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British Journal of Nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30229712/a-single-dose-of-beetroot-juice-improves-endothelial-function-but-not-tissue-oxygenation-in-pregnant-women-a-randomised-clinical-trial
#1
Mônica Volino-Souza, Gustavo Vieira de Oliveira, Thiago Silveira Alvares
Beetroot juice (BJ) consumption has been associated with improved cardiovascular health owing to an increase in NO bioconversion. This study evaluates the effect of BJ consumption on macrovascular endothelial function (flow-mediated dilation (FMD)) and muscle oxygen saturation (StO2) parameters in pregnant women within a randomised, crossover, double-blind design in which twelve pregnant women consumed a single dose (140 ml) of BJ or placebo (PLA). Urinary nitrate was assessed before (T0) and 150 min after BJ/PLA consumption...
September 19, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30229709/nutritional-status-and-human-milk-intake-of-exclusively-breast-fed-infants-at-high-altitude-in-la-paz-bolivia-corrigendum
#2
Noelia Urteaga, José Luis San Miguel, Ana María Aguilar, Maruska Muñoz, Christine Slater
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 19, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30223910/diet-quality-as-assessed-by-the-healthy-food-intake-index-and-relationship-with-serum-lipoprotein-particles-and-serum-fatty-acids-in-pregnant-women-at-increased-risk-for-gestational-diabetes
#3
Anita J Valkama, Jelena M Meinilä, Saila B Koivusalo, Jaana Lindström, Kristiina Rönö, Beata Stach-Lempinen, Johan G Eriksson
The importance of overall diet in modifying circulating lipoprotein particles and fatty acids during pregnancy is unclear. We examined the relationships of diet quality as assessed by the validated Healthy Food Intake Index (HFII) with serum HDL, LDL and VLDL particle concentrations and sizes and proportions of serum fatty acids in pregnant women at high risk for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Overall, 161 women with a BMI of ≥30 kg/m2 and/or a history of GDM were drawn from the Finnish Gestational Diabetes Prevention Study, which is a dietary and exercise intervention trial to prevent GDM...
September 18, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30221611/timing-of-post-resistance-exercise-nutrient-ingestion-effects-on-gastric-emptying-and-glucose-and-amino-acid-responses-in-humans
#4
Hideaki Kashima, Kana Sugimura, Kana Taniyawa, Rumi Kondo, Masako Yamaoka Endo, Shota Tanimoto, Toshio Kobayashi, Akira Miura, Yoshiyuki Fukuba
This study examined the effects of post-resistance exercise protein ingestion timing on the rate of gastric emptying (GE) and blood glucose (BG) and plasma branched-chain amino acid (BCAA) responses. In all, eleven healthy participants randomly ingested 400 ml of a nutrient-rich drink containing 12 g carbohydrates and 20 g protein at rest (Con), at 5 min (post-exercise (PE)-5) or at 30 min (PE-30) after a single bout of strenuous resistance exercises. The first and second sets comprised ten repetitions at 50 % of each participant's one-repetition maximum (1RM)...
September 17, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30220257/letter-to-editor-in-response-to-potential-confounding-in-a-study-of-dietary-inflammatory-index-and-cognitive-function
#5
Emily Frith, Nitin Shivappa, Joshua R Mann, James R Hébert, Michael D Wirth, Paul D Loprinzi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 17, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30213279/nutrition-and-cancer-prevention-and-survival
#6
Martin J Wiseman
Cancer is increasing worldwide. Patterns of cancer are also changing. The evidence is summarised in the 2018 World Cancer Research Fund/American Institute for Cancer Research report Diet, Nutrition, Physical Activity and Cancer: a Global Perspective. The plasticity of cancer patterns implicates environmental factors as determinants of cancer, and nutrition influences key cellular and molecular processes that characterise cancer. Epidemiology identifies associations between aspects of diet, nutrition, and physical activity with one or more cancers; there is evidence for plausible mechanisms that imply that these are causal...
