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Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356681/erratum
#1
Bukola Salami
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 22, 2018: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356680/cannabis-education-prevalence-and-socio-demographic-correlates-among-ontario-middle-and-high-school-students
#2
George Mammen, Sergio Rueda, Jürgen Rehm
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 22, 2018: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356679/authors-response-to-invited-commentary-by-brady-and-beausoleil
#3
Ximena Ramos Salas, Mary Forhan, Timothy Caulfield, Arya M Sharma, Kim Raine
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 22, 2018: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356678/pre-exposure-prophylaxis-for-hiv-prevention-in-east-and-southern-africa
#4
Ran Van der Wal, David Loutfi
Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) has proven to be highly effective in preventing HIV in uninfected persons when properly adhered to. East and Southern African countries that suffer from high HIV prevalence and incidence are increasingly adopting PrEP as an HIV prevention strategy for their high-risk populations, including for young women. Structural factors such as poverty, lack of education, and gender-based violence may compromise their PrEP uptake and adherence, however. Choice-disabled young women are most at risk of HIV infection and least able to apply HIV prevention choices...
January 22, 2018: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356677/caring-for-seniors-living-with-dementia-means-caring-for-their-caregivers-too
#5
Annie Poirier, Philippe Voyer, France Légaré, Michèle Morin, Holly O Witteman, Edeltraut Kröger, Bernard Martineau, Charo Rodríguez, Anik Mc Giguere
To improve the care of seniors living with dementia, current initiatives typically target better identification and treatment of the patient. Our recent survey, however, shows we should also focus more on the needs of the informal caregivers who care for this population in primary care settings. This three-round Delphi survey sought caregivers' views on the most frequent and difficult decisions that seniors with dementia, their informal caregivers, and health care providers face in primary care settings in the province of Quebec...
January 22, 2018: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356676/an-exploration-of-citizen-science-for-population-health-research-in-retail-food-environments
#6
Stephanie J Pomeroy, Leia M Minaker, Catherine L Mah
Public engagement is an essential component of public health research, practice, knowledge exchange processes, and decision making. Citizen science was first documented in the early 1900s as an approach to public engagement and there is growing interest in how it can be used in health research. This commentary describes how citizen science approaches were incorporated into a public engagement activity as part of a population health intervention research project on the retail food environment, a workshop we hosted called The Food In This Place in St...
January 22, 2018: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356675/and-if-there-were-another-way-out-questioning-the-prevalent-radicalization-models
#7
Cécile Rousseau, Ghayda Hassan, Youssef Oulhote
Violent radicalization is increasingly conceptualized as a public health issue, associated with psychological distress, a sharp increase in discrimination and profiling, and an increase in hate crime and some types of terrorist acts.This brief paper addresses the limitations of the current conceptual models of violent radicalization. Beyond understanding the path leading from radicalization of opinion to violent radicalization, it proposes to consider the non-violent outcomes of radicalization of opinions in the current social context and to study these outcomes in multiple settings for both minorities and majorities...
January 22, 2018: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356674/a-response-to-a-critical-analysis-of-obesity-prevention-policies-and-strategies
#8
Jennifer Brady, Natalie Beausoleil
This commentary provides a response to the article "A critical analysis of obesity prevention policies and strategies" from a feminist fat studies perspective. We argue that a fundamental disjuncture exists between the authors' desire to redress fat stigma, and their understanding of "obesity as disease", which inherently draws on a neoliberal, healthist paradigm of health and body weight that is at the root of fat stigma.
January 22, 2018: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356673/stories-of-policy-change-city-of-hamilton-s-healthy-food-and-beverage-policy
#9
Kayla Atkey, Pat Elliott-Moyer, Miri Freimanis, Kim D Raine
SETTING: Municipal buildings and corporate events in the City of Hamilton, Ontario. INTERVENTION: In 2011, the City of Hamilton adopted a healthy food and beverage policy. The intent of the policy is to demonstrate the City's commitment to healthy eating by providing food and beverages that are healthy, safe, and free of industrially produced trans fats, and promoting a sustainable, local food system. The corporate policy applies to all City facilities, meetings and events...
