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Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120324/missing-the-trends-in-the-fentanyl-overdose-crisis-the-need-for-immediate-intervention-in-small-and-rural-communities
#1
Ehsan Jozaghi, Samona Marsh
No abstract available.
November 9, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120323/tinkering-in-the-dark-critical-knowledge-gaps-about-how-to-fund-public-health-in-canada
#2
J Ross Graham, Shannon L Sibbald
No abstract available.
November 9, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120322/diarrhea-ain-t-dope-canada-needs-to-consider-the-food-safety-implications-of-edible-cannabis
#3
Kenneth J Diplock, Scott T Leatherdale, Shannon E Majowicz
No abstract available.
November 9, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120321/une-sant%C3%A3-mondiale-repens%C3%A3-e-la-perspective-de-futures-chercheuses-praticiennes
#4
Muriel Mac-Seing, Cielo Perez Osorio, Stella Tine, Charity Oga Omenka, Rolande Chegno Gueutue
 L'étude des conséquences de la mondialisation sur la santé des populations est au coeur de la santé mondiale. Ce faisant, la mondialisation conditionne également la mise en oeuvre des projets de recherche et des interventions en santé mondiale, et les rapports sociaux inégalitaires qui s'y perpétuent. Le présent commentaire propose des réflexions sur des défis épistémologiques et politiques auxquels se confronte la santé mondiale. Celles-ci sont issues d'observations et de discussions pendant et après la Conférence canadienne sur la santé mondiale, tenue en novembre 2015...
November 9, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120320/adapting-maternal-health-practice-to-co-morbidities-and-social-inequality-a-systematic-approach
#5
Aditi Iyer, V Srinidhi, Anuradha Sreevathsa, Gita Sen
The process of adapting universal guidelines to local institutional and cultural settings is recognized as important to their implementation and uptake. However, clarity on what, why and how to adapt in an evidence-based manner is still somewhat elusive. Health providers in low and middle income country contexts often have to deal with widely present co-morbidities and social inequalities among pregnant women. Since neither of these problems finds adequate discussion within the usual guidelines, and given the continual pressures posed by resource scarcity, health providers respond through ad hoc adaptations inimical to maternal safety and equity...
November 9, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120319/-it-makes-us-really-look-inferior-to-outsiders-coping-with-psychosocial-experiences-associated-with-the-lack-of-access-to-safe-water-and-sanitation
#6
Elijah Bisung, Susan J Elliott
OBJECTIVE: This paper explores daily experiences and coping resources related to the lack of access to safe water and adequate sanitation in Usoma, a lakeshore community in Western Kenya. METHODS: A qualitative approach that involved 10 focus group discussions and 9 key informant interviews with community leaders, volunteers and professionals was used to explore the research objectives. Data were collected from June to August 2013. RESULTS: Daily practices and experiences around water and sanitation, such as water collection, open defecation and shared toilets, were a major concern to residents...
November 9, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120318/impacts-of-the-interim-federal-health-program-reforms-a-stakeholder-analysis-of-barriers-to-health-care-access-and-provision-for-refugees
#7
Valentina Antonipillai, Andrea Baumann, Andrea Hunter, Olive Wahoush, Timothy O'Shea
BACKGROUND: Changes to the Interim Federal Health Program (IFHP) in 2012 reduced health care access for refugees and refugee claimants, generating concerns among key stakeholders. In 2014, a new IFHP temporarily reinstated access to some health services; however, little is known about these changes, and more information is needed to map the IFHP's impact. OBJECTIVE: This study explores barriers occurring during the time period of the IFHP reforms to health care access and provision for refugees...
November 9, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120317/enhancing-the-capacity-and-effectiveness-of-community-health-volunteers-to-improve-maternal-newborn-and-child-health-experience-from-kenya
#8
Lisa S Avery, Elsabé Du Plessis, Souradet Y Shaw, Deepa Sankaran, Peter Njoroge, Ruth Kayima, Naomi Makau, James Munga, Maureen Kadzo, James Blanchard, Maryanne Crockett
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a simple monitoring and tracking tool, Mwanzo Mwema Monitoring and Tracking Tool (MMATT), would enable community health volunteers (CHVs) in Kenya to 1) plan their workloads and activities, 2) identify the women, newborns and children most in need of accessing critical maternal, newborn and child health (MNCH) interventions and 3) improve key MNCH indicators. METHODS: A mixed methods approach was used. Household surveys at baseline (n = 912) and endline (n = 1143) collected data on key MNCH indicators in the four subcounties of Taita Taveta County, Kenya...
