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Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30334854/promoting-exercise-adherence-through-groups-a-self-categorization-theory-perspective
#1
Mark R Beauchamp
The hypothesis presented in this paper is that adherence to exercise programs can be understood, and fostered through intervention, by considering how social identities form within group settings. This paper explains these processes from a self-categorization theory perspective.
October 16, 2018: Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30334853/statistical-considerations-for-exercise-protocols-aimed-at-measuring-trainability
#2
Sarah Voisin, Macsue Jacques, Alejandro Lucia, David J Bishop, Nir Eynon
The individual response to exercise training is of great interest and we review methods that have been proposed to measure this response. However, individual training response estimates may be biased by various sources of variability present in exercise studies, and in particular by within-subject variability. We propose the use of protocols that can separate trainability from within-subject variability.
October 16, 2018: Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30334852/the-importance-of-mtor-trafficking-for-human-skeletal-muscle-translational-control
#3
Nathan Hodson, Andrew Philp
The mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) is a central regulator of muscle protein synthesis, and its activation has long been attributed to its translocation to the lysosome. Here we present a novel model of mTOR activation in skeletal muscle where the translocation of mTOR and the lysosome toward the cell membrane is a key process in mTOR activation.
October 16, 2018: Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30334851/syncing-exercise-with-meals-and-circadian-clocks
#4
Timothy D Heden, Jill A Kanaley
Circadian rhythms, meals, and exercise modulate energy metabolism. This review will explore the novel hypothesis that there is an optimal time of day to exercise to improve 24 h glycemia and lipemia in individuals with type 2 diabetes (T2D).
October 16, 2018: Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30334850/athletes-with-versus-without-leg-amputations-different-biomechanics-similar-running-economy
#5
Owen N Beck, Alena M Grabowski
Athletes with transtibial amputations use carbon-fiber prostheses to run. Compared to biological legs, these devices differ in structure and function, and yield affected leg running biomechanics that are theoretically more economical than those of non-amputees. However, experimental data indicate that athletes with unilateral and bilateral transtibial amputations exhibit running economy values that are currently well-within the range of non-amputee values.
October 16, 2018: Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30334849/raising-an-active-and-healthy-generation-a-comprehensive-public-health-initiative
#6
Russell R Pate, Marsha Dowda
Physical activity provides important health benefits to youth, but most U.S. children and adolescents fail to meet federal physical activity guidelines. The purpose of this article is to present a plan for a large-scale public health initiative aimed at producing population-level increases in physical activity among U.S. youth.
October 16, 2018: Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30334848/protein-metabolism-in-active-youth-not-just-little-adults
#7
Daniel R Moore
Understanding how exercise and dietary protein alter the turnover and synthesis of body proteins in youth can provide guidelines for the optimal development of lean mass. This review hypothesizes that active youth obtain similar anabolic benefits from exercise and dietary protein as adults but the requirement for amino acids to support growth renders them more sensitive to these nutrients.
October 16, 2018: Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30216293/response
#8
LETTER
Jacob Bejder, Nikolai Baastrup Nordsborg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30216292/-live-high-train-low-paradigm-moving-the-debate-forward
#9
LETTER
Franck Brocherie, Grégoire P Millet
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30216291/peripheral-fatigue-has-another-threshold-bitten-the-dust
#10
COMMENT
Mark Burnley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30216290/priscilla-m-clarkson-undergraduate-travel-award
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30052546/exercise-and-bariatric-surgery-an-effective-therapeutic-strategy
#12
REVIEW
Paul M Coen, Elvis A Carnero, Bret H Goodpaster
The long-term efficacy of bariatric surgery is not entirely clear, and weight regain and diabetes relapse are problems for some patients. Exercise is a feasible and clinically effective adjunct therapy for bariatric surgery patients. We hypothesize that exercise is also a critical factor for long-term weight loss maintenance and lasting remission of type 2 diabetes.
October 2018: Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30001275/dietary-nitrate-enhances-the-contractile-properties-of-human-skeletal-muscle
#13
REVIEW
Andrew R Coggan, Linda R Peterson
Dietary nitrate, a source of nitric oxide (NO), improves the contractile properties of human muscle. We present the hypothesis that this is due to nitrosylation of the ryanodine receptor and increased NO signaling via the soluble guanyl cyclase-cyclic guanosine monophosphate-protein kinase G pathway, which together increase the free intracellular Ca concentration along with the Ca sensitivity of the myofilaments themselves.
