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British Journal of Cancer

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907930/microrna-profiling-in-clear-cell-renal-cell-carcinoma-tissues-potentially-links-tumorigenesis-and-recurrence-with-obesity
#1
X Shu, M A Hildebrandt, J Gu, N M Tannir, S F Matin, J A Karam, C G Wood, X Wu
BACKGROUND: Twenty to 40% localised RCC patients may experience recurrence after curative surgery. Limited miRNA predictors have been identified for ccRCC recurrence. METHODS: Through a multi-phase study design, we analysed miRNAs in tissues obtained from 203 ccRCC patients. Paired t-test was used for tumour-normal comparisons and Cox regression model was performed to compute hazard ratios (HRs) and corresponding 95% CIs. RESULTS: A 17-miRNA signature was identified that can concordantly classify >95% of tumour/adjacent normal samples...
December 1, 2016: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907929/critical-evaluation-of-the-potential-prognostic-value-of-the-pretreatment-derived-neutrophil-lymphocyte-ratio-under-consideration-of-c-reactive-protein-levels-in-clear-cell-renal-cell-carcinoma
#2
Orietta Dalpiaz, Theresa Luef, Maximilian Seles, Michael Stotz, Tatjana Stojakovic, Karl Pummer, Richard Zigeuner, Georg C Hutterer, Martin Pichler
BACKGROUND: We investigated the prognostic value of the pretreatment-derived neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (dNLR) and original NLR in relation to the commonly used inflammation marker C-reactive protein (CRP) in a large cohort of patients with clear cell renal cell carcinoma (RCC). METHODS: Clinicopathological data from 587 consecutive non-metastatic clear cell RCC patients, operated between 2000 and 2010 at a single tertiary academic center, were evaluated retrospectively...
December 1, 2016: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898661/methyl-cpg-binding-domain-3-inhibits-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-in-pancreatic-cancer-cells-via-tgf-%C3%AE-smad-signalling
#3
Min Xu, Junbo He, Jie Li, Wen Feng, Hailang Zhou, Hong Wei, Meng Zhou, Ying Lu, Jian Zeng, Wanxin Peng, Fengyi Du, Aihua Gong
BACKGROUND: Methyl-CpG-binding domain 3 (MBD3) is an aberrant expression in human malignancies. However, the role of MBD3 in pancreatic cancer progression remains to be clarified. In this study, we investigated the effects of MBD3 on the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), and the underlying mechanism in pancreatic cancer cells. METHODS: The abilities of migration and invasion were examined by transwell and BD Matrigel invasion assays. EMT and TGF-β/Smad signalling were evaluated...
November 29, 2016: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898660/asthma-and-risk-of-myelodysplastic-syndromes-a-population-based-cohort-study
#4
Henrik Frederiksen, Dóra Körmendiné Farkas, Erzsébet Horváth-Puhó, Jan M Nørgaard, Mette Nørgaard, Henrik T Sørensen
BACKGROUND: Risk factors for the development of myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) include age, exposure to ionising radiation, and cytotoxic drug treatment. Recently, asthma also has been suggested as a risk factor for MDS. METHODS: We undertook this nationwide population-based cohort study on patients with a first-time hospital-based asthma diagnosis during 2002-2013 and followed them for the development of MDS/chronic myelomonocytic leukaemia (CMML). RESULTS: We identified 75 995 patients with incident asthma and no previous MDS/CMML diagnosis...
November 29, 2016: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898659/reproductive-factors-hormones-and-colorectal-cancer-still-unresolved
#5
EDITORIAL
Gad Rennert
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 29, 2016: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898658/reproductive-and-menstrual-factors-and-colorectal-cancer-incidence-in-the-women-s-health-initiative-observational-study
#6
Neil Murphy, Linzhi Xu, Alice Zervoudakis, Xiaonan Xue, Geoffrey Kabat, Thomas E Rohan, Sylvia Wassertheil-Smoller, Mary Jo O'Sullivan, Cynthia Thomson, Catherine Messina, Howard D Strickler, Marc J Gunter
BACKGROUND: Reproductive and menstrual factors have been evaluated as surrogates for long-term hormonal exposures in several prospective studies of colorectal cancer, yet findings have been conflicting. METHODS: The relation of reproductive and menstrual factors (self-reported via a reproductive history questionnaire) with incident colorectal cancer was investigated among women enrolled in the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study (WHI-OS), a longitudinal cohort of 93 676 postmenopausal women (aged 50-79 years at enrolment) in which 1149 incident cases of colorectal cancer occurred over a median follow-up of 11...
