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British Journal of Sociology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29963698/the-making-of-an-egalitarian-elite-school-ethos-and-the-production-of-privilege
#1
Maria Törnqvist
Research on privilege and education often focuses on institutions that are elite in a rather traditional way, for example schools that instruct the children of the upper classes according to a reproductive logic that reinforces existing inequalities. The present article addresses the fostering of advantage from the angle of a more ambiguous case. The Global College, a municipal Swedish upper secondary school specialized in environmental issues and global justice, offers an empirical prism for discussing the cultivation of elite identification through the formative potential of an egalitarian ethos...
July 2, 2018: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29799122/do-values-explain-the-low-employment-levels-of-muslim-women-around-the-world-a-within-and-between-country-analysis
#2
Eman Abdelhadi, Paula England
Using worldwide data from the World Values Survey (WVS) gathered in 2010-2014, we examine two distinct ways in which Islam may be associated with women's employment. We show that, within their countries, Muslim women are less likely to be employed than women of other religions. We also examine between-country differences and find that, net of education and family statuses, the employment levels of women living in countries that are 90-100 per cent Muslim are not significantly different than those living in countries that are only 0-20 per cent Muslim...
May 25, 2018: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068536/outline-of-a-sociology-of-decisionism
#3
Gabriel Abend
I propose an agenda for empirical research on decision, choice, decision-makers, and decision-making qua social facts. Given society S, group G, or field F, I make a twofold sociological proposal. First, empirically investigate the conditions under which something-call it X-is taken to be a decision or choice, or the outcome of a decision-making process. What must X be like? What doesn't count (besides, presumably, myotatic reflexes and blushing)? Whom or what must X be done by? What can't be a decision-maker (besides, presumably, rocks and apples)? Second, empirically investigate how decision/choice concepts are used in everyday life, politics, business, education, law, technology, and science...
June 2018: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922583/reluctant-entrepreneurs-musicians-and-entrepreneurship-in-the-new-music-industry
#4
Jo Haynes, Lee Marshall
Changing labour conditions in the creative industries - with celebrations of autonomy and entrepreneurialism intertwined with increasing job insecurity, portfolio careers and short-term, project-based contracts - are often interpreted as heralding changes to employment relations more broadly. The position of musicians' labour in relation to these changes is unclear, however, given that these kinds of conditions have defined musicians' working practices over much longer periods of time (though they may have intensified due to well-documented changes to the music industry brought about by digitization and disintermediation)...
June 2018: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876450/what-has-become-of-critique-reassembling-sociology-after-latour
#5
Tom Mills
This paper offers a defence of sociology through an engagement with Actor Network Theory (ANT) and particularly the critique of 'critical' and politically engaged social science developed by Bruno Latour. It argues that ANT identifies some weaknesses in more conventional sociology and social theory, and suggests that 'critical' and 'public' orientated sociologists can learn from the analytical precision and ethnographic sensibilities that characterize ANT as a framework of analysis and a research programme...
June 2018: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869293/living-in-the-city-school-friendships-diversity-and-the-middle-classes
#6
Carol Vincent, Sarah Neal, Humera Iqbal
Much of the literature on the urban middle classes describes processes of both affiliation (often to the localities) and disaffiliation (often from some of the non-middle-class residents). In this paper, we consider this situation from a different position, drawing on research exploring whether and how children and adults living in diverse localities develop friendships with those different to themselves in terms of social class and ethnicity. This paper focuses on the interviews with the ethnically diverse, but predominantly white British, middle-class parent participants, considering their attitudes towards social and cultural difference...
June 2018: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833044/back-to-hegel-on-gillian-rose-s-critique-of-sociological-reason
#7
Brian W Fuller
Thirty-five years ago, Gillian Rose articulated a significant critique of classical sociological reason, emphasizing its relationship to its philosophical forebears. In a series of works, but most significantly in her Hegel contra Sociology, Rose worked to specify the implications of sociology's failure, both in its critical Marxist and its 'scientific' forms, to move beyond Kant and to fully come to terms with the thought of Hegel. In this article, I unpack and explain the substance of her criticisms, developing the necessary Hegelian philosophical background on which she founded them...
