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British Journal of Nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745259/serum-and-tissue-25-oh-vitamin-d3-concentrations-do-not-predict-bone-abnormalities-and-molecular-markers-of-vitamin-d-metabolism-in-the-hypovitaminosis-d-kyphotic-pig-model
#1
Laura A Amundson, Laura L Hernandez, Thomas D Crenshaw
The hypovitaminosis D kyphotic pig provides a model to study maternal vitamin D (D) carryover on gross and molecular characteristics of bone abnormalities in offspring. Excess maternal D is proposed to protect offspring under nutritional challenges from developing bone abnormalities. Relationships between D sufficiency parameters and bone abnormalities were characterised. Sows (n 37) were fed diets with 0 (-D), 8·125 (+D) or 43·750 (++D) µg D3/kg throughout gestation and lactation. At weaning (3 weeks) pigs were fed diets with 0 (-D) or 7·0 (+D) µg D3/kg, each with 75 and 95 % (LCaP) or 150 and 120 % (HCaP) of the Ca and P requirements...
July 26, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720163/transferrin-saturation-concentrations-associated-with-telomeric-ageing-a-population-based-study
#2
Chol Shin, Inkyung Baik
There are limited data on the association between Fe overload and leucocyte telomere length (LTL), known as a useful biomarker of the replicative ageing of cells. The aim of the study was to evaluate associations between Fe-status biomarkers and LTL. A cross-sectional study included 1174 men and women aged 50-79 years who provided blood samples for assays of Fe-status biomarkers including ferritin, transferrin saturation (TSAT), total Fe-binding capacity (TIBC) and relative LTL. They were free of hepatitis, potential infection or Fe deficiency...
July 19, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720151/supplementation-with-lactobacillus-paracasei-or-pediococcus-pentosaceus-does-not-prevent-diarrhoea-in-neonatal-pigs-infected-with-escherichia-coli-f18
#3
Anders D Andersen, Malene S Cilieborg, Charlotte Lauridsen, Anne Louise Mørkbak, Per Torp Sangild
Infectious diarrhoea is a worldwide problem in newborns. Optimal bacterial colonisation may enhance gut maturation and protect against pathogenic bacteria after birth. We hypothesised that lactic acid bacteria (LAB) administration prevents pathogen-induced diarrhoea in formula-fed newborns. Newborn caesarean-delivered, colostrum-deprived term piglets on parenteral nutrition for the first 15 h, were used as models for sensitive newborn infants. A commercially available probiotic strain, Lactobacillus paracasei F19 (LAP, 2·6×108 colony-forming units (CFU)/kg per d) and a novel LAB isolate, Pediococcus pentosaceus (PEP, 1·3×1010 CFU/kg per d), were administered for 5 d with or without inoculation of the porcine pathogen, Escherichia coli F18 (F18, 1010 CFU/d)...
July 19, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720150/metabotyping-and-its-application-in-targeted-nutrition-an-overview
#4
Anna Riedl, Christian Gieger, Hans Hauner, Hannelore Daniel, Jakob Linseisen
Metabolic diversity leads to differences in nutrient requirements and responses to diet and medication between individuals. Using the concept of metabotyping - that is, grouping metabolically similar individuals - tailored and more efficient recommendations may be achieved. The aim of this study was to review the current literature on metabotyping and to explore its potential for better targeted dietary intervention in subjects with and without metabolic diseases. A comprehensive literature search was performed in PubMed, Google and Google Scholar to find relevant articles on metabotyping in humans including healthy individuals, population-based samples and patients with chronic metabolic diseases...
July 19, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673367/association-between-spicy-food-consumption-and-lipid-profiles-in-adults-a-nationwide-population-based-study
#5
Yong Xue, Tingchao He, Kai Yu, Ai Zhao, Wei Zheng, Yumei Zhang, Baoli Zhu
CVD remains the leading cause of mortality worldwide, with abnormal lipid metabolism as a major risk factor. The aim of this study was to investigate associations between spicy food consumption and serum lipids in Chinese adults. Data were extracted from the 2009 phase of the China Health and Nutrition Survey, consisting of 6774 apparently healthy Chinese adults aged 18-65 years. The frequency of consumption and degree of pungency of spicy food were self-reported, and regular spicy food consumption was assessed using three consecutive 24-h recalls...
