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Folia Morphologica (Warsz)

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394009/anatomical-variations-of-testicular-artery-a-review
#1
Ilangovan Kayalvizhi, Ravi Kant Narayan, Piyush Kumar
The testicular arteries (TAs) also known as Internal spermatic arteries are long and slender arteries usually arising from the anterolateral aspect of the abdominal aorta (AA), 2.5 cm to 5 cm caudal to the renal arteries (RA). The variation in testicular arteries may be found with respect to their origin, number or course. They can originate from the abdominal aorta itself at an abnormal level. If not arising from abdominal aorta the TA variants may arise from renal artery, supra renal artery or any one of the lumbar arteries...
April 10, 2017: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394008/large-thoracic-tumor-without-superior-vena-cava-syndrome
#2
Nikolaos Garmpis, Christos Damaskos, Nikolaos Patelis, Dimitrios Dimitroulis, Eleftherios Spartalis, Ioannis Tomos, Anna Garmpi, Michael Spartalis, Efstathios A Antoniou, Konstantinos Kontzoglou, Periklis Tomos
A 62 year-old male with long-standing smoking history presented with hemoptysis. Plain chest x-ray showed abnormal findings proximate to the right pulmonary hilum. Bronchoscopy revealed a fragile exophytic tumor of the right wall of the lower third of the trachea, infiltrating the right main bronchus (75% stenosis) and the right upper lobar bronchus (near total occlusion). Contrast-enhanced chest CT demonstrated a 7.2x4.9 cm tumor contiguous to the above-mentioned structures, mediastinal lymph node pathology, and a vessel coursing inferiorly to the left of the aortic arch and anterior to the left hilum...
April 10, 2017: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394007/cocaine-and-amphetamine-regulated-transcript-peptide-cart-in-the-nerve-fibers-of-the-porcine-gallbladder-wall-under-physiological-conditions-and-after-salmonella-enteritidis-lipopolysaccharides-administration
#3
Anita Mikołajczyk, Krystyna Makowska
Cocaine- and amphetamine-regulated transcript (CART) peptide is the substance distributed in various parts of the nervous system. The majority of previous studies described this substance in the brain, where it takes part in regulatory processes connected with the food intake. CART is also present in the peripheral nervous system, especially in the enteric neurons and nerves located in the wall of the stomach and intestine, but many aspects of distribution and functions of this peptide in the digestive organs remain unknown...
April 10, 2017: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353306/anatomical-variations-of-the-sternal-angle-and-anomalies-of-adult-human-sterna-from-the-galloway-osteological-collection-at-makerere-university-anatomy-department
#4
Gonzaga Gonza Kirum, Ian Munabi, John Kukiriza, Gerald Tumusiime, Mesach Kange, Charles Ibingira, William Buwembo
BACKGROUND: Anatomical variations of the sternal angle and anomalies of the sternum are unique happenings of major clinical significance.It is known that misplaced sternal angles may lead to inaccurate counting of ribs and create challenges with intercostal nerve blocks and needle thoracostomies. Sternal foramina may pose a great hazard during sternal puncture, due to inadvertent cardiac or great vessel injury. These sternal variations and anomalies are rarely reported among Africans...
March 29, 2017: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353305/anatomical-changes-in-the-east-asian-midface-skeleton-with-aging
#5
Ki Hyuk Sung, Anna Jeon, Sang Duck Kim, U-Young Lee, Je-Hun Lee, Seung-Ho Han, Hong-Jin Sui
PURPOSE: Understanding the aging process of the midface skeleton is considered crucial for correct facial rejuvenation. However, the canine fossa, an important morphological feature of the midface skeleton, has not yet been observed in connection with aging, despite the fact that it is the most main part of the maxillary bone. Here, the authors focus on the depression of the canine fossa to evaluate the Asian midface skeleton. METHODS: Computed tomography (CT) scans of the facial skeleton of 114 Koreans (59 males and 55 females) were reconstructed to three-dimensional (3-D) images using a 3-D analysis software program...
March 29, 2017: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353304/radiological-anatomy-of-distal-phalanx-of-front-foot-in-the-pure-iranian-arabian-horse
#6
Dariush Vosugh, Mohammad Naser Nazem, Ahmad Reza Hooshmand
Among the different breeds of horses, Asil horses with a five thousand year history have played an important role in human life. This study was designed as a result of the lack of information about the normal radiographic anatomy of this breed. Radiography of the distal phalanx and associated soft-tissue structures of the front feet of 10 healthy pure Iranian Arabian horses was performed on lateromedial radiographic projection to determine normal radiographic morphometry of this part. There were no problems in their limbs and in their history...
March 29, 2017: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353303/stroke-bricks-spatial-brain-regions-to-assess-ischemic-stroke-localization
#7
Bogdan Ciszek, Rafał Jóźwiak, Ewa Sobieszczuk, Artur Przelaskowski, Tymon Skadorwa
Computer-aided analysis of non-contrast CT (NCCT) images for rapid diagnosis of ischemic stroke is based on the augmented visualization of evolving ischemic lesions. Computerized support of NCCT often leads to overinterpretation of ischemic areas, thus it is of great interest to provide neurologically verified regions in order to improve accuracy of subsequent radiological assessment. We propose Stroke Bricks (StBr) as an arbitrary spatial division of brain tissue into the regions associated with specific clinical symptoms of ischemic stroke...
