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British Journal of Sociology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510354/that-s-what-friends-are-for-how-intergroup-friendships-promote-historically-disadvantaged-groups-substantive-political-representation
#1
Andrej Kokkonen, David Karlsson
The interests of historically disadvantaged groups risk being overlooked if they are not present in the decision-making process. However, a mere presence in politics does not guarantee political success. Often groups need allies to promote their interests successfully. We argue that one way to identify such allies is to judge politicians by whether they have friends in historically disadvantaged groups, as intergroup friendships have been shown to make people understand and feel empathy for outgroups. In other words, intergroup friendships may function as an important complement to descriptive representation...
May 16, 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510267/the-jack-wills-crowd-towards-a-sociology-of-an-elite-subculture
#2
Anthony King, Daniel Smith
British sociologists have long been interested in youth sub-cultures. However British sociologists have tended to focus on working class subcultures and avoided engagement with exclusive sub-cultures of elite social groups. This article seeks to attend to this gap by examining the subculture of a British elite: ex-public school students at select universities in the UK in the twenty-first century. This group consists of a relatively small group of young adults, aged between 18 and 23, who attended public schools, especially one of the nine Clarendon schools (Eton, Winchester, Westminster, St...
May 16, 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462985/the-state-and-the-development-of-an-information-society-greek-policy-and-experience
#3
Dimitris Boucas
The paper looks into the dynamics of information society policy and its implementation in the Greek context. It argues that information society development is a contested process, influenced by pre-existing state, economy and society relations. Based on this, it looks into the different aspects of the idiosyncratic path which the evolution of the Greek information society has followed, particularly after 2000. Using Bob Jessop's strategic-relational approach (SRA) to the state as an analytical framework and drawing on a number of in-depth interviews with relevant political actors, it provides insights into policy implementation by examining: the public management of information technology projects, how such projects were received in bureaucratic structures and practices, as well as the relationship between the state and the information and communication technology (ICT) sector in public procurement processes...
April 30, 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462981/german-muslims-and-their-engagement-in-participatory-culture-reflections-on-civic-and-artistic-contributions-to-the-public-sphere
#4
Asmaa Soliman
This paper examines publics of young German Muslims. Case studies include the singer Huelya Kandemir, the theatre group Uma Lamo and the social network Zahnräder. By focusing on spiritual music publics, theatrical comedy publics and social publics, it tries a new approach to the way in which we understand minority public engagement. In addition to examining the concept of counterpublics, it utilizes the concept of participatory culture, which offers a relevant complement. The study argues that the publics of young German Muslims display multifaceted artistic and civic engagement, which can best be understood in terms of participation in cultural or civic productions and contribution to the wider German public...
April 30, 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462536/is-ethnic-prejudice-declining-in-britain-change-in-social-distance-attitudes-among-ethnic-majority-and-minority-britons
#5
Ingrid Storm, Maria Sobolewska, Robert Ford
Most literature on racial prejudice deals with the racial attitudes of the ethnic majority and ethnic minorities separately. This paper breaks this tradition. We examine the social distance attitudes of white and non-white British residents to test if these attitudes follow the same trends over time, whether they are driven by the same social processes and whether they are inter-related. We have three main findings. Firstly, social distance from other ethnic groups has declined over time for both white and ethnic minority Britons...
April 29, 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383104/how-fields-vary
#6
Monika Krause
Field theorists have long insisted that research needs to pay attention to the particular properties of each field studied. But while much field-theoretical research is comparative, either explicitly or implicitly, scholars have only begun to develop the language for describing the dimensions along which fields can be similar to and different from each other. In this context, this paper articulates an agenda for the analysis of variable properties of fields. It discusses variation in the degree but also in the kind of field autonomy...
April 6, 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369838/sustaining-corporate-class-consciousness-across-the-new-liquid-managerial-elite-in-britain
#7
Aeron Davis
This article asks: how is class consciousness and cohesiveness amongst the UK business elite maintained in the twenty-first century? Elite studies traditionally sought to account for the construction and circulation of dominant ideology through exclusive education systems, institutional board interlocks and club memberships. The problem is that business elite membership of all these institutions has been steady declining in recent decades. Contemporary corporate elites now appear more mobile and fragmented in an age of globalization...
April 1, 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369796/value-orientations-and-social-attitudes-in-the-holistic-milieu
#8
Franz Höllinger
Based on a representative population survey for Germany this article investigates whether engagement in holistic activities is associated with privatized lifestyles and lack of social responsibility or with countercultural orientations and base-democratic political commitment. To analyse this question, respondents who are engaged in holistic activities are divided into three groups that are compared with each other as well as with Christians and non-religious people. The findings show that the three holistic groups are characterized by clearly different attitudinal patterns: Respondents engaged in body-mind-spirit activities have an affinity to self-directed ways of life, post-materialism and environmentalism...
April 1, 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369770/cosmopolitanism-through-mobility-physical-corporeal-or-virtual-imagined
#9
Knut Petzold
In the context of increasing cross-border mobility and the associated interconnections and diversities, 'cosmopolitanism' has become a key concept in sociology. Understood as individual real-world orientation, many authors consider a central cause for cosmopolitanism in physical-corporeal mobility, in particular transnationally. However, the significance of virtual and imagined mobility, such as via television or the Internet, is increasingly emphasized. Nevertheless, it has so far been little examined how and with which relative strength physical-corporeal and virtual-imagined mobility are associated with cosmopolitan orientations...
