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Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216326/a-scalable-lysyl-hydroxylase-2-expression-system-and-luciferase-based-enzymatic-activity-assay
#1
Hou-Fu Guo, Eun Jeong Cho, Ashwini K Devkota, Yulong Chen, William Russell, George N Phillips, Mitsuo Yamauchi, Kevin N Dalby, Jonathan M Kurie
Hydroxylysine aldehyde-derived collagen cross-links (HLCCs) accumulate in fibrotic tissues and certain types of cancer and are thought to drive the progression of these diseases. HLCC formation is initiated by lysyl hydroxylase 2 (LH2), an Fe(II) and α-ketoglutarate (αKG)-dependent oxygenase that hydroxylates telopeptidyl lysine residues on collagen. Development of LH2 antagonists for the treatment of these diseases will require a reliable source of recombinant LH2 protein and a non-radioactive LH2 enzymatic activity assay that is amenable to high throughput screens of small molecule libraries...
February 16, 2017: Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193492/characterization-of-acyl-coa-synthetase-isoforms-in-pancreatic-beta-cells-gene-silencing-shows-participation-of-acsl3-and-acsl4-in-insulin-secretion
#2
Israr-Ul H Ansari, Melissa J Longacre, Scott W Stoker, Mindy A Kendrick, Lucas M O'Neill, Laura J Zitur, Luis A Fernandez, James M Ntambi, Michael J MacDonald
Long-chain acyl-CoA synthetases (ACSLs) convert fatty acids to fatty acyl-CoAs to regulate various physiologic processes. We characterized the ACSL isoforms in a cell line of homogeneous rat beta cells (INS-1 832/13 cells) and human pancreatic islets. ACSL4 and ACSL3 proteins were present in the beta cells and human and rat pancreatic islets and concentrated in insulin secretory granules and less in mitochondria and negligible in other intracellular organelles. ACSL1 and ACSL6 proteins were not seen in INS-1 832/13 cells or pancreatic islets...
February 11, 2017: Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137423/mechanism-of-inhibition-of-botulinum-neurotoxin-type-a-light-chain-by-two-quinolinol-compounds
#3
Yacoba V T Minnow, Ronald Goldberg, Sreedhar R Tummalapalli, David P Rotella, Nina M Goodey
Quinolinol-based compounds are a promising starting point for discovery of effective inhibitors of the clostridial neurotoxin, botulinum neurotoxin type A light chain (BoNT/A LC). Insights into the mechanism of inhibition by quinolinol compounds facilitate interpretation of docking data and inhibitor optimization. In this study, a fluorogenic substrate of BoNT/A, SNAPtide, was used to study the mechanism by which two new quinolinol compounds, MSU58 and MSU84, with IC50 values of 3.3 μM and 5.8 μM, respectively, inhibit BoNT/A LC...
January 28, 2017: Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137422/the-lncrna-uca1-interacts-with-mir-182-to-modulate-glioma-proliferation-and-migration-by-targeting-iaspp
#4
Zongze He, Yujue Wang, Guangfu Huang, Qi Wang, Dongdong Zhao, Longyi Chen
Long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) urothelial carcinoma associated 1 (UCA1) has been reported to be involved in the development and progression of many types of tumors including breast cancer, gastric cancer, and bladder cancer. However, the exact effects and molecular mechanisms of UCA1 in glioma progression remain unclear up to now. In this study, we firstly found that UCA1 was upregulated in glioma tumor samples and negatively correlated with survival time. Then, we investigated the role of UCA1 in human glioma cell lines...
January 27, 2017: Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132757/oligomerization-affects-the-kinetics-and-thermodynamics-of-the-interaction-of-a-bowman-birk-inhibitor-with-proteases
#5
G D Brand, D A T Pires, J R Furtado, A Cooper, S M Freitas, C Bloch
The black-eyed pea trypsin/chymotrypsin inhibitor (BTCI) forms concentration dependent homomultimers, as previously demonstrated by Light scattering and Atomic Force Microscopy. Considering that these self-aggregates might influence their binding to cognate enzymes, we investigated the interaction of BTCI at picomolar concentrations using surface immobilized Chymotrypsin (α-CT) and Trypsin (T) by Surface Plasmon Resonance. Our results indicate that BTCI has subnanomolar affinity to both immobilized enzymes, which is approximately two orders of magnitude higher than previously reported...
