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Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine

R K Chailakhyan, A B Shekhter, S V Ivannikov, V I Tel'pukhov, D S Suslin, Yu V Gerasimov, A M Tonenkov, A G Grosheva, P V Panyushkin, I L Moskvina, N N Vorob'eva, V N Bagratashvili
We studied the possibility of restoring the integrity of the Achilles tendon in rabbits using autologous multipotent stromal cells. Collagen or gelatin sponges populated with cells were placed in a resorbable Vicryl mesh tube and this tissue-engineered construct was introduced into a defect of the middle part of the Achilles tendon. In 4 months, histological analysis showed complete regeneration of the tendon with the formation of parallel collagen fibers, spindle-shaped tenocytes, and newly formed vessels.
February 2017: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
A S Marina, A V Kutina, E I Shakhmatoba, Yu V Natochin
An increase of total glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) concentration in the plasma in rats was revealed 5 min after oral, but not intraperitoneal administration of NaCl or Trizma HCl solutions. The increase in GLP-1 level was similar to that after oral glucose administration. After intraperitoneal administration of 2.5% NaCl, GLP-1 mimetic exenatide accelerated natriuresis and urinary chloride excretion. Under conditions of normonatriemia and hyperchloremia induced by injection of 6.7% Trizma HCl, exenatide stimulated chloride excretion and reabsorption of sodium ions in the kidneys...
February 2017: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
K V Zolotarev, N F Belyaeva, A N Mikhailov, M V Mikhailova
We revealed empirical dependences between common logarithm of a ratio of rat oral LD50 to LC(a)50 for adult fish and lgP for 50 different chemicals; and common logarithm of a ratio of the oral LD50 in rodents to LC(e)50 for fish embryos and lgP for 30 different chemicals. The dependences were obtained by constructing a trend line between experimental points and calculation of Pearson's R correlation coefficient as a measure of regression significance. These dependences can show the influence of substance lipophilicity on its toxicity for aquatic organisms comparing to mammals...
February 2017: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
M L Kukushkin, S I Igon'kina, S V Potapov, A V Potapov
The analgesic effects of inert gas xenon were examined on rats. The formalin model of inflammatory pain, tail-flick test, and hot-plate test revealed the antinociceptive effects of subanesthetizing doses of inhalation anesthetic xenon. Inhalation of 50/50 xenon/oxygen mixture moderated the nociceptive responses during acute and tonic phases of inflammatory pain.
February 2017: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
N V Nizyaeva, M N Nagovitsyna, G V Kulikova, U N Tumanova, R A Poltavtseva, I A Fedorova, M N Yushina, S V Pavlovich, A I Shchyogolev
Placentas from women aged 25-32 years with normal course of gestation were studied. It is essential to stick to certain methodological approaches for preparing viable multipotent mesenchymal stromal cell culture and to carry out morphological (macro and micro) evaluation of the chorionic villi, umbilical cords, and placentas. At stage I of the study, patients' histories, labor course, and examinations of the newborns should be analyzed to exclude women with genital and extragenital diseases. At stage II, it is essential to stick to special regulations and methods for collection of specimens of the cord, amnion, and placental tissue proper...
February 2017: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
E V Sotnezova, E A Markina, E R Andreeva, L B Buravkova
The content of myeloid stem CFU in bone marrow karyocytes from the tibial bone of C57Bl/6 mice was evaluated after a 30-day Bion-M1 pace flight/ground control experiment and subsequent 7-day recovery period. After the space flight, we observed a significant decrease in the number of erythroid progenitors in the bone marrow, including common myeloid precursor - granulocyte, erythrocyte, monocyte/macrophage, megakaryocyte CFU. After 7-day readaptation, CFU level in flight animals did not recover completely. In the ground control, the count of erythroid burst-forming units was higher than in vivarium animals...
February 2017: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
A V Rodina, T Kh Tenchurin, V P Saprykin, A D Shepelev, V G Mamagulashvili, T E Grigor'ev, E Yu Moskaleva, S N Chvalun, S E Severin
Biocompatibility of film and fibrous scaffolds from polylactide-based polymers and the relationship between their architecture and the functional characteristics of mesenchymal stem cells were studied. Cell culturing on polylactide-based film and fibrous matrixes did not deteriorate cell morphology and their proliferation and differentiation capacities. The rate of cell proliferation and penetration in microporous 3D matrices with the same porosity parameters and pore size depended on their spatial organization...
