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Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30207392/adolescent-self-harm-with-and-without-suicidality-cross-sectional-and-longitudinal-analyses-of-a-swedish-regional-register
#1
Johan Bjureberg, Anna Ohlis, Brjánn Ljótsson, Brian M D'Onofrio, Erik Hedman-Lagerlöf, Jussi Jokinen, Hanna Sahlin, Paul Lichtenstein, Martin Cederlöf, Clara Hellner
BACKGROUND: Self-harm is common and there is a need for studies that investigate the relevance of this behavior in clinical samples to inform risk assessment and treatment. The objectives in the current studies were to compare clinical and psychosocial correlates and subsequent adverse outcomes in youth who present to child and adolescent mental health services (CAMHS) with self-harm only (SH), self-harm with suicidality (SH+SU), with those without any indication of SH or SH+SU. METHODS: We conducted a case-control study and a longitudinal cohort study using data from a regional clinical care register, and Swedish national registers...
September 12, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30203840/preventive-parenting-intervention-during-childhood-and-young-black-adults-unhealthful-behaviors-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Gene H Brody, Tianyi Yu, Gregory E Miller, Katherine B Ehrlich, Edith Chen
OBJECTIVE: Lifestyle variables such as drug use and excessive weight gain contribute to adult morbidity and mortality. This study was designed to determine whether participation in a preventive intervention designed to enhance supportive parenting can reduce drug use and body mass index (BMI) in young Black adults from disadvantaged neighborhoods. METHOD: This study was conducted in the rural southeastern United States. Black parents and their 11-year-old children (517 families) were assigned randomly to the Strong African American Families (SAAF) prevention trial or a control condition...
September 11, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30178543/bidirectional-relationship-between-eating-disorders-and-autoimmune-diseases
#3
Anna Hedman, Lauren Breithaupt, Christopher Hübel, Laura M Thornton, Annika Tillander, Claes Norring, Andreas Birgegård, Henrik Larsson, Jonas F Ludvigsson, Lars Sävendahl, Catarina Almqvist, Cynthia M Bulik
BACKGROUND: Immune system dysfunction may be associated with eating disorders (ED) and could have implications for detection, risk assessment, and treatment of both autoimmune diseases and EDs. However, questions regarding the nature of the relationship between these two disease entities remain. We evaluated the strength of associations for the bidirectional relationships between EDs and autoimmune diseases. METHODS: In this nationwide population-based study, Swedish registers were linked to establish a cohort of more than 2...
September 3, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30176050/editorial-perspective-delayed-circadian-rhythm-phase-a-cause-of-late-onset-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-among-adolescents
#4
EDITORIAL
Jessica R Lunsford-Avery, Scott H Kollins
Late-onset attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has been a topic of significant debate within our field. One question focuses on whether there may be alternative explanations for the onset of inattentive and/or hyperactive symptoms in adolescence. Adolescence is a developmental period associated with a normative circadian rhythm phase delay, and there is significant overlap in the behavioral and cognitive manifestations and genetic underpinnings of ADHD and circadian misalignment. Delayed circadian rhythm phase is also common among individuals with traditionally diagnosed ADHD, and exposure to bright light may be protective against ADHD, a process potentially mediated by improved circadian timing...
September 3, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30159911/violence-exposure-in-an-urban-city-a-gxe-interaction-with-aggressive-and-impulsive-behaviors
#5
Rashelle J Musci, Amie F Bettencourt, Danielle Sisto, Brion Maher, Katherine Masyn, Nicholas S Ialongo
BACKGROUND: Previous research has demonstrated a reciprocal relationship between community violence exposure and disruptive behavior problems among youth. No study to date, however, has explored the potential interaction between violence exposure in early adolescence and genetics. METHODS: We explore the gene x environment interaction's impact on teacher-rated aggressive and impulsive behaviors. Violence exposure during the middle school years was assessed using self-report...
