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Comprehensive Psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121555/the-relationship-between-adhd-traits-and-sensory-sensitivity-in-the-general-population
#1
Maria Panagiotidi, Paul G Overton, Tom Stafford
Preliminary studies in children and adults with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) report both hypo-responsiveness and hyper-responsiveness to sensory stimuli, as well as problems modulating sensory input. As it has been suggested that those with ADHD exist at the extreme end of a continuum of ADHD traits, which are also evident in the general population, we investigated the link between ADHD and sensory sensitivity in the general population. Two online questionnaires measuring ADHD traits and sensory responsivity across various sensory domains were administered to 234 participants...
October 25, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121554/age-of-onset-of-non-suicidal-self-injury-in-dutch-speaking-adolescents-and-emerging-adults-an-event-history-analysis-of-pooled-data
#2
Amarendra Gandhi, Koen Luyckx, Imke Baetens, Glenn Kiekens, Ellen Sleuwaegen, Ann Berens, Shubhada Maitra, Laurence Claes
OBJECTIVE: Non-Suicidal Self-Injury (NSSI) has emerged as an important mental-health concern. However, epidemiological features like age of onset of NSSI have remained understudied. Therefore, the current study investigated the distribution of age of onset of NSSI in pooled sample of Dutch-speaking adolescents and emerging adults using event history analysis. METHOD: Eleven datasets measuring age at first NSSI in community and clinical participants collected by researchers in the Dutch-speaking part of Belgium were pooled together...
October 20, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145062/differentiating-multiple-vs-single-lifetime-suicide-attempters-with-bipolar-disorders-a-retrospective-study
#3
Chiara Arici, Laura Cremaschi, Cristina Dobrea, Matteo Vismara, Benedetta Grancini, Beatrice Benatti, Massimiliano Buoli, Shefali Miller, Terence A Ketter, A Carlo Altamura, Bernardo Dell'Osso
BACKGROUND: The risk of suicide in Bipolar Disorder (BD) has been estimated up to 20-30 times higher compared with the general population. Previous suicide attempts (SAs) represent a well-established risk factor for further attempts and for death by suicide in patients with psychiatric disorders. However, little is known about the socio-demographic and clinical profile of BD patients with a history of multiple SAs (MSAs). The present study sought to characterize BD patients with MSAs versus single suicide attempt (SSA) within a large Italian sample...
October 19, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128858/relation-between-lifespan-polytrauma-typologies-and-post-trauma-mental-health
#4
Ateka A Contractor, Lily A Brown, Nicole H Weiss
BACKGROUND: Most individuals experience more than one trauma. Hence, it is important to consider the count and types of traumas (polytraumatization) in relation to post-trauma mental health. METHOD: The current study examined the relation of polytraumatization patterns to PTSD clusters (intrusions, avoidance, negative alterations in cognitions and mood [NACM], and alterations in arousal and reactivity [AAR]), depression, and impulsivity facets (lack of perseverance, lack of premeditation, negative urgency, sensation seeking) using a web-based sample of 346 participants...
October 16, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128857/emotionally-laden-impulsivity-interacts-with-affect-in-predicting-addictive-use-of-online-sexual-activity-in-men
#5
Aline Wéry, Jory Deleuze, Natale Canale, Joël Billieux
The interest in studying addictive use of online sexual activities (OSA) has grown sharply over the last decade. Despite the burgeoning number of studies conceptualizing the excessive use of OSA as an addictive disorder, few have tested its relations to impulsivity, which is known to constitute a hallmark of addictive behaviors. To address this missing gap in the literature, we tested the relationships between addictive OSA use, impulsivity traits, and affect among a convenience sample of men (N=182; age, M=29...
October 16, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127886/stealing-behavior-and-impulsivity-in-individuals-with-kleptomania-who-have-been-arrested-for-shoplifting
#6
Austin W Blum, Brian L Odlaug, Sarah A Redden, Jon E Grant
OBJECTIVES: Kleptomania is characterized by strong urges to steal and is one of only a few psychiatric disorders defined by illegal behaviors, but the clinical characteristics of individuals with kleptomania who have faced legal consequences due to their behavior are poorly understood. METHOD: From 2001 to 2012, we recruited 107 adult participants with DSM-IV kleptomania. Participants with a history of shoplifting-related arrest (N=82) were compared with those who had no such history (N=25) on demographics, clinical features, and a self-report measure of impulsivity...
October 12, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091776/illness-perceptions-and-adherence-in-bipolar-disorder-an-exploratory-study
#7
Priscillia Averous, Elodie Charbonnier, Marie Claude Lagouanelle-Simeoni, Antoine Prosperi, Lionel Dany
BACKGROUND: According to the Self-Regulation Model, illness perceptions influence an individual's coping (such as the taking of treatment) and emotional response to their illness. Emerging research suggests that this model could be used to explore illness perceptions in mental health. The aim of this exploratory study is, firstly, to measure and describe illness perception in French patients with a bipolar diagnosis and, secondly, to explore associations between illness perceptions and adherence in this population...
