Read by QxMD icon Read

International Dental Journal

Bradley Christian, Rahila Ummer-Christian, Anthony Blinkhorn, Vijaya Hegde, K Nandakumar, Rodrigo Marino, Amit Chattopadhyay
BACKGROUND: It is estimated that, as of 2010, there were 32 million orphaned children in India. There is little published information on the oral health of children in orphanages in India. AIM: To determine caries status and associated risk factors among children in orphanages in Kerala, India. METHODS: This cross-sectional study assessed caries using World Health Organization (WHO) criteria, and caries experience was reported as decayed, missing and filled primary or secondary teeth (dmft or DMFT, respectively)...
August 13, 2018: International Dental Journal
Soraya León, Miguel Rivera, Sebastián Payero, Gloria Correa-Beltrán, Fernando N Hugo, Rodrigo A Giacaman
PURPOSE: Non-invasive treatment of root caries lesions (RCLs) may impact oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL), but no evidence is available. The purpose of the study was to assess changes in OHRQoL among patients exposed to non-invasive treatment of RCLs with conventional or high-fluoride dentifrices. METHODS: To be eligible, subjects had to be ≥60 years of age, independently living, with at least five teeth and one RCL. The 14-item Oral Health Impact Profile for adults in Spanish (OHIP-14Sp), oral examination and sociodemographic data were documented at the beginning of the study (T0)...
July 20, 2018: International Dental Journal
Jenisha Patel, Suhas Kulkarni, Dolar Doshi, Bandari Srikanth Reddy, Madupu Padma Reddy, Yvonne A B Buunk-Werkhoven
OBJECTIVES: Health interventions based on cognitive theories effectively bring about behaviour change. Therefore, the present study aimed to assess the determinants of oral hygiene behaviour (OHB) based on the theory of planned behaviour (TPB) among patients with moderate and severe periodontitis. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted using a 47-item self-report questionnaire to evaluate oral health knowledge (OHK), expected social outcomes (ESO) and OHB based on the variables of TPB [attitude (ATT), social norms (SN) and perceived behavioural control (PBC)] of patients with moderate and severe periodontitis...
July 20, 2018: International Dental Journal
Katja Goetz, Renske Schuldei, Jost Steinhäuser
OBJECTIVES: The aim was to evaluate job satisfaction, challenging encounters and work-related outcomes in dentistry and their association with the work-related outcomes scales 'burnout inventory', 'general life satisfaction' and 'cognitive stress symptoms'. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was based on the results of a questionnaire administered to a sample of 1,811 dentists in the German federal state of Schleswig-Holstein. Besides sociodemographic data and practice characteristics, topics such as challenging patient traits and job satisfaction, and three work-related outcome scales, were evaluated...
July 20, 2018: International Dental Journal
Sven Ordell, Gunnar Ekbäck
INTRODUCTION: Tobacco usage is a serious threat to the health of a population and thus cessation of tobacco use is an important step in improving patients' quality of life. Cessation activities are essential also for middle aged and older people. Dental personnel have a unique role as they treat patients who might not otherwise have regular contact with general medical practitioners. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify factors associated with smoking cessation in a cohort of smokers as they progressed from 65 to 70 years of age...
July 16, 2018: International Dental Journal
Omer Osman Kheir, Hassan Mahmoud Ziada, Neamat Hassan Abubakr, Manar Elsheikh Abdel-Rahman, Sahar Mohamed Fadl, Yahia Eltayib Ibrahim
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of the patient-dentist relationship on dental anxiety among young adult Sudanese patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 864 patients attending outpatient dental clinics of the governmental dental hospitals in Khartoum, Sudan were recruited; 51.2% were males and 48.8% were females, with an age range of 18-24 years. The questionnaire used evaluated the socio-demographics, education levels, economic status, patient experience, and also included the Dental Anxiety Scale, Corah (J Dent Res 1969 48: 596)...
