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International Journal of Biometeorology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799035/effect-of-heat-stress-on-protein-utilization-and-nutrient-transporters-in-meat-type-chickens
#1
Walid S Habashy, Marie C Milfort, Alberta L Fuller, Youssef A Attia, Romdhane Rekaya, Samuel E Aggrey
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of heat stress (HS) on digestibility of protein and fat and the expression of nutrient transporters in broilers. Forty-eight male Cobb500 chicks were used in this study. At day 14, birds were randomly divided into two groups and kept under either constant normal temperature (25 °C) or high temperature (35 °C) in individual cages. Five birds per treatment at 1 and 12 days post-treatment were euthanized, and Pectoralis major (P. major) and ileum were sampled for gene expression analysis...
August 10, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791483/influence-of-season-age-and-management-on-scrotal-thermal-profile-in-murrah-bulls-using-scrotal-infrared-digital-thermography
#2
Maneesh Kumar Ahirwar, Mukund Amritrao Kataktalware, Kerekoppa Puttaiah Ramesha, Heartwin Amaladhas Pushpadass, Sakthivel Jeyakumar, Deginal Revanasiddu, Reen Jagish Kour, Sapna Nath, Anand Kumar Nagaleekar, Sayyad Nazar
The aim of the present study was to examine the effects of non-genetic factors on scrotal thermographic profile viz., proximal pole temperature (PPT °C), mid pole temperature (MPT °C), distal pole temperature (DPT °C) and ocular temperature (OcT) of Murrah (Bubalus bubalis) breeding bulls. A total of 109 buffalo bulls, maintained at three semen stations (SS), were monitored for scrotal surface and ocular temperatures using infrared thermography twice daily during rainy, winter and summer seasons using an FLIR i5 infrared camera and temperatures were measured...
August 9, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28785810/efficacy-of-paraffin-wax-bath-for-carpal-tunnel-syndrome-a-randomized-comparative-study
#3
Banu Ordahan, Ali Yavuz Karahan
Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is the most frequently diagnosed neuropathy of upper extremity entrapment neuropathies. We aimed to investigate the effectiveness of paraffin therapy in patients with CTS. Seventy patients diagnosed with mild or moderate CTS were randomly divided into two groups as splint treatment (during the night and day time as much as possible for 3 weeks) alone and splint (during the night and day time as much as possible for 3 weeks) + paraffin treatment (five consecutive days a week for 3 weeks)...
August 7, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28785809/can-balneotherapy-modify-microrna-expression-levels-in-osteoarthritis-a-comparative-study-in-patients-with-knee-osteoarthritis
#4
C Giannitti, A De Palma, N A Pascarelli, S Cheleschi, N Giordano, M Galeazzi, Antonella Fioravanti
The aim of this study was to evaluate the whole-blood levels of miR-155, miR-223, miR-181a, miR-146a, and miR-let-7e in patients with bilateral knee osteoarthritis (OA) after a cycle of mud-bath therapy (MBT). Thirty-two patients with knee OA defined by the ACR criteria were included. Twenty-one patients (MBT group) were daily treated with a combination of local mud-packs at 42 °C and baths in mineral water, at 37 °C for 15 min, for 12 applications over a period of 2 weeks, in addition to standard therapy; 11 patients (control group) continued their conventional treatment alone...
August 7, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28779304/the-efficacy-of-peloid-therapy-in-management-of-hand-osteoarthritis-a-pilot-study
#5
Meliha Kasapoğlu Aksoy, Lale Altan, Rıza Eröksüz, Burcu Metin Ökmen
Hand osteoarthritis (OA) is associated with pain, reduced grip strength, loss of range of motion (ROM), and joint stiffness, leading to impaired hand function and difficulty in performance of daily living activities. Mud bath therapy has been reported to play a primary role in the prevention and management of OA. Thus, we planned to conduct a study aimed at investigating the effects of peloid therapy on pain, functional state, grip strength, and the quality of life and performing a comparative analysis of the outcomes of peloid therapy...
August 4, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28779303/climatotherapy-in-japan-a-pilot-study
#6
Hitomi Kanayama, Yukinori Kusaka, Takayoshi Hirai, Hiroyuki Inoue, Yuko Agishi, Angela Schuh
Twenty-nine urban inhabitants participated in a half-day climatotherapy programme at the moderate mountain area and lowland area in the northwest part of the main island of Japan. The current study was aimed to investigate physically and mentally the objective and subjective influence of our short programme, which was a prospective pilot study of single intervention. Blood pressure was significantly descended during terrain cure at the uphill mountain path and returned after fresh-air rest cure, while there was no significant change throughout the programme at lowland flat path...
