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Endokrynologia Polska

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918066/anti-m%C3%A3-llerian-hormone-and-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#1
Agnieszka Łebkowska, Irina Kowalska
Anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) is a glycoprotein, a member of the transforming growth factor β family, reflecting the number of ovarian antral follicles. Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrinopathy predisposing to infertility, metabolic and cardiovascular complications. In our review, we discuss the role of AMH in PCOS pathophysiology and its clinical applications according to the published studies. Improvement of AMH assay validity will allow to widen the clinical utility of this valuable biomarker...
December 5, 2016: Endokrynologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828687/selected-clinical-features-of-the-head-and-neck-in-women-with-turner-syndrome-and-the-45-x-46-xy-karyotype
#2
Agnieszka Frelich, Wacław Jeż, Tomasz Jerzy Irzyniec
INTRODUCTION: A 45,X/46,XY karyotype in women with Turner syndrome (TS) is very rare. The presence of a Y chromosome in the karyotype causes phenotypic differences and increased risk for neoplastic disease, compared to TS-women with other karyotypes. Our study addresses an issue: non-genital phenotypic differences between TS-patients with a Y-chromosome of their karyotype and TS-women without it. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Results from patient history/physical examinations of the head and neck of eight TS-women and the 45,X/46,XY karyotype were compared with those observed in 164 TS-women and 30 controls...
November 9, 2016: Endokrynologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26884296/paraoxonase-1-polymorphisms-l55m-and-q192r-as-a-genetic-marker-of-diabetic-nephropathy-in-youth-with-type-1-diabetes
#3
Ons Fekih, Sonia Triki, Jihene Rejeb, Fadoua Neffati, Wahiba Douki, Asma Ommezzine, Slaheddine Chouchane, Mohamed Neji Guediche, Ali Bouslama, Mohamed Fadhel Najjar
INTRODUCTION: Paraoxonase 1 (PON1) polymorphisms have been largely involved in diabetes complications. The aim of the study is to evaluate effects of PON1 polymorphisms (L55M and Q192R) on Diabetic nephropathy (DN). MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study involved 116 children and adolescents with Type 1 diabetes (T1D) and 91 healthy subjects. Albumin excretion rate (AER) was determined by immunoturbidimetry. PON1 activity was measured by a spectrophotometric method and genotyping of PON1 gene was assessed by multiplex PCR followed by RFLP...
February 17, 2016: Endokrynologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042655/diagnostics-and-treatment-of-differentiated-thyroid-carcinoma-in-children-guidelines-of-polish-national-societies
#4
Marek Niedziela, Daria Handkiewicz-Junak, Ewa Małecka-Tendera, Agnieszka Czarniecka, Marek Dedecjus, Dariusz Lange, Anna Kucharska, Aneta Gawlik, Lech Pomorski, Jan Włoch, Maciej Bagłaj, Dorota Słowińska-Klencka, Stanisław Sporny, Paweł Kurzawa, Aleksandra Kropińska, Jolanta Krajewska, Rafał Czepczyński, Marek Ruchała, Andrzej Lewiński, Barbara Jarząb
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Endokrynologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042654/mikulicz-s-disease-with-hypophysitis-a-new-igg4-mediated-disorder
#5
Nikhil M Bhagwat, Parimal S Tayde, Pradeep P Dalwadi, Jehangir Sorabjee, Premlata K Varthakavi
INTRODUCTION: We present a case of Mikulicz's Disease with hypophysitis. This is a rare clinical association as part of the group of IgG4- related diseases, a group of disorders which can have multiorgan involvement. METHODS: A 55-year-old male patient was diagnosed with Mikulicz's disease. He was treated with oral steroids for six months with complete resolution. After two years the patient presented with fatigue, generalised weakness, and weight loss of 11 kg over six months...
