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Australian Dental Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685865/development-and-evaluation-of-online-education-to-increase-the-forensic-relevance-of-oral-health-records
#1
Lauren Stow, Denice Higgins
BACKGROUND: Human identification can be reliably established by dental comparison; success is significantly impacted by inadequate antemortem information. Previous Australian research revealed suboptimal recording of features important for forensic dental identification and compliance with Dental Board of Australia guidelines. We hence created and evaluated an online education programme aimed at improving oral health practitioner recording. METHODS: An Interactive Learning Module (ILM) was constructed and released to three focus groups representing practitioners with varying experience levels - Australian Society of Forensic Odontology members, third year dental students and the wider dental community...
July 7, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665047/external-tooth-resorption-associated-with-a-peripheral-odontogenic-fibroma-review-and-case-report
#2
Geoffrey Sinclair Heithersay, Davide Musu, Elisabetta Cotti
The purpose of the study is to document a rare case of a peripheral odontogenic fibroma with associated cervical and coronal tooth resorption in a 38-year-old female. Histopathologic features are described, the clinical management outlined and follow-up observations over 27 years detailed. The exophytic firm lesion,coral pink in appearance, located on the labial aspect of a maxillary left lateral incisor was excised, fixed in formalin and prepared for histolologic evaluation. The resorption cavity and adjacent soft tissue were treated by the topical application of trichloracetic acid prior to restoration with a glass ionomer cement and subsequent root canal treatment...
June 30, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646598/local%C3%A2-anaesthesia%C3%A2-and-nerve-damage
#3
LETTER
Angus Kingon
In a series of 5 lectures to dental practitioners in 2010-11 in New Zealand and Australia given by the Australian Dental Association's Dental Therapeutics Committee, course delegates were asked if they had experienced, or knew of others who had, patient(s) sustaining nerve damage after local anaesthetic injections. Of a total of 253 attendees at these courses, there were 18 instances, reported by a show of hands. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
June 24, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646596/the-course-and-distribution-of-the-buccal-nerve-clinical-relevance-in-dentistry
#4
Kojiro Takezawa, Mounir Ghabriel, Grant Townsend
BACKGROUND: The buccal branch of the mandibular division of the trigeminal nerve is commonly anaesthetised for dental procedures and may be damaged during surgery. Descriptions of the distribution of the buccal nerve (BN) in anatomical texts are generally lacking in detail and do not provide information about the extent of its variation between individuals. There are also commonly-held clinical beliefs about the BN that lack support from anatomical dissections. METHODS: Detailed dissections of the course and distribution of the BN were performed in a sample of 12 hemi-heads from 11 edentulous and partially dentate human adult cadavers...
June 24, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621833/multiple-external-cervical-root-resorptions-after-home-bleaching-treatment-with-22-carbamide-peroxide
#5
Glauco Rodrigues Velloso, Marcos Motta de Freitas, Adriana Terezinha Neves Novellino Alves, Alan Roger Santos Silva, Eliane Dos Santos Porto Barboza, Vittorio Moraschini
Invasive multiple cervical root resorptions after vital tooth bleaching is a rare condition. The aim of this article is to present a case of multiple external cervical root resorptions (ECRR) after a misguided home whitening treatment. A 34-year-old male patient presented with slight sensitivity and mobility in several teeth. Despite the manufacturer's recommendations, the patient used a 22% carbamide peroxide-based tooth bleaching gel at home for 4 consecutive days, at night, on the upper and lower arches...
June 16, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621821/an-unusual-case-of-dental-infection-by-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-causing-a-brain-abscess-case-report
#6
Rodrigo Dos Santos Pereira, João Paulo Bonardi, Arthur da Conceição Dias Ferreira, Gustavo Lima Latini
A brain abscess may result when dental infection reaches the brain through contiguous anatomic cavities such as the maxillary sinus, the ethmoid sinus and the orbital cavity. It is an important complication and should be treated aggressively. Such treatment would include the excision of the etiological factor, drainage and adjuvant antibiotic therapy. The present case concerns a 23-year-old woman who presented at the General Hospital of Nova Iguaçu with complaints of pain in the right side of the face and was diagnosed with acute sinusitis...
