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Folia Morphologica (Warsz)

Joo-Yeon Lee, Doe-Yoon Won, Sae-Hoon Oh, Sung-Young Hong, Ran-Sook Woo, Tai-Kyoung Baik, Hong-Il Yoo, Dae-Yong Song
We herein report a case showing three anatomical variations including the aberrant right subclavian artery (ARSA), the non-recurrent laryngeal nerve (NRLN) and the right thoracic duct in a 59-year-old male cadaver. The right subclavian artery arose from the descending aorta next to the left subclavian artery and coursed in between the oesophagus and the thoracic vertebrae. The recurrent laryngeal nerve did not coil around the right subclavian artery but directly entered the larynx. Lastly the thoracic duct terminated into the right brachiocephalic vein...
November 10, 2016: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Vilai Chentanez, Peeradon Jaruprat, Preechapon Udomchaisakul, Sithiporn Agthong, Thanasil Huanmanop
Anatomic variations in course and motor branching pattern of the musculocutaneous nerve with unusual communication with the median nerve were determined on the left arm of a 62-year-old formalin fixed male cadaver. The musculocutaneous nerve did not pierce the coracobrachialis muscle. It provided four primary motor branches. The first branch emerged 1.5 cm inferior to the coracoid process to innervate the coracobrachialis muscle. The second branch emerged 8 cm inferior to the coracoid process to innervate the biceps brachii muscle...
November 10, 2016: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Jamal H Abu Ghaida, Anas J Mistareehi, Ayman G Mustafa, Saab M Mistarihi, Heba H Ghozlan
BACKGROUND: The Sella turcica is an important anatomic and radiologic entity. The dimensions of the Sella turcica vary greatly in normal individuals and are influenced by genetic and local factors. The main objective of this study is to build up a normative database of the dimensions of the Sella turcica in the Jordanian population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: For this purpose 509 computed cephalograms: 252 males and 257 females, aged 10 to 40 years old healthy Jordanians were collected and divided into two adolescent and adult age groups for both genders...
November 10, 2016: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Slobodan Marinkovic, Ivan Milić, Igor Djorić, Luciano Brigante, Aleksandar Miljatović, Laslo Puškaš, Slobodan Kapor, Jelena Boljanović
BACKGROUND: Detailed study of the craniovertebral junction (CVJ) is necessary to completely understand the mechanism of its flexion and extension. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One cadaver head was sectioned in the sagittal plane. Also, in 22 volunteers, examined using the multislice computerized tomography (MSCT), 14 parameters and 2 angles were measured in the neutral position, flexion and extension. RESULTS: The obtained measurements showed the anterior part of the occiput to move inferiorly in flexion, and the anterior atlas arch and the tip of the dens to get closer to the basion...
November 10, 2016: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Musaad A Al-Fayez, Muhammad Atteya, Raeesa A Mohamed, Aly M Ahmed, Ali Hussein Alroalle, Mahmoud Salah Khalil, Mohammed Al-Ahmed, Anthony Payne
BACKGROUND: The outcome of the autogrfat therapy for Parkinson's disease including autologous cells from adrenal medulla was disappointing. This could be attributed to the pathological process in Parkinson's disease affecting cells of the adrenal medulla. This study was performed to investigate the histopathological changes in the adrenal medulla of AS/AGU rat, a model of Parkinson's disease, in comparison with Albino Swiss (AS) rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 24 male AS rats were divided into four groups, each of 6 animals: AS W1, AS rats aged one week; AS adult, AS adult rats; AS/AGU W1, AS/AGU rats aged one week; and AS/AGU adult, AS/AGU adult rats...
November 10, 2016: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Dong Sun Shin, Hyung Jun Kim, Bong Chul Kim
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to describe the vascularized anterior rib flap on sectioned images and surface models using Visible Korean for medical education and clinical training in the field of mandibular reconstructive surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Serially sectioned images of the thorax were obtained from a cadaver. Significant structures in the sectioned images were outlined and stacked to create a surface model. RESULTS: The PDF file (8...
