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International Dental Journal

Richard Manski, John Moeller
In this review we consider oral-health access among older adults within and between the USA and various European countries with regard to possible primary financial and modifiable secondary non-financial factors. For older adults, the likelihood of using dental services has been associated, in the health literature, with a multiplicity of factors. These factors are traditionally classified into predisposing, enabling and need categories, and can be further classified into modifiable and non-modifiable subcategories...
January 12, 2017: International Dental Journal
Xiaofeng Bai, Xia Zhang, Xukai Wang, Li Lu, Qiang Liu, Qing Zhou
BACKGROUND: Limited information exists on the effects of an oral and maxillofacial surgery integrated problem-based learning (PBL) course for dental undergraduates and the performance of these students after graduation. Therefore, we designed a PBL-implemented course with integrated dental alveolar surgery to evaluate its effects on the preparedness of graduates for clinical practice, their lifelong learning habits and their ability to collaborate, compared with the results of traditional courses...
January 12, 2017: International Dental Journal
Mervyn Turton, Charlene W J Africa
BACKGROUND: Although there is increasing evidence to suggest an association between periodontal disease and adverse pregnancy outcomes, the issue remains controversial. STUDY OBJECTIVE: This study tested the hypothesis that periodontal disease is a risk indicator for preterm delivery of low-birthweight infants. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study sample comprised 443 pregnant women with a mean (± standard deviation) age of 24.13 (±5.30) years...
December 17, 2016: International Dental Journal
Paulo Melo, Sandra Marques, Orlando Monteiro Silva
BACKGROUND: Good oral health is essential for good general health and quality of life. In Portugal, there are few studies on oral-health habits and the population's perceptions of this behaviour. OBJECTIVE: The main purpose of this study was to characterise the Portuguese population's self-reported oral-health status, habits and perceptions, as well as their demands regarding national oral health-care services. METHODS: A randomised group of 1,395 individuals, > 15 years of age, was selected as a representative sample of the Portuguese population...
December 15, 2016: International Dental Journal
Reiri Takeuchi, Kohji Kawamura, Sayuri Kawamura, Mami Endoh, Chizuru Uchida, Chieko Taguchi, Takato Nomoto, Koichi Hiratsuka, Sisilia Fifita, Amanaki Fakakovikaetau, Seigo Kobayashi
INTRODUCTION: The South Pacific Medical Team (SPMT) has supported oral health care for Tongan juveniles since 1998. This voluntary activity, named the MaliMali ('smile' in Tongan) Programme, is evaluated in detail in this paper. METHODS: This evaluation was guided by the Reach, Effectiveness, Adoption, Implementation, Maintenance (RE-AIM) framework. The objectives were to explore: (i) whether the programme was accessible to Tongan schoolchildren (Reach); (ii) the impact of the programme on decayed, missing and filled teeth (DMFT) scores and toothbrushing habits (Effectiveness); (iii) factors that affected the adoption of the programme (Adoption); (iv) whether implementation was consistent with the programme model (Implementation); and (v) the long-term sustainability of the programme (Maintenance)...
December 12, 2016: International Dental Journal
Yazdan Shantiaee, Sahar Javaheri, Amir Movahhedian, Sarah Eslami, Omid Dianat
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether premedication with ibuprofen or meloxicam increases the success rate of anaesthesia in teeth with irreversible pulpitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this parallel, double-blind clinical trial, 92 patients diagnosed with irreversible pulpitis were randomly divided into four groups of 23 patients. The first group (the no-premedication group) received no premedication, the second group (the meloxicam group) received 7...
December 8, 2016: International Dental Journal
Wipawee Nittayananta, Aree Kanjanaprapas, Pratanporn Arirachakaran, Kanokporn Pangsomboon, Hutcha Sriplung
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have reported that human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and antiretroviral therapy (ART) can lead to osteoporosis in HIV-infected individuals. However, their effects on alveolar bone are not well established. The objective of this study was to measure the alveolar bone mineral density (BMD) of HIV-infected patients, with and without antiretroviral therapy (ART), in comparison with that of HIV-free individuals, and to determine factors associated with the BMD of alveolar bone...
November 18, 2016: International Dental Journal
Ira B Lamster, Michael Pagan
The metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a spectrum of conditions that increase the risk of cardiovascular disease and diabetes mellitus. The components of MetS include dysglycemia, visceral obesity, atherogenic dyslipidemia (elevated triglycerides and low levels of high-density lipoprotein) and hypertension. An association of periodontal disease and MetS has been suggested. This association is believed to be the result of systemic oxidative stress and an exuberant inflammatory response. When examined individually, the components of the MetS that are most closely related to the risk of periodontitis are dysglycemia and obesity, with lesser contributions by atherogenic dyslipidemia and hypertension...
November 9, 2016: International Dental Journal
Xuan Zhang, Fangman Chen, Li Chen, Bolei Li, Shuhao Xu, Dixin Cui, Lixia Yu, Ming Liu, Xiaojun Shi, Qi Li, Yu Li
OBJECTIVES: Both temporomandibular disorder (TMD) and knee osteoarthritis (KOA) are prevalent joint diseases; however, an association between them has not been reported. Therefore, this study investigated the prevalence of the specific symptoms and signs of TMDs (SSTs) in patients with KOA. METHODS: In total, 200 patients with KOA and 150 healthy individuals were recruited. The prevalence of specific SSTs in patients with mild or severe KOA was compared with the prevalence of specific SSTs in the control group and the results were analysed using a chi-square test...
