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International Dental Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034476/third-molor-extractions-among-australian-adults-findings-from-the-2013-national-dental-telephone-interview-survey
#1
Kamal Hanna, Paul Sambrook, Jason M Armfield, Lisa Jamieson, David S Brennan
OBJECTIVES: To identify, over the previous 12 months, whether: (i) dental insurance is associated with a higher number of third molar extractions (TME); (ii) single versus multiple TME is associated with self-rated oral health; and (iii) TME when 18-25 years of age is associated with fewer days absent from work because of dental problems. METHODOLOGY: Australia's 2013 National Dental Telephone Interview Survey, which included: socio-demographics; and number of extractions, reasons for extractions, self-rated oral health and days absent from work because of dental problems, all in the past 12 months...
October 16, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944459/the-changing-demographic-profile-of-dentists-and-dental-specialists-in-south-africa-2002-2015
#2
Ahmed Bhayat, Usuf Chikte
INTRODUCTION: It is essential to have regular audits of the number of oral health personnel so that planning, delivery of services and training can be addressed. There has not been such an audit in South Africa (SA) for more than 10 years. AIM: To determine the demographic profile of dentists and dental specialists (DS) between 2002 and 2015. METHODS: A retrospective record-based study was used and all dentists and DS registered with the Health Professions Council of South Africa (HPCSA) from 2002 till 2015 were included...
September 24, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921533/dental-treatment-in-the-era-of-new-anti-thrombotic-agents
#3
REVIEW
Sharonit Sahar-Helft, Tali Chackartchi, David Polak, Mordechai Findler
BACKGROUND: In recent years, there have been dramatic changes in anti-thrombotic treatment as a result of new anti-thrombotic agents, as well as changes in the indications for their use. As a consequence, dentists are encountering larger numbers of patients who are undergoing anti-thrombotic treatment and who have increased risk for bleeding. The current paper aims to review the literature regarding up-to-date anti-thrombotic treatment and provide information regarding their implications on dentistry...
September 17, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913887/the-equity-of-access-to-primary-dental-care-in-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-brazil-a-geospatial-analysis
#4
Aidan Yuen, Carla Martins Rocha, Estie Kruger, Marc Tennant
OBJECTIVES: Brazil is one of the largest countries in the world, in terms of geography and population. Most Brazilians reside in the south and south-eastern regions, with notable numbers in the regions' megacities, such as São Paulo city. Healthcare provision in such a complex environment is difficult. Thus, a clear understanding of the distribution - or rather, the maldistribution - of these services is fundamental for optimising the allocation of human and financial resources to areas of greatest privation...
September 15, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913928/a-new-complementary-approach-for-oral-health-and-diabetes-management-health-coaching
#5
Ayse Basak Cinar, Ruth Freeman, Lone Schou
BACKGROUND: Health coaching (HC) is based on 'partnering with clients in a thought-provoking and creative process that inspires them to maximise their personal and professional potential' to adopt healthy lifestyles through 'building awareness and empowerment'. This study's objective is to assess, for the first time to our knowledge, the effectiveness of HC compared with health education (HE) using clinical and subjective measures among type 2 diabetes (DM2) patients in Turkey and Denmark...
September 14, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905361/association-between-oral-health-and-upper-respiratory-tract-infection-among-children
#6
Ying Zhou, Shan Jiang, Kar Yan Li, Edward Chin Man Lo, Xiaoli Gao
BACKGROUND: The oral cavity is a potential reservoir for respiratory pathogens. This longitudinal study investigated the association between upper respiratory tract infection (URI) and oral health among children. METHODS: A total of 288 children aged 4 years were recruited. Their dental caries and oral hygiene status were clinically determined, using the dmft (decayed, missing and filled teeth) index and the Silness-Löe plaque index. Questionnaires were completed by parents to collect information on the child's socio-demographic background and URI episodes and symptoms in the following 12 months...
September 14, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880993/trends-in-dental-caries-rates-over-45-years-1971-2016-among-schoolchildren-in-florian%C3%A3-polis-southern-brazil
#7
Ana Paula Debiasi Paganelli, Helena Mendes Constante, Felipe Sappino Sala, Carolina Cassol Bainha, Álvaro Luiz Socorro Borges, João Luiz Bastos, Marco Aurélio Peres
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to estimate the prevalence and severity of dental caries in schoolchildren from Florianópolis, southern Brazil, in 2016, as well as to compare these findings with data obtained from six previous studies carried out in the same school since 1971. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 133 schoolchildren, 12 and 13 years of age. Clinical data were collected by three previously calibrated examiners, according to the 2013 World Health Organization diagnostic criteria, in order to estimate the mean count of decayed, missing and filled teeth/surfaces (DMFT/DMFS indexes) and the Significant Caries Index (SiC)...
