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International Journal of Biometeorology

Shan He, Zhe Mou, Li Peng, Jie Chen
Meteorological and environmental factors influence the pathogenesis of allergic rhinitis (AR). An understanding of the risk factors will facilitate the development of diagnostic and preventative tools for AR children and improve their quality of life. However, research on the impact of these factors on subjective symptoms in AR children remains scarce. This study explored the relationships between subjective symptoms in pollen and dust mite positive AR children, and meteorological and environmental factors...
October 24, 2016: International Journal of Biometeorology
Emel Mert, Sonja Böhnisch, Agnes Psikuta, Marie-Ange Bueno, René M Rossi
The heat and mass transfer between the human body and the environment is not only affected by the properties of the fabric, but also by the size of the air gap thickness and the magnitude of the contact area between the body and garment. In this clothing-human-environment system, there is also an interaction between the clothing and the physiological response of the wearer. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the distribution of the air gap thickness and the contact area for the male lower body in relation to the garment fit and style using a three-dimensional (3D) body scanning method with a manikin...
October 18, 2016: International Journal of Biometeorology
Jian Huang
Helicoverpa armigera causes serious damage to most crops around the world. However, the impacts of snow thickness on the H. armigera overwintering pupae are little known. A field experiment was employed in 2012-2015 at Urumqi, China. At soil depths of 5, 10, and 15 cm, overwintering pupae were embedded with four treatments: no snow cover (NSC), snow cover (SC), increasing snow thickness to 1.5 times the thickness of SC (ISSC-1), and to two times the thickness of SC (ISSC-2). Results suggested that snow cover and increasing snow thickness both significantly increased soil temperatures, which helped to decrease the mortality of overwintering pupae (MOP) of H...
October 15, 2016: International Journal of Biometeorology
Ricardo Siqueira da Silva, Lalit Kumar, Farzin Shabani, Ezio Marques da Silva, Tarcisio Visintin da Silva Galdino, Marcelo Coutinho Picanço
Seasonal variations are important components in understanding the ecology of insect population of crops. Ecological studies through modeling may be a useful tool for enhancing knowledge of seasonal patterns of insects on field crops as well as seasonal patterns of favorable climatic conditions for species. Recently CLIMEX, a semi-mechanistic niche model, was upgraded and enhanced to consider spatio-temporal dynamics of climate suitability through time. In this study, attempts were made to determine monthly variations of climate suitability for Neoleucinodes elegantalis (Guenée) (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) in five commercial tomato crop localities through the latest version of CLIMEX...
October 13, 2016: International Journal of Biometeorology
Vinícius Carvalho Fonseca, Edilson Paes Saraiva, Alex Sandro Campos Maia, Carolina Cardoso Nagib Nascimento, Josinaldo Araújo da Silva, Walter Esfraim Pereira, Edgard Cavalcanti Pimenta Filho, Maria Elivânia Vieira Almeida
The aim of this study was to build a prediction model both sensible and latent heat transfer by respiratory tract for Morada Nova sheep under field conditions in a semiarid tropical environment, using easily measured physiological and environmental parameters. Twelve dry Morada Nova ewes with an average of 3 ± 1.2 years old and average body weight of 32.76 ± 3.72 kg were used in a Latin square design 12 × 12 (12 days of records and 12 schedules). Tidal volume, respiratory rate, expired air temperature, and partial vapor pressure of the expired air were obtained from the respiratory facial mask and using a physiological measurement system...
October 10, 2016: International Journal of Biometeorology
Danuta Stępalska, Dorota Myszkowska, Leśkiewicz Katarzyna, Piotrowicz Katarzyna, Borycka Katarzyna, Chłopek Kazimiera, Grewling Łukasz, Kasprzyk Idalia, Majkowska-Wojciechowska Barbara, Malkiewicz Małgorzata, Nowak Małgorzata, Piotrowska-Weryszko Krystyna, Puc Małgorzata, Weryszko-Chmielewska Elżbieta
The Asteraceae family is one of the largest families, comprising 67 genera and 264 species in Poland. However, only a few genera, including Artemisia and Ambrosia are potential allergenic sources. The aim of the study was to estimate how often and to what degree Artemisia and Ambrosia pollen seasons co-occur intensifying human health risk, and how synoptic situations influence frequency of days with high pollen concentrations of both taxa. Artemisia and Ambrosia pollen data were collected, using the volumetric method, at 8 sites in Poland...
