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British Journal of Sociology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718880/-i-just-don-t-want-to-connect-my-life-with-this-occupation-working-class-young-men-manual-labour-and-social-mobility-in-contemporary-russia
#1
Charlie Walker
A key strand in the Western literature on working-class masculinities focuses on whether young men are capable of the feminized performances apparently required of them in new service economies. However, the wider literature on processes of neoliberalization - emphasizing the 'hollowing out' of labour markets, the cultural devaluation of lower-skilled forms of employment, and the pathologization of working-class lives - would suggest that it is as much a classed as a gendered transformation that is demanded of young men leaving school with few qualifications...
July 18, 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718874/everyday-territories-homelessness-outreach-work-and-city-space
#2
Robin James Smith, Tom Hall
This article develops a situational approach to understanding urban public life and, in particular, the production of urban territories. Our aim is to examine the ways in which city space might be understood as comprising multiple, shifting, mobile and rhythmed territories. We argue that such territories are best understood through attending to their everyday production and negotiation, rather than handling territory as an a priori construct. We develop this argument from the particular case of the street-level politics of homelessness and street care...
July 18, 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700078/are-postgraduate-qualifications-the-new-frontier-of-social-mobility
#3
Paul Wakeling, Daniel Laurison
We investigate the relationship between social origin, postgraduate degree attainment, and occupational outcomes across five British age-group cohorts. We use recently-available UK Labour Force Survey data to conduct a series of logistic regressions of postgraduate (masters or doctorate) degree attainment among those with first degrees, with controls for measures of degree classification, degree subject, age, gender, ethnicity and national origin. We find a marked strengthening of the effect of class origin on degree- and occupational attainment across age cohorts...
July 12, 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700077/belonging-across-the-lifetime-time-and-self-in-mass-observation-accounts
#4
Vanessa May
Our sense of belonging rarely stands still, yet the research literature has hitherto paid little attention to the temporal nature of belonging. Based on an analysis of 62 Mass Observation Project (MOP) accounts written by people living in the UK aged from their 20s to their 90s, this paper argues that as people age, how they locate belonging in time shifts. This has to do with changing concerns related to belonging, but also to metaphysical issues of temporality and mortality, namely how people experience their own finite lifetime...
July 12, 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700076/why-have-relative-rates-of-class-mobility-become-more-equal-among-women-in-britain
#5
Erzsébet Bukodi, John H Goldthorpe, Heather Joshi, Lorraine Waller
In a previous paper it has been shown that across three cohorts of men and women born in Britain in 1946, 1958 and 1970 a gender difference exists in regard to relative rates of class mobility. For men these rates display an essential stability but for women they become more equal. The aim of the present paper is to shed light on the causes of this trend-or, that is, of increasing social fluidity-among women. We begin by considering a refined version of the perverse fluidity hypothesis: that is, one that proposes that part-time work leads to increasing downward worklife mobility among women that also entails downward intergenerational mobility and thus promotes greater fluidity...
July 12, 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688168/-hidden-identities-perceptions-of-sexual-identity-in-beijing
#6
Toby Miles-Johnson, Yurong Wang
This article draws upon responses given by volunteers who work in the Beijing LGBT Centre regarding perceptions of sexual identity, and how Chinese culture affects hidden or open sexual identities of Chinese lesbian and gay people in this region. The insights gained from those working carefully to create social change offers an important and original contribution to the field of gay and lesbian studies in China. The findings indicate the volunteers at the Beijing LGBT Centre are frustrated by the lack of acceptance of non-heterosexual relationships among Chinese culture and society, and by the disregard of lesbian gay and bisexual (LGB) people by the Chinese government...
July 8, 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609543/reframing-sociologies-of-ethnicity-and-migration-in-encounters-with-chinese-london
#7
Caroline Knowles
In this paper I argue that the intersecting sociologies of ethnicity and migration work from a series of interconnected blind spots hindering effective analysis of the current UK situation. Both operate analytically within the limitations of an 'immigrant problem' framework; are overinvested in state agendas; privilege a nation state analysis; are narrowly focused on distributions of migrant bodies, and on receiving, at the expense of sending, contexts. Exploring these limitations with data derived from a modest small-scale qualitative study of young Chinese migrants in London, I argue for a reframing along four dimensions...
