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Indian Journal of Surgery

Ravul Jindal, D B Dekiwadia, Pinjala Rama Krishna, Ajay K Khanna, Malay D Patel, Shoaib Padaria, Roy Varghese
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1007/s12262-018-1726-3.].
April 2018: Indian Journal of Surgery
Sarfaraz Jalil Baig, Pallawi Priya
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Indian Journal of Surgery
Bhupendra Kumar Jain, Naveen Sharma, Hitesh Gupta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Indian Journal of Surgery
Trilok Chandra Goel, Apul Goel, Sandeep Kumar
In India, although the native language is not English but the medical education is imparted in English. The authors have written a textbook of surgery in Hindi with the intention of promoting the understanding of surgery and encouraging reflective and deep learning for students whose native language is Hindi. In this article, the authors share experiences of writing such a book, the reasons for the same and also discuss the creation of new medical nomenclature in Hindi.
April 2018: Indian Journal of Surgery
Arvind Krishnamurthy
The main goals of reconstruction of nasal defects are to restore the topographic subunit outline, thereby maintaining the aesthetic three-dimensional facial contours and more importantly ensuring a patent airway. Wide excision of tumours of the external nose can at times result in complex defects causing significant facial disfigurement and this poses a significant reconstructive challenge. Nasal reconstruction with only micro-vascular free flaps can at times produce poor aesthetic outcomes as distant skin often appears as a mismatched patch within the surrounding normal facial skin...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Surgery
Narendra Pandit, Harjeet Singh, Lokesh Shekher Jaiswal
A 60-year-old lady presented with symptoms of chronic iron deficiency anaemia. On evaluation with routine chest X-ray, it surprisingly revealed an irregular mass-like opacity in proximal part of stomach suggesting gastric cancer. The diagnosis was later confirmed with upper GI endoscopy and CT scan abdomen. Hence, in modern era of advanced diagnostics, chest X-ray findings should not be overlooked.
April 2018: Indian Journal of Surgery
Shreya Sengupta, Sayantan Bose
We present a case of a 35-year-old gentleman with a submandibular duct stone measuring 12 × 6 mm. Considering the literature, most stones are less than 5 mm, and stones more than 10 mm are quite unusual. This gentleman had typical symptoms of chronic sialadenitis, who was clinically diagnosed to have sialolithiasis, which was later confirmed by imaging studies. He was operated upon to remove the stone along with the submandibular gland. The term sialolithiasis is derived from the Greek words sialon (saliva) and lithos (stone), and the Latin -iasis meaning "process" or "morbid condition"...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Surgery
Anand Narayan Singh, Ragini Kilambi, Kumble Seetharama Madhusudhan, Sujoy Pal
Massive gastrointestinal bleeding after corrosive intake is a rare complication that generally mandates a surgical intervention for control. Angioembolization for control of gastrointestinal bleeding in the setting of acute corrosive injury has not been described. Here, we present our experience of a case of acute corrosive injury presenting with massive upper gastrointestinal bleeding in the delayed phase which was successfully managed by angioembolization. We discuss the case in light of the literature available and describe markers which may serve to identify potential candidates for angioembolization...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Surgery
Khalid Muqueem, Somasekhar Kasa, Nagareddy Patil, Mohammed Minhajuddin Harsoori
Interstitial hernias are a rare subtype of abdominal hernias, where sac is present in between the abdominal wall layers. Although, difficult to diagnose clinically, they are usually detected on imaging studies. Interstitial hernias presenting with undescended testis are common. Even after a meticulous online search of the medical literature, we could not find a case report of 'Strangulation of Interstitial hernia, with a strangulated undescended testis in an elderly man. We hereby present this extremely rare case, and possibly, this could be the first of its kind, case report in the medical literature...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Surgery
Ravul Jindal, D B Dekiwadia, Pinjala Rama Krishna, Ajay K Khanna, Malay D Patel, Shoaib Padaria, Roy Varghese
Venous ulcer is an extremely common aetiology of lower extremity ulceration, which affects approximately 1% population in most of the countries, and the incidence rate increases with age and female gender. Proper assessment and diagnosis of both the patient and ulcer are inevitable in order to differentiate venous ulcers from other lower extremity ulceration and to frame an adequate and individualised management plan. Venous ulcers generally persist for weeks to many years and are typically recurrent in nature...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Surgery
Vinna An, Raaj Chandra, Matthew Lawrence
Anastomotic leak (AL) can be a devastating complication in colorectal surgery. While it is less frequent in the modern era, it still results in significant morbidity and mortality, prolonged hospital stays and increases the costs and demands on health services. There is inevitable interplay between patient physiology and technical factors that predispose a patient to AL. Obesity, preoperative total proteins, male gender, ongoing anticoagulant treatment, intraoperative complication and number of hospital beds have been identified as independent risk factors...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Surgery
Antonio Chiappa, Emilio Bertani, Gabriella Pravettoni, Andrew Paul Zbar, Diego Foschi, Giuseppe Spinoglio, Bernardo Bonanni, Gianluca Polvani, Federico Ambrogi, Maria Laura Cossu, Carlo Ferrari, Marco Venturino, Cristiano Crosta, Luca Bocciolone, Roberto Biffi