October 8, 2016: International Journal of Biometeorology
Kağan Özkuk, Hatice Gürdal, Mine Karagülle, Yasemin Barut, Rıza Eröksüz, Müfit Zeki Karagülle
This study aims to compare the effects of balneological treatments applied at consecutive and intermittent sessions without interfering with their daily routine in patients with knee osteoarthritis. This is a randomized, controlled, single-blind clinical trial. Fifty patients diagnosed with knee osteoarthritis were included. The patients were divided into two groups. All patients were given a total of ten sessions of balneological treatment consisting of hydrotherapy and mud pack therapy. Group 1 received consecutive treatment for 2 weeks, while group 2 received intermittent treatment for 5 weeks...
October 7, 2016: International Journal of Biometeorology
G Cola, O Failla, D Maghradze, L Megrelidze, L Mariani
While the climate of Western Europe has been deeply affected by the abrupt climate change that took place in the late '1980s of the twentieth century, a similar signal is detected only few years later, in 1994, in Georgia. Grapevine phenology is deeply influenced by climate and this paper aimed to analyze how phenological timing changed before and after the climatic change of 1994. Availability of thermal resources in the two climatic phases for the five altitudinal belts in the 0-1250-m range was analyzed...
October 6, 2016: International Journal of Biometeorology
Julia Kälsch, Leona L Pott, Atsushi Takeda, Hideo Kumamoto, Dorothe Möllmann, Ali Canbay, Barbara Sitek, Hideo A Baba
Beneficial effects of balneotherapy using naturally occurring carbonated water (CO2 enriched) have been known since the Middle Ages. Although this therapy is clinically applied for peripheral artery disease and skin disorder, the underlying mechanisms are not fully elucidated.Under controlled conditions, rats were bathed in either CO2-enriched water (CO2 content 1200 mg/L) or tap water, both at 37 °C, for 10 min daily over 4 weeks. Proliferation activity was assessed by Ki67 immunohistochemistry of the epidermis of the abdomen...
October 5, 2016: International Journal of Biometeorology
Naomy S Yackerson, Arkadi Zilberman, Alexander Aizenberg
The influence of the changes in atmospheric state, typical for areas close to big deserts, on acute myocardial infarction (AMI) was analyzed. Under test was the group of 3256 patients (77 % males, 23 % females), hospitalized in the Cardio-Surgical Department of Soroka Medical Center at Ben-Gurion University (BGU, Israel) during 2000-2008. To explore the relationship between atmospheric parameters and AMI, multivariate regression analysis has been performed. AMI was most frequent in winter to spring and least in summer...
October 3, 2016: International Journal of Biometeorology
Yongshuo H Fu, Shilong Piao, Philippe Ciais, Mengtian Huang, Annette Menzel, Marc Peaucelle, Shushi Peng, Yang Song, Yann Vitasse, Zhenzhong Zeng, Hongfang Zhao, Guiyun Zhou, Josep Peñuelas, Ivan A Janssens
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 30, 2016: International Journal of Biometeorology
Tarik Benmarhnia, Jay S Kaufman
Many studies assessing which population subgroups are more vulnerable to heat-related mortality and morbidity have been conducted in recent years. However, given the non-linear (U or J shaped) relationship of temperature with mortality and morbidity, they generally consider only a single contrast measure to report evidence of heat-related vulnerability, despite the possibility that vulnerability depends on the selected contrast measure. In this manuscript, we highlight the importance of considering such issue in further studies by providing evidence for and against heat-related vulnerability using two different temperature contrast measures...
September 28, 2016: International Journal of Biometeorology
Vijay Kumar Saxena, Davendra Kumar, S M K Naqvi
GPR50, formerly known as a melatonin-related receptor, is one of the three subtypes of melatonin receptor subfamily, together with MTNR1A and MTNR1B. GPR50, despite its high identity with the melatonin receptor family, does not bind melatonin and is considered to be an ortholog of MTNR1C in mammals. GPR50-expressing cells have been found in the dorsomedial nucleus of the hypothalamus, the periventricular nucleus, and the median eminence. Genetic and functional evidence have been recently investigated linking GPR50 to adaptive thermogenesis and torpor, but still, it is an orphan receptor and is yet to be studied conclusively...
