journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Annual Review of Entomology

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068708/impact-of-the-invasive-brown-marmorated-stink-bug-in-north-america-and-europe-history-biology-ecology-and-management
#1
Tracy C Leskey, Anne L Nielsen
The brown marmorated stink bug (BMSB), Halyomorpha halys (Stål), is an invasive pentatomid introduced from Asia into the United States, Canada, multiple European countries, and Chile. In 2010, BMSB populations in the mid-Atlantic United States reached outbreak levels and subsequent feeding severely damaged tree fruit as well as other crops. Significant nuisance issues from adults overwintering inside homes were common. BMSB is a highly polyphagous species with a strong dispersal capacity and high reproductive output, potentially enabling its spread and success in invaded regions...
October 25, 2017: Annual Review of Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068707/correlates-and-consequences-of-worker-polymorphism-in-ants
#2
Bill D Wills, Scott Powell, Michael D Rivera, Andrew V Suarez
Body size is a key life-history trait influencing all aspects of an organism's biology. Ants provide an interesting model for examining body-size variation because of the high degree of worker polymorphism seen in many taxa. We review worker-size variation in ants from the perspective of factors internal and external to the colony that may influence body-size distributions. We also discuss proximate and ultimate causes of size variation and how variation in worker size can promote worker efficiency and colony fitness...
October 25, 2017: Annual Review of Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058981/entomological-collections-in-the-age-of-big-data
#3
Andrew Edward Z Short, Torsten Dikow, Corrie S Moreau
With a million described species and more than half a billion preserved specimens, the large scale of insect collections is unequaled by those of any other group. Advances in genomics, collection digitization, and imaging have begun to more fully harness the power that such large data stores can provide. These new approaches and technologies have transformed how entomological collections are managed and utilized. While genomic research has fundamentally changed how many specimens are collected and curated, advances in technology have shown promise for extracting sequence data from the vast holdings already in museums...
October 20, 2017: Annual Review of Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058980/regulatory-pathways-controlling-female-insect-reproduction
#4
Sourav Roy, Tusar T Saha, Zhen Zou, Alexander S Raikhel
The synthesis of vitellogenin and its uptake by maturing oocytes during egg maturation are essential for successful female reproduction. These events are regulated by the juvenile hormones and ecdysteroids, and the nutritional signaling pathway regulated by neuropeptides. Juvenile hormones act as gonadotropins, regulating vitellogenesis in most insects, but ecdysteroids control this process in Diptera and some Hymenoptera and Lepidoptera. The complex crosstalk between the juvenile hormones, ecdysteroids, and nutritional signaling pathways differs distinctly depending on the reproductive strategies adopted by various insects...
October 20, 2017: Annual Review of Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058979/systematics-biology-and-evolution-of-microgastrine-parasitoid-wasps
#5
James B Whitfield, Andrew D Austin, Jose L Fernandez-Triana
The braconid parasitoid wasp subfamily Microgastrinae is perhaps the most species-rich subfamily of animals on Earth. Despite their small size, they are familiar to agriculturalists and field ecologists alike as one of the principal groups of natural enemies of caterpillars feeding on plants. Their abundance and nearly ubiquitous terrestrial distribution, their intricate interactions with host insects, and their historical association with mutualistic polydnaviruses have all contributed to Microgastrinae becoming a key group of organisms for studying parasitism, parasitoid genomics, and mating biology...
October 20, 2017: Annual Review of Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058978/advances-in-attract-and-kill-for-agricultural-pests-beyond-pheromones
#6
Peter C Gregg, Alice P Del Socorro, Peter J Landolt
Attract-and-kill has considerable potential as a tactic in integrated management of pests of agricultural crops, but the use of sex pheromones as attractants is limited by male multiple mating and immigration of mated females into treated areas. Attractants for both sexes, and particularly females, would minimize these difficulties. Volatile compounds derived from plants or fermentation of plant products can attract females and have been used in traps for monitoring and control, and in sprayable attract-and-kill formulations or bait stations...
