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Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911012/the-role-of-age-of-disclosure-of-biological-origins-in-the-psychological-wellbeing-of-adolescents-conceived-by-reproductive-donation-a-longitudinal-study-from-age-1-to-age-14
#1
Elena Ilioi, Lucy Blake, Vasanti Jadva, Gabriela Roman, Susan Golombok
BACKGROUND: The question of whether children should be told of their biological origins is one of the most controversial issues regarding the birth of children through donated eggs, sperm, embryos or surrogacy. METHODS: In the sixth phase of this longitudinal study when the children were aged 14 years, family relationships and adolescent adjustment were examined in 87 families created through reproductive donation and 54 natural conception families. The quality of family relationships was assessed by standardised interview with mothers and by standardised questionnaires and an observational measure with mothers and adolescents...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901266/maternal-prepregnancy-body-mass-index-and-offspring-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a%C3%A2-quasi-experimental-sibling-comparison-population-based-design
#2
Erica D Musser, Michael T Willoughby, Suzanne Wright, Elinor L Sullivan, Diane D Stadler, Brent F Olson, Robert D Steiner, Joel T Nigg
BACKGROUND: High maternal prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) has been associated with increased risk of offspring attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). However, whether this effect is attributable to maternal or familial level confounds has been little examined. METHODS: The present study sought to examine these associations, utilizing data from the medical records of a health care system which treats 350,000 patients annually and a sibling-comparison design in a sample of 4,682 children born to 3,645 mothers...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878809/telephone-assisted-self-help-for-parents-of-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-who-have-residual-functional-impairment-despite-methylphenidate-treatment-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Christina Dose, Christopher Hautmann, Mareike Buerger, Stephanie Schuermann, Katrin Woitecki, Manfred Doepfner
BACKGROUND: Self-help parenting interventions have been shown to be effective in the management of children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and may be useful when there are barriers to face-to-face therapist-led parent trainings. Previous studies indicate that behavioral interventions might be a useful adjunct to medication in children with residual ADHD symptoms, and regarding comorbid oppositional symptoms and multiple domains of functional impairment. In the present study, we examined whether a telephone-assisted self-help (TASH) parenting behavioral intervention (written materials plus telephone counseling) enhanced the effects of methylphenidate treatment in children with ADHD...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868194/randomized-controlled-trial-of-vitamin-d-supplementation-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#4
Khaled Saad, Ahmed A Abdel-Rahman, Yasser M Elserogy, Abdulrahman A Al-Atram, Amira A El-Houfey, Hisham A K Othman, Geir Bjørklund, Feiyong Jia, Mauricio A Urbina, Mohamed Gamil M Abo-Elela, Faisal-Alkhateeb Ahmad, Khaled A Abd El-Baseer, Ahmed E Ahmed, Ahmad M Abdel-Salam
BACKGROUND: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a frequent developmental disorder characterized by pervasive deficits in social interaction, impairment in verbal and nonverbal communication, and stereotyped patterns of interests and activities. It has been previously reported that there is vitamin D deficiency in autistic children; however, there is a lack of randomized controlled trials of vitamin D supplementation in ASD children. METHODS: This study is a double-blinded, randomized clinical trial (RCT) that was conducted on 109 children with ASD (85 boys and 24 girls; aged 3-10 years)...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861883/externalizing-problems-in-childhood-and-adolescence-predict-subsequent-educational-achievement-but-for-different-genetic-and-environmental-reasons
#5
Gary J Lewis, Kathryn Asbury, Robert Plomin
BACKGROUND: Childhood behavior problems predict subsequent educational achievement; however, little research has examined the etiology of these links using a longitudinal twin design. Moreover, it is unknown whether genetic and environmental innovations provide incremental prediction for educational achievement from childhood to adolescence. METHODS: We examined genetic and environmental influences on parental ratings of behavior problems across childhood (age 4) and adolescence (ages 12 and 16) as predictors of educational achievement at age 16 using a longitudinal classical twin design...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861879/neural-correlates-of-explicit-and-implicit-emotion-processing-in-relation-to-treatment-response-in-pediatric-anxiety
