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International Dental Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864831/alveolar-bone-in-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infection-is-it-changed-by-long-term-antiretroviral-therapy
#1
Wipawee Nittayananta, Aree Kanjanaprapas, Pratanporn Arirachakaran, Kanokporn Pangsomboon, Hutcha Sriplung
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have reported that human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and antiretroviral therapy (ART) can lead to osteoporosis in HIV-infected individuals. However, their effects on alveolar bone are not well established. The objective of this study was to measure the alveolar bone mineral density (BMD) of HIV-infected patients, with and without antiretroviral therapy (ART), in comparison with that of HIV-free individuals, and to determine factors associated with the BMD of alveolar bone...
November 18, 2016: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861820/periodontal-disease-and-the-metabolic-syndrome
#2
REVIEW
Ira B Lamster, Michael Pagan
The metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a spectrum of conditions that increase the risk of cardiovascular disease and diabetes mellitus. The components of MetS include dysglycemia, visceral obesity, atherogenic dyslipidemia (elevated triglycerides and low levels of high-density lipoprotein) and hypertension. An association of periodontal disease and MetS has been suggested. This association is believed to be the result of systemic oxidative stress and an exuberant inflammatory response. When examined individually, the components of the MetS that are most closely related to the risk of periodontitis are dysglycemia and obesity, with lesser contributions by atherogenic dyslipidemia and hypertension...
November 9, 2016: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801528/symptoms-and-signs-of-temporomandibular-disorders-in-patients-with-knee-osteoarthritis
#3
Xuan Zhang, Fangman Chen, Li Chen, Bolei Li, Shuhao Xu, Dixin Cui, Lixia Yu, Ming Liu, Xiaojun Shi, Qi Li, Yu Li
OBJECTIVES: Both temporomandibular disorder (TMD) and knee osteoarthritis (KOA) are prevalent joint diseases; however, an association between them has not been reported. Therefore, this study investigated the prevalence of the specific symptoms and signs of TMDs (SSTs) in patients with KOA. METHODS: In total, 200 patients with KOA and 150 healthy individuals were recruited. The prevalence of specific SSTs in patients with mild or severe KOA was compared with the prevalence of specific SSTs in the control group and the results were analysed using a chi-square test...
November 1, 2016: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27767207/risk-of-osteoporosis-in-elderly-individuals-attending-a-dental-clinic
#4
Hideto Ohtsuki, Masayoshi Kawakami, Tetsuji Kawakami, Kazuya Takahashi, Tadaaki Kirita, Yutaka Komasa
OBJECTIVE: Osteoporosis has become a critical public health problem with the rapidly aging population in Japan. It is necessary for dentists to know their patients' status because it influences dental treatment. The purpose of this study was to predict the risk of osteoporosis in elderly patients visiting a dental clinic by assessing mandibular cortical morphology on panoramic radiographs. METHOD: Three-hundred and thirty patients were divided into three classes based on the morphology of their mandibular cortex on panoramic radiographs...
October 21, 2016: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753083/early-childhood-caries-among-5-to-6-year-old-children-in-southeast-asia
#5
Duangporn Duangthip, Sherry Shiqian Gao, Edward Chin Man Lo, Chun Hung Chu
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence and experience of early childhood caries among 5- to 6-year-old children in Southeast Asia. METHODS: A literature search was conducted of three electronic databases (PubMed, EMBASE and ISI Web of Science) to identify publications from the years 2006 to 2015. Additional hand searches of government reports and national studies were performed. Both primary and secondary data sources were included in the study...
October 18, 2016: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753064/a-global-probe-into-dental-student-perceptions-about-philanthropy-global-dentistry-and-international-student-exchanges
#6
Chris S Ivanoff, Krassimira Yaneva, Diana Luan, Bogomil Andonov, Reena R Kumar, Anirudha Agnihotry, Athena E Ivanoff, Dimitrios Emmanouil, Luiz Evaristo Ricci Volpato, Filip Koneski, Ilijana Muratovska, Huda A Al-Shehri, Sara M Al-Taweel, Michele Daly
BACKGROUND: Training culturally competent graduates who can practice effectively in a multicultural environment is a goal of contemporary dental education. The Global Oral Health Initiative is a network of dental schools seeking to promote global dentistry as a component of cultural competency training. OBJECTIVE: Before initiating international student exchanges, a survey was conducted to assess students' awareness of global dentistry and interest in cross-national clerkships...
