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International Journal of Social Psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367717/improving-quality-of-life-and-physical-health-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-a-30-month-program-carried-out-in-a-real-life-setting
#1
Peter Hjorth, Clara Reece Medici, Anette Juel, Nikolaj Juul Madsen, Kirsten Vandborg, Povl Munk-Jørgensen
BACKGROUND: Patients with schizophrenia experience low quality of life (QoL) and poor physical health, which is explained, in part, by unhealthy lifestyle, tobacco smoking, poor diet and sedentary behavior. AIM: To measure QoL and physical health in patients with schizophrenia and to quantify associations between QoL and physical health. METHODS: This was a naturalistic longitudinal 30-month follow-up study including individual guidance, group sessions and treatment as usual...
April 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367719/high-burden-of-mental-illness-and-low-utilization-of-care-among-school-going-youth-in-central-haiti-a-window-into-the-youth-mental-health-treatment-gap-in-a-low-income-country
#2
Eddy Eustache, Margaret E Gerbasi, Mary C Smith Fawzi, J Reginald Fils-Aimé, Jennifer Severe, Giuseppe J Raviola, Rupinder Legha, Sarah Darghouth, David J Grelotti, Tatiana Thérosmé, Ermaze L Pierre, Emmeline Affricot, Yoldie Alcindor, Anne E Becker
BACKGROUND: The mental health treatment gap for youth in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) is substantial; strategies for redress are urgently needed to mitigate the serious health and social consequences of untreated mental illness in youth. AIMS: To estimate the burden of major depressive episode (MDE) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) as well as utilization of care among Haitian youth in order to describe the mental health treatment gap in a LMIC setting...
March 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367718/formative-research-on-a-teacher-accompaniment-model-to-promote-youth-mental-health-in-haiti-relevance-to-mental-health-task-sharing-in-low-resource-school-settings
#3
Eddy Eustache, Margaret E Gerbasi, Jennifer Severe, J Reginald Fils-Aimé, Mary C Smith Fawzi, Giuseppe J Raviola, Sarah Darghouth, Kate Boyd, Tatiana Thérosmé, Rupinder Legha, Ermaze L Pierre, Emmeline Affricot, Yoldie Alcindor, David J Grelotti, Anne E Becker
BACKGROUND: Task-sharing with teachers to promote youth mental health is a promising but underdeveloped strategy in improving care access in low-income countries. AIMS: To assess feasibility, acceptability and utility of the teacher accompaniment phase of a school-based Teacher- Accompagnateur Pilot Study (TAPS) in Haiti. METHODS: We assigned student participants, aged 18-22 years ( n = 120), to teacher participants ( n = 22) within four Haitian schools; we instructed participants to arrange meetings with their assigned counterparts to discuss mental health treatment, academic skills, and/or well-being...
March 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351294/necessity-of-internet-regulation-to-prevent-suicides-in-mexico
#4
Carlos Alfonso Tovilla-Zárate, Sherezada Pool García, Isela E Juárez-Rojop, Thelma Beatriz González-Castro, Lilia López-Narváez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351293/the-synergy-of-the-refugee-crisis-and-the-financial-crisis-in-greece-impact-on-mental-health
#5
Dimitris C Anagnostopoulos, George Giannakopoulos, Nikos G Christodoulou
BACKGROUND: The current global financial crisis that started in 2008 resulted in a significant decline in global trade, slowing/reversing economic growth worldwide, and a dramatic increase in public sector debt. At the same time, the global migrant/refugee crisis has reached extreme rates, with millions of people being forced to abandon their homes and communities because of war, political violence or related threats. There is a broad consensus about the deleterious consequences of these crises on psychological well-being, depression, anxiety disorders, insomnia, alcohol abuse and suicidal behavior...
March 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351292/youth-self-harm-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-systematic-review-of-the-risk-and-protective-factors
#6
Shilpa Aggarwal, George Patton, Nicola Reavley, Shreenivas A Sreenivasan, Michael Berk
BACKGROUND: Self-harm (defined here as an act of intentionally causing harm to own self, irrespective of the type, motive or suicidal intent) is one of the strongest antecedents of suicide in youth. While there have been a number of studies of youth self-harm in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), there is currently no systematic review of studies of prevalence rates and risk and protective factors. AIM: To systematically review the evidence relating to the prevalence rates and forms of self-harm in youth in LMICs and its relationship to family economic status, family functioning, relationship with the peer group, social relationships and academic performance...
