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Comprehensive Psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753187/dsm-5-intermittent-explosive-disorder-relationship-with-disruptive-mood-dysregulation-disorder
#1
Emil F Coccaro
OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to estimate how many adults with DSM-5 Intermittent Explosive Disorder (IED) would also meet diagnostic criteria for Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder (DMDD). This was done by examining how many individuals with IED would meet the DMDD criterion of being persistently angry in between impulsive aggressive outbursts. METHODS: The first one-hundred study participants diagnosed with DSM-5 IED in our clinical research program were included in this study...
April 30, 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734005/complexity-analysis-of-spontaneous-brain-activity-in-mood-disorders-a-magnetoencephalography-study-of-bipolar-disorder-and-major-depression
#2
Alberto Fernández, Ali H Al-Timemy, Francisco Ferre, Gabriel Rubio, Javier Escudero
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The lack of a biomarker for Bipolar Disorder (BD) causes problems in the differential diagnosis with other mood disorders such as major depression (MD), and misdiagnosis frequently occurs. Bearing this in mind, we investigated non-linear magnetoencephalography (MEG) patterns in BD and MD. METHODS: Lempel-Ziv Complexity (LZC) was used to evaluate the resting-state MEG activity in a cross-sectional sample of 60 subjects, including 20 patients with MD, 16 patients with BD type-I, and 24 control (CON) subjects...
April 26, 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727807/voxel-based-morphometry-analysis-of-structural-brain-scans-in-skin-picking-disorder
#3
Anne Schienle, Jonas Potthoff, Albert Wabnegger
BACKGROUND: Skin-picking disorder (SPD) is characterized by the excessive and repetitive manipulation of one's own skin resulting in tissue damage and impaired social functioning. There are only a few studies with small sample sizes that examined possible brain abnormalities in SPD, which is classified as a syndrome related to obsessive-compulsive disorders (OCD). METHOD: The current voxel-based morphometry (VBM) study compared data from 35 SPD patients and 35 control participants including both genders (mean age = 35 years, SD = 15)...
April 26, 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729554/the-burden-of-personality-disorders-on-the-dsm-5-addiction-to-tobacco-during-pregnancy
#4
Ester di Giacomo, Fabrizia Colmegna, Francesca Pescatore, Flora Aspesi, Maria Fotiadou, Massimo Clerici
BACKGROUND: Tobacco smoking is a major health concern. Many women smoke during their reproductive years, some of them during their pregnancy. Adverse outcomes for the newborns physical health are well recognized, while the influence on their mental health is still under investigation. We aim at demonstrating the contribution of maternal personality disorders in maintaining addiction to tobacco during pregnancy, to underline their role and the need of their detection as a preventive effort...
April 25, 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729555/self-esteem-in-adults-with-tourette-syndrome-and-chronic-tic-disorders-the-roles-of-tic-severity-treatment-and-comorbidity
#5
Hilary Weingarden, Lawrence Scahill, Susanne Hoeppner, Alan L Peterson, Douglas W Woods, John T Walkup, John Piacentini, Sabine Wilhelm
BACKGROUND: Tourette syndrome (TS) and chronic tic disorders (CTD) are stigmatizing disorders that may significantly impact self-esteem. Alternatively, comorbid psychiatric illnesses may affect self-esteem more than tics themselves. Extant research on self-esteem in TS/CTD is limited, has inconsistently examined the effect of comorbidities on self-esteem, and yields mixed findings. METHOD: This study aimed to clarify the roles of tics versus comorbid diagnoses on self-esteem in a large, carefully diagnosed sample of adults with TS/CTD (N = 122) receiving 10 weeks of Comprehensive Behavioral Intervention for Tics (CBIT) or Psychoeducation and Supportive Therapy (PST)...
April 23, 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747068/intimate-partner-relationship-stress-and-suicidality-in-a-psychiatrically-hospitalized-military-sample
#6
Jessica M LaCroix, Victoria A Colborn, Helena O Hassen, Kanchana U Perera, Jennifer Weaver, Alyssa Soumoff, Laura A Novak, Marjan Ghahramanlou-Holloway
OBJECTIVE: Suicide among United States service members is a significant public health concern. Intimate partner relationship stress may contribute to suicide risk, as a failed or failing relationship is the most commonly documented stressor preceding military suicide attempts and deaths. However, little is known about the manner by which relationship stressors are associated with the experience of military suicidality. METHODS: A sample of 190 psychiatrically hospitalized military personnel and adult dependents enrolled in an ongoing randomized controlled trial evaluating the efficacy of an inpatient cognitive behavioral treatment for suicidality were included in this study...
