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Journal of Marriage and the Family

Kayla Knopp, Galena K Rhoades, Elizabeth S Allen, Aleja Parsons, Lane L Ritchie, Howard J Markman, Scott M Stanley
This study clarifies within-family and between-family links between marital functioning and child wellbeing. Expanding on existing prospective research, this study tests whether changes in parents' marital functioning are associated with corresponding changes in their children's wellbeing, independent from associations that exist when comparing different families. Participants (N = 1033) were members of married, opposite-sex couples with children who participated in five waves of a larger study of marriage in the U...
April 2017: Journal of Marriage and the Family
Liam Downey, Kyle Crowder, Robert J Kemp
This study combines micro-level data on families with children from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics with neighborhood-level industrial hazard data from the Environmental Protection Agency and neighborhood-level U.S. census data to examine both the association between family structure and residential proximity to neighborhood pollution and the micro-level, residential mobility processes that contribute to differential pollution proximity across family types. Results indicate the existence of significant family structure differences in household proximity to industrial pollution in U...
April 2017: Journal of Marriage and the Family
Nicolette D Manglos-Weber, Alexander A Weinreb
Goode's foundational work on the fertility transition identified own-choice marriage as a factor driving fertility decline, part of a widening repertoire of choice pertaining to marriage and childbearing. Yet research supporting this connection in today's transitional societies is scarce and somewhat contradictory, and it is unclear how other marital traditions, such as consanguineous marriage, shape this relationship. This study evaluates Goode's theorized connection using pooled Demographic and Health Survey data from Turkey, comparing children ever born, use of contraception, and parity progression across four types of marriage: own-choice and arranged marriage; and marriage to a cousin versus an unrelated spouse...
April 2017: Journal of Marriage and the Family
Abigail R A Aiken, James Trussell
This study examined differences in women's anticipated emotional orientations towards unintended pregnancy by relationship status and race/ethnicity. Data from a prospective survey of 437 women aged 18-44 who intended no more children for at least two years were analyzed along with 27 in-depth interviews among a diverse sub-sample. Cohabiting women and women in a romantic relationship not living together were less likely to profess happiness (OR=0.42, p<.05, OR=0.25, p<.01, respectively), even when partners' intentions/feelings were controlled...
April 2017: Journal of Marriage and the Family
Paula Fomby, Cynthia Osborne
Two concepts capture the dynamic and complex nature of contemporary family structure: family instability and multipartner fertility. Although these circumstances are likely to co-occur, their respective literatures have proceeded largely independently. We used data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study (N=3,062) to consider these dimensions of dynamic family structure together, asking whether they independently predict children's behavior problems at age 9. Frequent family instability was consistently predictive of higher predicted levels of behavior problems for children born to unmarried mothers, an association largely attenuated by factors related to family stress...
February 2017: Journal of Marriage and the Family
Kei Nomaguchi, Wendi L Johnson, Mallory D Minter, Lindsey Aldrich
Although much research examines the association between fathers' relationship aggression and mothers' parenting, little attention is given to mothers' aggression, mutual aggression, or fathers' parenting. Using a sample of coresiding couples from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study (N = 973), the authors examine the association between mothers' and fathers' relationship aggression, measured as frequency and perpetration-victimization types (mutual, mother-only, father-only), and mothers' and fathers' parenting...
February 2017: Journal of Marriage and the Family
Robert Ressler, Chelsea Smith, Shannon Cavanagh, Robert Crosnoe
U.S. schools often expect the educational involvement of parents, which may be facilitated when parents have partners, especially a partner also invested in the child. As such, parental involvement at school and at home could be a channel of the diverging destinies of U.S. children from different families. This study applied fixed effects modeling to the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten Cohort (ECLS-K) to examine the link between mothers' union statuses and their involvement behaviors. Being partnered appeared to benefit mothers' school and home involvement when children were in the primary grades, with little evidence of an additional benefit from that partnership being marital...
February 2017: Journal of Marriage and the Family
Courtney A Polenick, Steven H Zarit, Kira S Birditt, Lauren R Bangerter, Amber J Seidel, Karen L Fingerman
Everyday support given to aging parents is a salient aspect of married life that may have implications for marital quality. Among 132 middle-aged couples drawn from Wave 1 of the Family Exchanges Study, we examined the moderating effects of each spouse's normative and motivational beliefs about helping parents on associations between the frequency of everyday support that wives and husbands gave to their own parents and marital satisfaction. Husbands' more frequent provision of support was linked to wives' greater marital satisfaction when reports of personal rewards linked to helping parents were high for wives or low for husbands...
February 2017: Journal of Marriage and the Family
Alfred DeMaris, Annette Mahoney
How is the perceived fairness of infant care affected by spouses' relative contributions to it as well as to other domains of their relationship? Longitudinal data on 178 couples expecting the birth of their first child were collected over a period spanning approximately the first year of the child's life. Overall, wives were more likely than husbands to see infant care as fair to the wife. Net of fathers' contributions to infant care, spouses were more likely to see infant care as fair to wives the more the father worked in paid labor and did housework and the more wives benefited in the sexual relationship...
February 2017: Journal of Marriage and the Family
Fenaba R Addo, Sharon Sassler, Kristi Williams
Using data from the linked Children and Young Adult sample (N = 2,865) of the NLSY79, we reexamined the association of maternal age and marital status at birth with youth high school completion, assessing multiple age categories and race/ethnic variations. Youth born to older teen mothers were no more likely to graduate from high school than those born to the youngest teen mothers. Although delaying childbirth to young adulthood (age 20-24) was associated with greater odds of children's high school completion compared to the earliest teen births, those born to young adult mothers were disadvantaged compared to those born to mothers age 25 or older...
