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International Journal of Social Psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909012/the-effect-of-job-loss-on-depressive-symptoms-the-results-from-the-korean-welfare-panel-study-2007-2013
#1
Hyo Jung Yoon, Jae Woo Choi, Suk-Young Jang, Sang Ah Lee, Eun-Cheol Park
BACKGROUND: Unemployment is closely associated with depressive symptoms. We conducted analysis to find whether the job loss increased the risk of depressive symptoms according to job status, occupation and tenure. METHODS: Data were collected from Korean Welfare Panel Study (KOWEPS) from 2007 to 2013. To measure the increase in depressive score, we selected respondents who answered for at least 2 years of continuous waves. We performed a longitudinal analysis by generalized estimating equation (GEE) method with a total of 19,399 cases...
November 30, 2016: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856950/the-role-of-epigenetics-in-social-psychiatry
#2
REVIEW
Jacob Peedicayil
BACKGROUND: Epigenetics refers to the study of heritable changes in gene expression not involving changes in DNA sequence and is presently an active area of research in biology and medicine. There is increasing evidence that epigenetics is involved in the pathogenesis of psychiatric disorders. AIMS AND METHODS: Several studies conducted to date have suggested that psychosocial factors act by modifying epigenetic mechanisms of gene expression in the brain in the pathogenesis of psychiatric disorders...
November 16, 2016: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856949/differential-impacts-of-social-support-on-mental-health-a-comparison-study-of-chinese-rural-to-urban-migrant-adolescents-and-their-urban-counterparts-in-beijing-china
#3
Xiao Yu Zhuang, Daniel Fu Keung Wong
BACKGROUND: The number of internal migrant children in China has reached 35.8 million by the end of 2010. Previous studies revealed inconsistent findings regarding the mental health status of rural-to-urban migrant adolescents, as well as the impact of peer, teacher and parental support on the mental health of Chinese adolescent migrants. AIMS: Using a comparative approach, this study attempted to compare the mental health status between migrant and urban-born adolescents and to clarify the specific roles of different sources of social support in the mental health of migrant and urban adolescents...
November 16, 2016: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815515/stigma-and-need-for-care-in-individuals-who-hear-voices
#4
REVIEW
Ruvanee P Vilhauer
BACKGROUND: Voice hearing experiences, or auditory verbal hallucinations, occur in healthy individuals as well as in individuals who need clinical care, but news media depict voice hearing primarily as a symptom of mental illness, particularly schizophrenia. AIMS: This article explores whether, and how, public perception of an exaggerated association between voice hearing and mental illness might influence individuals' need for clinical care. METHOD: A narrative literature review was conducted, using relevant peer-reviewed research published in the English language...
November 3, 2016: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683283/duration-of-untreated-psychosis-in-an-egyptian-sample-sociodemographic-and-clinical-variables
#5
Tarek Okasha, Nivert Zaki, Marwa Abd El Meguid, Marwa El-Missiry, Walaa Sabry, Mostafa Kamel Ismaeil, Samar M Fouad
BACKGROUND: Duration of untreated psychosis (DUP) has been considered as a poor prognostic factor for psychotic disorder. Several studies have been investigating different predictors of DUP in Western countries, while in Egypt only a few studies have examined various predictors of DUP. AIMS: To study DUP in Egyptian patients with psychotic disorders and to investigate how certain illnesses, patient, socio-cultural risk factors and help-seeking behaviour are correlated with prolonged DUP...
September 28, 2016: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27647606/effectiveness-of-depression-suicidal-behaviour-gatekeeper-training-among-police-officers-in-three-european-regions-outcomes-of-the-optimising-suicide-prevention-programmes-and-their-implementation-in-europe-ospi-europe-study
#6
Ella Arensman, Claire Coffey, Eve Griffin, Chantal Van Audenhove, Gert Scheerder, Ricardo Gusmao, Susana Costa, Celine Larkin, Nicole Koburger, Margaret Maxwell, Fiona Harris, Vita Postuvan, Ulrich Hegerl
BACKGROUND: Gatekeeper training for community facilitators, to identify and respond to those at risk of suicide, forms an important part of multi-level community-based suicide prevention programmes. AIMS: This study examined the effects of gatekeeper training on attitudes, knowledge and confidence of police officers in dealing with persons at risk of suicide. METHODS: A total of 828 police officers across three European regions participated in a 4-hour training programme which addressed the epidemiology of depression and suicidal behaviour, symptoms of depression, warning signs and risk factors associated with suicidal behaviour, motivating help-seeking behaviour, dealing with acute suicidal crisis and informing bereaved relatives...
