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Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications

Lezi Chen, Quan Chen, Guosan Deng, Wenbin Xie, Jihong Lian, Mian Wang, Huilan Zhu
Recent studies suggest that forced activation of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) could inhibit melanoma cell proliferation. In this report, we evaluated the anti-melanoma cell activity by a novel small-molecular AMPK activator, GSK621. Treatment of GSK621 decreased survival and proliferation of human melanoma cells (A375, WM-115 and SK-Mel-2 lines), which was accompanied by activation of caspase-3/-9 and apoptosis. Reversely, caspase inhibitors attenuated GSK621-induced cytotoxicity against melanoma cells...
October 14, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Me-Hea Park
The high metabolic rate of harvested asparagus spears (Asparagus officinalis L.) causes rapid deterioration. To extend shelf life, we investigated the effect of sucrose treatment on asparagus during storage. Asparagus spears were treated with 3%, 5%, and 10% sucrose and stored at 2 °C for 20 h. Cellular respiration decreased, but other processes were unaltered by exogenous sucrose. The overall appearance of asparagus treated with 3% sucrose and stored at 2 °C for 18 days was rated as good and excellent, unlike that of untreated spears...
October 14, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Ping-Ping Lin, Xue-Ning Li, Fei Yuan, Wei-Li Chen, Meng-Jie Yang, Hong-Rong Xu
Huperzine A (HupA), one of the reversible and selective acetylcholinesterase inhibitors derived from Chinese herb Huperzia Serrata, possesses affirmative action of ameliorating cognitive dysfunction of Alzheimer's disease. Up to now, the effects of HupA on human cytochrome P450s (CYPs) have not been fully elucidated. The purpose of the present study was to clarify the metabolic pathway of HupA in vitro and in vivo, and to evaluate the CYPs inhibition/induction profile of HupA in vitro. The catalytic activity of CYP enzymes (CYP1A2, 2A6, 2C9, 2C19, 2D6, 2E1 and 3A4) was measured by the quantification of specific enzyme substrates using validated liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC/MS/MS) methods...
October 14, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Yoo-Sun Kim, Eunju Kim, Yoon Jung Park, Yuri Kim
Neuroblastoma (NB) is childhood malignancy that retains characteristics of cancer stem cells (CSCs). Targeting the CSCs is one of the therapeutic strategies proposed to achieve complete remission of NB. β-carotene (BC), an active precursor of retinoids, is a well-known antioxidant reported to possess anti-CSCs effects. Here, we investigated the involvement of retinoic acid receptors (RARs) in the anti-CSCs effects of BC. Treatment with BC or retinoic acid (RA) upregulated RARβ mRNA expression in two NB cell lines...
October 14, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Satomi Nadanaka, Hiroki Kinouchi, Hiroshi Kitagawa
Chondroitin sulfate (CS) proteoglycans are abundant extracellular and cell surface molecules that consist of a protein core to which highly sulfated CS chains are covalently attached. The CS backbone is composed of repeating disaccharide units [-GlcA-GalNAc-]n, and during synthesis the CS chains acquire structural variability due to the action of sulfotransferases. Specific sulfation patterns are recognized by a large variety of proteins, including growth factors, morphogens, and extracellular matrix proteins, and these interactions regulate key events in development and normal physiology...
October 14, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Bosko M Stojanovski, Leonid Breydo, Vladimir N Uversky, Gloria C Ferreira
In this communication, we report the equilibrium and kinetic properties of the unfolding pathways of the native (pH 7.5) and alkaline molten globule (pH 10.5) states of the pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (PLP)-dependent enzyme 5-aminolevulinate synthase (ALAS). The stability of the molten globule state is adversely affected by thermal- and guanidine hydrochloride (GuHCl)-induced denaturation, and the equilibrium unfolding pathways, irrespective of pH, cannot be described with simple two-state models. Rapid kinetic measurements, in the presence of denaturing GuHCl concentrations, reveal that at pH 10...
October 14, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Kazuki Kawahara, Shinya Yonogi, Ryota Munetomo, Hiroya Oki, Takuya Yoshida, Yuko Kumeda, Shigeaki Matsuda, Toshio Kodama, Tadayasu Ohkubo, Tetsuya Iida, Shota Nakamura
Binary enterotoxin of Clostridium perfringens (BEC), consisting of the components BECa and BECb, was recently identified as a novel enterotoxin produced by C. perfringens that causes acute gastroenteritis in humans. Although the detailed mechanism of cell intoxication by BEC remains to be defined, BECa shows both NAD(+)-glycohydrolase and actin ADP-ribosyltransferase activities in the presence of NAD(+). In this study, we determined the first crystal structure of BECa in its apo-state and in complex with NADH...
