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Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30421301/haemaphysalis-longicornis-a-tick-of-considerable-importance-now-established-in-north-america
#1
LETTER
H Joel Hutcheson, L Robbin Lindsay, Shaun J Dergousoff
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 12, 2018: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30406338/substance-use-and-internalizing-symptoms-among-high-school-students-and-access-to-health-care-services-results-from-a-population-based-study
#2
Amy H Cheung, Steven Cook, Nicole Kozloff, Justin N Chee, Robert E Mann, Angela Boak
OBJECTIVES: To examine co-occurring mental health problems among a population-based sample of high school students in Ontario, Canada, to understand their prevalence, associated risk factors, and relationship with mental health service access and utilization. METHODS: The data were derived from the 2013 Ontario Student Drug Use and Health Survey, a biennial survey of students attending publicly funded Ontario schools, from a subsample of students who completed both the internalizing and substance use portions of the survey (n = 2945)...
November 7, 2018: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30387034/trends-and-correlates-of-cannabis-use-in-pregnancy-a-population-based-study-in-ontario-canada-from-2012-to-2017
#3
Daniel J Corsi, Helen Hsu, Deborah Weiss, Deshayne B Fell, Mark Walker
OBJECTIVE: Forthcoming legislative changes will legalize and make cannabis widely available in Canada. We conducted an analysis of Ontario's birth registry to determine recent trends and correlates of cannabis use in pregnancy. METHODS: We conducted a population-based retrospective cohort study assembled from the Better Outcomes Registry & Network (BORN) Ontario database, covering live births and stillbirths in Ontario between April 2012 and December 2017. Trends in self-reported cannabis use in pregnancy were analyzed according to maternal age and area-level socio-economic status (SES) using log binomial regression analysis...
November 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30378009/scoping-decades-of-dog-evidence-a-scoping-review-of-dog-bite-related-sequelae
#4
Jasmine Dhillon, Jessica Hoopes, Tasha Epp
OBJECTIVES: There has been considerable literature published focusing on various sequelae to dog bites over the last three decades. Much of the literature has focused on rabies, particularly canine rabies variant, which accounts for the majority of rabies deaths worldwide. This paper describes the complications, the pathogens, and other sequelae resulting from dog bites documented in the literature. METHODS: This paper used evidence found through a scoping review which charted the published peer-reviewed and non-peer-reviewed gray literature and online information relating to dog bite incidents...
October 30, 2018: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30374839/the-tobacco-endgame-the-importance-of-targets-and-geography
#5
LETTER
Frank Houghton, Sharon Houghton, Diane O'Doherty, Derek Mc Inerney, Bruce Duncan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 29, 2018: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30367387/is-there-more-to-the-equation-weight-bias-and-the-costs-of-obesity
#6
Karmpaul Singh, Shelly Russell-Mayhew, Kristin von Ranson, Lindsay McLaren
The costs of obesity have been well studied, with estimates in Canada reaching $7.1 billion annually. These estimates fuel public and professional discourse about obesity as an "epidemic" with substantial economic and public health consequences. However, cost estimates for obesity thus far have neglected to consider a critical variable: weight bias (i.e., negative bias towards individuals based on their body weight). In this commentary, we propose that some costs currently attributed to obesity may be partly or fully attributable to weight bias...
October 26, 2018: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30353503/correction-to-consumption-of-ultra-processed-foods-and-obesity-in-canada
#7
Milena Nardocci, Bernard-Simon Leclerc, Maria-Laura Louzada, Carlos Augusto Monteiro, Malek Batal, Jean-Claude Moubarac
In Table 3, there were missing values in the Physical activity and Smoking status sections. The correct version of Table 3 is displayed here.
October 23, 2018: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30353502/differences-in-colorectal-cancer-screening-rates-across-income-strata-by-levels-of-urbanization-results-from-the-canadian-community-health-survey-2013-2014
#8
Jonathan Simkin, Gina Ogilvie, Brendan Hanley, Catherine Elliott
OBJECTIVE: Canadian colorectal cancer screening rates differ across income strata. In the United States, disparities across income strata worsen in rural areas. In Canada, differences in screening across income strata have not been explored by levels of urbanization. This project aimed to estimate up-to-date colorectal cancer (UTD-CRC) screening across income strata by levels of urbanization. METHODS: Data from the Canadian Community Health Survey (2013/2014) were used to estimate the prevalence of UTD-CRC screening by income quintiles for Canadians aged 50-74 years...
