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British Journal of Nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789039/prospective-association-between-adherence-to-dietary-recommendations-and-incident-depressive-symptoms-in-the-french-nutrinet-sant%C3%A3-cohort
#1
Moufidath Adjibade, Cédric Lemogne, Chantal Julia, Serge Hercberg, Pilar Galan, Karen E Assmann, Emmanuelle Kesse-Guyot
A posteriori healthier dietary patterns and several nutrients have been associated with lower risks of depression in various studies; however, evidence is lacking with regard to the prospective association between adherence to nutritional recommendations (food-based and nutrient-based recommendations) and incident depression or depressive symptoms. In this study, we investigate such associations in the NutriNet Santé cohort. The study sample included 26 225 participants (aged 18-86 years) who were initially free of depressive symptoms...
May 23, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789037/a-comparison-of-statistical-and-machine-learning-techniques-in-evaluating-the-association-between-dietary-patterns-and-10-year-cardiometabolic-risk-2002-2012-the-attica-study
#2
Dimitris Panaretos, Efi Koloverou, Alexandros C Dimopoulos, Georgia-Maria Kouli, Malvina Vamvakari, George Tzavelas, Christos Pitsavos, Demosthenes B Panagiotakos
Statistical methods are usually applied in examining diet-disease associations, whereas factor analysis is commonly used for dietary pattern recognition. Recently, machine learning (ML) has been also proposed as an alternative technique in health classification. In this work, the predictive accuracy of statistical v. ML methodologies as regards the association of dietary patterns on CVD risk was tested. During 2001-2002, 3042 men and women (45 (sd 14) years) were enrolled in the ATTICA study. In 2011-2012, the 10-year CVD follow-up was performed among 2020 participants...
May 23, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789028/association-between-serum-magnesium-and-blood-lipids-influence-of-type-2-diabetes-and-central-obesity
#3
Lianlong Yu, Junli Zhang, Liansen Wang, Suyun Li, Qian Zhang, Peirui Xiao, Kebo Wang, Maoqiang Zhuang, Ying Jiang
To assess the changes in the relationship between serum Mg and blood lipids of Chinese adults with type 2 diabetes (T2D) or central obesity, a total of 8163 subjects (mean age 59·6 years, 54·9 % men) were analysed. Participants were classified according to blood Mg (below 0·65 mmol/l, 0·65-0·95 mmol/l and above 0·95 mmol/l), T2D (yes/no) and central obesity (yes/no). Blood lipids (TAG, total cholesterol (TC), HDL-cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol) were determined by standardised methods and conditions. A significant increase in blood lipids, with the exception of HDL-cholesterol, across progressive Mg groups in all subjects was noted (P0·05)...
May 23, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789027/ethanolamine-enhances-intestinal-functions-by-altering-gut-microbiome-and-mucosal-anti-stress-capacity-in-weaned-rats
#4
Jian Zhou, Xia Xiong, Ke-Xing Wang, Li-Jun Zou, Peng Ji, Yu-Long Yin
Ethanolamine (Etn) contained in milk is the base constituent of phosphatidylethanolamine and is required for the proliferation of intestinal epithelial cells and bacteria, which is important for maintenance of the gut microbiome and intestinal development. The present study investigated the effect of Etn on intestinal function and microbiome using 21-d-old Sprague-Dawley rats treated with 0, 250, 500 and 1000 μm Etn in drinking water for 2 weeks immediately after weaning. Growth performance, intestinal morphology, antioxidant capacity and mucosal immunity, as well as gut microbiota community composition, were evaluated...
May 23, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789023/iron-supplementation-has-minor-effects-on-gut-microbiota-composition-in-overweight-and-obese-women-in-early-pregnancy
#5
Marloes Dekker Nitert, Luisa F Gomez-Arango, Helen L Barrett, H David McIntyre, Gregory J Anderson, David M Frazer, Leonie K Callaway
Fe is an essential nutrient for many bacteria, and Fe supplementation has been reported to affect the composition of the gut microbiota in both Fe-deficient and Fe-replete individuals outside pregnancy. This study examined whether the dose of Fe in pregnancy multivitamin supplements affects the overall composition of the gut microbiota in overweight and obese pregnant women in early pregnancy. Women participating in the SPRING study with a faecal sample obtained at 16 weeks' gestation were included in this substudy...