October 14, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Li-Ming Ma, Zi-Rui Liang, Ke-Ren Zhou, Hui Zhou, Liang-Hu Qu
27-hydroxycholesterol (27-HC), the most abundant metabolite of cholesterol, is a risk factor for breast cancer. It can increase the proliferation of breast cancer cells and promote the metastasis of breast tumours in mouse models. Myc is a critical oncoprotein overexpressed in breast cancer. However, whether 27-HC affects Myc expression has not been reported. In the current study, we aimed to investigate the effects of 27-HC on Myc and the underlying mechanisms in MCF-7 breast cancer cells. Our data demonstrated that 27-HC activated Myc via increasing its protein stability...
October 14, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Koichi Ichikawa, Yoichi Ohta, Kenji Mamoto, Shigekazu Mizokawa, Yukihide Minoda, Yuuki Imai, Kunio Takaoka, Hiroaki Nakamura
Bone Morphogenetic Proteins (BMPs) strongly induce the recruitment and differentiation of mesenchymal progenitor cells into mature osteoblasts, but also directly and indirectly stimulate differentiation of osteoclast progenitor cells and acceleration of mature osteoclasts function leading excessive bone resorption. Bisphosphonates, such as zoledronate (ZOL), inhibit osteoclasts function and osteoclasts mediated bone resorption. The short or middle term effect of BMPs and bisphosphonates on bone formation were previously reported, but there was no study that argue about the long term effect of bisphosphonates on BMP-induced bone anabolism...
October 13, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Kyosei Urafuji, Manabu Arioka
In mammals, three types of intracellular phospholipase A1 (iPLA1) enzymes have been characterized and are thought to be involved in various cellular processes such as phospholipid metabolism, organelle biogenesis, and membrane trafficking. In this study we analyzed the unique iPLA1-like protein, Yor022c, in the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. By the mass spectrometry analysis, we demonstrate that Yor022c is actually a phospholipase displaying sn-1-specific activity toward phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylethanolamine, and phosphatidic acid, generating 2-acyl lysophospholipids...
October 13, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Xuan Liang, Hecheng Li, Delai Fu, Tie Chong, Ziming Wang, Zhaolun Li
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been known to be implicated in tumorigenic programs. miR-1297 has been reported to be dysregulated and involved in cancer progression in many types of human cancers. However, the expression level and the role of miR-1297 in prostate cancer remain unclear. Herein, we aimed to investigate the potential role and molecular mechanism of miR-1297 in prostate cancer progression. We found that miR-1297 was significantly downregulated in human prostate cancer specimens as well as in several prostate cancer cell lines...
October 13, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Zhigang Li, Baoyi Liu, Benjie Wang, Yupeng Liu, Yao Zhang, Fengde Tian, Borui Li, Dewei Zhao
Collagen type Ⅱ (col Ⅱ) and aggrecan, the main components of the extracellular matrix (ECM) in human joint cartilage, have been reported to be reduced by chronic production of inflammatory cytokine interleukin (IL)-1β in arthritic joints. Carvedilol, a licensed medicine, has been used for treatment of hypertension, congestive heart failure and coronary disease in clinics. In this study, we investigated the effects of Carvedilol on the expression of col Ⅱ and aggrecan. Our results demonstrate that treatment with Carvedilol didn't change the expression of aggrecan or col Ⅱ at mRNA levels in SW1353 chondrocytes...
October 13, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Yonggang Zhang, Fang Li, Xiao Xiao, Wu Deng, Chaoran Yin, Ting Zhang, Karnam S Murthy, Wenhui Hu
GATA transcription factors regulate an array of genes important in cell proliferation and differentiation. Here we report the identification of regulator of G protein signaling 4 (RGS4) as a novel target for GATA-6 transcription factor. Although three sites (a, b, c) within the proximal region of rabbit RGS4 promoter for GATA transcription factors were predicted by bioinformatics analysis, only GATA-a site (16 bp from the core TATA box) is essential for RGS4 transcriptional regulation. RT-PCR analysis demonstrated that only GATA-6 was highly expressed in rabbit colonic smooth muscle cells but GATA-4/6 were expressed in cardiac myocytes and GATA-1/2/3 expressed in blood cells...
