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Australian Dental Journal

Ajesh George, Shilpi Ajwani, Sameer Bhole, Hannah Dahlen, Jennifer Reath, Andrew Korda, Harrison Ng Chok, Charmaine Miranda, Amy Villarosa, Maree Johnson
BACKGROUND: Studies internationally show a lack of consensus among dentists regarding perinatal oral health yet no studies in Australia has explored the perceptions of Dentists in this area. This study aims to determine the knowledge, perceptions and practices of dentists in New South Wales (NSW), Australia about perinatal oral health. METHOD: An online survey was distributed to 1357 members of the Australian Dental Association (NSW) and 185 (13.4%) completed surveys were returned...
February 11, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
Norman A Firth, Olive F L Allsobrook, Manish Patel
Lipomas are benign mesenchymal neoplasms of soft tissue that can be found commonly in any part of the human body. Their presence in the oral mucosa is uncommon however, with approximately 4% of the cases occurring in the oral cavity(1) . Oral lipomas are likely to have originated from mature adipose tissue and there are several histological variants of lipomas described, which are identified according to the predominant type of tissue in addition to adipose tissue. A rare lipoma variant, known as an osteolipoma or an ossifying lipoma may occur, however, little has been written this type of lipoma characterized by a classical lipoma with areas of osseous metaplasia...
February 6, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
Gabrielle Allen, Damien Chan, Sam Gue
Local anaesthetics remain the most common prescription medication utilised in dental practice. Adverse reactions following administration of local anaesthetic are somewhat common and are frequently reported as 'allergies'. However, of these events, it is estimated that only 1% are confirmed allergies to the local anaesthetic. This case presents the process of referral for investigation and testing to confirm an amide local anaesthetic allergy in a paediatric patient. Testing for a safe alternative was also completed to identify local anaesthetic agents also of the amide variety that can be utilised safely on this individual...
February 4, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
P Shen, G D Walker, Y Yuan, C Reynolds, M A Stacey, E C Reynolds
BACKGROUND: Dental erosion is an increasingly prevalent problem associated with frequent consumption of acidic foods and beverages. The aim of this study was to measure the food acid content and the erosive potential of a variety of sugar-free confections. METHODS: Thirty sugar-free confections were selected and extracts analysed to determine pH, titratable acidity, chemical composition and apparent degree of saturation with respect to apatite. The effect of the sugar-free confections in artificial saliva on human enamel was determined in an in vitro dental erosion assay using change in surface microhardness...
January 20, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
Naresh Shah, Desmond Cheer-Vern Ong, Elissa Freer
Transverse maxillary deficiency may be associated with dental crowding, compromised aesthetics and impaired function. Non-surgical correction of maxillary transverse deficiency through rapid maxillary expansion is routinely performed for young patients, however, surgical intervention is generally required for adults. An interdisciplinary treatment approach is necessary to achieve the desired treatment objectives for challenging cases. This case report demonstrates a pleasing treatment outcome for a patient with a severe maxillary transverse deficiency, significant crowding and extensive active caries...
January 18, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
Kylie Gwynne, Debbie McCowen, Sally Cripps, Michelle Lincoln, Michelle Irving, Anthony Blinkhorn
BACKGROUND: Aboriginal people, and particularly those in rural areas, continue to suffer very high levels of dental disease despite significant reductions in the wider Australian population in the past 30 years. Until recently, there has been a shortage of oral health clinicians and the majority have provided care in major cities. The NSW Government funded various models of care for rural and regional areas and vulnerable population groups including Aboriginal people. This study utilises a comparative retrospective analysis to compare two models of oral health care for Aboriginal people including those living in rural NSW to inform future policy decisions...
December 23, 2016: Australian Dental Journal
J Patel, A Durey, L Hearn, L M Slack-Smith
BACKGROUND: Aboriginal Australians experience significant disparities in oral health with even poorer outcomes reported in rural and remote areas. The high rates of preventable dental disease in Aboriginal communities are a serious concern from a social standpoint and in terms of service provision and healthcare expenditure. METHODS: Primary research literature was comprehensively reviewed. Papers were selected if they reported designing or implementing an intervention or oral health program specific to the needs of Aboriginal communities...
December 20, 2016: Australian Dental Journal
Jaine Zanolla, Amanda Brites da Costa Marques, Deisi Carneiro da Costa, Albert Schiaveto de Souza, Margareth Coutinho
BACKGROUND: Several studies have investigated the effect of bleaching on dental tissues. The evaluation of the effect of home bleaching with 10% carbamide peroxide is important for assessing alterations in enamel microhardness that may affect dental health in terms of resistance to masticatory forces. This meta-analysis was performed in order to determine scientific evidence regarding the effects of home vital bleaching with 10% carbamide peroxide gel on the microhardness of human dental enamel...
