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International Journal of Biometeorology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423733/effectiveness-of-time-of-sowing-and-cultivar-choice-for-managing-climate-change-wheat-crop-phenology-and-water-use-efficiency
#1
Qunying Luo, Garry O'Leary, James Cleverly, Derek Eamus
Climate change (CC) presents a challenge for the sustainable development of wheat production systems in Australia. This study aimed to (1) quantify the impact of future CC on wheat grain yield for the period centred on 2030 from the perspectives of wheat phenology, water use and water use efficiency (WUE) and (2) evaluate the effectiveness of changing sowing times and cultivars in response to the expected impacts of future CC on wheat grain yield. The daily outputs of CSIRO Conformal-Cubic Atmospheric Model for baseline and future periods were used by a stochastic weather generator to derive changes in mean climate and in climate variability and to construct local climate scenarios, which were then coupled with a wheat crop model to achieve the two research aims...
February 8, 2018: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417216/respiratory-hospital-admissions-and-weather-changes-a-retrospective-study-in-charlottesville-virginia-usa
#2
Robert E Davis, Kyle B Enfield
In most midlatitude locations, human morbidity and mortality are highly seasonal, with winter peaks driven by respiratory disease and associated comorbidities. But the transition between high and low mortality/morbidity months varies spatially. We use a measure of the thermal biophysical strain imposed on the respiratory system-the Acclimatization Thermal Strain Index (ATSI)-to examine respiratory hospital admissions in Charlottesville, VA. Daily respiratory admissions to the University of Virginia over a 19-year period are compared to ATSI values derived from hourly surface weather data acquired from the Charlottesville airport...
February 7, 2018: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29404687/the-leaf-phenophase-of-deciduous-species-altered-by-land-pavements
#3
Yuanyuan Chen, Xiaoke Wang, Bo Jiang, Li Li
It has been widely reported that the urban environment alters leaf and flowering phenophases; however, it remains unclear if land pavement is correlated with these alterations. In this paper, two popular deciduous urban trees in northern China, ash (Fraxinus chinensis) and maple (Acer truncatum), were planted in pervious and impervious pavements at three spacings (0.5 m × 0.5 m, 1.0 m × 1.0 m, and 2.0 m × 2.0 m apart). The beginning and end dates of the processes of leaf budburst and senescence were recorded in spring and fall of 2015, respectively...
February 5, 2018: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399720/the-effects-of-early-age-thermal-conditioning-and-vinegar-supplementation-of-drinking-water-on-physiological-responses-of-female-and-male-broiler-chickens-reared-under-summer-mediterranean-temperatures
#4
Zahra Berrama, Soraya Temim, Baya Djellout, Samir Souames, Nassim Moula, Hassina Ain Baziz
The effects of early age thermal conditioning (ETC), vinegar supplementation (VS) of drinking water, broilers' gender, and their interactions on respiratory rate, body temperature, and blood parameters (biochemical, hematological, and thyroid hormones) of broiler chickens reared under high ambient temperatures were determined. A total of 1100 1-day-old chicks were divided into four treatments: the "control" which were non-conditioned and non-supplemented; "heat-conditioned" which were exposed to 38 ± 1 °C for 24 h at 5 days of age; "vinegar supplemented" which were given drinking water supplemented with 0...
February 4, 2018: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397432/spa-therapy-together-with-supervised-self-mobilisation-improves-pain-function-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-chronic-shoulder-pain-a-single-blind-randomised-controlled-trial
#5
Isabelle Chary-Valckenaere, Damien Loeuille, Nicolas Jay, François Kohler, Jean-Noë Tamisier, Christian-François Roques, Michel Boulange, Gérard Gay
To determine whether spa therapy has a beneficial effect on pain and disability in patients with chronic shoulder pain, this single-blind randomised controlled clinical trial included patients with chronic shoulder pain due to miscellaneous conditions attending one of four spa centres as outpatients. Patients were randomised into two groups: spa therapy (18 days of standardised treatment combining thermal therapy together with supervised mobilisation in a thermal pool) and controls (spa therapy delayed for 6 months: 'immediate versus delayed treatment' paradigm)...
February 3, 2018: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29392415/fair-weather-voters-do-canadians-stay-at-home-when-the-weather-is-bad
#6
Daniel Stockemer, Michael Wigginton
What is the relationship between precipitation and the temperature on turnout? Using data on the 2004, 2006, 2008, 2011, and 2015 Canadian federal elections, we try to answer this question. Through bivariate and multi-variate statistics, we find that each millimeter of precipitation decreases turnout by more than 0.1 percentage points. When it comes to the temperature, our results indicate that higher temperatures trigger higher turnout. However, we also find that these relationships are influenced by season and only apply to spring, summer, and fall elections...
