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Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications

Chanjuan Wang, Aiwei Li, Shuo Yang, Rui Qiao, Xi Zhu, Jie Zhang
The emergence of chemoresistance greatly increases the recurrence risk for non-muscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) patients, which is still a big concern of clinicians. Understanding the mechanisms of drug resistance is of great significance for preventing and reversing it. We showed here that CXC motif chemokine ligand 5 (CXCL5) was overexpressed in mitomycin C-resistant bladder cancer cell line M-RT4. Meanwhile, parental RT4 cell treated with recombinant human CXCL5 (rhCXCL5) reduced its sensitivity to mitomycin C...
March 12, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Li-Hua Ni, Ri-Ning Tang, Lin-Li Lv, Min Wu, Bin Wang, Feng Mei Wang, Hai-Feng Ni, Kai-Yun Song, Li-Ting Wang, Meng-Zuo, Qiang Chen, Bi-Cheng Liu
The study of parathyroid hyperplasia with bone disease as a critical manifestation of chronic kidney disease-mineral and bone disorders (CKD-MBDs) is challenging due to the lack of a suitable research model. Here, we established a rat model with secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) and bone disease induced by adenine and a high phosphorous diet and analyzed the skeletal characteristics. We performed blood analysis, emission computed tomography (ECT), dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA), micro-computed tomography (micro-CT), bone histomorphometry, and bone mechanical tests...
March 12, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Su Hwan Lee, Ju Hye Shin, Joo Han Song, Ah Young Leem, Moo Suk Park, Young Sam Kim, Joon Chang, Kyung Soo Chung
Insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) levels are known to increase in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) of patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome. Herein, we investigated the role of IGF-1 in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced lung injury. In LPS-treated cells, expressions of receptor-interacting protein 3 (RIP3) and phosphorylated mixed lineage kinase domain-like protein (MLKL) were decreased in IGF-1 receptor small interfering RNA (siRNA)-treated cells compared to control cells. The levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines including interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, IL-10, tumour necrosis factor-α, and macrophage inflammatory protein 2/C-X-C motif chemokine ligand 2 in the supernatant were significantly reduced in IGF-1 receptor siRNA-treated cells compared to control cells...
March 12, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Jun-Ho Cho, Goo-Young Kim, Brian C Mansfield, Janice Y Chou
Glycogen storage disease type Ia (GSD-Ia) is caused by a deficiency in glucose-6-phosphatase-α (G6Pase-α or G6PC), a key enzyme in endogenous glucose production. This autosomal recessive disorder is characterized by impaired glucose homeostasis and long-term complications of hepatocellular adenoma/carcinoma (HCA/HCC). We have shown that hepatic G6Pase-α deficiency-mediated steatosis leads to defective autophagy that is frequently associated with carcinogenesis. We now show that hepatic G6Pase-α deficiency also leads to enhancement of hepatic glycolysis and hexose monophosphate shunt (HMS) that can contribute to hepatocarcinogenesis...
March 12, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Yunlong Zou, Zhiyuan Li, Yunjing Zou, Haiyang Hao, Ning Li, Qiuyan Li
The regulatory function of Fbxo40 has been well characterized in mice. As a key component of the SCF-E3 ubiquitin ligase complex, Fbxo40 induces IRS1 ubiquitination, thus inactivating the IGF1/Akt pathway. The expression of Fbxo40 is restricted to muscle, and mice with an Fbxo40 null mutation exhibit muscle hypertrophy. However, the function of FBXO40 has not been elucidated in pigs, and it is not known whether FBXO40 mutations affect their health. We therefore generated FBXO40 knockout pigs using somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) technology...
March 12, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Liping Qian, Yibo Zuo, Wenjun Deng, Ying Miao, Jin Liu, Yukang Yuan, Tingting Guo, Liting Zhang, Jun Jin, Jun Wang, Hui Zheng
Type-I interferons (IFN-I) are widely used for antiviral immunotherapy in clinic. Therefore, identification of the regulators of IFN-I antiviral activity is important for developing novel targets for IFN-based antiviral therapy. Monocyte chemoattractant protein 1-induced protein 1 (MCPIP1) is critical for cellular inflammatory responses. However, the roles of MCPIP1 in interferons (IFNs)-mediated antiviral immunity are unexplored. In this study, we demonstrate for the first time that MCPIP1 is an important positive regulator of IFNs antiviral activity...
