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International Journal of Social Psychiatry

Uriel Halbreich
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Divya Ballal, Janardhana Navaneetham
BACKGROUND: Children of parents with mental illness are not routinely included in psychoeducational and supportive family interventions provided by adult mental health systems. The family, therefore, is an important and, sometimes, the only source of information and support for them. AIM: To understand the experiences of well parents in talking to their children about parental mental illness. METHOD: This article presents the findings of a qualitative study of the experiences of well parents in talking to their children about parental mental illness...
March 1, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Jussara Carvalho Dos Santos, Sônia Barros, Peter John Huxley
BACKGROUND: Social inclusion of people with mental health issues is an aim of the World Health Organisation. Many countries have adopted that objective, including Brazil and the United Kingdom and both have focused treatment in the community. The aim of this article is to compare international results using the same inclusion instrument. METHODS: The samples in this study were 225 people with mental health issues in community services in São Paulo, Brazil. Their results are compared to findings from 168 people with similar mental health issues in Hong Kong, China, and from the United Kingdom - a nationally representative sample of 212 people without mental health issues...
March 1, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Ann Sheridan, Donal O'Keeffe, Barbara Coughlan, Kate Frazer, Johnathan Drennan, Mary Kemple
BACKGROUND: Social opportunities can be limited in the lives of people with enduring mental illness (EMI) due to psychiatric stigma, restricted home environments and employment barriers. Supported socialisation programmes have the potential to redress the impact of social isolation. AIM: To explore the experiences of service users with EMI taking part in a supported socialisation programme, using written diary entries. METHODS: This article reports on the qualitative component of a randomised controlled trial of supported socialisation for people with EMI (published previously in this journal)...
March 1, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Lily Kpobi, Leslie Swartz
BACKGROUND: Traditional healing methods are considered central to mental health care in low-income countries such as Ghana, because they are perceived to be more easily accessible, more affordable and generally ascribe similar causal beliefs to those of the patients. However, not much is known about the work of traditional healers largely because their methods are shrouded in mysticism and secrecy. There is a need to understand the ideology and beliefs of traditional healers surrounding mental disorders, including knowledge about their practices in mental health care...
March 1, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Tereza Maria Siqueira Nascimento Arrais, Modesto Leite Rolim Neto
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Carolin Laqua, Eric Hahn, Kerem Böge, Lara K Martensen, Tat Dinh Nguyen, Georg Schomerus, Tien Duc Cao, Michael Dettling, Anita von Poser, Joerg-Christian Lanca, Albert Diefenbacher, Matthias C Angermeyer, Thi Minh Tam Ta
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: In recent years, there has been a growing awareness of the need to protect human rights in psychiatry. Within the last years, considerable effort has been made to reduce restrictive measures in mental health settings. Reducing restrictive measures within mental health care has also moved increasingly into the focus of public debate. This study aims, for the first time in a Southeast Asian sample, to explore whether socio-demographic factors affect public attitudes toward restrictions on mentally ill people in Hanoi, Vietnam...
March 1, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Subin Park, Mina Jeon, Yeeun Lee, Young-Mi Ko, Chul Eung Kim
OBJECTIVES: Identifying predictors of psychological help-seeking attitudes is essential to improve access to needed mental health services. We investigated factors - particularly Big Five personality traits - that affect attitudes toward seeking professional psychological help for mental illness among Korean adults. METHODS: A total of 654 participants aged 15-54 years were recruited through an online panel survey. Help-seeking attitudes for mental illness were measured by the Attitudes Toward Seeking Professional Psychological Help Scale (ATSPPH), and personality traits were measured by the Big Five Personality Inventory-10...
March 1, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Taylor Jennelle Fitch, Xiao Yu, Lung-Chang Chien, Mohammad Monjurul Karim, Hasanat Alamgir
BACKGROUND: Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) may be more prevalent and burdensome in developing countries. AIMS: The goals of this study were to (1) determine the prevalence of PTSD, (2) identify types and number of traumas related to screening positive for PTSD and (3) determine other sociodemographic risk factors and health/medical conditions that may be correlated to PTSD among garment-factory workers and a comparable working population in Bangladesh. METHOD: A survey was administered to a convenient sample of 607 lower socio-economic status (SES) working women in Bangladesh, 310 of who were garment workers...
March 1, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Tian Lan, Xuji Jia, Xia Liu
BACKGROUND: Previous study has indicated that perceived discrimination affected the children's behaviors, but whether belief in a just world moderates the relationship between perceived discrimination and problem behaviors among left-behind children and whether there are differences between boys and girls are still unknown. AIMS: This study aims at exploring whether perceived discrimination influences the left-behind children's behaviors and the moderating role of belief in a just world among both boys and girls...
