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British Journal of Nutrition

Shurun Zhang, Xiaoling Chen, Zhiqing Huang, Daiwen Chen, Bing Yu, Hong Chen, Jun He, Junqiu Luo, Ping Zheng, Jie Yu, Yuheng Luo
Muscle fibre types can transform from slow-twitch (slow myosin heavy chain (MyHC)) to fast-twitch (fast MyHC) or vice versa. Leucine plays a vital effect in the development of skeletal muscle. However, the role of leucine in porcine myofibre type transformation and its mechanism are still unclear. In this study, effects of leucine and microRNA-27a (miR-27a) on the transformation of porcine myofibre type were investigated in vitro. We found that leucine increased slow MyHC protein level and decreased fast MyHC protein level, increased the levels of phospho-protein kinase B (Akt)/Akt and phospho-forkhead box 1 (FoxO1)/FoxO1 and decreased the FoxO1 protein level...
November 19, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
Jami L Josefson, Michael Nodzenski, Octavious Talbot, Denise M Scholtens, Patrick Catalano
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 16, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
Nyanza K L M Timmers, Rebecca K Stellato, Cornelis K van der Ent, Roderick H J Houwen, Janna W Woestenenk
Pancreatic-insufficient children with cystic fibrosis (CF) receive age-group-specific vitamin D supplementation according to international CF nutritional guidelines. The potential advantageous immunomodulatory effect of serum 25-hydroxy vitamin D (25(OH)D) on pulmonary function (PF) is yet to be established and is complicated by CF-related vitamin D malabsorption. We aimed to assess whether current recommendations are optimal for preventing deficiencies and whether higher serum 25(OH)D levels have long-term beneficial effects on PF...
November 16, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
Richard J Woodman, Leena R Baghdadi, E Michael Shanahan, Inushi de Silva, Jonathan M Hodgson, Arduino A Mangoni
Supplementation with n-3 fatty acids can influence inflammation and markers of arterial stiffness that are increased in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). However, it is unknown whether specific patterns of dietary fatty acid intake are similarly associated. In a longitudinal study, eighty-six RA patients reported their dietary intake and had arterial stiffness measured using the augmentation index (AIx) at baseline and 8 months. Latent profile analysis (LPA) was performed to characterise patterns of fatty acid intake using sixteen major fatty acids...
November 15, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
Paulo A R Neves, Chiara A S Campos, Maíra B Malta, Bárbara H Lourenço, Márcia C Castro, Marly A Cardoso
Determining the predictors of serum retinol at mid-pregnancy is relevant for planning interventions aimed at improving vitamin A status of pregnant women and their offspring. This prospective study assessed predictors of serum retinol at the beginning of the third trimester of pregnancy. We enrolled 442 pregnant women living in the urban area of Cruzeiro do Sul, Western Brazilian Amazon. Demographic, socio-economic, environmental and clinical characteristics as well as obstetric history, anthropometric, dietary and biochemical data, including serum retinol, were gathered between 16 and 20 gestational weeks...
November 15, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
Shuang Zheng, Bing Wang, Weihu Han, Zhaohua Zhu, Xia Wang, Xingzhong Jin, Benny Antony, Flavia Cicuttini, Anita Wluka, Tania Winzenberg, Dawn Aitken, Leigh Blizzard, Graeme Jones, Changhai Ding
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 15, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
Floor R Scheffers, Jolanda Ma Boer, Wm Monique Verschuren, Martijn Verheus, Yvonne T van der Schouw, Ivonne Sluijs, Henriëtte A Smit, Alet H Wijga
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 15, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
Jennifer C Coltherd, Ruth Staunton, Alison Colyer, Gäelle Thomas, Matthew Gilham, Darren W Logan, Richard Butterwick, Phillip Watson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 13, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
Angela Genoni, Johnny Lo, Philippa Lyons-Wall, Mary C Boyce, Claus T Christophersen, Anthony Bird, Amanda Devine
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 13, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
Josje D Schoufour, Oscar H Franco, Jessica C Kiefte-de Jong, Katerina Trajanoska, Bruno Stricker, Guy Brusselle, Fernando Rivadeneira, Lies Lahousse, Trudy Voortman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 13, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
Andrea M McGrattan, Claire T McEvoy, Bernadette McGuinness, Michelle C McKinley, Jayne V Woodside
Diet has been investigated in relation to its ability to promote cognitive function. However, evidence is currently limited and has rarely been systematically reviewed, particularly in a mild cognitive impairment (MCI) population. This review examined the effect of diet on cognitive outcomes in MCI patients. A total of five databases were searched to find randomised controlled trial (RCT) studies, with diet as the main focus, in MCI participants. The primary outcome was incident dementia and/or Alzheimer's disease (AD) and secondary outcomes included cognitive function across different domains using validated neuropsychological tests...
November 9, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
Yukako Okazaki, Tetsuyuki Katayama
We have recently reported that soluble dietary fibre, glucomannan, increased colonic alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity and the gene expression without affecting the small-intestinal activity and that colonic ALP was correlated with gut mucins (index of intestinal barrier function). We speculated that dietary fermentable carbohydrates including oligosaccharides commonly elevate colonic ALP and gene expression as well as increase mucin secretion and microbial fermentation. To test this hypothesis, male Sprague-Dawley rats were fed a diet containing 30 % lard with or without 4 % fructo-oligosaccharides (FOS), galacto-oligosaccharides (GOS), raffinose (RAF) and lactulose (LAC), which are non-digestible oligosaccharides or isomalto-oligosaccharides (IMOS; some digestible oligosaccharides) for 2 weeks...
