Read by QxMD icon Read

International Journal of Social Psychiatry

Tarek Okasha, Nivert Zaki, Marwa Abd El Meguid, Marwa El-Missiry, Walaa Sabry, Mostafa Kamel Ismaeil, Samar M Fouad
BACKGROUND: Duration of untreated psychosis (DUP) has been considered as a poor prognostic factor for psychotic disorder. Several studies have been investigating different predictors of DUP in Western countries, while in Egypt only a few studies have examined various predictors of DUP. AIMS: To study DUP in Egyptian patients with psychotic disorders and to investigate how certain illnesses, patient, socio-cultural risk factors and help-seeking behaviour are correlated with prolonged DUP...
September 28, 2016: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Ella Arensman, Claire Coffey, Eve Griffin, Chantal Van Audenhove, Gert Scheerder, Ricardo Gusmao, Susana Costa, Celine Larkin, Nicole Koburger, Margaret Maxwell, Fiona Harris, Vita Postuvan, Ulrich Hegerl
BACKGROUND: Gatekeeper training for community facilitators, to identify and respond to those at risk of suicide, forms an important part of multi-level community-based suicide prevention programmes. AIMS: This study examined the effects of gatekeeper training on attitudes, knowledge and confidence of police officers in dealing with persons at risk of suicide. METHODS: A total of 828 police officers across three European regions participated in a 4-hour training programme which addressed the epidemiology of depression and suicidal behaviour, symptoms of depression, warning signs and risk factors associated with suicidal behaviour, motivating help-seeking behaviour, dealing with acute suicidal crisis and informing bereaved relatives...
September 19, 2016: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Carol Blixen, Adam T Perzynski, Ashley Bukach, Molly Howland, Martha Sajatovic
BACKGROUND: Self-management of bipolar disorder (BD) is challenging for many individuals. MATERIAL: Interviews were used to assess perceived barriers to disease self-management among 21 high-risk patients with BD. Content analysis, with an emphasis on dominant themes, was used to analyze the data. RESULTS: Three major domains of barriers emerged: individual barriers (psychological, knowledge, behavioral and physical health); family/community-level barriers (lack of support and resources); and provider/healthcare system (inadequate communication and access to care)...
September 19, 2016: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Moritz E Wigand, Hauke F Wiegand, Nicolas Rüsch, Thomas Becker
BACKGROUND: T. S. Eliot's The Waste Land and A. Ginsberg's Howl are two landmark poems of the 20th century which have a unique way of dealing with emotional suffering. AIMS: (a) To explore the interplay between emotional suffering, conflicting relationships and societal perceptions; (b) to show the therapeutic effect of the writing process; (c) to analyse the portrayal of 'madness'; and (d) to discuss, in contemporary psychiatric terms, the 'solutions' offered by the poets...
September 19, 2016: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Steffen Conrad von Heydendorff, Andreas Meyer-Lindenberg, Harald Dressing
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 15, 2016: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Sung-Youn Chun, Suk-Yong Jang, Jae-Woo Choi, Jaeyong Shin, Eun-Cheol Park
BACKGROUND: We examined the long-term effects of parental divorce timing on depression using longitudinal data from the Korean Welfare Panel Study. METHODS: Depression symptoms were measured using the 11 items of Center for Epidemiologic Scale for Depression (CES-D-11), and we categorized parental divorce timing into 'early childhood', 'adolescent' and 'none'. RESULTS: Although participants who experienced parental divorce during adolescence exhibited a significantly higher CES-D-11 score (p = ...
September 8, 2016: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Vikas Menon, Balasubramanian Shanmuganathan, Anand Babu Arun, Jaiganesh Selvapandian Thamizh, Nivedhitha Selvakumar, Siddharth Sarkar
BACKGROUND: Knowledge about subjective perceptions and explanatory models has the potential to inform clinical evaluation and lead to development of patient-friendly treatment models in medically unexplained physical symptoms (MUPS). AIM: To collect qualitative data about explanatory models in MUPS. METHODS: A cross-sectional observational study was done among patients with MUPS presenting over a 2-year period to a specialty psychosomatic clinic...
September 8, 2016: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Shinji Sakamoto, Itsuki Yamakawa, Masaki Muranaka
BACKGROUND: In Japan, psychiatrists have noted two different types of depression, traditional/melancholic depression and 'modern-type' depression (MTD). Although both the modern and the traditional types of depression overlap in regard to symptoms, these are two distinct syndromes, which can lead to confusion for Japanese people. AIMS: This study aims to examine impressions of two types of depression using vignettes and clarify the differences in perceptions of the two types...
August 29, 2016: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Reema Samuel, Paul Ss Russell, Tapan Kumar Paraseth, Sharmila Ernest, K S Jacob
BACKGROUND: Available occupational therapy assessment scales focus on specific areas of functioning. There is a need for comprehensive evaluation of diverse aspects of functioning in people with mental illness. AIM: To develop a comprehensive assessment scale to evaluate diverse aspects of functioning among people with mental illness and to assess its validity and reliability. METHODS: Available instruments, which evaluate diverse aspects of functioning in people with mental illness, were retrieved...
