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International Journal of Social Psychiatry

Antonio Ventriglio, Dinesh Bhugra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Sandeep Grover, Swapnajeet Sahoo, Ritu Nehra, Subho Chakrabarti, Ajit Avasthi
AIM: To evaluate the prevalence of depression using different measures in patients with schizophrenia and to study the relationship of depression in schizophrenia with cognitive insight and clinical insight, disability and socio-occupational functioning. METHODS: A total of 136 patients with schizophrenia were evaluated for depression, cognitive insight and socio-occupational functioning. RESULTS: Of the 136 patients included in the study, one-fourth ( N = 34; 25%) were found to have depression as per the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI)...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Anna-Lena Nordstroem, Darren Talbot, Corrado Bernasconi, Carmen Galani Berardo, Justine Lalonde
BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined the impact of persistent symptoms of schizophrenia, especially with respect to patient-reported outcomes (PROs), carer burden and health economic impact. AIMS: Analyse data relating to burden and severity of illness, functional impairment and quality of life for patients with persistent symptoms of schizophrenia. METHODS: A cohort of stable outpatients with persistent symptoms of schizophrenia across seven countries were assessed in a multicentre, non-interventional, cross-sectional survey and retrospective medical record review using PRO questionnaires, clinical rating scales and carer questionnaires...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Victoria Ross, Kairi Kõlves, Diego De Leo
BACKGROUND: As young Australian males are at a high risk of suicide, the identification of risk factors other than psychopathology is vital for the development of comprehensive suicide prevention measures. AIMS: The study investigated whether there were differences in risk factors and pathways to suicide in young adult males from Queensland, Australia, with and without a diagnosable psychiatric disorder. METHODS: A case-control, psychological autopsy method was applied using a control group of young males who had died suddenly from causes other than suicide...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Ulla Væggemose, Stina Lou, Michal Frumer, Nanna Limskov Stærk Christiansen, Jørgen Aagaard, Lisbeth Ørtenblad
BACKGROUND: Social interventions to support people with severe mental illness are important to improving the quality of life. The perspectives of users are essential in this process. This article explores users' experiences, investments and concerns of a befriending programme. MATERIAL: Focus group and individual qualitative interviews with service users. DISCUSSION: Overall, the experiences with the programme were positive, and the social interaction was highly valued...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Massimiliano Buoli, Aldo Sabino Giannuli
BACKGROUND: After the end of Second World War, the recent experience of the Nazi horrors stimulated a debate about the political use of psychiatry. Over the years, the focus shifted on major dictatorships of the time and especially on Soviet Union. AIMS: This article aims to provide a critical review of the ways in which psychiatry was used by totalitarian regimes of the 20th century. METHODS: We summarized relevant literature about political use of psychiatry in totalitarian regimes of the 20th century, with particular focus on Fascism, Nazism, Argentina dictatorship, Soviet Union and China...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Nathaly de Oliveira Bosoni, Geraldo Busatto Filho, Daniel Martins de Barros
BACKGROUND: Stigma is a major problem in schizophrenia, and the most effective way to reduce it is to provide information. But literature lacks studies evaluating long-term efficacy of mass communication. AIMS: This is a pilot study to assess if a brief intervention (TV report) may have long-term effects. METHOD: Assessing stigma scores from subjects before and after seeing a vignette. RESULTS: We found that the social distance and restriction to patients not only fell after a brief intervention but also kept lower after 1 and 3 months...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Parastoo Golshiri, Mojtaba Akbari, Abbas Zarei
BACKGROUND: Suicide is an important, preventable, public health problem worldwide, caused by the interaction of numerous environmental, biological and psychosocial factors. AIMS: This study aimed to identify the factors associated with suicidal attempts in Isfahan, Iran, in 2015. METHODS: In this case-control study, 175 cases who committed suicide and were admitted to emergency services were compared with 175 controls selected among outpatients from the same hospital without any history of suicide attempt...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Evaldas Kazlauskas, Paulina Zelviene
BACKGROUND: There is a growing understanding of the importance of the social factors of posttraumatic stress disorder. AIMS: This study expands research on association between posttraumatic stress and social factors by introducing the measure of the acceptance of social changes and evaluating possible links between posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms and acceptance of social changes. METHODS: A general population sample ( n = 778) aged from 18 to 89 years ( M = 40...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Amna Rehana Siddiqui, Sarah Mahasin, Roa Alsajjan, Marwah Hassounah, Zeinah Alhalees, Norah AlSaif, Fahad D Alosaimi, AlJohara AlQuaiz
BACKGROUND: Depression literacy in general population constitutes an ability to understand depression, with knowledge of disease, its risk factors and symptoms. High levels of depression literacy promote early intervention, potentially reducing related disability. AIM: This study investigated the depression literacy in women visitors to clinics of a tertiary care hospital in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. METHODS: Women of 18 and more years were surveyed during their visit to primary and other healthcare clinics of a public hospital in Riyadh...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Antonio Ventriglio, Dinesh Bhugra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Maria Saridi, Aikaterini Kordosi, Aikaterini Toska, Lily Evangelia Peppou, Marina Economou, Kyriakos Souliotis
INTRODUCTION: The stigma of mental illness and the ensuing social exclusion are due to the lack of knowledge on the causality of mental illness. AIM: The purpose of this study was to record the stigmatic attitudes of health professionals towards depression, patients suffering from it and the available therapeutic approaches. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The sample of the study included 609 health professionals working in the General Hospital of Corinth...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Alexandra Brazinova, Norbert Moravansky, Gabriel Gulis, Igor Skodacek
BACKGROUND: Suicide is a significant public health issue worldwide, resulting in loss of lives, and burdening societies. AIMS: To describe and analyze the time trends of suicide rates (SRs) in the Slovak Republic in 1993-2015 for targeted suicide prevention strategies. METHODS: Data for this study were obtained from the mortality database of the Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic. Crude and standardized annual SRs were calculated. Trends and relative risks of suicide according to age and sex were analyzed by joinpoint regression and negative binomial regression...
