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Australian Dental Journal

N M Al-Namnam, P Nambiar, P Shanmuhasuntharam, M Harris
Dengue is a mosquito transmitted flaviviral infection which can give rise to severe haemorrhage (dengue haemorrhagic fever/DHF) and with capillary leakage induces hypovolemic shock (dengue shock syndrome/DSS). Although dengue symptoms and complications have been known for many decades there has only been one documented case of osteonecrosis of the maxilla which was treated by excision of the necrotic bone. In this case of dengue infection, extensive maxillary osteonecrosis and minimal root resorption appeared to follow factitious injury with a toothpick but resolved with nonsurgical management...
October 15, 2016: Australian Dental Journal
Kai Lee, James Olsen, Jiandong Sun, Arun Chandu
OBJECTIVE: Alcohol related facial trauma is an increasingly prominent social problem and health hazard. Interpersonal violence (IPV) is often implicated in these trauma presentations and the facial skeleton frequently targeted. This paper examines the characteristics of admitted patients with alcohol-related facial fractures. METHODS: Electronic data of patients assessed or treated with facial fractures from January 2012 to December 2014 at Western Health was obtained through Clinical Record Department...
October 15, 2016: Australian Dental Journal
Stephanie Tan, Dimitrios Nikolarakos
Although less frequently encountered in dental practices, subcutaneous emphysema of the face and neck has been reported in patients following dental extractions, particularly when lower molar teeth are extracted with the use of a high speed air turbine drill designed for restorative treatment, which forces air into the cervical fascial spaces. As facial swelling and pain are the most common presentations, subcutaneous emphysema can often be misdiagnosed as an allergic reaction or odontogenic infection. While usually a benign and self limiting condition, subcutaneous emphysema may have life threatening complications such as tension pneumothorax, cardiac tamponade, air embolism, tracheal compression and mediastinitis, which are important to recognise in an emergency setting...
October 14, 2016: Australian Dental Journal
Maryani Mohamed Rohani, Hanny Calache, Mina Borromeo
BACKGROUND: Special Needs Dentistry (SND) has been recognised as a dental specialty in Australia since 2003 but no studies addressing the profile of patients for specialist care. The purpose of this study is to identify, via referrals received, the profile of patients and quality of referrals at the largest public SND Unit in Victoria, Australia. METHODS: All referrals received over a six months period (January 1 - June 30, 2013) by the Integrated SND Unit (ISNU) were reviewed prior to allocation to the outpatient clinic (OP), domiciliary (DOM) or general anaesthetic (GA) services...
September 27, 2016: Australian Dental Journal
Shreya Tocaciu, Bruce W Robinson, Paul J Sambrook
Dental practitioners often treat patients who are pregnant. Understanding the altered physiology in the pregnant patient, especially changes in immune function, is vital in effective management of orofacial infections. We present a case of rapidly spreading odontogenic infection in a pregnant patient requiring surgical management. We also discuss the physiological changes of pregnancy relevant to dentistry, and the principles of managing such infections in the gravid patient. This article is protected by copyright...
September 7, 2016: Australian Dental Journal
Giselle D'Mello, Luke Moloney
Pulpal necrosis and infection in an immature anterior tooth subsequent to traumatic injury is a challenging situation. Regenerative endodontics, resulting in continued development of the tooth, provides a biological response to this clinical challenge. Regenerative endodontic procedures require disinfection of the infected root canal and sealing of the pulp canal space. Mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) provides a good seal, is biocompatible, and allows the formation of a hard tissue to occur within the root canal...
August 24, 2016: Australian Dental Journal
Peter Arrow
INTRODUCTION: The impact of enamel defects of the first permanent molars on caries experience and child oral health-related quality of life was evaluated in a cohort study. METHODS: Children who participated in a study of enamel defects of the first permanent molars eight years earlier were invited for a follow-up assessment. Consenting children completed the Child Perception Questionnaire (CPQ11-14 ) and the faces Modified Child Dental Anxiety Scale (MCDAS), and were examined by two calibrated examiners...