July 4, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633686/polymorphisms-of-the-tnf-%C3%AE-gene-interact-with-plasma-fatty-acids-on-inflammatory-biomarker-profile-a-population-based-cross-sectional-study-in-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-brazil
#6
Erica Oki, Marina N Norde, Antônio A F Carioca, José M P Souza, Inar A Castro, Dirce M L Marchioni, Regina M Fisberg, Marcelo M Rogero
The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship of four TNF-α SNP with inflammatory biomarkers and plasma fatty acids (FA), and the interaction among them in a population-based, cross-sectional study in São Paulo, Brazil. A total of 281 subjects, aged >19 and <60 years, participated in a cross-sectional, population-based study performed in Brazil. The following SNP spanning the TNF-α gene were genotyped: -238G/A (rs361525), -308G/A (rs1800629), -857C/T (rs1799724) and -1031T/C (rs1799964)...
June 21, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606204/commentary-on-dietary-magnesium-intake-and-fracture-risk-data-from-a-large-prospective-study
#7
Richard P G Hayhoe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 13, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587705/cultural-effects-on-neurodevelopmental-testing-in-children-from-six-european-countries-an-analysis-of-nutrimenthe-global-database
#8
Miguel Pérez-García, Juan de Dios Luna, Francisco J Torres-Espínola, Cristina Martínez-Zaldívar, Tania Anjos, Jolien Steenweg-de Graaff, Martina Weber, Veit Grote, Dariusz Gruszfeld, Elvira Verduci, Pascale Poncelet, Joaquín Escribano, Henning Tiemeier, Berthold Koletzko, Cristina Campoy
Cultural background is an important variable influencing neuropsychological performance. Multinational projects usually involve gathering data from participants from different countries and/or different cultures. Little is known about the influence of culture on neuropsychological testing results in children and especially in European children. The objectives of this study were to compare neuropsychological performance of children from six European countries (Belgium, Germany, Italy, The Netherlands, Poland and Spain) using a comprehensive neuropsychological battery and to apply a statistical procedure to reduce the influence of country/cultural differences in neuropsychological performance...
June 7, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799895/arginine-and-aerobic-training-prevent-endothelial-and-metabolic-alterations-in-rats-at-high-risk-for-the-development-of-the-metabolic-syndrome
#9
Renata F Medeiros, Thaiane G Gaique, Thais Bento-Bernardes, Raquel Kindlovits, Tamiris M B Gomes, Nadia Alice V Motta, Fernanda Carla Brito, Caroline Fernandes-Santos, Karen J Oliveira, Antonio Claudio L Nóbrega
Endothelial function is a key mechanism in the development of CVD. Arginine and exercise are important non-pharmacological strategies for mitigating the impact of metabolic changes in the metabolic syndrome, but the effect of their combined administration is unknown. Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate the isolated and combined effects of aerobic training and arginine supplementation on metabolic variables and vascular reactivity in rats at high risk for developing the metabolic syndrome. Wistar rats were divided into two groups: control and fructose (F - water with 10 % fructose)...
July 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799894/meal-specific-food-patterns-and-the-incidence-of-hyperglycemia-in-a-chinese-adult-population
#10
Zumin Shi, Malcolm Riley, Anne Taylor, Manny Noakes
This study aimed to examine the association between meal-specific food patterns and incident hyperglycaemia in a Chinese adult population. Adults aged 20 years and older (n 1056) were followed from 2002 to 2007. Dietary data were collected using a 3-d food record and meal-specific (breakfast, lunch and dinner) food patterns were independently described by factor analysis based on the consumption of thirty-five food groups at each eating occasion. Each food pattern score was recoded as quartiles. Hyperglycaemia was defined as fasting plasma glucose >5·6 mmol/l at baseline and follow-up...
July 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799519/dietary-polyphenol-intake-and-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-in-the-polish-arm-of-the-health-alcohol-and-psychosocial-factors-in-eastern-europe-hapiee-study
#11
Giuseppe Grosso, Urszula Stepaniak, Agnieszka Micek, Magdalena Kozela, Denes Stefler, Martin Bobak, Andrzej Pajak
This study aimed to test the association between dietary content of total and individual classes of polyphenols and incident cases of type 2 diabetes in Polish adults participating to the Health, Alcohol and Psychosocial factors In Eastern Europe study. At baseline, diet by 148-item FFQ and health information were collected from 5806 participants free of diabetes. Self-reported incident type 2 diabetes was ascertained at 2-4-year follow-up visit. OR and 95 % CI of type 2 diabetes comparing the various categories of polyphenol intake to the lowest one (reference category) and as 1 sd increase modelled as continuous variable were calculated by performing age-, energy-, and multivariate-adjusted logistic regression models...