October 18, 2016: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747864/relationship-between-body-mass-index-and-dental-caries-in-children-and-the-influence-of-socio-economic-status
#7
Santhosh Kumar, Jeroen Kroon, Ratilal Lalloo, Suhas Kulkarni, Newell W Johnson
OBJECTIVES: To determine the association of body mass index (BMI) with dental caries in Indian schoolchildren, and to analyse the influence of socio-economic status (SES). METHODS: The study population consisted of 11- to 14-year-old children from Medak District in Telangana State, India. The Indian Academy of Paediatrics 2015 growth charts were used to categorise children as underweight, overweight, normal or obese, based on their BMI. Data on the SES of the family were collected through questionnaires...
October 17, 2016: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27681453/a-comparative-analysis-of-oral-and-maxillofacial-pathology-over-a-16-year-period-in-the-north-of-portugal
#8
Luís S Monteiro, Rui Albuquerque, António Paiva, Jesús de la Peña-Moral, José B Amaral, Carlos A Lopes
OBJECTIVES: To determine the frequency and spectrum of oral and maxillofacial lesions biopsied in a hospital population in the northern region of Portugal. METHODS: We conducted descriptive analyses of pathology reports from biopsies of oral and maxillofacial lesions performed between 1990 and 2006, in Oporto Hospital Center. Information on gender and age of patient, location of the lesions and the histopathological diagnosis were analysed. RESULTS: The analyses revealed that 1,520 (47...
September 29, 2016: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27681303/dental-caries-and-risk-indicators-for-patients-with-leprosy-in-china
#9
Yue Guo, Li-Li Tian, Feng-Yi Zhang, Yan-Hong Bu, Yun-Zhi Feng, Hou-De Zhou
BACKGROUND: In leprosy, oral health is often neglected and poorly understood. This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence and risk indicators of dental caries in patients with leprosy in China. METHODS: This cross-sectional, multicentre study included 613 patients with leprosy and 602 control subjects. Based on the established standards of the World Health Organization, we investigated dental caries in cluster samplings from six so-called 'leprosy villages' in three Chinese provinces...
September 29, 2016: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27681164/influence-of-time-and-different-tooth-widths-on-masticatory-efficiency-and-muscular-activity-in-bilateral-free-end-saddles
#10
Mohammed Assayed Mousa, Edward Lynch, Mohd G Sghaireen, Abdalwhab M A Zwiri, Osama A Baraka
PURPOSE: To evaluate the influence of time on masticatory efficiency and muscular activity during mastication of different types of test foods in participants fitted with a lower bilateral free-end saddle removable partial denture (RPD) with wide or narrow teeth. METHODS: Thirty-six participants consented to undergo evaluation of their masticatory efficiency and recording of their muscular activity, while they wore an RPD with a unified bilateral design, during mastication of different types of test foods...
September 29, 2016: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27678334/attitudes-among-dentists-and-dental-hygienists-towards-extended-scope-and-independent-practice-of-dental-hygienists
#11
Jan J Reinders, Wim P Krijnen, Pieter Onclin, Cees P van der Schans, Boudewijn Stegenga
AIMS: Attitudes of dentists and dental hygienists towards extended scope and independent dental hygiene practice are described in several studies, but the results are heterogenous. The purpose of this systematic review was to compare the attitudes of dentists and dental hygienists towards extended scope and independent dental hygiene practice. METHODS: PubMed, AMED and CINAHL were screened by two independent assessors to identify relevant studies. Only quantitative studies that reported the percentages of dentists' and dental hygienists' attitude towards extended scope and independent dental hygiene practice were included...
September 27, 2016: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885673/a-new-definition-for-oral-health-developed-by-the-fdi-world-dental-federation-opens-the-door-to-a-universal-definition-of-oral-health
#12
EDITORIAL
Michael Glick, David M Williams, Dushanka V Kleinman, Marko Vujicic, Richard G Watt, Robert J Weyant
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885672/defining-oral-health-a-new-comprehensive-definition
#13
EDITORIAL
Ira B Lamster
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27466073/evidence-practice-gap-for-dental-sealant-application-results-from-a-dental-practice-based-research-network-in-japan
#14
Yoko Yokoyama, Naoki Kakudate, Futoshi Sumida, Yuki Matsumoto, Gregg H Gilbert, Valeria V Gordan
PURPOSE: The study aims were: (i) to examine dentist practice patterns regarding treatment recommendations for dental sealants; and (ii) to identify characteristics associated with this recommendation. METHODS: The study was performed using a cross-sectional questionnaire survey (Clinicaltrials.gov registration number NCT01680848). Participants were Japanese dentists (n = 282) recruited from the Dental Practice-based Research Network Japan. Three clinical photographs of the occlusal surface of a mandibular first molar were presented, portraying increasing depths of cavitation in a 12-year-old patient with high caries risk...
