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Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30216293/response
#1
Jacob Bejder, Nikolai Baastrup Nordsborg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30216292/-live-high-train-low-paradigm-moving-the-debate-forward
#2
Franck Brocherie, Grégoire P Millet
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30216291/peripheral-fatigue-has-another-threshold-bitten-the-dust
#3
Mark Burnley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30216290/priscilla-m-clarkson-undergraduate-travel-award
#4
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30052546/exercise-and-bariatric-surgery-an-effective-therapeutic-strategy
#5
Paul M Coen, Elvis A Carnero, Bret H Goodpaster
The long-term efficacy of bariatric surgery is not entirely clear, and weight regain and diabetes relapse are problems for some patients. Exercise is a feasible and clinically effective adjunct therapy for bariatric surgery patients. We hypothesize that exercise is also a critical factor for long-term weight loss maintenance and lasting remission of type 2 diabetes.
October 2018: Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30001275/dietary-nitrate-enhances-the-contractile-properties-of-human-skeletal-muscle
#6
Andrew R Coggan, Linda R Peterson
Dietary nitrate, a source of nitric oxide (NO), improves the contractile properties of human muscle. We present the hypothesis that this is due to nitrosylation of the ryanodine receptor and increased NO signaling via the soluble guanyl cyclase-cyclic guanosine monophosphate-protein kinase G pathway, which together increase the free intracellular Ca concentration along with the Ca sensitivity of the myofilaments themselves.
October 2018: Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30001274/the-renin-angiotensin-system-and-skeletal-muscle
#7
Scott K Powers, Aaron B Morton, Hayden Hyatt, Matthew J Hinkley
The renin-angiotensin system (RAS) plays a key role in the control of blood pressure and fluid homeostasis. Emerging evidence also reveals that hyperactivity of the RAS contributes to skeletal muscle wasting. This review discusses the key role that the RAS plays in skeletal muscle wasting due to congestive heart failure, chronic kidney disease, and ventilator-induced diaphragmatic wasting.
October 2018: Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30001273/resistance-exercise-s-ability-to-reverse-cancer-induced-anabolic-resistance
#8
Ryan N Montalvo, Justin P Hardee, Brandon N VanderVeen, James A Carson
Skeletal muscle has the dynamic capability to modulate protein turnover in response to anabolic stimuli, such as feeding and contraction. We propose that anabolic resistance, the suppressed ability to induce protein synthesis, is central to cancer-induced muscle wasting. Furthermore, we propose that resistance exercise training has the potential to attenuate or treat cancer-induced anabolic resistance through improvements in oxidative metabolism.
October 2018: Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30001272/modulation-of-energy-expenditure-by-estrogens-and-exercise-in-women
#9
Kathleen M Gavin, Wendy M Kohrt, Dwight J Klemm, Edward L Melanson
Reducing estrogen in women results in decreases in energy expenditure, but the mechanism(s) remain largely unknown. We postulate that the loss of estrogens in women is associated with increased accumulation of bone marrow-derived adipocytes in white adipose tissue, decreased activity of brown adipose tissue, and reduced levels of physical activity. Regular exercise may counteract the effects of estrogen deficiency.
October 2018: Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30001271/modeling-overuse-injuries-in-sport-as-a-mechanical-fatigue-phenomenon
#10
W Brent Edwards
This paper postulates that overuse injury in sport is a biomechanical event resulting from the mechanical fatigue of biological tissue. A theoretical foundation and operational framework necessary to model overuse injury as a mechanical fatigue phenomenon is introduced. Adopting this framework may provide a more mechanistic understanding of overuse injury and inform training and preventive strategies to reduce their occurrence.
October 2018: Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30001270/performance-fatigability-is-not-regulated-to-a-peripheral-critical-threshold
#11
Kevin Thomas, Stuart Goodall, Glyn Howatson
The critical threshold hypothesis proposes that performance fatigability during high-intensity exercise is tightly regulated by negative-feedback signals from the active muscles. We propose that performance fatigability is simply dependent on the exercise mode and intensity; the consequent adjustments, in skeletal muscle and the other physiological systems that support exercise, interact to modulate fatigue and determine exercise tolerance.
