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International Dental Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782099/knowledge-perceptions-and-clinical-application-of-the-shortened-dental-arch-concept-among-malaysian-government-dentists
#1
Siti Kamilah Mohd Kasim, Ishak Abdul Razak, Zamros Yuzadi Mohd Yusof
AIM: To assess the knowledge and perceptions of Malaysian government dentists regarding the shortened dental arch (SDA) concept and its application in clinical practice. BACKGROUND: The SDA concept refers to a specific type of dentition with intact anterior teeth and a reduction in posterior occlusal pairs. Dentists' knowledge and perceptions of the SDA concept can influence its application in clinical practice. METHODS: A self-administered questionnaire on the SDA concept was distributed to 326 government dentists in the states of Selangor and Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia...
August 7, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771709/assessment-of-the-referral-system-for-surgical-removal-of-third-molars-at-the-dental-faculty-king-saud-university
#2
Randa Abdul Moein Al Fotawi, Manju Roby Philip, Sangeetah Negavara Premnath
INTRODUCTION: There is compelling evidence that prophylactic extraction of third molars is a health problem that needs to be addressed. In particular, the vast amount of evidence demonstrating complications after removal of third molars, rather than supporting the necessity of removal or the negative effects of retention, raise this concern. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the referral system for third molar extraction at our institution by assessing patient opinions and the experience of the oral surgeons and the referring dentists...
August 2, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771699/support-vector-machine-based-differentiation-between-aggressive-and-chronic-periodontitis-using-microbial-profiles
#3
Magda Feres, Yoram Louzoun, Simi Haber, Marcelo Faveri, Luciene C Figueiredo, Liran Levin
BACKGROUND: The existence of specific microbial profiles for different periodontal conditions is still a matter of debate. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that 40 bacterial species could be used to classify patients, utilising machine learning, into generalised chronic periodontitis (ChP), generalised aggressive periodontitis (AgP) and periodontal health (PH). METHOD: Subgingival biofilm samples were collected from patients with AgP, ChP and PH and analysed for their content of 40 bacterial species using checkerboard DNA-DNA hybridisation...
August 2, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758201/dental-students-attitudes-towards-management-of-pain-and-anxiety-during-a-dental-emergency-educational-issues
#4
Maud Guivarc'h, Bérengère Saliba-Serre, Bruno Jacquot, Pierre Le Coz, Frédéric Bukiet
INTRODUCTION: High levels of patients' pain and anxiety characterise dental emergencies. The main objective of this study was to examine the self-reported attitudes of dental students towards these parameters in emergency conditions. A secondary objective was to determine if individual parameters (gender, personal experience of dental pain, personal dental anxiety and year of study) might affect their attitudes. METHODS: One-hundred and eighty-seven undergraduate dental students with clinical practice completed a multiple-choice self-administered questionnaire online...
July 30, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736971/attitudes-of-greek-dentists-towards-repair-of-conservative-restorations-an-online-survey
#5
Antoniadou Maria, Paximada Charikleia, Lagouvardos Panagiotis
OBJECTIVES: Repair versus replacement of a defective direct restoration is one important step for conserving tooth structure. This study was designed to collect information on the attitudes of Greek dentists towards repairing direct restorations. METHODS: An electronic questionnaire with 16 multiple-choice and rank-ordering questions was created online and its URL address was randomly emailed to 800 dentists in the area of Athens, Greece. The questionnaire remained open for 3 months, and after two reminder emails the data collected were analysed statistically to identify differences between clinician's sex or years of practicing dentistry, using the chi-square and Kruskal-Wallis tests at α = 0...
July 23, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675444/occupational-ocular-incidents-in-dentists-a-multicentre-study-in-southwestern-saudi-arabia
#6
Nasser A Alsabaani, Nabil J Awadalla, Ibrahim H Abu Saq, Zeyad M Abualiat, Mohammed A Alshahrani, Abdulaziz M Alqahtani, Masoud M Alshuraym
BACKGROUND: Dental practitioners are at high risk of occupational ocular incidents during their daily work practice. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence, pattern and determinants of ocular incidents and to establish the use of eye protection by dental staff in southwestern Saudi Arabia. METHODS: This multicentre cross-sectional study was conducted among dental practitioners working in private, military and Ministry of Health dental clinics in southwestern Saudi Arabia...