November 7, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
Fei Han, Fenli Han, Yong Wang, Liuping Fan, Ge Song, Xi Chen, Ping Jiang, Haijiang Miao, Yangyang Han
True ileal digestibility (TID) values of amino acid (AA) obtained using growing rats are often used for the characterisation of protein quality in different foods and acquisition of digestible indispensable amino acid scores (DIAAS) in adult humans. Here, we conducted an experiment to determine the TID values of AA obtained from nine cooked cereal grains (brown rice, polished rice, buckwheat, oats, proso millet, foxtail millet, tartary buckwheat, adlay and whole wheat) fed to growing Sprague-Dawley male rats...
November 6, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
Fatemeh V Zohoori, Narges Omid, Roy A Sanderson, Ruth A Valentine, Anne Maguire
Limited knowledge is available on total fluoride exposure, excretion and retention in infants, despite the first year of human life being the critical period for dental development and risk of dental fluorosis. This study investigated total daily fluoride intake (TDFI), excretion (TDFE) and retention (TDFR) in infants living in fluoridated and non-fluoridated water areas at pre- and post-weaning stages of development. Healthy infants, aged 0-12 months, were recruited and their TDFI (mg/kg body weight (BW) per d), from diet and toothpaste ingestion, was assessed over a 3-d period using a dietary diary and tooth-brushing questionnaire...
November 5, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
Laura Esteban-Gonzalo, Anne I Turner, Susan J Torres, Irene Esteban-Cornejo, José Castro-Piñero, Álvaro Delgado-Alfonso, Ascensión Marcos, Sonia Gómez-Martínez, Óscar L Veiga
The present study examined the association between high-quality diet (using the Mediterranean diet (MD) as an example) and well-being cross-sectionally and prospectively in Spanish children and adolescents. Participants included 533 children and 987 adolescents at baseline and 527 children and 798 adolescents at 2-year follow-up, included in the UP&DOWN study (follow-up in schoolchildren and adolescents with and without Down's syndrome). The present study excluded participants with Down's syndrome. Adherence to an MD was assessed using the KIDMED index...
November 5, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
Carly J Moores, Richard J Woodman, Jacqueline Miller, Helen A Vidgen, Anthea M Magarey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 5, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
Naho Morisaki, Chie Nagata, Shinobu Yasuo, Seiichi Morokuma, Kiyoko Kato, Masafumi Sanefuji, Eiji Shibata, Mayumi Tsuji, Ayako Senju, Toshihiro Kawamoto, Shouichi Ohga, Koichi Kusuhara
Clinical trials show that protein supplement increases infant size in malnourished populations; however, epidemiological studies in high-income countries have reported mixed results. Although these findings suggest a non-linear relationship between maternal macronutrient intake and fetal growth, this relationship has not been closely examined. We assessed the association between maternal protein intake and fetal growth among 91 637 Japanese women with singletons in a nation-wide cohort study using validated FFQ...
November 5, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
Dorien J Pieters, Peter L Zock, Dagmar Fuchs, Ronald P Mensink
Results of intervention studies on the effects of α-linolenic acid (ALA; C18 : 3n-3) on blood pressure (BP) are conflicting. Discrepancies between studies may be due to differences in study population, as subjects with increased baseline BP levels may be more responsive. Therefore, we examined specifically the effects of ALA on 24-h ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) in (pre-)hypertensive subjects. In a double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled parallel study, fifty-nine overweight and obese adults (forty males and nineteen females) with (pre-)hypertension (mean age of 60 (sd 8) years) received daily 10 g refined cold-pressed flaxseed oil, providing 4·7 g (approximately 2 % of energy) ALA (n 29) or 10 g of high-oleic sunflower oil as control (n 30) for 12 weeks...
November 5, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
Letícia Barbosa Gabriel da Silva, Eliane Lopes Rosado, Patricia de Carvalho Padilha, Juliana Rebelo Dias, Tainá Marques Moreira, Tatiana Pereira de Paula, Denise Cavalcante de Barros, Cláudia Saunders
The aim of the study was to evaluate the food intake of pregnant women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) according to two methods of dietary guidance. A randomised controlled clinical trial was conducted by appointment with a nutritionist and by using data from hospital records (2011-2014). The study population comprised adult women diagnosed with GDM treated in a public maternity hospital in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The control group (CG) received nutritional advice by the traditional method and the intervention group (IG) were instructed on carbohydrate counting...
November 5, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
Tatiana Allore, Simone Lemieux, Marie-Claude Vohl, Patrick Couture, Benoît Lamarche, Charles Couillard
Health professionals consider the evaluation of eating habits to be challenging, given the potential biases of dietary questionnaires based on self-reported data. Circulating carotenoid concentrations are reliable biomarkers of dietary carotenoid intake and could be useful in the validation of dietary assessment tools. However, there is a sex difference in circulating carotenoids, with women displaying higher concentrations compared with men independent of intake. The aim of the present study was to identify the correlates of plasma carotenoid concentrations among men (n 155) and women (n 110) enrolled in six fully controlled dietary interventions with varying dietary carotenoid intakes...
November 5, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
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