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British Journal of Sociology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30311186/a-post-liberal-theory-of-stratification
#1
Michelle Jackson, David B Grusky
The iconic 'liberal theory' of stratification fails to attend to the many types of downward mobility and wage loss generated by late-industrial stratification systems. Although the liberal theory and its close cousins assume that loss and failure will be interpreted in individualistic terms, recent developments suggest instead that they are generating solidary groups that are increasingly locked into zero-sum contest and successfully mobilized by politicians and other norm entrepreneurs. These developments imply a Marxisant future for late-industrial inequality that bears scant resemblance to the highly individualized, unstructured, and non-conflictual stratification system envisaged by the liberal theory...
October 11, 2018: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30307048/race-rome-and-the-genome
#2
Jenny Reardon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 11, 2018: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30307047/the-social-life-of-dna-racial-reconciliation-and-institutional-morality-after-the-genome-a-response
#3
Alondra Nelson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 11, 2018: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30298922/how-do-international-lawyers-handle-facts-the-role-of-folk-sociological-theories-at-the-international-criminal-court
#4
Julien Seroussi
The International Criminal Court (ICC) investigates international crimes committed in different parts of the world. Earlier scholarly analysis of the work performed by the ICC judges has pointed out that judges often lack cultural and national understanding of the local norms and customs of regions where defendants come from. This article treats this lack of contextual knowledge displayed by the court as a case of structural ignorance rather than an aberration to be 'exposed' or censured. International lawyers indeed must ground their legal narratives with plausible sociological explanations of contextual elements to overcome their lack of familiarity with the field and the scarcity of their investigative resources...
October 9, 2018: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30298677/strategic-ignorance-and-global-governance-an-ecumenical-approach-to-epistemologies-of-global-power
#5
Grégoire Mallard, Linsey McGoey
How can we account for the role of ignorance and knowledge in global governance? It is a contention of earlier scholarship in international relations and political sociology that knowledge production is tightly coupled with rational action - regardless of whether knowledge widely influences different stakeholders or not. This scholarship equally tends to assume an ignorance-knowledge binary relationship that associates ignorance with powerlessness and knowledge with power. This is a view we dispute. Calling for a new approach to the study of ignorance and knowledge in international politics, our article builds on research from ignorance studies, science and technology studies and critical race theory to derive a novel typology of epistemologies of power in which truth and ignorance are defined and combined in a plurality of ways...
October 9, 2018: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30298610/developing-a-critical-trans-gerontology
#6
Michael Toze
Within existing academic literature, ageing within trans populations has primarily been addressed from the perspective of offering advice to service providers and clinicians, with relatively limited application of critical sociological perspectives. This article seeks to integrate the critical perspectives on gerontology with transfeminism, identifying areas of commonality regarding accounts of an integrated lifecourse, scepticism of biomedicalization, and an emphasis on local context. The article suggests that this integration provides a fruitful basis for developing future research into the study of trans ageing, and also provides theoretical development across many debates around age, gender and the lifecourse...
October 9, 2018: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30294888/money-and-relationships-online-communication-and-norm-formation-in-women-s-discussions-of-couple-resource-allocation
#7
Liz Moor, Shireen Kanji
Research on intra-household resource allocation practices has largely ignored the role of communication within but especially beyond the household. This article shows that discussions engaged in outside of the household shed light on intra-household deliberation and also contribute to an understanding of how norms are formed and used in discussions and negotiations. Using data from the website Mumsnet, and grounding our analysis in a framework that combines the literature on gender norms in allocation practices with insights from the study of online communication, we contribute to the sociological literature on household distribution in three ways: first, we show that women use discussion sites like Mumsnet to clarify and sometimes contest social norms regarding money and relationships; second, we show that users conceive the ability to communicate with partners as a source of 'relationship power' and use online discussion with other women to develop that skill; third, we argue that sites like Mumsnet provide fresh insights into household resource allocation processes...
October 7, 2018: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30291630/the-imf-failure-that-wasn-t-risk-ignorance-during-the-european-debt-crisis
#8
Pierre Pénet
This article builds on ignorance studies to revisit how we understand the role of expertise in international policymaking. A fundamental component of ignorance is concealing what you know. For experts, risk ignorance is a strategic resource when the policymaking process becomes a contested exchange. This article covers IMF lending programmes in Europe in 2008-13 with a special focus on Greece. Empirical data is drawn from policy documents. I find that risk ignorance at the IMF resulted from a joint process of 'private alteration' and 'public obfuscation': the alteration of normal scenarios of debt sustainability in private negotiations worked in tandem with the obfuscation of programme risks in the public stage...
