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Jim Vanden Bosch
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 17, 2018: Gerontologist
Oded Zafrani, Galit Nimrod
Background and Objectives: Implementation of robotics technology in eldercare depends on successful human-robot interaction (HRI). Relying on a systematic literature review, this article proposes a holistic approach to the study of such interaction. Research Design and Methods: A literature search was carried out in five databases. A Boolean phrase search included the term robot and at least one term referencing older age, leading to an initial corpus of 543 articles...
July 17, 2018: Gerontologist
Luca Kleineidam, Myriam V Thoma, Andreas Maercker, Horst Bickel, Edelgard Mösch, André Hajek, Hans-Helmut König, Marion Eisele, Tina Mallon, Tobias Luck, Susanne Röhr, Siegfried Weyerer, Jochen Werle, Michael Pentzek, Angela Fuchs, Birgitt Wiese, Silke Mamone, Martin Scherer, Wolfgang Maier, Steffi G Riedel-Heller, Michael Wagner
Background and Objectives: We examined the validity of 5 successful aging (SA) operationalizations that assessed different facets of the SA construct (cognitive and physical health and disability; well-being; social engagement). Research Design and Methods: A total of 2,478 participants (mean age = 82.5 years, standard deviation [SD] = 3.47) were studied. We used confirmatory factor analysis to investigate the relationships between facets and to determine the convergent validity as well as short-term (1...
July 17, 2018: Gerontologist
Rick J Scheidt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 11, 2018: Gerontologist
Mirjam Marjolein Garvelink, Leontine Groen-van de Ven, Carolien Smits, Rob Franken, Myrra Dassen-Vernooij, France Légaré
Background: Persons with dementia (PWDs) and their caregivers often face difficult housing decisions, that is, decisions about their living arrangements, in which the perspectives of all members of the care network should be involved. Objective: We performed a qualitative data analysis to assess the extent to which housing decisions for PWDs with their formal and informal caregivers correspond to an interprofessional shared decision making (IP-SDM) approach, and what light this approach sheds on their experiences with decision making...
July 10, 2018: Gerontologist
HeeSun Choi, Jonathan Kasko, Jing Feng
Background and Objectives : Mobility is a critical factor that influences older adults' independence and well-being. Older drivers may experience increased crash risks due to age-related cognitive declines. Ensuring safe driving practices among older drivers is important to maintain their mobility without sacrificing safety. Investigations for an effective assessment technology that can inform older drivers' risks associated with cognitive declines are warranted. This study aims to identify attentional deteriorations that may underlie crashes in various situations...
July 10, 2018: Gerontologist
Christina N Marsack, Faith P Hopp
Background and Objectives: Many adults with autism spectrum disorders require lifelong reliance on caregiver support. As these caregivers age and experience health challenges, social support can be critical. This study seeks to understand if caregiver health moderates the relationship between informal social support and caregiver burden. Research Design and Methods: A total of 320 parents (age 50+ years) of adult children diagnosed with ASD were recruited from autism organizations and support groups and completed a web-based survey...
July 5, 2018: Gerontologist
Israel Doron, Carole Cox, Benny Spanier
Background and Objectives: Over the last 2 decades, several international indices have been developed to describe the status of older persons. None, however, have examined their human rights. The International Older Persons' Human Rights Index (IOPHRI) fills in this gap by analyzing the formal legislative foundation of human rights for older people. The objective of this exploratory study is to examine the IOPHRI while comparing the legislation in 6 countries. Research Design and Methods: A comparative international exploratory study comparing the human rights legislation of 6 countries: United States, Chile, Ireland, South Africa, India, and Australia in 5 different human rights domains: constitutional, protection, familial and informal support, planning, and empowerment...
July 5, 2018: Gerontologist
Christine Stephens, Ágnes Szabó, Joanne Allen, Fiona Alpass
Background and Objectives: The WHO "Framework for Policy for Healthy Ageing' (2015) focuses on the broader environment and the support it provides for everyday functioning of older people. The concept of "livability" supports this framework by providing a conceptualization of environments that support good quality of life. Research Design and Methods: This observational study used an ecological framework of livability to assess cross-sectional relationships between living environments and perceived quality of life among 4,028 respondents, aged 50-89 years who were surveyed in 2016...
July 5, 2018: Gerontologist
Awatef Amer Nordin, Farizah Mohd Hairi, Wan Yuen Choo, Noran N Hairi
Background and Objectives: Caregiving outcomes have often been reported in terms of care recipients of single disease, rather than multiple health conditions. A systematic review was conducted to outline caregiving health outcomes and its association with care recipient multimorbidity for informal caregivers of older adults. Research Design and Methods: A search strategy was applied in six databases and grey literature. Inclusion criteria were primary observational studies on informal caregiving for care recipients aged 60 years and above, in the English language...
July 5, 2018: Gerontologist
Chin Chin Lee, Sara J Czaja, Jerad H Moxley, Joseph Sharit, Walter R Boot, Neil Charness, Wendy A Rogers
Background and Objectives: Regardless of the increased deployment of technologies in everyday living domains, barriers remain that hamper technology adoption by older adults. Understanding barriers to adoption such as individual differences in attitudes toward computers is important to the design of strategies to reduce age-related digital disparities. Research Design and Methods : This article reports a time-sequential analysis of data from the Edward R. Roybal Center on Human Factors and Aging Research and the Center for Research and Education on Aging and Technology Enhancement (CREATE) on computer attitudes among a large (N = 3,917), diverse sample of community-dwelling adults aged from 18 to 98 years...
