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Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782423/the-development-of-the-working-alliance-and-its-ability-to-predict-outcome-in-emotion-focused-therapy-for-social-anxiety-disorder
#1
Gilad Adler, Ben Shahar, Tohar Dolev, Sigal Zilcha-Mano
The study focuses on the alliance of 12 patients receiving emotion-focused therapy for social anxiety. Anxiety symptoms and patient perception of the working alliance were examined weekly. The first eight sessions of each patient were coded for within- and between-sessions alliance levels (1008 segments were coded). At the sample level, the alliance shows linear development over time but high variability between individuals. More than half the patients showed alliance development consistent with the rupture-resolution pattern...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781899/editorial-salami-slicing-redux-and-the-pressure-to-publish
#2
John A Talbott
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 17, 2018: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781898/differential-association-of-stigma-with-perceived-need-and-mental-health-service-use
#3
Eunice C Wong, Rebecca L Collins, Joshua Breslau, M Audrey Burnam, Matthew Cefalu, Elizabeth A Roth
This study examined the role of stigma at two stages of the treatment-seeking process by assessing associations between various types of stigma and perceived need for mental health treatment as well as actual treatment use. We analyzed cross-sectional data from the 2014 and 2016 California Well-Being Survey, a telephone survey with a representative sample of 1954 California residents with probable mental illness. Multivariable logistic regression indicated that perceived need was associated with less negative beliefs about mental illness (odds ratio [OR] = 0...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781897/recovery-from-schizophrenia-the-case-of-mexican-origin-consumers-and-family-caregivers
#4
Maria M Santos, Alex Kopelowicz, Steven R López
This study examined the views about the future of persons with schizophrenia and their caregivers to understand what is at stake in engaging in recovery. The views of 60 Mexican-origin consumer-caregiver dyads were coded by three independent raters using a recovery literature-based coding system of recovery components: social relations, caregiving burden relief, independence, self-responsibility, and empowerment. General recovery expectations were also rated. Interrater reliability, component frequency, and congruence between the consumers and caregivers' expectations were statistically examined...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781896/burnout-among-us-military-behavioral-health-providers
#5
Shaun Stearns, Kotaro Shoji, Charles C Benight
The present study investigated the prevalence of burnout among US military behavioral health providers (BHPs) and tested a mechanism of developing burnout in a job demands-resources model. Surveys were sent to BHPs working with US military populations globally (T1). Six months after, surveys were collected again at T2. In total, 271 providers completed T1, and 116 completed T2. The job demands-resources model showed that T1 burnout self-efficacy and support predicted T2 burnout and work engagement. T1 job demands predicted T2 burnout...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781895/psychological-community-integration-of-individuals-with-serious-mental-illness
#6
Rohini Pahwa, Liat Kriegel
As different facets of community integration as well as psychological and social integration are important dimensions of recovery for individuals with serious mental illness (SMI). The primary aim of the study was to explore psychological integration for individuals with SMI into the mental health and mainstream (i.e., non-mental health) communities and its association with their social integration into both communities. The study used self-report and egocentric social network data from 60 individuals with SMI receiving community-based mental health services...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781894/a-survey-of-american-psychiatrists-attitudes-toward-classic-hallucinogens
#7
Brian S Barnett, Willie O Siu, Harrison G Pope
Recent years have seen renewed interest and research about the use of hallucinogens as possible agents in the treatment of psychiatric disorders. However, we are unaware of studies assessing the current attitudes of American psychiatrists regarding hallucinogens. Therefore, we e-mailed surveys to 1000 members of the American Psychiatric Association-250 resident-fellows and 750 attending psychiatrists. The response rate was 32.4%. Respondents tended to perceive hallucinogens as potentially hazardous and appropriately illegal for recreational purposes...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781893/countertransference-and-psychological-assessment-direct-and-indirect-exposure
#8
Olivier Laverdière, Thalie Beaulieu-Tremblay, Jean Descôteaux, Valérie Simard
