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Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937497/cognitive-skills-training-for-homeless-transition-age-youth-feasibility-and-pilot-efficacy-of-a-community-based-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Alice Medalia, Alice M Saperstein, Yanlan Huang, Seonjoo Lee, Elizabeth J Ronan
Cognitive impairments are common in homeless youth and negatively impact academic and vocational outcomes. We examined the feasibility and efficacy of cognitive interventions provided to 18- to 22-year-old homeless youth living in urban supportive housing. Ninety-one homeless youth were randomized to receive either targeted cognitive training (cognitive remediation) or general cognitive activation (computer skills training). Cognitive and psychological outcomes were assessed at baseline, after 13 and 26 sessions, and 1 month postintervention...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926359/personality-traits-in-panic-disorder-patients-with-and-without-comorbidities
#2
Morena M Zugliani, Rocio Martin-Santos, Antonio Egidio Nardi, Rafael Christophe Freire
Panic disorder (PD) is often correlated with high neuroticism and low extraversion. This study aims to ascertain whether PD patients differ from healthy controls in regard to personality traits and determine if these traits are correlated with comorbid disorders, anxiety, and depression symptoms. Personality traits of 69 PD patients and 42 controls were compared using the Maudsley Personality Inventory. In PD patients, comorbidities, anxiety, and depression symptoms were also evaluated. PD patients showed higher neuroticism and lower extraversion compared with healthy controls...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915146/engendered-responses-to-and-interventions-for-shame-in-dissociative-disorders-a-survey-and-experimental-investigation
#3
Martin J Dorahy, Julia Gorgas, Lenaire Seager, Warwick Middleton
This study examined shame and responses to it in adult dissociative disorder (DD; n = 24) and comparison psychiatric (n = 14) samples. To investigate how helpful different therapeutic responses are after shame disclosures in therapy, participants heard two vignettes from "mock" patients disclosing a) shame and b) surprise. Participants rated the helpfulness of five potential responses. Interventions covered withdrawing from the affect (withdrawal focused) to feeling it (feeling focused), with other interventions on cognitions (cognitive focused), management strategies (management focused), and previous experiences (history focused)...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915145/posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-among-trauma-exposed-inpatient-adolescents-the-role-of-emotional-nonacceptance-and-anxiety-symptom-severity
#4
Andres G Viana, Abigail E Hanna, Elizabeth M Raines, Emma C Woodward, Daniel J Paulus, Erin C Berenz, Michael J Zvolensky
The present investigation examined the role of anxiety symptom severity in the relation between emotional nonacceptance and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms in a diverse sample of trauma-exposed adolescents admitted for acute psychiatric care at an inpatient state hospital (N = 50; 52.0% women; 44% white; mean [SD] age, 15.1 [0.51] years; range, 12-17 years). Anxiety symptom severity partially accounted for the association between emotional nonacceptance and PTSD total symptoms, and fully accounted for the association between emotional nonacceptance and PTSD symptom cluster severity, even after controlling for covariates...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902068/factors-affecting-suicide-method-lethality-among-suicide-attempters-in-the-korea-national-suicide-survey
#5
Tae-Sung Yeum, Bora Kim, Eun Young Kim, Se Hyun Kim, Kyooseob Ha, Yong Min Ahn
This is the first national survey study in South Korea investigating the relationship between suicide lethality and the clinical information of suicide attempters. An interview questionnaire was used to assess their sociodemographic factors, medical and psychiatric information, and two suicide scales, the Columbia-Suicide Severity Rating Scale and the Suicide Intent Scale. Suicide methods were categorized as low and high lethality; low lethality covered drug overdose or self-cutting behavior, and high lethality covered all other methods...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837428/in-their-own-words-perspectives-on-nonsuicidal-self-injury-disorder-among-those-with-lived-experience
#6
Stephen P Lewis, Lindsay A Bryant, Brittany M Schaefer, Paul H Grunberg
Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) is included in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) as a condition warranting further study. Although potential advantages and disadvantages regarding this prospect have been documented, no study has examined the perspectives of those who self-injure. The goal of the current study was to give voice to these views. Seventy-six participants with an NSSI history completed quantitative and qualitative measures assessing perspectives about NSSI being included as a DSM disorder...
