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International Dental Journal

Érick Tássio Barbosa Neves, Matheus França Perazzo, Monalisa Cesarino Gomes, Isabella Lima Arrais Ribeiro, Saul Martins Paiva, Ana Flávia Granville-Garcia
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to evaluate factors associated with the clinical consequences of untreated dental caries in children attending public and private preschools. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with a complex, preschool-based sample of 769 children, 5 years of age, from public and private preschools in the city of Campina Grande, Brazil. Clinical examinations to diagnose the consequences of untreated caries were performed using the criteria of the pufa index (p - pulp exposure; u - ulceration caused by movement of tooth fragments; f - fistula; a - abscess)...
September 24, 2018: International Dental Journal
Divesh Sardana, Ashima Goyal, Krishan Gauba, Aditi Kapur, Sheetal Manchanda
INTRODUCTION: Contemporary methods of teaching oral hygiene for the removal of dental plaque are not beneficial for visually impaired children, who depend on tactile sensations and hearing for learning. The present study was conducted to educate and motivate visually impaired children to maintain their oral health using specially designed methods that are easy for these children to understand. Additionally, the study evaluated the effectiveness of these methods over a 6-month period. METHODOLOGY: The investigation was done on 148 visually impaired children who were residents of two institutes for the visually impaired...
September 21, 2018: International Dental Journal
Kenneth A Eaton, Martin Ramsdale, Heather Leggett, Julia Csikar, Karen Vinall, Helen Whelton, Gail Douglas
AIM: To compare the provision and costs at the point of delivery of dental treatments in a sample of European Union (EU) Member States. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A questionnaire with open-ended questions was sent to oral health policy-makers in Denmark, England, France, Germany, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, the Netherlands, Poland, Romania, Scotland and Spain. They were asked to answer questions on the probable costs and provision of treatment in their country for a vignette presented as a pre-defined case...
September 19, 2018: International Dental Journal
Nicolle Ranzan, Francisco Wilker Mustafa Gomes Muniz, Cassiano Kuchenbecker Rösing
BACKGROUND: Toothbrushing might be associated with the development of soft tissue lesions. This systemic review aimed to examine soft tissue lesions caused by different bristle stiffnesses and bristle end-shapes in manual toothbrushes in adult individuals. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Scopus, EMBASE and PubMed databases were searched to find controlled trials that evaluated manual toothbrush bristle stiffness and/or end-shape in regard to soft tissue safety. The grey literature was also included in the search strategy...
August 27, 2018: International Dental Journal
Seham Mohamed, Mario V Vettore
AIM: To evaluate whether socioeconomic position exerts a mediating and/or moderating effect on the association between oral clinical measures and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) in adolescents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study analysed data on 5,445 adolescents aged 15-19 years from the Brazilian Oral Health Survey (SBBrasil Project). The numbers of decayed and missing teeth, number of sextants with gingivitis and malocclusion were assessed through oral clinical examinations...
August 27, 2018: International Dental Journal
Yao-Ming Cheng, Chang-Chih Ping, Ching-Sung Ho, Shou-Jen Lan, Yen-Ping Hsieh
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the circumstances in which home-care aides (HAs) provide oral health care to homebound patients and to examine the degree of comfort and knowledge that HAs have regarding their own skills in providing oral health care. METHODS: Seven home-care facilities in central Taiwan consented to participate in this cross-sectional study. The participants were selected through convenience sampling. A total of 312 effective responses were obtained (the effective response rate was 64...
August 22, 2018: International Dental Journal
Bradley Christian, Rahila Ummer-Christian, Anthony Blinkhorn, Vijaya Hegde, K Nandakumar, Rodrigo Marino, Amit Chattopadhyay
BACKGROUND: It is estimated that, as of 2010, there were 32 million orphaned children in India. There is little published information on the oral health of children in orphanages in India. AIM: To determine caries status and associated risk factors among children in orphanages in Kerala, India. METHODS: This cross-sectional study assessed caries using World Health Organization (WHO) criteria, and caries experience was reported as decayed, missing and filled primary or secondary teeth (dmft or DMFT, respectively)...
August 13, 2018: International Dental Journal
Ira B Lamster
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: International Dental Journal
Gottfried Schmalz, Reinhard Hickel, Kirsten L van Landuyt, Franz-Xaver Reichl
Nanoparticles having a size from 1 to 100 nm are present in nature and are successfully used in many products of daily life. In dental materials, nanoparticles are typically embedded but they may also exist as by-products from milling processes. Possible adverse effects of nanoparticles have gained increased interest, with the lungs being the main target organ. Exposure to nanoparticles in the dental laboratory is addressed by legal regulations. In dental practice, nanoparticles are mainly produced by intra-oral grinding/polishing and removal of materials, by wear of restorations or release from dental implants...
October 2018: International Dental Journal
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: International Dental Journal
Lei Dou, Jun Luo, Xiaoming Fu, Yin Tang, Jing Gao, Deqin Yang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the caries-predictive validity of a screening Cariogram model without saliva tests in Chinese young adults with past caries experience. METHODS: Two-hundred and fifteen Chinese young adults seeking dental care were included in this observational study, with informed consent obtained. All participants were 18-29 years of age and with past caries experience. A caries risk assessment was made at baseline using a full-blown Cariogram model and a screening Cariogram model without saliva tests; this assessment included bacterial count, saliva secretion and buffer capacity...
