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Folia Medica Cracoviensia

Maciej Lis, Bernard Solewski, Mateusz Koziej, Ewa Walocha, Jerzy A Walocha, Wiesława Klimek-Piotrowska
The forearm is a body region of numerous anatomical variations. Due to its favorable anatomy flexor digitorum superficialis muscle (FDS) is commonly used in tendon transfer surgeries. In this study a unique combination of abnormalities was found in a single forearm: the flexor digitorum superficialis muscle penetrated by the median nerve, one of the flexor digitorum superficialis tendons early division and absence of the palmaris longus muscle. Described variation potentially may lead to the clinical manifestation of the median nerve compression and should be also considered during FDS surgery...
2018: Folia Medica Cracoviensia
Konrad Stępień, Karolina Połetek, Michał Komornik, Zbigniew Siudak, Tomasz Tokarek, Dariusz Dudek
INTRODUCTION: Interventional cardiology (IC) is a rapidly expanding field of medicine. Medical studies should provide students the necessary level of knowledge about new techniques in IC. The aim of the study was to assess the medical students' knowledge about various new areas of IC. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Self-designed questionnaire was used to assess student's knowledge. It contained 31 questions. The initial 3 questions concerned general information, the remaining ones were related to different IC techniques: Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation (TAVI), Bioresorbable Vascular Scaffold (BVS), percutaneous mitral regurgitation repair methods, Left Atrial Appendage Occlusion (LAAO), Renal DeNervation (RDN), Balloon Aortic Valvuloplasty (BAV) and Atrial Septal Defect/Persistent Foramen Ovale (ASD/PFO)...
2018: Folia Medica Cracoviensia
Oksana Skomarovska, Tomasz Stefura, Karolina Kainka, Łukasz Radziszewski, Anna Katarzyna Czech, Katarzyna Gronostaj, Tadeusz Hessel, Łukasz Curyło, Piotr L Chłosta
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Urological diseases represent a significant health issue worldwide. Presented study aimed at assessing current urological knowledge and confidence in performing urological diagnostic and therapeutic procedures among medical students at Jagiellonian University Medical College in Poland and compare it on different stages of the undergraduate medical education. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We designed an anonymous survey distributed among Polish students from 1st to 6th year of medical studies, before and after clinical urology course...
2018: Folia Medica Cracoviensia
Katarzyna Anna Dyląg, Bartłomiej Wroński, Katarzyna Przybyszewska, Paulina Dumnicka
BACKGROUND: Air pollution is a severe problem in Poland, with Kraków area being among the regions with the worse air quality. Viral croup or pseudocroup is a common childhood disease that may manifest with severe upper respiratory tract obstruction. Our aim was to evaluate the associations between incidence and severity of viral croup symptoms among children living in Kraków area, Poland, and air pollution. METHODS: The retrospective cross-sectional study included Kraków area residents <18 years of age admitted to the Emergency Department of St...
2018: Folia Medica Cracoviensia
Barbara Bętkowska-Korpała, Katarzyna Olszewska, Anna Pastuszak, Karolina Sikora, Roksana Epa, Aleksandra Arciszewska, Agnieszka Baran, Paulina Zielińska, Józef Krzysztof Gierowski, Anna Starowicz-Filip
Developing the empathic attitude is one of the tasks of medical education as it affects the quality of therapeutic contact in the relationship between the doctor and the participant, conditioning the treatment process. According to Davis's concept, empathy is defined as an affective-cognitive reaction in the context of the other person's experience. AIM: Analysis of profiles of empathic sensitivity in students of medicine. Group: Male and female students of the fifth year of medicine who agreed to participate in an anonymous study (n = 153; M = 57, F = 96; mean age: 23 years)...
2018: Folia Medica Cracoviensia
Borys Kwinta, Roger M Krzyżewski, Kornelia Kliś, Marek Moskała
INTRODUCTION: Acute subdural hematoma (aSDH) removal is one of the most commonly performed procedure in neurosurgery. Complications of those surgeries which require reoperation are associated with higher risk of poor treatment outcome. Therefore we decided to analyse potential factors which might be associated with risk of early reoperation among patients who underwent aSDH surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analysed 328 patients treated due to aSDH...
