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Arzneimittel-Forschung

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23918738/wirksamkeit-und-vertr%C3%A3-glichkeit-eines-pflanzlichen-arzneimittels-mit-kapuzinerkressenkraut-und-meerrettich-bei-akuter-sinusitis-akuter-bronchitis-und-akuter-blasenentz%C3%A3-ndung-im-vergleich-zu-anderen-therapien-unter-den-bedingungen-der-t%C3%A3-glichen-praxis
#1
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23203545/leave-one-out-procedure-in-the-validation-of-elimination-rate-constant-analysis
#2
T Grabowski, J J Jaroszewski, M Sasinowska-Motyl
Many registration agencies and other organizations define how to calculate the elimination rate constant (kel) value. No validation procedures have been introduced to verify the correct selection of the concentration-time (C-T) points used for the kel calculation. The purpose of this paper is to discover whether kel analysis can be subjected to the condensed validation procedure and what acceptance criteria should be adopted for such a procedure. For the analysis, data collected during bioequivalence studies of 4 drugs were selected, including 2 highly lipophilic drugs (itraconazole, atorvastatin) and 2 weakly lipophilic drugs (trimetazidine, perindopril)...
December 2012: Arzneimittel-Forschung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23203544/pharmacokinetic-and-myocardial-enzyme-profiles-of-two-administration-routes-of-epirubicin-in-breast-cancer-patients
#3
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
R-X Yang, H-X Ren, L Zhuang, C-L Gao, C Dong, C-X Luo, X-N Wang, E-F Feng, J-C He
To evaluate the changes in myocardial enzymes and plasma epirubicin concentration following administration by micro-pump (MP) and intravenous drip (ID) in breast cancer patients.11 self-controlled breast cancer patients were recruited for a trial with epirubicin administration by MP for 48 h and by ID for 1 h during 2 cycles of treatment. Plasma concentration of epirubicin at different time points was determined using LC-MS/MS. The levels of myocardial enzymes before and after chemotherapy were compared...
December 2012: Arzneimittel-Forschung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23203543/synthesis-anti-hypertensive-effect-of-a-novel-angiotensin-ii-at1-receptor-antagonist-and-its-anti-tumor-activity-in-prostate-cancer
#4
Y-J Da, W-D Yuan, L-F Zhu, Z-L Chen
Since the first non-peptide Ang II receptor antagonist was originally reported, it has become the most common target in the development of new treatments for hypertension. In recent years, all components of the classical RAS have been reported in the prostate, these results suggest the possibility that ARB is a novel therapeutic class of agents for prostate cancer. In this study, a new compound 2-(4-((2-propyl-5-nitro-1H-benzo[d]imidazol-1-yl) methyl)-1H-indol-1-yl) benzoic acid was synthesized and evaluated as a novel angiotensin II AT1 receptor antagonist by radioligand binding assays, anti-hypertensive assays in vivo and oral acute toxicity test...
December 2012: Arzneimittel-Forschung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23196970/effect-of-zeolite-nano-materials-and-artichoke-cynara-scolymus-l-leaf-extract-on-increase-in-urinary-clearance-of-systematically-absorbed-nicotine
#5
R E Malekshah, R Mahjub, M Rastgarpanah, M Ghorbani, A R Partoazar, S E Mehr, A R Dehpour, F A Dorkoosh
Nicotine, the main pharmacologically active component in tobacco and cigarette, has some toxic effects and also high potential for addiction. In this study, the effect of artichoke (Cynara scolymus L.) and zeolite nano-materials on urinary excretion of nicotine and consequently elimination of systematically absorbed nicotine was investigated. A simple, valid and highly sensitive high performance liquid chromatography method has been developed for determination of nicotine in rat urine according to guidelines for bioanalysis...
December 2012: Arzneimittel-Forschung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23192689/fluorescence-detection-of-etoposide-loaded-nanoparticles-by-hplc-and-pharmacokinetics-study
#6
H-Z Yang, L Liu, X Xu
A simple HPLC with fluorescence detection method was developed for determination and pharmacokinetic study of Etoposide in dog plasma.Plasma sample pretreatment involved liquid-liquid extraction of 500 µL plasma. The chromatographic separation was carried out on a Gemini C18 column with a mixture of methanol (A) and water (B) (0~5 min, volume of A was 45-50%, 5~10 min, volume of A was 50-90%) used as mobile phase at a flow rate of 0.4 ml/min.These results indicated that the accuracy and precision of the current assay were within the recommendations for assay validation as stipulated in "Guidance for Industry: Bioanalytical Method Validation"...