March 12, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Keigo Tsushida, Katsuyuki Tanabe, Kana Masuda, Satoshi Tanimura, Hiromasa Miyake, Yuka Arata, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Jun Wada
Acute kidney injury (AKI) has been associated with not only higher in-hospital mortality but also the subsequent development of chronic kidney disease (CKD). Recent evidence has suggested the involvement of mitochondrial dysfunction and impaired dynamics in the pathogenesis of AKI. Estrogen-related receptor α (ERRα) is an orphan nuclear receptor that acts as a transcription factor to regulate the transcription of genes required for mitochondrial biogenesis and oxidative phosphorylation. In the present study, we examined the effects of ERRα deficiency on the progression of AKI induced by cisplatin...
March 12, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Swati Jaiswal, Kishore K Srivastava
Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) is a successful pathogen which increases persistence inside the host macrophage by subverting its defence mechanism. Mycobacteria regulate the pathogenesis and intracellular survival by controlling its interaction with host protein(s). Galectin 3 is a member of the β-galactoside binding gene family which is involved in several biological functions. In the present study we have expressed the mycobacterial protein tyrosine kinase (PtkA) in the cytosol of host macrophages through a eukaryotic promoter vector and found that it down-regulates Galectin 3...
March 12, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Hui Guo, Xin-Yu Zhang, Jun Peng, Ying Huang, Yang Yang, Ying Liu, Xiao-Xi Guo, Qian Hao, Su An, Tian-Rui Xu
Lung cancer remains the leading cause of cancer-related deaths in the world. The RAF/MEK/ERK pathway controls many fundamental cellular functions and plays key roles in lung carcinogenesis. However, the proteins that regulate this pathway remain largely unknown. Here, we identified a novel C-RAF-binding protein, RUVBL1, which activates the RAF/MEK/ERK pathway by inhibiting phosphorylation of the C-RAF protein at serine 259. RUVBL1 expression was elevated in lung adenocarcinoma tissues. In addition, knocking out RUVBL1 effectively inhibited the proliferation and invasion of A549 cells...
March 12, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Hua-Sheng Ding, Yan Huang, Zhen Chen, Yan-Hong Tang, Dan-Dan Wang, Di Fan, Cong-Xin Huang
Regulator of G-protein signalling 5 (RGS5) is, highly expressed in different cell types of the adult human heart, and it is a negative regulator of G protein-mediated signalling that inactivats Gα(q) and Gα(i) and thereby inhibits many signalling pathways. However, the critical role of RGS5 in the pathology of myocardial infarction (MI) remains unexplored. Here, an in vitro MI model, induced by the permanent ligation of the left anterior descending coronary artery, was used with the isolated hearts of wild type (WT) and RGS5-knockout (KO) mice...
March 10, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Saki Hirofuji, Yuta Hirofuji, Hiroki Kato, Keiji Masuda, Haruyoshi Yamaza, Hiroshi Sato, Fumiko Takayama, Michiko Torio, Yasunari Sakai, Shouichi Ohga, Tomoaki Taguchi, Kazuaki Nonaka
Rett syndrome is an X-linked neurodevelopmental disorder associated with psychomotor impairments, autonomic dysfunctions and autism. Patients with Rett syndrome have loss-of-function mutations in MECP2, the gene encoding methyl-CpG-binding protein 2 (MeCP2). Abnormal biogenic amine signaling and mitochondrial function have been found in patients with Rett syndrome; however, few studies have analyzed the association between these factors. This study investigated the functional relationships between mitochondria and the neuronal differentiation of the MeCP2-deficient stem cells from the exfoliated deciduous teeth of a child with Rett syndrome...
March 10, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Tadashige Nozaki, Yuka Sasaki, Itsuko Fukuda, Mayu Isumi, Keitaro Nakamoto, Takae Onodera, Mitsuko Masutani
Poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase family, member 1 (Parp1) has pleiotropic and disparate functions in multiple cellular signaling pathways through post-translational protein modification. It contributes to the regulation of various cellular processes, including DNA damage repair, cell death, and cell differentiation, genetically or epigenetically. Meanwhile, the functions of Parp1 in intercellular signaling remain to be established. To examine the functions of Parp1 in intercellular signaling, we examined microRNA (miRNA) regulation in exosomes derived from Parp1-deficient (Parp1-/- ) embryonic stem (ES) cells...
