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Experimental and Molecular Pathology

Ya Li, Lu Han, Wen-Yuan Ding, Yun Ti, Yi-Hui Li, Meng-Xiong Tang, Zhi-Hao Wang, Yun Zhang, Wei Zhang, Ming Zhong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 14, 2016: Experimental and Molecular Pathology
Jeffrey A Gross, Corina Nagy, Li Lin, Éric Bonneil, Marissa Maheu, Pierre Thibault, Naguib Mechawar, Peng Jin, Gustavo Turecki
There has been a growing interest in the study of epigenetic mechanisms to elucidate the molecular bases of human brain-related diseases and disorders. Frequently, researchers utilize post-mortem tissue with the assumption that post-mortem tissue decay has little or no effect on epigenetic marks. Although previous studies show no effect of post-mortem interval on certain epigenetic marks, no such research has been performed on cytosine modifications. In this study, we use DNA from the brains of adult Sprague Dawley rats subjected to post-mortem intervals at room temperature, ranging from 0 to 96h, to assess the stability of cytosine modifications, namely 5-methycytosine and 5-hydroxymethylcytosine...
October 13, 2016: Experimental and Molecular Pathology
Rafael Carvalho Torres, Nathalia Santos Magalhães, Patrícia M R E Silva, Marco A Martins, Vinicius F Carvalho
Increased hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis (HPA) activity in diabetes is strongly associated with several morbidities noted in patients with the disease. We previously demonstrated that hyperactivity of HPA axis under diabetic conditions is associated with up-regulation of adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH) receptors (MC2R) in adrenal and down-regulation of glucocorticoid receptors (GR and MR) in pituitary. This study investigates the role of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)-γ in HPA axis hyperactivity in diabetic rats...
October 8, 2016: Experimental and Molecular Pathology
Wei Li, Hongjia Yang, Dimiter S Dimitrov
CD16A (FcγRIIIA) is an activating receptor mostly expressed on natural killer (NK) cells and monocytes/macrophages. It can mediate antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC) through low-affinity interaction with human immunoglobulin G (IgG) Fc. It can also mediate cell lysis if NK cells are guided by bispecific killer cells engagers (BiKEs). BiKEs showed some success in clinical trials of cancer and are promising candidate therapeutics. However, currently reported BiKEs are based on antibody fragments (scFvs) of relatively large size...
October 3, 2016: Experimental and Molecular Pathology
Defeng Kuang, Xiaoping Zhang, Shaofang Hua, Wei Dong, Zhiguo Li
Ovarian cancer is the fifth leading cause of cancer-related death in women worldwide, and recent studies have highlighted the role of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) in cancer development. However, the role of lncRNAs in ovarian cancer is largely unclear. In this study, we focused on the taurine up-regulated gene 1 (TUG1) and examined its molecular mechanism in ovarian cancer. Here, we reported that TUG1 was up-regulated in ovarian cancer tissues and ovarian cancer cells, and TUG1 expression was positively correlated with tumor grade and FIGO stage...
September 28, 2016: Experimental and Molecular Pathology
Wu Yan, Haoxiang Zhang, Jingwen Li, Caifei Shen, Yiju Xia, Pu Wang, Yafei Zhang, Ji Feng, Shunzi Shao, Xiaona Yu, Dianchun Fang
INTRODUCTION: Barrett's esophagus is a metaplastic lesion. However, the cellular and molecular mechanisms involved are poorly understood. The aim of this study was to investigate the roles of KLF4 and BMP4 in the pathogenesis of Barrett's epithelium. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Immunohistochemistry was used to analyse the expression of KLF4, BMP4, CDX2, MUC2 and MUC5AC in human esophageal specimens. Human esophageal squamous epithelial cells were subjected to bile acid treatment and used in transfection experiments...
September 28, 2016: Experimental and Molecular Pathology
Paola Carolina Bazán, María Silvina Lo Presti, Mariana Strauss, Alejandra Lidia Báez, Noemí Miler, Patricia Adriana Paglini, Héctor Walter Rivarola
Clomipramine (CLO), a tricyclic antidepressant drug, has been used for the treatment of mice infected with Trypanosoma cruzi. In this work we evaluated the effectiveness of CLO treatment upon T. cruzi-infected mice in the chronic phase of the experimental infection using Quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) and recombinant ELISA. Sixty Swiss albino mice were inoculated with 50 trypomastigote forms of T. cruzi (Tulahuen strain). CLO treatment consisted of 5mg/kg/day during 60days by intraperitoneal injection, beginning on day 90 post infection (p...
