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International Journal of Biometeorology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911283/changes-in-urban-plant-phenology-in-the-pacific-northwest-from-1959-to-2016-anthropogenic-warming-and-natural-oscillation
#1
Briana C Lindh, Kees A McGahan, Wilbur L Bluhm
In the Pacific Northwest of the USA, winter and spring temperature vary with the Pacific Decadal Oscillation, making effects of anthropogenic warming difficult to detect. We sought to detect community-level signals of anthropogenic change in a legacy plant phenology dataset. We analyzed both incomplete data from 1959 to 2016 on spring phenology of 115 species and more complete 1996-2016 data on spring and fall events for 607 plant species. We used ordination of the long-term dataset to identify two major axes of community-level change in phenology among years, with the first being a trend toward earlier spring phenology in more recent years...
June 18, 2018: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29881903/influence-of-season-and-climatic-variables-on-testicular-cytology-semen-quality-and-melatonin-concentrations-in-crossbred-bucks-reared-under-subtropical-climate
#2
Durgesh Murhari Golher, Arumugam Kumaresan, Kaustubh Kishor Saraf, Shivani Chhillar, Samiksha Nayak, Utkarsh K Tripathi, Chavan Nitin Bhaskar, Surender Singh Lathwal, Tushar Kumar Mohanty
Seasonality in reproduction and effects of climatic variables on testicular cytology and semen quality in bucks reared under subtropical climatic conditions were not well understood. In the present study, using testicular cytology, semen evaluation and melatonin concentrations assessed over a period of 1 year, we report that bucks reared under subtropical climatic conditions did not show seasonality in reproduction. Climatic variables including temperature, relative humidity, temperature-humidity index (THI), sunshine hours and day length were recorded daily during the whole period of experimentation (one complete year)...
June 7, 2018: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29881902/thermal-sensation-and-climate-a-comparison-of-utci-and-pet-thresholds-in-different-climates
#3
Katerina Pantavou, Spyridon Lykoudis, Marialena Nikolopoulou, Ioannis X Tsiros
The influence of physiological acclimatization and psychological adaptation on thermal perception is well documented and has revealed the importance of thermal experience and expectation in the evaluation of environmental stimuli. Seasonal patterns of thermal perception have been studied, and calibrated thermal indices' scales have been proposed to obtain meaningful interpretations of thermal sensation indices in different climate regions. The current work attempts to quantify the contribution of climate to the long-term thermal adaptation by examining the relationship between climate normal annual air temperature (1971-2000) and such climate-calibrated thermal indices' assessment scales...
June 7, 2018: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29869183/managing-the-risk-of-extreme-climate-events-in-australian-major-wheat-production-systems
#4
Qunying Luo, Richard Trethowan, Daniel K Y Tan
Extreme climate events (ECEs) such as drought, frost risk and heat stress cause significant economic losses in Australia. The risk posed by ECEs in the wheat production systems of Australia could be better managed through the identification of safe flowering (SFW) and optimal time of sowing (TOS) windows. To address this issue, three locations (Narrabri, Roseworthy and Merredin), three cultivars (Suntop and Gregory for Narrabri, Mace for both Roseworthy and Merredin) and 20 TOS at 1-week intervals between 1 April and 12 August for the period from 1957 to 2007 were evaluated using the Agricultural Production System sIMulator (APSIM)-Wheat model...
June 4, 2018: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29869182/relationship-between-climatic-variables-and-the-variation-in-bulk-tank-milk-composition-using-canonical-correlation-analysis
#5
Morgana Stürmer, Marcos Busanello, João Pedro Velho, Vanessa Isabel Heck, Ione Maria Pereira Haygert-Velho
A number of studies have addressed the relations between climatic variables and milk composition, but these works used univariate statistical approaches. In our study, we used a multivariate approach (canonical correlation) to study the impact of climatic variables on milk composition, price, and monthly milk production at a dairy farm using bulk tank milk data. Data on milk composition, price, and monthly milk production were obtained from a dairy company that purchased the milk from the farm, while climatic variable data were obtained from the National Institute of Meteorology (INMET)...
