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Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088524/possible-roles-of-the-transcription-factor-nrf1-nfe2l1-in-neural-homeostasis-by-regulating-the-gene-expression-of-deubiquitinating-enzymes
#1
Hiroaki Taniguchi, Shota Okamuro, Misaki Kohji, Tsuyoshi Waku, Kaori Kubo, Atsushi Hatanaka, Yimeng Sun, A M Masudul Azad Chowdhury, Akiyoshi Fukamizu, Akira Kobayashi
The transcription factor Nrf1 (NFE2L1) maintains protein homeostasis (proteostasis) by regulating the gene expression of proteasome subunits in response to proteasome inhibition. The deletion of the Nrf1 gene in neural stem/progenitor cells causes severe neurodegeneration due to the accumulation of ubiquitinated proteins in Purkinje cells and motor neurons (Nrf1 NKO mice). However, the molecular mechanisms governing this neurodegenerative process remain unclear. We demonstrate herein that the loss of Nrf1 leads to the reduced gene expression of the deubiquitinating enzymes (DUBs) but not proteasome subunits in Nrf1 NKO mice between P7 and P18...
January 11, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088523/the-selective-cysteinyl-leukotriene-receptor-1-cyslt1r-antagonist-montelukast-regulates-extracellular-matrix-remodeling
#2
Jingli Peng, Hezheng Zhou, Guoping Kuang, Lilian Xie, Tao Tian, Ru Liu
Scar formation after filtration surgery of glaucoma is mainly caused by excessive synthesis of new extracellular matrix (ECM) and contraction of subconjunctival tissue mediated by human Tenon fibroblasts (HTFs) and the transforming growth factor (TGF-β1). Montelukast, a potent and specific cysteinyl leukotriene receptor 1 (cysLT1R) antagonist, is a licensed drug clinically used for the treatment of bronchial asthma. In this study, we investigated the effects of montelukast on the contractility of HTFs cultured in a three-dimensional collagen gel...
January 11, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088522/down-regulation-of-gja3-is-associated-with-lens-epithelial-cell-apoptosis-and-age-related-cataract
#3
Dongmei Su, Shanshan Hu, Lina Guan, Xinzhu Wu, Cuige Shi, Xiaobo Yang, Xu Ma
Lens epithelial cell apoptosis is regarded as the common molecular basis of the initiation and subsequent progression of cataract. Recent studies have shown that Oxidative radicals derived from H2O2 causes lens epithelial cell apoptosis, While much work still needs to be done to elucidate this important mechanism of lens epithelial cell apoptosis induced by H2O2. The present study investigated the effect of human lens epithelial cell (SRA01/04) apoptosis induced by H2O2 and the possible molecular mechanism involved...
January 11, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088521/signal-peptidase-i-processed-secretory-signal-sequences-selection-for-and-against-specific-amino-acids-at-the-second-position-of-mature-protein
#4
Yaramah M Zalucki, Michael P Jennings
Signal peptides direct proteins from the cytoplasm to the periplasm. These N-terminal peptides are cleaved upon entry to the periplasm by either signal peptidase I, or signal peptidase II for lipoproteins. Signal peptidase I is a serine protease that has either a serine-lysine or serine-histidine catalytic dyad present in the active site. The recognition site for signal peptide cleavage by signal peptidase I has been defined primarily by an Ala-X-Ala motif at the C-terminal end of the signal peptide, one amino acid away from the cleavage site...
January 11, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088520/palmitic-acid-increases-invasiveness-of-pancreatic-cancer-cells-aspc-1-through-tlr4-ros-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-mmp-9-signaling-pathway
#5
Makena J Binker-Cosen, Daniel Richards, Brenda Oliver, Herbert Y Gaisano, Marcelo G Binker, Laura I Cosen-Binker
Pancreatic cancer (PC) is an aggressive malady with proclivity for early metastasis. Overexpression of toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma, the most common type of pancreatic malignancy, correlates to tumor size, lymph node involvement, venous invasion and pathological stage. Lipopolysaccharides (LPS) are natural TLR4 ligands that have been shown to increase the invasive ability of PC cells. However, rapid inactivation of circulating LPS and low systemic absorption of inhaled LPS from the bronchoalveolar compartment make other agonists such as saturated fatty acids more suitable to be considered for TLR4-related cell invasiveness...