January 26, 2017: Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131773/redox-sensing-molecular-mechanism-of-an-iron-metabolism-regulatory-protein-fbxl5
#6
Yaozhu Wei, Hong Yuan, Pengbiao Xu, Xiangshi Tan
FBXL5 is a subunit of the SCF(FBXL5) ubiquitin ligase complex that targets the proteasomal degradation of iron regulatory protein IRP2, which is an important regulator in iron metabolism. The degradation of FBXL5 itself is regulated in an iron- and oxygen-responsive manner through its diiron center containing Hr-like domain. Although the crystal structure of the Hr-like domain of FBXL5 and its degradation based on iron/oxygen sensing has been reported, the redox sensing molecular mechanism is still not clear...
January 25, 2017: Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131772/in%C3%A2-vitro-actin-motility-velocity-varies-linearly-with-the-number-of-myosin-impellers
#7
Y Wang, T P Burghardt
Cardiac myosin is the motor powering the heart. It moves actin with 3 step-size varieties generated by torque from the myosin heavy chain lever-arm rotation under the influence of myosin essential light chain whose N-terminal extension binds actin. Proposed mechanisms adapting myosin mechanochemical characteristics on the fly sometimes involve modulation of step-size selection probability via motor strain sensitivity. Strain following the power stroke, hypothetically imposed by the finite actin detachment rate 1/ton, is shown to have no effect on unloaded velocity when multiple myosins are simultaneously strongly actin bound in an in vitro motility assay...
January 25, 2017: Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129982/specificity-and-mechanism-of-mandelamide-hydrolase-catalysis
#8
S A Adediran, Pan-Fen Wang, Abbas G Shilabin, Charles A Baron, Michael J McLeish, R F Pratt
The best-studied amidase signature (AS) enzyme is probably fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH). Closely related to FAAH is mandelamide hydrolase (MAH), whose substrate specificity and mechanism of catalysis are described in this paper. First, we developed a convenient chromogenic substrate, 4-nitrophenylacetamide, for MAH. The lack of reactivity of MAH with the corresponding ethyl ester confirmed the very limited size of the MAH leaving group site. The reactivity of MAH with 4-nitrophenyl acetate and methyl 4-nitrophenyl carbonate, therefore, suggested formation of an "inverse" acyl-enzyme where the small acyl-group occupies the normal leaving group site...
January 24, 2017: Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108234/interaction-of-ar-and-inos-in-lens-epithelial-cell-a-new-pathogenesis-and-potential-therapeutic-targets-of-diabetic-cataract
#9
Xue Li, Wenping Liu, Xinduo Huang, Jianping Xiong, Xiaoyong Wei
Although there is significant interest in revealing the role of aldose reductase (AR) and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in diabetic cataract (DC), the interaction of AR and iNOS remains unknown. The aim of this study is to investigate the pathogenesis mechanisms and explore as a new potential therapeutic targets for DC. This study investigated the interaction of AR-iNOS through the methods of enzyme kinetics, molecular docking and molecular dynamics simulation, co-immunoprecipitation and fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET)...
January 17, 2017: Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104448/metformin-and-low-dose-radiation-modulates-cisplatin-induced-oxidative-injury-in-rat-via-ppar-%C3%AE-and-mapk-pathways
#10
Heba H Mansour, Shereen M El Kiki, Shereen M Galal
: Cisplatin (CIS) is a chemotherapeutic agent used for therapy of many tumors and has been limited by its toxicity. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPAR-γ), mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and nuclear factor-kappa B(NFkB) in the pathogenesis of hepatic damage induced by CIS, and investigated the modulatory effect of metformin (MET) and/or low dose gamma radiation (LDR) on CIS-induced hepatotoxicity in rats...
