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British Journal of Sociology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29799122/do-values-explain-the-low-employment-levels-of-muslim-women-around-the-world-a-within-and-between-country-analysis
#1
Eman Abdelhadi, Paula England
Using worldwide data from the World Values Survey (WVS) gathered in 2010-2014, we examine two distinct ways in which Islam may be associated with women's employment. We show that, within their countries, Muslim women are less likely to be employed than women of other religions. We also examine between-country differences and find that, net of education and family statuses, the employment levels of women living in countries that are 90-100 per cent Muslim are not significantly different than those living in countries that are only 0-20 per cent Muslim...
May 25, 2018: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785778/stakeholder-identities-in-britain-s-neoliberal-ethical-community-polish-narratives-of-earned-citizenship-in-the-context-of-the-uk-s-eu-referendum
#2
Derek McGhee, Chris Moreh, Athina Vlachantoni
This article examines the narrative strategies through which Polish migrants in the UK challenge the formal rights of political membership and attempt to redefine the boundaries of 'citizenship' along notions of deservedness. The analysed qualitative data originate from an online survey conducted in the months before the 2016 EU referendum, and the narratives emerge from the open-text answers to two survey questions concerning attitudes towards the referendum and the exclusion of resident EU nationals from the electoral process...
May 21, 2018: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756402/-friends-that-last-a-lifetime-the-importance-of-emotions-amongst-volunteers-working-with-refugees-in-calais
#3
Mark Doidge, Elisa Sandri
The European 'refugee crisis' has generated a broad movement of volunteers offering their time and skills to support refugees across the continent, in the absence of nation states. This article focuses on volunteers who helped in the informal refugee camp in Calais called the 'Jungle'. It looks at the importance of emotions as a motivating factor for taking on responsibilities that are usually carried out by humanitarian aid organizations. We argue that empathy is not only the initial motivator for action, but it also sustains the voluntary activity as volunteers make sense of their emotions through working in the camp...
May 13, 2018: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756339/-no-one-to-trust-the-cultural-embedding-of-atomism-in-financial-markets
#4
Galit Ailon
The paper ethnographically explores the cultural embedding of atomistic indifference in online, global financial markets: arenas that have been digitally designed according to economic ideals and that demand an extreme form of relational and social dissociation from the partners to exchange and from those affected by the transactions. Its case-study is lay financial-trading in Israel, a country undergoing extensive neoliberalization. The study shows that dissociation is embedded in an economic culture marked by constant, multi-sited declarations that economic-Others are cold, uncaring and manipulative...
May 13, 2018: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744862/emotion-reflexivity-and-social-change-in-the-era-of-extreme-fossil-fuels
#5
Debra J Davidson
Reflexivity is an important sociological lens through which to examine the means by which people engage in actions that contribute to social reproduction or social elaboration. Reflexivity theorists have largely overlooked the central place of emotions in reflexive processing, however, thus missing opportunities to enhance our understanding of reflexivity by capitalizing on recent scholarship on emotions emanating from other fields of inquiry. This paper explores the role of emotion in reflexivity, with a qualitative analysis of social responses to hydraulic fracturing in Alberta, Canada, utilizing narrative analysis of long-form interviews with rural landowners who have experienced direct impacts from hydraulic fracturing, and have attempted to voice their concerns in the public sphere...
May 9, 2018: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740806/-scarier-than-another-storm-values-at-risk-in-the-mapping-and-insuring-of-us-floodplains
#6
Rebecca Elliott
How do people respond to the ways in which insurance mediates environmental risks? Socio-cultural risk research has characterized and analyzed the experiential dimension of risk, but has yet to focus on insurance, which is a key institution shaping how people understand and relate to risk. Insurance not only assesses and communicates risk; it also economizes it, making the problem on the ground not just one of risk, but also of value. This article addresses these issues with an investigation of the social life of the flood insurance rate map, the central technology of the U...
