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Folia Morphologica (Warsz)

Walid El Kininy, Shane Davy, Leo Stassen, Denis Stephen Barry
Variations in the relationship of the retromandibular vein to the facial nerve have been widely reported due to their relevance for surgical approaches in parotid, osteotomy and mandibular condyle surgery. In the context of the retromandibular retroparotid approach, remaining deep to the retromandibular vein is advised to decrease the likelihood of encountering the facial nerve during mandibular condyle surgery. In the present report, an unusual variant of the superficial temporal vein lying superficial to the facial nerve is described...
March 3, 2018: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Burcu Bal, Idil Dikbas, Ozlem Malkondu, Koray Oral
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of ramus asymmetries related to age and gender in a young population and the influence of growth spurt on ramus asymmetry. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study consisted of 776 panoramic radiographs of individuals aged 9 to 21 years (335 males and 441 females). Individuals were divided into two groups with respect of linear growth spurt as age 12 in females and age 14 in males. The first group consisted of females aged between 9-11 and males between 9-13...
March 3, 2018: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Guldane Magat, Sevgi Ozcan Sener
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the morphometric analysis of sella turcica in a Turkish population according to gender, age, and dentofacial skeletal type and to investigate the prevalence of sella turcica shapes in different dentofacial skeletal types. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The lateral cephalometric radiographs of 362 patients (145 males, 217 females) were included and grouped by age, gender, and dentofacial skeletal patterns. Linear dimensions of sella turcica, which include the length, height, and diameter, were measured, and the shapes of sella turcica were evaluated...
March 3, 2018: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Mesut Özgökçe, Veysel Atilla Ayyıldız, Hayri Oğul, Harun Arslan, Abdussamet Batur, Alpaslan Yavuz, Suat İnce, Deniz Yüce
BACKGROUND: There is an increasing trend for administration of invasive radiological interventions, laparoscopic surgery, and transplantation procedures in recent years, and determining the vascular variations prior to these procedures is crucially important. Celiacomesenteric trunk (CMT) is among these variations. This study aimed to retrospectively evaluate this rare anomaly by computed tomography (CT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 1000 CT angiography images were analyzed retrospectively, and the patients with mesenteric and celiac arteries arising from the abdominal aorta with a single root were identified...
March 3, 2018: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Busra Candan, Soner Albay
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to determine of cutaneous innervation of dorsum of the foot on fetal cadavers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study 200 limbs from 100 embalmed fetuses (54 males and 46 females) were studied in Anatomy Laboratory. Contributions of medial, lateral and intermediate dorsal cutaneous nerves (MDCN, LDCN and IDCN) of the foot were identified. FINDINGS: Cutaneous innervation of dorsum of the foot was classified into five Types...
March 3, 2018: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Sadanori Kameda, Osamu Tanaka, Hayato Terayama, Teruhisa Kanazawa, Reinii Sakamoto, Shuhei Tetsu, Kou Sakabe
BACKGROUND: Clinicians should understand that jugulocephalic vein variants may be occasionally found. This study aims to classify jugulocephalic vein variants and obtain their frequency. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We investigated anatomical variants of the cephalic vein in 55 human cadavers during a gross anatomy course at our medical school. RESULTS: The percentage of jugulocephalic veins that pass through the anterior part of the clavicle and anastomose to the jugular vein as per previous studies and our study was approximately 2 to 5%...
March 3, 2018: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Charles Timothy West, Cecilia Brassett, Michael Gaunt
BACKGROUND: The carotid sinus (CS) is a dilatation in the carotid bifurcation usually at the origin of proximal internal carotid artery (ICA). It contains baroreceptors which influence blood pressure. Variations in the location of the CS are of importance as atheromatous plaque commonly forms in this area and procedures such as carotid endarterectomy are performed to reduce the risk of stroke. Inadvertent stimulation of the CS baroreceptors during interventions can have profound effects on the patient's hemodynamic status both intra- and postoperatively, causing serious complications...
