Read by QxMD icon Read

Folia Morphologica (Warsz)

Nerissa Naidoo, Lelika Lazarus, Kapil Sewsaran Satyapal
Enthesopathy is considered to be an osseous phenomenon, either disease-specific or bone-site specific, which occurs at the enthesis of bone. Upon routine cadaveric dissection of the glenohumeral region in two Caucasian females, enthesopathy of the right proximal humerus was observed unilaterally in both cases. Case 1 exhibited an inconsistent pattern of bony protuberances and crests dispersed across the lesser and greater tuberosities of the right humeral head. Varying degrees of ossification of the distal subscapularis muscle was also observed...
October 7, 2016: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Ioannis Dimovelis, Adamantios Michalinos, Eleftherios Spartalis, Georgios Athanasiadis, Panayiotis Skandalakis, Theodore Troupis
Anatomic variations of axillary artery branches are commonly encountered during radiological investigation and surgical operations. Their existence can confuse interpretation of radiological results and lead to undesired complications during surgery. In this report authors describe a rare case of a subscapular arterial trunk that gave origin to thoracodorsal, circumflex scapular, posterior humeral circumflex, and lateral thoracic artery. Such a variation might cause undesired sequelae during trauma management and a variety of common flap harvesting operations including latissimus dorsi, scapular and parascapular flaps...
October 7, 2016: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Nerissa Naidoo, Lelika Lazarus, Nasirudeen O Ajayi, Kapil Sewsaran Satyapal
The carotid canal (CC) located in the petrous temporal bone transmits the internal carotid artery, internal carotid venous plexus and sympathetic nerve plexus from the neck into the cranial cavity. It is an accessible passage into the cranial cavity and is considered an important anatomical landmark for neurosurgeons. The aim of this study was to investigate the topographical, morphometric and morphological parameters of the CC. An examination of the CC and related adjacent structures in 81 dry skull specimens was performed...
October 7, 2016: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Osman Beton, Hatice Kaplanoglu, Baki Hekimoglu, Mehmet Birhan Yilmaz
BACKGROUND: An understanding of the left main coronary artery (LMCA) anatomy is important for accurate diagnosis and therapeutic. We aimed to investigate LMCA anatomy via 128-multisliced coronary computed-tomography-angiography (CCTA) in patients with normal LMCA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 201 CCTA studies were included in this study. Anatomical features of LMCA including cross-sectional areas of the LMCA ostial, LMCA distal, LAD ostial and LCX ostial, and degree of tapering and LMCA bifurcation angles (BA) in the form of LMCA-LCX BA, LMCA-LAD BA, LAD-LCX BA at end-diastole and end-systole...
October 7, 2016: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Ali Yilmaz, Melike Akçaalan
BACKGROUND: Clinical detection of anatomic narrowing of the upper airway may faciliate early recognition of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). The aim of this study was to investigate whether anthropometric measurement can be used to predict OSA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 147 subject were included from those who were referred patients for suspected sleep apnea to our sleep laboratory. All patients were divided 2 groups with respect to the apnea-hypopnea index. The first group was diagnosed as OSA, AHI greater than 5...
October 7, 2016: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Zofia M Sikorska-Piwowska, Antoni L Dawidowicz
The authors examined a large random sample of skulls from two species of macaques: rhesus monkeys and cynomolgus monkeys. The skulls were measured, divided into age and sex groups and thoroughly analysed using statistical methods. The analysis shows that skulls of young rhesuses are considerably more domed, i.e. have better-developed neurocrania, than their adult counterparts. Male and female skulls, on the other hand, were found to be very similar, which means that sexual dimorphism of the rhesus macaque was suppressed...
October 7, 2016: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Urszula Bogacka, Dawid Dziedzic, Iulian Komarnitki, Bogdan Ciszek
BACKGROUND: The aim of the work was to perform a morphometric analysis of the long peroneal muscle of the leg and explore the relationship between muscle belly and tendon. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ten lower limbs (8 right and 2 left) were fixed in formaldehyde and dissected using standard technique. The long peroneal muscle was exposed from the proximal attachment to the top of a lateral malleolus. RESULTS: The tendon was subsequently freed and various measurements were taken...