July 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797310/maternal-intake-of-trans-unsaturated-or-interesterified-fatty-acids-during-pregnancy-and-lactation-modifies-mitochondrial-bioenergetics-in-the-liver-of-adult-offspring-in-mice
#12
Patricia C de Velasco, Gustavo Chicaybam, Dionizio M Ramos-Filho, Raísa M A R Dos Santos, Caroline Mairink, Fátima L C Sardinha, Tatiana El-Bacha, Antonio Galina, Maria das Graças Tavares-do-Carmo
The quality of dietary lipids in the maternal diet can programme the offspring to diseases in later life. We investigated whether the maternal intake of palm oil or interesterified fat, substitutes for trans-unsaturated fatty acids (FA), induces metabolic changes in the adult offspring. During pregnancy and lactation, C57BL/6 female mice received normolipidic diets containing partially hydrogenated vegetable fat rich in trans-unsaturated fatty acids (TG), palm oil (PG), interesterified fat (IG) or soyabean oil (CG)...
July 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768562/does-a-better-adherence-to-dietary-guidelines-reduce-mortality-risk-and-environmental-impact-in-the-dutch-sub-cohort-of-the-european-prospective-investigation-into-cancer-and-nutrition
#13
Sander Biesbroek, W M Monique Verschuren, Jolanda M A Boer, Mirjam E van de Kamp, Yvonne T van der Schouw, Anouk Geelen, Moniek Looman, Elisabeth H M Temme
Guidelines for a healthy diet aim to decrease the risk of chronic diseases. It is unclear as to what extent a healthy diet is also an environmentally friendly diet. In the Dutch sub-cohort of the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition, the diet was assessed with a 178-item FFQ of 40 011 participants aged 20-70 years between 1993 and 1997. The WHO's Healthy Diet Indicator (HDI), the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) score and the Dutch Healthy Diet index 2015 (DHD15-index) were investigated in relation to greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, land use and all-cause mortality risk...
July 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758603/vitamin-d-deficiency-oxidative-stress-and-antioxidant-status-only-weak-association-seen-in-the-absence-of-advanced-age-obesity-or-pre-existing-disease
#14
Erica W Wang, Parco M Siu, Marco Y Pang, Jean Woo, Andrew R Collins, Iris F F Benzie
Vitamin D deficiency (plasma 25-hydroxycholecalciferol (25(OH)D)70 % of participants were vitamin D deficient. No significant correlations and no biomarker differences across 25(OH)D quartiles or groups were seen except for total antioxidant status. A weak direct association (r 0·252, P<0·05) was observed between 25(OH)D and FRAP, and those in the lowest 25(OH)D quartile and group had significantly lower FRAP values. Results did not reveal a clear link between vitamin D status and oxidative stress biomarkers in the absence of advanced age, obesity and disease, though some evidence of depleted antioxidant status in those with vitamin D deficiency was seen...
July 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735572/early-nutritional-intervention-can-improve-utilisation-of-vegetable-based-diets-in-diploid-and-triploid-atlantic-salmon-salmo-salar-l
#15
Michael Clarkson, Herve Migaud, Christoforos Metochis, Luisa M Vera, Daniel Leeming, Douglas R Tocher, John F Taylor
The present study investigated nutritional programming in Atlantic salmon to improve utilisation of a vegetable-based diet. At first exogenous feeding, fry were fed either a marine-based diet (Diet Mstimulus, 80% fishmeal (FM)/4% fish oil (FO)) or a vegetable-based diet (Diet Vstimulus, 10% FM/0% FO) for 3 weeks. Subsequently, all fish were then fed under the same conditions with a commercial, marine-based, diet for 15 weeks and thereafter challenged with a second V diet (Diet Vchallenge, 10% FM/0% FO) for 6 weeks...