June 16, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621799/clinical-guideline-for-the-management-of-odontogenic-infections-in-the-tertiary-setting
#7
Sushma Vytla, Dieter Gebauer
BACKGROUND: Odontogenic infections are a common presentation to Emergency Departments of Australian hospitals. Due to the limited training in diagnosis and treatment of dental conditions, these patients can present a challenge for the medical practitioner. The objective of this study was to provide an evidence-based approach to the management of odontogenic infections in adults presenting to Royal Perth Hospital. METHODS: A literature search was conducted to identify evidence based guidelines for the management of odontogenic infections in the tertiary hospital setting...
June 16, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590506/subcutaneous-emphysema-related-to-air-powder-tooth-polishing-a-report-of-three-cases
#8
Víctor Alonso, Lucía García-Caballero, Iria Couto, Márcio Diniz, Pedro Diz, Jacobo Limeres
Subcutaneous emphysema is a rare complication of dental procedures and can occasionally give rise to potentially life-threatening complications. We describe 3 cases of subcutaneous emphysema diagnosed in the same dental clinic. All cases occurred during tooth or implant cleaning using air polishing (KavoProphyflex(®) ) with a sodium bicarbonate powder (Air-N-Go Classic(®) ). The diagnosis was based on clinical findings and was confirmed radiologically. The cervical and facial regions were affected in all 3 cases, and spread to the mediastinum occurred in 1 case...
June 7, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556949/does-early-life-family-income-influence-later-dental-pain-experience-a-prospective-14-year-study
#9
Z Ghorbani, M A Peres, P Liu, G C Mejia, J M Armfield, K G Peres
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the association between early-life family income and dental pain experience from childhood to early adulthood. METHODS: Data came from a 14-year prospective study (1991/92 - 2005/06) carried out in South Australia, which included children and adolescents aged 4-17 years (n = 9875) at baseline. The outcome was dental pain experience obtained at baseline, 14 years later in adulthood, and at a middle point of time...
May 30, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543627/dental-insurance-service-use-and-health-outcomes-in-australia-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Emmanuel Gnanamanickam, Dana Teusner, Peter Arrow, David S Brennan
Private Health Insurance plays a key role in financing dental care in Australia. Having private dental insurance has been associated with higher levels of access to dental care, visiting for a check-up, and receiving a favourable pattern of services. Associations with better oral health have also been reported. In the absence of any existing review, this paper aims to systematically review the relationship between dental insurance and dental service use and, or oral health outcomes in Australia. A systematic search of online databases and subsequent sifting resulted in 36 publications, 33 of which were cross-sectional and three cohort analyses...
May 25, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543332/is-there-a-consensus-on-antibiotic-usage-for-dental-implant-placement-in-healthy-patients
#11
REVIEW
Joon Soo Park, Marc Tennant, Laurence J Walsh, Estie Kruger
OBJECTIVES: This systematic review aimed to determine whether there is consensus for antibiotic prescription in healthy patients undergoing implant placement. METHOD: A search of PubMed, Embase and Medline databases was conducted in January 2016 to find published journal articles on the use of antibiotics in implant placement, according to the PRISMA guidelines. The inclusion criteria were prospective human clinical trials investigating antibiotic usage during implant placement...
May 25, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543227/implant-dentistry-in-australia-the-present-and-future-a-survey-of-australian-dentists-and-specialists
#12
Y N Guo, J E Dudley, R M Logan, L C Richards
BACKGROUND: In recent years, implant dentistry has become a routine part of many general dental practices in Australia. However, there has been little information regarding its extent and scope. This investigation aimed to address this issue by surveying Australian general dental practitioners (GDPs) and relevant specialists regarding their practice of implant dentistry. METHODS: Anonymous electronic surveys were designed online using SurveyMonkey(™) and delivered to the following professional bodies: all seven State/Territory branches of the Australian Dental Association, the Australian and New Zealand Academy of Periodontists, the Australian and New Zealand Academy of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons, and prosthodontist members of the Australian Prosthodontic Society...
