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Indian Journal of Tuberculosis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998503/mycobacterium-abscessus-complex-bacteremia-due-to-prostatitis-after-prostate-biopsy
#1
Chung-Hua Chen, Jesun Lin, Jen-Shiou Lin, Yu-Min Chen
We present the case of a 49-year-old man, who developed Mycobacterium abscessus complex (M. abscessus complex) bacteremia and prostatitis after prostate biopsy. The patient was successfully treated with amikacin with imipenem-cilastatin with clarithromycin. Infections caused by M. abscessus complex have been increasingly described as a complication associated with many invasive procedures. Invasive procedures might have contributed to the occurrence of the M. abscessus complex. Although M. abscessus complex infection is difficult to diagnose and treat, we should pay more attention to this kind of infection, and the correct treatment strategy will be achieved by physicians...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998502/sinonasal-tuberculosis-report-of-three-atypical-cases
#2
Junaid N Malik, Sabeena Jan, Seema Monga, Sudhir Bahadur
Primary sinonasal/nasal tuberculosis is rare amongst the commonly seen cases of extrapulmonary tuberculosis. We report three cases, two of primary sinonasal tuberculosis and one case of nasal tuberculosis in otherwise healthy patients. The diagnosis was based on radiological and histopathological findings. Treatment with antitubercular drug therapy was successful in all three of them. Sinonasal region tuberculosis, despite its rarity, should be added to differential diagnosis of nasal and paranasal sinus disorders particularly with intractable symptoms...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998501/chest-wall-tuberculous-ulcer-a-rare-complication-of-pulmonary-tuberculosis
#3
Sajjad Hussain
Tuberculous ulcer of the anterior chest wall as a result of direct extension from underlying pleural and pulmonary tuberculosis is a very rare entity. Its clinical presentation may resemble a tumor or abscess. Isolated chest wall tuberculous ulcer without bone involvement is even rarer. An illustrated case report is presented.
October 2016: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998500/tubercular-sialadenitis-of-parotid-gland-an-extremely-rare-case-series
#4
Anand Agrawal, Chandermani, Monika Gathwal, Amrita Duhan
Tuberculosis is a potentially fatal infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium Tuberculosis. It most commonly involves the lungs (Pulmonary Tuberculosis), although it can involve any organ system in the body. However even in a country like India which has high burden of this disease, the tubercular invasion of parotid gland is extremely rare. Here we describe two such cases. Both patients were immune competent and presented with fever and swelling in the parotid region. They were diagnosed as tuberculosis of parotid gland by ultrasound guided fine needle aspiration and confirmed bacteriologically...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998499/study-of-factors-influencing-response-and-outcome-of-cat-iv-regimen-in-mdrtb-patients
#5
Arun Kumar Yadav, Ashok Kumar Mehrotra, S P Agnihotri, Shivani Swami
BACKGROUND: CAT IV regimen or the standardized drug regimen (SDR) under the Revised National Control Program (RNTCP) uses six second-line anti-tubercular drugs in the initial intensive phase (IP). These drugs have many side effects and toxicity; they are less efficacious and have poor acceptability. The present study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy and outcome of Cat-IV regimen and the factors which influence the treatment outcome in MDR TB patients. METHODS: It was a prospective observational study, which was done in the CAT II treatment failure, LPA proven MDR TB patients, above the age of 18 years, who were referred to DOTS Plus center for treatment...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998498/tb-management-by-private-practitioners-is-it-bad-everywhere
#6
P S Rakesh, Shibu Balakrishnan, S Jayasankar, R V Asokan
INTRODUCTION: Poor prescribing practice is alleged to be one of the major factors fuelling the drug-resistant tuberculosis (DR TB) emergence. A study in Mumbai revealed the extent of inappropriate tuberculosis (TB) management practices of private practitioners and discussed that with the context of high DR TB. Kerala is rated among the well performing States in India as far as TB control is concerned with evidences for a lower level of TB transmission and DR TB. The current study was done in Kerala State to assess the prescribing practices of private sector doctors in the treatment of TB...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998497/a-retrospective-cohort-study-of-756-cases-of-abdominal-tuberculosis-two-decades-single-centre-experience
#7
Poras Chaudhary, Rajiv Kumar, Neelam Ahirwar, Ishaq Nabi, Santosh Gautam, Chandrakant Munjewar, Ajay Kumar
