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British Journal of Nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535829/is-improvement-in-the-healthy-food-intake-index-hfii-related-to-a-lower-risk-for-gestational-diabetes
#1
Jelena Meinilä, Anita Valkama, Saila B Koivusalo, Beata Stach-Lempinen, Kristiina Rönö, Jaana Lindström, Hannu Kautiainen, Johan G Eriksson, Maijaliisa Erkkola
The aim was to analyse whether changes in the Healthy Food Intake Index (HFII) during pregnancy are related to gestational diabetes (GDM) risk. The 251 pregnant women participating had a pre-pregnancy BMI≥30 kg/m2 and/or a history of GDM. A 75 g oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) was performed during the first and second trimesters of pregnancy for assessment of GDM. A normal OGTT result at first trimester was an inclusion criterion for the study. FFQ collected at first and second trimesters served for calculating the HFII...
May 24, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535825/the-effect-of-increased-fruit-and-vegetable-consumption-on-selected-macronutrient-and-micronutrient-intakes-in-four-randomised-controlled-trials
#2
Sharon L Fulton, Michelle C McKinley, Charlotte E Neville, Francina R Baldrick, Ciara Mulligan, Damian O McCall, David R McCance, J D Edgar, J S Elborn, Ian S Young, Chris C Patterson, Jayne V Woodside
Fruit and vegetable (FV) intake is associated with reduced risk of a number of non-communicable diseases. Research tends to focus on antioxidants, flavonoids and polyphenols contained in FV as the main beneficial components to health; however, increasing FV may also alter overall diet profile. Extra FV may be substituted for foods thought to be less healthy, therefore altering the overall macronutrient and/or micronutrient content in the diet. This analysis merged dietary data from four intervention studies in participants with varying health conditions and examined the effect of increased FV consumption on diet profile...
May 24, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534447/selenium-selenoproteins-and-selenometabolites-in-mothers-and-babies-at-the-time-of-birth
#3
Cristina Santos, Eduardo García-Fuentes, Belén Callejón-Leblic, Tamara García-Barrera, José Luis Gómez-Ariza, Margaret P Rayman, Inés Velasco
The deficiency of Se, an essential micronutrient, has been implicated in adverse pregnancy outcomes. Our study was designed to determine total serum Se, selenoproteins (extracellular glutathione peroxidase (GPx-3), selenoprotein P (SeP)), selenoalbumin (SeAlb) and selenometabolites in healthy women and their newborns at delivery. This cross-sectional study included eighty-three healthy mother-baby couples. Total Se and Se species concentrations were measured in maternal and umbilical cord sera by an in-series coupling of two-dimensional size-exclusion and affinity HPLC...
May 23, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534446/blood-fatty-acid-changes-in-healthy-young-americans-in-response-to-a-10-week-diet-that-increased-n-3-and-reduced-n-6-fatty-acid-consumption-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#4
Andrew J Young, Bernadette P Marriott, Catherine M Champagne, Michael R Hawes, Scott J Montain, Neil M Johannsen, Kevin Berry, Joseph R Hibbeln
Military personnel generally under-consume n-3 fatty acids and overconsume n-6 fatty acids. In a placebo-controlled, double-blinded study, we investigated whether a diet suitable for implementation in military dining facilities and civilian cafeterias could benefit n-3/n-6 fatty acid status of consumers. Three volunteer groups were provided different diets for 10 weeks. Control (CON) participants consumed meals from the US Military's Standard Garrison Dining Facility Menu. Experimental, moderate (EXP-Mod) and experimental-high (EXP-High) participants consumed the same meals, but high n-6 fatty acid and low n-3 fatty acid containing chicken, egg, oils and food ingredients were replaced with products having less n-6 fatty acids and more n-3 fatty acids...
May 23, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532533/glycaemic-index-and-glycaemic-load-values-of-commonly-consumed-foods-in-the-united-arab-emirates
#5
Ayesha S Al Dhaheri, C Jeyakumar K Henry, Maysm N Mohamad, Eric O Ohuma, Leila Cheikh Ismail, Fatima T Al Meqbaali, Amjad H Jarrar
Glycaemic index (GI) and glycaemic load (GL) values of some commonly consumed foods in the United Arab Emirates were determined with an aim of adding these values to the existing international table of GI and GL values. In all, eighteen test foods categorised into breads (n 5), entrée dishes (n 3), main dishes (n 5) and sweet dishes (n 5) were tested. For each test food, at least fifteen healthy participants consumed 25 or 50 g available carbohydrate portions of a reference food (glucose), which was tested three times, and a test food after an overnight fast, was tested once, on separate occasions...
