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International Journal of Social Psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920521/implementing-evidence-based-smoking-cessation-treatment-in-psychosocial-care-units-caps-in-brazil
#1
João Mauricio Castaldelli-Maia, Nilson R da Silva, Marta Rd Campos, Helena F Moura, Gustavo Zabert, Beatriz M Champagne, Katherine E Kemper, J Taylor Hays
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of smoking among mental health and addiction (MHA) patients is 3 times higher than it is in the general population, yet this patient population has received little help to combat smoking. Considering this, psychosocial care centers (CAPS - Centros de Atenção Psicossocial) are strategic locations for integrating tobacco dependence treatment (TDT) into existing treatment activities. METHODS: Our team provided an 8-hour training package to the staff of CAPS that have not been providing specialized TDT for smokers...
September 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920520/greek-public-s-ambivalence-toward-refugee-children-education
#2
Helen Lazaratou, Marina Economou, Dimitris Dikeos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901206/rural-urban-differences-in-accessing-mental-health-treatment-in-patients-with-psychosis
#3
Jagadisha Thirthalli, K Shanivaram Reddy, Manoranjitha Kare, Soumitra Das, B N Gangadhar
BACKGROUND: Delay in accessing psychiatric treatment has considerable influence on the outcome of psychoses. Systematic studies examining the source of the delay are lacking in India. In this article, we examine rural-urban differences regarding delay in accessing psychiatric care in patients with psychosis, an issue which was hitherto not studied. AIMS: To evaluate the rural-urban differences in treatment seeking among patients with psychosis. METHODS: Patients with psychotic disorders who presented to the outpatient department of an academic psychiatric institute for the first time ( n = 551) were interviewed using a semi-structured interview tool to assess the date of onset of illness...
September 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895458/the-role-of-psychotherapy-in-domestic-violence
#4
Julio Torales, Iván Barrios, Andrés Arce
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862073/mental-health-risks-and-stressors-faced-by-urban-refugees-perceived-impacts-of-war-and-community-adversities-among-somali-refugees-in-nairobi
#5
Hyojin Im, Aidan B Ferguson, Abdilkadir H Warsame, Maimuna M Isse
BACKGROUND: There is a gap in understanding of refugee mental health risks unique to urban areas of low-income countries. MATERIAL: A qualitative rapid appraisal using focus group interviews with community stakeholders explored main stressors pervasive by Somali refugees in Nairobi, Kenya. DISCUSSION: This study identified the intersection of war trauma and daily stressors that affect both functional and structural challenges and risk of mental health issues among Somali urban refugees...
August 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838279/do-resettlement-variables-predict-psychiatric-treatment-outcomes-in-a-sample-of-asylum-seeking-survivors-of-torture
#6
David Whitsett, Martin F Sherman
PURPOSE: Mental health clinicians who work with asylum seekers provide services to patients who face stressful everyday living conditions. However, little is known about how these problems potentially impact psychiatric treatment within these populations. The purpose of this study was thus to examine whether resettlement factors predict outcomes of a mental health intervention for a sample of asylum-seeking survivors of torture. METHODS: The study included data from a US outpatient clinic that specialized in treating asylum-seeking survivors of torture...
August 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836482/assessment-of-needs-differences-between-male-and-female-patients-with-schizophrenia-needs-in-psychiatric-hospitals-in-baghdad-city
#7
Fatin G Ashoor, Intisar Ag Khudhur
BACKGROUND: Gender differences are one of the most important and crucial subjects in evaluating the nursing care as well as mental health care system for psychiatric patients especially patients with schizophrenia. AIMS: We aimed to identify differences in needs of male and female patients with schizophrenia in psychiatric hospitals in Baghdad city and its relationship with some variables. METHOD: A descriptive, analytical design that was carried out by using Camberwell needs assessment, short appraisal schedule, self-report version (CANSAS-P) after translating to Arabic...