October 7, 2016: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Krzysztof A Tomaszewski, Jens Vikse, Brandon M Henry, Joyeeta Roy, Przemysław A Pękala, Maren Svensen, Daniel Guay, Karolina Saganiak, Jerzy A Walocha
The lateral circumflex femoral artery is responsible for vascularization of the head and neck of the femur, greater trochanter, vastus lateralis and the knee. The origin of the lateral circumflex femoral artery has been reported to vary significantly throughout the literature, with numerous branching patterns described and variable distances to the mid-inguinal point reported. The aim of this study was to determine the estimated population prevalence and pooled means of these anatomical characteristics, and review their associated clinical relevance...
October 7, 2016: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Ravi T Mathai, Dalia M Fahmy, Hanaa L Sadek, Waleed M Renno
BACKGROUND: Congenital anomalies of the coronary arteries(CAs) are rare and are often diagnosed incidentally during a conventional coronaryangiography. Recently, the incidence of these congenital defects is on the rise particularly after the introduction of the electrocardiography (ECG) gated coronary computed tomographic angiography (CCTA). This innovative radiological screening modality has led to the most precise mapping of the course of the CAs on Computed Tomographic Scan. The aim of the study is to determine the prevalence and describe theCAscongenital anomalies and their variations in Kuwaiti population at a single institution experience...
October 6, 2016: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Joanna Bagińska, Ewa Rodakowska, Szczepan Piszczatowski, Anna Kierklo, Ewa Duraj, Jerzy Konstantynowicz
This paper describes a rare case of erupted double supernumerary teeth with unusual morphology in a 14-year-old patient with an eating disorder. The coexistence of dental morphological anomalies: multilobed mesiodens, multiple dens in dente of different types and root dilaceration have not been previously reported. The paper highlights anatomical and radiological aspects of dental abnormalities and clinical implications of delayed treatment.
September 26, 2016: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Abir Oueida El Sadik, Mohamed Hafez Shaaban
BACKGROUND: Internal auditory canal (IAC) stenosis and vestibulocochlear nerve abnormalities have been reported to be associated with sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL). Previous studies classified the normal dimensions of the IAC and its anomalies with no consideration of the vestibulochoclear nerve. Other studies categorized the vestibulocochlear nerve development in only stenotic canals. In the present study, an anatomical classification of the normal dimensions of the IAC and its anomalies and their association with malformations of the vestibulocochlear nerve and its subdivisions were described...
September 26, 2016: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Nasirudeen Ajayi, Ebrahim Vanker, Kapil Sewsaran Satyapal
BACKGROUND: In obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD), coronary collateral arteries serve as alternative conduits for blood flow to the myocardial tissue supplied by the obstructed vessel(s). Therefore, they are a "natural coronary arterial bypass" to the region supplied by the obstructed vessels. This study aims to determine the influence of demographic and morphologic coronary arterial factors on coronary collateral development in coronary arterial obstruction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study group was selected from the coronary angiographic records of 2029 consecutive patients (mean age: 59 ± 12 years)...
September 26, 2016: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Sadhna Singh, Lelika Lazarus, Brenda Zola De Gama, Kapil Sewsaran Satyapal
The superficial and deep palmar arches provide the dominant vascular supply to the hand. The superficial palmar arch (SPA) is considered to be highly variable and can be classified as either complete or incomplete. The simplest definition states that the anastomosis between the vessels contributing to the arch represent a complete arch while an incomplete arch is described as having an absence of anastomosis between the vessels contributing to it. This study aimed to describe the anatomical landmarks, formation and branching patterns of the SPA and DPA...
September 26, 2016: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Nerissa Naidoo, Lelika Lazarus, Shameem Ahmed Osman, Kapil Sewsaran Satyapal
The "critical zone", a region of speculated vascularity, is situated approximately 10mm proximal to the insertion of the supraspinatus tendon. Despite its obvious role as an anatomical landmark demarcator, its patho-anatomic nature has been identified as the source of rotator cuff pathology. Although many studies have attempted to evaluate the vascularity of this region, the architecture regarding the exact length, width and shape of the critical zone, remains unreported. This study aimed to determine the shape and morphometry of the "critical zone" arthroscopically...