May 8, 2018: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736977/do-his-education-and-class-matter-the-changing-effect-of-the-husband-on-women-s-labour-market-transitions-in-italy-and-britain
#7
Cristina Solera
A new stream of sociological and demographic theory emphasizes individualization as the key process in late modernity. As maintained by Hakim (), women also have increasingly become agents of their own biographies, less influenced by the social class and the family. In this study, I intend to contribute to this debate by analysing how, in Italy and Britain, women's movements between employment and housework are linked to their husband's education and class, and how this link has changed across cohorts. Using discrete-time event-history modelling on the BHPS and ILFI, my findings show that in both countries, if the woman's educational and labour-market profile is controlled for, the husband's occupation and education have lost importance...
May 7, 2018: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736930/can-cultural-consumption-increase-future-earnings-exploring-the-economic-returns-to-cultural-capital
#8
Aaron Reeves, Robert de Vries
Cultural consumption is often viewed as a form of embodied cultural capital which can be converted into economic rewards (e.g., earnings) because such practices increase the likelihood of moving into more advantaged social positions. However, quantitative evidence supporting this theory remains uncertain because it is often unable to rule out alternative explanations. Cultural consumption appears to influence hiring decisions in some elite firms, in both the US and the UK, but it is unclear whether these processes are applicable to other professional occupations and other labour market processes, such as promotions...
May 7, 2018: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700826/how-do-parents-educational-fields-affect-the-choice-of-educational-field
#9
Håvard Helland, Øyvind N Wiborg
This study examines the links between parental education and students' choice of field of study in Norwegian higher education. In our interpretation of the results, we suggest a status group perspective that integrates risk aversion models, micro-class theory, and cultural reproduction schemes. Complete Norwegian register data for all individuals born from 1955 to 1980 allow for a fine-grained examination of diverse fields of study not attempted in earlier studies. The findings reveal that intergenerational reproduction of educational fields is widespread, but its extent varies across fields of study...
April 26, 2018: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700812/privileges-and-penalties-in-the-legal-profession-an-intersectional-analysis-of-career-progression
#10
Jennifer Tomlinson, Danat Valizade, Daniel Muzio, Andy Charlwood, Sundeep Aulakh
Intersectionality theory is concerned with integrating social characteristics to better understanding complex human relations and inequalities in organizations and societies (McCall ). Recently, intersectionality research has taken a categorical and quantitative turn as scholars critically adopt but retain existing social categories to explain differences in labour market outcomes. A key contention is that social categories carry penalties or privileges and their intersection promotes or hinders the life chances of particular groups and individuals...
April 26, 2018: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667166/disability-differentials-in-educational-attainment-in-england-primary-and-secondary-effects
#11
Stella Chatzitheochari, Lucinda Platt
Childhood disability has been largely overlooked in social stratification and life course research. As a result, we know remarkably little about mechanisms behind well-documented disability differentials in educational outcomes. This study investigates educational transitions of disabled youth using data from the Longitudinal Study of Young People in England. We draw on social stratification literature on primary and secondary effects as well as that on stigma and labelling in order to explain disabled young people's educational outcomes...
April 17, 2018: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665037/habits-and-orders-of-everyday-life-commensal-adjustment-in-anglo-french-couples
#12
Isabelle Darmon, Alan Warde
This paper examines processes of habit reshuffling and change in different contexts of household formation, looking specifically at habits regarding eating and commensality. It is based on a study of 14 couples, each with one English and one French partner, half of whom live in France, half in England. We examine the interplay between partners, their determination to eat together as a couple, and the various 'orders' associated with their commensal pact (diets, routines, extra-marital commensality), both when they start as couples and as parents of young children...
April 17, 2018: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29638002/beyond-the-heartlands-deindustrialization-naturalization-and-the-meaning-of-an-industrial-tradition
#13
David Nettleingham
Deindustrialization is a complex and multifaceted series of processes and transitions, reflecting the equally complicated web of social relationships and interdependencies that constitute(d) an industrial society. Contemporary scholars have looked beyond just the economic impact of industrial loss, to the cultural, temporal and spatial legacies and impacts wrought by the mass closures of the 1980s, as well as the continuing presence of an industrial identity in struggles over representation and regeneration...