November 9, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120316/weighing-in-on-canadian-school-based-vision-screening-a-call-for-action
#9
Katie P Bennett, Wendy Maloney
Vision-screening programs are designed to detect common causes of visual impairment and increase the likelihood of early diagnosis and treatment. In the health authority Eastern Health - Newfoundland and Labrador, public health leaders raised a concern about the efficiency and effectiveness of the current non-routine, opportunistic vision screening protocol for school-aged children. An environmental scan of screening practices and programs across Canada was conducted, yielding a wide range of inconsistencies with respect to program type, target population, and screening tools...
November 9, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120315/canadian-pharmacists-as-immunizers-addressing-questions-related-to-this-new-scope-of-practice
#10
Sherilyn K D Houle
Currently, pharmacists in nine Canadian provinces can apply for authorization to administer drugs and vaccines by injection following the successful completion of a required training program and with evidence of certification in first aid and cardiopulmonary resuscitation. As more provinces and pharmacists embrace this new scope, questions are being raised about their readiness and ability to provide this public health service. This commentary addresses a number of questions commonly raised about pharmacists as immunizers, taking the position that pharmacists are able and willing to play a larger role in vaccination programs...
November 9, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120314/ethical-challenges-in-fasd-prevention-scientific-uncertainty-stigma-and-respect-for-women-s-autonomy
#11
Natalie Zizzo, Eric Racine
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) is a leading form of neurodevelopmental delay in Canada, affecting an estimated 3000 babies per year. FASD involves a range of disabilities that entail significant costs to affected individuals, families, and society. Exposure to alcohol in utero is a necessary factor for FASD development, and this has led to FASD being described as "completely preventable". However, there are significant ethical challenges associated with FASD prevention. These challenges revolve around 1) what should be communicated about the risks of alcohol consumption during pregnancy, given some ongoing scientific uncertainty about the effects of prenatal alcohol exposure, and 2) how to communicate these risks, given the potential for stigma against women who give birth to children with FASD as well as against children and adults with FASD...
November 9, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120313/policy-recommendations-for-front-of-package-shelf-and-menu-labelling-in-canada-moving-towards-consensus
#12
Kim D Raine, Alexa R Ferdinands, Kayla Atkey, Erin Hobin, Bill Jeffery, Candace I J Nykiforuk, Lana Vanderlee, Ellen Vogel, Barbara Von Tigerstrom
Greater availability of low nutritional quality foods and decreased consumption of nutrient-dense foods have negatively impacted the nutrient profile of the Canadian diet. Poor diet is now the leading risk factor for chronic disease and premature death in Canada. To help consumers choose healthful foods, nutrition labelling is one policy tool for communicating relevant nutrition information. However, there are notable shortcomings with current nutrition labelling systems, which make it difficult for Canadians to navigate the complex food environment...
November 9, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120312/a-strategic-approach-to-workforce-development-for-local-public-health
#13
Beverley Bryant, Megan Ward
SETTING: In 2009, Peel Public Health set a vision to transform the work of public health from efficient delivery of public health services as defined by provincial mandate to the robust analysis of the health status of the local population and selection and implementation of programming to achieve best health outcomes. A strategic approach to the workforce was a key enabler. PPH is a public health unit in Ontario that serves 1.4 million people. INTERVENTION: An organization-wide strategic workforce development program was instituted...
November 9, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120311/alberta-s-provincial-take-home-naloxone-program-a-multi-sectoral-and-multi-jurisdictional-response-to-overdose
#14
Lisa K Freeman, Stacey Bourque, Nick Etches, Karin Goodison, Claire O'Gorman, Kay Rittenbach, Christopher A Sikora, Mark Yarema
SETTING: Alberta is a prairie province located in western Canada, with a population of approximately 4.3 million. In 2016, 363 Albertans died from apparent drug overdoses related to fentanyl, an opioid 50-100 times more toxic than morphine. This surpassed the number of deaths from motor vehicle collisions and homicides combined. INTERVENTION: Naloxone is a safe, effective, opioid antagonist that may quickly reverse an opioid overdose. In July 2015, a committee of community-based harm reduction programs in Alberta implemented a geographically restricted take-home naloxone (THN) program...
