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International Dental Journal

Tippanart Vichayanrat, Kantaphon Sudha, Komsun Kumthanom, Jomjak Apisuttisin, Nuttanun Uawatanasakul, Yuttakit Ariyakieatsakul
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the factors influencing mothers' behavior regarding control of their children's sugary snack intake based on the Theory of Planned Behavior. METHODS: We used a self-administered questionnaire to collect data from the mothers of preschool children on the factors related to their behaviours influencing control of their children's sugary snack intake, namely attitudes, subjective norms, perceived behavioural control, self-efficacy, age, income and educational level...
April 16, 2018: International Dental Journal
Paulo Melo, Charlotte Fine, Sinead Malone, Jo E Frencken, Virginie Horn
BACKGROUND: Regular twice-daily toothbrushing with a fluoridated toothpaste is widely recommended for schoolchildren. The '21-day Brush Day and Night (BDN) programme' includes an educational approach for children and school staff, with a consistent practice of toothbrushing at school for 3 weeks. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to evaluate the improvement in oral hygiene knowledge and behaviour in schoolchildren involved in BDN, the sustainability of this after 6-12 months, and if any particular age group was more receptive to it than others...
April 16, 2018: International Dental Journal
Magnus Hakeberg, Ulla Wide
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this epidemiological survey was to analyse the association between dental anxiety and health-related quality of life (HRQL) among adults. METHODS: Individuals were randomly selected (n = 3500), and they were interviewed by telephone and asked to complete a questionnaire concerning dental anxiety, HRQL [Oral Health Impact Profile-5 (OHIP-5) and EuroQol-5D (EQ-5D)] and several socioeconomic variables. RESULTS: Dental anxiety was revealed as a significant factor relative to the OHIP-5 and EQ-5D...
April 11, 2018: International Dental Journal
Filipa Bombert, Ana Cristina Manso, Cristina Sousa Ferreira, Paulo Nogueira, Carla Nunes
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to characterise the daily oral hygiene behaviours and the frequency of, and reasons for, oral health appointments, among 12-year-old adolescents in Portugal. We also investigated whether there were any associations between these behaviours and sociodemographic factors. METHODS: We conducted an observational descriptive study based on 1,309 Portuguese adolescents from rural, peri-urban and urban populations. Data were drawn from the III National Prevalence Study of Oral Health Diseases...
April 6, 2018: International Dental Journal
German Hernández, Sonia P Plaza, Diana Cifuentes, Lina M Villalobos, Lina M Ruiz
OBJECTIVES: To determine the frequency, radiodensity characteristics, topographic location and number per patient of incidental findings observed in radiographs taken before orthodontic treatment and to evaluate the relationship of the findings with age and sex. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study that investigated 1,887 panoramic and lateral cephalogram radiographs from 783 patients (23.31 ± 13.11 years of age; 453 women and 330 men) who were randomly selected from the orthodontics department of a private university...
April 1, 2018: International Dental Journal
Yeon-Jee Yoo, Eun-Jung Kwak, Kyung Muk Jeong, Seung-Ho Baek, Yoo Sang Baek
BACKGROUND: Dental health-care professionals (DHCPs) with nasal colonisation of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) can serve as a reservoir for MRSA transmission to others and be exposed to self-contamination with MRSA. Evaluating the knowledge, attitudes and actual practice of DHCPs is imperative for appropriate infection control. METHODS: Dentists, dental hygienists and dental technologists from Seoul National University Dental Hospital were recruited to participate in a cross-sectional survey and undergo nasal sampling of MRSA...
March 25, 2018: International Dental Journal
Kathryn Kell, Marie-Anne Aymerich, Virginie Horn
Twelve years ago, FDI World Dental Federation and Unilever Oral Care began a partnership to raise awareness of oral health globally. This aim reflects FDI's mission to "lead the world to optimal oral health", and one of the goals set by the Unilever Sustainable Living Plan "to improve health and well-being for more than 1 billion" by 2020. This partnership has developed a series of public health programmes to improve the brushing habits of targeted populations through health promotion and educational campaigns worldwide...