June 4, 2018: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29860536/in-vitro-evaluation-of-natural-thermal-mineral-waters-in-human-keratinocyte-cells-a-preliminary-study
#6
Müfit Zeki Karagülle, Mine Karagülle, Songül Kılıç, Hakan Sevinç, Cihat Dündar, Murat Türkoğlu
We aimed to test the anti-inflammatory and angiogenic properties of two different thermal waters at the cellular level in human keratinocyte cells in the present study. Two different thermal waters, thermo-mineral BJ1 (Bursa, Turkey) and oligomineral BG (Bolu, Turkey), were tested in human keratinocyte (HaCaT) cell line. HaCaT cells were incubated for 3 days with thermal waters; RNA isolation was carried out in the treated and untreated cells. The gene expressions of TNFα, IL-1α, and VEGF were measured using the RT-qPCR...
June 2, 2018: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29855702/later-springs-green-up-faster-the-relation-between-onset-and-completion-of-green-up-in-deciduous-forests-of-north-america
#7
Stephen Klosterman, Koen Hufkens, Andrew D Richardson
In deciduous forests, spring leaf phenology controls the onset of numerous ecosystem functions. While most studies have focused on a single annual spring event, such as budburst, ecosystem functions like photosynthesis and transpiration increase gradually after budburst, as leaves grow to their mature size. Here, we examine the "velocity of green-up," or duration between budburst and leaf maturity, in deciduous forest ecosystems of eastern North America. We use a diverse data set that includes 301 site-years of phenocam data across a range of sites, as well as 22 years of direct ground observations of individual trees and 3 years of fine-scale high-frequency aerial photography, both from Harvard Forest...
May 31, 2018: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29804235/impact-of-weather-factors-on-influenza-hospitalization-across-different-age-groups-in-subtropical-hong-kong
#8
Yapeng Li, Xi-Ling Wang, Xueying Zheng
Accumulating evidence demonstrates the significant influence of weather factors, especially temperature and humidity, on influenza seasonality. However, it is still unclear whether temperature variation within the same day, that is diurnal temperature range (DTR), is related to influenza seasonality. In addition, the different effects of weather factors on influenza seasonality across age groups have not been well documented in previous studies. Our study aims to explore the effects of DTR and humidity on influenza seasonality, and the differences in the association between weather factors and influenza seasonality among different age groups in Hong Kong, China...
May 26, 2018: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29804234/long-term-changes-in-migration-timing-of-song-thrush-turdus-philomelos-at-the-southern-baltic-coast-in-response-to-temperatures-on-route-and-at-breeding-grounds
#9
Michał Redlisiak, Magdalena Remisiewicz, Jarosław K Nowakowski
Climate warming causes the advancement of spring arrival of many migrant birds breeding in Europe, but the effects on their autumn migration are less known. We aimed to determine any changes in the timing of Song Thrush captured during spring and autumn migrations at the Polish Baltic coast from 1975 to 2014, and if these were related to long-term changes of temperature at their breeding grounds and migration routes. The timing of spring migration at Hel ringing station in 1975-2014 did not show long-term advance, but they had responded to environmental conditions on the year-to-year basis...
May 26, 2018: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29802502/mean-air-temperature-as-a-risk-factor-for-stroke-mortality-in-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-brazil
#10
Priscilla V Ikefuti, Ligia V Barrozo, Alfésio L F Braga
In Brazil, chronic diseases account for the largest percentage of all deaths among men and women. Among the cardiovascular diseases, stroke is the leading cause of death, accounting for 10% of all deaths. We evaluated associations between stroke and mean air temperature using recorded mortality data and meteorological station data from 2002 to 2011. A time series analysis was applied to 55,633 mortality cases. Ischemic and hemorrhagic strokes (IS and HS, respectively) were divided to test different impact on which subgroup...
