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Folia Morphologica (Warsz)

R A Imam, H N Gadallah
BACKGROUND: Humans are widely exposed to Acrylamide (ACR) and its neurotoxicity is a significant public health issue attracting wide attention. AIM OF WORK: Investigating ACR-induced adverse cerebellar changes in rats and studying the possible Oligodendrogenic role of Omega 3 and Green Tea. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty four adult albino rats weighing 150 -200gm were randomly divided into four equal groups (6 rats each) as follows; Group I: (control), Group II: The rats received ACR 45mg/kg/day, Group III: The rats received ACR concomitant with Omega3 at a dosage of 200mg/kg/day, Group IV: The rats received ACR concomitant with Green Tea dissolved in drinking water at a dosage of 5gm/litre...
November 7, 2018: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Mehmet Ali Yavan, Eren Isman, Sayad Kocahan
BACKGROUND: Celiac disease (CD) is a common disorder that usually originates from calcium malabsorption. Thus, it is accepted that patients with CD have lower bone mineral density than that of healthy individuals. The aim of this study was to assess condylar height, width, area, and perimeter on digital panoramic radiographs in patients with CD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Panoramic radiographs obtained from 44 patients with CD were age- and sex-matched with 44 Class 1 (ANB: 2 ± 2°) patients, and outcomes were analyzed...
November 7, 2018: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Murat Baloğlu, Abdurrahman Çetin, Mehmet Cudi Tuncer
This examination was performed to research the advantage of the antioxidant impact of Potentilla fulgens on spinal cord injury (SCI) in rats. In the SCI model of this examination, the tolerably serious lesion was performed at the L1-L2 spinal segmental level. Spinal cord injury animals were given P. fulgens 400 mg/kg/day, intraperitoneally. At seven days post-lesion, exploratory rats were executed after intraperitoneal administration of ketamine HCL (0.15 ml/100 g body weight). Spinal cord specimens were taken for histological examination or assurance of malondialdehyde (MDA) and glutathione (GSH) levels and myeloperoxidase (MPO) action...
November 7, 2018: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Ramazan Atiç, Engin Deveci
A meniscus tear is a serious trauma that develops during swinging motion of the fixed foot. Meniscus tears may also be accompanied by divergence of the lateral ligaments of the knee joint. We enrolled 45 males and 35 females with meniscal tears in the present study. Patients with local joint pain, swelling, difficulty climbing stairs, patellar creeping, difficulties with daily living activities, local pain on palpation, and walking and running complaints, were included. We performed preoperative magnetic resonance imaging...
October 29, 2018: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Atila Yoldas, Mehmet Demir, Ramazan İlgun, Orhun Mustafa Dayan
BACKGROUND: It is well known that rodents are defined by a unique masticatory apparatus. The present study describes the design and structure of the masseter muscle of the blind mole rat (Spalax leucodon). The blind mole rat, which emerged about 5.3-3.4 million years ago during the Late Pliocene period, is a subterranean,hypoxia-tolerant and cancer-resistant rodent. Yet, despite these impressive characteristics, no information exists on their masticatory musculature. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifteen adult blind mole rat were used in this study...
October 29, 2018: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
V Sundaram, P Dharani, R Gnanadevi, R Kavya
The present study aimed to study the clinical anatomy of the maxillofacial and mandibular regions of the Madras Red sheep through the morphometric analysis of some clinically important parameters pertaining to the regional anesthesia. The study was conducted in 20 males and 20 female adult Madras Red sheep around 20-25 kg BW. Eleven parameters related to the clinical regional anesthesia of the maxillofacial and the mandibular regions were recorded. The distance between the facial tuberosity to the infraorbital canal was 2...
October 29, 2018: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Aziza Rashed Alrafiah, Rasha Alshali
BACKGROUND: Neurodegenerative disorders include wide range of conditions, which affect millions of people worldwide. Unfortunately, they are incurable and irreversibly progressive. Immunohistochemical staining of paraffin fixed tissues for both diagnostic and research purposes are widely used. However, large amount of brain tissues are fixed but little is known about whether they are suitable for retrospective studies. The study aimed at investigating the effects of prolonged formalin fixation time on IHC expression of some common neurodegenerative markers in archival brain specimens...