March 1, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Kimiko Tanaka, Larry Davidson, Thomas J Craig
BACKGROUND: While the neighborhood community literature well documents a link between participation in supportive and effective community groups or activities and empowerment, there is as yet little empirical evidence of this relationship in the context of community mental health programs. AIM: The primary purpose of the study was to examine the relationship between sense of community belonging and empowerment among members of mental health clubhouses. METHODS: A secondary analysis using a hierarchical regression model was conducted on cross-sectional structured interview data collected through a self-report questionnaire from 102 clubhouse members from six clubhouses in the United States and Finland...
February 1, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Ingrid Vargas-Huicochea, Shoshana Berenzon, María Luisa Rascón, Luciana Ramos
BACKGROUND: As with most of the chronic illnesses, the changes and consequences brought on by bipolar disorder (BD) are not exclusive to the patient and often spread to those around them, especially for direct caregivers of these patients. It is known that there is a significant emotional and physical toll among persons who coexist daily with those who suffer from this disorder. OBJECTIVE: Aware of the importance of the role played by informal caregivers (especially the family) in the stability and evolution of patients with bipolar disorder, this study seeks to explore the perception that family members responsible for bipolar persons have of themselves as caregivers of these patients...
February 1, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Mikkel Højlund, Lene Høgh, Anders Bo Bojesen, Povl Munk-Jørgensen, Elsebeth Stenager
BACKGROUND: Decrease in coercive measures can lead to increased exposure to antipsychotics and benzodiazepines. This is not desirable as these drugs are associated with harmful side effects and reduced life expectancy. AIM: To quantify and compare the use of antipsychotic and anxiolytic medications in connection with the implementation of a programme to reduce coercion and restraint. METHODS: Observational study in a general psychiatric ward comparing psychopharmacological treatment after implementation of non-pharmacological interventions to reduce coercion and mechanical restraint with a historical reference cohort from the same ward...
February 1, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Xiaoping Xiang, Daniel Fu Keung Wong, Ke Hou
BACKGROUND: Previous research has indicated that perceived discrimination has harmful effects on migrant children's physical, mental and behavioral health. However, little is known as to whether these harmful effects cumulate to impact on migrant children's personalities. AIMS: This study examines the effect of perceived discrimination on personality, as well as the moderating role of parental support in the discrimination-personality linkage. METHODS: A purposeful convenience sample of 215 migrant children in Beijing, China, completed a standardized questionnaire...
February 1, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Aradhana Perry, Chelsea Gardener, Jonathan Dove, Yocheved Eiger, Kate Loewenthal
INTRODUCTION: This article describes a successful community-based partnership project between statutory and third-sector services targeting the strictly Orthodox Jewish community (OJC). METHODS: The City and Hackney Black and Minority Ethnic (BME) Access Service (East London NHS Foundation Trust (ELFT)) collaborated with Bikur Cholim, a local third-sector organisation based in the heart of a north London Charedi OJC, to develop a brief culturally tailored psychoeducational group intervention focusing on mental health promotion and prevention...
February 1, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Aneeta Khoso, Rafiq Ahmed Soomro, Ayesha Muquim Quraishy, Hammad Ali Khan, Saba Ismail, Mehrunnisa Nazaz, Sana Younus, Saima Zainab
BACKGROUND: Psychiatric illnesses have recently escalated in numbers, with patients resorting to various forms of healthcare providers, including faith healers. This delays early psychiatric treatment, resulting in further mental health deterioration of the patient. Various factors impact the mode of treatment preferred by psychiatric patients. AIMS: To determine the frequency of psychiatric patients visiting faith healers, presenting at the outpatient department of Liaquat National Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan, and to explore the predictors that direct them toward visiting faith healers...
February 1, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Kathleen Ford, Aree Jampaklay, Aphichat Chamratrithirong
OBJECTIVES: Three southern provinces of Thailand - Pattani, Yala and Narathiwat - have been involved in a long period of unrest. Young people in these provinces have lived with this violence for many years. The objectives of this article are to assess the prevalence of psychiatric symptoms of young adults aged 18-24 years and to examine the perceived effects of the conflict on education, employment, social and religious life. METHODS: Data were drawn from a probability sample of 2,053 Muslim adults aged 18-59 years conducted in 2014...
February 1, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Wanlian Li, Fei Sun, Steven Anderson
PURPOSE: This study aimed to examine differences in depressive symptoms between urban and rural workers in mainland China and to identify community factors that could contribute to such residential differences. METHODS: This study used nationally representative data from the 2014 China's Labor Force Dynamic Survey. Data were collected through face-to-face interviews on a sample of 22,073 participants from 29 provinces of China, including 15,098 rural workers (Mage = 44...
February 1, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Megan A Pope, Ashok K Malla, Srividya N Iyer
BACKGROUND: Individuals with mental health problems have many support needs that are often inadequately met; however, perceptions of who should be responsible for meeting these needs have been largely unexplored. Varying perceptions may influence whether, how, and to what extent relevant stakeholders support individuals with mental health problems. AIMS: To critically evaluate the literature to determine who different stakeholders believe should be responsible for supporting individuals with mental health problems, what factors shape these perceptions, and how they relate to one another...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Miyuru Chandradasa, Layani Champika
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
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