October 13, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Adam Kawałek, Chandhuru Jagadeesan, Ida J van der Klei
The non-bilayer forming lipids cardiolipin (CL) and phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) modulate membrane curvature, facilitate membrane fusion and affect the stability and function of membrane proteins. Yeast peroxisomal membranes contain significant amounts of CL and PE. We analysed the effect of CL deficiency and PE depletion on peroxisome biogenesis and proliferation in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Our data indicate that deletion of CRD1, which encodes cardiolipin synthase, does not affect peroxisome biogenesis or abundance, both at peroxisome repressing (glucose) or inducing (oleate) growth conditions...
October 13, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Yosuke Kameda, Motoki Hanayama, Atsushi Kishimoto, Masahiko Kume, Kazuo Yamamoto, Naoki Matsumoto
Dendritic cell inhibitory receptor 4 (DCIR4, Clec4a1) is a lectin receptor and a member of mouse dendritic cell immunoreceptor family. Due to the lack of antibodies against DCIR4, expression of DCIR4 protein remains unknown. In this study, we established a specific monoclonal antibody against DCIR4 and investigated the expression of DCIR4 among immune cells. We found that DCIR4 was expressed on non-granulocytic subsets of CD11b(+) cells in various immune organs including bone marrow, peripheral blood, spleen, skin-associated lymph nodes and mesenteric lymph nodes...
October 13, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Zhipeng Li, Hui Jin, So Young Oh, Geun Eog Ji
Previous researchers have documented that probiotic bacteria can have anti-obesity effects on mice fed a high fat diet (HFD) and improve metabolic syndrome. The beneficial effects of the probiotic bacteria are suggested to be strain dependent. In this study, two candidate lactobacteria strains, Lactobacillus casei IBS041, Lactobacillus acidophilus AD031 and two bifidobacteria strains, Bifidobacterium bifidum BGN4 and Bifidobacterium longum BORI, were individually administered to HFD-fed mice for 8 weeks. B...
October 13, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Tianjia Li, Leng Ni, Xinnong Liu, Zhanqi Wang, Changwei Liu
Osteopontin (OPN) is involved in mineral metabolism and the inflammatory response while diabetes mellitus is associated with severe and extensive vascular calcification. Therefore, we speculated that OPN could be a key factor in the calcification and dysfunction of blood vessels exposed to high glucose. To identify the relationship between high glucose and OPN, we used high glucose medium to stimulate smooth muscle cells (SMCs) and vascular endothelial cells (VECs) in vitro and diabetic rats for in vivo analyses...
October 12, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Min Woo Lee, Rira Seo, Yu Jeong Lee, Ju Hye Bae, Jung-Kwon Park, Joung-Hahn Yoon, Jei Wan Lee, Ho Won Jung
An Arabidopsis thaliana ALTERED MERISTEM PROGRAM1 (AtAMP1), which encodes a putative glutamate carboxypeptidase, not only controls shoot apical meristem development, but also is involved in tolerance response to abiotic stresses. Here, we introduce a novel mutant; named amp1-32 that is a phenocopier to previously isolated different amp1 mutant alleles. Interestingly, tiny leaves were continuously developed at the bottom of pre-emerged leaves in the amp1-32. The amp1-32 mutant was less sensitive to heat shock treatment lasting for 3 h, whereas disease symptoms were severely developed in the mutant after Pseudomonas syringae infection...
October 12, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Nagendra Yaluri, Shalem Modi, Tarja Kokkola
Simvastatin is a 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA reductase inhibitor widely used for the treatment of hypercholesterolemia. Recent data indicates that simvastatin increases the risk of new-onset diabetes by impairing both insulin secretion and insulin sensitivity. However, systematic evaluation of mechanistic pathways is lacking. We aimed to explore the effects of simvastatin on glucose uptake and underlying mechanisms using L6 skeletal muscle myotubes. We performed our experiments at basal and insulin-stimulated conditions, at normal (5...
October 12, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Akihiko Komuro, Yuya Homma, Takaharu Negoro, Glen N Barber, Curt M Horvath
LGP2 and MDA5 cooperate to detect viral RNA in the cytoplasm of Picornavirus-infected cells and activate innate immune responses. To further define regulatory components of RNA recognition by LGP2/MDA5, a yeast two-hybrid screen was used to identify LGP2-interacting proteins. The screening has identified the TAR-RNA binding protein (TRBP), which is known to be an essential factor for RNA interference (RNAi). Immuno-precipitation experiments demonstrated that TRBP interacted specifically with LGP2 but not with related RIG-I-like receptors, RIG-I or MDA5...
October 12, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
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