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ISA Transactions

Siamak Alizadeh, Srinivas Sriramula
Redundant safety systems are commonly used in the process industry to respond to hazardous events. In redundant systems composed of identical units, Common Cause Failures (CCFs) can significantly influence system performance with regards to reliability and safety. However, their impact has been overlooked due to the inherent complexity of modelling common cause induced failures. This article develops a reliability model for a redundant safety system using Markov analysis approach. The proposed model incorporates process demands in conjunction with CCF for the first time and evaluates their impacts on the reliability quantification of safety systems without automatic diagnostics...
September 16, 2017: ISA Transactions
Cristiano Hora Fontes, Hector Budman
A clustering problem involving multivariate time series (MTS) requires the selection of similarity metrics. This paper shows the limitations of the PCA similarity factor (SPCA) as a single metric in nonlinear problems where there are differences in magnitude of the same process variables due to expected changes in operation conditions. A novel method for clustering MTS based on a combination between SPCA and the average-based Euclidean distance (AED) within a fuzzy clustering approach is proposed. Case studies involving either simulated or real industrial data collected from a large scale gas turbine are used to illustrate that the hybrid approach enhances the ability to recognize normal and fault operating patterns...
September 16, 2017: ISA Transactions
Xuefeng Zhang, YangQuan Chen
The paper considers the stabilization issue of linear continuous singular systems by dealing with strict linear matrix inequalities (LMIs) without invoking equality constraint and proposes a complete and effective solved LMIs formulation. The criterion is necessary and sufficient condition and can be directly solved the feasible solutions with LMI toolbox and is much more tractable and reliable in numerical simulation than existing results, which involve positive semi-definite LMIs with equality constraints...
September 14, 2017: ISA Transactions
Caifen Fu, Wen Tan
Active disturbance rejection control (ADRC) treats the external disturbance and internal uncertainties as a general disturbance, and uses an extended state observer (ESO) to estimate it in real-time and feeds it back in the control loop, thus can achieve good disturbance rejection performance. However, ADRC is not quite suitable for unstable delayed processes due to its inherent structure. In this paper, a two-degree-of-freedom (2DOF) control structure is proposed for unstable time- delayed systems. Set-point tracking and disturbance rejection are separated in this structure and ADRC is solely responsible for disturbance rejection...
September 14, 2017: ISA Transactions
Samir Zeghlache, Tarak Benslimane, Abderrahmen Bouguerra
In this paper, a robust controller for a three degree of freedom (3 DOF) helicopter control is proposed in presence of actuator and sensor faults. For this purpose, Interval type-2 fuzzy logic control approach (IT2FLC) and sliding mode control (SMC) technique are used to design a controller, named active fault tolerant interval type-2 Fuzzy Sliding mode controller (AFTIT2FSMC) based on non-linear adaptive observer to estimate and detect the system faults for each subsystem of the 3-DOF helicopter. The proposed control scheme allows avoiding difficult modeling, attenuating the chattering effect of the SMC, reducing the rules number of the fuzzy controller...
September 14, 2017: ISA Transactions
A H Gomaa Haroun, Yin-Ya Li
In the fast developing world nowadays, load frequency control (LFC) is considered to be a most significant role for providing the power supply with good quality in the power system. To deliver a reliable power, LFC system requires highly competent and intelligent control technique. Hence, in this article, a novel hybrid fuzzy logic intelligent proportional-integral-derivative (FLiPID) controller has been proposed for LFC of interconnected multi-area power systems. A four-area interconnected thermal power system incorporated with physical constraints and boiler dynamics is considered and the adjustable parameters of the FLiPID controller are optimized using particle swarm optimization (PSO) scheme employing an integral square error (ISE) criterion...
September 14, 2017: ISA Transactions
Alain Segundo Potts, Christiam Segundo Morales Alvarado, Claudio Garcia
The detection of no-model input-output (IO) pairs is important because it can speed up the multivariable system identification process, since all the pairs with null transfer functions are previously discarded and it can also improve the identified model quality, thus improving the performance of model based controllers. In the available literature, the methods focus just on the open-loop case, since in this case there is not the effect of the controller forcing the main diagonal in the transfer matrix to one and all the other terms to zero...
September 13, 2017: ISA Transactions
Yuzhong Wang, Qibing Jin, Ridong Zhang
In conventional PID scheme, the ensemble control performance may be unsatisfactory due to limited degrees of freedom under various kinds of uncertainty. To overcome this disadvantage, a novel PID control method that inherits the advantages of fuzzy PID control and the predictive functional control (PFC) is presented and further verified on the temperature model of a coke furnace. Based on the framework of PFC, the prediction of the future process behavior is first obtained using the current process input signal...
September 13, 2017: ISA Transactions
M Bakhshi, R Noroozian, G B Gharehpetian
This paper proposes a novel, passive-based anti-islanding method for both inverter and synchronous machine-based distributed generation (DG) units. Unfortunately, when the active/reactive power mismatches are near to zero, majority of the passive anti-islanding methods cannot detect the islanding situation, correctly. This study introduces a new islanding detection method based on exponentially damped signal estimation method. The proposed method uses adaptive identifier method for estimating of the frequency deviation of the point of common coupling (PCC) link as a target signal that can detect the islanding condition with near-zero active power imbalance...
September 12, 2017: ISA Transactions
Xiaoqiang Xu, Ming Zhao, Jing Lin
Mechanical fault or defect will cause some weak fluctuations to the position signal. Detection of such fluctuations via encoders can help determine the health condition and performance of the machine, and offer a promising alternative to the vibration-based monitoring scheme. However, besides the interested fluctuations, encoder signal also contains a large trend and some measurement noise. In applications, the trend is normally several orders larger than the concerned fluctuations in magnitude, which makes it difficult to detect the weak fluctuations without signal distortion...