April 11, 2018: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29638001/a-child-s-day-trends-in-time-use-in-the-uk-from-1975-to-2015
#14
Killian Mullan
This paper examines change in school-age children's (8-16 years) time use in the United Kingdom between 1975 and 2015. Over this period, concerns for children's safety, technological change, and increased emphasis on success in school are widely argued to have altered children's daily lives, leading for example to less time outdoors, more time in screen-based activities, and more time focused on education. Using data from three national time use surveys collected in 1974-5, 2000-01 and 2014-15, this paper explores the extent to which these arguments reflect actual change in how children spend their time throughout the day...
April 11, 2018: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29635831/youth-participation-in-post-secular-times-young-muslim-and-buddhist-practitioners-as-religious-citizens
#15
Anita Harris, Kim Lam
Recently there has been renewed interest in the role of religion in the public sphere in the context of a 'post-secular' age characterized by the resurgence of religious identities and communities in increasingly diverse, multi-faith societies. Young people's active political and civic engagement has also emerged as a core challenge for robust democracies. While an interesting body of current research suggests that religious commitment may cultivate participation amongst youth by acting as an incubator of civic and political engagement, such literature often positions religiosity as outside of, and consequently at odds with participation in a secular public sphere...
April 10, 2018: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624644/producing-internal-suspect-bodies-divisive-effects-of-uk-counter-terrorism-measures-on-muslim-communities-in-leeds-and-bradford
#16
Madeline-Sophie Abbas
Research on UK government counter-terrorism measures has claimed that Muslims are treated as a 'suspect community'. However, there is limited research exploring the divisive effects that membership of a 'suspect community' has on relations within Muslim communities. Drawing from interviews with British Muslims living in Leeds or Bradford, I address this gap by explicating how co-option of Muslim community members to counter extremism fractures relations within Muslim communities. I reveal how community members internalize fears of state targeting which precipitates internal disciplinary measures...
April 6, 2018: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603121/mobility-closure-in-the-upper-class-assessing-time-and-forms-of-capital
#17
Maren Toft
Most understandings of the ways classes become social groupings centre on processes of mobility closure whereby mutual appreciation and recognition within classes arise from homogenous experiences over time. The mapping of such structured biographies, however, remains understudied. This paper explores intra- and intergenerational mobility patterns in the upper strata of the Norwegian class structure and aims to include temporal processes and multiple forms of capital in the quantification of class trajectories...
March 30, 2018: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603119/the-other-london-effect-the-diversification-of-london-s-suburban-grammar-schools-and-the-rise-of-hyper-selective-elite-state-schools
#18
Sol Gamsu
This paper examines the rise of a new elite of 'super-state' schools in London, revealing a growing divide within the state sector which problematizes claims that the capital is a 'hotspot' for social mobility (Social Mobility Commission ). Although recent research has revealed a 'London effect' in which students in the capital on Free School Meals outperform their peers in other regions (Greaves, Macmillan and Sibieta ), inequalities between London's schools in access to elite universities have been overlooked...
March 30, 2018: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29537073/social-mobility-and-demand-for-redistribution-in-europe-a-comparative-analysis
#19
Antonio M Jaime-Castillo, Ildefonso Marqués-Perales
The literature on preferences for redistribution has paid little attention to the effect of social mobility on the demand for redistribution and no systematic test of the hypotheses connecting social mobility and preferences for redistribution has yet been done to date. We use the diagonal reference model to estimate the effect of origin and destination classes on preferences for redistribution in a large sample of European countries using data from the European Social Survey. Our findings are consistent with the logic of acculturation in the sense that newcomers tend to adapt their views to those of the destination class at early stages and that upward and downward mobility do not have distinctive effects on the formation of political preferences...
March 14, 2018: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922463/declining-social-mobility-evidence-from-five-linked-censuses-in-england-and-wales-1971-2011
#20
Franz Buscha, Patrick Sturgis
In this paper we add to the existing evidence base on recent trends in inter-generational social mobility in England and Wales. We analyse data from the Office for National Statistics Longitudinal Study (ONS-LS), which links individual records from the five decennial censuses between 1971 and 2011. The ONS-LS is an excellent data resource for the study of social mobility because it has a very large sample size, excellent population coverage and low rates of nonresponse and attrition across waves. Additionally, the structure of the study means that we can observe the occupations of LS-members' parents when they were children and follow their own progress in the labour market at regular intervals into middle age...
March 2018: British Journal of Sociology
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