December 2012: Arzneimittel-Forschung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23154888/pharmacokinetics-and-potential-advantages-of-a-new-oral-solution-of-levothyroxine-vs-other-available-dosage-forms
#7
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
C S Yue, C Scarsi, M P Ducharme
To better understand the pharmacokinetics and potential advantages of a levothyroxine oral solution vs. tablets and soft gel capsules.4 randomized, 2-treatment, single-dose (600 mcg levothyroxine), 2-way crossover bioequivalence studies in 84 healthy subjects were analyzed. Samples were collected before dosing and until 48-72 h post-dose to calculate noncompartmental baseline-adjusted pharmacokinetic parameters: maximum concentration, time to maximum concentration, and area-under-the-concentration-time-curve from 0 to 48 h and from 0 to 2 h...
December 2012: Arzneimittel-Forschung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23154887/a-validated-hplc-method-for-the-determination-of-eriocalyxin-b-in-plasma-and-its-application-to-pharmacokinetic-studies
#8
Z Wang, Q Yuan, J-H Sun, Z Cui, H-Y Chen, H Wu, J-x Chen
The purpose of this study was to determine EriB in plasma by using the method of HPLC and collect the preclinical pharmacokinetic parameters of EriB.The analysis involved a simple liquid-liquid extraction. After making alkaline with NaOH, plasma was extracted with diethyl ether and the organic extract was then evaporated. From there, the residue was reconstituted in to the mobile phase. Chromatographic separation was achieved on the C18 column using acetonitrile and 0.1% triethylamine as mobile phase delivered at 1...
December 2012: Arzneimittel-Forschung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23154886/synthesis-biological-activity-and-molecular-modeling-of-4-fluoro-n-%C3%AF-1-2-3-4-tetrahydroacridin-9-ylamino-alkyl-benzamide-derivatives-as-cholinesterase-inhibitors
#9
P Szymański, M Markowicz, M Bajda, B Malawska, E Mikiciuk-Olasik
The aim of this study was to synthesize and determine the biological activity of new derivatives of 4-fluorobenzoic acid and tetrahydroacridine towards inhibition of cholinesterases. Compounds were synthesized in condensation reaction between 9-aminoalkyl-tetrahydroacridines and the activated 4-fluorobenzoic acid. Properties towards inhibition of acetyl- and butyrylcholinesterase were estimated according to Ellman's spectrophotometric method. Among synthesized compounds the most active were compounds 4a and 4d...
December 2012: Arzneimittel-Forschung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23154885/repeated-administration-of-centhaquin-to-pregnant-rats-did-not-affect-postnatal-development-and-expression-of-endothelin-receptors-in-the-brain-heart-or-kidney-of-pups
#10
S Briyal, M S Lavhale, A Gulati
The effect of repeated administration of centhaquin to pregnant rats on postnatal development, and expression of ETA and ETB receptors was determined. Pregnant rats were treated daily with either saline or centhaquin for 2 weeks. Male rat pups were sacrificed on day 1, 7, 14 and 28 of birth. Brain, kidney and heart were removed to study the expression of ETA and ETB receptor protein levels. Body weight of pregnant rats increased steadily in both vehicle and centhaquin groups. Expression of ETA receptors in the heart and kidney was similar in vehicle and centhaquin treated postpartum rats, but was significantly increased in the brain of centhaquin treated postpartum rats...
