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Indian Journal of Tuberculosis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166922/multidrug-resistant-tuberculosis-during-pregnancy
#1
LETTER
C Padmapriyadarsini, S Shri Vijay Bala Yogendra, Bency Joseph, Lakshmi Murali
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166921/need-for-species-level-identification-of-non-tuberculous-mycobacteria-in-medical-college-laboratories-in-india
#2
LETTER
Rahul Narang, Pratibha Narang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166920/tuberculosis-the-great-imitator-a-usual-disease-with-unusual-presentations
#3
Sujata Jetley, Zeeba S Jairajpuri, Mukta Pujani, Sabina Khan, Safia Rana
BACKGROUND: A number of infectious diseases have been referred to by the phrase 'The Great Imitator', of which the oldest is syphilis; others include Lyme disease, nocardiosis, etc. Tuberculosis has been described as the second great imitator as it can imitate various other disease processes. An awareness of the atypical clinical manifestations of tuberculosis is important, especially in regions where tuberculosis continues to be a major public health problem, such as India. Extrapulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB) constitutes about 15-20% of all cases of tuberculosis in immunocompetent patients and accounts for more than 50% of the cases in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive individuals...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166919/a-lengthy-primary-intramedullary-tuberculoma-of-the-spinal-cord-extending-from-c4-to-d8-a-case-report
#4
V Chandramouleeswaran, Hazeena P Philo, D Balasubramaniam, Rajeswari Ramachandran
Spinal intramedullary tuberculoma is a rare cause of spinal cord compression. We report a case that had an intramedullary spinal cord tuberculomas where the diagnosis was made by MRI and biopsy. The clinical presentation was that of a cord compression in a 30-year-old male febrile patient. This case of intramedullary spinal tuberculoma with a longitudinally extending lesion of the cervicothoracic spine from C4 to D8 is presented for the rarity of its presentation.
January 2017: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166918/the-concomitant-occurrence-of-pulmonary-tuberculosis-with-bronchial-anthracofibrosis
#5
Shekhar Kunal, Ashok Shah
BACKGROUND: Bronchial anthracofibrosis (BAF), diagnosed bronchoscopically, is a clinical entity which is now beginning to emerge from obscurity. This is commonly encountered in elderly females with history of long-standing exposure to biomass fuel smoke in poorly ventilated kitchens. As awareness of BAF has increased in recent times, distinct clinicoradiological and bronchoscopic features of the disease have emerged. Diagnosis is achieved by visualisation of bluish-black mucosal hyperpigmentation along with narrowing/distortion of the affected bronchus on fibreoptic bronchoscopy (FOB)...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166917/two-cases-of-eyelid-tuberculosis-an-uncommon-presentation-of-ocular-tuberculosis
#6
D K Bajaj, A Srivastava, R A S Kushwaha, A Joshi, M K Pandey, P Mishra, M Asnani
Mycobacterium tuberculosis apart from being the causative agent of pulmonary tuberculosis is also notorious to cause tuberculosis at various sites in the human body and ocular tuberculosis is one of the extra pulmonary manifestations of this organism. The most common presentation of ocular tuberculosis is anterior uveitis or choroiditis caused by hematogenous infection or hypersensitivity after another organ infection. Eyelid involvement by tuberculosis is most of the times secondary to orbital involvement and often seen in the form of drainage sinus...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166916/black-brown-discoloration-and-hairy-tongue-a-rare-linezolid-side-effect
#7
A K Jain, Man Mohan Puri, R Sarin
INTRODUCTION: Linezolid was approved for clinical use for methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus and vancomycin-resistant Enterococci. Additionally it is used in the management of drug resistant tuberculosis. It is well-tolerated however bone marrow suppression and neuropathies may occur in patients taking this antibiotic for more than 2 weeks. Black discoloration and black hairy tongue (BHT) due to linezolid is rarely reported. We report two cases of BHT. CASE REPORTS: Two patients of drug resistant pulmonary tuberculosis developed benign hairy tongue with linezolid 600mg per day...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166915/smoking-and-alcohol-consumption-risk-factors-for-pulmonary-tuberculosis-among-the-tribal-community-in-central-india
#8
V G Rao, J Bhat, R Yadav, M Muniyandi, M K Bhondeley, D F Wares
