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June 19, 2017: Gerontologist
Naoko Muramatsu, Lijuan Yin, Michael L Berbaum, David X Marquez, Donald A Jurivich, Joseph P Zanoni, Katya Y Cruz Madrid, Surrey M Walton
Purpose: Regular physical activity (PA) benefits older adults. However, frail older adults lack opportunities to be physically active. This pilot study aimed to test and enhance the feasibility of a PA program delivered by home care aides (HCAs) for community-dwelling older adults in a Medicaid-funded home care setting and to generate preliminary efficacy and cost data. Design and Methods: HCAs were trained to deliver a brief motivational enhancement and three chair-bound movements to motivate their older clients to do PA daily and to help maintain their independence in the community...
June 17, 2017: Gerontologist
Barbara J Lutz, Allyson G Hall, Sean B Vanhille, Andrea L Jones, Jessica R Schumacher, Phyllis Hendry, Jeffrey S Harman, Donna L Carden
Background and Objectives: Older adults seeking emergency department (ED) care often have multiple, complex chronic conditions. We sought to understand factors that influence ED care-seeking by older adults and present a theoretical framework illustrating this process. Research Design and Methods: In this grounded theory study, we interviewed 40 older adults with chronic illness within 90 days of an ED visit to explore their decision-making about seeking ED care...
June 17, 2017: Gerontologist
Tau Ming Liew, Beow Im Yeap, Gerald Choon-Huat Koh, Mihir Gandhi, Kheng Siew Tan, Nan Luo, Philip Yap
Background and Objectives: Coping with predeath grief (PDG) is an unmet need in caregivers of persons with dementia (PWD). The Marwit-Meuser Caregiver Grief Inventory (MM-CGI) and its abbreviated MM-CGI-Short-Form (MM-CGI-SF) are among the few empirically developed scales that detect PDG, yet they have not been substantially validated outside United States. We evaluated the reliability and validity of the PDG scales in a multiethnic Asian population distinct from that of United States...
June 15, 2017: Gerontologist
Nuria Esandi, Mike Nolan, Cristina Alfaro, Ana Canga-Armayor
Background and Objectives: Historically, research, practice, and policy on Alzheimer's family care has been largely focused on dyadic relationships and the experience of burden and stress, often failing to capture the complex caring dynamics as they unfold over time. This study sought to develop a more nuanced understanding of how people with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and their families are affected by the disease and how they respond to the challenges AD poses. Research Design and Methods: Using constructivist grounded theory, the study explored the experiences of living with AD for native Spanish families residing in Navarra...
June 15, 2017: Gerontologist
Elena O Siegel, Debra Bakerjian, Leehu Zysberg
Background and Objectives: This article describes nursing home (NH) leaders' involvement in quality improvement (QI) decisions, with an emphasis on the concept of alignment in QI decisions across leaders. Research Design and Methods: We used a qualitative approach and semistructured interviews to collect data from a convenience sample of 39 NH leaders, including corporate/executive-level leaders and facility-level leaders. Thematic analysis was used to inductively capture key patterns in data...
June 9, 2017: Gerontologist
Alexander L Janus, Pamela Doty
Background and Objectives: We examine trends in informal care from the perspective of both community-dwelling disabled older Americans and their caregivers from 1982 to 2012. We decompose hours of care received from spouses and children according to changes in: (a) the number of potential spousal and child caregivers ("family structure"), (b) the likelihood that existing spouses and children are caregivers ("caregiving propensity"), and (c) the amount of care provided by individual caregivers ("time burden")...
June 7, 2017: Gerontologist
Esteban Calvo, Ignacio Madero-Cabib, Ursula M Staudinger
Purpose of the Study: A destandardization of labor-force patterns revolving around retirement has been observed in recent literature. It is unclear, however, to which degree and of which kind. This study looked at sequences rather than individual statuses or transitions and argued that differentiating older Americans' retirement sequences by type, order, and timing and considering gender, class, and race differences yields a less destandardized picture. Design and Methods: Sequence analysis was employed to analyze panel data from the Health and Retirement Study (HRS) for 7,881 individuals observed 6 consecutive times between ages 60-61 and 70-71...
June 6, 2017: Gerontologist
Anna Wanka
Background and Objectives: Empirical research indicates that engagement with public space decreases with age. Why do some older adults withdraw from the public, and which role does the (urban) environment play in spatial (dis-)engagement? Environmental gerontology's model of person-environment (PE) fit suggests an interrelation between agency and belonging and their causal effects on identity and wellbeing in later life. However, there is little research on how these dimensions are actually related...
June 3, 2017: Gerontologist
Sandra F Simmons, Chris S Coelho, Andrew Sandler, Avantika S Shah, John F Schnelle
Background and Objectives: To describe (a) the unlicensed staff time necessary to provide quality activities of daily living (ADL) care to residents receiving dementia care within an assisted living facility and (b) a staff management approach to maintain quality ADL care. Research Design and Methods: Supervisory staff used a standardized observational method to measure ADL care quality and the staff time to provide care during the morning and evening across 12 consecutive months...