August 4, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766042/estimating-population-heat-exposure-and-impacts-on-working-people-in-conjunction-with-climate-change
#7
Tord Kjellstrom, Chris Freyberg, Bruno Lemke, Matthias Otto, David Briggs
Increased environmental heat levels as a result of climate change present a major challenge to the health, wellbeing and sustainability of human communities in already hot parts of this planet. This challenge has many facets from direct clinical health effects of daily heat exposure to indirect effects related to poor air quality, poor access to safe drinking water, poor access to nutritious and safe food and inadequate protection from disease vectors and environmental toxic chemicals. The increasing environmental heat is a threat to environmental sustainability...
August 1, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761981/comparison-of-infrared-canopy-temperature-in-a-rubber-plantation-and-tropical-rain-forest
#8
Qing-Hai Song, Yun Deng, Yi -Ping Zhang, Xiao-Bao Deng, You-Xing Lin, Li-Guo Zhou, Xue-Hai Fei, Li-Qing Sha, Yun-Tong Liu, Wen-Jun Zhou, Jin-Bo Gao
Canopy temperature is a result of the canopy energy balance and is driven by climate conditions, plant architecture, and plant-controlled transpiration. Here, we evaluated canopy temperature in a rubber plantation (RP) and tropical rainforest (TR) in Xishuangbanna, southwestern China. An infrared temperature sensor was installed at each site to measure canopy temperature. In the dry season, the maximum differences (Tc - Ta) between canopy temperature (Tc) and air temperature (Ta) in the RP and TR were 2.6 and 0...
July 31, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752239/biometeorology-for-cities
#9
David M Hondula, Robert C Balling, Riley Andrade, E Scott Krayenhoff, Ariane Middel, Aleš Urban, Matei Georgescu, David J Sailor
Improvements in global sustainability, health, and equity will largely be determined by the extent to which cities are able to become more efficient, hospitable, and productive places. The development and evolution of urban areas has a significant impact on local and regional weather and climate, which subsequently affect people and other organisms that live in and near cities. Biometeorologists, researchers who study the impact of weather and climate on living creatures, are well positioned to help evaluate and anticipate the consequences of urbanization on the biosphere...
July 27, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748383/is-ambient-heat-exposure-levels-associated-with-miscarriage-or-stillbirths-in-hot-regions-a-cross-sectional-study-using-survey-data-from-the-ghana-maternal-health-survey-2007
#10
Benedict Asamoah, Tord Kjellstrom, Per-Olof Östergren
It is well established that high ambient heat could cause congenital abnormalities resulting in miscarriage or stillbirth among certain species of mammals. However, this has not been systematically studied in real field settings among humans, despite the potential value of such knowledge for estimating the impact of global warming on the human species. This study sought to test the hypothesis that maternal heat exposure during pregnancy in hot regions is associated with increased prevalence of spontaneous abortions or stillbirths and to develop an analytical strategy to use existing data from maternal health surveys and existing data on historical heat levels at a geographic grid cell level...
July 26, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735445/characterizing-prolonged-heat-effects-on-mortality-in-a-sub-tropical-high-density-city-hong-kong
#11
Hung Chak Ho, Kevin Ka-Lun Lau, Chao Ren, Edward Ng
Extreme hot weather events are likely to increase under future climate change, and it is exacerbated in urban areas due to the complex urban settings. It causes excess mortality due to prolonged exposure to such extreme heat. However, there is lack of universal definition of prolonged heat or heat wave, which leads to inadequacies of associated risk preparedness. Previous studies focused on estimating temperature-mortality relationship based on temperature thresholds for assessing heat-related health risks but only several studies investigated the association between types of prolonged heat and excess mortality...
July 22, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735444/past-present-and-future-of-the-climate-and-human-health-commission
#12
Pablo Fdez-Arroyabe, Daysarih Tápanes Robau
The following paper presents the history of the Climate and Human Health Commission at the International Society of Biometeorology after more than one decade since its creation. A brief history of the origins of the human biometeorology is revealed through some of the main research topics and publications of the founders of the society in this field. Secondly, it is presented as a brief review of the activities of the commission in the last 10 years, based on the reports that have periodically been submitted by members of the commission to the Bulletin of the society...
July 22, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733860/climate-threats-on-growth-of-rear-edge-european-beech-peripheral-populations-in-spain
#13
I Dorado-Liñán, L Akhmetzyanov, A Menzel
European beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) forests in the Iberian Peninsula are a clear example of a temperate forest tree species at the rear edge of its large distribution area in Europe. The expected drier and warmer climate may alter tree growth and species distribution. Consequently, the peripheral populations will most likely be the most threatened ones. Four peripheral beech forests in the Iberian Peninsula were studied in order to assess the climate factors influencing tree growth for the last six decades...