August 30, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30144077/annual-research-review-the-state-of-implementation-science-in-child-psychology-and-psychiatry-a-review-and-suggestions-to-advance-the-field
#6
REVIEW
Nathaniel J Williams, Rinad S Beidas
BACKGROUND: Scientists have developed evidence-based interventions that improve the symptoms and functioning of youth with psychiatric disorders; however, these interventions are rarely used in community settings. Eliminating this research-to-practice gap is the purview of implementation science, the discipline devoted to the study of methods to promote the use of evidence-based practices in routine care. METHODS: We review studies that have tested factors associated with implementation in child psychology and psychiatry, explore applications of social science theories to implementation, and conclude with recommendations to advance implementation science through the development and testing of novel, multilevel, causal theories...
August 25, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30144072/understanding-comorbidity-of-learning-disorders-task-dependent-estimates-of-prevalence
#7
Kristina Moll, Karin Landerl, Margaret J Snowling, Gerd Schulte-Körne
BACKGROUND: Reading disorder (RD) and mathematics disorder (MD) frequently co-occur. However, the exact comorbidity rates differ largely between studies. Given that MD is characterised by high heterogeneity on the symptom level, differences in comorbidity rates may result from different mathematical subskills used to define MD. Comorbidity rates with RD are likely to be higher when MD is measured by mathematical subskills that do not only build on number processing, but also require language (i...
August 25, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30136734/investigating-the-effects-of-cesarean-delivery-and-antibiotic-use-in-early-childhood-on-risk-of-later-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#8
Paul Bryde Axelsson, Tine Dalsgaard Clausen, Anne Helby Petersen, Ida Hageman, Anja Pinborg, Lars Vedel Kessing, Thomas Bergholt, Steen Christian Rasmussen, Niels Keiding, Ellen Christine Leth Løkkegaard
BACKGROUND: Increasing attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) incidence has been proposed to be caused by factors influencing microbiota in early life. We investigated the potential causality between ADHD and two surrogate markers for changes in children's microbiota: birth delivery mode and early childhood antibiotic use. METHOD: This population-based, prospective cohort study linked nationwide registers of data for native Danish singleton live births in Denmark from 1997 to 2010...
August 23, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30136726/maternal-infection-requiring-hospitalization-during-pregnancy-and-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-offspring-a-quasi-experimental-family-based-study
#9
Ylva Ginsberg, Brian M D'Onofrio, Martin E Rickert, Quetzal A Class, Mina A Rosenqvist, Catarina Almqvist, Paul Lichtenstein, Henrik Larsson
BACKGROUND: Maternal infection during pregnancy (IDP) has been associated with increased risk of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in offspring. However, infection is associated with social adversity, poor living conditions and other background familial factors. As such, there is a need to rule out whether the observed association between maternal IDP and ADHD might be attributed to such confounding. METHODS: This nationwide population-based cohort study using a family-based, quasi-experimental design included 1,066,956 individuals born in Sweden between 1992 and 2002...
August 23, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30125943/sex-differences-in-global-and-local-connectivity-of-adolescent-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms
#10
Xing Cao, Li Wang, Chengqi Cao, Ruojiao Fang, Chen Chen, Brain J Hall, Jon D Elhai
BACKGROUND: Sex differences in youth's posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptomatology have not been well studied. METHODS: Based on a recently burgeoning theory of psychopathology networks, this study conducted sex comparisons of global and local connectivity of PTSD symptoms in a sample of 868 disaster-exposed adolescents (57.0% girls; a mean age of 13.4 ± 0.8 years) with significant PTSD symptomatology evaluated by the UCLA PTSD Reaction Index for DSM-IV...
August 20, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30055002/the-impact-of-school-support-on-depression-among-adolescent-orphans-a-cluster-randomized-trial-in-kenya
#11
Eric P Green, Hyunsan Cho, John Gallis, Eve S Puffer
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to determine if a school support intervention for adolescent orphans in Kenya had effects on mental health, a secondary outcome. METHODS: In this paper, we analyzed data from a 4-year cluster-randomized trial of a school support intervention (school uniforms, school fees, and nurse visits) conducted with orphaned adolescents in Siaya County, western Kenya, who were about to transition to secondary school. 26 primary schools were randomized (1:1) to intervention (410 students) or control (425 students) arms...
