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Homo: Internationale Zeitschrift Für die Vergleichende Forschung Am Menschen

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728256/nutritional-status-of-onges-of-little-andaman-island-current-state-and-the-change-over-the-last-fifteen-years
#1
M P Chander, A P Sugunan, H M Siddaraju, A N Shriram, B Nagendra, P Jawahar, P Vijayachari
Onges, an indigenous vulnerable tribe, inhabit the Little Andaman Island. Study undertaken during 1997, recorded high prevalence of undernutrition among children. Subsequently, food rationing was modified by Andaman and Nicobar administration. In the present study, health and nutritional status of this tribe was assessed in 2013 after a gap of 15 years. All individuals in the tribe were included. Various health parameters, viz, nutritional anthropometry, haemoglobin level, fasting sugar, lipids and intestinal parasites were investigated...
March 30, 2018: Homo: Internationale Zeitschrift Für die Vergleichende Forschung Am Menschen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747907/does-field-hockey-increase-morphofunctional-asymmetry-a-pilot-study
#2
M Krzykała, P Leszczyński, M Grześkowiak, T Podgórski, M Woźniewicz-Dobrzyńska, A Konarska, R Strzelczyk, J Lewandowski, J M Konarski
Common practice in field hockey requires athletes to adopt a semi-crouched posture, so players have a greater risk of musculoskeletal disorders than non-athletes. The aim of the present study was to assess how field hockey determines asymmetry in morphological and functional characteristics of the body by comparing athletes to control participants. The sample consisted of 15 male field hockey players from the Polish Youth National Team and 14 male university students. Antimeric differences in the chosen variables between body sub-regions were assessed...
March 27, 2018: Homo: Internationale Zeitschrift Für die Vergleichende Forschung Am Menschen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747906/association-of-normative-values-of-grip-strength-with-anthropometric-variables-among-students-in-jiangsu-province
#3
T H Musa, W Li, L Xiaoshan, Y Guo, Y Wenjuan, Y Xuan, P YuePu, W Pingmin
Handgrip strength is one of the most universal and powerful indices of nutritional and health status. This study was aimed at presenting norms of grip strength values and their association with anthropometric characters among students in Jiangsu Province. Cross-sectional studies were carried out among 255,157 males and females aged 7-22 years in 2010-2013. Weight and height were obtained and handgrip strength was measured. The sample was stratified by sex, age and residential area. Data were analyzed using chi-squared test and Spearman's correlation coefficient, calculated using SPSS version of 20...
March 27, 2018: Homo: Internationale Zeitschrift Für die Vergleichende Forschung Am Menschen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729834/an-evaluation-of-dental-methods-by-lamendin-and-prince-and-ubelaker-for-estimation-of-adult-age-in-a-sample-of-modern-greeks
#4
E Zorba, N Goutas, C Spiliopoulou, K Moraitis
Teeth can be used as accurate tools in age-at-death estimation in forensic cases. No previous data exist on estimating age from teeth in a modern Greek population. The aim of this study was to evaluate Lamendin's and Prince and Ubelaker's ageing methods on a modern Greek skeletal sample. In total, 1436 single-rooted teeth from 306 adult individuals (161 males and 145 females) were examined. Only measurements of periodontosis and translucency showed positive correlation with age. Results showed a bias - an overestimation for ages under 40 years and an underestimation over this age...
March 27, 2018: Homo: Internationale Zeitschrift Für die Vergleichende Forschung Am Menschen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724408/childhood-health-as-reflected-in-adult-urban-and-rural-samples-from-medieval-denmark
#5
C Primeau, P Homøe, N Lynnerup
This study examines the evidence of three skeletal markers relating to childhood health that leave permanent observable changes in the adult skeleton. Two are well known to paleopathology, namely Harris lines (HL) and linear enamel hypoplasia (LEH). The third skeletal marker is less commonly used; the permanent changes in the temporal bones, induced by chronic or recurrent infectious middle ear disease (IMED) in childhood. A total of 291 adult skeletons from an urban (n = 109) and a rural (n = 182) cemetery, from the Danish medieval period (1050-1536 CE) were included...
March 27, 2018: Homo: Internationale Zeitschrift Für die Vergleichende Forschung Am Menschen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29857806/editorial
#6
EDITORIAL
Renata J Henneberg, Maciej Henneberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Homo: Internationale Zeitschrift Für die Vergleichende Forschung Am Menschen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709300/foot-longitudinal-arches-in-obese-overweight-and-normal-weight-females-who-differ-in-age
#7
Agnieszka Jankowicz-Szymańska, Katarzyna Wódka, Małgorzata Kołpa, Edyta Mikołajczyk
Nowadays, excessive body weight is the cause of death of more people than malnutrition. Obesity is a growing health problem worldwide, which also results in a considerable number of movement dysfunctions, including degenerative changes and foot pain. The study aimed to assess the effect of overweight and obesity on the height of foot arches in females aged 10-84 years, as well as to establish which factor - age or BMI - affected the height of medial longitudinal arch (MLA) to a greater extent. Three groups of females (96 pupils, 86 young adults and 88 seniors) were selected to participate in the study...