May 25, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542904/can-resonance-frequency-analysis-rfa-detect-narrow-marginal-bone-defects-around-dental-implants-an-ex-vivo-animal-pilot-study
#13
Coral Jie Yao, Li Ma, Nikos Mattheos
BACKGROUND: Resonance Frequency Analysis (RFA) is widely applied to assess implant stability, as expressed by Implant Stability Quotient (ISQ). However, the relation between ISQ value and the presence and extent of narrow marginal bone defects around implants has not been documented. PURPOSE: To investigate the potential of RFA devices to identify the presence and extent of marginal bone defects around implants, as expressed by the ISQ values. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 28 Straumann bone level implants (BL) and 28 bone level tapered implants (BLT), were placed ex-vivo in porcine ribs...
May 25, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542834/dentists-restorative-decision-making-and-implications-for-an-amalgamless-profession-part-5-knowledge-factors
#14
G Alexander, M S Hopcraft, M J Tyas, R H K Wong
BACKGROUND: A phase-down of amalgam in Australia is possible given the Australian Government intends to ratify the Minamata Convention. There is little research as to the influence of a dentist's knowledge on decision-making, which may be of use when determining the impact of any change. METHODS: An online survey relating to aspects of and attitudes to use of direct restorative materials was distributed to all dentists who were members of the Australian Dental Association or Members or Fellows of the Royal Australasian College of Dental Surgeons...
May 25, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498604/post-operative-interventions-to-reduce-inflammatory-complications-after-third-molar-surgery-review-of-the-current-evidence
#15
REVIEW
Howard Cho, Anthony J Lynham, Edward Hsu
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory complications such as pain, swelling, trismus, infection and alveolar osteitis, have an adverse affect on the quality of life of patients after third molar removal. This review presents the current evidence on post-operative strategies to reduce these complications. METHODS: A literature search was performed to identify articles published in English between 2000 to 2016 using the following key words: third molar(s), wisdom tooth/teeth, pain, swelling, trismus, infection, alveolar osteitis, and dry socket...
May 12, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466503/gingival-enlargement-in-a-pregnant-woman-with-acute-monocytic-leukaemia-a-case-report
#16
Yong-Wei Fu, Hong-Zhi Xu
The objective of the present study was to report the case of a pregnant woman with severe gingival enlargement for 3 months with undiagnosed acute leukaemia. The pregnant woman presented with anemia and generalized gingival enlargement. A provisional diagnosis of gingival enlargement in pregancy was made. Twelve days after the initial treatment, the patient was referred and admitted to the hematology department of a local hospital with clinical signs of anemia and thrombocytopenia. Blood count showed a WBC count of 9...
May 3, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466498/dietary-analysis-and-nutritional-counselling-for-caries-prevention-in-dental-practice-a-pilot-study
#17
Melanie J Hayes, Berenice Cheng, Ross Musolino, Adam A Rogers
BACKGROUND: Dental practitioners agree that dietary counselling is essential for caries prevention, however they provide advice infrequently due to a lack of confidence and competence. This study aimed to improve practices through an online training module exploring the use of a brief counselling method, and a diet assessment of caries risk form. METHODS: Dental practitioners (N = 41) completed a survey on current practices and confidence in providing dietary advice, followed by an online training module...
May 3, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437002/dentists-restorative-decision-making-and-implications-for-an-amalgamless-profession-part-4-clinical-factors
#18
G Alexander, Hopcraft, M J Tyas, R H K Wong
BACKGROUND: The Minamata Convention embodies a world-wide reduction in the production and use of mercury and mercury-containing products and processes, including a phase-down of dental amalgam. This will change the approach to the use of direct restorative materials in the near future. There is little research as to the influence of clinical factors on dentists' decision-making which may be of use when determining the impact of any change. METHODS: An online survey relating to aspects of and attitudes to the use of direct restorative materials was distributed to all dentists who were members of the Australian Dental Association and/or Members or Fellows of the Royal Australasian College of Dental Surgeons...
April 24, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555843/dentistry-why-be-down-in-the-mouth
#19
EDITORIAL
P Mark Bartold
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555842/continuing-professional-development-quiz
#20
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Australian Dental Journal
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