March 24, 2018: International Dental Journal
Yun-Sook Jung, Hae-Young Yang, Youn-Hee Choi, Eun-Kyong Kim, Seong-Hwa Jeong, Min-Jeong Cho, Soon-Hyeun Nam, Keun-Bae Song
OBJECTIVES: Word-of-mouth (WOM) refers to communication among consumers, which greatly influences the marketing strategies of dental clinics. This study aimed to explore factors that affect use of WOM by dental patients and to analyse their pathways. METHODS: The participants were 520 outpatients from four private dental clinics. Data were obtained from a survey using self-reported questionnaires, which included questions regarding seven latent variables: five exogenous variables, including medical service quality (physical environment, customer service, patient relationship quality) and individual characteristic variables (opinion leader tendency, social hub tendency); and two endogenous variables (intention to recommend, WOM experience)...
March 23, 2018: International Dental Journal
Lei Dou, Jun Luo, Xiaoming Fu, Yin Tang, Jing Gao, Deqin Yang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the caries-predictive validity of a screening Cariogram model without saliva tests in Chinese young adults with past caries experience. METHODS: Two-hundred and fifteen Chinese young adults seeking dental care were included in this observational study, with informed consent obtained. All participants were 18-29 years of age and with past caries experience. A caries risk assessment was made at baseline using a full-blown Cariogram model and a screening Cariogram model without saliva tests; this assessment included bacterial count, saliva secretion and buffer capacity...
March 23, 2018: International Dental Journal
Paulo Melo, Charlotte Fine, Sinead Malone, Virginie Horn
Over the past 10 years, the FDI-Unilever Brush Day & Night partnership has significantly influenced the life of children worldwide through the implementation of school programmes for oral health education and prevention. This article reports the key facts and outcomes of Phase III of the partnership, and announces the launch of Phase IV. During Phase III, the expert advisors of the Brush Day & Night partnership conducted a longitudinal study to evaluate the impact of the '21 Day' programme in almost 8,000 children in 10 countries...
March 22, 2018: International Dental Journal
Maria Luisa S Souto, Emanuel S Rovai, Juliana A Ganhito, Marinella Holzhausen, Leandro Chambrone, Cláudio M Pannuti
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of systemic antibiotics as adjuncts to nonsurgical periodontal treatment (NSPT), as opposed to using NSPT alone, on periodontal clinical parameters of diabetic patients with periodontitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Randomised controlled trials with a follow-up of 3 months or more, assessing the effects of NSPT in combination with antibiotics, in diabetic patients with periodontitis were included. Trials published up to August 2016 were identified from MEDLINE, EMBASE and LILACS databases...
February 28, 2018: International Dental Journal
Salwa A Alsadhan, Najla F Alsayari, Mashael F Abuabat
OBJECTIVES: The main aim of this cross-sectional study was to assess knowledge concerning traumatic dental injuries and their management among primary schoolteachers in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. The secondary objective was to evaluate the effect of gender, nationality, marital status, school type, geographical area, age group, level of education and years of experience on teachers' knowledge. METHODOLOGY: Data were collected, through a self-administered questionnaire, from both male and female teachers employed in public and private primary schools in the five geographical areas of Riyadh City...
February 22, 2018: International Dental Journal
Dana N Teusner, Julie Satur, Suzanne P Gardner, Najith Amarasena, David S Brennan
INTRODUCTION: Understanding dental therapy practice across clinical settings is useful for education and service planning. This study assessed if dental therapy service provision varied according to practitioner and workplace characteristics. METHODS: Members of professional associations representing dental therapists (DT) and oral health therapists (OHT) were posted a self-complete survey collecting practitioner and workplace characteristics, together with clinical activity on a self-selected typical day of practice...