May 23, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528593/polymannuronic-acid-ameliorated-obesity-and-inflammation-associated-with-a-high-fat-and-high-sucrose-diet-by-modulating-the-gut-microbiome-in-a-murine-model
#6
Fang Liu, Xiong Wang, Hongjie Shi, Yuming Wang, Changhu Xue, Qing-Juan Tang
Polymannuronic acid (PM), one of numerous alginates isolated from brown seaweeds, is known to possess antioxidant activities. In this study, we examined its potential role in reducing body weight gain and attenuating inflammation induced by a high-fat and high-sucrose diet (HFD) as well as its effect on modulating the gut microbiome in mice. A 30-d PM treatment significantly reduced the diet-induced body weight gain and blood TAG levels (P2·0). PM also had a profound impact on the microbial composition in the gut microbiome and resulted in a distinct microbiome structure...
May 22, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528591/conversion-ratios-of-n-3-fatty-acids-between-plasma-and-erythrocytes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-regression
#7
Xue Feng Hu, Simran K Sandhu, William S Harris, Hing Man Chan
As biomarkers of dietary intake or disease risk factor, n-3 fatty acid (FA) can be measured in plasma phospholipids (PL), total lipids (TL) or erythrocytes. However, the numeric relationships between n-3 FA in these lipid pools are not clear. Our goal was to derive conversion ratios for plasma and erythrocyte n-3 FA. Potential studies were identified through systematic literature search in PubMed, Embase and the Cochrane Library of Systematic reviews (1950 to October 2014). In all, fifty-six studies reporting n-3 in healthy individuals were included, of which thirty-four articles reported plasma PL and erythrocytes, and twenty-two reported plasma TL and erythrocytes...
May 22, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528581/organic-zinc-absorption-by-the-intestine-of-broilers-in-vivo
#8
Yu Yu, Lin Lu, Su-Fen Li, Li-Yang Zhang, Xu-Gang Luo
In Expt 1, a Zn-unsupplemented basal diet (control) and the basal diet supplemented with one of four different Zn sources, including ZnSO4, Zn-amino acid chelate with a weak chelation strength (Zn-AA W), Zn-protein chelate with a moderate chelation strength (Zn-Pro M) and Zn-protein chelate with a strong chelation strength (Zn-Pro S) were fed to broiler chickens from days 14 to 28. On day 28, Zn content in plasma from the hepatic portal vein increased (P0·05) and Zn-AA W(P<0·04) were higher than those for ZnSO4...
May 22, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521847/citrus-consumption-and-incident-dementia-in-elderly-japanese-the-ohsaki-cohort-2006-study
#9
Shu Zhang, Yasutake Tomata, Kemmyo Sugiyama, Yumi Sugawara, Ichiro Tsuji
Although some experimental biological studies have indicated that citrus may have preventive effects against cognitive impairment, no cohort study has yet examined the relationship between citrus consumption and incident dementia. In a baseline survey, we collected data on daily citrus intake (categorised as ≤2, 3-4 times/week or almost every day) and consumption of other foods using a FFQ, and used a self-reported questionnaire to collect data on other covariates. Data on incident dementia were retrieved from the Japanese Long-term Care Insurance database...
May 19, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516817/decreased-but-still-sufficient-iodine-intake-of-children-and-adults-in-the-netherlands
#10
Janneke Verkaik-Kloosterman, Elly J M Buurma-Rethans, Arnold L M Dekkers, Caroline T M van Rossum
Sufficient I intake is important for the synthesis of thyroid hormones, which play an important role in normal growth and development. Our aim was to estimate habitual I intake for the Dutch population and the risk of inadequate or excessive intakes. Further, we aimed to provide an insight into the dietary sources of I and the association with socio-demographic factors. Data from the Dutch National Food Consumption Survey 2007-2010 (n 3819; 7-69 years), and from the Dutch food and supplement composition tables were used to estimate habitual I intake with a calculation model...
May 18, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514987/a-systematic-review-of-the-prevalence-and-predictors-of-the-double-burden-of-malnutrition-within-households
#11
Satoko Kosaka, Masahiro Umezaki
Recently, increasing attention has been paid to the emergence of the double burden of malnutrition within households. We provide an overview of the literature regarding this phenomenon by reviewing previous studies of the prevalence of double-burden households and associated factors together with the research methods used. Studies were identified from the electronic databases PubMed and Web of Science, using the same search terms for both. A total of thirty-five articles met the eligibility criteria, and 367 sets of prevalence data were extracted...
