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Australian Dental Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327470/investigation-of-the-effect-of-rapid-and-slow-external-ph-increases-on-enterococcus-faecalis-biofilm-grown-on-dentine
#1
Mark Stenhouse, Peter Zilm, Jithendra Ratnayake, Peter Cathro
BACKGROUND: Calcium hydroxide is a common endodontic medicament and has an anti-microbial effect by increasing the localized pH within the root canal. However, Enterococcus faecalis has shown some resistance to calcium hydroxide. METHOD: A flow cell apparatus was used to grow an E. faecalis biofilm on dentine discs. Following 4 weeks growth in Todd Hewitt Broth, flow cells were exposed to either a rapid or slow increase to pH 11.5 or 12.5. Cellular viability was determined using serial plating and the number of colony forming units was normalised against the cellular protein content...
January 11, 2018: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281754/peri-implant-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#2
Ko Ito, Kosuke Takahashi, Takashi Eda, Toshirou Kondoh, Alastair Goss
Peri-implant squamous cell carcinoma is an uncommon pathological manifestation, whereas, peri-implantitis is commonly found in association with dental implants. Both present similarly with loss of supporting soft and hard tissue around dental implants, therefore, a careful differential diagnosis is required. The present case concerns a 62-year-old Japanese male who had dental implant which had been in the left maxillary incisor region for four years who apparently developed peri-implantitis. This did not respond to localized therapy and antibiotics so was referred for specialist surgical management...
December 27, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181844/comparative-efficacy-of-endodontic-medicaments-sodium-hypochlorite-against-enterococcus-faecalis-biofilms
#3
Barbara Plutzer, Peter Zilm, Jithendra Ratnayake, Peter Cathro
BACKGROUND: Many studies have investigated the effectiveness of root canal irrigants and medicaments against Enterococcus faecalis. The aim was to compare the efficacy of commonly used medicaments against Enterococcus faecalis cultured as a biofilm on dentine substrate. METHOD: An E. faecalis biofilm was established on human dentine slices using a continuous flow cell. Each test medicament (Ledermix, Ca(OH)2 , Odontoposte, 0.2% chlorohexidine and 50:50 combinations of Ledermix/Ca(OH)2 and Odontopaste/ Ca(OH)2 ) was introduced into the flow cell and biofilms were harvested and quantitated by determining cellular protein...
November 27, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166544/hours-worked-and-patient-visits-provided-by-dentists-in-australia
#4
David S Brennan, Sergio Chrisopoulos, Dana N Teusner
OBJECTIVES: To examine numbers of hours worked and patient visits provided by age and sex of dentist in Australia, and compare with previous estimates to describe trends. METHODS: Data were collected by mailed survey from a random sample (n=2,961) of Australian dentists. Private sector dentists working in clinical practise were included in the analysis. Data were weighted to the age and sex distribution of Australian practising dentists. RESULTS: The adjusted response rate was 49% (n=1,345 dentists)...
November 22, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140554/factors-associated-to-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-diabetes
#5
Sylvie Azogui-Lévy, Rosemary Dray-Spira, Sarah Attal, Agnes Hartemann, Fani Anagnostou, Jean Azerad
AIMS: Oral pathologies are prevalent in diabetes, and they may affect the quality of life and patient's perception of their oral health. The aim of this study was to investigate the factors associated to oral health-related quality of life of patients with diabetes. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted involving 316 patients visiting a hospital diabetic unit. Sociodemographic, oral and medical care data were recorded, and a General Oral Health Assessment Index (GOHAI) questionnaire was completed...
November 15, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193135/continuing-professional-development-quiz
#6
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193134/corrigendum
#7
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193132/robotic-dentistry-will-it-replace-dentists
#8
EDITORIAL
P Mark Bartold
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193131/continuing-professional-development-calendar
#9
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621799/clinical-guideline-for-the-management-of-odontogenic-infections-in-the-tertiary-setting
#10
S Vytla, D Gebauer
BACKGROUND: Odontogenic infections are a common presentation to emergency departments of Australian hospitals. Due to the limited training in diagnosis and treatment of dental conditions, these patients can present a challenge for the medical practitioner. The objective of this study was to provide an evidence-based approach to the management of odontogenic infections in adults presenting to Royal Perth Hospital. METHODS: A literature search was conducted to identify evidence-based guidelines for the management of odontogenic infections in the tertiary hospital setting...
December 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498604/postoperative-interventions-to-reduce-inflammatory-complications-after-third-molar-surgery-review-of-the-current-evidence
#11
REVIEW
H Cho, A J Lynham, E Hsu
Inflammatory complications such as pain, swelling, trismus, infection and alveolar osteitis have an adverse affect on the quality of life of patients after third molar removal. This review presents the current evidence on postoperative strategies to reduce these complications. A literature search was performed to identify articles published in English between 2000 to 2016 using the following keywords: third molar(s), wisdom tooth/teeth, pain, swelling, trismus, infection, alveolar osteitis and dry socket. In total, 221 papers were reviewed...
