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Australian Dental Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306163/an-update-of-dens-invaginatus-in-the-diagnosis-and-treatment
#1
REVIEW
Jingjing Zhu, Xinhuan Wang, Yanjun Fang, Johannes W Von den Hoff, Liuyan Meng
Dens invaginatus is a malformation with varying anatomical features, posing challenges to treatment. Early and accurate diagnosis plays a significant role in selecting the appropriate treatment. The diagnosis of teeth with a complex root canal system including dens invaginatus has made progress with the application of three-dimensional imaging techniques in endodontics. Advanced treatment options provide hope for teeth that could not be saved before. This review discusses diagnostic methods and treatment options for teeth with dens invaginatus, and provides guidelines for the management of dens invaginatus cases in clinic...
March 17, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276076/managing-the-oral-side-effects-of-medications-used-to-treat-multiple-sclerosis
#2
N Cockburn, K Pateman, M W Taing, A Pradhan, P J Ford
BACKGROUND: Many medications used to manage multiple sclerosis (MS) affect oral health. This review aimed to identify the oral side effects of the current drugs recommended in Australia to treat MS and make dental practitioners aware of the range of symptoms. METHODS: The Australian Therapeutic Guidelines and the Australian Medicines Handbook were searched for medications used to treat MS. For each medication, the generic name, class, route of administration, dosage and drug company reported side-effects were extracted from the online Monthly Index of Medical Specialties (MIMs) database...
March 9, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271515/a-cross-sectional-and-longitudinal-study-of-endodontic-and-periapical-status-in-an-australian-population
#3
Aovana Timmerman, Hanny Calache, Peter Parashos
BACKGROUND: This study described the cross-sectional and longitudinal data of endodontic and periapical status of new patients presenting to a major dental hospital, and assessed the relationships between tooth-related variables with apical periodontitis. METHODS: The records of 695 patients were randomly selected and the orthopantomograms of these patients up to 31(st) October 2014 were reviewed by two endodontists. The periapical status of teeth was recorded using the Periapical Index...
March 8, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267215/diagnostic-procedures-employed-by-dental-practitioners-in-australia-with-a-focus-on-endodontic-diagnostic-procedures
#4
A S J Tan, G W Bennett, J C W Tan, P V Abbott
INTRODUCTION: An accurate diagnosis is the foundation for determining prognosis and appropriate management. This study adds to pre-existing (albeit limited) evidence by exploring the use of diagnostic techniques amongst dental practitioners. AIMS: To identify the availability, usage and clinician preference for specific diagnostic tests. A secondary aim was to investigate the use of diagnostic tests for common clinical scenarios. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was distributed online to dental practitioners registered with the Australian Dental Association...
March 7, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241385/internet-use-online-information-seeking-and-knowledge-among-third-molar-patients-attending-public-dental-services
#5
Kamal Hanna, Paul Sambrook, Jason M Armfield, David S Brennan
BACKGROUND: While Australians are searching the Internet for third molar (TM) information, the usefulness of online sources might be questioned due to quality variation. This study explored: (1) internet use, online information seeking behavior among TM patients attending public dental services and (2) whether patients' TM knowledge scores are associated with the level of internet use and eHealth Literacy Scale (eHEALS) scores. METHODS: Baseline survey data from the "Engaging Patients in Decision-Making" study were used...
February 27, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241381/referral-patterns-of-general-dental-practitioners-for-bone-grafting-and-implant-placement
#6
Benjamin Gupta, Bruce Shadbolt, Dylan Hyam
Dental implant rehabilitation is a well-established procedure often conducted in the general dental practice setting. The outcomes for implant placement are reliable when the recipient site is favorable. Our goal has been to assess the accuracy with which general dental practitioners (GDP's) assess the bone volume available for implant placement and their referral patterns for implant sites, which may require bone grafting. Fifty-three GDP's were surveyed and asked to assess 5 different scenarios and cone beam scans for difficulty (0 no difficulty - 5 the most difficult), and bone grafting requirements (yes/no and who to perform), prior to implant placement...
February 27, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241379/necrotising-fasciitis-as-a-complication-of-odontogenic-infection-a-review-of-management-and-case-series
#7
K Bayetto, A Cheng, P Sambrook
OBJECTIVE: To establish the incidence of head and neck necrotising fasciitis (NF) in the Adelaide Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Unit. To review the current literature regarding the management of head and neck NF. To determine the evidence for the role of hyperbaric oxygen therapy in the management of NF. METHOD: A retrospective audit of all patients admitted to the Royal Adelaide Hospital Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Unit 2006-2015 with severe odontogenic infections was carried out...
February 27, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188656/knowledge-attitude-and-practices-of-dentists-towards-oral-health-care-during-pregnancy-a-cross-sectional-survey-in-new-south-wales-australia
#8
Ajesh George, Shilpi Ajwani, Sameer Bhole, Hannah Dahlen, Jennifer Reath, Andrew Korda, Harrison Ng Chok, Charmaine Miranda, Amy Villarosa, Maree Johnson
BACKGROUND: Studies internationally show a lack of consensus among dentists regarding perinatal oral health yet no studies in Australia has explored the perceptions of Dentists in this area. This study aims to determine the knowledge, perceptions and practices of dentists in New South Wales (NSW), Australia about perinatal oral health. METHOD: An online survey was distributed to 1357 members of the Australian Dental Association (NSW) and 185 (13.4%) completed surveys were returned...