June 2, 2017: Gerontologist
Sojung Park, BoRin Kim, Eunsun Kwon
Background and Objectives: This study focuses on vulnerable elders (i.e., those with moderate or low incomes who live alone) and examines to what extent a senior housing environment moderates the effects of multiple chronic conditions (MCCs) on hospitalization over time. Research Design and Methods: Data came from six waves (2002-2012) of the Health Retirement Study (N = 1,401 individuals, 3,705 observations). Mixed-effect multinomial logistic regression modeling estimated the effects of senior housing on changes in hospitalization...
June 2, 2017: Gerontologist
Takemi Sugiyama, Ester Cerin, Mozammel Mridha, Mohammad Javad Koohsari, Neville Owen
Background and Objectives: To examine prospective associations of perceived attributes of local destinations and routes with middle-to-older aged adults' 4-year changes in walking for transport (WT) and walking for recreation (WR). Research Design and Methods: Data were collected from adults aged 50-64 years old, living in Adelaide, Australia. Participants (N = 454) reported weekly frequency of WT and WR at baseline (2003-2004) and follow-up (2007-2008). Attributes of local destinations and routes were based on self-reported measures at baseline and included: proximity to utilitarian and recreational destinations, the number of such destinations within 10 and 11-20 min walk from home, street connectivity, and walking paths...
June 2, 2017: Gerontologist
Marc A Garcia, Joseph L Saenz, Brian Downer, Chi-Tsun Chiu, Sunshine Rote, Rebeca Wong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2017: Gerontologist
Jim VandenBosch
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 30, 2017: Gerontologist
Sandra F Simmons, Kemberlee R Bonnett, Emily Hollingsworth, Jennifer Kim, James Powers, Ralf Habermann, Paul Newhouse, David G Schlundt
Background and Objectives: The purpose of this study was to use qualitative methods to explore nursing home staff perceptions of antipsychotic medication use and identify both benefits and barriers to reducing inappropriate use from their perspective. Research Design and Methods: Focus groups were conducted with a total of 29 staff in three community nursing homes that served both short and long-stay resident populations. Results: The majority (69%) of the staff participants were licensed nurses...
May 30, 2017: Gerontologist
Marian Tzuang, Jocelynn T Owusu, Adam P Spira, Marilyn S Albert, George W Rebok
Purpose of the Study: Interest in cognitive training for healthy older adults to reduce cognitive decline has grown considerably over the past few decades. Given the shift toward a more diverse society, the purpose of this review is to examine the extent of race/ethnic minority participation in cognitive training studies and characteristics of studies that included race/ethnic minority participants. Design and Methods: This review considered peer-reviewed studies reporting cognitive training studies for cognitively healthy, community-dwelling older adults (age 55+) in the United States published in English before December 31, 2015...
May 30, 2017: Gerontologist
Jooyoung Kong
Background and Objectives: This study examines a sample of filial caregivers to investigate whether and how a history of childhood abuse is associated with caregivers' mental health (i.e., depressed affect, psychological well-being, and life satisfaction). This study also investigates the mediational role of self-esteem between caring for an abusive parent and the mental health outcomes. Research Design and Methods: Using the 2004-2006 National Survey of Midlife Development in the United States, data from 219 filial caregivers were analyzed...
May 26, 2017: Gerontologist
Brooke Hollister, Jason D Flatt, Susan A Chapman
Background and Objectives: This study describes the program requirements, workforce competencies, and barriers for dementia capable care coordination within health plans from seven states participating in the Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services demonstration programs for dually-eligible Medicare and Medicaid beneficiaries. Research Design and Methods: Data came from contracts, policy documents, and 24 semistructured key informant interviews with national experts and leaders from community-based organizations, advocacy organizations, researchers, federal and state government, and health plans in the seven states...
May 25, 2017: Gerontologist
Jo-Ana D Chase, Karen B Hirschman, Alexandra L Hanlon, Liming Huang, Kathryn H Bowles, Mary D Naylor
Background and Objectives: To identify determinants of self-reported physical functioning (PF) among older adults new to long-term services and supports (LTSS). Research Design and Method: Using the International Classification of Function, Disability, and Health (ICF) framework, we conducted a secondary analysis of self-reported data on symptoms, basic/instrumental activities of daily living, quality of life, assistive devices, physical therapy needs, prior healthcare utilization, health status, and demographics from 470 older adults new to LTSS (Home/Community-Based n = 156; Assisted Living n = 156; Nursing Home n = 158)...
May 25, 2017: Gerontologist
Sung S Park
Background and Objectives: Parents who experience life events with negative economic consequences may rely on adult children for financial assistance. This study provided national estimates of Black and White mothers' financial help from adult children. It also examined whether the Black-White difference in the likelihood of a mother's receipt of financial assistance persisted after accounting for life events reflecting parental need and children's ability to provide help. Research Design and Methods: The Health and Retirement Study was used to examine late middle aged (51-70) Black and White mothers' financial help from adult children...
May 23, 2017: Gerontologist
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