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Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29999186/the-role-of-birth-weight-on-the-causal-pathway-to-child-and-adolescent-adhd-symptomatology-a-population-based-twin-differences-longitudinal-design
#1
Kai Xiang Lim, Chao-Yu Liu, Tabea Schoeler, Charlotte A M Cecil, Edward D Barker, Essi Viding, Corina U Greven, Jean-Baptiste Pingault
BACKGROUND: Available evidence points towards lower birth weight as a risk factor for the development of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms. We probed the causal nature of this putative effect of birth weight on ADHD symptoms using the twin differences design, which accounts for genetic and shared environmental confounds. METHOD: In a large population-based twin sample - 3,499 monozygotic (MZ) and 6,698 dizygotic (DZ) pairs - parents, teachers or twins rated the twins' ADHD symptoms at nine assessment waves (2-16 years)...
July 12, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29989664/childhood-high-frequency-eeg-activity-during-sleep-is-associated-with-incident-insomnia-symptoms-in-adolescence
#2
Julio Fernandez-Mendoza, Yun Li, Jidong Fang, Susan L Calhoun, Alexandros N Vgontzas, Duanping Liao, Edward O Bixler
BACKGROUND: Insomnia has been associated in cross-sectional studies with increased beta (15-35 Hz) electroencephalogram (EEG) power during nonrapid eye movement (NREM) sleep, an index of cortical hyperarousal. However, it is unknown whether this cortical hyperarousal is present before individuals with insomnia develop the disorder. To fill this gap, we examined the association of childhood sleep high-frequency EEG activity with incident insomnia symptoms (i.e., absence of insomnia symptoms in childhood but presence in adolescence)...
July 10, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29989661/infant-wake-after-sleep-onset-serves-as-a-marker-for-different-trajectories-in-cognitive-development
#3
Manuela Pisch, Frank Wiesemann, Annette Karmiloff-Smith
BACKGROUND: Sleep variables have been linked to improved functioning of learning and memory throughout life, with most studies focusing on older children and adults. Since infancy is a time of outstanding plasticity, sleep variables could be particularly important for cognitive development in that age group. METHODS: This is a longitudinal study collecting data from 40 infants at four different time points of 4, 6, 8 and 10 months. Sleep variables were assessed using actigraphy for a week, as well as a sleep questionnaire...
July 10, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29978904/reduced-reward-responsiveness-moderates-the-effect-of-maternal-depression-on-depressive-symptoms-in-offspring-evidence-across-levels-of-analysis
#4
Autumn Kujawa, Greg Hajcak, Daniel N Klein
BACKGROUND: Reduced reward responsiveness (RR) may contribute to depression vulnerability. At the neurophysiological level, RR is reliably and validly assessed using the reward positivity (RewP) event-related potential component. We previously identified a blunted RewP in 9-year-old children at high risk for depression due to maternal depression, but the role of RR in pathways from parental history to the development of depressive symptoms has not been examined. METHODS: At age 9, never-depressed children (N = 369) completed a task in which RewP was measured in response to monetary reward and loss feedback...
July 6, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29963711/differentiating-typical-from-atypical-perpetration-of-sibling-directed-aggression-during-the-preschool-years
#5
Melanie A Dirks, Holly E Recchia, Ryne Estabrook, Nina Howe, Amelie Petitclerc, James L Burns, Margaret J Briggs-Gowan, Lauren S Wakschlag
BACKGROUND: Sibling aggression is common and often viewed as benign. Although sibling aggression can be harmful for the victims, it may also be a marker of clinical risk for the aggressor. We differentiated typical from atypical levels of perpetration of sibling-directed aggression among preschoolers, a developmental period in which aggression is a normative misbehavior, by (a) identifying how frequently aggressive behaviors targeted at a sibling must occur to be psychometrically atypical; (b) mapping the dimensional spectrum of sibling-directed aggression from typical, more commonly occurring behaviors to rarer, more atypical, actions; and (c) comparing the psychometric atypicality and typical-to-atypical spectrum of sibling-directed aggression and peer-directed aggression...
July 2, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29963709/early-developmental-pathways-to-childhood-symptoms-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-anxiety-and-autism-spectrum-disorder
#6
Elizabeth Shephard, Rachael Bedford, Bosiljka Milosavljevic, Teodora Gliga, Emily J H Jones, Andrew Pickles, Mark H Johnson, Tony Charman
BACKGROUND: Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) often have co-occurring symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and/or anxiety. It is unclear whether these disorders arise from shared or distinct developmental pathways. We explored this question by testing the specificity of early-life (infant and toddler) predictors of mid-childhood ADHD and anxiety symptoms compared to ASD symptoms. METHODS: Infants (n = 104) at high and low familial risk for ASD took part in research assessments at 7, 14, 24 and 38 months, and 7 years of age...