August 26, 2016: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Shauna Stahlman, Ashley Grosso, Sosthenes Ketende, Vincent Pitche, Seni Kouanda, Nuha Ceesay, Henri G Ouedraogo, Odette Ky-Zerbo, Marcel Lougue, Daouda Diouf, Simplice Anato, Jules Tchalla, Stefan Baral
BACKGROUND: Suicidal ideation is understudied among men who have sex with men (MSM) across Sub-Saharan Africa. AIMS: This study aimed to explore social capital and sexual behavior stigma associated with suicidal ideation among MSM in the West African nations of The Gambia, Burkina Faso and Togo. METHODS: Participants were recruited using respondent-driven sampling and snowball sampling across multiple cities (n = 1555) from July 2011 to August 2013...
September 2016: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Kim Setkowski, Louk Fm van der Post, Jaap Peen, Jack Jm Dekker
OBJECTIVE: Given increasing numbers of compulsory admissions, it is important to assess patient risk profiles and identify factors that are appropriate for intervention. METHODS: A sample of 116 patients who were compulsorily admitted was studied. Socio-demographic and clinical characteristics were recorded. Patients were interviewed twice using the Verona Service Satisfaction Scale and the Birchwood Insight Scale. Changes in insight and satisfaction during 2 years were linked to the incidence of involuntary re-admissions in the next three follow-up years...
September 2016: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Jerome Wright, Chikayiko Chiwandira
BACKGROUND: The mental health 'treatment gap' is at its widest in low-resource countries where the vast majority of its people have no access to mental health services and where developing effective models of primary mental health care that can expand from research pilot sites to large-scale population-based services is a major research and practice imperative. AIM: The Mental Health in Zomba initiative builds upon an earlier pilot project to establish and sustain a district-wide scale-up of a village-based health workers' mental health task-sharing intervention in Southern Malawi across a population of more than 600,000 people...
September 2016: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Tae-Hoon Lee, Eun-Cheol Park, Woorim Kim, Juyeong Kim, Jaeyong Shin, Tae Hyun Kim
BACKGROUND: There are no studies researching the relationship between house-poor persons and mental health. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the relationship between house-poor status and depressive symptoms. AIM: To examine the relationship between the house-poor and depressive symptoms according to household income. METHODS: Data from the Korean Welfare Panel Study were used. House-poor were defined as people having possession with over 10% house-related interest in disposable income...
September 2016: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Sang Ah Lee, Eun-Cheol Park, Yeong Jun Ju, Jin Young Nam, Tae Hyun Kim
BACKGROUND: Support from one's family has been reported to have a positive effect on depression severity. Hence, family dinnertimes, when whole family can gather together, can be effective to depression by providing support from family. AIMS: We investigate the association between the dinner companion and depression, and the differences in this association by gender, living arrangement and household composition. METHODS: We used the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2014 data...
September 2016: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Anna Cavanagh, Coralie J Wilson, Peter Caputi, David J Kavanagh
BACKGROUND: There is some evidence that, in contrast to depressed women, depressed men tend to report alternative symptoms that are not listed as standard diagnostic criteria. This may possibly lead to an under- or misdiagnosis of depression in men. AIMS: This study aims to clarify whether depressed men and women report different symptoms. METHODS: This study used data from the 2007 Australian National Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing that was collected using the World Health Organization's Composite International Diagnostic Interview...
September 2016: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Jing Ye, Timothy F Chen, Diane Paul, Rebecca McCahon, Sumitra Shankar, Alan Rosen, Claire L O'Reilly
AIMS: To describe the perceived experiences of stigma and discrimination among people living with severe and persistent mental illness in assertive community treatment (ACT teams) settings in New South Wales (NSW), Australia. METHODS: The Discrimination and Stigma Scale (DISC) was used in this cross-sectional study with people living with severe and persistent mental illness. The DISC is a reliable and valid, quantitative and qualitative instrument used to explore and measure levels of negative, anticipated and positive discrimination...
September 2016: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Kadir Demirci, Mesut Yıldız, Cansu Selvi, Abdullah Akpınar
AIM: There has been increasing evidence that childhood traumas are related to reduced health-related quality of life, neurobiological changes and long-term adverse effects, such as an increase in the likelihood of psychiatric disorders in adulthoods. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationships between childhood traumas and type D personality. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: In total, 187 university students (64 males and 123 females; mean age = 21.69 ± 2...
September 2016: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Goodman Sibeko, Peter D Milligan, Henk Temmingh, Crick Lund, Dan J Stein, Sumaya Mall
BACKGROUND: Our study explores perceptions of the caregiver support for mental health service users (MHSUs) in a low- to middle-income country setting. MATERIALS: We conducted in-depth individual interviews with 16 MHSUs and their treatment partners/caregivers from a treatment partner and text-message intervention study. DISCUSSION: Treatment partners/caregivers felt obligated to care for MHSUs, but had a limited understanding of mental illness...
September 2016: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Christopher Lui, Cheuk Wong, Adrian Furnham
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The aim of this study was to investigate Hong Kong nationals' ability to recognize 13 different mental disorders and to examine whether there may be a relationship between their mental health literacy (MHL) and their tendency to describe/explain symptoms of mental disorders in physical terms. METHODS: A total of 299 participants took part in this study and the vignettes depict post-traumatic stress disorder, depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), dependent personality disorder, schizotypal personality disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, agoraphobia, bipolar disorder, social phobia, panic disorder, narcissistic personality disorder, schizophrenia and antisocial personality disorder...
September 2016: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Roberto Catanesi, Adelmo Manna, Antonio Ventriglio
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"