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Journal of Marriage and the Family

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818530/religion-marriage-markets-and-assortative-mating-in-the-united-states
#1
David McClendon
As interfaith marriage has become more common, religion is thought to be less important for sorting partners. However, prior studies on religious assortative mating use samples of prevailing marriages, which miss how local marriage markets shape both partner selection and marriage timing. Drawing on search theory and data from 8,699 young adults (ages 18-31) in the National Longitudinal Study of Youth 1997, the author examined the association between the concentration of co-religionists in local marriage markets and marriage timing and partner selection using event history methods...
October 2016: Journal of Marriage and the Family
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818529/parenting-gains-in-head-start-as-a-function-of-initial-parenting-skill
#2
Arya Ansari, Kelly Purtell, Elizabeth T Gershoff
Using data from the Head Start Impact Study (n = 3,696), this article examines whether one year of Head Start differentially benefited parents as a function of their initial parenting behaviors. Four outcomes are examined, namely parents' rates of engaging in cognitive stimulation, reading to their child, and spanking, as well as their depressive symptoms. In general, most parents demonstrated improvements in their reading practices and cognitive stimulation, regardless of their parenting behaviors at baseline...
October 2016: Journal of Marriage and the Family
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818528/trends-in-children-s-family-instability-1995-2010
#3
Susan L Brown, J Bart Stykes, Wendy D Manning
Using data from the 1995 and 2006-2010 National Survey of Family Growth, the authors study examined children's family instability from birth to age 12, emphasizing variation by racial and ethnic group. Period and cohort estimates revealed little change in children's experiences of family transitions during the past decade. Family instability levels were comparable for White and Hispanic children, and this pattern persisted over time. However, there was an increase in family instability among Black children, reflecting growth in the share of children born to single mothers who eventually formed partnerships...
October 2016: Journal of Marriage and the Family
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795579/the-long-term-effects-of-caregiving-on-women-s-health-and-mortality
#4
Jennifer Caputo, Eliza K Pavalko, Melissa A Hardy
Caregivers experience numerous mental and physical health effects from the stress of providing care, but we know little about whether these problems persist in the long term and whether long-term effects differ across caregiving contexts. Using the National Longitudinal Survey of Mature Women, we examine the relationship between caregiving and long-term patterns of depressive symptoms, functional limitations, and mortality. We also explore the health effects of caregiving in-home versus out-of-home and by caregiver/care-recipient relationship...
October 2016: Journal of Marriage and the Family
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795578/father-absence-and-adolescent-depression-and-delinquency-a-comparison-of-siblings-approach
#5
Anna J Markowitz, Rebecca M Ryan
Associations between having a nonresident father and increased internalizing and externalizing behaviors in adolescence have been well established, however, research has yet to establish the plausible causality of these links or identify the mechanisms that may underlie them. Using data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979 - the Young Adult survey (CNLSY-YA), the present study addresses these questions by comparing the behavior of siblings discordant for age at father departure across two outcomes, depressive symptoms (N= 5108) and delinquent behavior (N= 4882)...
October 2016: Journal of Marriage and the Family
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795577/call-home-mobile-phones-and-contacts-with-mother-in-24-countries
#6
Zoya Gubernskaya, Judith Treas
This paper explores how the diffusion of mobile phones is associated with communication between adult children and their mothers. The paper analyzes 2001 International Social Survey Program (ISSP) data from 24 countries (N = 12,313) combined with the country-level data on the prevalence of mobile phones. Net of individual-level predictors and country wealth, adult children who resided in countries with high prevalence of mobile phones contacted their mothers more frequently. High prevalence of mobile phones was also associated with larger differences in maternal contact by gender and smaller differences by education...
October 2016: Journal of Marriage and the Family
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27773943/do-young-mothers-and-fathers-differ-in-the-likelihood-of-returning-home
#7
Karen Benjamin Guzzo
Building on research examining "boomerang" adult children, I examine multigenerational living among young parents. Returning home likely differs between young mothers and fathers given variation in socioeconomic characteristics, health and risk-taking, their own children's coresidence, and union stability. Using the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1997 (NLSY97), I find that more than 40% of young parents (N = 2,721) live with their own parents at first birth or subsequently. Mothers are generally less likely to move home than fathers but only when not controlling for child coresidence and union stability...