2018: Folia Medica Cracoviensia
Elżbieta Sochacka-Tatara, Agnieszka Pac, Marzena Florek, Paulina Rolska, Diana Hodorowicz-Zaniewska
BACKGROUND: Unhealthy diet and cooking method used may influence the risk of breast cancer (BC), but there is only limited evidence with regard to benign breast disease (BBD). The aim of this study was to assess a relationship between cooking technique, especially fried to boiled meals ratio in the diet, and the risk of BC and BBD in a group of Polish women. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A case-control study involving 34 BC cases, 81 BBD cases and 122 healthy controls was conducted between July 2007 and November 2011...
2018: Folia Medica Cracoviensia
Bohdan Pawlicki, Aleksandra Pawlicka, Agnieszka Banas, Krzysztof Banas, Mariusz Gajda, Grzegorz Dyduch, Wojciech M Kwiatek, Mark B H Breese
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this contribution is to present and familiarize the medical community with the method for the assessment of trace and essentials elements in prostate tissue sections. MATERIALS AND METHODS: X-ray fluorescence based technique(namely Synchrotron Induced X-ray Emission (SRIXE)) is described in terms of methodology, sample preparation and the evaluation of the recorded results (spectral data sets). Materials for the samples were collected from the patients underwent radical prostatectomy due to Adenocarcinoma prostatae...
2018: Folia Medica Cracoviensia
Dimitrios Patoulias, Petros Keryttopoulos
Both sarcoidosis and primary Sjögren syndrome (pSS) are multisystem disorders of unknown etiology, which share certain clinical features, making the differential diagnosis a real challenge in clinical practice. Several published case reports and case series have posed the question as to whether there is a real association - mimicry between the two diseases or it is just coincidence. We attempt, after systematic and comprehensive research of the relevant published literature, to present all those data, clinical or paraclinical, which could be useful in the diagnostic approach and the distinguishment of the two diseases...
2018: Folia Medica Cracoviensia
Katarzyna Rebes, Grzegorz Cebula, Anna Mydlowska, Janusz Andres
INTRODUCTION: For many years, one of the biggest challenges of public healthcare system, in the European Union are cardiovascular diseases. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to analyze the variables influencing the specific aspects of the chain of survival in a large city. METHODS: Patients included in this study had to fulfill all of the following criteria: (1) patient had to experience an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA), (2) emergency medical team had to initiate cardio-pulmonary resuscitation (CPR) at the site of the event...
2017: Folia Medica Cracoviensia
Dimitrios Patoulias, Christos Koutras
Herpes simplex virus (HSV) encephalitis is an acute infection of the Central Nervous System (CNS). During the last two decades its incidence has a ten-fold increase, while mortality rate exceeds 70%, if left undiagnosed and thus untreated. Clinical manifestations, imaging studies, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analysis and electroencephalogram (EEG) are the basis of diagnostic approach. Even when CSF analysis seems normal, imaging studies are not specific and HSV polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test is negative, the clinician should be more aggressive, if clinical presentation is indicative for HSV encephalitis, by administrating acyclovir early after patient's admission...
2017: Folia Medica Cracoviensia
Borys M Kwinta, Ewelina Grzywna, Roger M Krzyżewski, Dariusz Adamek
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate morphometrically the pituitary adenomas immunoexpression. METHODS: The cases of 72 patients were analyzed, who underwent transsphenoidal surgery for pituitary adenomas. Subsequently, the immunohistochemical pituitary hormone panel was applied including alpha- subunit of the glycoprotein hormones. Immunohistochemical sections were analyzed quantitatively with the help of morphometric grid. The percentage rate of the immunoexpression was calculated separately for every single hormone...
2017: Folia Medica Cracoviensia
Małgorzata Górecka, Małgorzata Pihut, Małgorzata Kulesa-Mrowiecka
Recent years have shown an increase in the number of patients reporting for treatment of pain due to musculoskeletal joint, associated with temporomandibular joint dysfunction. Therefore, studies were undertaken, aimed at analyzing the symptoms of the dysfunction, because of which patients come to the prosthetic treatment. Aim of the thesis: The aim of the study was a retrospective analysis of symptoms of temporomandibular joint dysfunction reported by patients diagnosed with this problem. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The research material was a retrospective medical records of 120 patients, aged 19 to 45 years who have taken prosthetic treatment due to temporomandibular joint dysfunction in the Consulting Room in Prosthetics Department in Kraków, from June 2015 to December 2016...