#6
Katie L Burkhouse, Autumn Kujawa, Heide Klumpp, Kate D Fitzgerald, Christopher S Monk, K Luan Phan
BACKGROUND: Approximately 40%-45% of youth with anxiety disorders do not achieve remission (or a substantial reduction in symptoms) following treatment, highlighting the need to identify predictors of treatment response. Given the well-established link between attentional biases and anxiety disorders in youth and adults, this study examined the neural correlates of directing attention toward and away from emotional faces in relation to pediatric anxiety treatment response. METHOD: Prior to beginning treatment with the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) sertraline or cognitive behavior therapy (CBT), 37 youth (age 7-19 years) with generalized and/or social anxiety disorder completed a task with conditions that manipulated whether participants were instructed to match emotional faces (explicit emotion processing) or match shapes in the context of emotional face distractors (implicit emotion processing) during functional magnetic resonance imaging...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861851/infant-social-attention-an-endophenotype-of-asd-related-traits
#7
Emily J H Jones, Kaitlin Venema, Rachel K Earl, Rachel Lowy, Sara J Webb
BACKGROUND: As a neurodevelopmental disorder, symptoms of ASD likely emerge from a complex interaction between preexisting genetic vulnerabilities and the child's environment. One way to understand causal paths to ASD is to identify dimensional ASD-related traits that vary in the general population and that predispose individuals with other risk factors toward ASD. Moving beyond behavioral traits to explore underlying neurocognitive processes may further constrain the underlying genetics...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27804132/executive-functioning-and-local-global-visual-processing-candidate-endophenotypes-for-autism-spectrum-disorder
#8
Lien Van Eylen, Bart Boets, Nele Cosemans, Hilde Peeters, Jean Steyaert, Johan Wagemans, Ilse Noens
BACKGROUND: Heterogeneity within autism spectrum disorder (ASD) hampers insight in the etiology and stimulates the search for endophenotypes. Endophenotypes should meet several criteria, the most important being the association with ASD and the higher occurrence rate in unaffected ASD relatives than in the general population. We evaluated these criteria for executive functioning (EF) and local-global (L-G) visual processing. METHODS: By administering an extensive cognitive battery which increases the validity of the measures, we examined which of the cognitive anomalies shown by ASD probands also occur in their unaffected relatives (n = 113) compared to typically developing (TD) controls (n = 100)...
November 2, 2016: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27786359/music-therapy-for-children-and-adolescents-with-behavioural-and-emotional-problems-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#9
Sam Porter, Tracey McConnell, Katrina McLaughlin, Fiona Lynn, Christopher Cardwell, Hannah-Jane Braiden, Jackie Boylan, Valerie Holmes
BACKGROUND: Although music therapy (MT) is considered an effective intervention for young people with mental health needs, its efficacy in clinical settings is unclear. We therefore examined the efficacy of MT in clinical practice. METHODS: Two hundred and fifty-one child (8-16 years, with social, emotional, behavioural and developmental difficulties) and parent dyads from six Child and Adolescent Mental Health Service community care facilities in Northern Ireland were randomised to 12 weekly sessions of MT plus usual care [n = 123; 76 in final analyses] or usual care alone [n = 128; 105 in final analyses]...
October 27, 2016: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27786353/longitudinal-study-of-cerebral-surface-morphology-in-youth-with-22q11-2-deletion-syndrome-and-association-with-positive-symptoms-of-psychosis
#10
Petya D Radoeva, Ravi Bansal, Kevin M Antshel, Wanda Fremont, Bradley S Peterson, Wendy R Kates
BACKGROUND: 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11DS) is a genetic disorder that greatly increases risk of developing schizophrenia. We previously characterized cerebral surface morphology trajectories from late childhood to mid adolescence in a cohort of youth with 22q11DS. Herein, we extend the study period into early adulthood, and describe further the trajectories associated with severe psychiatric symptoms in this cohort. METHODS: Participants included 76 youth with 22q11DS and 30 unaffected siblings, assessed at three timepoints, during which high resolution, anatomic magnetic resonance images were acquired...
