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Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098580/an-investigation-of-treatment-engagement-among-returning-veterans-with-problematic-anger
#1
Kirsten H Dillon, Eric F Crawford, Harold Kudler, Kristy A Straits-Troster, Eric B Elbogen, Patrick S Calhoun
Anger is a commonly reported problem among returning veterans, yet little attention has been devoted to studying treatment engagement among veterans who report anger problems but do not have posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). This study compares Iraq-Afghanistan veterans with anger/no PTSD (n = 159) to others reporting significant PTSD symptoms (n = 285) and those reporting neither anger nor PTSD (n = 716) on rates of treatment utilization, perceived barriers to treatment, and preferences for care. Relative to the PTSD group, the anger/no-PTSD group was significantly less likely to have received mental health treatment in the last year, despite endorsing barriers to treatment at a lower rate...
January 14, 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092293/the-association-between-symptomatic-and-diagnostic-depression-and-pain-among-the-elderly-population-in-south-korea
#2
Wanhyung Lee, Kwanyoung Hong, Sung-Shil Lim, Dong Hyun Kim, Jin-Ha Yoon
The exact nature of pain (amount or severity) associated with in depression in the elderly population has not been studied extensively yet. We investigated the association between the characteristics of pain and both symptomatic and diagnostic depression using data from the 2012 Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging (2164 men, 2066 women). Symptomatic depression was identified a score of 12 or higher on the 10-item Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression Scale. Odds ratios with a 95% confidence interval was calculated for depression using multiple logistic regression models after adjusting for age, sex, socioeconomic status, health behavioral factors, and chronic diseases...
January 14, 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045883/healing-through-words-jerome-frank-and-psychotherapy-at-johns-hopkins-the-phipps-centennial-lectures-the-jerome-frank-lecture
#3
Kay Redfield Jamison
This lecture, given to celebrate the centenary of the founding of the Henry Phipps Psychiatric Service at Johns Hopkins, focuses on the contributions of Jerome Frank to the understanding and practice of psychotherapy. It gives an overview of Professor Frank's ideas and work, puts them into the context of the history of psychotherapy research at Johns Hopkins, and discusses psychotherapy and demoralization in bipolar illness.
December 30, 2016: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045882/longitudinal-study-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-the-community-risk-and-recovery-factors
#4
Bojana Pejuskovic, Dusica Lecic-Tosevski, Oliver Toskovic
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a multicausal phenomenon and a final end point of the combination of a number of potential causes. Our study aimed to examine potential risk and recovery factors of PTSD in general adult population at 1-year follow-up period. The sample consisted of 640 subjects in the initial phase, chosen by random walk technique in five regions of the country, and 100 in the follow-up. The assessment has been carried out by the following instruments: Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview, Life Stressor Checklist-Revised, Brief Symptom Inventory, and Manchester Short Assessment of Quality of Life Scale...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005578/paliperidone-palmitate-once-monthly-treatment-in-recent-onset-and-chronic-illness-patients-with-schizoaffective-disorder
#5
Cynthia A Bossie, Ibrahim Turkoz, Larry Alphs, Lucy Mahalchick, Dong-Jing Fu
Data from a multiphase schizoaffective disorder study (NCT01193153) were used to examine the effects of paliperidone palmitate once-monthly (PP1M) by subjects' illness duration, defined as recent onset (≤5 years since first psychiatric diagnosis; n = 206) and chronic illness (>5 years; n = 461). Symptom and functioning scores, as measured during open-label PP1M acute and stabilization treatment phases, improved in both subpopulations, with greater improvements in recent onset than chronic illness subjects (p ≤ 0...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005577/understanding-the-impairment-associated-with-depressive-symptoms
#6
Bjorn Hanson, Michael A Young
Relatively little theory or research has addressed the mediating processes through which depressive symptoms lead to impairment. To conceptualize the nature of impairment in depression, we conducted semistructured interviews of 18 psychiatric patients experiencing depressive symptoms about how their depressive symptoms create impairment. Interviews were audio recorded and transcribed, and thematic analysis methods were used to identify content areas and themes. Three content areas were identified: domains of impairment (types of behavior that are impaired), experience of impairment (nature and severity of impairment), and pathways to impairment (processes connecting symptoms to impairment)...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005576/surviving-depression-clinical-qualitative-analysis-of-long-term-survival-for-ethnically-diverse-depressed-patients
#7
Jeanne Miranda, Elizabeth Bromley, Adriana Izquierdo, Felica Jones, Kenneth Wells
Depression is persistent and recurrent across ethnic groups. Few narrative analyses of long-term outcomes for ethnically diverse adults with depression exist. We combined 9 years of quantitative data, qualitative interviews at 10 years, clinician ratings of outcomes, and a community discussion group with the objective of describing long-term recovery and survival of diverse primary care patients after an episode of depression. Nearly half of participants were found to be depressed at some time over a 10-year period, and most cases across ethnic groups were judged to need further treatment...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918324/expressed-emotion-and-attributions-in-relatives-of-patients-with-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-and-panic-disorder
#8
Keith D Renshaw, Dianne L Chambless, Sommer Thorgusen
