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Australian Dental Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878824/minimal-intervention-dentistry-for-early-childhood-caries-and-child-dental-anxiety-a-randomised-control-trial
#1
Peter Arrow, Elizabeth Klobas
BACKGROUND: To compare changes in child dental anxiety after treatment for Early Childhood Caries (ECC) using two treatment approaches. METHODS: Children with ECC were randomised to Test (Atraumatic Restorative Treatment, ART-based approach) or Control (standard care approach). Children 3 years or older completed a dental anxiety scale at baseline and follow-up. Changes in child dental anxiety from baseline to follow-up were tested using chi-squared statistic, Wilcoxon's rank-sum test, McNemar's test and multinomial logistic regression...
November 23, 2016: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878823/owning-the-tooth-exploring-the-ethical-and-legal-issues-relating-to-the-use-of-extracted-human-teeth-in-dental-education-in-australia
#2
Alexander C L Holden, Susie A Dracopoulos
Extracted human teeth have been used to practice operative techniques for a very long time. As a natural surrogate for a live tooth in vivo, their use has traditionally been very important for the development of skills in trainee dentists, as well as their qualified colleagues who wish to practice existing or new skills. As synthetic alternatives develop greater authenticity, alongside a society in which many retain their natural dentition well into old age, the current paradigm relating to how extracted teeth in dental education are used needs to be re-visited...
November 23, 2016: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868202/the-potential-risks-of-orthodontic-therapy-a-critical-review-and-conceptual-framework
#3
REVIEW
Morgan Wishney
The review examines some of the potential risks of orthodontic therapy along with their evidence base. The risks of orthodontic treatment include periodontal damage, pain, root resorption, tooth devitalisation, temporomandibular disorder, caries, speech problems and enamel damage. These risks can be understood to arise from a synergy between treatment and patient factors. In general terms, treatment factors that can influence risk include appliance type, force vectors and duration of treatment whilst relevant patient factors are both biological and behavioral...
November 21, 2016: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861968/compliance-of-post-radiation-therapy-head-and-neck-cancer-patients-with-caries-preventive-protocols
#4
Agnieszka M Frydrych, Linda M Slack-Smith, Richard Parsons
BACKGROUND: Caries prevention is paramount in safeguarding the life quality of head and neck cancer patients and is dependent on patient compliance with caries preventive protocols. The purpose of this study was to examine this compliance. METHODS: All records of patients referred to one public oral medicine clinic servicing a head and neck oncology unit of one major Western Australian hospital, between January 2005 and December 2011 were examined. Data extracted included patient and cancer characteristics and compliance with dietary advice, dental care, oral hygiene instruction and fluoride use over a follow-up period of at least 12 months...
November 18, 2016: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861960/a-comparison-between-published-clinical-success-of-direct-resin-composite-restorations-in-vital-posterior-teeth-in-1995-2005-and-2006-2016-periods
#5
REVIEW
Negin Alvanforoush, Joseph Palamara, Rebecca Wong, Michael F Burrow
BACKGROUNDS: Composites are increasing in popularity as restorative materials. This growing role indicates the necessity of studies on their clinical outcome. METHODS: Clinical studies published on the performance of posterior composite restorations were included except those of less than a 24-month assessment period. Results of non-vital, anterior or primary teeth and cervical-single-surface restorations were also excluded. Records about composite type, number of final recall restorations, failure/survival rate, and assessment period and failure reasons were analyzed for each decade...
November 16, 2016: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813093/dentinal-tubules-occluded-by-bioactive-glass-containing-toothpaste-exhibit-high-resistance-toward-acidic-soft-drink-challenge
#6
Marina Mohd Bakri, Mohammad Zakir Hossain, Fathilah Abdul Razak, Zarikh Hafizah Saqina, Anis Adibah Misroni, Norintan Ab Murat, Junichi Kitagawa, Roslan Bin Saub
BACKGROUND: Dentine hypersensitivity is a common problem attributed by patent dentinal tubules. Ingredients incorporated in toothpastes aim to occlude patent dentinal tubules to minimise the dentine hypersensitivity. However, frequent consumption of acidic soft drinks may reverse the dentinal tubules occlusion. In this in vitro study, the efficacy of dentinal tubules occluded by commercially available toothpastes to withstand different duration of an acidic soft drink challenge was investigated...
November 4, 2016: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743399/dengue-related-osteonecrosis-of-the-maxillary-dento-alveolar-bone
#7
N M Al-Namnam, P Nambiar, P Shanmuhasuntharam, M Harris
Dengue is a mosquito transmitted flaviviral infection which can give rise to severe haemorrhage (dengue haemorrhagic fever/DHF) and with capillary leakage induces hypovolemic shock (dengue shock syndrome/DSS). Although dengue symptoms and complications have been known for many decades there has only been one documented case of osteonecrosis of the maxilla which was treated by excision of the necrotic bone. In this case of dengue infection, extensive maxillary osteonecrosis and minimal root resorption appeared to follow factitious injury with a toothpick but resolved with nonsurgical management...
October 15, 2016: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743391/alcohol-involved-maxillofacial-fractures
#8
Kai Lee, James Olsen, Jiandong Sun, Arun Chandu
OBJECTIVE: Alcohol related facial trauma is an increasingly prominent social problem and health hazard. Interpersonal violence (IPV) is often implicated in these trauma presentations and the facial skeleton frequently targeted. This paper examines the characteristics of admitted patients with alcohol-related facial fractures. METHODS: Electronic data of patients assessed or treated with facial fractures from January 2012 to December 2014 at Western Health was obtained through Clinical Record Department...