July 5, 2018: Gerontologist
Joseph E Gaugler, Rachel Zmora, Lauren L Mitchell, Jessica M Finlay, Colleen M Peterson, Hayley McCarron, Eric Jutkowitz
Background and Objectives: This study aimed to evaluate if and how remote activity monitoring (RAM) improves caregiver outcomes for family members providing care for persons living with Alzheimer's disease or a related dementia (ADRD). Research Design and Methods: We conducted an embedded experimental mixed methods study of 132 persons living with ADRD and their family caregivers (n = 64 randomly assigned to RAM treatment condition). In addition to baseline and 6-month quantitative survey data on context of care, primary objective stressors, resources, self-efficacy/competence, and distress collected from caregivers, 6-month RAM review checklists contained open-ended, qualitative information on perceived acceptability of the technology...
July 5, 2018: Gerontologist
Karen Van Ooteghem, Kristin Musselman, David Gold, Meghan N Marcil, Ron Keren, Maria Carmela Tartaglia, Alastair J Flint, Andrea Iaboni
Background and Objectives: Mobility decline is a symptom of advanced dementia that affects function, safety, caregiving, and quality of life. Monitoring mobility status is essential for initiating timely and targeted interventions aimed at preventing excess disability in people with dementia (PWD). The physical, cognitive, and behavioral symptoms of dementia however, present unique challenges for mobility assessment. The goals of this review were to (a) identify and describe measures of mobility used for PWD and (b) assess measures' feasibility for use in people with advanced dementia; a group whose degree of cognitive impairment results in severe functional deficits...
July 5, 2018: Gerontologist
Raina L Croff, Phelps Witter Iv, Miya L Walker, Edline Francois, Charlie Quinn, Thomas C Riley, Nicole F Sharma, Jeffrey A Kaye
Background and Objectives: Multimodal interventions are increasingly targeting multiple cognitive decline risk factors. However, technology remains mostly adjunctive, largely prioritizes age relevancy over cultural relevancy, and often targets individual health without lasting, community-wide deliverables. Meanwhile, African Americans remain overburdened by cognitive risk factors yet underrepresented in cognitive health and technology studies. The Sharing History through Active Reminiscence and Photo-imagery (SHARP) program increases physical, social, and cognitive activity within a culturally meaningful context that produces community deliverables-an oral history archive and cognitive health education...
June 29, 2018: Gerontologist
Elise Mansfield, Natasha Noble, Rob Sanson-Fisher, Danielle Mazza, Jamie Bryant
Background and Objectives: Primary care physicians (PCPs) have a key role in providing care for people with dementia and their carers, however, a range of barriers prevent them from delivering optimal care. We reviewed studies on PCPs' perceptions of barriers to providing optimal dementia care, including their methodological quality, whether they focused on barriers related to diagnosis and/or management, and the patient-, provider-, and system-level barriers identified. Research Design and Methods: Studies were included if they were quantitative studies published since 2006 which reported on PCPs' perceptions of the barriers to providing dementia care...
June 25, 2018: Gerontologist
Kyra J Waligora, Mona N Bahouth, Hae-Ra Han
Background: More than 5.4 million informal caregivers (ICGs) in the United States care for persons with dementia (PWD). Failure of ICGs to incorporate self-care into their routine may lead to adverse health consequences. Caregivers and researchers need to understand the evidence around dementia ICGs' self-care practices. Purpose: To synthesize evidence on the self-care needs and behaviors of Alzheimer's and dementia ICGs and its research implications. Methods: PubMed, CINAHL, Scopus, and Web of Science were searched to conduct a systematic review of research...
June 21, 2018: Gerontologist
David Burnes, Risa Breckman, Charles R Henderson, Mark S Lachs, Karl Pillemer
Background and Objectives: Few elder abuse (EA) victims ever seek or receive assistance from formal support services designed to mitigate risk and harm of revictimization. This study examined whether the presence of third-party "concerned persons" in victims' personal social networks plays a role in enabling formal support service utilization. Research Design and Methods: A representative population-based survey administered to adults (n = 800) in New York State identified 83 EA cases from the past year...
June 21, 2018: Gerontologist
Man Guo, Meredith Stensland, Mengting Li, Xinqi Dong, Agnes Tiwari
Background and Objectives: The migrating age of an individual has far-reaching implications for their acculturation experience, social integration, and well-being. This study addressed two questions: Is migrating at older age associated with poorer psychological well-being? If so, what factors account for such differences? Research Design and Methods: Using data of 3,138 Chinese elderly people in Chicago, we compared the levels of depression and quality of life among individuals who migrated in young adulthood (before 35), adulthood (35-49), midlife (50-64), and later life (65+)...
June 20, 2018: Gerontologist
Kira S Birditt, Jasmine A Manalel, Heidi Sommers, Gloria Luong, Karen L Fingerman
Background and Objectives: Older adults are often considered at risk for social isolation. Little is known, however, about how often older adults lack social contact (in person, phone, electronic) throughout the day, the implications of lacking contact (i.e., solitude), and whether the effects of solitude vary by the broader social context. Research Design and Methods: Participants were from the Daily Experiences and Well-being Study (DEWS) which included 313 older adults (aged 65+) who completed baseline interviews followed by 5-6 days of ecological momentary assessments approximately every 3 hr...
June 19, 2018: Gerontologist
Candace L Kemp, Mary M Ball, Molly M Perkins
Background and Objectives: Assisted living (AL) is a popular residential long-term care option for frail older adults in the United States. Most residents have multiple comorbidities and considerable health care needs, but little is known about their health care arrangements, particularly over time. Our goal is to understand how health care is managed and experienced in AL by residents and their care network members. Research Design and Methods: This grounded theory analysis focuses on the delivery of health care in AL...
June 15, 2018: Gerontologist
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