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Australian Dental Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921548/smoking-cessation-and-response-to-periodontal-treatment
#1
REVIEW
Foteini Alexandridi, Sotiria Tsantila, Eudoxie Pepelassi
Smoking has detrimental oral effects. The aim of this study was to review the literature related to the impact of smoking cessation on periodontal health, periodontal disease and periodontal treatment outcome as well as to review the smoking cessation strategies and the dentist's role in the smoking cessation effort. Smoking cessation seems to have a positive effect on the periodontium, to decrease the risk for incidence and progression of periodontitis and to lead to a non-significant trend for greater mean probing depth reductions after non-surgical treatment over a 12-month period...
September 16, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921547/a-clinical-randomized-study-on-the-influence-of-dental-whitening-on-streptococcus-mutans-population
#2
André Luiz Fraga Briso, Úrsula Aparecida Escalero Silva, Morganna Borges de Almeida Souza, Vanessa Rahal, Elerson Gaetti Jardim Júnior, Luciano Tavares Angelo Cintra
Dental whitening with peroxides has been popularized through the at-home technique, which employs low concentrations of peroxide applied on individual trays. However, there are few clinical trials reporting the effects of its continuous use on oral microbiota. Thus, the purpose of the present clinical, randomized study was to evaluate the influence of at-home whitening treatment on Streptococcus mutans in saliva, buccal mucosa, and subgingival and supragingival plaque. Thirty volunteers were randomly divided into 2 study groups (n=15) according to the whitening therapy: G CP- whitening using 10% carbamide peroxide 4 hours daily for 21 days and G HP- whitening using 6% hydrogen peroxide 1...
September 16, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881480/hypomineralised-second-primary-molars-prevalence-defect-characteristics-and-relationship-with-dental-caries-in-melbourne-preschool-children
#3
M L Owen, A Ghanim, D Elsby, D J Manton
BACKGROUND: Dental caries and enamel defects (DDE) are prevalent amongst children. The presence of DDEs, especially enamel hypomineralisation, may increase caries experience in those at increased caries-risk. The reported prevalence of hypomineralised second primary molars (HSPM) is 2.7% - 21.8%, although the occurrence in Australian children remains unknown. These HSPM represent a potential predictive factor for molar-incisor hypomineralisation (MIH). METHODS: In total, 623 three to five-year-old children from 30 randomly selected kindergartens participated...
September 7, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853154/oral-health-of-community-dwelling-older-australian-men-the-concord-health-and-ageing-in-men-project-champ
#4
F A C Wright, S K-Y Chu, K L Milledge, E Valdez, G Law, B Hsu, V Naganathan, V Hirani, F M Blyth, D G Le Couteur, J Harford, L M Waite, D J Handelsman, M J Seibel, R G Cumming
BACKGROUND: CHAMP is a cohort study of the health of a representative sample of Australian men aged 70 years and older. The aim of this report is to describe the oral health of these men. METHODS: Oral health was assessed when the men were all aged 78 years or older. Two calibrated examiners conducted a standardised intra-oral assessment. Descriptive data, with means and confidence intervals where appropriate, were analysed by statistical association tests. Participants were excluded from the collection of some periodontal assessments if they had a medical contraindication...
August 29, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853144/prosthodontic-management-of-maxillofacial-cases-a-case-series
#5
James Dudley, Fiza Mughal, Elena Hotinski, Melati Mahmud
Maxillo-facial prosthetics is an important and recognised sub-discipline of prosthodontics that forms a key component of postgraduate training programs. General dentists have a role to play in the management of maxillo-facial defect patients even though treatment usually requires a multidisciplinary approach in an institutional environment. Maxillo-facial prosthetic cases frequently present with complex histories but simple patient goals. The conservatively managed implant-retained auricular prosthesis, speech aid prosthesis and orbital prosthesis cases described in this report were completed in a postgraduate clinical residency program and highlight the intrinsic complexities, challenges and ultimately satisfaction related to cases of this nature...