October 2016: Journal of Marriage and the Family
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746511/consequences-of-dating-for-post-divorce-maternal-well-being
#8
Michael R Langlais, Edward R Anderson, Shannon M Greene
Repartnering has been linked to health benefits for mothers, yet few studies have examined relationship quality in this context. According to the divorce-stress-adaptation perspective, relationship quality may influence the relationship between maternal well-being and dating after divorce. The current study examines the consequences of dating, relationship quality, and dating transitions (breaking up and dating new partners) on maternal well-being (negative affect and life satisfaction). Using monthly surveys completed by mothers over a two-year period after filing for divorce, we examined changes in intercepts and slopes of dating status and transitions for maternal well-being while also testing the effects of relationship quality...
August 2016: Journal of Marriage and the Family
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27725784/factors-associated-with-perceptions-of-family-belonging-among-adolescents
#9
Valarie King, Lisa M Boyd
Adolescents' perceptions of family belonging are associated with several well-being indicators, yet we know little about which factors influence these perceptions or how they differ by family structure. The current study uses nationally representative data from Add Health to examine predictors of adolescents' perceptions of family belonging in two-biological-parent families (n = 9686). The results are compared to a recent study using Add Health that examined family belonging in married mother-stepfather families...
August 2016: Journal of Marriage and the Family
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27695136/residential-instability-family-support-and-parent-child-relationships-among-ethnically-diverse-urban-families
#10
Elizabeth M Riina, Adam Lippert, Jeanne Brooks-Gunn
From a social disorganization standpoint, neighborhood residential instability potentially brings negative consequences to parent-child relationship qualities, but family social support and racial/ethnic identity may modify this association. Using data (n = 3,116) from the Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods, this study examines associations between neighborhood residential instability and parent-child warmth and conflict, whether family social support moderates associations between residential instability and parent-child relationships, and variation by race/ethnicity...
August 2016: Journal of Marriage and the Family
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27672229/greedy-spouse-needy-parent-the-marital-dynamics-of-gay-lesbian-and-heterosexual-intergenerational-caregivers
#11
Corinne Reczek, Debra Umberson
It is well established that married heterosexual women do more intergenerational caregiving for aging parents and parents-in-law than married heterosexual men do. However, gay men and lesbian women's recent access to marriage presents new questions about the gendered marital dynamics of intergenerational caregiving. We use dyadic data with gay, lesbian, and heterosexual spouses to examine the marital dynamics of intergenerational caregivers. Results show that gay and lesbian spouses provided intensive time and emotional support for an intergenerational caregiver...
August 2016: Journal of Marriage and the Family
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27616785/my-pride-and-joy-predicting-favoritism-and-disfavoritism-in-mother-adult-child-relations
#12
J Jill Suitor, Megan Gilligan, Siyun Peng, Gulcin Con, Marissa Rurka, Karl Pillemer
In this article, we compare predictors of mothers' differentiation among their adult children regarding emotional closeness, pride, conflict, and disappointment. We distinguish between predictors of relational (closeness, conflict) and evaluative (pride, disappointment) dimensions of favoritism and disfavoritism. Multilevel modeling using data collected from 381 older mothers regarding their relationships with 1,421 adult children indicated that adult children's similarity of values played the most prominent role in predicting mothers' favoritism and disfavoritism, followed by children's gender...
August 2016: Journal of Marriage and the Family
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27524834/household-disorder-network-ties-and-social-support-in-later-life
#13
Erin York Cornwell
Family relationships, social interactions, and exchanges of support often revolve around the household context, but scholars rarely consider the social relevance of this physical space. In this article the author considers social causes and consequences of household disorder in the dwellings of older adults. Drawing from research on neighborhood disorder and social connectedness in later life, she describes how network characteristics may contribute to household disorder and how household disorder may weaken relationships and reduce access to support...
August 2016: Journal of Marriage and the Family
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27499554/father-s-migration-and-leaving-the-parental-home-in-rural-mozambique
#14
Sophia Chae, Sarah R Hayford, Victor Agadjanian
Migration is an increasingly common demographic phenomenon and has important implications for the well-being of family members left behind. Although extensive research has examined the impact of parental labor migration on school-age children, less is known about its effect on adolescents. In this study, the authors used longitudinal survey data collected in rural Mozambique (N = 515) to assess the association between father's migration and adolescent children's leaving the parental home, an important component of the transition to adulthood...