August 23, 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837427/suicidal-ideation-among-medical-students-prevalence-and-predictors
#7
Albina R Torres, Luana M Campos, Maria Cristina P Lima, Ana Teresa A Ramos-Cerqueira
Suicide is one of the leading causes of death among medical students, second to car accidents. We investigated the prevalence and predictors of suicidal ideation (SI) among medical students in Brazil. This is a cross-sectional study with 475 medical students of a public university. The research protocol included data on sociodemographics and academic life, and structured instruments to assess social support and psychopathological symptoms, including the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). The outcome was evaluated using the BDI suicide item...
August 23, 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28825926/behavior-characteristics-and-risk-factors-for-suicide-among-the-elderly-in-rural-china
#8
Bao-Peng Liu, Ping Qin, Cun-Xian Jia
We examine the characteristics of suicide behavior and associated risk factors in the elderly in rural China, compared with the nonelderly. Paired case-control design and psychological autopsy were used for subject recruitment and data collection. The included cases were 104 suicides of the elderly aged 60 years or older, 86 suicides of the nonelderly, and sex- and age-paired controls from the same villages. Although the characteristics of suicide behavior were similar between the two age groups of victims, the elderly who died by suicide had a greater tendency to experience negative life events and not live with a spouse...
August 19, 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820748/disclosure-of-diagnosis-in-early-recognition-of-psychosis
#9
Andreas Blessing, Anna Studer, Amelie Gross, L Forest Gruss, Roland Schneider, Gerhard Dammann
There is a debate concerning risks and benefits of early intervention in psychosis, especially concerning diagnosis disclosure. The present study reports preliminary findings on self-reported locus of control and psychological distress after the disclosure of diagnosis in an early recognition center. We compared the ratings of the locus of control and psychological distress before and after communication of diagnosis. The study included individuals with an at-risk mental state (ARMS) (n = 10), schizophrenia (n = 9), and other psychiatric disorders (n = 11)...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817427/what-predicts-ongoing-nonsuicidal-self-injury-a-comparison-between-persistent-and-ceased-self-injury-in-emerging-adults
#10
Glenn Kiekens, Penelope Hasking, Ronny Bruffaerts, Laurence Claes, Imke Baetens, Mark Boyes, Philippe Mortier, Koen Demyttenaere, Janis Whitlock
Although nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) peaks in adolescence, a significant proportion of young people continue to self-injure into emerging adulthood. Yet, little is known about factors prospectively associated with persistent NSSI. Using data from a 3-year longitudinal study (n = 1466), we compared 51 emerging adults (67.3% female; average age, 20.0 years) who continued to self-injure from adolescence and 50 emerging adults (83.7% female; average age, 20.3 years) who had ceased NSSI, on a broad range of psychosocial factors...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816918/the-impact-of-negative-life-events-on-attempted-suicide-in-rural-china
#11
Yanzheng Liu, Jie Zhang
This study aims to explore the impact of negative life events (NLEs) on attempted suicide in a Chinese cultural setting. The sample comprised 791 suicide attempters and an equal number of controls matched on age, sex, and location from selected rural counties in China. Conditional logistic regression model was used to examine the association between NLEs and suicide risk. The impact of NLEs on attempted suicide was further examined using regression-based method to explore its mediation effect. The types of NLEs that were most likely to precede a suicide attempt in rural sample included the events in marriage/love, family/home, and friend/relationship...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763404/depression-in-kidney-transplant-recipients-prevalence-risk-factors-and-association-with-functional-disabilities
#12
Maytinee Srifuengfung, Kajohnsak Noppakun, Manit Srisurapanont
This study examined the prevalence, risk factors, and disability associated with depression. We conducted a cross-sectional, observational study in 217 consecutive kidney transplant (KT) recipients routinely followed-up at a Kidney Transplantation Clinic in Northern Thailand. Participants were assessed using the Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI), the nine-item Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9), and the 12-item self-report of World Health Organization Disability Assessment Scale, Version 2.0 (WHODAS). Twenty-eight (12...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727660/alcohol-use-disorder-moderates-the-effect-of-age-on-heart-rate-variability-in-veterans-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#13