June 13, 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591428/does-disestablishment-lead-to-religious-vitality-the-case-of-switzerland
#8
Jörg Stolz, Mark Chaves
Economists and sociologists of religion have claimed that religious establishment dampens religious vitality, leading to lower recruitment efforts, low attendance, declining membership within established congregations, and the 'crowding out' of non-established congregations. Conversely, these authors have told us, disestablishment will lead to more religious vitality. Remarkably, even though these claims rest on the connection between establishment and the organizational and membership behaviour of local religious congregations, no research has directly examined that connection...
June 7, 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556919/ethical-living-relinking-ethics-and-consumption-through-care-in-chile-and-brazil
#9
Tomas Ariztia, Nurjk Agloni, Léna Pellandini-Simányi
Mainstream conceptualizations of 'ethical consumption' equate the notion with conscious, individual, market-mediated choices motivated by ethical or political aims that transcend ordinary concerns. Drawing on recent sociology and anthropology of consumption literature on the links between ordinary ethics and ethical consumption, this article discusses some of the limitations of this conceptualization. Using data from 32 focus groups conducted in Chile and Brazil, we propose a conceptualization of ethical consumption that does not centre on individual, market-mediated choices but understands it at the level of practical outcomes, which we refer to as different forms of 'ethical living'...
May 30, 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555955/mind-the-gap-financial-london-and-the-regional-class-pay-gap
#10
Sam Friedman, Daniel Laurison
The hidden barriers, or 'gender pay gap', preventing women from earning equivalent incomes to men is well documented. Yet recent research has uncovered that, in Britain, there is also a comparable class-origin pay gap in higher professional and managerial occupations. So far this analysis has only been conducted at the national level and it is not known whether there are regional differences within the UK. This paper uses pooled data from the 2014 and 2015 Labour Force Survey (N = 7,534) to stage a more spatially sensitive analysis that examines regional variation in the class pay gap...
May 29, 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555774/post-fordist-reconfigurations-of-gender-work-and-life-theory-and-practice
#11
Breda Gray, Luigina Ciolfi, Aparecido Fabiano Pinatti de Carvalho, Anthony D'Andrea, Lisa Wixted
Based on an in-depth study with 56 informants (25 women and 31 men), across the ICT (information and communication technology), creative and academic sectors in one city/regional hub in Ireland, this article investigates the so-called revolution in work/life practices associated with the post-Fordist labour processes of the Knowledge Economy from the perspectives of workers themselves. Recent theorizations of post-Fordist work patterns emphasize a rearranging of work and life place boundaries; a reconfiguring of work and life time boundaries; and a dissolving of the gendered boundaries of work and life (production and social reproduction) (Adkins and Dever ; Morini and Fumagalli ; Gill and Pratt ; Weeks ; Hardt and Negri )...
May 29, 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510354/that-s-what-friends-are-for-how-intergroup-friendships-promote-historically-disadvantaged-groups-substantive-political-representation
#12
Andrej Kokkonen, David Karlsson
The interests of historically disadvantaged groups risk being overlooked if they are not present in the decision-making process. However, a mere presence in politics does not guarantee political success. Often groups need allies to promote their interests successfully. We argue that one way to identify such allies is to judge politicians by whether they have friends in historically disadvantaged groups, as intergroup friendships have been shown to make people understand and feel empathy for outgroups. In other words, intergroup friendships may function as an important complement to descriptive representation...
May 16, 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510267/the-jack-wills-crowd-towards-a-sociology-of-an-elite-subculture
#13
Anthony King, Daniel Smith
British sociologists have long been interested in youth sub-cultures. However British sociologists have tended to focus on working class subcultures and avoided engagement with exclusive sub-cultures of elite social groups. This article seeks to attend to this gap by examining the subculture of a British elite: ex-public school students at select universities in the UK in the twenty-first century. This group consists of a relatively small group of young adults, aged between 18 and 23, who attended public schools, especially one of the nine Clarendon schools (Eton, Winchester, Westminster, St...
