journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Journal of Forensic Sciences

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425102/fatal-overdose-of-gamma-hydroxybutyrate-acid-after-ingestion-of-1-4-butanediol
#1
Erwan Le Garff, Vadim Mesli, Raphael Cornez, Christophe Demarly, Gilles Tournel, Valery Hédouin
We report a case of fatal intoxication from 1,4-butanediol (1,4-BD), which was ingested by a young and "naïve" gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB) consumer during a party with the co-ingestion of alcohol, cannabis, and methylene-dioxy-methamphetamine. The following drug concentrations were found using gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry on autopsy samples and on a cup and a glass found at the scene: 20,350 mg/L (bottle) for 1,4-BD; 1020 mg/L (femoral blood), 3380 mg/L (cardiac blood), 47,280 mg/L (gastric content), and 570 mg/L (vitreous humor) for GHB...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425098/authors-response
#2
LETTER
Chong Zhou, Roger W Byard
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 20, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425094/fatal-acute-hemorrhagic-bowel-infarction-caused-by-mesenteric-venous-thrombosis
#3
Supawon Srettabunjong
Acute mesenteric venous thrombosis (MVT) is a rare, but life-threatening medical phenomenon. MVT is normally characterized by insidious onset, with nonspecific signs and symptoms. A high index of clinical suspicion is required for diagnosis, and emergency surgery is necessary to optimize the chances of patient survival, especially in the people aged more than 70 years. Surprisingly, based on my review of the literature, no fatal acute MVT case has been reported in the forensic literature. All reported such cases have been documented in medical literature, and most of them have been associated with underlying risk factors for venous thrombosis, such as hypercoagulable state, certain cancers, and stasis of the blood flow...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425088/commentary-on-zhou-c-byard-rw-septic-ketoacidosis-a-potentially-lethal-entity-with-renal-tubular-epithelial-vacuolization-j-forensic-sci-2017-62-1-122-5
#4
LETTER
Cristian Palmiere
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 20, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422290/heroin-related-deaths-from-the-hennepin-county-medical-examiner-s-office-from-2004-through-2015
#5
Sara A Love, Jessica Lelinski, Julie Kloss, Owen Middleton, Fred S Apple
Over the past two decades, prescription and illicit opioid use has led to changes in public health policy to address the increasing number of opioid-related deaths. The purpose of this study was to review cases from Hennepin County Medical Examiner's Office between 2004 through 2015 where heroin was listed as a significant contributor or as the cause of death. We identified 322 heroin-related deaths, which were predominantly male (255; 79%). 6-Monoacetylmorphine (6-MAM) median (range) concentrations were as follows: blood (n = 7), 0...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419455/human-electrical-muscular-incapacitation-and-effects-on-qtc-interval
#6
John A Gibbons, Andrew J Mojica, Mark E Peele
Human Electrical Muscular Incapacitation (HEMI) is used to subdue combative individuals. Changes in cardiac electrical activity have been proposed as the cause of death in a small fraction of these individuals. The current study sought to determine whether changes in QTc interval occur after HEMI exposure. Twenty-four participants had EKG readings before a 5-second HEMI exposure and within 30 min after exposure. All subject EKGs were read by a data-blinded cardiac electrophysiologist who calculated a QT corrected (QTc) interval...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407445/lethal-bentazone-intoxication-a-report-of-two-cases
#7
Petar Škavić, Zijad Duraković, Marina Nestić
This study presents two cases of lethal bentazone poisonings, their clinical presentation, the course of the disease and the autopsy findings. The first is a 50-year-old male who had sprayed corn with a solution of bentazone and was admitted to the hospital with sweating, fever, nausea, vomiting of aqueous and hemorrhagic content, and bloody, watery stools. He was treated according to the symptoms including extracorporeal hemodialysis, but eventually suffered from multiorgan failure (acute respiratory failure, acute liver failure, coagulopathy, acute renal failure, metabolic acidosis, and gastrointestinal bleeding) and died 11...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407235/magazine-influence-on-cartridge-case-ejection-patterns-with-glock-pistols
#8
Wim Kerkhoff, Ivo Alberink, Erwin J A T Mattijssen
In this study, the cartridge case ejection patterns of six different Glock model pistols (one specimen per model) were compared under three conditions: firing with a loaded magazine, an empty magazine, and without magazine. The distances, covered by the ejected cartridge cases given these three conditions, were compared for each of the six models. A significant difference was found between the groups of data for each of the tested specimens. This indicates that it is important that, to reconstruct a shooting scene incident based on the ejection patterns of a pistol, test shots are fired with the same pistol type and under the correct magazine condition...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401673/morphology-of-modern-arrowhead-tips-on-human-skin-analog
#9
LokMan Sung, Kilak Kesha, Jeffrey Hudson, Kelly Root, Leigh Hlavaty
Archery has experienced a recent resurgence in participation and has seen increases in archery range attendance and in children and young adults seeking archery lessons. Popular literature and movies prominently feature protagonists well versed in this form of weaponry. Periodic homicide cases in the United States involving bows are reported, and despite this and the current interest in the field, there are no manuscripts published on a large series of arrow wounds. This experiment utilizes a broad selection of modern arrowheads to create wounds for comparison...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397251/lone-actor-terrorism-and-impulsivity
#10
J Reid Meloy, Jeffrey W Pollard
In some recent cases of lone-actor terrorism, there is evidence the subject acted impulsively, often in response to a triggering event which contained a loss and humiliation. Evidence suggests the subjects acted precipitously, despite planning and preparation carried out in the preceding weeks or months, and their attacks failed to include the often considerable preparation that had been done. The pathway became a runway. The authors recommend the traditional assessment of impulsivity in persons of concern for lone acts of terrorism, as well as other proximal warning behaviors for targeted violence...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397244/analyzing-data-remnant-remains-on-user-devices-to-determine-probative-artifacts-in-cloud-environment
