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Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425911/a-response-to-the-use-of-respondent-driven-sampling-in-urban-indigenous-populations
#1
Jenna Osmond
No abstract available.
April 20, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425910/inclusion-of-a-broader-range-of-sexual-orientations-to-strengthen-the-validity-and-generalizability-of-findings
#2
Shianne Combden
No abstract available.
April 20, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425909/examining-child-sedentary-behaviour-in-the-context-of-children-s-current-multimedia-environment
#3
Anita Forward
No abstract available.
April 20, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425908/rotavirus-vaccine-breastfeeding-and-other-factors-that-could-affect-susceptibility-to-gastroenteritis-in-young-children
#4
Amy Elizabeth Murphy
No abstract available.
April 20, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425907/plain-packaging-policy-preventing-industry-innovations
#5
Mohammed Al-Hamdani
The pack is a marketing tool for the tobacco industry - its shape, colour, fonts, descriptors and logos attract and mislead smokers. Health warnings on cigarette packs serve as a knowledge reminder for smokers to quit smoking. Plain packaging eliminates brand imagery elements from cigarette packs and has many benefits, including the reduction of intention to smoke and the denormalization of smoking behaviour. The tobacco industry has devised pack and product marketing innovations that thwart the effectiveness of health warnings...
April 20, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425906/the-canadian-dementia-challenge-ensuring-optimal-care-and-services-for-those-at-risk-or-with-dementia-throughout-the-country
#6
Howard H Feldman, Carole A Estabrooks
In the next 15 years, Canada is predicted to face a doubling in its population affected by dementia. By 2038, an estimated 1.1 million Canadians will be experiencing dementia, with unprecedented impact on social, economic and health landscapes. In September 2015, the Canadian Academy of Health Sciences convened a Forum, with the specific thematic goals of reviewing progress towards effective dementia treatment and prevention, improved systems of care, advanced living and built environments, and impactful technology developments...
April 20, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425905/more-than-words-using-visual-graphics-for-community-based-health-research
#7
Melody E Morton Ninomiya
With increased attention to knowledge translation and community engagement in the applied health research field, many researchers aim to find effective ways of engaging health policy and decision makers and community stakeholders. While visual graphics such as graphs, charts, figures and photographs are common in scientific research dissemination, they are less common as a communication tool in research. In this commentary, I illustrate how and why visual graphics were created and used to facilitate dialogue and communication throughout all phases of a community-based health research study with a rural Indigenous community, advancing community engagement and knowledge utilization of a research study...
April 20, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425904/-testing-is-healthy-timeplay-campaign-evaluation-of-sexual-health-promotion-gamification-intervention-targeting-young-adults
#8
Qinya Zhang, Kim J Huhn, Andy Tan, Rachel E Douglas, Helen Guiyun Li, Michelle Murti, Victoria Lee
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of the study were to 1) describe the implementation of the "Testing is Healthy" campaign in four locations in British Columbia (BC) and 2) report process evaluation indicators for the campaign. PARTICIPANTS: Young adults ages 20-29 years, the age group with the highest reported rates of chlamydia and gonorrhea in BC. SETTINGS: Movie theatres located in Langley, Burnaby, Coquitlam and Surrey, which are communities served by the Fraser Health Authority (FHA) in BC...
April 20, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425903/improving-linkage-to-hiv-care-at-low-threshold-sti-hiv-testing-sites-an-evaluation-of-the-immediate-staging-pilot-project-in-vancouver-british-columbia
#9
Bobbi Brownrigg, Darlene Taylor, Felicia Phan, Irvine Sandstra, Rochelle Stimpson, Rolando Barrios, Richard Lester, Gina Ogilvie
OBJECTIVES: The objective of the Immediate Staging Pilot Project (ISPP) was to improve linkage to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) care by increasing the number of referrals made to HIV care, and to decrease the time between diagnosis and linkage to care for newly diagnosed HIV clients. This pilot had the potential to decrease HIV transmission at a population level by engaging clients in treatment earlier. SETTING: The Bute Street Clinic and Health Initiative for Men Clinic on Davie in Vancouver, British Columbia are low-threshold public health facilities providing HIV/STI testing primarily to men who have sex with men (MSM)...
