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Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine

N V Nizyaeva, G V Kulikova, M N Nagovitsyna, N E Kan, K N Prozorovskaya, A I Shchegolev, G T Sukhikh
We studied the expression of microRNA-146a and microRNA-155 in placental villi from 18 women (26-39 weeks of gestation) of reproductive age with early- or late-onset preeclampsia. The reference group consisted of women with physiological pregnancy and full-term gestation and with preterm birth after caesarian section on gestation week 26-31. MicroRNA-146a and microRNA-155 were detected by in situ hybridization with digoxigenin on paraffin sections. It was found that the expression of microRNA-146a in both syncytiotrophoblast of the intermediate villi and syncytial knots was lower at late-onset preeclampsia than at physiologic pregnancy of full-term period (p=0...
July 27, 2017: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
I V Gilevich, I S Polyakov, V A Porkhanov, V P Chekhonin
We studied the properties of a tissue-engineered trachea consisting of a polyethylene terephthalate scaffold populated with autologous bone marrow mononuclear cells. The tissue-engineered constructs were obtained before surgery, during the postoperative period, and during autopsy. Cytomorphological analysis during the postoperative period showed the presence of mesenchymal stem cells on the inner surface of the implant on day 3 after surgery and cells of the respiratory epithelium on day 10-14. In autopsy samples, single epithelial cells, endothelial cells, and basal cells were found...
July 26, 2017: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
A P Vlasov, O V Kamkina, V A Trofimov, T I Vlasova, S V Abramova, V A Bolotskikh
Significant metabolic alterations in the liver were observed in dogs with modeled acute peritonitis. These changes significantly impaired detoxification function of the liver, which was seen from the increase in the titer of toxic products in the early post-surgery period not only in the lymph, but also in the blood plasma. The key pathogenic mechanism leading to acute liver failure is destabilization of cell membrane resulting from LPO, phospholipase activity, and tissue hypoxia. Activation of LPO and increase in phospholipase activity in the liver tissues were observed within 12 h after peritonitis modeling...
July 26, 2017: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
M V Bibikova, N A Spiridonova, A F Korystova, L N Kublik, M Kh Levitman, V V Shaposhnikova, Yu N Korystov
We studied the effect of lipoxygenase inhibitors nordihydroguaiaretic acid (NDGA) and fungus Lecanicillum lecanii extract on lymphatic leukemia P388 cells. The cells grown in the abdominal cavity of DBA2 mice for 7 days were transferred into a nutrient medium. The effect of lipoxygenase inhibitors was evaluated by changes in cell number, trypan blue staining, nucleus damage, and changes in cell distribution by DNA content after 22-h incubation. NDGA and fungus extract induced apoptotic death of lymphatic leukemia cells, which was seen from nucleus damage and reduced DNA content in cells...
July 26, 2017: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
N N Drozd, B Ts Shagdarova, A V Il'ina, V P Varlamov
Intravenous injection of protamine sulfate or quarternized chitosan derivative to guinea pigs after injection of 70 aIIa U/kg non-fractionated heparin shortened plasma clotting time (shown by partial activated thromboplastin time, thrombin time, and prothrombin time). Intravenous injection of protamine sulfate or quarternized chitosan derivative to guinea pigs after injection of 1 mg/kg (100 aXa U/kg) low-molecular-weight heparin (clexane) led to shortening of plasma clotting time in the ReaClot Heparin test and to prolongation of plasma amidolytic activity in the factor Xa chromogenic substrate test...
July 26, 2017: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
V I Kaledin, V P Nikolin, N A Popova, M G Klinnikova, L A Bogdanova, T S Morozkova
Antimetastatic activity of Platin in lyophilized liposomes stored for 7 years after fabrication was evaluated. The main flaw of liposomes as vehicles for drug delivery to the tumors is their high affinity for the liver, which accumulates a great amount thereof. This property of liposomes can be used for adjuvant therapy of operable primary tumors metastasizing to the liver. It is shown on the model of mouse GA-1 tumor metastases in the liver that platinum(II) complex compound Platin in phosphatidylcholine-cholesterol liposomes, stored for 7 years after lyophilization, causes complete cure of 40% animals, while free Platin prolongs the lifespan of mice with tumors by only 31...