November 10, 2016: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Arkadiusz Szarmach, Paweł J Winklewski, Grzegorz Halena, Mariusz Kaszubowski, Jarosław Dzierżanowski, Maciej Piskunowicz, Edyta Szurowska, Andrzej F Frydrychowski
BACKGROUND: The evidence accumulates that the response to acetazolamide test is delayed on the ipsilateral side to stenosis. However, the effect of acetazolamide beyond 30 minutes after acetazolamide administration remains unknown. The aim of this study was to assess the diameters of: anterior cerebral arteries (ACAs), middle cerebral arteries (MCAs) and posterior cerebral arteries (PCAs) before and 60 minutes after the acetazolamide test. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventeen patients with carotid artery stenosis ≥90% on the ipsilateral side and, ≤50% on the contralateral side were enrolled into the study...
November 10, 2016: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Mohammad Naser Nazem, Sayed Mohsen Sajjadian
BACKGROUND: Palmar region of metacarpus in the horses and donkeys is an important region because of its tendons and ligaments which contribute to stay apparatus. This study was done on forelimbs of six healthy Miniature donkeys to detect the tendons, ligaments and their accessories on the palmar surface of metacarpus in this animal. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Based on that MRI is a good technique to evaluate the soft tissues such as tendons and ligaments, palmar aspects of metacarpus in 6 euthanatized Miniature donkeys were prepared for anatomical and trans sectional MRI studies to determine the tendons and ligaments in this region...
November 10, 2016: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Shahram Kahkouee, Makan Sadr, Elham Pedarzadeh, Sara Fardin, Ali Borhani, Saeid Gholami, Ghazaleh Amjad
BACKGROUND: Anomalous left brachiocephalic vein (ALBCV) is a rare and less known systemic venous anomaly. Infrequently, this vein takes an abnormal course and passes to the right behind or beneath the aortic arch to create the superior vena cava (SVC). Its incidence was reported much higher in patients with congenital heart disease (CHD) especially in conotruncal and aortic arch anomalies. It could be misdiagnosed with normal or abnormal mediastinal structures. It also could make complication during surgeries or invasive strategies...
November 10, 2016: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Ahmed S Sadek, Rehab T Khattab
BACKGROUND: Acute pancreatitis (AP) is an inflammatory disease that has an increasing incidence worldwide. It is associated with high morbidity and mortality rates ranging from 15-40% in its severe form. Oxidative stress plays an important role in pancreatic acinar cell injury in case of AP. Melatonin is proven to have both antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects. The aim of the work was to investigate the protective role of melatonin (Mel) against L-arginine (L-arg)-induced AP in adult male albino rats...
November 10, 2016: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Omur Karaca Saygili, Serife Cinar, Burak Gulcen, Emrah Ozcan, Ilter Kus
The neoclassical canons were used to define the proportions between various areas of the head and face. Therefore, this study was done to establish the neoclassical canons of facial proportions in Turkish adults. A total of 200 healthy adults 20 to 35 years of age were examined. Using anthropometric landmarks, 5 horizontal and 9 vertical direct measurements were made on the faces with a sliding caliper. Results have been compared with eight neoclassical facial canons. Compared with both sexes, a significant difference has been found in all measurements except the upper facial width, left eye-fissure width, forehead height I and II (P<0...
November 10, 2016: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Roman Steckiewicz, Dariusz Górko, Elżbieta B Świętoń, Grzegorz Szparecki, Przemysław Stolarz
BACKGROUND: The technique of axillary vein (AV) or subclavian vein (SV) puncture has become an important alternative to cephalic vein (CV) cutdown as an approach allowing cardiac lead introduction into the venous system during cardiac implantable electronic device (CIED) implantation procedures. Irrespective of the technique used, the injury associated with lead insertion may induce a reflex venous spasm that can even cause total venous obstruction. In order to assess the incidence of AV spasm during AV puncture, we analyzed a total of 735 (382 in females and 353 in males; mean age 75±11 years) denovo CIED implantation procedures involving transvenous lead insertion conducted between January 2014 and December 2015...
November 10, 2016: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Radu Florin Mocan-Hognogi, Nicolae Costin, Andrei Malutan, Razvan Ciortea, Ioana Alexandra Trif, Andras Laszlo Nagy, Marian Liviu Bogdan, Dan Mihu
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to assess the histological changes occurring in the vagina and vulva in ovariectomised female rats, as well as the response to the administration of injectable oestrogens. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We used 30 female Wistar white rats, distributed as follows: group 1 - the control group, group 2 - the operated but untreated rats, and groups 3, 4 and 5, operated rats, to which oestrogenic treatment was administered (Estradiol, Estradurin, Sintofolin), at a dosage of 0...