July 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789730/iodine-status-of-postpartum-women-and-their-infants-in-australia-after-the-introduction-of-mandatory-iodine-fortification
#16
Dao Huynh, Dominique Condo, Robert Gibson, Beverly Muhlhausler, Philip Ryan, Sheila Skeaff, Maria Makrides, Shao J Zhou
Mandatory I fortification in bread was introduced in Australia in 2009 in response to the re-emergence of biochemical I deficiency based on median urinary I concentration (UIC)<100 µg/l. Data on the I status of lactating mothers and their infants in Australia are scarce. The primary aim of this study was to assess the I status, determined by UIC and breast milk I concentration (BMIC), of breast-feeding mothers in South Australia and UIC of their infants. The secondary aim was to assess the relationship between the I status of mothers and their infants...
June 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789729/adherence-to-the-mediterranean-diet-is-associated-with-the-gut-microbiota-pattern-and-gastrointestinal-characteristics-in-an-adult-population
#17
Evdokia K Mitsou, Aimilia Kakali, Smaragdi Antonopoulou, Konstantinos C Mountzouris, Mary Yannakoulia, Demosthenes B Panagiotakos, Adamantini Kyriacou
This study aimed to explore the potential associations of adherence to the Mediterranean diet with gut microbiota characteristics and gastrointestinal symptomatology in an adult population. Other long-term dietary habits (e.g. consumption of snacks and junk food or stimulant intake) were also evaluated in terms of the gut microbiota profile. Participants (n 120) underwent anthropometric, dietary, physical activity and lifestyle evaluation. Adherence to the Mediterranean diet was assessed using a Mediterranean diet score, the MedDietScore, and subjects were classified into three tertiles according to individual adherence scoring...
June 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789728/circadian-feeding-patterns-of-12-month-old-infants
#18
Poh Hui Wee, See Ling Loy, Jia Ying Toh, Elaine Kwang Hsia Tham, Yin Bun Cheung, Keith M Godfrey, Peter D Gluckman, Seang Mei Saw, Yap-Seng Chong, Ngee Lek, Jerry Kok Yen Chan, Daniel Yam Thiam Goh, Mary Foong-Fong Chong, Fabian Yap
Early life nutrition and feeding practices are important modifiable determinants of subsequent obesity, yet little is known about the circadian feeding pattern of 12-month-old infants. We aimed to describe the 24-h feeding patterns of 12-month-old infants and examine their associations with maternal and infant characteristics. Mothers from a prospective birth cohort study (n 431) reported dietary intakes of their 12-month-old infants and respective feeding times using 24-h dietary recall. Based on their feeding times, infants were classified into post-midnight (00...
June 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789727/food-based-diet-quality-score-in-relation-to-depressive-symptoms-in-young-and-middle-aged-japanese-women
#19
Hiroka Sakai, Kentaro Murakami, Satomi Kobayashi, Hitomi Suga, Satoshi Sasaki
Only a few studies have focused on the association between overall diet, rather than intakes of individual nutrients or foods, and depressive symptoms in Japanese. This cross-sectional study examined associations between a diet quality score and depressive symptoms in 3963 young (age 18 years) and 3833 middle-aged (mean age 47·9 (sd 4·2) years) Japanese women. Dietary information was collected using a diet history questionnaire. A previously developed diet quality score was computed mainly based on the Japanese Food Guide Spinning Top...
June 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721839/branched-chain-amino-acid-meat-intake-and-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-in-the-women-s-health-initiative
#20
Masoud Isanejad, Andrea Z LaCroix, Cynthia A Thomson, Lesley Tinker, Joseph C Larson, Qibin Qi, Lihong Qi, Rhonda M Cooper-DeHoff, Lawrence S Phillips, Ross L Prentice, Jeannette M Beasley
Knowledge regarding association of dietary branched-chain amino acid (BCAA) and type 2 diabetes (T2D), and the contribution of BCAA from meat to the risk of T2D are scarce. We evaluated associations between dietary BCAA intake, meat intake, interaction between BCAA and meat intake and risk of T2D. Data analyses were performed for 74 155 participants aged 50-79 years at baseline from the Women's Health Initiative for up to 15 years of follow-up. We excluded from analysis participants with treated T2D, and factors potentially associated with T2D or missing covariate data...
June 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
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