Read by QxMD icon Read

Indian Journal of Tuberculosis

George Jose Valooran, Shiv Kumar Nair, Krishnan Chandrasekharan, Sunitha Thomas, Joejo John
Mediastinal tuberculosis, although common in endemic areas, is rare in association with myasthenia-thymoma complex. Immunosuppressive therapy for myasthenia with thymoma might increase the susceptibility for mediastinal tuberculosis. Previous reports suggest aggravation of myasthenic symptoms with this association. This rare combination of pathologies adds to the diagnostic dilemma of the surgeon. Further research is warranted in the management aspects of this combination as regards to the timing of radiotherapy, weaning of immunosuppression and anti-tubercular therapy after maximal thymectomy...
April 2016: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
Sinem Iliaz, Emel Caglar, Orhan Kaya Koksalan, Efsun Gonca Ugur Chousein
Tuberculosis is a major public health problem and it may be complicated by multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB). Wide transmission among immunocompetent contacts of the index case is possible. If you detect tuberculosis in two contacts of the index case, it is called an outbreak. The aim of our paper is to evaluate the characteristics of a MDR-TB outbreak affecting 7 people in a family treated during 2012-2014 in Istanbul Yedikule Training and Research Hospital for Chest Disease and Thoracic Surgery, Turkey...
April 2016: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
Shirish S Chandanwale, Ishita Gulati, Dadaso S Baravkar, Sumedha P Shinde, Neha Mishra
Although breast tissue is the most resistant to tuberculosis, its incidence is increasing worldwide. High incidence of breast tuberculosis is presumed in India. The rapidly growing nontubercular mycobacteria, such as Mycobacterium fortuitum and Mycobacterium chelonae, are of increasing clinical importance because infections due to these organisms are often hospital acquired. The true incidence of M. fortuitum is unknown but it has been estimated to be between 4 and 6 cases per one million people. It causes skin or soft tissue infections following trauma or surgery...
April 2016: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
Bibha Marak, Prabhdeep Kaur, Sudha R Rao, Sriram Selvaraju
We did cross-sectional study to estimate the prevalence of tobacco, alcohol use, hypertension and diabetes among tuberculosis (TB) patients in comparison to the non-TB patients in East Garo Hills District, Meghalaya, India. We surveyed 110 TB patients attending outpatient TB clinic and 110 age/sex matched non-TB subjects from the general outpatient department as comparison group. Prevalence of ever smoking was 74.5% and 55.4%; alcohol consumption 31.0% and 22.3%; hypertension 24.5% and 17.3%; diabetes 7.5%, 4...
April 2016: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
Geeta V Gole, Reena Set, Nishat Khan, Jayanthi Shastri
There has been an increasing awareness of the rapidly growing mycobacteria (RGM), of which numerous species and phylogenetic groups are clearly established human pathogens. It is important to appropriately distinguish RGM from other mycobacteria, as first-line antituberculous drugs are ineffective for their treatment. Variability in susceptibility of RGM is seen in relation to species, different geographical areas, and time. Therefore, we conducted a study to speciate the isolates of RGM and perform antimicrobial susceptibility testing...
April 2016: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
M I Glad Mohesh, A Sundaramurthy
BACKGROUND: India is the third largest salt producing country in the World, with a global annual production of 230 million tonnes. Large number of salt workers get employed in these salt milling plants risking their life from the effects of salt. Recent foreign evidences reported that these salt workers are exposed to aerosol salt particles that disturb their lung and cardiovascular autonomic control. OBJECTIVES: To compare the status of lung health, cardiovascular autonomic control and biochemical changes in a group of salt industry workers with that of the age-matched normal subjects...
April 2016: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
Rajendra Prasad, Abhijeet Singh, Rahul Srivastava, Giridhar B Hosmane, Ram Awadh Singh Kushwaha, Amita Jain
BACKGROUND: Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) is considered to be a worldwide problem with notoriously difficult and challenging treatment. Adverse events associated with second-line drugs (SLDs) can have severe impact on efficient management. OBJECTIVE: To know the frequency of adverse events due to SLDs in patients of MDR-TB. DESIGN: A prospective cohort analysis of 98 MDR-TB patients enrolled between June 2009 to February 2010 was conducted in Department of Pulmonary Medicine, King George Medical University, Lucknow, India...
April 2016: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
C Kolappan, R Subramani, S Swaminathan
BACKGROUND: General mortality rate (GMR) is an essential indicator for assessing the health status of a community. Tuberculosis (TB) mortality is an indicator for the Millennium Development Goal for 2015. METHODS: This community-based retrospective survey was conducted in 2007-2008 on a sample of 114,605 rural populations living in 56 villages randomly selected from 218 villages in Tiruvallur district, South India, where the DOTS strategy was implemented in 1999...
April 2016: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
Moti Lal Bunkar, Shashi Prakash Agnihotri, Prahlad Ral Gupta, Savita Arya
Studies defining role of systemic steroids in routine management of cervical lymph node tuberculosis (CLNTB) are too few and inconclusive. The present study was carried out to define the role of add-on prednisolone in the management of CLNTB. Patients of CLNTB were randomized into two groups. Group I patients received DOTS Category I treatment along with prednisolone 1mg/kg for first 4 weeks and then tapered down. Group II patients received DOTS Category I treatment along with placebo. Patients were kept under close follow up for 6 months...
