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Gerontologist

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30395232/a-qualitative-evidence-synthesis-review-of-longitudinal-qualitative-research-in-gerontology
#1
Andrea L Nevedal, Liat Ayalon, Sherylyn H Briller
Background and Objectives: Gerontologists have long been interested in longitudinal qualitative research (LQR), yet ambiguity remains about best practices. The purpose of this review was to conduct a qualitative evidence synthesis to identify strengths and limitations in existing gerontological LQR. Research Design and Methods: We searched for studies published in English before September 2017, using longitudinal qualitative methods and focusing on gerontology. We searched the following databases: PubMed and ProQuest...
November 5, 2018: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30395200/the-impact-of-informal-caregiving-for-older-adults-on-the-health-of-various-types-of-caregivers-a-systematic-review
#2
Judith Bom, Pieter Bakx, Frederik Schut, Eddy van Doorslaer
Objective: Informal care, the provision of unpaid care to dependent friends or family members, is often associated with physical and mental health effects. As some individuals are more likely to provide caregiving tasks than others, estimating the causal impact of caregiving is difficult. This systematic literature review provides an overview of all studies aimed at estimating the causal effect of informal caregiving on the health of various subgroups of caregivers. Methodology: A structured literature search, following PRISMA guidelines, was conducted in 4 databases...
November 3, 2018: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30383212/the-healthy-immigrant-effect-and-aging-in-the-united-states-and-other-western-countries
#3
Kyriakos S Markides, Sunshine Rote
The rising number of immigrants to the United States and other western countries has been accompanied by rising interest in the characteristics of immigrants including their mortality risk and health status. In general, immigrants to the United States, Canada, and Australia enjoy a health advantage over the native populations, which has been coined the healthy immigrant effect. The purpose of this review is to summarize findings on aging and the immigrant health effect in the 3 most common immigrant destinations the United States, Canada, Australia, as well as in Europe...
October 31, 2018: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30364939/accuracy-of-adult-children-s-perceptions-of-mothers-caregiver-preferences
#4
J Jill Suitor, Megan Gilligan, Marissa Rurka, Siyun Peng, Jordan Meyer, Karl Pillemer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 25, 2018: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30358854/stressors-and-resources-related-to-medication-management-associations-with-spousal-caregivers-role-overload
#5
Courtney A Polenick, Sarah D Stanz, Amanda N Leggett, Donovan T Maust, Nancy A Hodgson, Helen C Kales
Background and Objectives: Managing medications can be stressful for spousal caregivers, but little is known about particular aspects of medication management that are most consequential for caregiving outcomes. We examined care stressors and resources related to medication management, their associations with role overload among spousal caregivers, and whether these links vary by care recipients' number of chronic health conditions and dementia status. Research Design and Methods: This cross-sectional study included 377 spousal caregivers of adults aged 65 and older from the 2011 National Health and Aging Trends Study and National Study of Caregiving...
October 24, 2018: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30358833/the-benefit-of-moderate-alcohol-use-on-mood-and-functional-ability-in-later-life-due-to-beers-or-frequent-cheers
#6
Rosanna G Scott, Chelsea H Wiener, Daniel Paulson
Background and Objectives: Evidence relates moderate alcohol consumption in later life to fewer depressive symptoms and greater functional ability. This study evaluated social interaction as a mediator of these outcomes. Research Design and Methods: Data included older adults in the Health and Retirement Study. In Study 1, cross-sectional mediation analyses evaluated social interaction as a mechanism through which moderate alcohol use was related to decreased depressive symptomatology (Model 1; N = 2,294) and less functional limitation (Model 2; N = 2,357)...
October 24, 2018: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30321338/male-and-female-partner-caregivers-burden-does-it-get-worse-over-time
#7
Joukje C Swinkels, Marjolein I Broese van Groenou, Alice de Boer, Theo G van Tilburg
Background and Objectives: The general view is that partner-caregiver burden increases over time but findings are inconsistent. Moreover, the pathways underlying caregiver burden may differ between men and women. This study examines to what degree and why partner-caregiver burden changes over time. It adopts Pearlin's Caregiver Stress Process Model, as it is expected that higher primary and secondary stressors will increase burden and larger amounts of resources will lower burden. Yet, the impact of stressors and resources may change over time...