April 20, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425902/evidence-for-the-benefits-of-food-chain-interventions-on-e-coli-0157-h7-nm-prevalence-in-retail-ground-beef-and-human-disease-incidence-a-success-story
#10
Frank Pollari, Tanya Christidis, Katarina D M Pintar, Andrea Nesbitt, Jeff Farber, Marie-Claude Lavoie, Alex Gill, Penelope Kirsch, Roger P Johnson
OBJECTIVES: Human infection with Escherichia coli O157:H7/NM has historically been associated with consumption of undercooked ground beef. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the correlation of the decline in E. coli O157:H7/NM infections in Canada with the introduction of control efforts in ground beef by industry. METHODS: The human incidence of E. coli O157:H7/NM, prevalence in ground beef and interventions from 1996 to 2014 were analyzed. Pathogen prevalence data were obtained from federal government and industry surveillance and inspection/compliance programs...
April 20, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425901/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-for-the-adverse-effects-immunogenicity-and-efficacy-of-lyme-disease-vaccines-guiding-novel-vaccine-development
#11
Alaa Badawi, Maria Shering, Shusmita Rahman, L Robbin Lindsay
BACKGROUND: Lyme borreliosis (LB) is the most prevalent arthropod-borne infectious disease in North America. Currently, no vaccine is available to prevent LB in humans, although monovalent and multivalent vaccines have been developed in the past. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the current study is to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate and compare the findings from these two classes of vaccines for their reactogenicity, immunogenicity and efficacy, in the hope this may assist in the development of future vaccines...
April 20, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425900/mobiliser-des-repr%C3%A3-sentations-ethnoculturelles-pour-expliquer-les-disparit%C3%A3-s-d%C3%A2-acc%C3%A3-s-aux-soins-de-sant%C3%A3-au-burkina-faso
#12
Loubna Belaid, Patrick Cloos, Valéry Ridde
OBJECTIFS: Cette étude vise à décrire la mobilisation des représentations ethnoculturelles par des agents et des gestionnaires de santé pour expliquer l'échec partiel d'une politique de santé maternelle et discuter des conséquences potentielles de ces représentations sur l'accès aux soins de santé des populations.MÉTHODES : Il s'agit d'une recherche qualitative de type socio-anthropologique mobilisant des entretiens approfondis, des discussions informelles, des observations non participantes menées dans les centres de santé et une analyse documentaire...
April 20, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425899/associations-between-the-local-food-environment-and-the-severity-of-food-insecurity-among-new-families-using-community-food-security-interventions-in-montreal
#13
Elsury Pérez, Federico Roncarolo, Louise Potvin
OBJECTIVES: To examine the association between the local food environment and the severity of food insecurity among new families using community food security interventions in Montreal. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we analyzed baseline data from 785 adults aged 18-65 years enrolled in the evaluation of the effects of organizations delivering community food security interventions in Montreal. The dependent variable was household food insecurity, while the independent variable was the local food environment, assessed through: location of the most frequently used grocery store, distance between the participant's residence and the community organization used, mode of transportation, walking time to the most frequently used grocery store, satisfaction with the acceptability and affordability of food available at the most frequently used grocery store, and self-reported difficulties in accessing food...
April 20, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425898/compliance-with-school-nutrition-policies-in-ontario-and-alberta-an-assessment-of-secondary-school-vending-machine-data-from-the-compass-study
#14
Michelle M Vine, Daniel W Harrington, Alexandra Butler, Karen Patte, Katelyn Godin, Scott T Leatherdale
OBJECTIVES: We investigated the extent to which a sample of Ontario and Alberta secondary schools are being compliant with their respective provincial nutrition policies, in terms of the food and beverages sold in vending machines. METHODS: This observational study used objective data on drinks and snacks from vending machines, collected over three years of the COMPASS study (2012/2013-2014/2015 school years). Drink (e.g., sugar-containing carbonated/non-carbonated soft drinks, sports drinks, etc...