Countertransference (CT) is usually conceptualized as emerging in the course of psychotherapy. This study explores whether CT manifests itself in the context of assessment and if the modality of exposure to participants (interviewer and observer) affects the intensity and nature of CT. Evaluators either led (direct exposure) or observed (indirect exposure) a 6-hour interview with a subject focusing on attachment and personality. Interviewers and evaluators then completed a measure of CT, the Therapist Response Questionnaire for a total of 43 subjects...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781892/evidence-for-the-perception-of-time-distortion-during-episodes-of-alice-in-wonderland-syndrome
#9
Yu Jia, Ying Miao
Alice in Wonderland syndrome (AIWS) is a rare perceptual disorder associated with sensation of one or several visual and/or auditory perceptual distortions including size of body parts, size of external objects, or passage of time (either speeding up or slowing down). Cause for AIWS is yet to be widely agreed, and the implications are widely varied. One of the research difficulties is the brevity of each episode, typically not exceeding few tens of minutes. This article presents a male adult in late 20s who has apparently experienced AIWS episodes since childhood, and infection has been ruled out...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781891/self-esteem-and-symptoms-in-individuals-at-clinical-high-risk-for-psychosis
#10
Caridad Benavides, Gary Brucato, David Kimhy
Individuals with psychotic symptoms often report low global self-esteem (GSE). However, it remains unclear whether the low GSE is linked to the presence of psychotic symptoms or it is present before the onset of psychosis. In addition, the specific subdomains of GSE in these populations are unknown. To address this question, we conducted a cross-sectional study comparing global and SE elements among individuals at clinical high risk for psychosis (CHR; n = 36), individuals with schizophrenia (SCZ; n = 43), and healthy controls (HCs; n = 40)...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781890/complexities-of-the-diagnostic-process
#11
Barbara Schildkrout
The diagnostic process is a highly complex, problem-solving enterprise. Yet, traditional case reports have not focused directly on this endeavor. Physicians could use the case format to present actual experiences of getting to a diagnosis. This approach would allow for modeling of nonjudgmental, self-reflective practices and also provide information to aid in studying the diagnostic endeavor. Given that diagnostic errors in medicine are widespread and constitute a serious public health problem, it is crucial for physicians to understand the diagnostic process as one step toward improving error rates...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781889/using-a-clinician-administered-interview-to-examine-the-overlap-in-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-criteria-d-and-e
#12
C Laurel Franklin, Amanda M Raines, Jessica L Walton, Jessica L Chambliss, Kelly P Maieritsch
Although the diagnosis of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is often criticized for including symptoms that overlap with one another, only one study has explored the impact of symptom reporting. Using a clinician-rated interview for PTSD (N = 558), the current study examined overlap between PTSD criteria D1, D2, and D3 ("target D symptoms") and criterion E symptoms of similar content (i.e., E1 and E3). Furthermore, their impact on meeting criterion and disorder cutoffs was examined. Results revealed that target symptoms were endorsed in conjunction more than half the time...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781888/neurophysiological-response-to-olfactory-stimuli-in-combat-veterans-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#13
Jeffrey S Bedwell, Corey J Bohil, Mark B Neider, Michael A Gramlich, Sandra M Neer, John P OʼDonnell, Deborah C Beidel
There is a need for a better understanding of underlying pathology in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) to develop more effective treatments. The late positive potential (LPP) amplitude from electroencephalogram has been used to assess individual differences in emotional reactivity. There is evidence that olfaction is particularly important in emotional processing in PTSD. The current study examined LPP amplitudes in response to olfactory stimuli in 24 combat veterans with PTSD and 24 nonmilitary/non-PTSD controls...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781887/speculations-on-the-future-of-psychiatric-diagnosis
#14
A John Rush, Hisham M Ibrahim
The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition (DSM-V), criterion symptom listings are frequently used in clinical practice as checklists to make diagnoses. However, most DSM-V conditions are, in fact, syndromes, that is, collections of signs and symptoms that commonly occur together in the clinic. This report discusses the value of syndromes in medicine and psychiatry. It is argued that a more precise future enumeration of brain circuits and the pathogenesis of psychiatric conditions will help us better understand and treat psychiatric syndromes, but they are unlikely to eliminate the need to categorize psychiatric conditions...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781886/axis-ii-personality-disorders-are-linked-to-an-adverse-course-of-bipolar-disorder