November 29, 2016: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898657/serum-proteomic-test-in-advanced-non-squamous-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-treated-in-first-line-with-standard-chemotherapy
#7
F Grossi, E Rijavec, C Genova, G Barletta, F Biello, C Maggioni, G Burrafato, C Sini, M G Dal Bello, K Meyer, J Roder, H Roder, J Grigorieva
BACKGROUND: VeriStrat is a blood-based proteomic test with predictive and prognostic significance in second-line treatments for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). This trial was designed to investigate the role of VeriStrat in first-line treatment of advanced NSCLC with standard chemotherapy. Here we present the results for 76 non-squamous patients treated with a combination of carboplatin or cisplatin with pemetrexed. METHODS: The test-assigned classifications of VeriStrat Good or VeriStrat Poor to samples collected at baseline...
November 29, 2016: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898656/interval-cancers-after-skin-cancer-screening-incidence-tumour-characteristics-and-risk-factors-for-cutaneous-melanoma
#8
J Hübner, A Waldmann, A C Geller, M A Weinstock, N Eisemann, M Noftz, S Bertram, S Nolte, B Volkmer, R Greinert, E Breitbart, A Katalinic
BACKGROUND: The rate of interval cancers is an established indicator for the performance of a cancer-screening programme. METHODS: We examined the incidence, tumour characteristics and risk factors of melanoma interval cancers that occurred in participants of the SCREEN project, which was carried out 2003/2004 in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany. Data from 350 306 SCREEN participants, who had been screened negative for melanoma, were linked to data of the state cancer registry...
November 29, 2016: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898655/overexpression-of-pbk-topk-relates-to-tumour-malignant-potential-and-poor-outcome-of-gastric-carcinoma
#9
Takuma Ohashi, Shuhei Komatsu, Daisuke Ichikawa, Mahito Miyamae, Wataru Okajima, Taisuke Imamura, Jun Kiuchi, Toshiyuki Kosuga, Hirotaka Konishi, Atsushi Shiozaki, Hitoshi Fujiwara, Kazuma Okamoto, Hitoshi Tsuda, Eigo Otsuji
BACKGROUND: PDZ-binding kinase/T-LAK cell-originated protein kinase (PBK/TOPK) is a serine-threonine kinase and overexpressed in various types of cancer by inhibiting the transactivation activities of p53 and PTEN. We tested whether PBK/TOPK acts as a cancer-promoting gene through its activation/overexpression in gastric cancer (GC). METHODS: We analysed five GC cell lines and 144 primary tumours, which were curatively resected in our hospital between 2001 and 2003...
November 29, 2016: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884018/blood-transfusion-during-radical-chemo-radiotherapy-does-not-reduce-tumour-hypoxia-in-squamous-cell-cancer-of-the-head-and-neck
#10
Liam Welsh, Rafal Panek, Angela Riddell, Kee Wong, Martin O Leach, Mahvash Tavassoli, Durdana Rahman, Maria Schmidt, Tara Hurley, Lorna Grove, Thomas Richards, Dow-Mu Koh, Christopher Nutting, Kevin Harrington, Kate Newbold, Shreerang Bhide
BACKGROUND: Patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) undergoing radical chemo-radiation (CRT) frequently receive transfusion with packed red cells (PRCT) during radiotherapy on the basis that PRCT increases tumour oxygenation and overcomes hypoxia-induced radio-resistance. This is likely to be a significant oversimplification given the fact that tumour hypoxia is the result of several intrinsic and extrinsic factors, including many that are not directly related to serum haemoglobin (Hb)...