March 10, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Ayushi Guleria, Neha Thukral, Sudhir Chandna
Sf9 lepidopteran insect cells are 100-200 times more radioresistant than mammalian cells. This distinctive feature thus makes them suitable for studies exploring radioprotective molecular mechanisms. It has been established from previous studies of our group that downstream mitochondrial apoptotic signaling pathways in Sf9 cells are quite similar to mammalian cells, implicating the upstream signaling pathways in their extensive radioresistance. In the present study, intracellular and mitochondrial calcium levels remained unaltered in Sf9 cells in response to radiation, in sharp contrast to human (HEK293T) cells...
March 10, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Ling Ma, Qiao Cheng
Anaplastic thyroid carcinoma (ATC) is the most aggressive type of thyroid malignancies and resistant to chemotherapy. Little is known on the underlying mechanisms of ATC resistance to chemotherapy. In our work, we identified that 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase (6PGD) is critically involved in the development of ATC resistance to doxorubicin. We found that 6PGD mRNA, protein and enzyme activity levels are significantly upregulated in ATC cells during the prolonged exposure to doxorubicin in a time-dependent manner...
March 10, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Hai-Bin Tang, Xiao-Jian Jiang, Chen Wang, Shi-Chang Liu
Pericytes have long been regarded merely to maintain structural and functional integrity of blood-brain barrier (BBB). Nevertheless, it has also been identified as a component of scar-forming stromal cells after spinal cord injury (SCI). In process of enlargement of spinal cavity after SCI, the number of pericytes increased and outnumbered astrocytes. However, the mechanism of proliferation of pericytes remains unclear. Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) has been reported to play important roles in the formation of glia scar, but previous studies had paid more attention to the astrocytes...
March 10, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Yi-Ran Wang, Guang-Xia Chen, Shi-Yan Yang, Ping Wei
Gastric cancer is the third leading cause of cancer-associated death worldwide. Although a decrease in its incidence is observed, gastric cancer still poses a major clinical challenge due to poor prognosis and limited treatments. Barbaloin (BBL) is a main medicinal composition of the Chinese traditional medicine aloe vera. BBL has various bioactivities, including anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-tumor properties. Polydopamine (pD)-based surface modification is easy to functionalize polymeric nanoparticles (NPs) surfaces with ligands and/or additional polymeric layers...
March 10, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Seung Un Seo, Seon Min Woo, Kyoung-Jin Min, Taeg Kyu Kwon
Inhibition of cathespsin S not only inhibits invasion and angiogenesis, but also induces apoptosis and autophagy in cancer cells. In present study, we revealed that pharmacological inhibitor [Z-FL-COCHO (ZFL)] of cathepsin S up-regulates pro-apoptotic protein Bim expression at the posttranslational levels. These effects were not associated with MAPKs and AMPK signal pathways. Interestingly, pretreatment with the chemical chaperones (TUDCA and PBA) and knockdown of protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) markedly inhibited ZFL-induced Bim upregulation...
March 10, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Hyeon-Cheol Lee, Takehiko Yokomizo
Recent advances in mass spectrometry have expanded our knowledge of lipids and lipid metabolic pathways involved in many (patho)physiological events. Targeted and non-targeted lipidomics are powerful analytical strategies with distinct features, and a combination of these two approaches is often employed to maximize the coverage of lipid species detected and quantified in complex biological matrices. This review briefly summarizes the applications of targeted and non-targeted lipidomics, mainly focusing on electrospray ionization-liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (ESI-LC-MS/MS), along with recent technical advances in the field...
March 10, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Paula A Santana, Nicolás Salinas, Claudio A Álvarez, Luis A Mercado, Fanny Guzmán
In this work, the potential antimicrobial role and mechanism of action of α-helix domain of trout and salmon IL-8 against Eschericia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus was investigated. By an in silico analysis of the primary structure of IL-8 from Oncorhynchus mykiss and salmo salar, it was evidenced that γ-core motif was present, as in the vast majority of kinocidins. The α-helix domain of IL-8 (αIL-8) was synthesized by solid phase peptide synthesis and showed a tendency to form an α-helix conformation, as revealed by circular dichroism...
March 9, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Ramanjeet Kaur, Santosh Kumar Tiwari
Bacteriocin LB44 was purified from cell-free supernatant (CFS) of Pediococcus pentosaceus LB44 using activity-guided chromatography techniques. It was stable up to 121 °C, pH 2.0-6.0, sensitive to proteinase K, papain and trypsin, and retained complete activity in the presence of organic solvents tested. The molecular weight of bacteriocin was ∼6 kDa and initial ten amino acid residues (GECGMCXECG) suggested a new compound. The loss in viable cell count and K+ ion efflux of target cells of Micrococcus luteus suggested bactericidal activity...
March 9, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
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