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Australian Dental Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437002/dentists-restorative-decision-making-and-implications-for-an-amalgamless-profession-part-4-clinical-factors
#1
G Alexander, Hopcraft, M J Tyas, R H K Wong
BACKGROUND: The Minamata Convention embodies a world-wide reduction in the production and use of mercury and mercury-containing products and processes, including a phase-down of dental amalgam. This will change the approach to the use of direct restorative materials in the near future. There is little research as to the influence of clinical factors on dentists' decision-making which may be of use when determining the impact of any change. METHODS: An online survey relating to aspects of and attitudes to the use of direct restorative materials was distributed to all dentists who were members of the Australian Dental Association and/or Members or Fellows of the Royal Australasian College of Dental Surgeons...
April 24, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423461/attributes-of-the-complete-dental-record
#2
Kate J Amos, Deborah J Cockrell, Claire Palermo, Samuel Rosehill, Margaret Bearman
BACKGROUND: Adherence to the Dental Board of Australia Guidelines on dental records is not universal and remediation of deficient practice requires clarity in the practical application of standards. The aim of this research is to clarify practical requirements of dental record keeping in New South Wales. METHODS: Seventeen experts were invited to participate in an electronically administered series of Delphi questionnaires. Concepts were refined until consensus was reached...
April 19, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423455/simulation-and-curriculum-design-a-global-survey-in-dental-education
#3
S Perry, M F Burrow, W K Leung, S M Bridges
BACKGROUND: Curriculum reforms are being driven by globalisation and international standardisation. Although new information technologies such as dental haptic virtual reality (VR) simulation systems have provided potential new possibilities for clinical learning in dental curricula, infusion into curricula requires careful planning. METHODS: This study aimed to identify current patterns in the role and integration of simulation in dental degree curricula internationally...
April 19, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423453/periodontal-treatment-in-private-dental-practice-a-case-based-survey
#4
I Darby, S-Y Barrow, B Cvetkovic, R Musolino, S Wise, C Yung, D Bailey
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to assess the management and referral patterns of Victorian general dental practitioners based on periodontal diagnosis. METHODS: Following ethics approval, Victorian general dental practitioners were invited to complete five randomised text-based periodontitis scenario questionnaires. Based on their diagnosis respondents were asked for their management options and asked to specify who would perform these treatments. Respondents were also asked about referral procedures...
April 19, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419470/excessive-heat-associated-gingival-necrosis-a-case-report
#5
Paul L Barnes, Giampiero Rossi-Fedele
Heat delivery devices have been associated with relatively high temperatures. Previous basic research studies suggest that the risk for periodontal tissues is negligible, as the presence of the root filling materials, amongst other factors, reduce the risk of overheating. This report describes the case of a 45-year old male, who was undergoing restorative treatment in a multi-specialty dental practice. As part of his overall treatment planning, orthograde root canal retreatment for his maxillary left incisor teeth was deemed necessary, due to chronic apical periodontitis...
April 17, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419459/how-can-we-restrict-the-sale-of-sports-and-energy-drinks-to-children
#6
REVIEW
Gillian Jean
High sugar drinks (HSD) including fruit drinks, soft drinks, sports drinks, and energy drinks, are of no nutritional value and contribute to the burden of dental disease in all age groups. The manufacturers of sports and energy drinks have elected to target children in their marketing campaigns and promote a misleading association between their products, healthy lifestyles and sporting prowess. The WHO has acknowledged that strategies aimed at prevention of dental disease are the only economically viable options for managing the oral health of children in low and middle income countries...
April 17, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384385/dentistry-and-criminal-law
#7
REVIEW
Benjamin Samuel Khoury, Jason Nathaniel Khoury
Criminal law in dentistry, as shaped and moulded by the prevailing views of society, defines what is or is not socially acceptable. It applies in both personal and professional contexts with the intended consequence of protecting the public from unacceptable conduct and potential imbalances of power. At its centre, a patient's consent plays a pivotal role in transforming unlawful conduct into lawful conduct. This literature review considers the current law and the trend of utilising criminal law in addition to non-criminal law alternatives of reprimand clinicians for failure to achieve consent in the course of dental practice...
