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Homo: Internationale Zeitschrift Für die Vergleichende Forschung Am Menschen

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30097171/comparison-of-cranial-fluctuating-asymmetry-between-normal-and-pathological-specimens-from-a-modern-thai-skeletal-group
#1
Hyunwoo Jung, Noreen von Cramon-Taubadel
The purpose of this study was to compare fluctuating asymmetry (FA) levels across cranial modules of normal and pathological cranial specimens. It was examined whether pathological specimens have significantly higher FA scores than normal specimens in cranial regions affected by a developmental disorder. For this study, a modern Thai skeletal sample from Chulalongkorn University was analyzed. Ninety-two cranial landmarks were digitized on 66 adult and eight sub-adult normal specimens and on five pathological specimens including two adults with abnormal palates, two sub-adults with craniosynostosis, and one sub-adult with natal absence of nasal bones...
July 26, 2018: Homo: Internationale Zeitschrift Für die Vergleichende Forschung Am Menschen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30055809/a-new-analysis-interpreting-nilotic-relationships-and-peopling-of-the-nile-valley
#2
K Godde
The process of the peopling of the Nile Valley likely shaped the population structure and early biological similarity of Egyptians and Nubians. As others have noted, affinity among Nilotic populations was due to an aggregation of events, including environmental, linguistic, and sociopolitical changes over a great deal of time. This study seeks to evaluate the relationships of Nubian and Egyptian groups in the context of the original peopling event. Cranial nonmetric traits from 18 Nubian and Egyptian samples, spanning Lower Egypt to Lower Nubia and approximately 7400 years, were analyzed using Mahalanobis D2 as a measure of biological distance...
July 25, 2018: Homo: Internationale Zeitschrift Für die Vergleichende Forschung Am Menschen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30064824/descriptive-characteristics-of-the-area-of-origin-of-the-deltoid-muscle-on-the-human-clavicle-is-it-necessary-to-include-new-terms-in-the-terminologia-anatomica
#3
M A Villarroel, P A Lizana
The clavicular portion of the deltoid muscle (CPDM) in the human clavicle does not have a nomenclature in the Terminologia Anatomica (TA). This area is relevant in anatomy since the muscle participates in motions of glenohumeral articulation. The aim of this study was to describe the origin of the CPDM and to propose a name for the structure. Dry clavicles of 176 adults were studied, without distinction by sex. An osteometric board was used to measure the maximum length of the clavicles and a digital caliper to measure length of the CPDM's origin, distance from the origin to the sternal end, distance from the origin to the acromial end, distance of the lateral third and middle vertical diameter...
July 18, 2018: Homo: Internationale Zeitschrift Für die Vergleichende Forschung Am Menschen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30055808/an-association-between-adult-lifespan-and-stature-in-preindustrial-lithuanian-populations-analysis-of-skeletons
#4
Š Jatautis, A Suchomlinov, R Jankauskas
The aim of this study was to test the null hypothesis that no relationship between maximal living stature and adult lifespan had existed in prehistoric and historic Lithuanian populations. The sample analyzed consisted of 1713 skeletons of adult individuals who died between the 2nd century CE and the beginning of the 19th century CE, collected from 118 archaeological sites located in the current territory of Lithuania. A cumulative logit model was applied to model ordinal age-related changes in the auricular surface and the pubic symphysis (measures of lifespan) as a function of maximal length of femur (an indicator of maximal living stature), sex, burial site and its chronology as a proxy for the place of residence and period...
July 10, 2018: Homo: Internationale Zeitschrift Für die Vergleichende Forschung Am Menschen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30029775/sexual-dimorphism-in-human-facial-expressions-by-3d-surface-processing
#5
M Jandová, P Urbanová
Human face is a dynamic system where facial expressions can rapidly modify geometry of facial features. Facial expressions are believed to be universal across world populations, but only a few studies have explored whether grimacing is sexually dimorphic and if so to what extent. The present paper explores inter- and intra-individual variation of human facial expressions with respect to individual's sex based on a set of neutral and expression-varying 3D facial scans. The study sample composed of 20 individuals (10 males and 10 females) for whom 120 scans featuring grimaces associated with disgust, surprise, "u" sound, smile and wide smile were collected by an optical scanner Vectra XT...
May 2018: Homo: Internationale Zeitschrift Für die Vergleichende Forschung Am Menschen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30017379/spatial-diffusion-of-surnames-by-long-transhumance-routes-between-highland-and-lowland-a-study-in-sardinia
#6
A Orrù, S De Iasio, P Frederic, M Girotti, R Boano, E Sanna
RIASSUNTO.