October 23, 2018: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30341482/limited-impact-of-pneumococcal-vaccines-on-invasive-pneumococcal-disease-in-nunavik-quebec
#9
Jean-Baptiste LeMeur, Brigitte Lefebvre, Jean-François Proulx, Philippe De Wals
OBJECTIVE: In 2002, a mass immunization campaign using the 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPV23) was carried out in Nunavik to control an outbreak caused by a virulent clone of serotype 1 Streptococcus pneumoniae. At the same time, the 7-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV7) was introduced for routine immunization of infants, replaced by the 10-valent vaccine (PCV10) in 2009, and the 13-valent vaccine (PCV13) in 2011. The objective of this study was to describe the epidemiology of invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) in relation to pneumococcal vaccine use...
October 19, 2018: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30341481/the-role-of-public-health-units-in-the-delivery-of-hiv-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-prep
#10
Lauren Orser, Patrick O'Byrne
Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is an HIV prevention strategy involving the use of once daily antiretroviral medications to prevent HIV infection. Available research supports that PrEP, when used as prescribed, can prevent HIV transmission by upwards of 96%. Such findings have led to the development of research publications and guidelines supporting PrEP for individuals at high risk for HIV acquisition, such as men who have sex with men (MSM). Despite its benefit, current use of PrEP in clinical settings has been undermined by false impressions of poor efficacy of PrEP and concerns about increased risk-taking among MSM should PrEP be readily available...
October 19, 2018: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30311176/self-inflicted-injury-canadian-hospitals-injury-reporting-and-prevention-program-chirpp-si-a-new-surveillance-tool-for-detecting-self-inflicted-injury-events-in-emergency-departments
#11
Dylan Johnson, Robin Skinner, Mario Cappelli, Roger Zemek, Steven McFaull, Corrine Langill, Paula Cloutier
OBJECTIVES: To assess the performance of the Canadian Hospitals Injury Reporting and Prevention Program's newly developed self-harm surveillance tool (CHIRPP-SI) designed to improve emergency department (ED) hospital surveillance of youth self-inflicted injury (SI). METHODS: This was a prospective, single-centre cohort study from February 2015 to September 2015. Eligible participants were aged 6-17.99 years and presented to the ED with a primary mental health complaint...
October 11, 2018: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30302729/our-health-counts-population-based-measures-of-urban-inuit-health-determinants-health-status-and-health-care-access
#12
Janet Smylie, Michelle Firestone, Michael W Spiller
OBJECTIVE: Health determinants and outcomes are not well described for the growing population of Inuit living in southern urban areas of Canada despite known and striking health disparities for Inuit living in the north. The objective of this study was to work in partnership with Tungasuvvingat Inuit (TI) to develop population prevalence estimates for key indicators of health, including health determinants, health status outcomes, and health services access for Inuit in Ottawa, Canada...
October 9, 2018: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30291555/validation-d-un-questionnaire-auto-administr%C3%A3-sur-les-valeurs-en-politique-publique-de-sant%C3%A3
#13
Réjean Hébert, Jean-Herman Guay, Bryn Williams-Jones, Mathieu Seppey
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this article are to describe the development of a self-administered questionnaire assessing the core values in the field of public health ( radardesvaleurs.com ) and to report the results of a study testing the questionnaire's test-retest reliability, internal consistency and construct validity. METHOD: A 24-item questionnaire grounded in the conceptual framework of Shalom H. Schwartz (2000) was developed by a group of international experts in public health...
October 5, 2018: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30284125/vaccine-coverage-of-children-in-care-of-the-child-welfare-system
#14
Jennifer S Hermann, Kimberley A Simmonds, Christopher A Bell, Ellen Rafferty, Shannon E MacDonald
OBJECTIVE: To assess vaccine coverage for a cohort of children who have been in the care of the child welfare system compared to children in the general population. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study used population-based administrative health data for a 2008 birth cohort of children from Alberta, Canada. We assessed coverage at ages 2 (n = 44,206) and 7 (n = 42,241) for three vaccines with different administration schedules for children in care (at any period before the age of assessment) and those who had never been in care, comparing them using risk differences and relative risks (RRs)...
