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Behaviour Research and Therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941810/hostile-interpretation-training-for-individuals-with-alcohol-use-disorder-and-elevated-trait-anger-a-controlled-trial-of-a-web-based-intervention
#1
Jesse R Cougle, Berta J Summers, Nicholas P Allan, Kirsten H Dillon, Hillary L Smith, Sarah A Okey, Ashleigh M Harvey
High trait anger is associated with more severe alcohol use problems, and alcohol has been found to facilitate aggressive behavior among individuals with high trait anger. Treatments focused on a sample with alcohol use disorder with elevated anger could reduce alcohol use problems, as well as violence and aggression. We sought to examine the efficacy of interpretation bias modification for hostility (IBM-H) in a sample with high trait anger and alcohol use disorder (AUD). Fifty-eight individuals with AUD and elevated trait anger were randomly assigned to eight web-based sessions (two per week) of IBM-H or a healthy video control condition (HVC)...
September 19, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917715/attentional-control-predicts-change-in-bias-in-response-to-attentional-bias-modification
#2
Julian Basanovic, Lies Notebaert, Ben Grafton, Colette R Hirsch, Patrick J F Clarke
Procedures that effectively modify attentional bias to negative information have been examined for their potential to be a source of therapeutic change in emotional vulnerability. However, the degree to which these procedures modify attentional bias is subject to individual differences. This generates the need to understand the mechanisms that influence attentional bias change across individuals. The present study investigated the association between individual differences in attentional control and individual differences in the magnitude of bias change evoked by an attentional bias modification procedure...
September 11, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910673/a-randomized-controlled-evaluation-of-a-secondary-school-mindfulness-program-for-early-adolescents-do-we-have-the-recipe-right-yet
#3
Catherine Johnson, Christine Burke, Sally Brinkman, Tracey Wade
OBJECTIVE: Mindfulness is being promoted in schools as a prevention program despite a current small evidence base. The aim of this research was to conduct a rigorous evaluation of the .b ("Dot be") mindfulness curriculum, with or without parental involvement, compared to a control condition. METHOD: In a randomized controlled design, students (Mage 13.44, SD 0.33; 45.4% female) across a broad range of socioeconomic indicators received the nine lesson curriculum delivered by an external facilitator with (N = 191) or without (N = 186) parental involvement, or were allocated to a usual curriculum control group (N = 178)...
September 6, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881221/social-anxiety-in-pre-adolescent-children-what-do-we-know-about-maintenance
#4
Brynjar Halldorsson, Cathy Creswell
The cognitive theory of social anxiety disorder (SAD) is one of the most widely accepted accounts of the maintenance of the disorder in adults, yet it remains unknown if, or to what extent, the same cognitive and behavioral maintenance mechanisms that occur in adult SAD also apply to SAD among pre-adolescent children. In contrast to the adult literature, current models of SAD in children mostly account for etiology and maintenance processes are given limited attention. Consequently, their clinical utility for the treatment of SAD in children may be limited...
September 1, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881220/executive-function-predicts-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-response-in-childhood-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#5
Katja Anna Hybel, Erik Lykke Mortensen, Rikke Lambek, Davíð R M A Højgaard, Per Hove Thomsen
Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is considered first-line treatment for childhood obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Despite CBT's efficacy, too many children and adolescents do not fully respond to treatment, making the identification of predictors of treatment response highly relevant. Executive functions (EF) have been suggested to constitute such predictors, but studies with pediatric samples are scarce. In the present study, we investigated latent level EF test performance and ratings of daily life EF behavior as predictors of CBT response in pediatric OCD...
August 26, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865284/the-relationship-between-consumer-clinician-and-organizational-characteristics-and-use-of-evidence-based-and-non-evidence-based-therapy-strategies-in-a-public-mental-health-system
#6
Rinad Beidas, Laura Skriner, Danielle Adams, Courtney Benjamin Wolk, Rebecca E Stewart, Emily Becker-Haimes, Nathaniel Williams, Brenna Maddox, Ronnie Rubin, Shawna Weaver, Arthur Evans, David Mandell, Steven C Marcus
We investigated the relationship between consumer, clinician, and organizational factors and clinician use of therapy strategies within a system-wide effort to increase the use of cognitive-behavioral therapy. Data from 247 clinicians in 28 child-serving organizations were collected. Clinicians participating in evidence-based practice training initiatives were more likely to report using cognitive-behavioral therapy when they endorsed more clinical experience, being salaried clinicians, and more openness to evidence-based practice...
August 25, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863289/accounting-for-the-impact-of-parent-internalizing-symptoms-on-parent-training-benefits-the-role-of-positive-parenting
#7
Jaclyn A Ludmer, Debbie Salsbury, Jessica Suarez, Brendan F Andrade
Parent Training (PT) is not as effective for parents with histories of internalizing symptoms as it is for other parents. This study aimed to determine which dimensions of parenting, notably parenting efficacy, positive parenting, inconsistent discipline, and poor supervision, mediate the association between parent lifetime internalizing symptoms and post-PT child emotional and behavioral difficulties. One hundred fourteen parents (82% biological mothers) of children aged 9-12 years received PT at an urban children's mental health clinic...