August 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831855/social-support-perceptions-of-turkish-people-with-schizophrenia-what-helps-and-what-doesn-t-help
#8
Nuray A Karanci, Ali Can Gök, Büşra Yıldırım, Nilsu Borhan
BACKGROUND: Social support is an important facilitator of the quality of life for people with schizophrenia. This study examines what is perceived as helpful and unhelpful support from the members of the natural social networks by 32 Turkish people with schizophrenia. MATERIAL: Semi-structured interviews and thematic analysis were used to examine what is perceived as helpful and unhelpful support. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: The findings suggested that instrumental, emotional and socialization supports were the general categories that capture the perceptions of support...
August 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831854/impact-of-the-economic-crisis-on-health-related-behaviors-in-italy
#9
Giorgio Mattei, Roberto De Vogli, Silvia Ferrari, Luca Pingani, Marco Rigatelli, Gian Maria Galeazzi
BACKGROUND: Evidence exists supporting the impact of the Great Recession on health-related behaviors internationally, though few studies are available concerning the Italian population. AIM: To assess the impact of the late 2000s economic crisis on health-related behaviors linked to population mental health in Italy. METHODS: Descriptive study. Health indicators came from the Italian Institute of Statistics database (years 2000-2015). Statistics performed by means of linear regression models...
August 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817993/early-psychosis-in-central-vietnam-a-longitudinal-study-of-short-term-functional-outcomes-and-their-predictors
#10
Seiji Humphries, Robert King, Michael P Dunne, Cat Huu Nguyen
BACKGROUND: Few longitudinal studies have investigated the functional outcomes of individuals with recent-onset psychotic illness in low- and middle-income countries. AIMS: To investigate short-term functional remission and its predictors in a central Vietnamese sample. METHODS: A naturalistic 6-month prospective cohort study recruited 79 patients of public health facilities who had experienced a first episode of schizophrenia or related illness in the past 18 months...
August 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817992/acknowledging-mental-illness-in-psychiatrists
#11
Seamus Mac Suibhne, Aoife Ni Chorcorain, James V Lucey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805152/comparing-the-prevalence-and-the-risk-profile-for-antenatal-depressive-symptoms-across-cultures
#12
Irene E Corbani, Paola Rucci, Elena Iapichino, Marta Quartieri Bollani, Gilla Cauli, Mara R Ceruti, Costanzo Gala, Mariano Bassi
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Although several studies have analyzed the risk factors of antenatal and post-partum depression, evidence on the prevalence and the risk profile for antenatal depressive symptoms (ADS) between native-born and different groups of non-native born women living in the same country is scant. The aim of this article is to compare the prevalence and the risk profile for ADS across geographical areas in women recruited from two large hospitals of North-western Italy. METHOD: The presence of ADS was defined as an Edinburgh Post-natal Depression Scale (EPDS) score ≥12 or a Beck Depression Inventory, Short Form (BDI-SF) score ≥9 or the presence of suicidal ideation/behavior...
August 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797214/provider-perspectives-on-employment-for-people-with-serious-mental-illness
#13
Mark Costa, Michaella Baker, Larry Davidson, Julienne Giard, Linda Guillorn, Angels González Ibáñez, Dawn Weitz, Maria O'Connell
BACKGROUND: Persons with serious mental illnesses (SMI) can lead productive lives, and the majority want to work. Mental health providers can play an important role in helping their clients gain and maintain employment. AIMS: The Provider Survey was developed to shed additional light on providers' views toward employment and recovery, and the utilization of Individual Placement and Support (IPS) supported employment (SE) services for people with SMI. METHODS: A total of 1,306 providers of the State of Connecticut participated in the survey...
August 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795636/athletic-identity-and-psychiatric-symptoms-following-retirement-from-varsity-sports
#14
Zarina A Giannone, Colleen J Haney, David Kealy, John S Ogrodniczuk
BACKGROUND: Despite evidence identifying adjustment difficulties among retiring athletes, research investigating factors that contribute to post-retirement complications is limited. Athletic identity may be an important determinant of adverse adaptation to sport retirement. AIMS: The purpose of this study was to address the influence of athletic identity on post-retirement depression and anxiety symptoms among varsity athletes. METHOD: An anonymous, online survey regarding athletic identity and psychiatric symptoms was completed by 72 self-identified varsity athletes during their final season of competition and 3 months after retiring from sport...