July 2, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29963708/elementary-school-children-s-associations-of-antisocial-behaviour-with-risk-taking-across-7-11-years
#7
Jacintha M Tieskens, J Marieke Buil, Susanne Koot, Lydia Krabbendam, Pol A C van Lier
BACKGROUND: The impact of childhood antisocial behaviour on future maladaptation has been acknowledged. Risk-taking has been associated with antisocial behaviour in adolescents and adults, but its association with childhood antisocial behaviour is understudied. In this study, we explored the association of children's risk-taking with antisocial behaviour in mainstream elementary schoolchildren studied longitudinally across 7-11 years. METHODS: One thousand and eighty-six children (51% boys) were assessed in three annual waves...
July 2, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29957822/differential-impact-of-trait-sluggish-cognitive-tempo-and-adhd-inattention-in-early-childhood-on-adolescent-functioning
#8
Stephen P Becker, G Leonard Burns, Daniel R Leopold, Richard K Olson, Erik G Willcutt
BACKGROUND: Sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) is distinct from attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder inattention (ADHD-IN) and concurrently associated with a range of impairment domains. However, few longitudinal studies have examined SCT as a longitudinal predictor of adjustment. Studies to date have all used a relatively short longitudinal time span (6 months to 2 years) and only rating scale measures of adjustment. Using a prospective, multi-method design, this study examined whether SCT and ADHD-IN were differentially associated with functioning over a 10-year period between preschool and the end of ninth grade...
June 29, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29939396/practitioner-review-therapeutics-of-unipolar-major-depressions-in-adolescents
#9
REVIEW
Ian M Goodyer, Paul O Wilkinson
BACKGROUND: Over the past two decades new and key randomized controlled trials have reported the efficacy, clinical and cost effectiveness of psychological and pharmacological treatments for adolescents with major depression. METHODS: The literature was searched through pubmed, psychinfo, scopus and web of science for randomized controlled trials of current major depression together with meta-analyses and systematic reviews of trials between 2000 and 2017. Those specific to the adolescent years (11-18 years) were taken as the primary source for this narrative review...
June 25, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924402/altered-perception-action-binding-modulates-inhibitory-control-in-gilles-de-la-tourette-syndrome
#10
Vanessa Petruo, Benjamin Bodmer, Valerie C Brandt, Leoni Baumung, Veit Roessner, Alexander Münchau, Christian Beste
BACKGROUND: Gilles de la Tourette Syndrome (GTS) is a multifaceted neuropsychiatric developmental disorder with onset in childhood or adolescence and frequent remissions in early adulthood. A rather new emerging concept of this syndrome suggests that it is a disorder of purposeful actions, in which sensory processes and their relation to motor responses (actions) play a particularly important role. Thus, this syndrome might be conceived as a condition of altered 'perception-action binding'...
June 20, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904928/early-caregiving-predicts-attachment-representations-in-adolescence-findings-from-two-longitudinal-studies
#11
Thomas G O'Connor, Matthew Woolgar, Sajid Humayun, Jacqueline A Briskman, Stephen Scott
BACKGROUND: A growing research base demonstrates that adolescents' construction of secure attachment relationships may underlie successful social and personal relationships and healthy behavioral adjustment. Little is known about the early caregiving origins of adolescent attachment security; this study provides some of the first data on this topic. METHOD: The relative contribution of early and current caregiving quality to attachment security in adolescence was assessed in two longitudinal studies of a clinic-referred and an at-risk community sample using identical measures (n = 209)...
June 14, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900543/expanding-mental-health-services-through-novel-models-of-intervention-delivery
#12
Alan E Kazdin
Currently, in the United States and worldwide, the vast majority of children and adolescents in need of mental health services receive no treatment. Although there are many barriers, a key barrier is the dominant model of delivering psychosocial interventions. That model includes one-to-one, in-person treatment, with a trained mental health professional, provided in clinical setting (e.g., clinic, private practice office, health-care facility). That model greatly limits the scale and reach of psychosocial interventions...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889314/infant-temperament-reactivity-and-early-maternal-caregiving-independent-and-interactive-links-to-later-childhood-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-symptoms
#13
Natalie V Miller, Kathryn A Degnan, Amie A Hane, Nathan A Fox, Andrea Chronis-Tuscano
BACKGROUND: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder with origins early in life. There is growing evidence that individual differences in temperament reactivity are predictive of ADHD symptoms, yet little is known about the relations between temperament reactivity in early infancy and later ADHD symptoms or the combined effect of reactivity with early environmental factors on ADHD symptom development. Using a 9-year prospective longitudinal design, this study tested the independent and interactive contributions of infant reactivity and maternal caregiving behaviors (MCB) on parent- and teacher-reported childhood ADHD symptoms...
