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Endeavour

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729128/rosettes-engrailed-edges-and-star-shaped-patterns-between-rediscovery-and-forgetfulness-in-the-early-accounts-of-vibrating-liquid-drops-floating-over-hot-surfaces
#1
Seán M Stewart
Small drops of liquid brought into contact with very hot surfaces float above it as beautiful, slightly flattened spheroids without coming to the boil. An example of film boiling, drops that are sessile can often suddenly and quite unexpectedly start to oscillate forming highly symmetric patterns of surprising pulchritude. The rim of these oscillating drops take on "star-shaped" patterns with many different modes of vibration possible. Still an object of study today, their discovery, early accounts, rediscovery and ensuing controversies over claims of priority, before quietly slipping away from the collective memory of the scientific community to become all but forgotten makes for a compelling story in the early history of film boiling...
July 17, 2017: Endeavour
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693890/artemisinin-and-chinese-medicine-as-tu-science
#2
Jia-Chen Fu
The story of discovery of artemisinin highlights the diversity of scientific values across time and space. Resituating artemisinin research within a broader temporal framework allows us to understand how Chinese drugs like qinghao came to articulate a space for scientific experimentation and innovation through its embodiment of alternating clusters of meanings associated with tu and yang within scientific discourse. Tu science, which was associated with terms like native, Chinese, local, rustic, mass, and crude, articulated a radical vision of science in the service of socialist revolutionary ideals...
July 7, 2017: Endeavour
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693889/barefoot-doctors-and-the-health-care-revolution-in-rural-china-a-study-centered-on-shandong-province
#3
Sanchun Xu, Danian Hu
Barefoot doctors were rural medical personnel trained en masse, whose emergence and development had a particular political, economic, social, and cultural background. Like the rural cooperative medical care system, the barefoot doctor was a well-known phenomenon in the Cultural Revolution. Complicated regional differences and a lack of reliable sources create much difficulty for the study of barefoot doctors and result in differing opinions of their status and importance. Some scholars greatly admire barefoot doctors, whereas others harshly criticize them...
July 7, 2017: Endeavour
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669417/st-george-mivart-as-popularizer-of-zoology-in-britain-and-america-1869-1881
#4
Emma E Swain
Recent scholarly attentions have shifted from key actors within the scientific elite and religious authorities to scientific practitioners and popularizers who used science to pursue a wide variety of cultural purposes. The Roman Catholic zoologist St. George Mivart (1827-1900) has typically been cast as a staunch anti-Darwinian ostracized by Darwin's inner circle of scientific naturalists. Understood as a popularizer of science, his position can be re-thought. Mivart did not operate on the periphery of Victorian science...
June 29, 2017: Endeavour
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655403/yuan-longping-hybrid-rice-and-the-meaning-of-science-in-the-cultural-revolution-and-beyond
#5
Sigrid Schmalzer
This paper uses the case of hybrid rice to chart changes in the meanings science has carried in China from the Mao era to today. It begins by using Chinese journal articles to reconstruct the 1970s development of hybrid rice technology by a network of diverse historical actors. It then documents the emergence during the Hua Guofeng era (1976-1978) of a historical narrative of hybrid rice centered on the figures of Yuan Longping and Hua Guofeng. Finally, it surveys post-1978 biographies of Yuan Longping to identify changes and continuities in scientific values...
June 24, 2017: Endeavour
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647311/a-collection-of-brain-sections-of-euthanasia-victims-the-series-h-of-julius-hallervorden
#6
Heinz Wässle
Julius Hallervorden, a distinguished German neuropathologist, admitted on several occasions that he had received some five hundred brains of "euthanasia" victims from the Nazi killing centres for the insane. He investigated the brains in the summer of 1942; however, their traces were subsequently lost. The present study shows, that the Series H, which was part of the Hallervorden collection of brain sections in the Max Planck Institute for Brain Research, comprises the brain sections of the above mentioned five hundred euthanasia victims...
June 21, 2017: Endeavour
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606720/the-magical-revolution
#7
REVIEW
Molly S Laas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 9, 2017: Endeavour
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457574/botanists-in-lithuania-during-the-michurinist-campaign
#8
Aurika Ričkienė
The meeting of the Lenin All-Union Academy of Agricultural Sciences (VASKhNIL) that occurred from July 31 to August 7, 1948, declared Michurinism to be the only "correct theory" of biology in the Soviet Union. As of that moment, Michurinist biology officially took center stage in Soviet scientific institutions, and it was further developed over the next fifteen years. Scientists from all of the former Soviet Republics participated in the Michurinist campaign. In Lithuania, this campaign started in the autumn of 1948...