August 23, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826068/optimizing-trauma-informed-intervention-for-intimate-partner-violence-in-veterans-the-role-of-alexithymia
#8
Danielle S Berke, Alexandra Macdonald, Gina M Poole, Galina A Portnoy, Savannah McSheffrey, Suzannah K Creech, Casey T Taft
Recent research supports the efficacy of Strength at Home-Men's Program (SAH-M), a trauma-informed group intervention designed to reduce use of intimate partner violence (IPV) in veterans (Taft, Macdonald, Creech, Monson, & Murphy, 2016). However, change-processes facilitating the effectiveness of SAH-M have yet to be specified. Alexithymia, a deficit in the cognitive processing of emotional experience characterized by difficulty identifying and distinguishing between feelings, difficulty describing feelings, and use of an externally oriented thinking style, has been shown to predict PTSD severity and impulsive aggression; however, no studies have investigated the relationship between alexithymia and IPV...
August 14, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858698/insomnia-identity
#9
Kenneth L Lichstein
Insomnia identity refers to the conviction that one has insomnia, and this sleep complaint can be measured independently of sleep. Conventional wisdom predicts that sleep complaints are synchronous with poor sleep, but crossing the presence or absence of poor sleep with the presence or absence of insomnia identity reveals incongruity with expected patterns. This review of existing research on insomnia identity processes and influence finds that about one-fourth of the population are uncoupled sleepers, meaning there is an uncoupling of sleep and sleep appraisal, and daytime impairment accrues more strongly to those who endorse an insomnia identity...
August 10, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826067/a-network-analysis-investigation-of-the-cognitive-behavioral-theory-of-eating-disorders
#10
Russell H DuBois, Rachel F Rodgers, Debra L Franko, Kamryn T Eddy, Jennifer J Thomas
Network analysis has recently been introduced as a clinically relevant methodology for understanding the structure of mental disorders and for evaluating cognitive behavioral models of psychopathology. The current study uses network analysis to validate the transdiagnostic model of eating disorders by examining the association between overvaluation of shape and weight and eating disorder symptoms. Eating disorder symptoms were measured among a sample of 194 treatment-seeking children, adolescents, and adults presenting to an outpatient eating disorder clinic...
August 7, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810136/dysfunctional-posttraumatic-cognitions-as-a-mediator-of-symptom-reduction-in-trauma-focused-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-with-children-and-adolescents-results-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Elisa Pfeiffer, Cedric Sachser, Anke de Haan, Dunja Tutus, Lutz Goldbeck
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether the change in dysfunctional posttraumatic cognitions (PTC) during Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (TF-CBT) is a mediator of posttraumatic stress symptom (PTSS) reduction in a sample of children and adolescents. METHOD: A bootstrap mediation analysis was performed to investigate the indirect effect of dysfunctional PTC on treatment outcome in a recently completed RCT study with children and adolescents (n = 123; 7-17 years old) that investigated the effectiveness of TF-CBT...
August 4, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806614/altered-interaction-with-environmental-reinforcers-in-major-depressive-disorder-relationship-to-anhedonia
#12
Joanna E Szczepanik, Maura L Furey, Allison C Nugent, Ioline D Henter, Carlos A Zarate, Carl W Lejuez
Anhedonia-defined as loss of interest or pleasure-is one of two core symptoms of major depressive disorder (MDD). Anhedonia may involve decreased enjoyment of potentially rewarding activities and decreased motivation to engage in such activities. Increased engagement with reinforcers-activities with the potential to be positive experiences-is a frequent target of cognitive-behavioral therapies. Nevertheless, how environmental reinforcers are perceived, and how decisions to approach or avoid them are made by individuals with MDD, is largely unknown...
August 3, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826066/acceptance-based-interoceptive-exposure-for-young-children-with-functional-abdominal-pain
#13
Nancy Zucker, Christian Mauro, Michelle Craske, H Ryan Wagner, Nandini Datta, Hannah Hopkins, Kristen Caldwell, Adam Kiridly, Samuel Marsan, Gary Maslow, Emeran Mayer, Helen Egger
Functional abdominal pain (FAP) is a common childhood somatic complaint that contributes to impairment in daily functioning (e.g., school absences) and increases risk for chronic pain and psychiatric illness. Cognitive behavioral treatments for FAP target primarily older children (9 + years) and employ strategies to reduce a focus on pain. The experience of pain may be an opportunity to teach viscerally hypersensitive children to interpret the function of a variety of bodily signals (including those of hunger, emotions) thereby reducing fear of bodily sensations and facilitating emotion awareness and self-regulation...