September 26, 2016: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Zhe Wu Jin, Shunichi Shibata, Hiroshi Abe, Yu Jin, Xiang Wu Li, Gen Murakami
Using longitudinal semiserial sections of 12 lower extremities from 8 human fetuses at 15-18 weeks, we compared fetal morphologies of the knee in specimens with and without fabellae. We also compared the fabella, if present, with the hallucal sesamoid in the same fetus. Cartilaginous fabella, positive for versican and tenascin by immunohistochemistry, was found in 5 of the 8 fetuses. This structure was embedded in a thick and tight lateral fibrous band, providing a common origin of the plantaris muscle and the lateral head of the gastrocnemius muscle...
September 26, 2016: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Dariusz Marczak, Jacek Kowalczewski, Tomasz Okoń, Marek Synder, Marcin Piotr Sibiński
The aim of the study was to determine the degree of PCL (posterior cruciate ligament) degeneration and the reduction in the number of its mechanoreceptors, in patients with advanced degenerative joint disease. PCLs taken from study group of 50 patients in the mean age of 70.7 (53 to 84 years) with a diagnosis of advanced idiopathic osteoarthritis undergoing condylar TKA were compared to those taken form the control group of 10 knee joints of cadavers. Groups were matched with regard to sex and age. Histological examination of PCLs of the study group showed changes of an inflammatory process and no significant signs of osteoarthritis in the control group...
September 26, 2016: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Che Norma Mat Taib, Siti Nur Aisyah Hassan, Nurhidayah Esa, Mohamad Aris Mohd Moklas, Aye Aye San
Formation, distribution and possible communication of the median nerve are essential to know in treatment and surgeries of various conditions of injuries eg. repair or reconstruction of median nerve in traumatic accident. In the present study, forty four upper limbs were dissected. Root forming of median nerve, median nerve in relation with axillary artery and communication of median nerve with other nerve were noted.
September 26, 2016: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Barbara Buffoli, Marco Ferrari, Francesco Belotti, Davide Lancini, Marco Angelo Cocchi, Mauro Labanca, Manfred Tschabitscher, Rita Rezzani, Luigi Fabrizio Rodella
Additional extrinsic muscles of the tongue are reported in literature and one of them is the myloglossus muscle (MGM). Since MGM is nowadays considered as anatomical variant, the aim of this study is to clarify some open questions by evaluating and describing the myloglossal anatomy (including both MGM and its ligamentous counterpart) during human cadaver dissections. Twenty-one regions (including masticator space, sublingual space and adjacent areas) were dissected and the presence and appearance of myloglossus were considered, together with its proximal and distal insertions, vascularisation and innervation...
September 26, 2016: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Aly Mohamed Ahmed
The left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) occurs in response to the hemodynamic overload in some physiological and pathological conditions. This study was designed to investigate the possible cardioprotective effect of simvastatin (SIM) treatment against isoproterenol (ISO)-induced LVH and the probable underlying mechanism in adult male Wistar rats. Animals were allocated into 4 groups. Rats of control group received normal saline orally for 30 days and intraperitoneally for the last 7 days. Rats of SIM group received SIM orally (10 mg/kg/day in saline) for 30 days...
September 26, 2016: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Roman Steckiewicz, Elżbieta Barbara Świętoń, Justyna Czerniawska, Piotr Scisło, Przemysław Stolarz
BACKGROUND: Persistent left superior caval vein (PLSCV) is a rare, anatomically diverse developmental anomaly of systemic veins. Clinically asymptomatic PLSCVs are detected incidentally during medical procedures that utilize systemic veins, such as cardiac implantable electronic device (CIED) placement, and whose successful completion depends on favorable morphometric parameters of these vessels. The aim of this paper was to present topography and morphometry of PLSCV variations encountered during CIED implantation procedures...
September 26, 2016: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"