June 2018: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805946/racial-entanglements-and-sociological-confusions-repudiating-the-rehabilitation-of-integration
#8
Sivamohan Valluvan
In line with the broader nationalist advances currently remaking the Western political landscape, the concept of integration has witnessed a marked rehabilitation. Whilst many influential critiques of the sociology of integration are already available, this article contests the concept's renewed purchase through addressing its own internal incoherence. Based on research in Stockholm, this critique concerns the relationship between ethnic identity and cultural integration. It will be argued that integration and the production of difference are intertwined, entangled dualities, and far from being a benign entanglement, this duality is premised on the force and reach of everyday civic racisms...
June 2018: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718874/everyday-territories-homelessness-outreach-work-and-city-space
#9
Robin James Smith, Tom Hall
This article develops a situational approach to understanding urban public life and, in particular, the production of urban territories. Our aim is to examine the ways in which city space might be understood as comprising multiple, shifting, mobile and rhythmed territories. We argue that such territories are best understood through attending to their everyday production and negotiation, rather than handling territory as an a priori construct. We develop this argument from the particular case of the street-level politics of homelessness and street care...
June 2018: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700077/belonging-across-the-lifetime-time-and-self-in-mass-observation-accounts
#10
Vanessa May
Our sense of belonging rarely stands still, yet the research literature has hitherto paid little attention to the temporal nature of belonging. Based on an analysis of 62 Mass Observation Project (MOP) accounts written by people living in the UK aged from their 20s to their 90s, this paper argues that as people age, how they locate belonging in time shifts. This has to do with changing concerns related to belonging, but also to metaphysical issues of temporality and mortality, namely how people experience their own finite lifetime...
June 2018: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688168/-hidden-identities-perceptions-of-sexual-identity-in-beijing
#11
Toby Miles-Johnson, Yurong Wang
This article draws upon responses given by volunteers who work in the Beijing LGBT Centre regarding perceptions of sexual identity, and how Chinese culture affects hidden or open sexual identities of Chinese lesbian and gay people in this region. The insights gained from those working carefully to create social change offers an important and original contribution to the field of gay and lesbian studies in China. The findings indicate the volunteers at the Beijing LGBT Centre are frustrated by the lack of acceptance of non-heterosexual relationships among Chinese culture and society, and by the disregard of lesbian gay and bisexual (LGB) people by the Chinese government...
June 2018: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591428/does-disestablishment-lead-to-religious-vitality-the-case-of-switzerland
#12
Jörg Stolz, Mark Chaves
Economists and sociologists of religion have claimed that religious establishment dampens religious vitality, leading to lower recruitment efforts, low attendance, declining membership within established congregations, and the 'crowding out' of non-established congregations. Conversely, these authors have told us, disestablishment will lead to more religious vitality. Remarkably, even though these claims rest on the connection between establishment and the organizational and membership behaviour of local religious congregations, no research has directly examined that connection...
June 2018: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556919/ethical-living-relinking-ethics-and-consumption-through-care-in-chile-and-brazil
#13
Tomas Ariztia, Nurjk Agloni, Léna Pellandini-Simányi
Mainstream conceptualizations of 'ethical consumption' equate the notion with conscious, individual, market-mediated choices motivated by ethical or political aims that transcend ordinary concerns. Drawing on recent sociology and anthropology of consumption literature on the links between ordinary ethics and ethical consumption, this article discusses some of the limitations of this conceptualization. Using data from 32 focus groups conducted in Chile and Brazil, we propose a conceptualization of ethical consumption that does not centre on individual, market-mediated choices but understands it at the level of practical outcomes, which we refer to as different forms of 'ethical living'...
June 2018: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785778/stakeholder-identities-in-britain-s-neoliberal-ethical-community-polish-narratives-of-earned-citizenship-in-the-context-of-the-uk-s-eu-referendum
#14
Derek McGhee, Chris Moreh, Athina Vlachantoni
This article examines the narrative strategies through which Polish migrants in the UK challenge the formal rights of political membership and attempt to redefine the boundaries of 'citizenship' along notions of deservedness. The analysed qualitative data originate from an online survey conducted in the months before the 2016 EU referendum, and the narratives emerge from the open-text answers to two survey questions concerning attitudes towards the referendum and the exclusion of resident EU nationals from the electoral process...