November 9, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120310/preconception-health-interventions-delivered-in-public-health-and-community-settings-a-systematic-review
#15
Hilary K Brown, Melissa Mueller, Sarah Edwards, Catriona Mill, Joanne Enders, Lisa Graves, Deanna Telner, Cindy-Lee Dennis
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this systematic review was to assess the effects of preconception health interventions, delivered to individuals of reproductive age in public health and community settings, on reproductive, maternal, and child health outcomes. METHODS: A search of Ovid MEDLINE, CINAHL, EMBASE, PsychINFO, Scopus, Gender Studies Database, and SocINDEX from July 1999 through July 2016 was performed. We included studies that reported original data, used an interventional study design, included reproductive-aged women or men, were written in English, and were published in peer-reviewed journals...
November 9, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120309/comparing-insider-and-outsider-news-coverage-of-the-2014-ebola-outbreak
#16
Brittany Humphries, Martha Radice, Sophie Lauzier
OBJECTIVES: Information provided by news media during an infectious disease outbreak can affect the actions taken to safeguard public health. There has been little evaluation of how the content of news published during an outbreak varies by location of the news outlet. This study analyzes coverage of the 2014 Ebola outbreak by one news outlet operating within a country affected by the outbreak and one country not directly affected. METHODS: A qualitative content analysis was conducted of articles published in two national news outlets, The Globe and Mail (Canada) and the Vanguard (Nigeria), between January 1 and December 31, 2014...
November 9, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120308/incidence-of-lower-limb-amputation-in-canada
#17
Bita Imam, William C Miller, Heather C Finlayson, Janice J Eng, Tal Jarus
OBJECTIVES: To determine the Canadian age-adjusted incidence rates of lower limb amputation (LLA) by province, sex, level, and cause of amputation. METHODS: Data on all hospital discharges associated with LLA from April 1, 2006, to March 31, 2012, were obtained from the Canadian Institute for Health Information's Discharge Abstract Database. National and provincial age-adjusted rates were calculated per 100 000 individuals by sex, level, and cause of LLA using the direct method of standardization...
November 9, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120307/preliminary-investigation-of-the-stbbi-stigma-scale-description-and-pilot-results
#18
Anne C Wagner, Rachel MacLean
OBJECTIVES: Sexually transmitted and blood-borne infections (STBBIs) are associated with stigmatizing attitudes and beliefs, which can affect the quality of and access to health care, as well as mental health and quality of life. The current study describes the adaptation from an HIV-related stigma scale and pilot testing of a new STBBI Stigma Scale, assessing the stigmatizing attitudes and beliefs of health and social service providers in Canada. METHODS: 144 health and social service providers from across Canada completed the newly adapted scale assessing stigma associated with HIV, hepatitis C, other viral STBBIs and bacterial STBBIs, as well as demographic information, a scale of social desirability and measures of convergent and divergent validity...
November 9, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120306/migration-and-social-determinants-of-mental-health-results-from-the-canadian-health-measures-survey
#19
Bukola Salami, Maryna Yaskina, Kathleen Hegadoren, Esperanza Diaz, Salima Meherali, Anu Rammohan, Yoav Ben-Shlomo
OBJECTIVES: Studies worldwide point to increased risk of mental health problems among immigrants. However, the data on Canadian immigrants' mental health are ambiguous. To address this, we examined the relationship of both self-perceived mental health and reported diagnosis of mood disorders with age, gender, migration status, time since migration, and social determinants of health factors. METHODS: We analyzed three cycles of the Canadian Health Measures Survey...
November 9, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120305/correlates-of-accelerometer-assessed-physical-activity-and-sedentary-time-among-adults-with-type-2-diabetes
#20
Nonsikelelo Mathe, Terry Boyle, Fatima Al Sayah, Clark Mundt, Jeff K Vallance, Jeffrey A Johnson, Steven T Johnson
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to describe the volume and patterns of objectively assessed sedentary behaviour, light intensity physical activity (LPA) and moderate-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), and to examine socio-demographic correlates, among adults living with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: Participants (n = 166) wore an accelerometer (Actigraph® GT3X+) for seven consecutive days during waking hours and completed a questionnaire. Physical activity (PA) and sedentary time were described, and multivariable linear regression was used to estimate associations between socio-demographic characteristics and sedentary time and PA...
November 9, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
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