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Behaviour Research and Therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779855/transportability-of-imagery-enhanced-cbt-for-social-anxiety-disorder
#1
Peter M McEvoy, David M Erceg-Hurn, Kevin C Barber, Jessica R Dupasquier, David A Moscovitch
Pilot and open trials suggest that imagery-enhanced group cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) is highly effective for social anxiety disorder (SAD). However, before being considered reliable and generalisable, the effects of the intervention need to be replicated by clinicians in a setting that is independent of the protocol developers. The current study compared outcomes from clients with a principal diagnosis of SAD at the Australian clinic where the protocol was developed (n = 123) to those from an independent Canadian clinic (n = 46) to investigate whether the large effects would generalise...
May 14, 2018: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772446/does-interparental-conflict-decrease-following-changes-in-observed-parenting-from-a-preventive-intervention-program
#2
Alexandra D W Sullivan, Justin Parent, Rex Forehand, Bruce E Compas
Interparental conflict, which is common among families where a parent has a history of Major Depressive Disorder, is associated with deficits in parenting. Models of family functioning propose that interparental conflict and parenting behaviors are transactional in nature. Given the interdependent nature of family systems, increases in positive parenting practices may lead to subsequent decreases in interparental conflict. The current study was a secondary analysis of data from a preventive intervention to improve parenting, child coping skills, and child behavior in families with a history of parental depression...
May 7, 2018: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758392/effects-of-mindfulness-and-psychoeducation-on-working-memory-in-adult-adhd-a-randomised-controlled-fmri-study
#3
Katharina Bachmann, Alexandra P Lam, Peter Sörös, Manuela Kanat, Eliza Hoxhaj, Swantje Matthies, Bernd Feige, Helge Müller, Jale Özyurt, Christiane M Thiel, Alexandra Philipsen
Adult attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a serious mental disorder associated with impaired neurocognitive performance related to working memory function. Recent clinical trials have suggested that mindfulness is a promising intervention in adults with ADHD. We performed a randomised controlled clinical trial to investigate working memory (WM) with an n-back task in adults with ADHD during fMRI before and after an 8-week mindfulness intervention (MAP) compared with psychoeducation (PE). ADHD symptoms were assessed using the self- and observer-rated Conners Adult ADHD Rating Scales (CAARS)...
May 7, 2018: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758391/the-impact-bias-in-self-and-others-affective-and-empathic-forecasting-in-individuals-with-social-anxiety
#4
Kimberly A Arditte Hall, Jutta Joormann, Matthias Siemer, Kiara R Timpano
People tend to overestimate the intensity and duration of affect (i.e., impact bias) when making predictions about their own and others' responding, termed affective and empathic forecasting, respectively. Research links impact biases to clinical symptoms of affective disorders, but little work has been done to examine how social anxiety is related to affective and empathic forecasting biases. The current investigation included two studies examining these associations in independent samples of young adults with dimensionally distributed social anxiety symptoms...
May 7, 2018: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763767/to-deliver-or-not-to-deliver-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-eating-disorders-replication-and-extension-of-our-understanding-of-why-therapists-fail-to-do-what-they-should-do
#5
Sandra Mulkens, Chloé de Vos, Anastacia de Graaff, Glenn Waller
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the extent to which therapists fail to apply empirically supported treatments in a sample of clinicians in The Netherlands, delivering cognitive behavioral therapy for eating disorders (CBT-ED). It aimed to replicate previous findings, and to extend them by examining other potential intra-individual factors associated with the level of (non-)use of core CBT-ED techniques. METHOD: Participants were 139 clinicians (127 women; mean age 41...
May 4, 2018: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723713/multiple-fear-related-stimuli-enhance-physiological-arousal-during-extinction-and-reduce-physiological-arousal-to-novel-stimuli-and-the-threat-conditioned-stimulus
#6
Allison M Waters, Rachel Kershaw, Ottmar V Lipp
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 25, 2018: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723712/the-presence-of-your-absence-a-conditioning-theory-of-grief
#7
Yannick Boddez
I present a conditioning theory of grief. From conditioning research on appetitive disorders (e.g., addiction and binge eating), I borrow the concept cue-elicited craving. More precisely, the theory postulates that, throughout a life together, a variety of cues become associated with the presence of the loved one and that because of this these cues can trigger craving and (an action tendency for) searching for the deceased. Starting from this perspective, I additionally invoke extinction phenomena to explain the possible persistence of grief...
April 24, 2018: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29715529/mediators-of-two-selective-prevention-interventions-targeting-both-obesity-and-eating-disorders
#8
Paul Rohde, Christopher D Desjardins, Danielle Arigo, Heather Shaw, Eric Stice
The present study tested hypothesized mechanisms underlying the effects of two selective prevention interventions targeting both obesity and eating disorders (Healthy Weight and the newly developed Project Health), relative to video control. Tests examined mediation for the significant weight gain prevention and eating disorder symptom prevention effects previously reported. College students (N = 364; 72% women) with weight concerns were randomized to condition and assessed for 2-years post-intervention...
