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Experimental Cell Research

Zheng Zhang, Bo Jin, Yaqiong Jin, Shengquan Huang, Xiaohua Niu, Zebin Mao, Dianqi Xin
Androgens (AR) play an important role in initiation and progression of prostate cancer. It has been shown that AR exert their effects mainly through the androgen-activated AR which binds to androgen response elements (AREs) in the regulatory regions of target genes to regulate the transcription of androgen-responsive genes, thus, identification of AR downstream target gene is critical to understand androgen function in prostate cancer. In this study, our results showed that androgen treatment of LNCaP cells induced PTTG1 expression, which was blocked by the androgen receptor antagonist, Casodex...
October 15, 2016: Experimental Cell Research
E De Vlieghere, G Wagemans, S De Backer, Z Drebert, J Tommelein, Q Rousseau, B Weyn, M Van Troys, M Bracke, O De Wever
Cells change their morphology as a response to environmental cues. The quantitative evaluation of single cell spread on extracellular matrices, such as type I collagen, is a key tool in cancer research. Inherent to the manual scoring of cellular spread is inter-observer but also intra-observer variation. To overcome these problems, we have developed the Morphology Analysis Software (MAS). MAS scores phase-contrast images of cells on native type I collagen gels and identifies whether a cell has a spread or round morphology using a combination of four unique parameters such as the presence of a cellular extension, the cell area, the cell eccentricity and cell circularity...
October 14, 2016: Experimental Cell Research
Jia Shi, Jian-Bo Yu, Wei Liu, Dan Wang, Yuan Zhang, Li-Rong Gong, Shu-An Dong, Da-Quan Liu
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is one of the most devastating complications of sepsis lacking of effective therapy. Mitochondrial dynamics undergoing continuous fusion and fission play a crucial role in mitochondrial structure and function. Fis1, as a small protein located on the outer membrane of mitochondria, has been thought to be an important protein mediated mitochondrial fission. During ARDS, alveolar macrophages suffer from increased oxidative stress and apoptosis, and also accompanied by disrupted mitochondrial dynamics...
October 14, 2016: Experimental Cell Research
Jin Cai, Gengze Wu, Pedro A Jose, Chunyu Zeng
Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are small membrane vesicles including exosomes and shedding vesicles that mediated a cell-to-cell communication. EVs are released from almost all cell types under both physiological and pathological conditions and incorporate nuclear and cytoplasmic molecules for intercellular delivery. Besides protein, mRNA, and microRNA of these molecules, as recent studies show, specific DNA are prominently packaged into EVs. It appears likely that some of exosomes or shedding vesicles, bearing nuclear molecules are released upon bubble-like blebs...
October 14, 2016: Experimental Cell Research
Qingqing Liu, Tao Tao, Fang Liu, Runzhou Ni, Cuihua Lu, Aiguo Shen
As an essential post-translational modification, O-GlcNAcylation has been thought to be able to modulate various nuclear and cytoplasmic proteins and is emerging as a key regulator of multiple biological processes, such as transcription, cell growth, signal transduction, and cell motility. Recently, authoritative glycomics analyses have reported extensive crosstalk between O-GlcNAcylation and phosphorylation, which always dynamically interplay with each other and regulate signaling, transcription, and other cellular processes...
October 14, 2016: Experimental Cell Research
Yan Liang, Guoqiang Zhao, Lin Tang, Tianfang Li, Junjun Zhang, Zhangsuo Liu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 13, 2016: Experimental Cell Research
Takujiro Homma, Junichi Fujii
Heat stress induces intracellular protein denaturation and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, which elicits unfolded protein response (UPR) in cells. UPR involves three ER-localized sensor proteins: the inositol-requiring protein 1α (IRE1α), the dsRNA-activated protein kinase-like ER kinase (PERK), and activating transcription factor-6 (ATF6). However, the precise mechanism by which cells deal with heat stress remains to be elucidated. We report herein that heat stress effectively activates all branches of the UPR...
October 12, 2016: Experimental Cell Research
Jianwei Zhang, Qi Li, Shaojin Zhang, Quanquan Xu, Tianen Wang
Lgr4 (leucine-rich repeat domain containing G protein-coupled receptor 4) is implicated in the transcriptional regulation of multiple histone demethylases in the progression of diverse cancers, but there are few reports concerning the molecular mechanism by which Lgr4 regulates histone demethylase activation in prostate cancer (PCa) progression. As Jmjd2a is a histone demethylase, in the current study, we investigated the relationship between interaction Lgr4 with Jmjd 2a and Jmjd2a/androgen receptor (AR) signaling pathway in PCa progression...