April 1, 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369726/stagnation-only-on-the-surface-the-implications-of-skill-and-family-responsibilities-for-the-gender-wage-gap-in-sweden-1974-2010
#10
Katarina Boye, Karin Halldén, Charlotta Magnusson
The wage differential between women and men persists in advanced economies despite the inflow of women into qualified occupations in recent years. Using five waves of the Swedish Level-of-Living Survey (LNU), this paper explores the gender wage gap in Sweden during the 1974-2010 period overall and by skill level. The empirical analyses showed that the general gender wage gap has been nearly unchanged for the past 30 years. However, the gender difference in wage in less qualified occupations fell considerably, whereas the gender pay gap remained stable for men and women in qualified occupations...
March 31, 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369794/making-the-middle-classes-on-shifting-ground-residential-status-performativity-and-middle-class-subjectivities-in-contemporary-london
#11
Michaela Benson, Emma Jackson
This paper argues that shifts in access to housing - both in relation to rental and ownership - disrupt middle-class reproduction in ways that fundamentally influence class formation. While property ownership has had a long association with middle-class identities, status and distinction, an increasingly competitive rental market alongside inflated property prices has impacted on expectations and anxieties over housing futures. In this paper, we consider two key questions: (1) What happens to middle-class identities under the conditions of this wider structural change? (2) How do the middle classes variously manoeuvre within this? Drawing on empirical research conducted in London, we demonstrate that becoming an owner-occupier may be fractured along lines of class but also along the axes of age, wealth and timing, particularly as this relates to the housing market...
March 29, 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369716/corporate-social-responsibility-and-conflicts-of-interest-in-the-alcohol-and-gambling-industries-a-post-political-discourse
#12
Ben Baumberg Geiger, Valentina Cuzzocrea
The corporate pursuit of social goals - known as Corporate Social Responsibility or 'CSR' - has been subject to critique on a number of grounds. However, a hitherto underexplored potential consequence of CSR has been suggested in a recent paper by C. Garsten and K. Jacobsson ('Post-Political Regulation: Soft Power and Post-political Visions in Global Governance' (2013), Critical Sociology 39: 421-37). They suggest that CSR is part of an international trend towards 'post-political' governance discourses, where an emphasis on different actors' common goals obscures conflicts of interest, subverting the open political conflict necessary for a well-functioning democracy...
March 28, 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328093/race-in-an-epigenetic-time-thinking-biology-in-the-plural
#13
Maurizio Meloni
The notion that biological memories of environmental experiences can be embedded in the human genome and even transmitted transgenerationally is increasingly relevant in the postgenomic world, particularly in molecular epigenetics, where the genome is conceptualized as porous to environmental signals. In this article I discuss the current rethinking of race in epigenetic rather than genetic terms, emphasizing some of its paradoxical implications, especially for public policy. I claim in particular that: (i) if sociologists want to investigate race in a postgenomic world they should pay more attention to this novel plastic and biosocial view of race; and (ii) there are no reasons to believe that an epigenetic view will extinguish race, or that soft-inheritance claims will produce a less exclusionary discourse than genetics (hard heredity)...
March 22, 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328080/crowding-in-how-indian-civil-society-organizations-began-mobilizing-around-climate-change
#14
Tuomas Ylä-Anttila, Pradip Swarnakar
This paper argues that periodic waves of crowding-in to 'hot' issue fields are a recurring feature of how globally networked civil society organizations operate, especially in countries of the Global South. We elaborate on this argument through a study of Indian civil society mobilization around climate change. Five key mechanisms contribute to crowding-in processes: (1) the expansion of discursive opportunities; (2) the event effects of global climate change conferences; (3) the network effects created by expanding global civil society networks; (4) the adoption and innovation of action repertoires; and (5) global pressure effects creating new opportunities for civil society...
March 22, 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321859/the-quest-to-overcome-irrelevance-in-a-troubled-world-can-du-boisian-analyses-rescue-sociology
#15
Aldon Morris
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321858/-let-the-ears-of-the-guilty-people-tingle-with-truth-w-e-b-du-bois-as-an-original-sociologist
#16
Les Back
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321857/academic-apartheid-and-the-poverty-of-theory-the-impact-of-scholarly-segregation-on-the-development-of-sociology-in-the-united-states
#17
Michael Schwartz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321856/automation-is-it-really-different-this-time
#18
REVIEW
Judy Wajcman
This review examines several recent books that deal with the impact of automation and robotics on the future of jobs. Most books in this genre predict that the current phase of digital technology will create massive job loss in an unprecedented way, that is, that this wave of automation is different from previous waves. Uniquely digital technology is said to automate professional occupations for the first time. This review critically examines these claims, puncturing some of the hyperbole about automation, robotics and Artificial Intelligence...
March 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321855/redemption-story-was-w-e-b-du-bois-a-founder-of-modern-sociology
#19
Walter R Allen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321854/w-e-b-du-bois-and-robert-park
#20
Martin Bulmer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: British Journal of Sociology
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