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Acta Cardiologica

Elisabeth Paramythiotou, Konstantina Ntai, George Dimopoulos, Apostolos Armaganidis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 13, 2018: Acta Cardiologica
Krishna Kumar Mohanan Nair, Narayanan Namboodiri, Kartik Sambaturu, Ajitkumar Valaparambil
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 5, 2018: Acta Cardiologica
Napatt Kanjanahattakij, Pattara Rattanawong, Parasuram Krishnamoorthy, Benjamin Horn, Pakawat Chongsathidkiet, Veronica Garvia, Prapaipan Putthapiban, Natee Sirinvaravong, Vincent M Figueredo
INTRODUCTION: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is one of the most comorbid conditions in critically ill patients requiring intensive care unit (ICU). Multiple studies have suggested that there may be an association between new-onset AF and adverse outcome in critically ill patients. However, there are no meta-analyses to assess this association. METHODS: Studies were systematically searched from electronic databases. Studies that examined the relationship between new-onset AF and adverse outcomes including mortality and length of stay in ICU patients were included...
July 5, 2018: Acta Cardiologica
Katrien Van Kolen, Jerrold Spapen, Marc Vaerenberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 5, 2018: Acta Cardiologica
D J Van de Poppe, E Hulzebos, T Takken
BACKGROUND: The peak oxygen uptake (VO2 peak) test is the gold standard for cardiorespiratory fitness. However, the test is demanding, requiring sophisticated apparatus for measuring the oxygen uptake. Peak work rate (WRpeak) testing is a promising substitute for peak VO2 peak testing. However, there is a paucity of research conducted to determine reference values (RVs) for WRpeak. METHODS: The database from the LowLands fitness registry was used, containing data from health checks from apparently healthy subjects among various professions...
June 22, 2018: Acta Cardiologica
Marco Gentile, Gabriella Iannuzzo, Amalia Mattiello, Gennaro Marotta, Fabiana Rubba, Arcangelo Iannuzzi, Salvatore Panico, Paolo Rubba
BACKGROUND: Lipoprotein (a) (Lp [a]) is associated with premature atherosclerosis in menopausal women without metabolic syndrome (MS). MS is the main confounder in the relationship between Lp(a) and atherosclerosis in menopausal women. We have evaluated the relationship between Lp(a) and small dense-low density lipoprotein (sd-LDL) in 228 menopausal women participating to Progetto Atena. METHODS: Lp(a) was measured and LDL particle separation was performed: mean LDL diameter and LDL score (% of sd-LDL) particles calculated...
June 19, 2018: Acta Cardiologica
Elena Ioana Iconaru, Luminita Georgescu, Constantin Ciucurel
OBJECTIVE: According to Golden ratio (GR) and Fibonacci sequence, models of the organisation of various structures can be encountered in biology, medicine, architecture and engineering. Recent studies indicate that GR can be highlighted in the organisation and physiological functioning of the cardiovascular system. The aim of this study was to investigate the cardiovascular homeostasis during rest and exercise testing by determining the GR validity at the dynamic level of systolic and diastolic blood pressure (SBP, DBP) and heart rate (HR) values...
June 18, 2018: Acta Cardiologica
Ahmet Karakurt, Cennet Yildiz, Abdülmelik Yildiz, Yavuz Karabağ, Metin Çağdaş, İbrahim Rencüzoğulları, İnanç Artaç, Doğan İliş
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate left atrial (LA) deformation parameters strain (S)/strain rate (SR) and time to peak S/SR obtained by two-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography (2D-STE) in patients with hypertension for three LA mechanical phases and to compare them with the same indices in the control subjects. METHODS: Fifty-five patients with hypertension (HT) and 29 healthy controls were included in the study. All patients had normal LA poster-anterior diameter, LA and left ventricular ejection fractions (LVEF >50%) in two-dimensional echocardiography (2-DE)...
June 18, 2018: Acta Cardiologica
Şerafettin Demir, Hüseyin Ede, Mehmet Kaplan, Fethi Yavuz, Ceyhun Yücel, İbrahim Halil Kurt
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is research relation of serum neopterin level with mortality and morbidity due to systolic HF and also its role in diagnosis of patients with systolic HF. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eighty-one patients with systolic heart failure (HF group) and eighty-one age- and gender-matched healthy subjects (the control group) were enrolled in the study. Echocardiographic examination was performed accordingly. At the beginning of the study, serum B type natriuretic peptide (BNP), neopterin, and high sensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) were measured accordingly...
June 18, 2018: Acta Cardiologica
Ruben Pauwels, Peter Gheeraert, Tine De Backer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 18, 2018: Acta Cardiologica
M A Bhat, G Gandhi
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the present study was to evaluate oxidative DNA damage in peripheral blood leukocytes (PBLs) of patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and to explore the relationship of oxidised purine and pyrimidine with oxidative stress. METHODS: The study participants (n = 100) included 50 patients and unrelated 50 age-, sex- and population-subgroup (Jat Sikhs)-matched healthy controls. Oxidative DNA damage using the modified enzymatic comet in PBLs, and malondialdehyde (MDA) levels, total oxidant status (TOS) and total antioxidant status (TAS) in blood serum samples using spectrophotometric methods was determined...
