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Australian Dental Journal

Najith Amarasena, Dandara Haag, Karen Peres
OBJECTIVE: To identify and map the caries risk management protocols with multiple strategies, which were used in Australia and New Zealand and reported in the existing literature. METHODS: A scoping review was conducted by electronically searching PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, Embase and Dentistry and Oral Science. Studies on caries risk management protocols, written in English, limited to Australia and New Zealand and published up to March 2018 were included in the review...
September 22, 2018: Australian Dental Journal
Muhammed Yakin, Benedict Seo, Haizal Hussaini, Alison Rich, Keith Hunter
There is a global increase in the prevalence of HPV-driven oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC), including in Australia and New Zealand. Risk factors for Human Papillomavirus (HPV)-positive OPSCC are male gender, white race, age older than 40 but younger than 59 years old, having multiple lifetime sex partners, having oro-genital and oro-anal sex. High-risk HPV subtypes play a major role in the pathogenesis of OPSCC whereas they play a much lesser role in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). Among the laboratory tests used to detect oncogenic HPV infection, polymerase chain reaction is a sensitive method but does not reflect role of HPV in oncogenesis...
September 20, 2018: Australian Dental Journal
Sarah Constantine, Denise Roach, Sharon Liberali, Andreas Kiermeier, Paroma Sarkar, Jim Jannes, Paul Sambrook, Peter Anderson, John Beltrame
It is unclear whether incidental carotid artery calcification (CAC) on radiographs has a defined relationship to clinically significant carotid artery stenosis, and therefore risk of stroke. The primary objective of this study was to ascertain the relationship between dental radiograph detected carotid calcification and carotid artery stenoses ≥ 50% on carotid duplex ultrasound. We conducted an observational study of patients undergoing routine dental orthopantomogram (OPG) examinations. Consecutive patients with CAC on OPG were prospectively matched to those without CAC based on age and gender...
September 14, 2018: Australian Dental Journal
King Tung Ng, Man Hin Michael Fan, Ming Chi Leung, George Fokas, Nikos Mattheos
OBJECTIVES: This retrospective study assessed radiographic bone changes and prevalence of peri-implant inflammation around teeth and neighboring implants supporting a single-unit fixed dental prosthesis (FDP), in relation to implant- positioning and characteristics. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients with an implant-supported FDP in function for at least 1 year were recruited. The radiographic horizontal and vertical position of the implants was identified. Probing depth (PD), bleeding on probing (BOP) and radiographic bone level around implants and adjacent teeth at the time of placement, prosthesis delivery, and the most recent review were assessed...
September 4, 2018: Australian Dental Journal
M Vaughan, A Park, A Esterman
The management of medical emergencies is widely considered a requisite skill for all dentists. Timely intervention of an emergency can significantly alter the outcome for a patient's morbidity and possible mortality. This scoping review examines the prevalence of medical emergencies in dental practice, as well as dentists' attitude, confidence, and competence, of medical emergency management within a dental setting. Key findings include a lack of preparedness towards medical emergencies, despite a universal recognition of the importance and desire to improve key medical skills...
August 31, 2018: Australian Dental Journal
A Khominsky, Mawt Lim
Medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ) is a severe adverse drug effect consisting of bone destruction of the maxilla and/or mandible. The most common precipitating event described in the literature is the extraction of a tooth followed by "spontaneous" occurrence with no clear predisposing event. Current studies are investigating methods of managing dental extractions in patients at risk of MRONJ; however, no studies to date examine the aetiology and management of "spontaneous" MRONJ...
August 24, 2018: Australian Dental Journal
K J Oliver, Mmh Cheung, K Hallett, D J Manton
BACKGROUND: Poor oral health in children with cardiac conditions can have negative effects on quality of life and increased risk of infective endocarditis. The aim of this study was to investigate the caries experience in children with cardiac conditions attending the Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne. METHODS: Medical and dental records of 428 children aged <12 years were examined. Cardiac and other medical diagnoses, decayed, missing and filled surfaces/teeth were recorded and analysed...
August 20, 2018: Australian Dental Journal
A Pakdaman, A Montazeri, R W Evans
The objective of this review was to investigate rates of caries lesion progression, arrest, and regression in approximal surfaces of deciduous teeth following secondary preventive interventions in order to inform caries management protocols. Studies published in English and other languages from 1960 till February 2017 were searched in electronic databases. Inclusion criteria were: randomized controlled clinical trials and longitudinal studies that involved non-invasive preventive treatment. We excluded: in vivo studies and incidence studies...
August 1, 2018: Australian Dental Journal
L Teoh, K Stewart, R Marino, M McCullough
Antibiotic resistance is a well-established global public health crisis, with the use and misuse of antibiotics being the principal cause of bacterial resistance. Studies in both Australia and overseas have demonstrated that the dental prescribing of antibiotics is increasing and that dentists tend to prescribe antibiotics unnecessarily and for incorrect clinical indications. Dental practitioners in Australia also prefer to prescribe moderate to broad-spectrum antibacterial agents and make some inappropriate antibiotic prescribing choices...