September 14, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30205856/meta-analysis-across-cohorts-for-heart-and-aging-research-in-genomic-epidemiology-charge-consortium-provides-evidence-for-an-association-of-serum-vitamin-d-with-pulmonary-function
#7
Jiayi Xu, Traci M Bartz, Geetha Chittoor, Gudny Eiriksdottir, Ani W Manichaikul, Fangui Sun, Natalie Terzikhan, Xia Zhou, Sarah L Booth, Guy G Brusselle, Ian H de Boer, Myriam Fornage, Alexis C Frazier-Wood, Mariaelisa Graff, Vilmundur Gudnason, Tamara B Harris, Albert Hofman, Ruixue Hou, Denise K Houston, David R Jacobs, Stephen B Kritchevsky, Jeanne Latourelle, Rozenn N Lemaitre, Pamela L Lutsey, George O'Connor, Elizabeth C Oelsner, James S Pankow, Bruce M Psaty, Rebecca R Rohde, Stephen S Rich, Jerome I Rotter, Lewis J Smith, Bruno H Stricker, V Saroja Voruganti, Thomas J Wang, M Carola Zillikens, R Graham Barr, Josée Dupuis, Sina A Gharib, Lies Lahousse, Stephanie J London, Kari E North, Albert V Smith, Lyn M Steffen, Dana B Hancock, Patricia A Cassano
The role that vitamin D plays in pulmonary function remains uncertain. Epidemiological studies reported mixed findings for serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D)-pulmonary function association. We conducted the largest cross-sectional meta-analysis of the 25(OH)D-pulmonary function association to date, based on nine European ancestry (EA) cohorts (n 22 838) and five African ancestry (AA) cohorts (n 4290) in the Cohorts for Heart and Aging Research in Genomic Epidemiology Consortium. Data were analysed using linear models by cohort and ancestry...
September 12, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30203737/patterns-and-predictors-of-food-texture-introduction-in-french-children-aged-4-36-months
#8
Lauriane Demonteil, Eléa Ksiazek, Agnès Marduel, Marion Dusoulier, Hugo Weenen, Carole Tournier, Sophie Nicklaus
The aims of this study were to describe which and when food textures are offered to children between 4 and 36 months in France and to identify the associated factors. An online cross-sectional survey was designed, including questions about 188 food texture combinations representing three texture levels: purées (T1), soft small pieces (T2) and hard/large pieces and double textures (T3). Mothers indicated which combinations they already offered to their child. A food texture exposure score (TextExp) was calculated for all of the texture levels combined and for each texture level separately...
September 11, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30198455/the-protein-sparing-effect-of-%C3%AE-lipoic-acid-in-juvenile-grass-carp-ctenopharyngodon-idellus-effects-on-lipolysis-fatty-acid-%C3%AE-oxidation-and-protein-synthesis
#9
Xiao-Chen Shi, Ai Jin, Jian Sun, Jing-Jing Tian, Hong Ji, Li-Qiao Chen, Zhen-Yu Du
To investigate the protein-sparing effect of α-lipoic acid (LA), experimental fish (initial body weight: 18·99 (sd 1·82) g) were fed on a 0, 600 or 1200 mg/kg α-LA diet for 56 d, and hepatocytes were treated with 20 μm compound C, the inhibitor of AMP kinase α (AMPKα), treated for 30 min before α-LA treatment for 24 h. LA significantly decreased lipid content of the whole body and other tissues (P0·05). Consistent with results from the experiment in vitro, LA activated phosphorylation of AMPKα and notably increased the protein content of adipose TAG lipase in intraperitoneal fat, hepatopancreas and muscle in vivo (P<0·05)...
