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British Journal of Sociology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383104/how-fields-vary
#1
Monika Krause
Field theorists have long insisted that research needs to pay attention to the particular properties of each field studied. But while much field-theoretical research is comparative, either explicitly or implicitly, scholars have only begun to develop the language for describing the dimensions along which fields can be similar to and different from each other. In this context, this paper articulates an agenda for the analysis of variable properties of fields. It discusses variation in the degree but also in the kind of field autonomy...
April 6, 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369838/sustaining-corporate-class-consciousness-across-the-new-liquid-managerial-elite-in-britain
#2
Aeron Davis
This article asks: how is class consciousness and cohesiveness amongst the UK business elite maintained in the twenty-first century? Elite studies traditionally sought to account for the construction and circulation of dominant ideology through exclusive education systems, institutional board interlocks and club memberships. The problem is that business elite membership of all these institutions has been steady declining in recent decades. Contemporary corporate elites now appear more mobile and fragmented in an age of globalization...
April 1, 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369796/value-orientations-and-social-attitudes-in-the-holistic-milieu
#3
Franz Höllinger
Based on a representative population survey for Germany this article investigates whether engagement in holistic activities is associated with privatized lifestyles and lack of social responsibility or with countercultural orientations and base-democratic political commitment. To analyse this question, respondents who are engaged in holistic activities are divided into three groups that are compared with each other as well as with Christians and non-religious people. The findings show that the three holistic groups are characterized by clearly different attitudinal patterns: Respondents engaged in body-mind-spirit activities have an affinity to self-directed ways of life, post-materialism and environmentalism...
April 1, 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369770/cosmopolitanism-through-mobility-physical-corporeal-or-virtual-imagined
#4
Knut Petzold
In the context of increasing cross-border mobility and the associated interconnections and diversities, 'cosmopolitanism' has become a key concept in sociology. Understood as individual real-world orientation, many authors consider a central cause for cosmopolitanism in physical-corporeal mobility, in particular transnationally. However, the significance of virtual and imagined mobility, such as via television or the Internet, is increasingly emphasized. Nevertheless, it has so far been little examined how and with which relative strength physical-corporeal and virtual-imagined mobility are associated with cosmopolitan orientations...
April 1, 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369726/stagnation-only-on-the-surface-the-implications-of-skill-and-family-responsibilities-for-the-gender-wage-gap-in-sweden-1974-2010
#5
Katarina Boye, Karin Halldén, Charlotta Magnusson
The wage differential between women and men persists in advanced economies despite the inflow of women into qualified occupations in recent years. Using five waves of the Swedish Level-of-Living Survey (LNU), this paper explores the gender wage gap in Sweden during the 1974-2010 period overall and by skill level. The empirical analyses showed that the general gender wage gap has been nearly unchanged for the past 30 years. However, the gender difference in wage in less qualified occupations fell considerably, whereas the gender pay gap remained stable for men and women in qualified occupations...
March 31, 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369794/making-the-middle-classes-on-shifting-ground-residential-status-performativity-and-middle-class-subjectivities-in-contemporary-london
#6
Michaela Benson, Emma Jackson
This paper argues that shifts in access to housing - both in relation to rental and ownership - disrupt middle-class reproduction in ways that fundamentally influence class formation. While property ownership has had a long association with middle-class identities, status and distinction, an increasingly competitive rental market alongside inflated property prices has impacted on expectations and anxieties over housing futures. In this paper, we consider two key questions: (1) What happens to middle-class identities under the conditions of this wider structural change? (2) How do the middle classes variously manoeuvre within this? Drawing on empirical research conducted in London, we demonstrate that becoming an owner-occupier may be fractured along lines of class but also along the axes of age, wealth and timing, particularly as this relates to the housing market...
March 29, 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369716/corporate-social-responsibility-and-conflicts-of-interest-in-the-alcohol-and-gambling-industries-a-post-political-discourse
#7
Ben Baumberg Geiger, Valentina Cuzzocrea
The corporate pursuit of social goals - known as Corporate Social Responsibility or 'CSR' - has been subject to critique on a number of grounds. However, a hitherto underexplored potential consequence of CSR has been suggested in a recent paper by C. Garsten and K. Jacobsson ('Post-Political Regulation: Soft Power and Post-political Visions in Global Governance' (2013), Critical Sociology 39: 421-37). They suggest that CSR is part of an international trend towards 'post-political' governance discourses, where an emphasis on different actors' common goals obscures conflicts of interest, subverting the open political conflict necessary for a well-functioning democracy...
March 28, 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328093/race-in-an-epigenetic-time-thinking-biology-in-the-plural
#8
Maurizio Meloni
The notion that biological memories of environmental experiences can be embedded in the human genome and even transmitted transgenerationally is increasingly relevant in the postgenomic world, particularly in molecular epigenetics, where the genome is conceptualized as porous to environmental signals. In this article I discuss the current rethinking of race in epigenetic rather than genetic terms, emphasizing some of its paradoxical implications, especially for public policy. I claim in particular that: (i) if sociologists want to investigate race in a postgenomic world they should pay more attention to this novel plastic and biosocial view of race; and (ii) there are no reasons to believe that an epigenetic view will extinguish race, or that soft-inheritance claims will produce a less exclusionary discourse than genetics (hard heredity)...
