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British Journal of Sociology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885651/barossa-night-cohesion-in-the-british-army-officer-corps
#1
Patrick Bury
Contrasting the classical explanation of military group cohesion as sustained by interpersonal bonds, recent scholars have highlighted the importance of ritualized communication, training and drills in explaining effective military performance in professional armies. While this has offered a welcome addition to the cohesion literature and a novel micro-sociological method of examining cohesion, its primary evidential base has been combat groups. Indeed, despite their prominent role in directing operations over the past decade, the British Army's officer corps has received relatively little attention from sociologists during this period...
November 25, 2016: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885639/cosmopolitanism-and-the-relevance-of-zombie-concepts-the-case-of-anomic-suicide-amongst-alevi-kurd-youth
#2
Umit Cetin
Against Beck's claims that conventional sociological concepts and categories are zombie categories, this paper argues that Durkheim's theoretical framework in which suicide is a symptom of an anomic state of society can help us understand the diversity of trajectories that transnational migrants follow and that shape their suicide rates within a cosmopolitan society. Drawing on ethnographic data collected on eight suicides and three attempted suicide cases of second-generation male Alevi Kurdish migrants living in London, this article explains the impact of segmented assimilation/adaptation trajectories on the incidence of suicide and how their membership of a 'new rainbow underclass', as a manifestation of cosmopolitan society, is itself an anomic social position with a lack of integration and regulation...
November 25, 2016: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859004/eating-together-and-eating-alone-meal-arrangements-in-british-households
#3
Luke Yates, Alan Warde
Sociology traditionally accounts for eating in terms of the social organization of meals, their provision and consumption. A recurrent public concern is that the meal is being subverted. This paper examines meal arrangements in British households in 2012, drawing on an online survey in the format of a food diary administered to 2784 members of a supermarket consumer panel. It charts the organization of contemporary eating occasions, paying attention to socio-demographic variation in practice. Especially, it explores companionless meals, putting them in contexts of food provisioning and temporal rhythms...
November 18, 2016: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797395/continuity-change-and-complexity-in-the-performance-of-masculinity-among-elite-young-footballers-in-england
#4
Steven Roberts, Eric Anderson, Rory Magrath
Following recent research evidencing that young men are redefining the essential components of what it is to be a man, this paper draws on qualitative interviews with 22 elite-level, English Premier League academy level football (soccer) players to investigate their performances and understandings of masculinity in relation to decreasing homohysteria. Even in this gender-segregated, near-total institution, these working-class, non-educationally aspiring adolescents evidence an attenuated performance of 'maleness' and improved attitudinal disposition toward homosexuality...
October 31, 2016: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27643960/constructions-reconstructions-and-deconstructions-of-family-amongst-people-who-live-apart-together-lats
#5
Mariya Stoilova, Sasha Roseneil, Julia Carter, Simon Duncan, Miranda Phillips
This article explores how people who live apart from their partners in Britain describe and understand 'family'. It investigates whether, and how far, non-cohabiting partners, friends, 'blood' and legal ties are seen as 'family', and how practices of care and support, and feelings of closeness are related to these constructions. It suggests that people in LAT relationships creatively draw and re-draw the boundaries of family belonging in ways that involve emotionally subjective understandings of family life, and that also refer to normative constructions of what 'family' ought to be, as well as to practical recognitions of lived family 'realities'...
September 19, 2016: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905103/subjective-well-being-in-the-new-china-religion-social-capital-and-social-status
#6
Yunsong Chen, Mark Williams
We present the first nationally representative evidence on the relationship between religion and subjective well-being for the case of China. Research on Western societies tends to find a positive association between being religious and level of well-being. China provides an interesting critical case as the religious population is growing rapidly and the religious and socioeconomic environments are profoundly different from Western societies, implying different mechanisms might be at work. We hypothesize to find a positive association between religion and well-being in China too, but argue social capital, for which strong evidence is often found in Western societies, is unlikely to be an important mechanism because religion in China is generally non-congregational...