July 26, 2017: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
L A Miroshnichenko, V V Zhdanov, E V Udut, T Yu Polyakova, G N Zyuz'kov, E V Simanina, E Yu Sherstoboev, L A Stavrova, V I Agafonov, M Yu Minakova, A V Chaikovskii, A M Dygai
The involvement of the studied signal cascades in the regulation of erythropoietin production by bone marrow nuclears under conditions of immobilization stress depends on the type of the hemopoiesis-inducing microenvironment cells and the period of blood system reaction to stress exposure. Secretory activity of monocytes is regulated mainly by PI3K improving cell resistance to disturbances. The functional role of signal cascades involved in the production of erythropoietin by T cells is determined by the stage of the common adaptation syndrome...
July 26, 2017: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
A V Shalygin, V A Vigont, L N Glushankova, O A Zimina, D O Kolesnikov, A Yu Skopin, E V Kaznacheeva
An important role in intracellular calcium signaling is played by store-operated channels activated by STIM proteins, calcium sensors of the endoplasmic reticulum. In stable STIM1 knockdown HEK S4 cells, single channels activated by depletion of intracellular calcium stores were detected by cell-attached patch-clamp technique and their electrophysiological parameters were described. Comparison of the properties of single channels in HEK293 and HEK S4 cells revealed no significant differences in their current-voltage curves, while regulation of store-operated calcium channels in these cell lines depended on the level of STIM1 expression...
July 26, 2017: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
A V Gorlova, D A Pavlov, V M Ushakova, E A Zubkov, A Yu Morozova, A N Inozemtsev, V P Chekhonin
We studied the effect of ultrasonic waves with a frequency of 20-45 kHz on behavioral reactions of rats after 7, 14 and 21 days of continuous exposure. A decrease in the number of social contacts in the social interest test was recorded in all groups, while lengthening of immobility time in Porsolt test was found only in the groups exposed to ultrasound for 2 and 3 weeks. Memory impairment in the new object recognition test was recorded only after 21 days of stressing. Chronic exposure to ultrasound of variable frequencies leads to the development of a depressive-like state in rats and the duration of exposure affects the specificity of the observed disorders...
July 26, 2017: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
L V Shurygina, E I Zlishcheva, A N Kravtsova, A A Kravtsov
Potassium comenate and comenic acid exhibit manifest and virtually identical antioxidant activity under conditions of hypoxia with hypercapnia. The effects of these drugs on conditioned reflex training with positive reinforcement differ significantly. Potassium comenate promotes retention of the learning capacity and memory in hypoxic rats at the level of intact control, that is, exhibits a pronounced protective antiamnestic effect, while comenic acid only facilitates training of the conditioned reflex with positive reinforcement...
July 26, 2017: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
Yu E Kleshchenko, A V Zhigunova, M V Dalin, V Melnikov
Four peptide sequences characterized by high content of hydrophobic, charged, and polar amino acids were obtained from 23 clones of M13 phage. Peptides P2 and P4 exhibited highest binding affinity for immobilized trypomastigotes. The inhibitory effects of peptides seemed to be due to blockade of certain epitopes on T. cruzi surface proteins responsible for interactions with the respective receptors of host cells.
July 25, 2017: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
R A Khalilov, A M Dzhafarova, S I Khizrieva
We studied activity and kinetic characteristics of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) in rat brain under conditions of incomplete global ischemia followed by reperfusion against the background of mild hypothermia. It was found that hypothermia leads to a decrease in LDH activity in the ischemic brain; the maximum velocity of the enzyme-catalyzed activity decreased and Michaelis constant increased, due to which the efficiency of catalysis decreased to the level observed in control rats. Ischemia against the background of hypothermia was accompanied by a decrease in the inhibition constant and narrowing of effective pyruvate concentration range...
July 25, 2017: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
T M Macharadze, R G Akhalkatsi
We studied the effect of GlcNAc-, Man-, and Gal-specific lectins isolated from cell cytosol, nuclear membrane, and nuclear matrix of calf brain cortex, lyophilized, and stored for 5 years on proliferation activity of human peripheral blood lymphocytes and on hemagglutination activity of trypsinized rabbit erythrocytes. Human peripheral blood lymphocytes treated lyophilized lectins demonstrated lower proliferation activity than lymphocytes treated with concanavalin A (positive control), but higher than control lymphocytes (incubated with saline)...
July 25, 2017: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
N V Naryzhnaya, A V Mukhamedzyanov, T V Lasukova, L N Maslov
We studied the involvement of the autonomic nervous system in the antiarrhythmic effect of intermittent hypobaric hypoxia modeled by daily placing the rats into an altitude chamber at 405 mm Hg (5000 m above sea level). The antiarrhythmic effect of hypoxia was observed on the model of acute coronary occlusion/reperfusion in vivo, but not during simulation of total ischemia/reperfusion of the isolated myocardium. Intravenous injection of ganglionic blocker hexamethonium (30 mg/kg) 15 min prior to in vivo coronary occlusion modeling abolished the antiarrhythmic effect of intermittent hypobaric hypoxia, which suggests that this effect is mediated via activation of the autonomic nervous system...