October 2018: Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30001274/the-renin-angiotensin-system-and-skeletal-muscle
#14
REVIEW
Scott K Powers, Aaron B Morton, Hayden Hyatt, Matthew J Hinkley
The renin-angiotensin system (RAS) plays a key role in the control of blood pressure and fluid homeostasis. Emerging evidence also reveals that hyperactivity of the RAS contributes to skeletal muscle wasting. This review discusses the key role that the RAS plays in skeletal muscle wasting due to congestive heart failure, chronic kidney disease, and ventilator-induced diaphragmatic wasting.
October 2018: Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30001273/resistance-exercise-s-ability-to-reverse-cancer-induced-anabolic-resistance
#15
REVIEW
Ryan N Montalvo, Justin P Hardee, Brandon N VanderVeen, James A Carson
Skeletal muscle has the dynamic capability to modulate protein turnover in response to anabolic stimuli, such as feeding and contraction. We propose that anabolic resistance, the suppressed ability to induce protein synthesis, is central to cancer-induced muscle wasting. Furthermore, we propose that resistance exercise training has the potential to attenuate or treat cancer-induced anabolic resistance through improvements in oxidative metabolism.
October 2018: Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30001272/modulation-of-energy-expenditure-by-estrogens-and-exercise-in-women
#16
REVIEW
Kathleen M Gavin, Wendy M Kohrt, Dwight J Klemm, Edward L Melanson
Reducing estrogen in women results in decreases in energy expenditure, but the mechanism(s) remain largely unknown. We postulate that the loss of estrogens in women is associated with increased accumulation of bone marrow-derived adipocytes in white adipose tissue, decreased activity of brown adipose tissue, and reduced levels of physical activity. Regular exercise may counteract the effects of estrogen deficiency.
October 2018: Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30001271/modeling-overuse-injuries-in-sport-as-a-mechanical-fatigue-phenomenon
#17
REVIEW
W Brent Edwards
This paper postulates that overuse injury in sport is a biomechanical event resulting from the mechanical fatigue of biological tissue. A theoretical foundation and operational framework necessary to model overuse injury as a mechanical fatigue phenomenon is introduced. Adopting this framework may provide a more mechanistic understanding of overuse injury and inform training and preventive strategies to reduce their occurrence.
October 2018: Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30001270/performance-fatigability-is-not-regulated-to-a-peripheral-critical-threshold
#18
REVIEW
Kevin Thomas, Stuart Goodall, Glyn Howatson
The critical threshold hypothesis proposes that performance fatigability during high-intensity exercise is tightly regulated by negative-feedback signals from the active muscles. We propose that performance fatigability is simply dependent on the exercise mode and intensity; the consequent adjustments, in skeletal muscle and the other physiological systems that support exercise, interact to modulate fatigue and determine exercise tolerance.
October 2018: Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30001269/protective-effects-of-exercise-on-cognition-and-brain-health-in-older-adults
#19
REVIEW
Amanda V Tyndall, Cameron M Clark, Todd J Anderson, David B Hogan, Michael D Hill, R S Longman, Marc J Poulin
Accelerated trajectories of cognitive decline in older adults may increase the risk of developing Alzheimer disease and related dementias (ADRD). Physical activity has potential modifying effects on these changes that could prevent or delay ADRD. This review explores the hypothesis that multiple, mutually complimentary, and interacting factors explain the positive association between exercise and the optimization of cognition in older adults.
October 2018: Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912037/performance-limitations-in-heart-transplant-recipients
#20
REVIEW
Wesley J Tucker, Rhys I Beaudry, T Jake Samuel, Michael D Nelson, Martin Halle, Aaron L Baggish, Mark J Haykowsky
We hypothesize that the reduced peak aerobic power (peak V˙O2) after heart transplantation is due to impaired cardiovascular and skeletal muscle function, and its improvement with short-term (≤1 yr) exercise training is primarily due to favorable skeletal muscle adaptations. Furthermore, the increased peak V˙O2 with long-term (>2 yr) training is primarily mediated by cardiac (sympathetic) reinnervation.
July 2018: Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews
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