October 2016: Journal of Marriage and the Family
David McClendon
As interfaith marriage has become more common, religion is thought to be less important for sorting partners. However, prior studies on religious assortative mating use samples of prevailing marriages, which miss how local marriage markets shape both partner selection and marriage timing. Drawing on search theory and data from 8,699 young adults (ages 18-31) in the National Longitudinal Study of Youth 1997, the author examined the association between the concentration of co-religionists in local marriage markets and marriage timing and partner selection using event history methods...
October 2016: Journal of Marriage and the Family
Arya Ansari, Kelly Purtell, Elizabeth T Gershoff
Using data from the Head Start Impact Study (n = 3,696), this article examines whether one year of Head Start differentially benefited parents as a function of their initial parenting behaviors. Four outcomes are examined, namely parents' rates of engaging in cognitive stimulation, reading to their child, and spanking, as well as their depressive symptoms. In general, most parents demonstrated improvements in their reading practices and cognitive stimulation, regardless of their parenting behaviors at baseline...
October 2016: Journal of Marriage and the Family
Susan L Brown, J Bart Stykes, Wendy D Manning
Using data from the 1995 and 2006-2010 National Survey of Family Growth, the authors study examined children's family instability from birth to age 12, emphasizing variation by racial and ethnic group. Period and cohort estimates revealed little change in children's experiences of family transitions during the past decade. Family instability levels were comparable for White and Hispanic children, and this pattern persisted over time. However, there was an increase in family instability among Black children, reflecting growth in the share of children born to single mothers who eventually formed partnerships...
October 2016: Journal of Marriage and the Family
Jennifer Caputo, Eliza K Pavalko, Melissa A Hardy
Caregivers experience numerous mental and physical health effects from the stress of providing care, but we know little about whether these problems persist in the long term and whether long-term effects differ across caregiving contexts. Using the National Longitudinal Survey of Mature Women, we examine the relationship between caregiving and long-term patterns of depressive symptoms, functional limitations, and mortality. We also explore the health effects of caregiving in-home versus out-of-home and by caregiver/care-recipient relationship...
October 2016: Journal of Marriage and the Family
Anna J Markowitz, Rebecca M Ryan
Associations between having a nonresident father and increased internalizing and externalizing behaviors in adolescence have been well established, however, research has yet to establish the plausible causality of these links or identify the mechanisms that may underlie them. Using data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979 - the Young Adult survey (CNLSY-YA), the present study addresses these questions by comparing the behavior of siblings discordant for age at father departure across two outcomes, depressive symptoms (N= 5108) and delinquent behavior (N= 4882)...
October 2016: Journal of Marriage and the Family
Zoya Gubernskaya, Judith Treas
This paper explores how the diffusion of mobile phones is associated with communication between adult children and their mothers. The paper analyzes 2001 International Social Survey Program (ISSP) data from 24 countries (N = 12,313) combined with the country-level data on the prevalence of mobile phones. Net of individual-level predictors and country wealth, adult children who resided in countries with high prevalence of mobile phones contacted their mothers more frequently. High prevalence of mobile phones was also associated with larger differences in maternal contact by gender and smaller differences by education...
October 2016: Journal of Marriage and the Family
Karen Benjamin Guzzo
Building on research examining "boomerang" adult children, I examine multigenerational living among young parents. Returning home likely differs between young mothers and fathers given variation in socioeconomic characteristics, health and risk-taking, their own children's coresidence, and union stability. Using the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1997 (NLSY97), I find that more than 40% of young parents (N = 2,721) live with their own parents at first birth or subsequently. Mothers are generally less likely to move home than fathers but only when not controlling for child coresidence and union stability...
October 2016: Journal of Marriage and the Family
Michael R Langlais, Edward R Anderson, Shannon M Greene
Repartnering has been linked to health benefits for mothers, yet few studies have examined relationship quality in this context. According to the divorce-stress-adaptation perspective, relationship quality may influence the relationship between maternal well-being and dating after divorce. The current study examines the consequences of dating, relationship quality, and dating transitions (breaking up and dating new partners) on maternal well-being (negative affect and life satisfaction). Using monthly surveys completed by mothers over a two-year period after filing for divorce, we examined changes in intercepts and slopes of dating status and transitions for maternal well-being while also testing the effects of relationship quality...
August 2016: Journal of Marriage and the Family
Valarie King, Lisa M Boyd
Adolescents' perceptions of family belonging are associated with several well-being indicators, yet we know little about which factors influence these perceptions or how they differ by family structure. The current study uses nationally representative data from Add Health to examine predictors of adolescents' perceptions of family belonging in two-biological-parent families (n = 9686). The results are compared to a recent study using Add Health that examined family belonging in married mother-stepfather families...
August 2016: Journal of Marriage and the Family
Elizabeth M Riina, Adam Lippert, Jeanne Brooks-Gunn
From a social disorganization standpoint, neighborhood residential instability potentially brings negative consequences to parent-child relationship qualities, but family social support and racial/ethnic identity may modify this association. Using data (n = 3,116) from the Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods, this study examines associations between neighborhood residential instability and parent-child warmth and conflict, whether family social support moderates associations between residential instability and parent-child relationships, and variation by race/ethnicity...
August 2016: Journal of Marriage and the Family
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