February 2017: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
O V Kazakov, A V Kabakov, I Yu Ishchenko, A F Poveshchenko, T V Raiter, D N Strunkin, S V Michurina, V I Konenkov
Histological study of structural transformations in the thymus of Wistar females in induced carcinogenesis (N-methyl-N-nitrosourea injection in the right 2-nd mamma) and polychemotherapy (6 months after tumor growth initiation; cyclophosphamide, methotrexate, and 5-fluorouracyl) was carried out. The area of the cortical matter in the thymus decreased 6 months after carcinogenesis induction, the percentage of connective tissue elements and glandular tissue and the counts of immunoblasts and cells with pyknotic nuclei increased, this indicating the development of accidental involution of the thymus...
February 2017: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
S V Balakhonov, S A Vityazeva, V I Dubrovina, T P Starovoitova, G B Mukhturgin, T A Ivanova, K M Korytov, S I Kolesnikov
Morphological changes in the immunocompetent organs of white mice with experimental plague infection manifested in activation of the immune response of different degree and pathological process of different severity that depended on the plasmid composition of Y. pestis. Widening of the T-dependent zones in the immune organs of white mice infected with isogenic strains of Y. pestis with different plasmid composition attests to activation of cellular immunity. Our findings allow considering Y. pestis subsp. altaica I-2948/3, Y...
February 2017: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
N R Efimochkina, I B Bykova, Yu M Markova, Yu V Korotkevich, V V Stetsenko, L P Minaeva, S A Sheveleva
We analyzed the formation of biofilms by 7 strains of Campylobacter genus bacteria and 18 strains of Enterobacteriaceae genus bacteria that were isolated from plant and animal raw materials, from finished products, and swabs from the equipment of the food industry. Biofilm formation on glass plates, slides and coverslips, microtubes made of polymeric materials and Petri dishes, and polystyrene plates of different profiles were analyzed. When studying the process of films formation, different effects on bacterial populations were simulated, including variation of growth factor composition of culture media, technique of creating of anaerobiosis, and biocide treatment (active chlorine solutions in a concentration of 100 mg/dm(3))...
February 2017: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
N N Drozd, Yu S Logvinova, M A Torlopov, E V Udoratina
Sulfation (to 2.8) of dextrans with molecular weight of 150 and 20 kDa was followed by the appearance of anticoagulant activity that increased with decreasing their molecular weight and did not depend on antithrombin, plasma inhibitor of serine proteases of the blood coagulation system. Antithrombin activity of dextran sulfate with a molecular weight of 20 kDa reached 12.6-15.3 U/mg. Dextran sulfates with molecular weights of 20 and 150 kDa did not potentiate ADP-induced human platelet aggregation.
February 2017: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
T A Gudasheva, P Yu Povarnina, S B Seredenin
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) plays the central role in the mechanisms of regulation of neurogenesis and neuroplasticity. Impairment of these mechanisms is considered as one of the main etiological factors of depression. Dimeric dipeptide mimetic of BDNF loop 4 bis-(N-monosuccinyl-l-seryl-l-lysine) hexamethylenediamide (GSB-106) was synthesized at the V. V. Zakusov Research Institute of Pharmacology. In vivo experiments revealed significant antidepressant properties of GSB-106 in doses of 0.1-10 mg/kg (intraperitoneally and orally)...
February 2017: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
I N D'yakonova, O V Kamkina, I V Rakhmanova, Yu S Ishanova, D S Burmistrova
Effect of successive administration vancomycin and amikacin in therapeutic doses on immature auditory organ was compared to single administration of the same drugs in chronic experiments on immature rabbits by recording of short-latency auditory brainstem response (ABR) and distortion product otoacoustic emission (DPOAE). Drug administration always increased significantly the ABR peak I threshold. Ototoxic antibiotics did not change DPOAE, but selectively affected activity of outer hair cells. No enhancement of the ototoxic effects was observed after successive administration of the two antibiotics...
