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British Journal of Nutrition

Vivienne X Guan, Yasmine C Probst, Elizabeth P Neale, Marijka J Batterham, Linda C Tapsell
Understanding food choices made for meals in overweight and obese individuals may aid strategies for weight loss tailored to their eating habits. However, limited studies have explored food choices at meal occasions. The aim of this study was to identify the usual food choices for meals of overweight and obese volunteers for a weight-loss trial. A cross-sectional analysis was performed using screening diet history data from a 12-month weight-loss trial (the HealthTrack study). A descriptive data mining tool, the Apriori algorithm of association rules, was applied to identify food choices at meal occasions using a nested hierarchical food group classification system...
July 17, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
Theresa Poon, Marie-Ève Labonté, Christine Mulligan, Mavra Ahmed, Kacie M Dickinson, Mary R L'Abbé
Nutrient profiling (NP) is a method for evaluating the healthfulness of foods. Although many NP models exist, most have not been validated. This study aimed to examine the content and construct/convergent validity of five models from different regions: Australia/New Zealand (FSANZ), France (Nutri-Score), Canada (HCST), Europe (EURO) and Americas (PAHO). Using data from the 2013 UofT Food Label Information Program (n15342 foods/beverages), construct/convergent validity was assessed by comparing the classifications of foods determined by each model to a previously validated model, which served as the reference (Ofcom)...
July 17, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
Tsz Hong Law, Holger A Volk, Yuanlong Pan, Brian Zanghi, Elizabeth J Want
Consumption of diets containing medium-chain TAG (MCT) has been shown to confer neuroprotective effects. We aim to identify the global metabolic perturbations associated with consumption of a ketogenic diet (medium-chain TAG diet (MCTD)) in dogs with idiopathic epilepsy. We used ultra-performance liquid chromatography-MS (UPLC-MS) to generate metabolic and lipidomic profiles of fasted canine serum and made comparisons between the MCTD and standardised placebo diet phases. We identified metabolites that differed significantly between diet phases using metabolite fragmentation profiles generated by tandem MS (UPLC-MS/MS)...
July 13, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
Laura A Amundson, Laura L Hernandez, Thomas D Crenshaw
The hypovitaminosis D kyphotic pig provides a reliable model to study the initiation of bone lesions caused by maternal vitamin D (D) deficiencies. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMP; specifically, MMP9 and MMP13) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) are important in endochondral ossification and are potentially regulated by D. Fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) is interrelated with D homoeostasis and bone mineralisation. Relative mRNA expression of MMP9, MMP13, VEGF and FGF23 was measured in pig femur and vertebra...
July 11, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
Sophie Pilleron, Karine Pérès, Marthe-Aline Jutand, Catherine Helmer, Jean-François Dartigues, Cécilia Samieri, Catherine Féart
Few studies have been interested in the relationship between dietary patterns and activity limitation in older adults yet. We analysed the association between dietary patterns and the risk of self-reported activity limitation - that is mobility restriction, limitation in instrumental activities in daily living (IADL) and in activities in daily living (ADL) - in community-dwellers aged 67+ years initially free of activity limitation in 2001-2002 and re-examined at least once over 10 years - that is 583 participants for mobility restriction, 1114 for IADL limitation and 1267 for ADL limitation...
July 10, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
Xiuli Zhang, Qin Xu, Ying Yang, Long Wang, Fangchao Liu, Qian Li, Mengmeng Ji, Yuan He, Yuanyuan Wang, Ya Zhang, Hongguang Zhang, Zuoqi Peng, Xu Ma, Zengli Yu
Evidence on the association between maternal Hb concentration and preterm birth (PTB) risk is inconclusive. This paper aimed to explore whether women with anaemia or high Hb level before pregnancy would be at higher risk of PTB. We conducted a population-based cohort study with 2 722 274 women aged 20-49 years, who participated in National Free Pre-Pregnancy Checkups Project between 2013 and 2015 and delivered a singleton before 2016 in rural China. Logistic models were used to estimate OR and 95 % CI after adjusting for confounding variables...