January 11, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088519/phytochemicals-as-multi-target-inhibitors-of-the-inflammatory-pathway-a-modeling-and-experimental-study
#6
Nisha S Devi, Meera Ramanan, Padmapriya Paragi-Vedanthi, Mukesh Doble
The arachidonic acid pathway consists of several enzymes and targeting them is favored for developing anti-inflammatory drugs. However, till date the current drugs are generally active against a single target, leading to undesirable side-effects. Phytochemicals are known to inhibit multiple targets simultaneously and hence, an attempt is made here to investigate their suitability. A pharmacophore based study is performed with three sets of reported phytochemicals namely, dual 5-LOX/mPGES1, alkaloids and FLAP inhibitors...
January 11, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088518/s100a8-protein-attenuates-airway-hyperresponsiveness-by-suppressing-the-contraction-of-airway-smooth-muscle
#7
Yu-Dong Xu, Yu Wang, Lei-Miao Yin, Gyoung-Hee Park, Luis Ulloa, Yong-Qing Yang
Airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) is a major clinical problem in allergic asthma mainly caused by the hypercontractility of airway smooth muscles (ASM). S100A8 is an important member of the S100 calcium-binding protein family with a potential to regulate cell contractility. Here, we analyze the potential of S100A8 to regulate allergen-induced AHR and ASM contraction. Treatment with recombinant S100A8 (rS100A8) diminished airway hyperresponsiveness in OVA-sensitized rats. ASM contraction assays showed that rS100A8 reduced hypercontractility in both isolated tracheal rings and primary ASM cells treated by acetylcholine...
January 11, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088517/osborne-mendel-rats-simultaneously-develop-cardiac-and-renal-dysfunction-left-atrial-thrombosis-peripheral-artery-occlusion-and-ascending-aortic-dissection
#8
Makoto Asahina, Hideki Matsumoto, Yoshitaka Yasuhara, Noriko Suzuki, Ritsuko Takami, Michiyasu Takeyama, Ryuichi Tozawa
Although chronic kidney disease (CKD) is strongly associated with onsets of cardiovascular disease (CVD), the pathogenic mechanism between these diseases has not been fully understood. To develop and validate new therapeutic strategies for this complication, appropriate experimental models that reflect the complexity of the underlying pathophysiology are needed. The Osborne-Mendel (OM) rat was identified as an atherosclerosis-prone and a premature-death rat strain among 16 inbred rat strains when fed high-cholesterol containing diet...
January 11, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088516/structural-study-of-the-effects-of-mutations-in-proteins-to-identify-the-molecular-basis-of-the-loss-of-local-structural-fluidity-leading-to-the-onset-of-autoimmune-diseases
#9
Ananya Ali, Semanti Ghosh, Angshuman Bagchi
Protein-Protein Interactions (PPIs) are crucial in most of the biological processes and PPI dysfunctions are known to be associated with the onsets of various diseases. One of such diseases is the auto-immune disease. Auto-immune diseases are one among the less studied group of diseases with very high mortality rates. Thus, we tried to correlate the appearances of mutations with their probable biochemical basis of the molecular mechanisms leading to the onset of the disease phenotypes. We compared the effects of the Single Amino Acid Variants (SAVs) in the wild type and mutated proteins to identify any structural deformities that might lead to altered PPIs leading ultimately to disease onset...
January 11, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088515/the-membrane-tethered-nac-transcription-factor-atntl7-contributes-to-er-stress-resistance-in-arabidopsis
#10
Yong Hun Chi, Sarah Mae Boyles Melencion, Cresilda Vergara Alinapon, Min Ji Kim, Eun Seon Lee, Seol Ki Paeng, Joung Hun Park, Ganesh M Nawkar, Young Jun Jung, Ho Byeong Chae, Chang Ho Kang, Sang Yeol Lee
We screened for endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress-resistant mutants among 25 mutants of the Arabidopsis NTL (NAC with Transmembrane motif 1-Like) family. We identified a novel mutant, SALK_044777, showing strong resistance to ER stress. RT-PCR and genomic DNA sequence analyses identified the mutant as atntl7, which harbors a T-DNA insertion in the fourth exon of AtNTL7. Two other atntl7-mutant alleles, in which T-DNA was inserted in the second exon and third intron of AtNTL7, respectively, showed ER-stress sensitive phenotypes, suggesting that SALK_044777 is a gain-of-function mutant...