#15
Robert M Post, Susan McElroy, Ralph Kupka, Trisha Suppes, Gerhard Hellemann, Willem Nolen, Mark Frye, Paul Keck, Heinz Grunze, Michael Rowe
The relationship of personality disorder (PD) psychopathology to the course of bipolar disorder remains inadequately described. After giving informed consent, more than 782 outpatients with bipolar disorder rated themselves on the 99-item Personality Disorder Questionnaire, Version 4 (PDQ4) when depressed or euthymic. They also rated six poor prognosis factors (PPFs). The relationships of the PPFs to the total PDQ4 score were examined by a linear regression. Even after correcting for the higher PDQ4 scores observed when patients were suffering depression, the PDQ4 was significantly related to a history of child abuse, early age of onset, an anxiety disorder comorbidity, rapid cycling, and 20 or more previous episodes, but not substance abuse...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570485/linking-psychological-strain-and-suicide-ideation-a-test-of-the-mediating-effect-of-self-determination-among-chinese-workers
#16
Jie Zhang, Yuxin Liu, Jianwei Zhang, Chen Chen
Psychosocial causes of suicidal ideation among those who do not have diagnosable mental illnesses remain largely unexplored. Synthesizing the strain theory of suicide and self-determination theory, this research tested a multiple mediator model linking psychological strain with suicidal ideation via three basic psychological need satisfaction. Data from 750 professional employees in China support for the partially mediated effects of psychological strain via need satisfaction of competence and relatedness. These findings contribute to understanding Chinese employees' suicidal ideation from positive psychology perspective that is distinct from what is known from psychopathology...
March 23, 2018: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561299/motor-dysfunction-as-a-risk-factor-for-conversion-to-psychosis-independent-of-medication-use-in-a-psychosis-risk-cohort
#17
Michael D Masucci, Amanda Lister, Cheryl M Corcoran, Gary Brucato, Ragy R Girgis
The Structured Interview for Psychosis-Risk Syndromes (SIPS) contains criteria for the Attenuated Positive Symptom Syndrome (APSS), a period of subthreshold positive symptoms that predates full-blown psychosis. Motor abnormalities are often associated with these symptoms but have not been adequately studied. We assessed a diverse sample of 192 APSS participants (27.1% female; 47.9% white; mean age = 20.03 years) for motor dysfunction (SIPS G.3. score) at baseline and conversion to psychosis every 3 months for up to 2 years...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557815/shame-and-defectiveness-beliefs-in-treatment-seeking-patients-with-body-dysmorphic-disorder
#18
Hilary Weingarden, Ashley M Shaw, Katharine A Phillips, Sabine Wilhelm
Shame is a distressing emotion experienced when individuals judge themselves in a broadly negative and critical manner. Clinical descriptions of body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) emphasize the centrality of shame, yet research on shame in BDD remains scarce. This study is the largest investigation of shame in clinically diagnosed individuals with BDD, and it is the first to examine whether shame changes with treatment. Eighty-three adults with BDD were treated with 14 weeks of open-label escitalopram. Shame was measured using the Young Schema Questionnaire-Short Form...
March 19, 2018: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658910/metabolic-syndrome-anxiety-and-depression-in-a-sample-of-italian-primary-care-patients
#19
Giorgio Mattei, Maria Stella Padula, Giulia Rioli, Lodovico Arginelli, Roberto Bursi, Serena Bursi, Antonio Matteo Epifani, Luca Pingani, Marco Rigatelli, Francesca Maria Rosato, Andrea Sacchetti, Gian Maria Galeazzi, Silvia Ferrari
This cross-sectional study aimed at measuring the correlation and association of anxiety, depression and comorbid anxiety-depression symptoms with metabolic syndrome (MetS) in a sample of Italian primary care patients who attended their General Practitioner clinics over a 1-month period in 2013. The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) was used to assess anxiety and depressive symptoms. The sample was made up of 129 patients (57% women; mean age, 61 ± 12 years). The prevalence of MetS varied from 40% (Adult Treatment Panel III-Revised criteria) to 48% (International Diabetes Federation criteria)...
May 2018: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652776/the-effects-of-traumatic-and-multiple-loss-on-psychopathology-disability-and-quality-of-life-in-iraqi-asylum-seekers-in-the-netherlands-erratum
#20
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
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