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Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30367686/adverse-family-life-events-during-pregnancy-and-adhd-symptoms-in-five-year-old-offspring
#1
Mina A Rosenqvist, Arvid Sjölander, Eivind Ystrom, Henrik Larsson, Ted Reichborn-Kjennerud
BACKGROUND: Prenatal exposure to maternal adverse life events has been associated with offspring ADHD, but the role of familial confounding is unclear. We aimed to clarify if adverse life events during pregnancy are related to ADHD symptoms in offspring, taking shared familial factors into account. METHOD: Data were collected on 34,751 children (including 6,427 siblings) participating in the population-based Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study. During pregnancy, mothers reported whether they had experienced specific life events...
October 27, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30362171/integrative-network-analysis-reveals-biological-pathways-associated-with-williams-syndrome
#2
Ryo Kimura, Vivek Swarup, Kiyotaka Tomiwa, Michael J Gandal, Neelroop N Parikshak, Yasuko Funabiki, Masatoshi Nakata, Tomonari Awaya, Takeo Kato, Kei Iida, Shin Okazaki, Kanae Matsushima, Toshihiro Kato, Toshiya Murai, Toshio Heike, Daniel H Geschwind, Masatoshi Hagiwara
BACKGROUND: Williams syndrome (WS) is a neurodevelopmental disorder that has been attributed to heterozygous deletions in chromosome 7q11.23 and exhibits a variety of physical, cognitive, and behavioral features. However, the genetic basis of this phenotypic variability is unclear. In this study, we identified genetic clues underlying these complex phenotypes. METHODS: Neurobehavioral function was assessed in WS patients and healthy controls. Total RNA was extracted from peripheral blood and subjected to microarray analysis, RNA-sequencing, and qRT-PCR...
October 25, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30357832/annual-research-review-pediatric-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-from-a-neurodevelopmental-network-perspective
#3
Carl F Weems, Justin D Russell, Erin L Neill, Bethany H McCurdy
BACKGROUND: Experiencing traumatic stress is common and may lead to posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in a number of children and adolescents. Research using advanced imaging techniques is beginning to elucidate some of the neurobiological correlates of the traumatic stress response in youth. METHODS: This paper summarizes the emerging network perspective of PTSD symptoms and reviews brain imaging research emphasizing structural and functional connectivity studies that employ magnetic resonance imaging techniques in pediatric samples...
October 25, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30357830/pubertal-recalibration-of-cortisol-reactivity-following-early-life-stress-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#4
Carrie E DePasquale, Bonny Donzella, Megan R Gunnar
BACKGROUND: Children adopted from orphanages or other such institutions tend to display blunted reactivity to stressors - even years after arriving in their generally supportive and highly resourced postadoption homes. Puberty, a proposed sensitive period for environmental influences on stress-mediating systems, may provide an opportunity for postinstitutionalized children to recalibrate stress response systems in accordance with their now more supportive living situations. METHODS: This cross-sectional study examined the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical (HPA)-axis reactivity of 280 children ages 7 through 14 years; 122 children were adopted from institutions in 14 countries between the ages of 6 months and 5 years, after spending an average of 95% of their lives in institutional care, and 158 children of similarly high socioeconomic status in their biological families served as the nonadopted comparison group...
October 25, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30357825/gene-environment-correlations-in-parental-emotional-warmth-and-intolerance-genome-wide-analysis-over-two-generations-of-the-young-finns-study
#5
Henrik Dobewall, Kateryna Savelieva, Ilkka Seppälä, Ariel Knafo-Noam, Christian Hakulinen, Marko Elovainio, Liisa Keltikangas-Järvinen, Laura Pulkki-Råback, Olli T Raitakari, Terho Lehtimäki, Mirka Hintsanen
BACKGROUND: Genomic analysis of the child might offer new potential to illuminate human parenting. We examined whether offspring (G2) genome-wide genotype variation (SNPs) is associated with their mother's (G1) emotional warmth and intolerance, indicating a gene-environment correlation. If this association is stronger than between G2's genes and their emotional warmth and intolerance toward their own children, then this would indicate the presence of an evocative gene-environment correlation...
