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Central African Journal of Medicine

R A Chigweremba, T M Chikwanha, J January, V Chikwasha
INTRODUCTION: The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) is a framework that provides a detailed outline of the information that should be included in patient records. Whilst the World Federation of occupational therapists and the World Confederation of Physiotherapists have recommended use of this framework in clinical practice, the extent to which Zimbabwean therapists are applying this framework in patients' assessment and treatment is unknown. OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to determine the extent to which the ICF framework is being applied in recording information on patient assessment and treatment by occupational therapists and physiotherapists in Zimbabwe...
September 2014: Central African Journal of Medicine
K Mushayi, S Muteti, T M Chikwanha, J January
INTRODUCTION: Farming is a physically laborious occupation and farm workers are at risk of developing musculoskeletal complaints. OBJECTIVE: To determine the work related musculoskeletal complaints among farm workers at an agricultural college in Zimbabwe. METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted using a sample size of 30 farm workers. Convenience sampling was used to select participants. Interviewer-administered questionnaires were used to assess the occupational hazards and the occurrence of musculoskeletal symptoms among farm workers...
September 2014: Central African Journal of Medicine
J B Munymana, V R P M'kumbuzi, H T Mapira, I Nzabanterura, I Uwamariyai, E Shema
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of HIV among persons with physical disabilities in Rwanda. DESIGN: Across-sectional HIV diagnostic study. SETTING: A national referral rehabilitation centre in Rwanda. SUBJECTS: Persons aged 5 to 49 years with lower or upper limb impairments that were obtaining rehabilitation services at the centre. INTERVENTION: Blood samples were collected from the subjects who voluntarily accepted to participate in the study...
September 2014: Central African Journal of Medicine
P Kurira, C E Ndhlovu, Z A R Gomo
BACKGROUND: Co-infections have become significant causes of morbidity and mortality in Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infected people. Due to shared routes of transmission, co-infection of HIV with Hepatitis B (HBV) and/or Hepatitis C (HCV) should be expected. In Zimbabwe, screening for both viruses in HIV infected people prior to treatment is not routinely practised despite the World Health Organisation (WHO) guidelines (2013) prioritising treatment where these co-infections exist...
September 2014: Central African Journal of Medicine
F Kaseke, M Mutsambi
BACKGROUND: Clinical placement is an essential component of training in health sciences because it is where theory and practice interface. OBJECTIVE: To explore experiences of health sciences students during clinical placement in terms of supervision, challenges and coping strategies. DESIGN: It was a cross sectional survey. SETTING: University ofZimbabwe, College of Health Sciences. PARTICIPANTS: 179 multidisciplinary health science students...
May 2014: Central African Journal of Medicine
Y Jaya, R Masanganise
BACKGROUND: The use of Traditional Medicines (TM) is common practice world over. Traditional Eye Medicine (TEM) use may be associated with various ocular complications including blindness. A study on the prevalence of TEM use was carried out at Sekuru Kaguvi Hospital Eye Unit (SKHEU) in Harare, with emphasis on the types ofTEM used and associated ocular complications. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the prevalence of TEM use among newly-presenting patients at SKHEU. To identify the ocular symptoms experienced by the new clinic-attendees who had used TEM for their current eye problem...
May 2014: Central African Journal of Medicine
T D Chawana, A Reid, T Bwakura, S Gavi, C F B Nhachi
BACKGROUND: Risk factors for treatment failure in HIV positive adults have not been studied extensively in Zimbabwe. AIM: To investigate socio-demographic, psychosocial and antiretroviral drug related factors as possible risk factors for treatment failure. OBJECTIVE: To compare the accuracy and reliability of CD4 count results in diagnosing treatment failure versus viral load results. DESIGN: A descriptive cross-sectional survey...
May 2014: Central African Journal of Medicine
P Kuona, G Mashavave, G Q Kandawasvika, M P Mapingure, M Masanganise, P Chandiwanda, M Munjoma, K J Nathog, B Stray-Pedersen
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of anaemia, iron deficiency and iron deficiency anaemia in school children who were born in a national HIV prevention programme. DESIGN: This was a community based cross-sectional study. SETTING: A resource poor peri-urban setting with high prevalence of HIV infection. SUBJECTS: School aged children six to 10 years old who were born in a national mother-to-child HIV prevention programme...
May 2014: Central African Journal of Medicine
T L Magwali, L Hlatshwayo
The case described is that of an African 24 year old and Para 2. She had a normal vaginal delivery at a local clinic and sustained an acute uterine inversion and postpartum haemorrhage. Resuscitative measures were done and she was referred to the central hospital. At the central hospital and under general anaesthesia attempts to manually replace the uterus were unsuccessful. The uterine inversion was successfully corrected at laparotomy after which an area of gangrene and perforation was noted on the uterine fundus...
