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American Surgeon

Ambar Mehta, Tim Xu, Ge Bai, Kristy L Hawley, Martin A Makary
Increasing insurance deductibles have prompted some medical centers to initiate transparent pricing. However, the impact of price transparency (PT) on surgical volume, revenue, and patient satisfaction is unknown, along with the barriers to achieving PT. We identified ambulatory surgical centers in the Free Market Medical Association database that publicly list prices for surgical services online. Six of eight centers (75%) responded to our data collection inquiry. Among five centers that reported their patient volume and revenue after adopting PT, patient volume increased by a median of 50 per cent (range 10-200%) at one year...
April 1, 2018: American Surgeon
Aaron Pinnola, Yen-Hong Kuo, Jason D Sciarretta, Alexander McIntyre, Robert Messier, John M Davis
Concern over the changing bacteriology of empyema has led to numerous attempts to characterize the most common locoregional bacterial isolates. The purpose of this study is to better characterize the bacteriology and demographics in patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) and hospital-acquired pneumonia requiring surgery for empyema. All patients diagnosed with empyema preoperatively and had either a video-assisted thoracoscopic or open decortication surgery from January 2010 to September 2015 were reviewed...
April 1, 2018: American Surgeon
Kathryn B Muir, Charles P Smoot, Jennifer L Viera, Maxwell R Sirkin, Brian Yoon, Julia Bader, Rebecca Smiley, Danielle Holt, Luke J Hofmann
Controversy exists regarding the appropriate timing for placement of permanent intra-abdominal mesh after inadvertent enterotomy during elective hernia repair. The aim of this study was to examine mesh placement at variable postoperative periods and the subsequent risk of infection. Fifty rodents were divided into five groups. Groups one to four underwent laparotomy, enterotomy, and repair. Physiomesh® was placed at the index operation one, three, or seven days postoperatively in Groups 1, 2, 3, and 4. Group 5 underwent mesh placement only...
April 1, 2018: American Surgeon
Don K Nakayama
Evolving from the development of heart-lung machines for open-heart surgery, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation has reemerged as a rescue modality for patients with acute respiratory failure that cannot be supported by conventional modes of ventilation. The history of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation begins with the discovery of heparin, fundamental to the success of extracorporeal circulation and membrane lungs. Engineers and scientists created suitable artificial membranes that allowed gas exchange while keeping gas and blood phases separate...
April 1, 2018: American Surgeon
James M Haan, Donald Hauschild, Christine Patterson, Jeanette G Ward, Stephen D Helmer
Agricultural work results in numerous injuries and deaths. Efficacy of farm equipment safety interventions remains unclear. This study evaluated agricultural mortality pre- and postimplementation of safety initiatives. A 31-year retrospective review of mortality data from agriculture-related injuries was conducted. Demographics and injury patterns were evaluated by mechanism of injury. There were 660 deaths (mean age 48.6 years). Female deaths increased from 5.2 to 11.7 per cent (P = 0.032). Mortality associated with tractors decreased (75...
April 1, 2018: American Surgeon
J Patrick Smith, Navdeep S Samra, David H Ballard, Jonathan B Moss, Forrest D Griffen
Surgical site infections with elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy are less frequent and less severe, leading some to suggest that prophylactic antibiotics (PA) are no longer indicated. We compared the incidence of surgical site infections before and after an institutional practice change of withholding PA for elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Between May 7, 2013, and March 11, 2015, no PA were given to patients selected for elective cholecystectomy by two surgeons at a single center. The only patients excluded were those who received antibiotics before surgery for any reason...
April 1, 2018: American Surgeon
Naruhiko Ikoma, Christina L Roland, Janice N Cormier, Yi-Ju Chiang, Keila E Torres, Kelly K Hunt, Y Nancy You, Barry W Feig
Because of the low incidence of nongastrointestinal stromal tumor (non-GIST) spindle cell sarcomas of the colon or rectum, the clinical behavior and ideal surgical treatment of these tumors and patient outcomes are poorly defined. The purpose of this study was to characterize these tumors and to determine the best surgical approach. We identified 1056 patients with non-GIST spindle cell sarcomas of the colon or rectum (1998-2010) in the National Cancer Database and collected data for each patient that included patient and tumor characteristics, tumor site (colon vs rectum), surgery type, and outcomes...
