journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212170/predictors-of-acquisition-of-competitive-employment-for-people-enrolled-in-supported-employment-programs
#1
Marc Corbière, Tania Lecomte, Daniel Reinharz, Bonnie Kirsh, Paula Goering, Matthew Menear, Djamal Berbiche, Karine Genest, Elliot M Goldner
This study aims at assessing the relative contribution of employment specialist competencies working in supported employment (SE) programs and client variables in determining the likelihood of obtaining competitive employment. A total of 489 persons with a severe mental illness and 97 employment specialists working in 24 SE programs across three Canadian provinces were included in the study. Overall, 43% of the sample obtained competitive work. Both client variables and employment specialist competencies, while controlling for the quality of SE programs implementation, predicted job acquisition...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181924/sleep-problems-in-relation-to-smoking-and-alcohol-use-in-chinese-adolescents
#2
Hua Chen, Qi-Gui Bo, Cun-Xian Jia, Xianchen Liu
This study examined sleep patterns and sleep problems in relation to smoking and alcohol use in Chinese adolescents. A questionnaire survey of 2090 adolescent students was conducted in Lijin County, Shandong, China. A self-administered questionnaire was used to collect the data. After adjustment for demographics and internalizing and externalizing problems, poor sleep quality was associated with increased risk of smoking (odds ratio [OR], 2.59; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.24-5.40), alcohol use (OR, 2.65; 95% CI, 2...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157725/feasibility-of-training-frontline-therapists-in-prolonged-exposure-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-study-of-treatment-of-complex-trauma-in-diverse-victims-of-crime-and-violence
#3
Bita Ghafoori, Marissa C Hansen, Erika Garibay, Olga Korosteleva
The study aims were to determine whether prolonged exposure (PE) improved mental health and was feasible to implement by frontline clinicians in a culturally diverse sample with complex trauma. Seventy-one individuals were randomly assigned to PE or person-centered therapy (PCT). Outcome measures were administered at baseline and sessions 3, 6, 9, and 12. Mixed modeling was used to regress outcome measures on time, treatment group, and number of visits. Individuals who received PE showed significant moderate association with decline in reported posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms as noted by the PTSD Checklist for DSM-5 (p = 0...
February 3, 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141633/association-of-self-reported-impulsivity-to-nonsuicidal-self-injury-suicidality-and-mortality-in-adolescent-psychiatric-inpatients
#4
Lauri Alasaarela, Helinä Hakko, Kaisa Riala, Pirkko Riipinen
This study examines the association of self-reported impulsivity to nonsuicidal self-injury, suicidal ideation, suicide attempts, and completed suicides in a clinical sample of 508 Finnish adolescents (aged 12-17) treated in psychiatric inpatient care between April 2001 and March 2006. The Schedule for Affective Disorder and Schizophrenia for School-Age Children Present and Lifetime interview was used to gather information on psychiatric disorders, impulsivity, and suicidality of the adolescents. Mortality data were obtained from the national cause of death register...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141632/body-dysmorphic-obsessive-compulsive-and-social-anxiety-disorder-beliefs-as-predictors-of-in-vivo-stressor-responding
#5
E Marie Parsons, Kelsey T Straub, April R Smith, Elise M Clerkin
This study tested the potential transdiagnostic nature of body dysmorphic disorder (BDD), obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), and social anxiety disorder (SAD) beliefs, in addition to testing the specificity of those beliefs, in predicting how individuals responded to symptom-specific stressors. Participants included 127 adults (75% women) with a broad range of symptom severity. Path analysis was used to evaluate whether specific maladaptive beliefs predicted distress in response to symptom-relevant stressors over and above other beliefs and baseline distress...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141631/the-effect-of-age-race-and-sex-on-social-cognitive-performance-in-individuals-with-schizophrenia
#6
Amy E Pinkham, Skylar Kelsven, Chrystyna Kouros, Philip D Harvey, David L Penn
Age, race, and sex are linked to social cognitive performance among healthy individuals, but whether similar effects are evident in schizophrenia is unknown. Data from 170 individuals with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder and 98 healthy controls were used to examine relations between these demographic factors and performance across multiple domains and measures of social cognition. Sex was not related to performance on any domain, but older age was related to poorer emotion recognition from dynamic stimuli in both patients and controls...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141630/neuroprotective-effect-of-modified-electroconvulsive-therapy-for-schizophrenia-a-proton-magnetic-resonance-spectroscopy-study
#7
Jing-Li Gan, Hui-Feng Duan, Zheng-Xiang Cheng, Jia-Ming Yang, Xi-Quan Zhu, Cun-You Gao, Lan-Min Zhao, Xue-Jun Liang
The underlying mechanism of modified electroconvulsive therapy (MECT) treatment for drug-resistant and catatonic schizophrenia remains unclear. Here, we aim to investigate whether MECT exerts its antipsychotic effects through elevating N-acetylaspartate (NAA) concentration measured by proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (H-MRS). Multiple-voxel H-MRS was acquired in the bilateral prefrontal cortex (PFC) and thalamus to obtain measures of neurochemistry in 32 MECT, 34 atypical antipsychotic-treated schizophrenic patients, and 34 healthy controls...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129307/comfortably-numb-the-role-of-momentary-dissociation-in-the-experience-of-negative-affect-around-binge-eating
#8
Tyler B Mason, Jason M Lavender, Stephen A Wonderlich, Howard Steiger, Li Cao, Scott G Engel, James E Mitchell, Ross D Crosby
Evidence suggests that both dissociation and negative affect (NA) may precipitate binge eating. The extent to which dissociation may impact the experience of NA around binge eating is unclear. Women with bulimia nervosa completed a 2-week ecological momentary assessment protocol of dissociation, NA, and binge eating. Multilevel modeling was used to examine dissociation as a moderator of NA before and after binge eating. NA was greater at the time of binge eating for participants higher in average dissociation (between subjects) and when momentary dissociation was greater than one's average (within subjects)...