May 2018: Homo: Internationale Zeitschrift Für die Vergleichende Forschung Am Menschen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30017378/sinistrality-is-associated-with-slightly-lower-general-intelligence-a-data-synthesis-and-consideration-of-the-secular-trend-in-handedness
#7
Michael A Woodley Of Menie, Heitor B F Fernandes, Satoshi Kanazawa, Edward Dutton
The relationship between the general factor of intelligence (g) and handedness is investigated using a combined sample of 23511 respondents from three large databases: the NLSY'79 (US), NLSY'97 (US) and NCDS (UK). Dextrals - those who use their right hands were found to be 1.22 IQ points higher than sinistrals (left handers) after controlling for sex and age and correcting for sources of measurement error. To see if the association between IQ and handedness was strongest on the abilities that were the best measures of g, the method of correlated vectors was used to test for moderation...
May 2018: Homo: Internationale Zeitschrift Für die Vergleichende Forschung Am Menschen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30017377/differences-in-the-auxological-characters-of-children-with-short-stature-differential-diagnostic-possibilities-of-hypothyreosis
#8
R Daniš, M Hill, P Sedlak
This study aimed to define the differences in growth characteristics in the three most frequent causes of growth retardation - growth hormone deficiency, hypothyreosis and constitutional delay of growth and development - in order to provide diagnostic means for distinguishing these disorders. The study included 166 children with growth disorders aged 4-18 years. The height for age, the bone age using the TW3 method, the predicted height as the target height and the current prediction using the TW3 method were studied...
May 2018: Homo: Internationale Zeitschrift Für die Vergleichende Forschung Am Menschen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30007497/discrepancies-between-reported-and-cadaveric-body-size-measurements-associated-with-a-modern-donated-skeletal-collection
#9
H Maijanen, Y Jeong
Body mass and stature estimation methods used in biological anthropology require materials with known body size information. There are several types of body size data that can be associated with skeletal collections. However, discussion regarding the reliability and suitability of these types of information for anthropological research is scarce. This paper focuses on differences between reported and recorded cadaver weights and heights associated with a modern donated skeletal collection, similar to these commonly used in anthropological research...
May 2018: Homo: Internationale Zeitschrift Für die Vergleichende Forschung Am Menschen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30007496/molar-crenulation-trait-definition-and-variation-in-modern-human-populations
#10
M A Pilloud, C Maier, G R Scott, H J H Edgar
Crenulated molars have been used extensively in biological anthropology. However, the trait has not been formally defined, nor have population frequencies been thoroughly outlined. This study provides a formal definition of molar crenulations and data on their presence in a large sample. Data were collected on maxillary and mandibular molars of modern dental material from various populations: South African, Hispanic, Japanese, American White, and American Black (n = 750). Molar crenulations were defined and a rank-scale created...
May 2018: Homo: Internationale Zeitschrift Für die Vergleichende Forschung Am Menschen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29970227/variability-of-facial-movements-in-relation-to-sexual-dimorphism-and-age-three-dimensional-geometric-morphometric-study
#11
J Velemínská, S Danková, M Břízová, L Červenková, V Krajíček
The aim of this study was to introduce suitable imaging technique and analytical methods for a detailed description of the facial movements in relation to sexual dimorphism and age in adult individuals. Removing of size factor from the analysis, we hypothesised that there will be no significant intersexual difference in facial mobility. We assume facial movements to be more pronounced in the older age category due to increasing the facial surface. We have compared five facial movements - raising eyebrows, closing eyes, pursing of the lips, inflating of the cheeks and smile - in relation to neutral expression of the human face...
May 2018: Homo: Internationale Zeitschrift Für die Vergleichende Forschung Am Menschen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29857806/editorial
#12
EDITORIAL
Renata J Henneberg, Maciej Henneberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Homo: Internationale Zeitschrift Für die Vergleichende Forschung Am Menschen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747907/does-field-hockey-increase-morphofunctional-asymmetry-a-pilot-study
#13
M Krzykała, P Leszczyński, M Grześkowiak, T Podgórski, M Woźniewicz-Dobrzyńska, A Konarska, R Strzelczyk, J Lewandowski, J M Konarski
Common practice in field hockey requires athletes to adopt a semi-crouched posture, so players have a greater risk of musculoskeletal disorders than non-athletes. The aim of the present study was to assess how field hockey determines asymmetry in morphological and functional characteristics of the body by comparing athletes to control participants. The sample consisted of 15 male field hockey players from the Polish Youth National Team and 14 male university students. Antimeric differences in the chosen variables between body sub-regions were assessed...
March 2018: Homo: Internationale Zeitschrift Für die Vergleichende Forschung Am Menschen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747906/association-of-normative-values-of-grip-strength-with-anthropometric-variables-among-students-in-jiangsu-province
#14
T H Musa, W Li, L Xiaoshan, Y Guo, Y Wenjuan, Y Xuan, P YuePu, W Pingmin
Handgrip strength is one of the most universal and powerful indices of nutritional and health status. This study was aimed at presenting norms of grip strength values and their association with anthropometric characters among students in Jiangsu Province. Cross-sectional studies were carried out among 255,157 males and females aged 7-22 years in 2010-2013. Weight and height were obtained and handgrip strength was measured. The sample was stratified by sex, age and residential area. Data were analyzed using chi-squared test and Spearman's correlation coefficient, calculated using SPSS version of 20...