December 2016: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753077/do-organizational-and-political-legal-arrangements-explain-financial-wrongdoing
#7
Harland Prechel, Lu Zheng
The 2008 financial crisis was a systemic problem with deep-rooted structural causes that created opportunities to engage in financial malfeasance, a form of corporate wrongdoing. However, few quantitative studies exist on the effects of organizational and political-legal arrangements on financial malfeasance. In this paper, we examine the effects of organizational and political-legal arrangements that emerged in the 1990s in the FIRE sector (i.e., financial, insurance, and real estate) on financial malfeasance...
December 2016: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716905/the-sociology-of-late-secularization-social-divisions-and-religiosity
#8
Steve Bruce
At the start of the twentieth century the religious differed from the religiously indifferent largely in being religious. Now they differ in a number of other social and demographic characteristics that reduce interaction between the two populations further than simple numbers would require. That some of the main carriers of religion are immigrants or adherents of recently imported faiths reinforces the sense that religion is what other people do. In the context of the stock of religious knowledge being depleted and religion-taken-too-seriously being unpopular, the narrow demographic base of the religious makes conversion unlikely and thus makes the reversal of secularization unlikely...
December 2016: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27682473/intergenerational-solidarity-the-paradox-of-reciprocity-imbalance-in-ageing-welfare-states
#9
Peter Thijssen
In this article a new theoretical framework is applied to a research field that is somewhat fragmented, namely that of intergenerational solidarity in ageing welfare states. Inspired by utilitarian considerations many scholars tend to problematize the lack of reciprocity characterizing intergenerational exchanges. As some generations are longer old and more numerous they may receive excessive state-administered support of the younger generations, especially in a democratic setting. However, in reality there is limited empirical evidence of intergenerational conflict and theoretical explanations of this paradox are rare...
December 2016: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27643817/student-involvement-in-the-uk-sex-industry-motivations-and-experiences
#10
Tracey Sagar, Debbie Jones, Katrien Symons, Jacky Tyrie, Ron Roberts
The Student Sex Work Project was set up in 2012 in the United Kingdom (UK) to locate students who are involved in the sex industry, to discover their motivations and needs, and in doing so provide an evidence base to consider the development of policy and practice within Higher Education. As part of this initiative, a large survey was undertaken comprising students from throughout the UK. Reporting on the findings from this survey, the article sheds some light on what occupations students take up in the sex industry, what motivates their participation and how they experience the work...
December 2016: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27626619/the-disorganized-family-institutions-practices-and-normativity
#11
Lisa Smyth
This paper considers the value of a normative account of the relationship between agents and institutions for contemporary efforts to explain ever more complex and disorganized forms of social life. The character of social institutions, as they relate to practices, agents and norms, is explored through an engagement with the common claim that family life has been de-institutionalized. The paper argues that a normative rather than empirical definition of institutions avoids a false distinction between institutions and practices...
December 2016: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27501531/the-remaining-core-a-fresh-look-at-religiosity-trends-in-great-britain
#12
Sarah Wilkins-Laflamme
In recent years, there has been a growing argument that the end product of secularization may not be a disappearance of all things religious, but rather a polarization between a larger secular group in society and smaller religiously fervent and active communities. Yet, there has been little empirical testing of this theory in contexts of advanced secularization. The aim of this paper is to fill this gap by studying individual belief and religiosity trends over the past four decades in Great Britain, searching specifically for evidence of the population splitting more and more between religious 'nones' removed from all forms of religion, and actively religious individuals characterized by strong beliefs and favourable to the public involvement of religion...
December 2016: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27470076/the-making-of-boomergeddon-the-construction-of-the-baby-boomer-generation-as-a-social-problem-in-britain
#13
Jennie Bristow
High-profile claims about the problem of the 'Baby Boomer' generation, made in media and policy circles in recent years, have contributed to an awakened interest in the sociology of generations. While many claims focus on resource issues arising from the existence of a relatively large cohort (for example, pensions and healthcare), they contain an implicit moral critique of the generation associated with the postwar 'boom' of the Sixties. This article examines the development of the cultural script of the Baby Boomer problem in British newspapers over a 26-year period, to examine how shifts in the discourse about the Boomer generation relate to wider social, economic, cultural and political trends...