July 28, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30052268/do-parenting-behaviors-modify-the-way-sensation-seeking-influences-antisocial-behaviors
#12
Mayumi Okuda, Silvia S Martins, Melanie M Wall, Chen Chen, Julian Santaella-Tenorio, Maria Ramos-Olazagasti, Chiaying Wei, Glorisa Canino, Hector R Bird, Cristiane S Duarte
BACKGROUND: Parenting behaviors have been shown to moderate the association between sensation seeking and antisocial behaviors. METHODS: Data were obtained from the Boricua Youth Study, a longitudinal study of 2,491 Puerto Rican youth living in the South Bronx, New York, and the metropolitan area of San Juan, Puerto Rico. First, we examined the prospective relationship between sensation seeking and antisocial behaviors across 3 yearly waves and whether this relationship varied by sociodemographic factors...
July 27, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30024024/bi-directional-longitudinal-associations-between-different-types-of-bullying-victimization-suicide-ideation-attempts-and-depression-among-a-large-sample-of-european-adolescents
#13
Anat Brunstein Klomek, Shira Barzilay, Alan Apter, Vladimir Carli, Christina W Hoven, Marco Sarchiapone, Gergö Hadlaczky, Judit Balazs, Agnes Kereszteny, Romuald Brunner, Michael Kaess, Julio Bobes, Pilar A Saiz, Doina Cosman, Christian Haring, Raphaela Banzer, Elaine McMahon, Helen Keeley, Jean-Pierre Kahn, Vita Postuvan, Tina Podlogar, Merike Sisask, Airi Varnik, Danuta Wasserman
BACKGROUND: The association between bullying victimization and depression, suicide ideation and suicide attempts has been studied mainly in cross-sectional studies. This study aims to test the bidirectional effect and the chronicity versus sporadic effect of physical, verbal, and relational bullying victimization on suicidal ideation/attempts and depression. METHODS: Longitudinal assessments with an interval of 3- and 12-months were performed within a sample of 2,933 adolescents (56...
July 19, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29999186/the-role-of-birth-weight-on-the-causal-pathway-to-child-and-adolescent-adhd-symptomatology-a-population-based-twin-differences-longitudinal-design
#14
Kai Xiang Lim, Chao-Yu Liu, Tabea Schoeler, Charlotte A M Cecil, Edward D Barker, Essi Viding, Corina U Greven, Jean-Baptiste Pingault
BACKGROUND: Available evidence points towards lower birth weight as a risk factor for the development of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms. We probed the causal nature of this putative effect of birth weight on ADHD symptoms using the twin differences design, which accounts for genetic and shared environmental confounds. METHOD: In a large population-based twin sample - 3,499 monozygotic (MZ) and 6,698 dizygotic (DZ) pairs - parents, teachers or twins rated the twins' ADHD symptoms at nine assessment waves (2-16 years)...
July 12, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29989664/childhood-high-frequency-eeg-activity-during-sleep-is-associated-with-incident-insomnia-symptoms-in-adolescence
#15
Julio Fernandez-Mendoza, Yun Li, Jidong Fang, Susan L Calhoun, Alexandros N Vgontzas, Duanping Liao, Edward O Bixler
BACKGROUND: Insomnia has been associated in cross-sectional studies with increased beta (15-35 Hz) electroencephalogram (EEG) power during nonrapid eye movement (NREM) sleep, an index of cortical hyperarousal. However, it is unknown whether this cortical hyperarousal is present before individuals with insomnia develop the disorder. To fill this gap, we examined the association of childhood sleep high-frequency EEG activity with incident insomnia symptoms (i.e., absence of insomnia symptoms in childhood but presence in adolescence)...
