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Anna M Hammersmith
Purpose: Parents' and children's lives are interwoven over the life course. Parents' positivity and negativity toward children relate to children's and parents' transitions, although the nature of this relationship is unclear. This study investigated the extent to which transitions-like those tied to residence, unions, employment, parenthood, and health-related to parents' positivity and negativity. Method: This study used the Health and Retirement Study's Psychosocial Survey from 2006 and 2010 to examine how parents' and children's transitions related to parents' positivity and negativity toward children...
March 14, 2018: Gerontologist
Ann M Steffen, Dolores Gallagher-Thompson, Katherine M Arenella, Alma Au, Sheung-Tak Cheng, María Crespo, Victoria Cristancho-Lacroix, Javier López, Andrés Losada-Baltar, María Márquez-González, Celia Nogales-González, Rosa Romero-Moreno
Background and Objectives: This article reviews an instrument used in cross-national research with dementia family caregivers-the Revised Scale for Caregiving Self-Efficacy (RSCSE). Although the RSCSE has been translated into multiple languages, few studies have examined scale performance across samples. We examine congruence of psychometric, reliability, and validity data to inform research and practice. Methods: We conducted citation searches using Scopus, Google Scholar, Web of Science, and PsycINFO...
March 12, 2018: Gerontologist
Lyndsey M Miller, Carol J Whitlatch, Christopher S Lee, Michael S Caserta
Background and Objectives: Persons with dementia (PWDs) often place greater importance on their care values (i.e., maintaining autonomy and social relations, choosing caregivers, avoiding being a burden) than family caregivers (CGs) perceive, which can detract from dementia care planning (e.g., care arrangements or surrogate decisions). Notable variability has been found across family care dyads (PWD and CG) in their perceptions of care values, suggesting that there may be multiple patterns of perception...
March 12, 2018: Gerontologist
Linda W Samia, Ann O'Sullivan, Kate Cole Fallon, AbouEl-Makarim Aboueissa, Kenneth W Hepburn
Background and Objectives: The Savvy Advanced psychoeducation program was designed for previously trained caregivers of persons living with dementia to refine their problem-solving and planning skills and enhance their sense of self-efficacy as dementia progressed for the care recipient. Implementation, feasibility, participant satisfaction, and perceived program benefits were also evaluated. Research Design and Methods: A total of 100 dementia family caregivers participated in the 12-month evaluation of Savvy Advanced...
March 12, 2018: Gerontologist
Dexia Kong, Mengting Li, Jinjiao Wang, Joan K Davitt, Xinqi Dong
Background and Objectives: Depressive symptomatology is a significant predictor of increased health services utilization and health care cost in the general older adult population. However, there is scant information on the relationship between depressive symptoms and health service utilization among U.S. Chinese older adults. The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between depressive symptoms and physician visits, emergency department (ED) visits, and hospitalization...
March 12, 2018: Gerontologist
Danya E Keene, Ann Sarnak, Caitlin Coyle
Background and Objectives: Reverse mortgages are loans that allow older homeowners to borrow from their home equity with no repayment due until the borrower dies or moves out of the home. We currently know very little about how homeowners evaluate and experience reverse mortgages as solutions to their financial and housing needs in later life. Furthermore, despite an increasingly diverse population of reverse mortgage borrowers, we know little about how social inequalities may contribute to reverse mortgage decisions and their outcomes...
March 7, 2018: Gerontologist
Komal T Shaikh, Erica L Tatham, Preeyam K Parikh, Graham A McCreath, Jill B Rich, Angela K Troyer
Background and Objectives: Many healthy older adults experience age-related memory changes that can impact their day-to-day functioning. Qualitative interviews have been useful in gaining insight into the experience of older adults who are facing memory difficulties. To enhance this insight, there is a need for a reliable and valid measure that quantifies the impact of normal memory changes on daily living. The primary objective of this study was to develop and validate a new instrument, the Memory Impact Questionnaire (MIQ)...
March 7, 2018: Gerontologist
Almar A L Kok, Fenna van Nes, Dorly J H Deeg, Guy Widdershoven, Martijn Huisman
Background and Objectives: This qualitative study applied a resilience perspective to socioeconomic inequalities in the functioning of older adults. We aimed to gain insight into how some older adults managed to age successfully despite having a low socioeconomic position (SEP) throughout their lives. Research Design and Methods: Semistructured interviews were conducted with 11 resilient adults over the age of 79 years participating in the Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam, the Netherlands...
February 27, 2018: Gerontologist
Julie Lutz, Barry Edelstein, Emma Katz, Jarred V Gallegos
Background and Objectives: Older adults have elevated suicide rates, and identification of protective factors, such as reasons for living, is important in preventing suicide. The Reasons for Living-Older Adults scale (RFL-OA) is a 69-item measure of these protective factors in late life, which yields good psychometric properties. However, its length limits its utility in some clinical and research contexts where a shorter measure is ideal. The objective of this study was to create a shortened version of the RFL-OA...
