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Indian Journal of Medical Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139551/rhabdomyolysis-with-cardiac-dystrophic-calcification
#1
Biplab Das, Sanjay Jain
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139550/giant-pleomorphic-adenoma-of-submandibular-gland
#2
Sladjana Petrovic, Dragan Petrović
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139549/authors-response
#3
LETTER
C Kishor, R R Mishra, S K Saraf, M Kumar, A K Srivastav, G Nath
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139548/a-need-for-careful-consideration-of-bacteriophage-therapy
#4
LETTER
Stephen Mathew
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139547/role-of-anopheles-subpictus-grassi-in-japanese-encephalitis-virus-transmission-in-tirunelveli-south-india
#5
LETTER
Velayutham Thenmozhi, Thiruppathi Balaji, Kasiviswanathan Venkatasubramani, Kutty Jagadeeswaran Dhananjeyan, Alagarsamy Selvam, Veeramanoharan Rajamannar, Brij Kishore Tyagi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139546/seroepidemiology-of-avian-influenza-h5n1-h9n2-newcastle-disease-viruses-during-1954-to-1981-in-india
#6
LETTER
Shailesh D Pawar, Aniruddha V Jamgaonkar, Umesh B Umarani, Sadhana S Kode
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139545/prevalence-of-risk-factors-for-non-communicable-diseases-in-rural-urban-tamil-nadu
#7
Anu Mary Oommen, Vinod Joseph Abraham, Kuryan George, V Jacob Jose
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Surveillance of risk factors is important to plan suitable control measures for non-communicable diseases (NCDs). The objective of this study was to assess the behavioural, physical and biochemical risk factors for NCDs in Vellore Corporation and Kaniyambadi, a rural block in Vellore district, Tamil Nadu, India. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was carried out among 6196 adults aged 30-64 yr, with 3799 participants from rural and 2397 from urban areas...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139544/a-single-weighting-approach-to-analyze-respondent-driven-sampling-data
#8
Vadivoo Selvaraj, Kangusamy Boopathi, Ramesh Paranjape, Sanjay Mehendale
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Respondent-driven sampling (RDS) is widely used to sample hidden populations and RDS data are analyzed using specially designed RDS analysis tool (RDSAT). RDSAT estimates parameters such as proportions. Analysis with RDSAT requires separate weight assignment for individual variables even in a single individual; hence, regression analysis is a problem. RDS-analyst is another advanced software that can perform three methods of estimates, namely, successive sampling method, RDS I and RDS II...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139543/antibiotic-resistance-pathogen-profile-in-ventilator-associated-pneumonia-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-india
#9
Abhijit Chaudhury, A Shobha Rani, Usha Kalawat, Sachin Sumant, Anju Verma, B Venkataramana
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is an important hospital-acquired infection with substantial mortality. Only a few studies are available from India addressing the microbiological aspects of VAP, which have been done with small study populations. This study was carried out in the intensive care units (ICUs) of a tertiary care hospital to assess the profile of pathogens and to determine the pattern of antimicrobial resistance. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of clinically suspected cases of VAP...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139542/an-audit-of-colistin-use-in-neonatal-sepsis-from-a-tertiary-care-centre-of-a-resource-limited-country
#10
Bonny Jasani, Sridharan Kannan, Ruchi Nanavati, Nithya J Gogtay, Urmila Thatte
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Sepsis due to multidrug-resistant Gram-negative pathogens is a challenge for clinicians and microbiologists and has led to use of parenteral colistin. There is a paucity of data regarding safety and efficacy of intravenous colistin use in neonates. The objective of this retrospective analysis was to study the efficacy and safety of intravenous colistin in the treatment of neonatal sepsis. METHODS: An audit of the data from neonates, admitted to a neonatal intensive care unit of a tertiary care hospital during January 2012 to December 2012, and who received intravenous colistin was carried out...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139541/comparative-evaluation-of-long-term-monotherapies-combination-therapies-in-patients-with-chronic-hepatitis-b-a-pilot-study
#11
Manjita Srivastava, Neha Singh, Vinod Kumar Dixit, Gopal Nath, Ashok Kumar Jain
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Reduction of viraemia in patients with chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection using nucleoside/nucleotide analogues reduces fatal liver disease-related events, but development of resistance in virus presents serious clinical challenge. Therefore, comparative evaluation of prolonged antiviral monotherapy and combination therapies was prospectively studied to assess their influence on viral suppression, rapidity of response, development of drug resistance and surfacing mutants in chronic liver disease (CLD) patients...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139540/transcriptome-profiling-of-visceral-adipose-tissue-in-a-novel-obese-rat-model-wnin-ob-its-comparison-with-other-animal-models
#12
Siva Sankara Vara Prasad Sakamuri, Uday Kumar Putcha, Giridharan Nappan Veettil, Vajreswari Ayyalasomayajula
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Adipose tissue dysfunction in obesity is linked to the development of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular diseases. We studied the differential gene expression in retroperitoneal adipose tissue of a novel obese rat model, WNIN/Ob, to understand the possible underlying transcriptional changes involved in the development of obesity and associatedcomorbidities in this model. METHODS: Four month old, male WNIN/Ob lean and obese rats were taken, blood was collected and tissues were dissected...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139539/association-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-genes-in-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-aetiology-among-women-from-southern-india
#13
Battini Mohan Reddy, Uma Jyothi Kommoju, Shilpi Dasgupta, Pranavchand Rayabarapu
