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Australian Veterinary Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714567/comparison-of-the-effects-of-topical-application-of-umf20-and-umf5-manuka-honey-with-a-generic-multifloral-honey-on-wound-healing-variables-in-an-uncontaminated-surgical-equine-distal-limb-wound-model
#1
A S Tsang, A J Dart, A Sole-Guitart, C M Dart, N R Perkins, L B Jeffcott
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effect of application of manuka honey with unique manuka factor (UMF) 5 or 20 with a generic multifloral honey on equine wound healing variables. METHODS: Two full-thickness skin wounds (2.5 × 2.5 cm) were created on the metatarsus of both hindlimbs of eight Standardbred horses. The wounds on each horse were assigned to 1 of 4 treatments: UMF20 (UMF20) and UMF5 (UMF5) manuka honey; generic multifloral honey (GH); and a saline control...
July 17, 2017: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677120/genotype-disclosure-in-the-genomics-era-roles-and-responsibilities
#2
L Denholm
Disclosure of affected breed without disclosure of major progenitors has been the usual practice in scientific papers reporting recessive heritable disorders of cattle. Before molecular genetics, carrier identity could not be used by breeders to control causal mutations because phenotypically normal heterozygotes among genetically related animals could not be detected other than by test mating. Accurate, low-cost DNA tests fundamentally changed this situation. Genomics can provide relief from the old problem of emerging recessive disorders in cattle breeding, but greater transparency of genotype data between breeders is necessary to fully exploit the opportunities for cost-efficient genetic disease control...
July 5, 2017: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749028/neuroendodermal-cyst-in-the-fourth-ventricle-of-a-dog
#3
M Kent, E N Glass, A D Miller, A de Lahunta
CASE REPORT: We describe the MRI appearance and surgical outcome of a rare neuroendodermal cyst in the fourth ventricle of a German Shorthaired Pointer. The dog presented with uncoordinated gait and occasional falling that increased when she became excited. The MRI appearance is shown and the surgical treatment described. Recurrence occurred on two occasions and the dog was euthanased. CONCLUSION: Recurrence of these cysts is highly likely unless there is complete surgical resection...
August 2017: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749027/erratum
#4
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749026/maxillary-unicystic-ameloblastoma-in-a-6-week-old-filly-evaluated-with-computed-tomography
#5
H L Smith, A J Rosenblatt, W W Suen, H Owen, B J Ahern
CASE REPORT: A 6-week-old Thoroughbred filly was presented for evaluation of an expansile mass overlying the right nasal passage and causing respiratory stertor. On skull radiographs, there was a loculated, soft tissue-opaque mass identified dorsal to the right upper premolars and effacing the right nasal cavity. Computed tomography (CT) revealed a locally extensive mass with relatively benign characteristics located centrally on the tooth root apices of the deciduous second premolar (506)...
August 2017: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749025/news
#6
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749024/chemical-stability-of-morphine-and-methadone-and-of-methadone-in-combination-with-acepromazine-medetomidine-or-xylazine-during-prolonged-storage-in-syringes
#7
D Y Lee, N Watson, T Whittem
OBJECTIVE: To assess the chemical and physical stability of morphine and methadone stored in syringes for 12 months and of methadone when mixed with acepromazine, medetomidine or xylazine. METHODS: A high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) technique was developed and validated for the analysis of morphine and methadone. Morphine and methadone were dispensed into syringes and stored at 25°C/60% relative humidity (RH) and 40°C/75% RH. Solutions containing mixtures of methadone combined with acepromazine, medetomidine or xylazine were stored in syringes at 25°C/60%RH...