August 2016: Journal of Marriage and the Family
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27594714/the-concept-of-familism-in-the-lived-experiences-of-mexican-origin-caregivers
#15
Carolyn A Mendez-Luck, Steven R Applewhite, Vicente E Lara, Noriko Toyokawa
This study qualitatively examined the experiences of Mexican-origin women caring for elderly family members in order to identify aspects of familism in their caregiving situations. Data were collected from onetime interviews with 44 caregivers living in the greater East Los Angeles area. Kinscripts guided the framing of familism in this study. Data were analyzed using a grounded theory approach. Caregivers' descriptions of the Mexican family reflected an idealized view of familism. Caregivers reported a lack of support from others and relying for support on fewer family members than were potentially available to them...
June 2016: Journal of Marriage and the Family
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27346892/understanding-grandfamilies-characteristics-of-grandparents-nonresident-parents-and-children
#16
Natasha V Pilkauskas, Rachel E Dunifon
Using data from the Year 9 Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study (N~3,182), we investigated the characteristics grandfamilies (grandparents raising their grandchildren with no parent present, N = 84) and compared them to other key groups, including children's nonresident parents and other economically disadvantaged families with children. Results show that grandparents raising their grandchildren were generally better off in terms of educational attainment, marital status, and economic well-being than the child's parents...
June 2016: Journal of Marriage and the Family
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27284209/couple-level-economic-and-career-concerns-and-intimate-partner-violence-in-young-adulthood
#17
Jennifer E Copp, Peggy C Giordano, Wendy D Manning, Monica A Longmore
Family scholars have demonstrated that economic conditions influence marital quality and relationship instability. Similarly, researchers have identified low income and poverty as important risk factors for intimate partner violence (IPV). Yet limited work has examined how economic factors influence the use of violence in the romantic context, particularly during young adulthood. Using the Toledo Adolescent Relationships Study (n = 928), we examine the influence of economic and career concerns as specific sources of conflict on IPV among a sample of young adults...
June 2016: Journal of Marriage and the Family
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27152051/continuity-and-change-in-stepfather-stepchild-closeness-between-adolescence-and-early-adulthood
#18
Valarie King, Rachel Lindstrom
This study draws on nationally representative data from Waves I and III of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health) to prospectively examine the factors associated with different patterns of closeness between stepchildren and their stepfathers over the transition to adulthood in stably married stepfamilies (N = 881). Results indicate much variability in how these relationships unfold over time, although a sizable minority of youth remained close to their stepfathers. Consistent with family systems theory, the quality of other family relationships is particularly important to understanding children's relationships with stepfathers as they develop over time...
June 1, 2016: Journal of Marriage and the Family
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27152050/does-couples-communication-predict-marital-satisfaction-or-does-marital-satisfaction-predict-communication
#19
Justin A Lavner, Benjamin R Karney, Thomas N Bradbury
The quality of communication between spouses is widely assumed to affect their subsequent judgments of relationship satisfaction, yet this assumption is rarely tested against the alternative prediction that communication is merely a consequence of spouses' prior levels of satisfaction. To evaluate these perspectives, newlywed couples' positivity, negativity, and effectiveness were observed four times at 9-month intervals and these behaviors were examined in relation to corresponding self-reports of relationship satisfaction...
June 1, 2016: Journal of Marriage and the Family
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27152049/ambivalence-in-gay-and-lesbian-family-relationships
#20
Corinne Reczek
Intergenerational ambivalence-the simultaneous presence of both positive and negative dimensions of a parent-child tie-is a concept widely used in family studies. Scholars have clarified the measurement of psychological ambivalence, or an individual's own feelings of ambivalence towards others. Yet research has yet to demonstrate whether-and, if so, how-individuals characterize others as ambivalent. Moreover, relatively little is known about ambivalence in gay and lesbian families. In the present study 60 in-depth interviews were analyzed to identify what the author calls perceived ambivalence in the parent, sibling, extended kin, and "in-law" relationships of gay and lesbian adults...
June 1, 2016: Journal of Marriage and the Family
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