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International Journal of Social Psychiatry

Jackie Liggins
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Medicine is traditionally considered a healing profession, yet concepts of healing are rarely applied to mental illness, recovery being the dominant discourse. This article reports one aspect of the results of a broader exploration, through a service user lens, of aspects of place that facilitate healing in mental health care, with a resulting conceptualisation of healing. METHOD: The research material comprised the author's historical writings of her experience of mental illness and recovery and in-depth individual interviews with 10 mental health service users...
August 30, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Mauro Giovanni Carta, Maria Francesca Moro, Francesca Laura Pinna, Giorgia Testa, Enrico Cacace, Valeria Ruggiero, Martina Piras, Ferdinando Romano, Luigi Minerba, Sergio Machado, Rafael Christophe Freire, Antonio Egidio Nardi, Federica Sancassiani
BACKGROUND: The aim is to measure the association between fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), mood and anxiety disorders using reliable psychiatric diagnoses according to Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed.; DSM-IV) and with a case-control design. METHODS: Case-control study with cases (71 consecutive female patients with FMS) and controls (284 subjects without FMS), randomly drawn after a gender- and age-matching technique from the database of an epidemiological survey...
August 27, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Giuseppe Carrà, Francesco Bartoli, Ilaria Riboldi, Giulia Trotta, Cristina Crocamo
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the influence of contextual characteristics on comorbid substance use and serious mental illness (SMI). AIMS: To explore the role of poverty on comorbid SMI and cannabis use. METHODS: We used data from the 2015 National Survey on Drug Use and Health, considering those in poverty, with income under 100% of the US poverty threshold. RESULTS: People in poverty were more likely to suffer from concurrent SMI and cannabis use (3...
August 22, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Ietza Bojorquez, Lina Ojeda-Revah
BACKGROUND: The association of green spaces such as urban public parks and mental health might vary according to personal characteristics and characteristics of the park and be mediated by the use of the park. AIMS: We investigate the association between urban public park coverage and mental health in adult women, the moderation of this association by personal and park-related characteristics, and the mediation of the association by use of public space. METHODS: Combining data from a cross-sectional survey of the adult female population of Tijuana (Mexico) in 2014, and a study of public spaces in 2013, we analyzed the association between park coverage in buffers of 400 and 800 m from participants' homes and score in the Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression scale (CES-D)...
August 16, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Joongbaeck Kim, Soo-Yeon Yoon
BACKGROUND: Suicidal ideation is a strong antecedent of suicidal behavior, associated with increased likelihood of suicide. Thus, suicidal ideation serves to identify which groups are at more risk of suicide and has policy implications for targeting groups to prevent suicide. AIMS: A substantial body of research has addressed potential determinants of suicide ideation in Korea. Little attention has been paid, however, to analyzing the extent to which socioeconomic attainments (education, household income, and employment status) are associated with risk of suicidal ideation, drawing on nationally representative data...
August 7, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Iago Sávyo Duarte Santiago, Maria Stella Batista de Freitas Neta, Júlio Cesar Dias de Barros, José Marcondes Macedo Landim, Tereza Maria Siqueira Nascimento Arrais, Danilo Ferreira de Sousa, Tamires Oliveira Cruz, Dorinaldo de Freitas Cintra Júnior, Joselito Batista Dias, Nádia Nara Rolim Lima, Modesto Leite Rolim Neto
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 3, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Uriel Halbreich
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Modesto Leite Rolim Neto, Janaina Ribeiro de Sousa, Francyne da Silva Gonçalves, Cícero Vítor da Silva Justino, Jakeline Andrade Vieira, Juarez Braga Soares Neto, Virgínia Gadelha Dos Santos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Yee Chin Chai, Raynuha Mahadevan, Chong Guan Ng, Lai Fong Chan, Farahidah Md Dai
BACKGROUND: Depression has been well studied as part of caregiver burden among patients with severe mental illnesses. Curiously, though, there has been little data in terms of caregiver burden with specific focus on depression among caregivers of patients with major depressive disorder (MDD). AIM: This study aims to determine the rate of depression among caregivers of person with depression and its psychosocial correlates, which include stigma, perceived social support, religious commitment and the severity of the patient's symptoms...
September 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
B S Chavan, Subhash Das, Rohit Garg, Sonia Puri, Aravind Ba Banavaram
BACKGROUND: Mental illness results in a plethora of distressing issues, has tremendous socio-economic impact and causes socio-occupational dysfunction in the individual as well as the caregivers. There is a felt need to explore the disability caused by mental illness and the associated socio-economic impact at the population level in a developing nation like India. AIMS: To elucidate the disability and socio-economic impact associated with mental illness at the individual and household levels for the state of Punjab in India...
September 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
M Thomas Kishore, Veena Satyanarayana, Supraja Thirumalai Ananthanpillai, Geetha Desai, Binukumar Bhaskarapillai, Harish Thippeswamy, Prabha S Chandra
BACKGROUND: Recent life events may be significant risk factors for depression during pregnancy. However, its association with the individual's resilience and social support is not clear. AIMS: To understand the association between life events and depression during pregnancy and whether the association is moderated by resilience and social support. METHODS: This study is part of a prospective cohort study on perinatal mental health in an urban antenatal clinic, which included 589 women recruited in the first and early second trimester...
