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Comprehensive Psychiatry

Jae Kyung Chung, Kyeong-Sook Choi, Hee-Gyoo Kang, Hee Yeon Jung, Eun-Jeong Joo
BACKGROUND: There is some evidence that resilience is related to mental illness. Patients with a mood disorder have a tendency to show eveningness, and they tend to be less resilient. However, no study has investigated the association between resilience and morningness-eveningness in patients with a mood disorder. The aim of this study was to explore whether morningness-eveningness is related to resilience in patients with a mood disorder. METHODS: We recruited 224 patients with major depressive disorder (MDD), 77 with bipolar disorder (BD), and 958 control participants...
September 9, 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
Lia J Smith, Matthew W Gallagher, Jana K Tran, Anka A Vujanovic
BACKGROUND: Firefighters are at elevated risk for posttraumatic stress and alcohol use, with research indicating that individuals with posttraumatic stress are likely to use alcohol as a coping strategy. A behavioral mechanism of clinical relevance to these associations is sleep disturbance. Thus, it was hypothesized that higher posttraumatic stress and sleep disturbance would be associated with higher alcohol use and alcohol use coping reasons; and sleep disturbance would moderate the association between posttraumatic stress and alcohol use and alcohol use coping reasons...
September 7, 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
Ilanit Hasson-Ohayon, Tali Malka, Gil Goldzweig, David Roe
BACKGROUND: Social support and sense of mastery are considered important resources in coping both with serious mental illness (SMI) and with motherhood-related challenges. However, their interactive effects on the parental stress of mothers with SMI are not clear. METHODS: Scales assessing parental distress, social support, and sense of mastery were administered to 60 mothers with SMI and 60 mothers without SMI. RESULTS: A main effect of sense of mastery and a lack of main effect of social support were found in both groups...
September 1, 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
Munevver Hacioglu Yildirim, Ejder Akgun Yildirim, Elif Carpar, Tuba Coskun, Derya Ipekcioglu, Gulsum Canturk
OBJECTIVE: Failure to achieve expected level of motor functioning may be a significant contributor to social withdrawal and further attenuation of life quality in patients with schizophrenia. Hand functioning is one of the most crucial entities in that manner. This study aimed to reveal this question by means of comparing patients with schizophrenia and bipolar disorder who are receiving similar antipsychotic psychopharmacological agents along with healthy control subjects. METHODS: 99 patients with schizophrenia were compared to 40 patients with bipolar disorder matched according to the received pharmacotherapy comprising similar antipsychotics and 81 medication-free socio-demographically matched healthy control subjects...
August 29, 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
Dongmei Zhao, Zhiguo Wu, Huifeng Zhang, David Mellor, Lei Ding, Haiyan Wu, Chuangxin Wu, Jia Huang, Wu Hong, Daihui Peng, Yiru Fang
PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the clinical characteristics of somatic symptoms of patients in China who suffer from major depressive disorder (MDD). METHOD: 3273 patients who met the diagnostic criteria of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) MDD were recruited from 16 general hospitals and 16 mental health centers in China. Physicians and patients completed complementary customized depression disorder symptomatology questionnaires assessing the clinical characteristics of patients with MDD...
August 28, 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
Emily J Ricketts, Ívar Snorrason, Katharina Kircanski, Jennifer R Alexander, Hardian Thamrin, Christopher A Flessner, Martin E Franklin, John Piacentini, Douglas W Woods
BACKGROUND: Pathological Skin Picking (PSP) may begin at any age, but the most common age of onset is during adolescence. Age of onset is a potentially useful clinical marker to delineate subtypes of psychiatric disorders. The present study sought to examine empirically defined age of onset groups in adults with PSP and assess whether groups differed on clinical characteristics. METHOD: Participants were 701 adult respondents to an internet survey, who endorsed recurrent skin picking with tissue damage and impairment...
August 25, 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
Jordan T Stiede, Jennifer R Alexander, Brianna Wellen, Christopher C Bauer, Michael B Himle, Suzanne Mouton-Odum, Douglas W Woods
Children with persistent (chronic) tic disorders (PTDs) experience impairment across multiple domains of functioning, but given high rates of other non-tic-related conditions, it is often difficult to differentiate the extent to which such impairment is related to tics or to other problems. The current study used the Child Tourette's Syndrome Impairment Scale - Parent Report (CTIM-P) to examine parents' attributions of their child's impairment in home, school, and social domains in a sample of 58 children with PTD...