August 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795635/attitudes-within-the-general-population-towards-seeking-professional-help-in-cases-of-mental-distress
#15
Saska Roskar, Mark Floyd Bracic, Urska Kolar, Ksenija Lekic, Nusa Konec Juricic, Alenka Tancic Grum, Bogdan Dobnik, Vita Postuvan, Mojca Vatovec
BACKGROUND: Although effective treatment is available for a variety of mental disorders, the treatment and help-seeking gap remains high. One of the main obstacles to help-seeking behaviour is prevailing stigmatizing attitudes. AIM: To examine attitudes within the general population towards seeking professional help in times of mental distress. METHODS: A representative general population survey ( N = 594) was conducted in Slovenia by means of an Internet-based questionnaire, covering data on demographic variables and attitudes towards help-seeking behaviour...
August 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28786331/becoming-a-patient-illness-representations-of-depression-of-anglo-australian-and-sri-lankan-patients-through-the-lens-of-leventhal-s-illness-representational-model
#16
Josefine Antoniades, Danielle Mazza, Bianca Brijnath
BACKGROUND: Depression is prevalent globally. While the uptake of mental health services is poor in the general community, the lack of service engagement is particularly profound in migrant and refugee communities. To understand why there is under-utilisation cross-cultural comparisons of how people make sense of mental illnesses such as depression are essential. AIMS: To verify how differing cultural aetiologies about depression influence mental health service use, this study investigated illness representational models of depression held by Sri Lankan migrants and Anglo-Australians living with depression...
August 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776477/care-coordinator-views-and-experiences-of-physical-health-monitoring-in-clients-with-severe-mental-illness-a-qualitative-study
#17
Petra C Gronholm, Oluwadamilola Onagbesan, Poonam Gardner-Sood
BACKGROUND: Excess mortality among people with severe mental illness (SMI) is largely attributed to co-morbid physical illness. Improving the physical health of this population is critically important; however, physical health monitoring among people with SMI is often inadequate. AIMS: This study aimed to facilitate an enhanced understanding of barriers to successfully attend to clients' physical health in mental health settings, through exploring care coordinators' views and experiences regarding their ability to monitor physical health in clients with SMI (specifically, psychosis)...
August 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776476/casp-an-intervention-by-community-volunteers-to-reduce-suicidal-behaviour-among-refugees
#18
Lakshmi Vijayakumar, Rani Mohanraj, Shuba Kumar, Visalakshi Jeyaseelan, Savitha Sriram, Madhumathi Shanmugam
BACKGROUND: Refugees are at risk of psychiatric morbidity because of forced migration, traumatic events and resettlement in unfamiliar environments. Many live in low- and middle-income countries (LAMIC) under stressful conditions contributing to increased suicide risk. AIMS: This study assessed the feasibility of regular contact and use of safety planning cards (CASP) by community volunteers (CVs) in reducing suicidal behaviour among Sri Lankan refugees residing in camps in Tamil Nadu, South India...
August 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758522/explanatory-models-and-distress-in-primary-caregivers-of-patients-with-acute-psychotic-presentations-a-study-from-south-india
#19
Deepa S Joy, S D Manoranjitham, P Samuel, K S Jacob
BACKGROUND: Emotional distress among caregivers of people with mental illness is common, changes overtime and requires appropriate coping strategies to prevent long-term disability. Explanatory models, which underpin understanding of disease and illness, are crucial to coping. AIM: To study the association of explanatory models and distress among caregivers of people with acute psychotic illness. METHOD: A total of 60 consecutive patients and their primary caregivers who presented to the Department of Psychiatry, Christian Medical College, Vellore, were recruited for the study...
July 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701088/early-onset-schizophrenia-symptoms-and-social-class-of-origin
#20
Bernard J Gallagher, Brian J Jones
BACKGROUND: The genesis of schizophrenia is multifactorial, including biological and environmental risk factors. We tested for an interactive effect between early-onset schizophrenia (EOS) and social class of origins (socioeconomic status (SES)). Data were further analyzed for a possible connection to type of schizophrenic symptoms. Sampling/Methods: Data for the study are taken from the medical records of 642 patients from a large state hospital in the northeastern United States. Clinical assessments were divided into positive and negative symptomatology through application of the Scale for the Assessment of Negative Symptoms (SANS), the Scale for the Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS) and the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS)...
July 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
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