April 1, 2018: American Surgeon
Yasumitsu Hirano, Masakazu Hattori, Kenji Douden, Chikashi Hiranuma, Yasuo Hashizume, Keizo Taniguchi
Single-incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS) has been developed with the aim to further reduce the invasiveness of conventional laparoscopy. Our experiences with more than 300 consecutive patients with SILS for colon cancer are reviewed, and its outcomes are evaluated to determine the midterm clinical and oncologic safety of SILS for colon cancer in a community hospital. A single surgeon's consecutive experience of SILS for colon cancer is presented. Three hundred and eight patients were treated with the SILS procedure for colon cancer between December 2010 and March 2015...
April 1, 2018: American Surgeon
Jack C He, Nitin Sajankila, Laura A Kreiner, Debra L Allen, Jeffrey A Claridge
The optimal number of level I trauma centers (L1TCs) in a region has not been elucidated. To begin addressing this, we compared mortalities for patients treated in counties or regions with 1 L1TC to those with >1 L1TC across Ohio. Ohio Trauma Registry data from 2010 to 2012 were analyzed. Patients with age ≥15 from counties/regions with L1TC were included. Region was defined as a L1TC containing county and its neighboring counties. Two analyses were performed. In the county analysis, counties containing 1 L1TC were compared with counties with multiple L1TCs...
April 1, 2018: American Surgeon
Charles P Shahan, Taylor C Stavely, Martin A Croce, Timothy C Fabian, Louis J Magnotti
Since blunt cerebrovascular injury (BCVI) became increasingly recognized more than 20 years ago, significant improvements have been made in both diagnosis and treatment. Little is known regarding long-term functional outcomes in BCVI. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of BCVI on those long-term outcomes. All patients with BCVI from 1996 to 2014 were identified from the trauma registry. Functional outcome was measured using the Boston University Activity Measure for Post-Acute Care. Multiple regression analysis was performed to identify potential predictors of outcomes...
April 1, 2018: American Surgeon
Frank Jones, Catherine Lewis, Darryl Knight, Louise Bacon, Vijay Patel, Carolyn Moore
Ventral and incisional hernias of the abdominal wall are common problems treated by surgeons around the globe. Incisional hernias are common postoperative complications of abdominal laparotomies with a reported incidence of up to 20 per cent. The increasing use of prosthetic mesh in open ventral hernia repairs necessitated the development of different operative techniques used in the repairs. It also required that surgeons become facile with placement of the mesh in different anatomical positions on the abdominal wall...
April 1, 2018: American Surgeon
Motahar Hosseini, Astha Bhatt, Gopal C Kowdley
Ultrasound (US) is fast becoming an extension of the physical examination in most surgical settings. Unfortunately, few residency programs offer a formal US training curriculum to their general surgical residents. This study aimed to assess the efficacy of a formal US training module for general surgery residents. We studied the degree of improvement observed between junior and senior residents. A training-based study was conducted to evaluate baseline knowledge and skills. Subsequently, a formal didactic and practical training program for our surgery residents was instituted...
April 1, 2018: American Surgeon
Brittany L Murphy, Alexandra B Gonzalez, Michael G Keeney, Beiyun Chen, Amy L Conners, Tara L Henrichsen, Amy C Degnim, William S Harmsen, Judy C Boughey, Tina J Hieken, Elizabeth B Habermann, James W Jakub
For patients with ductal carcinoma In Situ (DCIS), sentinel lymph node (SLN) surgery is generally reserved for patients at high risk of being upstaged to invasive disease. The use of frozen section (FS) pathologic analysis of the primary tumor may allow for selective surgical nodal staging within one procedure. We sought to define the reliability of FS for detection of upstaging. Eight hundred and twenty-seven patients were identified with DCIS on core needle biopsy that underwent 834 operations at our institution between January 2004 and October 2014...
