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International Journal of Social Psychiatry

Li Han, Sheng-Yu Zhao, Xuan-Ying Pan, Chuan-Jing Liao
BACKGROUND: The number of left-behind children in rural China has increased dramatically over the last decade. It is reported that about 21.88% of child population with an estimated number of 61 million are left-behind children whose parents leave them to work in cities. We conducted a cross-sectional study to explore the impacts of left-behind experience (LBE) on college students' depression and other influencing factors. AIM: This study discusses the mediation effect of self-esteem together with psychological resilience on college students with depression and negative life events of left-behind...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Wendy Diana Shoesmith, Awang Faisal Bin Awang Borhanuddin, Pauline Yong Pau Lin, Ahmad Faris Abdullah, Norhayati Nordin, Beena Giridharan, Dawn Forman, Sue Fyfe
BACKGROUND: A better understanding is needed about how people make decisions about help seeking. MATERIALS: Focus group and individual interviews with patients, carers, healthcare staff, religious authorities, traditional healers and community members. DISCUSSION: Four stages of help seeking were identified: (1) noticing symptoms and initial labelling, (2) collective decision-making, (3) spiritual diagnoses and treatment and (4) psychiatric diagnosis and treatment...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Alice E Brunnet, Laura T Bolaséll, João LA Weber, Christian H Kristensen
BACKGROUND: Prevalence rates of mental health disorders in migrants are controversial. The socio-historical and economic background of the host country may play an important role in the mental health status of migrants. As studies are mostly conducted in developed countries, researching migration in developing countries may add important information to scientific literature. AIMS: This study aims to investigate the prevalence and factors associated with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), anxiety and depression symptoms in Haitian migrants in southern Brazil...
October 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Jitske F Koenders, Liselotte D de Mooij, Jack M Dekker, Martijn Kikkert
BACKGROUND: Research suggests that patients with a severe mental illness (SMI) are among the most social excluded in society. However, comparisons of social network composition and relationship satisfaction between SMI patients and a control group are rare. AIMS: Our aim was to compare differences in size, satisfaction and composition of the social network between patients with SMI and a control group. Potential sociodemographic and clinical risk factors in relation to social network size in SMI patients were explored...
October 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Hendri-Charl Eksteen, Piet J Becker, Gian Lippi
BACKGROUND: Stigma towards the mentally ill is a well-known phenomenon and it is not restricted to certain communities or countries. Stigma, be it self-stigma or public stigma, has a major influence in mental health care. AIM: The aim of this study was to determine whether stigmatizing attitudes towards the mentally ill differ according to the level of knowledge about psychiatric illnesses and whether the level of exposure towards the mentally ill plays a role in stigmatizing attitudes...
October 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Shulamit Ramon, Nicola Morant, Ute Stead, Ben Perry
BACKGROUND: Shared decision making (SDM) is recognised as a promising strategy to enhance good collaboration between clinicians and service users, yet it is not practised regularly in mental health. AIMS: Develop and evaluate a novel training programme to enhance SDM in psychiatric medication management for service users, psychiatrists and care co-ordinators. METHODS: The training programme design was informed by existing literature and local stakeholders consultations...
October 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Han Zhang, Tingting Gao, Jinglei Gao, Yixi Kong, Yueyang Hu, Ruimei Wang, Songli Mei
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to study internal relations and functionary mechanism between social support, coping style, negative life events and depressive symptoms and compare these relations in healthy older adults and older adults with chronic disease. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 2015. In total, 1,264 older adults with chronic disease and 749 healthy older adults participated in this investigation which consist of socio-demographic characters, negative life events, social support, coping style and depressive symptoms...
October 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
David Dias Neto, Maria João Figueiras, Sónia Campos, Patrícia Tavares
BACKGROUND: Mass media plays a fundamental role in how communities understand mental health and its treatment. However, the effect of major events such as economic crises on the depiction of mental health is still unclear. AIMS: This study aimed at analyzing representations of mental health and its treatment and the impact of the 2008 economic crisis. METHODS: In total, 1,000 articles were randomly selected from two newspapers from a period before and after the economic crisis...
October 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Main Huong Nguyen, Eric Hahn, Katja Wingenfeld, Iris T Graef-Calliess, Anita von Poser, Malte Stopsack, Hannah Burian, Annegret Dreher, Simon Wolf, Michael Dettling, Ronald Burian, Albert Diefenbacher, Thi Minh Tam Ta
BACKGROUND: Challenges of migration, particularly concerning the process of acculturation are associated with an increased risk of mental illness. Vietnamese migrants constitute the largest Southeast Asian migrant group in Germany, yet there is no data on the relationship between the mental health status and acculturation among this population. AIMS: Therefore, the present study examines the relationship between two well-established dimensions of acculturation, that is, dominant society immersion (DSI) and ethnic society immersion (ESI), the four resulting acculturation strategies (integration, assimilation, separation and marginalization), and severity of depression...
