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American Psychologist

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172584/from-print-to-digital-1985-2015-apa-s-evolving-role-in-psychological-publishing
#1
Gary R VandenBos
Knowledge dissemination plays an important role in all scientific fields. The American Psychological Association's (APA) journal publication program was established in 1927. During the 1960s, the Psychological Abstracts publication was computerized. In the mid-1980s, a reenergizing of APA Publishing began, with the establishment of the APA Books Program, as well as the movement of abstracts to CD-ROMs. This article describes the 30-year program of expansion of APA Publishing, covering the period from 1985 through 2015...
November 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172583/a-quarter-century-of-psychological-practice-in-mental-health-and-health-care-1990-2016
#2
Randy Phelps, James H Bray, Lisa K Kearney
Powerful forces have shaped professional psychology over the past 25 years, including significant changes in health policy and health care delivery systems. Examples include managed care cost containment, rapid growth of nondoctoral mental health providers, federal mental health parity legislation, and passage of the Affordable Care Act of 2010, with its emphasis on primary care-behavioral health integration and alternatives to fee-for-service reimbursement. This article considers these factors for psychology as a mental health profession and as a health profession more broadly defined, and describes the American Psychological Association's advocacy about the value of psychology in each domain...
November 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172582/nih-behavioral-and-social-sciences-research-support-1980-2016
#3
Robert M Kaplan, Suzanne Bennett Johnson, Patricia Clem Kobor
The history of behavioral and social science research funding at the National Institutes of Health (NIH) between 1980 and 2016 is reviewed. Noncommunicable diseases are now the primary cause of death worldwide and most are strongly linked to behavior. Developed under the prevailing zeitgeist of the biomedical model, behavioral and social science has often been underfunded at NIH. In 1990, the Senate Appropriations Committee, recognizing that behavior may contribute to about half of all premature deaths, recommended that funding for behavioral and social sciences research should be about 10% of the NIH budget...
November 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172581/twenty-five-years-of-education-in-psychology-and-psychology-in-education
#4
Ronald H Rozensky, Catherine L Grus, Nadya A Fouad, Susan H McDaniel
This article is part of a special issue of the American Psychologist celebrating the American Psychological Association's (APA's) 125th anniversary. The article reviews the last quarter century (1991-2016) of accomplishments by psychology's education and training community and APA's Education Directorate. The purpose is to highlight key trends and developments over the past quarter century that illustrate ways the Directorate sought to advance education in psychology and psychology in education, as the Directorate's mission statement says...
November 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172580/apa-efforts-in-promoting-human-rights-and-social-justice
#5
Frederick T L Leong, Wade E Pickren, Melba J T Vasquez
This article reviews the American Psychological Association's (APA) efforts in promoting human rights and social justice. Beginning with a historical review of the conceptualizations of human rights and social justice, the social challenges that have faced the United States over time are discussed in relation to the APA's evolving mission and strategic initiatives enacted through its boards, committees, and directorates. From early efforts on the Board for Social and Ethical Responsibility in Psychology and the Board of Ethnic Minority Affairs to the establishment of the Public Interest Directorate, the APA's efforts to address these human rights and social justice challenges through its task force reports, guidelines, and policies are described...
November 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172579/public-education-and-media-relations-in-psychology
#6
Danny Wedding
This article reviews psychology's attempts to influence public attitudes about both the science and the profession of psychology. The early history of the profession is reviewed, and the efforts of the American Psychological Association (APA) to shape the public's perception of psychology are discussed. The rise of social media is reviewed, and important social media outlets relevant to psychology are identified. The activities of the Society for Media Psychology and Technology (APA Division 46) are illustrated, and the presidents of the Division are identified...