May 21, 2018: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756402/-friends-that-last-a-lifetime-the-importance-of-emotions-amongst-volunteers-working-with-refugees-in-calais
#15
Mark Doidge, Elisa Sandri
The European 'refugee crisis' has generated a broad movement of volunteers offering their time and skills to support refugees across the continent, in the absence of nation states. This article focuses on volunteers who helped in the informal refugee camp in Calais called the 'Jungle'. It looks at the importance of emotions as a motivating factor for taking on responsibilities that are usually carried out by humanitarian aid organizations. We argue that empathy is not only the initial motivator for action, but it also sustains the voluntary activity as volunteers make sense of their emotions through working in the camp...
May 13, 2018: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756339/-no-one-to-trust-the-cultural-embedding-of-atomism-in-financial-markets
#16
Galit Ailon
The paper ethnographically explores the cultural embedding of atomistic indifference in online, global financial markets: arenas that have been digitally designed according to economic ideals and that demand an extreme form of relational and social dissociation from the partners to exchange and from those affected by the transactions. Its case-study is lay financial-trading in Israel, a country undergoing extensive neoliberalization. The study shows that dissociation is embedded in an economic culture marked by constant, multi-sited declarations that economic-Others are cold, uncaring and manipulative...
May 13, 2018: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744862/emotion-reflexivity-and-social-change-in-the-era-of-extreme-fossil-fuels
#17
Debra J Davidson
Reflexivity is an important sociological lens through which to examine the means by which people engage in actions that contribute to social reproduction or social elaboration. Reflexivity theorists have largely overlooked the central place of emotions in reflexive processing, however, thus missing opportunities to enhance our understanding of reflexivity by capitalizing on recent scholarship on emotions emanating from other fields of inquiry. This paper explores the role of emotion in reflexivity, with a qualitative analysis of social responses to hydraulic fracturing in Alberta, Canada, utilizing narrative analysis of long-form interviews with rural landowners who have experienced direct impacts from hydraulic fracturing, and have attempted to voice their concerns in the public sphere...
May 9, 2018: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740806/-scarier-than-another-storm-values-at-risk-in-the-mapping-and-insuring-of-us-floodplains
#18
Rebecca Elliott
How do people respond to the ways in which insurance mediates environmental risks? Socio-cultural risk research has characterized and analyzed the experiential dimension of risk, but has yet to focus on insurance, which is a key institution shaping how people understand and relate to risk. Insurance not only assesses and communicates risk; it also economizes it, making the problem on the ground not just one of risk, but also of value. This article addresses these issues with an investigation of the social life of the flood insurance rate map, the central technology of the U...
May 8, 2018: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736977/do-his-education-and-class-matter-the-changing-effect-of-the-husband-on-women-s-labour-market-transitions-in-italy-and-britain
#19
Cristina Solera
A new stream of sociological and demographic theory emphasizes individualization as the key process in late modernity. As maintained by Hakim (), women also have increasingly become agents of their own biographies, less influenced by the social class and the family. In this study, I intend to contribute to this debate by analysing how, in Italy and Britain, women's movements between employment and housework are linked to their husband's education and class, and how this link has changed across cohorts. Using discrete-time event-history modelling on the BHPS and ILFI, my findings show that in both countries, if the woman's educational and labour-market profile is controlled for, the husband's occupation and education have lost importance...
May 7, 2018: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736930/can-cultural-consumption-increase-future-earnings-exploring-the-economic-returns-to-cultural-capital
#20
Aaron Reeves, Robert de Vries
Cultural consumption is often viewed as a form of embodied cultural capital which can be converted into economic rewards (e.g., earnings) because such practices increase the likelihood of moving into more advantaged social positions. However, quantitative evidence supporting this theory remains uncertain because it is often unable to rule out alternative explanations. Cultural consumption appears to influence hiring decisions in some elite firms, in both the US and the UK, but it is unclear whether these processes are applicable to other professional occupations and other labour market processes, such as promotions...
May 7, 2018: British Journal of Sociology
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