March 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347183/the-role-of-perceived-social-support-after-psychiatric-hospitalisation-post-hoc-analysis-of-a-randomised-controlled-trial-testing-the-effectiveness-of-a-transitional-intervention
#7
Michael P Hengartner, Silvia Passalacqua, Andreas Andreae, Wulf Rössler, Agnes von Wyl
BACKGROUND: The association between social support, readmissions and psychopathology following discharge from psychiatric hospitals is not clear. AIMS: To examine the prospective effects of perceived social support on rehospitalisation rates and psychopathology and to focus on the moderators of a transitional intervention. METHOD: This post hoc analysis of a multisite randomised controlled trial included 151 patients with no more than three hospitalisations within the last 3 years, a Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF) score ≤60 and aged 18-64 years, assessed at two psychiatric hospitals from Zurich, Switzerland, between September 2011 and February 2014...
March 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347182/the-experience-of-voice-hearing-and-the-role-of-self-help-group-an-interpretative-phenomenological-analysis
#8
József Rácz, Zsuzsa Kaló, Szilvia Kassai, Márta Kiss, Judit Nóra Pintér
BACKGROUND: Auditory verbal hallucinations (AVHs) played an important role in the psychiatric diagnostics, but in the last few decades the diagnostic-free complex phenomenological understanding of the phenomena of voice hearing became the focus of studies. MATERIALS: Six semi-structured interviews with recovering voice hearers were conducted and analysed using interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA). DISCUSSION: The self-help group gives significant help in identification and dealing with the voices; therefore, it serves as turning point in the life story of voice hearers...
March 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114844/suicide-rate-trends-in-the-slovak-republic-in-1993-2015
#9
Alexandra Brazinova, Norbert Moravansky, Gabriel Gulis, Igor Skodacek
BACKGROUND: Suicide is a significant public health issue worldwide, resulting in loss of lives, and burdening societies. AIMS: To describe and analyze the time trends of suicide rates (SRs) in the Slovak Republic in 1993-2015 for targeted suicide prevention strategies. METHODS: Data for this study were obtained from the mortality database of the Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic. Crude and standardized annual SRs were calculated. Trends and relative risks of suicide according to age and sex were analyzed by joinpoint regression and negative binomial regression...
March 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135999/professional-views-of-supporting-relatives-of-mental-health-clients-with-severe-mental-illness
#10
Fredrik Hjärthag, Karin Persson, Karin Ingvarsdotter, Margareta Östman
BACKGROUND: Supporting families where one person suffers from long-term severe mental illness (SMI) is essential, but seems hard to reach. The aim of this study was to examine professionals' views of supporting relatives of persons with SMI. MATERIAL: Individual interviews mirroring personal narratives and group interviews reflecting group-processed answers were conducted among 23 professionals and analyzed thematically. RESULTS: Three themes emerged: (a) information and group interaction reduces stigma and increases well-being, (b) professionals need to feel secure and confident about how the support structure works and (c) collaboration is difficult but required on several levels...
February 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135998/outcomes-of-a-care-coordinated-service-model-for-persons-with-severe-and-persistent-mental-illness-a-qualitative-study
#11
Anton N Isaacs, Keith Sutton, Kim Dalziel, Darryl Maybery
BACKGROUND: Owing to difficulties faced by individuals with severe and persistent mental illness (SPMI) in accessing multiple services, the Australian Government trialed a care coordinated service model called the Partners in Recovery (PIR) initiative. MATERIAL: A total of 45 stakeholders in Gippsland were asked what difference the initiative had made. DISCUSSION: The PIR initiative benefited not only clients and carers but also service providers...
February 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135997/exposure-to-suicidal-behaviors-a-common-suicide-risk-factor-or-a-personal-negative-life-event
#12
Keith M Harris, Silvana Bettiol
BACKGROUND: Numerous suicide risk factors have been proposed but not adequately validated for epidemiology, treatment and prevention efforts. AIMS: Exposures to suicidal behaviors (ESB), from family and friend suicide attempts and completions, were tested for validity as a suicidal risk factor and also for measurement and construct adequacy. METHODS: An anonymous online survey yielded 713 participants (aged 18-71), who reported ESB, completed the Suicidal Affect-Behavior-Cognition Scale (SABCS), and comprised a broad spectrum on those variables...
