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International Journal of Social Psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088867/the-political-use-of-psychiatry-a-comparison-between-totalitarian-regimes
#1
Massimiliano Buoli, Aldo Sabino Giannuli
BACKGROUND: After the end of Second World War, the recent experience of the Nazi horrors stimulated a debate about the political use of psychiatry. Over the years, the focus shifted on major dictatorships of the time and especially on Soviet Union. AIMS: This article aims to provide a critical review of the ways in which psychiatry was used by totalitarian regimes of the 20th century. METHODS: We summarized relevant literature about political use of psychiatry in totalitarian regimes of the 20th century, with particular focus on Fascism, Nazism, Argentina dictatorship, Soviet Union and China...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28084154/the-impact-of-a-tv-report-in-schizophrenia-stigma-reduction-a-quasi-experimental-study
#2
Nathaly de Oliveira Bosoni, Geraldo Busatto Filho, Daniel Martins de Barros
BACKGROUND: Stigma is a major problem in schizophrenia, and the most effective way to reduce it is to provide information. But literature lacks studies evaluating long-term efficacy of mass communication. AIMS: This is a pilot study to assess if a brief intervention (TV report) may have long-term effects. METHOD: Assessing stigma scores from subjects before and after seeing a vignette. RESULTS: We found that the social distance and restriction to patients not only fell after a brief intervention but also kept lower after 1 and 3 months...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28084153/case-control-study-of-risk-factors-for-suicide-attempts-in-isfahan-iran
#3
Parastoo Golshiri, Mojtaba Akbari, Abbas Zarei
BACKGROUND: Suicide is an important, preventable, public health problem worldwide, caused by the interaction of numerous environmental, biological and psychosocial factors. AIMS: This study aimed to identify the factors associated with suicidal attempts in Isfahan, Iran, in 2015. METHODS: In this case-control study, 175 cases who committed suicide and were admitted to emergency services were compared with 175 controls selected among outpatients from the same hospital without any history of suicide attempt...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074666/association-between-posttraumatic-stress-and-acceptance-of-social-changes-findings-from-a-general-population-study-and-proposal-of-a-new-concept
#4
Evaldas Kazlauskas, Paulina Zelviene
BACKGROUND: There is a growing understanding of the importance of the social factors of posttraumatic stress disorder. AIMS: This study expands research on association between posttraumatic stress and social factors by introducing the measure of the acceptance of social changes and evaluating possible links between posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms and acceptance of social changes. METHODS: A general population sample ( n = 778) aged from 18 to 89 years ( M = 40...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067109/depression-literacy-in-women-attending-university-hospital-clinics-in-riyadh-saudi-arabia
#5
Amna Rehana Siddiqui, Sarah Mahasin, Roa Alsajjan, Marwah Hassounah, Zeinah Alhalees, Norah AlSaif, Fahad D Alosaimi, AlJohara AlQuaiz
BACKGROUND: Depression literacy in general population constitutes an ability to understand depression, with knowledge of disease, its risk factors and symptoms. High levels of depression literacy promote early intervention, potentially reducing related disability. AIM: This study investigated the depression literacy in women visitors to clinics of a tertiary care hospital in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. METHODS: Women of 18 and more years were surveyed during their visit to primary and other healthcare clinics of a public hospital in Riyadh...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067104/communicability-of-symptoms-in-psychiatry
#6
Antonio Ventriglio, Dinesh Bhugra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056582/attitudes-of-health-professionals-towards-the-stigma-surrounding-depression-in-times-of-economic-crisis
#7
Maria Saridi, Aikaterini Kordosi, Aikaterini Toska, Lily Evangelia Peppou, Marina Economou, Kyriakos Souliotis
INTRODUCTION: The stigma of mental illness and the ensuing social exclusion are due to the lack of knowledge on the causality of mental illness. AIM: The purpose of this study was to record the stigmatic attitudes of health professionals towards depression, patients suffering from it and the available therapeutic approaches. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The sample of the study included 609 health professionals working in the General Hospital of Corinth...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056594/book-review-disordered-personalities-and-crime-an-analysis-of-the-history-of-moral-insanity-mental-illness-human-rights-and-the-law-mental-health-and-the-criminal-justice-system-a-social-work-perspective-handbook-of-secure-care-and-secure-lives-the-meaning
#8
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024446/mental-health-in-a-conflict-area-migration-economic-stress-and-religiosity-in-the-three-southernmost-provinces-of-thailand
#9
Kathleen Ford, Aree Jampaklay, Aphichat Chamratrithirong
AIM: Three southern provinces of Thailand, Pattani, Yala and Narathiwat, have been involved in a long period of unrest due to differences between the population in the provinces and the Thai government with regard to language, culture and governance. The objectives of this article are to examine the effects of everyday stressors due to the conflict, including economic stress and migration, as well as the effect of religiosity on the reporting of psychiatric symptoms among adults in the three provinces...