July 29, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822299/avoidance-and-depression-vulnerability-an-examination-of-avoidance-in-remitted-and-currently-depressed-individuals
#14
Leanne Quigley, Alainna Wen, Keith S Dobson
Behavioral theories posit that depression is characterized by heightened levels of avoidance, and recent research has supported this notion. Whether avoidance persists after remission from depression is unknown, however. In this study, we investigated levels of cognitive and behavioral avoidance in remitted, currently, and never depressed individuals. We also examined relationships among avoidance and purported adaptive and maladaptive emotion regulation strategies. Remitted depressed individuals exhibited levels of cognitive and behavioral avoidance, in social and nonsocial domains, that were greater than nonclinical control individuals but lower than currently depressed individuals...
July 27, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772196/sleep-disturbance-as-a-predictor-of-affective-functioning-and-symptom-severity-among-individuals-with-ptsd-an-ecological-momentary-assessment-study
#15
Nicole A Short, Nicholas P Allan, Norman B Schmidt
Recent research has highlighted the etiological role of sleep disturbance in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD); however it is currently unknown how daily changes in sleep are associated with next-day PTSD symptoms. Furthermore, sleep is critical for maintaining appropriate affect, leading some to hypothesize that affective dysfunction may account for the link between sleep disturbances and PTSD symptoms. Thus, the current study tested the relationship between sleep disturbances, affective valence, and PTSD symptoms utilizing an ecological momentary assessment (EMA) design among individuals with PTSD (n=30) who participated in 4 EMA-based assessments daily over 8 days...
July 27, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797829/time-to-remission-from-mild-to-moderate-depressive-symptoms-one-year-results-from-the-evident-study-an-rct-of-an-internet-intervention-for-depression
#16
Jan Philipp Klein, Christina Späth, Johanna Schröder, Björn Meyer, Wolfgang Greiner, Martin Hautzinger, Wolfgang Lutz, Matthias Rose, Eik Vettorazzi, Gerhard Andersson, Fritz Hohagen, Steffen Moritz, Thomas Berger
BACKGROUND: Internet interventions are effective in treating depressive symptoms but few studies conducted a long-term follow-up. The aim of this study was to test the effectiveness of an internet intervention in increasing the remission rate over a twelve months period. METHODS: A total of 1013 participants with mild to moderate depressive symptoms were randomized to either care as usual alone or a 12-week internet intervention (Deprexis) plus usual care. Self-rated depression severity (PHQ-9) was assessed regularly over twelve months...
July 21, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755572/reality-monitoring-performance-and-the-role-of-visual-imagery-in-visual-hallucinations
#17
Charlotte Aynsworth, Nazik Nemat, Daniel Collerton, David Smailes, Robert Dudley
BACKGROUND: Auditory Hallucinations may arise from people confusing their own inner speech with external spoken speech. People with visual hallucinations (VH) may similarly confuse vivid mental imagery with external events. This paper reports two experiments exploring confusion between internal and external visual material. METHOD: Experiment 1 examined reality monitoring in people with psychosis; those with visual hallucinations (n = 16) and those without (n = 15)...
July 20, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753449/attentional-avoidance-of-threats-in-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-an-event-related-potential-study
#18
Zhong-Ming Zhang, Meng-Yun Wang, Xiaowei Guo, Xiaocui Miao, Ting Zhang, Dong Gao, Zhen Yuan
The neural mechanism underlying attentional bias in OCD (Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder) remains unclear. The goal of this study was to examine and compare the time course and the event related potential (ERP) components in OCD patients and healthy controls (HC) to reveal the complex brain activation pattern associated with attentional bias in OCD. The behavioural and electroencephalogram (EEG) data were recorded while the participants performed an emotional Stroop task. Compared to HC, the individuals with OCD exhibited slower response time, prolonged N1 latency and larger N1 and P2 amplitudes across different emotional words...
July 20, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753448/negativity-bias-and-instability-in-spontaneous-and-deliberate-evaluations-of-others-the-role-of-borderline-personality-features
#19
Félix Gauthier Mongeon, Jean Gagnon
This study tested the hypotheses that borderline personality (BP) features are characterized by a negativity bias and instability in spontaneous and deliberate evaluations of others. Undergraduate women (N = 204) watched two movie clips depicting either positive or negative conjugal interactions. Spontaneous and deliberate evaluations of the male character were assessed after each clip with an Evaluative Priming Task and a self-report measure, respectively. Participants with high BP features showed unstable spontaneous evaluations...
July 19, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772195/brief-intensive-and-concentrated-cognitive-behavioral-treatments-for-anxiety-disorders-in-children-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Lars-Göran Öst, Thomas H Ollendick
Anxiety disorders are among the most common disorders affecting youths in the general population, with up to 10% of children and 20% of adolescents meeting criteria for an anxiety disorder at any one point in time. Cognitive-behavior therapies (CBT), varying between 9 and 18 weeks of treatment, are considered evidence-based for the treatment of anxiety disorders in youth. During the last two decades treatments that are brief, intensive, or concentrated (BIC) have been developed and this meta-analysis includes 23 RCTs of these new approaches across the anxiety disorders...
July 17, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
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