February 21, 2018: International Dental Journal
Olaniyi Olufemi Taiwo, Raymond Panas
INTRODUCTION: There is poor oral health awareness in Nigeria because of limited access to correct information on oral health as well as a lack of oral health-care providers. The purpose of this study was to describe the roles of community pharmacists (CPs) in Plateau State, Northern Nigeria, as sources of oral health information in their communities. METHODS: A quantitative cross-sectional study on CPs spanning the entire State. Data collection was a survey method using a structured paper-based self-administered questionnaire...
February 15, 2018: International Dental Journal
Coline Daron, Christophe Deschaumes, Martin Soubrier, Sylvain Mathieu
OBJECTIVES: Alhough typically prescribed in oncology, bisphosphonates (BPs) are also employed in rheumatology, particularly for the treatment of osteoporosis, sometimes resulting in complications, such as osteonecrosis of the jaw. Because of different opinions between rheumatologists and dentists on BP use, this study aimed to assess the views of dentists regarding administration of BPs in rheumatology. METHODS: A questionnaire was sent to 880 dentists from the Auvergne region of France to determine their views on BP treatment...
February 15, 2018: International Dental Journal
Zachary Frangos, Maryke Steffens, Julie Leask
BACKGROUND: The Internet has transformed the way in which people approach their health care, with online resources becoming a primary source of health information. Little work has assessed the quality of online information regarding community water fluoridation. This study sought to assess the information available to individuals searching online for information, with emphasis on the credibility and quality of websites. METHODS: We identified the top 10 web pages returned from different search engines, using common fluoridation search terms (identified in Google Trends)...
February 13, 2018: International Dental Journal
Vlatka Lajnert, Daniela Kovacevic Pavicic, Andrej Pavlic, Alessandra Pokrajac-Bulian, Stjepan Spalj
OBJECTIVE: To create and validate a brief questionnaire designed for the assessment of satisfaction with smile aesthetics and to test its efficiency as a patient-centred outcome measure of aesthetic interventions in dentistry. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A team of three specialists - two from prosthodontics and one psychologist - used a self-evaluation scale consisting of five elements in order to rate self-perceived smile aesthetics. A total of 671 subjects (63% female), 18-86 years of age, were included in the investigation...
February 7, 2018: International Dental Journal
Liran Levin, Avraham Zini, Jonathan Levine, Maor Weiss, Ron Lev, Daniella Chebath Taub, Avihai Hai, Galit Almoznino
OBJECTIVES: To examine whether dental anxiety (DA) and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) differ between persons with and those without chronic periodontitis. METHODS: One-hundred patients with chronic periodontitis and 50 age- and- sex-matched controls were included. Data were collected on the following: demographics; smoking habits; Numerical Rating Scale (NRS) for dental pain assessment; Corah's Dental Anxiety Scale (DAS); Oral Health Impact Profile 14 (OHIP-14); Decayed, Missing and Filled Teeth (DMFT) index; Plaque Index (PI); probing depth (PD); bleeding on probing (BOP); and radiographic bone loss...
January 30, 2018: International Dental Journal
Mohamed Estai, Stuart M Bunt, Yogesan Kanagasingam, Estie Kruger, Marc Tennant
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the scale of resource transfer that could be achieved by screening low-risk schoolchildren using teledentistry rather than using traditional visual dental examination. METHODS: This study was based on a previous cost-minimisation study that compared the costs of two dental-screening approaches (visual and teledentistry). The data for the population of children 5-14 years of age was obtained from the Australian Bureau of Statistics and was divided across Australia according to statistical local area (SA2)...
January 30, 2018: International Dental Journal
Mana Taweevisit, Warisa Tantidolthanes, Somboon Keelawat, Paul Scott Thorner
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether the spectrum of oral pathology in children seen at a medical institution differs from studies derived from dental facilities. METHODS: Oral biopsy records from paediatric patients (<16 years of age) were retrieved from the pathology archives at Chulalongkorn University Hospital over a period of 15 years. Lesions were categorised as inflammatory/reactive, tumour/tumour-like or cystic. RESULTS: Two-hundred and thirty biopsies were identified...
January 28, 2018: International Dental Journal
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