October 29, 2018: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Jye-Chang Lee, Chiung-Hsiang Cheng, Chen-Tung Yen
The number and caliber of myelinated and unmyelinated fibers of the sacrococcygeal dorsal roots innervating the tail of rats were studied by means of light and electron microscopy. There was an estimated total of 12,500 myelinated and 25,500 unmyelinated dorsal root fibers innervating the tail of a rat. The results showed that from the second sacral (S2) to the fourth sacral (S4) segment, the fiber diameter spectrum of myelinated fibers within each dorsal root was bimodal with two peaks at 5 microns and 10 microns, respectively...
October 29, 2018: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Nursel Akkaya, Duygu Ölmez, Gökhan Özkan
BACKGROUND: Age is considered as an important factor for the development of sublingual varices (SV). It has been suggested that some other conditions such as gender, systemic diseases, smoking, denture wearing may play a role in etiology. However, there is a limited number of studies investigating these associations. This study was perform to evaluate association between SV and the conditions which are described as possible risk factors previously. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 691 patients (470 females, 221 males) who attended for comprehensive clinical examination were included in the study...
October 29, 2018: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Apichaya Niyomchan, Benjaporn Panichareon, Akkradate Siriphorn, Tulaporn Wongtawatchai
Functional impairment of the muscle-tendon unit is one of the most remarkable effects of aging. The function of the peroneus longus muscle is to stabilize the foot and ankle joint. A deterioration of the structural and mechanical properties of this muscle can potentially lead to foot problems in older adults. This study aimed to investigate the effects of age on structural, histological, and mechanical features in peroneus longus muscle samples taken from embalmed cadavers of two different age groups; young adult (30-60 years) and old adult (over 60 years)...
October 29, 2018: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Aristidis Kostorrizos, Athanasios Koukakis, Alexandros Samolis, Vasilios Protogerou, Theodoros Mariolis-Sapsakos, Maria Piagkou, Konstantinos Natsis, George P Skandalakis, Theodore Troupis
Cadaver's dissection has a fundamental role in teaching and understanding the anatomy. Postmortem body donation (PMBD) is an important source of cadavers and provides an opportunity to carry out research or educational activities in medicine and surgery. The objective of the current study is to determine the perspectives and attitudes toward PMBD among blood donors (BLD) and elderly people. These data are fundamental to highlight the PMBD extent and individual factors that might influence PMBD. Concerning the perception of body donation (BD) among BLD and elderly, the most common reason for BD was the contribution in research, in both study groups, while the commonest reason for hesitating BD was the lack of information following by personal reasons, concerning BLD and the elderly...
October 29, 2018: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Keziban Karacan, Vedat Sabancıoğulları, Mehmet İlkay Koşar, Alper Karacan
BACKGROUND: Face is a complicated structure that several configurations are originated and integrated each other during the developmental stages. Almost the whole of face is formed by neural crest cells migrating from the edge of the cranial neural folds to the pharingeal arcus. Brain is an asymmetric organ both functionally and anatomically. While the left hemisphere is dominant in processing the verbal, mathematical and logical informations, the right hemisphere is dominant in processing the perceptual, visible, spatial and artistic informations...
October 29, 2018: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Celal Guven, Eylem Taskin, Handan Akcakaya, Rustem Nurten
BACKGROUND: The aim of the current study is to investigate the effect of leptin on cytoskeleton structures in both in vivo and in vitro model of diabetes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: For in vivo studies, leptin in different doses (240, and 480 mg/kg) was injected to the diabetic rats after one-week of Streptozotocin (STZ, 55 mg/kg) treatment. Leptin levels were analyzed in serum, liver, and pancreas samples. Hepatic and pancreatic F-and G- actin expressions were determined by Western blotting...