AIM/OBJECTIVE: India accounts for the highest tuberculosis burden in the world, and abdominal tuberculosis has been an endemic surgical and gastroenterological problem. Aim of this study is to present our two decades experience on abdominal (gastrointestinal) tuberculosis. METHOD: 756 patients, who received standard antituberculous treatment with or without surgical treatment with the diagnosis of abdominal tuberculosis from January 1996 and May 2014, were reviewed retrospectively...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998496/association-of-abo-blood-group-polymorphism-and-tuberculosis-a-study-on-bengalee-hindu-caste-population-west-bengal-india
#8
S Ganguly, P Sarkar, D Chatterjee, A R Bandyopadhyay
Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease commonly caused by the bacillus mycobacterium and worldwide estimation demonstrated that more than 8.6 million people are infected by TB. Many of the previous studies reported the association between TB and ABO blood group polymorphism. In this context, the objective of the present study is to understand the association of ABO blood group polymorphism and TB in Bengalee Hindu caste population. The present study consists of 100 clinically diagnosed TB patients and 100 apparently healthy individuals with no previous history of TB from the same population of the same area...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998495/prevalence-pattern-of-respiratory-diseases-including-tuberculosis-in-elderly-in-ghaziabad-delhi-ncr
#9
Sonisha Gupta, Vijay Arora, O P Sharma, L Satyanarayana, Atul Kumar Gupta
Elderly population is continuously increasing all over the world including India. Old age is associated with significant prevalence of chronic illnesses. Population based study to find prevalence & pattern of respiratory diseases in elderly in India is difficult to find. Present study was done in an urban locality of Ghaziabad inhabited mainly by low socio - economic status population. Two part questionnaire was used as main tool. Through part one 1522 elderly were screened for respiratory disease. Respiratory disease was confirmed & diagnosed by part two of questionnaire, physical examination & necessary investigations...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998494/pattern-of-socio-economic-and-health-aspects-among-tb-patients-and-controls
#10
A K Kapoor, Vijit Deepani, Meenal Dhall, Satwanti Kapoor
BACKGROUND: Socio-economic and health-related factors have a significant impact on tuberculosis (TB) incidence among population residing in resource-scare settings. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the pattern of socio-economic and health-related factors among TB patients and control in Delhi, India. METHODS: The present cross-sectional study was performed among 893 TB patients (or cases) and 333 healthy disease-free controls. The data for the present study was obtained from several district TB centres in north, west and south Delhi...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998493/periodontal-status-of-tuberculosis-patients-is-there-a-two-way-link
#11
Anamika Sharma, Harshita Garg, Shivi Khattri, Shatakshi Sharma
BACKGROUND: The influence of systemic disorders on periodontal tissues is well established. Amongst various chronic debilitating diseases, tuberculosis (TB) is one of the major health problems in most developing countries. Although it has a definite affinity for the lungs, it can affect any part of the body including the oral cavity. TB and periodontitis are the two distinct disease processes. But environmental and biological factors play a key role in etiopathogenesis of both the diseases...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998492/abdominal-tuberculosis-a-retrospective-analysis-of-45-cases
#12
Suruchi Shreshtha, Deepak Ghuliani
Abdominal tuberculosis is defined as infection of the peritoneum, hollow or solid abdominal organs with Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The peritoneum and the ileocaecal region are the most likely sites of infection and are involved in the majority of the cases by haematogenous spread or through swallowing of infected sputum from primary pulmonary tuberculosis. Pulmonary tuberculosis is apparent in less than half of the patients. Patients usually present with abdominal pain, and the cause is usually identified through a combination of radiologic, endoscopic, microbiologic, histologic and molecular techniques...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998491/tb-care-in-private-sector-much-more-needed
#13
EDITORIAL
K K Chopra, V K Arora
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865246/renal-tuberculosis-presenting-as-acute-pyelonephritis-a-rarity
#14
Ajay Kumar Verma, Ashwini Kumar Mishra, Manoj Kumar, Surya Kant, Anubhuti Singh, Ajay Singh
One of the major health problems faced particularly by the developing world since ages is that of tuberculosis (TB). Genito-urinary tuberculosis (GUTB) is the second most common extrapulmonary TB, with kidney being the most frequent site of infection. Due to the diverse and atypical clinical manifestations of urinary TB, the disease is easy to misdiagnose. The diagnosis of renal TB should be suspected in a nonspecific bacterial cystitis associated with a therapeutic failure or a sterile pyuria and a past history of pulmonary TB with important radiologic findings, particularly with the help of CT scan...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865245/adolescent-with-recurrent-tuberculosis-can-it-be-chronic-granulomatous-disease