July 10, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29989661/infant-wake-after-sleep-onset-serves-as-a-marker-for-different-trajectories-in-cognitive-development
#16
Manuela Pisch, Frank Wiesemann, Annette Karmiloff-Smith
BACKGROUND: Sleep variables have been linked to improved functioning of learning and memory throughout life, with most studies focusing on older children and adults. Since infancy is a time of outstanding plasticity, sleep variables could be particularly important for cognitive development in that age group. METHODS: This is a longitudinal study collecting data from 40 infants at four different time points of 4, 6, 8 and 10 months. Sleep variables were assessed using actigraphy for a week, as well as a sleep questionnaire...
July 10, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29978904/reduced-reward-responsiveness-moderates-the-effect-of-maternal-depression-on-depressive-symptoms-in-offspring-evidence-across-levels-of-analysis
#17
Autumn Kujawa, Greg Hajcak, Daniel N Klein
BACKGROUND: Reduced reward responsiveness (RR) may contribute to depression vulnerability. At the neurophysiological level, RR is reliably and validly assessed using the reward positivity (RewP) event-related potential component. We previously identified a blunted RewP in 9-year-old children at high risk for depression due to maternal depression, but the role of RR in pathways from parental history to the development of depressive symptoms has not been examined. METHODS: At age 9, never-depressed children (N = 369) completed a task in which RewP was measured in response to monetary reward and loss feedback...
July 6, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29963711/differentiating-typical-from-atypical-perpetration-of-sibling-directed-aggression-during-the-preschool-years
#18
Melanie A Dirks, Holly E Recchia, Ryne Estabrook, Nina Howe, Amelie Petitclerc, James L Burns, Margaret J Briggs-Gowan, Lauren S Wakschlag
BACKGROUND: Sibling aggression is common and often viewed as benign. Although sibling aggression can be harmful for the victims, it may also be a marker of clinical risk for the aggressor. We differentiated typical from atypical levels of perpetration of sibling-directed aggression among preschoolers, a developmental period in which aggression is a normative misbehavior, by (a) identifying how frequently aggressive behaviors targeted at a sibling must occur to be psychometrically atypical; (b) mapping the dimensional spectrum of sibling-directed aggression from typical, more commonly occurring behaviors to rarer, more atypical, actions; and (c) comparing the psychometric atypicality and typical-to-atypical spectrum of sibling-directed aggression and peer-directed aggression...
July 2, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29963709/early-developmental-pathways-to-childhood-symptoms-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-anxiety-and-autism-spectrum-disorder
#19
Elizabeth Shephard, Rachael Bedford, Bosiljka Milosavljevic, Teodora Gliga, Emily J H Jones, Andrew Pickles, Mark H Johnson, Tony Charman
BACKGROUND: Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) often have co-occurring symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and/or anxiety. It is unclear whether these disorders arise from shared or distinct developmental pathways. We explored this question by testing the specificity of early-life (infant and toddler) predictors of mid-childhood ADHD and anxiety symptoms compared to ASD symptoms. METHODS: Infants (n = 104) at high and low familial risk for ASD took part in research assessments at 7, 14, 24 and 38 months, and 7 years of age...
July 2, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29963708/elementary-school-children-s-associations-of-antisocial-behaviour-with-risk-taking-across-7-11-years
#20
Jacintha M Tieskens, J Marieke Buil, Susanne Koot, Lydia Krabbendam, Pol A C van Lier
BACKGROUND: The impact of childhood antisocial behaviour on future maladaptation has been acknowledged. Risk-taking has been associated with antisocial behaviour in adolescents and adults, but its association with childhood antisocial behaviour is understudied. In this study, we explored the association of children's risk-taking with antisocial behaviour in mainstream elementary schoolchildren studied longitudinally across 7-11 years. METHODS: One thousand and eighty-six children (51% boys) were assessed in three annual waves...
July 2, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
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