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International Journal of Social Psychiatry

Bernard J Gallagher, Brian J Jones
BACKGROUND: The genesis of schizophrenia is multifactorial, including biological and environmental risk factors. We tested for an interactive effect between early-onset schizophrenia (EOS) and social class of origins (socioeconomic status (SES)). Data were further analyzed for a possible connection to type of schizophrenic symptoms. Sampling/Methods: Data for the study are taken from the medical records of 642 patients from a large state hospital in the northeastern United States. Clinical assessments were divided into positive and negative symptomatology through application of the Scale for the Assessment of Negative Symptoms (SANS), the Scale for the Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS) and the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS)...
July 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Victoria N Mutiso, Christine W Musyimi, Sameera S Nayak, Abednego M Musau, Tahilia Rebello, Erick Nandoya, Albert K Tele, Kathleen Pike, David M Ndetei
BACKGROUND: The study was conducted in rural Kenya and assessed stigma in health workers from primary health facilities. AIMS: This study compared variations in stigma-related mental health knowledge and attitudes between primary health workers (HWs) and community health volunteers (CHVs). METHODS: Participants ( n = 44 HWs and n = 60 CHVs) completed the self-report Mental Health Knowledge Schedule and the Reported and Intended Behavior Scale, along with sociodemographic questions...
July 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Parvin Pooremamali, Mona Eklund
BACKGROUND: Community-based day centres (CBDCs) for people with mental illness are a common service for both people with an immigrant background and native Swedes. AIM: The aim was to compare CBDC attendees with an immigrant background with attendees who were native Swedes in terms of well-being and perceptions of everyday activities and investigate whether ethnic background could predict these factors. METHODS: Attendees at nine CBDCs were invited to participate...
July 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Gloria Bellido-Zanin, Antonio J Vázquez-Morejón, Agustín Martín-Rodríguez, Maria Ángeles Pérez-San-Gregorio
BACKGROUND: In recent years, more variables are being included in the use of mental health resource prediction models. Some studies have shown that how well the patient can function is important for this prediction. However, the relevance of a variable as important as behaviour problems has scarcely been explored. AIM: This study attempted to evaluate the effect of behaviour problems in patients with severe mental illness on the use of mental health resources. METHOD: A total of 185 patients at a Community Mental Health Unit were evaluated using the Behaviour Problem Inventory...
June 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Subin Park, Minji Lee, Adrian Furnham, Mina Jeon, Young-Mi Ko
BACKGROUND: Lay beliefs about schizophrenia are an important factor associated with treatment-seeking behavior. AIMS: This study was conducted to investigate the lay beliefs about the causes and treatments of schizophrenia in South Korea. METHODS: A total of 654 adults (mean age, 35.96 ± 11.33 years) completed two questionnaires assessing their views on the causes and cures of schizophrenia. The factor structures of lay beliefs about the causes and treatments of schizophrenia were then analyzed and the correlations between the resultant factors investigated...
June 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Jan Bulla, Klaus Hoffmann, Jan Querengässer, Thomas Ross
BACKGROUND: Migrants with mental hospital orders according to section 63 of the German criminal code are overrepresented in relation to their numbers in the general population. Subgroups originating from certain world regions are diagnosed with schizophrenia at a much higher rate than others. In the present literature, there is a strong evidence for a substantial correlation between migration, social disadvantage and the prevalence of schizophrenia. AIMS: This study investigates the relationship between countries of origin, the risk of becoming a forensic patient and the proportion of schizophrenia spectrum disorders...
June 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Guru S Gowda, G Gopika, Narayana Manjunatha, Channaveerachari Naveen Kumar, Ravi Yadav, Dwarakanath Srinivas, Bharath Rose Dawn, Suresh Bada Math
OBJECTIVES: A significant number of homeless mentally ill (HMI) patients without any personal, family or other identification details represent a unique problem in the psychiatric services of developing countries like India in the context of legal, humanitarian and treatment issues. These patients pose challenge to the mental health professional in diagnosis and management. AIMS: To study the sociodemographic and clinical profiles of HMI patients admitted under psychiatry...
June 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Robyn M Martin, Sophie C Ridley, Sue J Gillieatt
BACKGROUND: Contemporary mental health policies require family inclusion in the design, implementation and evaluation of services. MATERIALS: This scoping review considers the factors in mental health practice which either mediate or promote family inclusion. A wide range of factors are reported to obstruct family inclusion, while a smaller number of studies report that meaningful family inclusion rests on a partnership approach which values the input of families and services users...
June 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Harris K Chilale, Ndumanene Devlin Silungwe, Saulos Gondwe, Charles Masulani-Mwale
OBJECTIVE: In Northern Malawi, the duration of untreated psychosis (DUP) is longer than that in high-income countries. The reasons for the delay in help-seeking are not known, although studies show multiple reasons. This research was conducted to establish health care help-seeking behaviours and identify barriers that exist between service users and health care providers. The study also intended to establish the beliefs that clients and family members have regarding the causes of mental illness which profoundly shape help-seeking, care giving process and outcomes...