August 29, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853142/blowing-the-whistle-the-ethical-professional-and-legal-implications-of-raising-concerns-and-self-regulation-within-dentistry
#6
REVIEW
Alexander C L Holden
Whistle-blowers are a necessary part of any system; dentistry is no different. The role of whistle-blowers in dentistry has been enshrined in Australian law since 2010. Raising concerns has become a legal duty as well as an ethical and professional obligation. It is important that these different aspects of raising concerns are explored as each adds another layer of consideration to the issue. The health professional's duty to whistle-blow could be viewed as problematic; the observance of this duty is associated with being trapped between a rock and a hard place where any decision to engage or not may have negative consequences...
August 29, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853139/studying-the-human-oral-microbiome-challenges-and-the-evolution-of-solutions
#7
REVIEW
Angela Ml Benn, Nicholas Ck Heng, Jonathan Mark Broadbent, William Murray Thomson
Since the pioneering work of van Leeuwenhoek in 1684, subsequently built upon by other renowned microbiologists Robert Koch, Willoughby Miller and G.V. Black, oral microbiology has developed innovative techniques to study the oral microflora (now termed the "oral microbiome"). The advent of molecular techniques such as DNA-DNA hybridisation, polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and DNA sequencing has created an array of opportunities to construct a comprehensive picture of the diversity and composition of the oral microbiome...
August 29, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833210/status-and-progress-of-treatment-methods-for-root-caries-in-the-last-decade-a-literature-review
#8
REVIEW
J Cai, J E A Palamara, D J Manton, M F Burrow
The aim of this literature review is to explore the treatment methods for root caries in laboratory and clinical research in the last decade. A systematic search of publications in PubMed and Web of Science databases was performed. The time-span was limited to the last 10 years and English language. Further retrieval was conducted using the search terms of specific therapies or treatments. Titles and abstracts of identified publications were screened. Reviews; case reports; conference abstracts; letters to editor; dissertation and theses; non-English articles; epidemiological studies, diagnostic methods or decision-making process for root caries treatment without assessment of its efficacy; deep carious lesions with inflamed pulp and require pulp capping or endodontic treatment and research on root cementum were excluded...
August 18, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793371/la-cascada-declaration
#9
REVIEW
Lois Cohen, Gunnar Dahlen, Alfonso Escobar, Ole Fejerskov, Newell W Johnson, Firoze Manji
We are a group of senior scientists-researchers, academics and intellectuals-from various parts of the world, with over 250 years' combined experience of working to improve the oral health of communities. The group is entirely independent of any institution, government body or corporate entity. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
August 9, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736912/performance-of-the-index-of-dental-anxiety-and-fear-in-a-population-based-sample-of-adults
#10
H Ibrahim, K M Lyons, J M Armfield, W M Thomson
BACKGROUND: The Index of Dental Anxiety and Fear (IDAF-4C) was introduced to overcome the theoretical and practical shortcomings of previously developed dental fear measures. This new scale has not been tested on population samples other than in its country of origin, Australia. The aim of this study was to validate the IDAF-4C in a different cultural setting and to determine the prevalence and sociodemographic associations of dental anxiety. METHODS: A cross sectional study of a representative New Zealand adult population sample was undertaken...
July 24, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685865/development-and-evaluation-of-online-education-to-increase-the-forensic-relevance-of-oral-health-records
#11
Lauren Stow, Denice Higgins
BACKGROUND: Human identification can be reliably established by dental comparison; success is significantly impacted by inadequate antemortem information. Previous Australian research revealed suboptimal recording of features important for forensic dental identification and compliance with Dental Board of Australia guidelines. We hence created and evaluated an online education programme aimed at improving oral health practitioner recording. METHODS: An Interactive Learning Module (ILM) was constructed and released to three focus groups representing practitioners with varying experience levels - Australian Society of Forensic Odontology members, third year dental students and the wider dental community...