2016: Endokrynologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042653/vaspin-and-selected-indices-of-bone-status-in-girls-with-anorexia-nervosa
#6
Zofia Ostrowska, Katarzyna Ziora, Joanna Oświęcimska, Elżbieta Świętochowska, Bogdan Marek, Dariusz Kajdaniuk, Joanna Strzelczyk, Karolina Gołąbek, Małgorzata Morawiecka-Pietrzak, Kinga Wołkowska-Pokrywa, Beata Kos-Kudła
INTRODUCTION: In vitro studies indicate that vaspin may act as a regulator of bone metabolism. The aim of the study was to evaluate the relationship between vaspin and bone metabolism in girls with anorexia nervosa (AN), as well as the potential involvement of OPG and RANKL in this relationship. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Serum vaspin, OC, CTx, OPG, and sRANKL were determined by ELISA in 50 girls with AN and in 30 healthy controls aged 13 to 17 years. RESULTS: Girls with AN exhibited significant reduction in body weight, BMI, and Cole index as well as a significant increase in serum level of vaspin compared to healthy participants...
2016: Endokrynologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042652/insulin-resistance-precedes-glucose-intolerance-and-hyperleptinaemia-in-high-fat-simple-carbohydrate-fed-c57bl-6j-mice
#7
Swarnalatha Bn, Serena Stephen D'Souza, Asha Abraham
INTRODUCTION: Very few systematic studies are done during the onset and progression of metabolic syndrome in suitable animal models. In this paper we present the effect of High-Fat Simple Carbohydrate (HFSC) feed on the metabolic hormones in C57BL/6J mice to understand the sequence of events leading to impairment of glucose homeostasis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: One-month-old male C57BL/6J mice were fed with control (C group) and HFSC (T group) feed (n = 30 each) respectively for five months...
2016: Endokrynologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042651/the-influence-of-ins-vntr-class-iii-allele-on-auxological-parameters-glucose-insulin-lipids-and-adipocytokines-secretion-in-prepubertal-children-born-small-for-gestational-age
#8
Renata Stawerska, Małgorzata Szałapska, Maciej Borowiec, Karolina Antosik, Wojciech Młynarski, Andrzej Lewiński
INTRODUCTION: The insulin gene variable number of tandem repeats (INS VNTR) class III allele has been implicated in lower birth weight, obesity, and insulin resistance. We assessed its influence on birth weight in the Polish population and on the current body mass and metabolic profile in prepubertal children born small for gestational age (SGA). MATERIAL AND METHODS: DNA for genotyping of INS VNTR was available for 123 subjects born SGA and 132 born appropriate for gestational age (AGA)...
2016: Endokrynologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042650/patient-satisfaction-and-preferences-of-lanreotide-autogel-treatment-in-acromegaly
#9
Przemysław Witek, Sławomir Mucha, Marek Ruchała
INTRODUCTION: Despite the known importance of somatostatin analogues (SSAs) in the treatment of acromegaly, patient satisfaction leading to preferences for specific SSAs have received little attention so far. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This open, prospective, observational, multicentre patient-reported outcome study included adult patients with acromegaly, who switched from another SSA to lanreotide Autogel (new and previous devices) at least two months prior to enrolment...
2016: Endokrynologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042649/selenium-supplementation-could-restore-euthyroidism-in-subclinical-hypothyroid-patients-with-autoimmune-thyroiditis
#10
Ilenia Pirola, Elena Gandossi, Barbara Agosti, Andrea Delbarba, Carlo Cappelli
INTRIDUCTION: The thyroid is an organ with one of the highest selenium concentrations, containing many selenoproteins implicated in thyroid hormone metabolism. Treatment with levothyroxine has been recommended for all subclinical hypothyroid patients with TSH levels > 10 mU/L, whereas for those with TSH< 10 mU/L treatment remains controversial. AIM: A randomised controlled prospective study was performed to investigate the effects of Se treatment on patients with autoimmune thyroiditis and mild sub-clinical hypothyroidism (TSH < 10 mU/L)...