August 25, 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
Alexandre Xavier Gomes de Araújo, Leonardo F Fontenelle, William Berger, Mariana Pires da Luz, Luiz Felipe Araújo da Costa Pagotto, Carla Marques-Portella, Ivan Figueira, Mauro Vitor Mendlowicz
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to compare the clinical and functional status and the trauma-related characteristics of PTSD patients with comorbid OCD whose onset predated the index traumatic event (pre-traumatic OCD) with those of PTSD patient whose comorbid OCD only emerged after the exposure to the traumatic event (post-traumatic OCD). METHODS: Sixty-three individuals with PTSD and comorbid OCD were evaluated with the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV AXIS I Disorders and completed the Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Checklist - Civilian Version, the Beck Depression Inventory, the Beck Anxiety Inventory, the Trauma History Questionnaire and the 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey...
August 25, 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
Olga Santesteban-Echarri, Glenda MacQueen, Benjamin I Goldstein, JianLi Wang, Sidney H Kennedy, Signe Bray, Catherine Lebel, Jean Addington
BACKGROUND: There is evidence that family functioning can be impaired in families of individuals with schizophrenia, first-episode psychosis, bipolar disorder, and recurrent depression, which are considered to be serious mental illnesses (SMI). Poor family functioning is one of the predictors of the course of SMI. However, it is unclear if poor family functioning is a result of illness, or conversely if poor family leads to higher risk of illness. Nonetheless, family functioning may be impaired even before the onset of illness, and little is known about earlier stages of risk and the importance of the family environment for youth at-risk for SMI...
August 25, 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
Fugen Neziroglu, Tania Borda, Sony Khemlani-Patel, Brittany Bonasera
Little is known about etiological factors in Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD). Cognitive behavioral and diathesis-stress models have implicated teasing and bullying as significant early environmental stressful triggers. Due to these implications, this study aimed to assess the emergence of BDD in children during early development, and to see if bullying experiences played a role in its development. A total of 219 children ages 7 to 10 were screened for psychopathology. Children were separated into four groups including a BDD group, an OCD group, a clinical control group (consisting of depressive disorders, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, oppositional defiant disorder, and anxiety disorders not otherwise specified), and a non-clinical control group...
August 25, 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
Kirsi L White, Julia A Harris, AnnaBelle O Bryan, Mira Reynolds, Dianna Fuessel-Herrmann, Craig J Bryan
BACKGROUND: Preliminary evidence suggests military sexual trauma (MST) may be associated with increased risk for suicidal behaviors among active duty military personnel and veterans. Among National Guard personnel, a high-risk subgroup, MST and suicide risk have not received much empirical attention. PURPOSE: To examine the association of MST with suicide ideation and suicide attempts among National Guard personnel. PROCEDURES: N = 997 National Guard personnel from Idaho and Utah participated in an anonymous online survey...
August 18, 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
Maria Panagiotidi, Paul Overton
AIM: The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between Internet Addiction (IA), Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) symptoms and online activities in an adult population. METHODS: A sample of 400 individuals aged 18 to 70 completed the Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale (ASRS), Young's Internet Addiction Test, and their preferred online activities. RESULTS: A moderate association was found between higher levels of ADHD symptoms and IA...
August 9, 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
K Naomi Pak, Joseph Wonderlich, Daniel le Grange, Scott G Engel, Scott Crow, Carol Peterson, Ross D Crosby, Stephen A Wonderlich, Sarah Fischer
This study examined the moderating effects of different aspects of trait impulsivity on trajectories of negative affect prior to and following body checking in the natural environment in women with anorexia nervosa (AN). Body checking is a compulsive behavior that may maintain the cycle of eating disordered behavior through negative reinforcement. Previous studies regarding the relationship of negative affect to body checking have been inconsistent, making it unclear how negative affect functions as an antecedent to this behavior in the natural environment...