September 7, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868798/feeding-frequency-in-infancy-and-dental-caries-in-childhood-a-prospective-cohort-study
#8
Carlos Alberto Feldens, Priscila Humbert Rodrigues, Gislaine de Anastácio, Márcia Regina Vítolo, Benjamin W Chaffee
OBJECTIVES: Feeding patterns in infancy are plausible contributors to dental caries later in childhood, yet relatively few cohort studies have examined potential dietary risk factors at this age. This study aimed to investigate the associations between feeding frequency at age 12 months and caries prevalence at age 3 years. METHODS: In this prospective birth cohort of 345 Brazilian children, all foods and drinks consumed at age 12 months, including bottle-use and breastfeeding, were recorded using two 24-hour infant dietary recalls with mothers...
September 3, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782099/knowledge-perceptions-and-clinical-application-of-the-shortened-dental-arch-concept-among-malaysian-government-dentists
#9
Siti Kamilah Mohd Kasim, Ishak Abdul Razak, Zamros Yuzadi Mohd Yusof
AIM: To assess the knowledge and perceptions of Malaysian government dentists regarding the shortened dental arch (SDA) concept and its application in clinical practice. BACKGROUND: The SDA concept refers to a specific type of dentition with intact anterior teeth and a reduction in posterior occlusal pairs. Dentists' knowledge and perceptions of the SDA concept can influence its application in clinical practice. METHODS: A self-administered questionnaire on the SDA concept was distributed to 326 government dentists in the states of Selangor and Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia...
August 7, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771709/assessment-of-the-referral-system-for-surgical-removal-of-third-molars-at-the-dental-faculty-king-saud-university
#10
Randa Abdul Moein Al Fotawi, Manju Roby Philip, Sangeetah Negavara Premnath
INTRODUCTION: There is compelling evidence that prophylactic extraction of third molars is a health problem that needs to be addressed. In particular, the vast amount of evidence demonstrating complications after removal of third molars, rather than supporting the necessity of removal or the negative effects of retention, raise this concern. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the referral system for third molar extraction at our institution by assessing patient opinions and the experience of the oral surgeons and the referring dentists...
August 2, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771699/support-vector-machine-based-differentiation-between-aggressive-and-chronic-periodontitis-using-microbial-profiles
#11
Magda Feres, Yoram Louzoun, Simi Haber, Marcelo Faveri, Luciene C Figueiredo, Liran Levin
BACKGROUND: The existence of specific microbial profiles for different periodontal conditions is still a matter of debate. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that 40 bacterial species could be used to classify patients, utilising machine learning, into generalised chronic periodontitis (ChP), generalised aggressive periodontitis (AgP) and periodontal health (PH). METHOD: Subgingival biofilm samples were collected from patients with AgP, ChP and PH and analysed for their content of 40 bacterial species using checkerboard DNA-DNA hybridisation...
August 2, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758201/dental-students-attitudes-towards-management-of-pain-and-anxiety-during-a-dental-emergency-educational-issues
#12
Maud Guivarc'h, Bérengère Saliba-Serre, Bruno Jacquot, Pierre Le Coz, Frédéric Bukiet
INTRODUCTION: High levels of patients' pain and anxiety characterise dental emergencies. The main objective of this study was to examine the self-reported attitudes of dental students towards these parameters in emergency conditions. A secondary objective was to determine if individual parameters (gender, personal experience of dental pain, personal dental anxiety and year of study) might affect their attitudes. METHODS: One-hundred and eighty-seven undergraduate dental students with clinical practice completed a multiple-choice self-administered questionnaire online...
July 30, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736971/attitudes-of-greek-dentists-towards-repair-of-conservative-restorations-an-online-survey
#13
Antoniadou Maria, Paximada Charikleia, Lagouvardos Panagiotis
OBJECTIVES: Repair versus replacement of a defective direct restoration is one important step for conserving tooth structure. This study was designed to collect information on the attitudes of Greek dentists towards repairing direct restorations. METHODS: An electronic questionnaire with 16 multiple-choice and rank-ordering questions was created online and its URL address was randomly emailed to 800 dentists in the area of Athens, Greece. The questionnaire remained open for 3 months, and after two reminder emails the data collected were analysed statistically to identify differences between clinician's sex or years of practicing dentistry, using the chi-square and Kruskal-Wallis tests at α = 0...
