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International Dental Journal

Visha Ramroop, Annie Kowlessar, Vidya Ramcharitar-Maharaj, Lerissa Morris, Rahul Naidu
OBJECTIVE: To determine paediatrician's knowledge and attitudes about oral health in Trinidad and Tobago. DESIGN AND METHOD: A pre-tested questionnaire was sent out via survey monkey to 70 out of 75 paediatricians registered with the Medical Board of Trinidad and for whom email addresses were available. Hard copies of the questionnaires were delivered to the paediatric departments of the Eric Williams Medical Sciences complex. Paediatricians that were unable to complete the questionnaire online were asked to complete hard copies...
June 12, 2018: International Dental Journal
Han-Nah Kim, Young-Eun Jang, Chun-Bae Kim, Nam-Hee Kim
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the association between socioeconomic status and self-reported periodontal symptoms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, data were used from the 2011 and 2013 Community Health Surveys. The 210,432 (weighted n = 36,294,413) and 220,396 (weighted n = 39,067,134) subjects, respectively, were aged 19 years or older. Proportional and systematic sampling was performed. Surveys were conducted by trained interviewers using computer-assisted personal interviewing...
June 5, 2018: International Dental Journal
Gustavo Barbosa Ferreira, Ludmila Silva Guimarães, Claudio Pinheiro Fernandes, Reinaldo Brito Dias, Neide Pena Coto, Lívia Azeredo A Antunes, Leonardo Santos Antunes
BACKGROUND: Although there is evidence that mouthguards prevent orofacial trauma occurrence during sport practice, the influence of this device on athletic performance has not been systematically quantified. OBJECTIVES: We aim to systematically review the literature to determine the effect of mouthguards on athletic performance and if the type of mouthguard influences this overcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A comprehensive search was performed in the Systematic Electronic Databases: Pubmed, Scopus, Web of Science and the Cochrane Library from their inception to February 2017...
May 29, 2018: International Dental Journal
Anna Krentowska, Elzbieta Sierko-Nobis, Alicja Strzalka, Wioletta Pietruszewska, Dominika Hempel, Ewa Sierko
PURPOSE: Head and neck cancer (HNC) is frequently diagnosed at an advanced stage of the disease, which results in suboptimal treatment outcomes, and leads to aesthetic and functional side-effects. Many risky behaviours associated with this type of cancer start at a young age. The aim of the study was to evaluate the level of HNC awareness in the young population in Poland. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An anonymous online survey on HNC was conducted among 1903 people between the ages of 18 and 35 years...
May 28, 2018: International Dental Journal
Ying Liu, Yang Yu, Jeffrey C Nickel, Laura R Iwasaki, Peipei Duan, Melanie Simmer-Beck, Laura Brown
May 22, 2018: International Dental Journal
Gottfried Schmalz, Reinhard Hickel, Kirsten L van Landuyt, Franz-Xaver Reichl
Nanoparticles having a size from 1 to 100 nm are present in nature and are successfully used in many products of daily life. In dental materials, nanoparticles are typically embedded but they may also exist as by-products from milling processes. Possible adverse effects of nanoparticles have gained increased interest, with the lungs being the main target organ. Exposure to nanoparticles in the dental laboratory is addressed by legal regulations. In dental practice, nanoparticles are mainly produced by intra-oral grinding/polishing and removal of materials, by wear of restorations or release from dental implants...
May 22, 2018: International Dental Journal
Wanessa Teixeira Bellissimo-Rodrigues, Mayra Gonçalves Menegueti, Gilberto Gambero Gaspar, Hayala Cristina Cavenague de Souza, Maria Auxiliadora-Martins, Anibal Basile-Filho, Roberto Martinez, Fernando Bellissimo-Rodrigues
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of dental treatment in improving oral health in critical patients. METHODS: This randomised clinical trial was conducted in a general intensive care unit (ICU) at a tertiary care public facility from 1 January 2011 to 8 August 2013. Data from 254 adult patients staying in the ICU for 48 hours or more were analysed. The experimental group (n = 127) had access to dental treatment provided by a dentist four to five times a week, in addition to routine oral hygiene, whereas the control group (n = 127) had access only to routine oral hygiene, including topical application of chlorhexidine, provided by the ICU nursing staff...