October 2018: Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30001269/protective-effects-of-exercise-on-cognition-and-brain-health-in-older-adults
#12
Amanda V Tyndall, Cameron M Clark, Todd J Anderson, David B Hogan, Michael D Hill, R S Longman, Marc J Poulin
Accelerated trajectories of cognitive decline in older adults may increase the risk of developing Alzheimer disease and related dementias (ADRD). Physical activity has potential modifying effects on these changes that could prevent or delay ADRD. This review explores the hypothesis that multiple, mutually complimentary, and interacting factors explain the positive association between exercise and the optimization of cognition in older adults.
October 2018: Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912037/performance-limitations-in-heart-transplant-recipients
#13
Wesley J Tucker, Rhys I Beaudry, T Jake Samuel, Michael D Nelson, Martin Halle, Aaron L Baggish, Mark J Haykowsky
We hypothesize that the reduced peak aerobic power (peak V˙O2) after heart transplantation is due to impaired cardiovascular and skeletal muscle function, and its improvement with short-term (≤1 yr) exercise training is primarily due to favorable skeletal muscle adaptations. Furthermore, the increased peak V˙O2 with long-term (>2 yr) training is primarily mediated by cardiac (sympathetic) reinnervation.
July 2018: Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912036/concepts-about-v%C3%AB-o2max-and-trainability-are-context-dependent
#14
Michael J Joyner, Carsten Lundby
Some individuals show little or no increase in maximal oxygen consumption (V˙O2max) in response to training programs consistent with public health guidelines. However, results from studies using more intense programs challenge the concept that some humans have limited trainability. We explore the implications of these divergent observations on the biology of trainability and propose a new set of twin studies to explore them.
July 2018: Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762178/exercise-nonresponders-genetic-curse-poor-compliance-or-improper-prescription
#15
Hirofumi Tanaka
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672349/skeletal-muscle-function-in-the-oldest-old-the-role-of-intrinsic-and-extrinsic-factors
#16
Massimo Venturelli, Carlo Reggiani, Russell S Richardson, Federico Schena
Although skeletal muscle function is diminished with advanced age, single muscle fiber function seems to be preserved. Therefore, this review examines the hypothesis that the skeletal muscle fiber, per se, is not the predominant factor responsible for the reduction in force-generating capacity in the oldest-old, but, rather, is attributable to a combination of factors external to the muscle fibers.
July 2018: Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664744/the-impact-of-aerobic-exercise-on-the-muscle-stem-cell-response
#17
Sophie Joanisse, Tim Snijders, Joshua P Nederveen, Gianni Parise
Satellite cells are indispensable for skeletal muscle repair and regeneration and are associated with muscle growth in humans. Aerobic exercise training results in improved skeletal muscle health also translating to an increase in satellite cell pool activation. We postulate that aerobic exercise improves satellite cell function in skeletal muscle.
July 2018: Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664743/motor-learning-triggers-neuroplastic-processes-while-awake-and-during-sleep
#18
Nicole Wenderoth
Behavioral changes characteristic for motor learning result from synaptic plasticity within the sensorimotor system. This review summarizes how the central nervous system responds rapidly to motor activity while awake. It then discusses evidence for the hypothesis that sleep is essential for both stabilizing previously acquired motor memories and maintaining the brain's efficacy to undergo plastic changes to learn new skills.
July 2018: Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659417/circulating-microrna-as-emerging-biomarkers-of-exercise
#19
Manuel Fernández-Sanjurjo, David de Gonzalo-Calvo, Benjamín Fernández-García, Sergio Díez-Robles, Ángel Martínez-Canal, Hugo Olmedillas, Alberto Dávalos, Eduardo Iglesias-Gutiérrez
An interest has recently emerged in the role of circulating microRNAs (c-miRNAs) as posttranscriptional regulators, intercellular communicators and, especially, as potential biomarkers of the systemic response to acute exercise and training. We propose that, with the limited, heterogeneous, and mainly descriptive information currently available, c-miRNAs do not provide a reliable biomarker of exercise in healthy or diseased individuals.
July 2018: Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652695/the-microvasculature-and-skeletal-muscle-health-in-aging
#20
Rian Q Landers-Ramos, Steven J Prior
Aging and aging-related declines in physical activity are associated with physical and metabolic impairments. Skeletal muscle capillarization is reduced in sedentary older adults, may contribute to impairments in skeletal muscle, and is modifiable by exercise training. This article examines the hypothesis that preservation of skeletal muscle capillarization is essential to maintain metabolism, fitness, and function with aging.
July 2018: Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews
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