May 25, 2018: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29802501/impacts-of-cooling-intervention-on-the-heat-strain-attenuation-of-construction-workers
#11
Yijie Zhao, Wen Yi, Albert P C Chan, Del P Wong
This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness and practicality of a cooling intervention with a newly designed cooling vest on heat strain attenuation in the construction industry. Fourteen construction workers volunteered to participate in the field study. Each participant took part in two trials, i.e., cooling and control. Construction work included morning and afternoon sessions. Cooling intervention was implemented for 15 and 30 min during the morning and afternoon rest periods, respectively, between repeated bouts of work...
May 25, 2018: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29802500/temporal-and-spatial-variation-in-personal-ambient-temperatures-for-outdoor-working-populations-in-the-southeastern-usa
#12
Margaret M Sugg, Christopher M Fuhrmann, Jennifer D Runkle
Excessive ambient temperature exposure can result in significant morbidity and mortality, especially among vulnerable occupational groups like outdoor workers. Average temperatures in the USA are projected to increase in frequency and intensity, placing future worker populations at greater risk for unhealthy levels of exposure. Unlike previous research focused on aggregate-level temperature exposures from in situ weather station data, this study will measure location-based personal ambient temperatures (PAT) at the individual-level by piloting the use of wearable sensor technology...
May 25, 2018: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779154/the-effect-of-meteorological-conditions-and-air-pollution-on-the-occurrence-of-type-a-and-b-acute-aortic-dissections
#13
Nan Xie, Liqun Zou, Lei Ye
To explore the association of weather conditions and air pollutants with incidence risk of acute aortic dissection (AAD), we included patients who consecutively admitted to the emergency units of our hospital for AAD between Dec. 1, 2013, and Apr. 30, 2017. Their medical records were reviewed. The meteorological data (daily precipitation, minimal and maximal temperatures, mean atmospheric pressure, relative humidity) and air pollutants values [air daily index (AQI), aerodynamic diameter of 2.5 mm or less (PM2...
May 19, 2018: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777308/theoretical-analysis-of-evaporative-cooling-of-classic-heat-stroke-patients
#14
Abdulaziz H Alzeer, E H Wissler
Heat stroke is a serious health concern globally, which is associated with high mortality. Newer treatments must be designed to improve outcomes. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of variations in ambient temperature and wind speed on the rate of cooling in a simulated heat stroke subject using the dynamic model of Wissler. We assume that a 60-year-old 70-kg female suffers classic heat stroke after walking fully exposed to the sun for 4 h while the ambient temperature is 40 °C, relative humidity is 20%, and wind speed is 2...
May 18, 2018: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752540/detecting-mismatches-in-the-phenology-of-cotton-bollworm-larvae-and-cotton-flowering-in-response-to-climate-change
#15
Jian Huang, HongFei Hao
Current evidence suggests that climate change has directly affected the phenology of many invertebrate species associated with agriculture. Such changes in phenology have the potential to cause temporal mismatches between predators and prey and may lead to a disruption in natural pest control ecosystem. Understanding the synchrony between pest insects and host plant responses to climate change is a key step to improve integrated pest management strategies. Cotton bollworm larvae damage cotton, and thus, data from Magaiti County, China, collected during the period of 1990-2015 were analyzed to assess the effects of climate change on cotton bollworm larvae and cotton flowering...
May 11, 2018: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748912/investigating-changes-in-mortality-attributable-to-heat-and-cold-in-stockholm-sweden
#16
Daniel Oudin Åström, Kristie L Ebi, Ana Maria Vicedo-Cabrera, Antonio Gasparrini
Projections of temperature-related mortality rely upon exposure-response relationships using recent data. Analyzing long historical data and trends may extend knowledge of past and present impacts that may provide additional insight and improve future scenarios. We collected daily mean temperatures and daily all-cause mortality for the period 1901-2013 for Stockholm County, Sweden, and calculated the total attributable fraction of mortality due to non-optimal temperatures and quantified the contribution of cold and heat...
