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Australian Veterinary Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555954/prevalence-and-effect-of-theileria-orientalis-infection-in-homebred-calves-in-the-gloucester-region-of-new-south-wales-australia
#1
E Swilks, C Jenkins, A Poynting, D Collins, G L Krebs
OBJECTIVES: To examine the prevalence of Theileria orientalis in the Gloucester area of New South Wales and its effect on individual animals. METHODS: Blood samples (EDTA and clotted blood) were collected from a total of 55 calves and their dams from 6 properties over a 16-week period. A total of 202 and 190 blood samples were collected from the calves and dams, respectively, and were examined via blood film for the presence of intraerythrocytic T. orientalis piroplasms...
June 2017: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555953/relationship-between-sources-of-pet-acquisition-and-euthanasia-of-cats-and-dogs-in-an-animal-shelter-a-pilot-study
#2
A I Arbe Montoya, J S Rand, R M Greer, C Alberthsen, D Vankan
OBJECTIVE: Approximately 140,000 unwanted dogs and cats are culled in Australia annually. There is a paucity of information linking sources of pet acquisition with subsequent euthanasia, which may inform evidence-based strategies to reduce euthanasia rates. This pilot study aimed to determine whether there is a higher risk of euthanasia related to the source of acquisition for pets surrendered to an animal shelter. METHODS: Data for 5391 dogs and 5581 cats surrendered to one Queensland shelter between January 2006 and December 2009 were analysed...
June 2017: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555952/students-opinions-on-welfare-and-ethics-issues-for-companion-animals-in-australian-and-new-zealand-veterinary-schools
#3
C Degeling, A Fawcett, T Collins, S Hazel, J Johnson, J Lloyd, Cjc Phillips, K Stafford, V Tzioumis, P McGreevy
OBJECTIVE: To determine what veterinary students in Australia and New Zealand consider important competences in companion animal welfare and ethics (AWE) required on their first day of practice, and to explore how their priorities relate to gender and stage of study. METHODS: Undergraduate students at all veterinary schools in Australia and New Zealand were sent an online survey. A subset of questions required participants to rank the importance of preselected AWE topics pertaining to companion animals...
June 2017: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555951/in-this-issue-june-2017-home-ranges-of-dogs-in-nt%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-comparing-vet-student-animal-welfare-priorities%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-sources-of-animals-surrendered-and-euthanased-in-an-animal-shelter%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-carbamate-toxicoses-in-a-dog%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-lowland-copperhead-envenomation-in-a-dog%C3%A2-%C3%A2
#4
EDITORIAL
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555950/lowland-copperhead-austrelaps-superbus-envenomation-causing-severe-neuromuscular-paralysis-in-a-dog
#5
L V Wright, Y H Indrawirawan
CASE REPORT: A case of lowland copperhead snake (Austrelaps superbus) envenomation in a dog is described. The dog developed severe and prolonged neuromuscular paralysis, including ventilatory failure. The dog was treated successfully with antivenom, intravenous fluids and mechanical ventilation. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: The toxic components of lowland copperhead snake venom are reviewed.
June 2017: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555949/end-to-side-anastomosis-of-the-left-ventral-colon-to-the-small-colon-in-a-neonatal-foal-with-segmental-agenesis-of-the-large-colon
#6
S Biasutti, A J Dart, C M Dart, E Uquillas, L B Jeffcott
CASE REPORT: A newborn foal was referred for evaluation because it had not passed meconium, despite the administration of four enemas. Abdominal radiographs and ultrasound scans showed generalised gaseous distension of the intestine and there was no observable meconium in the colon. Positive contrast colography showed contrast medium extending to the transverse colon. An exploratory laparotomy confirmed the absence of the left and right dorsal colon and the pelvic and diaphragmatic flexures...
June 2017: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555948/a-suspected-case-of-intermediate-syndrome-in-a-dog-with-carbamate-toxicosis
#7
E Tinson, E Boller, M Davis
CASE REPORT: A 7-year-old female spayed Labrador Retriever was managed for suspected carbamate toxicosis after confirmed ingestion of a large amount of methiocarb. Therapy included decontamination, supportive care and management for aspiration pneumonia. On the third day of hospitalisation, after an initial clinical improvement, the dog developed respiratory muscle weakness, inspiratory dyspnoea and pronounced cervical muscle weakness. These delayed clinical signs were consistent with the 'intermediate syndrome' described in some cases of organophosphate and carbamate toxicoses in humans and also described in one case of organophosphate toxicosis in the dog...