March 29, 2017: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353302/prevalence-and-morphometric-features-of-fossa-navicularis-on-cone-beam-computed-tomography-in-turkish-population
#8
Nilüfer Ersan
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study is to determine the prevalence and morphometric features of fossa navicularis, a close radiographic anatomic variation of canalis basilaris medianus of the basiocciput, in a Turkish population using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study group consisted of 723 patients (female: 420, male: 303) having CBCT scans. The patients had no syndromes, history of neurological diseases or surgery in the area of interest...
March 29, 2017: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353301/anatomical-structure-of-the-coracohumeral-ligament-and-its-effect-on-shoulder-joint-stability
#9
Chao Sun, Bin Zhong, Zhaoxun Pan, Dekai Du, Xiaojun Min
BACKGROUND: In this study, coracohumeral ligament (CHL) specimens were carefully dissected to observe its length, width, thickness and tension at different positions of the shoulder joint, thereby elucidating its effects on shoulder joint stability. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fresh frozen shoulder joints from 40 normal adult cadaveric specimens were dissected to reveal the CHL. With the shoulder joints placed at different positions, the length of the CHL and the width and thickness of the middle part of the ligament were measured...
March 29, 2017: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353300/morphological-variations-of-the-vermiform-appendix-in-iranian-cadavers-a-study-from-developing-countries
#10
Shabnam Mohammadi, Arya Hedjazi, Maryam Sajjadian, Mahboobeh Rahmani, Maryam Mohammadi, Maliheh Dadgar Moghadam
BACKGROUND: The vermiform appendix is a worm like tube containing a large amount of lymphoid follicles. In our knowledge, there is a little standard data about the vermiform appendix in Iranian population. Therefore, the objective of this study was to investigate the normal appendix size in Iranian cadavers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was undertaken between June 2014 and July 2015, in the autopsy laboratory, Legal Medicine Organization, Razavi Khorasan province, Iran...
March 29, 2017: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353299/an-unusual-case-of-accessory-head-of-coracobrachialis-muscle-involving-lateral-cord-of-brachial-plexus-and-its-clinical-significance
#11
Silvio Antonio Garbelotti, Sérgio Ricardo Marques, Paulo Ricardo Rocha, Valdemir Rodrigues Pereira, Luis Otavio Carvalho de Moraes
Knowledge of anatomical variations in the peripheral nervous system is key in the interpretation of unusual clinical signs or during physical or diagnostic imaging. This case study is a description of an anatomical variation between the coracobrachialis muscle and brachial plexus. In a routine dissection in the human anatomy laboratory, we were faced with an anatomical variation in the coracobrachialis muscle, observed in the upper right limb of a male cadaver. The coracobrachialis muscle had a common origin at the apex of the coracoid process and then divided into two heads...
March 29, 2017: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281726/anastomotic-loop-between-common-hepatic-artery-and-gastroduodenal-artery-in-coexistence-with-an-aberrant-right-hepatic-artery
#12
Konstantinos Natsis, Maria Piagkou, Theodosis Stamatopoulos, Ioannis Spyridakis, Stylianos Apostolidis
Anatomical variations of the hepatic arteries are not uncommon. The anomalous hepatic arterial supply is of paramount importance in hepatobiliary, pancreatic or liver transplantation and in laparoscopic surgery. We describe an unusual case of a 66-year-old Greek male cadaver, where a rare anastomosis (in the form of an enlarged arterial loop, 4.84 mm in diameter) between the common hepatic artery (6.42 mm) and the gastroduodenal artery (GDA) (4.82 mm) coexisted with an aberrant right hepatic artery (ARHA) (6...
March 10, 2017: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281725/langer-s-axillary-arch-a-rare-variant-and-prevalence-among-caucasians
#13
Mohammed Turki, Philip Adds
During the dissection of a 79-year-old Caucasian female cadaver, a variant of Langer's axillary arch was found unilaterally in the left axilla. While Langer's axillary arches are not uncommon, this particular variant, attaching to the biceps brachii, is much rarer with a reported prevalence of only 0.25%. The case reported here, however, is only the third example of a Langer's axillary arch that has been found in the last 14 years in the Dissecting Room at St George's, University of London, giving it an overall prevalence of approximately 1...
March 10, 2017: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281724/common-and-separate-origins-of-the-left-and-right-inferior-phrenic-artery-with-a-review-of-the-literature
#14
Hayato Terayama, Shuang-Qin Yi, Osamu Tanaka, Teruhisa Kanazawa, Kaori Suyama, Noriyuki Kosemura, Shuhei Tetsu, Hajime Yamazaki, Reinii Sakamoto, Satoshi Kawakami, Toshiyasu Suzuki, Kou Sakabe
In a 94-year-old male cadaver, upon which routine dissection was being conducted, a rare variation was found in the gastrophrenic trunk (GPT), the common trunk of the left gastric artery (LGA), right inferior phrenic artery (RIPA), and left inferior phrenic artery (LIPA); the GPT arises from the abdominal aorta. A hepatosplenic trunk accompanied the variation. In this variation, the RIPA first branched from the GPT and then to the LIPA and LGA. Variations in the common trunk of the LIPA and RIPA in the GPT are common, but to our knowledge, a variation (separate inferior phrenic artery in the GPT) similar to our findings has not been previously reported...