April 27, 2017: Endeavour
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456343/reconsidering-drone-warfare
#9
REVIEW
Roger Connor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 26, 2017: Endeavour
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392016/on-the-importance-of-the-imaginative-forward-glance
#10
REVIEW
Doug Hill
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 6, 2017: Endeavour
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318596/determining-nuclear-fingerprints-glove-boxes-radiation-protection-and-the-international-atomic-energy-agency
#11
Maria Rentetzi
In a nuclear laboratory, a glove box is a windowed, sealed container equipped with two flexible gloves that allow the user to manipulate nuclear materials from the outside in an ostensibly safe environment. As a routine laboratory device, it invites neglect from historians and storytellers of science. Yet, since especially the Gulf War, glove boxes have put the interdependence of science, diplomacy, and politics into clear relief. Standing at the intersection of history of science and international history, technological materials and devices such as the glove box can provide penetrating insight into the role of international diplomatic organizations to the global circulation and control of scientific knowledge...
March 15, 2017: Endeavour
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012688/darwin-s-body-snatchers
#12
John van Wyhe
For decades creationists have claimed that Charles Darwin sought the skulls of full-blooded Aboriginal Tasmanian people when only four were left alive. It is said that Darwin letters survive which reveal this startling and distasteful truth. Tracing these claims back to their origins, however, reveals a different, if not unfamiliar story.
December 21, 2016: Endeavour
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916270/knowing-by-number-learning-math-for-thinking-well
#13
Christopher J Phillips
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2016: Endeavour
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884401/the-make-love-not-war-ape-bonobos-and-late-twentieth-century-explanations-for-war-and-peace
#14
Deborah Weinstein
Why do people fight wars? Following the devastation of the Second World War, this question became particularly pressing. Postwar scholars in the human sciences, from political science to anthropology, investigated the role of human nature in the causes of war even as they debated the very meaning of human nature itself. Among the wide-ranging efforts of postwar social and behavioral scientists to explain the causes of war, research on primate aggression became a compelling approach to studying the evolution of human warfare...
December 2016: Endeavour
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884400/stephen-jay-gould-and-the-value-of-neutrality-of-science-during-the-cold-war
#15
Myrna Sheldon
Stephen Jay Gould was a paleontologist and scientific celebrity at the close of the twentieth century, most famous for his popular writings on evolution and his role in the American creationist controversies of that era. In the early 1980s, Gould was drawn into the "nuclear winter" episode through his friendship with Carl Sagan, an astronomer and popular science celebrity. Sagan helped develop the theory of nuclear winter and subsequently used the theory as evidence to petition the United States government to scale back its nuclear armament...
December 2016: Endeavour
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876277/the-ascent-of-man-and-the-politics-of-humanity-s-evolutionary-future
#16
Erika Lorraine Milam
Throughout the twentieth century, contemporary understandings of evolutionary theory were tightly linked to visions of the future freighted with moral consequence. This essay traces the origins and legacy of this scientific commitment to a universal family of man in postwar evolutionary theory, and elaborates how evolutionary scientists sought to reframe the politics of human evolution by claiming that the principles governing the physical past of humanity differed fundamentally from those that would matter in the coming decades, centuries, or even millennia...
December 2016: Endeavour
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866685/garrett-hardin-s-tragic-sense-of-life
#17
Jason Oakes
I discuss biologist Garrett Hardin's view of human nature, with examples from the background to his seminal 1968 essay "The Tragedy of the Commons" and his testimony before the US House of Representatives in the 1970s. Hardin saw the human species as being governed by deterministic laws of the same kind that controlled all other forms of life. Humans, as much as cattle and microbes, were in inevitable competition for space and resources. Equal parts Malthusian political economy and Cold War systems science, his view was the survival of the human race depended on obeying these iron laws...
December 2016: Endeavour
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780590/special-issue-introduction-science-in-the-public-eye
#18
EDITORIAL
Erika Lorraine Milam, Deborah Weinstein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Endeavour
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756493/the-forgotten-fossil-the-wild-homo-calpicus-of-gibraltar
#19
Paige Madison
Fossils are crucial pieces of evidence that illuminate the past. In the case of paleoanthropology, the discipline that studies human evolution, fossils are tangible objects that shape the ways we understand ourselves and our history. But how, exactly, do fossils find their way into these narratives, and into scientific journals and museums? How do they become pieces of evidence? The Forbes skull reveals a fossil that struggled to become a noteworthy piece of evidence. It was twice lost, first in a library cabinet on the Rock of Gibraltar, and later, in a London museum storeroom...
December 2016: Endeavour
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720215/from-precaution-to-peril-public-relations-across-forty-years-of-genetic-engineering
#20
Andrew J Hogan
The Asilomar conference on genetic engineering in 1975 has long been pointed to by scientists as a model for internal regulation and public engagement. In 2015, the organizers of the International Summit on Human Gene Editing in Washington, DC looked to Asilomar as they sought to address the implications of the new CRISPR gene editing technique. Like at Asilomar, the conveners chose to limit the discussion to a narrow set of potential CRISPR applications, involving inheritable human genome editing. The adoption by scientists in 2015 of an Asilomar-like script for discussing genetic engineering offers historians the opportunity to analyze the adjustments that have been made since 1975, and to identify the blind spots that remain in public engagement...
December 2016: Endeavour
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