October 12, 2016: Experimental Cell Research
Ajaz A Bhat, Rizwan Ahmad, SrijayaPrakash B Uppada, Amar B Singh, Punita Dhawan
Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is an important mechanism in cancer progression and malignancy including colorectal cancer (CRC). Importantly, inflammatory mediators are critical constituents of the local tumor environment and an intimate link between CRC progression and inflammation is now validated. We and others have reported key role of the deregulated claudin-1 expression in colon carcinogenesis including colitis-associated colon cancer (CAC). However, the causal association between claudin-1 expression and inflammation-induced colon cancer progression remains unclear...
October 11, 2016: Experimental Cell Research
Thangavelu Soundara Rajan, Sabrina Giacoppo, Oriana Trubiani, Francesca Diomede, Adriano Piattelli, Placido Bramanti, Emanuela Mazzon
Conditioned medium derived from mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) shows immunomodulatory and neuroprotective effects in preclinical models. Given the difficulty to harvest MSCs from bone marrow and adipose tissues, research has been focused to find alternative resources for MSCs, such as oral-derived tissues. Recently, we have demonstrated the protective effects of MSCs obtained from healthy human periodontal ligament tissue (hPDLSCs) in murine experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis model. In the present in vitro study, we have investigated the immunomodulatory and neuroprotective effects of conditioned medium obtained from hPDLSCs of Relapsing Remitting- Multiple sclerosis (RR-MS) patients on NSC34 mouse motoneurons stimulated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS)...
October 11, 2016: Experimental Cell Research
Jyotsna Nambiar, Chinchu Bose, Meera Venugopal, Asoke Banerji, Tarun B Patel, Geetha B Kumar, Bipin G Nair
Earlier studies from our laboratory have identified Anacardic acid (AA) as a potent inhibitor of gelatinases (MMP-2 and 9), which are over-expressed in a wide variety of cancers (Omanakuttan et al., 2012). Disruption of the finely tuned matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) activator/inhibitor balance plays a decisive role in determining the fate of the cell. The present study demonstrates for the first time, that in addition to regulating the expression as well as activity of gelatinases, AA also inhibits the expression of its endogenous activators like MMP-14 and Extracellular Matrix MetalloProteinase Inducer (EMMPRIN) and induces the expression of its endogenous inhibitor, REversion-inducing Cysteine-rich protein with Kazal motifs (RECK)...
October 11, 2016: Experimental Cell Research
Zhenhai Li, Hyunjung Lee, Cheng Zhu
Cell-matrix adhesion complexes are multi-protein structures linking the extracellular matrix (ECM) to the cytoskeleton. They are essential to both cell motility and function by bidirectionally sensing and transmitting mechanical and biochemical stimulations. Several types of cell-matrix adhesions have been identified and they share many key molecular components, such as integrins and actin-integrin linkers. Mechanochemical coupling between ECM molecules and the actin cytoskeleton has been observed from the single cell to the single molecule level and from immune cells to neuronal cells...
October 6, 2016: Experimental Cell Research
Galina Reshetnikova, Viktoriya S Sidorenko, Terry Whyard, Mark Lukin, Wayne Waltzer, Takeji Takamura-Enye, Victor Romanov
3-Nitrobenzanthrone (3-NBA), a potential human carcinogen, is present in diesel exhaust. The main metabolite of 3-NBA, 3-aminobenzanthrone, was detected in urine of miners occupationally exposed to diesel emissions. Environmental and occupational factors play an important role in development of bladder cancer (BC), one of the most frequent malignancies. It is expected that exposure of urothelium to 3-NBA and its metabolites may induce BC initiation and/or progression. To test this hypothesis, we studied geno- and cytotoxicity of 3-NBA using an in vitro BC model...
October 5, 2016: Experimental Cell Research
Yiyuan Duan, Jiaoyue Long, Jun Chen, Xuemei Jiang, Jian Zhu, Yang Jin, Feng Lin, Jun Zhong, Rong Xu, Lizheng Mao, Linhong Deng
A disintegrin and metalloproteinase 33 (ADAM33) has been identified as a susceptibility gene for asthma, but details of the causality are not fully understood. we hypothesize that soluble ADAM33 (sADAM33) overexpression can alter the mechanical behaviors of airway smooth muscle cells (ASMCs) via regulation of the cell's contractile phenotype, and thus contributes to airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) in asthma. To test this hypothesis, we either overexpressed or knocked down the sADAM33 level in rat ASMCs by transfecting the cells with sADAM33 or a small interfering RNA (siRNA) that specifically targets the ADAM33 disintegrin domain, and subsequently assessed the cells for stiffness, contractility and traction force, together with the expression level of contractile and proliferative phenotype markers...