July 11, 2018: International Dental Journal
Avdeesh Shetty, Fabiana T Almeida, Seema Ganatra, Anthea Senior, Camila Pacheco-Pereira
BACKGROUND: The goal of an intraoral radiograph is to be a valuable diagnostic tool while keeping the radiation exposure dose as low as reasonably achievable. The International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) has strong recommendations for patient dose-reduction strategies. OBJECTIVE: To answer the following research question: 'In either patient or in phantoms, does rectangular collimation compared with other forms of collimation reduce the radiation absorbed dose during intraoral imaging?' METHODS: The search strategy was developed specifically for each electronic database...
June 29, 2018: International Dental Journal
Tomotaka Kato, Hiromitsu Morita, Takashi Tsuzuki, Masahiro Yamaguchi, Hideto Ohta, Daisuke Tanoue, Koichi Nakakuki
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 29, 2018: International Dental Journal
Visha Ramroop, Annie Kowlessar, Vidya Ramcharitar-Maharaj, Lerissa Morris, Rahul Naidu
OBJECTIVE: To determine paediatrician's knowledge and attitudes about oral health in Trinidad and Tobago. DESIGN AND METHOD: A pre-tested questionnaire was sent out via survey monkey to 70 out of 75 paediatricians registered with the Medical Board of Trinidad and for whom email addresses were available. Hard copies of the questionnaires were delivered to the paediatric departments of the Eric Williams Medical Sciences complex. Paediatricians that were unable to complete the questionnaire online were asked to complete hard copies...
June 12, 2018: International Dental Journal
Han-Nah Kim, Young-Eun Jang, Chun-Bae Kim, Nam-Hee Kim
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the association between socioeconomic status and self-reported periodontal symptoms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, data were used from the 2011 and 2013 Community Health Surveys. The 210,432 (weighted n = 36,294,413) and 220,396 (weighted n = 39,067,134) subjects, respectively, were aged 19 years or older. Proportional and systematic sampling was performed. Surveys were conducted by trained interviewers using computer-assisted personal interviewing...
June 5, 2018: International Dental Journal
Gustavo Barbosa Ferreira, Ludmila Silva Guimarães, Claudio Pinheiro Fernandes, Reinaldo Brito Dias, Neide Pena Coto, Lívia Azeredo A Antunes, Leonardo Santos Antunes
BACKGROUND: Although there is evidence that mouthguards prevent orofacial trauma occurrence during sport practice, the influence of this device on athletic performance has not been systematically quantified. OBJECTIVES: We aim to systematically review the literature to determine the effect of mouthguards on athletic performance and if the type of mouthguard influences this overcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A comprehensive search was performed in the Systematic Electronic Databases: Pubmed, Scopus, Web of Science and the Cochrane Library from their inception to February 2017...
May 29, 2018: International Dental Journal
Anna Krentowska, Elzbieta Sierko-Nobis, Alicja Strzalka, Wioletta Pietruszewska, Dominika Hempel, Ewa Sierko
PURPOSE: Head and neck cancer (HNC) is frequently diagnosed at an advanced stage of the disease, which results in suboptimal treatment outcomes, and leads to aesthetic and functional side-effects. Many risky behaviours associated with this type of cancer start at a young age. The aim of the study was to evaluate the level of HNC awareness in the young population in Poland. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An anonymous online survey on HNC was conducted among 1903 people between the ages of 18 and 35 years...
May 28, 2018: International Dental Journal
Ying Liu, Yang Yu, Jeffrey C Nickel, Laura R Iwasaki, Peipei Duan, Melanie Simmer-Beck, Laura Brown
May 22, 2018: International Dental Journal
Gottfried Schmalz, Reinhard Hickel, Kirsten L van Landuyt, Franz-Xaver Reichl
Nanoparticles having a size from 1 to 100 nm are present in nature and are successfully used in many products of daily life. In dental materials, nanoparticles are typically embedded but they may also exist as by-products from milling processes. Possible adverse effects of nanoparticles have gained increased interest, with the lungs being the main target organ. Exposure to nanoparticles in the dental laboratory is addressed by legal regulations. In dental practice, nanoparticles are mainly produced by intra-oral grinding/polishing and removal of materials, by wear of restorations or release from dental implants...