September 24, 2016: Experimental and Molecular Pathology
Xing Mao, Weili Luo, Jianyong Sun, Nianji Yang, Linda Wei Zhang, Zhonghua Zhao, Zhigang Zhang, Huijuan Wu
Mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis is characterized by proliferation of mesangial cells (MCs) and transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β)-dependent stimulation of abnormal extracellular matrix (ECM) accumulation. We previously showed that Decorin--a leucine-rich proteoglycan inhibiting the progression of glomerulonephritis and glomerular sclerosis--can be degraded by the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway and deubiquitinated and stabilized by ubiquitin-specific processing protease 2-69(Usp2-69). Usp2-69 is highly expressed in the kidney and has been implicated in the regulation of cell proliferation and apoptosis...
September 15, 2016: Experimental and Molecular Pathology
Lin Su, Zhen Zhang, Liang Gan, Qian Jiang, Ping Xiao, Jizhen Zou, Qi Li, Hong Jiang
Hirschsprung disease (HSCR) is a congenital disorder characterized by the absence of intrinsic ganglion cells in the lower intestine. Genetic factors in the pathogenesis of this disease are under active investigation. As core genes in the planar cell polarity pathway, Celsr3 and Fzd3 are believed to play vital roles in the development of the murine enteric nervous system. The potential association of CELSR3 and FZD3 with the development of HSCR in humans, however, is still unknown. We determined the genotypes of eight CELSR3 and FZD3 polymorphisms in 113 patients...
September 13, 2016: Experimental and Molecular Pathology
Sonia I Vlaicu, Alexandru Tatomir, Dallas Boodhoo, Takahiro Ito, Matthew Fosbrink, Cornelia Cudrici, Armugam P Mekala, Jonathan Ciriello, Doiniţa Crişan, Emil Boţan, Violeta Rus, Horea Rus
The complement system is an important player in the development of atherosclerosis. Previously reported as a cell cycle regulator, RGC-32 is an essential effector of the terminal complement complex, C5b-9. In this study, our aims were to determine the expression of RGC-32 in the human atherosclerotic arterial wall and to delineate the mechanisms through which RGC-32 affects C5b-9-induced endothelial cell proliferation and migration. We now demonstrate that RGC-32 is expressed in human aortic atherosclerotic wall and that RGC-32 expression increases with the progression of atherosclerosis...
September 13, 2016: Experimental and Molecular Pathology
Dimitry A Chistiakov, Alexander N Orekhov, Yuri V Bobryshev
The relative resistance of fibroblasts to hypoxia and their remarkable adaptive plasticity in response to rapid changes in local tissue microenvironment made interstitial cardiac fibroblasts to be a key player in post-myocardial infarction myocardial repair. Cardiac fibroblasts are abundantly presented in the interstitial and perivascular extracellular matrix. These cells can be rapidly mobilized in response to cardiac injury. Inflammatory activation of fibroblasts leads to the loss of their quiescent phenotype and inhibition of matrix-producing capacity...
September 9, 2016: Experimental and Molecular Pathology
Emily Fuller, Christopher B Little, James Melrose
We have developed an ovine meniscal explant model where the focal degradative events leading to characteristic fragmentation patterns of biglycan in human OA of the knee and hip, and evident in animal models of knee OA and IVD degeneration are reproduced in culture. Lateral and medial menisci were dissected into outer, mid and inner zones and established in explant culture±IL-1 (10ng/ml). The biglycan species present in conditioned media samples and in GuHCl extracts of tissues were examined by Western blotting using two C-terminal antibodies PR-85 and EF-Bgn...
September 9, 2016: Experimental and Molecular Pathology
Kübra Tuğçe Çilenk, İsmet Öztürk, Mehmet Fatih Sönmez
Propolis is a potent antioxidant and a free radical scavenger. The present study aimed to investigate protective effects of propolis extract on cadmium-induced testicular damage, apoptosis, HIF-1α expression and toxicity in rat's testis tissue. A total of 32 male rats were equally divided into four study groups namely, control, Cd (1mg/kg/day), Cd+propolis (50mg/kg/day) and propolis. The rats were decapitated under ketamine anesthesia and their testes tissues were removed. Serum testosterone, tissue malondialdehyde and HIF-1α levels, HIF-1α expression, apoptosis and histopathological damage scores were then compared...