February 11, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165623/osteolipoma-of-the-buccal-mucosa-a-case-report
#9
Norman A Firth, Olive F L Allsobrook, Manish Patel
Lipomas are benign mesenchymal neoplasms of soft tissue that can be found commonly in any part of the human body. Their presence in the oral mucosa is uncommon however, with approximately 4% of the cases occurring in the oral cavity(1) . Oral lipomas are likely to have originated from mature adipose tissue and there are several histological variants of lipomas described, which are identified according to the predominant type of tissue in addition to adipose tissue. A rare lipoma variant, known as an osteolipoma or an ossifying lipoma may occur, however, little has been written this type of lipoma characterized by a classical lipoma with areas of osseous metaplasia...
February 6, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160767/investigation-and-diagnosis-of-an-immediate-allergy-to-amide-local-anaesthetic-in-a-paediatric-dental-patient
#10
Gabrielle Allen, Damien Chan, Sam Gue
Local anaesthetics remain the most common prescription medication utilised in dental practice. Adverse reactions following administration of local anaesthetic are somewhat common and are frequently reported as 'allergies'. However, of these events, it is estimated that only 1% are confirmed allergies to the local anaesthetic. This case presents the process of referral for investigation and testing to confirm an amide local anaesthetic allergy in a paediatric patient. Testing for a safe alternative was also completed to identify local anaesthetic agents also of the amide variety that can be utilised safely on this individual...
February 4, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107545/food-acid-content-and-erosive-potential-of-sugar-free-confections
#11
P Shen, G D Walker, Y Yuan, C Reynolds, M A Stacey, E C Reynolds
BACKGROUND: Dental erosion is an increasingly prevalent problem associated with frequent consumption of acidic foods and beverages. The aim of this study was to measure the food acid content and the erosive potential of a variety of sugar-free confections. METHODS: Thirty sugar-free confections were selected and extracts analysed to determine pH, titratable acidity, chemical composition and apparent degree of saturation with respect to apatite. The effect of the sugar-free confections in artificial saliva on human enamel was determined in an in vitro dental erosion assay using change in surface microhardness...
January 20, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100000/interdisciplinary-management-of-an-adult-patient-with-significant-restorative-treatment-needs-and-a-complex-malocclusion
#12
Naresh Shah, Desmond Cheer-Vern Ong, Elissa Freer
Transverse maxillary deficiency may be associated with dental crowding, compromised aesthetics and impaired function. Non-surgical correction of maxillary transverse deficiency through rapid maxillary expansion is routinely performed for young patients, however, surgical intervention is generally required for adults. An interdisciplinary treatment approach is necessary to achieve the desired treatment objectives for challenging cases. This case report demonstrates a pleasing treatment outcome for a patient with a severe maxillary transverse deficiency, significant crowding and extensive active caries...
January 18, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297102/corrigendum
#13
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297101/letter-re-radiation-shielding-in-dentistry-an-update
#14
LETTER
Greg D Crane, Paul V Abbott
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297100/comment-radiation-shielding-in-dentistry-an-update
#15
LETTER
G M Fast
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297099/a-paperless-office-what-does-it-mean
#16
EDITORIAL
P Mark Bartold
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297098/continuing-professional-development-quiz
#17
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297096/accelerated-orthodontic-treatment-what-s-the-evidence
#18
P Miles
The demand and accessibility of orthodontic care has increased but has also been accompanied by patient requests for shorter treatment times. Longer orthodontic treatment increases the risk of decalcification, gingival recession, and root resorption and so shorter treatment times have multiple advantages as well as appealing to patient's desires. Numerous techniques and materials have been suggested to reduce treatment times but, in most cases, are based upon selected case reports with no prospective clinical trials to validate claims...
March 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297095/adverse-reactions-to-orthodontic-materials
#19
I Sifakakis, T Eliades
Adverse effects can arise from the clinical use of orthodontic materials, due to the release of constituent substances (ions from alloys and monomers, degradation by-products, and additives from polymers). Moreover, intraoral aging affects the biologic properties of materials. The aim of this review is to present the currently identified major adverse effects of the metallic and polymeric components found in orthodontic appliances and materials. Corrosion in metallic orthodontic attachments releases metal ions, mainly iron, chromium, and nickel...
March 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297094/clear-aligners-in-orthodontic-treatment
#20
T Weir
Since the introduction of the Tooth Positioner (TP Orthodontics) in 1944, removable appliances analogous to clear aligners have been employed for mild to moderate orthodontic tooth movements. Clear aligner therapy has been a part of orthodontic practice for decades, but has, particularly since the introduction of Invisalign appliances (Align Technology) in 1998, become an increasingly common addition to the orthodontic armamentarium. An internet search reveals at least 27 different clear aligner products currently on offer for orthodontic treatment...
March 2017: Australian Dental Journal
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