Relatives' criticism of, hostility toward, and emotional overinvolvement (EOI) with patients are predictive of treatment response and relapse. Although these constructs have been linked to relatives' attributions for patient problems, little research has yet evaluated attributions for specific types of problems. This study examined event-specific attributions (i.e., attributions specifically for either disorder-related [DR] or non-DR problems) in relatives of patients with anxiety disorders. Relatives made more illness attributions (attributing problems to a patient's disorder) than controllable attributions (attributing problems to factors controllable by patients) for DR events, with the reverse pattern for non-DR events...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918323/group-psychotherapeutic-factors-and-perceived-social-support-among-veterans-with-ptsd-symptoms
#9
Daniel W Cox, Jess J Owen, John S Ogrodniczuk
One of the most potent protective factors against psychiatric symptoms after military trauma is perceived social support. Although group psychotherapy has been linked with increasing social support, no research has evaluated which therapeutic mechanisms are associated with this increase beyond symptom reduction. We investigated which interpersonal therapeutic factors were related to changes in social support, beyond posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptom reduction. Participants were 117 veterans in a multimodal outpatient group psychotherapy treatment designed to reduce PTSD symptoms and interpersonal difficulties...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918321/the-role-of-relocation-patterns-and-psychosocial-stressors-in-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-depression-among-earthquake-survivors
#10
Ebru Salcioglu, Sahin Ozden, Furkan Ari
The psychological impact of relocation within and outside of a disaster region was examined in 541 survivors of the 2011 Van earthquake in Turkey at 16.5 months postdisaster. Relocation out of the region was determined by disaster-related property/financial losses and fear during the earthquake. Anticipatory fear of future earthquakes and less sense of control over life were the strongest predictors of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression symptoms. Relocation within the disaster region predicted PTSD but not depression...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875386/correlation-between-posttraumatic-growth-and-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-based-on-pearson-correlation-coefficient-a-meta-analysis
#11
An-Nuo Liu, Lu-Lu Wang, Hui-Ping Li, Juan Gong, Xiao-Hong Liu
The literature on posttraumatic growth (PTG) is burgeoning, with the inconsistencies in the literature of the relationship between PTG and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms becoming a focal point of attention. Thus, this meta-analysis aims to explore the relationship between PTG and PTSD symptoms through the Pearson correlation coefficient. A systematic search of the literature from January 1996 to November 2015 was completed. We retrieved reports on 63 studies that involved 26,951 patients. The weighted correlation coefficient revealed an effect size of 0...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861460/existential-well-being-spirituality-or-well-being
#12
Anja Visser, Bert Garssen, Ad Jjm Vingerhoets
Measures of spirituality often contain the dimension existential well-being (EWB). However, EWB has been found to overlap with emotional and psychological well-being. Using the Spiritual Attitude and Involvement List (SAIL), we have further investigated the overlap between aspects of spirituality and of well-being among patients with cancer, by determining a) the divergent validity of the subscales of the SAIL compared with a well-being questionnaire and b) the differences in their associations to changes in pain and fatigue, and the occurrence of negative life events...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861459/effects-of-scheduled-waiting-for-psychotherapy-in-patients-with-major-depression
#13
Pasi Ahola, Mikko Joensuu, Paul Knekt, Olavi Lindfors, Pirjo Saarinen, Tommi Tolmunen, Minna Valkonen-Korhonen, Tuija Jääskeläinen, Esa Virtala, Jari Tiihonen, Johannes Lehtonen
The role of nonspecific factors in the outcome of psychotherapy is poorly understood. To study the effects of pretreatment expectancy of scheduled psychotherapy, we examined the effects of an agreed waiting time on the outcome of psychodynamic psychotherapy. Thirty-three treatment-naive outpatients with major depressive disorder were randomly selected to start psychotherapy either directly (DG; n = 17) or after waiting for 6 months (WG; n = 16). In WG, 18% to 60% of the total decline in symptoms took place during the waiting time...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861458/combat-related-multifaceted-trauma-focused-group-therapy-a-pilot-study
#14
Ofir Levi, Ilan Wald, Vlad Svetlitsky, Sergei Zusmanovitz, Eli Parasha, Yael Shoval-Zuckerman, Gal Afik, Gal Haikin, Eyal Fruchter
The efficacy of combat-related trauma-focused group therapy (TFGT) was tested using a unique technique that combines principles from prolonged exposure, cognitive processing therapy, and art therapy. Eighty Israeli male veterans exposed to traumatic events participated in the study. They were divided into eight therapeutic groups led by four pairs of trained therapists. Posttraumatic stress disorder and depression symptoms and levels of functioning were taken at pretherapy, end of therapy, and 6 months posttherapy...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805985/validity-of-the-associated-symptom-criteria-for-generalized-anxiety-disorder-observations-from-the-singapore-mental-health-study
#15
Siau Pheng Lee, Clarissa Ong, Janhavi Ajit Vaingankar, Siow Ann Chong, Mythily Subramaniam
Previous findings on the diagnostic validity and reliability of generalized anxiety disorder (GAD)-associated symptom criteria suggest need for further evaluation. The current study examined convergent validity and specificity of GAD-associated symptoms in a representative Singapore community sample. The Singapore of Mental Health Study a cross-sectional epidemiological survey conducted among 6166 Singapore residents aged 18 and older. The Composite International Diagnostic Interview version 3.0 was used to diagnose mental disorders...