2017: Folia Medica Cracoviensia
Mateusz K Hołda, Wiesława Klimek-Piotrowska, Mateusz Koziej, Kamil Tyrak, Jakub Hołda
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the penetration depth of formaldehyde-based fixatives into cardiac muscle samples over the course of fixation. BACKGROUND: Fixation is the essential step in anatomical studies. However, very little is known about penetration of most common fixatives into cardiac tissue. METHODS: A total of 40 heart samples were investigated. 4 study groups (n=10 in each case) were formed in such manner they differed only in concentration and type of fixative (1) - 2% formaldehyde phosphate-buffered solution (FPBS); (2) - 4% FPBS (formalin); (3) - 10% FPBS; (4) - alcoholic formalin...
2017: Folia Medica Cracoviensia
Dimitrios Patoulias, Maria Kalogirou, Kyriakos Chatzopoulos, Ioannis Patoulias
Median raphe cysts (MRCs) are rare, benign congenital lesions of unknown origin, that can be found anywhere on the ventral side of the genital area, between the urethral meatus and the anus. The rarity of our case is attributed to the canaliform type, the scrotal and perineal localization and the epidermoid epithelium. A 5 year old boy, with free perinatal and family history, was admitted to our department as an outpatient due to the presence of an elongated and mildly painful lesion in the middle of the scrotum, gradually increasing in size...
2017: Folia Medica Cracoviensia
Agata Musiał, Michał Zarzecki, Ryszard Gryglewski, Jacenty Urbaniak, Tomasz Bereza, Jerzy Walocha
Ludwik Karol Teichmann was the last of gross anatomists. His magnificent work on the lymphatic system gained him appreciation of the whole current scientific world. Based on the unpublished materials authors wanted to commemorate one of the greatest Polish and world anatomists with special regard to coming soon 150th anniversary of Theatrum Anatomicum of Jagiellonian University Medical College.
2017: Folia Medica Cracoviensia
Gażyna Cepuch, Agnieszka Gniadek, Anna Gustyn, Lucyna Tomaszek
The aim of the study was to evaluate level of anxiety, depression and aggression and the sleep quality among Polish adolescent and young adult suffering from cystic fibrosis including the evaluation of their FEV1. The study involved 70 patients both male and female aged between 14 and 25 and suffering from cystic fibrosis. Anxiety, depression and aggression were evaluated by means of Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and the quality of sleep was examined following Athens Insomnia Scale another aspect taken into consideration was patients' FEV1...
2017: Folia Medica Cracoviensia
Agnieszka Piątek-Guziewicz, Paweł Zagrodzki, Paweł Paśko, Mirosław Krośniak, Tomasz Mach, Małgorzata Zwolińska-Wcisło
INTRODUCTION: Oxidative stress with an excessive free radical production and a reduction in the activity of protective antioxidants is considered as one of the mechanisms responsible for gluten toxicity. However, its role in celiac disease (CD) is unclear. OBJECTIVES: Evaluation of plasma nonenzymatic antioxidant capacity in patients with CD (both untreated patients and those receiving gluten-free diet [GFD]) by measuring the ferric reducing ability of plasma (FRAP) as well as assessing selected plasma antioxidants...
2017: Folia Medica Cracoviensia
Janusz Skrzat, Jacek Tarasiuk, Sebastian Wroński, Magdalena Kozerska
Grayscale images comparing to the color images may have less of visual information necessary for easy recognition of the anatomical structures. Although micro-CT scanners deliver images of ultra-high resolution, application of false-colors to the rendered structures enhance their visual perception and allow for quick delineation between them and surrounding bony matrix. This paper presents differences of imaging of the osseous structures of the inner ear labyrinth using pseudo-color volume rendering in contrast to grayscale volume rendering of the micro-CT data...
2017: Folia Medica Cracoviensia
Ilona Pawlicka, Anna Hyjek-Ryś, Maciej Kozak
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Anatomic and functional (function improvement) outcome of the aflibercept treatment for exudative age-related macular degeneration was analysed a er the first year of treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 62 patients treated with intravitreal aflibercept injections according to the adapted regimen. The treatment efficacy was understood as a reduction in oedema (and the central retinal thickness), with an increase in or stabilisation of the best corrected visual acuity...
2017: Folia Medica Cracoviensia
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