November 24, 2016: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884017/the-p53-family-orchestrates-the-regulation-of-metabolism-physiological-regulation-and-implications-for-cancer-therapy
#11
Marco Napoli, Elsa R Flores
The p53 family of transcription factors is essential to counteract tumour formation and progression. Although previously this was exclusively associated with the ability of the p53 family to induce cell cycle arrest and apoptosis, an increasing number of reports have now indisputably demonstrated that the tumour suppressive functions of the p53 family members also rely on their ability to control and regulate cellular metabolism and maintain cellular oxidative homeostasis. Here, we review how each p53 family member, including p63 and p73, controls metabolic pathways in physiological conditions, and how these mechanisms could be exploited to provide anticancer therapeutic opportunities...
November 24, 2016: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884016/expression-profiling-of-budding-cells-in-colorectal-cancer-reveals-an-emt-like-phenotype-and-molecular-subtype-switching
#12
Linde De Smedt, Sofie Palmans, Daan Andel, Olivier Govaere, Bram Boeckx, Dominiek Smeets, Eva Galle, Jasper Wouters, David Barras, Madeleine Suffiotti, Jeroen Dekervel, Thomas Tousseyn, Gert De Hertogh, Hans Prenen, Sabine Tejpar, Diether Lambrechts, Xavier Sagaert
BACKGROUND: Tumour budding, described as the presence of single cells or small clusters of up to five tumour cells at the invasive margin, is established as a prognostic marker in colorectal carcinoma. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the molecular signature of tumour budding cells and the corresponding tumour bulk. METHODS: Tumour bulk and budding areas were microdissected and processed for RNA-sequencing. As little RNA was obtained from budding cells, a special low-input mRNA library preparation protocol was used...
November 24, 2016: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875527/non-classic-egfr-mutations-in-a-cohort-of-dutch-egfr-mutated-nsclc-patients-and-outcomes-following-egfr-tki-treatment
#13
J L Kuiper, S M S Hashemi, E Thunnissen, P J F Snijders, K Gru Nberg, E Bloemena, D Sie, P E Postmus, D A M Heideman, E F Smit
BACKGROUND: Data on non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with non-classic epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations are scarce, especially in non-Asian populations. The purpose of this study was to evaluate prevalence, clinical characteristics and outcome on EGFR-TKI treatment according to type of EGFR mutation in a Dutch cohort of NSCLC patients. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated a cohort of 240 EGFR-mutated NSCLC patients. Data on demographics, clinical and tumour-related features, EGFR-TKI treatment and clinical outcome were collected and compared between patients with classic EGFR mutations, EGFR exon 20 insertions and other uncommon EGFR mutations...
November 22, 2016: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875526/caphosol-for-prevention-of-oral-mucositis-in-pediatric-myeloablative-haematopoietic-cell-transplantation
#14
Nathaniel Treister, Michael Nieder, Christina Baggott, Ellen Olson, Lu Chen, Ha Dang, Mark Krailo, Amanda August, Lillian Sung
BACKGROUND: The primary objective was to determine whether topically administered Caphosol, rinsed orally four times daily at the initiation of conditioning, reduces the duration of severe oral mucositis (OM) compared with placebo among children and adolescents undergoing haematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). METHODS: This was a Children's Oncology Group multicentre randomised double-blinded placebo-controlled clinical trial. Patients between the ages of 4 and 21 years who were scheduled to undergo myeloablative HCT for any indication were randomised to Caphosol or placebo saline rinses four times daily from initiation of conditioning through day +20...