October 6, 2018: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30289164/plausible-folk-theories-throwing-veils-of-plausibility-over-zones-of-ignorance-in-global-governance
#9
Terence C Halliday
In an age of expertise, where knowledge ostensibly reigns, global governance not infrequently settles for ignorance. To understand this puzzle, this article draws upon extensive empirical research on two sites within the global governance of finance. One is directed to the suppression of money laundering and combating the financing of terrorism by the Financial Action Task Force and International Monetary Fund. Another intends to stimulate the supply of otherwise scarce money to financial markets through global lawmaking by the UN Commission on International Trade Law...
October 5, 2018: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30289162/morality-in-racialized-institutions
#10
James R Jones
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 5, 2018: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30289160/dna-reconciliation-and-social-empowerment
#11
Yulia Egorova
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 5, 2018: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30289159/antagonistic-recursivities-and-successive-cover-ups-the-case-of-private-nuclear-proliferation
#12
Grégoire Mallard
"Legal recursivity" is a concept introduced by socio-legal scholars to capture the progressive elaboration of transnational rules through policy linkages at the international and domestic levels, and the associated jurisdictional expansion of international institutions to new policy areas. Recursivity can take many forms, and this article introduces the concept of "antagonistic recursivity" to capture a dual process of recursive legal innovation and antagonistic obstruction by the same policy actors...
October 5, 2018: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30288737/the-uses-of-disorder-in-negotiated-information-orders-information-leveraging-and-changing-norms-in-global-public-health-governance
#13
Carol A Heimer
The SARS epidemic that broke out in late 2002 in China's Guangdong Province highlighted the difficulties of reliance on state-provided information when states have incentives to conceal discrediting information about public health threats. Using SARS and the International Health Regulations (IHR) as a starting point, this article examines negotiated information orders in global public health governance and the irregularities in the supply of data that underlie them. Negotiated information orders within and among the organizations in a field (here, e...
October 4, 2018: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30288729/slavery-and-institutional-morality-at-georgetown-university-reply-to-nelson
#14
Adam Rothman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 4, 2018: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30270432/preference-for-realistic-art-predicts-support-for-brexit-1
#15
Noah Carl, Lindsay Richards, Anthony Heath
Following the UK's EU referendum in June 2016, there has been considerable interest from scholars in understanding the characteristics that differentiate Leave supporters from Remain supporters. Since Leave supporters score higher on conscientiousness but lower on neuroticism and openness, and given their general proclivity toward conservatism, we hypothesized that preference for realistic art would predict support for Brexit. Data on a large nationally representative sample of the British population were obtained, and preference for realistic art was measured using a four-item binary choice test...
September 30, 2018: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30255928/reconciliation-projects-and-the-ontological-choreography-of-race
#16
Aaron Panofsky
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 26, 2018: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29963698/the-making-of-an-egalitarian-elite-school-ethos-and-the-production-of-privilege
#17
Maria Törnqvist
Research on privilege and education often focuses on institutions that are elite in a rather traditional way, for example schools that instruct the children of the upper classes according to a reproductive logic that reinforces existing inequalities. The present article addresses the fostering of advantage from the angle of a more ambiguous case. The Global College, a municipal Swedish upper secondary school specialized in environmental issues and global justice, offers an empirical prism for discussing the cultivation of elite identification through the formative potential of an egalitarian ethos...
July 2, 2018: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068536/outline-of-a-sociology-of-decisionism
#18
Gabriel Abend
I propose an agenda for empirical research on decision, choice, decision-makers, and decision-making qua social facts. Given society S, group G, or field F, I make a twofold sociological proposal. First, empirically investigate the conditions under which something-call it X-is taken to be a decision or choice, or the outcome of a decision-making process. What must X be like? What doesn't count (besides, presumably, myotatic reflexes and blushing)? Whom or what must X be done by? What can't be a decision-maker (besides, presumably, rocks and apples)? Second, empirically investigate how decision/choice concepts are used in everyday life, politics, business, education, law, technology, and science...
June 2018: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922583/reluctant-entrepreneurs-musicians-and-entrepreneurship-in-the-new-music-industry
#19
Jo Haynes, Lee Marshall
Changing labour conditions in the creative industries - with celebrations of autonomy and entrepreneurialism intertwined with increasing job insecurity, portfolio careers and short-term, project-based contracts - are often interpreted as heralding changes to employment relations more broadly. The position of musicians' labour in relation to these changes is unclear, however, given that these kinds of conditions have defined musicians' working practices over much longer periods of time (though they may have intensified due to well-documented changes to the music industry brought about by digitization and disintermediation)...
June 2018: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876450/what-has-become-of-critique-reassembling-sociology-after-latour
#20
Tom Mills
This paper offers a defence of sociology through an engagement with Actor Network Theory (ANT) and particularly the critique of 'critical' and politically engaged social science developed by Bruno Latour. It argues that ANT identifies some weaknesses in more conventional sociology and social theory, and suggests that 'critical' and 'public' orientated sociologists can learn from the analytical precision and ethnographic sensibilities that characterize ANT as a framework of analysis and a research programme...
June 2018: British Journal of Sociology
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