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Indian Journal of Dermatology

Sha Zhou, Jianjun Qiao, Juan Bai, Yinhua Wu, Xiaoling Jiang, Yunlei Pan, Lina Xu, Hong Fang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Indian Journal of Dermatology
Astuty Apurwa, Sharmila Patil, Parag Chaudhari, Nitin J Nadkarni
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Indian Journal of Dermatology
Niharika Ranjan Lal, Debabrata Bandyopadhyay, Rachna Verma, Anjani Kumar Shukla
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Indian Journal of Dermatology
Pritam Sureshchandra Kataria, Pradip Piraji Kendre, Apurva Ashok Patel, Sameer Dalsaniya
Prostate adenocarcinoma is a common urologic malignant neoplasm in man. Distant cutaneous metastases (CMs) of prostate carcinoma are extremely rare with a reported incidence of 0.36% and usually they occur late. Clinically, cutaneous metastasis of prostate carcinoma can mimic other skin conditions such as cellulitis, sebaceous cyst, zosteriform lesions, telangectasias, and more, resulting in a poor recognition. Few cases of true cutaneous metastatic prostate carcinoma exist in the literature. We present a case, where the first sign of carcinoma of the prostate was CM over the anterior abdominal wall...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Dermatology
Manju Meena, Manisha Balai, Sharad Mehta, Garima Bharti
Linear lesions following the lines of Blaschko of chronic cutaneous lupus erythematosus is a highly unusual variant of cutaneous lupus, particularly in adult. The lesions are restricted to one anatomical site with facial predilection in most of the reported cases. We herein, report a case of chronic cutaneous lupus erythematosus due to rarity of presentation and later age of onset.
March 2018: Indian Journal of Dermatology
Divya Vupperla, Snehal Balvant Lunge, Praveen Elaprolu
Vitamin D-dependent rickets type II is a rare hereditary disorder. It occurs due to mutations in the gene chr. 12q12-q14, which codes for vitamin D receptor. End-organ resistance to 1,25-(OH)2 vitamin D3 and alopecia in severe cases are the characteristic features. We report a case of a 4-year-old boy with loss of hair over the scalp and body - first observed after 1 month of birth. The boy also developed difficulty in walking at the age of 2 year. On analysis, reduced serum calcium level (7.5 mg/dL) and elevated alkaline phosphatase level (625 IU/L) were reported...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Dermatology
Praneet Pradeep Awake, Lakshmi Chandravathi Penmetcha, Anil Fonseca, Prasad Prabhakar Jawalkar
H syndrome is a recently described autosomal recessive genodermatosis with cutaneous phenotypes of varying severity and multi-system involvement. Patients suffering from this disorder can be easily mistaken for sclerodermoid conditions. The radiological findings of H syndrome are typical but have been described only anecdotally. We present a case of a 29 year old male patient of H syndrome with typical radiological features.
March 2018: Indian Journal of Dermatology
Sourav Choudhury, Anupam Das, Priyankar Misra, Udipta Ray, Sujata Sarangi
Peutz-Jeghers syndrome (PJS) is characterized by multiple hamartomatous polyps in the gastrointestinal tract and mucocutaneous pigmentation. Here we present, a case of multiple gastrointestinal hamartomatous polyps in a 22-year-old male who had been operated for intestinal obstruction due to ileocolic intussusception. Resection of the affected segment was done with proximal ileostomy and distal mucous fistula formation. Clinicopathological diagnosis of PJS was made. Later, during ileostomy closure, it was found that the patient had a transverse colonic mass which was resected...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Dermatology
Radha Sistla, Tameem Afroz, Jithendran Narayanswamy
Primary mucinous adenocarcinoma is a rare adnexal neoplasm of eccrine gland. Fewer than 200 cases are reported in literature. Clinically, it can be mistaken as a benign lesion. The primary challenge in these lesions is to differentiate these rare primary lesions from more frequent mucinous secondary deposits. Morphologically, they are similar to metastatic deposits of mucinous carcinoma from other viscera such as breast, lung, or gastrointestinal tract. Use of ancillary techniques and a thorough metastatic work up are mandatory to differentiate these lesions from metastases...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Dermatology
Farhan Rasool, Saniya Akhtar, Iffat Hassan, Sumaya Zeerak, Syed Mubashir, Gousia Sheikh
Background: Scalp psoriasis and psoriasis limited to palms and/or soles have been referred to as difficult to control psoriasis. Contact allergy has long been suspected to aggravate existing lesions and cause resistance to therapy in these psoriasis variants. Objectives: The objective of the study was to assess common contact allergens in patients with palmoplantar and scalp psoriasis and the impact of their avoidance on dermatology life quality index (DLQI). Materials and Methods: A total of 54 patients with palmoplantar and scalp psoriasis were patch tested with Indian Standard Series...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Dermatology
Reham William Doss, Abdel-Aziz El-Rifaie, Nagla Radi, Aya Yehia El-Sherif
Background: Dermatophytic fungi of genera Trichophyton and Microsporum are the most important fungal species causing tinea capitis. Choice of treatment for tinea capitis is determined by the species of fungus. Aim: The aim of the study was to investigate the most prevalent fungal species causing tinea capitis in children from Egypt and the most useful antifungal agent for treatment. Patients and Methods: A total of 100 patients diagnosed clinically with tinea capitis were included in the study...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Dermatology
J Chase Purnell, Jerad M Gardner, J Ahmad Brown, Sara C Shalin