March 3, 2018: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Biljana Milatović, Jovica Saponjski, Haris Huseinagić, Mirza Moranjkić, Svetlana Milošević Medenica, Ivan Marinković, Igor Nikolić, Slobodan Marinkovic
BACKGROUND: Identification and anatomic features of the feeding arteries of the arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) is very important due to neurologic, radiologic, and surgical reasons. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy-seven patients with AVMs were examined by using a digital subtraction angiographic (DSA) and computerized tomographic (CT) examination, including 3D reconstruction of the brain vessels. In addition, the arteries of 4 human brain stems and 8 cerebral hemispheres were microdissected...
March 3, 2018: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Kwang Ho Cho, Zhe Wu Jin, Hiroshi Abe, Jőrg Wilting, Gen Murakami, José Francisco Rodríguez-Vázquez
The human fasciae latae muscle (TFL) is inserted into the iliotibial tract and plays a critical role in lateral stabilization of the hip joint. We previously described a candidate of the initial iliotibial tract that originated from the gluteus maximus muscle and extended distally. This study extended our observations by examining 30 human embryos and fetuses of gestational age (GA) 7-14 (crown-to-rump length [CR:] 24-108 mm). At GA 7 weeks, the TFL appeared as a small muscle mass floating in the subcutaneous tissue near the origins of the gluteus medius and rectus femoris muscles...
March 3, 2018: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Maja Konvalinkova, Wanda Urbanova, Katerina Langova, Magdalena Kotova
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: To propose a classification of alveolar morphotype, and assess a relationship between extraction/non-extraction orthodontic treatment and changes to the alveolar process. METHODS: Seventy-five subjects (mean age = 23.2, SD = 5.1) were selected. Areas of the sections of the alveolar process (ASAP) at three different levels (0, 2, and 4 mm) were measured on pre- and post-treatment 3D digital models. Method reliability was analyzed using Dahlberg's formula, intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC), and paired t-tests...
February 5, 2018: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Selcuk Hakbilen, Guldane Magat
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to analyze as three dimensions the anatomical and morphometric dimensions of nasopalatine canal (NPC) in the coronal, axial and sagittal directions using cone beam volumetric tomography (CBCT) and to evaluate the effect of age, gender and maxillary dental status on NPC and buccal bone thickness (BBT). METHODS: In this study, CBCT data of the 619 individuals aged between 17-86 years were examined retrospectively with respect to dimensions and anatomic variations of the NPC and BBTs...
February 5, 2018: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Jan Zabrzyński, Łukasz Paczesny, Agnieszka Zabrzyńska, Dariusz Grzanka, Łukasz Łapaj
Disorders of the long head of the biceps tendon (LHBT) are a common source of shoulder pain and disability. This tendon can be well visualized using ultrasonography; however, little is known if such examination allows clinicians to predict pathological changes of the tendon structure. In the study described below, we compare preoperative sonographic findings with the data from shoulder arthroscopy and microscopic examination of the excised tendon fragments in 19 consecutive patients with LHB tendinopathy and clinical suspicion of its instability...
February 5, 2018: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Vedat Sabanciogullari, Yasar Tastemur, İsmail Salk, Güldal Dogruyol, Mehmet Cimen
BACKGROUND: The anterior clinoid process (ACP) is usually removed surgical procedures of the cellar region. The anterior clinoid process may be different length and width in people; it may be also pneumatic. Therefore, we aimed to determined dimensions and rates of pneumatization of the ACP in the large study group with clinically importance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One thousand and thirty one (592 female, 439 male ) cranial CT of the middle Anatolian population was used in this study...
February 5, 2018: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Ceren Günenç Beşer, Burcu Erçakmak, Hasan Barış Ilgaz, Alper Vatansever, Mustafa Fevzi Sargon
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to evaluate the relations between submandibular duct, lingual nerve and hypoglossal nerve for making a reassessment of this area in fresh frozen specimens. Also, the distance between the angle of the mandible and the vertical line drawn from the point where submandibular duct crossed lingual nerve to the base of the mandible was measured to determine a new landmark for neck surgeons. METHODS: 14 fresh frozen head and neck specimens were dissected and evaluated...
