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Folia Morphologica (Warsz)

Siniša Vujmilović, Goran Spasojević, Saša Vujnović, Slobodan Malobabić, Zoran Vujković
Vertebral artery (VA), the main element of the posterior brain circulation, has many anatomical variations which generally were widely investigated. However, available data vary in wide ranges, reflecting very different sample sizes, lack of data about left-right or sex differences, and about possible ethnic, regionally specific or genetic differences. Certain new findings suggest possible involvement of some environmental factors in VA variations. Accurate anatomical data about VA variations in different regions of the world, including Balkans countries, are still lacking...
April 13, 2018: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Emine Caliskan, Turker Acar, Mehmet Ozturk, Zuhal Bayramoglu, Ravza Yilmaz, Filiz Elbuken, Ibrahim Adaletli
BACKGROUND: Understanding the celiac trunk and hepatic artery anatomy is important not only in preventing iatrogenic injuries but also in planning surgical procedures in children. Therefore, the aim of this study is to analyze the prevalence of celiac trunk (CeT) and common hepatic artery (CHA) variations in the pediatric population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and seventy-four children (174) who underwent abdominal multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) angiography, either because of trauma or liver transplantation, were analyzed retrospectively...
April 13, 2018: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Gursel Ortug, Alpen Ortug, Namik Kemal Kurt
BACKGROUND: Medical education in Ottoman-Turkish medicine was shaped by the influence of Claudius Galenus (c.130-c.210) and Ibn-i Sina (c.980-c.1037). These teachings were performed in madrasahs until the beginning of the 19th century period. Within the scope of master-apprentice relationship, medical training was also given in private clinics. As a result of religious and social pressures on scientific studies human cadavers were never used because they were considered sacred. For centuries, all books were handwritten during the Ottoman Empire until the first printing press was established in Istanbul during 1726...
April 13, 2018: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Ł Olewnik, M Podgórski, M Polguj, M Topol
The plantaris muscle is characterized by morphological variability, both for origin and insertion, and may sometimes be absent. Its strength allows the ligament to be used for reconstruction of other tendons and ligaments. This report presents the rare placements and course of the plantaris muscle in relation to the neurovascular bundle. In this case, the hypertrophy of this muscle might cause pressure on the tibial nerve and produce symptoms similar to sciatica.
April 13, 2018: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Leonidas Mitrogiannis, Alexandra Barbouti, Panagiotis Kanavaros, Georgios Paraskevas, Aikaterini Kitsouli, Georgios Mitrogiannis, Panagiotis Kitsoulis
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to analyse the biomechanical role of medial retinaculum, as a stabilising factor against lateral patellar dislocation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cadaveric-biomechanical study included the patellae of ten cadaveric knees, which were surgically exposed and the medial retinaculum of each one was located. A stable 24.51N force was applied to the four parts of the quadriceps, and an increasing lateral displacing force was applied to the patella, up to 5mm dislocation...
April 3, 2018: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Marko Ilić, Milan Milisavljević, Aleksandar Maliković, Darko Laketić, Dražan Erić, Jelena Boljanović, Aleksandra Dožić, Bojan V Štimec, Radovan Manojlovic
BACKGROUND: Surgical procedures such as thenar flaps and radial artery (RA) harvesting call for an elaborate anatomical study of the RA's superficial palmar branch (SPB). The aim of this study was to describe the branching pattern of this vessel related to the morphometric characteristics and variations of this artery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty 4% formalin solution injected hands were dissected. For the morphometric study we used another group of thirty five human hands of adult persons, injected with methylmethacrylate fluid into the ulnar and radial arteries...
April 3, 2018: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Alper Vatansever, Deniz Demiryürek, İlkan Tatar, Burçe Özgen
Triticeous cartilage is a small cartilaginous component of the laryngeal skeleton. This cartilage, located in posterior end of the thyrohyoid ligament, presents in different shapes. Radiological studies indicate clinical and anatomical importance of the triticeous cartilage but these studies have limited information due to inadequate inspection method. Computed tomographic angiography is able to evaluate the triticeous cartilage with using 3 dimensional images in more detail. The aim of this study is describing prevalence and morphological properties of the triticeous cartilage...