May 16, 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462985/the-state-and-the-development-of-an-information-society-greek-policy-and-experience
#14
Dimitris Boucas
The paper looks into the dynamics of information society policy and its implementation in the Greek context. It argues that information society development is a contested process, influenced by pre-existing state, economy and society relations. Based on this, it looks into the different aspects of the idiosyncratic path which the evolution of the Greek information society has followed, particularly after 2000. Using Bob Jessop's strategic-relational approach (SRA) to the state as an analytical framework and drawing on a number of in-depth interviews with relevant political actors, it provides insights into policy implementation by examining: the public management of information technology projects, how such projects were received in bureaucratic structures and practices, as well as the relationship between the state and the information and communication technology (ICT) sector in public procurement processes...
April 30, 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462981/german-muslims-and-their-engagement-in-participatory-culture-reflections-on-civic-and-artistic-contributions-to-the-public-sphere
#15
Asmaa Soliman
This paper examines publics of young German Muslims. Case studies include the singer Huelya Kandemir, the theatre group Uma Lamo and the social network Zahnräder. By focusing on spiritual music publics, theatrical comedy publics and social publics, it tries a new approach to the way in which we understand minority public engagement. In addition to examining the concept of counterpublics, it utilizes the concept of participatory culture, which offers a relevant complement. The study argues that the publics of young German Muslims display multifaceted artistic and civic engagement, which can best be understood in terms of participation in cultural or civic productions and contribution to the wider German public...
April 30, 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462536/is-ethnic-prejudice-declining-in-britain-change-in-social-distance-attitudes-among-ethnic-majority-and-minority-britons
#16
Ingrid Storm, Maria Sobolewska, Robert Ford
Most literature on racial prejudice deals with the racial attitudes of the ethnic majority and ethnic minorities separately. This paper breaks this tradition. We examine the social distance attitudes of white and non-white British residents to test if these attitudes follow the same trends over time, whether they are driven by the same social processes and whether they are inter-related. We have three main findings. Firstly, social distance from other ethnic groups has declined over time for both white and ethnic minority Britons...
April 29, 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383104/how-fields-vary
#17
Monika Krause
Field theorists have long insisted that research needs to pay attention to the particular properties of each field studied. But while much field-theoretical research is comparative, either explicitly or implicitly, scholars have only begun to develop the language for describing the dimensions along which fields can be similar to and different from each other. In this context, this paper articulates an agenda for the analysis of variable properties of fields. It discusses variation in the degree but also in the kind of field autonomy...
April 6, 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369838/sustaining-corporate-class-consciousness-across-the-new-liquid-managerial-elite-in-britain
#18
Aeron Davis
This article asks: how is class consciousness and cohesiveness amongst the UK business elite maintained in the twenty-first century? Elite studies traditionally sought to account for the construction and circulation of dominant ideology through exclusive education systems, institutional board interlocks and club memberships. The problem is that business elite membership of all these institutions has been steady declining in recent decades. Contemporary corporate elites now appear more mobile and fragmented in an age of globalization...
April 1, 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369796/value-orientations-and-social-attitudes-in-the-holistic-milieu
#19
Franz Höllinger
Based on a representative population survey for Germany this article investigates whether engagement in holistic activities is associated with privatized lifestyles and lack of social responsibility or with countercultural orientations and base-democratic political commitment. To analyse this question, respondents who are engaged in holistic activities are divided into three groups that are compared with each other as well as with Christians and non-religious people. The findings show that the three holistic groups are characterized by clearly different attitudinal patterns: Respondents engaged in body-mind-spirit activities have an affinity to self-directed ways of life, post-materialism and environmentalism...
April 1, 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369770/cosmopolitanism-through-mobility-physical-corporeal-or-virtual-imagined
#20
Knut Petzold
In the context of increasing cross-border mobility and the associated interconnections and diversities, 'cosmopolitanism' has become a key concept in sociology. Understood as individual real-world orientation, many authors consider a central cause for cosmopolitanism in physical-corporeal mobility, in particular transnationally. However, the significance of virtual and imagined mobility, such as via television or the Internet, is increasingly emphasized. Nevertheless, it has so far been little examined how and with which relative strength physical-corporeal and virtual-imagined mobility are associated with cosmopolitan orientations...
April 1, 2017: British Journal of Sociology
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