#11
Abdulghani Ali Ahmed, Chua Xue Li
Cloud storage service allows users to store their data online, so that they can remotely access, maintain, manage, and back up data from anywhere via the Internet. Although helpful, this storage creates a challenge to digital forensic investigators and practitioners in collecting, identifying, acquiring, and preserving evidential data. This study proposes an investigation scheme for analyzing data remnants and determining probative artifacts in a cloud environment. Using pCloud as a case study, this research collected the data remnants available on end-user device storage following the storing, uploading, and accessing of data in the cloud storage...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397241/letter-to-the-editor-renal-tubular-vacuolization
#12
LETTER
Chong Zhou, Roger W Byard
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 10, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383154/the-forensic-implications-of-amphetamine-intoxication-in-cases-of-inflicted-blunt-craniocerebral-trauma
#13
Roger W Byard, James Donkin, Robert Vink
The effects of D-amphetamine on outcome after blunt craniocerebral trauma are characterized and the potential legal implications discussed. Traumatic brain injury (TBI) was induced under general anesthesia in adult, male Sprague Dawley rats using the impact acceleration model. At 10 min prior to injury, D-amphetamine (5 mg/kg) or saline vehicle was administered subcutaneously; animals were subsequently assessed over a 7-day period post-trauma for motor outcome using a rotarod device. D-amphetamine treated animals performed significantly better (p < 0...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383147/radiopaque-images-resembling-obturated-root-canals
#14
Calvin Y Shiroma
The practice of endodontics, while not as common as today, was performed during the WWII era. Some of the materials used to fill canals during this time period include gutta-percha, calcium hydroxide, gold foil, and silver points. In this case study, fissures and fractures were present on the exposed root surfaces of the dental remains. Radiographs of the dental remains revealed canal systems similar to those obturated with a paste or semi-solid material. The root surface defects appear to be the access point for the radiopaque material...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383137/provenance-establishment-of-stingless-bee-honey-using-multi-element-analysis-in-combination-with-chemometrics-techniques
#15
Aidil Fahmi Shadan, Naji A Mahat, Wan Aini Wan Ibrahim, Zaiton Ariffin, Dzulkiflee Ismail
As consumption of stingless bee honey has been gaining popularity in many countries including Malaysia, ability to identify accurately its geographical origin proves pertinent for investigating fraudulent activities for consumer protection. Because a chemical signature can be location-specific, multi-element distribution patterns may prove useful for provenancing such product. Using the inductively coupled-plasma optical emission spectrometer as well as principal component analysis (PCA) and linear discriminant analysis (LDA), the distributions of multi-elements in stingless bee honey collected at four different geographical locations (North, West, East, and South) in Johor, Malaysia, were investigated...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382691/letter-to-the-editor-the-bias-snowball-and-the-bias-cascade-effects-two-distinct-biases-that-may-impact-forensic-decision-making
#16
LETTER
Itiel E Dror, Ruth M Morgan, Carolyn Rando, Sherry Nakhaeizadeh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 6, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382657/accuracy-and-reliability-of-the-klales-et%C3%A2-al-2012-morphoscopic-pelvic-sexing-method
#17
Kate M Lesciotto, Lily J Doershuk
Klales et al. (2012) devised an ordinal scoring system for the morphoscopic pelvic traits described by Phenice (1969) and used for sex estimation of skeletal remains. The aim of this study was to test the accuracy and reliability of the Klales method using a large sample from the Hamann-Todd collection (n = 279). Two observers were blinded to sex, ancestry, and age and used the Klales et al. method to estimate the sex of each individual. Sex was correctly estimated for females with over 95% accuracy; however, the male allocation accuracy was approximately 50%...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382646/an-optimized-dna-analysis-workflow-for-the-sampling-extraction-and-concentration-of-dna-obtained-from-archived-latent-fingerprints
#18
April D Solomon, Madison E Hytinen, Aryn M McClain, Marilyn T Miller, Tracey Dawson Cruz
DNA profiles have been obtained from fingerprints, but there is limited knowledge regarding DNA analysis from archived latent fingerprints-touch DNA "sandwiched" between adhesive and paper. Thus, this study sought to comparatively analyze a variety of collection and analytical methods in an effort to seek an optimized workflow for this specific sample type. Untreated and treated archived latent fingerprints were utilized to compare different biological sampling techniques, swab diluents, DNA extraction systems, DNA concentration practices, and post-amplification purification methods...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382630/age-estimation-of-infants-through-metric-analysis-of-developing-anterior-deciduous-teeth
#19
Joan Viciano, Stefano De Luca, Javier Irurita, Inmaculada Alemán
This study provides regression equations for estimation of age of infants from the dimensions of their developing deciduous teeth. The sample comprises 97 individuals of known sex and age (62 boys, 35 girls), aged between 2 days and 1,081 days. The age-estimation equations were obtained for the sexes combined, as well as for each sex separately, thus including "sex" as an independent variable. The values of the correlations and determination coefficients obtained for each regression equation indicate good fits for most of the equations obtained...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382629/evaluation-of-lip-prints-on-different-supports-using-a-batch-image-processing-algorithm-and-image-superimposition
#20
Lara Maria Herrera, Clemente Maia da Silva Fernandes, Mônica da Costa Serra
This study aimed to develop and to assess an algorithm to facilitate lip print visualization, and to digitally analyze lip prints on different supports, by superimposition. It also aimed to classify lip prints according to sex. A batch image processing algorithm was developed, which facilitated the identification and extraction of information about lip grooves. However, it performed better for lip print images with a uniform background. Paper and glass slab allowed more correct identifications than glass and the both sides of compact disks...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
journal
journal
23812
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"