April 3, 2018: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Sherif Mohamed Zaki, Fayza Abdelraouf Abdelgawad, Ehab Abdel Aziz El-Shaarawy, Rasha Abdel Khalek Radwan, Basma Emad Aboul-Hoda
BACKGROUND: Stress exposure exerts direct effects on the morphology and functionality of the adrenal cortex. In addition, aging effects growth, differentiation, apoptosis and cellularity of the cortex. The missing data is the combined effect of stress and aging on the adrenal cortex. The aim of this study was to demonstrate the structural changes in the adrenal cortex following the exposure to stress in the adult and aged albino rats. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 40 rats were divided into groups I, II (adult and senile)...
April 3, 2018: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Ramón Fuentes, Constanza Farfán, Nicolás Astete, Ivonne Garay, Fernando Dias, Alain Arias
The mandibular canal (MC) originates in the mandibular foramen and runs bilaterally through the mandibular ramus and body, ending in the mental foramen. One of the most common anatomical variations is bifid MC, the configurations of which have been classified into four categories and sub-categories. The prevalence of these variations depends on the imaging method used. Studies carried out in panoramic X-rays and Cone Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT) show prevalences varying between 1% and 20%. In this case report we present the finding of a bilateral bifid MC by CBCT examination; we describe its location and morphological characteristics...
March 23, 2018: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Pietro Laricchiuta, Valeria Russo, Alessandro Costagliola, Giuseppe Piegari, Michele Capasso, Pasquale Silvestre, Manuela Martano, Orlando Paciello
A 56 year old nulliparous female Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) living at the zoological garden of Naples (Italy), with a clinical history of recurrent colic, was found in agonal state and humane euthanasia was elected. At necropsy the uterine body was moderately increased in size and the lumen was reduced due to a poorly demarcated and infiltrative neoplasm. Furthermore, multiple, whitish, firm nodules were present in both lungs. Histological examination of the uterine mass revealed epithelial cells arranged in tubular or solid pattern infiltrating the endometrium and the muscular layer...
March 23, 2018: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Selma Çalışkan, Kader Karlı Oğuz, Selçuk Tunalı, Muhammed Mustafa Aldur, Burcu Erçakmak, Mustafa Fevzi Sargon
BACKGROUND: As far as our literature searches showed us, morphological characteristics of cranium such as sutures, sutural bones and fontanelles had been examined from the skulls in the museums and dry specimens until now. As a modern method, 3D virtual remodeling of cranial bones by using MDCT-CTA can display in vivo morphological characteristics. In our study, we aimed to determine the presence and incidence of these morphological characteristics that can be clinically significant in our population, by using radiologic methods...
March 23, 2018: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Hüseyin Özevren, Engin Deveci, Mehmet Cudi Tuncer
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is in part associated with the disruption of the blood-brain barrier. In this study, we analyzed the histopathological changes in E-cadherin and VEGF expression after traumatic brain injury in rats. The rats were divided into 2 groups as the control and the trauma groups. Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to traumatic brain injury with a weight-drop device using 300 g⁻¹ m weight-height impact. After 5 days of traumatic brain injury, blood samples were taken under ketamine hydroxide anesthesia and biochemical analyzes were performed...
March 23, 2018: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Chang-Hui Li, David Ricketts, Xi-Shan Wang, Teng-Bo Yu, Chao Qi, Yong-Le Zhu
BACKGROUND: Repair and reconstruction of the medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) has been undertaken for the treatment of patellar instability. For successful surgery detailed knowledge of the anatomy of the ligament is required. The aim of this study was to describe the origin, structure and insertion of the MPFL. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We studied cadaveric knees from 30 Chinese adults. We studied the origin, course and insertion of the MPFL. RESULTS: We found that the MPFL was composed of two main strands, superficial and deep...