May 18, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514984/alternate-mediterranean-diet-score-is-positively-associated-with-skeletal-muscle-mass-index-in-middle-aged-adults
#12
Hui-Yuan Tian, Rui Qiu, Li-Peng Jing, Zhan-Yong Chen, Geng-Dong Chen, Yu-Ming Chen
Researches have suggested Mediterranean diet might lower the risk of chronic diseases, but data on skeletal muscle mass (SMM) are limited. This community-based cross-sectional study examined the association between the alternate Mediterranean diet score (aMDS) and SMM in 2230 females and 1059 males aged 40-75 years in Guangzhou, China. General information and habitual dietary information were assessed in face-to-face interviews conducted during 2008-2010 and 3 years later. The aMDS was calculated by summing the dichotomous points for the items of higher intakes of whole grain, vegetables, fruits, legumes, nuts, fish and ratio of MUFA:SFA, lower red meat and moderate ethanol consumption...
May 18, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509665/evaluation-of-diet-pattern-and-weight-gain-in-postmenopausal-women-enrolled-in-the-women-s-health-initiative-observational-study
#13
Christopher Ford, Shine Chang, Mara Z Vitolins, Jenifer I Fenton, Barbara V Howard, Jinnie J Rhee, Marcia Stefanick, Bertha Chen, Linda Snetselaar, Rachel Urrutia, Alexis C Frazier-Wood
It is unclear which of four popular contemporary diet patterns is best for weight maintenance among postmenopausal women. Four dietary patterns were characterised among postmenopausal women aged 49-81 years (mean 63·6 (sd 7·4) years) from the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study: (1) a low-fat diet; (2) a reduced-carbohydrate diet; (3) a Mediterranean-style (Med) diet; and (4) a diet consistent with the US Department of Agriculture's Dietary Guidelines for Americans (DGA). Discrete-time hazards models were used to compare the risk of weight gain (≥10 %) among high adherers of each diet pattern...
May 16, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502277/lactobacillus-paracasei-gmnl-32-lactobacillus-reuteri-gmnl-89-and-l-reuteri-gmnl-263-ameliorate-hepatic-injuries-in-lupus-prone-mice
#14
Tsai-Ching Hsu, Chih-Yang Huang, Chung-Hsien Liu, Kuo-Ching Hsu, Yi-Hsing Chen, Bor-Show Tzang
Probiotics are known to regulate host immunity by interacting with systemic and mucosal immune cells as well as intestinal epithelial cells. Supplementation with certain probiotics has been reported to be effective against various disorders, including immune-related diseases. However, little is known about the effectiveness of Lactobacillus paracasei GMNL-32 (GMNL-32), Lactobacillus reuteri GMNL-89 (GMNL-89) and L. reuteri GMNL-263 (GMNL-263) in the management of autoimmune diseases, especially systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)...
May 15, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490394/synbiotic-supplementation-and-the-effects-on-clinical-and-metabolic-responses-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-randomised-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#15
Batol Zamani, Shima Farshbaf, Hamid R Golkar, Fereshteh Bahmani, Zatollah Asemi
Synbiotic intake may be associated with reduced inflammation in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) due to optimised inflammatory markers, oxidative stress and insulin resistance. This research was conducted to assess the effects of synbiotic supplementation on the clinical and metabolic parameters of patients with RA. A total of fifty-four patients with RA were allocated into two groups to receive either a synbiotic capsule (n 27) or a placebo (n 27) for 8 weeks in this randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial...
May 11, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490387/serum-carotenoid-and-retinol-levels-in-african-caribbean-tobagonian-men-with-high-prostate-cancer-risk-in-comparison-with-african-american-men
#16
Alicia C McDonald, Clareann H Bunker, Jay Raman, John Richie, Alan L Patrick
Black men are known to have a higher risk for prostate cancer (PC). Carotenoids and retinol, linked to PC, have not been compared in different black populations at risk. We examined serum carotenoid and retinol levels between PC-free African-Caribbean (AC) Tobagonian men with a high PC risk (high-grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia, atypical foci or repeated abnormal PC screenings) and African-American (AA) men with elevated serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels (≥4 ng/ml). AC men who participated in the 2003 lycopene clinical trial and AA men who participated in the 2001-2006 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were compared...
