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Journal of Marriage and the Family

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129940/early-women-late-men-timing-attitudes-and-gender-differences-in-marriage
#1
Keera Allendorf, Arland Thornton, Colter Mitchell, Linda Young-DeMarco, Dirgha J Ghimire
Around the world, women marry earlier than men, but it is not well understood why this gender gap exists. Using panel data collected in Nepal, the authors investigate whether attitudes about marital timing held by unmarried youth and their parents account for women marrying earlier than men. They also examine whether the influence of timing attitudes differs by gender. On average, unmarried youth and their parents viewed 20 to 25 as acceptable ages for women to marry, while ages 23 to 30 were appropriate for men...
October 2017: Journal of Marriage and the Family
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104315/child-care-instability-and-behavior-problems-does-parenting-stress-mediate-the-relationship
#2
Alejandra Ros Pilarz, Heather D Hill
Child care instability is associated with more behavior problems in young children, but the mechanisms of this relationship are not well understood. Theoretically, this relationship is likely to emerge, at least in part, because care instability leads to increased parenting stress. Moreover, low socioeconomic status and single-mother families may be more vulnerable to the effects of instability. This study tested these hypotheses using data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing study (n=1,675) and structural equation modeling...
October 2017: Journal of Marriage and the Family
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104314/marital-status-and-perceived-discrimination-among-transgender-people
#3
Hui Liu, Lindsey Wilkinson
Despite calls for increased attention to the experiences of transgender people, scientific understanding of the stigma and discrimination this population experiences is limited. We integrate minority stress and marital advantage perspectives to assess marital status differences in transgender-related perceived discrimination among transgender people in multiple life domains: the workplace, family, health care, and public accommodations. We analyze one of the first and most comprehensive large-scale samples of transgender people in the U...
October 2017: Journal of Marriage and the Family
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104313/marriage-work-and-racial-inequalities-in-poverty-evidence-from-the-u-s
#4
Brian Thiede, Hyojung Kim, Tim Slack
This paper explores recent racial and ethnic inequalities in poverty, estimating the share of racial poverty differentials that can be explained by variation in family structure and workforce participation. The authors use logistic regression to estimate the association between poverty and race, family structure, and workforce participation. They then decompose between-race differences in poverty risk to quantify how racial disparities in marriage and work explain observed inequalities in the log odds of poverty...
October 2017: Journal of Marriage and the Family
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056758/disclosure-stress-social-support-and-depressive-symptoms-among-cisgender-bisexual-youth
#5
Amanda M Pollitt, Joel A Muraco, Arnold H Grossman, Stephen T Russell
Bisexual youth are at elevated risk for depression compared to lesbians and gay men. Research on bisexual stigma suggests these youth are uniquely vulnerable to stress related to sexual identity disclosure. Depression associated with this stress may be buffered by social support from parents and friends. We examined the differential influence of social support from parents and friends (Child and Adolescent Social Support Scale) on the relation between disclosure stress (LGBTQ Coming Out Stress Scale) and depressive symptoms (Beck Depression Inventory) and differences by gender in a sample of cisgender bisexual youth (n = 383) using structural equation modeling...
October 2017: Journal of Marriage and the Family
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033465/parental-modeling-and-deidentification-in-romantic-relationships-among-mexican-origin-youth
#6
Sally I-Chun Kuo, Lorey A Wheeler, Kimberly A Updegraff, Susan M McHale, Adriana J Umaña-Taylor, Norma J Perez-Brena
This study investigated youth's modeling of and de-identification from parents in romantic relationships, using two phases of data from adolescent siblings, mothers, and fathers in 246 Mexican-origin families. Each parent reported his/her marital satisfaction and conflict, and youth reported on parent-adolescent warmth and conflict at Time 1. Youth's reports of modeling of and de-identification from their mothers and fathers and three romantic relationship outcomes were assessed at Time 2. Findings revealed that higher parental marital satisfaction, lower marital conflict, and higher warmth and lower conflict in parent-adolescent relationships were associated with more modeling and less de-identification from parents...
October 2017: Journal of Marriage and the Family
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033464/beyond-orphanhood-parental-nonresidence-and-child-well-being-in-tanzania
#7
Lauren Gaydosh
This article used data from the Rufiji Health and Demographic Surveillance System in Tanzania to examine the influence of parental non-residence on child survival and school entry. Using survival analysis methods, the article tested variations by parent and by cause, examining parental death, non-residence due to parental relationship status, and migration. In general, maternal non-residence was more consequential for child survival, while paternal non-residence influences school entry. This is consistent with gendered parenting patterns in the setting...
