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International Journal of Social Psychiatry

Megan A Pope, Ashok K Malla, Srividya N Iyer
BACKGROUND: Individuals with mental health problems have many support needs that are often inadequately met; however, perceptions of who should be responsible for meeting these needs have been largely unexplored. Varying perceptions may influence whether, how, and to what extent relevant stakeholders support individuals with mental health problems. AIMS: To critically evaluate the literature to determine who different stakeholders believe should be responsible for supporting individuals with mental health problems, what factors shape these perceptions, and how they relate to one another...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Miyuru Chandradasa, Layani Champika
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Francisco Balbuena Rivera
BACKGROUND: In a highly technical civilization like ours, in which the interest in human communication transcends academic barriers and clinical practice, it seems necessary to look back to Ruesch's work in psychiatry. The main reason of it rests upon the idea that he was one of the few truly outstanding clinicians, researchers, and theoretical in the field of normal and abnormal communication. In fact, he did not only present a wealth of observational and clinical data; more importantly, he used these data to formulate creative hypotheses about the conflict between man and other human beings...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Sayani Paul, Simon Corneau, Tanya Boozary, Vicky Stergiopoulos
BACKGROUND: The multiple challenges that ethnoracial homeless individuals experiencing mental illness face are well documented. However, little is known about how this homeless subpopulation copes with the compounding stressors of racial discrimination, homelessness and mental illness. AIMS: This study is an in-depth investigation of the personal perceived strengths, attitudes and coping behaviors of homeless adults of diverse ethnoracial backgrounds experiencing homelessness and mental illness in Toronto, Canada...
December 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Tom Hendriks, Tobi Graafsma, Aabidien Hassankhan, Ernst Bohlmeijer, Joop de Jong
BACKGROUND: Resilience can be described as the capacity to deal with adversity and traumatic events. The current economic situation in Suriname and its social economic consequences may demand a great amount of resilience for people living in Suriname. In this explorative study, we examined the relation between strengths and resilience among the three major ethnic groups in Suriname. METHOD: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 25 participants. We sought to gather viewpoints from community representatives, health care professionals and academic scholars about the personal resources used by people in Suriname to help them deal with the consequences of the current socio-economic crisis...
December 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Miguel Roselló Peñaloza, Pablo Gómez Fuentealba, Patricia Castillo Gallardo
BACKGROUND: The epidemiological literature has reported differences by sex in the prevalence of psychiatric diagnoses. However, we know little about how other socio-demographic factors participate in these differences. AIM: To identify the socio-demographic factors that correlate with prevalent psychiatric diagnoses in women and men in a Chilean urban psychiatric hospital population. METHOD: Socio-demographic information (age, educational level, marital status, family group and work status), psychiatric diagnoses and sex of the population were collected for 3,920 patients of a tertiary care hospital during a period of 8 years (2007-2014)...
December 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Ellen Jas, Martijn Wieling
OBJECTIVE: There is limited research on the patient-provider relationship in inpatient settings. The purpose of this study was to measure the effect of mental healthcare providers' recovery-promoting competencies on personal recovery in involuntarily admitted psychiatric patients with severe mental illness. METHODS: In all, 127 Dutch patients suffering from a severe mental illness residing in a high-secure psychiatric hospital reported the degree of their personal recovery (translated Questionnaire about Processes of Recovery questionnaire (QPR)) and the degree of mental healthcare providers' recovery-promoting competence (Recovery Promoting Relationship Scale (RPRS)) at two measurement points, 6 months apart...
December 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Minhwa Lee, Mikyung Seo
BACKGROUND: This study is based on the contact hypothesis that contact with mental illness is the most effective anti-stigma strategy. AIMS: This study aims to analyze which form of contact can most effectively decrease the dangerousness and social distance associated with schizophrenia, depression and alcoholism. METHOD: In total, 573 Korean adults ( Mage = 43.71 years, standard deviation ( SD) = 13.41; 54.1% male, 45.9% female) were surveyed about randomly assigned vignettes of schizophrenia, depression and alcoholism...
December 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Victoria N Mutiso, Christine W Musyimi, Andrew Tomita, Lianne Loeffen, Jonathan K Burns, David M Ndetei
PURPOSE: This study investigated the epidemiological patterns of mental illness and stigma in community households in Kenya using a cross-sectional community household survey among 846 participants. METHODS: A cross-sectional community household survey was conducted around urban slum (Kangemi) and rural (Kibwezi) selected health facilities in Kenya. All households within the two sites served by the selected health facilities were included in the study. To select the main respondent in the household, the oldest adult who could speak English, Kiswahili or both (the official languages in Kenya) was selected to participate in the interview...
December 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Abdelaziz A Omer, Amir A Mufaddel
BACKGROUND: The role of traditional healers in the community remains an issue of debate as they have a role in the community that could not be neglected. Traditional medicine can be a barrier for early intervention and treatment of psychiatric disorders. AIM: This study is a cross-sectional descriptive study that aims to evaluate the attitude of patients toward traditional healing in Khartoum teaching hospital in Sudan. METHOD: Patients who attended the outpatient clinic were asked about previous history of seeking treatment from traditional healers...
