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Folia Medica Cracoviensia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121042/polish-translation-of-the-anatomical-quality-assurance-aqua-checklist-new-guidelines-for-reporting-in-original-anatomical-studies
#1
Brandon Michael Henry, Agata Marcinów, Przemysław Pękala, Dominik Taterra, Marios Loukas, R Shane Tubss, Jerzy A Walocha, Krzysztof A Tomaszewski
Recently, an improvement of the quality of reporting and methodology in original research has been observed. Major fields in research have introduced checklists aimed at promoting clear and univocal reporting of methods and results. The basis of evidence-based medicine (EBM) lies in transparent reporting of primary studies. Although clinical research progressed rapidly into evidence-based guidelines, the basic sciences, including anatomy, just recently started to use the rules of EBM. No anatomy-specific standardized research checklist has been introduced so far...
2017: Folia Medica Cracoviensia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121041/the-incidence-rate-of-surgical-interventions-in-patients-with-crohn-s-disease-treated-with-anti-tumour-necrosis-factor-biologics
#2
Aleksandra Sobolewska-Włodarczyk, Anna Zielińska, Paweł Siwiński, Ewa Jędraszczyk, Krystyna Stec-Michalska, Marcin Włodarczyk, Maria Wiśniewska-Jarosińska
BACKGROUND: Anti-tumour necrosis factor alpha drugs (anti-TNF-α) effectively reduce the risk of surgery in Crohn's disease (CD). Unsatisfactory response to anti-TNF-α agents leads to the development of disease complications in a great percentage of patients. Simultaneously, possible predictive factors for ares during biological treatment remain uncertain. AIMS: To investigate the incidence rate of intestinal resection during biological treatment and search for predicting factors for ares demanding a surgical intervention...
2017: Folia Medica Cracoviensia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121040/ossification-of-the-petrosphenoid-ligament-a-case-study
#3
Janusz Skrzat, Izabela Mróz, Alexandru Spulber, Michał Zarzecki, Jerzy Walocha
The current study presents a case in which a human skull revealed a partially ossified petrosphenoid ligament. The ossified ligament appears as a hooked bony trabecula emerging below the right posterior clinoid process. Another bony trabecula arises from the petrous apex and runs towards the clivus. Both trabecula face each other but do not fuse, having a small gap between their tips. Their positions clearly indicate that they must have formed an overhang above the abducens nerve. Therefore, they should be considered a part of the walls of Dorello's canal, which is a conduit for the abducens nerve and associated vascular structures...
2017: Folia Medica Cracoviensia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121039/the-prevalence-and-determinants-of-multimorbidity-in-hospitalized-patients-with-heart-failure
#4
Olga Siga, Barbara Wizner, Karolina Piotrowicz, Małgorzata Fedyk-Łukasik, Tomasz Grodzicki
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of multimorbidity and co-existed diseases in hospitalized patients with heart failure (HF) in relation to age and gender. METHODS: The nationwide cross-sectional survey had been conducted in Poland (April-November 2013), in 260 randomly selected hospital wards. A trained nurse contacted with one physician, drawn from the list of all doctors working in the selected hospital's wards, who completed the study questionnaires regarding to clinical characteristics of the last five HF patients, who were discharged from an internal or cardiology ward...
2017: Folia Medica Cracoviensia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121038/is-mean-platelet-volume-a-good-predictor-of-sustained-response-to-one-year-infliximab-therapy-in-pediatric-patients-with-crohn-s-disease
#5
Roma Herman, Małgorzata Sładek, Stanisław Pieczarkowski, Paulina Dumnicka, Krzysztof Fyderek
Over the past years, there is a growing number of newly diagnosed pediatric patients with Crohn's disease (CD). Severe course of CD often requires biological treatment with Infliximab (IFX). Loss of response to biological treatment is a major problem. Mean platelet volume (MPV) was reported as a good marker of sustained response to IFX therapy in adults. This study is to determine whether MPV measured prior to IFX therapy and a er its third dose can be used as a predictive marker of sustained response to biological therapy in children with severe course of CD...
2017: Folia Medica Cracoviensia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121037/transient-testicular-torsion-from-early-diagnosis-to-appropriate-therapeutic-intervention-a-prospective-clinical-study
#6
Dimitrios Patoulias, Konstantinos Farmakis, Maria Kalogirou, Ioannis Patoulias
Transient testicular torsion (TTT) occurs when the torsion of the spermatic cord is reversed automatically within few minutes, with subsequent restoration of the blood ow to the suffering testis. e main clinical manifestation is acute scrotal pain, which resolves within a short period of time, usually few minutes. In 25% of patients su er from nausea and vomiting, besides the scrotal discomfort. Episodes of torsion can be repeated 1-30 times, leading progressively to development of ischemic trauma of the testis, while in 30-61% of all cases they constitute a precursor of testicular torsion...