October 12, 2018: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Nagihan Koç, Leyla Berna Çağırankaya
Mandibular tori are associated with mandibular bone quality: a case-control study Running title: Tori and mandibular bone quality Nagihan Koç, Leyla Berna Çağırankaya Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, Faculty of Dentistry, Hacettepe University, Sihhiye, Ankara, Turkey ADDRESS FOR CORRESPONDENCE: Nagihan Koç, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, Faculty of Dentistry, Hacettepe University, Sihhiye, 06230 Ankara, Turkey, tel: 90-312-305-22-05, fax: 90-312-310-44-40, e-mail: nagihan...
October 12, 2018: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Jeton Shatri, Selim Cerkezi, Veton Ademi, Valvita Reci, Sadi Bexheti
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate different anatomic variations and dimensions of anterior part of the CW and their prevalence on Kosovo's population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is an observative descriptive and retrospective study performed at the University Clinical Center, Clinic of Radiology. The three-dimensional time-of-flight (TOF) technique was used for MRA imaging to evaluate the anatomy of the CW in 513 adults without clinical manifestations for cerebrovascular disease...
October 12, 2018: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Daniel R Ballesteros, Pedro L Forero, Luis E Ballesteros
BACKGROUND: The accessory head of the flexor pollicis longus (AHFPL) has an oblique trajectory from medial to lateral aspect of the forearm below the flexor digitorum superficialis muscle and then joins the flexor pollicis longus muscle. When the anterior interosseous nerve (AIN) courses underneath the muscle belly of the AHFPL an entrapment neuropathy may occur, known as anterior interosseous nerve syndrome (AINS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This descriptive cross-sectional study evaluated 106 fresh upper extremities...
October 9, 2018: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Guldane Magat, Selcuk Hakbilen
BACKGROUND: Permanent maxillary molar teeth have the most complex root and canal systems. This study aimed to determine the frequency and the localization of secondary mesiobuccal canal (MB2) in the mesiobuccal roots of permanent maxillary molars in a Turkish subpopulation using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) and compare them by different age groups and gender. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective study, a total of 800 maxillary molar teeth in 200 subjects were investigated...
October 9, 2018: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Kemal Demiralp, Sebnem Kursun Cakmak, Secil Aksoy, Seval Bayrak, Kaan Orhan, Pervin Demir
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine whether paranasal sinus dimensions and volume can be useful to identify gender and age estimation for ancient skulls using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) images. MATERIALS AND METHODS: CBCT scans of 32 ancient skulls from app. 1000 years of age were included in this retrospective study. The gender and age estimation of the skulls were made by an independent anthropologist which was served as the gold standard...
October 3, 2018: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Robert Haładaj, Michał Polguj, Grzegorz Wysiadecki, Andrzej Żytkowski, Mirosław Topol
Renal vessels exhibit a high degree of anatomical variations in terms of their number, level of origin, diameter and topographical relationships. In particular, it applies to the left renal vein which can take retroaortic or even circumaortic placement. Anatomical variations of the left renal vein may be of great clinical significance, particularly in the case of renal transplantation, retroperitoneal surgery as well as vascular or diagnostic procedures. Thus, the aim of this report was to present a complete anatomical description of two cases of the circumaortic left renal vein (circumaortic renal collar) co-existing with the presence of various vascular anomalies...
October 3, 2018: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Nikolaos Zokaris, Ioanna Siska, Konstantinos Natsis, Maria Piagkou, Astrid Skolka, Nikolaos Lazaridis, Eva Piehslinger
The styloid process (SP) is a slender cylindrical bony projection of the temporal bone with two ligaments and three muscles attached to it. Symptomatic SP elongation is also referred to, as Eagle's Syndrome. The aim of the present study is to investigate the distribution of the SP length in a young adult Greek population. Moreover we provide a comparison of the results by using two different methods for assessing SP elongation, as described in the literature. Finally we explore the possibility of using OPGs, as a diagnostic aid by investigating inter-examiner, intra-examiner and inter-examination variability and we propose a limit for SP elongation measurable in orthopantomograms (OPGs)...
September 20, 2018: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
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