May 22, 2018: International Dental Journal
Wanessa Teixeira Bellissimo-Rodrigues, Mayra Gonçalves Menegueti, Gilberto Gambero Gaspar, Hayala Cristina Cavenague de Souza, Maria Auxiliadora-Martins, Anibal Basile-Filho, Roberto Martinez, Fernando Bellissimo-Rodrigues
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of dental treatment in improving oral health in critical patients. METHODS: This randomised clinical trial was conducted in a general intensive care unit (ICU) at a tertiary care public facility from 1 January 2011 to 8 August 2013. Data from 254 adult patients staying in the ICU for 48 hours or more were analysed. The experimental group (n = 127) had access to dental treatment provided by a dentist four to five times a week, in addition to routine oral hygiene, whereas the control group (n = 127) had access only to routine oral hygiene, including topical application of chlorhexidine, provided by the ICU nursing staff...
May 18, 2018: International Dental Journal
Vlatka Lajnert, Daniela Kovacevic Pavicic, Andrej Pavlic, Alessandra Pokrajac-Bulian, Stjepan Spalj
OBJECTIVE: To create and validate a brief questionnaire designed for the assessment of satisfaction with smile aesthetics and to test its efficiency as a patient-centred outcome measure of aesthetic interventions in dentistry. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A team of three specialists - two from prosthodontics and one psychologist - used a self-evaluation scale consisting of five elements in order to rate self-perceived smile aesthetics. A total of 671 subjects (63% female), 18-86 years of age, were included in the investigation...
June 2018: International Dental Journal
Cynthia Lara-Capi, Maria Grazia Cagetti, Fabio Cocco, Peter Lingström, Franklin García-Godoy, Guglielmo Campus
OBJECTIVES: To investigate if, in Mexican adolescents, body weight and caries severity are associated, and if this association differs between rural and urban populations. METHODS: Adolescents from the rural area of Tepancan and the city of Veracruz were enrolled. Caries was recorded using the International Caries Detection and Assessment System and the body mass index (BMI) was calculated. Oral habits (toothbrushing, flossing, dental check-ups) and dietary patterns (sweets intake) were assessed...
June 2018: International Dental Journal
Cristian Miron, Horaţiu Alexandru Colosi
BACKGROUND: The recognition of work stressors and their links to sociodemographic characteristics, health behaviours and coping strategies is important for enhancing the working conditions of dentists. AIM: The aim of our study was to identify and rank work stressors in dentists from Cluj-Napoca, Romania, and to investigate their potential links to sociodemographic characteristics, health behaviours and coping strategies. STUDY DESIGN: A questionnaire based on the Work Stress Inventory for Dentists (WSID) was delivered to a cross-sectional sample of 250 dentists working in six neighborhoods across Cluj-Napoca, Romania, as well as at the local Faculty of Dentistry...
June 2018: International Dental Journal
Luana Severo Alves, Cristiano Susin, Nailê Damé-Teixeira, Marisa Maltz
AIM: This study aimed to compare the prevalence and extent of dental caries according to the standard World Health Organization (WHO), modified WHO and International Caries Detection and Assessment System (ICDAS) criteria among 12-year-old Brazilian schoolchildren and to assess the impact of these detection criteria on the assessment of sociodemographic risk indicators for dental caries. METHODS: This cross-sectional survey used a multistage probability sampling strategy to select a representative sample of 12-year-old schoolchildren...
June 2018: International Dental Journal
Jennifer E Gallagher, Lynn Hutchinson
BACKGROUND: Oral diseases affect most of the global population. The aim of this paper was to provide a contemporary analysis of 'human resources for oral health' (HROH) by examining the size and distribution of the dental workforce according to World Health Organization (WHO) region and in the most populous countries. METHOD: Publically available data on HROH and population size were sourced from the WHO, Central Intelligence Agency, United Nations, World Bank and the UK registration body...
June 2018: International Dental Journal
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"