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Australian Dental Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543627/dental-insurance-service-use-and-health-outcomes-in-australia-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Emmanuel Gnanamanickam, Dana Teusner, Peter Arrow, David S Brennan
Private Health Insurance plays a key role in financing dental care in Australia. Having private dental insurance has been associated with higher levels of access to dental care, visiting for a check-up, and receiving a favourable pattern of services. Associations with better oral health have also been reported. In the absence of any existing review, this paper aims to systematically review the relationship between dental insurance and dental service use and, or oral health outcomes in Australia. A systematic search of online databases and subsequent sifting resulted in 36 publications, 33 of which were cross-sectional and three cohort analyses...
May 25, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543332/is-there-a-consensus-on-antibiotic-usage-for-dental-implant-placement-in-healthy-patients
#2
REVIEW
Joon Soo Park, Marc Tennant, Laurence J Walsh, Estie Kruger
OBJECTIVES: This systematic review aimed to determine whether there is consensus for antibiotic prescription in healthy patients undergoing implant placement. METHOD: A search of PubMed, Embase and Medline databases was conducted in January 2016 to find published journal articles on the use of antibiotics in implant placement, according to the PRISMA guidelines. The inclusion criteria were prospective human clinical trials investigating antibiotic usage during implant placement...
May 25, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543227/implant-dentistry-in-australia-the-present-and-future-a-survey-of-australian-dentists-and-specialists
#3
Y N Guo, J E Dudley, R M Logan, L C Richards
BACKGROUND: In recent years, implant dentistry has become a routine part of many general dental practices in Australia. However, there has been little information regarding its extent and scope. This investigation aimed to address this issue by surveying Australian general dental practitioners (GDPs) and relevant specialists regarding their practice of implant dentistry. METHODS: Anonymous electronic surveys were designed online using SurveyMonkey(™) and delivered to the following professional bodies: all seven State/Territory branches of the Australian Dental Association, the Australian and New Zealand Academy of Periodontists, the Australian and New Zealand Academy of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons, and prosthodontist members of the Australian Prosthodontic Society...
May 25, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542904/can-resonance-frequency-analysis-rfa-detect-narrow-marginal-bone-defects-around-dental-implants-an-ex-vivo-animal-pilot-study
#4
Coral Jie Yao, Li Ma, Nikos Mattheos
BACKGROUND: Resonance Frequency Analysis (RFA) is widely applied to assess implant stability, as expressed by Implant Stability Quotient (ISQ). However, the relation between ISQ value and the presence and extent of narrow marginal bone defects around implants has not been documented. PURPOSE: To investigate the potential of RFA devices to identify the presence and extent of marginal bone defects around implants, as expressed by the ISQ values. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 28 Straumann bone level implants (BL) and 28 bone level tapered implants (BLT), were placed ex-vivo in porcine ribs...
May 25, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542834/dentists-restorative-decision-making-and-implications-for-an-amalgamless-profession-part-5-knowledge-factors
#5
G Alexander, M S Hopcraft, M J Tyas, R H K Wong
BACKGROUND: A phase-down of amalgam in Australia is possible given the Australian Government intends to ratify the Minamata Convention. There is little research as to the influence of a dentist's knowledge on decision-making, which may be of use when determining the impact of any change. METHODS: An online survey relating to aspects of and attitudes to use of direct restorative materials was distributed to all dentists who were members of the Australian Dental Association or Members or Fellows of the Royal Australasian College of Dental Surgeons...
May 25, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498604/post-operative-interventions-to-reduce-inflammatory-complications-after-third-molar-surgery-review-of-the-current-evidence
#6
REVIEW
Howard Cho, Anthony J Lynham, Edward Hsu
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory complications such as pain, swelling, trismus, infection and alveolar osteitis, have an adverse affect on the quality of life of patients after third molar removal. This review presents the current evidence on post-operative strategies to reduce these complications. METHODS: A literature search was performed to identify articles published in English between 2000 to 2016 using the following key words: third molar(s), wisdom tooth/teeth, pain, swelling, trismus, infection, alveolar osteitis, and dry socket...
