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Indian Journal of Medical Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862196/freely-moving-right-ventricular-thrombus-in-a-patient-with-acute-pulmonary-embolism
#1
Kunal Mahajan, Prakash Chand Negi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862195/authors-response
#2
LETTER
Alladi Mohan, S Aparna Reddy, Alok Sachan, K V S Sarma, D Prabath Kumar, Mahesh V Panchagnula, P V L N Srinivasa Rao, B Siddhartha Kumar, P Krishnaprasanthi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862194/choice-of-criterion-used-in-the-receiver-operating-characteristic-analysis
#3
LETTER
Farrokh Habibzadeh, Parham Habibzadeh, Mahboobeh Yadollahie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862193/authors-response
#4
LETTER
Tulsi Adhikari, Damodar Sahu, Saritha Nair, Kalyan B Saha, Ravendra K Sharma, Arvind Pandey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862192/underutilization-of-antenatal-services-among-tribal-women
#5
LETTER
Manas Pratim Roy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862191/heterologous-expression-of-porcine-elongase-6-elovl6-gene-in-a-human-cell-line
#6
LETTER
Saurabh Gupta, Lakshman Santra, Soumen Naskar, Sanjeev K Maurya, Mashidur Rana, Jyotirmoy Ghosh, Sujoy K Dhara
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862190/seroprevalence-of-cytomegalovirus-in-donors-opportunistic-viral-infections-in-liver-transplant-recipients
#7
Joy Varghese, S Subramanian, Mettu Srinivas Reddy, Naresh Shanmugam, G Balajee, Vijaya Srinivasan, Jayanthi Venkataraman, Rela Mohamed
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Opportunistic virus infections are common in liver transplant (LT) recipients. There is a risk of developing infection with cytomegalovirus (CMV) and herpes-related viruses such as herpes simplex virus-1 and 2 (HSV-1 & 2), Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and Varicella Zoster virus (VZV), reactivation of infection and recurrent infection. This study was conducted to determine CMV seropositivity in donors and its influence on LT recipients and seropositivity of CMV, HSV-1 and 2, EB viral capsid antigen (EBVCA) and VZV in LT recipients and their reactivation...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862189/typical-atypical-enteropathogenic-escherichia-coli-in-diarrhoea-their-role-as-carrier-in-children-under-five
#8
Taru Singh, Shukla Das, V G Ramachandran, Dheeraj Shah, Rumpa Saha, Sajad Ahmad Dar, Arvind Rai
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Multidrug-resistant enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) is responsible for a large number of cases of infantile diarrhoea in developing countries, causing failure in treatment with consequent health burden and resulting in a large number of deaths every year. This study was undertaken to determine the proportion of typical and atypical EPEC in under five children with diarrhoea and controls, their function as a carriage and to identify virulent genes associated with them...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862188/interferon-%C3%AE-inducible-protein-10-in-chronic-hepatitis-c-correlations-with-insulin-resistance-histological-features-sustained-virological-response
#9
Dana Crisan, Mircea Dan Grigorescu, Corina Radu, Alina Suciu, Mircea Grigorescu
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: One of the multiple factors contributing to virological response in chronic hepatitis C (CHC) is interferon-gamma-inducible protein-10 (IP-10). Its level reflects the status of interferon-stimulated genes, which in turn is associated with virological response to antiviral therapy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of serum IP-10 levels on sustained virological response (SVR) and the association of this parameter with insulin resistance (IR) and liver histology...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862187/seroprevalence-of-transplacentally-acquired-measles-antibodies-in-hiv-exposed-versus-hiv-unexposed-infants-at-six-months-of-age
#10
Sneha Jain, Anju Seth, Shashi Khare, Jagdish Chandra
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Measles infection is reported to be more severe, prolonged and associated with a higher complication rate in children with HIV infection. Reports indicate that infants born to HIV-infected women [HIV exposed infants (HEI)] may be more vulnerable to measles. The World Health Organization recommends measles vaccination starting at six months of age in these infants who may be HIV-infected themselves. However, in India, they are given measles vaccination at nine months of age like all other infants...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862186/food-significantly-reduces-plasma-concentrations-of-first-line-anti-tuberculosis-drugs