July 14, 2018: Australian Dental Journal
D G Selim, C Sexton, P Monsour
BACKGROUND: Dentomaxillofacial Radiology (DMFR) is comprised of the smallest cohort of specialists in Australia. A survey was undertaken to assess awareness of DMFR, radiology reporting and referring protocols as well as dental practitioners' satisfaction with their radiology reporting arrangements. METHODS: An original online survey created using Checkbox† was sent to dental practitioners. The survey was promoted on Australian-based dental Facebook forums and emailed to targeted members via Australian professional dental associations...
July 2, 2018: Australian Dental Journal
J Sum, V J O'Rourke
BACKGROUND: Current research highlights a need to investigate the factors affecting periodontal disease referral. Limited literature exists on periodontal disease referral in Australia and no comparison to the periodontal disease referral guidelines exists. OBJECTIVE: This study analyses the factors affecting periodontal disease referral and the adherence to guidelines in general dentists in Queensland, Australia. METHODS: Fifty-seven general dentists who are members of the Australian Dental Association (Queensland) undertook an online survey...
June 27, 2018: Australian Dental Journal
S An, R B Judge, R H Wong, M H Arzmi, J E Palamara, S G Dashper
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to fabricate a denture base resin (DBR) containing phytoncide microcapsules (PTMCs) and determine the mechanical properties of the resin and antifungal activity. METHODS: Fifty-four heat-cured rectangular DBR specimens (64 × 10 × 3.3 ± 0.2 mm) containing nine concentrations of PTMC between 0 and 5% (wt/wt) were fabricated and subjected to a three-point bending test. A phytoncide release bioassay was developed using DBR containing 0% and 2...
June 20, 2018: Australian Dental Journal
G Dyer, L Brice, M Schifter, N Gilroy, M Kabir, M Hertzberg, M Greenwood, S R Larsen, J Moore, D Gottlieb, G Huang, M Hogg, L Brown, J Tan, C Ward, I Kerridge
BACKGROUND: Oral and dental disease is a major cause of long-term morbidity following allogeneic blood and marrow transplantation (Allo-BMT). This study aimed to describe the extent and range of oral and dental complications in BMT recipients and to identify gaps in service provision provided to this high-risk group. METHODS: Participants were Allo-BMT recipients, aged >18 years, and received transplants between 2000 and 2012 in NSW. They completed seven surveys, the purpose-designed Sydney Post-BMT Study survey and six other validated instruments...
June 7, 2018: Australian Dental Journal
K Gambetta-Tessini, R Mariño, A Ghanim, H Calache, D J Manton
BACKGROUND: Developmental hypomineralized lesions of enamel (DHL) may represent a significant caries-risk factor. The aim of this study was to determine the association between carious lesion severity and DHL in 6- to 12-year-old schoolchildren from Melbourne, Australia. METHODS: The sample was derived from randomly selected schools in inner Melbourne. A full dental examination was performed at the school. Socio-demographic data, caries experience (DMFT/dmft/ICDAS II) and the consequences of untreated carious lesions (PUFA/pufa) were measured...
June 7, 2018: Australian Dental Journal
L A Thomas, H Tibble, L S Too, M S Hopcraft, M M Bismark
BACKGROUND: Previous research has found dental practitioners at elevated risk of complaint compared with other health professions. This study aimed to describe the frequency, nature and risk factors for complaints involving dental practitioners. METHODS: We assembled a national dataset of complaints about registered health practitioners in Australia between January 2011 and December 2016. We classified complaints into 23 issues across three domains: health, performance and conduct...
June 4, 2018: Australian Dental Journal
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Australian Dental Journal
P Mark Bartold
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Australian Dental Journal
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Australian Dental Journal
V Ballal, J N Marques, C N Campos, C O Lima, R A Simão, M Prado
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the effect of distilled water, ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA), phosphoric acid and maleic acid on Biodentine regarding surface topography, microhardness and push-out bond strength (POBS). METHODS: Fifty-two cylindrical shaped Biodentine specimens were divided into groups: control (distilled water); EDTA (17% EDTA); PA (37% phosphoric acid); and MA (7% maleic acid). Surfaces were evaluated by topographic analysis and Vickers microhardness test...
June 2018: Australian Dental Journal
I Liau, J Han, K Bayetto, B May, A Goss, P Sambrook, A Cheng
BACKGROUND: The aims of this study were to evaluate the microbiological trends in severe odontogenic infections requiring hospital admission in the South Australian Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Unit. Rates of antibiotic resistance to empirical antibiotic regimens were determined to quantify the clinical implications of antibiotic-resistant odontogenic infections. METHODS: A retrospective case audit was performed on all odontogenic infections admitted to the Royal Adelaide Hospital over a 9-year period...
June 2018: Australian Dental Journal
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