May 12, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466503/gingival-enlargement-in-a-pregnant-woman-with-acute-monocytic-leukaemia-a-case-report
#7
Yong-Wei Fu, Hong-Zhi Xu
The objective of the present study was to report the case of a pregnant woman with severe gingival enlargement for 3 months with undiagnosed acute leukaemia. The pregnant woman presented with anemia and generalized gingival enlargement. A provisional diagnosis of gingival enlargement in pregancy was made. Twelve days after the initial treatment, the patient was referred and admitted to the hematology department of a local hospital with clinical signs of anemia and thrombocytopenia. Blood count showed a WBC count of 9...
May 3, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466498/dietary-analysis-and-nutritional-counselling-for-caries-prevention-in-dental-practice-a-pilot-study
#8
Melanie J Hayes, Berenice Cheng, Ross Musolino, Adam A Rogers
BACKGROUND: Dental practitioners agree that dietary counselling is essential for caries prevention, however they provide advice infrequently due to a lack of confidence and competence. This study aimed to improve practices through an online training module exploring the use of a brief counselling method, and a diet assessment of caries risk form. METHODS: Dental practitioners (N = 41) completed a survey on current practices and confidence in providing dietary advice, followed by an online training module...
May 3, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437002/dentists-restorative-decision-making-and-implications-for-an-amalgamless-profession-part-4-clinical-factors
#9
G Alexander, Hopcraft, M J Tyas, R H K Wong
BACKGROUND: The Minamata Convention embodies a world-wide reduction in the production and use of mercury and mercury-containing products and processes, including a phase-down of dental amalgam. This will change the approach to the use of direct restorative materials in the near future. There is little research as to the influence of clinical factors on dentists' decision-making which may be of use when determining the impact of any change. METHODS: An online survey relating to aspects of and attitudes to the use of direct restorative materials was distributed to all dentists who were members of the Australian Dental Association and/or Members or Fellows of the Royal Australasian College of Dental Surgeons...
April 24, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423461/attributes-of-the-complete-dental-record
#10
Kate J Amos, Deborah J Cockrell, Claire Palermo, Samuel Rosehill, Margaret Bearman
BACKGROUND: Adherence to the Dental Board of Australia Guidelines on dental records is not universal and remediation of deficient practice requires clarity in the practical application of standards. The aim of this research is to clarify practical requirements of dental record keeping in New South Wales. METHODS: Seventeen experts were invited to participate in an electronically administered series of Delphi questionnaires. Concepts were refined until consensus was reached...
April 19, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423455/simulation-and-curriculum-design-a-global-survey-in-dental-education
#11
S Perry, M F Burrow, W K Leung, S M Bridges
BACKGROUND: Curriculum reforms are being driven by globalisation and international standardisation. Although new information technologies such as dental haptic virtual reality (VR) simulation systems have provided potential new possibilities for clinical learning in dental curricula, infusion into curricula requires careful planning. METHODS: This study aimed to identify current patterns in the role and integration of simulation in dental degree curricula internationally...
April 19, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423453/periodontal-treatment-in-private-dental-practice-a-case-based-survey
#12
I Darby, S-Y Barrow, B Cvetkovic, R Musolino, S Wise, C Yung, D Bailey
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to assess the management and referral patterns of Victorian general dental practitioners based on periodontal diagnosis. METHODS: Following ethics approval, Victorian general dental practitioners were invited to complete five randomised text-based periodontitis scenario questionnaires. Based on their diagnosis respondents were asked for their management options and asked to specify who would perform these treatments. Respondents were also asked about referral procedures...
April 19, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419470/excessive-heat-associated-gingival-necrosis-a-case-report
#13
Paul L Barnes, Giampiero Rossi-Fedele
Heat delivery devices have been associated with relatively high temperatures. Previous basic research studies suggest that the risk for periodontal tissues is negligible, as the presence of the root filling materials, amongst other factors, reduce the risk of overheating. This report describes the case of a 45-year old male, who was undergoing restorative treatment in a multi-specialty dental practice. As part of his overall treatment planning, orthograde root canal retreatment for his maxillary left incisor teeth was deemed necessary, due to chronic apical periodontitis...