January 11, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087279/alpha-2-macroglobulin-and-heparin-cofactor-ii-and-the-vulnerability-of-carotid-atherosclerotic-plaques-an-itraq-based-analysis
#11
Jinmao Li, Xi Liu, Ying Xiang, Xueying Ding, Teng Wang, Ying Liu, Maojia Yin, Changhong Tan, Fen Deng, Lifen Chen
Rupture of carotid atherosclerotic plaque may cause stroke, while few biomarker in clinic can evaluate carotid plaque vulnerability. In this study, we divided the recruited participants into no plaque, stable plaque, and vulnerable plaque group according to carotid ultrasonography, and screened the differentially expressed proteins in plasma of these participants using isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantitation labeling coupled with liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. 28 proteins were identified differentially expressed, among which alpha-2-macroglobulin (α2M) and heparin cofactor II (HCII) were found to be at hub position in the interactions of these proteins by STRING analysis and were selected for enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay measurement to assess their relevance with carotid plaques vulnerability and diagnostic efficiency...
January 10, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087278/prolyl-trna-synthetase-inhibition-promotes-cell-death-in-sk-mel-2%C3%A2-cells-through-gcn2-atf4-pathway-activation
#12
Takeo Arita, Megumi Morimoto, Yukiko Yamamoto, Hitoshi Miyashita, Satoshi Kitazawa, Takaharu Hirayama, Sou Sakamoto, Kazumasa Miyamoto, Ryutaro Adachi, Misa Iwatani, Takahito Hara
Protein translation is highly activated in cancer tissues through oncogenic mutations and amplifications, and this can support survival and aberrant proliferation. Therefore, blocking translation could be a promising way to block cancer progression. The process of charging a cognate amino acid to tRNA, a crucial step in protein synthesis, is mediated by tRNA synthetases such as prolyl tRNA synthetase (PRS). Interestingly, unlike pan-translation inhibitors, we demonstrated that a novel small molecule PRS inhibitor (T-3861174) induced cell death in several tumor cell lines including SK-MEL-2 without complete suppression of translation...
January 10, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087277/identification-of-ubact-a-ubiquitin-like-protein-along-with-other-homologous-components-of-a-conjugation-system-and-the-proteasome-in-different-gram-negative-bacteria
#13
Gilad Lehmann, Ronald G Udasin, Ido Livneh, Aaron Ciechanover
Systems analogous to the eukaryotic ubiquitin-proteasome system have been previously identified in Archaea, and Actinobacteria (gram-positive), but not in gram-negative bacteria. Here, we report the bioinformatic identification of a novel prokaryotic ubiquitin-like protein, which we name UBact. The phyletic distribution of UBact covers at least five gram-negative bacterial phyla, including Nitrospirae, Armatimonadetes, Verrucomicroba, Nitrospinae, and Planctomycetes. Additionally, it was identified in seven candidate (uncultured) phyla and one Archaeon...
January 10, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087276/drosophila-argonaute2-turnover-is-regulated-by-the-ubiquitin-proteasome-pathway
#14
Madoka Chinen, Elissa P Lei
Argonaute (AGO) proteins play a central role in the RNA interference (RNAi) pathway, which is a cytoplasmic mechanism important for post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression. In Drosophila, AGO2 also functions in the nucleus to regulate chromatin insulator activity and transcription. Although there are a number of studies focused on AGO2 function, the regulation of AGO2 turnover is not well understood. We found that mutation of T1149 or R1158 in the conserved PIWI domain causes AGO2 protein instability, but only T1149 affects RNAi activity...
January 10, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087275/sequence-structure-and-function-relationships-in-flaviviruses-as-assessed-by-evolutive-aspects-of-its-conserved-non-structural-protein-domains
#15
Néli José da Fonseca, Marcelo Querino Lima Afonso, Natan Gonçalves Pedersolli, Lucas Carrijo de Oliveira, Dhiego Souto Andrade, Lucas Bleicher
Flaviviruses are responsible for serious diseases such as dengue, yellow fever, and zika fever. Their genomes encode a polyprotein which, after cleavage, results in three structural and seven non-structural proteins. Homologous proteins can be studied by conservation and coevolution analysis as detected in multiple sequence alignments, usually reporting positions which are strictly necessary for the structure and/or function of all members in a protein family or which are involved in a specific sub-class feature requiring the coevolution of residue sets...