October 3, 2018: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30276636/a-modeling-study-exploring-the-impact-of-homelessness-on-rostered-primary-care-utilization-in-calgary-canada
#15
Laura A Rivera, Matthew T Henschke, Edwin Khoo, Stanley Ing, Sandy J Bae, Christopher M Rice, Aliya Jamal, Michael H Forseth
OBJECTIVE: For patients who belonged to physician rosters at a family medicine practice in the core of Calgary, Canada, we compared primary care utilization for those who were stably housed and those experiencing homelessness. METHODS: This retrospective chart review accessed electronic medical record data for rostered patients who visited their family physician between July 1, 2015 and August 31, 2016. We assessed the association between homelessness status (defined as having been sheltered in overnight shelters and/or emergency/provisional housing during the study period) and the rate of visits to primary care (defined as the count of visits associated with a patient accounting for the length of the patient's relationship with their family physician) using multivariate negative binomial regression...
October 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30276635/quality-improvement-as-a-population-health-promotion-opportunity-to-reorient-the-healthcare-system
#16
Julie Kryzanowski, Candace D Bloomquist, Tanya Dunn-Pierce, Lara Murphy, Sharon Clarke, Cory Neudorf
BACKGROUND: A quality improvement (QI) focus in systems strategically investing resources to achieve the Quadruple Aim (i.e., better population health, lower system costs, improved patient care, and an engaged and productive workforce) presents an opportunity to reorient health services towards population health promotion. SETTING: An interdisciplinary team linked across a large regionalized healthcare system engaged in a (Saskatoon) Region-wide 90-day QI initiative focused on patient safety...
October 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30264195/assessing-a-ban-on-the-use-of-uv-tanning-devices-among-adolescents-in-ontario-canada-first-year-results
#17
Victoria Nadalin, Loraine D Marrett, Caroline Cawley, John Atkinson, Thomas Tenkate, Jennifer McWhirter, Cheryl F Rosen
OBJECTIVES: To describe the effect of the first year of a ban on UV tanning device (beds, lamps) use among those under 18 years of age in Ontario, Canada. METHODS: Online questionnaires were completed by adolescents in grades 7 to 12, aged less than 18 years: one when the ban was enacted (May 2014) and a second a year later (May 2015). Questionnaires asked grade, age, sex, and about use of UV tanning devices in the previous year. Recent users were asked about length, frequency, and location of use; service refusals and reasons; awareness of signs/warning labels; and use of eye protection...
September 27, 2018: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30264194/-where-does-the-high-road-lead-potential-implications-of-cannabis-legalization-for-pediatric-injuries-in-canada
#18
Mojgan Karbakhsh, Jennifer Smith, Ian Pike
The purpose of this commentary is to discuss how legalization of non-medical marijuana (LNMM) in Canada can potentially influence child and adolescent unintentional injuries based on evidence from states (American) and jurisdictions that have already legalized cannabis for recreational purposes. Although the evidence is still not conclusive, LNMM can bring about higher exposure, lower perceived harms, and higher prevalence of cannabis use by minors through role modeling and normalization of behaviour within the household and the community, and higher rates of driving under the influence of cannabis, which can contribute to a higher burden of road traffic injuries...
September 27, 2018: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30264193/utility-gains-from-reductions-in-the-modifiable-burden-of-lung-cancer-attributable-to-residential-radon-in-canada
#19
Janet Gaskin, Doug Coyle, Jeff Whyte, Dan Krewski
RESEARCH QUESTION: The objective of this analysis is to estimate the modifiable burden of disease according to the annual number of lung cancer deaths prevented and the associated period gain in quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) for the 2012 populations in Canada from reductions in residential radon exposures. INTERVENTIONS: Two postulated interventions for residential radon mitigation in new construction are assessed, corresponding to a 50% reduction and an 85% reduction in radon nationally, in the provinces/territories, and in 17 census metropolitan areas in Canada...
September 27, 2018: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30251119/drug-checking-at-an-electronic-dance-music-festival-during-the-public-health-overdose-emergency-in-british-columbia
#20
Silvina C Mema, Chloe Sage, Yuhui Xu, Kenneth W Tupper, Daniel Ziemianowicz, Karen McCrae, Mark Leigh, Matthew Brendan Munn, Deanne Taylor, Trevor Corneil
SETTING: Shambhala is a 5-day electronic dance music (EDM) festival held in rural British Columbia that annually hosts between 15,000 and 18,000 people on a 500-acre ranch. The AIDS Network Outreach & Support Society (ANKORS) has provided harm reduction services throughout the duration of the festival since 2003, including point-of-care drug checking, which allows real-time testing of illicit substances to assess their composition. Drug checking results are provided directly to clients and displayed in aggregate on a screen for all attendees to see...
September 24, 2018: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
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