January 26, 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129306/sex-differences-in-psychiatric-hospitalizations-of-individuals-with-psychotic-disorders
#9
Inbal Shlomi Polachek, Adi Manor, Yael Baumfeld, Ashlesha Bagadia, Ari Polachek, Rael D Strous, Zipora Dolev
We aimed to evaluate the association between sex and hospitalization characteristics in psychotic disorders. We identified all acute hospitalizations, between 2010 and 2013, for psychotic disorders in patients younger than 45 and older than 55 years (n = 5411) in the hospital's database. In addition, we identified patients who were prescribed with intramuscular risperidone (n = 280) or clozapine (n = 192) at discharge. The results showed that women younger than 45 years had lower proportions of hospitalizations (33...
January 26, 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129305/positive-association-between-nightmares-and-heart-rate-response-to-loud-tones-relationship-to-parasympathetic-dysfunction-in-ptsd-nightmares
#10
Kaloyan S Tanev, Scott P Orr, Edward F Pace-Schott, Michael Griffin, Roger K Pitman, Patricia A Resick
Seventy-three women with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) resulting from rape or physical assault participated in a loud-tone procedure, while skin conductance (SC), heart rate, and electromyogram responses were recorded. Pearson correlations were examined between each psychophysiological response and Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale (CAPS) symptom scores. Significant correlations were adjusted for each remaining individual PTSD symptom score. Heart rate response (HRR) significantly correlated with CAPS total score and with CAPS nightmares...
January 26, 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129304/systems-training-for-emotional-predictability-and-problem-solving-program-and-emotion-dysregulation-a-pilot-study
#11
Silvia Boccalon, Roberta Alesiani, Laura Giarolli, Andrea Fossati
The aim of this study was to assess the observed changes on emotion dysregulation obtained through the Systems Training for Emotional Predictability and Problem Solving (STEPPS) program. The sample is composed of 24 subjects with a personality disorder with borderline features. All participants filled out the Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale (DERS). There was a significant decrease in the DERS total score at the end of the treatment and at 6-month follow-up. Friedman test showed a significant decrease in suicide attempts and hospitalizations over time...
January 26, 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125543/the-moderating-effect-of-religion-on-the-relationship-between-depression-and-suicidal-ideation-in-the-elderly
#12
JaeHoon Jung, Daeyoung Roh, Yoo Sun Moon, Do Hoon Kim
This article aimed to compare the level of suicidal ideation in the religiously affiliated and nonaffiliated groups and identify the moderating effect of religion variables on the relationship between depression and suicidal ideation. The sample in this study was 1180 residents who were older than 60 years and who resided in Gangwon Province, South Korea. We studied the cross-sectional relationships among religions and studied variables including organizational religious activity (ORA), non-ORA (NORA), intrinsic religiosity (IR), depression, well-being, and suicidal ideation...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118268/exploring-the-mechanism-underlying-the-association-between-pain-intensity-and-mental-health-among-latinos
#13
Michael J Zvolensky, Jafar Bakhshaie, Daniel J Paulus, Kirsten J Langdon, Monica Garza, Jeanette Valdivieso, Joseph Ditre, Melissa Ochoa-Perez, Chad Lemaire, Daniel Bogiaizian, Zuky Robles, Rubén Rodríguez-Cano, Kara Manning
There is limited understanding of pain and its relationship to mental health in Latinos, and limited knowledge about the biobehavioral mechanisms that underlie pain-mental health interrelations. To address these gaps, the present investigation sought to address whether anxiety sensitivity explained relations between pain intensity and anxious arousal, depressive symptoms, social anxiety, and depressive and anxiety disorders among an economically disadvantaged Latino sample. Participants included 349 adult Latinos (88% women; Mage = 38...