January 10, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28082203/cell-laden-hydrogel-construct-on-a-chip-for-mimicry-of-cardiac-tissue-in-vitro-study
#16
Ali Ghiaseddin, Hossein Pouri, Masoud Soleimani, Ebrahim Vasheghani-Farahani, Hossein Ahmadi Tafti, Sameereh Hashemi-Najafabadi
Since, the leading cause of death are cardiac diseases, engineered heart tissue (EHT) is one of the most appealing topics defined in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine fields. The importance of EHT is not only for heart regeneration but also for in vitro developing of cardiology. Cardiomyocytes could grow and commit more naturally in their microenvironment rather than traditional cultivation. Thus, this research tried to develop a set up on a-chip to produce EHT based on chitosan hydrogel. Micro-bioreactors was hydrodynamically designed and simulated by COMSOL and produced via soft lithography process...
January 9, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28082202/hepatitis-c-virus-alters-metabolism-of-biogenic-polyamines-by-affecting-expression-of-key-enzymes-of-their-metabolism
#17
Olga A Smirnova, Tuomo A Keinanen, Olga N Ivanova, Mervi T Hyvonen, Alex R Khomutov, Sergey N Kochetkov, Birke Bartosch, Alexander V Ivanov
Chronic infection with hepatitis C virus (HCV) induces liver fibrosis and cancer. In particular metabolic alterations and associated oxidative stress induced by the virus play a key role in disease progression. Albeit the pivotal role of biogenic polyamines spermine and spermidine in the regulation of liver metabolism and function and cellular control of redox homeostasis, their role in the viral life cycle has not been studied so far. Here we show that in cell lines expressing two viral proteins, capsid and the non-structural protein 5A, expression of the two key enzymes of polyamine biosynthesis and degradation, respectively, ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) and spermidine/spermine-N1-acetyl transferase (SSAT), increases transiently...
January 9, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28082201/cap-independent-protein-synthesis-is-enhanced-by-betaine-under-hypertonic-conditions
#18
Domenica Carnicelli, Valentina Arfilli, Carmine Onofrillo, Roberta R Alfieri, Pier Giorgio Petronini, Lorenzo Montanaro, Maurizio Brigotti
Protein synthesis is one of the main cellular functions inhibited during hypertonic challenge. The subsequent accumulation of the compatible osmolyte betaine during the later adaptive response allows not only recovery of translation but also its stimulation. In this paper, we show that betaine modulates translation by enhancing the formation of cap-independent 48 S pre-initiation complexes, leaving cap-dependent 48 S pre-initiation complexes basically unchanged. In the presence of betaine, CrPV IRES- and sodium-dependent neutral amino acid transporter-2 (SNAT2) 5'-UTR-driven translation is 2- and 1...
January 9, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28082200/mtor-up-regulation-of-pfkfb3-is-essential-for-acute-myeloid-leukemia-cell-survival
#19
Yonghuai Feng, Liusong Wu
Although mTOR (mammalian target of rapamycin) activation is frequently observed in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients, the precise function and the downstream targets of mTOR are poorly understood. Here we revealed that PFKFB3, but not PFKFB1, PFKFB2 nor PFKFB4 was a novel downstream substrate of mTOR signaling pathway as PFKFB3 level was augmented after knocking down TSC2 in THP1 and OCI-AML3 cells. Importantly, PFKFB3 silencing suppressed glycolysis and cell proliferation of TSC2 silencing OCI-AML3 cells and activated apoptosis pathway...
January 9, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28082199/ric-8a-mediated-stabilization-of-the-trimeric-g-protein-subunit-g%C3%AE-i-is-inhibited-by-pertussis-toxin-catalyzed-adp-ribosylation
#20
Kanako Chishiki, Sachiko Kamakura, Junya Hayase, Satoru Yuzawa, Hideki Sumimoto
The heterotrimeric G protein subunit Gαi can be activated by G protein-coupled receptors and the cytosolic protein Ric-8A, the latter of which is also known to prevent ubiquitin-dependent degradation of Gαi. Here we show that the amounts of the three Gαi-related proteins Gαi1, Gαi2, and Gαi3, but not that of Gαq, are rapidly decreased by cell treatment with pertussis toxin (PTX). The decrease appears to be due to ADP-ribosylation of Gαi, because PTX treatment does not affect the amount of a mutant Gαi2 carrying alanine substitution for Cys352, the residue that is ADP-ribosylated by the toxin...
January 9, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
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