November 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172578/apa-s-amicus-curiae-program-bringing-psychological-research-to-judicial-decisions
#7
Nathalie Gilfoyle, Joel A Dvoskin
An important part of the American Psychological Association's (APA) mission is to advance psychological science "to promote health, education, and public welfare." Organizations with powerful influence on human welfare include state and federal appellate courts, especially the U.S. Supreme Court. Initially, APA's amicus briefs focused on issues of importance to both individual psychologists and public policy. As the program evolved, APA increasingly focused on informing the courts about psychological science relevant to important legal issues, including criminal, civil, juvenile, education, disability, and human rights law...
November 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172577/psychology-public-policy-and-advocacy-past-present-and-future
#8
Ellen Greenberg Garrison, Patrick H DeLeon, Brian D Smedley
This article offers a historical perspective on the contributions of the field of psychology and the American Psychological Association (APA) to the public policy arena. It traces APA's involvement from a 1956 Council of Representatives resolution on the application of psychology to inform public policy to current advocacy initiatives related to psychological science, practice, and education in the public interest. Attention is directed to APA's early policy structures together with the development of affiliated state, provincial, and territorial psychological associations and the first political action committee for psychology...
November 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172576/125-years-of-the-american-psychological-association
#9
Christopher D Green, Robin L Cautin
The American Psychological Association (APA) began 125 years ago as a small club of a few dozen members in the parlor of its founder, G. Stanley Hall. In the decades since, it has faced many difficulties and even a few existential crises. Originally a scientific society, it spent the decades between the world wars figuring out how to accommodate the growing community of applied psychologists while still retaining and enhancing its scientific reputation. After World War II, with an expanded mandate, it developed formal training models for clinical psychologists and became an important player in legal cases pertaining to civil rights and other social justice issues...
November 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172575/125th-anniversary-of-the-american-psychological-association-accomplishments-and-challenges-introduction-to-the-special-issue
#10
Gary R VandenBos, John D Hogan, Anne E Kazak
In 2017, the American Psychological Association (APA) celebrates the 125th anniversary of its founding. This special issue commemorates this milestone by providing long- and short-term views on the history of APA and its role in psychology in America. The opening paper presents an overview of initiatives and challenges facing the field of psychology and APA in five periods, each roughly 25 years in length. The remaining eight articles review specific issues and areas of activity over varying lengths of time in more recent years...
November 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016183/paul-w-thayer-1927-2017
#11
Michael A Campion
Presents an obituary for Paul W. Thayer, who died on January 25, 2017, at the age of 89. Thayer was an industrial and organizational psychologist probably most distinguished by his professional service. He was a fellow of the American Psychological Association (APA), American Psychological Society (APS), and Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology (SIOP). He received multiple awards for his service, including SIOP's Distinguished Professional Contributions Award (1986) and its Distinguished Service Award (1990), as well as the APA Award for Distinguished Service to Psychological Science (2014)...
October 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016182/martin-m-katz-1927-2017
#12
Anthony J Marsella
Presents an obituary for Martin M. Katz, who passed away on January 12, 2017 in Rockville, Maryland. Katz was the director of clinical research at the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH; 1968-1978). Following Katz's retirement from his administration and scientific career at NIMH, he served as professor and director of clinical psychology training at Albert Einstein College of Medicine Medical College in New York (1984-1994). Until his final days, Katz served as a participating and consulting scientist in the longitudinal collaborative research projects he and colleagues initiated to investigate psychopharmacological treatments for depression...
October 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016181/gerald-roy-patterson-1926-2016
#13
Thomas Dishion
Presents an obituary for Gerald ("Jerry") Roy Patterson, who passed away on August 22, 2016. Jerry was an intellectual powerhouse who made fundamental contributions to developmental psychology, clinical psychology, school psychology, prevention science, and special education. In 1965 Jerry became the director of clinical training at the University of Oregon and professor of clinical psychology. In 1967 he joined the Oregon Research Institute, where he continued to study aggression, marital conflict, and treatment...