October 27, 2016: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782299/association-between-irritability-and-bias-in-attention-orienting-to-threat-in-children-and-adolescents
#11
Giovanni A Salum, Karin Mogg, Brendan P Bradley, Argyris Stringaris, Ary Gadelha, Pedro M Pan, Luis A Rohde, Guilherme V Polanczyk, Gisele G Manfro, Daniel S Pine, Ellen Leibenluft
BACKGROUND: Irritability, a frequent complaint in children with psychiatric disorders, reflects increased predisposition to anger. Preliminary work in pediatric clinical samples links irritability to attention bias to threat, and the current study examines this association in a large population-based sample. METHODS: We studied 1,872 children (ages 6-14) using the Development and Well-Being Assessment (DAWBA), Childhood Behavior Checklist (CBCL), and dot-probe tasks...
October 26, 2016: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27778344/research-review-neural-response-to-threat-in-children-adolescents-and-adults-after-child-maltreatment-a-quantitative-meta-analysis
#12
Tyler C Hein, Christopher S Monk
BACKGROUND: Child maltreatment is common and has long-term consequences for affective function. Investigations of neural consequences of maltreatment have focused on the amygdala. However, developmental neuroscience indicates that other brain regions are also likely to be affected by child maltreatment, particularly in the social information processing network (SIPN). We conducted a quantitative meta-analysis to: confirm that maltreatment is related to greater bilateral amygdala activation in a large sample that was pooled across studies; investigate other SIPN structures that are likely candidates for altered function; and conduct a data-driven examination to identify additional regions that show altered activation in maltreated children, teens, and adults...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27739065/food-fussiness-and-food-neophobia-share-a-common-etiology-in-early-childhood
#13
Andrea D Smith, Moritz Herle, Alison Fildes, Lucy Cooke, Silje Steinsbekk, Clare H Llewellyn
BACKGROUND: 'Food fussiness' (FF) is the tendency to be highly selective about which foods one is willing to eat, and emerges in early childhood; 'food neophobia' (FN) is a closely related characteristic but specifically refers to rejection of unfamiliar food. These behaviors are associated, but the extent to which their etiological architecture overlaps is unknown. The objective of this study was to quantify the relative contribution of genetic and environmental influences to variation in FF and FN in early childhood; and to establish the extent to which they share common genetic and environmental influences...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27726127/a-drd4-gene-by-maternal-sensitivity-interaction-predicts-risk-for-overweight-or-obesity-in-two-independent-cohorts-of-preschool-children
#14
Robert D Levitan, Pauline Jansen, Barbara Wendland, Henning Tiemeier, Vincent W Jaddoe, Patricia P Silveira, James L Kennedy, Leslie Atkinson, Alison Fleming, Marla Sokolowski, Helene Gaudreau, Meir Steiner, Laurette Dubé, Jill Hamilton, Ellen Moss, Ashley Wazana, Michael Meaney
BACKGROUND: Recent evidence suggests that early exposure to low maternal sensitivity is a risk factor for obesity in children and adolescents. A separate line of study shows that the seven-repeat (7R) allele of the dopamine-4 receptor gene (DRD4) increases susceptibility to environmental factors including maternal sensitivity. The current study integrates these lines of work by examining whether preschoolers carrying the 7R allele are more vulnerable to low maternal sensitivity as it relates to overweight/obesity risk...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27718248/a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-of-the-impact-of-cogmed-working-memory-training-on-both-academic-performance-and-regulation-of-social-emotional-and-behavioural-challenges
#15
Caitlin Hitchcock, Martin S Westwell
BACKGROUND: We explored whether school-based Cogmed Working Memory Training (CWMT) may optimise both academic and psychological outcomes at school. Training of executive control skills may form a novel approach to enhancing processes that predict academic achievement, such as task-related attention, and thereby academic performance, but also has the potential to improve the regulation of emotion, social problems and behavioural difficulties. METHODS: Primary school children (Mean age = 12 years, N = 148) were cluster-randomised to complete active CWMT, a nonadaptive/placebo version of CWMT, or no training...