October 25, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30353925/anxiety-disorder-symptoms-at-age-10-predict-eating-disorder-symptoms-and-diagnoses-in-adolescence
#6
Katherine Schaumberg, Stephanie Zerwas, Erica Goodman, Zeynep Yilmaz, Cynthia M Bulik, Nadia Micali
BACKGROUND: Cross-sectional associations between anxiety disorders and eating disorders (EDs) have been well documented; however, limited research has examined whether symptoms of anxiety disorders are prospectively associated with EDs. Identifying these longitudinal associations can aid in discerning relationships among eating and anxiety disorders and point toward a mechanistic understanding of developmental psychopathology. This study investigated the prospective associations between parent-reported anxiety in mid-childhood (age 10) and child-reported ED behaviors and disorders in adolescence (at ages 14 and 16 years) in a population-based sample...
October 24, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30350375/a-longitudinal-study-of-parent-reported-sensory-responsiveness-in-toddlers-at-risk-for-autism
#7
Jason J Wolff, Adele F Dimian, Kelly N Botteron, Stephen R Dager, Jed T Elison, Annette M Estes, Heather C Hazlett, Robert T Schultz, Lonnie Zwaigenbaum, Joseph Piven
BACKGROUND: Atypical sensory responsivity and sensory interests are now included in the DSM 5 diagnostic criteria for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) under the broad domain of restricted and repetitive behavior (RRB). However, relatively little is known about the emergence of sensory-related features and their relation to conventionally defined RRB in the first years of life. METHODS: Prospective, longitudinal parent-report data using the Sensory Experiences Questionnaire (SEQ) were collected for 331 high-risk toddlers (74 of whom met diagnostic criteria for ASD at age 2) and 135 low-risk controls...
October 23, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30350312/practitioner-review-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-its-treatment-in-children-and-adolescents
#8
REVIEW
Patrick Smith, Tim Dalgleish, Richard Meiser-Stedman
Important advances in understanding traumatic stress reactions in children and young people have been made in recent years. The aim of this review was to synthesise selected recent research findings, with a focus on their relevance to clinical practice. We therefore address: findings on the epidemiology of trauma exposure and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD); recent changes to diagnostic classification; implications for screening and assessment of traumatic stress reactions; and treatment outcome studies including interventions for acute and chronic PTSD, dissemination of effective treatments into community settings, and early interventions...
October 23, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30345518/annual-research-review-educational-neuroscience-progress-and-prospects
#9
REVIEW
Michael S C Thomas, Daniel Ansari, Victoria C P Knowland
Educational neuroscience is an interdisciplinary research field that seeks to translate research findings on neural mechanisms of learning to educational practice and policy and to understand the effects of education on the brain. Neuroscience and education can interact directly, by virtue of considering the brain as a biological organ that needs to be in the optimal condition to learn ('brain health'); or indirectly, as neuroscience shapes psychological theory and psychology influences education. In this article, we trace the origins of educational neuroscience, its main areas of research activity and the principal challenges it faces as a translational field...
October 22, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30345511/research-review-the-effects-of-mindfulness-based-interventions-on-cognition-and-mental-health-in-children-and-adolescents-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#10
REVIEW
Darren L Dunning, Kirsty Griffiths, Willem Kuyken, Catherine Crane, Lucy Foulkes, Jenna Parker, Tim Dalgleish
BACKGROUND: Mindfulness based interventions (MBIs) are an increasingly popular way of attempting to improve the behavioural, cognitive and mental health outcomes of children and adolescents, though there is a suggestion that enthusiasm has moved ahead of the evidence base. Most evaluations of MBIs are either uncontrolled or nonrandomized trials. This meta-analysis aims to establish the efficacy of MBIs for children and adolescents in studies that have adopted a randomized, controlled trial (RCT) design...