December 2016: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27302884/emergency-care-provided-in-a-greek-dental-school-and-analysis-of-the-patients-demographic-characteristics-a-prospective-study
#15
Eleftherios-Terry R Farmakis, Fotios D Palamidakis, Foteini G Skondra, Georgia Nikoloudaki, Nikos Pantazis
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence of pain of endodontic origin and its relationship with socio-economic and demographic factors among patients seeking unscheduled urgent dental care. METHODS: Patients attending the Emergency Clinic of Athens Dental School, Greece, between November 2011 and June 2012, were evaluated to determine their socio-economic profile, dental problem and treatment required. The facility operated from Monday to Friday, from 8...
October 2016: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27301300/non-surgical-management-of-tooth-hypersensitivity
#16
REVIEW
Danielle Clark, Liran Levin
Tooth sensitivity is a common complaint of patients in dental practices. Studies have demonstrated dentinal hypersensitivity to affect 10-30% of the population. There are various potential causes of tooth sensitivity and a variety of available treatment options. This narrative review will discuss the possible aetiology of this condition, as well as the treatment modalities available. A tailor-made treatment plan that starts with the most non-invasive treatment options and escalates only when those options have proven insufficient in alleviating symptoms should be provided for each patient...
October 2016: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27283476/characteristics-of-undergraduate-dental-students-in-japan-english-competency-and-willingness-to-study-abroad
#17
Sachiko Takehara, Fac Wright, Yoko Kawaguchi, Yuji Ishida, Ikuko Morio, Junji Tagami
OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to acquire a deeper understanding of Japanese students' motivation to study abroad and to provide baseline information for nurturing globally-minding dental students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Students from the first to the sixth year (n = 332), at the Faculty of Dentistry, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, were invited to participate in the study and were asked to complete a self-administered questionnaire, written in Japanese...
October 2016: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27177988/assessment-of-the-appearance-location-and-morphology-of-mandibular-lingual-foramina-using-cone-beam-computed-tomography
#18
Xuejiao He, Junqiang Jiang, Wei Cai, Yun Pan, Yang Yang, Ke Zhu, Yun Zheng
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the appearance, location and morphology of mandibular lingual foramina (MLF) in the Chinese Han population using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT). METHODS: CBCT images of the mandibular body in 200 patients (103 female patients and 97 male patients, age range 10-70 years) were retrospectively analysed to identify MLF. The canal number, location and direction were assessed. Additionally, the diameter of the lingual foramen, the distance between the alveolar crest and the lingual foramen, the distance between the tooth apex and the lingual foramen and the distance from the mandibular border to the lingual foramen were examined to describe the MLF characteristics...
October 2016: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27167708/social-inequalities-in-adult-oral-health-in-40-low-and-middle-income-countries
#19
Bishal Bhandari, Jonathon T Newton, Eduardo Bernabé
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated social inequalities in adult oral health across several low- and middle-income countries. METHODS: We used data from 40 countries that participated in the World Health Surveys. Participants' socio-economic position was assessed using the wealth index. Oral health was assessed using two perceived measures, namely total tooth loss and whether they had any problems with their mouth and/or teeth during the last 12 months (perceived needs)...
October 2016: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27103603/image-quality-evaluation-of-eight-complementary-metal-oxide-semiconductor-intraoral-digital-x-ray-sensors
#20
Sorin Teich, Wisam Al-Rawi, Masahiro Heima, Fady F Faddoul, Gil Goldzweig, Zvi Gutmacher, Dror Aizenbud
PURPOSE: To evaluate the image quality generated by eight commercially available intraoral sensors. METHODS: Eighteen clinicians ranked the quality of a bitewing acquired from one subject using eight different intraoral sensors. Analytical methods used to evaluate clinical image quality included the Visual Grading Characteristics method, which helps to quantify subjective opinions to make them suitable for analysis. RESULTS: The Dexis sensor was ranked significantly better than Sirona and Carestream-Kodak sensors; and the image captured using the Carestream-Kodak sensor was ranked significantly worse than those captured using Dexis, Schick and Cyber Medical Imaging sensors...
October 2016: International Dental Journal
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