March 2018: Homo: Internationale Zeitschrift Für die Vergleichende Forschung Am Menschen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705502/social-group-dynamics-predict-stress-variability-among-children-in-a-new-zealand-classroom
#8
Julie Spray, Bruce Floyd, Judith Littleton, Susanna Trnka, Siobhan Mattison
Previous research proposes stress as a mechanism for linking social environments and biological bodies. In particular, non-human primate studies investigate relationships between cortisol as a measure of stress response and social hierarchies. Because human social structures often include hierarchies of dominance and social status, humans may exhibit similar patterns. Studies of non-human primates, however, have not reached consistent conclusions with respect to relationships between social position and levels of cortisol...
March 2018: Homo: Internationale Zeitschrift Für die Vergleichende Forschung Am Menschen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678270/multi-directional-reach-test-in-south-asian-children-normative-reference-scores-from-5-year-to-12-years-old
#9
Kavita Sharma, Asir John Samuel, Divya Midha, Vencita Priyanka Aranha, Kanimozhi Narkeesh, Narkeesh Arumugam
Multi-directional reach test (MRT) emerged as a valid and reliable assessment tool for balance evaluation among elderly. The normative reference scores have been established in adults and elderly people, but they were not yet established for children. Hence, we aimed at establishing the normative reference scores of MRT among the school going children aged between 5 and 12 years. Children (N = 194; 124 males, 70 females) were recruited by the stratified random sampling for the normative study. MRT was performed by the custom made, multi-directional reach estimator...
March 2018: Homo: Internationale Zeitschrift Für die Vergleichende Forschung Am Menschen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191383/growth-and-development-in-school-age-children-from-rostov-region-russia-comparison-between-urban-and-rural-settings
#10
V B Voynov, S N Kulba, Yu Yu Arapova
The purposes of the current study were: (1) to describe growth and physical development and establish norms for schoolchildren from Rostov region in Russia; (2) to compare major characteristics of development between urban and rural children by sex and age. Nearly 200,000 children (198,712) aged between 7 and 17 years from 232 urban and rural schools of Rostov region (Southern Federal District of Russia) participated in the study. School age is a period of intensive growth and physiological and psychological development...
December 2017: Homo: Internationale Zeitschrift Für die Vergleichende Forschung Am Menschen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180138/estimation-of-sex-in-a-contemporary-saudi-population-based-on-sternal-measurements-using-multidetector-computed-tomography
#11
A A Ahmed, F O Alshammari, A S Alrafiaah, A A Almohaisani, O A Al-Mohrej, F O Alkubaidan
Sex estimation is an essential step for identifying unknown individuals and usually depends on the presence of highly dimorphic bones, such as the pelvis and skull. Nevertheless, the body integrity can be compromised in certain circumstances, and these bones might be absent; therefore, the ability to use other bones for sex estimation is crucial. The aims of this study were to collect baseline data for sternal dimensions in Saudi adults, assess the existence of sexual dimorphism in the sternum, and generate population-specific equations to estimate sex using sternal dimensions...
December 2017: Homo: Internationale Zeitschrift Für die Vergleichende Forschung Am Menschen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175061/sex-specific-reliability-and-multidimensional-stability-of-responses-to-tests-assessing-neuromuscular-function
#12
V Bernecke, K Pukenas, L Daniuseviciute, N Baranauskiene, H Paulauskas, N Eimantas, M Brazaitis
The objective of this study was to estimate sex-specific effects in the test-retest cross-reliability of peripheral and central changes in nonlinear and linear measures of a surface electromyography signal during a brief (5 second) and sustained (2minute) isometric maximal voluntary contraction, combined with superimposed electrical stimulation involving the ankle plantar flexors over five identical trials. In this study, we repeated the testing protocol used in our previous study of 10 women (age 20.9, SD=0...
December 2017: Homo: Internationale Zeitschrift Für die Vergleichende Forschung Am Menschen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175060/evaluation-of-the-contribution-of-d9s1120-to-anthropological-studies-in-native-american-populations
#13
J A Aguilar-Velázquez, V Manuel Martínez-Sevilla, M Sosa-Macías, A González-Martin, J F Muñoz-Valle, H Rangel-Villalobos
The D9S1120 locus exhibits a population-specific allele of 9 repeats (9RA) in all Native American and two Siberian populations currently studied, but it is absent in other worldwide populations. Although this feature has been used in anthropological genetic studies, its impact on the evaluation of the structure and genetic relations among Native American populations has been scarcely assessed. Consequently, the aim of this study was to evaluate the anthropological impact of D9S1120 when it was added to STR population datasets in Mexican Native American groups...
