak bone mass in young adults.Objectives: The purpose of this longitudinal study was to evaluate the long-term stability of vitamin D status from ages 6 to 20 y in healthy individuals and to study associations between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] at different developmental stages and bone mass measured at age 20 y.Design: Participants were offspring of the Western Australian Pregnancy Cohort (Raine) study...
June 7, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592608/nutrition-in-the-elderly-a-recommendation-for-more-evenly-distributed-protein
#20
Stuart M Phillips
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 7, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
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