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International Journal of Social Psychiatry

M Thomas Kishore, Veena Satyanarayana, Supraja Thirumalai Ananthanpillai, Geetha Desai, Binukumar Bhaskarapillai, Harish Thippeswamy, Prabha S Chandra
BACKGROUND: Recent life events may be significant risk factors for depression during pregnancy. However, its association with the individual's resilience and social support is not clear. AIMS: To understand the association between life events and depression during pregnancy and whether the association is moderated by resilience and social support. METHODS: This study is part of a prospective cohort study on perinatal mental health in an urban antenatal clinic, which included 589 women recruited in the first and early second trimester...
July 1, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Monica Zolezzi, Maha Alamri, Shahd Shaar, Daniel Rainkie
BACKGROUND: Mental health has not had the same public profile as physical health. This has contributed to the stigma associated with mental illness and to its treatments. Research investigating how the traditions and values amongst those with an Arab heritage contribute to stigmatizing beliefs, attitudes or actions in the provision of mental healthcare has not been widely reported. AIM: To systematically review the literature and summarize the findings of studies reporting stigmatizing beliefs, actions and attitudes toward treatment of people with mental illness in the Arab population...
July 1, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Robin Michael Van Eck, Thijs Jan Burger, Marij Schenkelaars, Astrid Vellinga, Mariken Beatrijs de Koning, Frederike Schirmbeck, Martijn Kikkert, Jack Dekker, Lieuwe de Haan
BACKGROUND: Clinical recovery is often defined as remission of symptoms. Personal recovery is described as growing beyond the catastrophic effects of mental illness, sometimes despite ongoing symptoms. AIMS: To examine the relationship between the severity of clinical symptom domains and personal recovery in patients with severe mental illness (SMI). METHODS: Symptom severity and personal recovery of 105 outpatients with SMI at Mentrum, part of Arkin Institute for Mental Health in Amsterdam, the Netherlands, were assessed using the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale-Expanded Version (BPRS-E) and the Mental Health Recovery Measure (MHRM)...
July 1, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Niall McTernan, Ailbhe Spillane, Grace Cully, Eimear Cusack, Theresa O'Reilly, Ella Arensman
BACKGROUND: International research consistently shows evidence for an association between sensationalised and detailed media reporting, and suicidal behaviour. AIM: This study examined the quality of media reporting of suicide and adherence to media guidelines in Ireland. METHODS: In accordance with the criteria outlined in the media guidelines for reporting suicide, 243 media articles were screened and analysed for quality of reporting of two high-profile cases of suicide and two cases of suicide that became high profile following a period of intense media coverage that occurred between September 2009 and December 2012...
July 1, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Amanda Ritchie, Marianne Hrabok, Ogechi Igwe, Joy Omeje, Olurotimi Ogunsina, Lorella Ambrosano, Sandra Corbett, Michal Juhás, Vincent Io Agyapong
OBJECTIVES: This retrospective clinical audit compared changes in community mental health service utilization before and during an economic recession in an oil sands region in Canada which was characterized by a doubling of unemployment rates and poor economic outlook. METHODS: Sociodemographic descriptors, psychiatric antecedents, clinical characteristics and follow-up care were compared before and during the recession for newly assessed patients in community mental health clinics located across a Northern Alberta oil mining region...
July 1, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
James Mugisha, Herbert Muyinda, Heidi Hjelmeland, Eugene Kinyanda, Davy Vancampfort, Birthe Loa Knizek
BACKGROUND: Suicide is a public health problem in Uganda among indigenous societies, and different societies manage its aftermath differently. AIM: To explore how the Acholi in Northern Uganda manage the aftermath of suicide. METHODS: We conducted a qualitative study in Gulu district, a post-conflict area in Northern Uganda. We conducted a total of four focus group discussions (FGDs) and 12 key informant (KI) interviews. KI interviews were conducted with community leaders, while the FGDs were conducted with members of the general population...
June 1, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Miyuru Chandradasa, Layani Champika Rathnayake
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Anitha Jeyagurunathan, Edimansyah Abdin, Saleha Shafie, Peizhi Wang, Sherilyn Chang, Hui Lin Ong, Restria Fauziana Abdul Rahman, Vathsala Sagayadevan, Ellaisha Samari, Yi Chian Chua, Janhavi Ajit Vaingankar, Swapna Kamal Verma, Ker-Chiah Wei, Siow Ann Chong, Mythily Subramaniam
BACKGROUND: Pathways to care studies in Singapore are of high interest given the cultural diversity and various sources of help available for those with mental illnesses, ranging from the more traditional to tertiary-level mental health care services. AIM: The current study aimed to explore the associations of patients' socio-demographic characteristics with pathways to first contact and duration of untreated mental illness. METHOD: A total of 402 participants were recruited through convenience sampling...
June 1, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Basil Alzougool
BACKGROUND: Facebook has become the most popular social networking site with more than 2.07 billion monthly active users. However, this popularity has its pains too reflected by some addictive behavior among its users. Although researchers have recently started to examine the factors that influence Facebook addiction, little research examined the links between motives for Facebook use and Facebook addiction. These studies mainly concentrate on students too. Also, little research has explored this issue among general public in general and among people in Jordan in particular...