October 5, 2016: Experimental Cell Research
Nathalie Nielsen, Christoffer Laustsen, Lotte Bonde Bertelsen
Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) represent a heterogeneous cell population that is believed to be involved in vasculogenesis. With the purpose of enhancing endothelial repair, EPCs could have a potential for future cell therapies. Due to the low amount of EPCs in the peripheral circulating blood, in vitro expansion is needed before administration to recipients and the effects of in vitro culturing is still an under-evaluated field with little knowledge of how the cells change over time in culture. The aim of this study was to use hyperpolarised carbon-13 magnetic resonance spectroscopy to profile important metabolic pathways in a population of progenitor cells and to show that cell culturing in 3D scaffolds seem to block the metabolic processes that leads to cell senescence...
October 5, 2016: Experimental Cell Research
Seong-Hui Eo, Soo Young Choi, Song Ja Kim
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are critical for the degradation of the extracellular matrix (ECM), which includes cartilage-specific collagen types I, II and XI. We previously found that PEP-1-sirtuin (SIRT)2 could induce dedifferentiation of articular chondrocytes; however, the underlying mechanisms remains unclear. We addressed this in the present study by examining the association between PEP-1-SIRT2 and the expression of MMP-1 and MMP-13 and type II collagen in rabbit articular chondrocytes. We found that PEP-1-SIRT2 increased MMP-1 and -13 expression in a dose- and time-dependent manner, as determined by western blotting...
September 30, 2016: Experimental Cell Research
Yijie Chen, Yang Yu, Shuya Sun, Zhaotong Wang, Peiqing Liu, Shenglan Liu, Jianmin Jiang
Tumor metastasis is the main reason of death for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients. Cell migration and invasion are two prerequisites for tumor metastasis, in which TRPM7 and MMPs play an important role. In our study, we found that bradykinin (BK) could upregulate the expression of TRPM7 and dynamically regulate the phosphorylation of non-muscle myosin IIA heavy chain (NMHC-IIA) Ser-1943 in HepG2 cells. The influx of Ca(2+) via TRPM7 was necessary for elevating the activity of m-calpain and μ-calpain...
September 30, 2016: Experimental Cell Research
Lei Shi, Guodong Cai, Jiangang Shi, Yongfei Guo, Dechun Chen, Deyu Chen, Haisong Yang
Ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) involves ectopic calcification of the spinal ligament preferentially at the cervical spine. OPLL is associated with different diseases and occurs by endochondral ossification, which is associated with the activity of different transcription factors. However, the pathogenesis of OPLL remains unclear. Here, we investigated the role of osterix (Osx), a transcription factor that functions downstream of Runx2 and is an important regulator of osteogenesis, in the process of OPLL in a dexamethasone (Dex)-induced model of spinal ligament ossification...
September 29, 2016: Experimental Cell Research
Heng-Jun Zhou, Li-Qing Wang, Qing-Sheng Xu, Zuo-Xu Fan, Yu Zhu, Hao Jiang, Xiu-Jue Zheng, Yue-Hui Ma, Ren-Ya Zhan
Inflammatory response played an important role in the progression of spinal cord injury (SCI). Several miRNAs were associated with the pathology of SCI. However, the molecular mechanism of miRNA involving in inflammatory response in acute SCI (ASCI) was poorly understood. Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were divided into 2 groups: control group (n=6) and acute SCI (ASCI) group (n=6). The expression of miR-199b and IκB kinase β-nuclear factor-kappa B (IKKβ-NF-κB) signaling pathway were evaluated by quantitative reverse transcription-PCR (qRT-PCR) in rats with ASCI and in primary microglia activated by lipopolysaccharide (LPS)...
September 29, 2016: Experimental Cell Research
Dibash K Das, Michelle Naidoo, Adeodat Ilboudo, Jong Y Park, Thahmina Ali, Konstantinos Krampis, Brian D Robinson, Joseph R Osborne, Olorunseun O Ogunwobi
Prostate cancer (PCa) is frequently diagnosed in men, and dysregulation of microRNAs is characteristic of many cancers. MicroRNA-1207-3p is encoded at the non-protein coding gene locus PVT1 on the 8q24 human chromosomal region, an established PCa susceptibility locus. However, the role of microRNA-1207-3p in PCa is unclear. We discovered that microRNA-1207-3p is significantly underexpressed in PCa cell lines in comparison to normal prostate epithelial cells. Increased expression of microRNA-1207-3p in PCa cells significantly inhibits proliferation, migration, and induces apoptosis via direct molecular targeting of FNDC1, a protein which contains a conserved protein domain of fibronectin (FN1)...
September 29, 2016: Experimental Cell Research
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