April 24, 2018: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705596/when-gushing-leads-to-blushing-inflated-praise-leads-socially-anxious-children-to-blush
#9
Milica Nikolić, Eddie Brummelman, Cristina Colonnesi, Wieke de Vente, Susan M Bögels
Blushing is an involuntary reddening of the face that typically occurs when people are concerned about making negative impressions on others. Although people typically blush for their mishaps or misdeeds, Darwin observed that some people, and especially children, also blush when they are lavished with praise. We theorize that socially anxious children blush when praised in inflated ways because they believe they do not match the inflated image others hold of them. Such praise-induced blushing might be particularly common in late childhood, when children's worries about their social image escalate...
April 19, 2018: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699700/the-effects-of-cognitive-behavior-therapy-for-depression-on-repetitive-negative-thinking-a-meta-analysis
#10
Philip Spinhoven, Nicola Klein, Mitzy Kennis, Angélique O J Cramer, Greg Siegle, Pim Cuijpers, Johan Ormel, Steve D Hollon, Claudi L Bockting
It is not clear if treatments for depression targeting repetitive negative thinking (RNT: rumination, worry and content-independent perseverative thinking) have a specific effect on RNT resulting in better outcomes than treatments that do not specifically target rumination. We conducted a systematic search of PsycINFO, PubMed, Embase and the Cochrane library for randomized trials in adolescents, adults and older adults comparing CBT treatments for (previous) depression with control groups or with other treatments and reporting outcomes on RNT...
April 17, 2018: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689516/preoccupation-with-shape-or-weight-fear-of-weight-gain-feeling-fat-and-treatment-outcomes-in-patients-with-anorexia-nervosa-a-longitudinal-study
#11
Simona Calugi, Marwan El Ghoch, Maddalena Conti, Riccardo Dalle Grave
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to evaluate the trajectories of change over time in body-image concern components in patients with anorexia nervosa treated by means of intensive enhanced cognitive behavioural therapy. Moreover, it aimed to study the role of body-image concern components in changes in eating and general psychopathology as well as work and social functioning. METHOD: Sixty-six adult patients with anorexia nervosa were recruited. Body mass index (BMI); Eating Disorder Examination 'Dietary Restraint' and 'Eating Concern' subscales; Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI); and Work and Social Adjustment Scale (WSAS) scores were recorded at admission, end of treatment, and at 6- and 12-month follow-ups...
April 13, 2018: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614378/the-role-of-avoidance-behavior-in-the-treatment-of-adolescents-with-irritable-bowel-syndrome-a-mediation-analysis
#12
Marianne Bonnert, Ola Olén, Johan Bjureberg, Maria Lalouni, Erik Hedman-Lagerlöf, Eva Serlachius, Brjánn Ljótsson
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is common in adolescents with a pronounced negative impact on quality of life. A pattern of avoidance behavior is commonly seen in the IBS population, which is associated with more gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms. Exposure-based cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) targets the avoidance behavior to reduce symptoms, but it is unknown whether reduced avoidance is a mediator of symptom improvement in adolescent IBS. Stress has been suggested to play a key role in worsening GI symptoms and is also a potential mediator of the treatment effect in IBS...
March 28, 2018: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609102/the-relationship-between-executive-functioning-and-weight-loss-and-maintenance-in-children-and-parents-participating-in-family-based-treatment-for-childhood-obesity
#13
Dawn M Eichen, Brittany E Matheson, June Liang, David R Strong, Kyung Rhee, Kerri N Boutelle
We examined the relationship between executive function and weight loss among children (8-12 years) and parents enrolled in a behavioral weight-loss program. 150 overweight/obese children and their parents participated in a 6-month family-based weight-loss intervention and completed baseline (month 0), post-treatment (month 6) and 18-month follow-up assessments (month 24), which included Digit Span (DS), Stop Signal Task (SST), and Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST). Anthropometrics were additionally measured at mid-treatment (month 3) and 6-month follow-up (month 12)...
March 28, 2018: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621650/what-matters-more-common-or-specific-factors-in-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-ocd-therapeutic-alliance-and-expectations-as-predictors-of-treatment-outcome
#14
Asher Y Strauss, Jonathan D Huppert, H Blair Simpson, Edna B Foa
CBT for obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a strong challenge to the contention that common factors explain most of the variance in outcomes in all therapies and all disorders, given that the treatment is focused and placebo response is low. In this study, the relative contributions of expectancy and therapeutic alliance as predictors of outcome in the treatment of OCD are examined and compared to the contribution of specific treatment effects. One hundred and eight patients with OCD were randomly assigned to two forms of CBT: exposure and response prevention (EX/RP) or stress management training (SMT)...