To analyze treatment and survival in a series of resected patients with primary or recurrent retroperitoneal sarcoma (RPS) treated and prospectively followed at a single institution. Between July 1994 and December 2015, 89 patients (36 M, 53 F; mean age 60 years, range 25-79) were evaluated. For the purpose of analysis, complete resection was defined as removal of gross tumor with histologically confirmed clear resection margins. Eighty-three out of the 89 patients (93%), 46 of whom affected by primary RPS, and 37 by recurrent RPS, underwent surgical exploration...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Surgery
Yu Zhang, Xiangyu Lu, Jian Xu, Hongji Yang, Xiaofan Deng, Kai Chen, Yunfei Chen
Segment 7 is considered an unfavorable portion for laparoscopic hepatectomy because of technical difficulties in exposure and controlling bleeding. We compared intermittent Pringle with continuous half-Pringle maneuver in laparoscopic liver resections of tumors in segment 7. A retrospective analysis was conducted in a total of 36 consecutive patients with tumors in segment 7 undergoing laparoscopic liver resections between July 2011 and February 2016 (16 in the Pringle group versus 20 in the half-Pringle group)...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Surgery
Hyuk Jae Jung, Soon Chon Lee, Kyung Yun Kim, Sang Su Lee
The purpose of revascularization in lower extremity arterial occlusive disease is to prevent amputation and improve walking ability. Many surgical techniques for peripheral vascular disease (PAD) have been reported. The hybrid operation composed of open surgery and endovascular procedure has been increasingly used for multilevel revascularization. The goal of this study is to evaluate feasibility of simultaneous hybrid femoral endarterectomy and endovascular treatment in patients who need multilevel revascularization with critical limb ischemia...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Surgery
Tarun Kumar, Ravi Krishanappa, Esha Pai, Raxith Sringeri, T B Singh, Jyoti Swain, Sindhuri Kondapavuluri, Manoj Pandey
Very limited data is present which compares completely linear stapled to handsewn cervical esophagogastric anastomosis. Primary objective was to determine whether linearly stapled (LS) anastomosis has lower clinically apparent leaks, when compared to handsewn anastomosis (HS). Secondary objectives were morbidity, mortality, overall leak and stricture rates, and presence of a symptomatic cervical stricture. This is a comparative study of 77 patients who underwent LS ( n  = 29) and HS ( n  = 48) cervical anastomosis...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Surgery
Ameet Kumar, Sumesh Kaistha, Rajesh Gangavatiker
Two major issues with laparoscopic inguinal hernia (IH) repair are recurrences and chronic groin pain (CGP). The procedure involves fixing the mesh with the tackers which is believed to increase the rate of CGP due to nerve injuries. Thus, non-fixation of mesh is being proposed but concerns remain regarding increased recurrences. We sought to look at our outcomes after we switched over to non-fixation of mesh in totally extraperitoneal repair (TEP). Retrospective review of prospectively maintained database of 171 repairs was done on 122 patients (fixation 59 and non-fixation 112) during a period of 4 years with an endeavor to complete a minimum of 1 year of clinical follow-up...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Surgery
Dhiraj John Sonbare, Deepak Thomas Abraham, Simon Rajaratnam, Nihal Thomas, Marie Therese Manipadam, Rekha Pai, Paul Mazhuvanchary Jacob
Re-operative adrenal surgery for recurrent pheochromocytoma/paraganglioma (PCC/PGL) is a therapeutic situation not commonly encountered. The recurrence rate of pheochromocytoma is estimated to be 6.1-16.5% of patients from published retrospective series; there are no reports from the Asian continent. A retrospective analysis of the departmental database was performed on patients who had undergone surgery for PCC/PGL from January 2004 to December 2014 at the Christian Medical College Hospital, Vellore, India...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Surgery
Marco Marino, Gaspare Gulotta, Andrzej L Komorowski
Robotic surgery can help to overcome some technical limitations of laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy thanks to EndoWrist instrumentations and the 3D view. Despite the potential benefits, its employment is still low and controversial. We focused on some important technical details crucial for a safe robotic pancreatectomy. After performing 52 robotic pancreatic resections that included 10 pancreatoduodenectomies, the authors describe their technique. The review of literature on robotic and laparoscopic duodenopancreatectomy is also performed in order to evaluate possible benefits of the robotic platform...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Surgery
Amit Singh, Ummed Singh Parihar, Ghanshyam Kumawat, Ramjilal Samota, Ramjas Choudhary
Although acute appendicitis is one of the most common surgical emergencies worldwide, timely accurate diagnosis is always difficult for a surgeon even after availability of recent diagnostic tools. Our study is to determine validation of RIPASA score in diagnosis of acute appendicitis and histopathological correlation. A prospective study of 200 patients presented to emergency or surgical opd with right iliac fossa pain and suspected to have acute appendicitis were included in our study. RIPASA score calculated but appendectomy done on the basis of clinical assessment and hospital protocol and histopathological correlation done with a score...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Surgery
Yong Tae Hong, Ki Hwan Hong
The non-recurrent inferior laryngeal nerve (NRLN) represents a risk factor for nerve injury during thyroid surgery. The aim of this study is to investigate the traveling patterns of NRLNs and its relationships to inferior thyroid arteries (ITAs). We had 11 patients showing NRLNs on the right side who underwent thyroidectomies. The NRLNs were classified into four different types, according to the traveling patterns. We evaluated the anatomical position of the ITA as follows: (1) three types according to the joint location with the thyroid gland; and (2) three types according to the level of the retro-esophageal subclavian artery (RSA)...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Surgery
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