journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Folia Morphologica (Warsz)

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281726/anastomotic-loop-between-common-hepatic-artery-and-gastroduodenal-artery-in-coexistence-with-an-aberrant-right-hepatic-artery
#1
Konstantinos Natsis, Maria Piagkou, Theodosis Stamatopoulos, Ioannis Spyridakis, Stylianos Apostolidis
Anatomical variations of the hepatic arteries are not uncommon. The anomalous hepatic arterial supply is of paramount importance in hepatobiliary, pancreatic or liver transplantation and in laparoscopic surgery. We describe an unusual case of a 66-year-old Greek male cadaver, where a rare anastomosis (in the form of an enlarged arterial loop, 4.84 mm in diameter) between the common hepatic artery (6.42 mm) and the gastroduodenal artery (GDA) (4.82 mm) coexisted with an aberrant right hepatic artery (ARHA) (6...
March 10, 2017: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281725/langer-s-axillary-arch-a-rare-variant-and-prevalence-among-caucasians
#2
Mohammed Turki, Philip Adds
During the dissection of a 79-year-old Caucasian female cadaver, a variant of Langer's axillary arch was found unilaterally in the left axilla. While Langer's axillary arches are not uncommon, this particular variant, attaching to the biceps brachii, is much rarer with a reported prevalence of only 0.25%. The case reported here, however, is only the third example of a Langer's axillary arch that has been found in the last 14 years in the Dissecting Room at St George's, University of London, giving it an overall prevalence of approximately 1...
March 10, 2017: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281724/common-and-separate-origins-of-the-left-and-right-inferior-phrenic-artery-with-a-review-of-the-literature
#3
Hayato Terayama, Shuang-Qin Yi, Osamu Tanaka, Teruhisa Kanazawa, Kaori Suyama, Noriyuki Kosemura, Shuhei Tetsu, Hajime Yamazaki, Reinii Sakamoto, Satoshi Kawakami, Toshiyasu Suzuki, Kou Sakabe
In a 94-year-old male cadaver, upon which routine dissection was being conducted, a rare variation was found in the gastrophrenic trunk (GPT), the common trunk of the left gastric artery (LGA), right inferior phrenic artery (RIPA), and left inferior phrenic artery (LIPA); the GPT arises from the abdominal aorta. A hepatosplenic trunk accompanied the variation. In this variation, the RIPA first branched from the GPT and then to the LIPA and LGA. Variations in the common trunk of the LIPA and RIPA in the GPT are common, but to our knowledge, a variation (separate inferior phrenic artery in the GPT) similar to our findings has not been previously reported...
March 10, 2017: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281723/morphometric-study-of-the-extraocular-muscles-in-thai-population
#4
Nuntachai Surawatsatien, Yarnarin Papassornsiri, Vilai Chentanez
Morphology of the extraocular muscles plays an important role in many ophthalmological surgeries and diagnostic imaging studies. Detailed understanding of length, width, point of insertion and the relationships between these muscles could be of significance for successful surgical outcomes. Forty- six orbital contents were extracted from formaldehyde-embalmed cadavers. Dissection was performed to reveal the extraocular muscles from their origins to insertions on the sclera. Muscle length, muscle width, distance from point of insertion to the sclerocorneal limbus, relationship between the superior oblique and superior rectus and between the inferior oblique and lateral rectus were measured...
March 10, 2017: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281722/intracranial-region-of-the-vertebral-artery-morphometric-study-in-the-context-of-clinical-usefulness
#5
Jarosław Dzierżanowski, Arkadiusz Szarmach, Bartosz Baścik, Piotr Czapiewski, Adam Muc, Maciej Piskunowicz, Mateusz Krakowiak, Tomasz Szmuda, Paweł Słoniewski, Edyta Szurowska, Paweł J Winklewski
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to analyse the morphometry of the intracranial segment of the vertebral artery in the context of clinical usefulness. The results were compared with published data available in full-text archived medical journals. MATERIALS AND METHODS: More than 100 DSA (digital subtraction angiography) and 3D angio-CT (computed tomography) examinations were used to measure the following parameters: the whole and partial length of V4 in characteristic anatomical points, the diameter in three places (on the level of foramen magnum, in point of exit to the PICA, and in the vertebro-basilar junction), the angle of connection to the VAs, and all anatomical variations including fenestration, duplication, dolichoectasia or absent artery...
March 10, 2017: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281721/incidence-of-variations-in-human-cadaveric-renal-vessels
#6
Sherif S Hassan, Ehab Abdel Aziz El-Shaarawy, Jane C Johnson, Magdy F Youakim, Rajunor Ettarh
BACKGROUND: Awareness of discrepancies of renal vasculature is crucial for some medical procedures. The present study investigated origin and course of aberrant and accessory renal vessels and any associated variations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Renal blood vessels of 63 cadavers were examined. Number of renal veins and arteries, arrangement, location where the vasculature attached to the kidneys, and presence of variations were recorded. Incidence of renal vasculature variations was determined, and associations were tested with age at death, sex, and cause of death and whether variations were more common on a specific side...