February 1, 2018: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417217/dew-point-temperature-affects-ascospore-release-of-allergenic-genus-leptosphaeria
#7
Magdalena Sadyś, Joanna Kaczmarek, Agnieszka Grinn-Gofron, Victoria Rodinkova, Alex Prikhodko, Elena Bilous, Agnieszka Strzelczak, Robert J Herbert, Malgorzata Jedryczka
The genus Leptosphaeria contains numerous fungi that cause the symptoms of asthma and also parasitize wild and crop plants. In search of a robust and universal forecast model, the ascospore concentration in air was measured and weather data recorded from 1 March to 31 October between 2006 and 2012. The experiment was conducted in three European countries of the temperate climate, i.e., Ukraine, Poland, and the UK. Out of over 150 forecast models produced using artificial neural networks (ANNs) and multivariate regression trees (MRTs), we selected the best model for each site, as well as for joint two-site combinations...
January 27, 2018: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368173/changing-risk-of-spring-frost-damage-in-grapevines-due-to-climate-change-a-case-study-in-the-swiss-rhone-valley
#8
Michael Meier, Jürg Fuhrer, Annelie Holzkämper
Late spring frost is a severe risk during early plant development. It may cause important economic damage to grapevine production. In a warming climate, late frost risk either could decline due to the reduction in frost days and an advancement of the last day of frost or increase due to a more pronounced shift forward of the start of the active growing period of the plants. These possibilities were analyzed in a case study for two locations in the lower Swiss Rhone Valley (Sion, Aigle) where viticulture is an important part of agriculture...
January 24, 2018: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29362871/assessment-of-turkey-vehicle-container-microclimate-on-transit-during-summer-season-conditions
#9
Rafael H Carvalho, Danielle C B Honorato, Paulo D Guarnieri, Adriana L Soares, Mayka R Pedrão, Alexandre Oba, Fernanda G Paião, Elza I Ida, Massami Shimokomaki
This study evaluated the formed microclimate commercial truck transport practices effects on the turkeys' welfare by measuring Dead on Arrival (DOA) index and pale, soft, and exudative (PSE-like) meat occurrence. The experimental design was entirely randomized in a 6 × 2 factorial arrangements (two truck container compartments × six water shower groups) with birds positioned at superior front (SF), inferior front (IF), superior middle (SM), inferior middle (IM), superior rear (SR), and inferior rear (IR) and two bath treatments: with water shower (WiS) and without water shower (WoS) with eight replications for each treatment...
January 23, 2018: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322254/the-effects-of-the-calcium-magnesium-bicarbonate-content-in-thermal-mineral-water-on-chronic-low-back-pain-a-randomized-controlled-follow-up-study
#10
Gáti Tamás, Tefner Ildikó Katalin, Kovács Lajos, Hodosi Katalin, Bender Tamás
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of balneotherapy on chronic low back pain. This is a minimized, follow-up study evaluated according to the analysis of intention to treat. The subjects included in the study were 105 patients suffering from chronic low back pain. The control group (n = 53) received the traditional musculoskeletal pain killer treatment, while the target group (n = 52) attended thermal mineral water treatment for 3 weeks for 15 occasions on top of the usual musculoskeletal pain killer treatment...
January 10, 2018: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299679/modeling-and-improving-ethiopian-pasture-systems
#11
S G Parisi, G Cola, G Gilioli, L Mariani
The production of pasture in Ethiopia was simulated by means of a dynamic model. Most of the country is characterized by a tropical monsoon climate with mild temperatures and precipitation mainly concentrated in the June-September period (main rainy season). The production model is driven by solar radiation and takes into account limitations due to relocation, maintenance respiration, conversion to final dry matter, temperature, water stress, and nutrients availability. The model also considers the senescence of grassland which strongly limits the nutritional value of grasses for livestock...
January 3, 2018: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289996/vineyard-microclimate-and-yield-under-different-plastic-covers
#12
Ester Holcman, Paulo Cesar Sentelhas, Marco Antônio Fonseca Conceição, Hilton Thadeu Zarate Couto
The use of plastic cover in vineyards minimizes effects of adverse weather conditions. The northwest of São Paulo State is one of the largest grape producing regions in Brazil; however, few studies investigate the effects of different plastic covers on vineyards in this region. This study compared the effect of black shading screen (BSS) and braided polypropylene film (BPF) on BRS Morena vineyard microclimate, grown on an overhead trellis system in the northwestern São Paulo. The experiments were carried out during three growing seasons (2012-2014)...
December 30, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289995/climatically-driven-yield-variability-of-major-crops-in-khakassia-south-siberia
#13
Elena A Вabushkina, Liliana V Belokopytova, Dina F Zhirnova, Santosh K Shah, Tatiana V Kostyakova
We investigated the variability of yield of the three main crop cultures in the Khakassia Republic: spring wheat, spring barley, and oats. In terms of yield values, variability characteristics, and climatic response, the agricultural territory of Khakassia can be divided into three zones: (1) the Northern Zone, where crops yield has a high positive response to the amount of precipitation, May-July, and a moderately negative one to the temperatures of the same period; (2) the Central Zone, where crops yield depends mainly on temperatures; and (3) the Southern Zone, where climate has the least expressed impact on yield...