December 2017: Homo: Internationale Zeitschrift Für die Vergleichende Forschung Am Menschen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175059/relationship-between-temperament-and-fatness-in-11-year-old-children-and-17-year-old-adolescents-from-wroc%C3%A5-aw-poland
#14
S Kozieł, R Chakraborty, K Bose
Childhood obesity is increasing globally, and Poland is no exception. Studies indicate that relationship between obesity and psychological well-being is a complex issue and this needs further research. The objective of the present cross sectional study was to analyze the relationship between some temperament components and fatness among children in two developmental periods, approximately before and after adolescence. Participants included 122 children aged 11 years (57 boys and 65 girls), and 153 adolescents aged 17 years (64 boys and 89 girls) from 6 primary and 4 secondary schools in Wrocław, Poland...
December 2017: Homo: Internationale Zeitschrift Für die Vergleichende Forschung Am Menschen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174055/regression-equations-for-the-estimation-of-stature-and-body-mass-using-a-greek-documented-skeletal-collection
#15
E Nikita, M-E Chovalopoulou
Body size is an important variable in bioarchaeological and forensic studies, making the accurate calculation of stature and body mass imperative. Given that anatomical and morphometric approaches offer accurate results but require a particularly good preservation of the skeletal material, whereas mathematical and mechanical methods are more easily applicable but they are largely population-specific, the present paper uses a 'hybrid' approach in order to generate regression equations for the prediction of stature and body mass in a modern Greek sample...
December 2017: Homo: Internationale Zeitschrift Für die Vergleichende Forschung Am Menschen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079296/secular-trends-in-stature-of-late-20th-century-white-south-africans-and-two-european-populations
#16
J Myburgh, K Staub, F J Rühli, J R Smith, M Steyn
During the 20th century a general positive secular trend for stature is observed in developed countries around the world while shorter statures, often associated with a lack of a positive secular trend, have mostly been observed in populations with lower SES. The purpose of this study was to compare secular changes in stature between 20th century South Africans of European descent and two European populations. The comparative samples include Dutch males with which there is an assumed genetic relationship, and Swiss males for which the genetic association is less clear...
December 2017: Homo: Internationale Zeitschrift Für die Vergleichende Forschung Am Menschen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032805/influence-of-socio-economic-status-and-television-watching-on-childhood-obesity-in-kolkata
#17
S Bharati, M Pal, S Shome, P Roy, P Dhara, P Bharati
Obesity is fast becoming an epidemic among the urban children and it has its adverse effect on the status of health even during adulthood. In this paper an attempt is made to assess the percentage of obesity among 6-10 year children and assess the effect of different socio-economic variables and TV watching on childhood obesity. We restricted our study to primary school-going children who attended classes I-IV. The sample consisted of 5216 children from 20 different Bengali medium and English medium schools in Kolkata...
December 2017: Homo: Internationale Zeitschrift Für die Vergleichende Forschung Am Menschen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066093/anthropometric-dimensions-provide-reliable-estimates-of-abdominal-adiposity-a-validation-study
#18
Z Pintér, A Pósa, C Varga, I Horváth, A Palkó, Z Just, G Pálfi
Abdominal fat accumulation is a major risk factor for cardiometabolic morbidity and mortality. The purpose of the study is to assess the possibility of developing accurate estimation equations based on body measurements to determine total abdominal (TFA), subcutaneous (SFA) and visceral fat area (VFA). Hungarian volunteers (n=198) aged between 20 and 81 years were enrolled in the study, which was conducted between July and November 2014. All persons underwent anthropometric measurements and computer tomographic (CT) scanning...
October 2017: Homo: Internationale Zeitschrift Für die Vergleichende Forschung Am Menschen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032963/exploring-sex-differences-in-diets-and-activity-patterns-through-dental-and-skeletal-studies-in-populations-from-ancient-corinth-greece
#19
D E Michael, C Eliopoulos, S K Manolis
Sex and temporal differences are assessed in relation to dietary habits and activity patterns in three ancient populations from Corinth, Greece. The skeletal sample spans time from the Geometric to the Early Byzantine Period (9th c. BCE-5th c. CE). Dental caries and tooth wear have been proven to be reliable dietary indicators. Similarly, spinal osteoarthritis, spinal facet remodeling and Schmorl's nodes, have been used to infer activity patterns.
October 2017: Homo: Internationale Zeitschrift Für die Vergleichende Forschung Am Menschen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029754/oral-pathology-patterns-in-late-farmers-of-the-central-andes-a-comparative-perspective-between-coastal-and-highland-populations
#20
Luis Pezo-Lanfranco, Arturo Peralta, Sonia Guillén, Sabine Eggers
Aiming at future comparisons with earlier hunter-gatherers or transitional populations, this paper intends to characterize and describe the oral pathology pattern of late agriculturalists from Central Andes dating to the Late Intermediate Period (LIP) and Inca periods (1000-1532 CE), and identify differences and/or similarities between coastal and highland populations. Although the botanical inventories of the LIP suggest carbohydrate-rich diets and similar components, it has been hypothesized that coastal and highland populations had, nevertheless, substantially different oral pathology patterns...
October 2017: Homo: Internationale Zeitschrift Für die Vergleichende Forschung Am Menschen
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