October 22, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30368827/child-maltreatment-in-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-intellectual-disability-results-from-a-population-based-sample
#11
Christina G McDonnell, Andrea D Boan, Catherine C Bradley, Kristen D Seay, Jane M Charles, Laura A Carpenter
BACKGROUND: Children with developmental disabilities are at heightened risk for maltreatment. However, little is known regarding the prevalence of maltreatment among specific groups, such as autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and/or intellectual disability (ID). Information about maltreatment in these groups can aid in the development of supports and prevention strategies for vulnerable children and their families. METHODS: Using record linkage between the Department of Social Services (DSS) and the Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring (ADDM) network, this study compares the prevalence and characteristics of maltreatment among children with ASD-only (n = 316), ASD and comorbid ID (ASD+ID; n = 291), ID-only (n = 1,280), and controls (n = 3,101)...
October 19, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30338854/investigating-the-childhood-symptom-profile-of-community-based-individuals-diagnosed-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-as-adults
#12
Mark J Taylor, Henrik Larsson, Christopher Gillberg, Paul Lichtenstein, Sebastian Lundström
BACKGROUND: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is currently defined as a disorder with onset during childhood. Although ADHD occurs in adults as well as children, recent debate has focused on whether adult ADHD represents a continuation of a child-onset disorder or if ADHD may, in at least some cases, have an adult onset. We therefore aimed to test the hypothesis of adult-onset ADHD using a sample born relatively recently (1992-1999) in order to minimize confounding by secular changes in diagnostic practices...
October 19, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30329156/heterotypic-trajectories-of-dimensional-psychopathology-across-the-lifespan-the-case-of-youth-onset-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#13
Arthur Gus Manfro, Marcos Santoro, Guilherme Vanoni Polanczyk, Ary Gadelha, Pedro Mario Pan, Rodrigo Affonseca Bressan, Elisa Brietzke, Fernanda Talarico, Sintia Belangero, Luis Augusto Rohde, Giovanni Abrahão Salum
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have demonstrated the existence of a distinct late-onset attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) trajectory. Our objective is to test if there are distinct ADHD trajectories regarding age of onset from childhood to adolescence and to compare clinical manifestations, cognitive functions and genetic risk for ADHD among distinct longitudinal groups. METHOD: Nine hundred and twenty four children and adolescents from the community participated in the study...
October 17, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30317644/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-late-birthdate-effect-common-in-both-high-and-low-prescribing-international-jurisdictions-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Martin Whitely, Melissa Raven, Sami Timimi, Jon Jureidini, John Phillimore, Jonathan Leo, Joanna Moncrieff, Patrick Landman
BACKGROUND: Multiple studies have found that the youngest children in a classroom are at elevated risk of being diagnosed with, or medicated for, ADHD. This systematic review was conducted to investigate whether this late birthdate effect is the norm and whether the strength of effect is related to the absolute risk of being diagnosed/medicated. METHODS: A literature search of the PubMed and ERIC databases and snowball and grey literature searching were conducted...
October 14, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30295920/development-behaviour-and-autism-in-individuals-with-smc1a-variants
#15
Paul A Mulder, Sylvia Huisman, Annemiek M Landlust, Jo Moss, Sigrid Piening, Raoul C Hennekam, Ingrid D C van Balkom
INTRODUCTION: Development and behaviour in Cornelia de Lange Syndrome (CdLS), including autism characteristics, have been described infrequently stratified to genetic cause and only a few studies have considered behavioural characteristics in relation to developmental level. Here, we describe the behavioural phenotype in individuals with CdLS with SMC1A variants. METHODS: We performed an international, interdisciplinary study on 51 individuals with SMC1A variants...