May 23, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784070/pre-pregnancy-dietary-carbohydrate-quantity-and-quality-and-risk-of-developing-gestational-diabetes-the-australian-longitudinal-study-on-women-s-health
#6
Moniek Looman, Danielle A J M Schoenaker, Sabita S Soedamah-Muthu, Anouk Geelen, Edith J M Feskens, Gita D Mishra
Carbohydrate quantity and quality affect postprandial glucose response, glucose metabolism and risk of type 2 diabetes. The aim of this study was to examine the association of pre-pregnancy dietary carbohydrate quantity and quality with the risk of developing gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). We used data from the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health that included 3607 women aged 25-30 years without diabetes who were followed up between 2003 and 2015. We examined carbohydrate quantity (total carbohydrate intake and a low-carbohydrate diet (LCD) score) and carbohydrate subtypes indicating quality (fibre, total sugar intake, glycaemic index, glycaemic load and intake of carbohydrate-rich food groups)...
May 22, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781419/adherence-to-the-french-eating-model-is-inversely-associated-with-overweight-and-obesity-results-from-a-large-sample-of-french-adults
#7
Pauline Ducrot, Caroline Méjean, France Bellisle, Benjamin Allès, Serge Hercberg, Sandrine Péneau
The 'French Eating Model' characterised by structured meals and conviviality has received little attention, although it has been suggested as a potential explanation of the French paradox. This study aims at assessing the adherence to this model in French adults and whether it is associated with weight status. Eating behaviour and, in particular, number of meals per day, snacking frequency, meal time, meal duration, number of courses, position (standing, sitting), presence of others and pleasure experienced was assessed in 2014, in 47 219 participants of the NutriNet-Santé study...
May 21, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779501/marine-n-3-pufa-heart-rate-variability-and-ventricular-arrhythmias-in-patients-on-chronic-dialysis-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Jesper M Rantanen, Erik B Schmidt, Sam Riahi, Søren Lundbye-Christensen, Jeppe H Christensen
Marine n-3 PUFA may improve autonomic dysfunction by an increase in heart rate variability (HRV) and may reduce the risk of malignant ventricular arrhythmias. Only a few smaller studies have examined such effects in patients on chronic dialysis, who often have autonomic dysfunction and a high risk of sudden cardiac death, which accounts for almost 30 % of all deaths. This cross-sectional study investigated the association between the plasma phospholipid content of n-3 PUFA and 24-h HRV or ventricular arrhythmias in patients on chronic dialysis...
May 21, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734952/arachidonic-acid-and-dha-status-in-pregnant-women-is-not-associated-with-cognitive-performance-of-their-children-at-4-or-6-7-years
#9
Sarah R Crozier, Charlene M Sibbons, Helena L Fisk, Keith M Godfrey, Philip C Calder, Catharine R Gale, Sian M Robinson, Hazel M Inskip, Janis Baird, Nicholas C Harvey, Cyrus Cooper, Graham C Burdge
Arachidonic acid (ARA) and DHA, supplied primarily from the mother, are required for early development of the central nervous system. Thus, variations in maternal ARA or DHA status may modify neurocognitive development. We investigated the relationship between maternal ARA and DHA status in early (11·7 weeks) or late (34·5 weeks) pregnancy on neurocognitive function at the age of 4 years or 6-7 years in 724 mother-child pairs from the Southampton Women's Survey cohort. Plasma phosphatidylcholine fatty acid composition was measured in early and late pregnancy...
May 8, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733003/timeline-of-changes-in-adaptive-physiological-responses-at-the-level-of-energy-expenditure-with-progressive-weight-loss
#10
Siren Nymo, Silvia R Coutinho, Linn-Christin H Torgersen, Ola J Bomo, Ingrid Haugvaldstad, Helen Truby, Bård Kulseng, Catia Martins
Diet-induced weight loss (WL) is associated with reduced resting and non-resting energy expenditure (EE), driven not only by changes in body composition but also potentially by adaptive thermogenesis (AT). When exactly this happens, during progressive WL, remains unknown. The aim of this study was to determine the timeline of changes in RMR and exercise-induced EE (EIEE), stemming from changes in body composition v. the presence of AT, during WL with a very-low-energy diet (VLED). In all, thirty-one adults (eighteen men) with obesity (BMI: 37 (sem 4·5) kg/m2; age: 43 (sem 10) years) underwent 8 weeks of a VLED, followed by 4 weeks of weight maintenance...