August 2017: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749023/in-this-issue-august-2017-urgent-action-needed-to-facilitate-insecticides-for-screwworm-infestation-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-experimental-footrot-studies-in-sheep-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-oestrus-synchronisation-programs-in-dairy-cattle-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-neuroendodermal-cyst-in-a-dog-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-stability-of-morphine
#8
EDITORIAL
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749022/effects-of-gnrh-a-progesterone-releasing-device-and-energy-balance-on-an-oestrus-synchronisation-program-in-anoestrous-dairy-cows
#9
S K Sahu, J F Cockrem, T J Parkinson, R A Laven
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this research was to study the roles of the day 0 energy balance and gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH) and progesterone levels on dominant follicle (DF) and corpus luteum (CL) development during the first 7 days of a gonadotrophin-prostaglandin-gonadotrophin (GPG) + progesterone (P4) program in anoestrous dairy cows. METHODS: Cows (n = 81) were allocated to one of the three treatments: (1) GPG + P4 (days 0 and 9, 100 µg GnRH; day 0-7, intravaginal P4 device; day 7, 500 µg PGF2α ); (2) GPG (as for treatment 1 but excluding the P4 device) and (3) prostaglandin + GnRH + P4 (as for treatment 1, but excluding day 0 GnRH)...
August 2017: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749021/prophylactic-and-therapeutic-efficacy-of-australian-registered-insecticide-formulations-against-old-world-screwworm-chrysomya-bezziana-infestation
#10
P J James, A H Wardhana, G W Brown, D G Mayer, R Urech
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prophylactic and therapeutic efficacy of Australian-registered insecticide formulations against Old World screwworm (OWS) myiases for potential use in screwworm containment and eradication programs. METHODS: The longevity of protection provided by six insecticidal formulations (subcutaneous ivermectin, doramectin and abamectin, a topically applied aqueous formulation of spinosad, ivermectin controlled-release capsule and a dicyclanil spray-on formulation) was tested using implants of 1st-instar OWS larvae on Javanese thin-tail sheep...
August 2017: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749020/artificial-infection-of-sheep-with-multiple-strains-of-dichelobacter-nodosus-to-induce-footrot
#11
M B Allworth, J R Egerton
OBJECTIVES: To establish multiple strains of Dichelobacter nodosus in two flocks of sheep and to assess the virulence of five of these strains. METHODS: In experiment 1, sheep were challenged with five D. nodosus strains, which varied in both virulence and serotype. In experiment 2, consisting of four replicates (paddock groups), sheep were challenged with seven different strains of D. nodosus. In experiment 3, sheep were challenged with one of five D. nodosus strains...
August 2017: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653389/john-mccormack-howell-1932-2017
#12
M Nairn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653388/factors-associated-with-colostrum-immunoglobulin-g-concentration-in-northern-victorian-dairy-cows
#13
A J Phipps, D S Beggs, A J Murray, P D Mansell, M F Pyman
OBJECTIVES: To determine the proportion of first-milking colostrum samples produced on four northern-Victorian dairy farms that meet industry standards in terms of immunoglobulin G (IgG) concentration and to identify risk factors that affect colostrum quality. METHODS: Colostrum IgG concentrations from 442 dairy cows on four farms were estimated using a Brix refractometer and risk factors for colostrum IgG concentration were determined using multivariable logistic regression...
July 2017: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653387/outbreaks-of-sarcoptic-mange-in-free-ranging-koala-populations-in-victoria-and-south-australia-a-case-series
#14
K N Speight, P L Whiteley, L Woolford, P J Duignan, B Bacci, S Lathe, W Boardman, T F Scheelings, O Funnell, G Underwood, M A Stevenson
OBJECTIVE: To describe outbreaks of sarcoptic mange caused by Sarcoptes scabiei in free-ranging koalas in Victoria (December 2008 to November 2015) and South Australia (October 2011 to September 2014). METHODS: Koalas affected by mange-like lesions were reported by wildlife carers, veterinary practitioners or State Government personnel to the Faculty of Veterinary and Agricultural Sciences at The University of Melbourne and the School of Animal and Veterinary Sciences at The University of Adelaide...