January 16, 2017: Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088328/altered-myocyte-contractility-and-calcium-homeostasis-in-alpha-myosin-heavy-chain-point-mutations-linked-to-familial-dilated-cardiomyopathy
#11
Matthew Klos, Lakshmi Mundada, Indroneal Banerjee, Sherry Morgenstern, Stephanie Myers, Michael Leone, Mark Kleid, Todd Herron, Eric Devaney
Mutations in the human cardiac motor protein beta-myosin heavy chain (βMHC) have been long recognized as a cause of familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Recently, mutations (P830L and A1004S) in the less abundant but faster isoform alpha-myosin heavy chain (αMHC) have been linked to dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). In this study, we sought to determine the cellular contractile phenotype associated with these point mutations. Ventricular myocytes were isolated from 2 month male Sprague Dawley rats. Cells were cultured in M199 media and infected with recombinant adenovirus containing the P830L or the A1004S mutant human αMHC at a MOI of 500 for 18 h...
January 11, 2017: Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088327/cftr-impairment-upregulates-c-src-activity-through-il-1%C3%AE-autocrine-signaling
#12
María Macarena Massip-Copiz, Mariángeles Clauzure, Ángel Gabriel Valdivieso, Tomás Antonio Santa-Coloma
Cystic Fibrosis (CF) is a disease caused by mutations in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene. Previously, we found several genes showing a differential expression in CFDE cells (epithelial cells derived from a CF patient). One corresponded to c-Src; its expression and activity was found increased in CFDE cells, acting as a signaling molecule between the CFTR activity and MUC1 overexpression. Here we report that bronchial IB3-1 cells (CF cells) also showed increased c-Src activity compared to 'CFTR-corrected' S9 cells...
January 11, 2017: Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065721/the-key-residue-within-the-second-extracellular-loop-of-human-ep3-involved-in-selectively-turning-down-pge2-and-retaining-pge1-mediated-signaling-in-live-cells
#13
Hironari Akasaka, Natasha Thaliachery, Xianghai Zheng, Marissa Blumenthal, Sameer Nikhar, Emma E Murdoch, Qinglan Ling, Ke-He Ruan
Key residues and binding mechanisms of PGE1 and PGE2 on prostanoid receptors are poorly understood due to the lack of X-ray structures for the receptors. We constructed a human EP3 (hEP3) model through integrative homology modeling using the X-ray structure of the β2-adrenergic receptor transmembrane domain and NMR structures of the thromboxane A2 receptor extracellular loops. PGE1 and PGE2 docking into the hEP3 model showed differing configurations within the extracellular ligand recognition site. While PGE2 could form possible binding contact with S211, PGE1 is unable to form similar contacts...
January 5, 2017: Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063949/vitamin-d-supplementation-inhibits-oxidative-stress-and-upregulate-sirt1-ampk-glut4-cascade-in-high-glucose-treated-3t3l1-adipocytes-and-in-adipose-tissue-of-high-fat-diet-fed-diabetic-mice
#14
Prasenjit Manna, Arunkumar E Achari, Sushil K Jain
This study examined the hypothesis that vitamin-D prevents oxidative stress and upregulates glucose metabolism via activating insulin-independent signaling molecules in 3T3-L1 adipocytes and in high fat diet (HFD)-fed mice. To investigate the mechanism 3T3L1 adipocytes were treated with high glucose (HG, 25 mM) and 1,25(OH)2D3 (1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3) (0-50 nM). Results showed that 1,25(OH)2D3 supplementation decreased NOX4 expression, ROS production, NF-κB phosphorylation, and increased the expression of Nrf2 and Trx in HG-treated cells...