October 12, 2018: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30321326/adaptation-for-growth-via-learning-new-skills-as-a-means-to-long-term-functional-independence-in-older-adulthood-insights-from-emerging-adulthood
#8
Courtney Nguyen, Shirley Leanos, Misaki N Natsuaki, George W Rebok, Rachel Wu
Maintenance of functional independence, or the ability to perform daily tasks independently, is a hallmark of successful aging. Healthy older adults are considered functionally independent if they pass a short survey consisting of relatively simple daily activities, including grocery shopping and managing finances. We argue that aging research often has overlooked an important factor for long-term functional independence in a dynamic environment: adaptation for growth via learning new skills. Previous research has focused primarily on compensation and mitigating decline rather than growth...
October 12, 2018: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30304521/development-and-validation-of-social-motivation-questionnaire
#9
Xianmin Gong, Kendra L Seaman, Helene H Fung, Corinna Loeckenhoff, Frieder R Lang
Background and Objectives: Information-seeking (IS) and emotion-regulatory (ER) motivation play meaningful roles in age-related changes in social interaction across adulthood. This study aimed to develop and validate the Social Motivation Questionnaire (SMQ) to assess these two types of motivation. Research Design and Methods: Ten items were selected from a pool as the candidate items of SMQ and were administered to 480 German adults (20-91 years old) for validation...
October 9, 2018: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30304477/translating-an-evidence-based-multicomponent-intervention-for-older-adults-with-dementia-and-caregivers
#10
Linda Teri, Rebecca G Logsdon, Susan M McCurry, Kenneth C Pike, Ellen L McGough
Background and Objectives: Effective community-based programs to maintain health and well-being of adults with dementia are needed. This article describes the translation, implementation, and effectiveness of a multicomponent exercise plus behavioral/psychosocial intervention (Reducing Disability in Alzheimer's Disease-NorthWest [RDAD-NW]) conducted by staff in regional Area Agencies on Aging (AAAs). Research Design and Methods : Staggered multiple baseline design was used; 10 AAAs, 20 case managers, and 255 community-residing persons with dementia (PWDs), and family caregivers were enrolled...
October 9, 2018: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30304452/aging-in-tunisia
#11
Nancy J Karlin, Maha Ben Salem, Joyce Weil
Owing in part to its diversity of citizenship, Tunisia has a rich history of economic and social changes-including some of the same age-based demographic changes witnessed globally. Faced with an increasing older population and fewer young adults available to provide support, the government of Tunisia has implemented policies for the older population. These new governmental policies are intended to provide limited funds for older adults to supplement financial assistance provided by their families. Yet, even with a demographic transition occurring, recent published research on the aging Tunisian adult is limited at best...
October 9, 2018: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30295729/the-effectiveness-of-the-positive-mood-and-active-life-program-on-reducing-depressive-symptoms-in-long-term-care-facilities
#12
Hao Luo, Vivian W Q Lou, Chunhua Chen, Iris Chi
Background and Objectives: Depression is prevalent among long-term care facility (LTCF) residents. However, interventions are not normally part of the management of these residents due to a shortage of mental health professionals. On the basis of Lewinsohn's behavioral model of depression, we developed a 12-week pleasant activity scheduling intervention, the Positive Mood and Active Life (PMAL) program. This study evaluated the effectiveness of the PMAL program on reducing depressive symptoms and improving quality of life among at-risk LTCF residents...
October 5, 2018: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30265297/the-effect-of-california-s-paid-family-leave-program-on-employment-among-middle-aged-female-caregivers
#13
Ji Young Kang, Sojung Park, BoRin Kim, Eunsun Kwon, Joonyoung Cho
Background and Objectives: This study examined the effect of a Paid Family Leave program in California (CA-PFL) on employment among middle-aged female caregivers. We also examined differences in the relationship between the availability of paid family leave (PFL) and employment in socioeconomic subgroups of midlife women. Research Design and Methods: Data came from multiple years (2000‒2014) of the Current Population Survey (CPS) (N = 68,773 individuals). Applying a Difference in Differences (DiD) approach to removing potential selection biases related to program participation, we used a logistic regression to estimate the effects of PFL...