December 2012: Arzneimittel-Forschung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23138519/simultaneous-determination-of-methotrexate-dasatinib-and-its-active-metabolite-n-deshydroxyethyl-dasatinib-in-rat-plasma-by-lc-ms-ms-method-validation-and-application-to-pharmacokinetic-study
#11
S R S Thappali, K V S Varanasi, S Veeraraghavan, S K V S Vakkalanka, M Khagga
Dasatinib is a multi-kinase inhibitor that potently inhibits Bcr-Abl, Src family and platelet-derived growth factor receptor kinases. Methotrexate is an antimetabolite and antifolate drug. Clinical trials utilizing a combination of dasatinib and methotrexate in patients with Philadelphia chromosome positive and/or Bcr-Abl positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia are currently ongoing. A need therefore exists to develop a sensitive analytical method for determination of dasatinib and methotrexate in plasma.To estimate methotrexate, dasatinib and its active metabolite N-deshydroxyethyl dasatinib simultaneously using liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-ESI-MS/MS) in Wistar rat plasma...
December 2012: Arzneimittel-Forschung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23138518/a-parallel-design-study-to-assess-the-bioequivalence-of-generic-and-branded-hydroxychloroquine-sulfate-tablets-in-healthy-volunteers
#12
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Y-M Liu, Q Chen, M-Q Zhang, G-Y Liu, J-Y Jia, H-H Pu, Y Liu, C-Y Hu, C Lu, W Wang, W-E Cao, B Song, Y-X Song, J-M Zhu, C Yu
Hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) is a racemic 4-aminoquinoline derivative that was first introduced as an antimalarial, and subsequently applied to the treatment of autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and systemic lupus erythematosus. Information on the pharmacokinetics of HCQ in healthy volunteers, especially in a Chinese population is limited, and this study was conducted to provide support for a generic product to obtain marketing authorization in China.The aim of the present study was to compare the pharmacokinetics and assess bioequivalence of a new generic test and the branded reference hydroxychloroquine sulfate tablets in healthy volunteers...
December 2012: Arzneimittel-Forschung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23115060/the-effect-of-ethyl-alcohol-on-the-function-of-spatial-memory-in-rats
#13
P Ratajczak, K Kus, Z Jarmuszkiewicz, A Woźniak, E Nowakowska
Alcoholism is a mental disease in the course of which depression, anxiety, and cognitive function deficits may appear, and these symptoms can be aggravated by comorbid schizophrenia.The aim of this study was to find whether spatial memory (Morris Water Maze) function impairment is found in prenatally stressed rats (PSG) (prenatal stress paradigm - animal model of schizophrenia) and whether aripiprazole ARI and olanzapine OLA modify these functions. It was also important to study the effect of ethyl alcohol administered to rats...
December 2012: Arzneimittel-Forschung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23115059/neuroprotective-action-and-free-radical-scavenging-activity-of-guttiferone-a-a-naturally-occurring-prenylated-benzophenone
#14
Y Nuñez-Figueredo, L García-Pupo, J Ramírez-Sánchez, Y Alcántara-Isaac, O Cuesta-Rubio, R D Hernández, Z Naal, C Curti, G L Pardo-Andreu
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are important mediators in a number of neurodegenerative diseases and molecules capable of scavenging ROS may be a feasible strategy for protecting neuronal cells. We previously demonstrated a powerful iron-chelating action of Guttiferone-A (GA), a naturally occurring polyphenol, on oxidative stress injuries initiated by iron overload. Here we addressed the neuroprotective potential of GA in hydrogen peroxide and glutamate-induced injury on rat's primary culture of cortical neurons and PC12 cells, respectively, and antioxidant properties concerning scavenging and anti-lipoperoxidative activities in cell-free models...
December 2012: Arzneimittel-Forschung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23093483/pharmacokinetics-of-ginkgolide-b-injection-in-beagle-dogs
#15
H Song, F Bu, C Wei, G Yuan, X Liu, B Wang, R Guo
A liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry method was developed, validated, and applied to the pharmacokinetic study with doses of 0.68, 2.73 and 10.92 mg/kg of ginkgolide B in beagle dogs after intravenous infusion.An aliquot of blood samples were -collected, separated and quantitatively analyzed by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry method with mobile phase of acetonitrile-0.02% ammonia solution (33:67, v/v) at a flow rate of 0.8 mL/min on the UltimateTM XB-C18 column (5 μm, 4.6×150 mm).The method was sensitive, accurate and convenient, and can be used for the determination of ginkgolide B in beagle dogs...
