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Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391679/rare-presentation-of-catastrophic-antiphospholipid-syndrome-with-myocarditis-in-post-partum-period-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#1
Bhavana Girish, Shalini Gainder, S C Saha, Darshan Krishnappa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391678/comparison-of-effectiveness-of-different-protocols-used-for-controlled-ovarian-hyperstimulation-in-intrauterine-insemination-cycle
#2
Manish Banker, Azadeh Patel, Ashwini Deshmukh, Sandeep Shah
Introduction: Intrauterine insemination (IUI) is one of the most commonly performed procedure of assisted reproductive technology, for the treatment of infertility. Controlled ovarian hyperstimulation is an important first step while performing IUI. This study aims at establishing a relationship between stimulation protocol and pregnancy outcome following IUI. Methods: This is a retrospective study of 1001 cycles of IUI in which the patients were divided into two groups: Group A Clomiphene citrate (CC only) and Group B Clomiphene citrate and Gonadotropin or Gonadotropin alone(CC+GN OR GN alone)...
February 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391677/endocrine-abnormalities-in-adolescents-with-menstrual-disorders
#3
Siddhesh R Rajiwade, Haritha Sagili, R Soundravally, L Subitha
Purpose: To look for endocrine abnormalities like thyroid disorders, hyperprolactinemia, hyperandrogenism and PCOS among adolescents with menstrual disorders and to compare the above endocrine status with those without menstrual disorders. Methods: This was a case-control study carried out in adolescent girls aged 10-19 years in gynecology outpatient department of a tertiary care hospital. Sample of venous blood (5 ml) was taken for hormonal studies as clinically indicated-thyroid function test, serum prolactin, total testosterone, which were analyzed by chemiluminescence system...
February 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391676/comparison-of-cervical-length-measured-by-transvaginal-ultrasonography-and-bishop-score-in-predicting-response-to-labor-induction
#4
Ronak Khandelwal, Purvi Patel, Dipa Pitre, Tosha Sheth, Nandita Maitra
Background: This study aims to compare the value of the Bishop score and cervical length measurement by transvaginal ultrasonography in predicting active labor within 6 h, induction-to-delivery interval, and the duration of active labor and to estimate the most useful cutoff points for the two methods. Methods: This is a prospective comparative study of Bishop score and cervical length measured by transvaginal sonography on 62 nulliparous subjects who underwent induction of labor...
February 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391675/use-of-hysteroscopy-in-abnormal-uterine-bleeding-an-edge-over-histopathological-examination
#5
Parul Sinha, Nidhi Yadav, Uma Gupta
Purpose of the Study: To assess the efficacy of hysteroscopy in diagnosis of AUB. Method: A total of 56 women in reproductive and peri-menopausal age group (20-50 years) with complaints of abnormal uterine bleeding were enrolled in the study. All the patients underwent hysteroscopic examination followed by biopsy/histopathological evaluation. Hysteroscopic findings were compared against histopathological findings. Sensitivity, specificity, PPV, NPV and accuracy of hysteroscopy were calculated...
February 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391674/comparison-of-mifepristone-followed-by-misoprostol-with-misoprostol-alone-for-treatment-of-early-pregnancy-failure-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#6
Priya Sinha, Amita Suneja, Kiran Guleria, Richa Aggarwal, Neelam B Vaid
Objective: To compare the efficacy and safety of mifepristone followed by misoprostol with misoprostol alone in the management of early pregnancy failure (EPF). Study Design: A randomized double-blind placebo-controlled clinical trial. Methods: Ninety-two women with EPF ≤12 weeks were recruited and randomly allocated to receive either mifepristone 200 mg (n = 46) or placebo (n = 46). Forty-eight hours later, patients in both the groups were given 800 µg misoprostol per-vaginum...
