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Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019821/from-the-editor
#1
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 11, 2017: Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902725/exercise-and-pharmacology-as-medicine-for-cvd-from-bench-to-bedside-and-back
#2
Danielle R Bruns, Lori A Walker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 11, 2017: Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885266/sedentary-behaviors-and-adiposity-in-young-people-causality-and-conceptual-model
#3
Stuart J H Biddle, Natalie Pearson, Jo Salmon
Research on sedentary behavior and adiposity in youth dates back to the 1980s. Sedentary behaviors, usually screen time, can be associated with adiposity. While the association is usually small but significant, the field is complex, and results are dependent on what sedentary behaviors are assessed, and may be mediated and moderated by other behaviors.
September 6, 2017: Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885265/cardioprotective-exercise-and-pharmacologic-interventions-complementary-antidotes-to-cardiovascular-disease
#4
John C Quindry, Barry A Franklin
Exercise and pharmacologic therapies to prevent and treat cardiovascular disease have largely advanced through independent efforts. Understanding of first line drug therapies, findings from preclinical animal studies, and the need for research initiatives related to complementary cardioprotective exercise-pharma interventions are reviewed from the premise that contemporary cardioprotective therapies must include adjunctive exercise and lifestyle interventions in addition to pharmacologic agents.
September 6, 2017: Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857890/mechanical-coupling-between-muscle-tendon-units-reduces-peak-stresses
#5
Huub Maas, Taija Finni
The presence of mechanical linkages between synergistic muscles and their common tendons may distribute forces among the involved structures. We review studies, using humans and other animals, examining muscle and tendon interactions and discuss the hypothesis that connections between muscle bellies and within tendons may serve as a mechanism to distribute forces and mitigate peak stresses.
August 28, 2017: Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857889/exercise-is-an-adjuvant-to-contemporary-dystrophy-treatments
#6
Matthew C Kostek, Bradley Gordon
Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy is a lethal genetic disease of muscle wasting for which there is no cure. In healthy muscle, structure and function improve dramatically with exercise. In patients with dystrophy, very little is known about the effects of exercise. As contemporary therapies rapidly progress and patients become more active there is a need to understand the effect of exercise.
August 28, 2017: Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704222/conceptualizing-and-defining-the-intention-construct-for-future-physical-activity-research
#7
Ryan E Rhodes, Amanda L Rebar
Intention has been an extremely important concept in physical activity theory and research but is complicated by a double-barreled definition of a decision to perform physical activity and the commitment to enact that decision. We put forth the hypothesis that these separate meanings have different measurement requirements, are situated in distinctly different intention-based models, and show discrete findings when explaining physical activity motives.
October 2017: Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704221/mechanisms-associated-with-physical-activity-behavior-insights-from-rodent-experiments
#8
Michael D Roberts, Gregory N Ruegsegger, Jacob D Brown, Frank W Booth
Dopaminergic signaling differences in the nucleus accumbens (NAcc) seemingly predispose rats to adopt different physical activity behaviors. Physical activity behavior also may be regulated through peripheral mechanisms (i.e., muscle and fat derived as well as hormonal signals). We hypothesize that physical activity behavior is regulated by the convergence of central and peripheral mechanisms onto the NAcc.
October 2017: Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704220/muscle-coordination-and-the-development-of-musculoskeletal-disorders
#9
François Hug, Kylie Tucker
The present article examines the hypothesis that each individual has unique muscle coordination strategies (or signatures) that will have specific mechanical effects on their musculoskeletal system. As such, some strategies would make some people more at risk of developing musculoskeletal disorders than others. Identification of individual coordination strategies might provide insight into the development of musculoskeletal disorders.
October 2017: Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704219/inflammaging-and-the-age-specific-responsiveness-to-stretch-shortening-contractions
#10
Erik P Rader, Brent A Baker
With aging, muscle injury from rapid, continuous stretch-shortening contractions (SSC) is prolonged, and maladaptation to moderate-velocity, intermittent SSC is more common. We hypothesize that high baseline levels of inflammatory signaling and oxidative stress may underlie these outcomes, whereas careful modulation of high-intensity SSC training design resets basal conditions and permits muscle adaptation to SSC.
October 2017: Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704218/priscilla-m-clarkson-undergraduate-travel-award
#11
Albino G Schifino
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704217/automatic-affective-evaluations-of-physical-activity
#12
David E Conroy, Tanya R Berry
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704216/low-back-pain-patients-learn-to-adapt-motor-behavior-with-adverse-secondary-consequences
#13
Jaap H van Dieën, Herta Flor, Paul W Hodges
We hypothesize that changes in motor behavior in individuals with low-back pain are adaptations aimed at minimizing the real or perceived risk of further pain. Through reinforcement learning, pain and subsequent adaptations result in less dynamic motor behavior, leading to increased loading and impoverished sensory feedback, which contribute to cortical reorganization and proprioceptive impairments that reduce the ability to control lumbar movement in a robust manner.
October 2017: Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704215/inflammation-and-oxidative-stress-limit-adaptation-to-stretch-shortening-contractions-in-aging
#14
Stephen E Alway
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816705/microvascular-vasodilator-plasticity-following-acute-exercise
#15
Austin T Robinson, Ibra S Fancher, Abeer M Mahmoud, Shane A Phillips
Endothelium-dependent vasodilation is reduced following acute exercise, or following high intraluminal pressure in isolated arterioles from sedentary adults, but not in arterioles from regular exercisers. The preserved vasodilation in arterioles from exercisers is hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-dependent, whereas resting dilation is nitric oxide (NO)-dependent. We hypothesize chronic exercise elicits adaptations allowing for maintained vasodilation when NO bioavailability is reduced.
August 14, 2017: Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795956/physical-signals-may-affect-mesenchymal-stem-cell-differentiation-via-epigenetic-controls
#16
Janet Rubin, Maya Styner, Gunes Uzer
Marrow mesenchymal stem cells supply bone osteoblasts and adipocytes. Exercise effects to increase bone and decrease fat involve transfer of signals from the cytoplasm into the nucleus to regulate gene expression. We propose that exercise control of stem cell fate relies on structural connections that terminate in the nucleus and involve intranuclear actin structures that regulate epigenetic gene expression.
August 8, 2017: Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796660/the-consequences-of-sedentary-behaviors-keeping-interpretations-anchored-in-evidence
#17
Mark S Tremblay
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 7, 2017: Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622191/interval-walking-training-for-older-people-no-pain-and-lots-of-gain
#18
Loretta DiPietro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622190/are-exercise-benefits-in-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-due-to-increased-autophagy
#19
Srinivasan Dasarathy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419004/small-sample-sizes-confound-understanding-of-cardiometabolic-responses-to-exercise
#20
REVIEW
Linda S Pescatello, Lauren M L Corso, Hayley V MacDonald, Paul D Thompson, Beth A Taylor, Gregory A Panza, Amanda L Zaleski, Blair T Johnson, Ming-Hui Chen
Considerable variability exists in the cardiometabolic disease biomarker response to exercise. We propose that a major contributor to this heterogeneity is underpowered studies due to small sample sizes. To test our hypothesis, we conducted a systematic review to identify meta-analyses/reviews of randomized controlled trials (RCT) and RCT that examined the cardiometabolic disease biomarker response to aerobic and resistance exercise.
July 2017: Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews
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