June 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Anastasia Zissi, George Stalidis
BACKGROUND: This study draws on old and well-established evidence that economic change, and especially recession, affects people's lives, behavior and mental health. Even though the literature is rich on the relationship between unemployment and mental distress, there is a renewed research interest on the link between socio-economic inequalities and psychological health. AIMS: The study investigates the relationship of social class with mental distress during the hard times of persistent and severe economic crisis in Greece by conducting a comparative, community study in the country's second largest city, Thessaloniki...
June 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Bernadette Am Cullen, Ramin Mojtabai, Elahe Bordbar, Anita Everett, Katie L Nugent, William W Eaton
BACKGROUND: Social network size and strength is an important determinant of overall health. AIMS: This study describes the extent and strength of the social network among a sample of individuals with serious mental illness (SMI) and explores the relationship between an individual's social network and their experience of internal stigma and recovery attitudes. METHODS: Over a 2-year period, consecutive new patients with SMI attending two community mental health clinics were recruited and interviewed using a comprehensive battery of assessments including assessment of internalized stigma, recovery attitudes and symptom severity...
June 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Lucy Carter, John Read, Melissa Pyle, Heather Law, Anthony P Morrison
BACKGROUND: Previous evidence suggests that how an individual conceptualises the cause of a health problem can impact on subsequent perceptions and behaviour. AIMS: This study explored the beliefs about the causes of psychosis in a group of mental health professionals. The study also sought to examine the relationship between causal beliefs and the perceived helpfulness of different treatments. METHODS: A total of 219 clinicians completed a questionnaire about the provision of cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) and antipsychotic medication for their clients who were experiencing psychosis and their opinions about the helpfulness of these treatments...
May 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Alessandra Diehl, Denise Leite Vieira, Marina Milograna Zaneti, Ana Fanganiello, Pratap Sharan, Rebecca Robles, Jair de Jesus Mari
AIM AND METHODS: The aim of this article is to provide a narrative literature review of the 'third gender' phenomenon in Brazil ( Travestis), India ( Hijras) and Mexico ( Muxes), considering the social stigma, the legal and health aspects of these identities. RESULTS: These three groups share similar experiences of stigmatisation, marginalisation, sexual abuse, HIV infection, infringement of civil rights and harassment accessing health services. Brazil, India and Mexico public services for the third gender conditions are still very scarce and inadequate for the heavy demand from potential users...
May 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Iben Gammelgaard, Thomas N Christensen, Lene F Eplov, Sofie B Jensen, Elsebeth Stenager, Kirsten S Petersen
BACKGROUND: The individual placement and support (IPS) intervention supports persons with severe mental illness in achieving competitive employment. Although the IPS intervention is labelled a recovery-oriented intervention, little is known about how participants experience IPS to influence recovery. The aim was to investigate how IPS and employment influence recovery in persons with severe mental illness. MATERIAL: A qualitative phenomenological hermeneutic study of experiences of 12 participants in IPS...
May 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Rita Santacroce, Giovanni Martinotti, Massimo di Giannantonio
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Govindasamy Agoramoorthy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Kate Day, Rachael Starbuck, Melissa Petrakis
INTRODUCTION: The role of family in supporting service users in coping with illness and engaging in relapse prevention in early psychosis is important. Taking on this caring though is stressful and challenging, and it has been found that support and information for carers assists in their coping and reduces isolation. AIMS: To evaluate the current utility of a psychoeducation group program in a public adult mental health service, for the families of people experiencing early psychosis...
May 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Sandeep Grover, Ajit Avasthi, Aakanksha Singh, Amitava Dan, Rajarishi Neogi, Darpan Kaur, Bhavesh Lakdawala, Abhijit R Rozatkar, Naresh Nebhinani, Suravi Patra, Priya Sivashankar, Alka A Subramanyam, Adarsh Tripathi, Ab Majid Gania, Gurvinder Pal Singh, Prakash Behere
BACKGROUND: Stigma is very common among caregivers of patients with severe mental disorder; however, there is lack of national level data from India. AIM: To assess affiliate stigma and its correlates among caregivers of patients with severe mental disorders. METHOD: For this, caregivers of patients with schizophrenia ( N = 707), bipolar disorder ( N = 344) and recurrent depressive disorder ( N = 352) were assessed on Stigma scale for Caregivers of People with Mental Illness and General Health Questionnaire...
May 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Mayssa Rekhis, Abir Ben Hamouda, Sami Ouanes, Rym Rafrafi
BACKGROUND: Mental disorders have been associated worldwide with human rights' violations. Controversially, many occur in mental health facilities. AIM: This work aimed to assess the rights of people with mental disorders in healthcare facilities in Tunisia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study, using the World Health Organization (WHO) quality-rights toolkit, assessed the human rights levels of achievement in Elrazi Hospital, the only psychiatric hospital in Tunisia, in comparison with the National Institute of Nutrition (NIN)...
August 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Martin Guha
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
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