October 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016180/albert-pepitone-1925-2016
#14
Florence L Denmark
Presents an obituary for Albert Pepitone, who died on March 17, 2016, in Philadelphia at the age of 91. Pepitone was a renowned social psychologist and professor emeritus at the University of Pennsylvania. His expertise in social psychology opened up areas that significantly broadened its scope, in particular calling attention to cultural issues. wrote extensively, including many scholarly articles and contributions to published volumes. Pepitone's research was largely experimental, testing hypotheses in cognitive, motivational, interpersonal, and group processes...
October 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016179/george-mandler-1924-2016
#15
Fergus Craik
Presents an obituary for George Mandler, who died in London on May 6, 2016 at the age of 91. Mandler was one of the pioneers of the cognitive revolution in psychology. He was instrumental in moving the study of human learning from notions based largely on associations to a view of memory as an organized, nested hierarchical structure. Mandler was also a major proponent of the dual-process theory of recognition memory, in which general feelings of familiarity are distinguished from the context-rich experience of recollection...
October 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016178/jerome-s-bruner-1915-2016
#16
Helen Haste, Howard Gardner
Presents an obituary for Jerome S. Bruner, who died in 2016. His long, and productive, life spanned much of the first century of experimental psychology and coincided with the launching of cognitive psychology, a field in which he played an indispensable and pioneering role. His innovative and provocative work constantly challenged the current "mainstream." His impact on education has been equated with that of John Dewey. He was driven throughout his life to pursue the nature of the "human" in both his conceptual and empirical work...
October 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016177/toward-a-globally-informed-psychology-of-humiliation-comment-on-mccauley-2017
#17
Linda M Hartling, Evelin G Lindner
There has never been a more urgent time for psychologists to gain a broader and deeper understanding of the pernicious dynamics of humiliation. Congratulations to the American Psychologist for introducing an article on the topic of humiliation and asymmetric conflict. Based on more than 20 years of research, a global community of scholars has established humiliation studies as a field of academic inquiry and has built a solid foundation of expertise on the phenomenon of humiliation and its impact. Open violence is only the tip of the iceberg...
October 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016176/witch-persecutions-and-torture-comment-on-alison-and-alison-2017
#18
Rickard L Sjöberg
In their article Alison and Alison (2017) argue that historical experiences speak against the efficacy of torture. In this comment experiences from the witch persecutions in Europe during the 15th to 17th centuries that support this notion are discussed. Converging data suggests that torture was often instrumental in making large numbers of suspects confess to flying children through the air to nocturnal satanic meetings, during this period. A comparison of the number of false self incriminating confessions given during the Swedish witch trial in the parish of Rättvik 1671 (before royal sanction of torture was given) and the parish of Ockelbo 1675 (after royal sanction of torture was given) is used to illustrate this point...
October 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016175/missing-developmental-and-sociocultural-perspectives-comment-on-the-psychology-of-terrorism-special-issue-2017
#19
Cynthia García Coll, Amy K Marks
Two critical perspectives were missing from the special issue entitled "Psychology of Terrorism": developmental and sociocultural. From a developmental point of view, the fact that most individuals who engage in terrorist groups or terroristic acts are young men is critically important. Perspectives from adolescent development, neuroscience, and social psychology can shed light on why this is the case. In addition, sociocultural perspectives are needed to answer important community-level questions, such as why some communities are more prone to having youth recruited for terrorism than others...
October 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016174/diverse-perspectives-are-welcome-reply-to-martin-2017
#20
Siddharth Chandra, Frederick T L Leong
Martin's (2017) comment on Chandra and Leong (2016) highlighted (a) lack of definitional clarity of the concept of adaptability, (b) conceptual generality of the model, and (c) incomplete citations of the literature on adaptability. In this reply, the authors contend that lack of definitional clarity of adaptability is symptomatic of the multitude of definitions of adaptability by psychologists of diverse persuasions. Conceptual generality of the diversified portfolio model (DPM) stems from the choice of a broad definition of adaptability, which extends beyond the narrower definitions provided by scholars including Martin, as well as the capability of the model to mesh with this broad definition...
October 2017: American Psychologist
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