March 23, 2018: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Michael Allen Thoene, Liliana Rytel, Ewa Dzika, Ignacy Gonkowski, Andrzej Włodarczyk, Joanna Wojtkiewicz
BACKGROUND: The neurochemistry of hepatic nerve fibers was investigated in large animal models after dietary exposure to the endocrine disrupting compound known as bisphenol A. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Antibodies against neuronal peptides were used to study changes in hepatic nerve fibers after exposure to bisphenol A (BPA) at varying concentrations using standard immunofluorescence techniques. The neuropeptides investigated were substance P (SP), galanin (GAL), pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide (PACAP), calcitonin gene regulated peptide (CGRP) and cocaine & amphetamine regulated transcript (CART)...
March 23, 2018: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Mehmet Zahit Adisen, Alime Okkesim, Melda Misirlioglu
BACKGROUND: Medial depression of the mandibular ramus (MDMR) is an anatomical depression with unknown etiology and described as a result of a slender mandibular ramus in the area of the mandibular notch. It is suggested that MDMR may be due to variations in muscle functions. The aim of this study is to compare the bite force of patients with and without MDMR detected on panoramic radiographs. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A hundred and ten patients (55 women and 55 men; mean age 22...
March 23, 2018: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Christopher Rimmer, Philip Adds
The existence of posterior epidural ligaments (PEL) has been established in the lumbar region, but they have hitherto not been shown to exist in the thoracic vertebral column. Their identification is of clinical significance in respect to incidental durotomy and the circulation of cerebro-spinal fluid. Fourteen thoracic spine sections were dissected by cutting through the intervertebral disc and separating the ligamentum flavum from the vertebra above. The dural sheath was gently retracted anteriorly to identify macroscopic connections between the ligamentum flavum and the dura...
March 23, 2018: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Walid El Kininy, Shane Davy, Leo Stassen, Denis Stephen Barry
Variations in the relationship of the retromandibular vein to the facial nerve have been widely reported due to their relevance for surgical approaches in parotid, osteotomy and mandibular condyle surgery. In the context of the retromandibular retroparotid approach, remaining deep to the retromandibular vein is advised to decrease the likelihood of encountering the facial nerve during mandibular condyle surgery. In the present report, an unusual variant of the superficial temporal vein lying superficial to the facial nerve is described...
March 3, 2018: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Burcu Bal, Idil Dikbas, Ozlem Malkondu, Koray Oral
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of ramus asymmetries related to age and gender in a young population and the influence of growth spurt on ramus asymmetry. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study consisted of 776 panoramic radiographs of individuals aged 9 to 21 years (335 males and 441 females). Individuals were divided into two groups with respect of linear growth spurt as age 12 in females and age 14 in males. The first group consisted of females aged between 9-11 and males between 9-13...
March 3, 2018: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Guldane Magat, Sevgi Ozcan Sener
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the morphometric analysis of sella turcica in a Turkish population according to gender, age, and dentofacial skeletal type and to investigate the prevalence of sella turcica shapes in different dentofacial skeletal types. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The lateral cephalometric radiographs of 362 patients (145 males, 217 females) were included and grouped by age, gender, and dentofacial skeletal patterns. Linear dimensions of sella turcica, which include the length, height, and diameter, were measured, and the shapes of sella turcica were evaluated...
March 3, 2018: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Mesut Özgökçe, Veysel Atilla Ayyıldız, Hayri Oğul, Harun Arslan, Abdussamet Batur, Alpaslan Yavuz, Suat İnce, Deniz Yüce
BACKGROUND: There is an increasing trend for administration of invasive radiological interventions, laparoscopic surgery, and transplantation procedures in recent years, and determining the vascular variations prior to these procedures is crucially important. Celiacomesenteric trunk (CMT) is among these variations. This study aimed to retrospectively evaluate this rare anomaly by computed tomography (CT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 1000 CT angiography images were analyzed retrospectively, and the patients with mesenteric and celiac arteries arising from the abdominal aorta with a single root were identified...
March 3, 2018: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
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