October 8, 2016: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27709604/annual-research-review-quality-of-life-and-childhood-mental-and-behavioural-disorders-a-critical-review-of-the-research
#16
Ulf Jonsson, Iman Alaie, Anna Löfgren Wilteus, Eric Zander, Peter B Marschik, David Coghill, Sven Bölte
BACKGROUND: An individual's subjective perception of well-being is increasingly recognized as an essential complement to clinical symptomatology and functional impairment in children's mental health. Measurement of quality of life (QoL) has the potential to give due weight to the child's perspective. SCOPE AND METHODOLOGY: Our aim was to critically review the current evidence on how childhood mental disorders affect QoL. First, the major challenges in this research field are outlined...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27678110/parenting-and-cognitive-and-psychomotor-delay-due-to-small-for-gestational-age-birth
#17
Xiuhong Li, Rina D Eiden, Leonard H Epstein, Edmond D Shenassa, Chuanbo Xie, Xiaozhong Wen
BACKGROUND: To examine whether different dimensions of parenting at different ages help small-for-gestational-age (SGA) children 'catch-up' the normal children in cognition and psychomotor. METHODS: We analyzed data of 800 children born SGA and 3,000 children born appropriate-for-gestational-age (AGA) from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth cohort. The Two Bag Task was used to measure 2-year or 4-year parenting dimensions. Children's reading, math, gross motor, and fine motor scores were assessed at 5 years...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27678006/children-with-adhd-symptoms-show-decreased-activity-in-ventral-striatum-during-the-anticipation-of-reward-irrespective-of-adhd-diagnosis
#18
Branko M van Hulst, Patrick de Zeeuw, Dienke J Bos, Yvonne Rijks, Sebastiaan F W Neggers, Sarah Durston
BACKGROUND: Changes in reward processing are thought to be involved in the etiology of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), as well as other developmental disorders. In addition, different forms of therapy for ADHD rely on reinforcement principles. As such, improved understanding of reward processing in ADHD could eventually lead to more effective treatment options. However, differences in reward processing may not be specific to ADHD, but may be a trans-diagnostic feature of disorders that involve ADHD-like symptoms...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677901/reduced-tract-integrity-of-the-model-for-social-communication-is-a-neural-substrate-of-social-communication-deficits-in-autism-spectrum-disorder
#19
Yu-Chun Lo, Yu-Jen Chen, Yung-Chin Hsu, Wen-Yih Isaac Tseng, Susan Shur-Fen Gau
BACKGROUND: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder with social communication deficits as one of the core symptoms. Recently, a five-level model for the social communication has been proposed in which white matter tracts corresponding to each level of the model are identified. Given that the model for social communication subserves social language functions, we hypothesized that the tract integrity of the model for social communication may be reduced in ASD, and the reduction may be related to social communication deficits...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677771/complex-ptsd-as-proposed-for-icd-11-validation-of-a-new-disorder-in-children-and-adolescents-and-their-response-to-trauma-focused-cognitive-behavioral-therapy
#20
Cedric Sachser, Ferdinand Keller, Lutz Goldbeck
BACKGROUND: To evaluate whether the symptoms of children and adolescents with clinically significant posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) form classes consistent with the diagnostic criteria of complex PTSD (CPTSD) as proposed for the ICD-11, and to relate the emerging classes with treatment outcome of Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (TF-CBT). METHODS: Latent classes analysis (LCA) was used to explore the symptom profiles of the clinical baseline assessment of N = 155 children and adolescents participating in a randomized controlled trial of TF-CBT...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
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