April 6, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379627/dental-responsibility-loadings-and-the-relative-value-of-dental-services
#8
Dana Nicole Teusner, Xiangqun Ju, David Simon Brennan
OBJECTIVE: To estimate responsibility loadings for a comprehensive list of dental services, providing a standardized unit of clinical work effort. METHODS: Dentists (n=2500) randomly sampled from the Australian Dental Association membership were assigned to one of 25 panels. Each panel received a questionnaire eliciting responsibility loadings for eight common services (core items) and approximately 12 other services unique to that questionnaire. Relaibility was assessed by examining differences in core item loadings by panel assignment...
April 5, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379606/oral-manifestations-related-to-dengue-fever-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#9
REVIEW
Marlus da Silva Pedrosa, Miguel Henrique Pereira de Paiva, Luiz Gustavo Fernandes Lima Oliveira, Sângela Maria da Silva Pereira, Cláudio Heliomar Vicente da Silva, José Guilherme Férrer Pompeu
The focus on oral manifestations of dengue fever (DF) is not common in the scientific literature and the patient affected can present signs and symptoms that may not be noticed by dental professionals. This systematic review article was conducted to identify and discuss the oral manifestations related to dengue fever MATERIALS AND METHODS: The electronic databases PubMed, LILACS, Web of Science and Scopus were searched from November to December 2016 by two authors, simultaneously, using as search terms: Dengue and Oral Manifestation combined...
April 5, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346696/do-people-trust-dentists-development-of-the-dentist-trust-scale
#10
Jason M Armfield, Manon Ketting, Sergio Chrisopoulos, Sarah R Baker
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to adapt a measure of trust in physicians generally to trust in dentists and to assess the reliability and validity of the measure. METHODS: Questionnaire data were collected from a simple random sample of 596 Australian adults. The 11-item General Trust in Physicians Scale (Hall et al., 2002) was modified to apply to dentists. RESULTS: The Dentist Trust Scale (DTS) had good internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha = 0...
March 27, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306163/an-update-of-dens-invaginatus-in-the-diagnosis-and-treatment
#11
REVIEW
Jingjing Zhu, Xinhuan Wang, Yanjun Fang, Johannes W Von den Hoff, Liuyan Meng
Dens invaginatus is a malformation with varying anatomical features, posing challenges to treatment. Early and accurate diagnosis plays a significant role in selecting the appropriate treatment. The diagnosis of teeth with a complex root canal system including dens invaginatus has made progress with the application of three-dimensional imaging techniques in endodontics. Advanced treatment options provide hope for teeth that could not be saved before. This review discusses diagnostic methods and treatment options for teeth with dens invaginatus, and provides guidelines for the management of dens invaginatus cases in clinic...
March 17, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276076/managing-the-oral-side-effects-of-medications-used-to-treat-multiple-sclerosis
#12
N Cockburn, K Pateman, M W Taing, A Pradhan, P J Ford
BACKGROUND: Many medications used to manage multiple sclerosis (MS) affect oral health. This review aimed to identify the oral side effects of the current drugs recommended in Australia to treat MS and make dental practitioners aware of the range of symptoms. METHODS: The Australian Therapeutic Guidelines and the Australian Medicines Handbook were searched for medications used to treat MS. For each medication, the generic name, class, route of administration, dosage and drug company reported side-effects were extracted from the online Monthly Index of Medical Specialties (MIMs) database...
March 9, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271515/a-cross-sectional-and-longitudinal-study-of-endodontic-and-periapical-status-in-an-australian-population
#13
Aovana Timmerman, Hanny Calache, Peter Parashos
BACKGROUND: This study described the cross-sectional and longitudinal data of endodontic and periapical status of new patients presenting to a major dental hospital, and assessed the relationships between tooth-related variables with apical periodontitis. METHODS: The records of 695 patients were randomly selected and the orthopantomograms of these patients up to 31(st) October 2014 were reviewed by two endodontists. The periapical status of teeth was recorded using the Periapical Index...
March 8, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267215/diagnostic-procedures-employed-by-dental-practitioners-in-australia-with-a-focus-on-endodontic-diagnostic-procedures
#14
A S J Tan, G W Bennett, J C W Tan, P V Abbott
INTRODUCTION: An accurate diagnosis is the foundation for determining prognosis and appropriate management. This study adds to pre-existing (albeit limited) evidence by exploring the use of diagnostic techniques amongst dental practitioners. AIMS: To identify the availability, usage and clinician preference for specific diagnostic tests. A secondary aim was to investigate the use of diagnostic tests for common clinical scenarios. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was distributed online to dental practitioners registered with the Australian Dental Association...