#15
Yashashree Gupta, Ira Shah
Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) is an inherited primary immunodeficiency disorder with recurrent bacterial and fungal infections like Staphylococcus aureus, Nocardia spp, Serratia marcescens, Burkholderia cepacia, Salmonella spp. and Aspergillus species. We present a 13-year-old male child who had 3 episodes of tuberculosis (TB) at 5 years, 8 years and 13 years of age, respectively, with no other intercurrent infections and who was diagnosed as CGD at the age of 13 years. This case highlights the possibility of phenotypic variations of CGD...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865244/tubercular-osteomyelitis-of-calcaneum-bone-a-rare-occurrence
#16
Rajendra Takhar, Motilal Bunkar, Savita Arya, Nitin Mirdha
In spite of the endemic nature of tuberculosis in India, skeletal tuberculosis is relatively infrequent. Involvement of foot bones is uncommon and isolated calcaneum is even rarer. Osteoarticular tuberculosis is a diagnostic enigma, as the characteristic signs and symptoms of this disease may be absent, or mimic other disorders, leading to emergence of complications and therapeutic delay, particularly when the disease affects unusual sites. Here, we are reporting the case of 20-year-old male, who presented with a rare localization of tubercular osteomyelitis involving the calcaneum without adjacent joint involvement to draw attention to this exceptional location in adults, managed with anti-tubercular treatment and gained excellent recovery...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865243/lessons-learnt-from-active-tuberculosis-case-finding-in-an-urban-slum-setting-of-agra-city-india
#17
Banuru Muralidhara Prasad, Srinath Satyanarayana, Sarabjit Singh Chadha
Active case finding (ACF) is recognized as one of the key strategies to reach the missing 3 million cases in high tuberculosis (TB) burden countries. In India, we conducted ACF as a pilot project to assess its operational feasibility in four slums of Agra city in 2012 and covered 3940 households (in 14 wards) with a population of 21,870. Trained community volunteers visited households with an intention to provide information on TB and refer those with cough ≥2 weeks for sputum smear examination. Volunteers identified 8 persons with cough of ≥2 weeks by asking the first or the main respondent of the household...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865242/a-study-on-knowledge-and-awareness-about-tuberculosis-in-senior-school-children-in-bangalore-india
#18
K Vanaja, Reshma Banu, Lokeshwar Reddy, P Chethan Kumar, Chaitra Srinivas, T Rajani, Navyashree, H S Shekar
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. tuberculosis), commonly affecting the lungs. All health care professionals including the pharmacists provide a valuable public health role in promoting community awareness of TB particularly in reducing stigma attached to TB. Thus, creating awareness at a community level could play a vital role in control and prevention of TB. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether educational intervention would affect the level of TB awareness among students of selected schools and pre-university colleges (PUCs) in Bangalore urban and Bangalore rural regions...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865241/tobacco-use-and-its-impact-on-pulmonary-health-among-elderly-population-in-rural-area-of-muzaffarnagar-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Sanjeev Davey, Jai Vir Singh, Santosh Kumar Raghav, Khursheed Muzammil, Rama Shankar
BACKGROUND: The tobacco use is significant in Indian rural population. Among them, elderly people in rural area are at special risk due to ageing and other factors. The impact of tobacco use on elderly health, therefore, needs to be studied in depth in rural context. OBJECTIVE: To study the patterns of tobacco use and its consequent impact on pulmonary health of the elderly. DESIGN AND METHODOLOGY: A community-based cross-sectional study was done (April 1st to September 30th, 2014) in the field practice area (village Bilaspur) of Rural Health Training Centre (RHTC) of Muzaffarnagar Medical College, Muzaffarnagar...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865240/prediction-equations-for-spirometry-in-adults-in-western-india
#20
Unnati Desai, Jyotsna M Joshi, S K Chhabra, Mujeeb-Ur Rahman
BACKGROUND: Spirometry is an essential investigation in pulmonology. The predicted normal spirometry values depend on various physiological parameters. This study was conducted to collect updated information on pulmonary functions in normal adults from western India. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A prospective observational study was undertaken at a tertiary hospital in Mumbai enrolling healthy subjects, 18-75 years, with ethnic origin from western India. Spirometry measurements were carried out as per ATS/ERS-2005 guidelines using a non-heated Fleish Pneumotachograph spirometer...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
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