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Indian Journal of Medical Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361835/unilateral-submandibular-gland-agenesis
#1
Venkatraman Indiran
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361834/metastatic-skull-swelling-secondary-to-neuroblastoma-in-a-child
#2
Amitabh Singh, Rachna Seth
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361833/carbapenem-resistance-in-a-rural-part-of-southern-india-escherichia-coli-versus-klebsiella-spp
#3
LETTER
Ramalingam Sekar, Seetharaman Srivani, Murugesan Amudhan, Manoharan Mythreyee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361832/safety-of-yellow-fever-vaccine-in-indian-travellers-a-prospective-observational-study
#4
LETTER
Pramil Tiwari, Rajiv Ahlawat, Gaurav Gupta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361831/evolving-management-of-insulinoma-experience-at-a-tertiary-care-centre
#5
Viveka P Jyotsna, Sujoy Pal, D Kandasamy, S Gamanagatti, P K Garg, N Raizada, Peush Sahni, C S Bal, N Tandon, A C Ammini
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Since our previous study in 2006, several new modalities for localization of cause of endogenous hyperinsulinemic hypoglycaemia such as multiphasic computed tomography (CT), multiphasic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), endoscopic ultrasound (EUS), intraoperative ultrasound, and intra-arterial calcium infusion with arterial stimulation venous sampling (ASVS) have become available. Therefore, to evaluate the relative usefulness of various imaging modalities to guide future management in terms of diagnosis and patient care, we analyzed presentation and management of patients of endogenous hyperinsulinemic hypoglycaemia...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361830/synergism-in-dual-functionality-of-cryptdin-2-in-conjunction-with-antibiotics-against-salmonella
#6
Aman Preet Singh, Vijay Prabha, Praveen Rishi
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: The emergence of multidrug-resistant Salmonella over the last two decades poses a major health risk. In this context, antimicrobial peptides have found a strategic place in the therapeutic armamentarium. Previously, we found that cryptdin-2 has the potential to augment the activity of conventional second- and third-generation anti-Salmonella antibiotics as evident by in vitro assays. In continuation to this, the present study was designed to evaluate the in vivo synergistic effects, if any, of cryptdin-2 in combination with ciprofloxacin and ceftriaxone against murine salmonellosis...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361829/genetic-characterization-of-human-herpesvirus-type-1-full-length-genome-sequence-of-strain-obtained-from-an-encephalitis-case-from-india
#7
Vijay P Bondre, Vasudha Sankararaman, Vijaysinh Andhare, Manisha Tupekar, Gajanan N Sapkal
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Human herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1) is the most common cause of sporadic encephalitis in humans that contributes to >10 per cent of the encephalitis cases occurring worldwide. Availability of limited full genome sequences from a small number of isolates resulted in poor understanding of host and viral factors responsible for variable clinical outcome. In this study genetic relationship, extent and source of recombination using full-length genome sequence derived from a newly isolated HSV-1 isolate was studied in comparison with those sampled from patients with varied clinical outcome...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361828/knowledge-attitude-practice-on-human-papillomavirus-vaccination-a-cross-sectional-study-among-healthcare-providers
#8
P Cheena Chawla, Anil Chawla, Seema Chaudhary
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Cervical cancer is a major health problem and a leading cause of death among women in India. Of all the associated risk factors, high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) infections being the principal aetiologic agent, two HPV vaccines are in use for the control of cervical cancer. The present study was undertaken to explore the knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) on HPV vaccination among the healthcare providers in India. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 590 healthcare professionals from 232 hospitals and 80 PHCs of nine districts of Delhi-NCR (National Capital Region)...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361827/comparative-antinociceptive-effect-of-arachidonylcyclopropylamide-a-cannabinoid-1-receptor-agonist-lignocaine-a-local-anaesthetic-agent-following-direct-intrawound-administration-in-rats
#9
Rahul Kumar, Pranav Prasoon, Mayank Gautam, Subrata Basu Ray
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Treatment of inflammatory pain with opioids is accompanied by unpleasant and, at times, life-threatening side effects.Cannabis produces antinociception as well as psychotropic effects. It was hypothesized that peripheral cannabinoid receptors outside the central nervous system could be selectively activated for relief of pain. This study was undertaken to measure the antinociceptive effect of type 1 cannabinoid receptor (CB1r) agonist arachidonylcyclopropylamide (ACPA) in a rat model of inflammatory pain after intrawound administration and the effects were compared with lignocaine...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361826/preventive-role-of-carvedilol-in-adriamycin-induced-cardiomyopathy
#10
Rajesh Jhorawat, Savita Kumari, Subhash C Varma, Manoj K Rohit, Nidhi Narula, Vikas Suri, Pankaj Malhotra, Sanjay Jain
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Adriamycin though considered as an effective anticancer drug, leads to irreversible cardiomyopathy (CMP) and congestive heart failure (CHF). The aim of this study was to determine the protective effect of carvedilol in adriamycin (ADR)-induced cardiomyopathy (CMP) in cancer patients. METHODS: Patients with lymphoreticular malignancy in whom ADR therapy was planned were randomized into two groups: carvedilol and control. Twenty seven patients each were enrolled in carvedilol and control groups...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361825/evidence-of-apoptosis-in-right-ventricular-dysfunction-in-rheumatic-mitral-valve-stenosis
#11
Shantanu Pande, Prabhat Tewari, Surendra K Agarwal, Vikas Agarwal, Vinita Agrawal, Megha Chagtoo, Gauranga Majumdar, Satyendra Tewari
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Right ventricular (RV) dysfunction is one of the causes of morbidity and mortality in valvular heart disease. The phenomenon of apoptosis, though rare in cardiac muscle may contribute to loss of its function. Role of apoptosis in RV in patients with rheumatic valvular heart disease is investigated in this study. METHODS: Patients with rheumatic mitral valve stenosis formed two groups based on RV systolic pressure (RVSP) as RVSP <40 mmHg (group I, n=9) and RVSP ≥40 mmHg (group II, n=30)...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361824/postprandial-glycaemic-response-of-foxtail-millet-dosa-in-comparison-to-a-rice-dosa-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#12