July 25, 2017: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
E V Kur'yanova, Yu D Zhukova, D L Teplyi
The effects of intraperitoneal DSP-4 (N-(2-chloroethyl)-N-ethyl-2-bromobenzylamine, a noradrenergic neurotoxin) and maprotiline (an inhibitor of norepinephrine reuptake in synapses) on spectral components of heart rhythm variability were examined in outbred male and female rats treated with these agents in daily doses of 10 mg/kg for 3 days. At rest, DSP-4 elevated LF and VLF spectral components in male and female rats. Maprotiline elevated LF and VLF components in males at rest, increased HR and reduced all spectral components in resting females...
July 25, 2017: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
E E Khirazova, E S Motorykina, M V Maslova, A S Maklakova, A V Graf, N A Sokolova, A A Kamenskii
The effects of chronic intranasal administration of 300 nmol/kg obestatin and its fragment FNAP-NH2 on behavioral activity and nociceptive threshold were examined in male Wistar rats with normal body weight or alimentary obesity. In normal rats, obestatin produced no effect on behavior and nociception, whereas FNAP-NH2 fragment enhanced risk-taking behavior. Rats with excess body weight demonstrated less pronounced risk-taking behavior and elevated nociceptive threshold in comparison with normal animals, but these differences were abolished by chronic administration of FNAP-NH2...
July 25, 2017: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
L I Kolesnikova, N A Kurashova, T A Bairova, M I Dolgikh, O A Ershova, L V Natyaganova, B G Dashiev, I N Gutnik, N V Koroleva
Comparative analysis of the parameters of LPO, antioxidant defense (AOD), and the thiol/disulfide system was performed in fertile and infertile males of reproductive age carrying different genotypes of the glutathione system genes. Blood plasma, blood hemolysate, and ejaculate served as specimens for biochemical studies. A decrease in glutathione S-transferase activity was found in blood and ejaculate specimens from fertile and infertile carriers of nonfunctional GSTT1(0/0)/GSTM1(0/0) genotypes. In infertile carriers of nonfunctional GSTT1(0/0)/GSTM1(0/0) genotypes determining reduced glutathione S-transferase activity, a decrease in the concentration of low-molecular-weight cell antioxidant (reduced glutathione) and an increase in the concentration of secondary LPO products (TBA-reactive substances) were revealed...
July 25, 2017: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
A V Karaulov, A E Shulzhenko, A V Karsonova
We studied the expression of IFN-inducible genes OAS1 and Mx1 in lysates of peripheral blood mononuclear cells from patients suffering from recurrent Herpes simplex infections in comparison with healthy people. To induce the expression of the studied genes, blood mononuclears were incubated with recombinant IFN-α2b in concentrations of 1, 10, and 100 U/ml for 3 h and then the content of the studied transcripts was evaluated. Relative expression of OAS1 and Mx1 in patients with recurrent forms of Herpes simplex both during the acute stage and clinical remission did not differ significantly from that in healthy people after stimulation with IFN-α2b in a concentration of 1 U/ml and in higher concentrations (10 and 100 U/ml)...
July 25, 2017: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
Yu F Gorskaya, A Sh Dzharullaeva, D S Onsina, V G Nesterenko
The efficiency of cloning and the content of multipotent stromal cells (MSC) in the femoral bone marrow of intact CBA mice was 1.5 times less in old mice (24-36 months) than in young ones (2-3 months). The concentration of osteogenic MSC was higher in old vs. young mice (42±3 vs. 22±2%, respectively). Changes in the total counts of MSC and concentrations of osteogenic MSC in response to osteogenic (curettage, BMP-2) and immunogenic stimuli (S. typhimurium antigenic complex) were similar in young and old mice in comparison with intact controls of respective age...
July 25, 2017: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
E I Filippova
We studied toxicity and antiviral activity of bioactive substances extracted from the roots (ethylacetate extracts) and aerial parts (ethanol extracts) of lady's mantle (Alchemilla vilgaris L.). Plant extracts are characterized by low toxicity for continuous Vero cell culture, but inhibit the reproduction of orthopoxviruses (vaccinia virus and ectromelia virus) in these cells. Of all studied extracts, ethylacetate extract from lady's mantle roots characterized by the highest content of catechins in comparison with other samples demonstrated the highest activity in vitro towards the studied viruses (neutralization index for vaccinia and ectromelia viruses were 4...
July 25, 2017: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
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