2016: Endokrynologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042648/the-efficacy-of-immunosuppressive-treatment-of-graves-orbitopathy-is-not-affected-by-previous-anti-thyroid-drugs-or-by-radioiodine-therapy-of-graves-disease
#11
Agnieszka Jagiełło-Korzeniowska, Andrzej Sokołowski, Anna Krzentowska-Korek, Grażyna Miklaszewska, Agata Bałdys-Waligórska
INTRODUCTION: We studied the efficacy of immunosuppressive treatment of GO in a group of patients who had been treated with antithyroid drugs (the ATD group) and in another group that had undergone radioiodine therapy (the 131-I group). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 214 patients with exacerbation of GO were studied; the ATD group consisting of 168 patients, and the 131-I group consisting of 46 patients. All patients were treated with methylprednisolone IV pulses (total dose 8...
2016: Endokrynologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042647/content-of-rna-originating-from-thyroid-in-washouts-from-fine-needle-and-core-needle-aspiration-biopsy-preliminary-study
#12
Kosma Woliński, Adam Stangierski, Ewelina Szczepanek-Parulska, Edyta Gurgul, Elżbieta Wrotkowska, Maciej Biczysko, Marek Ruchała
INTRODUCTION: In the evaluation of molecular markers in washouts from fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) the extremely small amount of material can be a major problem. Some authors tried to use washouts from core-needle aspiration biopsy (CNABs) to gain more material from larger needles. However, according to some studies, CNAB samples are commonly contaminated with blood. The aim of our study was to evaluate the proportion of nucleic acids from thyroid cells in washouts from FNAB and CNAB by measuring the relative expression of cytokeratin 17 (KRT17) on the mRNA level...
2016: Endokrynologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828692/congenital-hypothyroidism-polish-recommendations-for-therapy-treatment-monitoring-and-screening-tests-in-special-categories-of-neonates-with-increased-risk-of-hypothyroidism
#13
Anna Małgorzata Kucharska, Iwona Beń-Skowronek, Mieczysław Walczak, Mariusz Ołtarzewski, Mieczysław Szalecki, Teresa Jackowska, Andrzej Lewiński, Artur Bossowski
Proper treatment of congenital hypothyroidism warrants normal intellectual and physical development. This paper introduces the principles of treatment of congenital hypothyroidism, the recommended levothyroxine dosage, and the aims of therapy with its justification. The principles of treatment, specialist care of the patient, and methods used to evaluate therapeutic effects are described. Based on these data, recommendations concerning treatment and its monitoring in patients with congenital hypothyroidism are formulated...
2016: Endokrynologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828691/long-term-complete-remission-of-crooke-s-corticotropinoma-after-temozolomide-treatment
#14
Maria Kurowska, Jerzy S Tarach, Joanna Malicka, Grzegorz Zieliński, Maria Maksymowicz, Piotr Denew
INTRODUCTION: Crooke's corticotropinomas are the unique cause of Cushing's disease. The majority of them are aggressive macroadenomas, refractory to conventional therapy, with a high recurrence rate. The aim of the study was the presentation, in relation to data from the literature, of a case of a patient with ACTH-dependent Cushing's syndrome caused by recurrent Crooke's cells corticotropinoma, who achieved 33-month complete remission after treatment with temozolomide (TMZ). CASE REPORT: A 54-year-old man was diagnosed with Cushing's disease five years earlier on the basis of a typical clinical picture and hormonal tests...
2016: Endokrynologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828690/immunoglobulin-g4-related-thyroid-disorders-diagnostic-challenges-and-clinical-outcomes
#15
Deep Dutta, Arvind Ahuja, Chitra Selvan
Ig-G4 related disease (IgG4RD) is a heterogeneous disorder with multi-organ involvement recognised as a separate entity at the start of this century only. It is currently one of the hottest areas of clinical and translational research across specialties. Thyroid involvement in IgG4RD is rare, believed to occur in less than 4% of cases, may be isolated or may be associated with other organ involvement. As of today Riedel's thyroiditis, fibrosing variant of Hashimoto's thyroiditis, and few patients of Graves' orbitopathy represent the types of IgG4-related thyroid disease (IgG4RTD)...