July 2017: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653386/long-term-control-of-olfactory-neuroblastoma-in-a-dog-treated-with-surgery-and-radiation-therapy
#15
E Gumpel, A S Moore, D J Simpson, K L Hoffmann, D P Taylor
BACKGROUND: Olfactory neuroblastoma is a rare malignancy of the nasal cavity in dogs that is thought to arise from specialised sensory neuroendocrine olfactory cells derived from the neural crest. CASE REPORT: An 8-year-old dog was presented for reclusiveness and pacing. On CT and MRI, a contract-enhancing mass was disclosed within the rostral fossa, extending caudally from the cribriform plate into the left nasal sinus. Surgical excision was performed and the diagnosis was histological grade III (Hyams grading scheme) olfactory neuroblastoma...
July 2017: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653385/cricopharyngeal-dysphagia-and-phenobarbitone-responsive-sialoadenosis-in-a-miniature-poodle
#16
Sam McCann, M le Chevoir, L Lacorcia, Bgj Wernham, C S Mansfield
CASE REPORT: An 11-year-old male neutered Miniature Poodle was investigated for ptyalism, weight loss and anorexia. Cricopharyngeal dysphagia was diagnosed using fluoroscopy, and non-inflammatory salivary disease was diagnosed using a combination of cytology and computed tomography. The dog was successfully managed with phenobarbitone. CONCLUSION: To the authors' knowledge this is the first time acquired cricopharyngeal dysphagia and phenobarbitone-responsive sialoadenosis have been described together...
July 2017: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653384/in-this-issue-july-2017-rhdv-vaccine-protects-against-both-strains-of-virus-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-olfactory-neuroblastoma-in-a-malamute-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-coincidental-conditions-affecting-dysphagia-in-a-miniature-poodle-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-support-for-storing-high-quality-bovine-colostrum-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-sarcoptic
#17
EDITORIAL
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653383/hyperoxaluria-hyperglycoluria-and-renal-oxalosis-in-gilbert-s-potoroos-potorous-gilbertii
#18
D Forshaw, A M Horwitz, K Ellard, J A Friend, L Greed, M Metz
CASE REPORT: Six Gilbert's potoroos (Potorous gilbertii) in a captive colony, five of which were closely related, died or were euthanased with severe renal disease. Clinical signs were mostly non-specific. Renal calculi were seen on ultrasound of two affected potoroos and oxalate crystalluria was seen in two of three affected potoroos that had urine samples examined. Necropsies revealed extensive severe renal oxalosis in all affected potoroos. These findings and markedly increased concentrations of glycolate in the urine of the four affected potoroos for which it was measured, confirmed a disorder of oxalate metabolism and suggested a condition similar to primary hyperoxaluria type 1 in humans...
July 2017: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653381/efficacy-of-a-commercial-vaccine-against-different-strains-of-rabbit-haemorrhagic-disease-virus
#19
A J Read, P D Kirkland
BACKGROUND: This study investigated the ability of a commercial rabbit haemorrhagic disease virus (RHDV) vaccine (Cylap®) to protect rabbits from disease caused by two different strains of the virus (v351 and K5) that are used or proposed to be used for wild rabbit control in Australia. These strains of the RHDV1 genotype belong to the 'classical RHDV' and 'antigenic variant RHDVa' subtypes, respectively. METHODS: Vaccinated rabbits were exposed to very high doses of the virus either by direct oral dosing or by exposure to infected rabbit livers...
July 2017: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653380/trypanosomiasis-in-an-australian-little-red-flying-fox-pteropus-scapulatus
#20
J T Mackie, R Stenner, A K Gillett, A Barbosa, U Ryan, P J Irwin
CASE REPORT: An adult female Australian little red flying fox (Pteropus scapulatus) presented with icterus and anaemia. Examination of a blood smear revealed numerous trypanosomes 20.4-30.8 µm long with tapered ends. Necropsy and histological findings were consistent with trypanosome infection of lymphoid tissue and intravascular haemolysis. Sequence and phylogenetic analysis demonstrated this trypanosome species to be genetically distinct and most similar to Trypanosoma minasense and Trypanosoma rangeli (with a genetic distance of 1% at the 18S rRNA locus for both)...
July 2017: Australian Veterinary Journal
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