May 7, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729673/ultra-processed-food-consumption-and-excess-weight-among-us-adults
#11
Filippa Juul, Euridice Martinez-Steele, Niyati Parekh, Carlos A Monteiro, Virginia W Chang
Ultra-processed foods provide 58 % of energy intake and 89 % of added sugars in the American diet. Nevertheless, the association between ultra-processed foods and excess weight has not been investigated in a US sample. The present investigation therefore aims to examine the association between ultra-processed foods and excess weight in a nationally representative sample of US adults. We performed a cross-sectional analysis of anthropometric and dietary data from 15 977 adults (20-64 years) participating in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2005-2014...
May 6, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729672/association-of-oily-fish-intake-sex-age-bmi-and-apoe-genotype-with-plasma-long-chain-n-3-fatty-acid-composition
#12
Helena L Fisk, Michael Irvine, Elizabeth A Miles, Georg Lietz, John C Mathers, Chris J Packard, Christopher K Armah, Bettina M Kofler, Peter J Curtis, Anne M Minihane, Philip C Calder
n-3 Fatty acids are associated with better cardiovascular and cognitive health. However, the concentration of EPA, DPA and DHA in different plasma lipid pools differs and factors influencing this heterogeneity are poorly understood. Our aim was to evaluate the association of oily fish intake, sex, age, BMI and APOE genotype with concentrations of EPA, DPA and DHA in plasma phosphatidylcholine (PC), NEFA, cholesteryl esters (CE) and TAG. Healthy adults (148 male, 158 female, age 20-71 years) were recruited according to APOE genotype, sex and age...
May 6, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720288/prenatal-malnutrition-and-adult-cognitive-impairment-a-natural-experiment-from-the-1959-1961-chinese-famine
#13
Ping He, Li Liu, J M Ian Salas, Chao Guo, Yunfei Cheng, Gong Chen, Xiaoying Zheng
The current measures of cognitive functioning in adulthood do not indicate a long-term association with prenatal exposure to the Dutch famine. However, whether such association emerges in China is poorly understood. We aimed to investigate the potential effect of prenatal exposure to the 1959-1961 Chinese famine on adult cognitive impairment. We obtained data from the Second National Sample Survey on Disability implemented in thirty-one provinces in 2006, and restricted our analysis to 387 093 individuals born in 1956-1965...
May 3, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690949/energy-utilisation-of-broiler-chickens-in-response-to-guanidinoacetic-acid-supplementation-in-diets-with-various-energy-contents
#14
Sayed Sadra Ale Saheb Fosoul, Arash Azarfar, Abbasali Gheisari, Heshmatollah Khosravinia
This experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of guanidinoacetic acid (GAA) on productive performance, intestinal morphometric features, blood parameters and energy utilisation in broiler chickens. A total of 390 male broiler chicks (Ross 308) were assigned to six dietary treatments based on a factorial arrangement (2×3) across 1-15 and 15-35-d periods. Experimental treatments consisted of two basal diets with standard (STD; starter: 12·56 MJ/kg and grower: 12·97 MJ/kg) and reduction (LME; starter: 11·93 MJ/kg and grower: 12·33 MJ/kg) of apparent metabolisable energy (AME) requirement of broiler chickens each supplemented with 0, 0·6 and 1·2 g/kg GAA...
April 25, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690937/concentration-of-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-from-neonatal-dried-blood-spots-and-the-relation-to-gestational-age-birth-weight-and-ponderal-index-the-d-tect-study
#15
Amélie Keller, Mina N Händel, Peder Frederiksen, Ramune Jacobsen, Arieh S Cohen, John J McGrath, Berit L Heitmann
Studies have suggested that vitamin D status at birth may be associated with a range of neonatal outcomes. The aim of this study was to assess the association between neonatal 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 (25(OH)D3) concentration and gestational age, birth weight, Ponderal Index and size for gestational age. Neonatal capillary blood stored as dried blood spots was used to assess 25(OH)D3 concentrations among 2686 subjects selected from a random population sub-sample of individuals, born in Denmark from 1 May 1981 to 31 December 2002...