Janani Narayanan, Vimala Sanjeevi, U Rohini, Patricia Trueman, Vijay Viswanathan
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Millets are rich source of dietary fibre and non-starchy polysaccharides with low glycaemic index (GI), hence can be used as a therapeutic diet. This study was conducted to estimate the effects of a millet-based dosa (foxtail dosa) compared to a rice dosa for breakfast on postprandial glucose levels in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS: The GI of rice dosa and foxtail millet dosa was estimated. A total of 105 T2DM participants were randomly selected for the study...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361823/prevalence-correlates-of-tobacco-use-among-adolescents-in-kerala-india
#13
T S Jaisoorya, K V Beena, M Beena, Dalia C Jose, K Ellangovan, K Thennarasu, Vivek Benegal
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Most tobacco users who initiate its use during adolescence are likely to continue the use into adulthood and contribute to the 90 per cent of premature deaths among tobacco users. In this context the prevalence, patterns and correlates of tobacco use were studied among adolescent school students in Kerala, India. METHODS: Total 7560 students from classes 8, 10 and 12, within the age group of 12-19 yr, across 73 schools in Ernakulam district, Kerala, India, selected by cluster random sampling, completed a self-administered questionnaire incorporating standardized instruments...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361822/comparative-study-of-clozapine-versus-risperidone-in-treatment-naive-first-episode-schizophrenia-a-pilot-study
#14
Sukhtej Sahni, B S Chavan, Ajeet Sidana, Priyanka Kalra, Gurjit Kaur
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Clozapine may be more useful in treatment-naive patients with first-episode schizophrenia for better symptoms control and improving quality of life. The current study was carried out to compare the efficacy and tolerability of clozapine versus risperidone in treatment-naive, first-episode patients of schizophrenia. METHODS: This was a comparative, open-label, six months prospective study of treatment-naive, first-episode patients with schizophrenia between the age group of 18 and 40 yr diagnosed as per the International Classification of Diseases-10 (ICD-10) criteria...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361821/candidate-genes-for-alcohol-dependence-a-genetic-association-study-from-india
#15
Savita Malhotra, Debasish Basu, Madhu Khullar, Abhishek Ghosh, Neera Chugh
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Search for candidate genes for alcohol dependence (AD) has been inconsistent and inconclusive. Moreover, most of the research has been confined to a few specific ethnic groups. Hence, the aim of our study was to explore specific candidate genes for AD in north Indian male population. METHODS: In this clinic-based genetic association study, 210 males with AD and 200 controls matched for age, gender and ethnicity were recruited from the clinic and the general population, respectively...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361820/assessment-of-striatal-postural-deformities-in-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease
#16
Sanjay Pandey, Hitesh Kumar
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Though striatal and postural deformities are known to occur commonly in atypical Parkinsonism patients, these may also be seen in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). These are frequently misdiagnosed as joint or orthopaedic pathology leading to unnecessary investigations. This study was conducted to observe the various striatal and postural deformities among patients with PD in India. METHODS: This study was conducted at a tertiary care teaching institute in north# India...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361819/pioglitazone-utilization-efficacy-safety-in-indian-type-2-diabetic-patients-a-systematic-review-comparison-with-european-medicines-agency-assessment-report
#17
REVIEW
Sarayu A Pai, Nilima A Kshirsagar
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: With pioglitazone ban and subsequent revoking in India along with varying regulatory decisions in other countries, it was decided to carry out a systematic review on its safety, efficacy and drug utilization in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in India and compare with the data from the European Medicines Agency Assessment Report (EMA-AR). METHODS: Systematic review was performed as per the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines, searching Medline/PubMed, Google Scholar and Science Direct databases using 'pioglitazone AND India AND human' and 'pioglitazone AND India AND human AND patient' and compared with EMA-AR...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361818/current-status-of-mycobacterium-avium-subspecies-paratuberculosis-infection-in-animals-humans-in-india-what-needs-to-be-done
#18
REVIEW
Ajay Vir Singh, Devendra Singh Chauhan, Shoor Vir Singh, Vijay Kumar, Abhinendra Singh, Anjali Yadav, Virendra Singh Yadav
Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (MAP) has emerged as a major health problem for domestic livestock and human beings. Reduced per animal productivity of domestic livestock seriously impacts the economics of dairy farming globally. High to very high bioload of MAP in domestic livestock and also in the human population has been reported from north India. Presence of live MAP bacilli in commercial supplies of raw and pasteurized milk and milk products indicates its public health significance. MAP is not inactivated during pasteurization, therefore, entering into human food chain daily...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361817/epilepsy-is-there-hope
#19
REVIEW
Carlos A M Guerreiro
Epilepsy is a highly prevalent chronic neurologic disorder and leads to social, behavioural, health and economic consequences. 'Treatment gap' varies from 10 per cent in developed countries to 75 per cent in low-income countries. Stigma and discrimination related to epilepsy are prevalent worldwide. Electroencephalography (EEG) is considered the most important tool for evaluating the patient with epilepsy. Video-EEG monitoring is an important tool for confirming the seizure type and estimating the epileptogenic zone in the brain...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361816/need-for-power-in-genetic-explorations-of-alcoholism-in-india
#20
V Ashok Mysore
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
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