March 10, 2017: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248411/reflective-journals-unmasking-student-perceptions-of-anatomical-education
#7
Lelika Lazarus, Reshma Sookrajh, Kapil Sewsaran Satyapal
In medical education, reflection has been considered to be a core skill in professional competence. The anatomy laboratory is an ideal setting for faculty/student interaction and provides invaluable opportunities for active learning and reflection on anatomical knowledge. This study was designed to record student attitudes regarding human cadaveric dissection, explore their experiences of anatomy through an analysis of their journal-reflective writings and determine whether this type of creative writing had a beneficial effect on those students who chose to complete them...
March 1, 2017: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198531/superficial-brachial-artery-a-possible-cause-for-idiopathic-median-nerve-entrapment-neuropathy
#8
Pilani Nkomozepi, Nkosi Xhakaza, Elaine Swanepoel
Nerve entrapment syndromes occur because of anatomic constraints at specific locations in both upper and lower limbs. Anatomical locations prone to nerve entrapment syndromes include sites where a nerve courses through fibro-osseous or fibromuscular tunnels or penetrates a muscle. The median nerve (MN) can be entrapped by the ligament of Struthers; thickened biceps aponeurosis; between the superficial and deep heads of the pronator teres muscle and by a thickened proximal edge of flexor digitorum superficialis muscle...
February 15, 2017: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198530/location-of-the-narrowest-area-of-the-pharynx-regarding-bmi-and-osa-severity
#9
Marta Krasny, Jarosław Wysocki, Monika Prus, Kazimierz Niemczyk
BACKGROUND: Among authors studying morphological determinants of the Obstructive Sleep Apnoea (OSA) controversies exist on the location of the narrowest area within the pharynx critical for development of obstruction. Those disagreements primarily revolve around differences between obese and nonobese OSA patients. Determination whether the location and size of the narrowest area within the pharynx differentiates the obese and nonobese OSA patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A population of 55 subjects was investigated after being diagnosed with OSA in the Polysomnography Laboratory of the Department and Clinic of Otolaryngology in the Medical University of Warsaw...
February 15, 2017: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198529/differences-of-craniotype-distribution-and-types-of-face-among-almost-healthy-men-from-different-regions-of-ukraine
#10
Igor Gunas, Mariya Shinkaruk-Dykovytska, Olga Kotsyura, Volodymir Orlovskiy, Svitlana Dmytrenko, Alla Shayuk, Olena Glushak
Established peculiarities of craniotypes distribution and types of faces in somatic healthy men, depending on regional affiliation. In all regions of Ukraine marked greater brachycephaly percentage, indicating the trend of brachycephalisation and prevalence percentage of men with narrow, very narrow face that confirms gracilization. Marked a small number of regional differences in the distribution of certain types of skull and face, indicating that the population of Ukraine is very homogeneous in anthropological composition and each of the presented Ukrainian regional types not beyond anthropological type, common to people in general...
February 15, 2017: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198528/the-expression-of-inhibitor-of-nuclear-factor-kappa-b-kinase-epsilon-ikk%C3%AE%C2%B5-in-human-aortic-aneurysm
#11
Leiyang Zhang, Lei Wang, Wen Chen, Yueyue Xu, Liming Wang, Reinard Iskandar, Yifei Wang, Xin Chen
BACKGROUND: Aortic aneurysm (AA) is one of the most common causes of sudden death among elderly people. Although AA can be detected by non-invasive imaging techniques, there are no pharmacological treatments currently available to prevent progression at any stage of the disease. In this study we will explore the expression of IKKε in AA and its potential underlying molecular mechanism in AA. Material s and methods: Human aortic tissue was taken from 14 patients who underwent surgical repair of AA for the AA group and another 11 patients with normal aorta who underwent aortic valve replacement surgery for the control group...
February 15, 2017: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198527/coexistence-of-bicuspid-aortic-valve-aberrant-right-subclavian-artery-and-common-origin-of-carotid-arteries
#12
Paweł Tyczyński, Ilona Michałowska, Aneta Fronczak, Rafał Wolny, Hubert Łazarczyk, Zbigniew Chmielak, Adam Witkowski
BACKGROUND: Prevalence of bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) and right aberrant subclavian artery (ASA) separately is relatively common in general population, and much higher in some disorders. Surprisingly, coexistence of both valve and vessel anomalies has only been reported in single cases. METHODS: From 2008 to 2016, in a single, high-volume tertiary cardiac center, patients who underwent chest computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging for various reasons, were retrospectively screened for the presence of right ASA...
February 15, 2017: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198526/tongue-and-lingual-salivary-glands-of-the-canary-sem-and-histochemical-study
#13
Feyza Basak, Sukru Hakan Atalgin, Emine Umran Bozkurt
In this study, morphological characteristics of the canary tongue were examined macroscopically and histologically besides using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Furthermore, histochemical features of the lingual salivary glands of the canary were also examined. The results suggest that the tongue of the canary has an equilateral quadrangle shape is sloped towards the apex on its dorsal surface; where its sides are bounded by tall epithelial extensions. Additionally, histological examination showed that salivary glands were only present on the body of the tongue and there were no taste buds...