October 2017: Journal of Marriage and the Family
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993714/consequences-of-partner-incarceration-for-women-s-employment
#8
Angela Bruns
Research has documented the limited opportunities men have to earn income while in prison and the barriers to securing employment and decent wages upon release. However, little research has considered the relationship between men's incarceration and the employment of the women in their lives. Economic theory suggests that family members of incarcerated individuals may attempt to smooth income fluctuation resulting from incarceration by increasing their labor supply. This study used data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study (N = 3,780) to investigate how men's incarceration is associated with the number of hours their female partners work as well as variation in this association...
October 2017: Journal of Marriage and the Family
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989184/sexual-minority-stress-and-same-sex-relationship-well-being-a-meta-analysis-of-research-prior-to-the-u-s-nationwide-legalization-of-same-sex-marriage
#9
Hongjian Cao, Nan Zhou, Mark Fine, Yue Liang, Jiayao Li, W Roger Mills-Koonce
Meta-analytic methods were used to analyze 179 effect sizes retrieved from 32 research reports on the implications that sexual minority stress may have for same-sex relationship well-being. Sexual minority stress (aggregated across different types of stress) was moderately and negatively associated with same-sex relationship well-being (aggregated across different dimensions of relationship well-being). Internalized homophobia was significantly and negatively associated with same-sex relationship well-being, whereas heterosexist discrimination and sexual orientation visibility management were not...
October 2017: Journal of Marriage and the Family
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890574/is-communication-a-mechanism-of-relationship-education-effects-among-rural-african-americans
#10
Allen W Barton, Steven R H Beach, Justin A Lavner, Chalandra M Bryant, Steven M Kogan, Gene H Brody
Enhancing communication as a means of promoting relationship quality has been increasingly questioned, particularly for couples at elevated sociodemographic risk. In response, the current study investigated communication change as a mechanism accounting for changes in relationship satisfaction and confidence among 344 rural, predominantly low-income African American couples with an early adolescent child who participated in a randomized controlled trial of the Protecting Strong African American Families (ProSAAF) program...
October 2017: Journal of Marriage and the Family
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966396/relatives-in-residence-relatedness-of-household-members-drives-schooling-differentials-in-mozambique
#11
Sara Lopus
Children typically receive investments from their fathers, but absent fathers often invest at low levels. In fathers' absence, what types of non-fathers invest heavily in children? This paper investigates educational participation as a reflection of childhood investments on Ibo Island, Mozambique, where only one third of school-aged children live with their biological fathers. Father-present children generally attended school at the highest rates. Stepchildren and father-absent relatives (e.g. grandchildren, nieces) attended school at comparably high rates if any co-residing children were father-present...
August 2017: Journal of Marriage and the Family
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827887/disentangling-perceived-norms-predictors-of-unintended-pregnancy-during-the-transition-to-adulthood
#12
Ellen L Compernolle
Using data from the Relationship Dynamics and Social Life Study, this study examines the role of perceived norms in predicting unintended pregnancy among young women ages 18-22. First, it compares the relative influence of the content - injunctive (approval) versus descriptive (prevalence) - and referent - parents' versus friends' - of fertility-related norms. Second, in identifying entrance into motherhood as an important life course event, particularly during the transition to adulthood, it explores how these influences vary by parity...
August 2017: Journal of Marriage and the Family
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694550/children-s-experiences-of-time-when-a-parent-travels-for-work
#13
Anisa Zvonkovic, Andrea Swenson, Zoë Cornwell
This qualitative study focuses on different ways time is experienced by children in families who face time challenges due to a family member's job that required work travel. Data are from a family-level study that includes interviews of all family members over the age of 7. Using grounded theory methodology, this study illustrates ways in which job demands and family processes interact. Analysis centers on the 75 children's perspectives from 43 families. Holding together assessments of having enough time while wanting more time with their parents, children express emotion, generally unrecognized by parents, around the topic of family time...