December 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Scott Daniel Emerson, Anita Minh, Martin Guhn
BACKGROUND: Ethnic minorities form an increasingly large proportion of Canada's population. Living in areas of greater ethnic density may help protect mental health among ethnic minorities through psychosocial pathways such as accessibility to culturally appropriate provision of mental health care, less discrimination and a greater sense of belonging. Mood and anxiety disorders are common psychiatric disorders. AIM: This study examined whether ethnic density of regions was related to mood and anxiety disorders among ethnic minorities in Canada...
December 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Yeeun Lee, Subin Park
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Married immigrant women in South Korea undergo a wide array of psychosocial challenges in the process of adapting to a new culture and marriage with a Korean husband. For an integrative understanding of women's mental health status and to determine the key risk and protective factors, we systematically reviewed empirical articles about the mental health of married immigrant women. METHODS: We searched and reviewed articles from nine online databases: PubMed, Scopus, PsycINFO, Embase, DBpia, KISS, KMbase, KoreaMed and RISS, which were published up until January 2017...
December 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Sabrine Elkhodr, Maya Saba, Claire O'Reilly, Bandana Saini
BACKGROUND: While pharmacists are among the most accessible primary health professionals within a mother's healthcare team to identify potential cases of perinatal depression (PND), very little in the literature suggests that this role has been explored. AIM: The aim of this study was to explore community pharmacists' perspectives on their potential roles in perinatal mental health promotion (recognition and health education) and the factors affecting these roles...
December 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Dinesh Bhugra, Soumitra Pathare, Rajlaxmi Joshi, Gurvinder Kalra, Julio Torales, Antonio Ventriglio
BACKGROUND: The burden of disease related to mental disorders across the world is substantial. However, there remains inequality between funding for clinical and research activities between physical illness and mental illness in almost all countries. AIMS: One way of reducing this inequality is to ensure that mental health policies reflect this. We were interested in looking at the policies of members of Commonwealth. METHOD: We decided to survey 52 member countries of the Commonwealth to explore whether mental health policies existed and whether there was equity between physical and mental health services funding...
December 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Nina Rautio, Svetlana Filatova, Heli Lehtiniemi, Jouko Miettunen
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The notion that environment affects mental health has a long history; in this systematic review, we aimed to study whether the living environment is related to depressive mood. METHODS: We searched databases of PubMed, Scopus and Web of Science for population-based original studies prior to October 2016. We included studies that measured depressive symptoms or depression and had measures of urbanization, population density, aesthetics of living environment, house/built environment, green areas, walkability, noise, air pollution or services...
December 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Felice Carabellese, Alan R Felthous, Donatella La Tegola, Giuseppina Piazzolla, Salvatore Distaso, Giancarlo Logroscino, Antonio Leo, Antonio Ventriglio, Roberto Catanesi
OBJECTIVE: Informed consent is an essential element in doctor-patient relationship. In particular, obtaining valid informed consent from patients with neurocognitive diseases is a critical issue at present. For this reason, we decided to conduct research on elderly patients with Alzheimer's disease ( Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition (DSM-5) to assess their capacity to make treatment decisions. METHODS: The experimental group comprised 70 Alzheimer patients who were admitted to the Neurodegenerative Disease Unit of the University of Bari...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Mao-Sheng Ran, Tian-Ming Zhang, Irene Yin-Ling Wong, Xin Yang, Chang-Cheng Liu, Bo Liu, Wei Luo, Wei-Hong Kuang, Graham Thornicroft, Cecilia Lai-Wan Chan
BACKGROUND: It is unknown whether there are differences in self-stigma among persons with different types of severe mental illness (SMI) in rural communities. AIM: This study was to examine the differences of self-stigma and its correlates in persons with schizophrenia, major depressive disorder or bipolar disorder in a rural community in China. METHODS: A total of 453 persons with schizophrenia, major depressive disorder or bipolar disorder in a rural community participated in the study...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Li Han, Sheng-Yu Zhao, Xuan-Ying Pan, Chuan-Jing Liao
BACKGROUND: The number of left-behind children in rural China has increased dramatically over the last decade. It is reported that about 21.88% of child population with an estimated number of 61 million are left-behind children whose parents leave them to work in cities. We conducted a cross-sectional study to explore the impacts of left-behind experience (LBE) on college students' depression and other influencing factors. AIM: This study discusses the mediation effect of self-esteem together with psychological resilience on college students with depression and negative life events of left-behind...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Wendy Diana Shoesmith, Awang Faisal Bin Awang Borhanuddin, Pauline Yong Pau Lin, Ahmad Faris Abdullah, Norhayati Nordin, Beena Giridharan, Dawn Forman, Sue Fyfe
BACKGROUND: A better understanding is needed about how people make decisions about help seeking. MATERIALS: Focus group and individual interviews with patients, carers, healthcare staff, religious authorities, traditional healers and community members. DISCUSSION: Four stages of help seeking were identified: (1) noticing symptoms and initial labelling, (2) collective decision-making, (3) spiritual diagnoses and treatment and (4) psychiatric diagnosis and treatment...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Sarah A MacLean, Corey H Basch, Rachel Reeves, Charles E Basch
BACKGROUND: Individuals often search the Internet for information about their medical conditions, such as generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), a common mental health disorder. AIMS: To describe the content of the most popular videos on YouTube™ related to GAD. METHODS: Videos with at least 50,000 views in October 2016 were coded for information regarding symptoms, treatments and causes for GAD. Associations of content with factors such as popularity and focus on a personal experience were examined...
December 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
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