Background: Giant basal cell carcinoma (GBCC) is defined as a basal cell carcinoma (BCC) exceeding 5 cm in size. While these tumors impart significant morbidity due to local tissue destruction and have a higher rate of metastatic disease than their conventional (smaller) counterparts, reasons for their large size remain unclear. While theories relating to neglect or faster growth rate are often invoked; to date, there has not been a comprehensive evaluation of the histologic features of these large tumors that may contribute to their size...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Dermatology
Anindita Sen, Deblina Bhunia, Pijush Kanti Datta, Atanu Ray, Parthajit Banerjee
Background: Onychomycosis (OM) is a major public health problem which is increasing worldwide. It is associated with high morbidity and causes physical, psychological, and occupational problems in patients. Aims: This study aims to study the pattern of etiological agents, clinical features, and severity assessment of OM in this part of India. Materials and Methods: Sixty eight clinically suspected patients with positive potassium hydroxide and fungal culture were studied...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Dermatology
Satyaki Ganguly, Lopamudra Ray, Sheela Kuruvila, Sunil Kumar Nanda, Kandasamy Ravichandran
Background: Psoriasis has well-known associations with individual components of metabolic syndrome such as hypertension, dyslipidemia, insulin resistance, and obesity. Traditional anthropometric measurements of obesity such as waist circumference (WC) and body mass index (BMI) do not differentiate between subcutaneous fat and visceral fat, the latter being associated with cardiovascular risk factors. Lipid accumulation product (LAP) index is a measure of visceral fat and has been found to be a better predictor of cardiovascular risk...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Dermatology
Murat EyĆ¼boglu, Incilay Kalay, Damla EyĆ¼boglu
Background: Acne vulgaris is a common skin condition which affects most adolescents. It has a major impact on quality of life and psychosocial well-being. Aims: The aims of the study were to examine the psychosocial effects of acne on adolescents and changes in quality of life, and to reveal any difference in the possible effect between genders. In addition, an investigation of the association between acne severity and quality of life as well as psychosocial stress was conducted...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Dermatology
Yashpal Manchanda, Sudip Das, Aarti Sarda, Projna Biswas
Some cutaneous adverse drug reactions (CADRs) are severe life-threatening conditions due to multisystem involvements with a high morbidity and mortality rates ranging from 25 - 70% and require immediate medical care. But there are huge controversies regarding the management because large clinical trials are lacking. Most frequent discussion and division occur regarding the use of systemic corticosteroid as early intervention with corticosteroids controls inflammation. Corticosteroids are potent agents that target several intracellular processes to modify almost all components of inflammatory and immune responses but their impact on the long term disease course is not known...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Dermatology
Rajesh Kumar, Anupam Das, Sudip Das
Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) are severe cutaneous adverse reactions, which are mainly caused by drugs; and these are usually associated with high degree of morbidity and mortality. Recently, two detailed guidelines were published on the management of SJS/TEN, Indian guidelines and UK guidelines. Still, there is no consensus on the management of SJS/TEN. In this article, our aim is to conceptualize the management aspect of SJS/TEN considering Indian setup. Early discontinuation of all medicines, supportive measures (hydration, electrolytes, and care of denuded skin), corticosteroids and cyclosporine has been found to be useful...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Dermatology
Vaishali Masatkar, Ashok Nagure, Lalit Kumar Gupta
Any drug can cause any rash! Cutaneous adverse drug reactions (CADRs) are great mimickers and can be included in the differential diagnosis of any inflammatory dermatoses. Several drugs can cause rash of similar morphology and the same drug can cause rash of different morphology. While some common and specific drug reaction patterns are recognized easily by the clinicians, many a times unusual and interesting patterns can be induced by drug(s), thus leading to erroneous diagnosis and mistreatment. This review aims to familiarize clinicians with some rare, yet interesting patterns of CADR...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Dermatology
Sudip Das, Projna Biswas, Dayamay Pal, Abhishek De
Different types of skin testing with a suspected drug have been reported to be helpful in determining the cause of cutaneous adverse drug reactions (CADRs). It is of utmost importance for practicing dermatologists to have a first hand knowledge of different types of skin tests available in a case of CADR. In each suspected case, a detailed investigation with the suspected agent and correlation of the positive skin reaction with clinical variant of CADR is advocated. Drug skin tests are performed 6 weeks to 6 months after complete healing of the CADR...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Dermatology
Sharmila Patil, Astuty Apurwa, Nitin Nadkarni, Shweta Agarwal, Parag Chaudhari, Manjyot Gautam
Hidradenitis suppurativa is a chronic, disabling, suppurative disease characterized by deep tender subcutaneous nodules; complicated by fibrosis and extensive sinuses affecting primarily the apocrine gland bearing areas. It affects all races in early 20s with greater prevalence seen in women (3 to 5:1). The estimated disease prevalence is 1 - 4 %. The disease is speculated to be caused by follicular structural abnormalities with associated risk factors as smoking, obesity, positive family history and shaving...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Dermatology
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