July 21, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733859/the-past-and-future-in-understanding-the-health-risks-of-and-responses-to-climate-variability-and-change
#14
Kristie L Ebi, Jeremy J Hess
Climate change and health was established as a formal field of endeavor in the early 1990s, with the number of publications increasing since the mid-2000s. The key findings in assessment reports from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change in 1995, 2001, 2007, and 2014 indicate the progress in understanding the magnitude and pattern of the health risks of a changing climate. The assessments maintained a similar structure, focusing on assessing the state of knowledge of individual climate-sensitive health outcomes, with confidence in the key findings tending to increase over time with greater understanding...
July 21, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730422/the-journal-and-society-turn-60
#15
EDITORIAL
Scott C Sheridan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 20, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725975/supporting-sustainability-initiatives-through-biometeorology-education-and-training
#16
Michael J Allen, Jennifer Vanos, David M Hondula, Daniel J Vecellio, David Knight, Hamed Mehdipoor, Rebekah Lucas, Chris Fuhrmann, Hanna Lokys, Angela Lees, Sheila Tavares Nascimento, Andrew C W Leung, David R Perkins
The International Society of Biometeorology (ISB) has covered significant breadth and depth addressing fundamental and applied societal and environmental challenges in the last 60 years. Biometeorology is an interdisciplinary science connecting living organisms to their environment, but there is very little understanding of the existence and placement of this discipline within formal educational systems and institutions. It is thus difficult to project the ability of members of the biometeorological community-especially the biometeorologists of the future-to help solve global challenges...
July 19, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718000/phenological-model-of-bird-cherry-padus-racemosa-with-data-assimilation
#17
Andis Kalvāns, Tija Sīle, Gunta Kalvāne
The accuracy of the operational models can be improved by using observational data to shift the model state in a process called data assimilation. Here, a data assimilation approach using the temperature similarity to control the extent of extrapolation of point-like phenological observations is explored. A degree-day model is used to describe the spring phenology of the bird cherry Padus racemosa in the Baltic region in 2014. The model results are compared to phenological observations that are expressed on a continuous scale based on the BBCH code...
July 17, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717999/macro-and-microclimate-conditions-may-alter-grapevine-deacclimation-variation-in-thermal-amplitude-in-two-contrasting-wine-regions-from-north-and-south-america
#18
Francisco Gonzalez Antivilo, Rosalía Cristina Paz, Markus Keller, Roberto Borgo, Jorge Tognetti, Fidel Roig Juñent
Low temperature is a limiting factor that affects vineyard distribution globally. The level of cold hardiness acquired during the dormant season by Vitis sp. is crucial for winter survival. Most research published on this topic has been generated beyond 40° N latitude, where daily mean temperatures may attain injurious levels during the dormant season resulting in significant damage to vines and buds. Symptoms of cold injury have been identified in Mendoza (32-35° S latitude), a Southern Hemisphere wine region characterized by a high thermal amplitude, and warm winds during the dormant season...
July 17, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717998/locust-displacing-winds-in-eastern-australia-reassessed-with-observations-from-an-insect-monitoring-radar
#19
Zhenhua Hao, V Alistair Drake, Leesa Sidhu, John R Taylor
Based on previous investigations, adult Australian plague locusts are believed to migrate on warm nights (with evening temperatures >25 °C), provided daytime flight is suppressed by surface winds greater than the locusts' flight speed, which has been shown to be 3.1 m s(-1). Moreover, adult locusts are believed to undertake briefer 'dispersal' flights on nights with evening temperature >20 °C. To reassess the utility of these conditions for forecasting locust flight, contingency tests were conducted comparing the nights selected on these bases (predicted nights) for the months of November, January, and March and the nights when locust migration were detected with an insect monitoring radar (actual nights) over a 7-year period...
July 17, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710523/short-communication-emerging-technologies-for-biometeorology
#20
Hamed Mehdipoor, Jennifer K Vanos, Raul Zurita-Milla, Guofeng Cao
The first decade of the twenty-first century saw remarkable technological advancements for use in biometeorology. These emerging technologies have allowed for the collection of new data and have further emphasized the need for specific and/or changing systems for efficient data management, data processing, and advanced representations of new data through digital information management systems. This short communication provides an overview of new hardware and software technologies that support biometeorologists in representing and understanding the influence of atmospheric processes on living organisms...
July 14, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
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