December 2016: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27412064/gay-guys-using-gay-language-friendship-shared-values-and-the-intent-context-effect-matrix
#14
Mark McCormack, Liam Wignall, Max Morris
This article draws on in-depth interviews with 35 openly gay male undergraduates from four universities in England to develop an understanding of the changing nature of language related to homosexuality. In addition to finding a diminution in the prevalence of homophobic language, we demonstrate that participants maintain complex and nuanced understandings of phrases that do not use homophobic pejoratives, such as 'that's so gay'. The majority of participants rejected the notion that these phrases are inherently homophobic, instead arguing that the intent with which they are said and the context in which they are used are vital in understanding their meaning and effect...
December 2016: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27611584/targeted-harassment-subcultural-identity-and-the-embrace-of-difference-a-case-study
#15
Paul Hodkinson, Jon Garland
This paper examines the significance of experiences and understandings of targeted harassment to the identities of youth subcultural participants, through case study research on goths. It does so against a context of considerable recent public discussion about the victimization of alternative subcultures and a surprising scarcity of academic research on the subject. The analysis presented indicates that, although individual direct experiences are diverse, the spectre of harassment can form an ever-present accompaniment to subcultural life, even for those who have never been seriously targeted...
September 2016: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27531567/processes-of-social-flourishing-and-their-liminal-collapse-elements-to-a-genealogy-of-globalization
#16
Arpad Szakolczai
This article aims at exploring a long-term historical perspective on which contemporary globalization can be more meaningfully situated. A central problem with established approaches to globalization is that they are even more presentist than the literature on modernization was. Presentism not only means the ignoring of history, but also the unreflective application to history of concepts taken from the study of the modern world. In contrast, it is argued that contemporary globalization is not a unique development, but rather is a concrete case of a historical type...
September 2016: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27490629/the-cosmopolitan-contradictions-of-planetary-urbanization
#17
Gareth Millington
This paper explores the empirical, conceptual and theoretical gains that can be made using cosmopolitan social theory to think through the urban transformations that scholars have in recent years termed planetary urbanization. Recognizing the global spread of urbanization makes the need for a cosmopolitan urban sociology more pressing than ever. Here, it is suggested that critical urban sociology can be invigorated by focusing upon the disconnect that Henri Lefebvre posits between the planetarization of the urban - which he views as economically and technologically driven - and his dis-alienated notion of a global urban society...
September 2016: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27472436/a-state-of-limbo-the-politics-of-waiting-in-neo-liberal-latvia
#18
Liene Ozoli┼ća-Fitzgerald
This article presents an ethnographic study of politics of waiting in a post-Soviet context. While activation has been explored in sociological and anthropological literature as a neo-liberal governmental technology and its application in post-socialist context has also been compellingly documented, waiting as a political artefact has only recently been receiving increased scholarly attention. Drawing on ethnographic fieldwork at a state-run unemployment office in Riga, this article shows how, alongside activation, state welfare policies also produce passivity and waiting...
September 2016: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27444132/moral-panic-moral-regulation-and-the-civilizing-process
#19
Sean Hier
This article compares two analytical frameworks ostensibly formulated to widen the focus of moral panic studies. The comparative analysis suggests that attempts to conceptualize moral panics in terms of decivilizing processes have neither substantively supplemented the explanatory gains made by conceptualizing moral panic as a form of moral regulation nor provided a viable alternative framework that better explains the dynamics of contemporary moral panics. The article concludes that Elias's meta-theory of the civilizing process potentially provides explanatory resources to investigate a possible historical-structural shift towards the so-called age of (a)moral panic; the analytical demands of such a project, however, require a sufficiently different line of inquiry than the one encouraged by both the regulatory and decivilizing perspectives on moral panic...
September 2016: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27411956/why-still-marry-the-role-of-feelings-in-the-persistence-of-marriage-as-an-institution-1
#20
Francesco C Billari, Aart C Liefbroer
Despite cohabitation becoming increasingly equivalent to marriage in some of the most 'advanced' Western European societies, the vast majority of people still marry. Why so? Existing theories, mostly based on various approaches tied to cognitive decision-making, do not provide a sufficient explanation of the persistence of marriage. In this article, we argue that feelings attached to marriage, i.e. the affective evaluation of those involved in a partner relationship concerning marriage as opposed to cohabitation, explain the persistent importance of marriage as an institution...
September 2016: British Journal of Sociology
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