March 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Fredrik Hjärthag, Karin Persson, Karin Ingvarsdotter, Margareta Östman
BACKGROUND: Supporting families where one person suffers from long-term severe mental illness (SMI) is essential, but seems hard to reach. The aim of this study was to examine professionals' views of supporting relatives of persons with SMI. MATERIAL: Individual interviews mirroring personal narratives and group interviews reflecting group-processed answers were conducted among 23 professionals and analyzed thematically. RESULTS: Three themes emerged: (a) information and group interaction reduces stigma and increases well-being, (b) professionals need to feel secure and confident about how the support structure works and (c) collaboration is difficult but required on several levels...
February 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Anton N Isaacs, Keith Sutton, Kim Dalziel, Darryl Maybery
BACKGROUND: Owing to difficulties faced by individuals with severe and persistent mental illness (SPMI) in accessing multiple services, the Australian Government trialed a care coordinated service model called the Partners in Recovery (PIR) initiative. MATERIAL: A total of 45 stakeholders in Gippsland were asked what difference the initiative had made. DISCUSSION: The PIR initiative benefited not only clients and carers but also service providers...
February 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Keith M Harris, Silvana Bettiol
BACKGROUND: Numerous suicide risk factors have been proposed but not adequately validated for epidemiology, treatment and prevention efforts. AIMS: Exposures to suicidal behaviors (ESB), from family and friend suicide attempts and completions, were tested for validity as a suicidal risk factor and also for measurement and construct adequacy. METHODS: An anonymous online survey yielded 713 participants (aged 18-71), who reported ESB, completed the Suicidal Affect-Behavior-Cognition Scale (SABCS), and comprised a broad spectrum on those variables...
February 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Sonilde Saraiva Januário, Florido Sampaio das Neves Peixoto, Nádia Nara Rolim Lima, Vânia Barbosa do Nascimento, Danilo Ferreira de Sousa, Dayse Christina Rodrigues Pereira Luz, Claúdio Gleidiston Lima da Silva, Modesto Leite Rolim Neto
INTRODUCTION: Studies about mental disorders are very rare in the Northeast of Brazil, especially when psychopathologies in children and adolescents are considered. The consequence is a small availability of data and an absence of a real epidemiological profile. METHODS: This is a systematic review with meta-analysis, following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA) protocol, in the period from 2003 to 2015, using the databases LILACS, SciELO and BVS...
February 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Robert J Cramer, Sarah L Desmarais, Kiersten L Johnson, Tess M Gemberling, Matt R Nobles, Sarah R Holley, Susan Wright, Richard Van Dorn
BACKGROUND: Suicide and interpersonal violence (i.e. victimization and perpetration) represent pressing public health problems, and yet remain mostly addressed as separate topics. AIMS: To identify the (1) frequency and overlap of suicide and interpersonal violence and (2) characteristics differentiating subgroups of violence-related experiences. METHODS: A health survey was completed by 2,175 respondents comprised of three groups: college students ( n = 702), adult members of a sexuality special interest organization ( n = 816) and a community adult sample ( n = 657)...
February 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Lotte Groth Jensen, Stina Lou, Jørgen Aagaard, Ulla Væggemose
BACKGROUND: Social interventions targeted at people with severe mental illness (SMI) often include volunteers. Volunteers' perspectives are important for these interventions to work. This article investigates the experiences of volunteer families who befriend a person with SMI. MATERIAL: Qualitative interviews with members of volunteer families. DISCUSSION: The families were motivated by helping a vulnerable person and by engaging in a rewarding relationship...
February 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Hyo Jung Yoon, Jae Woo Choi, Suk-Young Jang, Sang Ah Lee, Eun-Cheol Park
BACKGROUND: Unemployment is closely associated with depressive symptoms. We conducted analysis to find whether the job loss increased the risk of depressive symptoms according to job status, occupation and tenure. METHODS: Data were collected from Korean Welfare Panel Study (KOWEPS) from 2007 to 2013. To measure the increase in depressive score, we selected respondents who answered for at least 2 years of continuous waves. We performed a longitudinal analysis by generalized estimating equation (GEE) method with a total of 19,399 cases...
February 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
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