December 30, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289994/challenges-of-using-air-conditioning-in-an-increasingly-hot-climate
#14
Karin Lundgren-Kownacki, Elisabeth Dalholm Hornyanszky, Tuan Anh Chu, Johanna Alkan Olsson, Per Becker
At present, air conditioning (AC) is the most effective means for the cooling of indoor space. However, its increased global use is problematic for various reasons. This paper explores the challenges linked to increased AC use and discusses more sustainable alternatives. A literature review was conducted applying a transdisciplinary approach. It was further complemented by examples from cities in hot climates. To analyse the findings, an analytical framework was developed which considers four societal levels-individual, community, city, and national...
December 30, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285562/phenological-cues-intrinsic-in-indigenous-knowledge-systems-for-forecasting-seasonal-climate-in-the-delta-state-of-nigeria
#15
Jennifer M Fitchett, Eromose Ebhuoma
Shifts in the timing of phenological events in plants and animals are cited as one of the most robust bioindicators of climate change. Much effort has thus been placed on the collection of phenological datasets, the quantification of the rates of phenological shifts and the association of these shifts with recorded meteorological data. These outputs are of value both in tracking the severity of climate change and in facilitating more robust management approaches in forestry and agriculture to changing climatic conditions...
December 28, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282538/barometric-pressure-change-and-heart-rate-response-during-sleeping-at-%C3%A2-3000%C3%A2-m-altitude
#16
Masahiro Horiuchi, Junko Endo, Yoko Handa, Hiroshi Nose
We investigated effects of change in barometric pressure (P B) with climate change on heart rate (HR) during sleep at 3000 m altitude. Nineteen healthy adults (15 males and four females; mean age 32 years) participated in this study. We measured P B (barometry) and HR (electrocardiography) every minute during their overnight stay in a mountain lodge at ~ 3000 m. We also measured resting arterial oxygen saturation (SpO2) and evaluated symptoms of acute mountain sickness (AMS) by using the Lake Louise Questionnaire at 2305 and 3000 m, respectively...
December 27, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29270872/additional-new-insights-into-biometeorology
#17
EDITORIAL
Simon N Gosling
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 21, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249042/variations-in-the-temperature-sensitivity-of-spring-leaf-phenology-from-1978-to-2014-in-mudanjiang-china
#18
Junhu Dai, Yunjia Xu, Huanjiong Wang, Juha Alatalo, Zexing Tao, Quansheng Ge
Continuous long-term temperature sensitivity (ST) of leaf unfolding date (LUD) and main impacting factors in spring in the period 1978-2014 for 40 plant species in Mudanjiang, Heilongjiang Province, Northeast China, were analyzed by using observation data from the China Phenological Observation Network (CPON), together with the corresponding meteorological data from the China Meteorological Data Service Center. Temperature sensitivities, slopes of the regression between LUD and mean temperature during the optimum preseason (OP), were analyzed using 15-year moving window to determine their temporal trends...
December 16, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247369/past-crops-yield-dynamics-reconstruction-from-tree-ring-chronologies-in-the-forest-steppe-zone-based-on-low-and-high-frequency-components
#19
Elena A Babushkina, Liliana V Belokopytova, Santosh K Shah, Dina F Zhirnova
Interrelations of the yield variability of the main crops (wheat, barley, and oats) with hydrothermal regime and growth of conifer trees (Pinus sylvestris and Larix sibirica) in forest-steppes were investigated in Khakassia, South Siberia. An attempt has been made to understand the role and mechanisms of climatic impact on plants productivity. It was found that amongst variables describing moisture supply, wetness index had maximum impact. Strength of climatic response and correlations with tree growth are different for rain-fed and irrigated crops yield...
December 15, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242979/calling-phenology-of-a-diverse-amphibian-assemblage-in-response-to-meteorological-conditions
#20
T Lynette Plenderleith, Danial Stratford, Gregory W Lollback, David G Chapple, Richard D Reina, Jean-Marc Hero
The strong association between amphibian activity, breeding and recruitment with local environmental conditions raises concerns regarding how changes in climate may affect the persistence of species populations into the future. Additionally, in a highly diverse assemblage of anurans, competition for breeding sites affects the time and duration of activity, as species compete for limited resources such as water. Meteorological conditions are strong drivers of amphibian activity, so we assessed whether temperature, rainfall, atmospheric pressure and humidity were associated with the calling phenology of an assemblage of anurans in South East Queensland, Australia...
December 15, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
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