September 27, 2016: International Journal of Biometeorology
Simo Näyhä, Hannu Rintamäki, Gavin Donaldson, Juhani Hassi, Pekka Jousilahti, Tiina Laatikainen, Jouni J K Jaakkola, Tiina M Ikäheimo
The prevalence of heat-related cardiorespiratory symptoms among vulnerable groups is not well known. We therefore estimated the prevalence of heat-related cardiorespiratory symptoms among the Finnish population and their associations with social and individual vulnerability factors. The data came from the National FINRISK 2007 Study, in which 4007 men and women aged 25-74 answered questions on heat-related cardiorespiratory symptoms in the Oulu Cold and Heat Questionnaire 2007. Logistic regression was used to calculate odds ratios (ORs), their 95 % confidence intervals (CIs), and model-predicted prevalence figures...
September 22, 2016: International Journal of Biometeorology
Ricardo Navares, José Luis Aznarte
In this paper, we approach the problem of predicting the concentrations of Poaceae pollen which define the main pollination season in the city of Madrid. A classification-based approach, based on a computational intelligence model (random forests), is applied to forecast the dates in which risk concentration levels are to be observed. Unlike previous works, the proposal extends the range of forecasting horizons up to 6 months ahead. Furthermore, the proposed model allows to determine the most influential factors for each horizon, making no assumptions about the significance of the weather features...
September 16, 2016: International Journal of Biometeorology
Marcin Maciejczyk, Andrzej Araźny, Marta Opyrchał
The aim of this study was to evaluate changes in physical activity, aerobic performance, and body composition in polar explorers during a 1-year stay at the polar station. The study group consisted of 10 people, including 8 men and 2 women. Aerobic performance (maximal oxygen uptake), physical activity, body mass, and composition were evaluated for the polar explores of the Polish Polar Station prior to departure, and then during their stay at the station for a period of 1 year. The measurements were performed every 3 months...
September 14, 2016: International Journal of Biometeorology
Paweł Chmura, Marek Konefał, Marcin Andrzejewski, Jakub Kosowski, Andrzej Rokita, Jan Chmura
The present study attempts to assess changes in soccer players' physical activity profiles under the simultaneous influence of the different combinations of ambient temperature and relative humidity characterising matches of the 2014 FIFA World Cup hosted by Brazil. The study material consisted of observations of 340 players representing 32 national teams taking part in the tournament. The measured indices included total distances covered; distances covered with low, moderate, or high intensity; numbers of sprints performed, and peak running speeds achieved...
September 12, 2016: International Journal of Biometeorology
Natividad Martinez, Agnes Psikuta, José Miguel Corberán, René M Rossi, Simon Annaheim
A novel thermo-physiological human head simulator for headgear testing was developed by coupling a thermal head manikin with a thermo-physiological model. As the heat flux at head-site is directly measured by the head manikin, this method provides a realistic quantification of the heat transfer phenomena occurring in the headgear, such as moisture absorption-desorption cycles, condensation, or moisture migration across clothing layers. Before coupling, the opportunities of the head manikin for representing the human physiology were evaluated separately...
September 9, 2016: International Journal of Biometeorology
Asta Klimienė, Rimanta Vainorienė, Ramutis Klimas
Šiauliai University Botanical Garden is a member of the International Phenological Garden network since 2005. It is the only one botanical garden in the East Europe that participated in the programme. In 2015, 18 species were observed. For research, data of 14 plants was used. The aim of this study is to estimate the responsiveness of the species of plants of the phenological garden to annual and monthly precipitation and temperature of the air. The main variables in this investigation were growing season length and the beginning of the growing season...
September 8, 2016: International Journal of Biometeorology
Mohammad Eghbal Ghobadi, Mokhtar Ghobadi, Alireza Zebarjadi
Excess rainfalls may be the cause of waterlogging in soil, which affects the growth and development of wheat. Therefore, the objectives of this study were to examine the effects of waterlogging on shoot and root growth and physiological characteristics of wheat. Three experiments were conducted: experiment 1 (E1): evaluation of seedling growth on ten Iranian winter wheat varieties with waterlogging periods (1-4, 4-8, 8-12, and 12-16 days starting from seed germination). Seminal roots and plumule were investigated at seedling...
September 6, 2016: International Journal of Biometeorology
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