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Australian Dental Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008634/a-comparison-of-two-models-of-dental-care-for-aboriginal-communities-in-new-south-wales
#1
Kylie Gwynne, Debbie McCowen, Sally Cripps, Michelle Lincoln, Michelle Irving, Anthony Blinkhorn
BACKGROUND: Aboriginal people, and particularly those in rural areas, continue to suffer very high levels of dental disease despite significant reductions in the wider Australian population in the past 30 years. Until recently, there has been a shortage of oral health clinicians and the majority have provided care in major cities. The NSW Government funded various models of care for rural and regional areas and vulnerable population groups including Aboriginal people. This study utilises a comparative retrospective analysis to compare two models of oral health care for Aboriginal people including those living in rural NSW to inform future policy decisions...
December 23, 2016: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997996/oral-health-interventions-in-australian-aboriginal-communities-a-review-of-the-literature
#2
REVIEW
J Patel, A Durey, L Hearn, L M Slack-Smith
BACKGROUND: Aboriginal Australians experience significant disparities in oral health with even poorer outcomes reported in rural and remote areas. The high rates of preventable dental disease in Aboriginal communities are a serious concern from a social standpoint and in terms of service provision and healthcare expenditure. METHODS: Primary research literature was comprehensively reviewed. Papers were selected if they reported designing or implementing an intervention or oral health program specific to the needs of Aboriginal communities...
December 20, 2016: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997982/influence-of-tooth-bleaching-on-dental-enamel-microhardness-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Jaine Zanolla, Amanda Brites da Costa Marques, Deisi Carneiro da Costa, Albert Schiaveto de Souza, Margareth Coutinho
BACKGROUND: Several studies have investigated the effect of bleaching on dental tissues. The evaluation of the effect of home bleaching with 10% carbamide peroxide is important for assessing alterations in enamel microhardness that may affect dental health in terms of resistance to masticatory forces. This meta-analysis was performed in order to determine scientific evidence regarding the effects of home vital bleaching with 10% carbamide peroxide gel on the microhardness of human dental enamel...
December 20, 2016: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878824/minimal-intervention-dentistry-for-early-childhood-caries-and-child-dental-anxiety-a-randomised-control-trial
#4
Peter Arrow, Elizabeth Klobas
BACKGROUND: To compare changes in child dental anxiety after treatment for Early Childhood Caries (ECC) using two treatment approaches. METHODS: Children with ECC were randomised to Test (Atraumatic Restorative Treatment, ART-based approach) or Control (standard care approach). Children 3 years or older completed a dental anxiety scale at baseline and follow-up. Changes in child dental anxiety from baseline to follow-up were tested using chi-squared statistic, Wilcoxon's rank-sum test, McNemar's test and multinomial logistic regression...
November 23, 2016: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878823/owning-the-tooth-exploring-the-ethical-and-legal-issues-relating-to-the-use-of-extracted-human-teeth-in-dental-education-in-australia
#5
Alexander C L Holden, Susie A Dracopoulos
Extracted human teeth have been used to practice operative techniques for a very long time. As a natural surrogate for a live tooth in vivo, their use has traditionally been very important for the development of skills in trainee dentists, as well as their qualified colleagues who wish to practice existing or new skills. As synthetic alternatives develop greater authenticity, alongside a society in which many retain their natural dentition well into old age, the current paradigm relating to how extracted teeth in dental education are used needs to be re-visited...
November 23, 2016: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868202/the-potential-risks-of-orthodontic-therapy-a-critical-review-and-conceptual-framework
#6
REVIEW
Morgan Wishney
The review examines some of the potential risks of orthodontic therapy along with their evidence base. The risks of orthodontic treatment include periodontal damage, pain, root resorption, tooth devitalisation, temporomandibular disorder, caries, speech problems and enamel damage. These risks can be understood to arise from a synergy between treatment and patient factors. In general terms, treatment factors that can influence risk include appliance type, force vectors and duration of treatment whilst relevant patient factors are both biological and behavioral...
November 21, 2016: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861968/compliance-of-post-radiation-therapy-head-and-neck-cancer-patients-with-caries-preventive-protocols
#7
Agnieszka M Frydrych, Linda M Slack-Smith, Richard Parsons
BACKGROUND: Caries prevention is paramount in safeguarding the life quality of head and neck cancer patients and is dependent on patient compliance with caries preventive protocols. The purpose of this study was to examine this compliance. METHODS: All records of patients referred to one public oral medicine clinic servicing a head and neck oncology unit of one major Western Australian hospital, between January 2005 and December 2011 were examined. Data extracted included patient and cancer characteristics and compliance with dietary advice, dental care, oral hygiene instruction and fluoride use over a follow-up period of at least 12 months...