July 4, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649774/osteoradionecrosis-of-the-jaws-definition-epidemiology-staging-and-clinical-and-radiological-findings-a-concise-review
#7
REVIEW
Aristeidis Chronopoulos, Theodora Zarra, Michael Ehrenfeld, Sven Otto
Osteoradionecrosis (ORN) of the jaws is a pernicious complication of radiation therapy for head and neck tumours. This article aims to provide an update on data related to the definition, epidemiology, staging, and clinical and radiological findings of ORN of the jaws. Using certain keywords, an electronic search was conducted spanning the period from January 1922 to April 2014 to identify the available related investigations. Pooled data were then analysed. ORN is described as exposed irradiated bone that fails to heal over a period of 3 months without evidence of persisting or recurrent tumour...
June 25, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646499/the-association-between-oral-hygiene-and-periodontitis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
Attawood Lertpimonchai, Sasivimol Rattanasiri, Sakda Arj-Ong Vallibhakara, John Attia, Ammarin Thakkinstian
OBJECTIVE: Dental plaque accumulation and inadequate personal oral hygiene (OH) are known major risk factors of periodontitis. Nevertheless, the magnitude of their effects has not yet been the subject of a meta-analysis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The Medline and Scopus databases were searched up to May 2016. Observational studies were eligible if they assessed associations between OH and periodontitis in adult subjects. A multivariate random-effects meta-analysis was used to pool the effects of fair/poor OH versus good OH on periodontitis across studies...
June 23, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643435/interventions-for-enhancing-the-distribution-of-dental-professionals-a-concise-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Ralf Jäger, Neeltje van den Berg, Falk Schwendicke
BACKGROUND: A spatially unequal distribution of dentists or dental care professionals (D/DCPs), such as therapists or hygienists, could reduce the quality of health services and increase health inequities. This review describes the interventions available to enhance this spatial distribution and systematically assesses their effectiveness. METHODS: Electronic databases (Cochrane CENTRAL, Medline, Embase, CINAHL) were searched and cross-referencing was performed using a standardised searching algorithm...
June 23, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574193/emergency-department-visits-for-dental-problems-not-associated-with-trauma-in-alberta-canada
#10
Rafael Figueiredo, Kerri Fournier, Liran Levin
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this report was to describe the frequency of emergency department (ED) visits for dental problems not associated with trauma (DPNAT) in Alberta, Canada, over a 5-year period. METHODS: In Alberta, ED visits for DPNAT between 1 January 2011 and 30 April 2016 were identified using the codes from the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, 10th Revision, Canada (ICD-10-CA). The codes for DPNAT range from K00 to K14, described as diseases of the oral cavity, salivary glands and jaws...
June 2, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574173/interaction-between-toothpaste-abrasivity-and-toothbrush-filament-stiffness-on-the-development-of-erosive-abrasive-lesions-in-vitro
#11
Frank Lippert, Mona A Arrageg, George J Eckert, Anderson T Hara
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the loss of enamel and dentin surface caused by the interaction between abrasives in toothpaste and toothbrush filament stiffness. METHODS: The study followed a 2 (high-level or low-level abrasive; silica) × 3 (filament stiffness; soft, medium or hard) × 2 (cycling time; 3 or 5 days) factorial design. Polished bovine enamel and dentin specimens (n = 8 each per group) were subjected to 5 days of erosion/abrasion cycling: erosion (5 minutes, four times daily, 0...
June 2, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547773/dental-and-periodontal-health-and-microbiological-and-salivary-conditions-in-patients-with-or-without-diabetes-undergoing-haemodialysis
#12
Gerhard Schmalz, Nora Schiffers, Sandra Schwabe, Radovan Vasko, Gerhard A Müller, Rainer Haak, Rainer F Mausberg, Dirk Ziebolz
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate the dental and periodontal health, as well as the microbiological and salivary conditions, of patients with and without diabetes mellitus (DM) who are receiving haemodialysis. METHODS: One-hundred and fifty-nine haemodialysis patients were included and divided into groups according to the pre-existing diabetes status: DM or no DM. The oral examination included dental findings and assessment of the periodontal situation...
June 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213893/disparity-in-dental-out-of-pocket-payments-among-older-adult-populations-a-comparative-analysis-across-selected-european-countries-and-the-usa
#13
Richard Manski, John Moeller, Haiyan Chen, Eeva Widström, Stefan Listl
BACKGROUND: The current study addresses the extent to which diversity exists in dental out-of-pocket (OOP) payments across population subgroups within and between the USA and selected European countries. This represents the final paper in a series in which the previous two papers addressed diversity in dental coverage and dental utilisation, respectively, using similar data and methods. METHOD: We used data from the 2006/2007 Health and Retirement Study (HRS) and from the 2004-2006 Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE) for respondents ≥51 years of age...