January 23, 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118267/determinants-of-suicidality-and-of-treatment-modalities-in-a-community-psychiatry-sample-of-asylum-seekers
#14
Natacha Premand, Rachel Baeriswyl-Cottin, Marianne Gex-Fabry, Nikol Hiller, David Framorando, Ariel Eytan, Panteleimon Giannakopoulos, Javier Bartolomei
A high prevalence of mental illness has been reported in asylum seekers. The present cross-sectional study examined suicidal thoughts, treatment modalities (outpatient crisis intervention, inpatient care), and their determinants in asylum seekers (n = 119) and permanent residents (n = 120) attending the same outpatient clinic in Geneva, Switzerland. The most frequent diagnoses were depressive disorders (64.7%) and posttraumatic stress disorder (34.5%) in asylum seekers and psychotic (55.0%) and depressive disorders (33...
January 23, 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118266/one-hundred-years-of-psychiatry-at-johns-hopkins-a-story-of-meyer-to-mchugh
#15
J Raymond DePaulo
This article describes a history of clinical methods and constructs that guide Psychiatry at Johns Hopkins Phipps Clinic today. The contributions of Adolf Meyer and Paul McHugh are central and closely connected. Both emphasize the clinical examination as the central practice of psychiatry as a specialty within medicine. Meyer's comprehensive examination of the patient became the centerpiece of his approach and was the standard for psychiatrists in the English-speaking world. McHugh, with Phillip Slavney, developed a pluralistic and practical framework for interpreting that history and examination...
January 23, 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107250/evaluating-excessive-burden-of-depression-on-health-status-and-health-care-utilization-among-patients-with-hypertension-in-a-nationally-representative-sample-from-the-medial-expenditure-panel-survey-meps-2012
#16
Hui Shao, Mir Umer Mohammed, Nick Thomas, Saleh Babazadeh, Shuang Yang, Qian Shi, Lizheng Shi
Depression and hypertension frequently present together in clinical practice. Evaluating the interaction between depression and hypertension would help stakeholders better understand the value of depression prevention in primary care. This retrospective study aimed to evaluate the excessive burden of depression on overall health and on health care utilization expenditure among hypertensive patients. A total of 7019 hypertensive patients (ICD-9-CM: 401) were identified from the 2012 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS 2012) data, of which 936 patients had depression (ICD-9-CM: 311)...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092293/the-association-between-symptomatic-and-diagnostic-depression-and-pain-among-the-elderly-population-in-south-korea
#17
Wanhyung Lee, Kwanyoung Hong, Sung-Shil Lim, Dong Hyun Kim, Jin-Ha Yoon
The exact nature of pain (amount or severity) associated with in depression in the elderly population has not been studied extensively yet. We investigated the association between the characteristics of pain and both symptomatic and diagnostic depression using data from the 2012 Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging (2164 men, 2066 women). Symptomatic depression was identified a score of 12 or higher on the 10-item Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression Scale. Odds ratios with a 95% confidence interval was calculated for depression using multiple logistic regression models after adjusting for age, sex, socioeconomic status, health behavioral factors, and chronic diseases...
January 14, 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045883/healing-through-words-jerome-frank-and-psychotherapy-at-johns-hopkins-the-phipps-centennial-lectures-the-jerome-frank-lecture
#18
Kay Redfield Jamison
This lecture, given to celebrate the centenary of the founding of the Henry Phipps Psychiatric Service at Johns Hopkins, focuses on the contributions of Jerome Frank to the understanding and practice of psychotherapy. It gives an overview of Professor Frank's ideas and work, puts them into the context of the history of psychotherapy research at Johns Hopkins, and discusses psychotherapy and demoralization in bipolar illness.
December 30, 2016: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005578/paliperidone-palmitate-once-monthly-treatment-in-recent-onset-and-chronic-illness-patients-with-schizoaffective-disorder
#19
Cynthia A Bossie, Ibrahim Turkoz, Larry Alphs, Lucy Mahalchick, Dong-Jing Fu
Data from a multiphase schizoaffective disorder study (NCT01193153) were used to examine the effects of paliperidone palmitate once-monthly (PP1M) by subjects' illness duration, defined as recent onset (≤5 years since first psychiatric diagnosis; n = 206) and chronic illness (>5 years; n = 461). Symptom and functioning scores, as measured during open-label PP1M acute and stabilization treatment phases, improved in both subpopulations, with greater improvements in recent onset than chronic illness subjects (p ≤ 0...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005577/understanding-the-impairment-associated-with-depressive-symptoms
#20
Bjorn Hanson, Michael A Young
Relatively little theory or research has addressed the mediating processes through which depressive symptoms lead to impairment. To conceptualize the nature of impairment in depression, we conducted semistructured interviews of 18 psychiatric patients experiencing depressive symptoms about how their depressive symptoms create impairment. Interviews were audio recorded and transcribed, and thematic analysis methods were used to identify content areas and themes. Three content areas were identified: domains of impairment (types of behavior that are impaired), experience of impairment (nature and severity of impairment), and pathways to impairment (processes connecting symptoms to impairment)...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
journal
journal
23821
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"