February 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391673/salivary-and-serum-antioxidants-in-women-with-preeclampsia-with-or-without-periodontal-disease
#7
Mamatha S Shetty, Amitha Ramesh, Prasanna Kumar Shetty, Priyanka Agumbe
Background and Objectives: Preeclampsia is a challenging disease of human pregnancy that affects the mother and her foetus. It is a common obstetric syndrome of undefined aetiology affecting 7-10% of pregnant women. This study aimed to investigate the total antioxidant capacity (TAC), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GPx) activities, malondialdehyde levels, uric acid, vitamin C, and vitamin E levels in serum and saliva of preeclamptic and normotensive pregnant women with and without periodontitis...
February 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391672/first-trimester-inflammatory-markers-for-risk-evaluation-of-pregnancy-hypertension
#8
Karuna Sharma, Ritu Singh, Manisha Kumar, Usha Gupta, Vishwajeet Rohil, Jayashree Bhattacharjee
Introduction: Hypertension in pregnancy is one of the potential causes of maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. It complicates 7-10% of pregnancies. As of today, prediction of pregnancy hypertension is not possible. Aim and Objectives: Evaluation of pregnancy associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A), free β-human chorionic gonadotropin, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interferon gamma (INF-γ) in establishing a biomarker or combination of biomarkers for the early identification of pregnancy hypertension...
February 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391671/decision-delivery-interval-in-emergency-and-urgent-caesarean-sections-need-to-reconsider-the-recommendations
#9
Nalini Mishra, Ruchi Gupta, Nomita Singh
Introduction: The timeline between a decision made and delivery of the baby is termed decision delivery interval (DDI). According to current recommendations, an emergency caesarean section must be performed within 30 min of the decision. The present study was conducted with an objective to assess DDI in a busy obstetric unit in India and its impact on obstetric outcome. Material and Method: A total of 480 women with indications of category I (emergency): Immediate threat to life of woman or foetus (n = 66), and category II (urgent): Maternal or foetal compromise but not immediately life-threatening (n = 414), were studied in the context of DDI and composite adverse perinatal outcomes including fresh stillbirth, 5-min Apgar score <7 and NICU admission...
February 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391670/amniotic-fluid-stem-cells-a-new-era-in-regenerative-medicine
#10
REVIEW
Mala Srivastava, Neha Ahlawat, Ankita Srivastava
Regenerative medicine has become an emerging field which focuses on repair, replacement or regeneration of cells, tissues and the entire organs. The regeneration may occur in patient's own body by using their system as a bioreactor, e.g., cell therapy that involves transplantation of stem cells capable of proliferating, differentiating and replacing damaged host cells. As the field of regenerative medicine advances, and sources of stem cells has been intensified. Though embryonic and adult tissues can be used for isolation of pluripotent stem cells, the amniotic fluid (AF) has been proposed as an alternative source of stem cells for tissue regeneration...
February 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391669/the-partograph-in-childbirth-an-absolute-essentiality-or-a-mere-exercise
#11
REVIEW
Asha R Dalal, Ameya C Purandare
WHO has recommended use of the partograph, a low-tech paper form that has been hailed as an effective tool for the early detection of maternal and fetal complications during childbirth. Yet despite decades of training and investment, implementation rates and capacity to correctly use the partograph remain low in resource-limited settings. Nevertheless, competent use of the partograph, especially using newer technologies, can save maternal and fetal lives by ensuring that labor is closely monitored and that life-threatening complications such as obstructed labor are identified and treated...
February 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391668/change-of-guard
#12
EDITORIAL
Suvarna Khadilkar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162962/comment-on-panicker-s-vacuum-suction-hemostatic-device-for-treating-postpartum-hemorrhage
#13
Hemmanur Samrtha Ram
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162961/pisat-s-visual-vasopressor-injection-needle-a-new-device-for-increasing-patient-safety-in-laparoscopic-myomectomy
#14
REVIEW
Sanket V Pisat
Introduction: The use of vasopressin and other vasoconstrictive agents to reduce blood loss during laparoscopic myomectomy significantly reduces blood loss and operative time. However, serious cardiovascular complications following the use of intra-myometrial injection of vasopressin solution have also been reported. Most of these side effects are believed to be due to inadvertent intravascular injection of vasopressin solution. Aims and Objectives: To describe a new design of an injection needle, Pisat's Visual Vasopressor Injection Needle (VVIN), that can be used during laparoscopic myomectomy to minimise the incidence of an inadvertent intravascular injection of a vasoconstrictor solution...