#11
Agibothu Kupparam Hemanth Kumar, Vedachalam Chandrasekaran, Angadi Kiran Kumar, M Kawaskar, J Lavanya, Soumya Swaminathan, Geetha Ramachandran
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Concomitant feeding and anti-tuberculosis (TB) drug administration are likely to reduce nausea and enhance compliance to treatment. However, food could lower plasma drug concentrations. This study was undertaken to examine the effect of food on two-hour plasma concentrations of rifampicin (RMP), isoniazid (INH) and pyrazinamide (PZA), and pharmacokinetics of these drugs in adult TB patients. METHODS: Newly diagnosed adult TB patients were recruited from the Revised National Tuberculosis Control Programme (RNTCP) treatment centres in Chennai Corporation, Chennai, India...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862185/health-related-quality-of-life-in-indian-children-a-community-based-cross-sectional-survey
#12
Manu Raj, Abish Sudhakar, Rinku Roy, Bhavik Champaneri, Teena Mary Joy, Raman Krishna Kumar
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: There are limited data on health-related quality of life (HRQOL) related to Indian children. The objective of this study was to construct a generic HRQOL reference for children aged 2-18 yr from a community setting. METHODS: The study was a community-based cross-sectional survey. A total of 719 children/adolescents in the age group of 2-18 yr were enrolled using stratified random cluster sampling. A total of 40 clusters (cluster size 18) were selected for the study...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862184/ocular-distribution-of-antioxidant-enzyme-paraoxonase-its-alteration-in-cataractous-lens-diabetic-retina
#13
Subramaniam Rajesh Bharathidevi, Kannadasan Anand Babu, Nishit Jain, Sivashanmugam Muthukumaran, Vetrivel Umashankar, J Biswas, Narayanasamy Angayarkanni
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: The enzyme paraoxonase (PON), an antioxidant enzyme that has both arylesterase and thiolactonase activity, is well studied in cardiovascular diseases. Although a few studies have shown altered PON activity in ocular diseases such as age-related macular degeneration and diabetic retinopathy, but the tissue-wise expression of PON in its three gene forms has not been studied. This study was conducted to see the ocular distribution of PON for any altered expression in ocular pathologies such as in cataract and diabetes mellitus...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862183/acute-effects-on-cardiovascular-oscillations-during-controlled-slow-yogic-breathing
#14
Om Lata Bhagat, Chhaya Kharya, Ashok Jaryal, Kishore Kumar Deepak
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Breathing exercises are believed to modulate the cardiovascular oscillations in the body. To assess the validity of the assumption and understand the underlying mechanism, the key autonomic regulatory parameters such as heart rate variability (HRV), blood pressure variability (BPV) and baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) were recorded during controlled slow yogic breathing. Alternate nostril breathing (ANB) was selected as the yogic manoeuvre. METHODS: Twelve healthy volunteers (age 30±3...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862182/does-endoscopic-thoracic-sympathectomy-through-clipping-procedure-have-early-effects-on-electrocardiographic-parameters
#15
Fatih Candas, Zafer Isilak, Akin Yildizhan, Omer Uz, Murat Yalcin, Rauf Gorur, Turgut Isitmangil
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Hyperhidrosis is a pathologic condition of excessive sweating in amounts greater than physiologic needs. Endoscopic thoracic sympathectomy (ETS) is a globally accepted treatment modality for primary palmar and axillary hyperhidrosis. ETS also has distinctive effects on the heart, circulatory and respiratory systems. In this study early effects of ETS on electrocardiographic (ECG) parameters of hyperhidrosis patients were evaluated. METHODS: Twelve-lead ECGs were performed on 72 patients who were free from cardiovascular, metabolic, neurological and pulmonary diseases and underwent planned ETS because of hyperhidrosis, before and after the procedure within the first 24 h...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862181/identification-of-a-novel-homozygous-mutation-in-transmembrane-channel-like-1-tmc1-gene-one-of-the-second-tier-hearing-loss-genes-after-gjb2-in-india