December 2012: Arzneimittel-Forschung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23093482/lc-ms-ms-method-for-determination-of-epothilone-b-in-rat-plasma-and-its-application-in-pharmacokinetic-study
#16
H-M Lu, M Ye
A simple LC-MS/MS method was developed for determination and pharmacokinetic study of Epothilone B in rat plasma.Plasma sample pretreatment involved a one-step liquid-liquid extraction of 100 µL plasma. The chromatographic separation was carried out on a Agilent Zobax SB C18 column with a mobile phase consisting of 10 mmol/L ammonium acetate-acetonitrile (35:65, v/v) at a flow rate of 0.2 mL/min. The detection was performed on a triple quadrupole tandem mass spectrometer by SRM via electro spray ionization source with positive mode...
December 2012: Arzneimittel-Forschung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23093481/in-vitro-dissolution-and-in-vivo-bioequivalence-evaluation-of-two-brands-of-isosorbide-5-mononitrate-sustained-release-tablets
#17
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Y-H Kim, K-S Choi, S-H Kam, K-H Lee, J-S Park
The purpose of the present study was to test a sustained release-tablet newly formulated with synthetic paraffin and compare its bioequivalence to that of the Imdur® Long-Acting tablet, based on the guidelines of the Korean Food and Drug Administration.Dissolution test was performed in 4 different dissolution media. A LC/MS/MS method of isosorbide 5-mononitrate in human plasma was validated. In vivo bioequivalence tests of the 2 isosorbide 5-mononitrate tablets were performed in both preprandial and postprandial states...
December 2012: Arzneimittel-Forschung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23093480/interaction-of-5-amino-1-3-4-thiadiazole-2-thiol-and-its-violuric-acid-adduct-with-pt-ii-crystals-structures-spectroscopic-properties-and-cytotoxic-activity
#18
M Kavlakova, A Bakalova, G Momekov, D Ivanov
The coordination properties of Pt(II) with 5-amino-1,3,4-thiadiazole-2-thiol [CAS 2349-67-9] (L 1 ) and its novel violurate adduct (L 2 ), both in solution and in solid state, are studied by means of conventional IR-spectroscopy, single crystal X-ray diffraction and thermal methods. The complex compounds of L 1 and L 2 , with general formulas [Pt(C2H2N3S2)2] and [Pt(C6H4N6S2O3)(Cl)]Cl respectively, are obtained. Quantum chemical calculations of the ligands are performed with a view to obtain electronic structure and optical properties of the ligands L 1 and L 2 , respectively...
December 2012: Arzneimittel-Forschung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23093479/ketorolac-tromethamine-improves-the-analgesic-effect-of-hyoscine-butylbromide-in-patients-with-intense-cramping-pain-from-gastrointestinal-or-genitourinary-origin
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
C F del Valle-Laisequilla, F J Flores-Murrieta, V Granados-Soto, H I Rocha-González, G Reyes-García
The symptomatic treatment of pain associated with spasm of gastrointestinal or genitourinary origin can include the use of spasmolytic agents and/or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. However, the evidence of a superior effectiveness of combination in comparison with individual drugs is scarce and controversial. A double-blind, randomised, clinical trial study was designed to characterize the analgesic effect and safety of ketorolac and hyoscine butylbromide against hyoscine butylbromide alone in patients with ambulatory acute cramping pain of gastrointestinal and genitourinary origin...
December 2012: Arzneimittel-Forschung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23086581/antimicrobial-and-cytotoxicity-potential-of-acetamido-amino-and-nitrochalcones
#20
T C Tristão, F Campos-Buzzi, R Corrêa, R C B Cruz, V Cechinel Filho, A Bella Cruz
Chalcones constitute one of the major classes of natural products belonging to the flavonoid family, and they have been reported as having a range of important therapeutic activities, including some chalcones are effective as antimicrobial agents. Currently, the search for new structures with antimicrobial activity has been intensified due to the emergence of many strains resistant to antibiotics currently used to treat infectious diseases.3 chalcone series (amino, acetamido and nitrochalcones) were prepared (23 compounds) and evaluated for their antimicrobial and cytotoxic potential...
December 2012: Arzneimittel-Forschung
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