June 2017: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555947/roaming-of-dogs-in-remote-indigenous-communities-in-northern-australia-and-potential-interaction-between-community-and-wild-dogs
#8
C Bombara, S Dürr, J Gongora, M P Ward
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the roaming of Indigenous community dogs and potential interaction with wild dogs and dingoes. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey and longitudinal follow-up study. METHODS: Six remote Indigenous communities in Cape York Peninsula and Arnhem Land in northern Australia were selected. Hair samples were collected from community dogs and microsatellite DNA analyses were used to determine hybrid (>10% dingo DNA) status. Dogs were fitted with GPS collars and home range (ha) was estimated during monitoring periods of up to 3 days...
June 2017: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444758/intraoperative-use-of-a-transarticular-circular-fixator-construct-to-facilitate-reduction-and-stabilisation-of-a-proximal-tibial-physeal-fracture-in-a-dog
#9
M D Johnson, D D Lewis, M D Winter
CASE REPORT: A 4-month-old female intact American Pit Bull Terrier was presented for right pelvic limb lameness 1 day after the dog had been hit by an all-terrain vehicle. Orthogonal radiographs of the right stifle revealed a Salter-Harris type IV fracture through the proximal tibial physis extending caudodistally through the proximal tibial metaphysis. The distal tibia was markedly displaced cranially, laterally and proximally, resulting in complete overriding of the fracture segments...
May 2017: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444757/hypocobalaminaemia-as-a-cause-of-bone-marrow-failure-and-pancytopenia-in-a-cat
#10
E L Stanley, A E Eatroff
CASE REPORT: A male Domestic Short-hair cat was presented for chronic weight loss, lethargy and hyporexia. Complete haematological examination revealed non-regenerative anaemia, neutropenia and thrombocytopenia, as well as Howell-Jolly bodies, anisocytosis, polychromasia and macrocytosis on blood smear evaluation. Histopathological evaluation of bone marrow biopsy disclosed hypocellularity consistent with bone marrow failure. Concurrent hypocobalaminaemia was identified and treated with parenteral cyanocobalamin supplementation...
May 2017: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444756/e7-1057%C3%AE-ta-mutation-of-the-acidic-%C3%AE-glucosidase-gene-causes-pompe-s-disease-in-droughtmaster-cattle
#11
R E Lyons, D J Johnston, M R McGowan, A Laing, B Robinson, H Owen, B D Hill, B M Burns
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether known loss-of-function alleles of the acidic α-glucosidase gene (GAA) are present in the Droughtmaster breed and, if so, whether the clinical signs and pathology of generalised glycogenosis (Pompe's disease) previously reported in other affected cattle are also seen in homozygous Droughtmasters. DESIGN: Existing genomic and other diagnostic tests developed for generalised glycogenosis in cattle were used to test for the presence of the three known loss-of-function alleles of GAA in a herd of Droughtmaster cattle...
May 2017: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444754/retrospective-study-on-the-occurrence-of-canine-lymphoma-and-associated-breed-risks-in-a-population-of-dogs-in-nsw-2001-2009
#12
Ppy Yau, N K Dhand, P C Thomson, R M Taylor
OBJECTIVE: To identify risk factors for canine lymphoma in dogs from New South Wales, Australia, and to compare factors affecting remission duration. METHODS: Client-owned dogs diagnosed with lymphoma presented to the University Veterinary Teaching Hospital (UVTH), University of Sydney, between 2001 and 2009 (n = 134) were compared with a control population of dogs seen in that period of time with a diagnosis other than lymphoma to evaluate association of explanatory variables (breed, age and sex) with the outcome (case or control status)...