January 22, 2018: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356672/soutenir-le-changement-de-pratiques-d%C3%A2-enseignement-chez-les-professionnels-de-la-sant%C3%A3-le-cas-des-rencontres-pr%C3%A3-natales-dans-un-csss-de-montr%C3%A3-al
#10
Nicole Beaudet, Claire Bélanger, Marie-José Legault
Un Centre de services sociaux et de santé (CSSS) de Montréal a mis en place une communauté d'apprentissage des formateurs suite à la visite d'agrément relié à l'obtention de la certification Initiative Amis des bébés. Les évaluatrices de ce programme de qualité de soins avaient noté que les parents retenaient peu l'information transmise lors des rencontres prénatales. L'article décrit le dispositif de développement professionnel établi auprès de l'équipe de périnatalité qui cherchait à améliorer ses pratiques d'enseignement...
January 22, 2018: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356671/opioid-use-in-pregnancy-and-parenting-an-indigenous-based-collaborative-framework-for-northwestern-ontario
#11
Naana Afua Jumah, Lisa Bishop, Mike Franklyn, Janet Gordon, Len Kelly, Sol Mamakwa, Terry O'Driscoll, Brieanne Olibris, Cynthia Olsen, Natalie Paavola, Susan Pilatzke, Brenda Small, Meldon Kahan
Opioid use affects up to 30% of pregnancies in Northwestern Ontario. Health care providers in Northwestern Ontario have varying comfort levels providing care to substance-involved pregnant women. Furthermore, health care practitioners, social service agencies and community groups in Northwestern Ontario often work in isolation with little multidisciplinary communication and collaboration. This article describes two workshops that brought together health and social service providers, community organizations, as well as academic institutions and professional organizations involved in the care of substance-involved pregnant and parenting women...
January 22, 2018: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356670/impact-of-the-decision-making-environment-on-policy-responses-to-road-worker-fatality-in-manitoba-and-saskatchewan
#12
Curt J Pankratz
OBJECTIVES: Fatal accidents often lead to policy changes. However, the existing decision-making environment is critical to policy responses. This study compares the policy responses to similar events in Manitoba and Saskatchewan. The key question explores the extent to which the policy decisions in each province differ despite the similarity of the events. METHODS: Key documents were examined. Provincial court rulings, workplace health & safety incident investigation reports, court transcripts and police reports were used to compare resulting policy changes as well as the socio-political and economic decision-making context...
January 22, 2018: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356669/a-critical-analysis-of-obesity-prevention-policies-and-strategies
#13
Ximena Ramos Salas, Mary Forhan, Timothy Caulfield, Arya M Sharma, Kim Raine
OBJECTIVES: Public health policies have been criticized for promoting a simplistic narrative that may contribute to weight bias. Weight bias can impact population health by increasing morbidity and mortality. The objectives of this study were to: 1) critically analyze Canadian obesity prevention policies and strategies to identify underlying dominant narratives; 2) deconstruct dominant narratives and consider the unintended consequences for people with obesity; and 3) make recommendations to change dominant obesity narratives that may be contributing to weight bias...
January 22, 2018: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356668/commodit%C3%A3-s-familiales-et-sant%C3%A3-des-enfants-de-moins-de-cinq-ans-en-ha%C3%A3-ti
#14
Isabelle Roy, Barthélémy Kuate Defo
OBJECTIFS: Évaluer le rôle des commodités familiales dans l'occurrence de la diarrhée chez les enfants de moins de 5 ans en Haïti, selon leur type (eau potable, toilettes et réfrigérateur) et leur nombre.MÉTHODE : Nous avons mis en commun les données de quatre Enquêtes démographiques et de santé réalisées en Haïti entre 1994-1995 et 2012. Nous avons retenu un échantillon de 14 481 enfants de 1-59 mois. Nous avons évalué le rôle des commodités familiales dans l'occurrence de la diarrhée selon le groupe d'âge d'enfants à risque (1-5; 6-11; 12-23; 24-59 mois), au moyen des modèles de régression logistique...