2017: Folia Medica Cracoviensia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121036/correlation-based-analysis-of-semg-signals-during-complex-muscle-activity-feasibility-study-of-new-methodology
#7
Michał Nowakowski, Paulina Trybek, Łukasz Machura
Assessment of complex motor task (CMT) competency is still very prone to bias. Objective assessment is based either on outcomes leaving the process out of the equitation or on checklists with all their limitations. We tested the hypothesis that muscular recruitment patterns assessed with surface Electromyography (sEMG) will be different between novices and skilled trainees. sEMG signals of the muscles that potentially are characterized by the highest level of engagement at complex motor task were submitted to comprehensive correlation analysis...
2017: Folia Medica Cracoviensia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121035/ischemic-conditioning-of-human-heart-muscle-depends-on-opioid-receptor-system
#8
Marcin Kunecki, Tomasz Oleksy, Jolanta Biernat, Paweł Kukla, Katarzyna Szwajkos, Piotr Podolec, Marek Deja, Krzysztof Gołba, Wojciech Płazak
BACKGROUND: Despite progress in the invasive treatment of ischemic heart disease, the ability to limit ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury remains largely unrealized. Ischemic pre-conditioning (IPC) and post-conditioning (POC) induce the protective mechanisms of resistance against I/R injury. Stimulation of opioid receptors mimic the protective effect of IPC or POC in an animal models. We tested the hypothesis, that IPC and POC provide cardioprotection in opioid-dependent mechanism in human myocardium...
2017: Folia Medica Cracoviensia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121034/the-impact-of-advanced-opioid-drugs-and-analgesic-adjuvants-on-murine-macrophage-oxygen-burst
#9
Michael Kozlowski, Katarzyna Nazimek, Magdalena Wąsik, Iwona Filipczak-Bryniarska, Krzysztof Bryniarski
Macrophages (Mf) are a versatile group of phagocytic cells responsible for fulfilling a variety of immune functions, most notably for mounting the initial anti-microbial response and for the clearance of cellular debris and apoptotic bodies. The key processes for fulfilling these functions include the production of reactive oxygen intermediates (ROIs) and nitric oxide (NO). Mf also express a variety of receptors, including opioid, serotonin, and norepinephrine receptors, and thus can react to various substances...
2017: Folia Medica Cracoviensia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121033/identification-of-seniors-at-risk-scale-as-a-simple-tool-of-elderly-patients-assessment-in-an-acute-hospital-department
#10
Anna Gałuszewska, Barbara Gryglewska, Stanisław Górski, Anna Kańtoch, Tomasz Grodzicki
INTRODUCTION: e aim of the study was to evaluate the usefulness of Identification of Seniors at Risk (ISAR) scale among elderly patients admitted to the department of internal medicine. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The ISAR score was performed among patients aged >59 years a er admission to the hospital ward. Data from medical history about diseases, taken medicines, falls, length of hospital stay and mortality were compared in patients with ISAR score of 0-1 and over 1 and in subjects with and without history of falls...
2017: Folia Medica Cracoviensia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608865/cardiological-aspects-of-carbon-monoxide-poisoning
#11
Jakub Marchewka, Iwona Gawlik, Grzegorz Dębski, Lech Popiołek, Wojciech Marchewka, Piotr Hydzik
AIM: The aim of this study was to assess cardiological manifestations of carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning. Background/introduction: Carbon monoxide intoxication is one of the most important toxicological causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Early clinical manifestation of CO poisoning is cardiotoxicity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We enrolled 75 patients (34 males and 41 females, mean age 37.6 ± 17.7 y/o) hospitalized due to CO poisoning. Laboratory tests including troponin I, blood pressure measurements, HR and electrocardiograms (ECG) were collected...
2017: Folia Medica Cracoviensia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608864/assessment-of-the-impact-of-individual-therapy-on-upper-limb-function-in-patients-diagnosed-with-painful-shoulder-syndrome
#12
Agnieszka Wnuk, Anna Świtoń, Aleksej Juszczak, Ewa Mizia
INTRODUCTION: Functional disorders of the shoulder girdle affect 1/3 of the population. The diagnosis of "painful shoulder" or shoulder impingement syndrome is vague and imprecise. It can relay to so tissue pathology as well as to limitation of mobility of the joint. In this case an appropriate diagnosis, followed by a quick and effective treatment, is crucial. A physiotherapy assessment, performed during an individual therapy session sets out a way forward for targeted rehabilitation...
2017: Folia Medica Cracoviensia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608863/nicotine-affects-hydrogen-sulfide-concentrations-in-mouse-kidney-and-heart-but-not-in-brain-and-liver-tissues
#13
Jerzy Wiliński, Bogdan Wiliński, Eugeniusz Somogyi, Joanna Piotrowska, Tomasz Kameczura, Małgorzata Zygmunt
Nicotine, a potent parasympathomimetic alkaloid with stimulant effects, is contributing to addictive properties of tobacco smoking and is though used in the smoking cessation therapy. Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is involved in physiology and pathophysiology of various systems in mammals. The interactions between nicotine and H2S are not fully recognized. The aim of the study is to assess the influence of nicotine on the H2S tissue concentrations in different mouse organs. Adult CBA male mice were administered intraperitoneally 1...