September 19, 2016: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27647605/patients-perceptions-of-barriers-to-self-managing-bipolar-disorder-a-qualitative-study
#7
Carol Blixen, Adam T Perzynski, Ashley Bukach, Molly Howland, Martha Sajatovic
BACKGROUND: Self-management of bipolar disorder (BD) is challenging for many individuals. MATERIAL: Interviews were used to assess perceived barriers to disease self-management among 21 high-risk patients with BD. Content analysis, with an emphasis on dominant themes, was used to analyze the data. RESULTS: Three major domains of barriers emerged: individual barriers (psychological, knowledge, behavioral and physical health); family/community-level barriers (lack of support and resources); and provider/healthcare system (inadequate communication and access to care)...
September 19, 2016: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27647604/personal-suffering-and-social-criticism-in-t-s-eliot-s-the-waste-land-and-a-ginsberg-s-howl-implications-for-social-psychiatry
#8
Moritz E Wigand, Hauke F Wiegand, Nicolas Rüsch, Thomas Becker
BACKGROUND: T. S. Eliot's The Waste Land and A. Ginsberg's Howl are two landmark poems of the 20th century which have a unique way of dealing with emotional suffering. AIMS: (a) To explore the interplay between emotional suffering, conflicting relationships and societal perceptions; (b) to show the therapeutic effect of the writing process; (c) to analyse the portrayal of 'madness'; and (d) to discuss, in contemporary psychiatric terms, the 'solutions' offered by the poets...
September 19, 2016: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887028/influence-of-urbanity-on-perception-of-mental-illness-stigma-a-population-based-study-in-urban-and-rural-hanoi-vietnam
#9
Thi Minh Tam Ta, Aron Zieger, Georg Schomerus, Tien Duc Cao, Michael Dettling, Xuan Tinh Do, Aditya Mungee, Albert Diefenbacher, Matthias C Angermeyer, Eric Hahn
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: To examine, for the first time in Vietnam, whether urbanity of respondents among other socio-demographic factors affects the public perception of stigma attached to persons with mental illness in Hanoi. METHODS: A general population-based survey was carried out in 2013 in the greater Hanoi area. The perception of stigma attached to people with mental illness was elicited using Link's perceived discrimination and devaluation scale (PDDS) carried out in Vietnamese language...
December 2016: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815514/recovery-and-its-correlates-among-patients-with-bipolar-disorder-a-study-from-a-tertiary-care-centre-in-north-india
#10
Sandeep Grover, Nandita Hazari, Jitender Aneja, Subho Chakrabarti, Sunil Sharma, Ajit Avasthi
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The goal of treatment in mental illness has evolved from a symptom-based approach to a personal recovery-based approach. The aim of this study was to evaluate the predictors of personal recovery among patients with bipolar disorder. METHODOLOGY: A total of 185 patients with bipolar disorder, currently in remission, were evaluated on Recovery Assessment Scale (RAS), Internalized Stigma of Mental Illness Scale (ISMIS), Brief Religious coping scale (RCOPE), Duke University Religiosity Index (DUREL), Religiousness Measures Scale, Hamilton depression rating scale (HDRS), Young Mania rating scale (YMRS) and Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF) scale...
December 2016: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815513/the-social-representations-of-suicide-in-france-an-inter-regional-study-in-alsace-and-brittany
#11
Céline Kopp-Bigault, Michel Walter, Anne Thevenot
BACKGROUND: Suicide is a major worldwide public health issue. Various studies showed that individual attitudes toward suicide change in a region with high suicide rate. Attitudes are one of the components of a global and complex system: social representations (SRs). AIMS: In France, the Brittany region has an abnormally high death rate due to suicides. Our research focuses on the SRs of suicide in this region. The hypothesis underlying this project is that suicide SRs are different between an area with a high suicide rate and a region less affected by suicide...
December 2016: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815512/schizophrenia-impact-of-psychopathology-faith-healers-and-psycho-education-on-adherence-to-medications
#12
Karim Abdel Aziz, Mohammed H Elamin, Nisrin M El-Saadouni, Dina Aly El-Gabry, Mahmoud Barakat, Fatima Alhayyas, Hamdy F Moselhy
BACKGROUND: Many patients suffering from psychosis are nonadherent to their medications. Nonadherence can range from treatment refusal to irregular use or partial change in daily medication doses. AIM: To investigate whether symptom dimensions, post-discharge care plans and being involved with faith healer affect the adherence to treatment in patients with schizophrenia. METHOD: A total of 121 patients with schizophrenia were examined 6 weeks post-discharge from the inpatient unit and assessed for full, partial or nonadherence to medication...