December 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162960/a-rare-report-of-concurrent-serous-and-mucinous-cystadenomas-in-bilateral-ovaries
#15
Krishnendu Mondal, Tarak Banik, Rupali Mandal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162959/breast-cancer-in-pregnancy
#16
Shashikala Ksheerasagar, Geeth Monnappa, N Venkatesh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162958/serous-tubal-carcinogenesis-the-recent-concept-of-origin-of-ovarian-primary-peritoneal-and-fallopian-tube-high-grade-serous-carcinoma
#17
Tushar Kar, Asaranti Kar, Ipsita Dhal, Sasmita Panda, Priyadarshini Biswal, Bhagyalaxmi Nayak, Niranjan Rout, Sagarika Samantray
Background: Pelvic (non-uterine) high-grade serous carcinomas (PHGSC) including ovarian, tubal and primary peritoneal serous carcinomas have increased death: incidence ratio due to presentation at advanced stage, rapid progression, poor prognosis and high morbidity. Ambiguity regarding their pathogenesis and lack of a proper screening method is the cause of their late detection and high fatality rate. This study was undertaken to assess the fallopian tube for the presence of precursor lesions in pelvic serous carcinoma...
December 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162957/geriatric-pelvic-organ-prolapse-surgery-going-the-extra-mile
#18
Seethalakshmi Krishnan
Background: To assess the quality of life in geriatric patients after reconstructive and obliterative vaginal surgery for advanced pelvic organ prolapse (POP). Methods: Prospective observational study was conducted between January 2009 and December 2014 at the department of Urogynaecology, Government Kasturbha Gandhi Hospital. A total of 424 women (between the age group of 60 and 94 years) with advanced pelvic organ prolapse underwent vaginal hysterectomy along with vaginal apical suspension procedures which were McCalls culdoplasty (35...
December 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162956/risk-assessment-at-11-14-week-antenatal-visit-a-tertiary-referral-center-experience-from-south-india
#19
Anusha Vellamkondu, Akhila Vasudeva, Rajeshwari G Bhat, Asha Kamath, Sapna V Amin, Lavanya Rai, Pratap Kumar
Background: Present study carried out in a tertiary referral hospital in South India attempts to determine the predictive value of integrated screening at 11-14-week antenatal visit. Objectives: To determine the detection rate of fetal abnormalities at 11-14 weeks and also to predict the placental dysfunction disorders based on early integrated evaluation. Method: Integrated screening performed on 440 women between 11 and 14 weeks, including detailed maternal history [medical history, bad obstetric history (BOH)], body mass index (BMI), mean arterial pressure (MAP), detailed ultrasound and maternal serum biochemistry as part of combined first-trimester screening for aneuploidy...
December 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162955/diagnosis-and-management-of-cornual-pregnancies-from-2002-to-2015-at-a-tertiary-referral-centre-in-south-india-insights-from-introspection
#20
Vijaya B Bayyarapu, Sirisha R Gundabattula
Purpose: Interstitial, angular and rudimentary horn pregnancies have all been referred to as cornual pregnancies despite definite diagnostic criteria. Angular pregnancies can be followed up expectantly under close surveillance while interstitial and rudimentary horn pregnancies are terminated by medical or surgical methods. This study aimed to assess accuracy of ultrasound in the diagnosis of 'cornual pregnancy' and evaluate management. Methods: Data pertaining to clinical features, ultrasound findings and treatment modalities of the aforementioned conditions between January 2002 and December 2015 at a tertiary perinatal centre were retrieved from the medical records...
December 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
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