December 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941281/in-vitro-fracture-strength-and-patterns-in-root-filled-teeth-restored-with-different-base-materials
#12
Theo Chan, Selen Küçükkaya Eren, Rebecca Wong, Peter Parashos
BACKGROUND: There is little research on the effects of an intermediate base on the fracture strength of root filled teeth. This study compared the fracture strengths and patterns of root filled teeth restored with intermediate bases of GIC, ZPC, DCRC and Biodentine(®) under resin composite. METHODS: Standardised cavities were prepared in 100 extracted human maxillary and mandibular premolars, and root canal treatment was performed. The teeth were stratified and randomly allocated to five groups (n = 20): 1...
September 23, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940359/how-compliant-are-dental-practice-facebook-pages-with-australian-healthcare-advertising-regulations-a-netnographic-review
#13
Alexander C L Holden, Heiko Spallek
BACKGROUND: The National Law that regulates the dental and other healthcare professions in Australia sets out regulations that dictate how dental practices are to advertise. This study examines the extent to which the profession complies with these regulations and the potential impact that advertising may have upon professionalism. METHODS: A Facebook search of 38 Local Government Areas in Sydney, New South Wales was carried out to identify dental practices that had pages on this social media site...
September 22, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921548/smoking-cessation-and-response-to-periodontal-treatment
#14
REVIEW
Foteini Alexandridi, Sotiria Tsantila, Eudoxie Pepelassi
Smoking has detrimental oral effects. The aim of this study was to review the literature related to the impact of smoking cessation on periodontal health, periodontal disease and periodontal treatment outcome as well as to review the smoking cessation strategies and the dentist's role in the smoking cessation effort. Smoking cessation seems to have a positive effect on the periodontium, to decrease the risk for incidence and progression of periodontitis and to lead to a non-significant trend for greater mean probing depth reductions after non-surgical treatment over a 12-month period...
September 16, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921547/a-clinical-randomized-study-on-the-influence-of-dental-whitening-on-streptococcus-mutans-population
#15
André Luiz Fraga Briso, Úrsula Aparecida Escalero Silva, Morganna Borges de Almeida Souza, Vanessa Rahal, Elerson Gaetti Jardim Júnior, Luciano Tavares Angelo Cintra
Dental whitening with peroxides has been popularized through the at-home technique, which employs low concentrations of peroxide applied on individual trays. However, there are few clinical trials reporting the effects of its continuous use on oral microbiota. Thus, the purpose of the present clinical, randomized study was to evaluate the influence of at-home whitening treatment on Streptococcus mutans in saliva, buccal mucosa, and subgingival and supragingival plaque. Thirty volunteers were randomly divided into 2 study groups (n=15) according to the whitening therapy: G CP- whitening using 10% carbamide peroxide 4 hours daily for 21 days and G HP- whitening using 6% hydrogen peroxide 1...
September 16, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881480/hypomineralised-second-primary-molars-prevalence-defect-characteristics-and-relationship-with-dental-caries-in-melbourne-preschool-children
#16
M L Owen, A Ghanim, D Elsby, D J Manton
BACKGROUND: Dental caries and enamel defects (DDE) are prevalent amongst children. The presence of DDEs, especially enamel hypomineralisation, may increase caries experience in those at increased caries-risk. The reported prevalence of hypomineralised second primary molars (HSPM) is 2.7% - 21.8%, although the occurrence in Australian children remains unknown. These HSPM represent a potential predictive factor for molar-incisor hypomineralisation (MIH). METHODS: In total, 623 three to five-year-old children from 30 randomly selected kindergartens participated...
September 7, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891246/continuing-professional-development-quiz
#17
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891244/personalized-precision-dentistry-the-future-of-dentistry
#18
EDITORIAL
P Mark Bartold
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891243/the-use-of-mobile-health-applications-in-school-dental-screening
#19
LETTER
M Estai, S M Bunt, E Kruger, M Tennant
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276076/managing-the-oral-side-effects-of-medications-used-to-treat-multiple-sclerosis
#20
N Cockburn, K Pateman, M W Taing, A Pradhan, P J Ford
BACKGROUND: Many medications used to manage multiple sclerosis (MS) affect oral health. This review aimed to identify the oral side-effects of the current drugs recommended in Australia to treat MS and make dental practitioners aware of the range of symptoms. METHODS: The Australian Therapeutic Guidelines and the Australian Medicines Handbook were searched for medications used to treat MS. For each medication, the generic name, class, route of administration, dosage and drug company reported side-effects were extracted from the online Monthly Index of Medical Specialties (MIMs) database...
September 2017: Australian Dental Journal
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