August 2017: Journal of Marriage and the Family
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959075/health-related-parenting-among-u-s-families-and-young-children-s-physical-health
#14
Jennifer March Augustine, Kate C Prickett, Rachel Kimbro
Parenting is a constellation of behaviors, yet investigations of the link between parenting and children's health typically focus on singular behaviors. Thus, patterns of health-related parenting among U.S. families, associations between patterns and children's physical health, and the prevalence of such patterns among different sociodemographic groups remain unknown. Applying latent class analysis to the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort (2001; n=8,550) revealed six parenting patterns. The pattern characterized by high levels of television watching was associated with the worst overall health; the pattern characterized by the highest consumption of food and amount of outdoor play was linked to the highest odds of obesity...
June 2017: Journal of Marriage and the Family
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781383/intimate-partner-violence-and-children-s-attachment-representations-during-middle-childhood
#15
Hanna C Gustafsson, Geoffrey L Brown, W Roger Mills-Koonce, Martha J Cox
Despite long-standing hypotheses that intimate partner violence (IPV) may undermine children's ability to form secure attachment representations, few studies have empirically investigated this association. Particularly lacking is research that examines IPV and attachment during middle childhood, a time when the way that children understand, represent, and process the behavior of others becomes particularly important. Using data from a sample of African American children living in rural, low-income communities (n = 98), the current study sought to address this gap by examining the association between physical IPV occurring early in children's lives and their attachment security during the first grade...
June 2017: Journal of Marriage and the Family
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626245/psychological-well-being-among-older-adults-the-role-of-partnership-status
#16
Matthew R Wright, Susan L Brown
Today's older adults are increasingly unmarried. Some are in cohabiting unions, others are dating, and many remain unpartnered. Unmarried older adults are at risk of poorer well-being than the married, but it is unclear whether older cohabitors fare worse than or similar to their married counterparts. Nor have well-being differences among cohabitors, daters, and unpartnered persons been considered. Conceptualizing marital status as a continuum of social attachment, data from Waves I and II of the National Social Life, Health, and Aging Project are used to examine how older married, cohabiting, dating, and unpartnered individuals differ across multiple indicators of psychological well-being...
June 2017: Journal of Marriage and the Family
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626244/grandparents-education-and-infant-health-pathways-across-generations
#17
Michael J McFarland, Sara S McLanahan, Bridget J Goosby, Nancy E Reichman
Using data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing survey linked to respondents' medical records (N=2,870), this study examines the association between grandparents' education and birth outcomes and explores potential pathways underlying this relationship. Results show that having a grandfather with less than a high school education was associated with a 93 gram reduction in birthweight, a 59% increase in the odds of low birthweight, and a 136% increase in the odds of a neonatal health condition, compared to having a grandfather with a high school education or more...
June 2017: Journal of Marriage and the Family
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579639/the-intergenerational-transmission-of-union-instability-in-early-adulthood
#18
Paul R Amato, Sarah Patterson
Research on the intergenerational transmission of divorce should be expanded to incorporate disrupted nonmarital cohabitations. The current study (1) examined the transmission of union instability from parents to offspring using Waves I and IV of Add Health, (2) replaced the binary variables (divorced versus non-divorced) typically used in this literature with count variables (number of disrupted unions), (3) relied on independent sources for data on parents' and offspring's union disruptions to minimize same-source bias, (4) assessed the mediating role of 11 theoretically derived variables (many not previously considered in this literature), and (5) incorporated information on discord in intact parental unions...
June 2017: Journal of Marriage and the Family
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596619/signs-of-change-at-home-and-breadwinner-parents-housework-and-child-care-time
#19
Noelle Chesley, Sarah Flood
We analyze American Time Use Survey (ATUS) data to examine patterns in domestic work among at-home and breadwinner parents to further gauge how time availability, relative earnings, and gender shape time use in couples with extreme differences in earnings and work hours. We find that involvement in female-typed housework is an important driver of overall housework time. It is counter-normative housework behavior by at-home fathers that shapes conclusions about how time availability, relative resources, and gender influence parents' housework...
April 2017: Journal of Marriage and the Family
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579638/marriage-market-constraints-and-mate-selection-behavior-racial-ethnic-and-gender-differences-in-intermarriage
#20
Kate H Choi, Marta Tienda
Despite theoretical consensus that marriage markets constrain mate selection behavior, few studies directly evaluate how local marriage market conditions influence intermarriage patterns. Using data from the American Community Survey, we examine what aspects of marriage markets influence mate selection; assess whether the associations between marriage market conditions and intermarriage are uniform by gender and across pan-ethnic groups; and investigate the extent to which marriage market conditions account for group differences in intermarriage patterns...
April 2017: Journal of Marriage and the Family
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