October 15, 2016: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27739083/subcutaneous-emphysema-secondary-to-dental-extraction-a-case-report
#9
Stephanie Tan, Dimitrios Nikolarakos
Although less frequently encountered in dental practices, subcutaneous emphysema of the face and neck has been reported in patients following dental extractions, particularly when lower molar teeth are extracted with the use of a high speed air turbine drill designed for restorative treatment, which forces air into the cervical fascial spaces. As facial swelling and pain are the most common presentations, subcutaneous emphysema can often be misdiagnosed as an allergic reaction or odontogenic infection. While usually a benign and self limiting condition, subcutaneous emphysema may have life threatening complications such as tension pneumothorax, cardiac tamponade, air embolism, tracheal compression and mediastinitis, which are important to recognise in an emergency setting...
October 14, 2016: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27670933/referral-patterns-of-special-needs-patients-at-the-royal-dental-hospital-of-melbourne-victoria-australia
#10
Maryani Mohamed Rohani, Hanny Calache, Mina Borromeo
BACKGROUND: Special Needs Dentistry (SND) has been recognised as a dental specialty in Australia since 2003 but no studies addressing the profile of patients for specialist care. The purpose of this study is to identify, via referrals received, the profile of patients and quality of referrals at the largest public SND Unit in Victoria, Australia. METHODS: All referrals received over a six months period (January 1 - June 30, 2013) by the Integrated SND Unit (ISNU) were reviewed prior to allocation to the outpatient clinic (OP), domiciliary (DOM) or general anaesthetic (GA) services...
September 27, 2016: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27601196/severe-odontogenic-infection-in-pregnancy-a-timely-reminder
#11
Shreya Tocaciu, Bruce W Robinson, Paul J Sambrook
Dental practitioners often treat patients who are pregnant. Understanding the altered physiology in the pregnant patient, especially changes in immune function, is vital in effective management of orofacial infections. We present a case of rapidly spreading odontogenic infection in a pregnant patient requiring surgical management. We also discuss the physiological changes of pregnancy relevant to dentistry, and the principles of managing such infections in the gravid patient. This article is protected by copyright...
September 7, 2016: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27572912/remineralizing-potential-of-cpp-acp-creams-with-and-without-fluoride-in-artificial-enamel-lesions-authors-reply
#12
LETTER
Monica Tostes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27572911/remineralizing-potential-of-cpp-acp-creams-with-and-without-fluoride-in-artificial-enamel-lesions
#13
LETTER
Sarah L Raphael
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27572910/continuing-professional-development-calendar
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27572909/radiation-shielding-in-dentistry-an-update
#15
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27572908/australian-dental-journal-reaches-another-milestone
#16
EDITORIAL
P Mark Bartold
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27480290/diagnostic-services-in-australia-service-rates-and-characteristics-of-patients
#17
D S Brennan, M Balasubramanian, A J Spencer
BACKGROUND: Diagnostic services are the most common area of dental service in Australia. The objective was to investigate differences in services per visit for examinations and radiographs in relation to the characteristics of patients receiving these services in terms of age and gender, aspects of visiting such as dental insurance and reasons for visit, and oral health such as number of teeth and presence of decay. METHODS: A random sample of Australian dentists was surveyed in 2009-2010...
September 2016: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27213720/life-cycles-of-traumatized-teeth-long-term-observations-from-a-cohort-of-dental-trauma-victims-series-2
#18
G S Heithersay
In this the second of a series of life cycles of dental trauma victims, the short and particularly long-term responses of four survivors of either multiple luxation injuries or avulsions have been documented over periods varying up to 41 years. The development of ankylosis, either in the short or longer term post trauma, proved a common feature in the series and management strategies have been outlined. External invasive resorption was also identified as a complicating response for which the topical application of trichloracetic acid, intracanal dressing and root canal obturation proved effective in resorption management...
September 2016: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26671751/an-unusual-ocular-complication-following-dental-anaesthesia-case-report
#19
C Kempster, M Ghabriel, G Kaidonis, G Townsend
Used routinely by dental practitioners, local anaesthetics are generally a safe and effective means of achieving pain control during invasive dental procedures. Delivery, however, is technique sensitive and the potential for patient complication exists. Although reasonably rare, ocular complications have occurred, often leaving the patient and the clinician in distress. Such reported events have almost always involved tissue responses ipsilateral to the injection site. The current case report presents an unusual event involving involuntary fasciculation or hemifacial spasm and eventual eyelid closure on the contralateral side following a routine inferior alveolar nerve block...
September 2016: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26644147/radiation-shielding-in-dentistry-an-update
#20
REVIEW
G D Crane, P V Abbott
The purpose of this article was to review the literature and provide guidelines on the use of radiation protection for patients in the dental setting. There are limited published data on the effects of low radiation doses such as those used in dental radiology. Most of the evidence is subject to bias, with risk models extrapolated from higher dose models such as studies of the Hiroshima bomb survivors. However, the lack of evidence does not denote the absence of risk, as there is no established 'safe' level of radiation exposure...
September 2016: Australian Dental Journal
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