March 2018: Homo: Internationale Zeitschrift Für die Vergleichende Forschung Am Menschen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729834/an-evaluation-of-dental-methods-by-lamendin-and-prince-and-ubelaker-for-estimation-of-adult-age-in-a-sample-of-modern-greeks
#15
E Zorba, N Goutas, C Spiliopoulou, K Moraitis
Teeth can be used as accurate tools in age-at-death estimation in forensic cases. No previous data exist on estimating age from teeth in a modern Greek population. The aim of this study was to evaluate Lamendin's and Prince and Ubelaker's ageing methods on a modern Greek skeletal sample. In total, 1436 single-rooted teeth from 306 adult individuals (161 males and 145 females) were examined. Only measurements of periodontosis and translucency showed positive correlation with age. Results showed a bias - an overestimation for ages under 40 years and an underestimation over this age...
March 2018: Homo: Internationale Zeitschrift Für die Vergleichende Forschung Am Menschen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728256/nutritional-status-of-onges-of-little-andaman-island-current-state-and-the-change-over-the-last-fifteen-years
#16
M P Chander, A P Sugunan, H M Siddaraju, A N Shriram, B Nagendra, P Jawahar, P Vijayachari
Onges, an indigenous vulnerable tribe, inhabit the Little Andaman Island. Study undertaken during 1997, recorded high prevalence of undernutrition among children. Subsequently, food rationing was modified by Andaman and Nicobar administration. In the present study, health and nutritional status of this tribe was assessed in 2013 after a gap of 15 years. All individuals in the tribe were included. Various health parameters, viz, nutritional anthropometry, haemoglobin level, fasting sugar, lipids and intestinal parasites were investigated...
March 2018: Homo: Internationale Zeitschrift Für die Vergleichende Forschung Am Menschen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724408/childhood-health-as-reflected-in-adult-urban-and-rural-samples-from-medieval-denmark
#17
C Primeau, P Homøe, N Lynnerup
This study examines the evidence of three skeletal markers relating to childhood health that leave permanent observable changes in the adult skeleton. Two are well known to paleopathology, namely Harris lines (HL) and linear enamel hypoplasia (LEH). The third skeletal marker is less commonly used; the permanent changes in the temporal bones, induced by chronic or recurrent infectious middle ear disease (IMED) in childhood. A total of 291 adult skeletons from an urban (n = 109) and a rural (n = 182) cemetery, from the Danish medieval period (1050-1536 CE) were included...
March 2018: Homo: Internationale Zeitschrift Für die Vergleichende Forschung Am Menschen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709300/foot-longitudinal-arches-in-obese-overweight-and-normal-weight-females-who-differ-in-age
#18
Agnieszka Jankowicz-Szymańska, Katarzyna Wódka, Małgorzata Kołpa, Edyta Mikołajczyk
Nowadays, excessive body weight is the cause of death of more people than malnutrition. Obesity is a growing health problem worldwide, which also results in a considerable number of movement dysfunctions, including degenerative changes and foot pain. The study aimed to assess the effect of overweight and obesity on the height of foot arches in females aged 10-84 years, as well as to establish which factor - age or BMI - affected the height of medial longitudinal arch (MLA) to a greater extent. Three groups of females (96 pupils, 86 young adults and 88 seniors) were selected to participate in the study...
March 2018: Homo: Internationale Zeitschrift Für die Vergleichende Forschung Am Menschen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705502/social-group-dynamics-predict-stress-variability-among-children-in-a-new-zealand-classroom
#19
Julie Spray, Bruce Floyd, Judith Littleton, Susanna Trnka, Siobhan Mattison
Previous research proposes stress as a mechanism for linking social environments and biological bodies. In particular, non-human primate studies investigate relationships between cortisol as a measure of stress response and social hierarchies. Because human social structures often include hierarchies of dominance and social status, humans may exhibit similar patterns. Studies of non-human primates, however, have not reached consistent conclusions with respect to relationships between social position and levels of cortisol...
March 2018: Homo: Internationale Zeitschrift Für die Vergleichende Forschung Am Menschen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678270/multi-directional-reach-test-in-south-asian-children-normative-reference-scores-from-5-year-to-12-years-old
#20
Kavita Sharma, Asir John Samuel, Divya Midha, Vencita Priyanka Aranha, Kanimozhi Narkeesh, Narkeesh Arumugam
Multi-directional reach test (MRT) emerged as a valid and reliable assessment tool for balance evaluation among elderly. The normative reference scores have been established in adults and elderly people, but they were not yet established for children. Hence, we aimed at establishing the normative reference scores of MRT among the school going children aged between 5 and 12 years. Children (N = 194; 124 males, 70 females) were recruited by the stratified random sampling for the normative study. MRT was performed by the custom made, multi-directional reach estimator...
March 2018: Homo: Internationale Zeitschrift Für die Vergleichende Forschung Am Menschen
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