Smoking and alcohol consumption are important risk factors for pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB). A cross-sectional survey was undertaken among the Gond tribe in Jabalpur district of Madhya Pradesh, and information on smoking and alcohol consumption was collected. As compared to females, males had an increased odds for PTB prevalence (odds ratio (OR) 3.2; 95% CI 486.4-1358.4; p=0.01). Similarly smokers and alcohol consumers had an increased odds for PTB compared to non-smokers and non-alcohol consumers, respectively [(OR 3...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166914/role-of-anti-tubercular-treatment-for-positive-endometrial-aspirate-dna-pcr-reproductive-outcome-in-infertile-patients-in-indian-setting-a-randomized-trial
#9
A Kriplani, A Bahadur, V Kulshrestha, N Agarwal, S Singh, U B Singh
AIMS: The aim of the study was to determine the effect of anti-tubercular therapy (ATT) versus no ATT on reproductive outcome in patients with positive endometrial aspirate DNA-PCR for tuberculosis. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology in collaboration with the Department of Microbiology at the All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India. METHODS AND MATERIALS: This prospective randomized study was conducted on 100 women in the reproductive age group with primary or secondary infertility, attending the Gynecology OPD at AIIMS...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166913/novel-risk-factors-and-early-detection-of-anti-tubercular-treatment-induced-liver-injury-looking-beyond-american-thoracic-society-guidelines
#10
Muzamil Latief, Waseem Raja Dar, Najeebullah Sofi, Imtiyaz Ahmad Dar, Basharat Kasana, Moomin Hussain, Faheem Arshad, Bashir Ahmad Shah, Parvaiz Ahmad Koul
INTRODUCTION: ATT remains the standard treatment for tuberculosis. Drug-induced liver injury (DILI) has been a long-standing concern in the treatment of tuberculosis (TB) infection. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To study the occurrence and risk factors of DILI in patients on ATT by regular clinical and biochemical monitoring. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 200 patients, in whom ATT was started, were enrolled in the study. None of the patients with established risk factor for DILI as recognized by ATS guidelines was included in our study population...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166912/tuberculosis-knowledge-and-attitude-in-aspiring-doctors-and-nurses-is-it-time-for-our-tb-teaching-methods-to-evolve
#11
Preetam Rajgopal Acharya, Monalisa D'Souza, Ramesh Chandra Sahoo
BACKGROUND: India accounts for nearly 24% of all the new tuberculosis (TB) cases globally. A good core knowledge and a positive outlook towards TB patients among our aspiring doctors and nurses are necessities for India to meet the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) proposed by the WHO as a part of its post-2015 global TB strategy and to successfully combat the newer challenges posed by this disease in the future. AIMS: To evaluate knowledge related to transmission, prevention and treatment of tuberculosis amongst medical and nursing students...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166911/health-related-quality-of-life-among-tuberculosis-patients-under-revised-national-tuberculosis-control-programme-in-rural-and-urban-puducherry
#12
S Ramkumar, S Vijayalakshmi, N Seetharaman, R Pajanivel, A Lokeshmaran
BACKGROUND: Globally, tuberculosis (TB) continues to be the major public health problem. Limited research is carried out on the impact of the disease on health-related quality of life (HR-QoL). The study aims to assess the HR-QoL among TB patients during and after Directly Observed Treatment Short-course (DOTS) therapy and to compare the HR-QoL of these patients with matched neighbourhood controls. METHODOLOGY: A community-based longitudinal study was conducted in Ariyankuppam and Bahour communes of Puducherry from January 2014 to April 2015...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166910/tuberculosis-in-congregate-settings-policies-and-practices-in-various-facilities-in-mumbai-india
#13
Yatin Dholakia, Nerges Mistry
Congregate settings and correctional facilities have high risk of transmission of tuberculosis. They should have capacity to identify and diagnose cases early and initiate prompt treatment to prevent spread to inmates and staff. Appropriate interventions should ensure completion of treatment, documentation and reporting, and prevention of reactivation of successfully treated cases. This requires support from local health authorities. Although international policies and guidelines for infection control in congregate settings are available, there is very little information on how these are practiced in such settings...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166909/india-s-approach-to-the-standards-of-tb-care