June 1, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Seda Attepe Özden, Tarık Tuncay
BACKGROUND: In Turkey, individuals with schizophrenia usually live with their families. Therefore, families are main caregivers and face psychological, financial and social problems. AIM: The aim of this study is to understand the personal burdens and coping strategies, and social support affecting the families that provide care to the individuals with schizophrenia. METHODS: In-depth interviews were conducted with 31 members of 12 families...
June 1, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Conal Twomey, Gary O'Reilly
BACKGROUND: 'Self-monitoring' refers to the extent to which people control how they act in social situations. Some evidence suggests that those with various mental health issues engage in less self-monitoring than those without such issues. In the current study, we investigated the association of (offline and online) self-monitoring with depression in help-seeking Facebook users. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of an anonymised dataset generated using the myPersonality Facebook application ( N = 1,857)...
May 1, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Alejandro Porras-Segovia, Eulalio Valmisa, Blanca Gutiérrez, Isabel Ruiz, Miguel Rodríguez-Barranco, Jorge Cervilla
BACKGROUND: Major depression is one of the world's leading causes of disability. Up-to-date information about the epidemiology of this disorder is key to health care planning. AIM: The aim of our study is to report prevalence and correlates of current major depressive disorder (MDD) in the province of Granada, Southern Spain. METHODS: The GranadΣp is a cross-sectional study based on a community-dwelling adult population living in the province of Granada, Southern Spain...
May 1, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Antonio J Vázquez Morejón, Jose Mª León Rubio, Raquel Vázquez-Morejón
PURPOSE: The impact of Social Support (SS) on the clinical and functional evolution of patients diagnosed with schizophrenia was studied from a multidimensional concept of SS in the framework of the vulnerability-stress model. METHODS: In total, 152 patients diagnosed with schizophrenia according to the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Edition (ICD-10) treated in a Community Mental Health Unit were assessed using the Mannheim Interview on Social Support (MISS) and the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS)...
May 1, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Evren Erzen, Özkan Çikrikci
BACKGROUND: Negative emotions, which have a common, chronic and recurrent structure, play a vital role in the development and maintenance of psychopathology. In this study, loneliness as a negative emotion was considered to be a predisposing factor in depression. AIM: The aim of this meta-analysis is to determine the effect of loneliness on depression. METHOD: Initially, a literature scan was performed and all related literature was pooled together ( n = 531)...
May 1, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Mário César Rezende Andrade, Mike Slade, Marina Bandeira, Sara Evans-Lacko, Denise Martin, Sérgio Baxter Andreoli
BACKGROUND: Providing adequate information and involving patients in treatment have become an essential component of mental health care. Despite this, research regarding the extent to which this need has been met in clinical services is still scarce. AIMS: To investigate the need for information about psychiatric condition and treatment among outpatients with schizophrenia disorders and how this need is associated with service use, adjusting for sociodemographic and clinical characteristics...
May 1, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Stevan Merill Weine, Scott Langenecker, Aliriza Arenliu
BACKGROUND: The National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) project presents innovative ways of investigating mental illness based on behavioral and neurobiological measures of dimensional processes. Although cultural psychiatrists have critiqued RDoC's implications and limitations for its under-developed focus on context and experience, RDoC presents opportunities for synergies with global mental health. It can capture aspects of clinical or sub-clinical behavior which are less dependent upon Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed...
May 1, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Lakshmi Vijayakumar, Sujit John
BACKGROUND: Hinduism is one of the oldest religions in the world and has over 1.1 billion adherents comprising about 16% of the global population living mainly in India and Nepal. The stand of Hinduism on suicide has been ambiguous through the ages, on one hand, condemning general suicides, while condoning religious suicides on the other. This ambiguity is reflected in contemporary India and among the Indian diaspora. AIMS: To examine the stand of Hinduism as a religion in the context of suicide...
May 1, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Kai Sing Sun, Tai Pong Lam, Dan Wu
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization (WHO) has called for integration of mental health into primary care for a decade. In Western countries, around 15% to 25% of patients with common mental disorders including mood and anxiety disorders seek help from primary care physicians (PCPs). The rate is only about 5% in China. AIMS: This article reviews the Chinese findings on the barriers to primary care for common mental disorders and how they compared with Western findings...
May 1, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Sarah Toner, Karin Fabisch, Stefan Priebe, Gϋnter Klug
BACKGROUND: Research suggests there is a propensity for people in the general population to distance themselves from people with severe mental illness (SMI), which reportedly decreases with increased contact with individuals with SMI. Volunteer befrienders in the mental health sector have ongoing contact with this population, yet little data exist to reflect their attitudes towards people with SMI. METHOD: A questionnaire was distributed to all volunteer befrienders for people with SMI within volunteering programmes organised in five Austrian regions...
May 1, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Helen Lazaratou, Dimitrios Dikeos, Elena Dieti, Marina Economou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
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