April 21, 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723769/gender-differences-in-psychiatric-and-medical-comorbidity-with-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#7
Mathilde M Husky, Carolyn M Mazure, Viviane Kovess-Masfety
BACKGROUND: Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is associated with significant personal and societal burden. The present study examines the gender-specific differences in this burden in terms of the co-occurrence of psychiatric disorders and medical conditions with PTSD in the general population of France. METHODS: The study is based on a cross-sectional general population survey of 21,879 adults. Trained interviewers used a computer-assisted telephone interviewing system to administer the Composite International Diagnostic Interview-Short Form to screen for psychiatric disorders and medical conditions in the previous 12 months...
April 21, 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727808/an-investigation-of-the-mentalization-based-model-of-borderline-pathology-in-adolescents
#8
Jeremy Quek, Clair Bennett, Glenn A Melvin, Naysun Saeedi, Michael S Gordon, Louise K Newman
OBJECTIVE: According to mentalization-based theory, transgenerational transmission of mentalization from caregiver to offspring is implicated in the pathogenesis of borderline personality disorder (BPD). Recent research has demonstrated an association between hypermentalizing (excessive, inaccurate mental state reasoning) and BPD, indicating the particular relevance of this form of mentalizing dysfunction to the transgenerational mentalization-based model. As yet, no study has empirically assessed a transgenerational mentalization-based model of BPD...
April 14, 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679850/non-suicidal-self-injury-in-patients-with-eating-disorders-prevalence-forms-functions-and-body-image-correlates
#9
Sandra Pérez, Jos H Marco, Montse Cañabate
INTRODUCTION: More than one third of patients with eating disorders report NSSI. Moreover, negative attitudes and feelings toward the body, body dissatisfaction, and body image disturbances have been linked to NSSI in community and clinical samples. However, there is a lack of studies exploring NSSI frequency and functions and the specific relationship between multidimensional body image dimensions and NSSI in eating disorder patients. OBJECTIVES: First, we explored the frequency, types, and functions of NSSI in a sample of 226 Spanish female participants with eating disorders (ED)...
April 12, 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694935/does-dissociation-mediate-the-relationship-between-childhood-trauma-and-hallucinations-delusions-in-first-episode-psychosis
#10
Pamela Sun, Mario Alvarez-Jimenez, Katrina Simpson, Katherine Lawrence, Natalie Peach, Sarah Bendall
BACKGROUND: Childhood trauma has been linked to the presence of delusions and hallucinations in psychosis, although the mechanisms underlying this relationship require elucidation. Dissociation, characterized by disruptions to the integrative functioning of several core mental domains, has emerged as a potential mechanism. There is a paucity of research using a clinician-rated measure of dissociation to test the indirect effect of dissociation on the relationship between childhood trauma and psychotic symptoms...
April 11, 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684660/who-cares-for-the-schizophrenia-individuals-in-rural-china-a-profile-of-primary-family-caregivers
#11
Yu Yu, Bing-Wei Tang, Zi-Wei Liu, Yu-Mei Chen, Xing-Yu Zhang, Shuiyuan Xiao
OBJECTIVE: The present study aims to provide a comprehensive profile of the primary family caregivers of schizophrenia individuals in rural China. METHOD: A cross-sectional study was conducted with a sample of 327 primary family caregivers of schizophrenia individuals recruited through a one-stage cluster sampling in Ningxiang County of Hunan province, China. The social demographic and psychological profiles of primary caregivers were measured using standard scales and self-designed scales...
April 11, 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694934/comparison-of-the-long-term-treatment-outcomes-of-women-and-men-diagnosed-with-schizophrenia-over-a-period-of-20-years-a-prospective-study
#12
Andrzej Cechnicki, Anna Bielańska, Dagmara Mętel, Katarzyna Susz, Piotr Błądziński, Iga Plencler-Bańczyk, Aneta Kalisz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 7, 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684659/anxiety-sensitivity-and-suicide-risk-among-firefighters-a-test-of-the-depression-distress-amplification-model
#13
Ian H Stanley, Lia J Smith, Joseph W Boffa, Jana K Tran, N Brad Schmidt, Thomas E Joiner, Anka A Vujanovic
BACKGROUND: Firefighters represent an occupational group at increased suicide risk. How suicidality develops among firefighters is poorly understood. The depression-distress amplification model posits that the effects of depression symptoms on suicide risk will be intensified in the context of anxiety sensitivity (AS) cognitive concerns. The current study tested this model among firefighters. METHODS: Overall, 831 firefighters participated (mean [SD] age = 38...
April 7, 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677572/temperament-and-character-profiles-are-associated-with-depression-outcome-in-psychiatric-secondary-care-patients-with-harmful-drinking
#14
Vesa Paavonen, Kaisa Luoto, Antero Lassila, Esa Leinonen, Olli Kampman
BACKGROUND: Temperament and character profiles have been associated with depression outcome and alcohol abuse comorbidity in depressed patients. How harmful alcohol use modifies the effects of temperament and character on depression outcome is not well known. Knowledge of these associations could provide a method for enhancing more individualized treatment strategies for these patients. METHODS: We screened 242 depressed patients with at least moderate level of depressive symptoms...