October 8, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30295313/developmental-trajectories-of-adaptive-behavior-in-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-high-risk-sibling-cohort
#16
Lori-Ann R Sacrey, Lonnie Zwaigenbaum, Susan Bryson, Jessica Brian, Isabel M Smith, Sarah Raza, Wendy Roberts, Peter Szatmari, Tracy Vaillancourt, Caroline Roncadin, Nancy Garon
BACKGROUND: Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) often experience impairments in adaptive behavior. METHODS: Developmental trajectories of adaptive behavior in ASD were examined in children from high-risk (siblings of children diagnosed with ASD, n = 403) and low-risk (no family history of ASD, n = 163) families. Children were assessed prospectively at 12, 18, 24, and 36 months of age using the Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales and underwent a blind independent diagnostic assessment for ASD at 36 months of age...
October 8, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30289180/psychotic-experiences-are-associated-with-health-anxiety-and-functional-somatic-symptoms-in-preadolescence
#17
Martin K Rimvall, Cecilia Pihl Jespersen, Lars Clemmensen, Anja Munkholm, Anne Mette Skovgaard, Frank Verhulst, Jim van Os, Charlotte Ulrikka Rask, Pia Jeppesen
BACKGROUND: Health anxiety (HA) is an increasing public health problem related to increased health service costs, and associated with functional somatic symptoms (FSS) and considerable personal suffering. Abnormal bodily experiences which may resemble HA and FSS are common in psychotic disorders, but a potential link between HA and psychosis vulnerability in childhood is largely unexplored. The current study estimates the association between subclinical psychotic experiences (PE) and HA and FSS in a general population cohort of preadolescents...
October 5, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30246870/short-term-change-and-prediction-of-suicidal-ideation-among-adolescents-a-daily-diary-study-following-psychiatric-hospitalization
#18
Ewa K Czyz, Adam G Horwitz, Alejandra Arango, Cheryl A King
BACKGROUND: Our understanding of suicidal ideation (SI) and its risk precursors is largely informed by studies spanning over wide time intervals (weeks, months, years). Little is known about SI as it occurs in daily lives of individuals at risk for suicide, the extent to which suicidal thoughts are dynamic over short periods of time, and the degree to which theoretically informed risk factors predict near-term SI. METHODS: Thirty-four adolescents hospitalized due to last-month suicide attempt and/or last-week SI (76% female; ages 13-17) responded to daily surveys sent to their cell phones for four consecutive weeks after discharge (n = 652 observations)...
September 24, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30207392/adolescent-self-harm-with-and-without-suicidality-cross-sectional-and-longitudinal-analyses-of-a-swedish-regional-register
#19
Johan Bjureberg, Anna Ohlis, Brjánn Ljótsson, Brian M D'Onofrio, Erik Hedman-Lagerlöf, Jussi Jokinen, Hanna Sahlin, Paul Lichtenstein, Martin Cederlöf, Clara Hellner
BACKGROUND: Self-harm is common and there is a need for studies that investigate the relevance of this behavior in clinical samples to inform risk assessment and treatment. The objectives in the current studies were to compare clinical and psychosocial correlates and subsequent adverse outcomes in youth who present to child and adolescent mental health services (CAMHS) with self-harm only (SH), self-harm with suicidality (SH+SU), with those without any indication of SH or SH+SU. METHODS: We conducted a case-control study and a longitudinal cohort study using data from a regional clinical care register, and Swedish national registers...
September 12, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30203840/preventive-parenting-intervention-during-childhood-and-young-black-adults-unhealthful-behaviors-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Gene H Brody, Tianyi Yu, Gregory E Miller, Katherine B Ehrlich, Edith Chen
OBJECTIVE: Lifestyle variables such as drug use and excessive weight gain contribute to adult morbidity and mortality. This study was designed to determine whether participation in a preventive intervention designed to enhance supportive parenting can reduce drug use and body mass index (BMI) in young Black adults from disadvantaged neighborhoods. METHOD: This study was conducted in the rural southeastern United States. Black parents and their 11-year-old children (517 families) were assigned randomly to the Strong African American Families (SAAF) prevention trial or a control condition...
September 11, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
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