November 22, 2016: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875525/precision-medicine-in-cancer-challenges-and-recommendations-from-an-eu-funded-cervical-cancer-biobanking-study
#15
Sanne Samuels, Balazs Balint, Heiko von der Leyen, Philippe Hupé, Leanne de Koning, Choumouss Kamoun, Windy Luscap-Rondof, Ulrike Wittkop, Ksenia Bagrintseva, Marina Popovic, Atttila Kereszt, Els Berns, Gemma G Kenter, Ekaterina S Jordanova, Maud Kamal, Susy Scholl
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer (CC) remains a leading cause of gynaecological cancer-related mortality worldwide. CC pathogenesis is triggered when human papillomavirus (HPV) inserts into the genome, resulting in tumour suppressor gene inactivation and oncogene activation. Collecting tumour and blood samples is critical for identifying these genetic alterations. METHODS: BIO-RAIDs is the first prospective molecular profiling clinical study to include a substantial biobanking effort that used uniform high-quality standards and control of samples...
November 22, 2016: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875524/microrna-137-promotes-apoptosis-in-ovarian-cancer-cells-via-the-regulation-of-xiap
#16
Xiaodi Li, Wei Chen, Wenshu Zeng, Chunling Wan, Shiwei Duan, Songshan Jiang
BACKGROUND: microRNAs (miRNAs) have regulatory roles in various cellular processes, including apoptosis. Recently, X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis protein (XIAP) has been reported to be dysregulated in epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC). However, the mechanism underlying this dysregulation is largely unknown. METHODS: Using bioinformatics and a literature analysis, a panel of miRNAs dysregulated in EOC was chosen for further experimental confirmation from hundreds of miRNAs that were predicted to interact with the XIAP 3'UTR...
November 22, 2016: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875523/a-protein-fragment-derived-from-dna-topoisomerase-i-as-a-novel-tumour-associated-antigen-for-the-detection-of-early-stage-carcinoma
#17
Shang-Mian Yie, Shang-Rong Ye, Xiao-Li Ma, Ke Xie, Jian-Bo Zhang, Mei Cao, Xu He, Zhen-Bo Hu, Cheng-Lu Yang, Jia Zhang, Jie Zeng
BACKGROUND: The production of autoantibodies against tumour-associated antigens (TAAs) is believed to reflect greater immunologic reactivity in cancer patients and enhanced immune surveillance for cancer cells. Over the past few decades, a number of different TAAs and their corresponding autoantibodies have been investigated. However, positive frequency of autoantibody detection in cancer patients has been relatively low. Here we describe a novel TAA that was a fragment derived from human DNA-topoiomerase I and an autoantibody against the novel TAA with relatively high positive frequency in the sera of early-stage non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), gastric cancer (GC), colorectal cancer (CRC) and oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC)...
November 22, 2016: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875522/hedgehog-inhibition-enhances-efficacy-of-radiation-and-cisplatin-in-orthotopic-cervical-cancer-xenografts
#18
Naz Chaudary, Melania Pintilie, David Hedley, Richard P Hill, Michael Milosevic, Helen Mackay
BACKGROUND: The Hedgehog (Hh) pathway is upregulated in cervical cancer and associated with poor outcome. We explored the effects of Hh pathway inhibition in combination with RTCT in a patient derived orthotopic cervical cancer xenograft model (OCICx). METHODS: 5E1, a monoclonal antibody for SHH, or Sonidegib (LDE225), a clinical SMO inhibitor (Novartis) were added to RTCT. We investigated tumour growth delay, metastasis and GI toxicity using orthotopic cervical cancer xenografts models...
November 22, 2016: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875521/trastuzumab-cardiotoxiciy-the-age-old-balance-of-risk-and-benefit
#19
EDITORIAL
Michael S Ewer, Steven M Ewer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 22, 2016: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875520/the-cell-autonomous-mechanisms-underlying-the-activity-of-metformin-as-an-anticancer-drug
#20
Francesca Sacco, Alberto Calderone, Luisa Castagnoli, Gianni Cesareni
The biguanide drug metformin profoundly affects cell metabolism, causing an impairment of the cell energy balance and triggering a plethora of pleiotropic effects that vary depending on the cellular or environmental context. Interestingly, a decade ago, it was observed that metformin-treated diabetic patients have a significantly lower cancer risk. Although a variety of in vivo and in vitro observations emphasising the role of metformin as anticancer drug have been reported, the underlying mechanisms are still poorly understood...
November 22, 2016: British Journal of Cancer
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