January 2014: Central African Journal of Medicine
M M Hove, T V Javangwe
OBJECTIVES: To study the percentage distribution and Average Tissue Density (ATD) of schistosoma infestation in different parts of the Female Genital System (FGS). DESIGN: A retrospective explorative study of all surgical pathology cases examined from January to December of 2000. SETTING: Public Health Laboratories, Parirenyatwa Hospital, Harare, Zimbabwe. SUBJECTS: All archive slides cases positive for schistosoma ova were examined...
January 2014: Central African Journal of Medicine
C Mandengenda, J January, Z Nyati-Jokomo, S Muteti, S Shamu, J Maradzika, V Chikwasha
BACKGROUND: Low cancer awareness may lead to delays in cancer screening behaviour and diagnosis. OBJECTIVES: We set out to assess public awareness of cancer and perceived barriers to seeking help among the rural population of Murewa district in a cross-sectional survey of 384 conveniently selected respondents. METHODS: A self-administered and interviewer guided questionnaires were developed with the guide of the Cancer Awareness Measure (CAM) used in public awareness studies...
January 2014: Central African Journal of Medicine
I Chitsike, N Ndlovu, P Kuona, A M Nyakabau, W Kadzatsa, I Ticklay, G Chimhini, E Chokonunga
OBJECTIVE: To document the pattern of cancer in children (0-14 years) registered in the Zimbabwe National Cancer Registry from 2000-2009. DESIGN: Retrospective descriptive analysis. METHODS: Analysis of data from the Zimbabwe National Cancer Registry for the period 2000-2009. SETTING: The Zimbabwe National Cancer Registry. RESULTS: Childhood Cancer constituted 3.8% of all malignancies recorded at the cancer registry during the study period...
January 2014: Central African Journal of Medicine
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2012: Central African Journal of Medicine
E G Muguti, D Muchuweti, A A Munyika
BACKGROUND: Ectopic intrahepatic gallbladder is a rare phenomenon. Gallbladder duplication is an even rarer phenomenon. Pathological processes are more common in congenital anomalies of the gall bladder than normal gallbladders due to poor drainage. CASE REPORT: We present a case of duplex gallbladder with one component intrahepatic and the other extra-hepatic, the duo draining via a common cystic duct into the common bile duct. Both gallbladder moieties were diseased...
September 2012: Central African Journal of Medicine
P Mucheto, F Makoni, L Mahachi, L Mahomva, T A Z Rusike, A Masiiwa, R Kumbawa
OBJECTIVE: To assess the role of Zimbabwean dental practitioners in Provider Initiated HIV Counseling and Testing (PITC). DESIGN: A cross-sectional analytic study was conducted. A structured interviewer administered questionnaire was used to collect data from participants. SETTING: Harare private and public dental practices. SUBJECTS: Forty dental practitioners practicing in Harare and two hundred and ninety three patients attending dental practices in Harare were interviewed...
September 2012: Central African Journal of Medicine
C Musarurwa, T Nyamayaro, W B Mujaji, H T Matarira, Z A R Gomo
OBJECTIVE: To compare the prices charged for clinical laboratory tests in Zimbabwean institutions with those of similar institutions abroad. DESIGN: An online analytical cross sectional study was conducted. SETTING: An online survey. SUBJECTS: We did an online survey of clinical laboratories that published prices of the tests offered on their websites. We also extracted price information from documents published by fees regulatory authorities...
September 2012: Central African Journal of Medicine
I Chitsike, R Masanganise, D Sibanda, P Kuona
Infants younger than one year of age with Rhabdomyosarcoma appear to have worse prognosis compared to older children due partly to high rates of local failure. We report a 4 months old infant with orbital rhabdomyosarcoma with poor outcome. Reluctance to use aggressive local control measures and suboptimal chemotherapy dosing are significant contributory factors. Call is made for need for more studies to determine appropriate local therapy in infants with rhabdomyosarcoma.
May 2012: Central African Journal of Medicine
G Malunga, W B Mujaji, C Musarurwa, T Nyamayaro
MAIN OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of Stalanev (Stavudine, Lamivudine and Nevirapine) treatment on plasma lactate levels in adults attending Beatrice Road Infectious Diseases Hospital and Wilkins Infectious Diseases Hospital Opportunistic Infections Clinics in Harare. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study carried out between January and May 2011. SETTING: Beatrice Road and Wilkins Infectious Diseases Hospital Opportunistic Infections Clinics in Harare, Zimbabwe...
May 2012: Central African Journal of Medicine
H A Mujuru, R A Kambarami
OBJECTIVE: To determine the proportion of deaths, characteristics of children and risk factors for mortality w ithin 24 hours of admission to a Paediatric hospital in Harare. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTINGS: Paediatric Unit, Harare Central Hospital. SUBJECTS: All patients admitted to the medical wards who consented to participate were enrolled. Preadmission factors including duration of illness and health seeking behaviour prior to presentation, delays in A&E department assessed by lag time to assessment, administration of initial medications and admission to the ward were documented...
May 2012: Central African Journal of Medicine
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2012: Central African Journal of Medicine
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