January 4, 2017: Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063948/cytokine-il-10-activators-of-pi3-kinase-agonists-of-%C3%AE-2-adrenoreceptor-and-antioxidants-prevent-ischemia-induced-cell-death-in-rat-hippocampal-cultures
#15
Egor A Turovsky, Maria V Turovskaya, Sergei G Gaidin, Valery P Zinchenko
In the present work we compared the protective effect of anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10 with the action of a PI3-kinase selective activator 740 Y-P, selective agonists of alpha-2 adrenoreceptor, guanfacine and UK-14,304, and compounds having antioxidant effect: recombinant human peroxiredoxin 6 and B27, in hippocampal cell culture during OGD (ischemia-like conditions). It has been shown that the response of cells to OGD in the control includes two phases. The first phase was accompanied by an increase in the frequency of spontaneous synchronous Ca(2+)-oscillations (SSCO) in neurons and Ca(2+)-pulse in astrocytes...
January 4, 2017: Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048974/the-self-sufficient-cyp102-family-enzyme-krac9955-from-ktedonobacter-racemifer-dsm44963-acts-as-an-alkyl-and-alkyloxy-benzoic-acid-hydroxylase
#16
Natasha K Maddigan, Stephen G Bell
A self-sufficient CYP102 family encoding gene (Krac_9955) has been identified from the bacterium Ktedonobacter racemifer DSM44963 which belongs to the Chloroflexi phylum. The characterisation of the substrate range of this enzyme was hampered by low levels of production using E. coli. The yield and purity of the Krac9555 enzyme was improved using a codon optimised gene, the introduction of a tag and modification of the purification protocol. The heme domain was isolated and in vitro analysis of substrate binding and turnover was performed...
December 31, 2016: Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041937/time-resolved-calorimetry-of-photo-induced-folding-in-horse-heart-cytochrome-c-at-high-ph
#17
Tarah A Word, Randy W Larsen
Here the molar volume and enthalpy changes associated with the early events in the folding of ferrocytochrome c (Cc) at high pH have been examined using time resolved photoacoustic calorimetry (PAC). The data reveal an overall volume change of 1.3 ± 0.3 mL mol(-1) and an enthalpy change of 13 ± 7 kcal mol (-1) occurring subsequent to photodissociation of the unfolded CO bound Cc species in <∼20 ns. Two additional kinetic phases are observed that are associated with non-native His binding (ΔH and ΔV of 2 ± 4 kcal mol(-1) and -0...
December 29, 2016: Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034643/the-long-non-coding-rna-neat1-interacted-with-mir-101-modulates-breast-cancer-growth-by-targeting-ezh2
#18
Ke Qian, Gao Liu, Zhonghua Tang, Yibo Hu, Yu Fang, Zonglin Chen, Xundi Xu
Nuclear enriched abundant transcript 1 (NEAT1), an important cancer-associated long non-coding RNA (lncRNA), contributes to the development and progression of several cancers. An increased expression of NEAT1 was observed in cancers including bladder cancer, lung cancer and breast cancer (BC). However, the exact effect of NEAT1 in BC progression and the underlying molecular mechanisms are still unknown up to now. Here, we investigated the detailed role of NEAT1 in human BC cell lines and clinical tumor samples in order to validate the function of this molecule...
December 26, 2016: Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088329/introduction-for-the-special-issue-on-the-chemistry-of-redox-signaling
#19
EDITORIAL
Henry Jay Forman, Willem H Koppenol
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2017: Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932289/peroxiredoxin-6-in-the-repair-of-peroxidized-cell-membranes-and-cell-signaling
#20
REVIEW
Aron B Fisher
Peroxiredoxin 6 represents a widely distributed group of peroxiredoxins that contain a single conserved cysteine in the protein monomer (1-cys Prdx). The cys when oxidized to the sulfenic form is reduced with glutathione (GSH) catalyzed by the π isoform of GSH-S-transferase. Three enzymatic activities of the protein have been described:1) peroxidase with H2O2, short chain hydroperoxides, and phospholipid hydroperoxides as substrates; 2) phospholipase A2 (PLA2); and 3) lysophosphatidylcholine acyl transferase (LPCAT)...
March 1, 2017: Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
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