2017: Folia Medica Cracoviensia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608862/vascular-density-of-inferior-tibiofibular-joint-cadaveric-experimental-study
#14
Łukasz Warchoł, Izabela Mróz, Ewa Mizia, Jarosław Zawiliński, Paweł Depukat, Wojciech Kurzydło, Krzystof A Tomaszewski
The study was carried out on 50 human lower legs obtained during autopsies (KBET: 122.6120.315.2016). The anatomy of the joint was studied using classical anatomical description methods. Based also on literature we have reviewed the current knowledge on the inferior tibiofibular joint blood supply considering the important clinically aspect - vascular density. Authors of this paper postulate relatively low vascular density of the region described and potential worse condition for healing in case of injury or after surgical procedures performed...
2017: Folia Medica Cracoviensia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608861/neonatal-pinealectomy-in-rats-a-simple-micro-suction-technique
#15
Bohdan Pawlicki, Brandon Michael Henry, Krzysztof A Tomaszewski, Mariusz Gajda, Iwona Brzozowska, Jerzy A Walocha, Anna Skowron-Cendrzak
To determine the role of the pineal gland and its secretory product melatonin on various aspects of the functioning of the organism, the gland can be easily surgically removed in rats within 18 hours after birth. We performed pinealectomy in rats in a state of deep hypothermia under an operating microscope, using a micro-suction device of our own construction. The rats were induced into a state of suspended animation by placing them in the freezing compartment at minus 20 Celsius degrees. The cessation of respiration and heart beat lasted for about 15 minutes...
2017: Folia Medica Cracoviensia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608860/sensitivity-and-specificity-of-multichannel-surface-electromyography-in-diagnosing-fecal-incontinence
#16
Michał Nowakowski, Krzysztof A Tomaszewski, Łukasz Machura, Paulina Trybek, Roman M Herman
BACKGROUND: Assessment of the neurocontrol of the external anal sphincter has long been restricted to investigating patients by invasive tools. Less invasive techniques have been regarded less suitable for diagnosis. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to develop a surface electromyography-based algorithm to facilitate fecal incontinence diagnosis, and to assess its sensitivity and specificity. DESIGN: Data analysis from a single center prospective study...
2017: Folia Medica Cracoviensia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608859/residua-of-thymus-in-the-mediastinum-clinical-aspects-cadaveric-study
#17
Ewa Mizia, Wiesława Klimek-Piotrowska, Jarosław Kużdżał, Tomasz Konopka, Monika Lis, Juliusz Pankowski, Artur Pasternak, Jarosław Zawiliński, Andrzej Wrona
The main goal of this study was to investigate possible residua of thymic tissue in 100 adult cadavers with no thoracic pathology known before, by dissection of standard locations of thymic tissue in perithyroid, periaortic, peritracheal and retrotracheal spaces, as well as areas located next to the course of phrenic, vagus and left recurrent laryngeal nerves. Thus obtained tissue samples were studied by two pathologists independently. The remnants of the thymic tissue were found in 61 out of 100 specimens studied...
2017: Folia Medica Cracoviensia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608858/telocytes-facts-speculations-and-myths-review-article
#18
Veronika Aleksandrovych, Artur Pasternak, Paweł Basta, Marek Sajewicz, Jerzy A Walocha, Krzysztof Gil
Telocyte (TC) is an interstitial cell type with a small cellular body and extremely long tentacle-like extensions. TCs were discovered a decade ago and have specifc morphological characteristics, immunohistochemical and secretome profiles, electrophysiological properties, microRNA expression. Moreover, they are different in gene expression from other cells. TCs play an important role in plenty of processes. Apparently, they are involved in homeostasis, remodelling, regeneration, repair, embryogenesis, angiogenesis and even tumorigenesis...
2017: Folia Medica Cracoviensia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325956/interstitial-cells-of-cajal-and-telocytes-in-the-urinary-system-facts-and-distribution
#19
REVIEW
Michał Wolnicki, Veronika Aleksandrovych, Krzysztof Gil
Current knowledge confirms the existence of interstitial cells of Cajal (ICCs) and telocytes in the urinary system (kidneys, ureter and urinary bladder). Therefore, summarizing of available data can be helpful in understanding of pathophysiology of urological disorders. Telocytes (TCs) are a newly discovered type of cell with numerous functions, described in vertebrates (fish, reptiles, birds, mammals, including human). Despite unique characteristics, they have own differences in morphology and properties in urinary bladder and other organs of the urinary system...
2016: Folia Medica Cracoviensia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325955/primary-cancer-of-the-fallopian-tubes-histological-and-immunohistochemical-features
#20
Anatolii Romaniuk, Nataliya Gyryavenko, Mykola Lyndin, Artem Piddubnyi, Vladyslav Sikora, Anna Korobchanska
The rare occurrence of the fallopian tubes cancer allows to assert that the experience of even a small number of observations has a undoubted scientific and practical interest. Nowadays this type of neoplasia occurs more o en in practical oncogynecology and is the primary source of serous ovarian and peritoneal tumors. The determination of tissue receptor status of primary fallopian tube cancer (ER, PR, Ki-67, HER2 / neu) will verify the degree of biological malignancy and predict the course of disease and suggest appropriate methods of treatment...
2016: Folia Medica Cracoviensia
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