February 5, 2018: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Kemal Özgür Demiralp, Seval Bayrak, Mukadder Orhan, Arzu Alan, Emine Şebnem Kurşun Çakmak, Kaan Orhan
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the anatomical features of lingual foramina and their bony canals in Anatolian ancient mandibles which belong to 9-10th century by using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: 58 ancient dry mandibles were scanned with CBCT. Lingual foramina were grouped into midline, paramedian, posterior foramina and combination of these groups. Midline group was also classified according to internal surface of the mandible (gonial tubercles)...
January 18, 2018: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Orhan Beger, Turan Koç, Burhan Beger, Deniz Uzmansel, Zeliha Kurtoğlu
In neonatal and early childhood surgeries such as meningomyelocele repairs, closing deep wounds and oncological treatment, tensor fasciae lata (TFL) flaps are used. However, there are not enough data about structural properties of TFL in fetuses, which can be considered as the closest to neonates in terms of sampling. This study's main objective is to gather data about morphological structures of TFL in human fetuses to be used in newborn surgery. Fifty formalin-fixed fetuses (24 Male - 26 Female) with gestational age ranging from 18 - 30 weeks (mean 22...
January 18, 2018: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Dong Sun Shin, Young Joo Shim, Bong Chul Kim
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to elucidate the anatomical considerations with reference to botulinum neurotoxin Type A (BTX) injection, on sectioned images and surface models, using Visible Korean. These can be used for medical education and clinical training in the field of facial surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Serially sectioned images of the head were obtained from a cadaver. Significant anatomic structures in the sectioned images were outlined and assembled to create a surface model...
January 18, 2018: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Buşra Deveci, Buket Ayna, İbrahim Halil Tacir, Engin Deveci, Mehmet Cudi Tuncer, Ayşegül Pala
Nicotine is associated with increased incidence of periodontal disease and poor response to therapy. This article aimed at identifying the expression of Matrix metalloproteinases-2 (MMP2) and Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) proteins on extracellular matrix, fibrous distribution and angiogenetic development in periodontitis caused by nicotine effects on periodontal membrane. In this experimental study, the groups were divided into nicotine and control groups. While the nicotine groups in rats (n=6) were administered 2mg/kg Nicotine sulphate for 28 days, the control group in rats (n=6) were only administered 1,5 ml physiologic saline solution subcutaneously for 28 days...
January 18, 2018: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Kaan Orhan, Cansu Gorurgoz, Mesut Akyol, Savaş Ozarslanturk, Hakan Avsever
BACKGROUND: The anatomical variation of the anterior superior alveolar nerve which described as canalis sinuosus(CS) is a less known structure of anterior maxilla. Due to it contains anterior superior alveolar nerve as well as vein and arteries, exact diagnosis will provide surgeons to avoid complications. Hence, the aim of this study was to verify the presence, reveal the frequency and characteristics of accessory canals of canalis sinuosus. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study was based on retrospective evaluation of CBCT scans...
January 18, 2018: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Sibel Ateşoğlu, Mustafa Deniz, Ayşe İmge Uslu
BACKGROUND: Sternum is one of the skeleton parts which have frequently congenital anomalies and variations are commonly used by researchers in determining sex. We evaluated the morphological characteristics and sex-related changes of the sternum in adult individuals using multidetector CT in our study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 200 adults (103 female and 97 male) aged between 18-87 years were evaluated. Utilizing the morphological characteristics of the sternum based on the multi-slice images; length, width and the thickness of Manubrium, length, width and the thickness of Corpus Sterni, total length of Sternum, Sternal angle, Sternal index, length of the xiphoid process, the thickness of xiphoid process, the number of indents of xiphoid process were measured and a total of 20 parameters were evaluated by adding age, height and weight to these variables...
January 18, 2018: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
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