October 20, 2017: Annual Review of Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058977/management-of-western-north-american-bark-beetles-with-semiochemicals
#7
Steven J Seybold, Barbara J Bentz, Christopher J Fettig, John E Lundquist, Robert A Progar, Nancy E Gillette
We summarize the status of semiochemical-based management of the major bark beetle species in western North America. The conifer forests of this region have a long history of profound impacts by phloem-feeding bark beetles, and species such as the mountain pine beetle (Dendroctonus ponderosae) and the spruce beetle (D. rufipennis) have recently undergone epic outbreaks linked to changing climate. At the same time, great strides are being made in the application of semiochemicals to the integrated pest management of bark beetles...
October 20, 2017: Annual Review of Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058976/alien-invasion-biology-of-philornis-flies-highlighting-philornis-downsi-an-introduced-parasite-of-gal%C3%A3-pagos-birds
#8
Sabrina M McNew, Dale H Clayton
The muscid genus Philornis comprises approximately 50 described species of flies, nearly all of which are obligate parasites of nestling birds. Philornis species are native to the Neotropics and widely distributed from Florida to Argentina. Most research on this group has focused on P. downsi, which was introduced to the Gal´apagos Islands in the late twentieth century. Although Philornis parasitism kills nestlings in several native host species, nowhere do the effects seem more severe than in P. downsi in the Galápagos...
October 20, 2017: Annual Review of Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029590/nutritional-physiology-and-ecology-of-honey-bees
#9
Geraldine A Wright, Susan W Nicolson, Sharoni Shafir
Honey bees feed on floral nectar and pollen that they store in their colonies as honey and bee bread. Social division of labor enables the collection of stores of food that are consumed by within-hive bees that convert stored pollen and honey into royal jelly. Royal jelly and other glandular secretions are the primary food of growing larvae and of the queen but are also fed to other colony members. Research clearly shows that bees regulate their intake, like other animals, around specific proportions of macronutrients...
October 13, 2017: Annual Review of Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029589/environmental-adaptations-ecological-filtering-and-dispersal-central-to-insect-invasions
#10
David Renault, Mathieu Laparie, Shannon J McCauley, Dries Bonte
Insect invasions, the establishment and spread of nonnative insects in new regions, can have extensive economic and environmental consequences. Increased global connectivity accelerates rates of introductions, while climate change may decrease the barriers to invader species' spread. We follow an individual-level insect- and arachnid-centered perspective to assess how the process of invasion is influenced by phenotypic heterogeneity associated with dispersal and stress resistance, and their coupling, across the multiple steps of the invasion process...
October 13, 2017: Annual Review of Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992421/functional-hypoxia-in-insects-definition-assessment-and-consequences-for-physiology-ecology-and-evolution
#11
Jon F Harrison, Kendra Greenlee, Wilco C E P Verberk
Insects can experience functional hypoxia, a situation in which O2 supply is inadequate to meet oxygen demand. Assessing when functional hypoxia occurs is complex, because responses are graded, age and tissue dependent, and compensatory. Here, we compare information gained from metabolomics and transcriptional approaches and by manipulation of the partial pressure of oxygen. Functional hypoxia produces graded damage, including damaged macromolecules and inflammation. Insects respond by compensatory physiological and morphological changes in the tracheal system, metabolic reorganization, and suppression of activity, feeding, and growth...
October 6, 2017: Annual Review of Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977776/anthropogenic-impacts-on-mortality-and-population-viability-of-the-monarch-butterfly
#12
Stephen B Malcolm
Monarch butterflies (Danaus plexippus) are familiar herbivores of milkweeds of the genus Asclepias, and most monarchs migrate each year to locate these host plants across North American ecosystems now dominated by agriculture. Eastern migrants overwinter in high-elevation forests in Mexico, and western monarchs overwinter in trees on the coast of California. Both populations face three primary threats to their viability: (a) loss of milkweed resources for larvae due to genetically modified crops, pesticides, and fertilizers; (b) loss of nectar resources from flowering plants; and (c) degraded overwintering forest habitats due to commercially motivated deforestation and other economic activities...
October 4, 2017: Annual Review of Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977775/the-psychology-of-superorganisms-collective-decision-making-by-insect-societies
#13
Takao Sasaki, Stephen C Pratt
Under the superorganism concept, insect societies are so tightly integrated that they possess features analogous to those of single organisms, including collective cognition. If so, colony function might fruitfully be studied using methods developed to understand individual animals. Here, we review research that uses psychological approaches to understand decision making by colonies. The application of neural models to collective choice shows fundamental similarities between how brains and colonies balance speed/accuracy trade-offs in decision making...