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common reproductive endocrine disorder of premenopausal women. Given the phenotypic overlap between PCOS and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), this study was carried out to investigate whether genes implicated in T2DM were also involved in the susceptibility to PCOS among women from southern India. METHODS: A total of 248 women with PCOS and 210 healthy women as controls were genotyped for a panel of 15 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) from the nine T2DM genes, such as TCF7L2, IGF2BP2, SLC30A8, HHEX, CDKAL1, CDKN2A, IRS1, CAPN10 and PPARG, on Sequenom MassARRAY platform...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139538/sexual-dysfunctions-in-alcohol-dependent-men-a-study-from-north-india
#14
Shreyas Pendharkar, Surendra K Mattoo, Sandeep Grover
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Sexual dysfunctions have been reported in alcohol-dependent men. Most of the studies conducted had limitation of using non-validated measures of sexual dysfunction and sampling design. This study was, therefore, conducted to determine the typology, demographic and clinical correlates of sexual dysfunction in alcohol-dependent men. METHODS: One hundred and one patients with alcohol dependence (AD) attending the Drug De-addiction and Treatment Centre and 50 healthy controls were evaluated in this cross-sectional study...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139537/are-childhood-externalizing-disorders-the-harbinger-of-early-onset-alcohol-dependence
#15
Abhishek Ghosh, Savita Malhotra, Debasish Basu
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: The subtyping of alcohol dependence (AD) into early-onset (EO) and late-onset (LO) subgroups has been shown to have clinical and biological validity. As externalizing disorders (EDs) predate AD, the link of ED with age of onset of alcohol dependence needs to be investigated. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship of EDs such as disruptive behaviour disorder (DBD) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) with age at onset of AD in a sample of male subjects...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139536/exploring-the-bio-behavioural-link-between-stress-allostatic-load-micronutrient-status-a-cross-sectional-study-among-adolescent-boys
#16
Little Flower Augustine, Krishnapillai Madhavan Nair, Sylvia Fernandez Rao, Mendu Vishnu Vardhana Rao, Punjal Ravinder, Avula Laxmaiah
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Allostatic load (AL) is a cumulative measure of physiological deregulation and is influenced by multiple factors including nutrition. The objectives of the study were to assess AL among adolescent boys (15-19 yr) and delineate its association with psychological stress and micronutrient status. METHODS: A cross-sectional, school-based study was conducted among 370 adolescent boys of five higher secondary schools from Hyderabad, India. Perceived stress, adolescent life event stress (ALES), psychological morbidity and coping were measured...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139535/natural-menopause-among-women-below-50-years-in-india-a-population-based-study
#17
Saseendran Pallikadavath, Reuben Ogollah, Abhishek Singh, Tara Dean, Ann Dewey, William Stones
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: The age at which menopause naturally occurs may reflect nutritional and environmental circumstances as well as genetic factors. In this study we examined natural menopause as a marker of women's health at the population level in India and in some major States. METHODS: Data from the Indian District Level Household Survey (DLHS) carried out during 2007-2008 covering 643,944 ever-married women aged 15-49 yr were used; women of older ages were not included in this survey...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139534/effect-of-p53-codon-72-polymorphism-on-the-survival-outcome-in-advanced-stage-cervical-cancer-patients-in-india
#18
Akanksha Bansal, Poulami Das, Sadhana Kannan, Umesh Mahantshetty, Rita Mulherkar
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: The Arg>Pro polymorphism in codon 72 of p53 gene is known to affect the susceptibility of cervical cancer differently in different population worldwide although information regarding its role in determining survival status and disease outcome in patients is lacking. The present study was conducted to determine the genotype frequency and prognostic role of p53 codon 72 Arg>Pro polymorphism in patients with advanced stage cervical cancer in India. METHODS: The p53 codon 72 polymorphism was determined in tumour biopsies (n = 107) and matched blood samples (n = 19) in cervical cancer patients using polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism method (PCR-RFLP)...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139533/amitraz-an-underrecognized-poison-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Sahajal Dhooria, Ritesh Agarwal
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Amitraz is a member of formamidine family of pesticides. Poisoning from amitraz is underrecognized even in areas where it is widely available. It is frequently misdiagnosed as organophosphate poisoning. This systematic review provides information on the epidemiology, toxicokinetics, mechanisms of toxicity, clinical features, diagnosis and management of amitraz poisoning. METHODS: Medline and Embase databases were searched systematically (since inception to January 2014) for case reports, case series and original articles using the following search terms: 'amitraz', 'poisoning', 'toxicity', 'intoxication' and 'overdose'...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139532/cartilage-tissue-engineering-role-of-mesenchymal-stem-cells-along-with-growth-factors-scaffolds
#20
REVIEW
M B Gugjoo, G T Sharma, H P Aithal, P Kinjavdekar
Articular cartilage injury poses a major challenge for both the patient and orthopaedician. Articular cartilage defects once formed do not regenerate spontaneously, rather replaced by fibrocartilage which is weaker in mechanical competence than the normal hyaline cartilage. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) along with different growth factors and scaffolds are currently incorporated in tissue engineering to overcome the deficiencies associated with currently available surgical methods and to facilitate cartilage healing...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
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