October 12, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091779/towards-a-psychopathology-specific-to-substance-use-disorder-should-emotional-responses-to-life-events-be-included
#8
Angelo G I Maremmani, Marco Maiello, Manuel Glauco Carbone, Alessandro Pallucchini, Francesca Brizzi, Iacopo Belcari, Ciro Conversano, Giulio Perugi, Icro Maremmani
INTRODUCTION: The severity of emotional responses to life events (PTSD spectrum) as part of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) in Substance Use Disorder (SUD) patients has often been considered from a unitary perspective. Light has also been shed on the possible definition of a specific psychopathology of SUD patients. This psychopathology has been proved to be independent of treatment choice, of being active in using substances, of lifetime psychiatric comorbidity and primary substance of abuse (heroin, alcohol, cocaine)...
October 6, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091778/risk-factors-for-amyloid-positivity-in-older-people-reporting-significant-memory-concern
#9
Jie Zhang, Wenjun Zhou, Ryan M Cassidy, Hang Su, Yindan Su, Xiangyang Zhang
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study is to identify risk factors for the presence of amyloid accumulation in the brains of patients reporting subjective cognitive decline (SCD). Identifying such risk factors will help better identify patients who ought to receive neuroimaging studies to confirm plaque presence and begin intervention, as well as enhancing the study of the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease. METHODS: Ninety-nine SCD participants (72.2±5.6years, 57...
October 6, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091777/assessment-of-sleep-quality-in-bipolar-euthymic-patients
#10
Necla Keskin, Lut Tamam, Nurgul Ozpoyraz
OBJECTIVE: Sleep quality is affected in bipolar disorder even in euthymic episodes. The aim of this study was to assess sleep quality in bipolar euthymic patients, determine related clinical characteristics and evaluate its effects on functionality. METHODS: A total of 122 outpatients were included. Scales were used to confirm that patients were euthymic. Mini Mental Test was performed to exclude patients with a diagnosis of dementia. A data form for socio-demographic features and clinical characteristics of bipolar disorder have been completed...
September 30, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096207/avoidant-personality-disorder-and-social-phobia-does-mindreading-make-the-difference
#11
Giovanni Pellecchia, Fabio Moroni, Livia Colle, Antonio Semerari, Antonino Carcione, Teresa Fera, Donatella Fiore, Giuseppe Nicolò, Roberto Pedone, Michele Procacci
OBJECTIVE: Avoidant personality disorder (AvPD) is closely related to and partially overlaps with social phobia (SP). There is an ongoing debate as to whether AvPD and SP can be classified as separate and distinct disorders or whether these diagnoses rather reflect different degrees of severity of social anxiety. The hypothesis of this study is that in patients with AvPD and in those with AvPD and comorbid SP both interpersonal functioning and metacognitive abilities (the ability to understand mental states) are more severely impaired than they are in patients with SP only...
September 28, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091781/factors-associated-with-suicide-case-control-study-in-south-tyrol
#12
Giancarlo Giupponi, Marco Innamorati, Ross J Baldessarini, Diego De Leo, Francesca de Giovannelli, Roger Pycha, Andreas Conca, Paolo Girardi, Maurizio Pompili
BACKGROUND: As suicide is related to many factors in addition to psychiatric illness, broad and comprehensive risk-assessment for risk of suicide is required. This study aimed to differentiate nondiagnostic risk factors among suicides versus comparable psychiatric patients without suicidal behavior. METHODS: We carried out a pilot, case-control comparison of 131 cases of suicide in South Tyrol matched for age and sex with 131 psychiatric controls, using psychological autopsy methods to evaluate differences in clinically assessed demographic, social, and clinical factors, using bivariate conditional Odds Risk comparisons followed by conditional regression modeling controlled for ethnicity...
September 28, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096206/risk-factors-in-early-and-late-onset-schizophrenia
#13
Laura Chen, Ajit Selvendra, Anne Stewart, David Castle
BACKGROUND: This study looks at key risk factors in patients with schizophrenia to identify trends according to age of onset, comparing presentations prior to 26years (youth onset), between 26 and 40years (middle onset), and after 40years of age (late onset). METHODS: The early psychosis program at St Vincent's Hospital Melbourne treats patients presenting in the early stages of psychosis between 16 and 65years of age. A database was developed to capture key risk factors in all patients with an eventual diagnosis of schizophrenia (n=225)...