April 1, 2018: American Surgeon
Chad M Hall, Samuel K Snyder, Terry C Lairmore
The oncologic benefit of a central lymph node dissection (CLND) at the time of modified radical neck dissection (MRND) in patients with papillary thyroid cancer who have previously undergone a total thyroidectomy (TT) has not been studied. Patients with lateral cervical metastases were divided into two treatment groups: the concurrent cohort (TT with CLND and MRND), and the interval cohort (CLND and MRND after prior TT). Primary outcomes were lymph node metastases, skip metastases, level VI cancer recurrence, hypoparathyroidism and recurrent laryngeal nerve injury...
April 1, 2018: American Surgeon
David S Strosberg, Kristen M Quinn, Sherif R Abdel-Misih, Alan E Harzman
Our objective was to investigate the number and classify surgical operations performed by general surgery residents and compare these with the updated Surgical Council on Resident Education (SCORE) curriculum. We performed a retrospective review of logged surgical cases from general surgical residents who completed training at a single center from 2011 to 2015. The logged cases were correlated with the operations extracted from the SCORE curriculum. Hundred and fifty-one procedures were examined; there were 98 "core" and 53 "advanced" cases as determined by the SCORE...
April 1, 2018: American Surgeon
Charles P Shahan, Nathaniel N Stoikes, Esra Roan, James Tatum, David L Webb, Guy R Voeller
Mesh fixation with the use of adhesives results in an immediate and total surface area adhesion of the mesh, removing the need for penetrating fixation points. The purpose of this study was to evaluate LifeMesh™, a prototype mesh adhesive technology which coats polypropylene mesh. The strength of the interface between mesh and tissue, inflammatory responses, and histology were measured at varying time points in a swine model, and these results were compared with sutures. Twenty Mongrel swine underwent implantation of LifeMesh™ and one piece of bare polypropylene mesh secured with suture (control)...
April 1, 2018: American Surgeon
Rodney Lane Guyton, Catalina Mosquera, Konstantinos Spaniolas, Timothy L Fitzgerald
An association between detrimental outcomes and frailty has been documented; however, the impact specific to pancreatic surgery is unknown. Using NSQIP data, patients were classified as non-, mildly, moderately, or severely frail. A total of 16,028 patients were included in the study; most of the patients were white (78.5%) and underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) (67%). Complications occurred in 17.6 per cent cases, and the median length of stay (LOS) was 11.89 days. Prolonged LOS and mortality occurred in 9...
April 1, 2018: American Surgeon
Alberto Aiolfi, Emanuele Asti, Gianluca Bonitta, Stefano Siboni, Luigi Bonavina
Achalasia is a rare disease characterized by impaired lower esophageal sphincter relaxation loss and of peristalsis in the esophageal body. Endoscopic balloon dilation and laparoscopic surgical myotomy have been established as initial treatment modalities. Indications and outcomes of esophagectomy in the management of end-stage achalasia are less defined. A literature search was conducted to identify all reports on esophagectomy for end-stage achalasia between 1987 and 2017. MEDLINE, Embase, and Cochrane databases were consulted matching the terms "achalasia," "end-stage achalasia," "esophagectomy," and "esophageal resection...
April 1, 2018: American Surgeon
Julie A Wesp, Timothy M Farrell
Epidemiological studies have demonstrated that obesity is frequently associated with esophageal motility disorders. Morbid obesity and achalasia may coexist in the same patient. The management of the morbidly obese patient with achalasia is complex and the most effective treatment remains controversial. The aim of this study is to review the pathophysiology, clinical presentation, diagnostic evaluation, and treatment of achalasia in morbidly obese patients. EVIDENCE REVIEW: PubMed search from January 1990 to July 2017, including the following terms: achalasia, morbid obesity, bariatric, and treatment...
April 1, 2018: American Surgeon
Francisco Schlottmann, Marco G Patti
Esophageal achalasia is a rare disorder characterized by a failure of the lower esophageal sphincter to relax during swallowing, combined with aperistalsis of the esophageal body. Treatment is not curative, but aims to eliminate the outflow resistance caused by the nonrelaxing lower esophageal sphincter. Current evidence suggests that both laparoscopic Heller myotomy and per oral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) are very effective in the relief of symptoms in patients with achalasia. Specifically, for type III achalasia, POEM may achieve higher success rates...
April 1, 2018: American Surgeon
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