October 4, 2017: Annual Review of Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977774/ecology-worldwide-spread-and-management-of-the-invasive-south-american-tomato-pinworm-tuta-absoluta-past-present-and-future
#14
Antonio Biondi, Raul Narciso C Guedes, Fang-Hao Wan, Nicolas Desneux
The South American tomato pinworm, Tuta absoluta (Meyrick), is native to the eastern Neotropics. After invading Spain in 2006, it spread rapidly throughout Afro-Eurasia and has become a major threat to world tomato production. Integrated pest management (IPM) strategies have been developed, but widespread insecticide use has caused selection for insecticide resistances as well as undesirable effects on key beneficial arthropods. Augmentation and conservation biological control relying on omnivorous mirid predators has proved successful for management of T...
October 4, 2017: Annual Review of Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968147/insect-borne-plant-pathogens-and-their-vectors-ecology-evolution-and-complex-interactions
#15
Sanford D Eigenbrode, Nilsa Bosque-Pérez, Thomas S Davis
The transmission of insect-borne plant pathogens, including viruses, bacteria, phytoplasmas, and fungi depends upon the abundance and behavior of their vectors. These pathogens should therefore be selected to influence their vectors to enhance their transmission, either indirectly, through the infected host plant, or directly, after acquisition of the pathogen by the vector. Accumulating evidence provides partial support for the occurrence of vector manipulation by plant pathogens, especially for plant viruses, for which a theoretical framework can explain patterns in the specific effects on vector behavior and performance depending on their modes of transmission...
October 2, 2017: Annual Review of Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945976/social-immunity-emergence-and-evolution-of-colony-level-disease-protection
#16
Sylvia Cremer, Christopher D Pull, Matthias A Fürst
Social insect colonies have evolved many collectively performed adaptations that reduce the impact of infectious disease and that are expected to maximize their fitness. This colony-level protection is termed social immunity, and it enhances the health and survival of the colony. In this review, we address how social immunity emerges from its mechanistic components to produce colony-level disease avoidance, resistance, and tolerance. To understand the evolutionary causes and consequences of social immunity, we highlight the need for studies that evaluate the effects of social immunity on colony fitness...
September 25, 2017: Annual Review of Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938083/how-many-species-of-insects-and-other-terrestrial-arthropods-are-there-on-earth
#17
Nigel E Stork
In the last decade, new methods of estimating global species richness have been developed and existing ones improved through the use of more appropriate statistical tools and new data. Taking the mean of most of these new estimates indicates that globally there are approximately 1.5 million, 5.5 million, and 7 million species of beetles, insects, and terrestrial arthropods, respectively. Previous estimates of 30 million species or more based on the host specificity of insects to plants now seem extremely unlikely...
September 22, 2017: Annual Review of Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938082/pseudacteon-phorid-flies-host-specificity-and-impacts-on-solenopsis-fire-ants
#18
Li Chen, Henry Y Fadamiro
Human commerce has resulted in the spread of the imported fire ants, Solenopsis species, worldwide. Six species of parasitic Pseudacteon phorid flies that are highly host specific to the Solenopsis saevissima complex of Solenopsis fire ants have been successfully released in the southern United States. The presence of Pseudacteon phorid flies, in addition to having direct mortality effects on their host ants, modifies foraging behavior and disrupts interspecific competition between host species and other ant species in the community...
September 22, 2017: Annual Review of Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938081/sleep-in-insects
#19
Charlotte Helfrich-Förster
Sleep is essential for proper brain function in mammals and insects. During sleep, animals are disconnected from the external world; they show high arousal thresholds and changed brain activity. Sleep deprivation results in a sleep rebound. Research using the fruit fly, Drosophila melanogaster, has helped us understand the genetic and neuronal control of sleep. Genes involved in sleep control code for ion channels, factors influencing neurotransmission and neuromodulation, and proteins involved in the circadian clock...
September 22, 2017: Annual Review of Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146636/introduction
#20
Subba Reddy Palli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 31, 2017: Annual Review of Entomology
journal
journal
23453
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"