August 19, 2016: Australian Dental Journal
Vincent J O'Rourke
AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the current literature relating to the clinical benefits of the use of systemic azithromycin as an adjunct to non-surgical periodontal therapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A literature search of PubMed, EMBASE and Cochrane up to April 27, 2016 was undertaken. The large degree of heterogeneity in the types of studies, treatment protocols, test subjects, sample size and exclusion criteria indicated that the use narrative synthesis of all relevant studies as a valid method of review...
August 5, 2016: Australian Dental Journal
Alexander Forrest, Nathan Milne, Alistair Soon
Hereditary angioedema (HAE) is a group of three uncommon and potentially fatal conditions, each of which is transmitted as a somatic dominant trait. A recognised trigger to attacks is dental treatment, with tooth extraction frequently reported in the literature. The clinical symptoms may not manifest for many hours or even days after the procedure. We describe a recent case in Australia in which death resulted from HAE following dental extraction, and we discuss its post-mortem presentation and diagnosis, highlighting the need for dental practitioners to be aware of this condition...
August 5, 2016: Australian Dental Journal
Renato Lenzi, Marília F Marceliano-Alves, Flávio R F Alves, Fábio R Pires, Sandra Fidel
Radiolucent or hypodense lesions in the crown of unerupted teeth may be due to pre-eruptive intracoronal resorption. Clinicians must be aware of this risk so that they can diagnose and appropriately treat this condition. The purpose of this study is to present a well-documented clinical case of pre-eruptive intracoronal resorption in an impacted third upper left molar of a 63-year old female patient. This was an unexpected finding, which occurred after cone-beam computed tomography was used to investigate the first upper left molar, which had an acute periradicular abscess...
July 29, 2016: Australian Dental Journal
Hung Quoc Dang, Sarah Constantine, Peter John Anderson
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of dental anomalies within an Australian paediatric population using panoramic radiographs. METHODS: A prospective review of 1,050 panoramic radiographs obtained as part of a school dental screening program in suburban and rural New South Wales, Australia. RESULTS: 54 (5.14%) patients had a dental anomaly present. Agenesis was noted to have occurred 69 times across 45 patients (4.28%), 7 cases of impaction (0...
July 29, 2016: Australian Dental Journal
Alexander C L Holden
Social media is no longer a new concept, with social media platforms dominating how many communicate. It would be unrealistic to expect that dentistry would not become involved in the use of social media for professional reasons, as well as professionals using social media platforms privately. Despite it being acceptable for dental professionals to have social media presence, those dental professionals have a framework of professional, ethical and legal obligations to which they must conform when using social media...
July 29, 2016: Australian Dental Journal
Diana Godwin, Leigh Blizzard, Ha Hoang, Len Crocombe
BACKGROUND: People residing outside the capital cities have poorer oral health than their city counterparts. Health workforce shortages and stability issues can have negative health effects on rural populations. There has been an increasing proportion of women entering the dental practitioner workforce in Australia. This study investigated whether dental practitioners who have a rural background are more likely to work in a rural area than those who do not have a rural background; and whether the gender of dental practitioners plays a role...
July 26, 2016: Australian Dental Journal
Monica Tostes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Australian Dental Journal
Sarah L Raphael
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Australian Dental Journal
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Australian Dental Journal
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Australian Dental Journal
P Mark Bartold
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Australian Dental Journal
D S Brennan, M Balasubramanian, A J Spencer
BACKGROUND: Diagnostic services are the most common area of dental service in Australia. The objective was to investigate differences in services per visit for examinations and radiographs in relation to the characteristics of patients receiving these services in terms of age and gender, aspects of visiting such as dental insurance and reasons for visit, and oral health such as number of teeth and presence of decay. METHODS: A random sample of Australian dentists was surveyed in 2009-2010...
September 2016: Australian Dental Journal
G S Heithersay
In this the second of a series of life cycles of dental trauma victims, the short and particularly long-term responses of four survivors of either multiple luxation injuries or avulsions have been documented over periods varying up to 41 years. The development of ankylosis, either in the short or longer term post trauma, proved a common feature in the series and management strategies have been outlined. External invasive resorption was also identified as a complicating response for which the topical application of trichloracetic acid, intracanal dressing and root canal obturation proved effective in resorption management...
September 2016: Australian Dental Journal
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