February 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135996/mental-health-and-public-policies-implemented-in-the-northeast-of-brazil-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#13
Sonilde Saraiva Januário, Florido Sampaio das Neves Peixoto, Nádia Nara Rolim Lima, Vânia Barbosa do Nascimento, Danilo Ferreira de Sousa, Dayse Christina Rodrigues Pereira Luz, Claúdio Gleidiston Lima da Silva, Modesto Leite Rolim Neto
INTRODUCTION: Studies about mental disorders are very rare in the Northeast of Brazil, especially when psychopathologies in children and adolescents are considered. The consequence is a small availability of data and an absence of a real epidemiological profile. METHODS: This is a systematic review with meta-analysis, following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA) protocol, in the period from 2003 to 2015, using the databases LILACS, SciELO and BVS...
February 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135995/the-intersection-of-interpersonal-and-self-directed-violence-among-general-adult-college-student-and-sexually-diverse-samples
#14
Robert J Cramer, Sarah L Desmarais, Kiersten L Johnson, Tess M Gemberling, Matt R Nobles, Sarah R Holley, Susan Wright, Richard Van Dorn
BACKGROUND: Suicide and interpersonal violence (i.e. victimization and perpetration) represent pressing public health problems, and yet remain mostly addressed as separate topics. AIMS: To identify the (1) frequency and overlap of suicide and interpersonal violence and (2) characteristics differentiating subgroups of violence-related experiences. METHODS: A health survey was completed by 2,175 respondents comprised of three groups: college students ( n = 702), adult members of a sexuality special interest organization ( n = 816) and a community adult sample ( n = 657)...
February 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927978/community-families-a-qualitative-study-of-families-who-volunteer-to-support-persons-with-severe-mental-illness
#15
Lotte Groth Jensen, Stina Lou, Jørgen Aagaard, Ulla Væggemose
BACKGROUND: Social interventions targeted at people with severe mental illness (SMI) often include volunteers. Volunteers' perspectives are important for these interventions to work. This article investigates the experiences of volunteer families who befriend a person with SMI. MATERIAL: Qualitative interviews with members of volunteer families. DISCUSSION: The families were motivated by helping a vulnerable person and by engaging in a rewarding relationship...
February 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909012/the-effect-of-job-loss-on-depressive-symptoms-the-results-from-the-korean-welfare-panel-study-2007-2013
#16
Hyo Jung Yoon, Jae Woo Choi, Suk-Young Jang, Sang Ah Lee, Eun-Cheol Park
BACKGROUND: Unemployment is closely associated with depressive symptoms. We conducted analysis to find whether the job loss increased the risk of depressive symptoms according to job status, occupation and tenure. METHODS: Data were collected from Korean Welfare Panel Study (KOWEPS) from 2007 to 2013. To measure the increase in depressive score, we selected respondents who answered for at least 2 years of continuous waves. We performed a longitudinal analysis by generalized estimating equation (GEE) method with a total of 19,399 cases...
February 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856950/the-role-of-epigenetics-in-social-psychiatry
#17
Jacob Peedicayil
BACKGROUND: Epigenetics refers to the study of heritable changes in gene expression not involving changes in DNA sequence and is presently an active area of research in biology and medicine. There is increasing evidence that epigenetics is involved in the pathogenesis of psychiatric disorders. AIMS AND METHODS: Several studies conducted to date have suggested that psychosocial factors act by modifying epigenetic mechanisms of gene expression in the brain in the pathogenesis of psychiatric disorders...
February 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856949/differential-impacts-of-social-support-on-mental-health-a-comparison-study-of-chinese-rural-to-urban-migrant-adolescents-and-their-urban-counterparts-in-beijing-china
#18
Xiao Yu Zhuang, Daniel Fu Keung Wong
BACKGROUND: The number of internal migrant children in China has reached 35.8 million by the end of 2010. Previous studies revealed inconsistent findings regarding the mental health status of rural-to-urban migrant adolescents, as well as the impact of peer, teacher and parental support on the mental health of Chinese adolescent migrants. AIMS: Using a comparative approach, this study attempted to compare the mental health status between migrant and urban-born adolescents and to clarify the specific roles of different sources of social support in the mental health of migrant and urban adolescents...
February 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815515/stigma-and-need-for-care-in-individuals-who-hear-voices
#19
Ruvanee P Vilhauer
BACKGROUND: Voice hearing experiences, or auditory verbal hallucinations, occur in healthy individuals as well as in individuals who need clinical care, but news media depict voice hearing primarily as a symptom of mental illness, particularly schizophrenia. AIMS: This article explores whether, and how, public perception of an exaggerated association between voice hearing and mental illness might influence individuals' need for clinical care. METHOD: A narrative literature review was conducted, using relevant peer-reviewed research published in the English language...
February 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27411989/disease-versus-illness-what-do-clinicians-need-to-know
#20
Antonio Ventriglio, Julio Torales, Dinesh Bhugra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
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