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International Journal of Social Psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30417725/do-you-let-me-symptomatize-the-potential-role-of-cultural-values-in-cross-national-variability-of-mental-disorders-prevalence
#1
Máté Kapitány-Fövény, Mara J Richman, Zsolt Demetrovics, Mihály Sulyok
BACKGROUND: Mental disorders may show inherent cross-national variability in their prevalence. A considerable number of meta-analyses attribute this heterogeneity to the methodological diversity in published epidemiological studies. Cultural values are characteristically not assessed in meta-regression models as potential covariates. AIM: Our aim was to conduct a meta-regression analysis to explore to what extent certain cultural values and immigration rates (as indicator of cultural diversity) might be associated with the cross-national heterogeneity of prevalence rates...
November 11, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30417721/providing-mental-health-peer-support-2-relationships-with-empowerment-hope-recovery-quality-of-life-and-internalised-stigma
#2
Eilish M Burke, Melissa Pyle, Karen Machin, Anthony P Morrison
OBJECTIVE: Qualitative research has identified personal costs and benefits for peer supporters associated with their role; however, quantitative evidence is sparse. This study used quantitative methods to explore relationships in experiences of providing peer support with constructs of empowerment, hope, recovery, quality of life and internalised stigma. Differences were examined for those in statutory versus non-statutory services; who had themselves received peer support versus those who had not and who identified having had negative experiences in clinical teams versus those without such experiences...
November 11, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30411663/supported-housing-for-persons-with-serious-mental-illness-and-personal-recovery-what-do-families-think
#3
Myra Piat, Kimberly Seida
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Previous research on supported housing for people with serious mental illness focuses primarily on tenant/client experiences. The aim of this article is to present families' perspectives on the role of supported housing in recovery, utilizing the CHIME framework of personal recovery. METHOD: Qualitative interviews were conducted with 14 families of individuals with serious mental illness living in supported housing. Participants were across five supported housing sites in four Canadian provinces...
November 9, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30394811/childhood-determinants-for-early-psychiatric-disability-pension-a-10-year-follow-up-study-of-the-1987-finnish-birth-cohort
#4
Marko Merikukka, Tiina Ristikari, Annamari Tuulio-Henriksson, Mika Gissler, Mikko Laaksonen
BACKGROUND: Mental disorders can affect work ability and lead to early exit from the labour market through disability pension. AIMS: This study aimed to identify childhood determinants of psychiatric disability pension in early adulthood. METHODS: The 1987 Finnish Birth Cohort includes a complete census of children born in a single year. The children were followed up from birth until 31 December 2012 using official registers maintained by the Finnish authorities...
November 3, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30375248/network-based-and-cohesion-based-social-capital-and-variations-in-depressive-symptoms-among-taiwanese-adults
#5
Yun-Hsuan Wu, Kellee White, Nancy L Fleischer, Bo Cai, Shing-Chia Chen, Spencer Moore
BACKGROUND: Network- and cohesion-based social capital may play an important role in improving mental health. However, there is limited understanding about these relationships among adults in Taiwan. AIM: The aim of this study was to examine the association between individual-level network and cohesion-based social capital and depressive symptoms among a population-based sample of Taiwanese adults. METHODS: Data were obtained from the 1997 Taiwan Social Change Survey ( n = 2,598)...
October 30, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30370816/psychiatrists-views-on-different-types-of-advance-statements-in-mental-health-care-in-germany
#6
Astrid Gieselmann, Alfred Simon, Jochen Vollmann, Bettina Schöne-Seifert
BACKGROUND: Advance directives enable patients to ensure that treatment decisions will be based on their autonomous will, even if they are incompetent at the time at which the treatment decision is taken. Although psychiatric advance directives are legally binding in Germany and their benefits are widely acknowledged, they are still infrequently used in German psychiatric practice. AIMS: The aim of this study is to assess psychiatrists' attitudes toward the use of advance statements in mental health care...
October 29, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30270697/associations-between-personal-social-capital-and-depressive-symptoms-evidence-from-a-probability-sample-of-urban-residents-in-china
#7
Xinguang Chen, Mengting Gao, Yayun Xu, Yan Wang, Shiyue Li
BACKGROUND: Rapid socioeconomic changes in China present a mental health challenge and also an opportunity to investigate the relationship between social capital and depression. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participants (18-45 years old, N = 1,250) were selected using a probability sampling method. The relationship between social capital (measured using the Personal Social Capital Scale) and depression (measured using the Brief Symptom Inventory Depression Subscale) was examined using bivariate analysis, followed by multiple regression to control for covariates...