July 7, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665047/external-tooth-resorption-associated-with-a-peripheral-odontogenic-fibroma-review-and-case-report
#12
Geoffrey Sinclair Heithersay, Davide Musu, Elisabetta Cotti
The purpose of the study is to document a rare case of a peripheral odontogenic fibroma with associated cervical and coronal tooth resorption in a 38-year-old female. Histopathologic features are described, the clinical management outlined and follow-up observations over 27 years detailed. The exophytic firm lesion,coral pink in appearance, located on the labial aspect of a maxillary left lateral incisor was excised, fixed in formalin and prepared for histolologic evaluation. The resorption cavity and adjacent soft tissue were treated by the topical application of trichloracetic acid prior to restoration with a glass ionomer cement and subsequent root canal treatment...
June 30, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646598/local%C3%A2-anaesthesia%C3%A2-and-nerve-damage
#13
LETTER
Angus Kingon
In a series of 5 lectures to dental practitioners in 2010-11 in New Zealand and Australia given by the Australian Dental Association's Dental Therapeutics Committee, course delegates were asked if they had experienced, or knew of others who had, patient(s) sustaining nerve damage after local anaesthetic injections. Of a total of 253 attendees at these courses, there were 18 instances, reported by a show of hands. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
June 24, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646596/the-course-and-distribution-of-the-buccal-nerve-clinical-relevance-in-dentistry
#14
K Takezawa, M Ghabriel, G Townsend
BACKGROUND: The buccal branch of the mandibular division of the trigeminal nerve is commonly anaesthetized for dental procedures and may be damaged during surgery. Descriptions of the distribution of the buccal nerve (BN) in anatomical texts are generally lacking in detail and do not provide information about the extent of its variation between individuals. There are also commonly-held clinical beliefs about the BN that lack support from anatomical dissections. METHODS: Detailed dissections of the course and distribution of the BN were performed in a sample of 12 hemi-heads from 11 edentulous and partially dentate human adult cadavers...
June 24, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891246/continuing-professional-development-quiz
#15
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891245/continuing-professional-development-calendar
#16
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891244/personalized-precision-dentistry-the-future-of-dentistry
#17
EDITORIAL
P Mark Bartold
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891243/the-use-of-mobile-health-applications-in-school-dental-screening
#18
LETTER
M Estai, S M Bunt, E Kruger, M Tennant
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621833/multiple-external-cervical-root-resorptions-after-home-bleaching-treatment-with-22-carbamide-peroxide
#19
Glauco Rodrigues Velloso, Marcos Motta de Freitas, Adriana Terezinha Neves Novellino Alves, Alan Roger Santos Silva, Eliane Dos Santos Porto Barboza, Vittorio Moraschini
Invasive multiple cervical root resorptions after vital tooth bleaching is a rare condition. The aim of this article is to present a case of multiple external cervical root resorptions (ECRR) after a misguided home whitening treatment. A 34-year-old male patient presented with slight sensitivity and mobility in several teeth. Despite the manufacturer's recommendations, the patient used a 22% carbamide peroxide-based tooth bleaching gel at home for 4 consecutive days, at night, on the upper and lower arches...
June 16, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621821/an-unusual-case-of-dental-infection-by-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-causing-a-brain-abscess-case-report
#20
R S Pereira, J P Bonardi, Acd Ferreira, G L Latini
A brain abscess may result when dental infection reaches the brain through contiguous anatomic cavities such as the maxillary sinus, the ethmoid sinus and the orbital cavity. It is an important complication and should be treated aggressively. Such treatment would include the excision of the etiological factor, drainage and adjuvant antibiotic therapy. The present case concerns a 23 year old woman who presented at the General Hospital of Nova Iguaçu with complaints of pain in the right side of the face and was diagnosed with acute sinusitis...
June 16, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
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