March 22, 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328080/crowding-in-how-indian-civil-society-organizations-began-mobilizing-around-climate-change
#9
Tuomas Ylä-Anttila, Pradip Swarnakar
This paper argues that periodic waves of crowding-in to 'hot' issue fields are a recurring feature of how globally networked civil society organizations operate, especially in countries of the Global South. We elaborate on this argument through a study of Indian civil society mobilization around climate change. Five key mechanisms contribute to crowding-in processes: (1) the expansion of discursive opportunities; (2) the event effects of global climate change conferences; (3) the network effects created by expanding global civil society networks; (4) the adoption and innovation of action repertoires; and (5) global pressure effects creating new opportunities for civil society...
March 22, 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230892/w-e-b-du-bois-at-the-center-from-science-civil-rights-movement-to-black-lives-matter
#10
Aldon Morris
I am honoured to present the 2016 British Journal of Sociology Annual Lecture at the London School of Economics. My lecture is based on ideas derived from my new book, The Scholar Denied: W.E.B. Du Bois and the Birth of Modern Sociology. In this essay I make three arguments. First, W.E.B. Du Bois and his Atlanta School of Sociology pioneered scientific sociology in the United States. Second, Du Bois pioneered a public sociology that creatively combined sociology and activism. Finally, Du Bois pioneered a politically engaged social science relevant for contemporary political struggles including the contemporary Black Lives Matter movement...
February 23, 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181682/social-closure-micro-class-immobility-and-the-intergenerational-reproduction-of-the-upper-class-a-comparative-study
#11
Lucia Ruggera, Carlo Barone
This article assesses how processes of social closure enhance intergenerational immobility in the regulated professions and thus promote persistence at the top of the occupational hierarchy. We compare four European countries (GB, Germany, Denmark and Sweden) that differ considerably in their degree of professional regulation and in their broader institutional arrangements. We run log-linear and logistic regression models on a cumulative dataset based on three large-scale surveys with detailed and highly comparable information at the level of unit occupations...
February 9, 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321859/the-quest-to-overcome-irrelevance-in-a-troubled-world-can-du-boisian-analyses-rescue-sociology
#12
Aldon Morris
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321858/-let-the-ears-of-the-guilty-people-tingle-with-truth-w-e-b-du-bois-as-an-original-sociologist
#13
Les Back
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321857/academic-apartheid-and-the-poverty-of-theory-the-impact-of-scholarly-segregation-on-the-development-of-sociology-in-the-united-states
#14
Michael Schwartz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321856/automation-is-it-really-different-this-time
#15
REVIEW
Judy Wajcman
This review examines several recent books that deal with the impact of automation and robotics on the future of jobs. Most books in this genre predict that the current phase of digital technology will create massive job loss in an unprecedented way, that is, that this wave of automation is different from previous waves. Uniquely digital technology is said to automate professional occupations for the first time. This review critically examines these claims, puncturing some of the hyperbole about automation, robotics and Artificial Intelligence...
March 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321855/redemption-story-was-w-e-b-du-bois-a-founder-of-modern-sociology
#16
Walter R Allen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321854/w-e-b-du-bois-and-robert-park
#17
Martin Bulmer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321853/the-road-not-taken-the-fate-of-w-e-b-du-bois-s-science-of-society
#18
Michael Seltzer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859004/eating-together-and-eating-alone-meal-arrangements-in-british-households
#19
Luke Yates, Alan Warde
Sociology traditionally accounts for eating in terms of the social organization of meals, their provision and consumption. A recurrent public concern is that the meal is being subverted. This paper examines meal arrangements in British households in 2012, drawing on an online survey in the format of a food diary administered to 2784 members of a supermarket consumer panel. It charts the organization of contemporary eating occasions, paying attention to socio-demographic variation in practice. Especially, it explores companionless meals, putting them in contexts of food provisioning and temporal rhythms...
March 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27643960/constructions-reconstructions-and-deconstructions-of-family-amongst-people-who-live-apart-together-lats
#20
Mariya Stoilova, Sasha Roseneil, Julia Carter, Simon Duncan, Miranda Phillips
This article explores how people who live apart from their partners in Britain describe and understand 'family'. It investigates whether, and how far, non-cohabiting partners, friends, 'blood' and legal ties are seen as 'family', and how practices of care and support, and feelings of closeness are related to these constructions. It suggests that people in LAT relationships creatively draw and re-draw the boundaries of family belonging in ways that involve emotionally subjective understandings of family life, and that also refer to normative constructions of what 'family' ought to be, as well as to practical recognitions of lived family 'realities'...
March 2017: British Journal of Sociology
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