September 11, 2017: ISA Transactions
Ying Yang, Li Linlin, Steven X Ding, Jianbin Qiu, Kaixiang Peng
In this paper, the design approach of non-synchronized diagnostic observer-based fault detection (FD) systems is investigated for piecewise affine processes via continuous piecewise Lyapunov functions. Considering that the dynamics of piecewise affine systems in different regions can be considerably different, the weighting matrices are used to weight the residual of each region, so as to optimize the fault detectability. A numerical example and a case study on a ship propulsion system are presented in the end to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed results...
September 9, 2017: ISA Transactions
Liliam Rodríguez-Guerrero, Omar-Jacobo Santos-Sánchez, Nicolás Cervantes-Escorcia, Hugo Romero
This article presents a suboptimal control strategy with finite horizon for affine nonlinear discrete systems with both state and input delays. The Dynamic Programming Approach is used to obtain the suboptimal control sequence, but in order to avoid the computation of the Bellman functional, a numerical approximation of this function is proposed in every step. The feasibility of our proposal is demonstrated via an experimental test on a dehydration process and the obtained results show a good performance and behavior of this process...
September 9, 2017: ISA Transactions
Dazi Li, Xiangyi Tian, Qibing Jin, Kotaro Hirasawa
Alleviating the staircase artifacts for variation method and adjusting the regularization parameters adaptively with the characteristics of different regions are two main issues in image restoration regularization process. An adaptive fractional-order total variation l1 regularization (AFOTV-l1) model is proposed, which is resolved by using split Bregman iteration algorithm (SBI) for image estimation. An improved fractional-order differential kernel mask (IFODKM) with an extended degree of freedom (DOF) is proposed, which can preserve more image details and effectively avoid the staircase artifact...
September 8, 2017: ISA Transactions
Xudong Liu, Chenghui Zhang, Ke Li, Qi Zhang
This paper addresses the current control of permanent magnet synchronous motor (PMSM) for electric drives with model uncertainties and disturbances. A generalized predictive current control method combined with sliding mode disturbance compensation is proposed to satisfy the requirement of fast response and strong robustness. Firstly, according to the generalized predictive control (GPC) theory based on the continuous time model, a predictive current control method is presented without considering the disturbance, which is convenient to be realized in the digital controller...
September 6, 2017: ISA Transactions
Shixi Wen, Ge Guo
In this paper, the static-dynamic hybrid communication scheduling and control co-design is proposed for the networked control systems (NCSs) to solve the capacity limitation of the wireless communication network. The analytical most regular binary sequences (MRBSs) are used as the communication scheduling function for NCSs. When the communication conflicts yielded in the binary sequence MRBSs, a dynamic scheduling strategy is proposed to on-line reallocate the medium access status for each plant. Under such static-dynamic hybrid scheduling policy, plants in NCSs are described as the non-uniform sampled-control systems, whose controller have a group of controller gains and switch according to the sampling interval yielded by the binary sequence...
September 5, 2017: ISA Transactions
Yao Zhang, Shengjing Tang, Jie Guo
In this paper, a novel adaptive-gain fast super-twisting (AGFST) sliding mode attitude control synthesis is carried out for a reusable launch vehicle subject to actuator faults and unknown disturbances. According to the fast nonsingular terminal sliding mode surface (FNTSMS) and adaptive-gain fast super-twisting algorithm, an adaptive fault tolerant control law for the attitude stabilization is derived to protect against the actuator faults and unknown uncertainties. Firstly, a second-order nonlinear control-oriented model for the RLV is established by feedback linearization method...
September 4, 2017: ISA Transactions
K Zabet, J A Rossiter, R Haber, M Abdullah
This paper presents the new algorithm of PP-PFC (Pole-placement Predictive Functional Control) for stable, linear under-damped higher-order processes. It is shown that while conventional PFC aims to get first-order exponential behavior, this is not always straightforward with significant under-damped modes and hence a pole-placement PFC algorithm is proposed which can be tuned more precisely to achieve the desired dynamics, but exploits complex number algebra and linear combinations in order to deliver guarantees of stability and performance...
August 31, 2017: ISA Transactions
Daniel C Gandolfo, Lucio R Salinas, Mario E Serrano, Juan M Toibero
Nowadays, the energetic cost of flying in electric-powered UAVs is one of the key challenges. The continuous evolution of electrical energy storage sources is overcome by the great amount of energy required by the propulsion system. Therefore, the on-board energy is a crucial factor that needs to be further analyzed. In this work, different control strategies applied to a generic UAV propulsion system are considered and a lithium polymer battery dynamic model is included as the propulsion system energy source...
August 31, 2017: ISA Transactions
Yadong Shu, Yuanguo Zhu
In this paper, optimal control problems for uncertain discrete-time singular systems and uncertain continuous-time singular systems are considered under optimistic value criterion. The above singular systems are assumed to be regular and impulse-free, and optimistic value method is employed to optimize uncertain objective functions. Firstly, based on Bellman's principle of optimality, a recurrence equation is presented for settling optimal control problems subject to uncertain discrete-time singular systems...
August 29, 2017: ISA Transactions
David Sotelo, Antonio Favela-Contreras, Carlos Sotelo, Guillermo Jiménez, Luis Gallegos-Canales
In recent years, interest for petrochemical processes has been increasing, especially in refinement area. However, the high variability in the dynamic characteristics present in the atmospheric distillation column poses a challenge to obtain quality products. To improve distillates quality in spite of the changes in the input crude oil composition, this paper details a new design of a control strategy in a conventional crude oil distillation plant defined using formal interaction analysis tools. The process dynamic and its control are simulated on Aspen HYSYS(®) dynamic environment under real operating conditions...
August 23, 2017: ISA Transactions
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