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Australian Veterinary Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30152068/randomised-controlled-trial-of-the-effect-of-concentration-of-progesterone-before-artificial-insemination-on-fertility-in-ovulatory-and-anovulatory-bos-indicus-cattle
#1
J Cavalieri, C Gaina, G Hepworth
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of concentration of progesterone (P4) before artificial insemination (AI) on fertility in ovulatory or anovulatory Bos indicus cattle. DESIGN: Randomised control study METHODS: The study included 162 heifers and 96 lactating cows. On days -10 to -12, animals were examined using transrectal ultrasound, administered PG and examined for a corpus luteum (CL). Those with a CL were allocated to Experiment 1. On day 0 they were administered an intravaginal progesterone-releasing device (IVD) containing progesterone (P4) (0...
September 2018: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30152067/low-sensitivity-of-a-test-for-anti-mullerian-hormone-to-assess-presence-of-ovaries-in-prepubertal-bitches
#2
J R Hill, J Wilkinson, J Mallyon, S T Anderson
BACKGROUND: Anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH) is currently used in several species as an indicator of the number of antral and pre-antral follicles within the ovaries. Currently, there is some uncertainty on the precision of a single AMH test for detecting the presence of ovarian tissue in prepubertal, pubertal and spayed bitches. The purpose of this study was to investigate the specificity of AMH levels determined using the Gen II AMH ELISA to detect the presence or absence of ovarian tissue in bitches of varying ages...
September 2018: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30152066/in-this-issue-september-2018-identification-of-commercial-piggeries-using-aerial-photographs-and-image-analysis-%C3%A2-destruction-of-foot-and-mouth-disease-virus-in-carcases-in-the-field-%C3%A2-size-of-the-australian-goat-industry-%C3%A2-p4-and-fertility-after-ai-in-extensively
#3
EDITORIAL
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30152065/effect-of-carcase-decomposition-on-the-inactivation-of-foot-and-mouth-disease-virus-under-northern-australian-conditions
#4
J Hunnam, K Duff, M Wingett, E Brayley, G Williamson
OBJECTIVE: The control of foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) across northern Australia would likely result in animal carcases that will often be inaccessible for disposal. The aim of this preliminary study was to determine whether the natural pH and/or temperature changes that occur within the skeletal muscle and/or body cavities of a decomposing carcase shot and left in situ in this environment would be sufficient to inactivate FMDV. METHODS: Study pigs (n = 30), cattle (6), sheep (6) and goats (8) were shot in one of four locations in Queensland...
September 2018: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30152064/anton-janmaat-1941-2018
#5
C Shilton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30152063/leonard-charles-lloyd-1928-2018
#6
N Anderson, P Carter, J Egerton, T Faragher, T Lepper, D Stewart, A Turner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30152062/recommendations-from-the-australian-and-new-zealand-equine-endocrine-group-and-the-interpretation-of-plasma-endogenous-acth-concentrations-for-the-diagnosis-of-pituitary-pars-intermedia-dysfunction-ppid
#7
LETTER
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30152061/automated-identification-of-intensive-animal-production-locations-from-aerial-photography
#8
K J Sheffield, J C Hunnam, T N Cuzner, E M Morse-McNabb, S M Sloan, J Nunan, J Smith, W Harvey, H Lewis
OBJECTIVE: Successful control of an emergency animal disease outbreak requires the timely and accurate identification of properties of interest. The identification of commercial piggeries within study areas in the Goulburn-Murray Irrigation District in Victoria, Australia, is used to demonstrate the innovative application of object-based image analysis (OBIA) techniques for the identification of intensive animal production land uses, to improve the accuracy of existing datasets. METHODS: Characteristics of infrastructure and landscape features were combined to form a commercial piggery identification algorithm...
September 2018: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30152060/howard-pericles-perry-manusu-1929-2017
#9
H Nair
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30152059/re-recommendations-from-the-australian-and-new-zealand-equine-endocrine-group-and-the-interpretation-of-plasma-endogenous-acth-concentrations-for-the-diagnosis-of-pituitary-pars-intermedia-dysfunction-ppid
#10
LETTER
Cristy Secombe, Simon Bailey, Melody de Laat, Kristopher Hughes, Allison Stewart, Jenny Sonis, Rachel Tan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30152058/soft-tissue-sarcoma-in-a-short-beaked-echidna-tachyglossus-aculeatus
#11
R L Robey, C Sangster, M Gabor, S A Lindsay
CASE REPORT: An adult male short-beaked echidna in poor body condition was found with a 25 × 12 mm round, ulcerated and bleeding mass on the left side of the face at the base of the beak. The animal responded well to initial supportive care and was referred to a specialist wildlife centre for further assessment and treatment. Clinical pathology showed moderate neutrophilia, mild anaemia, mild elevation in liver enzymes (ALT, AST and ALP) and mild azotaemia. Initial clinical differential diagnoses for the facial mass favoured an inflammatory rather than a neoplastic lesion, based on previous reports...