April 25, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673411/dietary-minerals-reproductive-hormone-levels-and-sporadic-anovulation-associations-in-healthy-women-with-regular-menstrual-cycles
#16
Keewan Kim, Jean Wactawski-Wende, Kara A Michels, Karen C Schliep, Torie C Plowden, Ellen N Chaljub, Sunni L Mumford
Although minerals are linked to several reproductive outcomes, it is unknown whether dietary minerals are associated with ovulatory function. We hypothesised that low intakes of minerals would be associated with an increased risk of anovulation. We investigated associations between dietary mineral intake and both reproductive hormones and anovulation in healthy women in the BioCycle Study, which prospectively followed up 259 regularly menstruating women aged 18-44 years who were not taking mineral supplements for two menstrual cycles...
April 20, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658446/colorectal-cancers-survivors-adherence-to-lifestyle-recommendations-and-cross-sectional-associations-with-health-related-quality-of-life
#17
Jose J L Breedveld-Peters, Janna L Koole, Eloise Müller-Schulte, Bernadette W A van der Linden, Cherelle Windhausen, Martijn J L Bours, Eline H van Roekel, Matty P Weijenberg
The lifestyle recommendations of the World Cancer Research Fund (WCRF)/American Institute for Cancer Research (AICR) are primarily intended for cancer prevention. In the absence of specific recommendations for cancer survivors, we investigated adherence of colorectal cancer (CRC) survivors to the WCRF/AICR lifestyle recommendations and associations with health-related quality of life (HRQoL). The cross-sectional part of the Energy for life after ColoRectal cancer (EnCoRe) study was conducted in 155 CRC survivors (stage I-III), 2-10 years post diagnosis...
April 16, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609665/do-not-neglect-calcium-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-meta-regression-of-its-digestibility-and-utilisation-in-growing-and-finishing-pigs
#18
Maciej M Misiura, João A N Filipe, Carrie L Walk, Ilias Kyriazakis
Ca digestibility and utilisation in growing pigs are not well understood, and are usually neglected in diet formulation. This has implications not only for the accurate determination of its requirements but also for its interactions with other nutrients. A systematic review and meta-analysis (meta-regression) of published trials was carried out to quantify factors affecting Ca absorption and utilisation, and to derive an estimate of Ca endogenous excretion. The analysis was carried out on the data from forty studies, corresponding to 201 treatments performed on 1204 pigs...
April 3, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587894/maternal-fish-consumption-during-pregnancy-and-smoking-behavioural-patterns
#19
Rachel V Gow, Jon Heron, Joseph R Hibbeln, John M Davis, John Paul SanGiovanni
n-3 Highly unsaturated fatty acids (HUFA), are essential components of neuronal membranes and mediate a range of complex bioactive properties including gene expression, myelination, cell-signalling and dopaminergic function. Deficits in n-3 HUFA have been linked to increased risks for addictive disorders, thus we posited that lower fish consumption would be associated with greater risks for perinatal smoking among 9640 mothers enroled in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children. We used univariable and multivariable regression models to examine relationships between self-reported prenatal dietary intakes of n-3 HUFA-rich foods (fish and shellfish) and maternal smoking; outcomes included cessation and the number of cigarettes smoked per d...
March 28, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587887/excess-free-fructose-high-fructose-corn-syrup-and-adult-asthma-the-framingham-offspring-cohort
#20
Luanne R DeChristopher, Katherine L Tucker
There is growing evidence that intakes of high-fructose corn syrup (HFCS), HFCS-sweetened soda, fruit drinks and apple juice - a high-fructose 100 % juice - are associated with asthma, possibly because of the high fructose:glucose ratios and underlying fructose malabsorption, which may contribute to enteral formation of pro-inflammatory advanced glycation end products, which bind receptors that are mediators of asthma. Cox proportional hazards models were used to assess associations between intakes of these beverages and asthma risk, with data from the Framingham Offspring Cohort...
March 28, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
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