John M Ray, Jeffrey M Pyne, Richard N Gevirtz
Research on heart rate variability (HRV) in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and comorbid alcohol use disorder (AUD) is limited despite its use as a biomarker of both disorders. This study examined whether AUD comorbidity contributes an additive effect on HRV for veterans with PTSD. HRV was assessed in 70 male Operation Enduring Freedom/Operation Iraqi Freedom veterans with PTSD, including 32 with co-occurring AUD. Mean HRV values for both groups were below the mean for healthy adults, but additive effects of PTSD and AUD on HRV were not observed...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682981/risk-factors-of-delayed-onset-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-chronically-critically-ill-patients
#14
Gloria-Beatrice Wintermann, Jenny Rosendahl, Kerstin Weidner, Bernhard Strauß, Katja Petrowski
The main aim of this study was to investigate factors associated with a delayed-onset posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after the intensive care unit (ICU) treatment of patients with a chronic critical illness (CCI). Patients (n = 97) with critical illness polyneuropathy or critical illness myopathy were interviewed via the Structured Clinical Interview for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th Edition. The diagnosis of the acute stress disorder was assessed within 1 month (t1), the diagnosis of PTSD at 3 (t2) and 6 (t3) months after transfer from the acute care ICU to the post-acute ICU...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846575/personality-disorders-in-female-and-male-college-students-with-internet-addiction
#15
Huei-Chen Ko, Jo Yung-Wei Wu, Hsien-Yuan Lane
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846574/personality-disorders-in-college-students-with-internet-addiction
#16
Tomoyuki Kawada
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846573/pharmacotherapy-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-symptom-profile-in-asd
#17
Ahmed Naguy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846572/sleep-disorders-among-holocaust-survivors-a-review-of-selected-publications
#18
REVIEW
Ido Lurie
After World War II, traumatic after effects often caused persistent sleep disorders for Holocaust survivors (HSs). This is a review of studies reporting on sleep disturbances and nightmares (as primary or secondary outcomes) among HSs between 1939 and 2015, conducted in various countries and contexts (clinical settings, pension claims, community surveys, sleep laboratories). Most studies revealed various sleep disturbances among HSs. Some studies found those disturbances in the absence of clinical disorders...
September 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682983/can-anger-be-helpful-soldier-perceptions-of-the-utility-of-anger
#19
Amy B Adler, Daniel F Brossart, Robin L Toblin
Studies have found that soldiers returning from combat deployment report elevated levels of anger and aggression. The present study examined the perception that anger was helpful in performing occupationally related duties and whether this perception was associated with mental health problems, somatic symptoms, and functioning. Soldiers (N = 627) completed a survey 4 months after their deployment to Afghanistan and again 3 months later. When examining anger over time, findings revealed four groups of different latent classes: low stable (resilient), high stable (chronic), decreasing over time (improved), and increasing over time (delayed problems)...
September 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682982/development-of-adaptive-coping-from-mid-to-late-life-a-70-year-longitudinal-study-of-defense-maturity-and-its-psychosocial-correlates
#20
John S Martin-Joy, Johanna C Malone, Xing-Jia Cui, Pål-Ørjan Johansen, Kevin P Hill, M Omar Rahman, Robert J Waldinger, George E Vaillant
The present study examines changes in defense maturity from mid to late life using data from an over 70-year longitudinal study. A sample of 72 men was followed beginning in late adolescence. Participants' childhoods were coded for emotional warmth. Defense mechanisms were coded by independent raters using the Q-Sort of Defenses (, Ego mechanisms of defense: A guide for clinicians and researchers 217-233) based on interview data gathered at approximately ages 52 and 75. We examined psychosocial correlates of defenses at midlife, late life, and changes in defense from mid to late life...
September 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
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