July 23, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503739/the-bleeding-on-brushing-index-a-novel-index-in-preventive-dentistry
#14
Tobias Rosenauer, Constanze Wagenschwanz, Matthias Kuhn, Anna Kensche, Sandra Stiehl, Christian Hannig
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the suitability of a dichotomous index, based on a special interdental brushing tool, to detect initial pathological processes in interproximal areas. Furthermore, different techniques of interdental hygiene were compared. METHODS: Participants (n = 108) were instructed to clean their teeth using the Bass technique and were randomly assigned to three groups according to the type of interdental cleaning used: group A, use of interdental brushes; group B, no interdental hygiene (the control group); and group C, use of dental floss...
October 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485021/pattern-of-distribution-of-odontogenic-tumours-in-sub-saharan-africa
#15
Oladunni M Ogundana, Olajumoke Ajibola Effiom, Onatolu Odukoya
OBJECTIVE: To analyse documented reports on odontogenic tumours (OTs) in sub-Saharan Black Africa and to create awareness of the need for more reports on this topic. METHODS: There were 2,186 African cases of OTs presented at the International Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathologists (IAOP) Congress (Cape Town, South Africa) in 1998 that were added to 2,198 cases derived from reports published in the scientific literature from 1998 to date. The analysis undertaken included frequency distribution of available data on OTs that was listed in the 2005 World Health Organization (WHO) classification...
October 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338226/exploring-and-modelling-impacts-of-third-molar-experience-on-quality-of-life-a-real-time-qualitative-study-using-twitter
#16
Kamal Hanna, Paul Sambrook, Jason M Armfield, David S Brennan
OBJECTIVES: This study had two objectives: (i) to explore and model domains describing the real-time impact of third molars (TMs) on quality of life (QoL); and (ii) to assess the percentage coverage, in some generic health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) instruments, of the TM QoL domains identified in this study. METHODOLOGY: A global cross-sectional sample of tweets containing 'wisdom tooth' over a 1-week period retrieved 3,537 tweets...
October 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338212/management-of-temporomandibular-disorders-by-ministry-of-public-health-dentists-in-central-thailand
#17
Supang Chanton, Supranee Vicheinnet, Chanchai Hosanguan, Wantanee Mutirangura
Very little is known about the ability of dentists to diagnose and treat temporomandibular disorders (TMDs). The aims of this study were to investigate whether dentists in Central Thailand diagnosed TMD subcategories before initiating treatment for TMDs and to explore the frequency of corresponding treatments. METHODS: A questionnaire covering TMD management was developed and posted to all Ministry of Public Health dentists (n = 969) in Central Thailand. The data were analysed using descriptive statistics...
October 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321850/educational-intervention-about-oral-piercing-knowledge-among-dental-students-and-adolescents-at-schools
#18
Pilar Junco, Rocío Barrios, María José Ruiz, Manuel Bravo
INTRODUCTION: Oral piercing can lead to complications and dentists are in a unique position to detect such complications. The purpose of this study was: (i) to assess the immediate and the long-term effects, on dental students, of a training programme about oral piercing knowledge; and (ii) to assess the immediate effect, on adolescents, of a single educational intervention session about oral piercing. METHODS: A training programme for dental students (n = 66) was carried out in three phases...
October 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023745/prevention-of-tooth-loss-and-dental-pain-for-reducing-the-global-burden-of-oral-diseases
#19
Susan Hyde, Veronique Dupuis, Boipelo P Mariri, Sophie Dartevelle
Population ageing is a global phenomenon and is predicted to become one of the most significant social transformations of the 21st century. The anticipated demographic shift provides governments the opportunity to proactively align policies with the estimated demands for housing, transportation, social protection, and health and well-being. Oral health is a fundamental component of health and physical and mental well-being, and is influenced by the individual's changing experience, perceptions, expectations and ability to adapt to circumstances...
September 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023744/the-relationship-of-oral-health-with-general-health-and-ncds-a-brief-review
#20
Christof Dörfer, Christoph Benz, Jun Aida, Guillaume Campard
Oral health is closely related to systemic health. Periodontitis, a chronic inflammatory disease which is highly prevalent worldwide, interacts with a variety of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs). It is a risk factor in the complex pathogenesis of diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disease and plays a role in the development of endocarditis and recurrent pneumonia in elderly people. However, the available data may be interpreted in different ways, and more and better-designed studies are still needed to answer relevant questions about the causal role of periodontitis in NCDs...
September 2017: International Dental Journal
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