September 10, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30189905/serum-ferritin-levels-are-associated-with-insulin-resistance-in-chinese-men-and-post-menopausal-women-the-shanghai-changfeng-study
#10
Hui Ma, Huandong Lin, Yu Hu, Xiaoming Li, Wanyuan He, Xuejuan Jin, Jian Gao, Naiqing Zhao, Boshen Pan, Xin Gao
Associations between ferritin and insulin sensitivity have been described in recent studies. The possible association showed conflicting results by sex and menopausal status. We aimed to investigate the cross-sectional association of ferritin levels with insulin resistance and β-cell function. A total of 2518 participants (1033 men, 235 pre-menopausal women and 1250 post-menopausal women) were enrolled from the Changfeng Study. A standard interview was conducted, as well as anthropometric measurements and laboratory analyses, for each participant...
September 7, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30178731/killed-bifidobacterium-longum-enhanced-stress-tolerance-and-prolonged-life-span-of-caenorhabditis-elegans-via-daf-16
#11
Takaya Sugawara, Kazuichi Sakamoto
Probiotics are bacteria among the intestinal flora that are beneficial for human health. Bifidobacterium longum (BL) is a prototypical probiotic that is widely used in yogurt making, supplements and others. Although various physiological effects of BL have been reported, those associated with longevity and anti-ageing still remain elusive. Here we aimed to elucidate the physiological effects of killed BL (BR-108) on stress tolerance and longevity of Caenorhabditis elegans and their mechanisms. Worms fed killed BL in addition to Escherichia coli (OP50) displayed reduced body length in a BL dose-dependent manner...
September 4, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30178726/trajectory-and-determinants-of-change-in-lean-soft-tissue-over-the-postpartum-period
#12
Sarah A Elliott, Leticia C R Pereira, Linda J McCargar, Carla M Prado, Rhonda C Bell
The aim of this study was to characterise changes in lean soft tissue (LST) and examine the contributions of energy intake, physical activity and breast-feeding practices to LST changes at 3 and 9 months postpartum. We examined current weight, LST (via dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry), dietary intake (3-d food diary), physical activity (Baecke questionnaire) and breast-feeding practices (3-d breast-feeding diary) in forty-nine women aged 32·9 (sd 3·8) years. Changes in LST varied from -2·51 to +2·50 kg with twenty-nine women gaining LST (1·1 (sd 0·7) kg, P<0·001) and twenty women losing LST (-0·9 (sd 0·8) kg, P<0·001)...
September 4, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30173678/prediagnosis-plasma-concentrations-of-enterolactone-and-survival-after-colorectal-cancer-the-danish-diet-cancer-and-health-cohort
#13
Cecilie Kyrø, Kirsten Frederiksen, Marianne Holm, Natalja P Nørskov, Knud E B Knudsen, Kim Overvad, Anne Tjønneland, Anja Olsen
The association between lifestyle and survival after colorectal cancer has received limited attention. The female sex hormone, oestrogen, has been associated with lower colorectal cancer risk and mortality after colorectal cancer. Phyto-oestrogens are plant compounds with structure similar to oestrogen, and the main sources in Western populations are plant lignans. We investigated the association between the main lignan metabolite, enterolactone and survival after colorectal cancer among participants in the Danish Diet, Cancer and Health cohort...
September 3, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30168411/personalised-fish-intake-recommendations-the-effect-of-background-exposure-on-optimisation
#14
Maria Persson, Sisse Fagt, Maarten J Nauta
National dietary guidelines are directed at the general population. However, these guidelines may be perceived as unrealistic by a substantial part of the population, as they differ considerably from individual consumption patterns and preferences. Personalised dietary recommendations will probably improve adherence, and it has been shown that these recommendations can be derived by mathematical optimisation methods. However, to better account for risks and benefits of specific foods, the background exposure to nutrients and contaminants needs to be considered as well...