December 20, 2016: Australian Dental Journal
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Australian Dental Journal
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Australian Dental Journal
P Mark Bartold
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Australian Dental Journal
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Australian Dental Journal
J Skinner, R Byun, A Blinkhorn
BACKGROUND: The aims of this study were to examine variations in levels of access to public oral health services in New South Wales by teenagers from 2004-05 to 2014-15 and to determine whether more teenagers have been treated with preventive dental items in keeping with the strategic shift statewide towards prevention and early intervention. METHODS: This study involved an analysis of a subset of the New South Wales Oral Health Data Collection for teenagers treated in the New South Wales Public Oral Health Service in the financial years 2004-05 to 2014-15...
December 2016: Australian Dental Journal
D Ong, Y Itskovich, G Dance
Autotransplantation is the technique of transplanting embedded, impacted or erupted teeth from one site into another in the same individual. Despite current scientific evidence indicating that autotransplantation has favourable long-term survival rates, autotransplantation is still not generally regarded as mainstream practice outside of Scandinavian countries. Successful autotransplantation can offer many advantages in a growing patient, including a normally functioning periodontium, proprioception and preservation of alveolar bone volume...
December 2016: Australian Dental Journal
G Alexander, M S Hopcraft, M J Tyas, Rhk Wong
BACKGROUND: The Minamata Convention has agreed to a worldwide reduction in the production and use of mercury-containing products and processes. This will change the approach to use of direct restorative materials in the future. There is little research exploring the attitudes of dentists to any change. METHODS: A survey relating to the use of direct restorative materials was distributed to dentists who were members of the Australian Dental Association or Members and Fellows of the Royal Australasian College of Dental Surgeons...
December 2016: Australian Dental Journal
S O'Toole, D W Bartlett, R Moazzez
BACKGROUND: Application of fluoride mouthrinse before an acidic challenge may decrease enamel erosion. This paper compares the efficacy of stannous (SnF2 ) and sodium (NaF) fluoride when facing single and multiple erosive cycles in vitro. METHODS: Human enamel samples (N = 60) were randomly assigned to groups testing SnF2 and NaF mouthrinses (225 p.p.m.) and a water control. Samples were allocated into subgroups testing one or five erosive cycles. Samples were immersed in test solution for 1 min prior to citric acid immersion (0...
December 2016: Australian Dental Journal
A Zhang, S Critchley, P A Monsour
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to assess the current adoption of cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) and panoramic radiography (PR) machines across Australia. METHODS: Information regarding registered CBCT and PR machines was obtained from radiation regulators across Australia. The number of X-ray machines was correlated with the population size, the number of dentists, and the gross state product (GSP) per capita, to determine the best fitting regression model(s)...
December 2016: Australian Dental Journal
G Sivaramakrishnan, K Sridharan
BACKGROUND: Conventional complete dentures and implant supported overdentures are commonly used by dentists to treat completely edentulous mandibular arches. There have been problems associated with retention and stability while treating completely edentulous mandibular arches compared to maxillary arches. Many factors have been attributed to this, primarily focusing on the decreased area available for support and increased resorption. Implant supported overdentures have increased the treatment options for resorbed ridges, especially the mandible...
December 2016: Australian Dental Journal
A Saleh, J Rincon, A Tan, M Firth
BACKGROUND: There are insufficient guidelines for the use of adjunctive systemic antibiotics for patients with periodontal disease. The aim of this study was to compare clinical outcomes for patients with moderate-advanced chronic periodontitis treated with: scaling and root planing (SRP), SRP with amoxicillin and metronidazole (A+M), SRP with Azithromycin (Az). METHODS: Thirty-seven non-smokers with generalized moderate to advanced chronic periodontitis were divided into three treatment groups: SRP, A+M and Az...
December 2016: Australian Dental Journal
F Shakibaie, L J Walsh
BACKGROUND: The objective of this laboratory study was to compare violet and visible blue LED light-elicited green fluorescence emissions from enamel and dentine in healthy or carious states. METHODS: Microscopic digital photography was undertaken using violet and blue LED illumination (405 nm and 455 nm wavelengths) of tooth surfaces, which were photographed through a custom-made stack of green compensating filters which removed the excitation light and allowed green fluorescence emissions to pass...
December 2016: Australian Dental Journal
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