February 2017: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
V A Kozlov, S P Sapozhnikov, P B Karyshev, A I Sheptukhina, O V Nikolaeva
Subcutaneous daily injection (with neglect of aseptics) of 0.5 ml solution of soybean cream substitute (10% volume in distilled water) during 30 days caused systemic amyloidosis in 30-day-old mice. All the known methods for induction of systemic amyloidosis are based on the use of old animals, as senile tissue bradytrophy allows effective simulation of amyloidosis.
February 2017: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
Z A Gabbasov, S G Kozlov, S V Byazrova, I S Mel'nikov, O S Saburova
The study was carried out in 126 patients with stable angina pectoris, who underwent elective coronary artery stenting with drug-eluting stents and follow-up angiography within 6-12 months thereafter. Five significant risk factors of restenosis were identified by binary comparisons of different variables. The logistic regression equation that included the level of CD45-positive platelets, diabetes, small vessel stenting, number of simultaneously implanted stents in one patient, and lesion length demonstrates the highest level of prediction of in-stent restenosis (OR=22...
February 2017: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
G A Lapii, A Yu Yakovleva, A I Neimark
Structural characteristics of the vaginal mucosa in stress incontinence and its correction by IncontiLase technology were studied. Studies of vaginal biopsy specimens before the exposure showed degenerative and atrophic changes in the stratified squamous epithelium, disorganization of fibrillar structures of the intercellular matrix, and microcirculatory disorders. Studies after Er:YAG laser exposure showed signs of neocollagenogenesis and elastogenesis, foci of neoangiogenesis, reduction of epithelial degeneration and atrophy, and an increase of the fibroblast population...
February 2017: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
A N Gansburgskii, A V Yal'tsev
Smooth muscle cells from the arterial wall of placental chorion were studied at 39-40-week gestation. The content of mono- and binuclear tetraploid myocytes was higher in sites of arterial branching and turns (27.3% vs. 4.4% straight parts of the arteries; DNA cytophotometry data). Mitoses were found only in these arterial regions (0.18%). Regional changes in the sizes of diploid and polyploid myocytes were detected, associated with the blood flow pattern in the chorion; myocyte hypertrophy was 17-fold more incident in sites of arterial turns and branching than in straight arteries...
February 2017: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
A A Zakharyants, O A Burmistrova, A A Poloznikov
The possibility of interactions between warfarin and dasatinib and their interactions with other drugs metabolized by cytochrome P450 isoform CYP3A4 was demonstrated using a previously created cytochrome P450 substrate-inhibitor panel for preclinical in vitro studies of drug biotransformation on a 3D histotypical microfluidic cell model of human liver (liver-on-a-chip technology). Dasatinib and warfarin are inhibitors of CYP2C19 isoform and hence, can interfere the drugs metabolized by this isoform. Our findings are in line with the data obtained on primary culture of human hepatocytes and suggest that the model can be used in preclinical in vitro studies of drugs...
February 2017: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
A P Ryzhak, N I Chalisova, N S Lin'kova, T E Nichik, A V Dudkov, N V Kolchina, G A Ryzhak, R I Khalimov
Polypeptide complexes derived from the bronchi, blood vessels, muscles, kidneys, ovaries, testes, and retina stimulated the processes of cell renewal in organotypic cultures of the corresponding organs of young and old animals. A correlation between the intensity of regeneration and animal' age was revealed. The polypeptide complexes reduced the expression of apoptotic factors p53 and caspase 3 and increased the expression of proliferation protein Ki-67. These results provide the basis for further study of the polypeptide complexes as stimulators of regenerative processes in different tissues during ageing...
February 2017: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
Yu A Romanov, E E Balashova, N E Volgina, N V Kabaeva, T N Dugina, G T Sukhikh
Optimal conditions for culturing of multipotent mesenchymal stromal cells in the presence of pooled umbilical cord blood serum were determined. It was found that umbilical cord blood serum in a concentration range of 1-10% effectively supported high viability and proliferative activity of cells with unaltered phenotype and preserved multilineage differentiation capacity. The proposed approach allows avoiding the use of xenogenic animal sera for culturing of multipotent mesenchymal stromal cells and creates prerequisites for designing and manufacturing safe cellular and/or acellular products for medical purposes...
February 2017: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
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