September 20, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091780/social-connectedness-stressful-life-events-and-self-injurious-thoughts-and-behaviors-among-young-adults
#14
Natalia Macrynikola, Regina Miranda, Ariella Soffer
OBJECTIVES: Preventing self-injurious thoughts and behaviors (SITBs) is particularly challenging on commuter campuses, given lower social cohesion and higher levels of stress than among traditional college populations. The present study examined the relationship between stressful life events (SLEs) and risk for different forms of SITBs, along with the potential buffering role of social connectedness, in a diverse sample of young adults from a commuter college. METHODS: Participants were 1712 (81% female; 61% racial/ethnic minority; 20% sexual minority) undergraduate and graduate students from a public commuter college in New York City...
September 19, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080410/temperament-and-character-in-patients-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#15
Arash Mani, Anahita Rostami, Elham Aflaki, Parsa Ravanfar
BACKGROUND: In addition to identified neuropsychiatric characteristic of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), changes in personality seem to occur in patients with SLE. Even in absence of an axis I psychiatric diagnosis, personality variations play important role in general wellbeing of these patients. This study investigated personality features in patients with SLE using Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI). METHOD: In this case-control study personality features of 59 patients with confirmed diagnosis of SLE were evaluated using Persian version of TCI-125 questionnaire...
September 19, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069624/patterns-of-cannabis-use-and-clinical-correlates-among-individuals-with-major-depressive-disorder-and-bipolar-disorder
#16
Sharon Taub, Daniel Feingold, Jürgen Rehm, Shaul Lev-Ran
BACKGROUND: Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) and Bipolar Disorder (BPD) are the most severe mood disorders globally. Previous reports indicate high co-occurrence of cannabis use and cannabis use disorders (CUDs) associated with both disorders, yet studies comparing patterns of cannabis use between individuals with MDD and BPD are scarce. METHODS: Data were drawn from Wave 1 (2001-2002) of the National Epidemiologic survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC)...
September 13, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069625/clinical-utility-of-the-dsm-5-alternative-model-for-borderline-personality-disorder-differential-diagnostic-accuracy-of-the-bfi-scid-ii-pq-and-pid-5
#17
J Christopher Fowler, Alok Madan, Jon G Allen, Michelle Patriquin, Carla Sharp, John M Oldham, B Christopher Frueh
BACKGROUND: With the publication of DSM 5 alternative model for personality disorders it is critical to assess the components of the model against evidence-based models such as the five factor model and the DSM-IV-TR categorical model. This study explored the relative clinical utility of these models in screening for borderline personality disorder (BPD). METHODS: Receiver operator characteristics and diagnostic efficiency statistics were calculated for three personality measures to ascertain the relative diagnostic efficiency of each measure...
September 12, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069623/the-effect-of-impaired-verbal-memory-retrieval-on-autobiographical-memory-across-different-life-periods-in-schizophrenia
#18
Amalia Alexiadou, Vasilis P Bozikas, Mary H Kosmidis, Eleni Parlapani, Grigoris Kiosseoglou, Konstantinos Fokas
OBJECTIVES: Autobiographical memory (AM) involves recollection of personal events and facts about one's life. Αim of the present study was to investigate AM in schizophrenia patients, and, in particular, patients' ability to recall autobiographical memories after controlling for verbal memory and verbal fluency deficits. METHOD: Participants included 40 schizophrenia patients (23 male) and 40 healthy controls (23 male), matched for age, gender, educational level, and premorbid intellectual functioning...
September 12, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065310/gender-differences-in-the-trends-and-correlates-of-major-depressive-episodes-among-juvenile-offenders-in-the-united-states
#19
Katherine J Holzer, Sehun Oh, Christopher P Salas-Wright, Michael G Vaughn, Jacqueline Landess
PURPOSE: Although it is well-established that juvenile offenders are at an elevated risk for depression and that, within this group, females have the highest risk, little is known regarding the trends in the prevalence of depression among juvenile offenders in the United States. In the present study, we systematically examine secular trends in major depressive episodes (MDE) and their correlates among male and female juvenile offenders and non-offenders in the United States. METHODS: Data were collected between 2005 and 2014 as part of the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH)...
September 12, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055233/do-prolonged-grief-disorder-symptoms-predict-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-following-bereavement-a-cross-lagged-analysis
#20
A A A Manik J Djelantik, Geert E Smid, Rolf J Kleber, Paul A Boelen
BACKGROUND: Bereavement can precipitate different forms of psychopathology, including prolonged grief disorder (PGD) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms. How these symptoms influence each other is unclear. The aim of this study was to examine the temporal relationship of symptoms of PGD and PTSD following bereavement. METHODS: We included 204 individuals, confronted with the loss of a loved one within the past year, who completed self-report measures of PGD and PTSD and again completed these measures one year later...
September 12, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
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