October 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Miroslava Janoušková, Aneta Weissová, Tomáš Formánek, Jiří Pasz, Lucie Bankovská Motlová
BACKGROUND: Medical school curriculum contributes to future doctors' attitude formation towards people with mental illness. AIM: The purpose of this study was to compare stigmatizing attitudes between medical students and faculty, analyse stigmatizing attitudes among students from different years of study and identify factors predicting stigma. METHODS: A cross-sectional study with the use of scales measuring attitudes and social distance was designed...
October 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Gennaro Catone, Roberta Marotta, Simone Pisano, Belinda Lennox, Marco Carotenuto, Antonella Gritti, Antonio Pascotto, Matthew R Broome
BACKGROUND: Psychotic-like experiences (PLEs) are common in the general population and increase the risk of psychotic disorders. Adolescents are a high-risk group of this condition. Stressful events, such as bullying, have a role in the onset of PLEs. This study has several aims: (1) to assess PLEs in adolescents seeking help from a Child and Adolescent Mental Health Service, (2) to assess the association of PLEs with specific bullying victimization and (3) to assess difference in PLEs and victimizations by sex and age...
October 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Danilo Ferreira de Sousa, João de Deus Quirino Filho, Rita de Cassia Pires Bezerra Cavalcanti, Alciono Bezerra Dos Santos, Modesto Leite Rolim Neto
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
João Mauricio Castaldelli-Maia, Nilson R da Silva, Marta Rd Campos, Helena F Moura, Gustavo Zabert, Beatriz M Champagne, Katherine E Kemper, J Taylor Hays
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of smoking among mental health and addiction (MHA) patients is 3 times higher than it is in the general population, yet this patient population has received little help to combat smoking. Considering this, psychosocial care centers (CAPS - Centros de Atenção Psicossocial) are strategic locations for integrating tobacco dependence treatment (TDT) into existing treatment activities. METHODS: Our team provided an 8-hour training package to the staff of CAPS that have not been providing specialized TDT for smokers...
September 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Helen Lazaratou, Marina Economou, Dimitris Dikeos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Jagadisha Thirthalli, K Shanivaram Reddy, Manoranjitha Kare, Soumitra Das, B N Gangadhar
BACKGROUND: Delay in accessing psychiatric treatment has considerable influence on the outcome of psychoses. Systematic studies examining the source of the delay are lacking in India. In this article, we examine rural-urban differences regarding delay in accessing psychiatric care in patients with psychosis, an issue which was hitherto not studied. AIMS: To evaluate the rural-urban differences in treatment seeking among patients with psychosis. METHODS: Patients with psychotic disorders who presented to the outpatient department of an academic psychiatric institute for the first time ( n = 551) were interviewed using a semi-structured interview tool to assess the date of onset of illness...
September 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Julio Torales, Iván Barrios, Andrés Arce
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Sarah A MacLean, Corey H Basch, Rachel Reeves, Charles E Basch
BACKGROUND: Individuals often search the Internet for information about their medical conditions, such as generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), a common mental health disorder. AIMS: To describe the content of the most popular videos on YouTube™ related to GAD. METHODS: Videos with at least 50,000 views in October 2016 were coded for information regarding symptoms, treatments and causes for GAD. Associations of content with factors such as popularity and focus on a personal experience were examined...
December 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Muhammad Naseem Khan, Mukesh Dherani, Anna Chiumento, Najia Atif, Katie Bristow, Siham Sikander, Atif Rahman
BACKGROUND: The current research was conducted in the Swat valley, where widespread conflict and militancy had been experienced prior to the field activities. The aim of this trial was to evaluate the feasibility and acceptability of a locally developed psycho-educational intervention. METHODS: This mixed-methods study incorporated a quantitative and qualitative component. For the quantitative component, trial participants were identified from a cross-sectional study conducted in the earlier phase of the research, with Self-Reporting Questionnaire (SRQ) score of ≥9...
December 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Matthew S Lebowitz, Paul S Appelbaum
BACKGROUND: Addictions are highly stigmatized and increasingly construed as biomedical diseases caused by genes, partly to reduce stigma by deflecting blame. However, genetic explanations may have negative effects, which have been understudied in the context of addiction. How the effects of genetic explanations might differ for substance addictions versus behavioral addictions is also unknown. AIMS: This study examined the impact of genetic explanations for addiction on measures of treatment expectancies, blame, and perceived agency and self-control, as well as whether these varied depending on whether the addiction was to a substance or a behavior...
December 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Seamus Mac Suibhne, Aoife Ni Chorcorain, James V Lucey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
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