May 11, 2018: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748911/patient-education-and-rehabilitation-after-hip-arthroplasty-in-an-italian-spa-center-a-pilot-study-on-its-feasibility
#17
Alfredo Musumeci, Giulia Pranovi, Stefano Masiero
Nowadays, some spa centers are suitable for providing rehabilitative and preventive treatment in association with traditional spa therapy. This study aims to evaluate the feasibility and the effectiveness of an intensive rehabilitation program after hip arthroplasty in an Italian spa center. Early after total hip arthroplasty for severe osteoarthritis (≤ 10 days after the intervention), 12 consecutive patients (5 males and 7 females) aged between 50 and 85 years were enrolled for this study. All the patients performed a 2-week thermal multimodal rehabilitation program, which consisted of education and physical rehabilitative measures...
May 11, 2018: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748910/does-the-increase-in-ambient-co-2-concentration-elevate-allergy-risks-posed-by-oak-pollen
#18
Kyu Rang Kim, Jae-Won Oh, Su-Young Woo, Yun Am Seo, Young-Jin Choi, Hyun Seok Kim, Wi Young Lee, Baek-Jo Kim
Oak pollen is a major respiratory allergen in Korea, and the distribution of oak trees is expected to increase by ecological succession and climate change. One of the drivers of climate change is increasing CO2 , which is also known to amplify the allergy risk of weed pollen by inducing elevated allergenic protein content. However, the impact of CO2 concentration on tree pollen is not clearly understood due to the experimental difficulties in carrying out extended CO2 treatment. To study the response of pollen production of sawtooth oak trees (Quercus acutissima) to elevated levels of ambient CO2 , three open-top chambers at the National Institute of Forest Science in Suwon, Korea were utilized with daytime (8 am-6 pm) CO2 concentrations of ambient (× 1...
May 10, 2018: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740702/evaluation-of-different-gridded-rainfall-datasets-for-rainfed-wheat-yield-prediction-in-an-arid-environment
#19
A Lashkari, N Salehnia, S Asadi, P Paymard, H Zare, M Bannayan
The accuracy of daily output of satellite and reanalysis data is quite crucial for crop yield prediction. This study has evaluated the performance of APHRODITE (Asian Precipitation-Highly-Resolved Observational Data Integration Towards Evaluation), PERSIANN (Rainfall Estimation from Remotely Sensed Information using Artificial Neural Networks), TRMM (Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission), and AgMERRA (The Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis for Research and Applications) precipitation products to apply as input data for CSM-CERES-Wheat crop growth simulation model to predict rainfed wheat yield...
May 8, 2018: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732473/thermoregulatory-responses-and-reproductive-traits-in-composite-beef-bulls-raised-in-a-tropical-climate
#20
Narian Romanello, José de Brito Lourenço Junior, Waldomiro Barioni Junior, Felipe Zandonadi Brandão, Cintia Righetti Marcondes, José Ricardo Macedo Pezzopane, Messy Hannear de Andrade Pantoja, Daniela Botta, Alessandro Giro, Ana Beatriz Bossois Moura, Andréa do Nascimento Barreto, Alexandre Rossetto Garcia
It is believed that increased livestock production is limited by tropical climate. Thermal imbalance in bulls can lead to hyperthermia and alter testicular metabolism, causing subfertility or infertility. Therefore, the thermoregulation of composite Canchim bulls (5/8 Charolais × 3/8 Zebu) raised in tropical climate as well as their consequences in the physiological, hematological, hormonal, and andrological parameters were evaluated monthly. The bulls (n = 18; 30.0 ± 1.5 months; 503.8 ± 23...
May 7, 2018: International Journal of Biometeorology
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