December 2016: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798050/the-experience-of-electroconvulsive-therapy-and-its-impact-on-associated-stigma-a-meta-analysis
#13
Yuta Aoki, Sosei Yamaguchi, Shuntaro Ando, Natsuki Sasaki, Peter J Bernick, Tsuyoshi Akiyama
BACKGROUND: Despite its efficacy and safety, electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is underutilized, in part due to stigma associated with the treatment. AIMS: The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that experiencing ECT has an impact on associated stigma, as measured by patient and family knowledge of and attitudes toward ECT. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search was conducted using MEDLINE, EMBASE and PsycINFO. Studies with cross-sectional and/or longitudinal designs were identified...
December 2016: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798049/the-big-picture-unfolds-using-photovoice-to-study-user-participation-in-mental-health-services
#14
Jessica Pui-Shan Tang, Samson Tse, Larry Davidson
BACKGROUND: User participation is advocated on the basis that consumers know their own needs better than anyone else. Photovoice is a participatory research method that empowers the grass-root population to give voice on concerned issues for eliciting social change. AIM: This study explores the experience and impact of user participation in mental health services (MHS) in Hong Kong through photovoice. It also examines the effects of this method in studying user participation...
December 2016: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27637561/stigmatization-of-mentally-ill-patients-by-media-coverage-of-germanwings-disaster
#15
LETTER
Steffen Conrad von Heydendorff, Andreas Meyer-Lindenberg, Harald Dressing
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27411988/developmental-psychiatry-needed-in-training-and-clinical-practice
#16
EDITORIAL
Antonio Ventriglio, Julio Torales, Dinesh Bhugra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27613025/long-term-effects-of-parental-divorce-timing-on-depression-a-population-based-longitudinal-study
#17
Sung-Youn Chun, Suk-Yong Jang, Jae-Woo Choi, Jaeyong Shin, Eun-Cheol Park
BACKGROUND: We examined the long-term effects of parental divorce timing on depression using longitudinal data from the Korean Welfare Panel Study. METHODS: Depression symptoms were measured using the 11 items of Center for Epidemiologic Scale for Depression (CES-D-11), and we categorized parental divorce timing into 'early childhood', 'adolescent' and 'none'. RESULTS: Although participants who experienced parental divorce during adolescence exhibited a significantly higher CES-D-11 score (p = ...
September 8, 2016: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27609766/a-qualitative-analysis-of-explanatory-models-in-medically-unexplained-physical-symptoms-presenting-to-a-tertiary-health-care-psychiatric-facility-in-south-india
#18
Vikas Menon, Balasubramanian Shanmuganathan, Anand Babu Arun, Jaiganesh Selvapandian Thamizh, Nivedhitha Selvakumar, Siddharth Sarkar
BACKGROUND: Knowledge about subjective perceptions and explanatory models has the potential to inform clinical evaluation and lead to development of patient-friendly treatment models in medically unexplained physical symptoms (MUPS). AIM: To collect qualitative data about explanatory models in MUPS. METHODS: A cross-sectional observational study was done among patients with MUPS presenting over a 2-year period to a specialty psychosomatic clinic...
September 8, 2016: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27515832/suicidal-ideation-among-msm-in-three-west-african-countries-associations-with-stigma-and-social-capital
#19
Shauna Stahlman, Ashley Grosso, Sosthenes Ketende, Vincent Pitche, Seni Kouanda, Nuha Ceesay, Henri G Ouedraogo, Odette Ky-Zerbo, Marcel Lougue, Daouda Diouf, Simplice Anato, Jules Tchalla, Stefan Baral
BACKGROUND: Suicidal ideation is understudied among men who have sex with men (MSM) across Sub-Saharan Africa. AIMS: This study aimed to explore social capital and sexual behavior stigma associated with suicidal ideation among MSM in the West African nations of The Gambia, Burkina Faso and Togo. METHODS: Participants were recruited using respondent-driven sampling and snowball sampling across multiple cities (n = 1555) from July 2011 to August 2013...
September 2016: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27411986/changing-patient-perspectives-after-compulsory-admission-and-the-risk-of-re-admission-during-5-years-of-follow-up-the-amsterdam-study-of-acute-psychiatry-ix
#20
Kim Setkowski, Louk Fm van der Post, Jaap Peen, Jack Jm Dekker
OBJECTIVE: Given increasing numbers of compulsory admissions, it is important to assess patient risk profiles and identify factors that are appropriate for intervention. METHODS: A sample of 116 patients who were compulsorily admitted was studied. Socio-demographic and clinical characteristics were recorded. Patients were interviewed twice using the Verona Service Satisfaction Scale and the Birchwood Insight Scale. Changes in insight and satisfaction during 2 years were linked to the incidence of involuntary re-admissions in the next three follow-up years...
September 2016: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
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