November 18, 2016: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861960/a-comparison-between-published-clinical-success-of-direct-resin-composite-restorations-in-vital-posterior-teeth-in-1995-2005-and-2006-2016-periods
#8
REVIEW
Negin Alvanforoush, Joseph Palamara, Rebecca Wong, Michael F Burrow
BACKGROUNDS: Composites are increasing in popularity as restorative materials. This growing role indicates the necessity of studies on their clinical outcome. METHODS: Clinical studies published on the performance of posterior composite restorations were included except those of less than a 24-month assessment period. Results of non-vital, anterior or primary teeth and cervical-single-surface restorations were also excluded. Records about composite type, number of final recall restorations, failure/survival rate, and assessment period and failure reasons were analyzed for each decade...
November 16, 2016: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813093/dentinal-tubules-occluded-by-bioactive-glass-containing-toothpaste-exhibit-high-resistance-toward-acidic-soft-drink-challenge
#9
Marina Mohd Bakri, Mohammad Zakir Hossain, Fathilah Abdul Razak, Zarikh Hafizah Saqina, Anis Adibah Misroni, Norintan Ab Murat, Junichi Kitagawa, Roslan Bin Saub
BACKGROUND: Dentine hypersensitivity is a common problem attributed by patent dentinal tubules. Ingredients incorporated in toothpastes aim to occlude patent dentinal tubules to minimise the dentine hypersensitivity. However, frequent consumption of acidic soft drinks may reverse the dentinal tubules occlusion. In this in vitro study, the efficacy of dentinal tubules occluded by commercially available toothpastes to withstand different duration of an acidic soft drink challenge was investigated...
November 4, 2016: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976446/australian-dental-journal-reviewers-2016
#10
REVIEW
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976445/continuing-professional-development-calendar
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976444/dentists-restorative-decision-making-and-implications-for-an-amalgamless-profession-part-3-dentists-attitudes
#12
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976443/scientific-research-and-publication
#13
EDITORIAL
P Mark Bartold
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976442/erratum
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976441/abstracts
#15
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27377809/utilization-of-public-oral-health-services-by-new-south-wales-teenagers-2004-05-to-2014-15
#16
J Skinner, R Byun, A Blinkhorn
BACKGROUND: The aims of this study were to examine variations in levels of access to public oral health services in New South Wales by teenagers from 2004-05 to 2014-15 and to determine whether more teenagers have been treated with preventive dental items in keeping with the strategic shift statewide towards prevention and early intervention. METHODS: This study involved an analysis of a subset of the New South Wales Oral Health Data Collection for teenagers treated in the New South Wales Public Oral Health Service in the financial years 2004-05 to 2014-15...
December 2016: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27029674/autotransplantation-a-viable-treatment-option-for-adolescent-patients-with-significantly-compromised-teeth
#17
REVIEW
D Ong, Y Itskovich, G Dance
Autotransplantation is the technique of transplanting embedded, impacted or erupted teeth from one site into another in the same individual. Despite current scientific evidence indicating that autotransplantation has favourable long-term survival rates, autotransplantation is still not generally regarded as mainstream practice outside of Scandinavian countries. Successful autotransplantation can offer many advantages in a growing patient, including a normally functioning periodontium, proprioception and preservation of alveolar bone volume...
December 2016: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27016662/dentists-restorative-decision-making-and-implications-for-an-amalgamless-profession-part-3-dentists-attitudes
#18
G Alexander, M S Hopcraft, M J Tyas, Rhk Wong
BACKGROUND: The Minamata Convention has agreed to a worldwide reduction in the production and use of mercury-containing products and processes. This will change the approach to use of direct restorative materials in the future. There is little research exploring the attitudes of dentists to any change. METHODS: A survey relating to the use of direct restorative materials was distributed to dentists who were members of the Australian Dental Association or Members and Fellows of the Royal Australasian College of Dental Surgeons...
December 2016: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26927538/efficacy-of-sodium-and-stannous-fluoride-mouthrinses-when-used-before-single-and-multiple-erosive-challenges
#19
S O'Toole, D W Bartlett, R Moazzez
BACKGROUND: Application of fluoride mouthrinse before an acidic challenge may decrease enamel erosion. This paper compares the efficacy of stannous (SnF2 ) and sodium (NaF) fluoride when facing single and multiple erosive cycles in vitro. METHODS: Human enamel samples (N = 60) were randomly assigned to groups testing SnF2 and NaF mouthrinses (225 p.p.m.) and a water control. Samples were allocated into subgroups testing one or five erosive cycles. Samples were immersed in test solution for 1 min prior to citric acid immersion (0...
December 2016: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26881416/comparative-adoption-of-cone-beam-computed-tomography-and-panoramic-radiography-machines-across-australia
#20
A Zhang, S Critchley, P A Monsour
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to assess the current adoption of cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) and panoramic radiography (PR) machines across Australia. METHODS: Information regarding registered CBCT and PR machines was obtained from radiation regulators across Australia. The number of X-ray machines was correlated with the population size, the number of dentists, and the gross state product (GSP) per capita, to determine the best fitting regression model(s)...
December 2016: Australian Dental Journal
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