October 1, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30160581/healing-the-heart-of-recovery
#8
Jackie Liggins
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Medicine is traditionally considered a healing profession, yet concepts of healing are rarely applied to mental illness, recovery being the dominant discourse. This article reports one aspect of the results of a broader exploration, through a service user lens, of aspects of place that facilitate healing in mental health care, with a resulting conceptualisation of healing. METHOD: The research material comprised the author's historical writings of her experience of mental illness and recovery and in-depth individual interviews with 10 mental health service users...
August 30, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30146928/the-impact-of-fibromyalgia-syndrome-and-the-role-of-comorbidity-with-mood-and-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-in-worsening-the-quality-of-life
#9
Mauro Giovanni Carta, Maria Francesca Moro, Francesca Laura Pinna, Giorgia Testa, Enrico Cacace, Valeria Ruggiero, Martina Piras, Ferdinando Romano, Luigi Minerba, Sergio Machado, Rafael Christophe Freire, Antonio Egidio Nardi, Federica Sancassiani
BACKGROUND: The aim is to measure the association between fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), mood and anxiety disorders using reliable psychiatric diagnoses according to Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed.; DSM-IV) and with a case-control design. METHODS: Case-control study with cases (71 consecutive female patients with FMS) and controls (284 subjects without FMS), randomly drawn after a gender- and age-matching technique from the database of an epidemiological survey...
August 27, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30132359/poverty-matters-cannabis-use-among-people-with-serious-mental-illness-findings-from-the-united-states-survey-on-drug-use-and-health-2015
#10
Giuseppe Carrà, Francesco Bartoli, Ilaria Riboldi, Giulia Trotta, Cristina Crocamo
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the influence of contextual characteristics on comorbid substance use and serious mental illness (SMI). AIMS: To explore the role of poverty on comorbid SMI and cannabis use. METHODS: We used data from the 2015 National Survey on Drug Use and Health, considering those in poverty, with income under 100% of the US poverty threshold. RESULTS: People in poverty were more likely to suffer from concurrent SMI and cannabis use (3...
August 22, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30084287/micro-migration-global-domestic-intergenerational-cultural-conflict
#11
EDITORIAL
Uriel Halbreich
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30074425/can-destination-harbors-be-the-start-for-a-new-destiny-the-psychic-pain-of-refugees
#12
LETTER
Modesto Leite Rolim Neto, Janaina Ribeiro de Sousa, Francyne da Silva Gonçalves, Cícero Vítor da Silva Justino, Jakeline Andrade Vieira, Juarez Braga Soares Neto, Virgínia Gadelha Dos Santos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30074421/caregiver-depression-the-contributing-role-of-depression-in-patients-stigma-social-support-and-religiosity
#13
Yee Chin Chai, Raynuha Mahadevan, Chong Guan Ng, Lai Fong Chan, Farahidah Md Dai
BACKGROUND: Depression has been well studied as part of caregiver burden among patients with severe mental illnesses. Curiously, though, there has been little data in terms of caregiver burden with specific focus on depression among caregivers of patients with major depressive disorder (MDD). AIM: This study aims to determine the rate of depression among caregivers of person with depression and its psychosocial correlates, which include stigma, perceived social support, religious commitment and the severity of the patient's symptoms...
September 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30067103/disability-and-socio-economic-impact-of-mental-disorders-in-the-state-of-punjab-india-findings-from-national-mental-health-survey-2015-2016
#14
B S Chavan, Subhash Das, Rohit Garg, Sonia Puri, Aravind Ba Banavaram
BACKGROUND: Mental illness results in a plethora of distressing issues, has tremendous socio-economic impact and causes socio-occupational dysfunction in the individual as well as the caregivers. There is a felt need to explore the disability caused by mental illness and the associated socio-economic impact at the population level in a developing nation like India. AIMS: To elucidate the disability and socio-economic impact associated with mental illness at the individual and household levels for the state of Punjab in India...