March 27, 2018: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614379/meal-and-snack-time-eating-disorder-cognitions-predict-eating-disorder-behaviors-and-vice-versa-in-a-treatment-seeking-sample-a-mobile-technology-based-ecological-momentary-assessment-study
#15
Cheri A Levinson, Margarita Sala, Laura Fewell, Leigh C Brosof, Lauren Fournier, Eric J Lenze
Individuals with eating disorders experience high anxiety when eating, which may contribute to the high relapse rates seen in the eating disorders. However, it is unknown if specific cognitions associated with such anxiety (e.g., fears of gaining weight) may lead to engagement in eating disorder behaviors (e.g., weighing oneself). Participants (N = 66) recently treated at a residential eating disorder facility and diagnosed with an eating disorder (primarily anorexia nervosa; n = 40; 60.6%) utilized a mobile application to answer questions about mealtime cognitions, anxiety, and eating disorder behaviors four times a day for one week...
March 27, 2018: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653254/interactions-between-risk-factors-in-the-prediction-of-onset-of-eating-disorders-exploratory-hypothesis-generating-analyses
#16
Eric Stice, Christopher D Desjardins
OBJECTIVE: Because no study has tested for interactions between risk factors in the prediction of future onset of each eating disorder, this exploratory study addressed this lacuna to generate hypotheses to be tested in future confirmatory studies. METHOD: Data from three prevention trials that targeted young women at high risk for eating disorders due to body dissatisfaction (N = 1271; M age 18.5, SD 4.2) and collected diagnostic interview data over 3-year follow-up were combined to permit sufficient power to predict onset of anorexia nervosa (AN), bulimia nervosa (BN), binge eating disorder (BED), and purging disorder (PD) using classification tree analyses, an analytic technique uniquely suited to detecting interactions...
March 17, 2018: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587159/a-cluster-randomized-controlled-platform-trial-comparing-group-memory-specificity-training-mest-to-group-psychoeducation-and-supportive-counselling-psc-in-the-treatment-of-recurrent-depression
#17
Aliza Werner-Seidler, Caitlin Hitchcock, Anna Bevan, Anna McKinnon, Julia Gillard, Theresa Dahm, Isobel Chadwick, Inderpal Panesar, Lauren Breakwell, Viola Mueller, Evangeline Rodrigues, Catrin Rees, Siobhan Gormley, Susanne Schweizer, Peter Watson, Filip Raes, Laura Jobson, Tim Dalgleish
Impaired ability to recall specific autobiographical memories is characteristic of depression, which when reversed, may have therapeutic benefits. This cluster-randomized controlled pilot trial investigated efficacy and aspects of acceptability, and feasibility of MEmory Specificity Training (MEST) relative to Psychoeducation and Supportive Counselling (PSC) for Major Depressive Disorder (N = 62). A key aim of this study was to determine a range of effect size estimates to inform a later phase trial. Assessments were completed at baseline, post-treatment and 3-month follow-up...
March 15, 2018: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29567546/body-image-related-negative-interpretation-bias-in-anorexia-nervosa
#18
Timo Brockmeyer, Alisa Anderle, Hagen Schmidt, Stephanie Febry, Wally Wünsch-Leiteritz, Andreas Leiteritz, Hans-Christoph Friederich
A distorted body image and pronounced body dissatisfaction are hallmarks of anorexia nervosa (AN) that typically result in dietary restraint and compensatory behaviours. Cognitive biases such as negative interpretation bias are considered key maintaining factors of these maladaptive cognitions and behaviours. However, little attention has been paid to empirical tests whether negative interpretation bias exists in AN and to what degree it is associated with symptom severity. Participants in the present study were 40 women with AN and 40 healthy women with no history of an eating disorder...
March 14, 2018: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29597112/we-cannot-change-the-past-but-we-can-change-its-meaning-a-randomized-controlled-trial-on-the-effects-of-self-help-imagery-rescripting-on-depression
#19
Steffen Moritz, Jana Ahlf-Schumacher, Birgit Hottenrott, Ulrike Peter, Stephanie Franck, Thomas Schnell, Helmut Peter, Brooke C Schneider, Lena Jelinek
BACKGROUND: Imagery rescripting is a psychotherapeutic technique that aims to ameliorate negative emotions by altering (i.e., rescripting) inner representations of negative memories and images. Although the treatment was initially developed for traumatized individuals, face-to-face interventions have yielded promising results for patients with other diagnoses as well. The present study explored the feasibility and efficacy of the approach when used as a self-help intervention for depression...
February 26, 2018: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609103/cognitive-control-training-for-emotion-related-impulsivity
#20
Andrew D Peckham, Sheri L Johnson
Many forms of psychopathology are tied to a heightened tendency to respond impulsively to strong emotions, and this tendency, in turn, is closely tied to problems with cognitive control. The goal of the present study was to test whether a two-week, six-session cognitive control training program is efficacious in reducing emotion-related impulsivity. Participants (N = 52) reporting elevated scores on an emotion-related impulsivity measure completed cognitive control training targeting working memory and response inhibition...
June 2018: Behaviour Research and Therapy
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