February 15, 2017: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198525/an-investigation-on-cardioprotective-potential-of-marrubium-vulgare-aqueous-fraction-against-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-in-isolated-rat-heart
#14
Alireza Garjani, Dena Tila, Sanaz Hamedeyazdan, Haleh Vaez, Maryam Rameshrad, Mahdiyeh Pashaii, Fatemeh Fathiazad
The aim of this study was to evaluate the cardioprotective effects of aqueous fraction of M. vulgare hydroalcoholic extract on cardiac parameters in ischemic-reperfused isolated rat hearts. The aerial parts of the plant were extracted with methanol 70% by maceration. The water-soluble portion of the total hydroalcoholic extract was prepared with liquid-liquid extraction (LLE). Afterwards, the antioxidant activity, total phenolic and flavonoids content of the aqueous fraction were determined. In order to evaluate the effects of the aqueous fraction on cardiac parameters and I/R injury, the Langendroff method was used on Male Wistar rats...
February 15, 2017: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198524/morphometric-analysis-of-the-uncinate-processes-of-the-cervical-vertebrae
#15
Necdet Kocabiyik, Nurcan Ercikti, Selcuk Tunali
BACKGROUND: Uncinate processes are distinct features unique to cervical vertebrae. They consistently found on posterolateral aspect of the superior end plate of third to seventh cervical vertebrae. In this study, we investigated the morphology of the uncinate processes with a particular emphasis on the regional anatomy and clinical significance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 63 vertebrae. The width, height and length of uncinate processes were measured with a digital caliper...
February 15, 2017: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198523/diversity-among-posterior-thalamoperforating-branches-originated-from-p1-segment-systematic-review
#16
Cezary Grochowski, Ryszard Maciejewski
BACKGROUND: The P1 segment of the posterior cerebral artery (PCA) begins at the termination of the basilar artery and ends at the origin of posterior communicating artery (PCoM), within the interpeduncular cistern. Perforating branches arising from this segment are called posterior thalamoperforating arteries and the main and biggest artery among those is called thalamoperforating artery (TPA). Perforating branches are a crucial component of cerebrovascular system supplying the posterior part of the thalamus, subthalamus, hypothalamus, substantia nigra, perforated substance, posterior part of internal capsule and the nucleus of III and IV cranial nerve...
February 15, 2017: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150276/concomitant-fenestration-and-phlebectasia-of-the-right-internal-jugular-vein-an-unique-finding-in-anatomical-dissection
#17
Erika Cvetko, Marija Meznarič
The internal jugular vein (IJV) is an important vascular structure for oncologists and radiologists and is also a frequently used central venous route. The variations in the pattern of its course, and knowledge of its variations, are important. During the anatomical dissection of a 70-year-old male cadaver, fenestration involving a short segment (2.5 cm) of the right IJV in the superior part of the carotid triangle and a large dilatation (phlebectasia) of the IJV, involving its nonfenestrated segment were found - a case that has not previously been reported...
February 2, 2017: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150275/triple-arterial-blood-supply-to-the-liver-and-double-cystic-arteries-a-case-report
#18
Janez Dolenšek
A rare combination of variations in the arterial supply of the liver and gallbladder was encountered in a male cadaver: The simultaneous occurrence of an accessory left hepatic artery and an accessory right hepatic artery from which double cystic arteries arose (one of which was low-lying). This combination has not yet been reported. The accessory left hepatic artery originated from the left gastric artery. The accessory right hepatic artery originated from the superior mesenteric artery. Such arterial variations are caused by differences in embryological development...
February 2, 2017: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150274/site-dependent-acellularization-effects-explain-altered-tissue-mechanics-ultrastructural-insights
#19
Niels Hammer
Acellular scaffolds are used for the surgical repair of soft tissue injury forming a biological basis for cell remodeling. Previously tissue-dependent effects sodium-dodecyl-sulfate (SDS) have been determined on the extracellular matrix (ECM) of different tissue types. This short report aims at extending these findings onto a tissue-layer level with focus on the ECM. Porcine ureters, esophagi and skin underwent acellularization using SDS, whereas control samples remained in a native condition. The samples were investigated histologically and ultrastructurally electron microscopy...
February 2, 2017: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150273/variation-in-morphology-and-branching-pattern-of-superior-mesenteric-artery-a-case-report
#20
Khalid M Taha, Mohammed H Karrar Alsharif, Abubaker Y Elamin
The anatomical variations of superior mesenteric artery branches are common. In this study we reported an extra ordinary morphology and branching of superior mesenteric artery, during our routine dissection of a 38-year-old Sudanese male cadaver, where the superior mesenteric artery forms an arch over the confluence of inferior vena cava and left renal vein. Other variations observed were: 1) The superior mesenteric artery shares the same origin of celiac trunk; 2) The unusual origin of right hepatic artery...
February 2, 2017: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
journal
journal
23705
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"