May 11, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485264/effects-of-nwt-03-an-egg-protein-hydrolysate-on-blood-pressure-in-normotensive-high-normotensive-and-mild-hypertensive-men-and-women-a-dose-finding-study
#17
Jogchum Plat, Nadine Severins, Steve Morrison, Ronald P Mensink
Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors are important agents in blood pressure (BP) management. It was recently shown that the egg-protein hydrolysate NWT-03 inhibited ACE in Zucker diabetic fatty rats. We therefore designed a dose-finding study to assess the effects of 1, 2 and 5 g NWT-03 on daytime, 36-h, and night-time systolic and diastolic BP (SBP and DBP) in ninety-two generally healthy subjects with normal BP (n 29), high-normal BP (n 34) or mild hypertension (n 29). The study had a cross-over design with six treatment arms (1 g NWT-03 or placebo in period 1 and placebo or 1 g NWT-03 in period 2, 2 g NTW-03 or placebo in period 1 and placebo or 2 g NWT-03 in period 2, or 5 g NTW-03 or placebo in period 1 and placebo or 5 g NTW-03 in period 2)...
May 9, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485254/high-dietary-arachidonic-acid-levels-induce-changes-in-complex-lipids-and-immune-related-eicosanoids-and-increase-levels-of-oxidised-metabolites-in-zebrafish-danio-rerio
#18
Anne-Catrin Adam, Kai K Lie, Mari Moren, Kaja H Skjærven
This study explores the effect of high dietary arachidonic acid (ARA) levels (high ARA) compared with low dietary ARA levels (control) on the general metabolism using zebrafish as the model organism. The fatty acid composition of today's 'modern diet' tends towards higher n-6 PUFA levels in relation to n-3 PUFA. Low dietary n-3:n-6 PUFA ratio is a health concern, as n-6 PUFA give rise to eicosanoids and PG, which are traditionally considered pro-inflammatory, especially when derived from ARA. Juvenile zebrafish fed a high-ARA diet for 17 d had a lower whole-body n-3:n-6 PUFA ratio compared with zebrafish fed a low-ARA (control) diet (0·6 in the control group v...
May 9, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482939/daytime-restricted-feeding-modifies-the-daily-regulation-of-fatty-acid-%C3%AE-oxidation-and-the-lipoprotein-profile-in-rats
#19
J B Rivera-Zavala, C Molina-Aguilar, M Pérez-Mendoza, M Olguín-Martínez, R Hernández-Muñoz, G A Báez-Ruiz, M Díaz-Muñoz
Daytime restricted feeding (2 h of food access from 12.00 to 14.00 hours for 3 weeks) is an experimental protocol that modifies the relationship between metabolic networks and the circadian molecular clock. The precise anatomical locus that controls the biochemical and physiological adaptations to optimise nutrient use is unknown. We explored the changes in liver oxidative lipid handling, such as β-oxidation and its regulation, as well as adaptations in the lipoprotein profile. It was found that daytime restricted feeding promoted an elevation of circulating ketone bodies before mealtime, an altered hepatic daily rhythmicity of 14CO2 production from radioactive palmitic acid, and an up-regulation of the fatty acid oxidation activators, the α-subunit of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), the deacetylase silent mating type information regulation homolog 1, and the transcriptional factor PPARγ-1α coactivator...
May 9, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478792/alcohol-consumption-pattern-and-risk-of-barrett-s-oesophagus-and-erosive-oesophagitis-an-italian-case-control-study
#20
Rosa A Filiberti, Vincenzo Fontana, Antonella De Ceglie, Sabrina Blanchi, Enzo Grossi, Domenico Della Casa, Teresa Lacchin, Marina De Matthaeis, Orazio Ignomirelli, Roberta Cappiello, Alessandra Rosa, Monica Foti, Francesco Laterza, Vittorio D'Onofrio, Gaetano Iaquinto, Massimo Conio
Knowledge about the association between alcohol and Barrett's oesophagus and reflux oesophagitis is conflicting. In this case-control study we evaluated the role of specific alcoholic beverages (red and white wine, beer and liquors) in 339 Barrett's oesophagus and 462 oesophagitis patients compared with 619 endoscopic controls with other disorders, recruited in twelve Italian endoscopic units. Data on alcohol and other individual characteristics were obtained from structured questionnaires. No clear, monotonic significant dose-response relationship was pointed out for red wine...
May 8, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
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