2016: Endokrynologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828689/tgf-%C3%AE-1-bone-metabolism-osteoprotegerin-and-soluble-receptor-activator-of-nuclear-factor-kb-ligand-in-girls-with-anorexia-nervosa
#16
Zofia Ostrowska, Katarzyna Ziora, Joanna Oświęcimska, Elżbieta Świętochowska, Bogdan Marek, Dariusz Kajdaniuk, Joanna Strzelczyk, Karolina Gołąbek, Kinga Wołkowska-Pokrywa, Beata Kos-Kudła
INTRODUCTION: Numerous investigations, and especially in vitro studies, indicate that TGF-β1 may act as an important regulator of bone remodelling. Thus, it could be expected that disturbances of this cytokine production observed by several researchers might play a role in the mechanism leading to the development of osteoporosis in girls with anorexia nervosa (AN). The aim of the study was to determine whether 1) girls with AN exhibited a relationship between TGF-β1 and bone metabolism (as assessed based on serum OC and CTx concentrations) and 2) whether OPG and sRANKL might modify the possible relationship between TGF-β1 and bone metabolism...
2016: Endokrynologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828688/the-polymorphism-of-estrogen-receptor-%C3%AE-is-important-for-metabolic-consequences-associated-with-menopause
#17
Jarosław Pinkas, Mariusz Gujski, Anna Wierzbińska-Stępniak, Alfred Owoc, Iwona Bojar
Menopause is associated with multiple health and metabolic consequences resulting from the decrease in estrogens level. Women at postmenopausal age are burdened with a higher risk of cardiovascular diseases, and the main cause of mortality in this group is ischemic heart disease. Estrogen deficiency is related, among other things, with frequent occurrence of dislipidemia, cessation of the beneficial effect of estrogens on the vascular wall, increase in body weight characterized by unfavourable redistribution of fatty tissue, with an increased amount of visceral fat and reduction of so-called non-fatty body mass...
2016: Endokrynologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27403655/-silent-thyrotropin-tsh-expression-in-acromegaly-and-clinically-non-functioning-pituitary-adenomas
#18
Marek Pawlikowski, Hanna Pisarek, Maria Jaranowska, Maciej Radek, Katarzyna Winczyk, Jolanta Kunert-Radek
INTRODUCTION: The pituitary adenomas secreting thyrotropin (TSH) are considered the rarest type of hormonally active pituitary tumour. In spite of that, many cases are described in the literature. On the other hand, the observations of the co-expression of TSH with other pituitary hormones (mostly with growth hormone [GH]) and "silent" expression of TSH in clinically non-functioning pituitary adenomas (CNFPA) are rather scarce. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Among 93 examined pituitary adenomas, 22 of them were diagnosed as active acromegaly and 71 as clinically non-functioning pituitary adenomas (CNFPA)...
2016: Endokrynologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27387249/cushing-s-syndrome-due-to-ectopic-acth-secretion
#19
Łukasz Cieszyński, Monika Berendt-Obołończyk, Michał Szulc, Krzysztof Sworczak
Cushing's syndrome (CS) is defined as a constellation of clinical signs and symptoms occurring due to hypercortisolism. Cortisol excess may be endogenous or exogenous. The most common cause of CS is glucocorticoid therapy with supraphysiological (higher than in the case of substitution) doses used in various diseases (e.g. autoimmune). One possible CS cause is ectopic (extra-pituitary) ACTH secretion (EAS) by benign or malignant tumours. Since its first description in 1963, EAS aetiology has changed, i.e. as well as small cell lung cancer (SCLC), higher incidence in other malignancies has been reported...
2016: Endokrynologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27387248/gender-related-voice-problems-in-transsexuals-therapeutical-demands
#20
Maciej Misołek, Ewa Niebudek-Bogusz, Joanna Morawska, Bogusława Orecka, Wojciech Ścierski, Grażyna Lisowska
The paper presents a case study of a transsexual patient who underwent a voice pitch elevation surgery performed in Poland for the first time. The human voice is a reflection of the working of hormones and human psyche. This fact is of particular importance in transsexualism, a disorder consisting in incongruence between the individual's biological sex and their identified gender. For many transsexual people, especially of the MTF (male to female) type, who have undergone hormonal and surgical sex change, the voice still presents a major problem, causing difficulties in everyday life...
2016: Endokrynologia Polska
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