February 26, 2018: Gerontologist
Jim VandenBosch
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 26, 2018: Gerontologist
Rick J Scheidt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 26, 2018: Gerontologist
Allyson Brothers, Martina Gabrian, Hans-Werner Wahl, Manfred Diehl
Background and Objectives: This two-study article describes the development and evaluation of a multidimensional questionnaire based on the subjective aging construct Awareness of Age-Related Change (AARC). AARC captures the inherent multidimensionality and complexity of aging attitudes, which are strongly linked to indicators of successful aging, including health and well-being. Research Design and Methods: In Study 1, we generated a large item pool related to subjective aging experiences and then evaluated the psychometric properties of a 189-item version of the AARC questionnaire in a sample of 396 adults aged 40-95 years...
February 26, 2018: Gerontologist
Michael D Hopkinson, James Reavell, Deirdre A Lane, Pavan Mallikarjun
Background and Objectives: There is limited evidence for the efficacy of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) in managing psychological morbidities in caregivers of dementia patients. To evaluate changes in dementia caregivers' depression, anxiety, and stress following CBT. Also to assess quality of life, intervention adherence/satisfaction and therapy effectiveness using different formats, frequencies, and delivery methods. Research Design and Methods: Studies were identified through electronic bibliographic searches (MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, PsycINFO, and the Cochrane Library) and from gray literature (Conference Proceedings Citation Index and clinicaltrials...
February 24, 2018: Gerontologist
Noortje Kloos, Hester R Trompetter, Ernst T Bohlmeijer, Gerben J Westerhof
Background and Objectives: As proposed by the self-determination theory, satisfying nursing home residents' needs for autonomy, relatedness, and competence may improve their well-being. This is the first study to test the longitudinal relations of the satisfaction of these three basic psychological needs to the subjective well-being of nursing home residents and to determine whether a balance among the satisfaction of the three needs is important for well-being. Research Design and Methods: Participants in this longitudinal survey study included 128 physically frail residents (mean age 85 years) at four Dutch nursing homes...
February 24, 2018: Gerontologist
Tine Buffel
Background and Objectives: A growing body of work suggests that co- or peer-research may contribute to understanding the complex health and social problems experienced in later life. Yet, only a limited number of studies have involved older persons as partners in the research process. Moreover, in conflict with the philosophy of participatory research, the views of those acting as coresearchers tend to be ignored. This paper gives an "insider" account of the process of coresearch, drawing upon the experiences of older people trained to undertake a community-based research project...
February 1, 2018: Gerontologist
Roman Kaspar, Martina Gabrian, Allyson Brothers, Hans-Werner Wahl, Manfred Diehl
Background and Objectives: Existing measures of subjective aging have been useful in predicting developmental outcomes. Unlike other constructs of subjective aging, Awareness of Age-Related Change (AARC) focuses on how adults' self-perceptions of aging result in an awareness of age-related gains and losses. We developed a 10-item short form (SF) of the existing 50-item AARC questionnaire as a reliable, valid, and parsimonious solution for use primarily in large-scale surveys but also in applied contexts...
February 1, 2018: Gerontologist
Kristie L Seelman
Background and Objectives: This study addresses a gap in the knowledge base regarding whether there are differences in mental, cognitive, and functional health between sexual minority women aged 65 and older and their heterosexual counterparts, as well as whether disparities are moderated by age, socioeconomic status, and race/ethnicity. Research Design and Methods: This study analyzes 2015 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System data from 21 states. Multivariate logistic regression is used to test the hypotheses...
February 1, 2018: Gerontologist
Siobhan K McMahon, Young Shin Park, Beth Lewis, Weihua Guan, J Michael Oakes, Jean F Wyman, Alexander J Rothman
Background and Objectives: Despite the availability of community resources, fall and inactivity rates remain high among older adults. Thus, in this article, we describe older adults' self-reported awareness and use of community resources targeting fall prevention and physical activity. Research Design and Methods: In-depth, semistructured interviews were conducted in Phase 1 with community center leaders (n = 5) and adults (n = 16) ≥70 years old whose experience with community programs varied...
February 1, 2018: Gerontologist
Phoebe Ullrich, Christian Werner, Martin Bongartz, Rainer Kiss, Jürgen Bauer, Klaus Hauer
Background and Objectives: To investigate the validity, reliability, sensitivity to change, and feasibility of a modified University of Alabama at Birmingham Study of Aging Life-Space Assessment (UAB-LSA) in older persons with cognitive impairment (CI). Research Design and Methods: The UAB-LSA was modified for use in persons with CI Life-Space Assessment for Persons with Cognitive Impairment (LSA-CI). Measurement properties of the LSA-CI were investigated using data of 118 multimorbid older participants with CI [mean age (SD): 82...
January 31, 2018: Gerontologist
Josephine A Menkin, Shu-Sha Angie Guan, Daniel Araiza, Carmen E Reyes, Laura Trejo, Sarah E Choi, Phyllis Willis, John Kotick, Elizabeth Jimenez, Sina Ma, Heather E McCreath, Emiley Chang, Tuff Witarama, Catherine A Sarkisian
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 31, 2018: Gerontologist
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