August 29, 2016: Experimental and Molecular Pathology
M Masouminia, S Samadzadeh, A Ebaee, B A French, B Tillman, S W French
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 29, 2016: Experimental and Molecular Pathology
Rikke Karlin Jepsen, Guy Wayne Novotny, Louise Laurberg Klarskov, Ib Jarle Christensen, Estrid Høgdall, Lene Buhl Riis
INTRODUCTION: miR-21, miR-92a and miR-200c are regulators of pathways involved in migration, intravasation and metastasis, and their tumor expression levels have been proposed as potential prognostic markers in colorectal cancer (CRC). In two parallel cohorts we examine intra-tumor expression levels in early stage CRC tissue in order to determine intra-tumor heterogeneity, potential systematic intra-tumor expression gradients of the miRNAs and to investigate the association to metastatic disease in early stage CRC...
August 23, 2016: Experimental and Molecular Pathology
Mehmet Haluk Morgul, Sergej Klunk, Zografia Anastasiadou, Ulrich Gauger, Corinna Dietel, Anja Reutzel-Selke, Philipp Felgendref, Hans-Michael Hau, Hans-Michael Tautenhahn, Rosa Bianca Schmuck, Nathanael Raschzok, Igor Maximillian Sauer, Michael Bartels
The presence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a significant complication of cirrhosis because it changes the prognosis and the treatment of the patients. By now, contrast-enhanced CT and MR scans are the most reliable tools for the diagnosis of HCC; however, in some cases, a biopsy of the tumor is necessary for the final diagnosis. The aim of the study was to develop a diagnostic tool using the microRNA (miRNA) profiles of the tissue surrounding the HCC tumor combined with clinical parameters in statistical models...
August 20, 2016: Experimental and Molecular Pathology
Alejandro S Mendoza, Xin Qing, Maria Dungo, Joseph Lasky, Eduard Panosyan, Junchao Cai
Acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) with t(15;17)(q22;q21)/PML-RARα is a subtype of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with distinct morphologic and immunophenotypic characteristics. It is a highly aggressive disease that requires rapid diagnosis and early intervention. In addition to morphologic evaluation, flow cytometry has been widely used to facilitate prompt diagnosis of this disease. Compared with other types of AML, APL typically displays a triad of absent or weak CD34, absent HLA-DR, and positive CD117. HLA-DR positive APL is extremely rare and its clinical and pathological features have not been reported...
August 18, 2016: Experimental and Molecular Pathology
K J Pierce, F B de Abreu, J D Peterson, A A Suriawinata, G J Tsongalis, X Liu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 3, 2016: Experimental and Molecular Pathology
Xiaohong Li, Ying Xiao, Shaoqing Fan, Mingbing Xiao, Xiaotong Wang, Xudong Chen, Chunsun Li, Guijuan Zong, Guoxiong Zhou, Chunhua Wan
OBJECTIVES: The receptor for activated protein kinase C (RACK1) is a scaffold protein involved in multiple intracellular signal pathways. Previous studies have shown that RACK1 is associated with the progression of multiple cancer types, including hepatocellular carcinoma and gastric cancer. However, the role of RACK1 in human pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) remains unclear. METHODS: In this study, the expression of RACK1 was evaluated by Western blot analysis in 8 paired fresh PDAC tissues and immunohistochemistry on 179 paraffin-embedded slices...
August 3, 2016: Experimental and Molecular Pathology
Xiao Bing Tang, Jin Zhang, Wei Lin Wang, Zheng Wei Yuan, Yu Zuo Bai
The aim of this study was to determine Bmpr1a and Bmp2 expression patterns during anorectal development in normal and anorectal malformation (ARM) embryos with a view to establishing the possible role of Bmpr1a and Bmp2 in ARM pathogenesis. ARM was induced with ethylenethiourea on the 10th gestational day (GD10) in rat embryos. The embryos were harvested by Cesarean deliveries. The expression of Bmpr1a and Bmp2 was evaluated in normal rat embryos (n=213) and ARM embryos (n=236) from GD14 to GD16. Immunohistochemical staining revealed, in normal embryos, that Bmpr1a and Bmp2 was mainly expressed on the epithelium of the urorectal septum (URS) and the cloacal membrane (CM) on GD14 and GD15...
August 2016: Experimental and Molecular Pathology
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