#16
Pawan Kumar Singh, Manju Ghosh, Shipra Sharma, Shivaram Shastri, Neerja Gupta, Madhumita Roy Chowdhury, Anuranjan Anand, Madhulika Kabra
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Hearing impairment is a common and heterogeneous sensory disorder in humans. Among about 90 genes, which are known to be associated with hearing impairment, mutations in the GJB2 (gap junction protein beta 2) gene are the most prevalent in individuals with hereditary hearing loss. Contribution of the other deafness-causing genes is relatively poorly understood. Here, we present our findings on two families with transmembrane channel like 1 (TMC1) gene variants of the 47 families with nonsyndromic hearing loss (NSHL) studied...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862180/red-cell-alloimmunization-role-of-advanced-immunohaematological-support-in-liver-transplantation
#17
Raj Nath Makroo, Soma Agrawal, Mohit Chowdhry, Aakanksha Bhatia, Uday Kumar Thakur
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Transfusion support forms an integral part of liver transplantation programme. Advanced immunohaematology services are required to deal with complex serological problems that can complicate transfusion therapy in these patients. Here, we report on red cell alloimmunization and presence of alloimmunization in donors and patients undergoing liver transplantation in a tertiary care hospital in north India. METHODS: Records of 1433 liver transplants performed from January 2009 to March 2015 were retrieved and reviewed...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862179/influence-of-single-photon-emission-computed-tomography-spect-reconstruction-algorithm-on-diagnostic-accuracy-of-parathyroid-scintigraphy-comparison-of-iterative-reconstruction-with-filtered-backprojection
#18
Gonca Kara Gedik, Oktay Sari
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Preoperative localization of parathyroid lesions is essential for improving the results in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism. The purpose of this study was to evaluate retrospectively the value of technetium-99m (Tc-99m) methoxyisobutylisonitrile (MIBI) single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) and to compare the diagnostic accuracy of iterative reconstruction (IR) and filtered backprojection (FBP) reconstruction algorithms about localization of parathyroid lesions...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862178/spectrum-of-prenatally-detected-central-nervous-system-malformations-neural-tube-defects-continue-to-be-the-leading-foetal-malformation
#19
Anjurani Siddesh, Geetika Gupta, Ram Sharan, Meenal Agarwal, Shubha R Phadke
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Prenatal diagnosis of malformations is an important method of prevention and control of congenital anomalies with poor prognosis. Central nervous system (CNS) malformations amongst these are the most common. The information about the prevalence and spectrum of prenatally detected malformations is crucial for genetic counselling and policymaking for population-based preventive programmes. The objective of this study was to study the spectrum of prenatally detected CNS malformations and their association with chromosomal abnormalities and autopsy findings...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862177/effect-of-disease-modifying-antirheumatic-drug-therapy-on-immune-response-to-trivalent-influenza-vaccine-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#20
Vikramraj K Jain, Nandhini Bhashini, L Karthik Balajee, Sujatha Sistla, Subhash Chandra Parija, Vir Singh Negi
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Patients with autoimmune rheumatic diseases may be at an increased risk of infection due to disease and use of disease-modifying antirheumatic drug (DMARD) therapy. The present study was done to evaluate the immune response to influenza vaccination in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: Fifty one RA patients on stable methotrexate (MTX) therapy (≥15 mg/wk), 51 newly diagnosed DMARD-naïve RA patients and 45 healthy controls received a single dose of inactivated seasonal trivalent influenza vaccine...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Research
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