December 1, 2016: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927978/community-families-a-qualitative-study-of-families-who-volunteer-to-support-persons-with-severe-mental-illness
#10
Lotte Groth Jensen, Stina Lou, Jørgen Aagaard, Ulla Væggemose
BACKGROUND: Social interventions targeted at people with severe mental illness (SMI) often include volunteers. Volunteers' perspectives are important for these interventions to work. This article investigates the experiences of volunteer families who befriend a person with SMI. MATERIAL: Qualitative interviews with members of volunteer families. DISCUSSION: The families were motivated by helping a vulnerable person and by engaging in a rewarding relationship...
December 1, 2016: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856950/the-role-of-epigenetics-in-social-psychiatry
#11
REVIEW
Jacob Peedicayil
BACKGROUND: Epigenetics refers to the study of heritable changes in gene expression not involving changes in DNA sequence and is presently an active area of research in biology and medicine. There is increasing evidence that epigenetics is involved in the pathogenesis of psychiatric disorders. AIMS AND METHODS: Several studies conducted to date have suggested that psychosocial factors act by modifying epigenetic mechanisms of gene expression in the brain in the pathogenesis of psychiatric disorders...
November 16, 2016: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856949/differential-impacts-of-social-support-on-mental-health-a-comparison-study-of-chinese-rural-to-urban-migrant-adolescents-and-their-urban-counterparts-in-beijing-china
#12
Xiao Yu Zhuang, Daniel Fu Keung Wong
BACKGROUND: The number of internal migrant children in China has reached 35.8 million by the end of 2010. Previous studies revealed inconsistent findings regarding the mental health status of rural-to-urban migrant adolescents, as well as the impact of peer, teacher and parental support on the mental health of Chinese adolescent migrants. AIMS: Using a comparative approach, this study attempted to compare the mental health status between migrant and urban-born adolescents and to clarify the specific roles of different sources of social support in the mental health of migrant and urban adolescents...
November 16, 2016: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815515/stigma-and-need-for-care-in-individuals-who-hear-voices
#13
REVIEW
Ruvanee P Vilhauer
BACKGROUND: Voice hearing experiences, or auditory verbal hallucinations, occur in healthy individuals as well as in individuals who need clinical care, but news media depict voice hearing primarily as a symptom of mental illness, particularly schizophrenia. AIMS: This article explores whether, and how, public perception of an exaggerated association between voice hearing and mental illness might influence individuals' need for clinical care. METHOD: A narrative literature review was conducted, using relevant peer-reviewed research published in the English language...
November 3, 2016: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909012/the-effect-of-job-loss-on-depressive-symptoms-the-results-from-the-korean-welfare-panel-study-2007-2013
#14
Hyo Jung Yoon, Jae Woo Choi, Suk-Young Jang, Sang Ah Lee, Eun-Cheol Park
BACKGROUND: Unemployment is closely associated with depressive symptoms. We conducted analysis to find whether the job loss increased the risk of depressive symptoms according to job status, occupation and tenure. METHODS: Data were collected from Korean Welfare Panel Study (KOWEPS) from 2007 to 2013. To measure the increase in depressive score, we selected respondents who answered for at least 2 years of continuous waves. We performed a longitudinal analysis by generalized estimating equation (GEE) method with a total of 19,399 cases...