June 18, 2018: Acta Cardiologica
Sebastian Völz, Dan Ioanes, Erika Fagman, Petur Petursson, Jacob Odenstedt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 18, 2018: Acta Cardiologica
Oana Mirea, Oana Maria Corîci, Mihaela Berceanu, Ionuţ Donoiu, Constantin Militaru, Octavian Istratoaie
Speckle tracking echocardiography offers a unique opportunity to evaluate myocardial function, and global longitudinal strain (GLS) is currently recommended as a measurement of global left ventricular function. To facilitate clinical applicability of the method, collective efforts have been made to standardise strain measurements and to raise awareness of the potential sources of variability. The purpose of this review is to familiarise the reader with the most common sources of variability of longitudinal strain measurements and detail the possible measures to increase the accuracy and reproducibility of strain parameters...
June 18, 2018: Acta Cardiologica
Ayman Elbadawi, Kirolos Barssoum, Ahmed S Abuzaid, Ahmed Rezq, Nishit Biniwale, Erfan Alotaki, Ahmed H Mohamed, Sowjanya Vuyyala, Gbolahan O Ogunbayo, Marwan Saad
BACKGROUND: The role of percutaneous patent foramen ovale (PFO) closure for prevention of migraine is controversial. METHODS: We performed a computerised search of MEDLINE, EMBASE and COCHRANE databases through December 2017 for randomised trials evaluating PFO closure versus control in patients with migraine headaches (with or without aura). The main study outcome was the reduction in monthly migraine attacks after PFO closure compared with the control group. RESULTS: The final analysis included three randomised trials with a total of 484 patients...
June 18, 2018: Acta Cardiologica
Philippe Mortelmans, Marie-Christine Herregods, Filip Rega, Philippe Timmermans
BACKGROUND: Development of carcinoid heart disease (CHD) is the major negative prognostic factor in patients with the carcinoid syndrome. The only effective treatment is valve replacement. However, the selection of candidates and determination of optimal timing remain unclear. Considerable variability in local screening and treatment strategies exist. METHODS: In this single-centre study, we retrospectively analysed the diagnostic process and outcome of all CHD patients who underwent valve surgery between 2000 and 2016...
June 18, 2018: Acta Cardiologica
Shahnaz Shekarforoush, Farhad Koohpeyma, Fatemeh Safari
INTRODUCTION: The use of aromatase inhibitors (AIs) for breast cancer led to a marked change in ventricular function. Since accumulating evidence indicates that overactivation of the cardiac renin-angiotensin system (RAS) plays an important role in the development of cardiovascular diseases such as hypertrophy and remodelling, we aimed to investigate whether letrozole alters the transcription level of RAS related genes in the cardiac tissue. METHODS: Twenty four rats were randomly divided into four groups (n = 6 per group): two groups were letrozole treated (1 and 2 mg/kg/day orally), one group was vehicle treated (DMSO) and one group was the control group without any treatment...
June 17, 2018: Acta Cardiologica
Pieter Martens, Seppe Lambeets, Chirikwah Lau, Matthias Dupont, Wilfried Mullens
BACKGROUND: Sacubitril/valsartan reduced heart failure (HF)-admissions and cardiovascular mortality in the PARADIGM-HF-trial. However, real-world patients are often frailer and less able to tolerate high doses of sacubitril/valsartan. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of consecutive patients prescribed sacubitril/valsartan in a single tertiary HF-clinic between December 2016 and January 2018. HF-admissions were assessed in a paired fashion, comparing the amount of antecedent HF-episodes with incident HF-episodes after the initiation...
June 17, 2018: Acta Cardiologica
Krishna Kumar Mohanan Nair, Arun Gopalakrishnan, Ajitkumar Valaparambil
A 28-year-old lady with rheumatic heart disease presented with dyspnoea and overt right heart failure and was admitted for stabilization. She had respirophasic desaturation predominantly during inspiration. Trans-oesophageal echocardiography revealed the aetiology of the same and dictated the management strategy.
June 17, 2018: Acta Cardiologica
Daniel A N Mascarenhas, Munish Sharma, Paul D Ziegler, Bharat K Kantharia
BACKGROUND: Many patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) with high risk for thromboembolic stroke and bleeding may not wish to continue long-term oral anticoagulants (OACs) to avoid bleeding complications. We aimed to investigate whether AF burden assessment by cardiovascular implantable electronic devices (CIEDs) would allow an individualised disease-guided approach for safe withdrawal of long-term OAC in high-risk patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied 145 patients (age 77...
June 4, 2018: Acta Cardiologica
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 29, 2018: Acta Cardiologica
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