October 31, 2016: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805984/hypochondriasis-differs-from-panic-disorder-and-social-phobia-specific-processes-identified-within-patient-groups
#16
Volkmar Höfling, Florian Weck
Studies of the comorbidity of hypochondriasis have indicated high rates of cooccurrence with other anxiety disorders. In this study, the contrast among hypochondriasis, panic disorder, and social phobia was investigated using specific processes drawing on cognitive-perceptual models of hypochondriasis. Affective, behavioral, cognitive, and perceptual processes specific to hypochondriasis were assessed with 130 diagnosed participants based on the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, criteria (66 with hypochondriasis, 32 with panic disorder, and 32 with social phobia)...
October 31, 2016: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805982/pilot-study-of-an-exercise-intervention-for-depressive-symptoms-and-associated-cognitive-behavioral-factors-in-young-adults-with-major-depression
#17
Yasmina Nasstasia, Amanda L Baker, Sean A Halpin, Terry J Lewin, Leanne Hides, Brian J Kelly, Robin Callister
This study assesses the feasibility of integrating motivational interviewing (MI) with an exercise intervention. It also explores patterns of depressive symptom changes (cognitive, affective, and somatic subscales) and their relationship to cognitive, behavioral, and immunological factors (interleukin 6, IL-6, a marker for inflammation) across the exercise intervention. Twelve young adults (20.8 ± 1.7 years) meeting DSM-IV criteria for major depressive disorder received a brief MI intervention followed by a 12-week exercise intervention...
October 31, 2016: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805981/you-won-t-get-me-therapist-responses-to-patient-impression-management-tactics
#18
Sarah Frühauf, Patrick Figlioli, Franz Caspar
In psychotherapy, therapist and patient influence each other constantly. We aimed to investigate how therapists respond to patient impression management and influence tactics. For 60 videotaped intake interviews, judges rated therapist responses to patient tactics as neutral, desired, or undesired from the patient perspective. Judges rated the therapist responses in 57% as neutral, in 40% as desired, and in 2% as undesired by the patients. The proportions of response outcomes varied across tactics. Therapist responses were unrelated to therapist and patient sex...
October 31, 2016: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005647/the-ethical-use-of-mobile-health-technology-in-clinical-psychiatry
#19
John Torous, Laura Weiss Roberts
The rapid rise of mobile health technologies, such as smartphone apps and wearable sensors, presents psychiatry with new tools of potential value in caring for patients. Novel diagnostic and therapeutic applications of these technologies have been developed in private industry and utilized in mental health, although these methods do not yet constitute standard of care. In this article, we provide an ethical perspective on the practical use of this novel modality by psychiatrists. We propose that in the present context of limited scientific research and regulatory oversight, mobile technologies should serve to enhance the psychiatrist-patient relationship, rather than replace it, to minimize potential clinical and ethical harm to vulnerable patients...
January 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977500/violent-extremism-community-based-violence-prevention-and-mental-health-professionals
#20
Stevan M Weine, Andrew Stone, Aliya Saeed, Stephen Shanfield, John Beahrs, Alisa Gutman, Aida Mihajlovic
New community-based initiatives being developed to address violent extremism in the United States are utilizing mental health services and leadership. This article reviews current approaches to preventing violent extremism, the contribution that mental illness and psychosocial problems can make to violent extremism, and the rationale for integrating mental health strategies into preventing violent extremism. The authors describe a community-based targeted violence prevention model and the potential roles of mental health professionals...
January 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
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