September 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Monica Zolezzi, Maha Alamri, Shahd Shaar, Daniel Rainkie
BACKGROUND: Mental health has not had the same public profile as physical health. This has contributed to the stigma associated with mental illness and to its treatments. Research investigating how the traditions and values amongst those with an Arab heritage contribute to stigmatizing beliefs, attitudes or actions in the provision of mental healthcare has not been widely reported. AIM: To systematically review the literature and summarize the findings of studies reporting stigmatizing beliefs, actions and attitudes toward treatment of people with mental illness in the Arab population...
September 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Robin Michael Van Eck, Thijs Jan Burger, Marij Schenkelaars, Astrid Vellinga, Mariken Beatrijs de Koning, Frederike Schirmbeck, Martijn Kikkert, Jack Dekker, Lieuwe de Haan
BACKGROUND: Clinical recovery is often defined as remission of symptoms. Personal recovery is described as growing beyond the catastrophic effects of mental illness, sometimes despite ongoing symptoms. AIMS: To examine the relationship between the severity of clinical symptom domains and personal recovery in patients with severe mental illness (SMI). METHODS: Symptom severity and personal recovery of 105 outpatients with SMI at Mentrum, part of Arkin Institute for Mental Health in Amsterdam, the Netherlands, were assessed using the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale-Expanded Version (BPRS-E) and the Mental Health Recovery Measure (MHRM)...
September 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Niall McTernan, Ailbhe Spillane, Grace Cully, Eimear Cusack, Theresa O'Reilly, Ella Arensman
BACKGROUND: International research consistently shows evidence for an association between sensationalised and detailed media reporting, and suicidal behaviour. AIM: This study examined the quality of media reporting of suicide and adherence to media guidelines in Ireland. METHODS: In accordance with the criteria outlined in the media guidelines for reporting suicide, 243 media articles were screened and analysed for quality of reporting of two high-profile cases of suicide and two cases of suicide that became high profile following a period of intense media coverage that occurred between September 2009 and December 2012...
September 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Amanda Ritchie, Marianne Hrabok, Ogechi Igwe, Joy Omeje, Olurotimi Ogunsina, Lorella Ambrosano, Sandra Corbett, Michal Juhás, Vincent Io Agyapong
OBJECTIVES: This retrospective clinical audit compared changes in community mental health service utilization before and during an economic recession in an oil sands region in Canada which was characterized by a doubling of unemployment rates and poor economic outlook. METHODS: Sociodemographic descriptors, psychiatric antecedents, clinical characteristics and follow-up care were compared before and during the recession for newly assessed patients in community mental health clinics located across a Northern Alberta oil mining region...
September 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
James Mugisha, Herbert Muyinda, Heidi Hjelmeland, Eugene Kinyanda, Davy Vancampfort, Birthe Loa Knizek
BACKGROUND: Suicide is a public health problem in Uganda among indigenous societies, and different societies manage its aftermath differently. AIM: To explore how the Acholi in Northern Uganda manage the aftermath of suicide. METHODS: We conducted a qualitative study in Gulu district, a post-conflict area in Northern Uganda. We conducted a total of four focus group discussions (FGDs) and 12 key informant (KI) interviews. KI interviews were conducted with community leaders, while the FGDs were conducted with members of the general population...
September 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Miyuru Chandradasa, Layani Champika Rathnayake
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Anitha Jeyagurunathan, Edimansyah Abdin, Saleha Shafie, Peizhi Wang, Sherilyn Chang, Hui Lin Ong, Restria Fauziana Abdul Rahman, Vathsala Sagayadevan, Ellaisha Samari, Yi Chian Chua, Janhavi Ajit Vaingankar, Swapna Kamal Verma, Ker-Chiah Wei, Siow Ann Chong, Mythily Subramaniam
BACKGROUND: Pathways to care studies in Singapore are of high interest given the cultural diversity and various sources of help available for those with mental illnesses, ranging from the more traditional to tertiary-level mental health care services. AIM: The current study aimed to explore the associations of patients' socio-demographic characteristics with pathways to first contact and duration of untreated mental illness. METHOD: A total of 402 participants were recruited through convenience sampling...
September 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Basil Alzougool
BACKGROUND: Facebook has become the most popular social networking site with more than 2.07 billion monthly active users. However, this popularity has its pains too reflected by some addictive behavior among its users. Although researchers have recently started to examine the factors that influence Facebook addiction, little research examined the links between motives for Facebook use and Facebook addiction. These studies mainly concentrate on students too. Also, little research has explored this issue among general public in general and among people in Jordan in particular...
September 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Joseph S DeLuca, John Vaccaro, Jenna Seda, Philip T Yanos
BACKGROUND: Mental health (MH) stigma is multidimensional and remains common in the United States and throughout the world. While sociopolitical attitudes such as right-wing authoritarianism (RWA) have emerged as strong predictors of some aspects of MH stigma, no study has assessed the relationship between RWA and multidimensional components of MH stigma, or linked this relationship to a theory of stigma. AIMS: The association between RWA and multiple stigma outcomes, including stereotypes, attributions/negative affect, social distance, microaggressions and help-seeking self-stigma was assessed controlling for covariates, including education, age, social desirability, race/ethnicity, gender, geographic location and prior contact with mental illness...
August 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
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