#14
EDITORIAL
V K Arora, K K Chopra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998503/mycobacterium-abscessus-complex-bacteremia-due-to-prostatitis-after-prostate-biopsy
#15
Chung-Hua Chen, Jesun Lin, Jen-Shiou Lin, Yu-Min Chen
We present the case of a 49-year-old man, who developed Mycobacterium abscessus complex (M. abscessus complex) bacteremia and prostatitis after prostate biopsy. The patient was successfully treated with amikacin with imipenem-cilastatin with clarithromycin. Infections caused by M. abscessus complex have been increasingly described as a complication associated with many invasive procedures. Invasive procedures might have contributed to the occurrence of the M. abscessus complex. Although M. abscessus complex infection is difficult to diagnose and treat, we should pay more attention to this kind of infection, and the correct treatment strategy will be achieved by physicians...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998502/sinonasal-tuberculosis-report-of-three-atypical-cases
#16
Junaid N Malik, Sabeena Jan, Seema Monga, Sudhir Bahadur
Primary sinonasal/nasal tuberculosis is rare amongst the commonly seen cases of extrapulmonary tuberculosis. We report three cases, two of primary sinonasal tuberculosis and one case of nasal tuberculosis in otherwise healthy patients. The diagnosis was based on radiological and histopathological findings. Treatment with antitubercular drug therapy was successful in all three of them. Sinonasal region tuberculosis, despite its rarity, should be added to differential diagnosis of nasal and paranasal sinus disorders particularly with intractable symptoms...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998501/chest-wall-tuberculous-ulcer-a-rare-complication-of-pulmonary-tuberculosis
#17
Sajjad Hussain
Tuberculous ulcer of the anterior chest wall as a result of direct extension from underlying pleural and pulmonary tuberculosis is a very rare entity. Its clinical presentation may resemble a tumor or abscess. Isolated chest wall tuberculous ulcer without bone involvement is even rarer. An illustrated case report is presented.
October 2016: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998500/tubercular-sialadenitis-of-parotid-gland-an-extremely-rare-case-series
#18
Anand Agrawal, Chandermani, Monika Gathwal, Amrita Duhan
Tuberculosis is a potentially fatal infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium Tuberculosis. It most commonly involves the lungs (Pulmonary Tuberculosis), although it can involve any organ system in the body. However even in a country like India which has high burden of this disease, the tubercular invasion of parotid gland is extremely rare. Here we describe two such cases. Both patients were immune competent and presented with fever and swelling in the parotid region. They were diagnosed as tuberculosis of parotid gland by ultrasound guided fine needle aspiration and confirmed bacteriologically...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998499/study-of-factors-influencing-response-and-outcome-of-cat-iv-regimen-in-mdrtb-patients
#19
Arun Kumar Yadav, Ashok Kumar Mehrotra, S P Agnihotri, Shivani Swami
BACKGROUND: CAT IV regimen or the standardized drug regimen (SDR) under the Revised National Control Program (RNTCP) uses six second-line anti-tubercular drugs in the initial intensive phase (IP). These drugs have many side effects and toxicity; they are less efficacious and have poor acceptability. The present study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy and outcome of Cat-IV regimen and the factors which influence the treatment outcome in MDR TB patients. METHODS: It was a prospective observational study, which was done in the CAT II treatment failure, LPA proven MDR TB patients, above the age of 18 years, who were referred to DOTS Plus center for treatment...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998498/tb-management-by-private-practitioners-is-it-bad-everywhere
#20
P S Rakesh, Shibu Balakrishnan, S Jayasankar, R V Asokan
INTRODUCTION: Poor prescribing practice is alleged to be one of the major factors fuelling the drug-resistant tuberculosis (DR TB) emergence. A study in Mumbai revealed the extent of inappropriate tuberculosis (TB) management practices of private practitioners and discussed that with the context of high DR TB. Kerala is rated among the well performing States in India as far as TB control is concerned with evidences for a lower level of TB transmission and DR TB. The current study was done in Kerala State to assess the prescribing practices of private sector doctors in the treatment of TB...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
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