August 31, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30168404/dietary-factors-are-associated-with-serum-uric-acid-trajectory-differentially-by-race-among-urban-adults
#15
May A Beydoun, Marie T Fanelli-Kuczmarski, Jose-Atilio Canas, Hind A Beydoun, Michele K Evans, Alan B Zonderman
Serum uric acid (SUA), a causative agent for gout, is linked to dietary factors, perhaps differentially by race. Cross-sectional (SUAbase, i.e. baseline SUA) and longitudinal (SUArate; i.e. annual rate of change in SUA) associations of SUA with diet were evaluated across race and sex-race groups, in a large prospective cohort study of urban adults. Of 3720 African American (AA) and White urban adults participating in the Healthy Aging in Neighborhoods of Diversity across the Life Span study, longitudinal data (2004-2013, k=1·7 repeats, follow-up, 4·64 (sd 0·93) years) on n 2138 participants were used...
August 31, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30160224/the-claim-that-effectiveness-has-been-demonstrated-in-the-parenting-eating-and-activity-for-child-health-peach-childhood-obesity-intervention-is-unsubstantiated-by-the-data
#16
Bridget A Hannon, Diana M Thomas, Cynthia Siu, David B Allison
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 30, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30160222/co-ingestion-of-whole-eggs-or-egg-whites-with-glucose-protects-against-postprandial-hyperglycaemia-induced-oxidative-stress-and-dysregulated-arginine-metabolism-in-association-with-improved-vascular-endothelial-function-in-prediabetic-men
#17
Joshua D McDonald, Eunice Mah, Chureeporn Chitchumroonchokchai, Elizabeth J Reverri, Jinhui Li, Jeff S Volek, Frederick A Villamena, Richard S Bruno
Replacing a portion of a glucose challenge with whole eggs (EGG) or egg whites (WHITE) was shown to protect against glucose-induced impairments in vascular function. We hypothesised in the present study that previously observed vasoprotection following co-ingestion of EGG or WHITE with glucose was attributed to limiting postprandial hyperglycaemia-induced oxidative stress that improves NO∙ bioavailability. Prediabetic men completed a randomised, cross-over study in which they ingested isoenergetic meals containing 100 g glucose (GLU), or 75 g glucose with 1·5 EGG, seven WHITE or two egg yolks (YOLK)...
August 30, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30157990/hypomethylation-of-nanog-promoter-in-colonic-mucosal-cells-of-obese-patients-a-possible-role-of-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb
#18
Fatemeh Sedaghat, Makan Cheraghpour, Seyed Ahmad Hosseini, Katayoun Pourvali, Ladan Teimoori Toolabi, Amirhosein Mehrtash, Ramin Talaei, Hamid Zand
Obesity and particularly central obesity are the main risk factors of colon cancer. All intestinal cell populations including stem cells, their progenitors and differentiated colonocytes seem to be the origin of colorectal cancer. However, recent data support the role of differentiated cells as cancer origin especially during inflammation. Based on Yamanaka's seminal work, re-expression of few transcription factors in terminally differentiated cells creates stemness properti'es. Although these transcription factors are involved in tumorigenesis, they are epigenetically repressed in adult tissues...
August 30, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30157978/mediterranean-diet-and-mortality-in-the-elderly-a-prospective-cohort-study-and-a-meta-analysis
#19
Marialaura Bonaccio, Augusto Di Castelnuovo, Simona Costanzo, Alessandro Gialluisi, Mariarosaria Persichillo, Chiara Cerletti, Maria Benedetta Donati, Giovanni de Gaetano, Licia Iacoviello
The Mediterranean diet (MD) has been associated with prolonged survival in the general population, but no meta-analysis has apparently investigated the potential health benefits in relation to mortality in the elderly. We performed a longitudinal analysis on 5200 individuals aged ≥65 years identified within the general population recruited in the Moli-sani study cohort (2005-2010). Adherence to the MD was appraised by the a priori Mediterranean diet score (MDS; range 0-9). Survival estimates were derived using Cox regression and competing risk models...
August 30, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30157975/assessment-of-thyroid-function-in-children-adults-and-pregnant-and-lactating-women-after-long-term-salt-iodisation-measurements
#20
Zheng Feei Ma
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
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