September 27, 2018: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30265294/technology-adoption-by-older-adults-findings-from-the-prism-trial
#14
Tracy L Mitzner, Jyoti Savla, Walter R Boot, Joseph Sharit, Neil Charness, Sara J Czaja, Wendy A Rogers
Background and Objectives: There is growing evidence of the benefits of computers for older adults. Yet, adoption rates are lower compared with younger adults. Extant theoretical models of technology acceptance are limited in their application to older adults-studies on which these models are based included a limited sample of older adults or none at all; none assessed use of a technology specifically designed for older adults; and most only measured intention to use a technology or short-term use, rather than longer-term use (i...
September 27, 2018: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30260407/new-perspectives-on-user-participation-in-technology-design-processes-an-interdisciplinary-approach
#15
Miriam G Grates, Ann-Christin Heming, Marina Vukoman, Peter Schabsky, Jonas Sorgalla
Background and Objectives: Technologies can enable older adults to participate in social life. These technologies need to be designed so that their benefits are obvious and older users are willing and able to use them. Although user participation has gained importance, participants are frequently not representative of the diversity of potential user groups, so that actual requirements are often not met. Thus, digital inequalities may increase. This problem arose at the beginning of an interdisciplinary research project to design a digital district platform that was to be codesigned with older residents...
September 26, 2018: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30247641/depressive-symptoms-and-the-buffering-effect-of-resilience-on-widowhood-by-gender
#16
Brittany M King, Dawn C Carr, Miles G Taylor
Background and Objectives: Spousal loss is a stressful life event that often results in significant depressive symptoms, with men often experiencing more significant depressive symptoms than women. Recent research suggests that psychological resilience may play a role in shaping how well people recover from the loss of a spouse. This study examined the moderating effect of resilience on widowhood in relation to changes in depressive symptoms for men and women. Research Design and Methods: This study used data from the Health and Retirement Study to examine a change in depressive symptoms for men and women who experience spousal loss compared to those who remain continuously married (N = 5,626)...
September 22, 2018: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30247549/daily-routine-associations-with-health-status-and-urgent-health-care-utilization-among-older-adults
#17
Rachel O'Conor, Julia Yoshino Benavente, Mary J Kwasny, Kamal Eldeirawi, Romana Hasnain-Wynia, Alex D Federman, Jennifer Hebert-Beirne, Michael S Wolf
Background and Objectives: Chronically ill older adults must integrate self-care behaviors into their daily routine to promote health and reduce urgent health care utilization. Individuals of lower socioeconomic position (SEP) experience a disproportionate burden of stressors that challenge the formation of regular routines. We examined associations between the presence of a daily routine and older adults' health status and urgent health care utilization, to determine whether higher levels of daily routine mediates associations between SEP and health outcomes...
September 22, 2018: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30247547/bank-heist-elders-%C3%A2-38-years-later
#18
Jim VandenBosch
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 22, 2018: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30239774/implementation-of-the-stopping-elderly-accidents-deaths-and-injuries-initiative-in-primary-care-an-outcome-evaluation
#19
Yvonne A Johnston, Gwen Bergen, Michael Bauer, Erin M Parker, Leah Wentworth, Mary McFadden, Chelsea Reome, Matthew Garnett
Background and Objectives: Older adult falls pose a growing burden on the U.S. health care system. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Stopping Elderly Accidents, Deaths, and Injuries (STEADI) initiative was developed as a multifactorial approach to fall prevention that includes screening for fall risk, assessing for modifiable risk factors, and prescribing evidence-based interventions to reduce fall risk. The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of a STEADI initiative on medically treated falls within a large health care system in Upstate New York...
September 20, 2018: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30239756/human-flourishing-and-integrated-care-models-the-development-of-the-flourish-index
#20
Anna C Faul, Joseph G D'Ambrosio, Pamela A Yankeelov, Samantha G Cotton, Christian D Furman, Madri Hall-Faul, Barbara Gordon, R Brent Wright
Background and Objectives: In evaluating integrated care models, traditional quality measures do not account for functional and quality of life factors, affecting older adults with multiple chronic conditions. The objective of this study was the development and validation of the Flourish Index (FI), an instrument to evaluate integrated care, using a determinants of health model. Research Design and Methods: The study took place within the evaluation study of the Flourish Model (FM)...
September 19, 2018: Gerontologist
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