January 22, 2018: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356667/child-development-in-rural-ghana-associations-between-cognitive-language-milestones-and-indicators-of-nutrition-and-stimulation-of-children-under-two-years-of-age
#15
Marilyn N Ahun, Frances E Aboud, Richmond Aryeetey, Esi Colecraft, Grace S Marquis
OBJECTIVES: Two studies aimed to assess the provision of nutrition and psychosocial stimulation in the home and to examine associations between mental development and nutrition and stimulation using a validated measure of development milestones. METHODS: The first study consisted of secondary analyses on health and nutrition data from 1081 mother-child pairs (the children aged 0-12 months) and their households in Ghana's Eastern Region. For the second study, the Ghana Milestones Measure, consisting of items assessing cognitive and language development, was used to assess child development in a subsample (N = 330) of Study 1 participants one year later (children 10-24 months of age)...
January 22, 2018: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356666/factors-associated-with-shorter-night-time-sleep-in-toddlers-the-survey-of-young-canadians
#16
Christy Costanian, Peri Abdullah, Nita Sawh, Ara Nagapatan, Hala Tamim
OBJECTIVES: Adequate sleep in childhood is important for healthy development. No information exists on the predictors of night-time sleep among toddlers in Canada. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of and to identify factors associated with sleeping <11 consecutive hours per night among children aged 1-2 years in Canada. METHODS: Data from the cross sectional Survey of Young Canadians (SYC) 2010 were used. The biological mother reported on toddlers' sleep duration at night...
January 22, 2018: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356665/slim-cigarette-smoking-prevalence-among-canadian-youth-smokers-implications-for-federal-standardized-packaging-legislation
#17
Leia M Minaker, Hannah Tait, Maple Ong, Nghia Nguyen
OBJECTIVES: Tobacco companies market to females and young people through slim cigarette design features and packaging. This study assessed the prevalence and perceptions of slim cigarette smoking in grades 9-12 student smokers across Canada using multiple data sources. METHODS: Data from three cycles of the Youth Smoking Survey (2008/2009 to 2012/2013) and one cycle of the Cancer Risk Assessment in Youth Survey (2015) were used. The prevalence and perceptions of slim cigarette smoking among current smokers were compared by sex and grade...
January 22, 2018: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356664/geographic-variation-and-factors-associated-with-colorectal-cancer-incidence-in-manitoba
#18
Harminder Singh, Zoann Nugent, Kathleen Decker, Alain Demers, Jewel Samadder, Mahmoud Torabi
OBJECTIVES: Although individuals living in areas with lower household income have been shown to have higher rates of mortality from colorectal cancer (CRC), findings on the effect of income on CRC incidence in countries with universal health care have been inconsistent. There are limited data from Canada. We investigated the geographic variation and factors associated with CRC incidence in Manitoba, a central Canadian province. METHODS: The Manitoba Cancer Registry and Manitoba Health population registry were used to determine age-sex-standardized CRC incidence rates between 1985 and 2012, which were geocoded to 498 small geographic areas (SGAs)...
January 22, 2018: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356663/active-living-in-saskatchewan-a-review-of-official-community-plans
#19
Oluwasegun B Hassan, Katya M Herman, Cathie D Kryzanowski, Guy E J Faulkner
OBJECTIVE: Municipal policies may have a significant impact on the development of environments that provide sustainable opportunities for individuals to engage in healthy, active lifestyles. Little is known about how explicitly community planning in Canada integrates strategies to promote physical activity. In the context of Active Saskatchewan 2020 (AS2020), the strategic plan of Saskatchewan in motion, such an analysis would create a basis for identifying policy gaps and ongoing monitoring...
January 22, 2018: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356662/does-socio-economic-status-or-having-a-chronic-condition-affect-whether-family-physicians-accept-a-new-patient-a-nova-scotia-population-study
#20
Emily Gard Marshall, Sacha Nadeau, Beverly Lawson, Richard J Gibson, Imhokhai Ogah
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether socio-economic status (SES) and presence of a chronic condition are associated with the response a prospective patient receives when seeking a family physician (FP). METHODS: Scripted telephone calls (indicating higher or lower SES and presence or absence of a chronic condition) were made to all 327 FP offices in Nova Scotia (NS) requesting an appointment. The main outcome measures were the responses to callers seeking a FP: being accepted for an appointment or being offered further assistance if not accepted (e...
January 22, 2018: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
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