August 2018: International Dental Journal
Maria Luisa S Souto, Emanuel S Rovai, Juliana A Ganhito, Marinella Holzhausen, Leandro Chambrone, Cláudio M Pannuti
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of systemic antibiotics as adjuncts to nonsurgical periodontal treatment (NSPT), as opposed to using NSPT alone, on periodontal clinical parameters of diabetic patients with periodontitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Randomised controlled trials with a follow-up of 3 months or more, assessing the effects of NSPT in combination with antibiotics, in diabetic patients with periodontitis were included. Trials published up to August 2016 were identified from MEDLINE, EMBASE and LILACS databases...
August 2018: International Dental Journal
Dana N Teusner, Julie Satur, Suzanne P Gardner, Najith Amarasena, David S Brennan
INTRODUCTION: Understanding dental therapy practice across clinical settings is useful for education and service planning. This study assessed if dental therapy service provision varied according to practitioner and workplace characteristics. METHODS: Members of professional associations representing dental therapists (DT) and oral health therapists (OHT) were posted a self-complete survey collecting practitioner and workplace characteristics, together with clinical activity on a self-selected typical day of practice...
August 2018: International Dental Journal
Olaniyi Olufemi Taiwo, Raymond Panas
INTRODUCTION: There is poor oral health awareness in Nigeria because of limited access to correct information on oral health as well as a lack of oral health-care providers. The purpose of this study was to describe the roles of community pharmacists (CPs) in Plateau State, Northern Nigeria, as sources of oral health information in their communities. METHODS: A quantitative cross-sectional study on CPs spanning the entire State. Data collection was a survey method using a structured paper-based self-administered questionnaire...
August 2018: International Dental Journal
Coline Daron, Christophe Deschaumes, Martin Soubrier, Sylvain Mathieu
OBJECTIVES: Alhough typically prescribed in oncology, bisphosphonates (BPs) are also employed in rheumatology, particularly for the treatment of osteoporosis, sometimes resulting in complications, such as osteonecrosis of the jaw. Because of different opinions between rheumatologists and dentists on BP use, this study aimed to assess the views of dentists regarding administration of BPs in rheumatology. METHODS: A questionnaire was sent to 880 dentists from the Auvergne region of France to determine their views on BP treatment...
August 2018: International Dental Journal
Zachary Frangos, Maryke Steffens, Julie Leask
BACKGROUND: The Internet has transformed the way in which people approach their health care, with online resources becoming a primary source of health information. Little work has assessed the quality of online information regarding community water fluoridation. This study sought to assess the information available to individuals searching online for information, with emphasis on the credibility and quality of websites. METHODS: We identified the top 10 web pages returned from different search engines, using common fluoridation search terms (identified in Google Trends)...
August 2018: International Dental Journal
Liran Levin, Avraham Zini, Jonathan Levine, Maor Weiss, Ron Lev, Daniella Chebath Taub, Avihai Hai, Galit Almoznino
OBJECTIVES: To examine whether dental anxiety (DA) and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) differ between persons with and those without chronic periodontitis. METHODS: One-hundred patients with chronic periodontitis and 50 age- and- sex-matched controls were included. Data were collected on the following: demographics; smoking habits; Numerical Rating Scale (NRS) for dental pain assessment; Corah's Dental Anxiety Scale (DAS); Oral Health Impact Profile 14 (OHIP-14); Decayed, Missing and Filled Teeth (DMFT) index; Plaque Index (PI); probing depth (PD); bleeding on probing (BOP); and radiographic bone loss...
August 2018: International Dental Journal
Mohamed Estai, Stuart M Bunt, Yogesan Kanagasingam, Estie Kruger, Marc Tennant
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the scale of resource transfer that could be achieved by screening low-risk schoolchildren using teledentistry rather than using traditional visual dental examination. METHODS: This study was based on a previous cost-minimisation study that compared the costs of two dental-screening approaches (visual and teledentistry). The data for the population of children 5-14 years of age was obtained from the Australian Bureau of Statistics and was divided across Australia according to statistical local area (SA2)...
August 2018: International Dental Journal
Mana Taweevisit, Warisa Tantidolthanes, Somboon Keelawat, Paul Scott Thorner
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether the spectrum of oral pathology in children seen at a medical institution differs from studies derived from dental facilities. METHODS: Oral biopsy records from paediatric patients (<16 years of age) were retrieved from the pathology archives at Chulalongkorn University Hospital over a period of 15 years. Lesions were categorised as inflammatory/reactive, tumour/tumour-like or cystic. RESULTS: Two-hundred and thirty biopsies were identified...
August 2018: International Dental Journal
Huabin Luo, Celia F Hybels, Bei Wu
OBJECTIVES: The objectives were to describe the oral health status of immigrants in the USA, describe the association between acculturation and oral health by accounting for the effects of depression and to explore the effects of interaction between acculturation and depression on the oral health of immigrants. METHODS: Data were from the 2011-2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). Oral health status was assessed by both self-rated oral health and clinically diagnosed periodontitis, each coded as a binary outcome...
August 2018: International Dental Journal
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