July 10, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
Xiaohua Pan, Xuemei Nan, Liang Yang, Linshu Jiang, Benhai Xiong
As the co-enzyme of pyruvate dehydrogenase and α-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase, thiamine plays a critical role in carbohydrate metabolism in dairy cows. Apart from feedstuff, microbial thiamine synthesis in the rumen is the main source for dairy cows. However, the amount of ruminal thiamine synthesis, which is influenced by dietary N levels and forage to concentrate ratio, varies greatly. Notably, when dairy cows are overfed high-grain diets, subacute ruminal acidosis (SARA) occurs and results in thiamine deficiency...
July 10, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
Jiali Ma
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 10, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
Rodrigo C O Macedo, Alexandra F Vieira, Cesar E J Moritz, Alvaro Reischak-Oliveira
The aim of this study was to re-examine the chronic effect (>7 d) of fructose consumption on postprandial TAG, in adolescents and adults. The research was carried out in March 2017 and used different electronic databases, such as Medline ® (Pubmed®), Embase® and Cochrane. The review considered clinical trials (parallel or crossed) that evaluated the effect of fructose consumption for a period longer than 7 d, in humans. Two investigators independently performed data extraction. The outcome was the absolute delta of TAG concentration in a 4-h postprandial period...
July 2, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
Mairead Kiely
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
Yuanyuan Lu, Chaonan Fan, Aimin Liang, Xiuqin Fan, Rui Wang, Ping Li, Kemin Qi
Specific adipokines, such as adiponectin and resistin, are secreted from adipose tissue and are associated with the development of obesity. Supplementation of dietary SCFA can prevent and reverse high-fat-diet (HFD)-induced obesity. However, it is not clear whether SCFA ameliorate abnormal expression of adiponectin and resistin in the obese state. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of SCFA on adiponectin and resistin's expressions in diet-induced obese mice, as well as the potential mechanisms associated with DNA methylation...
June 21, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
Emiko Okada, Koshi Nakamura, Shigekazu Ukawa, Kenji Wakai, Chigusa Date, Hiroyasu Iso, Akiko Tamakoshi
Few studies have reported the association between the Japanese diet as food score and mortality. This study aimed to investigate adherence to the Japanese food score associated with all-cause, CVD and cancer mortality. A total of 58 767 (23 162 men and 34 232 women) Japanese participants aged 40-79 years, who enrolled in the Japan Collaborative Cohort Study between 1988 and 1990, were included. The Japanese food score was derived from the components of seven food groups (beans and bean products, fresh fishes, vegetables, Japanese pickles, fungi, seaweeds and fruits) based on the FFQ...
June 20, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
Inger Ottestad, Stine M Ulven, Linn K L Øyri, Kristin S Sandvei, Gyrd O Gjevestad, Asta Bye, Navida A Sheikh, Anne S Biong, Lene F Andersen, Kirsten B Holven
Branched-chain amino acids (BCAA) are essential amino acids that are necessary for muscle mass maintenance. Little is known about the plasma concentrations of BCAA and the protein intake in relation to sarcopenia. We aimed to compare the non-fasting plasma concentrations of the BCAA and the dietary protein intake between sarcopenic and non-sarcopenic older adults. Norwegian older home-dwelling adults (≥70 years) were invited to a cross-sectional study with no other exclusion criteria than age. Sarcopenic subjects were defined by the diagnostic criteria by the European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People...