April 2016: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
Rajat Chopra, Rama Bhatt, S K Biswas, R Bhalla
Skeletal tuberculosis is an important component of extra-pulmonary tuberculosis. It can lead to substantial morbidity and poses serious occupational and economic problem. We conducted a study in an urban District Tuberculosis Centre (DTC) to assess the burden and distribution of skeletal tuberculosis in the community. Our centre was catering to a population of 6-7 lakhs between 2007 and 2012. During this period, we treated 11,274 cases of tuberculosis. Out of these, 3086 (27.3%) were cases of extrapulmonary tuberculosis and 219 (1...
April 2016: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
S K Verma, Karthik Nagaraju, Surya Kant, R A S Kushwaha, S Kumar, R Garg
INTRODUCTION: Revised National Tuberculosis Control Programme (RNTCP) was launched by the Government of India in 1993. The present study has attempted to analyze the perceptions of patients regarding the implementation of RNTCP. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study was done in a teaching hospital in North India. All patients attending the hospital between March 2014 and July 2014 were included. The study design was cross-sectional using a pre-designed and tested questionnaire...
April 2016: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
Ayush Gupta, Ajay Gupta, Awkash Kumar, Sumit Arora
BACKGROUND: Combined chemo- and immunotherapy are the major advancement in the treatment of tuberculosis. Immunotherapy supposedly increases cure rate while reducing the duration of treatment and tissue damage. Non-responders are those patients of tuberculosis who do not respond to anti-tubercular therapy (ATT) in the desired manner despite the mycobacteria showing sensitivity to the given drugs. The role of immunotherapy in the treatment of this particular subset of patients has been investigated scarcely...
April 2016: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
A A Olatunji, P O Olatunji, A A Salako
INTRODUCTION: The study was undertaken to assess chest radiographic features and lymphocyte counts among HIV-positive patients with TB coinfection. MATERIALS AND METHOD: We reviewed the chest radiographs of all newly diagnosed, treatment-naïve HIV-positive patients attending the Treatment Centre at the Olabisi Onabanjo University Teaching Hospital, Sagamu, Nigeria. The radiographs were examined for presence or absence of features of tuberculosis and pneumonia. Those with tuberculosis were further evaluated for presence of cavities and milliary appearance...
April 2016: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
Chang-Hua Chen, Chih-Wei Lee, Jui-Kuo Hung, Yu-Jun Chang, Chun-Yuan Cheng, Yu-Min Chen
Spinal tuberculosis (STB) can cause significant functional impairment. The purpose of the present study was to analyze the factors at preliminary presentation and the neuroradiological findings in STB patients. We performed a retrospective cross-sectional analysis of cases with a definitive diagnosis of STB. Four patients with confirmed mycobacterial infection and histopathological findings confirming TB were identified. We noted two key clinical indicators. We also identified seven key neuroradiological findings associated with STB lesions...
April 2016: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
His Excellency Nanda Bahadur Pun Pasang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
Hans L Rieder
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
Mukesh Nasa, Arvind Kumar, Aniruddha Phadke, Prabha Sawant
A 25-year-old male presented with hematemesis, epigastric pain, and melena. He had dyspepsia with significant weight loss for 3 months period. On clinical examination, he was pale with no organomegaly or lymphadenopathy. The X-ray chest was normal, and ultrasound abdomen was normal. Upper GI endoscopy revealed nodularity and ulceration along proximal part of lesser curvature of the stomach. CT scan abdomen showed thickening of lesser curvature just below gastro-esophageal junction. The biopsies were negative for malignancy...
January 2016: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
Barney Thomas Jesudason Isaac, Ashima Datey, Devasahayam Jesudas Christopher
The use of metallic stents is traditionally not recommended for benign tracheobronchial conditions. With advances in the field of interventional bronchoscopy, metal tracheobronchial stents have occasionally been used to treat benign disease. However, the removal of these stents from the airway is technically difficult. We are reporting the case of a young female subject who received a self-expanding metallic stent for alleviation of post-tubercular bronchostenosis, which was successfully removed after two months without complications...
January 2016: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
Eliza Dutta, Anita Kar
BACKGROUND: Provision of incorrect contact information by the patient at the time of registration for treatment is a deterrent to treatment adherence. OBJECTIVE: To determine the characteristics of patients providing incomplete contact information at the time of registration for Directly Observed Treatment Short course (DOTS) at the tuberculosis units (TUs) in Pune, India. METHODS: A nested case-control study was conducted where the characteristics of patients who had provided incorrect contact information (cases) were compared with the characteristics of patients who could be traced (controls)...
January 2016: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
Sarabjit Chadha, Sharath Burugina Nagaraja, Banaru Muralidhara Prasad, Santosha Kelamane, Srinath Satyanarayana, Kuldeep Singh Sachdeva
BACKGROUND: India is a high TB burden country. The preferred first line diagnostic tool under National TB Programme is sputum smear microscopy through binocular microscopes (BMs) from 13,000 designated microscopy centres across the country. The programme had devised innovative strategy for maintenance of BMs. A study was conducted to look into the operational feasibility of an external agency to provide maintenance services for BMs engaged through newer strategy. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in the states of Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and Rajasthan during 2010-2013...
January 2016: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"