April 17, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419459/how-can-we-restrict-the-sale-of-sports-and-energy-drinks-to-children
#14
REVIEW
Gillian Jean
High sugar drinks (HSD) including fruit drinks, soft drinks, sports drinks, and energy drinks, are of no nutritional value and contribute to the burden of dental disease in all age groups. The manufacturers of sports and energy drinks have elected to target children in their marketing campaigns and promote a misleading association between their products, healthy lifestyles and sporting prowess. The WHO has acknowledged that strategies aimed at prevention of dental disease are the only economically viable options for managing the oral health of children in low and middle income countries...
April 17, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384385/dentistry-and-criminal-law
#15
REVIEW
Benjamin Samuel Khoury, Jason Nathaniel Khoury
Criminal law in dentistry, as shaped and moulded by the prevailing views of society, defines what is or is not socially acceptable. It applies in both personal and professional contexts with the intended consequence of protecting the public from unacceptable conduct and potential imbalances of power. At its centre, a patient's consent plays a pivotal role in transforming unlawful conduct into lawful conduct. This literature review considers the current law and the trend of utilising criminal law in addition to non-criminal law alternatives of reprimand clinicians for failure to achieve consent in the course of dental practice...
April 6, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379627/dental-responsibility-loadings-and-the-relative-value-of-dental-services
#16
D N Teusner, X Ju, D S Brennan
OBJECTIVE: To estimate responsibility loadings for a comprehensive list of dental services, providing a standardized unit of clinical work effort. METHODS: Dentists (n = 2500) randomly sampled from the Australian Dental Association membership (2011) were randomly assigned to one of 25 panels. Panels were surveyed by questionnaires eliciting responsibility loadings for eight common dental services (core items) and approximately 12 other items unique to that questionnaire...
April 5, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379606/oral-manifestations-related-to-dengue-fever-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#17
REVIEW
Marlus da Silva Pedrosa, Miguel Henrique Pereira de Paiva, Luiz Gustavo Fernandes Lima Oliveira, Sângela Maria da Silva Pereira, Cláudio Heliomar Vicente da Silva, José Guilherme Férrer Pompeu
The focus on oral manifestations of dengue fever (DF) is not common in the scientific literature and the patient affected can present signs and symptoms that may not be noticed by dental professionals. This systematic review article was conducted to identify and discuss the oral manifestations related to dengue fever MATERIALS AND METHODS: The electronic databases PubMed, LILACS, Web of Science and Scopus were searched from November to December 2016 by two authors, simultaneously, using as search terms: Dengue and Oral Manifestation combined...
April 5, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346696/do-people-trust-dentists-development-of-the-dentist-trust-scale
#18
Jason M Armfield, Manon Ketting, Sergio Chrisopoulos, Sarah R Baker
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to adapt a measure of trust in physicians generally to trust in dentists and to assess the reliability and validity of the measure. METHODS: Questionnaire data were collected from a simple random sample of 596 Australian adults. The 11-item General Trust in Physicians Scale (Hall et al., 2002) was modified to apply to dentists. RESULTS: The Dentist Trust Scale (DTS) had good internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha = 0...
March 27, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306163/an-update-on-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-dens-invaginatus
#19
REVIEW
J Zhu, X Wang, Y Fang, J W Von den Hoff, L Meng
Dens invaginatus is a malformation with varying anatomical features, posing challenges to treatment. Early and accurate diagnosis plays a significant role in selecting the appropriate treatment. The diagnosis of teeth with a complex root canal system including dens invaginatus has made progress with the application of three-dimensional imaging techniques in endodontics. Advanced treatment options provide hope for teeth that could not be saved before. This review discusses diagnostic methods and treatment options for teeth with dens invaginatus, and provides guidelines for the management of dens invaginatus cases in clinic...
March 17, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276076/managing-the-oral-side-effects-of-medications-used-to-treat-multiple-sclerosis
#20
N Cockburn, K Pateman, M W Taing, A Pradhan, P J Ford
BACKGROUND: Many medications used to manage multiple sclerosis (MS) affect oral health. This review aimed to identify the oral side effects of the current drugs recommended in Australia to treat MS and make dental practitioners aware of the range of symptoms. METHODS: The Australian Therapeutic Guidelines and the Australian Medicines Handbook were searched for medications used to treat MS. For each medication, the generic name, class, route of administration, dosage and drug company reported side-effects were extracted from the online Monthly Index of Medical Specialties (MIMs) database...
March 9, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
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