October 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
Chayenne Karine Ferreira Gomes, Tamiris Vieira-Fonseca, Fernanda Brito Melo-Felippe, Juliana Braga de Salles Andrade, Leonardo F Fontenelle, Fabiana Barzotti Kohlrausch
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
Hiroyuki Uchida, Daisuke Tsujino, Takuro Muguruma, Naoki Hino, Keiji Sasaki, Masato Miyoshi, Yuya Koyama, Kazuki Hirao
BACKGROUND: Anxiety disorder is a major societal, economic, and healthcare burden, so it is essential to identify underlying risk factors. Sense of coherence (SOC), defined as an individual's perceived ability to control events and cope with challenges, is strongly associated with healthcare outcomes. METHODS: This study investigated the association between SOC and anxiety among adults in all 47 prefectures of Japan using a cross-sectional online panel survey. SOC was assessed using the University of Tokyo Health Sociology version of the SOC Scale and anxiety was assessed using the Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7 (GAD-7) scale...
October 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
Holly A Swartz, Jill M Cyranowski, Yu Cheng, Marlissa Amole
OBJECTIVE: Treatment of maternal depression with psychotherapy has been shown to confer indirect benefits to school-age offspring with psychiatric disorders. The current study sought to understand mechanisms by which improvement in depressed mothers, with and without histories of trauma and treated with psychotherapy, produce changes in children who struggle with psychiatric illnesses themselves. We hypothesized that maternal history of childhood trauma would moderate the relationship between maternal and child outcomes and that increased positive and decreased negative parenting behaviors would mediate the relationship between maternal and child outcomes...
October 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
Saki Hattori, Akira Suda, Ikuko Kishida, Masatoshi Miyauchi, Yohko Shiraishi, Mami Fujibayashi, Natsuki Tsujita, Chie Ishii, Norio Ishii, Toshio Moritani, Yusuke Saigusa, Yoshio Hirayasu
BACKGROUND: Patients with schizophrenia have a higher mortality risk than the general population. Additionally, the autonomic nervous system (ANS) activity of patients with schizophrenia is lower and more dysfunctional than that of the general population. Nonetheless, the association between ANS dysfunction and mortality in schizophrenia is unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between ANS activity and mortality in schizophrenia and to evaluate the predictive values of heart rate variability for long-term survival...
October 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
Alexis M May, W Cole Lawson, AnnaBelle Bryan, Craig J Bryan
BACKGROUND: Among members of the National Guard, suicide rates are higher than age and sex matched civilian counterparts. Across many civilian samples, nonsuicidal self-injury has emerged as a particularly strong correlate of suicide risk. The current study describes the prevalence and correlates of NSSI and suicidal thoughts and behaviors among National Guard members. METHODS: Participants were 897 National Guard personnel recruited online who completed study measures anonymously...
October 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
Erlend Strand Gardsjord, Kristin Lie Romm, Jan Ivar Røssberg, Svein Friis, Helene Eidsmo Barder, Julie Evensen, Ulrik Haahr, Wenche Ten Velden Hegelstad, Inge Joa, Jan Olav Johannessen, Johannes Langeveld, Tor Ketil Larsen, Stein Opjordsmoen, Bjørn Rishovd Rund, Erik Simonsen, Per Vaglum, Ingrid Melle
BACKGROUND: Subjective quality of life (S-QoL) is an important outcome measure in first-episode psychosis, but its associations with clinical predictors may vary across the illness course. In this study we examine the association pattern, including both direct and indirect effects, between specific predefined clinical predictors (insight, depression, positive psychotic symptoms and global functioning) and S-QoL the first ten years after a first-episode psychosis. METHODS: Three hundred and one patients with a first-episode psychosis were included at first treatment, and reassessed at 3 months, 1 year, 2 years, 5 years and 10 years after inclusion...
October 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
Graham Reynolds, Cecily Portillo, Mark R Serper
BACKGROUND: This cross-sectional study contrasted chronically hospitalized schizophrenia (SZ) spectrum disorder inpatients to SZ community dwelling patients on measures of psychopathology, social competence, neuropsychological performance and real-world functioning in order to discern factors predictive of patients' residency status and to characterize the contrasting ends of the SZ outcome continuum. METHOD: Subjects included 26 chronic SZ patients hospitalized continuously on average for 12...
October 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
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