November 10, 2016: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Konstantinos Natsis, Georgios Konstantinidis, Georgios Geropoulos, Trifon Totlis, Nikolaos Lazaridis, Thomas Tegos
BACKGROUND: The course of the infrapatellar branch of saphenous nerve (IPBSN) in relation to the Sartorius muscle has been classified into presartorial, transsartorial and retrosartorial types. Mechanical compression of the IPBSN within the sartorius tendon has been surgically recognized as a cause of entrapment neuropathy. Purpose of the present study was to differentiate the IPBSNs penetrating the sartorius tendon from those penetrating the sartorius muscle, from an anatomical and clinical point of views and thus modifying the existing classification...
November 10, 2016: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Hubert Jezierski, Grzegorz Wysiadecki, Marcin Sibiński, Andrzej Borowski, Michał Podgórski, Mirosław Topol, Michał Polguj
BACKGROUND: When closed by the superior transverse scapular ligament (STSL), the suprascapular notch (SSN) creates an osseo-fibrous tunnel which acts as a pathway for the suprascapular nerve (SN). Anatomical variations are common in this region, and these can increase the risk of neuropathy by restricting the space for nerve passage. The aim of this study is to identify any correlation between the area reduction coefficient parameters and the suprascapular nerve and vessel arrangements in the suprascapular notch region...
November 10, 2016: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Ozan Turamanlar, Ozgur Verim, Abdurrahman Karabulut
Computer assisted technologies offers new opportunities in medical imaging and rapid prototyping in biomechanical engineering. Three dimensional modelling of soft tissues and bones are becoming more important. The accuracy of the analysis in modelling processes depends on the outline of the tissues derived from medical images. The aim of this study is the evaluation of the accuracy of three dimensional (3D) models of a dog femur derived from computed tomography (CT) data by using point cloud method (PCM) and boundary line method (BLM) on several modeling software...
November 10, 2016: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Michael Oluwale Samuel, Nathaniel Wanmi, Levi Usende
This study evaluated thirty skulls of the grey mongoose divided into three age groups (six pups, ten juveniles and fourteen adults) for skull shape variability determination. Specific geometric shapes were drawn from defined points. Angular geometric measurements of shapes derived from rostro-dorsal and rostro-lateral parts of the skull includes; orbital angles (with and without the mandible), comprising of viscero-cranium, skull and orbital index was calculated to evaluate the correlations if any, with angles measured...
November 10, 2016: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Gulen Demirpolat, Erdogan Bulbul, Bahar Yanık
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the prevalence and morphometric features of mastoid emissary vein (MEV) on multidedector computed tomography (MDCT) scans, emphasize its clinical significance and review its surgical implications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cranial and temporal bone MDCTs of 248 patients (496 sides) were analyzed by two radiologists. Mastoid foramen (MF) was defined on the 3 dimensional volume rendered (3DVR) images. The MF and mastoid emissary canal (MEC) were investigated in axial thin slices and the diameters of the largest MF and MEC were measured...
November 10, 2016: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Zhe Wu Jin, Hiroshi Abe, Yu Jin, Shunichi Shibata, Gen Murakami, José Francisco Rodríguez-Vázquez
Development of a long muscle belly in fetal extremities generally requires a definite bony insertion of the long tendon. However, in adults, the pes anserinus and the semimembranosus tendon are inserted into fasciae. Development of fascial insertions in fetuses was investigated by examining serial histological sections obtained from seven fetuses at 8-9 weeks and eight fetuses at 14-16 weeks. The presence of matrix substances and macrophages was also examined by immunohistochemistry. At 8 weeks, the tendons of the semitendinosus, gracilis, sartorius and semimembranosus muscles were straight and inserted into the initial shaft-like proximal end of the tibia on the proximal side of the popliteus muscle...
November 10, 2016: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Zhe Wu Jin, Yu Jin, Masahito Yamamoto, Hiroshi Abe, Gen Murakami, Ting Feng Yan
In adults, the oblique cord or chorda obliqua separates the origins of the flexor pollicis longus (FPL) and flexor digitorum profundus (FDP) muscles from the supinator muscle and elbow joint. This study examined the topographic anatomy of the oblique cord and related muscles in fetuses. Semiserial sections of five mid-term fetuses of gestational age (GA) 14-16 weeks and 12 late-stage fetuses of GA 28-30 weeks were histologically examined and three forearms at GA 30 weeks were macroscopically evaluated. Late-stage fetuses showed a fascial structure between the supinator and FDP muscles...
November 10, 2016: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
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