May 18, 2018: International Dental Journal
Fee Verheire, Luc De Visschere, Carla Fernandez, Martijn Lambert, Luc Marks
OBJECTIVES: The goals of the present study were as follows: (i) to explore the characteristics of the Flemish Public Centers for Social Welfare (PCSW) concerning oral health care; (ii) to explore possible barriers experienced by people on social assistance and oral health-care providers; and (iii) to explore the accessibility of general and oral health care for people on social assistance. METHODS: The data of this cross-sectional study were obtained by a survey of social service providers working in a PCSW...
May 9, 2018: International Dental Journal
Ingrid Glurich, Barbara Bartkowiak, Richard L Berg, Amit Acharya
INTRODUCTION: Increasing prevalence of diabetes and periodontal disease is prompting identification of additional clinical settings to identify patients at risk for dysglycaemia. A systematic review of studies that have examined feasibility of screening for at-risk patients in general dentistry settings at point-of-care (POC) was undertaken. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Systematic review of pragmatic clinical field trials piloting POC screening for dysglycaemia risk in dental settings was undertaken in studies whose primary objective was to explore rates of dysglycaemia among undiagnosed patient populations...
May 8, 2018: International Dental Journal
Yai-Tin Lin, Ashish Chetan Kalhan, Yng-Tzer Joseph Lin, Tosha Ashish Kalhan, Chein-Chin Chou, Xiao Li Gao, Chin-Ying Stephen Hsu
OBJECTIVES: Oral rehabilitation under general anaesthesia (GA), commonly employed to treat high caries-risk children, has been associated with high economic and individual/family burden, besides high post-GA caries recurrence rates. As there is no caries prediction model available for paediatric GA patients, this study was performed to build caries risk assessment/prediction models using pre-GA data and to explore mid-term prognostic factors for early identification of high-risk children prone to caries relapse post-GA oral rehabilitation...
May 8, 2018: International Dental Journal
Wissame Mazari, Zahia Boucherit-Otmani, Imad Abdelhamid El Haci, Amine Ilahi, Kebir Boucherit
AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the presence of yeasts in dental chair unit waterlines (DCUWLs) and to test their ability to form biofilms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighteen dental waterlines were analysed by culture in liquid Sabouraud in order to allow the quantification and the purification of isolated yeasts from their internal surfaces. All isolates were identified by standard laboratory procedures, including CHROMagar Candida medium for orientation, commercial yeast identification system Api Candida, MALDI-TOF MS and DNA sequencing...
May 4, 2018: International Dental Journal
Leon Bilder, Elena Stepco, Diana Uncuta, Dror Aizenbud, Eli Machtei, Amir Bilder, Harold D Sgan-Cohen
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present research was to evaluate the current caries experience of schoolchildren in the Republic of Moldova. METHODS: A pathfinder study was planned and executed according to the World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations. Caries experience was recorded in three large cities (the capital city and two other large cities) and four villages throughout the country. Within each site and age group, school clusters were randomly chosen. Three different age groups (6, 12 and 15 years) of schoolchildren were assessed...
April 25, 2018: International Dental Journal
Noreen Myers-Wright, Bin Cheng, Sima N Tafreshi, Ira B Lamster
BACKGROUND: One approach to addressing oral health disparities for at-risk populations has been to increase discussion of oral health by non-dental healthcare providers. This study examined the accuracy of a simple instrument to detect individuals with a history of dental disease, which would then allow referral for an oral health evaluation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A two-question instrument was evaluated for the relationship to oral diseases, periodontal disease, and decayed, missing and filled teeth in 391 individuals seen in a dental school clinic for non-emergent dental care over a 3-month period...