September 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30024292/life-events-and-depressive-symptoms-among-pregnant-women-in-india-moderating-role-of-resilience-and-social-support
#15
M Thomas Kishore, Veena Satyanarayana, Supraja Thirumalai Ananthanpillai, Geetha Desai, Binukumar Bhaskarapillai, Harish Thippeswamy, Prabha S Chandra
BACKGROUND: Recent life events may be significant risk factors for depression during pregnancy. However, its association with the individual's resilience and social support is not clear. AIMS: To understand the association between life events and depression during pregnancy and whether the association is moderated by resilience and social support. METHODS: This study is part of a prospective cohort study on perinatal mental health in an urban antenatal clinic, which included 589 women recruited in the first and early second trimester...
September 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30019976/stigma-associated-with-mental-illness-and-its-treatment-in-the-arab-culture-a-systematic-review
#16
Monica Zolezzi, Maha Alamri, Shahd Shaar, Daniel Rainkie
BACKGROUND: Mental health has not had the same public profile as physical health. This has contributed to the stigma associated with mental illness and to its treatments. Research investigating how the traditions and values amongst those with an Arab heritage contribute to stigmatizing beliefs, attitudes or actions in the provision of mental healthcare has not been widely reported. AIM: To systematically review the literature and summarize the findings of studies reporting stigmatizing beliefs, actions and attitudes toward treatment of people with mental illness in the Arab population...
September 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29992846/the-impact-of-affective-symptoms-on-personal-recovery-of-patients-with-severe-mental-illness
#17
Robin Michael Van Eck, Thijs Jan Burger, Marij Schenkelaars, Astrid Vellinga, Mariken Beatrijs de Koning, Frederike Schirmbeck, Martijn Kikkert, Jack Dekker, Lieuwe de Haan
BACKGROUND: Clinical recovery is often defined as remission of symptoms. Personal recovery is described as growing beyond the catastrophic effects of mental illness, sometimes despite ongoing symptoms. AIMS: To examine the relationship between the severity of clinical symptom domains and personal recovery in patients with severe mental illness (SMI). METHODS: Symptom severity and personal recovery of 105 outpatients with SMI at Mentrum, part of Arkin Institute for Mental Health in Amsterdam, the Netherlands, were assessed using the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale-Expanded Version (BPRS-E) and the Mental Health Recovery Measure (MHRM)...
September 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29972096/media-reporting-of-suicide-and-adherence-to-media-guidelines
#18
Niall McTernan, Ailbhe Spillane, Grace Cully, Eimear Cusack, Theresa O'Reilly, Ella Arensman
BACKGROUND: International research consistently shows evidence for an association between sensationalised and detailed media reporting, and suicidal behaviour. AIM: This study examined the quality of media reporting of suicide and adherence to media guidelines in Ireland. METHODS: In accordance with the criteria outlined in the media guidelines for reporting suicide, 243 media articles were screened and analysed for quality of reporting of two high-profile cases of suicide and two cases of suicide that became high profile following a period of intense media coverage that occurred between September 2009 and December 2012...
September 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29966476/impact-of-oil-recession-on-community-mental-health-service-utilization-in-an-oil-sands-mining-region-in-canada
#19
Amanda Ritchie, Marianne Hrabok, Ogechi Igwe, Joy Omeje, Olurotimi Ogunsina, Lorella Ambrosano, Sandra Corbett, Michal Juhás, Vincent Io Agyapong
OBJECTIVES: This retrospective clinical audit compared changes in community mental health service utilization before and during an economic recession in an oil sands region in Canada which was characterized by a doubling of unemployment rates and poor economic outlook. METHODS: Sociodemographic descriptors, psychiatric antecedents, clinical characteristics and follow-up care were compared before and during the recession for newly assessed patients in community mental health clinics located across a Northern Alberta oil mining region...
September 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29963938/cultural-responses-towards-the-aftermath-of-suicide-among-the-acholi-in-northern-uganda
#20
James Mugisha, Herbert Muyinda, Heidi Hjelmeland, Eugene Kinyanda, Davy Vancampfort, Birthe Loa Knizek
BACKGROUND: Suicide is a public health problem in Uganda among indigenous societies, and different societies manage its aftermath differently. AIM: To explore how the Acholi in Northern Uganda manage the aftermath of suicide. METHODS: We conducted a qualitative study in Gulu district, a post-conflict area in Northern Uganda. We conducted a total of four focus group discussions (FGDs) and 12 key informant (KI) interviews. KI interviews were conducted with community leaders, while the FGDs were conducted with members of the general population...
September 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
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