April 20, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425897/diabetes-among-non-obese-filipino-americans-findings-from-a-large-population-based-study
#15
Esme Fuller-Thomson, Adity Roy, Keith Tsz-Kit Chan, Karen M Kobayashi
OBJECTIVES: Filipino Americans form the second-largest Asian American and Pacific Islanders subgroup. Growing evidence suggests that Filipino Americans have higher rates of diabetes than non-Hispanic whites. The key objectives of this study are 1) to determine the prevalence of diabetes in non-obese Filipino Americans compared to non-obese non-Hispanic whites, and 2) to identify risk factors for diabetes in non-obese Filipino men and women. METHODS: Secondary analysis of population-based data from combined waves (2007, 2009 and 2011) of the adult California Health Interview Survey (CHIS)...
April 20, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425896/a-longitudinal-cohort-study-examining-determinants-of-overweight-and-obesity-in-adulthood
#16
Caroline Barakat-Haddad, Usman Saeed, Susan Elliott
OBJECTIVES: Adulthood overweight and obesity are multifaceted conditions influenced by a combination of biological, environmental and socio-cultural factors across the lifespan. Using a longitudinal study design, we aimed to identify determinants of adulthood overweight and obesity, in relation to: 1) childhood and life course factors, 2) geographical differences in air quality, and 3) gender-specific factors, in a cohort followed from childhood into adulthood. METHODS: Childhood data were acquired (1978-1986) from children residing in four distinct Hamilton neighbourhoods (Ontario, Canada), including air-quality assessments...
April 20, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425895/understanding-sexual-orientation-and-health-in-canada-who-are-we-capturing-and-who-are-we-missing-using-the-statistics-canada-sexual-orientation-question
#17
Christoffer Dharma, Greta R Bauer
OBJECTIVE: Public health research on inequalities in Canada depends heavily on population data sets such as the Canadian Community Health Survey. While sexual orientation has three dimensions - identity, behaviour and attraction - Statistics Canada and public health agencies assess sexual orientation with a single questionnaire item on identity, defined behaviourally. This study aims to evaluate this item, to allow for clearer interpretation of sexual orientation frequencies and inequalities...
April 20, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425894/trends-in-smoking-initiation-in-canada-does-non-inclusion-of-young-adults-in-tobacco-control-strategies-represent-a-missed-opportunity
#18
Thierry Gagné, Gerry Veenstra
OBJECTIVES: Young adults face high prevalence rates for smoking. Recent evidence suggests that many people initiate smoking during young adulthood, but little is currently known about trends in initiation rates for this age group. METHODS: We examined rates of initiation to first cigarette (FC) and daily smoking (DS) during youth (5-17 years) and young adulthood (18-25 years) using nationally representative data from the 2001, 2003, 2005, 2007, 2009, 2011 and 2013 cycles of the Canadian Community Health Survey...
April 20, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425893/an-examination-of-perceived-health-care-availability-and-unmet-health-care-need-in-the-city-of-toronto-ontario-canada
#19
Jongnam Hwang, Sara J T Guilcher, Kathryn E McIsaac, Flora I Matheson, Rick Glazier, Patricia O'Campo
OBJECTIVES: Although timely access to health care is a top priority, a burgeoning body of research highlights the important role of neighbourhood environments on unmet health care needs. This study aimed to examine an association between perceptions of neighbourhood availability of health care services and experience of unmet health care needs by gender in an urban city setting. METHODS: A total of 2338 participants from the Neighbourhood Effects on Health and Well-being (NEHW) study, between 25 and 64 years of age and dwelling in the City of Toronto, Ontario, Canada, were included in the analyses...
April 20, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425892/the-weakening-of-public-health-a-threat-to-population-health-and-health-care-system-sustainability
#20
Ak'ingabe Guyon, Trevor Hancock, Megan Kirk, Marjorie MacDonald, Cory Neudorf, Penny Sutcliffe, James Talbot, Gaynor Watson-Creed
N/A.
April 20, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
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