September 2018: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30152057/farmer-survey-to-assess-the-size-of-the-australian-dairy-goat-industry
#12
E Zalcman, B Cowled
OBJECTIVE: To better understand the commercial food-producing Australian dairy goat industry. METHODS: We contacted all licensing boards and telephone surveyed a large sample of Australian dairy goat farmers producing food products on demographics, production and labour. RESULTS: Jurisdictional licensing boards confirmed there were 68 licensed dairy goat farms in Australia in 2016. We surveyed representatives from 41. Of the farmers surveyed 20 were female and 19 were male; 81% were over 40 years old...
September 2018: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30129036/murray-charles-riches-1929-2018
#13
B Riches
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30129035/antifungal-non-invasive-soak-under-general-anaesthetic-to-treat-fungal-rhinitis-in-an-australian-quarter-horse-gelding-at-pasture
#14
N E Lean, B J Ahern
BACKGROUND: Mycotic rhinitis is a rare disease in horses, with few cases reported worldwide and none reported in Australia. Fungal infection of the upper respiratory tract can occur in all species, but its prevalence in horses is considerably lower than in canines or humans. The disease is linked to a variety of pathogens and the clinical signs are associated with subsequent upper respiratory tract damage. CASE REPORT: A 6-year-old Quarter Horse gelding in Queensland, Australia, was presented with chronic nasal discharge and dyspnoea following previous unsuccessful medical treatment of 9 months' duration...
August 2018: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30129033/discovering-new-areas-of-veterinary-science-through-qualitative-research-interviews-introductory-concepts-for-veterinarians
#15
C F May
BACKGROUND: Qualitative research is rarely used in the veterinary field. With the increasing complexity of the veterinary arena, qualitative research will become progressively relevant in pursuit of answers to new and equally complex research questions. AIM: This paper introduces the fundamental concepts of qualitative research interviews, aiming to highlight their potential value to veterinary science, and to provide veterinarians with the foundations on which to build a greater understanding of this type of research...
August 2018: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30129032/bronchoalveolar-lavage-fluid-cytology-and-airway-hyper-reactivity-in-clinically-normal-horses
#16
A M Cullimore, C J Secombe, G D Lester, I D Robertson
OBJECTIVE: To characterise the relationship between bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) cytology and pulmonary function testing with histamine bronchoprovocation (HBP) methods in a population of clinically normal horses. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study METHODS: Clinically normal adult horses (n = 33) underwent pulmonary function testing and HBP with a commercial flowmetric plethysmography system. BAL was performed 1-5 days later. Statistical analysis was used to assess associations between BALF cell concentration, relative inflammatory cell percentages and categorisation, and airway hyper-reactivity (AHR)...
August 2018: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30129031/recording-body-temperature-in-koalas-phascolarctos-cinereus-a-comparison-of-techniques
#17
D Adam, L Beard, S D Johnston, V Nicolson, A Lisle, A McKinnon, R Larkin, P Theilemann, A Gillett, K Brackin, S FitzGibbon, B Barth, W Ellis
OBJECTIVE: Compare the use of four techniques to measure body temperature in koalas: intraperitoneal (thermal data logger and temperature sensitive radio transmitter), rectal (certified thermometer), tympanic (infrared thermometer), and hind foot (infrared camera). METHODS: The body temperature data collected concurrently from the intraperitoneal loggers were used as the benchmark in the analyses. RESULTS: The rectal, foot and tympanic methods consistently recorded lower body temperature when compared with the benchmark...
August 2018: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30129030/re-the-animal-trade
#18
LETTER
Clive Phillips
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30129029/contagious-bovine-pleuropneumonia-within-the-19th-century-miasmatic-landscape
#19
R Le Get
When contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (CBPP) was first detected on a farm north of Melbourne, at Bundoora, in 1858, the predominant theory of miasma was being challenged by contagionist theories of disease transmission. This well-documented case was recorded during a period of change in the scientific assessment of disease and therefore affords an exploration of what aspects of the landscape were considered important for livestock health at the time. Although the introduction, vaccination programs and eventual eradication of CBPP on mainland Australia has been well explored, scholars have neglected this aspect of the disease's history...
August 2018: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30129028/seroprevalence-of-antibodies-to-pestivirus-infections-in-south-australian-sheep-flocks
#20
C A Evans, S R Lanyon, R M O'Handley, M P Reichel, P D Cockcroft
OBJECTIVE: Bovine viral diarrhoea virus (BVDV) and border disease virus (BDV) are of the genus Pestivirus. They are known to cause significant reproductive and production losses, with BVDV acknowledged as a major source of economic loss to the Australian cattle industry. Very little is currently known about the prevalence and effect of pestiviruses in the Australian sheep industry. The present study aimed to examine the seroprevalence and effect of both BVDV and BDV in South Australian sheep flocks...
August 2018: Australian Veterinary Journal
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