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Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098577/mitochondria-initiate-and-regulate-sarcopenia
#1
Stephen E Alway, Junaith S Mohamed, Matthew J Myers
We present the hypothesis that an accumulation of dysfunctional mitochondria initiates a signaling cascade leading to motor neuron and muscle fiber death and culminating in sarcopenia. Interactions between neural and muscle cells that contain dysfunctional mitochondria exacerbate sarcopenia. Preventing sarcopenia will require identifying mitochondrial sources of dysfunction that are reversible.
January 16, 2017: Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092299/the-complex-phenotype-of-the-athletes-heart-implications-for-pre-participation-screening
#2
Benjamin Brown, Daniel J Green, Matthew Wilson, Jonathan Drezner, Keith George, David Oxborough
Pre-participation screening is vital to exclude inherited cardiac conditions which have the potential to cause sudden cardiac death in seemingly healthy athletes. Recent research has questioned traditional theories of load-induced, dichotomous cardiac adaptation. We therefore considered whether a "one-size-fits-all" approach to screening can account for inter-individual differences brought about by sporting discipline, training volume, ethnicity, body size, sex and age.
January 13, 2017: Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092298/individualized-exercise-interventions-for-spinal-pain
#3
Deborah Falla, Paul W Hodges
Exercise is the most effective treatment for the management and prevention of spinal pain, yet on average it delivers small to moderate treatment effects, which are rarely long-lasting. This review examines the hypothesis that outcome of exercise interventions can be optimized when targeted towards the "right" patients and when tailored to address the neuromuscular impairments of each individual.
January 13, 2017: Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092297/vascular-adaptations-to-habitual-exercise-in-older-adults-time-for-the-sex-talk
#4
Kerrie L Moreau, Cemal Ozemek
Regular exercise is promoted as a therapeutic strategy for age-associated endothelial dysfunction. Improvements in endothelial function are observed with endurance exercise in older men, but are diminished or absent in older women. This review examines the hypothesis that sex hormones modulate vascular adaptations to exercise training by influencing antioxidant defense systems, mitochondrial function, oxidative stress, and intracellular signaling.
January 13, 2017: Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072585/arterial-ventricular-uncoupling-with-age-and-disease-and-recoupling-with-exercise
#5
Paul D Chantler
The deterioration in arterial and cardiac function with aging impairs arterial ventricular coupling, an important determinant of cardiovascular performance. However, exercise training improves arterial ventricular coupling especially during exercise during the age and disease process. This review examines the concept of arterial-ventricular coupling, and how age, and disease uncouples but exercise training recouples the heart and arterial system.
January 9, 2017: Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984329/perception-of-gait-asymmetry-during-split-belt-walking
#6
Wouter Hoogkamer
Optimization of gait rehabilitation using split-belt treadmills critically depends on our understanding of the roles of somatosensory perception and sensorimotor recalibration in perceiving gait asymmetry and adapting to split-belt walking. Recent evidence justifies the hypothesis that perception of gait asymmetry is based mainly on detection of temporal mismatches between afferent inputs at the spinal level.
January 2017: Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845949/priscilla-m-clarkson-student-travel-award
#7
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801726/from-the-editor
#8
Roger Enoka
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801725/exercise-the-next-frontier-in-microbiota-research
#9
Tiffany Weir
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782912/exercise-is-a-novel-promoter-of-intestinal-health-and-microbial-diversity
#10
Sara C Campbell, Paul J Wisniewski
Imbalances in the gut microbiota contribute to chronic gut inflammatory diseases. Interestingly, exercise can improve gut health, but generally, little is known about the underlying mechanisms involved. This article represents a conceptual model illustrating exercise's role in diversifying the gut microbiota to improve gut and systemic health.
January 2017: Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782911/mechanisms-and-mediators-of-the-skeletal-muscle-repeated-bout-effect
#11
Robert D Hyldahl, Trevor C Chen, Kazunori Nosaka
Skeletal muscle adapts to exercise-induced damage by orchestrating several but still poorly understood mechanisms that endow protection from subsequent damage. Known widely as the repeated bout effect, we propose that neural adaptations, alterations to muscle mechanical properties, structural remodeling of the extracellular matrix, and biochemical signaling work in concert to coordinate the protective adaptation.
January 2017: Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27741024/ecological-momentary-assessments-and-the-science-of-behavior-change
#12
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27741023/the-intriguing-role-of-histamine-in-exercise-responses
#13
Meredith J Luttrell, John R Halliwill
In humans, histamine is a molecular transducer of physical activity responses, and antihistamines modify more than 25% of the genes responding to exercise. Although the upstream signal that results in release of histamine within exercising skeletal muscle remains to be identified, it is likely a fundamental exercise response and not an allergic reaction.
January 2017: Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27741022/ecological-momentary-assessment-in-physical-activity-research
#14
Genevieve Fridlund Dunton
Theories explaining why individuals participate in physical activity often do not take into account within-person variation or dynamic patterns of change. Time-intensive methods such as Ecological Momentary Assessment are more conducive to capturing time- and spatially-varying explanatory factors and intraindividual fluctuations than traditional methods and thus may yield new insights into the prediction and modeling of physical activity behavior.
January 2017: Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27603437/a-fatty-liver-is-neither-appetizing-nor-healthy
#15
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27433978/intrinsic-genetic-aerobic-fitness-impacts-susceptibility-for-metabolic-disease
#16
John P Thyfault, E Matthew Morris
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27526194/decreased-myofilament-calcium-sensitivity-plays-a-significant-role-in-muscle-fatigue
#17
Edward P Debold
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27465682/fatigue-and-fatigability-in-persons-with-multiple-sclerosis
#18
Inge Zijdewind, Roeland F Prak, Ria Wolkorte
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27433977/the-age-associated-reduction-in-propulsive-power-generation-in-walking
#19
Jason R Franz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27433976/sympathetic-vasoconstriction-in-skeletal-muscle-adaptations-to-exercise-training
#20
Timothy P Just, Ian R Cooper, Darren S DeLorey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews
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