June 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28083874/barriers-to-oral-health-across-selected-european-countries-and-the-usa
#14
REVIEW
Richard Manski, John Moeller
In this review we consider oral-health access among older adults within and between the USA and various European countries with regard to possible primary financial and modifiable secondary non-financial factors. For older adults, the likelihood of using dental services has been associated, in the health literature, with a multiplicity of factors. These factors are traditionally classified into predisposing, enabling and need categories, and can be further classified into modifiable and non-modifiable subcategories...
June 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988930/further-evidence-for-periodontal-disease-as-a-risk-indicator-for-adverse-pregnancy-outcomes
#15
Mervyn Turton, Charlene W J Africa
BACKGROUND: Although there is increasing evidence to suggest an association between periodontal disease and adverse pregnancy outcomes, the issue remains controversial. STUDY OBJECTIVE: This study tested the hypothesis that periodontal disease is a risk indicator for preterm delivery of low-birthweight infants. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study sample comprised 443 pregnant women with a mean (± standard deviation) age of 24.13 (±5.30) years...
June 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981568/portuguese-self-reported-oral-hygiene-habits-and-oral-status
#16
Paulo Melo, Sandra Marques, Orlando Monteiro Silva
BACKGROUND: Good oral health is essential for good general health and quality of life. In Portugal, there are few studies on oral-health habits and the population's perceptions of this behaviour. OBJECTIVE: The main purpose of this study was to characterise the Portuguese population's self-reported oral-health status, habits and perceptions, as well as their demands regarding national oral health-care services. METHODS: A randomised group of 1,395 individuals, > 15 years of age, was selected as a representative sample of the Portuguese population...
June 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542981/dental-providers-and-pharmacists-a-call-for-enhanced-interprofessional-collaboration
#17
Henning Lygre, Reidun Lisbet Skeide Kjome, Hailey Choi, Autumn L Stewart
Reports concerning medication discrepancies in dental records indicate that the concept of interprofessional collaboration between the dental team and pharmacists should be considered at all educational levels in dentistry and pharmacy. Inclusion of oral health as a therapeutic area in didactic pharmacy curricula is needed. Early exposure of dental students and student pharmacists to collaborative practices through interprofessional educational experiences may create a higher degree of awareness of the role of each profession and the potential to improve patient outcomes...
May 21, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542863/mechanisms-of-silver-diamine-fluoride-on-arresting-caries-a-literature-review
#18
REVIEW
Irene Shuping Zhao, Sherry Shiqian Gao, Noriko Hiraishi, Michael Francis Burrow, Duangporn Duangthip, May Lei Mei, Edward Chin-Man Lo, Chun-Hung Chu
OBJECTIVE: To review the evidence regarding the mechanisms of silver diamine fluoride (SDF) for arresting caries. METHODS: A literature search was conducted using the keywords silver diamine fluoride, and its alternative names, in seven databases: PubMed, Embase and Scopus (English); China National Knowledge Infrastructure (Chinese); Bilioteca Virtual em Saude (Portuguese); Biblioteca Virtual en Salud Espana (Spanish); and Ichushi-Web (Japanese). The titles and abstracts were screened...
May 21, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543391/medication-discrepancies-in-the-dental-record-and-impact-of-pharmacist-led-intervention
#19
Hailey J Choi, Autumn L Stewart, Chunhao Tu
BACKGROUND: Patients frequently use medications with potential implications for oral health and dental procedures, yet little is known about the accuracy of medication lists available to dentists. The aims of this study were to describe the frequency and clinical implications of medication discrepancies in the dental record (phase 1) and to evaluate the impact of pharmacist intervention on medication reconciliation processes in dental practice (phase 2). METHODS: A prospective, single-centre study evaluating adults receiving dental care was conducted...
May 20, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542892/knowledge-diagnosis-and-management-of-dentine-hypersensitivity-a-national-survey-of-dentists-in-nigeria
#20
Olabisi Hajarat Oderinu, Mathew Asizide Sede, Adeleke Oke Oginni, Ilemobade Cyril Adegbulugbe, Omolara Gbonjubola Uti, Adeyemi Oluniyi Olusile, Christopher I Udoye, Kofoworola Olaide Savage
AIM: To assess the knowledge of Nigerian dentists regarding dentine hypersensitivity (DH) and their methods of diagnosis and management. METHODS: A cross-sectional questionnaire-based study of dentists practicing in all six geopolitical zones of Nigeria was conducted. The questionnaire focussed on participant's demography, exposure to patients with DH, knowledge-based questions, diagnosis and management of DH. Data analysis using EPI Info statistical software determined frequencies and proportions...
May 20, 2017: International Dental Journal
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