June 11, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29806705/deflections-from-adolescent-trajectories-of-antisocial-behavior-contextual-and-neural-moderators-of-antisocial-behavior-stability-into-emerging-adulthood
#14
Luke W Hyde, Rebecca Waller, Daniel S Shaw, Laura Murray, Erika E Forbes
BACKGROUND: Early adulthood is a critical period when young men involved in antisocial behavior (AB) may desist. Factors including marriage and employment have been shown to predict desistance, but little work has examined whether biological factors (e.g. neural reactivity) predict deflections from lifelong AB trajectories. METHODS: We examined the continuity of, or desistance from, AB in early adulthood using group-based trajectories of AB across adolescence in a sample of 242 men from low-income, urban families...
May 28, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741788/cumulative-childhood-risk-is-associated-with-a-new-measure-of-chronic-inflammation-in-adulthood
#15
Line Jee Hartmann Rasmussen, Terrie E Moffitt, Jesper Eugen-Olsen, Daniel W Belsky, Andrea Danese, HonaLee Harrington, Renate M Houts, Richie Poulton, Karen Sugden, Benjamin Williams, Avshalom Caspi
BACKGROUND: Childhood risk factors are associated with elevated inflammatory biomarkers in adulthood, but it is unknown whether these risk factors are associated with increased adult levels of the chronic inflammation marker soluble urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (suPAR). We aimed to test the hypothesis that childhood exposure to risk factors for adult disease is associated with elevated suPAR in adulthood and to compare suPAR with the oft-reported inflammatory biomarker C-reactive protein (CRP)...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741777/developmental-changes-in-longitudinal-associations-between-academic-achievement-and-psychopathological-symptoms-from-late-childhood-to-middle-adolescence
#16
Wenxin Zhang, Liang Zhang, Liang Chen, Linqin Ji, Kirby Deater-Deckard
BACKGROUND: Research reveals longitudinal bidirectional associations between changes in academic achievement and psychopathological symptoms. However, little is known about developmental changes in the magnitude of these associations, from childhood to adolescence. METHODS: Participants were 648 Chinese children (347 males) who were followed from Grade 5 (mean age: 11.18 years) to Grade 9. Academic achievement and two types of symptoms (externalizing, depressive) were assessed annually...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733106/how-do-stimulant-treatments-for-adhd-work-evidence-for-mediation-by-improved-cognition
#17
Larry W Hawk, Whitney D Fosco, Craig R Colder, James G Waxmonsky, William E Pelham, Keri S Rosch
BACKGROUND: Stimulant medications such as methylphenidate (MPH) are the frontline treatment for Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Despite their well-documented efficacy, the mechanisms by which stimulants improve clinical outcomes are not clear. The current study evaluated whether MPH effects on classroom behavior were mediated by improved cognitive functioning. METHODS: Children with ADHD (n = 82; 9-12 years old) participated in a week-long summer research camp, consisting of cognitive testing, classroom periods, and recreational activities...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718535/vigilant-attention-to-threat-sleep-patterns-and-anxiety-in-peripubertal-youth
#18
Emily J Ricketts, Rebecca B Price, Greg J Siegle, Jennifer S Silk, Erika E Forbes, Cecile D Ladouceur, Allison G Harvey, Neal D Ryan, Ronald E Dahl, Dana L McMakin
BACKGROUND: Vigilant attention to threat is commonly observed in anxiety, undergoes developmental changes in early adolescence, and has been proposed to interfere with sleep initiation and maintenance. We present one of the first studies to use objective measures to examine associations between vigilant attention to threat and difficulties initiating and maintaining sleep in an early adolescent anxious sample. We also explore the moderating role of development (age, puberty) and sex. METHODS: Participants were 66 peripubertal youth (ages 9-14) with a primary anxiety disorder and 24 healthy control subjects...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709069/predicting-suicide-attempts-in-adolescents-with-longitudinal-clinical-data-and-machine-learning
#19
Colin G Walsh, Jessica D Ribeiro, Joseph C Franklin
BACKGROUND: Adolescents have high rates of nonfatal suicide attempts, but clinically practical risk prediction remains a challenge. Screening can be time consuming to implement at scale, if it is done at all. Computational algorithms may predict suicide risk using only routinely collected clinical data. We used a machine learning approach validated on longitudinal clinical data in adults to address this challenge in adolescents. METHODS: This is a retrospective, longitudinal cohort study...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701247/does-perinatal-exposure-to-exogenous-oxytocin-influence-child-behavioural-problems-and-autistic-like-behaviours-to-20-years-of-age
#20
A J Guastella, M N Cooper, C R H White, M K White, C E Pennell, A J O Whitehouse
BACKGROUND: The neuropeptide and hormone oxytocin is known to have a significant impact on social cognition and behaviour in humans. There is growing concern regarding the influence of exogenous oxytocin (OT) administration in early life on later social and emotional development, including autism spectrum disorder (ASD). No study has examined offspring development in relation to the dose of exogenous oxytocin administered during labour. METHODS: Between 1989 and 1992, 2,900 mothers were recruited prior to the 18th week of pregnancy, delivering 2,868 live offspring...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
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