May 2017: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444753/examination-of-toxicity-and-collagen-linearity-after-the-administration-of-the-protein-cross-linker-genipin-in-equine-tendon-and-dermis-a-pilot-study
#13
M Bellefeuille, D F Peters, M Nolin, P Slusarewicz, D Telgenhoff
OBJECTIVE: Collagen cross-linking is an attractive therapeutic route aimed at supplementing natural collagen stabilisation. In this study the toxicity of the cross-linker genipin (GP) was examined in avascular (tendon) and vascular (dermis) tissue. METHODS: High doses of GP were injected intratendinously into three yearling horses and evaluated at various time points up to 30 days. A second group of three yearlings were injected into the dermis and evaluated at various time points up to 1 year...
May 2017: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444752/prevalence-and-pathogen-load-of-campylobacter-spp-salmonella-enterica-and-escherichia-coli-o157-o145-serogroup-in-sheep-faeces-collected-at-sale-yards-and-in-abattoir-effluent-in-western-australia
#14
R Yang, S Abraham, G E Gardner, U Ryan, C Jacobson
OBJECTIVE: Develop a multiplex quantitative PCR assay to investigate the prevalence and shedding of Escherichia coli O157/O145, Salmonella spp. and Campylobacter spp. in sheep at sale yards and abattoirs. METHODS: A qPCR for E. coli O157/O145 was developed, validated and multiplexed with an existing qPCR for Campylobacter and Salmonella enterica. The absolute numbers of E. coli O157/O145, Campylobacter and Salmonella in control samples was determined using droplet digital PCR...
May 2017: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444751/valentins-sloss-1922-2016
#15
D B Galloway, T A Mason, B W Parry
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444750/in-this-issue-may-2017-mutation-in-droughtmaster-cattle%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-measurement-of-zoonotic-pathogens-in-sheep%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-lymphoma-in-australian-dog-breeds%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-rapid-treatment-needed-in-cats-with-hypocobalinaemia%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-lockable-hinge-struts-for-salter-harris-fractures%C3%A2
#16
EDITORIAL
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444749/transurethral-removal-of-a-cystic-urolith-in-a-mare-using-a-laparoscopic-specimen-pouch
#17
A J Williamson, A O McKinnon
CASE REPORT: Cystic urolithiasis is the most common form of urolithiasis reported in horses. In contrast to the gelding or stallion, clinical disease is less common in the mare and manual removal techniques are possible because of their shorter, wider urethral anatomy. However, these manual removal techniques can be traumatic and are limited by the size of the urolith. This report describes the use of a commercial laparoscopic specimen pouch to remove a cystic urolith in a mare. CONCLUSION: This approach may allow the extraction of larger uroliths per urethra in the mare, while affording some protection to the mucosa of the bladder neck and urethra...
May 2017: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346672/congenital-bilateral-anterior-nasal-atresia-in-16-half-sibling-holstein-friesian-calves
#18
M McGowan, C Smith, A Ferguson, B Stone, D Vankan, R Allavena
CASE REPORT: Cases of bilateral anterior nasal atresia, sometimes referred to as arhinia or partial arhinia, are extremely rare in cattle and have only been reported as single events. This report describes the birth of 16 Holstein Friesian calves over a 3-month period, all affected with bilateral atresia of the nares and anterior nasal cavity, with 2 calves having additional severe deviation of the nasomaxillary bones and nasal septum. One affected calf was born with an anatomically normal twin...
April 2017: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346671/in-this-issue-april-2017-first-employment-data-from-a-rural-vet-school-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-risk-factors-for-neospora-in-beef-herds-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-luteal-structures-increase-pregnancy-odds-after-ovsynch%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-anterior-nasal-atresia-in-half-sibling-calves-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-hand-held-glucose-meter
#19
EDITORIAL
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346670/neospora-caninum-in-beef-herds-in-new-south-wales-australia-2-analysis-of-risk-factors
#20
B J Moloney, C Heuer, P D Kirkland
OBJECTIVE: To determine the influence of farm-level and animal-level factors on the seroprevalence of antibodies to Neospora caninum and associations between seropositivity and reproductive outcomes. METHODS: A questionnaire for a cross-sectional survey was posted to the 63 properties with a herd size ≥50 beef breeding cows that had participated in a previous seroprevalence study. Correspondence analysis, which does not appear to have been used previously in any Australian studies of livestock diseases, was used in conjunction with logistic regression to analyse the data...
April 2017: Australian Veterinary Journal
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