March 10, 2017: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281723/morphometric-study-of-the-extraocular-muscles-in-thai-population
#15
Nuntachai Surawatsatien, Yarnarin Papassornsiri, Vilai Chentanez
Morphology of the extraocular muscles plays an important role in many ophthalmological surgeries and diagnostic imaging studies. Detailed understanding of length, width, point of insertion and the relationships between these muscles could be of significance for successful surgical outcomes. Forty- six orbital contents were extracted from formaldehyde-embalmed cadavers. Dissection was performed to reveal the extraocular muscles from their origins to insertions on the sclera. Muscle length, muscle width, distance from point of insertion to the sclerocorneal limbus, relationship between the superior oblique and superior rectus and between the inferior oblique and lateral rectus were measured...
March 10, 2017: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281722/intracranial-region-of-the-vertebral-artery-morphometric-study-in-the-context-of-clinical-usefulness
#16
Jarosław Dzierżanowski, Arkadiusz Szarmach, Bartosz Baścik, Piotr Czapiewski, Adam Muc, Maciej Piskunowicz, Mateusz Krakowiak, Tomasz Szmuda, Paweł Słoniewski, Edyta Szurowska, Paweł J Winklewski
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to analyse the morphometry of the intracranial segment of the vertebral artery in the context of clinical usefulness. The results were compared with published data available in full-text archived medical journals. MATERIALS AND METHODS: More than 100 DSA (digital subtraction angiography) and 3D angio-CT (computed tomography) examinations were used to measure the following parameters: the whole and partial length of V4 in characteristic anatomical points, the diameter in three places (on the level of foramen magnum, in point of exit to the PICA, and in the vertebro-basilar junction), the angle of connection to the VAs, and all anatomical variations including fenestration, duplication, dolichoectasia or absent artery...
March 10, 2017: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281721/incidence-of-variations-in-human-cadaveric-renal-vessels
#17
Sherif S Hassan, Ehab Abdel Aziz El-Shaarawy, Jane C Johnson, Magdy F Youakim, Rajunor Ettarh
BACKGROUND: Awareness of discrepancies of renal vasculature is crucial for some medical procedures. The present study investigated origin and course of aberrant and accessory renal vessels and any associated variations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Renal blood vessels of 63 cadavers were examined. Number of renal veins and arteries, arrangement, location where the vasculature attached to the kidneys, and presence of variations were recorded. Incidence of renal vasculature variations was determined, and associations were tested with age at death, sex, and cause of death and whether variations were more common on a specific side...
March 10, 2017: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248411/reflective-journals-unmasking-student-perceptions-of-anatomical-education
#18
Lelika Lazarus, Reshma Sookrajh, Kapil Sewsaran Satyapal
In medical education, reflection has been considered to be a core skill in professional competence. The anatomy laboratory is an ideal setting for faculty/student interaction and provides invaluable opportunities for active learning and reflection on anatomical knowledge. This study was designed to record student attitudes regarding human cadaveric dissection, explore their experiences of anatomy through an analysis of their journal-reflective writings and determine whether this type of creative writing had a beneficial effect on those students who chose to complete them...
March 1, 2017: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198531/superficial-brachial-artery-a-possible-cause-for-idiopathic-median-nerve-entrapment-neuropathy
#19
Pilani Nkomozepi, Nkosi Xhakaza, Elaine Swanepoel
Nerve entrapment syndromes occur because of anatomic constraints at specific locations in both upper and lower limbs. Anatomical locations prone to nerve entrapment syndromes include sites where a nerve courses through fibro-osseous or fibromuscular tunnels or penetrates a muscle. The median nerve (MN) can be entrapped by the ligament of Struthers; thickened biceps aponeurosis; between the superficial and deep heads of the pronator teres muscle and by a thickened proximal edge of flexor digitorum superficialis muscle...
February 15, 2017: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198530/location-of-the-narrowest-area-of-the-pharynx-regarding-bmi-and-osa-severity
#20
Marta Krasny, Jarosław Wysocki, Monika Prus, Kazimierz Niemczyk
BACKGROUND: Among authors studying morphological determinants of the Obstructive Sleep Apnoea (OSA) controversies exist on the location of the narrowest area within the pharynx critical for development of obstruction. Those disagreements primarily revolve around differences between obese and nonobese OSA patients. Determination whether the location and size of the narrowest area within the pharynx differentiates the obese and nonobese OSA patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A population of 55 subjects was investigated after being diagnosed with OSA in the Polysomnography Laboratory of the Department and Clinic of Otolaryngology in the Medical University of Warsaw...
February 15, 2017: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
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