April 25, 2018: International Dental Journal
Saujanya Karki, Marja-Liisa Laitala, Manoj Humagain, Marjo Seppänen, Jari Päkkila, Vuokko Anttonen
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the oral health of Nepalese schoolchildren relative to their sociodemographic characteristics. METHODS: This school-based, cross-sectional study was conducted among 5-6-, 12- and 15-year-old Nepalese children in 18 randomly selected districts of the 75 in Nepal. Clinical parameters were recorded according to the World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines. Results were presented as mean (SD) and proportions; the chi-square test, t-test and one way-ANOVA were also performed...
April 25, 2018: International Dental Journal
Tippanart Vichayanrat, Kantaphon Sudha, Komsun Kumthanom, Jomjak Apisuttisin, Nuttanun Uawatanasakul, Yuttakit Ariyakieatsakul
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the factors influencing mothers' behavior regarding control of their children's sugary snack intake based on the Theory of Planned Behavior. METHODS: We used a self-administered questionnaire to collect data from the mothers of preschool children on the factors related to their behaviours influencing control of their children's sugary snack intake, namely attitudes, subjective norms, perceived behavioural control, self-efficacy, age, income and educational level...
April 16, 2018: International Dental Journal
Magnus Hakeberg, Ulla Wide
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this epidemiological survey was to analyse the association between dental anxiety and health-related quality of life (HRQL) among adults. METHODS: Individuals were randomly selected (n = 3500), and they were interviewed by telephone and asked to complete a questionnaire concerning dental anxiety, HRQL [Oral Health Impact Profile-5 (OHIP-5) and EuroQol-5D (EQ-5D)] and several socioeconomic variables. RESULTS: Dental anxiety was revealed as a significant factor relative to the OHIP-5 and EQ-5D...
April 11, 2018: International Dental Journal
Filipa Bombert, Ana Cristina Manso, Cristina Sousa Ferreira, Paulo Nogueira, Carla Nunes
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to characterise the daily oral hygiene behaviours and the frequency of, and reasons for, oral health appointments, among 12-year-old adolescents in Portugal. We also investigated whether there were any associations between these behaviours and sociodemographic factors. METHODS: We conducted an observational descriptive study based on 1,309 Portuguese adolescents from rural, peri-urban and urban populations. Data were drawn from the III National Prevalence Study of Oral Health Diseases...
April 6, 2018: International Dental Journal
German Hernández, Sonia P Plaza, Diana Cifuentes, Lina M Villalobos, Lina M Ruiz
OBJECTIVES: To determine the frequency, radiodensity characteristics, topographic location and number per patient of incidental findings observed in radiographs taken before orthodontic treatment and to evaluate the relationship of the findings with age and sex. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study that investigated 1,887 panoramic and lateral cephalogram radiographs from 783 patients (23.31 ± 13.11 years of age; 453 women and 330 men) who were randomly selected from the orthodontics department of a private university...
April 1, 2018: International Dental Journal
Paulo Melo, Charlotte Fine, Sinead Malone, Jo E Frencken, Virginie Horn
BACKGROUND: Regular twice-daily toothbrushing with a fluoridated toothpaste is widely recommended for schoolchildren. The '21-day Brush Day and Night (BDN) programme' includes an educational approach for children and school staff, with a consistent practice of toothbrushing at school for 3 weeks. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to evaluate the improvement in oral hygiene knowledge and behaviour in schoolchildren involved in BDN, the sustainability of this after 6-12 months, and if any particular age group was more receptive to it than others...
May 2018: International Dental Journal
Kathryn Kell, Marie-Anne Aymerich, Virginie Horn
Twelve years ago, FDI World Dental Federation and Unilever Oral Care began a partnership to raise awareness of oral health globally. This aim reflects FDI's mission to "lead the world to optimal oral health", and one of the goals set by the Unilever Sustainable Living Plan "to improve health and well-being for more than 1 billion" by 2020. This partnership has developed a series of public health programmes to improve the brushing habits of targeted populations through health promotion and educational campaigns worldwide...
May 2018: International Dental Journal
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