November 1, 2016: International Dental Journal
Michael Glick, David M Williams, Dushanka V Kleinman, Marko Vujicic, Richard G Watt, Robert J Weyant
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: International Dental Journal
Ira B Lamster
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: International Dental Journal
Malin Schöpper, Albert C Ludolph, Susanne Fauser
INTRODUCTION: The current study assessed the knowledge and attitudes of dentists and neurologists, and of their patients with epilepsy, in the catchment area of an outpatient clinic for epilepsy in southern Germany. METHODS: One-hundred patients with epilepsy were asked to complete questionnaires about their dental treatment. Attitudes of their attending dentists and neurologists were also assessed. RESULTS: Patients with epilepsy: The questionnaires were returned by 82% of patients...
December 2016: International Dental Journal
Nimali Wellapuli, Lilani Ekanayake
OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact of chronic periodontitis on oral health-related quality of life in Sri Lankan adults. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 1,400 participants, 35-60 years of age, residing in the Colombo district of Sri Lanka. Data were collected using two interviewer-administered questionnaires and an oral examination. RESULTS: The prevalence, extent and severity of oral impacts increased with the increase in severity of chronic periodontitis...
December 2016: International Dental Journal
Yoko Yokoyama, Naoki Kakudate, Futoshi Sumida, Yuki Matsumoto, Gregg H Gilbert, Valeria V Gordan
PURPOSE: The study aims were: (i) to examine dentist practice patterns regarding treatment recommendations for dental sealants; and (ii) to identify characteristics associated with this recommendation. METHODS: The study was performed using a cross-sectional questionnaire survey ( registration number NCT01680848). Participants were Japanese dentists (n = 282) recruited from the Dental Practice-based Research Network Japan. Three clinical photographs of the occlusal surface of a mandibular first molar were presented, portraying increasing depths of cavitation in a 12-year-old patient with high caries risk...
December 2016: International Dental Journal
Toshiya Nonoyama, Yoshihiro Shimazaki, Haruo Nakagaki, Shinpei Tsuge
AIM: Students often injure their teeth during participation in school-based sports clubs. This study examined the frequencies and types of dental injuries sustained at school sports clubs and compared the risk of dental injury among different sports. METHODS: Based on injury statistics from the Japan Sport Council of the junior high schools and high schools in seven prefectures during fiscal year 2006, the risk of dental injury was estimated using a rate ratio (RR) by calculating the ratio of occurrence of dental injury under various circumstances...
December 2016: International Dental Journal
Wei Zhang, Yong-Bo Dai, Peng-Cheng Wan, Dong-Dong Xu, Yi Guo, Zhi Li
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the present study was to examine the relationship between post-extraction pain and acute pulpitis in third molars. METHODS: This study was a randomised controlled trial. Sixty patients requiring removal of a single maxillary third molar with acute pulpitis were included and randomly divided into two groups: group A (n = 30); and group B (n = 30). In group A, third molars were directly extracted, and group B received endodontic therapy (pulp chamber opening and drainage) and underwent extraction 24 hours later, aiming to eliminate the acute inflammation...
December 2016: International Dental Journal
Ying Liu
BACKGROUND: Oral health disparities exist in the USA. However, little is known of the relationship between oral health disparity and citizenship. The aims of this study were: (i) to describe the differences in self-rated oral health (SROH) between adult American citizens and non-citizens (>20 years of age); and (ii) to test whether factors such as frequency of dentist visits and socio-economic status (SES) are differently associated with SROH in these two groups. METHODS: The data used in this study were drawn from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey conducted in 2011-2012...
December 2016: International Dental Journal
David S Brennan, Madhan Balasubramanian, A John Spencer
OBJECTIVES: Growth in rates of preventive services has been linked to trends in retention of teeth and the emergence of minimal intervention approaches. In this study, we examined associations between patient-level characteristics and rates of the preventive services dental/prophylaxis and application of remineralisation agents. METHODS: A random sample of dentists in Australia was posted a self-administered questionnaire in 2009-2010. A service log was used to collect data on preventive services and patient characteristics...
December 2016: International Dental Journal
Hideto Ohtsuki, Masayoshi Kawakami, Tetsuji Kawakami, Kazuya Takahashi, Tadaaki Kirita, Yutaka Komasa
OBJECTIVE: Osteoporosis has become a critical public health problem with the rapidly aging population in Japan. It is necessary for dentists to know their patients' status because it influences dental treatment. The purpose of this study was to predict the risk of osteoporosis in elderly patients visiting a dental clinic by assessing mandibular cortical morphology on panoramic radiographs. METHOD: Three-hundred and thirty patients were divided into three classes based on the morphology of their mandibular cortex on panoramic radiographs...
October 21, 2016: International Dental Journal
Duangporn Duangthip, Sherry Shiqian Gao, Edward Chin Man Lo, Chun Hung Chu
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence and experience of early childhood caries among 5- to 6-year-old children in Southeast Asia. METHODS: A literature search was conducted of three electronic databases (PubMed, EMBASE and ISI Web of Science) to identify publications from the years 2006 to 2015. Additional hand searches of government reports and national studies were performed. Both primary and secondary data sources were included in the study...
October 18, 2016: International Dental Journal
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