March 7, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241385/internet-use-online-information-seeking-and-knowledge-among-third-molar-patients-attending-public-dental-services
#15
Kamal Hanna, Paul Sambrook, Jason M Armfield, David S Brennan
BACKGROUND: While Australians are searching the Internet for third molar (TM) information, the usefulness of online sources might be questioned due to quality variation. This study explored: (1) internet use, online information seeking behavior among TM patients attending public dental services and (2) whether patients' TM knowledge scores are associated with the level of internet use and eHealth Literacy Scale (eHEALS) scores. METHODS: Baseline survey data from the "Engaging Patients in Decision-Making" study were used...
February 27, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241381/referral-patterns-of-general-dental-practitioners-for-bone-grafting-and-implant-placement
#16
Benjamin Gupta, Bruce Shadbolt, Dylan Hyam
Dental implant rehabilitation is a well-established procedure often conducted in the general dental practice setting. The outcomes for implant placement are reliable when the recipient site is favorable. Our goal has been to assess the accuracy with which general dental practitioners (GDP's) assess the bone volume available for implant placement and their referral patterns for implant sites, which may require bone grafting. Fifty-three GDP's were surveyed and asked to assess 5 different scenarios and cone beam scans for difficulty (0 no difficulty - 5 the most difficult), and bone grafting requirements (yes/no and who to perform), prior to implant placement...
February 27, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241379/necrotising-fasciitis-as-a-complication-of-odontogenic-infection-a-review-of-management-and-case-series
#17
K Bayetto, A Cheng, P Sambrook
OBJECTIVE: To establish the incidence of head and neck necrotising fasciitis (NF) in the Adelaide Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Unit. To review the current literature regarding the management of head and neck NF. To determine the evidence for the role of hyperbaric oxygen therapy in the management of NF. METHOD: A retrospective audit of all patients admitted to the Royal Adelaide Hospital Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Unit 2006-2015 with severe odontogenic infections was carried out...
February 27, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188656/knowledge-attitude-and-practices-of-dentists-towards-oral-health-care-during-pregnancy-a-cross-sectional-survey-in-new-south-wales-australia
#18
Ajesh George, Shilpi Ajwani, Sameer Bhole, Hannah Dahlen, Jennifer Reath, Andrew Korda, Harrison Ng Chok, Charmaine Miranda, Amy Villarosa, Maree Johnson
BACKGROUND: Studies internationally show a lack of consensus among dentists regarding perinatal oral health yet no studies in Australia has explored the perceptions of Dentists in this area. This study aims to determine the knowledge, perceptions and practices of dentists in New South Wales (NSW), Australia about perinatal oral health. METHOD: An online survey was distributed to 1357 members of the Australian Dental Association (NSW) and 185 (13.4%) completed surveys were returned...
February 11, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165623/osteolipoma-of-the-buccal-mucosa-a-case-report
#19
Norman A Firth, Olive F L Allsobrook, Manish Patel
Lipomas are benign mesenchymal neoplasms of soft tissue that can be found commonly in any part of the human body. Their presence in the oral mucosa is uncommon however, with approximately 4% of the cases occurring in the oral cavity(1) . Oral lipomas are likely to have originated from mature adipose tissue and there are several histological variants of lipomas described, which are identified according to the predominant type of tissue in addition to adipose tissue. A rare lipoma variant, known as an osteolipoma or an ossifying lipoma may occur, however, little has been written this type of lipoma characterized by a classical lipoma with areas of osseous metaplasia...
February 6, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160767/investigation-and-diagnosis-of-an-immediate-allergy-to-amide-local-anaesthetic-in-a-paediatric-dental-patient
#20
Gabrielle Allen, Damien Chan, Sam Gue
Local anaesthetics remain the most common prescription medication utilised in dental practice. Adverse reactions following administration of local anaesthetic are somewhat common and are frequently reported as 'allergies'. However, of these events, it is estimated that only 1% are confirmed allergies to the local anaesthetic. This case presents the process of referral for investigation and testing to confirm an amide local anaesthetic allergy in a paediatric patient. Testing for a safe alternative was also completed to identify local anaesthetic agents also of the amide variety that can be utilised safely on this individual...
February 4, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
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