June 18, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
Maisa C Martins, Janet Trujillo, Ana Amélia Freitas-Vilela, Dayana R Farias, Eliane L Rosado, Cláudio J Struchiner, Gilberto Kac
Genetic variants associated with dietary intake may be important as factors underlying the development of obesity. We investigated the associations between the obesity candidate genes (fat mass and obesity-associated (FTO), melanocortin-4 receptor (MC4R), leptin (LEP) and leptin receptor) and total energy intake and percentage of energy from macronutrients and ultra-processed foods before and during pregnancy. A sample of 149 pregnant women was followed up in a prospective cohort in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. A FFQ was administered at 5-13 and 30-36 weeks of gestation...
June 12, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
Azam Eshaghian, Ameneh Khodarahmi, Fatemeh Safari, Fariba Binesh, Ali Moradi
Recent studies have strongly indicated the hepatoprotective effect of curcumin; however, the precise mechanisms are not well understood. This study aimed to determine the protective effect of curcumin on hepatic damage and hepatic insulin resistance in biliary duct ligated (BDL) fibrotic rat model. To accomplish this, male Wistar rats were divided into four groups (eight for each): sham group, BDL group, sham+Cur group and BDL+Cur group. The last two groups received curcumin at a dose of 100 mg/kg daily for 4 weeks...
June 8, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
Lise Dubois, Maikol Diasparra, Brigitte Bédard, Cynthia K Colapinto, Bénédicte Fontaine-Bisson, Richard E Tremblay, William D Fraser
Our study compares adequacy of nutritional intakes among pregnant women with different prepregnancy BMI and explores associations between nutritional intakes during pregnancy and both prepregnancy BMI and gestational weight gain (GWG). We collected dietary information from a large cohort of pregnant Canadian women (n 861) using a 3-d food record. We estimated usual dietary intakes of energy (E), macronutrients and micronutrients using the National Cancer Institute method. We also performed Pearson's correlations between nutritional intakes and both prepregnancy BMI and GWG...
June 7, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
Mijin Lee, Hanna Lee, Jihye Kim
A systematic review and a meta-analysis of observational studies were performed to assess the dose-response relationship between specific types of dairy foods and the risk of the metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its components. Studies of dairy foods and the risk of the MetS and its components published up to June 2016 were searched using PubMed, EMBASE and a reference search. Random-effects models were used to estimate the pooled relative risks (RR) with 95 % CI. Finally, ten cross-sectional studies, two nested case-control studies and twenty-nine cohort studies were included for the analysis...
June 6, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
Raul Zamora-Ros, Carine Biessy, Joseph A Rothwell, Adriana Monge, Martin Lajous, Augustin Scalbert, Ruy López-Ridaura, Isabelle Romieu
Several descriptive studies on the intake of polyphenols, mostly flavonoids, have been published, especially in Europe and the USA, but insufficient data are still available in Latin-American countries, where different types of foods are consumed and different dietary habits are observed. The goal of this cross-sectional study was to estimate dietary intakes of polyphenols, including grand total, total per classes and subclasses and individual compounds, and to identify their main food sources in Mexican women...
June 4, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
Aki Saito, Shino Imai, Nay Chi Htun, Emiko Okada, Katsushi Yoshita, Nobuo Yoshiike, Hidemi Takimoto
Monitoring nutritional status of the population is essential in the development and evaluation of national or local health policies. In this study, we aimed to demonstrate analysis on the trends in dietary intake of energy and macronutrients, as well as Na, in Japanese population using the data of series of cross-sectional national surveys - the National Nutrition Survey (NNS) and the National Health Nutrition Survey (NHNS) - during the period from 1995 to 2016. The NNS and NHNS participants aged 20-79 years were included in the analysis...
June 4, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
Robert H Michell
This review attempts to explain why consuming extra myoinositol (Ins), an essential component of membrane phospholipids, is often beneficial for patients with conditions characterised by insulin resistance, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress. For decades we assumed that most human diets provide an adequate Ins supply, but newer evidence suggests that increasing Ins intake ameliorates several disorders, including polycystic ovary syndrome, gestational diabetes, metabolic syndrome, poor sperm development and retinopathy of prematurity...
June 3, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
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