November 1, 2016: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887028/influence-of-urbanity-on-perception-of-mental-illness-stigma-a-population-based-study-in-urban-and-rural-hanoi-vietnam
#15
Thi Minh Tam Ta, Aron Zieger, Georg Schomerus, Tien Duc Cao, Michael Dettling, Xuan Tinh Do, Aditya Mungee, Albert Diefenbacher, Matthias C Angermeyer, Eric Hahn
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: To examine, for the first time in Vietnam, whether urbanity of respondents among other socio-demographic factors affects the public perception of stigma attached to persons with mental illness in Hanoi. METHODS: A general population-based survey was carried out in 2013 in the greater Hanoi area. The perception of stigma attached to people with mental illness was elicited using Link's perceived discrimination and devaluation scale (PDDS) carried out in Vietnamese language...
December 2016: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815514/recovery-and-its-correlates-among-patients-with-bipolar-disorder-a-study-from-a-tertiary-care-centre-in-north-india
#16
Sandeep Grover, Nandita Hazari, Jitender Aneja, Subho Chakrabarti, Sunil Sharma, Ajit Avasthi
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The goal of treatment in mental illness has evolved from a symptom-based approach to a personal recovery-based approach. The aim of this study was to evaluate the predictors of personal recovery among patients with bipolar disorder. METHODOLOGY: A total of 185 patients with bipolar disorder, currently in remission, were evaluated on Recovery Assessment Scale (RAS), Internalized Stigma of Mental Illness Scale (ISMIS), Brief Religious coping scale (RCOPE), Duke University Religiosity Index (DUREL), Religiousness Measures Scale, Hamilton depression rating scale (HDRS), Young Mania rating scale (YMRS) and Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF) scale...
December 2016: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815513/the-social-representations-of-suicide-in-france-an-inter-regional-study-in-alsace-and-brittany
#17
Céline Kopp-Bigault, Michel Walter, Anne Thevenot
BACKGROUND: Suicide is a major worldwide public health issue. Various studies showed that individual attitudes toward suicide change in a region with high suicide rate. Attitudes are one of the components of a global and complex system: social representations (SRs). AIMS: In France, the Brittany region has an abnormally high death rate due to suicides. Our research focuses on the SRs of suicide in this region. The hypothesis underlying this project is that suicide SRs are different between an area with a high suicide rate and a region less affected by suicide...
December 2016: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815512/schizophrenia-impact-of-psychopathology-faith-healers-and-psycho-education-on-adherence-to-medications
#18
Karim Abdel Aziz, Mohammed H Elamin, Nisrin M El-Saadouni, Dina Aly El-Gabry, Mahmoud Barakat, Fatima Alhayyas, Hamdy F Moselhy
BACKGROUND: Many patients suffering from psychosis are nonadherent to their medications. Nonadherence can range from treatment refusal to irregular use or partial change in daily medication doses. AIM: To investigate whether symptom dimensions, post-discharge care plans and being involved with faith healer affect the adherence to treatment in patients with schizophrenia. METHOD: A total of 121 patients with schizophrenia were examined 6 weeks post-discharge from the inpatient unit and assessed for full, partial or nonadherence to medication...
December 2016: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798050/the-experience-of-electroconvulsive-therapy-and-its-impact-on-associated-stigma-a-meta-analysis
#19
Yuta Aoki, Sosei Yamaguchi, Shuntaro Ando, Natsuki Sasaki, Peter J Bernick, Tsuyoshi Akiyama
BACKGROUND: Despite its efficacy and safety, electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is underutilized, in part due to stigma associated with the treatment. AIMS: The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that experiencing ECT has an impact on associated stigma, as measured by patient and family knowledge of and attitudes toward ECT. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search was conducted using MEDLINE, EMBASE and PsycINFO. Studies with cross-sectional and/or longitudinal designs were identified...
December 2016: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798049/the-big-picture-unfolds-using-photovoice-to-study-user-participation-in-mental-health-services
#20
Jessica Pui-Shan Tang, Samson Tse, Larry Davidson
BACKGROUND: User participation is advocated on the basis that consumers know their own needs better than anyone else. Photovoice is a participatory research method that empowers the grass-root population to give voice on concerned issues for eliciting social change. AIM: This study explores the experience and impact of user participation in mental health services (MHS) in Hong Kong through photovoice. It also examines the effects of this method in studying user participation...
December 2016: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
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