April 7, 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694933/the-unique-and-interactive-effects-of-anxiety-sensitivity-and-emotion-dysregulation-in-relation-to-posttraumatic-stress-depressive-and-anxiety-symptoms-among-trauma-exposed-firefighters
#15
Daniel J Paulus, Matthew W Gallagher, Brooke A Bartlett, Jana Tran, Anka A Vujanovic
BACKGROUND: Firefighters are chronically exposed to traumatic events. Relatedly, past work has documented high rates of psychiatric problems, such as posttraumatic stress symptoms and depression, among firefighters. Less is known regarding anxiety symptoms among firefighters. Moreover, little work has examined risk/maintenance factors related to these symptoms among firefighters. Doing so may be important to developing interventions tailored to trauma-exposed firefighters. The current study examined symptoms of posttraumatic stress, depression, panic disorder, and social anxiety among trauma-exposed firefighters...
April 6, 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677571/body-dissatisfaction-and-suicidal-ideation-among-psychiatric-inpatients-with-eating-disorders
#16
Katrina A Rufino, Humsini Viswanath, Rebecca Wagner, Michelle A Patriquin
The current study the relationship between eating disorders (EDs) and suicidal ideation and suicide attempt in adult inpatients. In particular, the present study investigated one potential mechanism, body dissatisfaction (BD), which may contribute to increased risk for suicide in adult ED patients. A sample of 432 psychiatric inpatients ranging from 18 to 65 years of age participated in the current study. Findings indicated that patients who have higher levels of BD also had higher levels of passive and active suicidal ideation and previous suicide attempts...
April 6, 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29654930/does-food-addiction-contribute-to-excess-weight-among-clinic-patients-seeking-weight-reduction-examination-of-the-modified-yale-food-addiction-survey
#17
Robin M Masheb, Christopher B Ruser, Kathryn M Min, Anastasia J Bullock, Lindsey M Dorflinger
BACKGROUND: Despite controversy surrounding the construct of food addiction, its relationship with obesity and the validity of the Yale Food Addiction Scale (YFAS), have become emerging fields of study. No prior research has examined the prevalence and correlates of food addiction, and validation of the Modified Yale Food Addiction Scale (mYFAS), in a non-research based weight management clinic setting. OBJECTIVE: The current study sought to examine the validity of a brief version of the Yale Food Addiction Scale in weight loss seeking patients, and to determine whether food addiction contributes to excess weight in this patient population...
April 4, 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655654/factorial-structure-and-familial-aggregation-of-the-hypomania-checklist-32-hcl-32-results-of-the-nimh-family-study-of-affective-spectrum-disorders
#18
Jennifer Glaus, Anna Van Meter, Lihong Cui, Ciro Marangoni, Kathleen R Merikangas
BACKGROUND: There is substantial evidence that bipolar disorder (BD) manifests on a spectrum rather than as a categorical condition. Detection of people with subthreshold manifestations of BD is therefore important. The Hypomania Checklist-32 (HCL-32) was developed as a tool to identify such people. PURPOSE: The aims of this paper were to: (1) investigate the factor structure of HCL-32; (2) determine whether the HCL-32 can discriminate between mood disorder subtypes; and (3) assess the familial aggregation and cross-aggregation of hypomanic symptoms assessed on the HCL with BD...
April 3, 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627683/blunted-vocal-affect-and-expression-is-not-associated-with-schizophrenia-a-computerized-acoustic-analysis-of-speech-under-ambiguous-conditions
#19
Lauren T Meaux, Kyle R Mitchell, Alex S Cohen
INTRODUCTION: Patients with schizophrenia are consistently rated by clinicians as having high levels of blunted vocal affect and alogia. However, objective technologies have often failed to substantiate these abnormalities. It could be the case that negative symptoms are context-dependent. OBJECTIVES: The present study examined speech elicited under conditions demonstrated to exacerbate thought disorder. METHODS: The Rorschach Test was administered to 36 outpatients with schizophrenia and 25 nonpatient controls...
March 27, 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660674/the-relation-of-borderline-personality-disorder-to-aggression-victimization-and-institutional-misconduct-among-prisoners
#20
Kelly E Moore, Robyn L Gobin, Heather L McCauley, Chien-Wen Kao, Stephanie M Anthony, Sheryl Kubiak, Caron Zlotnick, Jennifer E Johnson
OBJECTIVE: Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is highly prevalent among incarcerated populations; however, research has yet to examine whether prisoners diagnosed with BPD experience greater interpersonal dysfunction and institutional misconduct while incarcerated. PROCEDURE: This study drew from a sample of 184 male and female prisoners diagnosed with major depressive disorder (MDD) in a randomized trial of depression treatment. The presence of a BPD diagnosis (n = 69) was analyzed as a predictor of disciplinary incidents/infractions (i...
March 21, 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
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